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Kelly's Directory of Devonshire & Cornwall - 1893
Part 3 - Cornwall & Advertisements

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Published by Colin Savage, 2018-08-07 18:46:22

CORNWALL - 1893

Kelly's Directory of Devonshire & Cornwall - 1893
Part 3 - Cornwall & Advertisements

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WITH MAPS ENGRAVED EXPRESSLY FOR THE WORK.








LONDON:

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY KELLY & CO., LIMITED,

182, 183 & 184, HIGH .HOLBORN, W.C•



BRANCH OFFICES:-

• I MANCHESTER: 72, MARKET STREET,

BIRMINGHAM: 13, TEMPLE STREET.

SHEFFIELD: CENTRAL CHAMBERS, HIGH STREET•
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PARIS: 46 BIS, RUE DES SAINTS PERES,

HAMBURG: (KELLY & CO.), 23, GROSSE JOHA.NNISSTRASSE,

MDCCCXCIIL





PRICE TO SUBSCRIBERS, THIRTY SHILLINGS.-NON-SOBSCRIBERS, TIDRTY-SIX SHILLINGS•

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PREFACE .

•o t ! C• •

THE Proprietors, in submitting to their Subscribers and the Public the present
Edition of KELLY's DIRECTORY OF DEVONSHIRE AND CoRNWALL, trust that it
may be found equal in accuracy to the previous issues.

Every effort has been made to render it as perfect as possible. Lists of
Hundreds and Poor Law Unions are included in the Topography of each
County ; it is stated under each Parish in _what Division of the County it
is situated, pursuant to the " Redistribution· of. Seats Act, 1885," also the

~

• Hundred, Union and County Court District, as well as the Diocese, Arch-
deaconry and Rural Deanery, withill th~~-Dmceses of Exeter and of Truro; and
the College and University of every Beneficed Clergyman have been given,.
as far as they can be ascertained; the Post Office Savings Bank and Telegraph
Offices, Annuity and Insuran~e Offices have been noticed; the names of the
Parish Clerks are given under each Parish; lists of Farm Bailiffs of Gentlemen
farming their own land have been added.

The County Councils, formed under the "Local Government Act, 1888,'"



have been inserted; and the populations for 1891 are duly recorded.



A New Map of each county has been expressly prepared.

-

The Street lists for Exeter and Plymouth will, it is to be hoped, increase·
the usefulness of the D1rectory.

A sketch of the Geological features of each County is included, prepared

by Mr. W. J. Harrison, of the School Board, Birmingham.

••

The Proprietors have to thank those Clergymen and other Gentlemen
who have given the work the benefit of their local knowledge, and also the
Clerks of the Peace who have supplied the lists of Magistrates.

*** The Letters 8.0. and R.S.O. at the end of addresges in various parts of the book are abbrevia-

tions adopted by H.M. Post Office to represent Sub-Office and Railway Sub-Office; and if these initials, with
the Name of the County, are added to the addresses of letters in lieu of the usual name of Post Town, the
delivery of such letters will be accelerated.

KELLY & CO. LIMITED, '

_ PUBLISHING OFFICE, • DE\·, & CORN. a2

182, 183 & 184, HIGH HoLBORN, W.C.
Bept., 1893•

-



••


INDEX TO KELLY'S CORNWALL DIRECTORY.

li&V. & OOBN. b 2


INDEX TO KELLY'S

- •





:PAGE :PAGE :PAGE . PAG

Addicroft, see Linkin- Beast Point, see Lande- Bolingey, see Perran- Brea,see Cambome.••.•. 1059

home ..................... 1169 wednack ............... 1148 Zabuloe .................. 1245 Breage ..................... 1047

Advent ..................... 1023 Bedruthan Steps, see St. Bolitho, see Crowan · Breock ..................... 1048

Agnes........................ 1023 Eval ..................... 1090 1078; & seeMenheniot n96 Breock Downs, see St.

Agnes, see Scilly Islands 1268 Beeney, see St. Juliot... n38 Bolventor................... 1045 Wenn..................... 131S.

Albaston, see Calstock... 1056 Bejowans, see Sancreed 1267 Bonallack, see Constan- Breward.................... 1048

Allabury, see North Hill 1216 Bellarmine'sTor,seeBlis- tine........................ 1076 Bridge, see Illogan ...... II29-

Allen ........................ 1025 land ..................... 1036 Borah, see St. Buryan... 1053 Bridge End,see St.Win-

Alternun (Altarnun or Belowda, see Roche...... 1261 Borlase, see St. Wenn... 1318 now...................... 1319

Alternon) ............... 1025 Bennerton, see Crowan 1078 Boscadjack, see Sith- Broad Langdon, see

Alverton, see Penzance 1232 Berepper, see Gunwalloe III7 ney........................ 1273 Jacobstow............... II33

Amble, see St. Kew...... II44 Berkeley Vale, see Fal- Boscastle.................... 1045 Broadoak .................. 1049>

Anderton, see Maker ... n38 mouth.................... 1094 Boscaswell, see Pendeen 1223 Brown Gelly Bill,see Bt.

Anguidal Down, see BerriowBridge,seeNorth Boscathnoe, see Madron u86 Neot ...................... 1209

Madron .................. n86 Hill........................ 1216 Bosavern, see St. Just- Brown Willy, see St.

Annette,seeScillyislands 1268 Berrycombe,~ee Bodmin 1039 in-Penwith.............. II39 Breward................. 1049·

Ann's Chapel, see Cal- Berry, see B'odmin....... 1040 Boscawen, see Constan- Bryant's Foundry, see

stock ..................... 1056 Beryas, see Madron...... n86 tine........................ 1076 St. Stythians .......... 1280

Anthony-in-Meneage ... 1026 Beside-Little, see St. 1081 Boscawen-un, see St. 1053 BBrryyhn•enr,,sseeee Scilly Islands 1268
Anthony-in-Roseland ... 1026 Day ....................... Buryan................... Roche . . . . . . . . . 1268
• Anthony's Pomt,see Fal-
Bezore, see Kenwyn...... II43 Boscolla, see Kenwyn... II43 Buckshead, see St.

mouth ...... ............ 1092 Binhamy Castle, see Boscoppa, see Charles- Clement's ............... 1o69.

Antony .................... 1027 Bude ....................• 1050 town ...................... 1067 Bude.......................... I049-

Antony-West ............ 1027 Biscovallick, see Trever- Boscreage,see Germoe... IIII Bude Haven............... 1049

Antron, see Mabe......... n85 byn........................ 1290 Bosistow LoganRock,see Budock ..................... 1051
Biscovey, see Par......... 1219 St. Levan ............... n66 Budock Vean~ see Con-
Armed Knight, see St.

Sennen .................. 1272 Bishop Roak, see Breage 1047 Boskenna,see St.Buryan 1053 stantine.................. 1076-

Arthur,seeScilly Islands 1268 Bissick, see Ladock ...... II47 Boskenwyn, see Wen- BudockWatr.seeBudock 1052

Ashbury, see Week St. Bissoe, see Baldhu........ 1034 dron .................... 1316 Bugle, see Treverbyn ... 1290

Mary ..................... 1316 Bissoe, see Perran-Ar- Bosleake, see Illogan .... n29 Burlawn, see Egloshayle 1086-

Ashfield, see Falmouth 1094 worthal.. ................. 1243 Bosliven, see St. Buryan 1053 Burlawn, see St. Breock 104S.

Ashton,see St.Dominick 1084 Black Cross, see St. Col- Bosorne, see St. Just-in- . Burncoose,see Gwennap 1n8

Ashtown, see Breage ... 1047 umb Major.............. 1072 Penwith.................. II39 Burnt House, see Mabe n84

Augivincark, see Ludg- Black Rock, see Crowan Bosoughan, see Colan... 1070 Burnt House, see St.

van........................ n83 1078 ; & see Falmouth 1092 Bosphrennis, see Zen- Gluvias .................. n12

Austell ..................... 1027 Blackwater, see Mithian nor ........................ 1320 Burras, see Wendron ... 1316

Ayr, see St. Ives ......... II35 1205; & see St.Agnes 1024 Bossiney, see Tintagel... 1283 Burraton, see St. Domi-

Badgall, see Laneast ..• n5o Blagdon, see Jacobstow II37 Bosullow, see Madron... n86 nick ..................... 1084

Badharlick, see Eglos- Blaunder's Welljlsee Le- Bosvarren, see Constan- Burraton, see St. Ste-

kerry ..................... 1086 wannick .................. 1167 tine:....................... 1076 phens-by-Saltash ...... 1276

Bake Rings, see Pelynt 1222 Blazey....................... 1034 Boswarthen,see Madron Burrows, see Carnmen-

Bakesdown, see WeekSt. Blazey Gate, see Par .... 1220 n86; & see Sancreed 1268 ellis ..................... 1o65

Mary ..................... 1316 Blazey Highway,see Par 1220 Boswin,seeCarnmenellis 1o66 BuryDown,see Lanreath 1153

Baldhu ..................... 1034 Bleu Bridge, see Gulval n16 Boswinger, see Gorran n13 Buryan ..................... 1052

Baldue, Ludg-van ... n83 Blisland.................u •• 1035 Bosworgy, see St. Erth 1089 Buryas, see Madron ... u86

Balnoon, see St. Ives ••• 1133 Blowing House, see Illo- Botallack, see St. Just- Buscadjack, see Sithney 1273

Balwest, see Germoe ... 1uo gan........................ II29 in-Penwith.............. II39 Bush, see Poughill ...... 1250

Bangers,see Poundstock 1251 Blue Anchor, see St. BothethericCross,see St. Bush, see Stratton ...... 1278

Bar, see FaImouth ...... 1094 Enoder................... 1088 Dominick ............... 1084 Bussow, see Towednack 1286

Bareppa, see Mawnan... II95 Blunts, see Quethiock... 1253 Bottonnett, see Lezant.. u68 Butspur, see Launcells n56

Barripper, see Penponds 1224 Bochym, see Cury ...... 1080 Botus Fleming............ 1046 Cadgwith, see Grade ... 1114

Barrow Down,seeProbus 1252 Boconnoc.................... 1036 Bowden,see Hayle n22 ; Cadgwith, see Roan

Barton of Kerrow, see Bodelva, see St. Blazey 1035 & see Stratton ......... 1278 Minor..................... 1263

Zennor .................. 1320 BodenRocks seeSt.Agnes 1023 Bowden, see Helland... n22 Cadon Barrow, see Tre-

Bass Point, see Land~- Bodieve, see Egloshayle 1085 Bowgeheer,see Mawgan- valga .................... 1290

wednack ............... u48 Bodilly, see Wendron.... 1317 in-Meneage ............ II93 Cadson Bury, see St.Ive II32

Basset Cove, see Illogan II30 Bodinnar, see Sancreed 1268 Bowithick, see Altemun 1025 Caer Bran, see Sancreed 1267

Bath Pool,seeNorthHill 1216 Bodinnoc,see Lanteglos- Bowling Green Hill, see Caerleon, see Breage ... 1047

Beacon, see Camborne... 1059 by-Fowey................ 1155 Falmouth ............... 1093 Caer Vallack, see St.

Beacon, see St. Agnes... 1023 Bodmin ...... ...... ... ... ... 1037 Boyton ..................... 1046 Martin-in-Meneage ... ngJ

Beacon Hill, see Bodmin 1038 Bodriggy, see Hayle..... II2I Braddock Downs, see Calendra, see Veryan... 1313

BeaconHill,seeCamborne 1059 Bodwen, see Luxulyan n84 Broadoak................ 1049 Calenick, see Kea......... II41

Beacon Hill,see Wendron 1317 Bofindle, see Warleggan 1315 Bradock..................... 1049 Calenick, see Kenwyn... II42

Bealbury, see St.Mellion II9S Bohortha, see St. An- Bradock Down, see St. Callestock, see Perran-

Bealsmill, see Stoke thony-in-Roseland ... 1027 Pinnock.................. 1248 Zabuloe.................. 1245

Climsland ...... ......... 1277 Bojewyan, see Pendeen 1223 Brane, see Sancreed...... 1267 Callington.................. 1054

Bear-Nortb. & South, Bokiddick, see Lanivet... n51 Bra.yshop, see Stoke Calliwith, see Bodmin... 1040
see Boyton......,:....... I047 Bolenowe,see Treslotban 1289 Climsland.............~~ 1277 Calstock ...... ...... ... ... 1056

• INDEX TO KELLY'S CORNWALL DIRECTORY ' ·.xx•l

PAGE PAGE PAGE PAGE

Calvadnack, see Carn- Cassacawn, see Blisland 1036 Compass Point,seeBude 1050 Day........................... 1o8:r

menellis.•,..•.....•.••..• 1o66 Castle (The), see Laun- 1 Condurrow, see Tre- Deadman (The), see

Cambeak,seeSt.Gennys 1108 ceston ....••.•..••....•• 1157i slothan .................. 1289 Gorran •.•••••••••••••••• 1113

Camborne .................. 1058 Castle-an-Dinas, see St. Congdon's Shop, see Deadman (The), see St•

.Camborne Beacon, see Columb Major......... 1071 North Hill ............... 1216 Keverne.................. 1143

Camborne.•••••.•••••••• 1059 Castle-an-Dinas, see Connor Down, see Gwy- Deer Park, see Newquay 121:1

1Jamelford•••..•.•••.••••.•• 1o63 Ludgvan ••••••••••••••• 1182 thian ..................... 1119 Degibna, see Wendron 1316

Camels, see Veryan...... 1313 Castle Dore, see St. Constantine ............... 1075 Delabole, see St. Teath 1282

Canalidgey, see St. lssey u32 Sampson's..•.••.•••••••• 1267 Coombe, see Kea ••••.•••• 1141 Dennis ••••••••••••••.••••• 1082

Canons Town, see Ludg- Castle Hill, see Tintagel 1284 Coombe,seeMorwenstow 1206 Dennis Great & Little,,

van....••........•.••.....• uB3 Castle Killibury, see Coombe, see Newlyn, see St. Anthony-in-

Cape Cornwall, see St. Egloshayle •••.•••••••• 1o85 Penzance ..•...•••..•.•• 1211 Meneage ••• :•..•..••..• 1026

Just-in-Penwith •••.•• 1139 CastlePark,see Liskeard 1.170 Coombe,seeSt.Stephens- Devil's Bellows (The),

Caradon,seeLinkinhorne 1169 Castle Point, see St. in·Brannell .••••.•••••• 1275 see Landewednack ••• 1148

Carbilly, see Blisland .•• 1036 Gennys ••.••.•••.••.••••• no8 Copperhouse, see Hayle 1120 Deviock, see Cardinham 1065

Carbis, see Roche .•• ..• 1262 Cawsand, see Rame ••• 1254 Coppethorne, see Pound- Devoran •••.•••.•.•••••••• 1082

Carbis Bay, see Lelant II65 Chacewater ..••••.....•... 1066 stick ..................... 1251 Diddies, see Stratton ... 1278

Cardinham, or Cardyn- Chair Ladder, see St. Cornelly..................... 1076 Digay, see St. Ives ...... 1135

ham ..................... 1o65 Levant .................. n66 Corwenna, see Veryan... 1313 Dimma, see Jacobstow 1137

Carenza-Wartha, see St. Challowater, see Blis- Cory-West, see Boyton 1047 Dimson, see Calstock ... 1058

Wenn..................... 1318 land ..................... 1036 Cosawes, see St. Gluvias 1112 Dinas-Gt. & Lit.see St.

Carfury, see Gulval ... 1n6 Cliapel, see St. Breward 1049 1 Cothele Quay, see Cal- .!nthony- in-Meneage 1026

Cargelley, see Alternun 1025 Chapel Amble, see St. stock ..................... 1056 Ding Dong Mine, see

Cargenwen, see Crowan 1078 Kew ..................... II45' Couch's Mill, see Bo- Gulval .................. 1116

Cargreen, see Landulph n5o Chapel Downs, see San- connoc .................. 1037 Din-gerin, see Gerrans nu

Carharra.ck,seeGwennap III7 creed .....:............... 1267 Country-North, see Dizard, see St. Gennys noS

Carhayes St.Micha.el,see Chapel Hayes, see Bod- Treleigh.................. 1287 Dizard Head, see St. ,

St. MichaelCaerhayes 1II9 min ..................... 1040 Court, see Sancreed...... 1267 Gennys .................. 1108

Carkeel, see St. Ste- Chapel Main, see St. Cove, see Constantine... 1076 Dizard Point, see St.

phens-by-Saltash...... 1276 Austell .................. 1028 Coverack,seeSt.Keverne II43 Gennys .................. noS

Carleen, see Breage...... 1047 Chapel Park, see St. Coverackbridges, see Dobwalls,see Liskeard .. 1171

Carlidnack, seeMawnan 1195 Clether .................. 1o6g Wendron ............... 1316 Dominick .................. 1083

Carlogas, see St.Columb Chapel Rock, 51'6 Bude 1050 Cow & Calf Rocks, see Doom Bar, see Padstow 1217

Major..................... 1072 Chapel Rock, see St. St. Agnes ............... 1023 Dosmery Pool, see St.

Carloggas, see St. Ste- Michael's Mount ...... 1200 Cowling's Creek,see Kea 1141 Neot ..................:.. 1209

phen's-in-Brannell ... 1275 ChapelUny,seeSancreed 1267 Coxford, see St. Gennys no8 Doublebois, see Liskeard II7I

Carlyon, see Kea ......... 1141 Chapel Well, see St. Cox's Park, see Calstock 1057 Downderry, see Hessen-

Carn Bnl.s,seeSt.Sennen 1272 Wenn..................... 1318 Crackington Haven, see ford 1128; & see St.

Carn Brea, see Illogan Chaple Porth, see St. St. Gennys ... ... ... ... noS Germans ......... ...... II 10

II29 ; & see Redruth 1255 Agnes... ............... 1023 Cradle (The),see Zennor 1320 Downderry, see St. Ste- •

Carn Erea, see St. Just- CharitonCruss,seeSt.Ive 1132 Crafthole, see Sheviock 1272 phen's-in-Brannell ••• 1275

in-Penwith ............ II39 Charles'Castle,se~Tresco 1270 Cransworth,seeSt.Wenn 13'18 Downend, see ::lt. Win-

earn Galva, 863 Zennor 1320 Charlestown................ lo6'; Crantock .................. 1077 now ..................... 1319

Carn Marth, see Gwen- Charmed Well, see Craskin, see Wendron... 1317 Downgate, see Linkin-

nap •••.••••.•••••••••..• III7 Lewannick .••••••.•.•• 1167 Creed ••••••.••.•••••.••..•..• 1077 borne...................... 1169

Carn Thomas, see St. Cheesewring, see Lin- Creek Stephen, see Downgate, see Stoke

Macy's ..•........•.•..•• 1270 kinhorne •••.•.••••.•...• 1169 Gerrans ................... IIII Climsland ••••••••••••..• 1277

(}arn Tremayne, see Chilsworthy,seeCalstock 1056 Cregmeer, see Padstow 1218 Downhouse, see Stoke

Crowan .................. 1078 Choyne, see St. Buryan 1053 Crellow,sce St.Stythians 128o Climsland............... 1277

Carnarthen, see Illogan II29 Chun Hill, see Morvah 1205 Crelly, Wendron ... 1316 Downs--Higher&Lower,

Carne, see Crowan ...... 1078 Church Cove, see Lan- Creymell, see Make ... n88 see St. Hilary ...... .. n28

Came, see St. Anthony- dewednack.. ............ n48 Criggan, see Roche...... 1262 Doydon Head, see St.

in-Meneage ......... ... 1026 Church Town, see Gwy- Crill, see Budock......... 1052 Endellion ............... 1087

Carne, see St. Dennis... 1082 thian ..................... 1119 Cripple'sEase,seeTowed- Dozmare Pool, see St.

Carne-South & West, Chy-an-gwail,see Lelant n65 nack ..................... 1286 Neot ..................... 1209

see Alternun............ 1025 Chyandour,see Penza.nce 1229 Crofthandy,sceGwennap 1117 Drakewalls, see Calstock 1056

Carne Beacon, see Ger- Chycoose, see Gwennap n18 Croft Mitchell, see Draynes, see St. Neot ...1210

rans ..................... 1111 Chyenball, see Paul...... 1221 Tresloth~n ............ 1289 Drift, see Sancreed ...... 1267

Carnebone,see Wendron 1317 Chygwidden Cross, see Cross,seeLauncellst156; Druid's Hill, see Bocon-

.Carnhell Green, see St. Levan ............... n66 & see Stoke Climsland 1277 noc ........................ 1037

Gwinear ............... n18 Chynals Point, see St. · Cross Common, see Drym, see Crowan ...... 1078

Carnkie, see Illogan ... II29 Keverne.................. 1143 Landewednack ......... II48 Duloe ........................ 1084

Carnkye, see Carmen- Chynhale, see Sithney... 1273 Cross Hill,see St. Mabyn nB5 Dunmere Camp, see

ellis ..................... 1o65 Chypons, see'fowednack 1286 Cross Lanes, see Illogan II29 Bodmin .................. 1040

Carnmearth,seeRedruth 1255 Chyvarloe,seeGunwalloe III7 Cross Lanes, see Baldhu 1034 Dunmeer, seeBodmin... 1043

Carnmenellis ............ 1o65 Cleave, see Calstock... 1056 Crosstown, see Morwen- Dupath Well,see Calling-

Carnon, see Kea .•• ..• ••• I 141 Cleer •••••• .••••• .•••••••••.• 1o68 stow •..••• ..• ... ..• ..••.• 12o6 ton .••••••••••.••••••••..•• 1054

CarnonCrae,seeDevoran 1083 elements .................. 1o69 Croswin, see St. Ewe ... 1091 Durgan, see Constantine

Carnon Down, see Devo- Clether ...... ......... ...... 1069 Crowan ..................... 1078 1076; & see Mawnan.. 1195

ran ........................ 1083 Clicker Tor, see Men- Crowan Beacon, see Eagle's Nest, see Zennor 1320

CarnonGate,seeDevoran 1083 heniot ..................... n96 Crowan .................. 1078 East Harrowbarrow, see

Carnon Hill,see Devoran 1083 Coad's Green, see North Crowlas~ see Ludgvan 1182 Calstock ............... 1056

Carnrosemary, see Tre- Hill ........................ 1216 Crowntown, see Sithney 1273 East Looe .................. II77

verbyn .................. 12goCock's Barrow, see St. Crow'sNest,seeSt.Cleer 1o68 EastNewlyn............... 12u

Carnyorth, see Pendeen 1223 Austell .................. 1028 Crows-an-wrah, see St. East. Taphouse, see St.

Carpalla, see St. Ste- Cockwells, see Ludgvan u82 Buryan .................. 1053 Pinnock.................. 1248

phen's-in-Brannell ... 1275 Colan ........................ 1070 Cubert .................... 1079 Eastcott,seeMorwenstow 12o6

Carrllg-narth Point, see Colbiggan, see Roche... 1262 Cuby ........................ 1o8o Ebenezer, see Luxulyan n84

St. Mawes... ...... ...... 1192 Coldharbour, see Towed- Cuddan Point, see Per- Edgcumbe, see Carn-

Carthew, Carnmen- nack ..................... 1286 ran-Uthnoe ............ 1244 menellis 1o65; &

ellis ..................... 1o66 College, see Hudock...... 1052 Curgurrell, see Gerrans IIII Wendron ............... 1316

Carthew, see Treverbyn 1290 College, see Penryn...... 1224 Cury ........................ 1o8o Efford Beacon, see Bude 1050

Carthew Downs, see Columb Major............ 1070 Cusgarne, see Gwennap 1118 Eglos Ros .................. 1247

Pencoys.................. 1223 Columb Minor ............ 1074 Dacam Four Cross, see Egloshayle ............... 1085

C!u;vedras, see Truro ... 1299 Colvreath, Roche... 1262 Wendron ............... 1317 Egloskerry .............& 1o86

Carwen, see Blisland ... 1036 Come-to-Good, see Kea 1141 Darley, see Linkinhorne u69 Elmgate, see St.

Carzise, see Crowan...... 1079 Comford, Gwennap 1n7. Davidstow.................. 1o8o Stephen's-by-Saltash. 1276





xxii IN~EX TO KELLY'S •CORNWALL DIRECTORY; •

11 PAGE PAGE PAGE PAG:K

Endellion .................. 1086 Giants' Quoit (The), see Gwinear .................. 1118 Highertown, see Ken-

Ennis, see Luxulyan ••• n84 Sithney .................. 1273 Gwineas Rock, see wyn ..................... II42

Enniscaven, see St. Giants' Rock,see Zennor 1320 Gorran .................. I n4 Highlands, see St.

Dennis ••••••••• ••• .•• .•• 1082 G luvian, see St.Columb Gwythian, or Gwithian I ng Minver ,.. ...... ... ... .. . 1204

Enoder ..................... 1087 Major..................... 1071 Halabezack, see Carn- Hig-hlanes; see Little

Enys Dodnan, St. Gluvias ..................... n12 menellis ............... 1066 Petherick ............... 1246

Sennen .................. 1272 Godolphin....:.... :::•••••• 1113 Hall Rings, see Pelynt... 1222 Highway,see La.nteglos-

Enys Hill,see St.Gluvias n12 GodolphinHill,seeBteage 1047 Halmanning, see St. by-Fowey ............... nss

Erme ........................ 1089 Godrevy Island, see Hilary .................. n28 Highway, see St.Kew•.• IIIJ4

Erny~ see Landrake...... 1149 Gwythian •..••••.....••• n19 Halsetown ............... n2o Highway, Ree Tywar•

Erth •••......•••..••••••..•• 1089 Golant, see St. Samp- Halton Quay, see St. dreath..................... 13n

ENan ........................ Iogo son's ..................... 1267. Dominick .. ~ ............ 1084 Hila'f}"..............., ......... 1128

Etheric Cross, see St. Golberdon,seeSouth Hill 1274 Halvosso, see Mabe...... n84 Hill, see Duloe, xo84; &

Dominick ............. xo84 Golberdon Common, see Halvenna,see St.Enoder 1088 see St. Gennys ......... 110g

Eval ........................ xogo South Hill.•..•...••••••• 1274 Halwin,seeCarnmenellis 1o66 Hill-North ............... 1216

Ewe ........................ 1091 Golden, see Probus ...... 1:252 Hampt, see StokeClims- Hill-South ............... 1274

Falmouth .................. 1092 Goldsithney,see Perran- land ..................... -1277 Hill Coos, see Laduck... II47

Felack ..................... 1246 Uthnoe .................. 1243 Hantergantic, see St. Hilton Wood Castle, see

Fenton Pits, see Lanivet n51 Golvadnek Hill, see Breward ............... 1049 Whitstone............... 131&

Fentondale, see Michael- Carnmenellis .•••••.•. to6s Harrowbarrow, see Cal- Hingston Down, see Cal-

stow ..................... 1202 Gonpiper, see St. Feock II04 stock ..................... 1056 lington .................. 1054

Feock........................ 1104 Gonreeve,seeSt.Gluvias 1112 Harrowbridge, see St. Hole Stone, see Madron n86

Filley........................ 1247 Gonvena, see Egloshayle xo85 Neot ..................... 1209 Holmbush, see Charles-

Fiscar, seeCarnmenellis to66 Goodern, see Kea ...... 1141 Hatt, see Botus Fleming 1046 town ............. ,....... 1067

Five Lanes,see Alternun 1025 Goonbell, see St. Agnes 1024 Hawkestor, see Blisland 1036 Holmbush, see Stoke-

Flushing .................. no4 Goonhavern,see Perran- Haye, see Callington ... 1055 Climsland ' ...... :..... 1277

Fogou, see St. Eval... ... 1090 . Zabuloe......... .•. ...... 1245 Hayle........................ n2o Holy Vale, see St.Mary's

Ford, see Egloshayle ... 1085 Goonown, see St. Agnes 1024 Hea Moor, see Madron u86 Island .................. 1269

Forda, see Lanteglos- Goonvrea, see St. Agnes 1024 Heal Bridge, see Bude... 1050 Holy Well, see Cubert... 1079

by-Camelford ......... II55 Gooseham, seeMorwen- HeleBridge,seeMarham- Holy Well, see Roche ... 1261

Forder,see St.Stephen's- stow ..................... 1200 church .................. ngo Holy Well, see St. Domi-

by-Saltash... ... ... ... .•• 1276 Goran ... ......... ... ...... 1 II3 Helebridge, see Stratton 1278 nick .............,, ...... 1084

Forest (The), see Illogan 1:129 Gorland, see St. Day ... 1081 Helens,seeScillyislands 1268 Holy Well, see Lewan-

Forrabury, see Boscastle 1045 Gorran ..................... III3 Helford, see Manaccan n88 nick ..................... n6f

Foundry, see Hayle...... n2o Gorran Haven, see Helland..................... II22 Honeycombe, see Cal-

Foundry,seeSt.Stythians 1280 Gorran .................. III3 Helland, see Mabe ...... II84 stock ..................... 1056

Four Barrow Hunt, see Gorres, see St. .Agnes... 1023 Helland Bridge, see Hornacott, see North

Kenwyn .................. n42 Gothers, see St. Denuis 1082 Hellancl.................. 1122 Tamerton ............... 1281

Four Cross,seeWendron 1317 Grade ..................... III4 Hellesbury, seeMichael- Horrows, see Luxulyan u84

Four Hole C'ross, see Grambla, see Wendron 1317 stow ..................... 1201 Horsedowns,see Crowan 1078

Neot ..................... 1:209 Grampound ............... 1114 Helman Tor, see Lan- HouseholeCove,see Lan-

Four Lanes, see lllogan II29 Grampound, see Probus 1251 livery..................... 1152 dewednack ............ n48

FourLanes,seeWendron 1316 Grampound Road ...... III5 Helston..................... n23 Hugh Town, see St.

Fourburrows, see Gwen- Great Dennis, see St. Helstone, see Lanteglos- Mary's Island ...... ... 1269

nap........................ 1II7 Anthony-in- Meneage 1026 by-Camelford ......... H55 Hugus, see Baldhu ...... 1034

Fowey ..................... nos Great Ganilly, see Scilly Hendra, see Breage...... 1047 Hunter's Oak, see St.

Fraddon, see St. Enoder 1088 Islands ... ............... 1268 Hendra, see St. Dennis 1082 Dominick ............... 1084

Fradgen, see Newlyn ... 1211 Great Ganniornick, see Hendra, see Wendron... 1317 Burden, seeAlternun... 1025

Freworwall,seeLesnewth n66 Scilly Islands ......... 1268 Hen's Barrow1 see St. Hurlers, see Linkin-

Frieries (The), see Bod- Great Kelly, see Eglos- .Austell .................. 1029 borne .................... u69

min ..................... 1042 hayle ..................... w85 Hensbarrow, see Roche 1261 Hurlers, see St. Cleer.... 1068

Frogpool, see Gwennap u17 Great Tree, see St. Mar- Henwood, see Linkin- Hustyn Down, see St.

Frogwell, seeCallington 1054 tin-by-Looe ............ u91 borne..................... n69 Breock .................. 1048

Frying Pan (The), see Great Work, see St. Herland, see Breage ... 1047 Hut, see St. Germans... nog.

Grade .................. 1:114 Germoe.................. :nn HerlandCross,seeBreage, Idless, see Kenwyn ...... n42

Funnel Rock, see St. Greenbottom,see Chace- 1047; & seeGodolphin II13 Illand, see North Hill.•• l216

Levan .................. n66 water, 1067; & see Herodsfoot, II27; & see Illogan ..................... II29'

Ganges, see Flushing ... nos Kenwyn................. II43 Duloe...... ... ...... ... .. . I084 Illogan Downs, see

Gamper Bay, see Land's Greens Plat, see Trever- Hersham, see Launcells ns6 Illogan ...... ............ II29

End ..................... 1272 byn ..................... 1290 Hessenford,n27; & see lllogan Highway, see

Gamper Hole,see Land's Greenwith Common,see St. Martin-by-Looe... II9I Illogan ....... ............ II29 ·

End ..................... 1272 Perran-Arworthal ... 1249 Hewas Water, see St. Ince Castle, see St.

Ganilly-Great & Little, Gregwartha,see Pencoys 1223 Ewe ...... ... .. .... ..... . 1091 Stephens-by-Saltash . 1276

see Scilly Islands...... 1268 Gribbis Corner, see St. Hick'sMill,see Gwennap 1117 Incline, see Calstock •.• 1056

Ganniornick-Great & Stythians ............... 128o HighCliff,seeSt.Gennys noS Indian Queens, see St.

Little,seeScillyislands 1268 Grimscott,see Launcells ns6 High Cross,see Constan- Columb Major......... 10JI

Garrah, see St. Breward 1049 Grumbla, see Sancreed 1267 tine ..................... 1076 Ingong.ar, see Lanivet.•. IISI

Garras, see Mawgan-in- Gulegnllas,seeMawgan- High Lanes, see Gorran n13 IrishLady,seeSt.Sennen 127'2

Meneage ............... n93 in-Meneage ............· II93 High Lanes, see Ruan Island (The), see St.

Garrison, see St. Mary's Gulval ..................... xn6 .Lanihorne............... 1263 Ives ..................... n34

Island ...... ... ... ...... 1269 Gunnislake,see Calstock 1056 Higher Blowing House, Islands of Sc-illy ......... 1268

Gaverigan or Gavrigan, Gunwalloe.................. n16 see St. .Austell......... 1028 Issey ........................ n32

see St. Columb Major 1071 Gurnard's Head, see Highel' Downs, see St. Ive ........................... 1:132

Gear, -see Gulval ......... I n6 Zennor .................. 1320 Hilary .................. 1128 Ives .......................~ 1133

Gear, see St. Martin-in- Gwavas, see Sithney ..• 1273 Higbel' Drift1 se& San- Jacobstow .................. ll37

Meneage ............... n91 Gweal,see Scilly Islands 1268 creed..................... 1267 Jamaica, see Madron ... n86

Gennys ..................... no8 Gwealangears, see Wen- Higher Lanke1 see St. Jesus'Well,seeSt.Minver 1204

G~orgia Lane, see dron ..................... 1317 Breward ............... 1049 Joan's Pitcher, see

Towednack ... ......... 1286 Gwealantop,seeRedrnth 1257 Higher Lat rick, see Lewannick ............ n67

Germans .................. 1109 Gweek,see Constantine, Lezant .................. '1168 Johns ..................... 1138

Germoe .............:....... tno 1076; seeMawgan-in- Higher Menadue, see Jordan (The), see Lan-

Gerrans..................... 1111 Meneage,1193; & soo Luxulyan ............... 1184 east ..................... 1150

Gew, see Crowan......... 1078 Wendron ............... 13t7 Higher Prospidnick, see Juliot........................ n38

Giants' Hedge(The),see Gwendron.................. 1316 , Sithney .....- ............ 1273 Just-in-Penwith ......... n38

Lant'eath ... .. .... ...... II53I Gwennap .................. u 17 Higher Truscott, see St. Just-in-Roseland ••.•..••• U4o

Giants' Quoit (The), see Gwennap Pit,see Gwen- Stephen's-by-Launces- Kea ........................ n41'

St. Breock............... 1o48l nap........................ III7 ton ........................ i162 Kehelland,see Penponds i224

• ...INDEX 'fO KELLY 7S CORNWALL DIRECTORY,



XXHI •

PAGR PAGE PAGE PAGE

Kelly Bray, see Calling- Lanke Higher&Lower, Low.'I:own,seeLuxulyan u84 Merrymeet, see Men-

ton 1054; &see Stoke see St. Breward •••••• 1049 Lower Town~ see Wen- heniot .•• ..• ... ... ... .•• ug6

Climsland ................ 1277 Lanlivery .................. 1152 dron....................... 1317 Merryn ..................... 11g6

Kelly Green, see St. Lannarth or Lanner...... II53 Lower 'l'ruscott, see St. Merthen, see ConstaB-

Tudy ..................... 1310 Lanreath .................. 1153 Stephen's ·by- Laun- tine........................ 1076

Kelly Great, see Eglos- Lansallos .................. II54 ceston... ~.·................ n62 Merther .................. 1197

hayle ..................... 1085 Lanteglos-by-Camelford II54 Lowland~. (The), see St. Merther Uny, see Wen- .

Kelly Rounds, see Eglos- Lanteglos-by-Fowey ... II55 Minver ................... 1204 dron ..................... 1317

hayle ...... ... ...... ...... 1085 Lantinny, see St. Luckett,seeStoke Clims- Metherill, see Calstock ... 1056
Anthony-in-Meneage 1026 land.•••~.................. 1277 Methleigh, see Breage... 1047
Kelynack, see St. Just-

in-Penwith ............ II39 Lanyon Quoit, or Crom- Ludgvan....... ...... .... ... u82 Mevagissey ............,.. U-97

Kemyell--Middle,Higher lech, see Madron ...... u86 Lugo Rock, see St. Mevagissey Bay, see ·

& Lower, see Paul ... 1221 Larrick Higher & Mawes .................. ug2 Mevagissey ............ '1198

Keneggie, seeBreage ••• 1047 Lower, see Lezant ... u68 Lynstone,seeBude 1050; Mewau ..................... 1199

. Kennall Vale, see St. Latchley, see Calstock ... 1056 & see Stratton.......... 1278 Mewan Beacon, see St.

Stythians ............... 1280 Launcells .................. II55 Luxulyan (or Luxilyan) u83 Mewan .................. r199

Kennap, see Carn- . Launceston ............... II56 Mabe ......................... II84 Michael Caerhays.......... 1199

menellis.................. 1o66 Lavethan,see Blisland... 1036 Mabel Barrow, see Pel- Michael Penkivel.......... 1200

Kents, see Jacobstow ... u38 Lawhitton .................. n64 perro...................... 1248 Michael's Mount ......... J200

Kenwyn .................. u42 Lawrence, see Bodmin Mabyn ....................... u85 Michaelstow ..........:..•• 1201

Kernick, see St. Gluvias 1n2 1040; & see Lanivet..• usx Maders, see South Hill 1274 Michaelstow Beacon, see ,

Kerow Down, see Blis- Leeds Town, see Crowan 1078 Madron ..................... n86 Michaelstow ...... ... ... 12or

land ..................... 1036 Lelant ..................... u65 Maen Rock,see Constan- Michell, see St.Enoder... 1088

Kerris, see St. Paul...... 1221 Lelant Down, see Lelant n6s tine........................ 1076 Miadle ·Kernyell, see ·

Kerrow Hill, seeMorvah 1205 Lelant Town, see Lelant u6s Maker....... ~ ................ n87 Paul ..................... 1221

Kerthen, see Crowan •.. 1078 Lerryn,seeSt.Veep1312; MakeriHeights,seeMaker u87 Middlemoor Cross, see

Kestle, see St. Ewe ...... 1091 & s11e St. vVmnow ...... 1319 Malpas,see S~.Clement's St. Breward ............ 1049

Kestle Mill, see Newlyn 12u Lesnewth .................. u66 1069; & see Truro.... I296 Middlewood, see North

Kettle's Bottom, see St. Levan........................ n66 Man & His Man Rocks, Hill........................ 1216

Sennen ......., .......... I272 Lewannick ............... u67 see St. Agnes ......... 1023 Millbrook ........... ~ ...... 1202

Keverne ..................... 1143 Ley, see St. Neot......... 1210 Manaccon .,..._............. 1188 Millpool, see Cardinham 1065

Kew ........................ Ir44 Leyland, see Morval ... 12o6 Manacles Rocks, See St. Milton, see Morwenstow :r2o6

Keybridge, see ::it. Bre- Lezant ..................... u68 Keverne...... ,........... II43 Minard Cross, see Res-

ward ..................... 1049 Limehead, see St. Brew- Manhay,, !!e.e Wendron 1316 senford .................. n28

Keyne ..................... I 145 ard ........................ 1049 Manwidden,seeLudgvan n83 Minions,see Linkinhorne II69

Khilhalland, see Tywar- Linkinhorne or Linken- Marazion..................... u8g Minster ..................... 1202

dreath .................. 1312 horne ..................... 1168 Margate, see Bodmin.... 1040 Minver .................. 1.203

Kilkhampton ............ I 145 Liskeard or Liskerret. ... u69 Marhamchurch .... .. .... ngo Mitchell, seeNewlyn ... 12u

Killigorick, see Duloe .•• xo84 Little Beside, see St. Day 1081 Market Jew................ u8g Mithian ...................... I2o5

Killiow, see Kea ......... II41 Little Dennis, see St. Markwell, se~ Landrake II49 Molinnis, see Treverbyn 1290

King Arthur's Quoit, see Anthony-in- Meneage 1026 Marsh G~te, see St. lve u32 Monathon .................. n8_$

Trevalga ............... 1290 Little Gannilly, see Marshgate,see St. Juhot n38 Moor (The),- see Fal- .

Kingsand, see Maker ... n88 Scilly Islands ........ 1268 Martins,seeScillylslands 1268 mouth .................. I093

Kirland, Little & Lower, Little Ganniornick, see Martin-by-.Looe.. ... ... ... n9r Moorswater Viaduct, see

see Bodmin ..... ,...... 1043 Scilly Islands .......... I268 Martin-in-)Weneage....... ug1 Liskeard ............... II70

Kitt Hill, see Callington 1054 Little Kirland, see Bod- Mary's,see Scilly Islands 1268 MopusPassage,seeTruro 1296

Knighton's Kieve, see min ....................... 1043 Mawes Cae~tl~, see Fal- Mornick, see South Hill 1274

Tintagel.................. 1284 Little Park,see Flushing nos mouth.................... 1092 Morvah ....................~ I2o5

Kynance Cove, see Lan- Little Petherick... ........ 1245 Mawes •..••. ...... ......... n92 Morval ... ......... ... ...... 1205

dewednack ............ .1148 Little Polgooth, see St. Mawgan Cross, see Morwenstow ............... I2o6

Kynance Cove, see Mul- Ewe ....................... 1091 Mawgan-in-Pydar ... u94 Mount, see Warleggan... 1315

lion........................ 1208 Lizard tThe) & Lizard Mawgan-in-Meneage ... ug3 Mount Ararat, see

Ladock ..................... u46 Head, see Landewed- Mawgan-in-Pydar ...... .1194 Pillaton .............._..... 1247

Lady Downs, see Towed- nack....................... u48 Mawla,seeMount Hawke 1207 Mount Charles, see St.

nack ...... ,.............. 1286 Lizerea,see Carnmenellis 1066 Mawnan .................. ugs Austell .................. 1029

Lady Nance, see Lockingate, see Luxul- Mawnan Smith, see Mount Folly,see Bodmin 1040

Col~n ................. 1070 yan........................ n84 Mawnan.................. 1195 Mount Hawke ............ 1207

Lamanver, see Budock 1052 Logan Stone, see St. Mayon,see St.. Sennen... 1272 Mount Pleasant, see

Lambou.rne, see Perran- Levan..................... n66 Mean, see Pt. Sennen... 1272 Roche ..................... 1261

Zabuloe.................. 1244 Longlsland,see Trevalga 1289 Meaver, see Mullion.••..• 1208 Mount Pleasant, see St.

• Lamellion, see Liskeard u7o Long Rock, see Ludgvan u82 Medlyn,seeCarnmenellis 1o66 Alien _. .................... 1025

Lamorna,see St. Buryan m 52 Long Stone (The), see Medrose, see St. Teath... 1282 MountZwn,seeFalmouth 1093

Lamornilo Cove, see St. St. Wenn ................ 1318 Meledor, see St. Mountjoy, see Colan ... 1070

Paul ..................... 1221 Longdowns, see St. Stephen's-in-Brannell 1275 MountsBay,see Penzance 1230

Lamorran .................. 1147 Stythians ................ 128o Mellanear, see Hayle ... II22 Mountwise,see Newquay 1213

Lancarrow, see Pencoys 1223 Longlands, see St. Mellion ..................... :u95 Mousehole, see St. Paul 1221

Landege, see Kiea ......... u41 Stephen's-by- Saltash 1276 Men Amber, see Sithney 1273 Mulfra, see Madron ... ... n86

Land's End, see St. Sen- Longstone,see St.Mabyn n85 Men Scryfa, see Madron n86 Mullion ..................... 1207

nen........................ 1272 Looe Bar, see Gunwalloe II 17 Menabilly, see Tyward- MullionCove, seeMullion 1207

Landewednack............ u48 Looe Pool,see Gunwalloe u 17 reath ..................... 1312 Mullion Island, see

Landithy, see Madron..• n87 Looe-East................. n77 Menacuddle Wood, see Mullion .................. 1208

Landrake .................. 1149 Looe-West................ 1178 St. Austell............... 1028 Mylor ........................ 1208

Landulph .................. II49 Looe Island, see Looe- Menadue Higher & Mylor Bridge, see .Mylor 1:208

Lane, see St. Columb East ...................... 1176 Lower, see Luxulyan n84 Nance, see Illogan ...... I 129

Minor.................... 1:074 Losoombe, see Illogan... 1129 Menagew or Mengu, see Nanceavellan, see Kea.•• II41

Laneast oou···~···•uoooooo II50 Lostwithiel ................. 1179 St. Austell............... 1028 Nancegollan,see Crowan 10]8

Lanescot, see Tywar- Lower Downs, see St. Men-an~Tol, see Madron n86 Nancekuke, see lliogan II29

dreath .................. 1312 Hilary .................... n28 Menegissey, see Mount Nancledrea, see Towed-

Langdon, see Jacobstow II37 Lower Kirland, see Bod- Hawke .................. 1207 nack ..................... 1286

Lanhainsworth~ see St. min........................ 1043 Menehaye, seeBudock... 1052 Nancrossa, see Wendron I317

Columb Major ......... 1073 Lower Lanke, see St. Menheniot.................. IIg6 Nanjeth, see St. Ste-

Lanhargy, see Linkin- Breward ................. 1049 Menh~rion,seeCarnmen- phen's-in-Brannell ... 1275

borne ..................... n69 LowerLarrick,seeLezant 1168 ellis.....~.................. 1o66 Nanpean, see St. Ste-

Lanherne Vale,seeMaw- Lower Menadue, see Menna, see St. Dennis... 1082 phen's-in-Brannell ... 1275

gan-in-Pydar _........ II94 Luxulyan................ u84 Mermaid's. Hole, see Nanscawn,see Luxulyan u84

Lanhydrock ............... uso LowerPoltair,seeMadron n87 Gerrans ,.., ............ IIII Nansloe, see Wendron 1317

Lanivet ..................... U5I ~owerSticker,seeSt.Ewe 1091 Merrifield, see Antony... 1027 Nansough, see Ladock .•• 1147



• INDEX TO :KELLY'S. .CORNWALL DIRECTORY•

XXLV

PAGll PAGE PAGE l'AGB

Nanstallon- see Bodmin Pengerswick, see Breage 1047 Plain-a-n.-gwarry, see Portholland, see Veryan 1313

1038 : & see Lanivet... II5I Pengigan, see Cam- Redruth.••.•........•...• 1254 Porthoustock Cove, see

Narkurs, see Hessenford u28 borne ....••..•.••....•..•• 1059 Plantation, see Tre- St. Keverne .......•...• 1143

Nectan's Kieve, see Tin- Pengwedna, see Godol- slothan ..........••..•... 1289 Porthpean, see St.

tagel ...................... 1284 phin... .......•... ... .••... II13 Plusha Bridge, see Lin- Austell ... .•. ... ...... .•• 1029

Neot ........................ 1209 Penhale, see St. Breock 1048 kinhorne ....••....•.... u69 Porth Towan,see Mount

New Bridge, see San: Penhale, see St. Enoder 1088 Point, see Devoran......• 1083 Hawke .••...............• 1207

creed ••••..••. ..• ••••.. ..• 1267 Penhallow, see Perran- Point, see Gwennap ....• I 117 Portloe, see Veryan.... .• 1313

New Mill, see Gulval •.• 1116 Zabuloe.••....•..••.•... 1245 Polbathic, see St. Ger- Portlooe, see Talland.... 1281

New Mills, see Laduck 1147 Penhalvean, see St. Sty- mans ..................... 1109 Portreath, see Illogan... II30

Newham, see Sithney ... 1273 thians .................... 128o Polgear, see Pencoys ••• 1223 Portscatho, see Gerrans IIIl

Newlyn (near Penzance) 1210 Penheale,seeEgloskerry 1086 Polglase, see Wendron 1317 Portwrinkle, see Shevi-

Newlyn, or Newlyn-East 12II Penjerrick, see Budock 1052 Polgooth, see St. Mewau II99 ocke....................... 1272

Newport,see St.Stephens- Penkuke, see St.Gennys uo8 Polgooth-Little, see St. Poughill .................... 1250

by •Launceston ......... n58 Penlean, see Poundstock 1251 Ewe ..................... 1091 Poundstock ............... 1251

Newquay .................. 1212 Penlee Point, see Rame 1253 Polgray, see Alternun... 1025 Predannack_ see Mullion 1207

Newtown, see St.Martin- Penlu_ see Tuckingmill 1309 Polhawn Battery, see Predannack Downs, see

in-Meneage ............ II91 Penmarth, see Carn- Rame..................... 1253 Mullion .................. 1207

Nine Maidens. see Co- menellis m65; & see Poljew Cove, see Gun- Praze, see Penryn. .... ... 1226

lumb Major ............ IO'JI Wendron ................ 1316 walloe .................. III7 Praze or Praze-an-Bee-

Ninnes, see Lelant .....• u65 Pennance, see Gwennap II17 Polkerris, see Tywar- ble, see Crowan........ 1078

Ninnis, see St. Day 1081 ; Pennant, see Lanlivery II52 dreath .................. 13n Prestacott,see Launcells us6

& see Madron ... ... ... ..• :u86 Pennellick, see Tywar- Polmassick, see St. Ewe 1091 Prideaux:, see Luxulyan n84

Noonvares, see Crowan 1079 dreath.................... 1311 Polmear, see Tywar- Prislow, see Budock .....

North Bear, see Boyton 1047 Penninis, see St. Mary's dreath .................. I3II Probus ..................... 1231

North Country, see Tre- Island .................... 1269 Polmear-West, see Prospidnick & Prospid-

leigh . ..... ...... ... ... ... 1287 Penolver Point., see Lan- Charlestown ......... ..• 1067 nick hill, see SithnPy 1273

North Hill .................. 1216 dewednack .............. 1148 Polpear, see Lelant ...... 1165 Prussia Cove, see St.

North Tamerton ......... 1281 Penpillick, see Tywar- Polpear Cove,see Lande- Hilary ................... 1128

North Withial, see Scilly dreath.................... 1312 wednack ............... II48 Pucklerstor Rocks, see

• Islands ... ......... ... ... 1268 Penpoll, see Devoran.... 1083 Polperro ... ............ .•• 1248 Blisland... ...... ... ...... 1036

Notter, seeSt.Stephen's- Penpoll, see Mawnan .•• II95 Polruan •••;................ 1248 Pulpit Rock, see St.

by-Saltash ............... 1276 Penpoll, see St. Feock.•• II04 Polscoe, see St. Winnow 1319 Mary's Island ......... 1269

NtlnCareg, see S.Buryan 1053 Penpoll, see St. Veep ... 1312 Polstrong, see Penponds 1224 Quay Hill, see Falmouth 1093

Nun's Well, see Pelynt 1222 Penponds................... 1223 Poltair, see Madron ... n87 Quenchwell, see Kea .... 1141

Occasinny, see Alternun 1025 Penpont, seeAlternun... 1025 Polurrian, see Mullion 1208 Quethiock .................. 1~53

Ocean View,seeNewquay 1213 Penpont, see Mawgan- Polwheveral, see Con- QuintrellDowns, see St.

Old Town, see St.Mary's in-Pydar................. II94 stantine .................. 1076 Columb Minor ......... 1075

Island ..................... 1269 Penpont,see St.Breward 1049 Polyphant, see Lewan- Railway Terrace, see St.

Oldmill,see Stoke Clims- Penquite,seeSt.Breward 1049 nick ..................... n67 Gleer ..................... 1o68

land ..................... 1277 Penrose, see St. Dennis 1082 Ponsanooth, see Perran- Raleath, see Crowan .... IO'J8

Oliver Cromwell'sTower, Penrose, see St.• Ervan 1090 Arworthal, 1243; & Rame........................ 1253

see Tresco ............... 1270 Penryn...................... 1224 see St. Gluvias......... 1II2 Rame, see Carnmenellis 1o65

Otterham .................. 1216 Pensilva, see St. Ive..... ug2 Pont, see Lanteglos-by- Rame Head, see Rame 1253

Padstow ..................... 1217 Pentally, see Tintagel. .. 1284 Fowey .................. II55 Ramsgate, see Treslo-

Padstow Harbour, see Pentewan, or Pentowan 1227 Pool, see Illogan ......... II30 than....................... 1289

St. Minver................ 1204 Pentire-West,seeCran- Pool Harbour, see St. Red Cliff Castle, see St.

Page's Cross, see Laun- tock...................... 1077 Mary's Island ......... 1269 Eval ...................... 1090

ceston ..................... II6o Penventon, see Illogan II29 Porcupine Highway, see Redavallen,see Trevalga 1290

Par ........................... 1219 Penventon Well, see Tywardreath ......... 13II Redgate, see St. Cleer... 1o68

Paramore, see St. Ewe..• 1091 Lewannick.............. n67 Porkellis, see Carn- . Redinnick, see Penzance 1233

Park Bottom, see Illogan n29 Penwartha, see Perran- menellis..............~ ..• 1o65 Redmoor, see Lanlivery n52

Park Erissey, see Tre- Zabuloe.................. 1245 Porkellis, see ·wendron 1316 Redmoor Common, see

leigh ..................... 1287 Penwerris,see Falmouth 1094 Port Gaverne, see St. South HilL.............. 1274

Park~Little,seeFlushing noS Penwethers, see Kea.... II4I Endellion ............... 1087 Redruth..................... 1254

Paul ........................ 1221 Penzance ................... 1228 Port lsaac, see St. En· Reginnis, see St. Paul... 1221

Paynter's Lane End, see Perran ...................... 1243 dellion .................. 1087 Rejerrow,see Newlyn... I2II

Illogan .................. II29 Perran-Arworthal........ 1242 Port Navas Cove, see Relubbus, see St.

PealPoint, see St.Sennen 1272 Perran-Combe, Per- Constantine ............ 1076 Hilary ...... ... ...... ..• I 128

Pelynt... .-.................... 1222 ran-Zabuloe ............ 1245 Port Quin, see St. En- Rescassa, see Gorran ... III4

Penare, see Gorran ...... III4 Perran-Porth, see Per- dellion .................. 1087 Rescorla, see Treverbyn 1290 •

Penare Point, see St. ran-Zabuloe ............ 1244 Port View, see Saltash... 1264 Reskadinnick, see Pen-

Keverne .................. 1143 Perran-Uthnoe............ 1243 Portchapel,see St.Levan n66 ponds..................... 1224

Penbel'th,see St. Buryan 1053 Perran Well, see Perran- Porteast, see Gorran ••• III4 Resparva, see St.

Pcnburthey Cross,see St. Arworthal ............... 1243 Porth, see St. Columb Enoder .................. 1088

Hilary............, ........ II28 Perran-Zabuloe........... 1244 Minor .................. 1075 Respryn, see St.Winnow 1319

Pencoys ......... .... ....... 1222 Peterville, see St. Agnes 1024 Porth Cressa, . see St. Restormal Castle, see

Pencoys, see Wendron 1316 Petherick-Little......... 1245 Marx's .................. 1~71 Lostwith1el ............. n8o

Pendeen ..................... 1223 Petherwin-South ... ..• 1246 Porth Kea, see Kea... .•• II4I Restronguett, see Mylor 1208

Pendennis Castle, see Petroc Minor, see Little Porth Towan,see Illogan u29 Retanna, see Carnme-

Budock .................. 1052 Petherick................ 1245 Porthcothan, see St.Eval xogo nellis ...--................ 1066

Pendennis,see Falmouth 1092 Petrocstow Padstow 1217 Porthcurnow, see St. Retire, see Withiel ...... 1320

Pendennis Castle Drive, Peverell's Blis- Levan .................. II67 Retyn, see St. Enoder..• 1088

see Falmouth........... 1094 land ....................... 1036 Portheras, see Pendeen 1223 Rezare, see Lezant....... n68

Pendennis Hill, see Fal- Phillack..................... 1246 Porthgwarrah, see St. Rialton, see St. Columb

mouth..•..•..••........•• 1093 Philleigh....••...••••••••.•• 1247 I..evan •••.••..•..•.••••• 1166 Minor .•.••..•..•.••..•.•• 1075

Pendinas, see St. Ives... II34 Pike's Hill, see Fal- Porthleven ............... 1249 Rilla Mill, see Linkin-

Pendoggett, see St. Kew II44 mouth .................. 1093 Porthleven, see Breage 1047 borne............... .. ... u69

Pendower Cove, see St. Pillaton ..................... 1247 Porthloe, see Veryan ••• 1313 Rinsey, see Breage ...... 1047

Levan .................... x166 Pinnock .................... 1247 Porthlow, see St. Mary's 1271 Roche........................ 1261

Pendreve, or Pendrift, Piper's Hole, see Tresco 1270 Porthmellen, see Mul- Rock, see St. Minver.... 1204

see Blisland ............. 1036 Piper's Pool, see Trewen 1291 lion........................ 1207 Roddsbridge, see Bude

Pendriscott, see Duloe... 1084 Piran's Well, Perran- Portmellon, see Meva- 1050; & see Stratton 1278

Penelewy, see Kea ....... u41 Zabuloe .................. 1244 gissey...... ... .... ........ II98 Roscare, see St. Gennys uo3

Pengegon,see Camborne 1059 Pittimee, see St. Minver 1204 Porthmere, see Zennol' 1320 Roscroggan, see Cam-

ross ;Pengelly, see Callington Pix:y Hall, see Constan- Porthminster Cove, see borne 1059; & see Il-

& see St. Teath 1282 tine........................ 1<>76 St. Ives ................... I I34 logan.•••••.•••••••••.••••• II2g

'• XXV

INDEX TO KELLY'S CORNWALL DIRECTORY. •

PAGE PAGE PAGE PAGB

Roscrow Hill, see St. St. Feock •..•• .. .... ... ... uo4 St. Saviour's Hill, see Stanbury, see Morwen-

Gluvias .................. u12 St.Gennie,see Jacobstow II37 Polruan .................. :1248 stow ..................... 1206

Rose,seePerran-Zabuloe 1245 St. Geunys ............... uo8 St. Sennen.................. I272 Star Castle (The),seeSt.

Rosedinnick, see St. St. Germans............... uog St. Stephen's-in-Bran- Mary's Island ......... I269

Columb Major ......... 1073 St. German's Hut......... uog nell........................ 1274 Stenalees, see Trever-

Roseladden,seeWendron I317 St. Gerrans ............... IIII St. Stephen's-by-Lann- byn........................ I290

Roseland, see St. Mawes II92 St. Gluvias ............... II12 ceston...................., ns8 Stennack (The), see St.

Rosemain, see Alternun I025 St. Goran .................. 1n3 St.Stephen's-by-Saltash I276 Ives ..................... II35

Rosemelling, see Luxul- St. Gwendron ............ 1316 St. Stythians ............ 1279 Stephens-in-Brannell ... I274

yan n84; & seeRoche I262 St. Helen's, see Sctlly St. Syth's Beacon, see Stephens- by- Launces·

Rosemorran, see Gulval nx6 Islands .................. I268 Michaelstow ............ 1201 ton ........................ 1IS8

Rosemullion Head, see St. Hilary .................. 1128 St. Teath .................. 1281 Stephens-by-Saltash ... I276

Mawnan ............... 1195 St. Illogan ............... II29 St. Thomas the Apol!tle, Stepper Point, see Pad-

Rosemundy,!!eeSt.Agnes 1024 St.Ingongar,see Lanivet II5I see Launceston......... II57 stow ..................... 1217

Rosenannon,seeSt.Wenn 1318 St. Issey .................. n32 St. Thomas Street Ham- Stibb, see Kilkbamp-

'Rosevanion, see St. St. lve ..................... I132 let, see Launceston ... II57 ton ........................ n46

Columb Major ......... 1073 St. Ives ..................... II33 St. 'fudy .................. 1310 Sticker, see St. Mewan II99

Rosevidney,seeLndgvan n83 St. Johns .................. II38 St. Veep, or St. Vepe ... 1312 Sticker-Lower, see St.

Rosewarne, see Gwinear n19 St. John's Well,see Mor- St. Wenn .................. 1317 Ewe ..................... 109I

Roseworthy,seeGwinear !II8 wenstow ............... 1200 St. Wenna Well, see St. Stithians .................. I279

Roseworthy, see Pen- St. Juliot .................. n38 Wenn..................... 1318 Stoke Climsland ......... I277

ponds..................... 1224 St. Just-in-Penwith...... n38 St. Winnow ............... 1318 Stonetown, see Duloe ... Io84

Roskear, see Truro ...... 1309 St. Just-in-Roseland ... n4o Saltash ..................... 1264 Stowe's Common, see

Roskestal, see St. Levan u67 St. Kea ..................... n41 Sampson, see Scilly Is- Linkinhorne............ n6g

Rosudgeon,seeSt.Hilary u28 St. Kebv's Well, see lands ..................... I268 Stratton .................. 1278

Rough Tor, see St. Duloe.: .................. 1084 Sampson's.................. 1267 Street-an-Nowan, see

Breward ............... 1049 St. Keverne .............. II43 Sampson's Well, see Newlyn .................. 1211

Ruan High Lanes, see St. Kew..................... II44 South Hill............... 1274 Street-an-pal, see St.

Ruan Lanihorne ...... 1262 St. Keyne .................. 1145 Sancreed .....,............ 1267 Ives ..................... 1135

Ruan Lanihorne ......... I262 St. Kitt's Hill,seeDavid- Sand Place, see Morval 1206 Stythians ... ............... 1279

Ruan Major ............... 1263 stow ..................... 1081 Sandybottom, s e e Summer Court, see St.

Ruan Minor ............... 1263 St. Knighton's Kieve,see Charlestown............ Io68 Enoder .................. 1088

Rumford, see St. Ervan 1090 TintageL................. 1284 Saviour's Hill, see Pol- Summerleaze, see Bude I050

Ruthvos, see St. Columb St. Lawrence, seeBod min ruan ••• ............ .... .. I 248j Sunny Corner,seeGwen-

Major..................... 1071 1040; & see Lanivet II51 Scarcewater,seeLadock II47 nap........................ III7

R)'alton, see St. Columb St.Leonard's,seeBodmin 1042 Scarlet's Well, see Bod- jSwallock,seeSt.Breward I049

Minor .................. 1074 St. Levau ... ............... n66 min ......... ...... ... ... 1040' Swan Pool, see Budock.. :r052

St. Agnes .................. 1023 St. Mabe .................. 1184 Rcilly Islands ............ 126!l Swannacot Wood, see

St. Agnes, see Scilly St. Mabyn.................. u85 Scorrier,seeGwennap... III7 Week ~t. Mary......... 1316

Islands .................. 1268 St. Madron ... ............ n86 Scracedon Fort, see Swanpool, see Falmouth 1093

St. Agnes Beacon,see St. St. Madron's Well, see Antony ...........·....... I o27 Sweets, see St.Gennys... no8

Agnes..................... 1023 Madron .................. n86 Semersdon, see North Sweets House, see Lan-

St. Allen .................. I025 St. Martin-by-Looe ...... ng1 Tamerton ............... I281 livery..................... II52

St. Ann's Chapel, see St. Martin-in-Meneage.. n91 Sennen ..................... 1272 Syth's Beacon, see Mich- ·

. Calstock .............. 1056 St. Martin's, see Scilly Senor Circle, see Zenuor I32o aelstow .................. 1201

St.Anthony-in-Meneage 1026 Islands .. ............... I268 8eveock, see Kea......... II42 Table Meau, see St.

St.Anthony-in-Roseland 1026 St.Martin'sGreen,seeSt. Seworgan, see Coustan- Sennen .................. I272

St. Anthony Heights,see Martin-in-Moneage ... ng1 tine ..................... I076 Talland ..................... I28o

St. Mawes.............. ug2 St. Mary's, see Par...... 1:u9 Sharp Point Tor, see Talskiddy,seeSt.Columb

St. Anthony's Point, see St. Mary's, see Scilly Linkinhorne............ u6g Major..................... :1072

Falmouth ............... 1092 Islands .................. 1268 Sharrow Grotto, see St. Tamar, see Calstock ... I056

St. Austell. ................. 1027 St. Mawes.................. II92 John's .................. n38 Tamerton-Nortll ...... :r281

St. Bellarmine's Tor, see St. Mawes Castle, see Sheffield, see Paul ...... :1221 Tangie,r, see Lostwithiel n8o

Blisland.................. 10':16 St. Mawes............... ng2 Sheviocke...... ... ... ...... 1272 Taphouse-East, see St.

St. Blazey .................. 1034 St. Mawes Castle Point, Sbipman Head, see Pinnock .................. 1248

St. Blazey Gate, see Par 1220 see St. l\iawes ......... ng2 Bryher .................. I270 Taphouse - West, see

St. Blazey Highway, see St. Mawgan ............... II94 Shop,seeMorwenstow... 1200 Broadoak ............... I049

Par........................ 1220 St. Mellion ............... 1195 Shortlanes End, see 'fean, see Scilly Islands 1268

St. Breock ... ............... 1048 :-t. Merryn ..............• 1196 Kenwyn.................. 1142 Teath .•..................... 1281

.. St. Breock Downs,. see St. Mewan ............... II99 Sbutta, see Looe- Temple ..................... 1282

St. Wenn ............... 1318 St. Mewan Beacon, see East ..................... II78 TempleMoor,seeTemple 1283

St. Breoke.................. 1048 St. 1\'Iewan............... II99 Rilverwell,see Mithian... 1205 Tendrine, see Zennor... IJ20

St. Breward ............... 1048 St. Michael, see St. Silver Well, see 'fres- Tettesborough Beacon,

St. Budock ............... 1051 Enoder .................. 1088 lothan .................. 1288 see Lesnewth ......... n66

St. Buryan .............. 1052 St. Michael Caerhayes... II99 Sinns Common,see Tre- Thomas the Apostle, see

St. Cleer ... ............... Io68 St. Micbael Penkivel ... 1200 leigh ... ...... ............ 1288 Launceston ............ II57

St. Clement's & St. Cle- St. Micbael's Mount ... 1200 Sithney ..................... I273 Three Barrows, see

ment·s Hill ............ 1o69 St. Minver ................ 1203 Skinner's Bottom, see Mithian .................. I20S

St. Clether ............. 1069 St. Morwenna's Well,see Mount Hawke ......... 1207 Three Hammers, see

St. Colan .................... 1070 Morwenstow............ 1206 Slades, see Charles- Treslothan ............ I289

St. Columb Major ...... 1070 St. Nectan's Kieve, see town ..................... Io67,Three Mile Stone, see

St. Columb Minor ...... 1074 Tintagel.................. 1284 Slades Bridge, see Eglo- Kenwyn.................. I143

St. Crantock............... 1077 St. Neot..................... 1209 shayle .................. 1085 Thurdon,see Kilkhamp-

St. Cubert.................. 1079 St. Neot's Well, see St. Soap Rocks, see Mul- ton ........................ u46
St. Cuby'sWell,seeDuloe 10841 Neot ..................... 1209 lion........................ 1208 'fichbarrow Beacon, see

St. Day or St. Dye ...... xo81 St.Nun'sWell,see Pelynt 1222 South Bear, see Boyton 1047 Lesnewth ............... n66

St. Dennis .................. 1082 St. Paul ..................... I22I South Carne, see Alter- Tideford .................. 1283

St. Dominick ............ 1083 St. Petroc Minor ......... 1245 nun ..................... 1025 Tinny Hall, see Lewan-

St_ Endellion ............ 1086 St. Pinnock ............... 1247 South Hill ............... 1274 nick ..................... 11.67

St. Enoder .............. 1087 St. Piran Arwort.hal ... 1242 South Petherwin......... I246 Tintagel & Tintagel

St. Erme .................. 1089 St. Piran-in-the-Sands.. 1244 Southcott,seeJacobstow 1137 Castle...................·.. 1283

St. Erny, see Landrake II49 St. Piran's Well, see Sparnick, see Kea ...... n4x Titson, see Marham-

St. Erth..................... 1089 Perran-Zaboloe ...... 1244 Sparnon, see 8t. Buryan church .................. ugo

St. Ervan .................. Iogo St.Ruan'sWell,seeGrade III4 1053; & seeGod.olphin :U13 Tokenbury, see St. ·

St. Eval..................... Iogo St. Sampson's ............ :r267 Stamford Poug- Ive ........................ I132

St. Ewe..................... xog1 St. Sampson's Well, see hill 1250; see Bude 'folcarn, Madron ... n86

St. Felack .................. 1246 South Hill............... t274 1050; & see Stratton I278 Tolcarne, see Newlyn ... I2II



XXV•I •
.

INDEX TO KELLY'S CO'BNW.ALL DIRECTORY•

• PAGE PAGE PAGE PAGE

Tolgullow, see Gwennap 1117 Tregarland, see Morval 12o6 Trelew, see Mylor ••• ;.• 1209 'rresithick, see lJevoran

Tolgus, seeRedroth•••••• 1258 Tregarne,see St.Keverne 1:1:44 Treliever, see Mabe....•• n8s 1082; & see St. Feock 1104

Tolmen Rock, see Con- Tregarthen,seeLudgvan n83 Treligga, see St. Teath 1282 Treskellard, see Illogan n29

stantine......... ••• •••... 1076 Tregarthen Hill, see 'frelights, see St. Endel- Treskinnick Cross, see
Zennor................... 1320 lion........................ 1087 Poundstock ........·.. ~.. 1251
Tol-pedn-penwith, see

St. Levan •••.•••••.•••.• n66 Tregassick, see Gerrans 111 I Trelill, see St. Kew .•• ••• 1144 Treslay, see Cardiuham 1o65

'folskethey, see Illogan II29 Tregasso, see St. An- Trelill, see Wendron ,.. 1317 Treslothan..•...••••••.••••• 1288

Tolskiddy,seeSt.Colomb· tbony-in-Meneage..... 1026 Trelion,seeSt.Stephen's- Tresmere,or Tresmeer.•• 1289

Major•••.•...•.~ ......••.• 1071 Tregaswith, see St. in-Brannell ............ 1275 Tresowas, see Germoe... liii

Tolvaddon, see Illogan II29 Columb Major•.••.••••• ·1071 Treloqoitback, ·see Wen- Tresparret, see St. Juliot u3&

'folvorne, see Kea...•••..• 1141 Tregatbenan,seeSithney 1273 dron ..................... 1317 Tresvenack, see St. Paul 1221

Tooth Rock, see St. 'fregatillion, see St. Trelow, see St. Issey ... II32 Treswithen, see Pen-

Mary's Island ......... 1269 Columb Major ......... 1071 Trelowarren, see Maw- ponds..................... 1::124

Torleven, see Porthleven 12-1-9 Tregatreatb,see Mylor.•• 1209 gan-in-Meneage ...... II93 Tretheage, see St. Sty-

Torpoint .................. 1285 Tregatta, see Tint.agel... 1284 Trelower, see St. Mewan 1199 tbians..................... 12Bo.

'fowan, see St. Merryn 1196 Tregavara, see Madron n86 Treloweth,see St.Mewan 1199 Tretbeake, see Veryan ... 1313

Towan Cross, see Mount Tregavaras, see Gorran II 14 Trelubbus, see vVendron 1317 Tretbevas, see Lande-

Hawke .................. 1207 Tregavetban............... 1286 Treluswell, see St. Glu- wednack ................. II4&

Towans--The, see Gun- Tregaye'l,seeSt.Winnow 1319 vias........................ 1112 Trethevye, see St. Cleer 1o6S

walloe .................. II17 Tregeare,seeEgloskerry Trelyon, see St. Ives ... 1135 Tretbewel, see St. Just-

Towednack ............... 1286 108i_; & see Laneast II50 Tremail, see Davidstow 1081 in-Roseland ............ II40

Town Higher, see Tregelles, see St. Kew... II45 Tremaine .................. 1288 Trethorne,see Lauceston ns6

Kenwyn.................. II42 Tregenna, see Alternun 1025 Tremar, see St. Cleer ... 1o68 Trethiggy,seeSt.Columb

Town-Lower,see Wen- Tregenna, see Blisland 1036 Tremar Coombe, see St. Minor .................. 1075

dron ..................... 1317 Tregenna, see Veryan ... 1313 Cleer ..................... 1c68 Trethurgy, see Charles-

Townshend, see Crowan 1078 Tregenna Hill, see St. Tremorle, see St. Juliot u38 town xo67 ; & see Tre-

Trannack, see Sithney... 1274 Ives....................... II35 Trematon, see St. Ste- verbyn .................. 1290

Treave, see St. Buryan 1053 Tregerrest,see Sancreed 1267 phen's·by-Saltash ... 1276 Tretoil, see Lanivet...... IISI

Trebant, sce Alternun... 1025 Tregerthen, see Zennor 1320 Trembath, see Madron xr86 Trevadlock, see Lewan-

Trebartha,seeNorth Hill 1216 Tregeseal, see St. Just- 'frembroath, see St. nick ..................... u67

Trebarwith,see Tintagel 1284 in-Penwith.............. II39 Stythians ............... 128o Trevalga.................... 1289

Trebehor, see St. Levan u67 Tregew, see Flushing ... nos Tremeer, see St. Clether xo7o Trevalgen, see St. Ives II33

Trebigh, see St. Ive...... II32 Tregidden,seeSt.Martin- Tremelling, see St. Erth 1090 Trevan, see St. Erth ... 1090

Trebollett, see Lezant ..• n68 in-Meneage ............. II9I Tremethick, see Madron n86 Trevance, see St. Issey II32

'frebudannon, see St. Treg-iswin, see Ruan- Tremoor, see Lanivet... IJSI Trevanger,seeSt.Minver 1204

Columb Major ......... 1071 Lanihorne............... 1263 Trenale, see Tintagel ... 1284 Trevanson, see St.

Trebullen, see Alternun 1025 Treglynes,see St. Minver 1204 Trenalls, see St. Hilary 1128 Breook .......-.......... 1048

Treburgett,see St.Teath 1282 Tregole, see Poundstock 1251 Trenance, see Mullion... 1208 Trevarnon Rounds, see

Treburley, see Lezant... u68 Tregonce,see St.Issey... II32 Trenance,see St.Columb Gwythian ............... III9

Trebursye, seeLaunces- Tregoning,seeGodolphin .III3 Minor 1075; & see Trevarrack, .see Gnlval III6

ton ........................ II56 'fregoning Hill, see Newquay................. 1212 Trevarren,seeSt.Columb

Trecarrel, see Lezant ... u68 Breage.................... 1047 Trenance, seeSt.Issey... 1132 Major..................... 1071

Trecollas, see Alternun 1025 Tregonissey, see St. Trenant, see St. Neot... 1209 Trevarrian,see ;.\Iawgan-

Trecorner, see Alternun 1025 Austell .....'............. 1031 Trenant Point, see Duloe 1084 in-PydaF ............... II94

Tre-crag-an, see Towed- Tregony 1286; & see Trenault, see Trewen ... 1291 Trevarrick, see Gorran III4

nack ..................... 1286 Cuby ..................... 1080 Trencreek, see Newquay 1212 Trevarrick, see St. Aus-

Trecraben, see Lelant... u65 Tregoon, see Alternun... 1025 Trencreek, see St. tell ........................ 1031

TrecrobenHill,seeLelant u65 Tregoss, see Roehe ...... 1261 Columb Minor ......... 1075 Trevarth, see Gwennap

Trecrogo, see South 1Tregreenwell, see Mich- Trencrick,see St.Gennys 1108 1u7; & see Lannarth II53

Petherwin............... 12461 aelstow................... 1202 Trendeal, see Ladock ... II47 Trevaunance, see St.

Tredavoe, see St. Paul. .. 1221 Tregrenna,see Alternun 1025 Trendrine Hill, see Agnes .................. 1023

Tredaule, see Alternnn 1025 Tregunna,see St.Breock 1048 Towednack ............ 1286 Trevaunance Quay, see

Tredethy, see St.Mabyn 1185 Tregunnan,see Alternun 1025 Trenear, see Wendron ... 1317 St. •Agnes .............. 1023-

Tredinnick, see Duloe... 1084 Tregurrian,seeMawgan- Treneglos .................. 1288 Treveage, see Alternun 1025

Tredinnick, see Lanhyd- in-Pydar ............... II94 Trenethick,see Wendron 1317 Treveague1see Alternun 1025

rock ..................... IISiiTregurrow, see Truro... 1292 Trenewan, see L11.nsallos II54 Treveal, see Cubert...... 1079

Tredinnick,see St. Issey u321 Tregnrtha, see St. Trengwainton Cairn, see · Trevean, see Morvah.... 1205

Tredinnick, see St. Neot 1209! Hilary .................. n28 Madron .................. II86 Trevean, see Perran-

Tredizzick,seeSt. Minver 1204 Tregurthen, see Ludg- · Trenhorne, see Lewan- Uthnoe .................. 1243

Tredmodrett, see Roche 1261 van........................ II82 nick ..................... u67 'frevean Cove, see Per-

Tree-Great, see St. Tregustick, see St. Col Trenilk, see Alternun... 1025 ran-Utbnoe ............. 1244

Martin-by-Looe ...... 1191 umb Minor ............. 1075 Trenoon Cross,see Maw- Trevedran,seeSt.Buryan 1053

Treen, see St. Levan ... u66 Trehan,see St.Stephens- gan-in-Pydar ...... ... II94 Treveighan,see Michael-

Treeve, seeSt.Sennen... 1272 by-Saltash .............. 1276 Trenowah, see Charles- stow ..................... 1201

Trefrew, see Lanteglos- 'frehannick,seeSt. Teath 1282 town ..................... 1o68 Trevella, see St.Feock... II04

by-Camelford ......... II55 Trehembnrn, see St. Trenowetb, see Mabe Trevelmond, see Lis-

Trefrows, see Week St. Merryn................... n97 n84 ~ &seeSt.Mary's 1271 keard ..................... 1171

Mary ..................... 1316 Trehill, see Calstock ... 1057 Trenowan, see Ludgvan u82 Trevemper Bridge, see

Tregada, see Lawhitton Trebudreth Down, see Trenwheal, see Breage 1047 Newquay ............... 1212

' u65; & see Lezant... u68 Blisland .................. 1036 Trequite, see St. Kew... II44 Trevemper Cross, see

Tregadgwith, see St. Trekeland, see Lezant... u68 Trerice, St. Dennis ...... 1082 Newquay ................ 1212

Buryan ......... ...... ... 1053 'frekelland, see Lewan- Trerithick, see Alternun 1025 Trevena, see Tintagel... 1283

Tregadillett, see Laun- nick....................... n67 Treruffe, see Redruth... 1254 Trevenning,seeMichael·

ceston..................... II58 Trekenna, see Lezant... II68 Treryn Dinas,seeZennor 1329 stow ..................... 1201

Tregaer Camp, seeBod- Trekennick,seeAlternuu 1025 'fresayes,see Roche ...... 1261 TrevensonM-,or, see 11-

min ....................... 1040 Trekenning, see St. Tresco,see Scilly Islands 1268 logan ..................... 1130

Tregajorran, see Illogan II29 Columb Major ......... 1071 Trescobeas, see Budock 1052 Treveor, see Gorran..... II14

Tregamere, see St. Co- Treknow, see Tintagel 1284 Trescoll, see Luxulyan u84 Treverbyn.................. 1290

lumb Major ............ 1073 Trelaske,see Lewannick u67 Trescow, -see Breage...... 1047 Treverbyn Vean, see St.

Tregaminion,seeMorvah 1205 Trelaske Wood, see Le- Trescowe, see Godolphin 1113 Neot ..................... 1210

Tregaminion, see Ty- wannick· ....... .... .... .. u67 Tresean, see Cubert ... 1079 Treverva, see Bndock... 1052

wardreath............... 1:311 Trelaver, see St. Dennis 1082 'freservern, see St. Sty- · Trevervas, see Breage... 1047

Treganatha,seeSt. Wenn 1318 Trelawne, see Pelynt ... 1222 thians..................... 128o Trevescan, see St.

Treganna, see Little Trelawny, see Alternun 1025 Tressider,see St.Buryan 1053 Sennen .................. 1272

Petherick................ 1246 TrP-leever Downs, see St. Tresillian,seeMerther... II97 Trevetban,see Gwennap 1II8

Tregantle Fort, see An- Keverne.................. II44 Tresillian, see Probus ... 1251 Trevetby Stone, see St.

tony...... ........ ...... ... 1027 Treleigh... ... ... ... ...... ... 1286 Tresillian, see St. Erme 1089 Clear ............. ........ 1068

INDEX TO KELLY's CORNWALL DIRECTORY. xxvn• • 1

PAGE PAGE PAGE PAGE.

Trevia, see Lanteglos- Trewoofe, seeSt.Bucyan 1053 Venterdon, see Stoke West Point, see Fowey.• nos

by-Camelford •.. ..•••• II55 Trewoofe, see St. Eval••• 1090 Climsland ... .•• ••• .•• ..• 1277 West Polmear, see

Trevido, see Menheniot II96 Trewoofe, see St. Paul.•• 1221 Ventongimps, see Per- Charlestown.••..•.•...• I067

Treviglas,see St.Columb Trewoon, see Mullion... 1208 ran-Zabuloe ............ 12-45 West Taphouse, see

Minor ....••...•••.••..• 1075 Trewoon, see St. Ventouleague, see Hayle n2o Broadoak ............... 1049

Trevigro, see South Hill 1274 Mewan.................... II99 Vepe ........................ 1312 Wheal Butson, see St.

Trevillet, see Tintagel... 1284 Trewoon, see Treslothan 1289 Veryan ..................... 1313 Agnes .................. 1024

• Trevilley, see St.Sennen 1272 Treworga, see Ruan- Voga, see St. Eval ...... 1090 Wheal Gurry, see Cam-

Trevilson, see Newlyn... 1212 Lanihorne ............... 1263 Vogue, see St. Day ...... 1o8x borne..................... 1059

Treviskey,see Veryan... 1313 Treworgans,see Cubert 1079 Voguebilough,seelllogan II29 Wheal Rose, see Mount

Trevithal, see Paul ...... 1221 Treworl, see Lesnewth n66 Vorvas, see Lelant ...... II65 Hawke .................. 1207
Trevivian,see Davidstow 1081 Treworlas, see Phil~
Wadebridge ............... 1313 WhealVor,seeGodolphin 1113

Trevollard, see St. leigh ..................... 1247 Wadfast, see Whitstone 1318 White Cross, see Cury.. 108-o

· Stephen-by-Saltash... 1276 Treworthal, see Phil- Wainhouse Corner, see White Cross, see Ludg-

Trevolvas, see St. Co- leigh ..................... 1247 Jacobstow ............... II37 van ..................... n82

lumb Major ............ 1074 Trezelah, see Gulval ... 1n6 Wall, see Gwinear ...... 1118 White Cross, see St.

Trevone, see Padstow... 1218 Trezibbet, see Alternun 1025 Warbstow.................. 1315 Breock .................. 104&

Trevorgans, see St. Trippet Stones, see Blis-. Warbstow Barrow, see White Cross, see Wade-

Buryan .................. 1053 land ..................... 1036 Warbstow............... 1315 bridge .................. 1314

Trevose Head, see St. Trispin, see St. Erme... 1089 Warleggan ............... 1315 Whitemoor,seeSt.Dennis 1082

Merryn .................. II97 Trolvis, see St. Sty- Warren (The), see St. White Rock, see Wade-

Tre·rowan, see l\forvah 1205 thians..................... 1280 Merryn .................. II97 bridge .................. 1314

Trew, see Breage......... 1047 Troon, see Treslo\h.an... 1288 Warthyvale, see Minster 1203 Whitstone.................. 131&

Trewalder,seeLanteglos- Troove, see St.Eval...... 1090 Washaway, see Eglo- Widegate, Morval... 1206

by-Camelford ......... II55 Troove, see St. Paul. ..... 1221 shayle .................. 1085 Wilcove, see Antony ..• 1027

Trewarlet, see Lezant... n68 Trungle, see St. Paul ... 1221 Water Pit Down, see Winington, see Gun-

Trewarmet,see Tintagel 1284 Truro...... ...... ............ 1291 Minster .................. 1203 walloe ...... ... ...... .. I n6

Trewartha, see Veryan 1313 Truro Vean, see Truro 1294 Waterlake, see St. Win- Winnow ·.................. il318

Trewassa,see Davidstow 1081 Truscott- Higher & now ..................... 1319 Wishing Well (The)1 •
Trewavas, see Wendron 1317 Lower, see St. Ste-
Waterloo, see Blisland I036 see Laneast ............ nso

Trewavas Head, see phen's-by-Launceston n62 Wearde, see St. Ste- Withial - North, see

Breage .................. 1047 Trusell, see Tremaine 1288 phen's-by-Saltash .. . 1276 Scilly Islands ... ...... 1268

Treween, see Alternun 1025 Trussal, see Wendron... 1317 Week Orchard,see Week Withiel ..................... 1319

Trewellard, see Pendeen 1223 Truthall, see Ludgvan n83 St. Mary ............... 1316 Woodford, see Morwen-

Trewen ..................... 1291 Trythall,see Gulval ... II16 Week St. Mary............ 1316 stow ............ on ...... 1206

Trewennack,seeWendrn 1317 Tuckingmill ............... 130g Well Town, see Cardin- Woodlands1 see St. ·

Trewethern, see St. Kew II45 Tudy ........................ 1310 ham ..................... 1065 Clement's ............... 1069

Trewey, see Zennor...... 1320 Tuscoyse, see St. Ewe 1091 Wendron .................. 1316 Woolley,seeMorwenstow·12o6

'frewidland,see Liskeard 1171 Tutwill,see StokeClims- Wenn........................ 1317 Woon, flee Roche ......... 1262

Trewince, see Gerrans... III1 land ..................... 1277 Wenna Well, see St. Work-Great, see St.

'frewinnard, see St. TwoBurrowHill,see St. Wenn..................... 1318 Germoe.................. 1II1

Erth....................... 1089 Allen ..................... 1025 West Antony ............ 1027 Wringworthy,seeMorval 12o6

Trewinnick, see St. . Tywardraeth ............ 1311 West Carne, see Alter- Yedbury, see Bude ...... 105et

Ervan...~ ................. 1ogo Uny Lelant ............... II65 nun ..................... 1025 Yewberry, see Bodmin.. 1042

Trewiut, see Alternun Uphill, see Linkinhorne u6g West Cory, seeBoyton.• 1047 Youlton, see Warbstow (FS

1025; &seeMenheniot II96 1Upton, see Linkinhorne u6g West End, see Redruth 1255 Zelah, see St. Alien ... I025
Trewint, see Landrake II49 Vaultershome,seeMaker n88 West Looe ............... n78 Zennor ..................... 1320

Trewirgie, see Redruth 1256 Veep ........................' 1312 West Pentire, see Cran- ZennorCirele,seeZennor 1320

Trewithian, see Gerrans IIII Vellansager, see St. tock ....................... 1077 ZozePoint,seeSt.Mawes II92

Trewoodla,seeSouthHill 1274 Buryan ......... ...... ... 1053

I

LIST OF THE '

'

With reference to the Places under which they will be found in this Volume•

• PAGR

PAGB

Acton castle, Mrs. Lanyon, see Perran- Uthnoe. ... .•..•• 1243 Killiganoon, John Messer Bennetts esq. see Devoran... 1083 •

Antony house, Col. Reginald Pole-Carew c.B.see Antony 1027 Killiow, Jn1 Claude Daubuz esq. B. A., D. L., J.P. see Kea 1141
Antron hill, John Knill Kinsman esq.•T.P. see Mabe ... n84 Kilmarth, Evelyn William Rashleigh esq. J.P. see

Boconnoc, John Bevill Fortescue esq. J.P. see Boconnoc 1037 Tywardreath ... .. .... ... ... ... .. .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 13 I 1

.Bochym, Joshua Sydney Davey esq. J.P. see Cury...... 1080 Lamellen house, Mrs. Magor, see St. Tudy ......... ... 1310

Bodrean, Wadham Knatchbull esq. see St. Clement's... 1069 Lanarth, Percival Dacre Williams esq. see St. Keverne I 143

Bosahan, Arthur Pendarves Vivian esq. D.L., J.P. see Landue,Jn.Simmons Tregoning esq. J.P. see Lezant... n68

St. Anthony-in-Meneage ................................... 1026 Lanhydrock house, Lord Robartes D.L., J.P. see

Boskenna, Captain Camborne Haweis Paynter., see St. Lanbydrock ................................................... 1151

Buryan ~·· ...... ............ ...... ............... ... ............ 1053 Lanilly, Thomas Henry Vyvyan esq. .J.P. see St.

Boslowick, Harry Tilly esq. see Budock .................. 1052 <Jlellleiit's ................•..................................... xCXSg

Eosvathick, Thomas Moor Alphonse Horsford esq. J.P. Lanwithan, Richard Foster esq. M.A., D.L., J.P. see St.

see Constantine .. . . ... ............................. ... .•• ... 1076 Winnow ......................................................... 1319

Bosvigo, James Philip Paull esq. see Kenwyn............ n42 Laregan, Com.Edwd.Alverne Bolitho R.N.see Penzance 1233
Roundervean, Waltel' Pike esq. J.P. see Camborne ... 1o6o Lewarne house, Lieut.-Col. Shadwell Morley Grylls

.Brake (The), Waiter Hicks esq. see St. Austell ......... 1029 D.L., J.P., see St. Neot ............ ........................... 1209

.Broomhill lVIanor House, George Brendon esq. see Lis Escop, Rt. Rev. John Gott D.D. Lord Bishop of

Poughill ... ...... ... ... ...... ................. ............... ... 1250 Truro, see Kenw~·n ~ .. ... ... ... ... ... ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... I 142

Bude castle, Charles Morgan Cowie esq. see Bude...... 1050 Luxstowe, George Poole Norris Glencross esq.M.A.,J.P.

Budockvean, Lieut.-Col. William Rous Tresilian Pen- see Liskeard ...............................................,... II73

der J. P. see Constantine . .. ... .. .... ... ... ... ... ......... ... 1076 Luxstowe, Rev.James Glencross M.A.., J.P. see Liskeard II73

Caerhayes castle, John ·Charles Williams esq. M.P. see Marlborough. Capt. Geo. Parker Bull, see Falmouth. 1093

St. Micbael Caerhayes ..................................., ..• 1199 Mellingey, John Jose esq. J.P. see Perran-Arworthal... 1243

Carclew house, Col. Arthur Tremayne D.L., J.P. see Menabilly, Jonathan Rashleigh esq. M.A., D.L., .T.P. see

Mylor ... ...... ... ... ... ...... ... ... ... ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1208 Tywardreath .............................•....................• 1311

.Carnanton, Edward William Brydges Willyams esq. Menehay, William Albert Fawcus esq. see Budock...... 1052

D.L., J.P. see :Mawgan-in-Pydar ........................ 1194 Moditonham, Matthew Loam esq. see Botus Fleming... 1046

Carne, Charles Campbell Ross esq. J.P. see lVIadron... n87 Moor Cottage, Edward Coode esq. D.L., J.P. see St.

Carnethick, William John Graham esq. see Fowey ... noo Austell....................................... .................,... 1029

Castle, William Pease esq. see Lanlivery.................. n52 Mount Edgcumbe, Rt. Hon. Earl of Mount Edgcumbe ·

Castle Horneck, Misses Horlase, see Madron ............ n86 P.C., D.C.L. (Lord Lieut.), see Maker .................. u87

Chyverton, Mr~C~. Peter, see Perran-Zabuloe ...... ...... 1244 Nancealverne, Mrs. A.rmstrong, see Madron ............ n86

Clowance, Rev. St. Aubyn Hender Molesworth-St. Nansloe, Henry Rogers esq. see Helston .................. II24
• Newton Ferrers, Digby Collins esq. D.L., J.P. see St. ,
Aubyn M.A., J.P. see Crowan .............................. 1078

Colquite, Cyril Onslow Peter-Hoblyn esq. see St. • Mellion .......................................................... 1196

Mabyn ......................................................... 1185 North hill, Mrs. Veale, see St. Austell ..................... 1029

Coombe (The), Le,vis Charles Foster esq. J.P. see Lis- . Norway house, Lieut.-Col. Colman Battie Rashleigh

keard . .. .... .. ... ..... . . .. ... ... .. . ... ... .. . ... ... .. . .. . ... ... ... I 173 R.A., D.L., J.P. see Lostwithiel ........................... 1181
Ogbeare ball, Sir Joseph Trutch K.C.M.G., F.R.G.s., c.E.
Cotehele house, Lady Ernestine Emma Horatio

Edgcumbe, see Calstock ..................................•• 1056 see North Tamerton ......................•.................•• 1281

Crag (The), Misses Sterling, see Budock .................. 1052 Pare Bracket, William Rabling esq. J.P. see Camborne I06o

Doublebois house, Rev. George Edward Hermon M.A.. Park Henver, Jn. Farran Penrose esq.J.P. see Redruth 1257

see Doublebois ... ... . .. ... ...... ... ... .... .. ...... ... ...... ... I 171 Penair, Addis Edward Archer esq. see St. Clement's... 1009

Duporth, Henry Hodge esq. R.N. see St. Austell ...... 1029 Penally house, Col.WiJliamSloggatt Hawker D.L., .T.P.·

:Efford Down, Arthur Mills esq. D.L., .T.P. see Bude ••• 1050 see Boscastle ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ....... .. ... ..• 1046

,Enys,Francis Gilbert Enys esq. D. L.,J.P.see St. Gluvias II 12 Penalverne, Thomas Robins Bolitho esq. B.A., D.L.,

Ethy, Francis Buller Howell esq. .T.P. see St. Winnow... 1319 J. P. see Penzance ...... .•. ...... ... ..........................• 1233

Fir Hill (The),· William Paget Hoblyn esq. M A., .J.P. Pencalenick, Michael Henry Williams esq. D.r.. , J.P.

see Colan ... ... ............ ............... ..................... 1070 see St. Clement's ...... .. ... ... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ro6g

Garlenick house, Mrs Pilkington Jackson, see Creed 1077 Pencarrow, Mrs. Richard I<'ord, see Egloshayle ......... 108.5

Glenfeadon, David Wise Bain esq. .J.P. see Portreath... 1131 Pendarves, William Cole Pendarves esq. B.A., D.L.,

Glynn, Lieut.-Col. Edward ~t. Aubyn D.L., J.P. see J. P. see Treslothan ..................... ... .................. 1288

CaMinbam... ... ...... ......••.... ...... ............ ............ 1o65 Penheale Manor, SI. Palmer Simcoe esq.see Egloskerry 1086

Gonvena, William Roberts Crawford Potter esq. D.L., Penhellis, Frederick Vivian Hill esq. see Helston ...... 1124

3.P. see Wadebridge .......................................... 1314 Penjerrick, Miss !<'ox, see Budock ........................... 1052

Great Wood, Alexander Gordon esq. see Mylor......... 1209 Penmount, Edward Shipphard,Carus-Wilson esq. M.A.,

urove hill, Robert Fox esq. see Falmouth ............... 1093 J.P. see St. Clement's ..........•...........................• 1069

Harlyn house, Thomas Hellyar esq. see St. Merryn ... II97 Penquite, David Howell esq. J.P. see St. Sampson's ••• 1267

Hatt, Col. Wllliam Penn Symons, see Botus Fleming 1046 Penrice, Sir Charles Brune Graves-Sawle hart. B.A.,

Heligan, John Tremayne esq. B.A., D.L., J.P. see St. • D.L., J.P. see St. Austell ...................................• 1029

Ewe ... ...... .. . ... ... ... .......................................... 1091 Pentillie castle, William Coryton esq. J.P. see Pillaton 1247

Hengar, Sir William Wallace Rhoderic Onslow bart. Place, Charles Ebenezer Treffry esq. J.P. see Jt'owey ••• no6
n.L., J.P. see St. Tudy....................................... 1310 Point Neptune, Mrs. Stopford·Sackville, see Fowey ... noo
Kerrisvean, SirJoseph Whitwell Pease bart. M.P., D.L., Polcarne, Mrl!. John Coode, see St. Austell............... 1029

3.P. Falmouth ......................................•... 1093 Polkyth, Edmund Carlyon esq. see St. Austell ......... 1029

Killagordan, Mrs. Tomn, see St. Clement's ............ 1009 Poltair, Lieut.-Col. Otho Glyn Bolitho, see Madron ••• u86

LIST OF THE P.RINCIPAL SEATS IY .CORNWALL. XXI•X

PAGB PAGB

Polwhele, Thomas Roxburgh Polwhele esq. M.A., D.L., Treliske, Geo. Jahn Smith esq. D.L., J. P. see Kenwyn 1142

J.P. see St. CJement's ..••••.....•...•••...••..••.••.•••••••• TreHssick, Carew Davies Gilbert esq. D.L., J.P. see

Ponddhu, Mrs. 'f. Coode, see St. Austell .................. St. Feock ... ..• . .. ... ....•• ..• ••• ...... .• . .....• •.• .....•...••• 1104

Ponsandane, Williatn Bolitho, jun. esq. n.L., J.P. see Trelowarren, The Rev. Sir Vyell Donnithorne Vyvyan

Penzance... ... .•••••••• ....... .•• ••• .••..•.•. ..• ... .••.•. ..••••••• 1233 hart. J.P. see Mawgan-in-Meneage........................ II93

Port Eliot, Earl of St. Germans D.L., J.P. see St. 'frematon Castle, Major-General Matthew Lannowe,

Germans.......................................................... II09 see St. Stephen's-by-Saltash .............................. 1276

Porthgwidden, Mrs. John Bolitho, see St. Feock......... II04 Trematon hall, John Edwards esq. see St. Stephen's-

Porthprean, William Drew esq.see Lanteglos-by-Fowey II55 by-Saltash ......... ~········ .......•.......................•...• 1276

Porthpean house, Mrs. Petherick, see St. Austell ...... 1029 Tremorvah, Lady Smith, see Truro ... .. . ... ... ..• .... ... .. 1290

Prideaux, Francis Barrett esq. see Luxulyan ............ 1184 Tremough, Mrs. Shilson, see Mabe .............4.......... n84
. Prideaux place, Charles Glynn Prideaux-Brune esq.
Trenarren, Lieut.-Col. Arthur Staniforth Hext J.P. see

n.L., J.P. see Padstow ...........•.••.....••..•..••••....••..• St. Austell ... ... ... ... ... ...... . .•... ... .• . .•...•... .••..••.. . .• 1029

Roscarrick, Col.Marshall Valentine Bull J. P. see Budock Trengwainton, Misses Bolitho, see Madron ............... II86

Rose bank, Edward Atkinson esq. see Lanteglos-by- Trenython, The Right Rev. John Gott n.n. [Bishop of
Fowey ..•.....•....•.... ....•. ....••. •.....•..............•..•... I I 55 'TruroJ, see 'fywardreath... ... ... ... .•• .. . ..•... ...... . .. ... r 3I r
Rosecraddoc house, Misses Norris, see St. Cleer... ...... 1068 Trereiffe, Mrs. Downing, see Madron ..................... n86

Rosewarne, William Henry Harris Hartley esq. see Tresco abbey, Thomas .A.lgernon Smith-Dorrien-Smith

Camborne .••.••••••••.•...•.••••••••••••••..•..••••••••.••••.•• 1059 esq. n.L., J.P. see Tresco, Isles of Scilly ............... 1270

St. Benet's Abbey, Capt. Charles Eldon Serjeant, see Tresillian house, Richard Gully Bennet esq. B.A., n.L.,

Lanivet ..........................•....•.............•.•.••..•..• J.P. see Newlyn ..................................•............• 1212

St. Michael's Castle, Lord St. Levan B.A., D.L., J.P. Trevarna, William Coode esq. M.A. see St. Austell...... ro29

see St. Michael's Mount ........•....•.....••..•.••........• 1200 'frevarno, Wm. Bickford-Smith esq. J.P. see Sithney... 1273

St. Petrocks, Harry James Young-Jamieson esq. J.P. 'fr~varrick, Robt. Gould Lakes esq. J.P. see St. Austell ro29

• see Bodmin....................................................... 1043 'frevarthian, Arthur Coode esq. J.P. s~e St. Austell ... 1029
Scorrier house, John Williams esq. see Scorrier......... 1II7 'frevaylor, Sir George Cumming Fitz-Gerald hart. see

Springfield, George Henderson esq. J.P. see Bodmin... 1042 Gulval ............................................................. 11r6

Stoketon, Lord Kingsalen.L.,J.P. see St. Stephen's-by- Trevena house, Lieut.-Col. Sir Arthur Divett Hayter

. Saltash.............................•.............................. 1276 hart. M.A., D.L., J.P. see 'frevena ........................ 1284

Stourscombe, Col. Chas. Rawsou Oxley, see Lawhitton n65 'frevennen, Stephen Henry Dickerson esq. see Gorran 1113

Tehidy, Arthur Francis Basset esq. see Illogan ......... 1129 'frevenson, William 'feague esq. see Pool.................. n3o

Torfrey, William Gundry esq. see St. Sampson's ...... 1267 Treverbyn Vean, Mrs. Cocks, see St. Neat ............... 1210

Tower (The), The Dowager Lady Molesworth, see 'freveren house, Rev. John 'Tonkiu B.A., J:P. see St.

Newquay..............•.....•...................•................ 1213 Bnryan ..........................•..........................•...

Trebartha hall, Francis Rashleigh Rodd esq. J.P. see Trevethoe, Lord St. Levan B.A., D.L., J.P. see Lelant

North Hill ........................................................ 1216 'freviles, Rev. Lewis Morgan Peter M.A., J. P. see Ruan

'frehnrsye, Miss A. M. Gurney, see South Petherwin... 1246 Lanihorne ........................................................

Tredethy, Fras. Jn. Hext esq. B.A., J.P. see St. Mabyn· 1185 Trevince, Edmund Beauchamp-Heauchamp esq. D.L.,

'Tregaddick, Sir Warwick Charles Morshead hart. see J.P. see Gwennap ...........•................................. 1117

Blisland .••....••........•.....•.......•.......•••........•.••... 1036 Trevissome, Thomas Page esq. see Mylor.................. 1208

Tregavethan house, Harry Houlton Vivian esq. J.P. see Trewan, Rev. Sir Vyell Donnithorne Vyvyan hart. J.P.

Tregavethan ..........•...........•...............•..•..•.....• 1286 see St. Col umb 1\lajor .............••......................•. ICYJI

'fregeare, Edward Galton Baron Lethbridge esq. see Trewardale, Mrs. Edward-Collins, see Bisland............ 1036

Laneast ............................................................ IISO Trewhiddle, Daniel Henry Shilson esq. see St. Austell :0029

Tregenna house, John Rd. Collins esq. see Michaelstow 1201 'Trewidden, Thomas Bedford Bolitho esq. M.P., D.L. ,J.P.

Tregothnan, Viscount Falmouth D.L., J.P. see St. see Madron......................................................... n86

Micbael Penkivel ................................................ 1201 Trewin, John Littleton esq. see Sheviock.................. 1273

Tregrehan George Richard Gwavas Carlyon esq. B.A., Trewince, John Thomas-esq. see Gerrans.................. I1II

D.L., J.P. see St. Blazey .............•........••........•... 1035 Treworgey house, William Nicholas Connock Marshall

'fregullow, Charles Augustus Vansittart Conybeare esq. J.P. see Doublebois ....••.............................• 117I

esq. M.P., B.A. see Scorrier ...•............•................ u18 'frewornan, .Robert Darell Smytbe Stephens F.L.s.,

Trehane, Capt. William Stackhouse Church Pinwill, see F.G.s., F.z.s. see St. Minver...........................•....• 1204

J>rol>us•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••.•.•••••••••.•• 1252 Truthan, James Hendy esq. J.P. see St. Erme ......... 108~

· Trelana, Col. William Henry Field esq. J.P. see Poughill 1250 Tullimaar, Fras.Hearle Cock esq.see Perran-Arworthal 1243

Trelaske, Charles Gordon Archer esq. J.P. see Whitstone bead,Edwd.Mucklow esq. J.P. see Whitstone 1318

Lewannick ...........•.•.........•.•••••••••••••••••.•.•••..•.•• u67. Wolsdon, Waiter Deeble Boger esq. 1\I.A., D.L., J.P. see

Trelawne, Sir William Lewis Salusbury-Trelawny Antony .......................................................... 1027

bart. D.L., J.P. see Pelynt..•.•. ······~••n••••••············· 1222

0

0



INDEX TO

THE NUMBERS REFERRED TO ARE THB ADVERTISEMENT PAGES AT THB END OF THE BOOK.

PAGB PAGE

BANKING. Artists' colormen,:~-

COR~ISH BANK .................................... I T. SOLOMON & CO ..... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 45

ASSURANCE. Auctioneers :~-

BRITISH EMPIRE MUTUAL LIFE......... 2 W. BAILEY ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 48

COUNTY FIRE ....................................... 2 H. J.. BENNETT ..................................... 4.8

EAGLE................................................... 3 CREWS & SON ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 50
ENGINE, BOILER & EMPLOYERS' LIA-
S. R. FORCE & SON.................................. . 39

BILITY ............................................. 3 H. S. HANCOC K ....................................· . 53

GENERAL LIFE .................................... 4 · T. MARTIN............................................. 31

GENERAL REVERSIONARY & INVEST- T. R. MILLS ...................................... 1 •••• 72

MENT CO ........................................... 4 B. RICHARDS ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ,.73
HAND-IN-HAND .......................................
5 R. RODDA ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 69
IMPERIAL ................................................
LONDON ASSURANCE ........................... 6 H. THOMAS ........................................... 1 .46
NORTH BRITISH & MERCANTILE .........
6 L. W. TUCKER ........................................· '' 75
NORTHERN ............................................ 7 WARREN BROTHERS ........................... ·. '34

NORWICH UNION FIRE ........................ 5 Axle manufacturers:-

PH(ENIX FIRE ... .................................... 7 C. CAM1\1ELL & CO. LIMITED ... .•. .•• ... .•• .77

PROVIDENT LIFE .....•...... --·· ...........•...... 8 Bag manufacturer ::- •

8 J. W. ALLEN .......................................... 16

ROYAL EXCHANGE .............................. 9 Bakers::-

SUN FIRE ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ... 10 W. GEORGE ... ..................................... ~ 53

UNION.................................................... 9 F. OWEN ... ... ..... .... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 57
WESLEYAN & GENERAL .................. ... 12
C. E. TREGONING ... ... ... ..• ................... 46

WEST OF ENGLAND l!'IRE & LIFE ...... 11 A. E. WEBBER ... ....,............................... -, 63

WESTMINSTER FIRE ........................... 12 Berlin wool warehouse:-

MISCELLANEOUS, MRS. R. GILES... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... 40

Account book manufacturers:- Boarding establishments :- 71

CAMBORNE PRINTING & STATIONERY EDLINGTON BOARDING ESTABLISH- 52
• 4I
CO. LIMITED ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... MENT ... ... ... ... ... ... ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
66 28
• W. V. COLE ... ... ... ... ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... W. R. FOSTER ... ... ... ..•. ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ...
65 35
Accountants :- MRS. MANN ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... .... ...
67
T. M.ARTIN ......................................•...... 31 Boiler makers:-
N. HOLMAN & SONS ... .•• ...... ...... ..• .•• ... ... 66
B. RICHA.RDS ....................................... 73
Bone crushers :- 62
C. B. C. THOMAS ... ................................. 63
Aerated water manufacturers ::- WESTERN COUNTIES & GENERAL

W. & E. C. CARNE ................................. 25 MANURE CO.......................................
Agricultural implement manufacturer::-
Bookbinders ::-
G. COATES... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Ale & porter merchants ::- 49 J. KN OTT & SON....................................
Booksellers:-
W. & E. C. CARNE ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...... ...
Architectural sculptor:- 25 CAMBORNE PRINTING & STATIONERY

.E". W. GULLET"r ... ... ... ... ... ...... ...... ... ...... CO. LIMI1,ED ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ....

Art furniture manufacturers:- 71 F. TREGASKIS ... ... ... ... ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...


Boot & shoe manufacturers ::-

T. OLIVER & SONS ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 56 W. DELAFEILD & SON ...................:.... ..• 70

Artificia.l manure manufacturers:- Bottle & jar manufactUl·ers ::-

PERRY, SPEAR & CO. LIMITED............ 57 PRICE, SONS & CO ............... ,................. i4

WEST OF ENGLAND BONE & MANURE • Brassfounders :-

CO .....;................................................ 48 GUEST &.CHRIMES .............................. 76



I~DEX TO COMMERCIAL PROSPECTUSES •. XXXI•



• PAGE • PAGE

Brewers:- China clay & china stone merchants:-

P. 0. HINGSTON .............................·..... ··" 54 WEST OF ENGLAND CHINA STONE &

H. & G. SIMONDS LIMITED..................... 75 CLAY CO .................: ...... ........ ............ 35

Brick & tile manufacturers:- China & glass warehouse : -

CANDY & CO. LDliTED .......,...••••..• ,...., · 17 J. DONOVAN.......................................... 70


COALBROOKDALE CO. LIMITED............ 79 Coach proprietors : -

.Builders :- - CHAMPION ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... 38

L. BEARNE .........................., ... ... ... ... ... 65 W. MARTIN ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ..... ... ... ..... ... 72
T. WARREN ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... 47
H. CARNE .................. ··~ ......... .:. ... ... ... ... 38

C. H. COLES ... ... ... ... ... ..... .. . .... ... ... ... ... ... 66 Coal merchants : - •



FARR BROTHERS ... ..• ...... ... .•• ... ..• ... .•. ... 71 F. BRAY . . ..... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 37

S. R. FORCE & SON................................. 39 EDEN BROTHERS .. .............................. 51

• W. G. HARRIS ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 71 P. KNIGHT & SON................................. 72

A. E. SKINNER....................................... 6o :MARTIN. MATTHEWS & CO. Lil\IITED.. 56

Builders' ironmonger :- PERRY, SPEAR & CO. LIMITED ••• ......... 57

E. I. ~IUNK .....~ ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 43 R. TRUSCOTT ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..... ... ... ... 63

.Building material dealers:- WATTS, BEARNE & CO........................... 74

JEFFERD & SON .•• ... ... ...... ... ..• ..•... ... ..•... 54 Commission agents:-

Building society: · •

W. & E. C. CARNE ... ...... ... ...... ...... ......... 25

DEVONPORT PERMANENT' BENEFIT T. R. MILLS .......................................... • 72
BUILDING SOCIETY...........................
70 B. RICHARDS ....................................... 73
Bulb grower :-
W. P. MU~IFORD... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... H. THOMAS ........................................... 46


73 Confectioners : -

Bulb merchant:- W. F. CLARKE & CO ...... ... ... ... ...... ...... ... 38
E. W. SERPB~LL .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ...... ... ... ...
32 W. GEORGE ..................................... ·····~ 53
Butchers:- ••
DUNNING & SONS ............ ... ............... .•• F. OWEN............................................... 57

ROWE & SONS ............... ~....................... 51 G. SOUTHCOMBE ... ................................... 75
E. J. SHAPIJ..,~\.ND ... ... ... ...... ... ...... ... ...... ..•
73 C. E. TREGONING ................................ . 46
Cabinet makers:- 63
75 A. E. WEBBER ........................... :..... ......

Cooking & heating apparatus manufacturers :-

CRIDDLE & SMITH................................. z6 COALBROOKDALE CO. LIMITED .. ••• ... 79

MRS. R. GILES... ... ... ... ... . .. . ..... ... ... ... ... ... ... 40 Corn merchants:-

G. LUXTON ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..... 72 F. BRAY ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... 37

SPOONER & CO........................................ 33 MARTIN, MATTHEWS & CO. LIMITED... 56

WARREN BROTHERS ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 34 PERRY, SPEAR & CO. LIMITED ... ..•..• .•• 57

Carpet warehousemen :- R. TRUSCOTT ... ... ... ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...... 63

CRIDDLE & SMITH................................. 26 Cyder growers & merchants:-

F. C. HOM..:\.N... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..• 29 HENLEY & SON ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 18

• SPOONER & CO :.. ... .•. ... ..• ... ... ...... ......... 33 Dairy produce merchant : -

Carriage builders:- J. G. J. STEVENS .............., ... ...... ......... ... 61

J. BUTTRESS............................................. 49 Dining rooms:- •

W. LANYO~ .......................................... 67 C. E. TREGONING .......................~ ... ... ... 46



J. WILLIAMS... ..................................,. ...... 64 Drain pipe manufacturers:-

Carriers :- CANDY & CO. LIMITED ...................... , 17

S. COPP & SON..................... ::................ 70 Draper:-

W. MARTIN ... ... .... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... 72 F. C. HOMAN.............................. ... ..... .... ... 29

T. WARREN ... ... ... ... ... ... ..• ... ... .•. ... ... ... ... 47 Dressing case manufacturer:-

Carvers & gilders: J. W. ALL EN.......................................... 16

T. SOLOMON & CO ................................. 45 Dynamo machine manufacturers : -

Cement manufacturers:- • INDIA RUBBER, GUTTA PERCHA &

JEFFERD & SON ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 54 TELEGRAPH WORKS CO. Lil\IITED .•• 14

Charcoal merchants :- Ebonite manufacturers :-

• WEST OF ENGLAND IRON, TIMBER & INDIA RUBBER, GUTTA PERCHA &

CHARCOAL CO. LIMITED .•• ..• .•• ... ••• ... 64 TELEGRAPH WORKS CO. LIMITED ••• 14

C• hemist:- Ecclesiastical furnishers :-

W. WRIGHT ... ... ... ...... ... ... ...... ...... ... ... ... 65 R. COIJENSO & SON ... ... ...... ... ... ... ... ...... 65

Chimney pot manufacturers :- CRIDDLE & SMITH................................. 2

CANDY & CO. LIMITED ... ...... ...... ......... 17 Electric light apnaratus manufacturers : -

COALBROOKDALE CO. LIMITED............ 79 INDIA RUBBER, GUTTA PERCHA &

China clay & china stone merchants:- TELEGRAPH WORKS CO. LIM!TE ••• 79

J. LOV.ERING & CO .............................. 30 Electrical engineer : -

MARTIN BROTHERS LIMITED............... 42 J.. BLlGHT, JUN ..................... ······~·· .....
METHROSE CHINA CLAY CO ...............
J". NICI{OLI.S & CO ... ........................ ·- ... 72 Engineers;-

7l COALBROOKDALE CO. LIMITED............



xxxn•• INDEX TO COMMERCIAL PROSPECTUSES.

Engineers:-- PAGB

Hotels:-

G. COATES.... ..•..• ... ... ... ... ... . .. ..• ... ... ..•... ••• 49 C. BREWER ..• ... ..•••• ..• .. •.•• .•• •.• ..• ... .•. ... ..• 49
N. HOLMAN & SONS .•. .••... .....• ••• ..• ...... ... 28
L. A. COOK............................................. 49

TARD REW & SONS ... ... ..• ... .•• ... . . . ..• ..• ... ..• 61 T. COOK ... ... ... ..• ... ... .•. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..• ... 70

Fancy repository :- . J. E. FAIRWEATHER.............................. 27

MRS. R. GIL~S .....................·...... ..• ... ... ... 40 J. FRY............ ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...... 53

Farriers:- J. HELLIER ... ... ... ..• ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 28

C. P. DAV EY .• ... ... ... ..• ... ... ... ... ... ... ... •.• ..• 70 MRS. HOLG..t\..TE •••.•• :.. ... ..• ••• ..• ... ••• ... ..• ..• 54

E. DUNSTAN ... ... ... ... .•. ... ... ... .••...... ..• ...... 71 ILFRACOMBE HOTEL ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 29

S. HILL ... ... ... ... ... ..• ..• ... ... ... ... ..• ... ... ... ... 53 T. KENNARD... ....••...........•...... ............... 71

File manufacturers :- J. P. MILLEN ... ..• ... ... ... ... ....... ... ... .... ... ... ... 68

C. CA~L\IELL & CO. LIMITED ... ... ... ... ... 77 M. MITCHELL ... ..• ..• ... ... .•• ... ... ... ..• ... ... ... 19

Filter manufacturers :- E. MOYLE ... ... ....•..••... .....•..•... ..•............ 43

PRICE, SONS & CO................... ·-............ 74 S. PEARSE ..........................~... ............ ... 20

Fire brick manufacturerR :- MRS. E. PERMEWAN ••• ........ .• ... ... .•• ... ... 21

CANDY & CO. LIMITED ........................ 17 S. POLLARD............................ ... ..• ... ... ... 58

COALBROOKDALE CO. LIMITED ... ... ... ... 79 J. POWLESLAND ....... ..• .... ... .•• ... ... ... ..• ..• 73

MARTIN BROS. LIMITED........................ 42 RED LION HOTEL................................. 59

Fishing net manufacturers :-- ROYAL HOTEL FALMOUTH LIMITED... 32

• ENGLAND & SON ...... ... ..• ...... ... ...... ... ... 67 A. C. SANDOE ........•...•.....•.••..•...·............ 44
Fishing rod & tackle maker :-
H. W. THOMAS.....•.....•.••..•........•••.•....... 1 75

E. F. PRICKMAN .................................. ,.. T. H. TOM.-. \.N ... .... ... ..• ..• ... ...• ..• ... .... .•• ... ... 75

Florists:- WEBB~S HOTEL ... ... ... ... .....•. ..• ... ... ... ..• .... 47

SMYTH & SON ... ... ........ .... ... ..•... ... .... ... ... 6o t MRS. WINSOR ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... 65

Fruit merchant: • Hotel-Private:-

R. C. LOVELL ... ...... ... ... ...... ...... ...... ...... 68 MRS. BROKENSHAW... ......... ... ... ...... ... ... 65

}~urniture dealer: Hotel Temperance :-

L. W. TUCKER....................................... 75 lviRS. PAUL .........................'".................. 44

Garden seat manufacturers: House & estate agents:-

COALBROOKDALE CO. LIMITED ...... ...... 79 H. J. BENNETT ... .... ...... .... ......... ... ... ...... 48
Gas:fitter : -
CREWS & SON..............•...................., ... 50

W. J. T. MARDON ....••..•...•••...........•.....• 55: WARR•EN BROS ....••........•.••..•............... 34
S. R. FORCE & SON .....•.••....................• 39
Granite merchants :-

- J. FREEMAN, SONS & CO. LIMITED ...... 27 H. S. HANCOCK... ... . . .. ... ..• ...... ..... ..•. ...... 53
I G. LUXTON .... ~. ...• .........• ........•...••...•.••
Grocer:- 72
W. RICHARDS ........................................... 31 I T. MARTIN............................................. 31

Grocer & tea dealer:- I 69
R. RODDA. ................................................ . 46
W. PEARCE ...........................................
H. THOMAS............................................
Gun manufacturer:- •

Hydraulic ram manufactu1'er :-

- HEATHMAN..................................••... 67 J. BL.-. \.KE... ... ... ... ... ..... ... ..... .... ... ... ... ... ... 8o:

Gutta percha manufacturers :- Hydropathic establishment :~
INDIA RUBBER, GUTTA PERCRA, &
I

i C. F. CARPENTER................................. 66

TELEGRAPH WORKS CO. LIMITED ... 14 India rubber manufacturers:-

Ham & bacon factor :- INDIA RUBBER, GUTTA PERCHA &

W. H. SAMPSON .......••..•.••..................... 731 -TELEGRAPH WORKS CO. LIM............ 14

Hammock manufactnrers :- , Insurance agent:-

ENGLAND & SON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .•. . . . . . . . . . 671 C. E. C. THOMAS......... ... ... ..... ..• ... ... ... ... 63


Herbalist:- ·Iron founders:-

W. H. BOX ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. . 24 COALBROOKDALE CO. LIMITED............ 79

Horse shoe pad manufacturer :- N. ROL~IAN &·SONS .............................. 28 •

S. HILL ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..• 53 TARDREW & SONS................................ 61

l1 ose pipe manufacturers : - Iron manufacturers:- I
INDIA RUBBER, GUTTA PERCHA, &
C. CAMMELL & CO. LIMITED................ 77 •

TELEGRAPH WORKS CO. LIMITED ... 14 STRINGER BROTHERS........................... 78

Hosier & glover:- Iron merchants :-

F. C. HOMAN.......................................... 29 R. G. DUGGUA & SONS.......................... 39

Hot water engineer :- E. I. MUNK... ... ..• ..• ... ... .•.. ... ... ... ..• ••• ... ..• 43

W. J. T. M.ARDON .••..•.....•..•..•.......••... ~.. 55 WEST OF ENGLAND IRON, TIMBER &
- CHARCOAL CO. LIMITED................... 64
Hotels:-

ATLANTIC HOTEL (NEWQUAY) ............ 23 Ironmongers:-

J. G. BEER .............................................. 39 G. G. BULLMORE .•.... ··········~············ ..• ••• 48
- HEATHMAN•.•... .•• ....... •••••• ...••••••... .••••• 67
C. N. BEVAN..•........•..•...................••.....• 37

~,. S. EEVAN ...........•.............................• 37 l?onmongers' valuer:-

J. BORN ... .•• ... ... ... ..• ... ... ..• ... ... ... ..•... ....... 23 E. I. MUNK.••.••..•.•••.•••••••.••...•••.••••: ••, ••• 43





INDEX TO COMMERCIAL _PROSPECTUSES. •••

XXXlll

PAGE PAGE

Iron buildings manufacturer: Mural decorators :-

W. HARBROW... ......... ............. .•. ...... ... ... 81 MITCHELL & SON ... ... ... .••... ... ... ... ... ... ... 72

Iron gate manufacturers: Music sellers:-

COALBROOKDALE CO. LIMITED............ 79 J. K.~OTT & SON.................................... 67

Iron roofing manufacturer :- Music warehouse :-• •

W. HARBROW ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... 81 P. GILES... ..................................~. ... ... ... 6o

Italian warehouseman :- • Nail merchant :-

W. PEARCE ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..... ... . ... ... ... ... 73 E. I. MUNK ... ...... ... ... .•.. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 43

Jobmasters:- • Netting manufacturers:-

J. DUNCALF........................................... 66 ENGLAND & SON ... ... ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 67

T. WARREN........•.....................•............ 47 Newspapers:-

Joinery manufacturer:- CALLINGTON POST .••..•.....•...........•..• ··" 50
CAMELFORD & W ADEBRIDGE POST...... 50
W. HARBROW ....................... ~ ... ... ... ... ... 81
soCORNISH & DEVON POST ..... .... ..• ... ... ...
Laundry:-

SANITARY STEAM LA"GNDRY CO.......... 45 CORNISH POST & MINING NEWS CO. LTD. 70

Lawn tennis net manufacturers:- CORNISH TELEGRAPH ... ... .••.•• ... ...... ... 39

ENGLAND & SON ... ..... .... ... ... ... . ... .. . .... .. . .... 67 THE CORNISHMAN ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 50
Lime burners :- DEVON EVENING EXPRESS ........~ ..• ... .•• 51

STONEY COOMBE LIME & STONE CO ... 46 DEVON & EXETER DAILY GAZETTE...... 26
Lime merchants :- DEVON WEEKLY TIMES........................ 51

JEFFERD & SON .... ... ..• •... ••• ... .•• ••• .....• ..• 54 EAST & SOUTH DEVON ADVERTISER ..• 51

Livery stable proprietors:- FALMOUTH GAZETTE & PENRYN

- CHAMPION ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 38 REVIEW ... ... ... ... ... ..• .. . ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 52

H. PENLERICK ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 68 FALMOUTH & PENRYN WEEKLY TIMES 52

T. WARREN........................................... 47 KINGSBRIDGE GAZETTE ... ..•..• ...... ...... 61

Machine band manufacturers :- KINGSBRIDGE JOURNAL ... ..•.•• ...... ..• ... 55

INDIA RUBBER, GUTTA PERCHA & LAUNCESTON WEEKLY NEWS............... 55

TELEGRAPH WORKS CO. LIM......... ... 14 LAUNCESTON WEEKLY POST ..•....••....•• 50

Magnesia manufactarers :- NAVAL & MILITARY RECORD ..•.....• ..•Facing

DINNEFORD & CO .............................. •·· 75 commencement of Devonshire
Maltsters :-


NORTH DEVON HERALD........................ 56

W. & E. C. CARNE ................................ ·-· 25 NORTH DEVON JOURNAL ... ... ..• ... ..• ... ..• 56

. Pt 0. HINGSTON .................................... 54 ROYAL CORNWALL GAZETTE............... 59
ST. AUSTELL STAR ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 59
Mantelpiece manufacturers: ..

COALBROOKDALE CO. LIMITED............ 79 ST. AUSTELL WEEKLY NEWS............... 6o

T. OLIVER & SONS ...........-...................... 56 SALCOMBE TIMES................................. 55
Manure manufacturers :- SOUTH DEVON GAZETTE ... ... ... ... ...... ... 61

WEST OF ENGLAND BONE & MANURE soSTRATTON & BUDE DIRECTORY............

CO ... ... ... ..• ... ... ... ... ..• ... ... ... ... ... ... ..• ... ... 48 TAVIRTOCK GAZETTE ... ...... ... ... ...... ... ... 61

WESTERN COUNTIES & GENERAL TEIGNMOUTH GAZETTE ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 62

M~URE CO....................................... 35 TEIGNMOUTH POST ..• ...... ..• ... ... .•• .••... ... 62

Manure merchants :- • TORQUAY DIRECTORY & SOUTH DEVON

BISHOP & PETER ..................... -· .:.... ... 22 JOURNAL ...... ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...... .... ... 62

F. BRAY................................................. 37 WESTERN FIGARO...... ... ...... ... ... ............ 64

P. KNIGHT & SON ...... ... ... ...... .. ... ...... ... 72 WESTERN INDEPENDENT..................... 36

R. C. LOVELL ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... .... ... ...... ... 68 WESTERN MORNING NEWS ............... Facing

MARTIN, MATTHEWS & CO. LIMITED ••• 56 commencement of Deuonskire
Medical school :- WESTERN TIMES .•••••.....•.••..•..• :.. .. . ... .. . 64

GUY'S HOSPITAL MEDICAL SCHOOL ••• 1~ WESTERN WEEKLY NEWS ............ ...Faczng

Mercantile offices : - commencement of Deuonskire

STUBBS' MERCANTILE OFFICES.••.••••••.. 15 .Nurserymen:-

Metal merchants:--· SMYTH & SON....................................... 6o

R. G. DUGGUA & SONS........................... 39 J. WALTERS ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 74

Milliners : . Oilskin clothing manufacturer :-

PRA'fTENT & CO..•.................. ~..... ... .•. ... 58 J. E. MONK ... ... ......... ... ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... 72

MISS E. J. SARGENT...... .•• ••.••• .••••••.. ... ... 6o Outfitter : -

Mineral water manufacturers :- J. T. ESSERY........................ .................. 71

GEA K~ BROTHERS .............................. 40 Packing case makers : -

Mming engineers:- RABLING & CO. LIMITED . .••...•. ••• ... ..• ..• 44

N. HOLMAN & SONS ............................., 28 · J. WRIGHT & SON ...... ..................... ...... 22•

Monumental masons :.- Painters:-

J. GEACH ....... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 40 R. COLENSO & SON ... ... . .••. ... ..•• .•• ... ... .•• 65
J. HU~H ES .................................. 41 •• ••• ••• 71
J. H. CRAPP .............................. -- ... .....• 70
A. R. KNIGHT . ..... ... ... ... ... . .. ... ...... ... ... ... 55 T. SOLOMON & CO................................. <45

D.EY. & CORNe C

XXXI•V INDEX TO COMMERCIAL PROSPECTUSES•

• PAGE PAGII

Paperhangers:- Sanitary engineer:-

R. COLENSO & SON ..• ••. ..• .•• .•• •.. . .. ••• .•• .•• 65 W. J. T. MARDON .•....... '.. ..•.•. ........•... ... 55

J. H. CRAPP ... ... ... ... .•• ... ... .•. ..• ... ... ••• .•• ... 70 Saw mill proprietor8 :-

Pastrycooks :- BISHOP & PETER ••• ••• ••• . •• .•• ••• .•• . •• ••• ••• .•• 22

W. GEORGE ... ... .... .... ... ... .•. ...... .... ... ... ... 53 G. C. FOX & CO....................................... 52

G. SOUTHCOMBE ... ...•.••.. ...• .....•..... ... .•• .•• 75 RABLL.~G & CO. LIMITED ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 44'

A. E. WEBBER .•. ... ... ... ... .•• ... ... ...••••• ...•... 63 J. WRIGHT & SON................................. 22

Picture frame manufacturers:- Schools & colleges : -

T. SOLOMON & CO .... ..• .•• ...... .•• ..• .... .. ... 45 ASHBURTON GRAMMAR SCHOOL ... ... ... 48

Plaster of paris manufacturers:- CREDITON GRAMMAR SCHOOL ........·• ... 50

JEFFERD & SON...... ... ••• .•• ... ... .•• .•• ..• ..• ..• 54 C. G. LOVESEY ·'· ... .•• ... ... .•• ..• ... ... .•. ... ... 41

Plumbers:- A. E. LOVEYS ... ... .•. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 72

W. G. HARRIS ... .•• ..• .•.. ... ..• .••..•....• .••• .•. ••• 71 I.. ... ...MRS. J. 1\IASSINGBERD-TEALE ............ 42
MISSES MUIR •••..•..•....••..•....••..•..• 68
W. J. T. MARDON ..•..••. ... ... ... .••.•••••• ..• ... SS

A. E. SKINNER ..• ..• ... ... ... ..•... ... ..• ... ... ... 6o NEWTON COLLEGE CO. LIMITED ... ... ... 43

T. SOLOMON & CO................................. 45 PLYMOUTH illGH SCHOOL ...... .•• ... ...... 57
• F. R. RAY •.• ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 58
Poro-plastic spinal support manufacturer:-

J. T. COCKING....................................... 25 MISS RIDLEY ... ... .•• ..• ... ... ..• ... ... ... ... ... ... 59

Portmanteau manufacturer:- MISS TREVENA ... ..• .•• ... ... ..• ... ... ... ... ... ... 47

J. W. ALLEN ••• ••• ..• .•• ..• ... ... ... ..• ••• .•• ... ... ..• 16 MISSES WARNER ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 74

Potato merchants:- MISS WINDEATT & MRS. PINN ............ 74

P. KNIGHT & SON................................. 72 Seed merchants::-

R. C. LOVELL .................•...........•......... 68 F. BRAY................................................. 37

Potters::- LAMOUREUX & CO ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 30

CANDY & CO. LIMITED ........................ 17 MARTIN, MATTHEWS & CO. LIMITED ... 56

PRICE: SONS & CO ... ... ... ...... ... ... ...... ... 74 E. W. SERFELL .•• ..• .•• .•• ... .•• ..• ..• ... ... ..• .•• 32

Poulterer ::- SMYTH & SON....................................... 6o

W. H. SA MPSON ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 73 Sewing machine manufacturers::-

Poultry & game dealer: SINGER MANUFACTURING CO............... 45

W. T. L. PERRY ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 68 Ship brokers: :::-

Printers: W. & E. C. CARNE...... ... ...... ... ...... ...... ... 25

CAMBORNE PRINTING & STATIONERY Silk mercer:-

CO. LIMITED ••• ..• .•. ..• ••• ... ... ... .•• ... .•• ••• 66 F. 0. HOMAN ••• ••• .•• .•• ..• .•• ••• .•• .•• ..• ••• ••• .•• .•• 29

J. KNOTT & SON .•• ..•..• ....•• .••..• .••••••••.•• 67 Slate merchants : -

E. T. OLVER ..• ..• ••• .•• ... ..• ..• .•• ..•.••... •.. •.• 52 W. A. DARBISHIRE •••.•• ,.. .•• ..• .•• ..• ..• .•• .•• 81

J:t. TREGASKIS ..• ..• .•• ..• .•. .•• ..• .•• .•• .••..• .•• .•• 62 PEN-YR-ORSEDD SLATE QUARRY CO.

Printers & publishers:.- LIMITED............................................. 81

KELLY & CO. LIMITED, Printers & pub- R. TRUSCO'rr .•. ..• ..• ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .•. ... ... 63

lishers of the Post Office London & County Soap manufacturers :-

· Directories ..............................68, 82, 83 & 84 VICTORIA SOAP CO. LIMITED............... 34

Private lunatic asylum :- Splint manufacturer:--
DR. F. K. DICKSON ... ... ... ... ... ... .•• ..• ... ... 81 J. T. COCKING.....................•.................. 25

Provision merchant:- Stained glass manufacturers :-

W. RICHARDS ... ••• ..• ..• .•• .•• ..• •.•.•• .•• ••• .•• ••• 31 MITCHELL & SON ..•..•.,. .•• ..• ... ... ..• ... ... ..• 72

Quarry owners :- Stationers ::-

W. A. DARBISffiRE ... ......... ... ... ... ..• ...... 81 CAMBORNE PRINTING & STATIONERY

PEN-YR-ORSEDD SLATE QUARRY CO. CO. LIMITED ••• ••• ••• ..• .•. .•• ..• ..• ..• ••• .•• ..• 66

• LIMITED ..................••.......................• 81 W. V. COLE ... ... ..• ••• ... ..• ... .•• ..• ... ... ..• ... ... 65
PETillCK BROTHERS ........................... 57 • J. KNOTT & SON.................................... 67

STONEY COOMBE LIME & STONE CO ... 46 F. TREGASKIS ... .•• ..• ... ... .•• ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 62

Railway spring manufacturers:- Steam engine manufacturers :-

C. CAMMELL & CO. LIMITED ...... ... ... ... 77 COALBROOKDALE CO. LIMITED ... ... ... 79

Refreshment contractors::- G. COATES... ... .•. .•• •.• ... .•. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 49

W. F. CLARKE & CO ... ... ... ........ .... ...... 38 Steam pump manufacturers:-

• Restaurant:- COALBROO.KDALE CO. LIMITED ......... 79

1\IRS. p AUL .•••••....••..•.•••••.••.•••••••I ••••••••• 44 Steel manufacturers :-

Rope, line & twine manufacturers:- C. CAMMELL & CO. LIMITED ... ...... ... ... 77

• W. J. THOMAS & CO. LIMITED ... ... ... ... 6g STRINGER BROTHERS........................... 78

Rope manufacturers ::- Steel merchants : .

W. & E. C. CARNE •.. ... .•• ••• •.• ••• .•. ..• ..• ..• .•• 25 R. G. DUGGUA & SONS ........................ 39
I
E. I. MUNK ... ... ... .•• ... ... ..• ... ..• ..• ... ... .•. ..• 43
Rose grower :-

J. WALTERS ... .•• ... ... •.•••• .•••••••• ••• .••••• •.. .•• 74 Stock & share brokers::-

Saddle & harness manufacturers ::-

T. MARTIN.............................................H. MAYNARD & SON ••• ••• ••• ••• .... ••• ••• ••• ••• .•• 42
H. G. HODGKINSON & CO...................... 67



31



INDEX TO COMMERCIAL PROSPECTUSES. XXXV

PAGE PAGE

Stone merchants : - Timber merchants:-

PETHICK BROTHERS ••• ..• ... ... ..• ... ..• •.• ..• 57 J. WRIGHT & SON ......... ... ... .................• 22

STONEY COOMBE LIME & STONE CO ... 46 Tinplate merchants:

Stoneware manufacturers :- R. G. DUGGUA & SONS .••.•~ .•• ... ••• .•• .•• ••• .•• 39

PRICE, SONS & CO..................... ............ 74 Torpedo apparatus manufacturers::-
Stove & range manufacture'rs ::-
INDIA RUBBER, GUTTA PERCHA &

COALBROOKDALE CO. LIMITED •. ,... 79 TELEGRAPH WORKS CO. LIMITED... 14

Sulphuric acid manufacturers:- Type-wr1• ter ::-

WESTERN COUNTIES & GENERAL W. PRYOR ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...... ... ... ... ..• ... 58

MANURE CO....................................... 35 Tyre manufacturers:-

Surveyors: C. CAMMELL & CO. LIMITED ..• ............ 77

W. BAJI,EY ........................................... 48 Undertakers :--

H. S. HANCOCK .................................... 53 S. R. FORCE & SON................................. 39
w. G. HARRIS ........... I • • • • • • • • • • •• • • •• • • • • •• ••• • • •
A. E. SKINNER... ...·................................. 6o 71

Tailors::- G. LUXTON .......................................... 72
T. OLIVER & SONS ....................•............ 56
J. T. EssERY... ... ............ ............ ...... ...... ·,~

M. SAMPSON......................................... . 6g A. E. SKINNER .................................... 6o

J. TUCKER ............................................ . 6g WARREN BROTHERS ...... ...... ... ...... ••• .•• 34

Teachers of dancing :- Upholsterers :-
soCREW 8 (~ SON ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
MADAME BRADNEE-RINALDI ... ... .•• ••• ... 24

MISSES IDCKEY & HOPKINS .•• ...... .•• ... 24 CRIDDLE & SMITH................................. 26

Teachers of music :- MRS. R. GILES .. . ... .. . ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 40

T. HOLMES ...........•........................... ··~ 67 F. C. HOMAN.......................................... 29

E. E. PRIDHAM ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 6g G. LUXTON ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 72

Teacher of shorthand ::- T. OLIVER & SONS................................. 56

W. PRYOR... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ....... ... 58 SPOONER & CO .......................... ~ ........: 33

Telegraph cable manufacturers::- .Vinegar manufacturers::-

INDIA RUBBER, GUTTA PERCHA & CHAMPION & CO. LIMITED ... ... ..• ......... 13

TELEGRAPH WORKS CO. LIMITED ... 14 Wheelwright::-

Terra cotta manufacturers: J. BUTTRESS ..• .•• ... ...... ... ... ...... ... ... ... ... 49

CANDY & CO. LIMITED ........................ 17 Window blind manufacturers:-

TORQUAY TERRA COTTA CO. LIMITED 3J MRS. DOIDGE ... ...... ...... ...... ... ... ... ... ...... 66

Timber merchants: J. J. GILL ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 41

BISHOP & PETER ••• ••• ..• ... ... ...... ..• ..• ... ... 22 Wine & spirit importers :-

G. C. FOX & CO ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 52 H. & G. SIMONDS ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 75

JEWSON BROTHERS .•• ... ... .•• ... ... .•• ... ... ... 54 Wine & spirit merchants :-

PERRY, SPEAR & CO. LIMITED ..• .•• .•• .•• 57 W. & E. C. CARNE ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..•... 25

RABLING & CO. LIMY£ED ... ..• ..• .•• ... ... ... 44 R. V. & H. DAVY ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 66

WEST OF ENGLAND IRON, TIMBER & F. 0. HINGSTON ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 54

CHARCOAL CO. LIMITED ..• .•• .•• ..• .•• ... 64 POOL & SON ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ..... ... ... ... ... ... 73 •



INDEX TO •



THE NUMBERS REFERRED TO ARE THE ADVERTISEMENT PAGES AT THE END OF THE BOOK.

PAGE • PAGil

.

ALLEN J. W., Portmanteau, bag & dressing case CORNISH TELEGRAPH, Newspaper •..•••..• •••••• 39
somanufacturer ............................................. 16 CORNISHMAN (THE), Newspaper ..• ..• ..• ..• ... ...

ASHBURTON GRAMMAR SCHOOL ... .. .......... 48 CRAPP J. H., Decorator & painter ..................:..-... 70

so·ATLANTIC HOTEL....................................... 23 CREDITON GRAMMAR SCHOOL ..................


BAILEY W., Auctioneer & surveyor .................. 48 CREWS & SON, Auctioneers, valuers & upholsterers . 50

BEARNE L., :Building contractor ..................... 65 CRIDDLE & SMITH, Upholsterers & art cabinet

DEER J. G., Hotel.......................................... 36 ·makers ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...... .. ... ... 26

EENNETT H. J., Auctioneer & appraiser ............ 48 DARBISHIRE W. A., Quarry owner & slate mer 81

BEVAN C. N., Hotel ....................................... 37 DAVEY C. P., Shoeing smith........................... 70
BEVAN T. S., Hotel ....................................... 37 DAVY R V. & H., Wine & spirit merchants ...... 66

BISHOP & PETER, General merchants ............... 22 DELAFEILD W. & SON, Boot & shoe makers...... 70

BLAKE J., Hydraulic ram manufacturer............... 8o DEVON EVENING EXPRESS, Newspaper ...... 51

:BLIGHT J., JUN., Electrical engineer ............. .. 36 DEVON & EXETER DAILY GAZETTE, News-

BOHN J., Hotel ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 23 paper ....., ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...... ... ... ... ... ... 26

.BOX W. H., Herbalist ..................................... 24 DEVON WEEKLY TIMES, Newspaper ............ 51

ERADNEE-RINALDI MADAME, Teacher of DEVONPORT PERMANENT BENEFIT BUILD-

dancing ... ... .. . ... ... ... ... .. . ... ... ... .. . ... ... ... ... ... .. . 24 ING SOCIETY ... ... ... ... ... .. .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 70

• BRAY F., Corn, flour, seed, manure & coal mer .•• 37 DICKSON DR. F. K., Private lunatic asylum ...... 81

BREWER C., Hotel ....................................... 49 DINNEFORD & CO., Magnesia manufacturers...... 75

BROKENSHAW MRS.,'Private hotel ............... 65 DOIDGE MRS., Window blind manufacturer ...... 66

BULLMORE G. G., Ironmonger & implement agnt 48 DONOVAN J., Pottery & furnishing warehouse ..• 70

BUTTRESS J., Coach & carriage builder ............ 49 DUGGUA R. G. & SONS, Manufacturers, galvan-

CAMBORNE PRINTING & STATIONERY CO. izers & general smiths............. ..................... ,.. 39

LIMITED ................................................. 66 DUNCALF J., Post horse & jobmaster ............... 66

CAMMELL C. & CO. LIMITED, Steel, iron & DUNNING & SONS, Butchers ......... ...... ......... ... 51

file manufacturers ....................................... 77 DUNSTAN E., Shoeing smith ......................... .. 71

CANDY & CO. LIMITED, Brick, tile, drain pipe, EAST & SOUTH DEVON ADVERTISER,

terra-cotta & fire brick manufacturers ......... ...... 17 Newspaper.................................................... 51

CARNE H., Builder & contractor ... ......... ......... 38 EDEN BROS., Coal merchants & coke contractors.. SI

CARNE W. & E. C., Ship brokers & general corn- EDLINGTON BOARDING ESTABLISHMENT ... 71

mi•ssi•on agents .............................. ~ ................ 25 ENGLAND & SON, Net & netting manufacturers 67

CARPENTER C. F., Hydropathic establishment... 66 ESSERY J. T., Tailor & outfitter ...... ............... 71

CHAMPION & CO. LIMITED, Vinegar manufrs ... 13 FAIRWEATHER J. E., Hotel ........................ 27

CHAMPION , Livery stable proprietor ............ 38 FALMOUTH GAZETTE & PENRYN REVIEW,

CLARKE W. F. & CO., Cooks & confectioners ... 38 Newspaper .................... ~·· ~··I ••••••• 52 '
COALBROOKDALE CO. LIMITED, Engineers & ••••••• I I ••••••

ironfounders... ............................................. FALMOUTH & PENRYN WEEKLY TIMES,
79 Newspaper...... 11• •••••• ·~··~·I .................... ·~· ......

COATES G., Engineer .................................... 49 FARR BROTHERS, Builders & contractors ......

COCKING J. T., Poro-plastic spinal support & FORCE S. R. & SON, Auctioneers, house, land &

· splint manufacturer...... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..... .... ..... . 2 5 estate agents ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 39

COLE W. V., Account book manufacturer............ 65 FOSTER W. R., Boarding house........................ 52
COLENSOIR. & SON, Decorators & gilders .........
COLES C. H., Builder ................................•... 65 FOX G. C. & eo., Saw mill proprietors & timber 52

• 66 merchan'ts ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..• ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 27

COOK L. A., Hotel ... ... ... ... ... . .. ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 49 FREEMAN J. SONS & eo., Granite merchants ... 53
COOK T., Hotel ............................................ .
70 FRY J., Hotel............ ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

COPP S. & SON, Carriers............................... . 70 GEACH J., Marble, granite & monumental mason 40

CORNISH & DEVON POST, Newspaper ............ 50 GEAKE BROS., Mineral water manufacturers...... 40

CORNISH POST & MINING NEWS CO. LIM. 7o GEORGE W., .Pastryeook & confectioner ............ 53

INDEX TO NAMES OF ADVERTISERS. XXXV•U•

PAGE PA.GE

GILES P., Pianoforte & musie warehGuse...... ... ... 6o MUMFORD W. P., Bulb grower........................ 73

GILES MRS. R., Cabinet maker & upholsterer ... 40 MUNK E. I., Iron, steel & nail merchant .•• •.• ... .•• 43

GILL J. J., Window blind manufacturer ............ 41 NAVAL & MILITARY RECORD, Newspaper... Facing

GUEST & CHRIMES, Brass founders ............. ,. 76 commencement of Dtvo'lukire

. GULLETT F. W., Architectural sculptor............ 71 NEWTON COLLEGE eo. LIMITED ... •••.••.••..• 43
GUY'S HOSPITAL MEDICAL SCHOOL ......... 16 NICHOLLS J. & eo., China clay manufacturers... 73

HANCOCK H. S., Auctioneer, surveyor, estate & NORTH DEVON HERALD, Newspaper .•• .•• .•• .•• 56

general agent ............................................. 53 NORTH DEVON JOURNAL, Newspaper ......... .•• 56

HARBROW W:, Iron buildings & roofing manfctr 81 OLIVER T. & SONS, Art furniture manufacturers.. 56

HARRIS W. G., Builder & contractor ............... 71 OLYER E. T., Printer & publisher..................... 52

HEATHMAN , General & furnishing ironmonger 67 OWEN F., Baker & confectioner ... .•• ...... ......... .•• 57

HELLIER J., Hotel ....~................ ···\··· ............ 28 PAUL MRS., Temperance hotel ... .•. ... ... ... .•• ... ... 44

HENLEY & SON, Cyder growers, makers, exporters PEARCE S., Hotel ....,... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..• ... ... ... 20

& wholesale merchants ...................,. ............. 18 PEARCE W., Grocer & tea dealer •••... ... ... .•• ... .•• 73

HILL S., Patent horse shoe pad manufacturer ...... 53 PENLERICK H., Posting establishment •••••• ~.. .•• 68

HINGSTON P. 6., Wine & spirit merchant, maltster PEN-YR-ORSEDD SLATE QUARRY CO. LIM... 81

& brewer ................................................... 54 PERMEWAN MRS., Hotel ... ..• ...... ... ... .•• ... ...... 21

HODGKINSON H. G. & CO.; Stock & share brkrs 67 PERRY, SPEAR & CO. LIMITED, Corn, cake.


HOLGATE MRS., Hotel ................................. 54 coal & manure merchants ... ...... ......... ......... .•• 51

HOLMAN N. & SONS, General founders, engineers PERRY W. T. L., Poultry & game dealer............ 68

& boiler makers .......................................... 28 PETHICK BROS., Graiiit~ quarry owners ......... 57

HOLMES T~, Teacher of the violin..................... 67 PLYMOUTH HIGH SCHOOL ...... ;................. 57
.
ssHOMAN F. C., Silk mercer, draper, hosier & glover 29 POLLARD S., Hotel ........................................ .

HUGHES J,, Marble & monumental mason ...... ... 71 POOL & SON, Wine & spirit merchants.••.••.••..•••• 73

ILFRACOMBE HOTEL ................................. 29 POWLESLAND J., Hotel .............................. 73
ssPRATTENT & CO., Milliners ........................
INDIA RUBBER, GUTTA PERCHA & TELE-

GRAPH WORKS CO. LIMITED .................. 14 PRICE, SONS & . CO., Potters & stoneware

JEFFERD & SON, Cement, lime & plaster of manufacturers ............................................. 74

paris manufacturers....................................... 54 PRICKMAN E. F., Fishing rod & tackle maker ... 69

JEWSON BROS., Timber merchants & importers.. 54 PRIDHAM E. E., Teacher of music ... ... ......... ... 69

KELLY & CO. LIMITED, Printers & publishers, PRYOR W., Teacher of shorthand & type writer... 58

& printers & publishers of the London & County RABLING & CO. LIMITED, Timber merchants ... 44

Directories ................................ 68, 82, 83 & 84 RAY F. R., School .......................................... 58

KENNARD T., Hotel....................................... 71 RED LION HOTEL ..................................... 59
KINGSBRIDGE JOURNAL, Newspaper ... ......... 55 RICHARDS B., Aceountant, commission agent &

KNIGHT P. & SON, Coal & manure merchants .•• 72 auet1•oneer ... ..• ... .. . ... ... ... ... ... ..• ..• ... ... •.. ... ... ... 73

KNIGHT A. R., Monumental mason ............ ...... 55 RICHARDS W., Grocer & provision merchant...... 31

KNOTT J. & SON, music warehouse ... .•• ... ... ... ... 67 RIDLEY MISS, School .................................... 59

LAMOUREAU & CO., Seed merchants ... ... ... .•• ... 30 RODDA R., Auctioneer & appraiser .................. 69

' LANYON W., Coach builder ......... ... ... ... ... ...... 67 ROWE & SONS, Butchers .............................. 73
LAUNCESTON WEEKLY NEWS, Newspaper ... 55 ROYAL CORNWALL GAZETTE, Newspaper ... 59

LOVELL R. C., Fruit, manure & potato merchant... 68 ROYAL HOTEL FALMOUTH LIMITED ......... 32

LOVERING J.& CO.,China clay & china stone wrks. 30 ST. AUSTELL STAR, Newspaper ..................... 59

LOVESEY C. G., School ................................. 41 ST AUSTELL WEEKLY NEWS, Newspaper ... 6o

LOVEYS A. E., School ................................... . 72 SAMPSON M., Tailor & habit maker.................. 69

LUXTON G., Cabinet maker & upholsterer ... ...... 72 SAMPSON W. H., Poulterer, ham & bacon factor... 73

MANN MRS., Boarding establishment ............... 41 SANDOE A. C.. Hotel... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 44

MARDON W. J. T., Sanitary & hot water engineer 55 SANITARY STEAM LAUNDRY CO ..•.•••.••••.•• 45

MARTIN BROS. LIMITED, China clay & china SARGENT MISS E. J., Milliner .••.•.....••.•••••..• 6o

stone merehants .......................................... 42 SERPELL E. W., Seed & bulb warehouse ......... 32

MARTIN, MATTHEWS & CO. LIMITED, 1\Ianure, SHAPLAND E. J., Butcher ........................... 75

seed, corn & coal merchants ........................... 56 SIMONDS H. & G. LIMITED, Brewers, wine &

MARTIN T.,Auctioneer & valuer ..................... 31 spirit importers .......................................... 75

MARTIN W., General carrier ... ...... ...... ......... ... 72 SINGER MANUFACTURING CO.,Sewing machine

MASSINGBERD-TEALE MRS., School............... 42 manufacturers ..• .•• ... ..•..• ...... .••.••.•• ..• ............ 45

MAYNARD H. & SON, Saddle & harness manufctrs · 42 SKINNER A. E., Builder, plumber & decorator... 6o

METHROSE CHINA CLAY CO........................ 72 SMYTR & SON, Nurserymen,-seedsmen & florists 6o

MILLEN J. P., Hotel....................................... 68 SOLOMON T. & CO., Plumbers, glaziers & church

MILLS T. R., Auctioneer, valuer & commission agt 72 window makers ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 45

MITCHELL & SON, Stained glass manufacturers 72 SOUTHCOMBE G., Pastryeook & confectioner .•• 75

MITCHELL M., Hotel ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 19 SOUTH DEVON GAZETTE, Newspaper............ 61

MONK J. E., Oilskin clothing manufacturer ... ... ... 72 SPOONER & CO., Cabinet makers & house

MOYLE E., Hotel ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. . ... ... ... ... ... ... 43 furnishers ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..• ... ... ... .... ... .... ... 33

MUIR MISSES, School.................................... 68 STEVENS J. G. J., Dairy produce merchant •••••• 61

••• •

XXXVlll INDEX TO NAMES OF' ADVERTISERS.

PAGE P.!Qil

STONEY COOMBE LIME & STONE CO ••• ••• .•• 46 WARREN BROTHERS, Cabinet manufacturers,

STRINGER BROS., Iron & steel manufacturers ..• 78 auctioneers & furniture remoyers ... .••••• ..• .•• .•• ... 34

STUBBS' MERCANTILE OFFICES.................. 15 WARREN T., Livery stable proprietor .•• .•• .•• .•• ••• 47

TARDREW & SONS, Engineers & iron founders... 61 WATTS, BEARNE & CO., Coal merchants ••• •••••• 74

TAVISTOCK GAZETTE, Newspaper ............ .•• 61 Wl~BBS HOTEL ...... ... ... ......... ... ......... ......... 47

TEIGNMOUTH GAZETTE, Newspaper ••• ••• •••.•• 62 WEBBER A. E., Pastryoook & confectioner......... 63

TEIGNMOUTH POST, Newspaper..................... 62 WEST OF ENGLAND BONE & MANURE CO 48

THOMAS W. J. & CO. LIMITED, Rope manu- WEST OF ENGLAND CHINA STONE & CLAY

footurers .................................................. f.. 69 CO ..........••..•.••..•.•• ,......... ..•....••.••.•. •••··· •.• 35

THOMAS C. B. C., Accountant........................ 63 WEST OF ENGLAND IRON, TIMBER &

THOMAS H., Auctioneer, appraiser, land & estate CHARCOAL CO. LIMITED ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 64

• agent.............................•........................... 46 WESTERN COUNTIES & GENERAL MANURE

THOMAS H. W.,Hotel ......... ,.;.................... 75 CO. UMITED ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 35

TOMAN T. H., Hotel ..•.................-............... 75 WESTERN FIGARO, Newspaper..................... 64
TORQUAY DIRECTORY & SOUTH DEVON
WESTERN INDEPENDENT, Newspaper ••••••.•• 36

JOURNAL, Newspaper .............................•... 62 WESTERN MORNING NEWS, Newspaper'-

TORQUAY TERRA COT'l'A CO. LIMITED ..•.•• 33 Facing commencem,ent of Devonshire

TREGASKIS F., Printer, bookseller & stationer... 62 WESTERN TIMES, Newspaper ........................ 64

TREGONING 0. E., Cook & confectioner ....••..• 46 WESTERN WEEKLY NEWS, Newspaper.••••• Faci'Rf}

TREVENA MISS, School •••....•..••..•.....•..•.....•••• 47 commencement of DevtJmkire

TRUSCOTT R., Ooal, corn & slate merchant......... 63 WILLIAMS J., Coach builder........................... 64

TUCKER J., Tailor ....................................... 69 WINDEATT MISS & PINN MRS., School......... 74

TUCKER L. W., Auctioneer & furniture dealer •.• 75 WINSOR MRS., Hotel ••••••••••.••.•••••••.•••••••• ····~· 65

VICTORIA SOAP CO. LIMITED .••......••..••..•..• 34 WRIGHT J. & SON, Timber merchants & patent

WALTERS J., Rose grower & nurseryman ••.•••.•• 74 case manufacturers .....•... ,.......•..• ,.• ... ..• .•• •.• .•• 22

WARNER MISSES, School .•• .-.......................... 74 WRIGHT W., Chemist ....., .............................. 6S

••







• is the most south-westerly portion of England, Roman settlements, as ford, cold, wool, borough, broom and

Cop.HWALL

an~ forms a peninsula, being bounded by the sea on three way, are found in considerable number, though not so com-

$ides, and is separated from the county of Devon by the river mon as in other English districts; there is a Coldbarbour at

Tamar, except ivhere a small portion of Devonshire juts Ladock, one at Gwinear, and one at Towdenack, however,

into Cornwall. The length of the county, from Devonshire in West Cornwall.

to the Land's End, is So miles, and its greatest breadth, Ton, worth, worthy, stow, stock, ham, stoke, home and

which is at its junction with Devonshire-viz. from Rame thorne are common. There is only one stead, and no tlwrpe

Head in the south to Marshland Mouth in the north-is or hope. Ccnnb, hill, tor, down, lea, hay, land, well, cot, bar-

about 45 miles. Other parts of the county are about 24 ton, lake, hole, bear, or beer, wood, ey, slade and ett are

miles wide, but between St. Ives and Mount's Bay it is only common. Cleave, moor, hill, brook, bourn, pool, grove,

seve~ miles. The area of the county is 873,600 acres, or 1,365 hanger, hurst, week or wick, ash, oak, croft, mouth and

Bquare miles. Its population steadily increased up to the clapper are rare. Venton, Polventon, and Penventon are

year 186x, when it numbered 369,390, since which it has very common names. •

decreased, chiefly in consequence of emigration, to 330,686 Old English dan names, or the form in ington are rare ;

in 1881, of which 155, us are males and 175,571 females. but erton is to be found more freely.
In !891 the population was 322,571, viz. :-males, 149,259• Of the Cornish names, those following the old saw of Tre,

and females, 173,312. The number of houses were, inhabited Pol and Pen are most common.

70,558 ; uninhabited s, 191 ; building 374· Vaultershome About eight hundred varieties of names with the prefix
tithing was annexed to Cornwall in virtue of the Acts 2 and 3 tl'e are given in this work, but the whole number of places

William IV. cap. 64, and 7 and 8 Vie. cap. 61; and part of beginning with tre is much greater, for some of the names

the township of Bridgerule, with 1,oi0acres, was dissevered are used very frequently. Pen is here given about 150

and annexed to Devonshire. The SCILLY IsLANDS, situated times, and Pol about 70.

about-30 miles from the Land's End, are a part of Cornwall, In East Cornwall Tre, Pen and Pol are often applied with

have an area of 3,560 acres, and are reached by steamer English and Norman names, and constitute the chief vestiges

from Penzance ; they are composed of granite, but the soil of Cornish connection.

is productive of early ve!!etables. The surface of the county is very hilly. The highest hills

Cornwall was first made known to the West of Europe Ly are Brown Willy, about 1,368 feet in height; Rough Tor,

the Iberians of Spain, who supplied the Phcenicians and 1,296; Caradon hill, 11208 ; Sharppoint Tor, 1,200; Tober
traders of the East with tin. Whether Cornwall was ever Tor, 1,127; J\llennaclew, 1,124; Kit hill, 1,067; Trewartha

visited by the Phoonicians is doubtful, but not improbable. Tor, 1,500; Hens-barrow, 1,034; Caden Barrow, 1,011.

The Iberian navigators very likely came on a gold-seeking The rocks belong chiefly to the primary strata, and include

-expedition, and in searching for gold in the river beds of large masses of granite, but grauwacke or "killas " is the

the West, came upon tin. The Iberians settled here, and chief rock. The coast is rocky and indented by many bays,

long carried on a trade. On their decline Cornwall was left some of large area. The principal are-Bude, Port Isaac,

to its fate, and the CeltS made some progress in it. Of the Watergate, Ligger or Perran, and St. Ives on the north

Iberians there are many relics, including spear-heads and shore ; Whitesand and l'lount's Bay on the west ; and Fal-

pieces of copper swords, Jumps of fine copper, celts and gold mouth, Veryan, Looe, Whitesand and Cawsand Bays on the

eoins. There are many Iberian monuments, as monoliths, south. The principal river is the Tamar, which rises in the

circles of stone and logan stones. north and flows almost due south to the sea, separating this

On the conquest of Cornwall by the Romans, they found county from Devonshire; it receives in its course the waters

there two British, or mixed British and Iberian tribes, the of the Inny, and is navigable about 24 miles north from Ply-

Damnonii and Cornubii, but the mineral industry was neg- mouth, for 19 miles of which it is a tidal river. The Lynher

lected. The Romans were long settled there, and Roman is also a tributary of the Tamar, and is navigable to Notter

roads remain, but, unless in East Cornwall, their settlements Bridge. The river Tidi is navigable to St. German's. The

cannot now be readily traced. Looe flows into the sea on the south coast and forms a haven

On the fall of the Romans, the natives relapsed quickly at Looe. The Fowey takes first a westerly course for a short

into their fo.rmer barbarism. On the advances of the West distance, then flows south to Lostwithiel, whence it is navi-

Saxons, Cornwall became the retreat of the Welsh, who gable to the sea at Fowey harbour. The Fal takes a wind-

were named by the English, Cornwelsh. Many of the ing course south-westerly to the sea, forming an estuary
British, however, fie~ to Brittany. A league was formed of called Carreg Roads ; it is navigable for about ten miles.

the Cornwelsh, Bretons, Welsh and Cumbrians, but they The Bel, which in its course receives numerous small

were not able to hold Cornwall against the English. In 68o streams, forms the Helford haven, a little below Gweek, to

Ivor, a king of Brittany, for a time drove back the- West which place it is navigable. The Heyl, in the west of the

Saxons, and held Devon 11and Somerset, but Kentwin, king of county, flows into St. Ives Bay, forming it its course the

the West Saxons, defeated him. The West Saxons made estuary of Hayle. The Camel, which rises in the north,

themselves masters of East Cornwall and thickly settled it, flows westerly and, receiving the De Lanke and other smaller

and Athelstan brought Cornwall and the Scilly Isles fully streams, enters the sea at Padstow ; it is navigable for a

under English sway. distance of 8 miles of its course ; besides these there are

The Cornish took part with the Lancastrians, Perkin many small streams. The canals are few, viz.-the Bude

Warbeck and Charles I. and Holsworthy, easterly into Devonshire; the Bude and

The whole of East Cornwall is full of English names, and Launceston, in a south-easterly direction. In the south is

nearly the whole people are English, though a great many of the Liskeard and Looe canal, which commences at 'farras

the places retain the famous Cornish prefix tre. In West Pill and terminates a mile west of Liskeal"d ; a part of the

Cornwall the places have mostly Cornish names, and the canal is still navigable,but the remainder has been abandoned

people are chiefly of .British origin, although much mixed and a railway substituted. The climate of Cornwall is mild,

with English. The Cornish language gradually went out of and on the southern shore so much so, that many invalids

use, but in the 16th and 17th centuries its decay was most dwell there for the sake of their health.

rapid, so that in the beginRing of the last century few but The main railway communication is divided into sections

the fishermen spoke it, a.nd it has ceased to be a living called the Cornwall and West Cornwall railways, but worked

tongue, though many single words survive. There are few by the Great Western Railway Company. The Cornwall

manuscripts in it, some of which have been carefully edited railway enters the county at Saltash. by the Royal Albert

by Mr. Norris. Bridge across the Tamar, the principal stations being Lis-

In East Cornwall: the topographical nomenclature is that keard, Bodmin Road, with a short line to Bodmin, Lost-

commop. ~ the West of England. The terms applied to withiel, Par, St. Austell, Trnro, Penryn andF9-lmouth. The

DEV. & COiq.. 64





1010 CORNWALL. (KELLY'S

West Cornwall railwa.y branches off a short distance south turning progressively later as a vessel advances up the

of Truro to Redruth, Camborne and Penzance, the extreme Bristol Channel. As a general rule, in all the space eastward

western limiti of the railway communication in England, of a direct line joining Scilly and tlie Tuskar, the.stream

and this is now regarded as the westward extension of the will be found making towards the Bristol Channel while the

main line, the real extension of the Cornwall railway from water is falling at Dover and Liverpool, and vice- versa,

Truro to Falmouth being treated as a branch. On the West setting to the north-east on the southern side of the channel,

Cornwall railway are branches to Helston and St. Ives. The and to the south-east on the northern side.

broad gauge having been found incompatible, and interfered The depth at high water on the sills of the follqwing docks

with the uniformity of traffic with the rest of the system of may be known by applying to the standard high-water

the Great Western Railway, although it insured a high rate heights the corrections given below, according to the sign

of speed and comfortable travelling, was terminated, after annexed in each case.

an existence of over half a century, by a remarkable feat of ft. in.
engineering, performed by an army of s,ooo workmen, em- J<'almouth. Over the sill of Graving J)ock. No.I-2 o

ployed May 2rst and 22nd, 1892, who substituted the narrow , , , , No.2 o o

gauge system through the county in two days, Saturday Applied to the heights given for Holyhead.

and Sunday, when traffic was stopped, thus ending what has Time of High Water on Full and Change Days at places on

been known as the "battle of the gauges " in favour of the the Coast of Cornwall, with the rise of the Tide at Springs

narrow. The other lines carrying passengers are a branch andNeaps:-

from Plymouth, on the Great Western, through Tavistock,

running a.lmost entirely in Devonshire to Launceston. On High Water Rise.*

the London and South Western railway is a short line from Place. Full &

Bodmin to Wadebridge; the latter companv are now con- Change. Springs. Neaps.

structing a line from Launceston through Camelford to

Wadebridge and Padstow, which was completed in r893 as SOUTH COAST. h. m. ft. ft.

far as Delabole. 'rhe Cornwall Minerals railway, also carry- Scilly Islands. St. Agnes... 4 go r6 12
ing passengers and worked by the Great Western, crosses , , St. Mary.•.
4 27 r6 J2
the county from Newquay on the north-west coast to Par , , 'frescow ...
4 22 16! r2!
and Fowey in the south, and is connected with the Cornwall Penzance ... ... ... ..•
railway at St. Blazey. There is also a mineral line from Lizard(Perran Vose Cove)... 4 go I6.l Ir2ott-

50 Id
Caradon to Looe, crossing the Cornwall railway near Lis- Coverick ... ... .. . ... 4 g5 14~ nt

keard and one from Carn Brae to Portreath. The East Helford (entrance) ... ... 4 43 IS~ I I2-
\lornwall Minerals railway have a branch from Calstock to Falmouth ... ... .•• ••• 4 57
55 r6 t2
, Truro(Townquay)
~allington. 54 IO 6
5 14
The quarries and mines, and the smelting of ores, provide Mevagissey ••• ... ... ... rst 12
5 26 rs nf
~mployment for a large portion of the population, in ad- Fowey ... ... ... ... ...

dition to which are the fisheries, which are of great impor- East Looe ... ... ... ... 16 13

tance. WEST COAST.

Various kinds of fish are caught, but pilchards are the Cape Cornwall ... • • • • • • 4 35 r8
21
principal, and are peculiar to the coast of this county ; pil- St. Ives... .•. ..• ••• • •• 4 44
chards are taken in September and October, when large Padstow ... ... ••• ••• 2o!
" schools" or shoals are seen coming up the channel. These , Bay... ... ••• ••• 5 13
are caught either by ordinary process of" drift-net" fishing at Boscastle ... ... ••• ••• 4 40 22

5 IS 22

some distance from the shore, or by "seining " in compara- BudeHaven ... ... ••• ••• 5 45 23
- - -tively shallow water; by the latter method the pilchards are
-----·
encircled by a wall of nets which do not mesh the fish as other • By the rise of the tide is meant its vertical rise above the mean
nets but prevent their escape ; the fish are cured, and while low-water level of spring tides.

packed in casks are subjected to pressure to extract the A great part of the land is moor and down ; the western
oil; quantities are exported to Spain and Italy, while some part largely yields early crops of potatoes, broccoli and other
are made into "sardines "in local factories. For many centu-
ries the southern coast has been the principal resort of the vegetables, which are sent to London, and the construction
of the Saltash bridge, which has connected the Cornwall rail-
pilchards, but within the last thirty years the north coast ways with the general railway system, has extensively de-
has been more frequented, and St. Ives has become the veloped the trade in market garden produce. The geranium
centre of the fishery; about 20,000 hogheads is the average and myrtle flourish in the open air. The harvest is, however~
annual take of pilchards ; mackerel and herrings are also late. Norway firs abound in the locality of Kea, near Truro.
caught in large numbers ; oysters are procured from the
Cornwall is noted for its various minerals and for its.
creeks of the Helford river.
A peculiarity of the county is that ecclesiastical dues in mines ; it is under the jurisdiction of the Duchy of Corn-
the nature of tithes are levied on the persons employed in the wall, under which a Stannary Court is held, which decides
pilchard fisheries ; the method of levying varies accoPding to on matters relating to mines and miners. The chief court
the ports ; in scarcely any two is it paid alike-as instances is held at •rruro, and its jurisdiction extends into West
of the methods in which it is charged, it may be said that in Devon. H.R.H. the Prince of Wales is hereditary Duke of
some cases the sum depends Qn the number and nature of Cornwall and appoints his chancellor, lord warden or lord-
nets employed ; in some it is a charge on the boat and in lieutenant of the mines, attorney-general, solicitor-general

others on the number of men employed, and in many it is a and sheriff. The general law regulating the Militia does

proportion of the value of the fish taken. not apply to the miners ; the statute of 42 George Ill. cap.

A considerable industry is the making of casks, many 72, regulates the militia of the Stannary. The workings for

being required for exportation of pilchards. tine ore have been carried on from a very early period. From

The woollen manufacture is carried on in a small way, the "Mineral Statistics" for 1892 we learn the quantity of

also the construction of mining and other machinery. Gun- tin ore (black tin) delivered to smelters in Cornwall was

powder, safety fuse and paper are made to some extent, and 12,8go tons; the quantity of tin obtained after smelting

at most of the ports shipbuilding is carried on. being 8,379 tons, value £674,894; in addition, black tin~

TIDAL STREAMS IN THE BRISTOL AND ENGLISH CHANNELS. ol:Jtained from streams and rivers by washing, amounted to

-It has been found, by a careful investigation of the tides 769 tons, valued at £49,675. Copper was not extensively

in the Irish and English Channels, that the movements of worked until the latter part of the seventeenth century, and

the several streams may be referred to a common standard, of late years the produce of this mineral has again declined.

viz. : the time of high water on the shore at the entrance of The quantity of ore raised in 1862 was 141,8oo tons from

Liverpool for the former, and for the latter, the time of high 177 mines, but since that date the produce has very con-

water at Dover ; off the mouth of the English Channel, the siderably decreased, the quantity raised in 1881 from 37

stream, though materially influenced by the indraft and mines being only 24,509 tons, valued at £1o41 387, and I,88x
outset of the channel, is found to run northward and east- tons of copper, and in r892, 2,8r3 tons, and 200 tons of

ward while the water is falling at Dover, and southward copper, valued at £6,359· Cornwall is still, however, the

and westwaTd while it is rising at that port. South of the great copper district of the United Kingdom. Of miscel-

parallel of SciUy, the stream is constantl:t changing owing laneous minerals there, silver ore was raised ; wolfram,

to the varying force and direction with which the channel £3,341; ochre, arsenical pyrites, r,o86 tons; value, £1,007.
and offing tides blend at that point, from 'Which, towards Besides the above, kaolin, or china clay, is a. great staple~

the Bristol Channel, the stream is more regular, and while it is formed from the decomposition of granite, and is used

the water is falling at Dover, sets northward, turning sharply for the manufactute of porcelain, for which itr is- admirablf
round Trevose Head into the British Channel, and, while adapted, and for which purpose it is exported to the potter)"

the water is rising at Dover, running with equal speed '>nt districts, and is also sent largely into Lancashire for use by

of the channel and along the coast towards Scilly. ' At the manufacturers of cotton goods; in 1892 were produced

Trevose Head, the northern tide has been found, by repeated 408,492 tons of china clay and china stone, the latter being

observations, to make 12 minutes after Dover, the stream also used in the pottery manufacture; it was valued at the

DIRECTOBY.] CORNWALL. 1011

mines at£3o6, 369. The china clay and stone are principally The following are the unions of the county, with the places
found in the parishes of Roche, St.Stephen's-in-Brannell, and contained in each ::-

St. Dennis, near St. Austell. Granite is obtained in large BonMIN UNION.

quantities, the rocks in various parts of the county being Blisland Lanivet St. Minver Low-

composed of this material ; it varies in tint, but it is very Bodmin Lanlivery lands

hard, and of a durable nature, many churches and public Bodmin Borough Lostwithiel St. Tudy

buildings throughout the county being built of it ; the Cardinham Luxulyan St. Winnow

Cheeswring quarries are the largest in the county, and Egloshayle St. Kew Temple

highly celebrated. At the Lizard, the rocks are of a dark- Endellion St. Mabyn Warleggon

green colour, with veins of various hues, and form a beau- Helland St. Miuver High- Withiel

tiful marble, known as Cornish serpentine, and used largely Lanhydrock lands

for ornam~tal purposes. Comish slate is also an article of CAMELFORD UNION.

commerce. Stone for building purposes is found in various Advent Micbaelstow St. J uliot •
parts of the county.
Davidstow Minster St. 'feath

The county contains 219 civil parishes, but none are very Forrabury Otterham Tintagel with Bo-

extensive in area ; the following are the largest :- Lanteglos-by- St. Breward or siney

Area in Acres. Camelford Simonward Trevalga
.Altarnnn .. •.•• ... ••• ••• ..• .•. ..• ••• .••••• .•• .•• 14,989 Lesnewth St. Clether


St. Neot .........•.......•....................• 14,090 FALMOUTH UNION.

Wendron ..•.••.....•.••.•..............••.•• 13,173 Budock ]dabe PenrynBorough

St. Columb Major .....•..........••.••...... 12,875 Constantine Mawnan Perran-Arworthal

St. Austell .....• •.• ... .•• ... ... ... ..• ... ... .•• I2, I35 Falmouth ]dylor St. Gluvias

St. Cleer ••. ... .•• ..• ... .•• .•• .•. .•• ... .•• . .. ... I0,927 Falmouth Borough

Perran-Zabllioe ..• .....• ..• ... .•.••. ... ... ... ta,88t HELSTON UNION.

St. Keverne ... ... ..• ... ... ... •••. .• .. •..• ... 10,294- Breage Landewednack St. Ant h on y-i n

St. Germans .•. ..•••• .•• .•• .. . .•• ..• .•. ..• ..• ro, I 35 Crowan Manaccan Meneage

Cardinham .•••.•.••••••.•••• -················ 9,612 Cury Mawgan-inMeneageSt. Martin-in-Men-

St. Breward ... ... .....• ... ... ... ... .•..••..• 9,415 Germoe Mullion eage

St. Stephen's-in-Brannell... .••... ..•..• ..• 9,251 Grade Ruan Major Sithney

Kenwyn .••.••.••. .•..•..•. .. .••..•... ... •••••• g,2oo Gunwalloe Rnan Minor Wendron

The number of townships in Cornwall is few and their Helston St. Keverne

area is wide. The townships and parishes have commonly Altarnun LAUNCESTON UNION.

the same bounds. Boytou N.Petherwin (Devn)St. Thomas Street
Northcott (Devon) South Petherwin

The Municipal Boroughs are::- Broadwood WidgerSt. Giles - on - the -Stoke Climsland
Pop. in 1891.
(Devon) Heath (Devon) Tremaine
s,Bodmin •••••• •••••• •• .•••••••••••••• .•••••••• 151
Egloskerry St.Mary Magdalene,Treneglos
Falmouth......... ......... .....• ..•.••....•. ..• 4,737
Laneast Launceston Tresmeer
Helston •••..•... ... .••.•• .•. .••.•• .•. .•• .••..• 3,198
Launceston...... ..• .•. .•• ... •••.•• .•. ..•... .•• 4,345 Lawhitton St. Stephens- by-Trewen
Liskeard •••••••••••• ••• ••••••••• •••••• ••••••••• 3,984
Lostwithiel •••••••••••••••••• ••• ••••••••• .••••• I, 379 Lewannick Launceston Virginstowe(Devon

Lezant St. Thomas theWarbstow

North Hill Apostle, LauncstnWerrington (Devon)

Penryn.••.•••••.••..•••,........................ 3,256 LISKEARD UNION.

Peuzance ..•.••..•... ·······-················ ..• 12,432 Boconnoc Liskeard St. Keyne
Saltash............... ...... ..•.....•..•••••••... 2,745 Broadoak
Liskeard Borough St. Martin

• St. Ives ••• .••••• ..• .•• .•• ... ..• ••• ••• ••• .•• ••• 6,094 Callington Menheniot St. Neat

Truro ....••...•......••....................••• II, 131 Duloe Morval St. Pinnock

Boscastle, population in 1891, 298 ; Breage, 2,751; Cal- East Looe Pelynt St. Veep
lington, 1,888; Camborne, 14,700; Charlestown, 2,749; South Hill
Hayle, 1,142; Mevagissey, 2,2oo; Padstow, 1,559; Red- Lanreath St. Clear Talland
ruth, 10,324; St. Agnes, 4,249; St. Anstell, 3,477 ; St. West Looe
Blazey, 2,705; St. Columb Major, 2,612 ; St. Germans, Lansallos St. Dominick

Lanteglos-by-FoweyJ:;t. Ive

Linkinhorne

2,384; St. Just-in-Penwith, 6,n9; St. Mawes, Stratton PENZANCE UNION.

823, and 'forpoint 2,425, are small towns. Gulval Perranuthnoe St. Micbael's Mount

The havens are numerous. Among them are Falmouth, Ludgvan St. Buryan Sancreed
Fowey, Padstow, St Mawes, Looe, St. Ives, Bude, Penzance,
Madron St. Erth Sennen
Porthleven, Mevagissey, Polperro, Saltash and Wadebridge.
In !877 the diocese of Truro, taken from the diocese of Marazion St. Hilary Towednack

Exeter, was formed, comprising the whole of the county of Morvah St. Ives Uny Lelant
Cornwall, and the parishes of Broadwood Widger, North
Paul St. Just-in-PenwithZennor

Penzance Borough St. Levan

Petherwyn, St. Giles-in-the-Heath, Virginstow and Werring- REDRUTH UNION.

ton in Devonshire, and divided into the archdeaconries of Camborne Gwithian Redruth

Bodmin and Cornwall. Bodmin archdeaconry is sub-divided Gwennap Illogan St. Stithians

into the deaneries of Bodmin, East, Stratton, Tr1gg .Major, Gwinear Phillack

'rrigg Minor, and West; Cornwall archdeaconry is sub- ST. AUSTlilLL UNION.

dived into the deaneries of Austell, Carnmarth, Kirrier, Creed St. Ewe St. MichaelCaerhays

Penwith, Powder and Pyder. Fowey St. Mewan St. Sampson

The county is in the Western circuit; the assizes and Gorran Gramponnd St. Stephen's- in-

quarter sessions, which were formerly beld at Lannceston, St. Austell Mevagissey Brannell

a most inconvenient place for the purpose, in the extreme St. Blazey Roche Tywardreath

north-east of the county, are now held at Bodmin. It is St. Dennis

divided into 16 Petty Sessional Divisions. ST. COLUMB UNION.

The Registration Districts are:- Cola:D. Padstow St. Ervan

No. Name. Area. Pop. 1891. Crantock St. Breock St. Eval

289 Stratton ... ... •••••• ..• .•• 54,4o6 .•• 7,122 Cubert St. Columb Major St. Issey
..• 6,9o6 Little Petherick
290 Camelford •••.••....••..• 51,866 ••• 15,874 Mawgan-in-Pyder St. Columb Minor St. Merryn
••• 17,827 Newlyn
291 Lannceston ....•.........• 1oo,889 St. Enoder St. Wenn
••• 26,477
292 St. Germans .•. .. . .•• .•• 42,728 ••• 18,194 ST. GERMANS UNION.

293 Liskeard ....••............ 107,441 ••• 15,384 Antony, with Tor-Maker St. Mellion
••• 31,032
294 Bodmin..................... 88,372 point Pillaton St. Stephen's -by-
.•• 33•709
295 St. Columb...... .•..•• •.• 78,579 ••• 24,556 Botnsfleming Quethiock Saltssh

296 St. Austell ••••.•••••••••• 58,266 ••• 22,II7 Laudrake, with St.Rame Saltash

297 Troro .•••••. .•..• .•. ••• ..• 8g,288 Emey St. Germans Sheviock

298 Falmouth... .•• ......•.•.•• 25,295 Landnlph St. John

299 Helston...... ... .••.••.••••• 73,333 SciLLY ISLANDS UNION.

300 Redruth ... .•• .•• ...••. ..• 40,426 ••• 49,243 Bryher Island St. Martin I.sland Sampson's Island
301 Penzance •.•..•.••..• ••..• 64,879 ••• 48,249 .
302 Scilly Islands ••• ••• ••• ••• 3,56o ••• J,gu St. Agnes Island St. Mary Island Tresco Island

DEV. & CORN. 64:» .

1012 CORNWALL. [ KELLY'S

STRATTON UNION. governor; chaplain and medical officer, same as civil prison;

Jacobstow Ivlorwenstow Stratton Rev. H. Augustine H. White, Catholic chaplain; John

Kilkhampton Poughill Week St. Mary James, clerk and storekeeper.

Launcells Poundstock Whitstone The County Lunatic Asylum, for the reception of private

Ma.rhamchurch St. Gennys patients and pauper lunatics, a little to the west of the

TRURO UNION. town of Bodmin, on a site of about 9 acres, consists of e1ght

Cornelly Perran-zabuloe St. Clement blocks of buildings radiating from a centre, with annexes

Cuby Philleigh or FilleighSt. Erme and detached blocks subsequently erected and residences for

Feock Probus St. Jnst-in-Roseland the various officers. The first portion, for Ioo patients, was

Gerrans Ruan-Lanihorne St. Michael Penkivel built in 1820 ; in 1842 the "high building" was added,

Kea St. Agnes 'fregavethan . and in 1848 a "new building" was built; a further enlarge-

Kenwyn St. Allen Tregony ment was made in 1867 by the erection of the Carew block;

Ladock St. Antbony- in -Truro (St. Mary) in 1873 an additional building was erected, and in 1884 an-

Lamorran Roseland Veryan other : there is a dining and recreation hall, Bo by 34 feet ;

Merther the asylum is now available for 760 patients ; the average

HUYDREDS AND PETTY SESSIONAL DIVISIONS. being, males 305, and females 366, 24 of the former and 23
of the latter being private patients. In an outer enclosure

The Hundreds and Petty Sessional Divisions are co- is a chapel, erected r85g-6r, at a cost, with subsequent en-

extensive and are as follow, with the places in each:- largement, of£1,515 ; it consists of apsidal chancel, nave of

Hundred of East (Middle Division) :-Callington, Lan- three bays, S9uth aisle, transept and porch, vestry, and a

dulph, Menheniot, Pillaton, Quethiock, St. Dominick, St. turret containing one bell : below the chapel is a crypt :

Ives, St. Mellion, South Hill. there are sittings for 350 persons. Richard Adams L.R.C.P..

Hundred of East (North Division) :-Egloskerry, Laneast, Edin. medical superintendent; Henry Albert Layton L.R.C.P.

La.unceston (St. Mary Magdalen), Lawhitton, Lewannick, Edin. and William Wood L.R.C.P.LOnd. assistant superin-

Lezant,Linkinhorne,North Hill, St Stephens-by-Launceston, tendents; Rev. William Iago B. A. chaplain and librarian;

St. Thomas the Apostle (Launceston), St. Thomas Street, Charles H. Rowe, clerk to the asylum and steward; John

South Petherwfn, Stoke Climsland, Tremaine, Tresmeer, Budge Crocker, storekeeper; Miss Eliza Templar Vicary,

Trewin. matron ; Miss Lanra Ekless, matron of private portion.

Hundred of East (South Division) :-Antony, Botusflem- 'rhe Royal Cornwall Infirmary, Truro, on an eminence at

ing, Landrake, Maker, Rame, St. Germans, St. John's, St. the top of Calenick street, near to the old road formerly

Stephen's-by-Saltash, Saltash, Sheviock, Vaultershome. leading to Falmouth, is a pl&in and spacious building of

Hundred of Kerrier :-Breage, Budock, Constantine, Cury, stone, erected by public subscription in 1799, but chiefly by

Falmouth, Germoe, Grade, Gunwalloe, Gwennap, Helston, the munificence of Francis, Lord de Dunstanville and Basset,

Landewednack, Mabe,Manaccan,Mawgan-in-Meneage,Maw- and supported by voluntary contributions ; it is well ar·

nan,Mullion, Mylor, Penryn, Perran-arworthal, Ruan Major, ranged and conducted, and contains 58 beds : in the hall of

Ruan Minor, St. Anthony-in-Meneage, St. Gluvias, St. the chief entrance is a marble tablet recording the munifi-

Keverne, St. Martin's-in-Meneage, St. Stithians, Sithney, cent liberality and unwearied exertions of Francis, Lord de

Vi'endron. Dunstanville: the number of in-patients admitted during

Hundred of Lesnewth :-Advent, Alternun, Davidstow, the year ending May 31, r8gz, was 358 ; number of opera-

Lanteglos-by-Camelford, Lesnewth, Michaelstow, Minster, tions, 82 ; accidents, 47; out-patient casualties, 129; out-

Otterham, Poundstock, St. Clether, Forrabury, St. Gennys, patients, 736. Edward Sharp and Alfred Lidgey Salmon,

St. Juliot, Tintagel, Treneglos, Trevalga, Warbstow. surgeons ; William Robert Miller B.A., M.n., B.ch. house

Hundred of Penwith :-Camborne, Crowan, Gulval, Gwi- surgeon; Rev. Frederick William Newman, chaplain; J.

near, Gwithian, Illogan, Ludgvan, Madron, Marazion, Mor- C. R. Crewes, secretary ; Miss L. E. Burgess, bead nurse

vah, Paul, Penzance, Perran-uthnoe, Phillack, Redruth, St. and housekeeper.

Buryan, St. Erth, St. Hilary, St. Ive, St. Just-in-Penwith, East Cornwall Hospital and Dispensary, Mount Folly,

St. Levan, St. Michael's Mount, S:tncreed, Sennen, Towed- Bodmin, established in r844, is a substantial building of

nack, Uny Lelant,Zennor. stone, arranged to receive 15 in-patients, and is supported

Hundred of Powder (East Division ):-l<'owey, Gorran, by voluntary contributions ; the average number of in-

Ladock, Lanlivery, Lostwithiel, Luxulyan. patients is about 45 and of out-pat1ents 430 ; Reginald Bean

Hundred of Powder (West Division) :-Corne!ly, Creed, Anderson. surgeon; Henry Durett Foster, hon. sec.; R. 'f.

Cuby, Gerrans, Grampound, Kea, Kenwyn, Lamorran, Cardell, dispenser ; Mrs. Ewens, matron.

Merther, Mevagissey, Philleigh or .Filleigh, Probus, Roche, The West Cornwall Infirmary, Penzance, established in

Ruan-Lanihorne, St. Allen, St. Anthony-in-Roseland, St. 1874, and the Dispensary, an older institution, dating from

Anstell, St. Blazey, St. Clement's, St. Dennis, St. Erme, St. 1809, now form one establishment in St. Clare street; a new

Ewe, St. Feock, St. J"ust-in-Roseland, St. Mewan, St.Michael wing was added in 1887 at a cost of £r,ooo, the joint dona-

Caerhayes, St. Michael Penkivel, St. Stephen's-in-Brannell, tion of Edward Thomas and William Bolitho esqrs.: there

St. Sampson's (or Golant), Tregavethan, Tregony, Truro, are r8 beds: during 1892 there were 124 in-patients and

Tywardreath, Veryan. 1,826 out-patients : the institution is supported by volun-

Hundred of Pyder :-Colan, Crantock,Cubert, Lanhydrock, tary contributions, and is efficiently conducted : James

Lanivet, Little Petherick, 1St. Mawgan-in-Pyder, Newlyn, Barclay Montgomery M.D. consulting physician ; Hugh

Padstow, Perran-zabuloe, St. Agnes, St. Breock, St. Columb Mayer Montgomerie M.D., c.M. physician; John Symons,

Major, St. Columb Minor, St. Enoder, St. Ervan, St. Eval, surgeon; Thomas Hacker Bodilly, hon. treasurer; John

St. Issey, St. Merryn, St. Wenn, Withiel. Batten Cornish, hon. sec.; William Harvey Julyan, assist.

Hundred of Stratton: -Boyton, Jacobstow, Kilkhampton, sec. and dispenser.

Launcells, Marhamchurch, Morwenstow, Poughill, St. Mary The Royal Cornwall Sailors' Home and Infirmary for Sea-
Week, Stratton, Whitstone.
men of all Nations, at Falmouth, established May 17, 1852,

Hundred of Trigg :-Blisland, Bodmin, Bodmin Borough, is a large structure of brick, available for about 6opatients;

Egloshayle, St. Endellion, Helland, St. Breward (or Simon- Alfred Benjamin Duckham, supt. and sec.

ward), St. Kew, St. Maybn, St. Minver, St. Teath, St. Tudy, The Cornwall Home for Destitute Little Girls, at Fal-

Temple. mouth, opened in October, r87r, is a building ofloeahtone,

Hundred of West ;-Boconnoc, Broadoak, Cardinham, relieved with granite and brick, and commands very exten·

Duloe, East Looe, Lanreath, Lansallos, Lanteglos-by-Fowey, sive views of both land and sea ; Miss Mary Ann Thomas,

Liskeard, Liskeard Borough, Looe Island, Morval, Pelynt,St. matron.

Cleer, St. Keyne, St. Martin's, St. Neot, St. Pinnock, St. DUCHY OF CORNWALL.

Veep, St. Winnow, Talland, Warleggan, West Looe. Office, Buckingham gate, St. James's park, London s w.

Her Majesty's Prison, at Berrycombe (Burcom), about Hours, 10 to 4·
half a mile north-east of the town of Bodmin, on the slope
The Prince of Walesr Council.

of an eminence facing southwards, was originally erected The Right Hon. Earl Ducie P.C. (Lord Warden of the Stan-

under a local Act of Parliament, 18 Geo. Ill. c. I7(I777-8), naries)

and rebuilt in 1855-58 from designs by Mr. Porter, archi- The Earl of Leicester K.G. (Keeper of the Privy Seal)

tect, of London ; it includes cells for 129 prisoners, resi- Right Hon. the Earl of Mount Edgcumbe P. c

dences for the governor and chaplain, and a chapel : in Lord Pla.yfair P.c., x.c.B., LL.D., F.R.S

I888, two blocks of buildings, formerly used for imprisoned Right Hon. Sir Henry James P.c., Q.c., M.P. (Attorney•

debtors and women, were detached, and constituted by General)

Admiralty warrant a Royal Naval prison, and were opened Col. Sir Robert Nigel Fitzhardinge Kingscote K.c.B. (Re-

as such 3 April in that year. Civil Prison :-William ceiver-General)

Stevens, chief warder-in~charge; Rev. Charles Boutfiower Gen. Sir Dighton Macnaghten Probyn K.C.B., K.c.s.I., v.c.

Simpson H. A. chaplain; Bartholomew Gidley Derry L.R.C.P. (Comptroller of the Household)

Land. medical officer; Joseph Barker, clerk. Royal Naval Sir Willi<~m George Andcrson K.C.B.

"Prison :-Commander Pea.rson Campbell Johnstone R.N. Maur1ce Holzrnan esq. (Secretary & Clerk of the Council)

JDIRECTORY. CORNWALL. 1013

Officers of the Duchy of Cornwall. No. 2.-The North Western or Camborne division comprises

Lord Warden of the Stannaries & ChiM Steward of the the sessional division of Penwith East (except so much as
Duchy of Cornwall & Devon, The Rt. Hon. EarlDncie P.C is comprised in divisian No. I) & the parishes of Gwennap
& St. .Agnes
Keeper of the Privy Seal, Earl of Leicester K.G
Attorney-General, Right Hon. Sir Hy. James P.c., Q.c., M. P No. 3.-The Truro division comprises the sessional divisions
Receiver-General, Col. Sir Robert Nigel Fitzhardinge Kings- of Kerrier East (except so much as is comprised in division
No. 2), Kerrier West & Powder West (except so much as
cote K.C.B
Constable of Launceston Castle, Right Hon. Lord Halsbury is comprised in division No. 2) & the municipal boroughs
P.C of Falmouth, Helston, Penryn & Truro
No. 4.-The Mid or St. A.ustell division comprises the
Auditor, Lesley Charles Probyn esq
Secretary & Keeper of the Records, Maurice Holzmann esq sessional divisions of Powder East, Powder South & Pyder
& the parishes of Ladock & St. Blazey
Solicitor, Thornhill B. Heathcote esq
No. 5.-The South Eastern or Bodmin division comprises the
Assistant Secrehry, Theodore Seton Dury esq
sessional divisions of East South, Powder Tywardreath
Deputy-RP.ceiver, Mr. A. E. Gillett
(except so much as is comprised in division No. 4) &
Clerk Surveyor, Mr. W. Kirk
West Hundred, the municipal boroughs of Bodmin &
Clerks, Messrs. C. Ortner, G. Bartlett & G. Pottinger
Liskeard & the parishes of Bodmin, Helland & Lanivet
Deputy ::::!teward & Record Clerk, Mr. J. C. Pearce
Sheriff of Cornwall, Edward William Brydges Willyams esq No. 6.-The North Eastern or Launceston division com-
prises the sessional divisions of East Middle, East North,
Land Steward, G. Herriot esq
Lesnewth, Stratton & Trigg (except so much as is com-
Agent & Surveyor, Manor of Kennington, Mr. C. Baker
prised in division No. 5)
Mineral Inspector, T. Forster Brown esq
Rider & Master Forester of the Forest of Dartmoor, The Under the provisions of the above !mentioned Act, the
boroughs of Bodmin, Helston, Launceston, Liskeard. St.
Earl of Ducie P.c., F.R.S
Ives & Truro were deprived of independent representatiOn
Steward of the Manor Courts, Maurice Holzmann esq
& merged into the county, & Penryn & Falmouth lost

THE STANNARIES OF CORNWALL AND one member
DEVON.
MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT.

LORD WARDEN OF THE STANNARIES, Right Hon. Earl Mid Division, William Alexander McArthur esq. 28 Wilton
Ducie P.c., F.R.s
street s w ; & Reform, Devonshire & National Liberal
JUDGE AND OFFICERS OF THE COURT OF THE VICE- clubs s w & City Liberal club E c London

"\VARDEN OF THE 8TANNARIES. North Ea::;tern Division, Thomas Owen esq. Henley grove,

Vice-Warden & Judge of the Court, Herbert W. Fisher esq. "\Vestbury-on-Trym, Bristol; Belmont house, Llandaff,
DEPUTY WARDENS.
Cardiff; & National Liberal club, London s w

North Western Division, Charles Augustns Vansittart Cony-

*Rashleigh Sir Colman bart. B.A beare esq. B.A. Tregullow, Scorrier R.S.O. Cornwall; &

St. Levan Lord B.A. 42 l!pper Gros>enor street, London Queen Anne's mansions s w; Sa>ile club w & National

*Graves-Sawle Sir Charles Brune bart. B.A. Penrice, Liberal club s w London

St. Auste\l South Eastern Division, Right Hon. Leonard Henry Court-

*Tremayne John esq. B. A. Heligan, St. Austell ney P.c., M.A. I4 Cheyne walk ; & l{eform & Athenreum

Vivian Lord K.C.l\LG., c.B., F.R.G.s clubs, London s w

Viv1an Arthur Pendarves esq. Glenavon, Taibach, S. "\Vales Truro Division, John Charles Williams esq. Caerhays castle,

Willyams Edwd. Wm. Brydges esq. Carnanton, St. Columb St. Michael Caerhays, St. Austell ; & Werrington park,

Pendarves William Cole esq. B.A. Pendarves, Camborne Launceston

Enys Francis Gilbert esq. Enys, Penryn Western Division, Thomas Bedford Bolitho esq. D. L., J.P.

Willyams Arthur Champion Phillips esq. Tolcarne house, 'frewidden, Penzance; Greenway house, Brixham, S.

St. Columb R.S.O Devon; & Union club, London s w

Gurney Charles esq. Trebursye, Launceston MILITARY.
Acland Chas. Thos. Dyke esq. M.A. Sprydoncote, Broadclyst

Borlase William Copeland esq. M.A., F.S.A Bodmin is the depot of the Regim~ntal District No. 32,

St. Aubyn Col. Edward, Glynn, Bodmin The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infa'ltry which is formed

St. Aubyn Major Hon. John Townshead, Grenadier Guards of the 1st Battalion (32nd Foot), the 2nd Battalion (46th

Polwbele 'fhomas Roxburgh esq. M.A. Polwhele, Truro Foot) & the 3rd Battalion (Royal Cornwall Rangers Mil-

Clerk to the General Meetings, R. M. Paul,Princes st. Truro itia), the latter having their head quarters also in Bodmin.

Names marked * are for Cornwall only, the remainder for Devon & Full particulars will be found at page I04I
Cornwall.
VOLUNTEERS.

Registrar, Frederick Marsball esq. ; office, Market, Strand, 1st Cornwall (Duke of Cornwall's) Artillery, Western Di-

Truro ; residence, 6 Strangways terrace, Truro vision .Royal Artillery : battalion staff-Hon. Col. W.

Secretary to Vice-Warden & Clerk to the General Meetings, R. Gilbert c.n. commanding; Hon. Lieut.-C,ol T. W.

Robert Macleane Paul esq. M. A.· Truro Field, major ; Capt. William Henry Mills R.A. adjutant :

Clerks- Assistants to the Registrar, William Thomas Joseph Rogers, quartermaster ; Drill shed, The Bar,

Kendall, 7 Harrison terrace, Truro; "\Villiam Burns, 2 Falmouth. Companies-No. I, Hon. Major Wm. S.allport.

Princes street, .Agar road, Truro Padstow ; No. 2, Hon. Majo1· Reginald A. Peter;

Collector, Thomas Chirgwin Surg.-Lieut. J. T. Harty, medical officer; Rev. E.

Usher, William B. Morris D. Jones, acting chaplain, East Looe; No. 3, Capt. A.

Constable, William Woolcock · Carnal!, Fowey; No. 4, Hon. Major W. T. Lovering;

The Stannaries Courts for Cornwall and Devon are held Surg.-Capt. W. Mason, medical officer; Rev. A. H. Ferr1s,

at Truro, usually in February, May, August and November, acting chaplain, Charlestown ; No. 5, Hon. Major J.

the days bein>{ fixed at the close of each preceding sitting Polkinhorne, Par; No. 6, Hon. Major H. H. Trevithick ;

which generally occupy about two weeks, and the Vice- B. T. Vivian, hon. assistant surgeon, Hayle; No. 7, Capt.

Warden also often sits elsewhere, and in intermediate times, P. Marrack, Penz:lnce; No. 8, Capt. 0. Caldwell; Surg.-

to hear petitions to wind up. Lieut. J. Mudge, medical officer, Marazion; No. g, Hon.

Registration Office for IncorporatedMiningCompanies within Major R. Thomas, St. Just-in-Penwith; No. 10, Hon.

tbe Stannaries. The Office of the Registrar of the Court Major William Henry Christoe, Surg.-Lieut. W. K. Bull-

of the Vice-Warden of the Stannaries at Truro; hours, more M.D. medical otlicer, Drill shed, The Bar, Falmouth;

Io a. m. to 4 p.m No. II, Capt. Arthur H. James, St. Buryan

Assistant Registrar of Joint Stock Companies formed for Under the Home Defence Mobilization Scheme the following

working Mines within the Jurisdiction of the Court of the Battalions form part of the Plymouth Bri,5ade

Vice-Warden of the Stannaries, F. MarshaU esq. registrar Head Quarters, Ivybridge, South Devon

of the said court ; office, the Registrar's office of Stan- Commanding Brigade, Hon. Major-Gen. M. A. H. J. Heriot

naries Court at Trnro Brigade Major, Major F. M. Eden

Supply & Transport Officer, Major L. E. Bearne, 5th Vol.
PARLIAMENTARY REPRESENTATIO~ OF COR~­ Hat. Devon R
WALL.
Brigade-Surg.-Lieut.-Col. D. Thompson, 2nd Vol. Bat. Duke

Cornwall formerly returned four members in two divi- of Cornwall's L.I

sions, but under the provisions of the "Redistribution of Ist Volunteer Battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry:

~eats Act, 1885," it now returns six members in six battalion staff-Hon.Col. U. J. Smith, corrimanding;W.E

divisions Rosewarne, major ; Hon. Major C. W. Bo,1t, instructor of

No. I.-The Western or St. Ives division comprises theses- musketry; Brevet-Major George A. Ashby, adjutant;

sional division of Penwith West (including the Scilly Hon. Capt. W. J. Tyack, quartermaster; head quarters,

Islands), the municipal boroughs of Penzance & St. Ives, Drill hall, Berkeley vale, Falmouth. Companies-A,

& the parishes of St. Erth & Uny-Lelant Capt. T. H. Cornish, Corn exchange, Penzance; B, Hon.

1014 CORNWALL. [ K E L L Y 7S

Major C. W. Boot; Surg.-Lieut. J. T. Thomas, medical Looe, East, market days, wed. & sat

officer, Wheal Gurry, Camborne ; C, Capt. Tom A. Looe, West, May 6, for cattle & pleasure; market days,

Grylls ; Hon. Surg.-Major R. C. M. Pooley, medical wed. k sat

officer; D, Hon. Major E. W. Caru-Wilson, Helston; Lost.withiel, market day, fri.; cattle markets, third tues. in

E, Hon. Major W. F. Sharp & F, Hon. Major G. H. every month

Chilcott, Pydar street, Truro; G, Capt. V. Pearce, Hayle; Ludgvan, second tues. in October, for cattle

H, Hon. Major H. Grylls, Coose lane, Redruth; I, Capt. Marazion, September 29

John Jeffery, Gweek; J, Hon. Major Richard White, Cape Mevagissey, St. Peter's day; market day, sat

Cornwall street, St. Just-in-Penwith; K, Capt. Norman Mitchell, October 1,5, for cattle

Gray, Bowling green, Penryn Mullion, feast on the nearest sun. to November 4

2nd Volunteer Battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry; Mylor, feast on the nearest sun. to October 25

battalion staff-Hon.Col. L. C. Foster, commanding; Hon. Padstow, first tues. in May, for cattle, sheep &horses; mar-

Lieut.-Cols. R. Parson & B. Childs, majors ; Capt. M. F. ket day, sat

Hitchins, instructor of musketry ; Capt. H. G. Morris, Pelynt, first tues. in February & June 24, for cattle

adjutant; Hon. Capt. J. K. Martyn, quartermaster; head Penrose (St. Ervan), May 25

quarters, Honey st. Bodmin. Companies-A, Capt. Wm. Penryn, wed. after March 6, May 12, July 7, October 8 &

Sargent: Surg.-Capt.W. Nettle, medical officer, Drill hall, December 21, for cattle; market dav, sat

Market buildings, Liskeard; B, Capt. Edward Lethbridge
Penzance, Corpus Christi day & two following days ; mar-

Marsack, Callington; C, Capt. Thomas C. Langdon, ket days, tues. thurs. & sat. ; cattle market, third thurs.

Castle street, Launceston ; D, Capt. M. T. Hitchins, St. in January, February, April, July, August, October &

Austell ; E, Hon. Major Peter Baron; Rev. E. S. Shuttle- December

worth M.A. acting chaplain, Bodmin ; ! of E, Hon. Major Pillaton, Whitsun tuesday, for pleasure & cattle

P. Baron, North street, Lostwithiel; F, Hon. Major Polbathic, market day every second tues. in the month

Samuel S. Hambly, Wadebridge; G, Hon. Major William Praze, July 15, for cattle & pleasure; a feast on the nearest

M. Cardell, The Armoury, St. Columb; H, Capt. Horace sun. to Candlemas (Feb. 2)

Hayes Montgomery Lawrence, Camelford; I, Capt. R. C. Quethiock, last mon. in January, for cattle

Revell; Surg.-Capt. R. T. Meadows M.B. medical officer, Redruth, Easter tuesday, May 2, August 3 & October 12 &

Saltash a holiday fair on Whitsun monday; market days,tues.&fri

CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. Roche, day before Holy thursday, third tues. in July &
second tues. in October ; parish feast, first sun. after
Falmouth, the Right Hon. the Earl of Kimberley K.G., P.c. the first tues. in June
president; Robert Milford Tweedy, treasurer; Frederick St. Agnes, market on thurs. for the sale of all sorts of wares
J. Bowles, Arwenack street, Falmouth, sec
St. Austell, April 5, May gx, July 26, October 19 & Novem-

FAIRS AND MARKETS. ber go, for cattle; market day, fri
St. Blazey, market day, sat

Alternun (Five Lanes), moo. week after June 24 & on last St. Breward, first thurs. after June 24 &; the thurs. nearest

mon. in September for cattle September 25

Blisland, moo. after September n, the Festival of St. St. Buryan, fair, first tues. in March, for sheep & cattle, & a

Prothus, for horses, cattle & sheep ; & a fair is held at feast on the sun. nearest May 13

Pounds Cawnse the last mon. in November St. Columb Major, cattle market, third mon. in every month,

Bodmin, January 25, on one day at Easter & two days at except March & November, when fairs are held on the

Whitsuntide, July 6 & December 6, for cattle & horses ; first thurs. after Mid Lent sunday & first thurs. after

market days, wed. & sat ; a cattle market is held the first November 12; market day, thurs

moo. in every month except those on which fairs are held St. Columb Minor, June 9, for oxen, horses & sheep; parish

Boscastle, August 5 & Nov. 22, for lambs, sheep & cattle feast nearest sun. to November 15

Bridgend (St. Winnow), third tues. in January & February St. Day, third week after Whitsuntide; market day, sat

Bude, September 22 St. Dennis, a feast on October 9 if it fall on a sun. if not, on

Ca1lington, market day, wed.; a large cattle market the first the sun. following

wed. in every month St. Dominick, first thurs. after May 12, for cattle

Cambormi, March 7, Whit Tuesday, June 29 & Nov. II St. Germans, May 28, for cattle

Camelford, first fri. after March xo, May 26, July 17 & x8, St. Ives, sat. nearest St. Andrew's day

Sept. 6, & first fri. after Nov. xo; market day, fri St. Just-in-Penwith, market day, sat

Canworthy (Jacobstow), first wed. in June & September 18 St. Merryn, mon. before the second tue.'!. in May, for cattle

Chacewater, June 24 ; market day, sat & sheep

Cury, a feast on the nearest sun. to November 2, or to All St. Neot, first tues. in April & November, for cattle

S9uls' day St. Stythians, nearest mon. to July xg, for horses·& cattle

Devoral'l, market on fri St. Teath, last tues. in February & first tues. in July

Falmouth, market day, sat Stoke Climsland, May 29, for cattle & sheep

Fowey, Shrove Tuesday, :May x & Sept. 10; market day, sat Stratton, May x9, November 8 & December 11: market

Gramponnd, market day, fri day, tues

Grampound Road, cattle market the fourth mon. in every Summer Court, September 25, for cattle & horses

month Tintagel, mon. following October x8 for cattle

Gunnislake, market day, sat Treganatha (St. Wenn), May 6 & August 1

Helston, Whit Monday, July2o, September 9 & October 28; 'frewithian (Gerrans), in May, for cattle

market day. sat.; cattle markets, the second & last wed. Truro, wed. in Whitsun-week, November 19 & December 8

in each montb. & a horse fair in September ; market days, wed. & sat. ;

Kilkhampton, thurs. before Holy Thursday, first thurs. in cattle markets, the first & third wed. in every month

July & August 26 Tywardreath, June xo, for cattle ; parish feast on St. An-

Lanreath, third week after Shrove Tuesday, usually in drew's day

March, also on Whit Tuesday & November x8, for cattle Wadebridge, July 22 ; market days, tues. & wed. ; cattle

Lansallos, July xo market, second tues. in every month

Launceston, market day, sat. ; cattle market, last wed. in Wainhouse Corner (Jacobstow), Lady day, June 34, Septem·

each month ber 29 & November 5, for bullocks, sheep & horses

Lelant, August 15, for cattle Week St. Mary, July 29, September xs & wed. before

Liskeard, cattle market, second mon. in every month, ex- Christmas day

cepting in October, when St. Matthew's fair for cattle & Wendron, July 27 & September 29, for cattle & sheep

pleasure is held ; market day, sat









.1DIRECTORY CORNWALL. 1015

• •

COUNTY COUNCIL. •

-----·-

Local Government Act, 1888, 51 & 52 Vie. c. 41.

Under this Act the county of Cornwall, after the 1st April, the County Council, to be appointed as therein mentioned

188g, for the purposes of the above Act becomes an (sec, g).

.administrative county (sec. 46), to be governed by a The coroners for the county will in future be elected by the

.County Council, to consist of chairman, aldermen and County Council, and the clerk of the peace will be

i:onncillors (the number of councillors being determined appointed by such joint committee, and may be removed

by the Local Government Board) to be ele.cted in manner by them (sec. 83-2).

prescribed by the Act (sec. 2). The clerk of the peace for the county shall also be the

"The chairman shall, by virtue of his office, be a justice of clerk of the County Council (sec. 83-t).

the peace for the county, without qualification (sec. 46). The administrative business of the county (which would,
if this Act hM not been passed, have been transacted by

·The police for the county will be under the control of a the justices) shall be transacted by the County Council.

standing joint committee of the Quarter Sessions and The Scilly Isles have a separate council, formed in 1892.

Meet at Municipal buildings, Truro.
Chairman-Rt. Hon. Earl of Mount Edgcumbe P.c.
Vice-Chairman-William Cole Pendarves esq.

ALDERMEN.

Retire in 1895· Retire in 18gB.
Chenhalls Alfred, St. Just-in-Penwith
(Jollins Digby J.P. Newton Ferrcrs, Callington Bennett Rd.GullyJ.P.Tresillian ho. St.Columb Minor R.S.O
Dingle John Wiliiams, Darley, Linkinhorne, Callington Boaden John, Skyburriow, Mawgan-in-Meneage R.S.O
Foster Richard J.P. Lanwithan, Lostwithiel Bolitho Thomas Robins J.P. Penalverne, Penzance
Hosken Samuel, Loggans, Hayle Hawk William J.P. Kernick, St. Mellion R.S.O
..Jose John J.P. Mellingey, Perranwell Station R.S.O Heard Edward Goodridge, Boscawen street, Truro
Pendarves William Cole J.P. Pendarves, Camborne Hext Francis John J.P. Tredethy, St. Mabyn, Bodmin
Sawle Sir Charles B. Graves hart. J.P. Penrice, St. Austell Pethybridge Edward J.P. Manaton house, Launceston
.Smith George John J.P. Treliske, Truro Robartes Lord, Lanhydrock, Bodmin
Tresawna Henry, Lamellyn, Probus R.S.O 'fonkin Rev. John, Treverven, St. Buryan, Penzance
Williams Michael Henry J.P. Pencalenick, Truro
Williams Giles, Barn, Ruan Lanihorne, Grampound Road Williams Richard Harris C.E. Cuddra, St. Austell

CouNCILLORS.

Electoral Division. Names & Addresses. Electoral Division• Names and Addresses.

.Altarnun ............... EdmundHarveyCardell,Westpether- Launceston Borough... Christopher Lethbridge Cowlard,
win, Southpetherwin, Launceston Madford, Launceston

.Antony .................. Walter Deeble Boger D.L.,J.P.,Wols- Liskeard Borough...... LewisCharlesFoster J.P. ThcCoombe,

don, Antony, Plymouth Liskeard

Bodmin .................. Henry Durrette Foster, Treledan,

Bodmin Looe ..................... Thomas Henry Hicks, Looe R.S.O

.Breage .................. George Treweeke, 'frequean, Breage, Lostwith1el............... James Thomas, Tregays, St. Win~

Helston nows, Lostwithiel

.Budock .................. Lieut.-Col. William RGus Tresillian Ludgvan.................. William King Baker, Tredorwan,

Pender J.P. Budockvean, Constan- Towednack, Penzance

tine, Penryn Madron .................. William Bolitho, jun. J,P, Ponsan-

.Callington ............... James Waiter Lawry, Bohetherick, dane, Penzance

St. Dominick, St. Mellian R.S.O Maker .................. Rt. Hon. Earl of :Mount Edgcumbe

'Calstock .................. Albert Bowhay,Gunnislake,Tavistck P.c.(chairman)

<Jamborne :- Marazion ............... Gilbert Bennett Pearce,TheBeeches,

North .................. William Henry Bunt, Commercial Hayle

street, Camborne Menheniot ............... John Snell Tucker, Pathada, Men-

.South ... .•• ••• ...... ... Thomas Fiddick, Beacon house, The heniot, Liskeard

Cross, Camborne Mevagissey............... JohnTremayneJ.P.Heligan,St Austll

West .................. Charles Richard Rosewarne,Lanyon, Mylor ..................... Col. Arthur Tremayne J.P. Carclew,

Gwinear, Hayle Perranwell Station R.S.O

(Ja.melford ............... Nicholas Harris, 'frewannion, Les- Newquay ............... 1.\'lichael Williams J. P. Morfa, Newqy

. newth, Boscastle R.S.O Padstow .................. Hart Key, Penquain, South Breock,

Falmouth Borough ... ThomasWebber,Woodville,Falmouth Wadebridge

Falmouth ................ William Michell Grylls,The Cottage, Paul ..................... William Edward Baily, Lynwood,

Gyllyngvase, Falrnonth Pr ul, Penzance

-Grampound ............ CharlesEdwinDavis,Trethosa downs, Penryn Borough ...... Ed ward Dixou Anderton, Oakroyd,

St. Stephen's-in-Branwell, Gram- Falmouth

pound Road Penzance Borough :-

Gwennap ............... John Rooke, Carew house, St. Day, East Ward............ George Paulle Bazeley, Penzance

Scorrier R.S.O West Ward ......... Maj.Jn.Jas.Ross, 'frevean, Penzance

Helland .................. Richard Sobey Olver, Trescowe, Phillack .................. Francis Harvey .J.P. Glanmor,Hayle

Washaway R.S.O Probus .................. James Hendy J.P. Trutham, St.

Helston Borough ...... Frederick Vivian Hill, Penhellis, 1Redrnth .................. Em~e, Truro
Helston Alfred Lanyon, Tolvean, Redrnth

Tilogan:- , .................. Tom Moore, Pare Vean, Redruth

~ orth .................. David Wise Bain J.P. Glenfeadon, Roche ... .•• ............ ... Frederick Robert Ray,Weston house,
Portreath, Redruth St. Austell

South .................. John Vivian, Trevu, Ca.mborne Roseland.................. John Charles Williams K.P. Caer·

Kea ........................ John Claude Daubuz D.L., .J.P. hayes castle, St. Michael Caer~

Killiow, Kea, Truro hayes, St. Anstell

Kenwyn ................... Robert Dobell, jun. Parkvedras Saint Agnes ............ George Coulter Hancock, Coulter
house, Truro villa, St. Agnes, Scorrier R.S.O

Lanreath ............... Francis Boiler Howell.J.P. Etby, St. Saint..lustell ............ Francis Barratt,Prideaux,St.Blazey,
Winnow, Lostwithiel Par Station R.S.O

1016 [KELLY'S

COUNCILLORS-continued,

Electoral Division. Names and Addresses. Electoral Division. Names and Addresses.

Saint Blazey •••••••••••• John Polkinhorne, St. Blazey, Par Sithney .................. Rev. St. Aubyn Render Molesworth-

Station R.S.O St. Aubyn M.A., J.P. Clowance

Saint Buryan............ Henry Laity, Penrose, Sennen, Pen- Camborne

zance Stoke Climsland ...... Simon Philp Rattenbury, Polhilsa

Saint Cleer............... Edward Peter Kittow, Patrieda, house, Stoke Climsland, Callington
0
Linkinhorne, Callington
SLratton .......••.....•... George Brenden,Broomhill,Poughill.

Saint Columb .......... Henry Jenkiu Rowse, Carworgie, Stratton RS.O

St. Columb R.S.O Truro Borough:-

Saint Germans ......... Richard Edwin Paige J.P. Treboul, East Division......... Sylvanus Travail M.s.A. 8o Lemon
0 street, Truro
~t. Germans

Saint Ives Borough .•• Edwin Hain, jun. The Terrace, St. West , ...... ... Thomas Chirgwin, 26 River st. Trur()

Ives , Tintagel .................. John May, Suffenton, St. Teath.

Saint Just ............... Richard White, Trewellard,.St. Just- Camelford

in-Penwith, Penzance Tywardreath ............ Evelyn William Rashleigh .T,P. Kil-

Saint Keverne ...... 0 .. John Coad, Treleage, St. Keverne, marth, Par Station R.S. 0

Helston Week St. Mary ......... William Bray, Ogbeare Hall farm,

Saint Kew ...... ... ...... Charles Menhenick, Lower Amble, North Tamerton, Holsworthy

St. Kew, Wadebridge R.S.O Wendron .........•.... , Richard Gundry Rows, Tresprison.

Saltash .................. Lord Kingsale, Stoketon, Saltash Wendron, Helston

LIST OF THB MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL•OF 1'HE COUNTY OF CORNWALL, ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY, AND THE

ELECTORAL DIVISIONS FOR WHICH THEY RESPECTIVELY ii'I'.

Name. Electoral Division. Name. Electoral Division.

Anderton Edward Dixon ............ Penryn Borough Laity Henry.............................. St. Buryan

Baily William Edward .............. Paul Lanyon Alfred ........................... Redruth

Bain David Wise .J.P .................. Illogan North Lawry James Waiter ......... 0 ........ Callington

Baker William King .................. Ludgvan May J8hn ................................ Tintagel

Barratt Francis ........................ St. Austell :Menhinick Charles ..................... St. Kew

Bazeley George Paulle ...... ...... ..• Penzance Borough Moore Tom .... ........... ...... ...... ... Redruth

(Eastern Ward) Mount Edgcumbe Earl of P.c........ Maker

Boger Waiter Deeble D.L., J.P ...... Antony Olver Richard Sobey .................. Helland

Bolitho William, jun. D.L., J.P...... Madron Paige Richard Edwin J.P ............ St. Germans

Bowhay Albert......... ... ...... ..... .... Calstock Pearce Gilbert Bennett ............... Marazion

Bray William ........................... Week St. Mary · Pender Lieut.-Col. William Rous

Brendon George ........................ Stratton Tresillian J.P........................... Budock

Bunt William Henry .................. Camborne North Polkinghorne John ..................... St. Blazey

Cardell Edmund Harvey ............ Altarnun Rashleigh Evelyn William J.P ...... Tywardreath

Chirgwin Thomas ..................... Truro Borough Rat~nbury Simon Philip ............ Stoke Climsland

(Western Ward) Ray Frederick Robert.................. Roche

Coad John................................ St. Keverne Rooke John .............................. Gwennap

Cowlard Christopher Lethbridge... Launceston Borough Rosewarne Charles Richards......... Camborne West

Daubuz John Claude D.L., .J.P ...... Kea Ross Maj.JohnJames.................. Penzance Borough

Davis Charles Edwin .................. Grampound (Western Ward)

Dobell Robert, jun ..................... Kenwyn Rows Richard Gundry ............... Wendron

Fiddick Thomas ... Camborne South0 .................... Rowse Henry Jenkin .................. St. Columb

Foster Henry Durette.................. Bodmin Borough St. Anbyn Rev. St. Aubyn. Hender

Foster Lewis Charles J.P ............ Liskeard Borough Molesworth- M.A., J.P............... Sithney

Grylls William Michell ............... Falmouth Thomas James........................... Lostwithiel

Hain Edward, jun ..................... St. Ives Borough Tremayne Col. Arthur D.L., J.P .. Mylor

Han.cock George Coulter ............ St. Agnes Tremayne John J.P..................... Mevagissey

Harris Nicholas ........................ Camelford Trevail Silvanus M.S.A ............... Truro Borough

Harvey Francis J.P..................... Phillack 0 (Eastern \Vard)

Hendy James .J.P........................ Probus Treweeke George........................ Breage

Hicks Thomas Henry .... .. .. .... .. ... • Looe Tucker John Snell ... ...... ... ... ...... Menheniot

Hill Frederick Vivian.................. Helston Borough Vivian John .............................. Illogan, South

Howell Fran.cis Buller J.P ............ Lanreath Webber Thomas ........................ Palmouth Borough

Key Hart ......... ......... ... ... ... ... ... Padstow White Richard."......................... St. Just

Kingsale Lord ........................... SaJtash Williams Michael J.P .................. Newquay

Kittow Edward Peter.................. St. Cleer Williams John Charles !ll.P ......... Roseland

Clerk of the County Council, H. S. Stokes.
County Offices, Bodmin.

COUNTY OFFICIAlS.

County Treasurer, Wm. Coode,'St. AustellBank, St. Austell Truro; deputy, William Kerby, Quay street, Truro;

County Analyst, John James Beringer F.CoS. Camborne Eastern district, David Thompson L.R.C.P.Edin. Southgate

County Surveyors, Eastern division, Silvanus William district, Launceston.; deputy, William Fookes Thompson

Jenkin, Parade, Liskeard; Western division, Thomas MoB., CoM. Riverside, St. Stephen's, Launceston; Western

James Hickes, Corn Exchange, Truro district, George Pascoe Grenfell, 16 Alverton street, Pen·

Coroners for the County, Bodmin district, Edward Gilbert zance; deputy, Geo. Ley Bodilly, 5 Clarencest. Penzance

Hamley, Fore street, Bodmin; deputy, Robert Phillipps Inspectors of Weights & Measures, Eastern division, Arthur

Edyvean, Mount Folly square, Bodmin; Liskeard district, Thomas Ainsworth, Turf street, Bodmin; Western divi-

Albert Charles Lyne Glubb, West street, Liskeard; sion, William Futcher, Penrrn street, Redruth

deputy, Albert de Castro Glubb, West street, Liskeard; Veterinary Inspector, Edward Richard Smythe M.R.c.v.s. z

Central district, E. Laurence Carlyon, 16 Lemon street, Harbour terrace, Falmouth

'

DIRECTORY,] CORNWALL. 1017

GEOLOGY OF CORNWALL.

INATURAL HISTORY AND ScrENTIFW SociETIEs.-Cornwa.ll The ordinary description of the rocks of Cornwall-" Four
Royal Polytechnic Society; Fa.lmouth : Annual Report. or five islands of granite rising from a sea of clay-slate "-is

Royal Institution of Cornwall ; Truro : Journal. Miners' I sufficiently true to be taken as a starting pt>int. A bare and

Association of Cornwall and Devonshire ; Truro : Papers and wind-swept peninsula, the wealth of Cornwall lies under and

Proceedings. Plymouth Institution and Devon and Corn- not on the soil and in the seas that lave her shores, as

wall Natural History Society; Plymouth : Annual Report witness the old Cornish toast-" Fish, tin and copper."

nnd Transactions. Royal Geological Soeiety of Cornwall; In describing the rocks of Cornwall, we shall begin with

Penzance: Transactions and Reports. Penzance Natural the oldest or first-formed; and at first sight the task"'llight

History and Antiquarian Society. seem to be an easy one. The fact, however, is that the

MU:'lEUMs.-Falmouth Museum; Natura] History and stratified rocks of this district have been so interfered with,

Anti]uarian Society's Museum, Penzance; Museum of the upheaved, dislocated and altered by the presence and intru-

.H.oyal Geological Society of Cornwall, Penzance; Museum sion of igneous rocks; their fossils are so few, indistinc'

of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, Truro. or wanting, and they have been so little studied apart from

PUDLICA'l'IOYS OF THE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY.--::-Maps.- the metallic ores which they contain, that their exact rela-

Sheets : 24, Coast from Bolt Head to East Looe, Plymouth ; tions and order of successiOn are far from being thoroughly

2;, L:1.unceston, Tavistock, Callington, Dartmoor ; 26, determined or worked out. The geological map of the county

BtLleford, Holsworthy, Ha.therleigh; 29, Coast from Hart- was executed by De 1a Beche forty or fifty years ago, before

land Point to Cambeak; 30, Camelford, St. ColumQ, Bodmin; the establishment of the Geological Survey ; and although it

3 I, St. Austell, Camborne, Redruth ; 32, Lizard Head ; 33, is a surprising work of skill for the time and as the result of

J••md's End, Penzance. Books.-Report on the Geology of' one man's labour, yet it does not exhibit the detail which we

Cornwall, Devon and West Somerset, by De la Beche, 14s. now consider necessary. When maps of the region on the

P~lreozoic Fossils of Cornwall, Devon and West Somerset, scale of six inches to a mile shall have been completed by the

by Prof. Phillips. Ordnance Survey, then our Government Geological Survey

IMPORTANT WoRKS OR PAPERS ON LOCAL GEOLOGY. will take the matter in hand, and we shall have minute and

List by Mr. Whitaker of 654 works by 237 authors in No. accurate coloured maps showing the extent and position af

xl'i. of,the Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall. every bed of rock.

1875. 1868. Roll, Dr. H. B. Older Rocks of East Corn- SrLURIAN FORM.l.TION.-On the south coast from Chapel

wall. Journ. Geol. Soc., vol. xxiv. p. 400. 1870. Peach, Point past the Dodman and round Veryan Bay to Gerran

C. W.-Cornish Fossils. Report Brit. Assoc. 1869, p. 99· Bay, we find the cliffs composed of grits and grey quartzites.

187r. Collins, J. H.~Handbook to the Mineralogy of Corn- In these rocks at Gorran Haven (Carn Goran) Mr. Peach was

wall and Devon. Truro and Lond. 187I. Allport, S.- the fi.rst to find fossils, such as the brachiopod shells, Orthis

Phonohte from the Wolf Rock. Geol. Mag., vol. viii. pp. 247, calligramma, 0. elegantula, Strophomena grandis, the trilo-

336. 1872. Pengelly, W.-Insulation of St. Michael's Mount. bites Homalonotus bisulcatus, Calyrnene parvijrons, cfc. ;

Jllurn. Roy. Inst. Cornwall, No. xiii. p. 81. 1872. Pattison, these show the beds to be of aboat the same age as the

~. R.-Upper Ltmits of the Devonian System. Proc. Geol. Upper Bala Beds (Lower Silurian of Murchison) of North

A'lSoc., vol. ii. p. 277. 1872. Henwood, W. J.-Metalliferous Wales. The strata dip south-east, or towards the sea, and

DJposits of Cornwall. Journ. Roy. Inst. Cornwall, No. xii. may be separated f!'om the adjoining Devonian slates by a

p. 9· r873. Collins, J. H.-Mining District of Cornwall and fault, or (as Sedgwick believed) the strata may be inverted

West Devon. Proc. Inst. Mechan. Eng. for 1873, p. 89. 1875· by the great disturbances to which the country has been sub-

Phillips, J. A.-The Mining Districts of Cornwall. Journ. jected and thus made to rest upon the Devomans instead of

G3ol. Soc., vol. xxxi. p. 319. 1876. Belt, T.-The Drift of lying beneath them as they naturally would do.

Cornwall. Journ. Geol. Soc., vol. xxxii. p. 8o. 1876. Phillips, DEVONIAN FoRM:ATION.-The beds of this age consist

J. A.-The so-called "Greenstones" of Western Cornwall. largely of clay-slate, locally known as killas or shillet; near

Journ. Geol. Soc., vol. xxxii. p. I 55· r878. Phillips, J. A.- the granite this is usually of a green or violet hue, changing

"Greenstones" of Central and Eastern Cornwall. Journ. as the distance from the igneous rocks increases, to grey,

Geol. Soc., vol. xxxiv. p. 471. 1878. Foster, Dr. C. Le Neve. blue, or buff; beds of red or grey grit and sanrlstone ab!\

-Great Flat Lode south of Redruth and Camborne. Journ. occur, with irregular impure limestones and interbedned

Geol. Soc., vol. xxxiv. p. 640. 1878. Collins, J. H.-The volcanic lavas and ashes. Although these slaty rocks muot

Hensbarrow Granite District. Lake, Truro, 2s. 6d. 1879. be some thousands of feet in thickness, yet we are not sure

Ussher, W. A. E.-Hi11torica.l Geology of Cornwall. Geol. of the exact order of their superposition, or ao to which are

Mag., vol. xvi. p. 27, &c. 188o. Phillips, J. A.-Concre- the older and which Lhe newer beds. The difficulties, in

tionary Patches, &c. in Granite. Journ. Geol. Soc., vol. fact, in the way of making out their order of succession are

xxx:vi. p. I. very great; to begin with, they are much broken up, dislo-

WHEN the rocks of any country are known to be rich in cated, faulted and altered by the disturbances to which they

substances which are valuable to man, it is plain that they have been subjected since their formation : the thrusting-up

are likely to attract considerable attention and study, while of enormous masses of igneous rock (granite &c.) through

the mines, or works necessary to obtain the ores, will the slates, together with the heated waters and vapours

themselves teach us much concerning the relations, struc- which have since traversed the strata, has greatly interfered

ture and modifications of the strata, which we could never with and changed them. In the south part of the county,

otherwise have learnt. fossils-upon which we rely so greatly in classificatJOn.-

In Mr. Whitaker's list, published in No. xvi. of the seem entirely wanting, while those which occur in the

Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, we find the eastern and northern divisions are generally in a wretched

titles of 654 books, papers and maps, by 237 authors, which state of preservation.

relate to the geology of Cornwall and were written between Lower Devonian. The red grits and slates at St. Veep,

16o2 and 1873; the great mass of.these, however (633 out. of Polruan, Fowey and Polperro are well seen in cliffs along

654), have been written during the present c6Jltury, for the the coast; they dip northwards or inland and seem to be the

acientific study of rocks is of very recent origin. lowest rocks of the district. At Lantirit and Polperro scales

Among the early workers we may name Borlase 1 W. of such fishes as &aphaspis and Pteraspis occur i these were
Pryce, J. Came, W. Pbillips, J. J. Conybeare and Professor long thought to be the remains of fossil sponges, and were

Sedgwick; Messrs. Henwood, R. W. Fox, C. W. Peach and named Steganodictyum Cornubicum by Professor M'C'oy, but;

R. Hunt connect the old school of geologists with the men of their real nature there is now no doubt ; spines of nsbes

of to-day, for they lived on from one epoch to another; the (ichthyodurolites) also occur; these fish-bearing beds may

great work of (Sir Henry) De la. Beche must never be for- perhaps be of the same age as the Lynton slates of North

gotten, while of later workers we may enumerate Warington Devon.

W. Smyth, Pengelly, A. H. Church, J. A. Phillips, J. H. Middle Dettonian.-The of the strata on the west

Co11ins, Professor Bonney, S. Allport and Dr. C. le Neve- coast, from St. Agnes Head to Padstow and thence inland,
by Bodmin and Liskeard to St. Germans and Plymout~. is
Foster.

1018 CORNWALL. (KELLY'S

probably of Middle Devonian age. Fossils are fairly The bed of clay-slate or Killas, surrounding the granite

numerous in bands of limestone, near Newquay and Pad- bosses, are much altered bf the great heat from the latter

stow ; they include the brachiopod shells Stringocephalus, rock, and the effect can be traced to distances varying from

Pentamerus bremrostris, Atrypa desquamata, &c. a quarter to half-a-mile; close to the junction the slates

Upper Devonian.-The line of junction between the car- have often been changed to micaceous schists. ,

boniferous and Devonian strata runs from the north-west .lirown Willy District.-This large granite mass has an

eoast near Forrabury eastwards by Lesnewth, Laneast Down area of about 65 square miles; the chief heights are Brown

and South Petherwin. Whether the Carboniferous rocks Willy, 1,368 feet (highest in Cornwall) ; Rough Tor, :;:,296

rest conformably on th~ older beds is a disputt•d point; Dr. feet; Caradon Hill, 1,208 feet. It i.s 16 miles west of Dart-

Holl tho~ht they did not. At Petherwin there are about moor, but the two are connected by the granite of Hingston

hall-a-dozen beds of limestone which have yielded seventy- Down-half-way between. ·

three species of fossils, including eight species of the charac- Hensbarrow or St. Austell Granite.-Area about 35 square

teristic Devonian cephalopod-Clynlenia. miles : heights, Hensbarrow Hill, 1,034 feet ; St. Stephen's

On the coas.t the Upper Devonians curve southwards to Beacon, 700 feet; Carclaze Tin Mine, 665 feet. This boss

Tintagel and Delabole. lies five miles south-west of the Brown Willy area.. A re-

At the latter place are extensive quarries in grey and blue markable rock named Luxullianite occurs in the parish of

slates used. for roofing purposes, paving, tombstones, &c. ; that name; it consists of large crystals of black tourmaline

about 120 tons per day are raised ; these quarries have been (schorl) and pink felspar embedded in a base of grey quartz ;

worked since the 16th century. it is only known from blocks found on the surface, but these

Up to 1836 the older Palreozoic rocks were lumped together probably come from an east and west dyke, since they run

tmder the name of Grauwacke-a miners' term imported m that direction. A fine mass furnished the material for

from Germany. But Murchison and Sedgwick, after ex., the Duke of Wellington's sarcophagus in St. Paul's

amining and defining the Silurian rocks of Wales, turned Cathedral.

their attention to the south-west counties, and distinguished Fifteen miles further in the same direction (south-west)

the rocks which there underlie the Carboniferous beds, as bring us to the round patch of granite (area, 55 square

lleing the marine equivalents of the lacustrine Old Red miles), of which Cam Menelez, 822 feet, is the culminating

Sandstone of Hereford and Scotland, a conclpsion to which point. ·

they were mainly led by the researches _of Lonsdale, who The Land's End Granite lies seven miles due west of that

stated that the fossils from these Devonian strata, constituted last named; its area is about 65 square miles: Heights Hill,

a group intermediate between those of the Silurian and Car- north-west of Towednack, 805 feet ; Castle-an-DiJMS, 735

boniferous Formations. feet. Smaller masses of granite occur at St. Michael's

asCtAh•ReByOaNrIe•FEoRftOeUnScFaOlRleMdA-fToIrOmN.t-hTehenseobrethdest-nOuclomrn-emreaofsutnh~e Mount, Tregonning and Godolphin Hills, Carn Brea and
Carn Marth (near Redruth), Cligga Head (near St. Agnes),

eounty; a line drawn from Boscastle to South Petherwin and at Castle-an-Dinas and Belovely Beacon (near St.
marking, as has been already indicated, their southern C(•lumb Major and Roche).
boundary line, where they rest upon the older Devonian
Elvans.-These are dykes of quartz-porphyry which run
strata. out from the granite into the surrounding slates ; they are
The culm-measu:PES consist of black shales 0r schists, with
of later formation than the granite, since they cut across it.
seams of grit and chert, and include beds of volcanic ash and The granite is divided into blocks by the numerous joints
~ark limestone, generally dipping northwards, but mucb
which run through it ; these joints are mostly shrinkage

undulated or even contorted; this is well seen on the coastJ eracks produced in the mass when cooling; they greatly
north of Boscastle, where the rocks are also traversed by facilitate the quarrying of the rock. The largest works are
at tpe Cheesewring near Liskeard, at Penryn, Lamorna,
m!J.ny veins of white quartz. The fossils include ferns and
()ther plant remains, with such shells as Posidonomyaf Mill Hill in Maldron, Falmouth, Carn Brea, St. Austell, Par

Goniatites, &c. and Calstock ; these have furnished the materials for many

important public works, as the London Docks, Westminster

IGNEOUS Rocxs.-The crystalline rocks of Cornwall, i.e. Bridge, Thames Embankment (in part), &c. ; the shaft of

those which have once been in a more or less ftuid state from the Wellington Monument at Strathfieldsaye is of one solid
which they have cooled down, occupy a larger surface and block of granite, 30 feet in height, from Constantine.

.are more important than those of any other English county. Many of the elvans when polished form beautiful decor-

'fhey may be divided into two classes,, (I) those which are ative stones for columns, &c., from their porphyritic cha-

contemporaneous with the stratified rocks in which they occur, racter.

.and {2) th6se which are intrusive, having forced their way The exposed summits or tors of the granitic masses

through or between the slates. weather away most rapidly along the lines of the joints, and

Contemporaneous Igneous Rocks.-Volcanic action appears from this circumstance it not unfrequently happens that

to have been rife in this district during the period of depo- one block is left poised upon another at some point generally

sition both of the Devonian and Lower Carboniferous near its centre ; it then forms a logan or rocking stone ; the

strata. We find beds of old lavas-the so-called greenstones best known is at Castle Treryn, St. Leven; it weighs 65

-and sheets of volcanic ash interbedded with the sedi- tons.

mentary roeks. The crystalline rocks, formerly lumped Serpentine.-This is a compact soft but tough rock of a

together as '' greenstones," are now known to need several green, grey, or red colour, sometimes traversed by veins of

<lifferent names for their correct designation; the majority whitish steatite or soap-stone, and often veined or mottled,
are altered dolerites, others metamorphosed ash-beds, &c. ; furnishing a valuable stone for decorative purposes ; its
such rocks occur in long narrow bands west of Penzance, id chemical composition is a hydrous silicate of magnesia. It
the cliffs on the east of Mount's Bay, between St. Erth and
Camborne, round Padstow and between that place and St. forms a large part of the Lizard Peninsula, a plateau partly
'fndy and St. Teath, from the coast at Tintagel eastwards to cultivated, partly moorland, with precipitous sea-cliff! xoo
Callington, and between Liskeard and Saltash. These sheet.s to 200 feet in height. Professor Bonney has shown this
<Of trap rock are indeed,very numerous; it is difficult to dis- mass of serpentine to be an altered igneous rock; it is clearly
tinguish precisely between such as are contemporaneous intrusive in the slates. There are several quarries, and the
and others which may be intrusive, but they are all older rock is easily turned in the lathe into small columns, vases,
&c. ; it takes a high polish. Small quantities are exported
than the granite, which cuts abruptly through them at to Bristol for the manufacture of carbonate of magnesia.

tieveral places.. Another igneous ro~k called Gabbro (diallage rock of De
Intrusive Igneous Rocks. Granite.-The granite of Corn· la Beche) is found at St. Keverne aud Crousa Down; this is
of later date than the serpentine, through which it has
wall occurs 'n four large masses, connected by smaller pro- burst.
trusions and continued westwards by the Scilly Isles, which
.are entirely c )mposed of this rock. These granitic masses
form the back-bone of the peninsula, rising as small plateaux Phonolite or Clinkstone has been named from its ringing
above the ~urrounding slates ; and if we could strip off the sound under the hammer. Its only British locality is the
stratified rocks, we should doubtless fin,d granite everywhere Wolf Rock, a rugged isolated mass about nine miles south
underlying them. The mineralogical composition of the of the Land's End; it is composed of nepheline, felspar and
rock is quartz, felspar and mica; towards the exterior of the hornblende.

bosses a black mineral called schorl often replaces the mica. MINERALS.-The disturbances to which hard and some-

-']'he Cornish Granite is undoubtedly an igneous rock what brittle rocks like the slates have been subjected, by the

which, when in a melted state, rose up from below, invading, upheaval through them of enormous masses of igneous

pushing upwards and, perhaps, part!y consuming the sedi- rocks, and the general strains resulting from "those slow

mentary strata which originally lay above it. It never movements of the earth's crust which have caused con-

reached the surface in its melted state, or it would have tinents to become seas and seas to become continents,

<:ooled down much more rapidly, and would now present a changes which have not taken place once only but many

very different appearance, but it has been e:xpgsed to view times in the long history of the past, could not but have the
by the denudation of some thousands of feet or sedimentary effect ot shattering and breaking the rocks to a considerable
extent. The cracks or fissures so produced have since been
deposits which once covered it over.

JDIRECTORY. CORNWALL. ,J019

filled with mineral substances brought up from below dis- ,purposes, and the churches of St. Stephens and Probus are

solved in hot water or by super-heated steam. These matters partly built of it. It is chiefly used in the manufacture of

were gradually deposited on the sides of the veins until glaze for earthenware. .

ultimately they became filled up. In the vein-stuff quartz Fire Clay, 505 tons. Candle Clay or Miner''l Clay, 400

is, perhaps, the commonest ingredient, but altogether about tons. This is a tough clay obtained at St. .Agnes !J.nd used

150 distinct minerals are- known to occur in the rocks of for the purpose of wrapping round and holding the candles

Cornwall, and most of these are found in the veins. When a used by miners in underground work. .

vein contains metallic ores it is called a lode ; the usual For the last ten or twelve years the m:ning industries of

direction of the lodes is from a little north of east to a little Cornwall have been m a state of great depression, and large

south of west, and they dip at an average angle of 70 degrees ; numbers of miners have emigrated. Yet in the past great

the richest lodes seem to occur at or near the junction of the riches have been extracted from the rocks. The history of

slate with granite or elvan. All the mineral wealth of Corn- tin mining in Cornwall dates back at least to the time of the

wall is either contained in such lodes or ttas come from them, Phrenicians-several centuries before the Christian era, and

for the extensive surface deposits of steam-tin merely repre- the total value of the metals raised since toon bas been

sent the wreck-the wearing away-of formerly existing estimated at £6o,ooo,ooo.

lodes. . Of the most successful mines we may mention those of

The following figures, sttowing the amount of minerals silver and lead in the Menhenniot district, 'frelawney and

raised in the county, are taken from Mr. R. Hunt's invaluable Mary Ann ; the copper mines of the Caradon district, of the

"Mineral Statistics" for 1877 : - Fowey district, such as Fowey Great Consols and Crinnis,

Tin Ore -Cornwall and Devon. the united mines of St. Day, the Carn Brea series, including

Ye"'"r. NMoin. eosf. TI·n Ore. MeTtianll.ic Value. p r. Ton. Dolcoath, Cook's Kitchen, East Pool and others, producing
Tons. Tons. copper, tin, silver, wolfram, cobalt, arsenic, zinc, &c. ; then
£ £ s. further to the south-west t.he Helston and St. Just districts,
1872 162 14,266 9,56o x,459,9oo 152 xs producing copper and tin, at Levant, Botallack, Wheal Vor,

1873 215 14,885 9,972 1,329,766 133 7 &c. The Botallack mme is famous from the fact that its
1874 230 14,039 9,942 100770712 I08 8 workings extend under the sea for more than half a mile.

1875 183 13,995 g,614 866,266 90 2 SURFACE DEPOSITS.-These would come under the Post-
79 IO Tertiary or Pleistocene division of geologists. They include
1876 135 13,668 8,500 675,750 73 3 all the various beds of sand, gravel and clay, with other

1877 g8 14,142 9,5oo 69s,x62
The ore is called '' black tin ; '' it is the peroxide Sn 02. deposits which occur irregularly and without any very

The greater part is obtained from lodes in the rock, but a definite order over the surface of the county. Flint-s are of

certain amount (about 750 tons of black tin) was got in 1877 not uncommon occurrence in these surface deposits, and

from "streams, rivers and foreshores. '' large unbroken flint nodules occur in the Scilly Isles ; these

In 1887 the produce of tin ore was I4 ,082 tons, valued at are probably derived from the chalk which once stretched

.£872,2051 producing g,214 tons of tin. far in this direction.

The tin-ore is not equally distributed throughout the vein Quartz Gravels.-The quartz gravels on Crousa Down in the

or lode, but generally occurs m masses called "bunches," Lizard District and at Crowan occur at heights of about 400

which are connected with one another by thin strings of ore. feet above sea-level; these may be of Tertiary age, for they

Sometimes, however, we meet with the tin in a number of evidently belong to a system of drainage quite different

small veins which cross and interlace with one another, from t.he river basins which now exist.

forming what is called a "stock-work ; '' the tin at the The Sands and Clays of St. Agnes occur. at about the

famous Carclaze mine, two miles north of St. Austell, occurs same height and may be of the same age as the quartz

in this manner: this mine ts now chiefly wrought for china- gravels mentioned above.

clay. The chief tin districts are (1) St. Austell, (2) St. Of glacial deposits no clear evidence is to be obtained in

Agnes, (3) Just and St. Ives. Cornwall ; there are extensive spreads 11f boulder gravels,

Copper.-Sixty-eight mines, 39,225 tons of ore (copper which appear to have been formed by torrential waters, re·

pyrites or yellow copper ores chiefly, a sulphide of copper and sulting perhaps from the melting of great masses of snow,

iron, Cu2. S, Fe2 Ss), valued at £169,553• and yielding 2,937 but no striated surfaces and no erratic blocks are known.
Tlte Raised Beaches, which are common on the coast, mark
tons of pure copper.

The copper-bearing lodes occur ( 1) in the Gwennap, Red- the period of extreme subsidence of the land in glacial time :

ruth and Camborne district, and ~2) round Breage, Mara- in Cornwall this amounted to IS feet only, while it was as

zion and Gwinear. much as 1 1 500 feet in Wales. Among many raised beaches

The workmg of copper is comparatively of recent date, not we may name those at Pornanvon Cove, south of Cape Corn-

going back to before the year 1700 ; it is calculated that wall, at Newquay, Fistral Bay, St. Ives, Gerran's Bay, Fal-

copper ore to the value of 13 millions sterling has been mouth Harbour, Coverack Cove, &c.

raised during the present century, yielding a clear profit of The Head is a stony clay seen above the last-named

2} millions. deposits; the Streamtin Gravels are associated with it, and

Lead.-The lead ore (chiefly galena, the sulphide of lead mark a period of great surface waste, the rainfall being

Pb S. ), raised from eleven wmes, amounted to .2, 167 tons, greater than at present ; they occur in the valleys on the

yielding 1,674 tons of lead and also 23,035 ozs. of silver. southern side of the Cornish watershed ; later still are the

Neither galena nor any other lead ore occurs in any quantity Submerged Forests containing stumps of the Oak, Alder,

m or near the granite, but is confined to the slates. Hazel &c. and occurring on the coast at or about low water

Iron P.11rites (the bisulphide of iron ·Fe 82).-Fourteen mark at Looe, Fowey, Falmouth (Gyllyngvaes), Mount's

mines yielding 14,219 tons, value £8,294· Bay, Padstow, &c.

Iron Ore (brown hrematite ).-Nine mines, 4,963 tons, St. Michael's Mount in Mount's Bay is an isolated mass of

\'alue £2,920. gramte 195 feet in height; its distance from the nearest

.f!ismuth.-Two mines; 8 cwt., value £15. point of the mainland, Marazion Cliff, IS 1,68o feet. It is,l

Wolfram (tungstate of iron and manganese).-One mine as is well known, an island at high tide but a peninsula at

(East Pool), IS tons, value £150. low water. The isthmus is composed of highly-inclinerl

Uranium oceurs as the oxide U3 Os, called pitch-blende. Devonian slates, into which the granite is seen to send

Two mines, 2 cwt., value £u 15s. 3d. veins and dykes, proving its intrusive nature. The Mount

Ocltre and Umber, soo tons, value £250. owes its present singular position to a subsidence of the

11-fanganese, 2,496 tons, value £6,o84. coast-line, combmed with denudation ; the softer slates

Arsenic, 11 718 tons, value £6,189. having been worn away by the sea more rap1dly than the

Porcelain Clay or Kaolin, 200,345 tons. This is obtained granite mass. The subsidence IS proved by the submerged

from highly decomposed gramte, and consists of the disinte- forest in Mount's Bay. Very little change has taken place,

grated and metamorphosed felspar of that rock. It is sent however, during the last 1,900 years, [or the Roman author

to the Potteries in North Staffordshire,and is also largely used Diodorus Siculus, whn wrote about 9 B.C. descr1bed the

in the manufacture of cahcc• and paper. The price is now Mount, under the name llf Ict1s, as a spot where tin wa~

about 15S. per ton. Often on the outside of the gramf.ic bought and sold, and his language prectsely applies to its

m:tsses of Cornwall the rock IS so decomposed by the per- present general condition.

colation of rainwater holding carbonic acid in solution, that Blo1vn Sands, forming hillocks or dunes, are chiefly 1>een

the granite may be dug with a spade to the depLh of 20 feet along the north-western coast, as along the east side of St.

or more. 1'dr. Collins believes that the alteration of the Ives Bay, m Perran Bay, between Fistral and New Quay Bav,

felspar into kaolin is due to the action of water or steam Constantine Bay, the east side of Padstow Harbour, &c: ;

containing bydrofluoric acid. along the coast much land has been spoilt and many houl> s

China Stone, 39,soo tons. This is cliliefly raised in the and even churches devastated by the encroachment of th"!

neighbourhood of St. Austell; it also is derived from the sand. At Bude Haven the sand has been compacted int •

decomposition of granitic rocks, but contains quartz as well stone by the deposition of a cementing substance (carbonate

as kaolin. It is suflicient.ly compact to be us~d for buildiag of lime) between its grains by land-springs.

1020 CORNWALL. (KELLY'S

PREHISTORIC MAN.-Of the early or Palteolithic tribes no formed of greenstone and perforated for a handle, wae

traces have yet been found in Cornwall: the absence of found in the middle of a cairn at Pelynt; a bronze dagger

caverns and the probability that most of the gravel beds of was found in a barrow in the same field.

glacial or pre-glacial age have been swept out to sea, com- Stone querns for grinding corn have also been f01md, with

bine to account for this want of evidence. mortars (at Kerris Vaen) : and at St. Agnes, Truro, a flint

The Neolithic workers in flint and stone are scantily 1-e~ arrow head. Spindle-whorls of stone, which were used in

presented by the following "finds :"-rough celts or axe- spinning, are not uncommon; they are called by the natives

heads made of greenstone were found in barrows (burial " Pixy's grindstones ; " they are small round stones an inch

mounds) at St. Jnst, and are now in the Truro Museum, or two in diameter, with a hole in the centre.

which also contains a highly pohshed celt of jadeite found Besides these stone tools, some monuments of early races

near Falmou.th; a large celt, n! inches long, by 4 wide and of men exist in the cromlechs, monoliths, stone circles,

Ii in thicknesr "from Cornwall," is in the Antiquarian avenues, hut dwellings and rude stone camps called cliff or

Museum of Edin"f)urgh ; another of serpentine, found near hill castles, which still stud the wilder portions of the

Truro, is in Canon Greenwell's collection. An axe-head, county. W. J. H.

The following table shows the acreage under each kind of crop, and the number of horses, cattle, sheep and pigs in

the County of Cornwall as taken from the Agricultural Returns, 1892 :-

---------------------------------------

CROPS. ACRES. LIVE STOCK. NUMBER.

Corn and cereals....................................... 124,858 Horses for agriculture, brood mares and un-
broken horses ....................................... 33·494
Roots, artificial grasses, cabbage and rape ... 50,153
Clover and grasses .................................... 182,104 Cows in milk or calf ...............................•. 68,078

Permanent pasture ...................••........•... 237·91 3 Other cattle ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 132,710

Bare fallow ..........•...........•..................•... 5·071 Sbeep, I year old ..•...........•..................... 275,94I
Orchards ................•...........................•... 5·134 Ditto, under I year ..........................•...... 201,610
Small fruit .....................................•....... 1,568 Pigs ....................................................... 67,883

Market gardens ..............•..........•............• 1,401

Nursery grounds ..•................................. 46

Woods and plantations ..•....•..•...•.....•......... 30,321
-----------------------------------·------- -------------------------------------------

Cornwall contained in x8gr, inhabited houses...................................................

~arisll~ ...................................................................................................
In 1874, owners of land below I acre .................................................... 8,717

Owners of land of 1 acre and upwards ... ...... ... ... ......... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... .... 5,149

13,866
Total acreage of rated lands......................................................................... 758,960
Rateable value ..•..........................•.......••...........•.......................................£x,t87,894
Common or waste land, acres ........................................ I •• I ••• I •••••• I •••• I •••• I •••••

Total acreage of the county ..•..•..•..•.••.••..•.••.•• ·········~···································






DIRECTORY.] CORN"\YALL. 1021





LORD LIEUTENANT AND CUSTOS ROTULORUM,

THE RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF MOUNT-EDGCUMBE P.c., n.c.L. Mount-Edgcumbe, Devonport.

Marked thus • are Deputy Lieutenants.

Marked thus tare Deputy Wardens of the Stannaries.



*tAeland Charles Thomas Dyke esq. M.A. Kellerton, Exeter ; Hain Edward, jun. Treloynan, St. Ives R.S.O
& so Lennox gardens, London s w
*Hanson William Day esq. White hill, Bideford

Archer Charles Gordon esq. Trelaske, Launceston Harris Nicholas esq. Trewannion, Lesnewth, Boscastle R.S.O

Bain David Wise esq. Glenfeadon, Portreath, near Redruth Harvey Francis esq. Glanmor, Hayle

Barratt Francis esq. Prideaux, Par Station R.S.O Harvey Hobert esq. 1 Palace gate, London s w

BatchelorRev.Frdk.Tbos. Rectory,Jacobstow,StrattonR.S.O Harvey William esq. Oak hill, Oak Hill road, Torre, Torquay

*Beauchamp-Beauchamp Edmund esq. Trevince, Redruth Hawk William esq. Kernick, St. Stephens, Saltash

*Bennet Richard Gully esq. B.A. Tresillian house, Gram- Hawker John Sl.esq. B.A. Motley ho. Mannamead,Piymouth

pound Road *Hawker Col. William Sloggatt, Penally ho. Boscastle R.S.O

Bickford-Smith William esq. Trevarno, Hclston; & Queen Henderson George esq. Springfield, Bodmin

Anne's mansions, London s w Hendy James esq. Truthan, St. Erme, Truro

*Boger Waiter Deeble esq. M. A. Wolsdon, Antony, Devonport Hext Lieut.-Col. Arthur Staniforth, Trenarren, St. Austell

Bolden John Leonard esq. M.A. 47 Arundell gardens, Notting Hext :Francis John esq. B.A. Tredethy, St. Mabyn R.S.O

hill, London w HitchinsJohn esq. Trevaunce pier, St. Agnes, Scorrier R.S.O

*Bolitho Thomas Bedford esq. M.P. Trewidden, Penzance Hoblyn WilliamPaget esq. M. A. The Fir hill,St.ColumbR.S.O

*Bolitho Thomas Robins esq. B.A. Penalverne, Penzance Hockin Thos. Edmnnd esq. M.A. Wellwood, Ulverston, Lanes

*Bolitho William, jun. esq. Ponsandane, Penzance Hodge Chapell William esq. Pounds, Plymouth

Bolitho William Edward Thomas esq. Pendrea, Penzance Holt Major Joseph

*Boucher Alfred Richard esq. Trenean, St. Germans R.S.O Horlock Rev. Darrell Holled Webb M.A. Parsonage, Milton-

Boyle Harry Lyne esq. Cliff house, Kingsand, Plymouth under-Wychwood, Oxon

Braddon Major William Clode, ~t. Peter street, Tiverton Horsford Thomas Moor Alphonsc esq. Bosvathick, Constan-

Bull Col. Marshall Valentine, Roscarrock, Budock,Falmouth tine, Penryn

Cann Rev. Jn. Ponsford B.A. Rectory, Dunterton, Tavistock Howell David esq. Penquite, Par Station R.S.O

*Carlyon Geo. Rd. Gwavas esq. B.A, Tregrehan, Par Station *Howell Francis Buller esq. Ethy, Lostwithiel

R.S.O Hullah Rev. Canon Thomas M.A. Rectory, Calstock

Carus-Wilson Edward Shipphard esq. M.A. Penmount, Truro Hylton Lord, Merstham house, Redhill, Surrey

Collier Arthur Bevan esq. Carthamartha, Callington R.S.O Jack!"on Rev. Frederick Christian B.A. Rectory, Great Stan-

*Collins Digby esq. Newton Ferrers, Callington R.S.O more, Middlesex

Coode Arthur esq. Trevarthian, St. Austell Jago-Trelawny Maj.-Gen. John, 6Athenreum ter. Plymouth·

*Coode Edward esq. Polapit Tamar, Launceston; & Moor JCise John esq. Mellingey, Perranarworthal, Perranwell

cottage, Helston Station R.S.O

Coode Capt. Richard Carlyon, Polapit Tamar, Launceston Kelly Lillie Henry Richard esq

Coryton William esq. Pentillie castle, St. :Mellion R.S.O *Kelly Reginald esq. Kelly, Lifton R.S.O. North Devon

Daniell Charles Lemon Fraser esq. Farningham lodge, West- Kennerley Joseph Charles esq. The Haven, St. Mawes,

brook, Margate Falmouth

*Daubuz John Claude esq. B. A. Killiow, Truro King John esq. L.R.C.P.Edin. St. Cyprians, Stratton R.S.O

Davey Joshua Sydney esq. Bochym, Cury R.S.O.; & The Kingdon Clement Boughton esq. Ednaston lodge, Derby

Bungalow, Kennack Creek, Ruan Minor R.S.O *Kingsale Lord, Stoketon, Saltash

Dennis George Beauchamp Gore esq. u.A. Newacott, Bridge- Kinsman John Knill esq. Antron hill, Penryn

rule, Holsworthy - Kinsman Rev. Prebendary Richard Byrn M.A. Tintagel,

DingleJn. Williams esq.Darley,Linkinhorne, CallingtonR. S. 0 Camelford

Dingle William esq. Callington R. S.O Lakes Robert Gould esq. Trevarrick, St. Austell

11-Dorrien-Smith Thomas Algernon Smith- esq. The Abbey, Lanyon Alfred esq. Tolvean, Redruth

Tresco, Scilly Isles Le Grice Charles Day Nicholls esq. B.A. 94 Gloucester

Edgcumbe Col. The Hon. Charles Ernest, 5 Victoria square, terrace, Hyde park, London w
London s w
Lethbridge Edward,Galton Baron esq. Tregeare, Egloskerry

*Eliot Lieut.-Col. The Hon. Charles George Cornwallis, 8 R.S.O

Onslow gardens, London s w Little George Greenway esq. Cobourg house, Mi1lbrook,

t*Enys lt'rancis Gilbert esq. Enys, Penryn Devonport

Field Thomas Willis esq. Chymorvah, Maraz~n R.S.O . Marshall Wm. Nicholas Connoclr. esq. Tregworgy ho.Liskeard

Field Col. William Henry, 'l'relena, Stratton R.S.O Matthews Rev. William Prest Pardoe M.A. Rectory, St.

*F'ortescue John Bevill esq. Boconnoc, Lostwithiel Breock, Wadebridge R.S.O

I<'oster Henry Durett esq. Treledan, Bodmin *Michell William Pryce esq. Holwell,Whitchurch, Tavistock

Foster Lewis Charles esq. The Coombe, Liskeard *Mills Arthur esq. Efford Down, Bude Haven R.S.O

*Foster Richard esq. M.A. Lanwithan, Lostwithiel; & Molesworth-St. Aubyn Rev. St. Aubyn Render M.A. Clow-

Windsworth, Looe R.S.O ance, Camborne

Fox George Croker esq. Turnchapel, Plymouth Moore John1Gwennap Dennis esq. Trewithen, Grampound

*Gilbert Carew Da.vies esq. Trelissick, Truro Road

G lencross George Poole Norris esq. H.A. Luxstowe, Liskea.rd Morshead Sir Warwick Charles bart. Forest lodge, Binfield,

Glencross Rev. James M.A. Luxstowe, Liskeard Bracknell, Berks

Graves Lord, nx St. George's square, London s w Mucklow Edward esq. Whitstone head, Holsworthy

*t Graves-Sawle Sir Charles Brune bart. B.A. Penrice, St. Nowell-Usticke Robert Michael esq. Polsue, Philleigh,

Austell ; & 39 Eaton place, London w Gramponnd Road

*Grylls Lieut.-Col. Shadwell Morley, Lewarne house, St. *Onslow Sir William Wallace Rboderic hart. Hangar, St.

Neot, Liskeard Tudy R.S.O

1022 CORN"7ALL.

Paige Richard Edwin esq. Treboul, St. Germans R.S.O *tSt. Levan Lord, The Castle, St. Michael's Mount,

Parkyn Major Edwin, 40 Lemon street, Truro Marazion R. S. 0

t*Pendarves William Cole esq. B.A. Pendarves, Camborne *Salusbury-Trelawny Sir William Lewis bart. Trelawne,

Pender Lieut.-Col. William Rous Tresi1ian, Budock Vean, Duloe R.S.O

Penryn Shearme Edward esq. F.S.A. 18 Cleveland gardens, Hyde

Penrose John Farran esq. Parkhenver, Redruth park, London w

Peter Rev. Lewis Morgan lii.A. Treviles, Grampound Road *Smith George John esq. Treliske, Truro

Peter Reginald Arthur esq. Klymiarven, East Looe R.S.O Snell Capt. Benjamin, Wayton, Landulph, Hatt

Petbick William esq. Lanoy, Launceston Spry John Samuel esq. St. Anthony-in-Roseland, Falmouth

Petbybridge Edward esq. Manaton house, Launceston *i:itucley Sir George Stucley bart. Moreton park, Bideford

Phillipps-Treby Rev. Edward Moubray, Rectory, Bos- Thynne Rev. Canon Arthur Christopher M.A. Penstowe,

castle R.S.O Kilkhampton, Stratton R. S. 0

Pike Lient.-Col. Waiter, Bonndervean, Camborne Tomlinson Rev. Arthur Roger H.A. Rectory, St. Michael

t*Polwhele Thomas Roxbnrgb esq. M.A. Polwhele, Trnro Penkivel, Probus R.S.O

*Potter William Roberts Crawford esq. Gonvena, Wade- Tonkin Rev. John B.A. Treverven house, St. Buryan R.S.O

hridge R. S. 0 Treffry Charles Ebenezer esq. Place, Fowey R.S.O

*Prideaux-Brune Charles Glynn esq. Prideaux Place, Pad- Tregoning John Simmons esq. Landue, near Launceston

stow R.S.O.; & 10 Grosvenor gardens, London s w •Tremayne Col. Arthur, Carclew, Perran-ar~·orthal R.S.O

Purcell Rev. Handfield Noel111.A. Vicarage, Fowey R.S.O t*Tremayne John esq. Heligan, St. Austell

Rabling William esq. Pare Bracket, Oamborne Tremayne John Claude Lewis esq. Heligan, St. Anstell

t*Rashleigh Sir Colman hart. c.B., B.A Tremenheere Hugh Seymour esq. C.B. 43 Thurloe square,

*Rashleigh Lieut.-Col. Colman Battie R.A. Norway house, London

Lostwithiel Truscott Alderman Sir Francis Wyatt knt. Oakleigh, East

Rashleigh Evelyn William esq. Kilmarth, Par StationR.S.O Grinstead, Sussex; & 103 Victoria street, London s w

*Rashleigh Jonathan esq. M.A. Menabilly. Par Station R.S.O Vallack-Tom Lieut.-Col. William Henry R.M.L.I. Cawsand,

Retallack Francis esq. 27 Park gardens, Ealing, Middlesex Plymouth

Richards William Martyn esq Woodlands, Padstow R.S. 0 Vawdrey Rev. Alexander Alien M.A. Vicarage, St. Gluvias, •

*Robartes Lord, Lanhydrock house, Bodmin; & 29 Park Penryn

lane, London w Veale John Edward esq. Northill, St. Anstell

Roberts John Dobree Anderson esq. Trethill house, *Vivian Lord K.C.M.G., c.B., F.R.G.s

Sheviock, St. Germans R. S. 0 t*Vivian Arthnr Pendarves esq. Bosahan, Helston ; &

*Rodd Francis Rashleigh esq. Trebartha hall, Launceston Glanafon, Taibach, South Wales

Roe Rev. Robert Jas. Ill. A. Rectory, Lanteglos-by-Camelford Vivian Harry Houlton esq. Tregavethan house, Truro

Rogers Capt. John Peverell R.A. Penrose, Helston Vyvyan Rev. Sir Vyell Donnithorne bart. Trewan, St.

*RoseTere William Sloggatt esq. Manor house, Tavistock ColumbR. S. 0. ; &Trelowarren,Mawgan-in-MeneageR. S. 0

Ross Charles Campbell esq. Carne, Madron, Penzance Vyvyan Thomas Henry esq. Lanilly, Truro

Ross Maior John James, Trevean, Penzance Williams Michael esq. Morfa, Newquay

Rowe Francis Coryndon Carpenter esq. Isthmian club, 12 *Williams Michael Henry esq. Pencalenick, Truro

Grafton street, London w t*Willyams Arthur Champion Phillips esq. Tolcarne house,

Rows Richard Gundry esq. Trisprison, Wendron, Helston St. Columb R.S. 0

*St. Aubyn Major the Hon. John Townshend, St. Michael's t*Willyams Edward William Brydges esq. Carnanton, St.

Mount, Marazion R.S.O Columb R.S.O. ; & Ig Upper Brook street, London w

t*St. Aubyn Col. Edward, Glynn, Bodmin Woollcombe Rev. George Ley lii.A. Hemperdon, Plympton

*St. Germans Earl of, Port Eliot,St. Germans R.S.O.; & 13 Y oung-Jamieson Harry J ames esq. St. Petrocks, Bodmifi

Grosvenor gardens, London s w

Clerk of the Peace, Henry Sewell Stokes, Bodmin.

DEPUTY LIEUTENANT, not a Magistrate.
Gregor Francis Granville esq

COUNTY POLICE.

HEAD QUARTERS, BODMIN.

The force consists of a chief constable, a deputy chief constable, 6 superintendents, 10 inspectors, 24 sergeants k
I 8o constables.

Lord Warden, Viscount Portman.

Chief Constable, Col. Waiter Raleigh Gilbert c.B. The Priory, Bodmin; Deputy Chief Constable, Henry Miller
esq. Bodmin.

BoDMIN DISTRICT.-Superintendent, John Newcombe, Bod- LISKEARD DISTRICT.--Superintendent, George Barnes,

min; Inspectors, John Sambells, Tywardreath; James Liskeard ; Inspectors, John Hacker, Callington; Joseph

Paddock, Wadebridge; William H. Vercoe, St. Austell Bassett, St. Germans

HELSTON DISTRICT.-Superintendent, William H. Beare, PENZANCl!l DISTRICT. Superintendent, John Coombe, Cam-

Helston; Inspector, W11liam H. Harris, Falmouth borne; Inspector, Edward Matthews, Chyandour

LAuN...ESTON DIS'l'RICT--Buperintendent, Thomas Sherston, TRURO DISTRICT.-8uperintendent, James H. Philp, Truro;

Launceston ; Inspectors, Richard Nicholls, Camelford; Inspector, Joseph Voss, St. Columb Major

William Currah, Stratton

'

DIRECTORY.] CORNWALL. ST. AG.NES. 1023

xtADVENT, anciently called "St. Ad wen" and "St. expanding towards the top, on an octagonal shaft with bold

Tathen," is a parish having the river Camel on the west, mouldings, rising from a square base: in the church are
miles south from Camelford, 9~ north from Bodmin station memorials tu Elizabeth Bennett, ob. Sept. 1643 ; William

on the Great Western railway and about 3 miles from Camel- Michel, ob. r65o and Agnes, hiS wife, ob. r685, and their

ford Road and Delabole stations on the Launceston and family : in the churchyard is a broken slab inscribed to

Wadebridge section of the South Western railway, now Anthony Wade, ob. May, 1667: the church was rebuilt

(1893) in course of construction: it is in the North Eastern in 1847-8 for a sum of £r,7oo, and restored at a cost of

division of the county, Lesnewth hundred and petty sessional £365 in r873-5, when the bells were re-bung at a cost of

division, Camelford union and county court district, rural £6o: there are 200 sittings. The register of baptisms dates

deanery of Trigg Minor, archdeaconry of Bodmin and diocese from the year 1709 ; marriages, 17:1 r ; burials, 1781. The
of Truro. The church of St. Adwen, or Athwenna, is an living is a rectory, consolidated with that of Lant~glos,

edifice of stone in the Early English and Perpendicular styles, average tithe rent-charge £373, joint net yearly value £360•
consisting of chancel, nave of four bays, south aisle extending including 210 acres of glebe, with residence, in the gift of

for the whole length of the nave and chancel, north transept, H.R.H. the Duke of Cornwall, and held since r886 by the

south porch and an embattled western tower with eight Rev. Robert James Roe M.A. of Trinity College, Dublin, wh()

pyramidal capped pinnacles, and containing 4 bells, of is rural dean of Trigg minor and resides at Lanteglos. On

which the first three are plain; the tenor, dated 1831, was the Tresinney estate, in this parish, to the west of the

cast at Oxford and weighs about 5 cwt. : the chancel is chmch, is an ancient cmss with a shaft 6 feet 9 in. high and
extended for half a bay into the nave, and is inclosed by a round head, carved with a Greek cross. H. H.. H. the Duke.

screens: in the south wall is a small piscina, and on the of Cornwall, who is lord of the manor, Alexander Marshall

north side are the rood-loft stairs and a large and curious esq. and John Parnellesq. aretheprincipallandowners. Tbe-

hagioscope: the north transept, Early English, has been soil is rich loam ; subsoil, various. The chief crops are

entirely rebuilt, the old windows being replaced ; there was wheat, oats and roots. The area is 4,059 acras ; rateable

formerly a corresponding transept or chapel on the south value, £r,761; the population in 1891 was 200.

side, which remained till about r87o, when, the roof having Parish Clerk Francis Hawkey.
been destroyed by a fall of snow, the entrance arch was '
built up and the east window of this chapel placed in it: j Letters arrive at 11 a. m. through Camelford, the nearest

Ithe font, of Norman date, consists of a cylindrical basin, money order & telegraph office

Alford John, farmer, Higher Stepps Gillard William, farmer, Tresinney Piper Henry, farmer, Gillings
Alford Thomas, farmer, Kenmngstock Inch Joseph, farmer, Tor Piper Thomas, farmer, Watergate

Alford William, farmer, Higher Town Inch Thomas, farmer, Fur house Rowe William, farmer, Stepps

Baker William, yeoman, Treclego Irons John, farm bailiff to Alexander Slogget Richard, farmer, Pencarrow

Bennett William, farmer, Lower Town Marshall esq. Puckwalls TrevillionEmma(Mrs. ),farmer,Trewint

Bonney Thomas, far-mer, Moor gate Matthews Ambrose, farmer, Widewalls Ward Mary Jane (Mrs.) & Son, farmers~

Dennis John, farmer, Trethin Northey Geo. Carew, farmer, New hall Grey lake

Ellacott George, farmer, Casper pool Northey Wm. Burt, farmer, Watergate Wills John, farmer, Watergate

French Jn. &Edwd. farmers, Goose hill Parnell John, yeoman, Trecarne

ST. AGNES (pronounced by its inhabitants with the g East Blue Hills Tin Mine, about so persons: Wheal Kitty

silent, so as to distinguish it from St. Agnes, one of the Tin Mine, 120 persons: Polberro Tin Mine, 30 persons; and
Scilly Isles) was formerly called Breanick and is a large Wheal Friendly Tin Mine. On the grd of February, r83o,
parish and market town, bounded on the north and west by a fearful accident occurred at the United Hills Mine, in this

the sea, 4 miles north-west from Chacewater station on the ·parish, by the bursting of the engine boiler; out of thirteen
West Cornwall section of the Great Western railway, 8 north- persons on the premises at the time, nine were killed on the
west from Trnro and 7 east-by-north from Redruth. The spot, or died shortly afterwards. The Oddfellows' Hall is a
parish is in the North Western division of the county, bun- building of stone, erected at a cost of £6oo, and opened in
dred of Pyder, petty sessional division of Powder West, 1882; it is also used for public entertainments; secretary~
Trnro union and county court district, rural deanery of J. T. Rillstone. The Miners' and Mechanics' Institute, now
Powder, archdeaconry of Cornwall and diocese of Truro. (1893) in course of erection, is a building of local stone, with
There once existed a chapel at Chapel Porth, near the sea ornamental granite dressings and will comprise a large
shore. The church of St. Agnes is a building of stone in the reading room, billiard and committee rooms and other
Decorated style, consisting of chancel, nave of four bays, offices; the foundation stone was laid June 7th, 1893, by J.
aisles, south porch and a tower, with a finely tapering spire, Passmore Edwards esq. of London. Nicholas Kent, of Min-
containing 6 bells: there is a memorial window to John goose, by his wdl, bearing date 1688, gave for the term of

James Halls B.A., F.R.c.s. who died in r86o ; two other 499 years, a dwelling house, divided into four tenements.

windows are also stained ; the east window is a memorial to 1and a garden for poor widows of this pansh; the property
Mr. and Mrs. William Carne, who took a leading part in having become ruinous, its site is now let for pasturage.
the restoration of the church: the church was rebuilt under John Opie A.R.A. the celebrated painter, was born at Har-
the direction of Mr. J. Piers St. Aubyn in 1848, architect: mony Cot, in this parish, in May, 1761 ; he was the son of a.
there are 500 sittings: in the churchyard is an ancient cross carpenter, but his genius for painting became known to Dr.
with irregularly shaped head, 5 feet high and about :2 feet Wolcot (Peter Pindar), who was so highly gratified with his.
wide. The register of baptisms dates from the year 16or ; juvenile attainments in the art, that he provided instruction

marriages, 1674; burials, 1674· The living is a vicarage, for him, and afterwards took him to London, where he much
average tithe rent-charge £305, net yearly value £230, with distinguished himself as an artist; he also possessed great
residence and half an acre of glebe, in the gift of the Dean literary ability, and was the author of the" Life of Rey-
and Chapter of Truro, and held since 1887 by the Rev. Alfred nolds,'' published in Dr. Wolcot's edition of "Pilkington's
Rudall M.A. of Wadham College, Oxford. The Catholic Dictionary;" he afterwards published a letter in a daily
chapel, built in 1882, is 2 miles from Perran Porth, and is paper, "The True Briton," entitled "An Enquiry into the
served from Camborne; there are also Wesleyan, Primitive Requisite Cultivation of the Arts of Design in England," in
Methodist and Bible Christian chapels. A Cemetery of 2 which he proposed a distinct plan for the formation of a.
acres was formed in 1876 at a cost of £9oo, including two National Gallery of pictures: he afterwards was elected pro-
mortuary chapels ; it is under the control of a Burial Board fessor of painting at the Royal Academy; died 9th April,
of nine members. In 1632 an attempt was made to form a r8o7, and was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral. St. Agnes
harbour at Trevaunance (now called Trevaunance Quay), Beacon is a lofty hill of singular geological character, rising
and after repeated failures the effort was resumed in 1710 pyramidally, 629 feet above the level of the sea, and corn-
by the Tonkin family, who were so far successful that this manding extensive views; on the summit are three barrows:
work remained nearly a century, when some portions Borlase particularly describes the extraordinary stratifica-
having become decayed, a new pier of moor-stone was tion of this hill as deserving the attention of the geologist.
erected in 1794 by a company at a cost of £ro,ooo; a con- In a large entrenchment, called the Gorres, a golden coin of
siderable trade is carried on with Ireland and Wales. The Valentinian was ploughed up. Off the coasts are the Boden
pilchard fishery established here has not as yet proved very rocks, also called the "Cow and Calf," or "Man and his
profitable. A Board of Trade Rocket Apparatus is kept Man." Trevaunancewasformerlythepropertyandresidence
. here, and there is a Coastguard officer in charge, with four of Thomas Tonkin esq. the annotator in x8n of "Carew's
men. A weekly market is held in the town on Thursday Survey of Cornwall," and author of the parochial history of
for the sale of all sorts of wares. At Trevaunance are clay the county. It is now a convalescent home for working~
works. This town and parish are mainly dependent on tin- meilt conducted by the Sisters of Epiphany, and supported
mining, The following mines are at present working :........The by voluntary contributions: J. Passmore Edwards esq.

West Kitty Mine, employin~ rso persons; this mine is by made a gift of £200 towards the liquidation of the debt of

far tJiemost prosperoiiS in the district; during the last eleven this home. The rights of the manors of Tywamhale and

years it bBS distributed in dividends to its shareholders Mithian are Tested in Joshua Sydney Davey esq. ;, P. of

sonearly£1oo,ooo,andintheyear1888thedividendsamounted Bochym, Cury, and John Charles Williams esq. x.P. of

to £10,500: the Blue Hills Tin ~ine, about persons: the Caerhayes Castle; those of the manor of Goonlaze in the

1024 AGNES. CORNWALL. (KELLY'S

representative of Richard 3rd and las~ Duke flf Bucking- CoASTGUARD SrATION.-Joseph Willcocks, officer in charge

ham and Chandos o.c.s.I., c.I.K. (d. x:!!)~). the Re>. H. M. :?UBf.IC 0FJ.o'lf'EHS : -

St. Aubyn, J. S. Davey esq. and J. C. Williams esq.; the Gerk to ;;..e Bu.ial Board, George Coulter Hancock, Coul-

manor of Trevaunance belongs to the representatives of te-:ovi!:a

- the late James Jago M.D. and that of Penwinnick to G. Clerk to the Hig.1way Board, George Coulter Hancock,
Coulter Hancock esq. and others. The soil is clay; subsoil, Coultervilla

spar and killas. The chief crops are grass, wheat, barley Medical Officer to St. Agnes District of the Truro Union,

and oats. The parish comprises, 5,419 acres, of which 6o William Whitworth, Clmrch town

are water; rateable value,£1o,554; the population attached Rate Collector, Richard Stephens, Towan cross

to the mother church in 1891 was 2,495; the remaining Registrar of Births & Deaths for St. Agnes Sub-district,

population of the parish is in the ecclesiastical parishes of Isaac Rowse, Rosemundy

Mitbian and Mount Hawke, which are given separately: ScHOOLs:-
the population of the entire parish in 1891 was 4,249.
A Sunday School belonging to the church has been built,
BLACKWATER is a village 3 miles south-east, in the ecclesi- at a cost of £6oo, to hold 120 scholars
astical parish of Mithian, on the road between Redruthand A School Board of 7 members was formed February 7• 1871 :
St. Columb. George Coulter Hancock, clerk to the board ; Thomas
PosT, M. 0. & T. 0., S. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office, Sleeman & John Tregeo, attendance officers
Board School (boys, girls & infants), built in 1872, for 400
Church Town.-Miss Susan Stribley, sub-postmistress.
Letters through Scorrier R.S.O. arrive from London at 9 children; average attendance, 8o boys, 72 girls & 83
infants ; John Eudey, master; Miss Annie Tredinnick,
a.m. & 7 p. m. & are dispatched thereto at 5.50 a.m. & 3.25 mistress ; Miss Emma Legg, infants' mistress
p. m. per mail cart. Letters for the North are dispatched
• at 5.50 a. m.; arrive at 7 p.m

WALL PosT Box at Peterville, cleared 1.55 p.m.; sundays, CARRIERS TO:-

12.20 p.m TRURO-Henry Stribley & Richard James, from the Church

PILLAR LETTER Box, Vicarage road, cleared at 5·55 a. m. &; town, wed. & sat. ; returning same da_vs

3· 30 p.m. ; sundays, 5· 10 a. m REDRUTH-Henry Stribley & Richard James, fri

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. Hancock George Coulter, clerk to t Richards William Henry, auctioneer &

Bennetts Rev. Thomas B.A. [curate], 4 burial, school & highway boards, land valuer, Rosemundy

Glanville terrace steward to W P. Hoblyn esq. & Mrs. Rilstone Richd. jun. tailor, Vicarage rd

Cameron William Booth Joseph Price, Peter, Coultervilla Rogers John, farmer, Higher Bal

Stephen's cottages, Beacon Hancock Mary Jane (Mrs.), Smiths' Rogers Leonard, tin streamer, Quay

Carne William Naylor, Rosemundy Arms P.H. Vicarage road Rowe Rachel (Mrs. ),drapr.Church town

Davies Richard, Vicarage road Hancock Rd. pork dealer, Church town Ro wse Isaac,registrar of births & deaths

Geach W. Littleton, Goonlaze house Harper Hy. clay dealer, Trevaunance for St.Agnes sub-district,Rosemundy

Hancock George Coulter, Coultervilla Harris Anna (Mrs.), girls' school, Soloway John, farmer

Harris Christopher, Rosemundy villa Rosemundy Stephens Rd. rate collector, Towan cross

Hitchins John J.P. Trevaunce pier Harris Christopher, farm bailiff to Mr. Stephens Thos. clay dealer, Rosemundy

Hooper Mrs. Wheal Butson Hitchins, Presingole Stone William Henry, grocer & draper,

Hooper Richard, Goonown Harris Fras. farmer, Hurling-burrow Church town

James Mrs. Vicarage road Harris Mary Ann (Mrs.), shopkeeper, Stribley Geo. shopkeeper, Vicarage rd

James Robert, Goonown house Vicarage road Stribley Hannah (Mrs.), shopkeeper,

Langworthy Philip, Peterville Harris Wi!liam, butcher, Vicarage rd Vicarage road

Martin Thomas, Elm villa Henwood Richd. shoe ma. Vicarage rd Stribley Henry, carrier, Vicarage road

Opie Thomas Trezise, Harmony cottage Hitchins John, overseer, shipowner & Stribley Susan (Miss), shopkeeper,

Parks Mrs. 3 Glanville terrace general merchant, (luay Church town

Preston R~v. John [Wesleyan] Hocking- James, farmer, Goonvrea Thomas Henry & Sons, boot makers,

Richards William Henry, Rosemundy James Richard, carrier, Goonown Vicarage road

Rudall Rev. Alfred M.A. [vicar] Jeffery Edward, farmer, Ivy chimney Thomas James, farmer, Beacon

Tiddy Martin, Presingole Jeffery Jane (Mrs.), shopkpr. Goonvrea Thomas Thomas, shopkeeper, Church

Twite Chas. F.R.G.s., F.G.s. Castle ho Jenkin Henry, Peterville inn, Peterville town

Vivian Mrs. Vicarage road Johns Jas. boys' school, Gooninnis ho Tonkin James, farmer, Towan

Whitworth Miss Kate, Church town King Richard, carpenter, Vicarage rd Tonkin John, farmer, Penwinnick

Whitworth William, Church town Letcher James & Son, grocers & Tredinnick & Son, wholesale & retail

COMMERCIAL. drapers, Peterville drapers & grocers, flour & corn

Angwin John, printer, Vicarage road Letcher John, farmer, Wheal Butson factors, Peterville

Argall Samuel, boot maker, Peterville Letcher Wait. watch ma. Church town Tredinnick Eliza Jane (Mrs.), draper,

• Blackney Sarah (Mrs.), shopkeeper, Libby William John, White Hart hotel, Vicarage road
Tredinnick James, butcher, Mingoose
Vicarage road Church town

.Blight Thomas, farmer, Goonbell Martin Alfd. farmer, Rope Walk farm Tredinnick Nicholas, farmer, Goonvrea

El~e Hills Tin Mine (Blue Hills Mining Miners' & Mechanics' Literary Institu- Tregea William, farmer, Goonbell
Co.) (Waiter Pike, purser; Joseph tion (C. Twite esq. F.R.G.s., F.G.s. Tregellas Geo. blacksmith, Vicarage rd
pres. ; W. WhitworthM. R. c. s. hon.sec) Tregellas Mary Jane (Mrs.), lodging
Richards, manager)

Bryant Nicholas, gen. agent, Beacon cot Mitchell Jas. shopkeepr. Trevellas down house, Church town

Butson Arthur, farmer, Goonown Mitchell John, farmer, Trevellas house Tremewan William, farmer, Goonvrea

Carne Thomas, farmer, Bawden Mitchell Thos. shopkeeper, Goonown Varcoe Thos. wheelwright, Presingole

Carter Thomas, shopkeeper, Goonown Nankivell Thos. carpenter, Peterville Vivian Emma (Mrs.), fancy goods

Cemetery (G. C. Hancock, clerk to the Oates Mary Ann (Mrs.), shopkeeper, dealer, Church town

burial board), Coultervilla Vicarage road Vodden Isaac, shopkeeper, Vicarage rd

Coad Richd. Hy. Golden Lion P.H.Quay Odd Fellows' Hall (J. T. Rillston, sec.), Waters William, farmer, Polbreen
Coast Guard Station (Joseph Willcocks, Vicarage road West Kitty Tin Mine (J. B. Reynolds&

officer in charge) Opie & Sons, grocers & ironmongers Co.) (F. W. Michell, purser; F. J.

Cole Chas. mine agent, Wheal Butson Paull John, Paull's hotel, Church town Harvey, sec.; John Williams & Joel
Hooper, managers)
Dadow J ane( Mrs. ),shopkpr.Vicarage rd Paull Waiter, farmer, Beacon

Dale Henry, farmer, Goonvrea Peters Henry, farmer, Beacon Wheal Friendly Tin Mine Co. (Thomas

Daniell Mark, blacksmith Polberro Tin Mine Co. (J. B. Reynolds Williams & Co.) (G. C. Hancock,

Delbridge Jn. shopkeeper, Church town & Co.) (G. C. Hancock, purser ; purser ; Nicholas Vivian, manager;
Delbridge Thomas John, blacksmith, Charles Thomas, manager; F. J. F. J. Harvey, sec)

Peterville Harvey, sec) Wheal Kitty Tin& CopperMines(Wheal

Dirtypool Malting Co. (G. C. Hancock, Porthtowan Tin & Arsenic Co. (John Kitty Mining Co.) (William Teague,
purser &· manager; John Dunn,
manag-ing partner) Thompson Richa-rds, manager)

East Blue Hills Tin Mine (East Blue Prout & Rogers, shopkprs. Church town chief agent)

Hills Mining Co.) (Arthur Gripe, Prout John, apartments, Vicarage rd Whitworth William, surgeon, medical
officer St. Agnes district, Truro
purser; James White, manager; Prout Joseph, grocer, Goonbell

Frederick Willoughby, chief agent) Radcliffe Elizabeth J ane (Mrs.), sta- union, admiralty surgeon & agent,
Church town
Evans Stephen, tin streamer, Quay tioner, Church town

Geach William Littleton, solicitor, Repper Edward, tin streamer, Quay Williams Elizabeth Ann (Mrs.), shop·
Reynolds Geo. Victoria P.H. Peterville keeper, Peterville
Goonlaze house

Goyne James, farmer, Goonvrea Reynolds Jn. shopkeeper, Vicarage rd Williams Henry, draper, Vicarage rd

Grigg Wm. Isaac, farmer, Cross Coomb Reynolds Jn. jun. painter, Vicarage rd Williams Jane (Mrs.), shopkeeper,

Gripe Emily & Annie (Misses), fancy Richards Elisha, jobmaster. Grove cot Church town

drapers, Church town Richards Henry, farmer, Gover Williams Joseph, farmer, Beacon farm

JDIRECTORY. CORNWALL. ALTERNUN. 1025

ST. ALLEN, with the township of ZELAH, is a parish the subsoil is of a slaty nature. The crops are chiefly

on the river St. Alien, the church town being 4i miles north wheat, barley, oats and turnips. Tbe acreage is 3,26[;

from Truro station of the Great Western rail way and xi rateable value, ,£2,918; the population of this parish in 1891

east from the high road from Truro to Zelah, in the Truro was 468.

division of the county, hundred of Powder, petty sessional 'fhe township of ZELAH is I: miles north-north-west from

division of Powder West, Truro union and county court St. Alien, and is situated on the main road to Truro : it

district, rural deanery of Powder, archdoaconry of Cornwall consists of a straggling village extending from Two Burrow

and diocese of Truro. The church of St. Allen is an ancient Hill to Mount Pleasant, a distance of Ii miles. C. H. T.

edifice of stone, chiefly in the Perpendicular style, consisting Hawkins esq. is lord of the manor and principal landowner.

of chancel, nave of six; bays, south aisle, south porch and an There are Wesleyan and Bible Christian chapels. The Mis-

embattled western tower of earrier date, with beacon turret sion church and Sunday school at Zelah was erected in r883,

and containing 3 bells: there is a monument to John at which weekday and Sunday services are held.

Marten, jun. of Trefonick, ob. 1626; in the aisle is a me- Assistant Overseer, William Carveth.

morial wirtdow to the Lanyon family; another to Edward Parish Clerk and Sexton, William John Harris Carveth.

Coke esq. r657, and various modern monuments: the old PosT OFFICE, Zelah.-Josiah Lanyon, sub-postmaster.

north door, now built up, is probably the oldest feature in Letters received through Callestick R.S.O. arrive ro.ro

the church and is believed to date from the early part of the a. m. & dispatched 2.40 p.m. Newlyn East is the nearest

13th century: there are I8o sittings. The regiilter dates money order office; telegraph office is at Perranporth.

from the year x68o. The living is a rectory, endowed in Postal orders are issued here, but not paid
I3I4• average tithe rent-charge £ II r, yearly value £ 16o, Letters arrive at St.Allen Church Town at 9·3 ') a. m. through
net ,£r28, including 118 acres of glebe, with residence, in Truro, which is the nearest money order & telegraph

the gift of the Bishop of Truro, and held since x89o by the office

Rev. Richard Eustace Stukely Buck. The lay impropriator, A School Board of 5 members was formed April 12th x875 ;

Viscount Falmonth, receives ,£271 ss. tithe rent-charge. W. Carveth, Nancarrow, is clerk to the board; John

The feast of St. Alien is held on Rogation Sunday (the 5th Rawlings, attendance officer .

after Easter). 'I;'he Ecclesiastical Commissioners are lords Board School, built in I877-8, at a cost of £sso, for no

of the manor, and the chief landowners are Christopher children; average attendance, 70; Mrs. Annie Jelbart,

Henry Thomas Hawkins esq. B.A., J.P., D.L. of xo Portman mistress

place, London w, Charles Glynn Prideaux-Brune esq. J.P., Omnibus to Truro (Ozias Sampson's) on wed. & sat, at xo

D.L. of Padstow, Viscount Falmouth D.L., J.P. and Digby a. m. also Newton & Bennetto pass through from Newlyn

Collins esq. J.P., D.L. ofNewtonFerrers. Thesoilisloamy; East, on wed. & sat. returning from Truroat 5 p.m

St. Alien. *Hoskins Paul, fal'mer, Hands Zelah.

[Marked thus* should be addressed Truro.] Hotten William, Henry & James, far- Borlase John, Hawkins' Arms P.H
mers, Trenerry
*BuckRev.Richd.EustaceStnkely,Rctry Jewell John, butcher, Buwling green Dawe Wiiliam, wheelwright

Lanyon Elial, Henver *Jose Henry, farmer, Chynoweth Hoskins Jane (Mrs.), shopkeeper

COMMERCIAL. Lanyon Albert Cornelius (Mrs.), far- Hoskins William, wheelwright

Bassett John, farmer, Cralso mer, Trevalso Lanyon Josiah, grocer & draper,Post off

Benny James, farmer, Mount Pleasant Lanyon Obed, farmer~Polstein&Henver Lanyon Louisa & Isabella (Misses),

*Carveth Arthur, farmer, Boswellick *Leverton Isaac, miller (water), Lan- grocers & drapers

*Carveth Oliver, farmer, Nancarrow ner mill Letcher John, blacksmith

*CarvethWilliam John Harris, farmer, *Northey Francis, farmer, Killivose Rawling John, boot & shoe maker

Tretherres *Northey Geo. Alfd. farmer, Gwarnick Reed Jabez, blacksmith & farmer

Coom J ames, farmer, Dover row *Richards William, farmer, Lanner Sampson Ozias, farmer & bus proprietr

Gill William Nicholas, farmer, Trerice Sampson Richard, farmer, Tolgrogan Trembath Rd. farmr. Lower Natbaniels

Hooper John (Mrs.), farmr. East Downs Thomas Charles, farmer, Trefoenick Truscott Nicholas, carpenter

*Hoskins Nicholas, miller (water) & Thomas William, farmer, North Waters John, boot maker

farmer, Gwarnick mill Downs Woolcock Samuel, farmer, Nathaniels

ALTERNUN, ALTERNON, or ALT.ARNUM, is a very large Day Hanson esq. J.P., D.L. of Bideford, and others. The

parish, township and village, on a tributary of the river Inny, principal landowners are Francis Rashleigh Rodd esq. J.P. of

6 miles south-west from Egloskerry station on the Halwill Trebartha Hall, C. ·G. Archer esq. J.P. of Trelaske, Richard

Junction and Tresmeer section of the London and South Kittow esq. George Venning esq. and John Peter esq. and

Western railway, 8 west-south-west from Launceston rail- there are many small freeholds. ·The greater part of the

way station and 9 east from Camelford, in the North parish is on the granite ; the soil, at the junction of the

Eastern division of the county, Lesnewth hundred, petty granite, is a schist ; subsoil, slate. The chief crops are oats,

sessional division of North Middle, Launceston union and wheat and turnips, but much of the land is in pasture. The

county court district, rural deanery of Trigg Major, arch- acreage is I5,014; inclusive of that portion of Bolventor

deaconry of Bodmin and diocese of Truro. The church of district which is in the parish of Alternun ; rateable value,

St. Nun (orNonna) is an edifice of stone in the Perpendicular £6,285; the population in I891 was 1,078.

style, consisting of chancel, nave of four bays, aisles, north CABRoNwEi,THI IwCeKs,t;3 miles north-west ; CARGELLEY, 2~ ; SouTH
and south porches and a lofty embattled western tower, with WEST LANES,
CARNE, 2 north-west; FIVE
pinnacles, containing 5 bells: it has a very fine oak roof and half a mile south; HuRDEN, x north-west; OccASINNEY,I ;
a handsome rood screen, panelled and traceried, and restored
in 1888 at a cost of £2oo: the seats, which are beautifully POLGRAY, 1 north-by-west ; RosEMAIN, ha1f a mi1e; TRE-
BANT, Ii south-east ; TREBULWM, If north TRECORNER,
carved, are of uncertain date, but subsequent to 1520: the 2 ; T.REDAULE, half a mile east; TRECOLLAS, Ij ~ ; 'l'REGOON,

stairs to the rood loft remain in the north aisle, and in the x! south; 'fREGUNNON, xi north; TREGRENNA, xl; TRE-

south aisle is an ancient piscina and bracket: the chancel KENNICK, half a mile north-west; TRELAWNEY, xt ; 'fRERI-

retains an aumbry and two very curious paintings, dating THICK, 2 north-east; TREVEAGUE, 2 north-west; 'fREWEEN,
from about 162o, of the " Crucifixion" and the "Adminis- I north-west ; TREWINT, half a mile south-west ; TREZIB~·
tration of the Ho£; Eucharist :" the church was restored in
BETT, x north-by-east; 'fRENILK, x south, are places here..
1867 at a cost of 1,28o, and has 400 sittings. The register Parish Clerk, William Dennis.
dates from the year 1688. The living is a vicarage, tithe rent-
charge commuted at £ 300, average ,£228, net yearly value PosT OFFICE.-John Doney, sub-postmaster, Penpont.
tabhbyeogtuhitfe,t£Ro2fe8tvchi.,eiADnlceflrauenddainnHgdenCnrh3yaapMctreaerlsoaonf fTHgrlu.Aerb.oe,o,afnwdSitthh.erlAdeslsbiidanencnecH1ea8, l8iln7, Letters through Launceston, by cross post, received at
9.30 a.m. ; dispatched at 2.50 p.m. The nearest money
order office is at Lewannick & telegraph office at Eglos-

Oxford. The impropriate rent-charge is commuted at £ 270, kerry railway station. WALL LETTER Box.-Five Lanes,
of which £I3 14s. yearly is paid to the rector of the neigh- cleared at 2.55 p.m. week days only ·.

bouring parish of Minster. Here are two Wesleyan chapels A School Board of 5 members was formed July 1, x875, St.

and one for Bible Christians. Fairs for cattle are held at Neot being contributory with two members; S. Pearn,
Five Lanes, on the Monday week after June 24th, and on Penpont, clerk to the board; James Climo~ Penpont,

the last Monday in September. The charities amount to attendance officer .
£6 yearly. The manorial rights of Penpont and Treglasta Xational School (mixed &infants), enlarged for 200 children;

are held by William Coryton esq. J.P. of Pentillie Castle, St. average attendance; 95; Edwin Bickford, master

Mellion, Charles Gordon Archer esq. J.P. of Trelaske, William The Board School is at Bolventor

Herring Mrs. Tregunnon Tripp Charles Upton, Penleet Baker Richard, farmer, Trezibbett
Bartlett William, farmer, South Carne
Kittow Richard, 'l'redaule house Venning George, Trezibbett Bath John, farmer, Hendra .

MalanRev.Alfd.Hy.M.A.[¥icar],Vicarge coMMERCIAL. . Bath Richard, shoe maker, Five Lanes

Pearn Samson, Penpont Alford Robert, farmer, Ryland

DEV. & CORN. 65

1026 A.LTERNUN. CORNWALL. (KELLY's

Blewett Wm. blacksmith, Occasinney Jasper Richard, farm,:!r, Bray down Rowe Roger, farmer, Tregunnon

Brown John, yeoman, Trethinna Jasper Thomas, farmer, Polgray Rase Albert, farmer, Tregunnon

Chapman Amos, King's Head P.R. Jasper Thomas, jun. shopkeeper & Sandercock George, farmer, Treween

Fh·e Lanes farmer, Five Lanes Sandercock Robert, farmer, Trekennick

Climo James, farmer & miller (water), Jasper William, farmer, Bowithick Sandercock William, boot &shoe maker,

registrar of births & deaths for Al- Jasper Wm. jun. farmer, West Carne Penpont

ternun sub-district & school attend- Jeffery Richard, farm~r, Trenarrett Sleeman Frederick, farmer, Newhay

ance officer, Penpont mill Jenkin Samuel, mason, Treween Sleeman Wilham, shoe ma. Five Lanes

Coad Isaac, shopkeeper, Penpont Lang Geo. blacksmith, Tregunnon Sleep George, blacksmith, Five Lanes

Colwill Philip, farmer, Tregirls Langman Jose, farmer, Burden Smale James, farmer, Rosemain

Couch John, yeoman, Oldhay Langman Jose,grocer&. draper,Penpont Smith Honor (Mrs.), farmer, Burland

Cowling Frederick, saddler, Penpont Langman Thos. frni.r. & Rising Sun P.R Sparks John, farmer, Spettigue

Crowall William, farmer, Newton down Lark Richard, Ring of Bells P.R Stephens William, farmer, Bowithick

Curtice William, farmer, 'frelawney Lean William By. Pearn, farmr. Trenilk Symons John, blacksmith, Treween

Halls James, farmer, Cargelly Mutton William & Son, shopkeepers & 'frezelland Mining Co. (Sl. Mayne, capt)

Harris John, farmer & assessor & col- farmers, Five Lanes Truscott Fredk. carpenter, Five Lanes

lector of taxes, Trevague Mutton Richard, butcher, Five Lanes Tucker John, mason, Trewint

HarrisJonathan, farmr. Captains ground Nichols Henry, farmer, Trebullom Turner Edmund, farmer, Tregue

Harwood & Wilton, mine agents, Tre- Northey George, farmer, Tregunnon Turner Edmund, jun. farmr. Trecorner

nilke house Northey George, farmer, West Carne Venning Christopher, farmer & miller

Holman Albert, farmer, Austles Pearce Hugh, farmer, Bowithick (water), Tregirls

Holman Geo. carpntr. & farmr. Trewint Pearce William, farmer, Trerithick Vosper George, farmer, Tredaule

Hoskin Edwd. John, farmer, Tregune Peam William, farmer, 'frebant Wallis George. carrier, Trewint

Jasper Charles, farmer, Tresmeak Peters Edward, farmer, Trethinna Whale John Trehane, carpenter & far-

JasperEdwd.Nicolls,farmr.Jolls ground Prout I<'rancis, farmer, Bowithick mer, Penpont

Jasper Emma (Miss), farmr. Tredaule Raddall George, farmer, Landinner Whale Thomas, carpenter, Treween

Jasper George, farmer, Trelyn Richards James, farmer, Tregrenna Wills Richard, farmer, Poldue

Jasper John, farmer, South Carne RoweJsph.blacksmth. &shpkpr.Five Lns

J

ST. ANTHONY-IN-MENEAGE is a pari~h on the Hamley, of St. Aidans. The parish feast day is on the Sun-

isthmus of the promontory of Dennis head, which is formed day next to St. Stephen's day (December 26th). Near the

by the Helford river and the Gillan Creek, and is I r miles church, on an estate called Lantinen, was formerly a cell of

east from Helston station on a branch of the Great Western Benedictine or black monks of Angers, attached to the priory
railway, 9 south-west from Penryn station on the Falmouth of Tywardreath and existing from the reign of Richard I.
branch of the West Cornwall (Great Western) railway and In the parish are two ancient entrenchments, called" Great
ro north-east from the Lizard, in the Truro division of the and Little Deuuis or Dinas," commanding the mouth of the

county, hundred of Kerrier, petty sessional division of Ker- Helford river; the latter, occupied as a fort during the Civil
rier West, Helston union and county court district, rural war, surrendered in March, 1646, to Sir Thomas Fairfax.
de11nery of Kirrier, archdeaconry of Cornwall and diocese of The Rev. ~ichard Polwhele, of Polwhele, the historian of
Truro. The church of St. Anthony, situated almost close to Cornwall, was \'icar of this parish and of Manaccan ; he
the edge of the Durra, on the southern part of a promontory, died at. Truro, March I2, 1838. There is a coast guard
and said to have originally been a votive church built b)' station here. Bosahan is the residence of Arthur Pendarves
shipwrecked Normans, is an ancient building of stone 'in the Vivian esq. D.L.• J.P. who is lord of the manor, and with

Early English style, consisting of chancel, nave of five bays, Colonel Arthur Tremayne D. L., ;r. P. of Carclew, Mylor, is the

north aisle, south transept, south porch and a large em- chief landowner. The soil is clay and mar]; subsoil, clay
battled western tower of Caen stone, with four crocketed and marl. The chief crops are wheat and oats. The acreage

pinnacles, and containing 3 bells, of which the first two are is 1,84o, of which 330 is water; rateable y-alue, £1,884;
dated 1674 ; the third has an invocation to the Virgin in old the population in 1891 was 159.
English letters : the ancient granite font consists of a bowl Parish Clerk, Francis Tripcony.

supported by four cherubs bearing shields, with the iuscrip- L etter s through He lsto n arrive at I I&. 30teale.mgr.a Helford is
tion in relief " Ecce Karissimi de Deo vero baptizabuntur the nearest mon ey o rder office h office at
Spiritu Sancto :" in I8go the church was restored and re- Manaccan p

seated with open benches, and now affords 150 sittings. WALL LETTER Box, Carne, collected at II.SS a.m
The register dates from the year r6o2. The living is a vic-
arage, average tithe rent-charge £ng, net yearly value The parish is included in the United School Board district of

£Io6, with 2 acres of glebe and residence, in the gift of the Manaccan, formed February 19th, 1879

Lord Chancellor, and held since 1885 by the Rev. Joseph Coast Guard Station, Samuel Jenkin, boatman

Hamley Rev. Joseph, Vicarage Hill Jared, farmer, Boden Roskruge Thomas, farmer, Trewothack

VivianArthr.PendarvesJ.P.,D.L.Bosahan Knowles Charles, farmer, Condurrow Sampson William, farmer, Roskruge

COMMERCIAL. Morgan James, shoP.keeper, Carne Semmens "Wm. miller (water), Penpol

Crawford Thomas, head gardener to A. Nicholls Jane (Mrs.}, farmer, TregiLhy Taylor Elizabeth (Mrs.), frmr. Caveldra

P. Vivian esq. 'fhe Grove Nicholls Richard, farmer, Lanarth Taylor John, farmer, Lantinning

Downing Robert, farmer, Tregasso RichardsHy.(Mrs.),frmr.Gillynwartha Williams John, farmer, Lower Boden

Dudley James (Mrs.), farmer, Carne Roberts Richard, farmer, Tregasso Williams John, jun. farmer, Minifters

Hearle Joseph, farmer, Trenevas Rogers Thomas, farmer, Trewince Williams Joseph, farmer, Tendera

ST. ANTHONY-IN-ROSELAND is a village and\ pulpit, reading desk and seats are of English elm, carved

parish on a peninsula formed by the sea, St, Mawes harbour and ornamented by the Rev. C. W. Carlyon; the roof is of

and the estuary called Carreg Road, and is 9l miles south- open woodwork,. and the open benches, with carved ends,

west from Tregony, I south-east by water from St Mawes contain shields, showing the marriage connections of the
(the nearest market town), 3 by water east from Falmouth Spry family: there are memorials to LuL>y Hill, ob. i67o;

terminal station of the West Cornwall (Great Western) to George Spry, gent. ob. 1658; Arthur Spry, of Place, ob.

railway, 14 south-west from Grampound Road station and 1685, with a bust between two mourning fem!lle figures,
I<f south by the King Harry ferry from Truro station on the intended to represent his two wives Mary (Gayer), ob,. May
Great Western railway, in the Mid division of the county, 4, 1656 and- (Hele), both buried here; Rear-AdQliral Sir
western division of the hundred of Powder, petty sessional Richard Spry kt. d. Dec. I, 1775; Admiral Thomas (Davy)
division of Powder Sonth, union and county court district Spry, d. Nov. 271 1828; there are other monuments of that
of Truro, rural deanery of Powder, archdeaconry of Corn- family to 1835, and one to Lieut. Thomas Wilks. R.N. d.
wall and diocese of Truro. The church of St. Anthony, I823 : there are 125 sittings: an ancient stone coffin lies
dedicated by Waiter Bronscombe, Bishop of Exeter, October exposed in the churchyard. The register of baptisms dates
grd, 1259, is supposed to have been founded by William from the year 166o; marriages, 1668 ; burials, 1678. Tbe
.Warlewast, Bishop of Exeter, and is a cruciform building of living is a donative, yearly value £4o, in the gift of the
stone in the Early English style, and was :tebnilt,- 10th the trustees of the late Richard tipry esq.; the vicar of St. Just-in-
e-Xception of the centre arches, in the year' r85o, by Sir Eoseland officiates. Here is a Wesleyan chapel. The parish
Samuel Thomas Spry kt. :M.P., D.L. of Place, from designs feast is on the Sunday nearest to 1oth of August. Near the
by, and under the direction of, the Rev. Clement Winstanley point where St. Anthony's Battery stood is a lighthouse, an

Carlyon B.A. rector -of St. Just-in-Roseland ; it now consists octagonal building of granite, so feet high, erected in 1835
of- chancel {rebuilt on the site of the former ruined chancel), by the Trinity Board ; its base is 12 feet above _high-water
nave of six. bays, transepts and a central tower, with octa. mark ; the lantern. 35 feet from the base, contains eight
gonal timbe,r spire, .covered with slate, ~ontaining on~ bell: hghts, revolving e~ry three minute!!, causing flashes. to recur
the south doorway of the nave is a fine specimen of Norman at intervals of about. 20 seconds; the light is reflected by
work : the' window&_:are all stained, the communion table, highly polished concave mirrors, having parabolic curves,

DIRECTORY.] CORNWALL. .AUSTELL. 1027

which move m a circle with the lights, and throw a cylinder Richard Spry esq. The lands and appurtenances appear

of horizontal rays, visible at xs miles' distance: in a chamber to have been in the hands of the family of Spry since the

beneath the lantern is fixed a " guiding " light for the middle or latter end of the qth century, and in the reign

Manacles rock, situated on the opposite side of Falmouth of Charles II. Arthur Spry esq. was M.P. for the borough ot

Bay, at a distance of 6 miles. Here was anciently a priory St. Mawes from r66o to 1678 ; Rear-Admiral Sir Richard

of Austin Canons, founded in 1124 by Robert Warlewast, Spry kt. attached the manor of Bohortba to his " Place"

Bishop of Exeter, as a cell to the priory of Plympton, and property, by purchase from Mr. Boscawen. The soil is fine

dedicated to St. Mary de Valle, and on the clearing of the site gravel, and the subsoil killas with elvan dyke and loam.

for the rebuilding of the church two skeletons were found Crops, chiefly wheat, barley and oats. The area is r,II7

near the altar, supposed to be those of two priors, Peter de acres, of which 435 are water; rateable value, £901; and

.Antonio and David Bereley, ob. c. rso7. The priory was the population in r89r was IS3·

dissolved before xs6o. "Place," a mansion adjoining and Parish Clerk, Lewis Emmet.
connected with the church, was partially rebuilt in x84o,
and is the· property of the trustees of the late Sir Samuel Letters through Falmouth arrive at 8 a.m. ; di,spatched at
'rhomas Spry kt. The whole parish is formed of a cluster 4 p.m. The nearest money order & telegraph office is at
Porthscatho
{){ romantic hills, one of which, called " Bohortha," is 277

feet in height. The principal landowners are George Hill School (mixed), for 30 children; average attendance, 24;

esq. and the trustees of the late Sir S. T. Spry, who & supported in part by voluntary contributions ; Mi....<!S

aiso hold the manorial rights, and the trustees of the late Minnie Emmett, mistress

'Smith Richard, Froe cottage Jane William, farmer, Bohortha Philips Hugh, farmer, Barton
.lowe John, farmer, Porth
Spry John Samuel Moon Philip, basket maker

Canning George Pearce, farmer & land-

owner, Bohortha

ANTONY, or WEST ANTONY, is a parish on St. Germans I parish, at which forces are from time to time quartered.

-creek, 6 miles s0uth-east from St. Germans, in the South I Antony House, the seat of Col. Reginald Pole-Carew c.B.

Eastern division of the county, South division of East bun- I on the banks of the Lynher, is a mansion in the Elizabethan

dred, petty sessional division of East South, f::lt. Germans jstyle, built in 172r, from designs by Gibbs, on the site of an

union, Stonehouse county court district, rural deanery of Iancient castle, by Sir William Carew; the fine staircase and

East, archdeaconry of Bodmin and diocese of Truro. The prineipal apartments are hung with a splendid collection of

()burch of St. James is a buildin~ of stone, erected in the paintings by distinguished artists, and the house is sur-
~arlypart of the xsth century, with arcades of Perpendicular rounded by beautifully wooded grounds of 2so acres. Col.

date, and consists of chancel, nave, aisles, north and south Pole-Carew, who is lord of the manor, Lord Graves .J.P. and

porches and an embattled western tower of two stages, con· Waiter Deeble Boger esq. D.L., .J.P. are the principal land-

taining a clock and 6 bells: in the centre of the chancel floor is owners. The soil is loam and clay; subsoil, argillaceous

a brass with effigy under a rich cusped and crocketed canopy slate. The chief crops are wheat, oats, barley and turnips.

and an inscription to Margery Arundell, the presumed foun- The area is 3,177 acres of land, 457 of tidal water and 788 of

dress of the church, and daughter of Sir Warin L'Erchedekne foreshore: Tateable value, including 'forpoint, [.ro,277;

kt. ob. 26th October, 1420; there are also man)' monuments the population in 1891 was 3,6.84, of which 1,259 are

to the family of Carew, xsss-1835· including one to Richard attached to the mother church, and including roo inmates

(;arew, author of a "Survey of Cornwall," ob. 6 November, in St. Germans workhouse and xoo officers and men in Tre-

162o; and to that of Wolsdon, x6o8-56, with several oflater gantle and Scraesdon forts.

date: the east window, erected in 1847, is a memorial to the ToRPOINT, a small town in this civil parish, will be found

Right Hon. Reginald Pole-Carew P.c. d. 3rd January, 183S• under a separate heading.

to his 2nd wife, the Hon. Caroline Anne (Lyttelton), d. xoth Sexton, John Trays.

April, 1833, and to his son, the Rev. Gcrald Pole-Carew, a PosT, M. 0. 0. & s. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office.-

former vicar, d. 14th March, r84S; there are· also nine Mrs. Emma Truscott, sub-postmistress. Letters through

<>thers, chiefly memorials: the church affords 200 sittings. Devonport, received at a7t.4100.a2.0ma..m& .3&.20Sp·3.om.p;.ms.un; dsauyns-,
Trm·hgeesr,eg1i5s6te9r; obofufrbm·Na,1,.p.Lst,eirs1rmi6fi7es7ldd. ataeTnshnfeerxo1Ie.mVd.I,ntghaveI.Seryaaegaverw. 1at6ir.7tah8gee;, mw1a.trh- d8a.4y0s,a.1m1..4;0 d.1spatched
the chapelry a.m
rent-
charge £"242, joint gross yearly value £.254• with residence WALL LETTER Box, Wilcove, cleared at 7•30 a. m. & 5·40

and 6 acres of glebe, in the gift of Cui. Reginald Pole- p.m. week days only

Carew c. o. and held since r845 by the Rev. John Francis ScHOOLS:-

Kitson M.A. of Exeter College, Oxford, and surrogate. The National (mixed), built in 1756, for So children; average

church of MtmRIFIEr.D is a small and plain building of stone attendance, 6o; Miss Mary Tyzzer, mistress

in the Decorated st.yle, consisting of chancel, nave, transept National, Merrifield (mixed), for 120 children; average

and north aisle ; there are several stained windows : the attendance, 8o ; & in part supported by Col. Reginald

church will seat about xoo persons. The Rev. Sudlow Pole-Carew; Phillip Turner, master; Mrs. Ann Rowljng,
Garratt M.A. of Oriel College, Oxford, has been re:~ident 1 mistress
curate since 1852. Tregantle and Scraesdonareforts in this i CARRIERS TO ToRPOINT.-William Cook & Henry Robjohns
I!Hoskin James, farmer, Cleave farm
Bennett William Percival, Coombe park Bowden Richard, farmer Lyne William, farmer
Bogt>r Waiter Deeble M.A., D.L., J.P. Bowden William, New inn, Wilcove

"\Volsdon Carne Thomas, blacksmit.h l\latthews JfJhn, farmer

Dickinson Mrs. Carbeil house Cook William, carrier Mitchell Edwin, market gardener,

Garratt Rev. Sudlow M.A. [curate], Eastcott John, farmer Wilcove

Merrifield Gent John, farmer &c. Trevol Parkyn David, market gardener

Grant William Lowther, Merrifield Gilbart Eliza (Mrs.), farmer Parsons Nicholas, farmer

Kirwan Rev. John Henry M.A. [rector Green John, Ring of Bells P.H Rice Charlotte {Mrs.), shopkeeper

of St. John's] Greenwood Jas. farmer, Bulland farm Robjohns Henry, carrier

Ritson Rev. John Francis M.A. Vicarage Hancock William Henry, farmer Robins John, farmer, Horson farm

Pole-Carew Coi.Reginald C.B.Antony ho Haynes John, farmer Steed George, farmer

COMMERCIAL. Huskin Cyrus John, miller (water), Steer David, farmer, Hay farm
Hlove Richard, boot & shoe maker W?cker mill

S rr. A US '1' ELL.

ST. AusTF!LL is a market and union town, parish and head the numerous tin and copper minesand china clay works in
of a county court district., 40 miles from Penzance, 14 the surroundmg distnct. The streets, though still narrow
north-east from Truro, 40 from Plymoutb, II south-south- and irregular, have been much improved througil the
west from Bodmin, 93 from Exeter, 286 from London and 2 modernising of the old shops and the erection of new build-
west from the port of Charlestown, with a station on the in~s. 'fhe town is governed by a local hoard of 15 mem-
Great Western railway, and is in the l\lid division of the bers, formed Dec.. g, x864, under the'' Local Government ,Act
county, westerri division of the hundred of Powder, petty, of x8s8;" water is at present supplied from works belonging
l!essional division of Powder East, rural deanery of St. Ans- to the board, but it is proposed to obtain a supply from a
tell, archdeaconry of Cornwall and diocese of Truro. 'fbe spring rising at 'frenance,. about I mile north-west, the
town, seated on the southern slope of a hill, is of compara- property of John Tremayne esq. at an estim::..ted cost of

tirely modern date, and owes its prosperoll! contlition to £"3,ooo: gas ilf supplied by 1.!. Limited Comp!Wy, formed in

DEV. & COR:Y. 6~ :1$

1028 AUSTELL. CORNWALL. [ KELLY'S
' '•

187I, and since March, 1886, the principal business establish- "St. Austell Weekly News and Cornish Advertiser," and

ments and public buildings have been lighted with the elec- "The St. Austell Star."

tric light, from works the property of Messrs. Veale and Co. There are four banks, viz. :-St. Austell, Devon and Corn-

Limited. wan, Consolidated Bank of Cornwall and the Cornish.

The church of the Holy 'Trinity, standing in the centre In this district the principal industry is working the china.
of the town, is a structure of Pentewan stone, in the clay and china stone mines, the substance known as " china-
Early Decorated and Perpendicular styles, consisting of clay" being the Kaolin of the mineralogist and the hydrous.
chancel, nave of five bays, aisles, south porch with parvise, silicate of alumina of the chemist. ; it is estimated that in
and an embattled tower 96 feet high, with pinnacles and the various processes connected with this manufacture over
richly ornamented with niches, containing statues of the g,ooo persons are employed : all the leading firms have-
Deity, the Saviour, Angels, Bishops, the Virgin Mary, and offices in St. Austell, which is the capital of the china clay-
various saints, and containing a clock with 3 dials and
Westminster chimes, placed in the tower in 1885 at ilo cost district ; the ports of export being chiefly Par, Fowey,.
of £200, and 8 fine-toned bells, all cast in 1810: on the Charlestown and Newquay. The principal firms are Messrs.
buttresses of the south side are sculptured the instruments Martin Brothers Limited, of St. Austell and Plymouth ;.
of the Passion : the chancel, which inclines towards the Messrs. Lovering, of St. AusteU and St. Blazey; The West
south, is Early Decorated and has a reredos of alabaster and of England China Stone and Clay Co. Limited, of St. Ans-
tell and St. Stephens; Mr. Olver, St. Stephens; Messrs.
mosaic, erected in 1872: the font is Norman and has shafts Higman, of St. Austell; Messrs. Knight, St. Blazey ~
at the angles : there are memorial windows to the Rev.
Fortescue Todd LL.B. vicar 1838-8t, the Right Rev. J. W. Messrs. Thriscutt and Bale, of Candle down ; and Messrs.
Colenso D.D. Bishop of Natal, d. 20 June, 1883, Mrs. Graves- Stacker, of St. Anstell and St. Stephens. It is estimated
Sawle, Edward Coode esq. Thomas Drew, and others: the that about 4oo,ooo tons of this clay is annually exported
church has been restored, including a new open timber roof to the Potteries and into Lancashire, where it is largely·
over the chancel, and the re-seating of the whole interior used in the calico weaving districts of Blackburn and

with open benches, at a total cost of £2,300; a new organ other cotton towns, the china clay being the principal
was erected in 188o, at a cost of £8oo; and a sculptured ingredient in the sizing with which the cloth is heavily
loaded ; it is also used in chemical works : the chief
pulpit in 188r, at a cost of £130, and in 1889 a vestry was districts in Cornwall yielding china clay are St. Austell,
built on the north to the memory of Mrs. Edmund Carlyon, Blisland and Penzance, and it is also found at Lee Moor, in

at a cost of £350: there are 700 sittings. The churchyard Devon ; besides these, no other localities are at present
has been levelled on the n~rth and east and inclosed with known producing china clay and stone of such excellent
handsome railings, at a cost of £180: in the churchyard, quality and in such abundance. These mineral substances
to which it was removed in 1893 for preservation, is a large
flat stone, called the "Menagew," or" Mengu" stone, pre- were first discovered in Cornwall in 1763, and about thi&
viously standing near the western entrance to the church ; time Josiah Wedgwood, the great English potter, in conjunc-
it was said to show the meeting point of three manors, as tion With a Mr. Carthew, became lessee of certain china
well as to define other boundaries, and is the object of some mines near St. Austell, and the manufacture of porcelain
local superstitions. The register dates from the year 15os.
The living is a Yicarage, tithe rent-charge £5371 average from this clay, skilfully superintended by Wedgwood,
£4o8, net yearly value £320, with residence and I acre of was highly successful. The peculiar nature of the minera1
glebe, in the gift of the Crown, and held since 1881 by the seems as yet to be but partially understood, but it is supposed
to be the result of an unhealthy or diseased state of the soil,

being, in its first state, a greyish-looking plastic clay, formed

Rev. Joseph Hammondn.A., LL.B. of London University, and in compact masses immediately beneath the surface soil, by
surrogate. the disintegration of the felspar and fine white granite,

common to these localities ; it has an unctuous, greasy feel,
The Society of Friends have a meeting house in High Cross and in some cases shows the crystalline structure of the
street with 350 sittings. There is a Baptist chapel at Western felspar. The clay is mixed with water, and while held in
hill, with 350 sittings ; and a Congregational chapel in Duke suspension is pumped up and passed ove-r a very slight
street, with 350 sittings. The Bible Christian chapel, in Tre- incline, depositing in its passage all heavy matter, after
gonissey road, erected in 1890 at a cost of about£I,6oo, is a which it is further purified in washing pits and dried ready
building of granite, and affords 6oo sittings: the old chapel for use. The men employed in this industry earn good
has been converted into a school-room and lecture-hall, and wages and work short. hours, the average working day being
is also used for holding the sessions of the St. Austell County 8 hours only ; there are but few young persons employed :
Court ; Primitive Methodist in South street, with 450 sit- up to 1884 this trade was very prosperous, but the price
tings ; and Free Methodist at East hill, with 350 sittings. then fell considerably and is still said by the trade to be too
The Wesleyan Methodist chapel in Bodmin road is a large low.
and substantial building, restored in 1888 at a cost of £250, Carclaze mine or works are 2 miles north of the town, at
and again in 1892 at a cost of nearly £3,000; it is lighted an altitude of 665 feet. From the summit of this rising
by electricity, and has t,ooo sittings. A cemetery of 4acres ground the mine is sunk to the depth of 150 feet, open, and
was formed in 1878, at an entire cost of £2,5oo, including somewhat in the shape of an enormous basin, the surface of
purchase money, and has two mortuary chapels: it is under which measures upwards of 15 acres, with a circumference
the control of a Burial Board of nine members.
of more than a mile : it is supposed to have been worked for

The Town Hall and Market House, erected in 1844, form more than 400 years, and until about 185r for tin exclu-

one spacious building of granite ; the Town Hall, which is sively, but now produces china clay (Kaolin), of which an

on the upper storey, will hold 500 persons ; the market is immense quantity is washed from the decomposed granite

conveniently arranged for general purposes. is well supplied forming the strata of the mine.

with all kinds of provisions and is lighted by electricity. The Trenance Flour Mills are worked by Mr. Thomas

The market day is Friday, but a market is also held on Hitchins. -

Saturday afternoon, and is sometimes very numerously There is an extensive steam brewery, erected in 1869 by

attended. Mr. W. Hicks, who is now (1893) erecting another on a

The Assembly Rooms, Truro road, are well adapted for more extensive scale.

holding public meetings, balls and concerts, and include a The head quarters of the D Company of the 2nd Volunteer

large room, containing 1,5oo superficial feet, with ante- Battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry are here.

rooms and private entrance; these rooms, which are licensed The principal hotels are the "White Hart," and" Queen's

for dramatic purposes, are lighted by electric light. Head."

The Constitutional Club, formed in 1889, occupies pre- Near Higher Blowing House, formerly part of Menacuddle

mises in Vicarage hill, and has over 300 members ; the Wood, and about half a mile north of the town, is an ancient

library of £r,ooo volumes was purchased from the Literary baptistery or well chapel, close to which was formerly a

Institute, now closed. chapel attached to the priory of Tywardreath, but abolished

The Liberal Club, at the west end of Fore street, opened in the reign of Henry VIII. ; the last incumbent, in thesuc-
16th July, 18go, was erected solely at the expense of Mr. ceediug reign, received a pension of £5 a year; the existing

Francis Barratt J.P. from the designs of Mr. S. Trevail, of building, much overgrown and surrounded with trees, is an

Truro, and contains on the ground floor two spacious and Early Gothic structure, n feet in length, by 9 wide and u

convenient shops ; on the first floor are reading and smoking feet high ; there are two entrances, each consisting of a

rooms, library and kitchen, and on the second floor a billiard pointed arch, on clustered shafts, opposite each other, one

room containing two tables, also a secretary's room and on the north and the other on the south side, and respec-

lavatories : there are about 400 members. tively 5 feet 2 inches and 2 feet 9 inches in height ; at the

The St. Austell Cottage Gardening Society, established west end is a small window; the spring, rising at the east

some years since, holds an annual exhibition about the end, flows into a divided basin of granite ; adjoining this

beginning of August, when many prizes are distributed ;, H. baptistery is the Chapel Main, said to be an ancient burial

8. Hancock, hon. sec. and H. J. Bramble, assist. hon. sec. place; a similar weli exists at Towan, in this parish. On the

Cattle fairs are held on the sth Aprtl, 3ISt :May, 26th extreme north and north-west boundaries of the parish,

July, rgth October and 3oth November. about a mile distant from each other, and on the highest

Two weekly newspapers are published here, called the land in the parish, are two large barrows, called " Cock's

DIRECTORY.] CORN\VALL. • AUSTELL • 1029

Barrow" and" Hen's Barrow," the latter, 1,034 feet above 1 Mount Charles is a village, 1 mile east from St.

the sea level, being also known as " The Archbeacon of 1Anstell, on the road to Charlestown, and has a Free
Cornwall;" from the top of these, on a clear day, the whole Methodist chapel, built in 1865; Wesleyan, built in 1873;

county of Cornwall can be readily viewed. and a Primitive Methodist chapel, built in 1858.

The ~uburban re~idences and .gentlemen's seats i~clude : PosT & M. 0. 0., S. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office.-

-Penrwe, the residence of Sir Charles Brune Graves- Mrs. Emma Carveth, sub-postmistress. Letters through

Sawle .hart. B.A., D.L., J.P.; Porthpean House, 01 Mrs. St Au tell which is the nearest telegraph office arrive at
P 1e.etuhte.-nccok1.; DAur pthourtrh,so.f Henry MHoodogr eceostqta.g; eT, roefuEarrdewn,arodf · s' · hd &'
L H e xt ·, &7·44·o5a0.mp..m&.2 &S7u.nISdaPy·,ma.;rdrt·tvsepa7t·c45e at6 ..•2od1'spIaIt.cIhoead. ma t.
Coode esq D.L., J.P.; Pouddhu, of Mrs. T. Coode; Trew- a .m.
6·20 a.. m
hiddle, of Daniel Henry Shilson esq. ; Polcarne, of Mrs. John .

Coode; Trevarna, of William Coode esq. M. A.; Trevarrick, WALL LETTER Box, Umon road, Mount Charles, cleared at

of Robert G. Lakes esq. J.P.; Polkyth, of Edmund Carlyon 4·45 p.m. week days only

esq. ; The Brake, of Waiter Hicks esq.; Trevacthian, of Porthpean, about 2 miles south-east of St. Austell
A.rthur Coode esq. J.P.; and North Hill, of Mrs. Veale.
station, is a: charming seaside resort, much frequented in the
Sir C. B. Graves-Sawle bart. D.L., J.P. is lord of the
manor of Tewington. summer months as a boating and bathing place. St.
Levan's chapel of ease, erected in r885 by Lady Graves-
The principal landowners are H.R.H. The Duke of Corn- Sawle, of Penrice, is a building of native elvan, and consists
of chancel, nave, aisle and vestry, with 50 sittings.
wall K.G.; the Earl of Mount Edgcumbe P.c., n.c.L., L.L.,
Sir Charles Brune Graves-Sawle bart.; George Richard The climate of this place is singularly mild, and almost
Gwavas Carlyon B.A., D.L., J.P. of Tregrehan, Par; John equal to that of the south of France. Sn3w seldom falls and
"Tremayne esq. BA., J.P., D.L. of Heligan; Henry Edward ice is very rarely seen ; there is generally a pleasant breeze
Lambe esq.; Edward Coode esq. J.P., D.L.; John Edward from the sea in the summer months, and the winter here is
Veale esq. ; Robert Gould Lakes esq. J.P. ; :Francis Barratt never severe.

-esq. M.A., J.P. of Prideaux, Par Station; Christopher Henry Porthpean House, the property and residence of Mrs.
Petherick, is very pleasantly situated and overlooks the
Thomas Hawkins esq. D.L., J.P. of Trewithan, Probus. whole of St. Austell bay.
The rateable value is £52,836; and the population of the

parish in 1881 was u,286, and in 1891, u,377·

This parish is very extensive, occupying an areaof 12,125 PosT OFFICE.-John Lowday, sub-postmaster. Letters

acres, including the ecclesiastical parishes of TREVERBYN arrive at 8.20 a. m. & 2.50 p.m. ; dispatched at 8.50 a.m.

and CHAltLESTOWN, formed in 1846 out of portions of the & 4·5 p.m. Charlestown is the nearest money order &

east (Charlestown) and north (Treverbyn) of St. Austell, telegraph office. Postal orders are issued here, but not

both of which will be found under separate headings. paid


Official Establishments, Local Institutions &c.

PosT & M. 0. & T. 0., Government Annuity & Insurance Hext Lt.-Col. Arthur Staniforth, Trenarren, St. Austell

Office.-William Guy, postmaster. Lakes Robert Gould esq. Trevarrick, St. Austell

HouRs OF ATTENDANCE.-For sale of stamps, registration Moore John Gwennap Dennis esq. Trewithen

of letters &c. week days, from 7 a. m. to 8 p.m. ; sundays, Tremayne John esq. D.L. Heligan, St. Austell

7 to 10 a.m. Sale of Postal orders, week days, 8 a. m. Tremayne John Claude Lewis esq. Heligan, St. Austell

1io 8 p.m. Payment of postal orders, 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. Veale John Edward esq. North Hill, St. Austell
Money order & savings bank, government annuity & in- Clerk to the Magistrates, Daniel Henry Shilson, solicitor,
<Surance business, & issue of licences, week days, 9 a.m. Trewhiddle, St. Austell
to 6 p.m. ; saturdays, 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. Telegraph busi- Petty sessions are held in the Town hall on the first tuesday

ness, week days, 8 a. m. to 8 p.m. ; sundays, 8 to 10 a.m in each month, unless the quarter sessions happen 011 that

0UTWARD MAILS. day, in which case they are held the tuesday previous.

i..ETTERS.-London (day), Plymouth, Devonport &c. 6 a.m. ; The following places are included in the petty sessional

St. Austell (rural deliveries), 6.45 a.m. ; Plymouth & division :-St. Austell, Creed, St. Dennis, St. Ewe, Gorran,

Devonport, 9·35 a.m. ; North of England, Ireland & Scot- Grampound, Mevagissey, Roche, St. Mewan & St.

land; Southampton & South-West of England; Devon- Stephen's-in-Brannell

port, Exeter, Plymouth &c. u.3o a.m. (extra ~d. stamp, Local Board.

u.4o a.m.); Falmouth, Penzance, Truro &c. (day) 12.40 Board meetings are held on the second tuesday in each
p.m. (extra ~d. stamp, 12.45 p.m.); 2nd Town delivery,
month at the offices, Biddick's court.
12.5op.m. (extra ~d. stamp, 12.55 p.m.); Plymouth &
Walter Hicks esq. chairman
Devonport, 3.40 p.m.; Truro (day), 11.5 a.m. & 3·5 p.m. Benjamin Andrew
{extra !d. stamp, 4.15 p.m.); 3rd Town delivery, 4.10 Frederick Augustus Coon Henry Hodge

p.m. (extra !d. stamp, 4·45 p.m.); 4th Town delivery, Arthnr Coode John Oliver Job

7 p.m. (extra ~d. stamp, 7 p.m.); London (day), Ply- John Teague Hawke Thomas Henry Lukes

mouth, Devonport &c. 8.30 p.m. DAILY.-Falmouth, Henry Sydney Hancock William Rosevear
Penz;ance, Truro &c. (night), 6 a.m. ; 1st Town delivery, Henry Wheeler Higman
6.45 a.m.; London (night) & all parts, 5.30 p.m. (extra Waiter Hicks Thomas James Smith
John Edward Veale

!d. stamp, 6 p.m) Thomas Williams

Thomas Hitchins
PARCEL MAILS.-North of England, Ireland & Scotland; Clerk, Edmund Carlyon, Cross lane
Southampton & South-West of England; Plymouth, Treasurer, Daniel Henry Shilson, Hotel road
Devonport, Exeter &c. 11.20 a.m.; Plymouth & Devon- MediCal Officer of Health, William Mason L.R.C.P.Edin.
port, 3.30 p.m. ; London (night) & all parts, 5.20 p.m. ; Bodmin road
London (day), Plymouth, Devonport &c. 8 p.m
Surveyor, Inspector of Nuisances & Collector, John Samble,
INWARD MAILS, Hour of Town Delivery.
Duke street
LETI'ERS (Daily).-London (night) & all parts, 7.20 a.m.
Public Establishments.
Week days only.-Falmouth, Penzance, Truro &c. North Assembly Rooms, Truro road
•of England, Scotland, Southampton & South-West of Cemetery, W. J. Nicholls, clerk to the burial board
England, IDevonport, Exeter, Plymouth &c. 1.20 p.m. ; County Court, Lecture hall, Tregonissey road ; His Honor
London (1st day), Bristol, Truro, Devonport, Plymouth Thomas Colpitts Granger, judge ; Edmund Carlyon, regis·
&c. 5 p.m.; London (2nd day), Ireland, Bath, Bristol, trar & high bailiff ; office, Cross lane, open from 10 a.m.
Devonport, Exeter, Plymouth &c. Falmouth, Penzance, to 4 p.m. ; saturdays, Io a.m. to I p.m. ; registrar's clerk,
Truro &c. 7.25 p.m
William Isaac Watts
PARCELs.-London (night) & all· parts, 7.20 a.m. (no A court is held every month, except September. The fol-
delivery on sundays); North of England & Scotland; lowing places are within its jurisdiction :-St. .Austell,
Southampton & South-West of England; Devonport, St. Blazey, Bugle, Carleddon, Carnrosemary, Carthew,
Exeter, Plymouth &c. 1.20 p.m.; London (1st day),, Charlestown, Creed, St. Dennis, St. Ewe, Fowey, Golant,
Devonport, Plymouth &c. 5 p.m. ; London (2nd day) & . Gorran, Grampound, Holmbnsh, Mevagissey, St. Mewan,
all parts, 7.25 p.m
St. Michael Carhayes, Mount Charles, Molinnis, Par,
PosT OFFICE, Tregonissey Lane End.-William John Kelly, Porthpean, Pentewan, Rescorla, Roche, St. Stephen's-in-
sub-postmaster. Letters arrive from St. Anstell at 8 Brannel, Trenarren, Tregrehan, Trethurgy, Tregorrick,
a.m. & 3.20 p.m. ; dispatched 8 a.m. & 4·45 p.m. Pos- Tregonissey, Tywardreath & Wrestling Green
tal orders are issued here, but not paid.
Certified Bailiffs under the Law of Distress Amendment

County Magistrates for the Petty Sessional Act: William Isaac Watts, Mount Charles; Richard

Division of East Powder. Crabb, Ledrah road; H. J. Bramble, Truro road; R. K.

Sir Charles Brune Graves-Sawle hart. B.A., D.L. Penrice, Daniel, High Cross street ; Thomas Kinsman, High Cross

St. Austell, chairman. street; Joseph Hicks, Trenance bridge; Waiter Giles,

Coode Arthur esq. Trevarthian, St. Austell jun. South street; Robert Varcoe, Roche; William

Coode Edward esq. :Moor cottage, St. Austell I Denison, Fowey

1030 AUSTELL. CO RN'\VAI.. L. ( K E L L Y 78

County Police Station, High Cross street ; William Henry 1 St. Levan Chapel of Ease, Porthpean

Vercoe, inspector; one sergeant & four constables Catholic, Duke street, served from Par; first sunday in the

Stamp Office, 24 Fore street, Philip Giles, distributor month at II a. m

Town Hall, Market place, William Matthews, caretaker \Society of Friends' Meeting House, High Cross street; public

Volunteer Fire Brigade Station, Corn market,. Captain meetings for worship, first day, morning, 10.30 a.m.,

Thomas J. Smith, Truro road evening at 6; fourth day, morning, 10.30 a. m

VoLUNTEERS: Baptist, Old hill; Rev. George Luther Wyard; II a.m. &

2nd Volunteer Battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry 6. IS p.m. ; thurs. 7.30 p.m

Regiment (D Company), Capt. M. T. Hitchins Congregational, Duke street; Rev. John Naylor B.A.; n

ST. AusTELL UNION. a.m. & 6.15 p.m.; wed. 7.30 p.m

Board day, alternate fridays, at ro a.m. at the board room, Bible Christian, Tregonissey road; Rev. George Matthews;

Workhouse. 10.45 a.m. & 6.15 p.m.; tues. 7-IS p.m

The union comprises the following parishes: -St. Austell, Primiti'l"e Methodist, South street; Rev. Joseph Warnffi';

St. Blaze~, Creed, St. Dennis, St. Ewe, Fowey, Gorran, II a.m. & 6 pm.; wed. 7 p.m

Grampound, Mevagissey, St. Mewan, St. Michael Car- Primitive Methodist, Mount Charles, Rev. Joseph Warner;

bayes, Roche, St. Stephen's-in-Brannell, St. Sampson's II a.m. & 6 p.m.; thurs. 7 p.m

& Tywardreath. The area of the union is 58,266 acres; United Methodist Free Church, East hill, was built in 1854 ;

rate&.ble value, in 1893,£149,238. The population in Rev. W. Dawson; 10.4sa.m.&6.ISP·m. ;wed.7.ISP·m

1891 was 31,032 United Methodist Free Church, Mount Charles, Rev. W.

Treasurer, Richard Foster, Consolidated Bank of Cornwall Dawson, minister

Clerk to the Guardians & Assessment Committee, William Wesleyan Methodist, Bodmin road, Rev. John Wesley Ben

Coode M.A.cantab. St. Austell Bank LL.B. & Rev. Charles Feneley; II a.m. & 6.15 p.m.;

Relieving Officers, Eastern district, John Henry Turner, wed. 7· 15 p.m

Boldventure, St. Austell; Western district, Arthur J. Wesleyan Methodist, Mount Charles; Rev. J. W. BellLL.B.

Clemmow, Grampound & Rev. C. Feneley; II a. m. &6 p.m. ; alternate mondays,

Vaccination Officers, same as registrars of births & deaths 7.30 p.m

Medical Officers &Public Vaccinators, l<'owey district,Arthur Schools.

Percy Davis, Fowey; Gramponnd district, Donald Ivloore A School Board of 7 members was formed June 28, 1871: H.
Barry L.F.P.s.Glas. Gramponnd; Mevagissey district, Sydney Hancock, Sydney place, clerk to the board ; Board
Charles Walker Monro Grier M.B.,C.M. Megavissey; Roche room, Central schools, Western hill; Isaiah Burnard,
& St. Stephen's districts, William Mason L.R.C.P.Edin. St. Slades, St. Austell, attendance officer
Austell ; St. Austell district, Richard Frederick Stephens, The Central Board, St. Austell tboys, girls &infants),erected
St. Austell; St. Blazey district, Thomas St. Patrick in r871·2, occupy a site of three-quarters of an acre~
T1,1ckey M.B.,M.ch. Tywardreath
adjoining the western hill, & are built of local slate, with.
Superintendent Registrar, Robert Gonld Lakes, Trevarrick, granite & white brick dressings, from designs by Mr. S.
St. Austell; deputy, Henry James Bramble, St. Austell Trevail, architect, of Truro; they were formally opened
Registrars of Births & Deaths, No. 1 Fowey sub-district, on Dec. 2nd, 1872, bySir C. B. Graves-Sawle bart.chairmal)
Thomas Rundell, Tywardreath; deputy, C. Rundell; No. of the school board, & will hold 6oo children; average
2 St. Austell sub-district, Christopher Mancollas, Truro I attendance, r6o boys, 140 girls & 130 infants ; William
road, St. Austell; deputy, H. S. Hancock, Sydney place, Charles Bird, master ; Miss Bessie Rickard & 1\liss Eliza
St. Austell ; No. 3 Mevagissey sub-district, T. Hicks, Cook, mistresses
Mevagissey; deputy, C. Hicks; No. 4 Grampound sub- Mount Charles Elementary Board (boys, girls & infants),
district, George Olver, St. Stephen's, Grampound Road; built in I8]I, to hold 500 children ; average attendance,
deputy, J. Olver
146 boys, II3 girls & 90 infants; John A. Cumberledge,
Registrar of Marriages, Ralph Charles Daley, Grant's walk, master ; Miss Clara Dingle & Miss Kate Rowse, mistresses.
St. Austell; deputy, W. R. Nicholls, St. Austell
Carclaze Elementary Board (mixed) is a handsome building
The Workhouse, situated on high ground to the north of the of screeda granite, erected~ with master's residence,
town,&built in 1839, to hold 300 inmates, is a good build- in 1879, for 330 children ; average attendance, 215 ~
ing in the Elizabethan style, from designs by Messrs. Scott Henry lvey Hugh, master; Miss Emily Menear, infants'
& Moffatt, architects, of London; John Wyelie, master; mistress
·
William Fleming Phillips M. B. medical officer; Mrs. Wye- Porthpean (mixed), supported by Lady Graves-Sawle, for
lie, matron ; Mrs. Hillier, sewing mistress
40 children; average attendance, 31; Miss Phillipa
RURAL SANITARY AUTHORITY.
Broad, mistress
Clerk, William Coode M.A. St. Austell Bank
Treasurer, Richard Foster, Consolidated Bank of Cornwall Newspapers.
Medical Officer of Health, William Mason L.R.C.P.Edin.
St. Austell Star,IFrederick Robert Ray, proprietor &editor;
Bodmin road, St. Austell William & Thomas Sanders, publishers, Fore street ;
Inspector of Nuisances, Thomas Darlington, Mount Charles, published fri. See advertisement

St. Austell St. Austell Weekly News & Cornish Advertiser, Philip Giles,
SCROOL ATTENDANCE COMMITTEE.
proprietor & publisher, 24 :Fore street; published fri.
Clerk, William Coode M.A.cantab. St. Austell Bank See advertisement

Attendance Officers, Arthur J. Clemmow, Grampound & Railway.

Charles Blowey, St. Sampson's Railway Station, Daniel Bailey, station master

Public Officers. An omnibus meets every train from the White Hart hotel

Assistant Overseer & Rate Collector, George B. Penrose, Carriers from St. Austell.
BoDMIN-Penhaligon, from • Queen's Head,' mon. & fri.;
Rate office ·
Carlyon, from • General Wolfe,' mon. & fri
Clerk to the Commissioners of Income & Land Taxes, FovEY-Mitchell, from • Golden Lion,' mon. & thurs
GR.AMPOUND-James, from New inn, fri
Thomas Kinsman, High Cross street GORR.A.N-Kitto, from 'Graham's Arms,' fri. ; Bone, from

Certifying Factory Surgeon, Bodmin road Post office, mon. wed. & sat
LADOCK-Kempe, from' Golden Lion,' fri
Clerk to the Highway Board, John Stephens, Cross lane MEVAGISSEY-Bone, daily, from Post office, returningsame

Clerk to theMarket Commissioners,T.Kinsman,HighCross st day ; Cragg, van, daily
PORTLOE-CI.Jck, from ' Stag,' fri. ; Trevarton, from
Collectors of Income Tax, Richard Arthur Roberts, Tre-
• Graham's Arms,' fri
gongeeves & H. Sydney Hancock, Sydney place RoCHE-Hoskin, from 'Queen's Head,' fri. ; Trethewey~

County Treasurer, William Coode M.A. St. Austell Bank from • Queen's Bead,' fri. & sat
ST. DENNis-Crowe, from New inn, fri. & sat.; But, from
Collector of Water &District Rates,Jn.Samble,Biddick's crt
' Globe,' fri. ; Stephens, from New inn, fri
Inland Revenue Officer, Patrick O'D. Murray, Truro road ST. STEPHEN's Ball, from' White Hart,' fri. &sat.; Olver,.

Sheriff's Officer, H. Sydney Hancock, Sydney place

Stamp Distributor, Philip Giles, 24 Fore street

Surveyor of Highways, Matthew Spear, Treverbyn cottage,

Bodmin road

Places of Worship, with times of services. from ' General Wolfe,' fri. & sat

Holy Trinity Church, Rev. Joseph Hammond B.A., L'L.B. TRURO-Mitchell, from 'Golden Lion,' tues. & fri

vicar: Rev. A. P. Willway B.A. & Rev. W. W. ColleyB.A. TREOONEY-Greet, from 'Globe,' fri

curates; II a.m. & 6.15 p.m.; wed. 7.30 p.m WHITMOOR-Key, from New inn, fri

St. Austell. house, Adams,William Jas. 38 Sedgemoor ter Bell Rev. John Wesley LL.B. [Wes-

• Andrew Benjamin, Bodmin road leyan], Bodmin road
Andrew Miss, r River walk Bishop Mrs. South street
PRIVATE RESIDENTS. Arnold James Edward, Trewhiddle Bradhurst Charles Wm. Elm terrace
Aspinall Rev. Thomas, High Cross st Bramble Henry James, Trevarrick
Ackermann Mrs. Brisbane Beck Mrs. Truro road Broad Edward M. Trewhiddle
Watet·ing hill

DIRECTORY.] CORNWALL. AUSTELL. 1031

Browne THheonmr•yas, Ledrah road Hill James, 4 Ledrah road Peters Woodman, Bay house
Burton R. Bodmin Petherick Cb.arles, Elm terrace
Hitchins Thomas, 'frevarrick villa

Carlyon Edmund, Polkyth Hodge Henry B.N. Duporth Petherick Mrs. Porthpean house ; & 2

Child Mrs.. Truro road Hodge Mrs. Bellevue terrace Bramham gardens, South ~ensing-:­

Clark Mrs. South street Hoskins Miss, 46 Bodmin road ton, London w

Colley Rev. Willia.m Wingfield B.A. Buddy George, Trewhiddle Phillips William Cock, Polkyth

[curate], East hill J ohns Mrs. South street Phillips William Flaming lii.B., C.M1
J uleff David, Menacuddle street Caledon, Truro road
Comley Thomas, 5 Carva.th road

Congdon William Frederick, Fairfield Kellow John, Tregonissey house Pope William Henry, 2 Pon-dhu cots

Coode Arthur J.P. Trevarthian Kellow Miss, Tregonissey cottage Ray Fredk. Robert, Westonho.Southst

Coode Edward D.L., J.P. Moor cottage Kernick Mrs. 7 Ledrah villas Reed Mrs. Grant's walk

Coode Miss, East hill King George, Grant's walk Richards Richard, 'frethowel

Coode Mrs. John, Polcarne Kinsman Thomas, Morwenna Richards William, Truro road

Coode MTs. Thomas, Ponddhu · Kneebone William Rains, Bodmin road Roberts Samuel, Bank house, Church 1i

Coode William M.A.cantab. Trevarna Lakes Robert Gould J.P. Trevarrick Roberts Samuel, Bodmin road

Coode William Melville, 'frevarna Lane William Charles, Tregonissey rd Robins Mrs. Hotel road

Cook Mrs. Grant's walk Lanyon John, Truro road Rosevear William, South street

CoonFrederickAugustus, Sedgemoor ter Lanyon Mrs. Sussex: cottage, Truro rd Rowling John, Porthpean

Coon Joseph May, Menacuddle street Lelean Mrs. Laburnham villa Rundle Mrs. Watering hill

Cory Miss, Bellevue terrace · Lobb Mrs. Grant's walk Sanders 'fhomas, Ledrah road

Crabb Richard, 12 Ledrah road Lord John Cock, Rosevale cottage Saunders William, Watering hill

Dawe John, II Ponddhu lane Lovering John, Caprera Scott Mrs. Duke street

Dickinson Mrs. River walk Lovering John, jun. Cosgarne Shilson Daniel Henry, Trewhiddle

Dinnick Samuel Dunn, East hill Lovering Misses, Menacuddle street Smith Thomas, Ledrah road

Ellerton Mrs. 3 Westbourne villas Luke Alfred, Eastleigh Smith Thomas James, Truro road

Faull Charles, Tregonissey Martin Edward Snow, 35 Bodmin road Spear Matthew, Treverbyn cottage,

Feneley Rev. Charles [Wes. ],Bodmin rd Martin Miss, Truro road Bodmin road

Floyd James, 4 Bellevue terrace Martyn Mrs. Clynton Spettigue Misses, Porthpean

Gale William, 3 Pon-dhu cottages Mason William, Bodmin road • Stephens John, El•n terrace

GavedFredk. Jn.Bmkho. HighCrossst Matthews Rev. George[ Bible Christian], Stephens Richard Fredk. High Cross st

Gaved Miss, I River walk Hawthorn villa, Watering hill Stacker Edward, Emsleigh villa

Gaved Mrs. South street Mitchell Edwin, Bodmin road Stacker Mrs. Tresleigh

Geach J ames, Tregonissey Mitchell Sampson, Truro road ' Stacker Misses, Glenview

Goodman Mrs. Tregonissey MockWUiamJohn,Belle vue,Bodmin rd Stocker Thomas, Glenview

Grant Misses, Bellevue terrace Morcom Wm. Vale view, Trenanceroad Thomas Thomas, River walk

Graves-Sawle Sir Charles Brune hart. Naylor Rev. John B.A. [Cong.], Manse Todd Miss, Tregonissey road

B.A., D.L., J.P. PenriCe Nettle Israel, Portland house, t)outh st Toms Mrs. East hill

Griffin James, 2 Elm terrace Nettle Samuel Hawke, 2 Church street Tonkin Rev. John [Bible Christian],

Griffin Mrs. Sydenham villa Nicholls Waiter John, Watering hill Watering hill

Grose John, River walk Nicholls William, Tremena Tredinnick Mrs. Hill house, East hill

Gummoe Miss, Bellevue terrace Nicholls Wm. Walt.Robins, 14 Truro rd Truscott Miss, Hotel road

Ham Sidney, Bodmin road N ott Mrs. Grant's walk Vawdrey Mrs. Bodmin road

Hammond Rev. Joseph B.A.,LL.B.LOnd. Osborne Miss, Bodmin road Veale John Edward J.P. North Hill

Vicarage Parkin Frederick, South street Veale Mrs. North Hill

Hancock Henry Sydney, Sydney place Parnall Edmund, Bellfield Warne Fredk. Wm. Hortus vil.Truro rd

Hart Miss, Oakleigh house Parnall Thomas Rogers, Bellfield Warne John, Globe offices, Truro road

Hawke John T. Bodmin road Parson Major Richard, 34 Bodmin road Wellington John, Angle house, East hl

Hext Lieut.-Col. Arthur Staniforth J.P Parson Mrs. Trewhiddle Williams 'fhomas, Eastbourne house

Trenarren Pascoe Mrs. Grant's walk Willway Rev. Alfred Phillips ll.A.

Hicks Edward, Ivy house Pascoe Nathaniel, Tremena [curate], Vicarage

Hicks Walter, The Brake Paul Mrs. Bodmin road · Woolcock Mrs. Bodmin road

Higman Henry Wheeler, Oakleigh Pearce Howard Drake, High Cross st Wyard Rev. George Luther [Baptist],

Higman Henry William, Methleigh Pearce John, 36 Bodmin road The Lawn

Higman John Wheeler, Westbourneter Penna Miss, Bodmin road

COMMERCIAL. Brown Edwin, wheelwright, Old bridge

Adams William James, treasurer to St. Austell school board, Bunt & Sons, boot dealers, 38 Fore street

& agent for.the Yorkshire Fire & Life Insurance Co. Bunt James, shoe dealer, Bodmin road

Consolidated Bank of Cornwall, Church street Bunt Petherick, livery stable keeper, East hill

Alien· Edward, boot maker, Western hill Burn Elias, leather seller, 6 Market hill

Andrew & Blight, linen drapers, 9 Fore street Burthy China Clay,Tin & Granite Works(Rd.Parson,propr)

Andrew Misses, ladies' boarding school, South street Buzza Nicholas, bntcher & game dealer, 5 !<'ore street

Assembly Rooms (Frederick Grig, caretaker), Truro road Carlyon & Stephens, solicitors, Cross lane

Bailey Daniel, station master (G. W.R) Carlyon Edmund, solicitor (firm,Carlyon & Stephens),com-

Barnicoat Thomas, shoe dealer, High Cross street missioner for taking acknowledgments of married women,

Bate Nancy (Mrs.), beer retailer, Bull ring clerk to the local board & registrar of county court, Cross la

Bawden John, cabinet maker, 31 Fore street Cemetery (W. J. Nicholls, clerk to the burial board)

Benallack William, dairyman, Valley Clemes J oseph, coach builder, East hill .

Bennett Charles, china dealer, Burton place ClunesFredk. L.M.R.c.v.s.veterinary surgeon,Tregonissey rd

Bennett Edwin Richard, coach builder, Bodmin road Coles Joseph L. confectioner, Fore street

Benuett Joseph, baker, 37 Western hill Collins Charles Frederick, saddler & harness maker; every

Bennett Richard, shoe warehouse, Fore street class of harness made to order ; all warranted hand sewn

Bennetto William, outfitter, !<'ore street & made from english oak bark tanned leather, Duke st

Best Ellen (Mrs.) & Son, linen drapers, 42 Fore street Comley Thomas, jeweller, 6 East hill

Bice J ames, chemist, 4 Fore street Congden William Fred, manager, St. Austell Bank

Binks Burcham, chemist, Fore street Constitutional Club (Arthnr Coode esq. president; W. J.

Blake Henry, shoe maker, East hill Mock, sec.), Vicarage hill

Blight Joseph G. draper, see.Andrew & Blight Coode, Shilson & Co. (St. Austell Bank), draw on .Robarts,

Bolitho, Williams, Foster, Coode, Grylls & Co. Limited Lubbock & Co. London
(Consolidated Bank of Cornwall) (Samuel Roberts & Wm. Coode, Shilson & Co. solicitor~, Hotel road

James Adams, managers), Churchst.; draw on Williams Coode William M.A. (firm, Coode, Shilson & Co.), solicitor

Deacon & Manchester & Salford Bank,Limited,London B c & commissioner for oaths & perpetual commissioner, clerk

soBone Charles, posting establishment, High Cross street to rural sanitary authority, union assessment & school
attendance committees, clerk to St. Austell union &
Bone William, baker, Western hill
Borrows John, jobbing gardener, 22 Ledrah road & green- county treasurer

grocer, West end Coode William Melville, solicitor, see Coode, Shilson & Co

Borrows 'l'homas Gilbert, saddler, 2 Truro road Cook & George, milliners & dress makers, 14 Fore street

Bowden Amos, provision dealer, Tregonissey Coon Alexander & Sons, outfitters, 4 Church street

Box William, grocer, & agent for W. & A. Gilbey Limited, Cooh Arthur H. watch maker, Fore street

wine & spirit merc8ants, 2 & 3 Church street Cornish Bank Limited (The) (Frederick John Gaved, man-

Bramble Henry James, deputy supt. registrar, Trevarrick ager), High Cross street; draw on Smith, Payne &

Broad & Sons, drdpers, 25 & 27 Fore street Smiths, London E c. See advertisement

1032 AUSTELL. CORNWALL.

Cornwall Law Society (founde:l 1883) (D. H. Shilson esq. Hicks Jane (Mrs.), grocer, 4 Market street

treasurer & sec. ; H. J. Bramble, assistant sec) Hicks Joseph, bill poster, Trenance bridge

Cornwall & Devon Temperance Friendly Society (H. S. Han- Hicks Waiter, brewer & maltster & wholesale &retail wine,

. cock, sec.), Sydney place spirit & cigar merchant, importer & bond~r, ale & porter

County Court (His Honor Thomas Colpitts Granger, judge; dealer & bottler ; offices, Tregonissey road

Edmund Carlyon, registrar & high bailiff) ; office, Cross la Higman Henry William & Co. china stone & clay producers

Crispin James, grocer, Ledrah road & merchants, Biddick's court

Crocker Silas, grocer, London Apprentice Higman Henry Wheeler, solicitor, commissioner for oaths &

Daley Ralph Charles, registrar of marriages, Grant's_walk notary public, Biddick's court

Daniel Richard King, auctioneer, Bull ring Hitchins Thomas, corn merchant & miller (steam & water),

Davey James, farmer, Trewhiddle farm 'frenance mills

Davey John, farmer, Menagwins Hodge Henry, nurseryman, Fore street

Dench John Pengelly, shoe dealer, East hill Honey William, painter & glazier, Duke street

Derry Francis, butcher, Western hill Hooper James, Stag inn & posting house, Victoria place

Devon & Cornwall Banking Co. Limited (branch of) (H. D. Hore William, farmer, Gewans

Pearce, manager), High Cross street; draw on Barclay, Hosken,Trevithick,Polkinhorn & Co. Limited, millers (water)

Bevan, Tritton, R·msom, Bouverie & Co. London E c & agricultural merchants, South street & Trevarrick mill

Dobell Robert, jun. solicitor Hosking Frederick, machinist, East hill

Doney & Evans, masons Howell Albert, grocer, Victoria place

Dunn William, greengrocer, Fore street Howlett Wm. Arthur Wellsley, professor of music, South st

I<~asterbrook Albert, boot maker, 2 Grant's walk Huddy Rwhard John, jeweller, 25 Fore street

Ede Elias, fancy repository & news agent, Fore street Huddy Robert, tobacconist, VIctoria place

Ede Shadrach, grocer, Eastbourne road Hunkin Benjamin, mason & shopkeeper, Tregonissey

Eyres Samuel, buicher, Western hill Hunkin Elizabeth (Miss), draper, Tregonissey

Fardon Joseph H. draper, Menacuddle street Hunkin William, mason, Tregonissey

Fisher Thomas, millwright, Trenance road Burden Annie (Miss), dress m'l.ker, Duke street

Floyd James, solicitor, 4 Bellevue terrace Ivey James, china dealer, East hill

Jt'oster's Parcels Express(RichardHarvey,agent),Bodmin road Jacob John, builder, Western hill •

Francis R. & Sons (estab. 1846), wholesale & retail tinman, Jacob William, furniture dealer, West end

sanitary plumbers, gastitters, ironmongers, sanitary & Jacobs William, shopkeeper, Watering hill

electrical engineers, Market place Jenkin John, basket maker, High Cross street

:Frost James Thomas, music seller, East hill Jenkin Mary Jane (Miss), basket maker, 43 Western hill

Garker China Clay Co. (William Nicholls, proprietor); Jewell George, general smith, Trenance road

offices, Menacuddle street Job John, General Wolfe P.H. Bodmin road

Gaved Arthnr Edward, coal merchant, South street Jope Richard, blacksmith, 'I'ruro road

GavedFredk. J n. mngr. of theCornish Bank Lim. High Cross st Jope William, blacksmith, New Inn yard

Geach Mary (Mrs.), marine store dealer, Eastbourne road Juleff David, general outfitter, 2 Fore street

Gerry Elizabeth Jane (Miss), draper, 2 Western hill Julyan Benjamin, fancy repository, Church street

Giles Philip, printer & stationer, & proprietor & publisher of Julyan Eliz:J.beth (Mrs,), dress maker, High Cross street

the " St. Austell Weekly News & Cornish Advertiser" & Jury James, steam saw mills, Gover valley

distributor of stamps, 24 Fore street. See advertisement Keating Sergeant William, drill instructor, Watering hill

Giles Waiter, builder &c. 13 South street Kellaway Edwin & Son, saddlers, Hotel road

Giles Waiter, jun. auctioneer, appraiser, house & land agent, Kelly William John, butcher, Post office, 'fregonissey

surveyor &c. ; wills prepared at the shortest notice; sales Kessell William, boot maker, Eastbourne road

conducted& valuations for probate effected at any distance, Kinsman Thomas, chartered accountant, auctioneer & land

16 South street surveyor, appraiser, estate & general agent, mining en-

Ghtnfield George, shl)pkeeper, Trenance bridge gineer & inspector of mines & clerk to the commissioners

Glanville Francis & Thomas, grocers, 2 Truro road of markets & fairs ; offices, High Cross street

Goodman & Co. grocers, 40 Fore street Knight P. & Son, general merchants

Graham & Graham, solicitors, Menacuddle st. ; & at Fowey Knight James, carpenter, 32 High Cross street

Graham James Newton (tirm, Graham & Graham), solicitor Lake William Henry, earthenware dealer, East hill

& clerk to St.. Blazey burial board, Menacuddle street Lakeman John Francis, carpenter, Hotel road

Graham William John (firm, Graham & Graham), solicitor Lakes Robert Gould, superintendent registrar & commis-

& commissioner for oaths & notary, Menacuddle street sioner of taxes, Trevarrick

Gre1t Western Railway Co. Parcels Office (J. C. Wall, Lamerton Thomas Phillips, linen draper, 23 Fore street

agent), Duke street Langsford Hannah (Mrs.), drap3r, see Richards & Langsford

Griffin James & W. H. grocers, Menacuddle street Lanyon John, linen draper, 33 Jt'ore street

Urigg Frederick, posting master, 'fruro road LeeR. H. & Co. wholesale & retail drapers, outfitters, tailors,

Grigg Jacob, corn dealer, 16 Truro road ready-made clothiers & manufacturers of hand-knit

Grose Thomas & Son, linen drapers, 17 Fore street guernsey frocks, 16 & x8 Fore street; & at Liskeard

Grose Ellen (Mrs.), butcher, East hill Levers Emma (Mrs.), shopkeeper, Eastbourne road

Grose Joseph (Mrs.), butcher, Fore street LiberalClub(F.Barratt,pres. : W.J.Nicholls,hon.sec.),Forest

Grose Waiter, shoe dealer, Jt'ore street Lobb William, farmer, Lobb's shop

Hambly Charles, rope maker, Western hill Lomer James, local correspondent "Westera Morning

Hambly 'fbomas John, stone mason, Station hill News," Menacuddle street

Hambly William, watch maker, Ledrah road Long Sophia (Mrs.), boot dealer, 46 Fore street

Hammer Philip Henry, farmer, Towan Lovering .J. &. Co. china clay & china stone producers.

Hancock&Sons (established over half a century),auctioneers, See advertisement

valuers, land & mine surveyors, estate, insurance & gen- Lowday John, shopkeeper & landscape gardener, Porthpean

eral agents, Sydney place. See advertisement LowerHalvig~anChinaCiayCo.(Thos. Stocker,mgr.),Glenvw

Hancock H. Sydney (firm, Hancock & Sons), clerk to St. Lower Lansalson China Clay Co

Austell school board, deputy registrar of births & deaths, Luke E. & Sons, china stone & clay producers

assessor & collector of taxes for St. Austell parish, Liberal Luke Edward, outfitter, Tregonissey road

registration agent for St. Austell division, secretary to Luke William B. (late Andrew), printer, general & fancy

Liberal Association & to the Cottage Gardening Society & stationer, bookseller, news agent & music warehouse, pub-

sheriff's officer, Sydney place. See advertisement lisher of "Deanery Magazine ;" periodicals delivered, 12

Hancock John, butcher, Tregonissey Fore stre::lt

Hancock John, coach builder, Truro road Lukes Thomas Henry, see White Hart hotel

Hancock John Stephen, shopkeeper, 27 Western hill Mably James, masler mariner, South st

Hancock Willilm, shopkeeper, Bodmin road McCracken (Misses), milliners, High Cross street

Harper William Waiter, tailor, 10 Truro road McCracken John, draper, Bodmin road

Harris George, b<tker, Eastbourne road McTurk James, baker, Western hill & Fore street

Harry Henry, Seven Stars P.H. I East hill Mancollas Christopher, registrar of births & deaths No. 2

Hart Caroline Maria (Miss), ladies' seminary, Oakleigh house St. Austell sub-district, Truro road

Hart Richard Albert, butcher, 10 Fore street Mann Thomas, ironmonger, II Fore street

Harvey Brothers, china dealers, Bodmin road Martin Brothers Limited,china clay producers & china stone

Harvey Richard, carrier, Bodmin road mers. & fire brick manufacturers, Fore st. See advert

Hawke George, ironmonger, 37 Fore street Mason William L.R.C.P., L.n.c.s.Edin. surgeon & medical

Hawke William, plumber, II 'fruro road officer & public vaccinator Roche &St. Stephen's districts,

Hawken Jonathan Geach, draper, 36 Fore street & medical officer of health rural & urbaJI sanitary dis-

Hemmings Ernest E. fancy repository, Fore street trict!', Bodtnin road

Render Francis, coach builder, 44 Bodmin road Matthews William, shoe maker, Tregonissey road

JDIRECTORY. CORNWALL. AUSTELL. 1033

May William Thomas, butcher, Lonuon Apprent.ice St. Austell Constitutional Club (Arthur Coode esq. presi-

Merifield Henry, farmer, 'fowan dent; W. J. Mock, sec.), Vicarage hill

Merrifield John, master mariner, I Elm terrace . St. Austell Cottage Gardening Society (H. S. Hancock,

Michell Albert Edward M.R.c.v.s. veterinary surgeon, hon. sec)

Truro road St. Austell Gas Co. Lim.(John Nicholls,manager),West bTdg

Michell Thomas Guy, chemist, 35 Fore street ! St. Austell Star (Frederick Robert Ray, proprietor &editor;

Minear George, hair dresser, 'fruro road published friday), Fore street. See advertisement

Mitchell Betsey (Mrs.), shopkeeper, Merrifields row St. Austell Weekly News & Cornish Advertiser (Philip

Mitchell Joseph, boot & shoe maker, Grant's walk Giles, proprietor & publisher; published fridays), 24 :Fore
Morris William, milliner, Duke street


street. See advertisement

Moyle James, shoe maker, South street Samble John, surveyor, inspector of nuisances & collector to

Mugford William Tranbath, grocer, East hill local board, Duke street

Murray Patrick O'D. inland revenue offieer, Truro road Sanders John, teacher of music, Pon-dhu lane

Nancollas Christopher, grocer & registrar births & deaths, Sanders William & Thomas, printers & publishers of " St.

Post office, I Truro road Austell Star," Fore street. See advertisement

Netherton Alfred, hair dresser, High Cross street Shaw Rachael (Mrs.), apartments, Htgh Cross street

Nicholls John, confectioner, Tregonissey road Shepherd William, shopkeeper, High Cross street

Nicholls John, china clay merchant & manager, St. Austell Shilson Daniel Henry (firm, Coode, Shilson &Co.), solicitor &

gas works, Old bridge commissioner, clerk to the magistrates for East Powder

Nicholls W. J. clerk to the burial board, Watering hill division & treasurer to local & highway boards, Hotel road

Nicholls W. R. deputy registrar of marriages Single Rose China Clay Co. ; offices, Menacuddle street

Nicholls William, china clay & stone producer; shipments Skinner John, grocer, 3 East hill

to all parts; samples & prices on application ; offices, Smith Thomas & Son (estab. 1 century), iron & brass

Menacuddle street · founders, hot water engineers, bath fitters & general

Nicholls William, china clay merchant &producer, farmer & smiths ; conservatories, churches & chapels fitted up with

steward to Messrs. Gill & Ivimy all the latest improvements with hot-water apparatus,

North Goonbarrow China Clay Co. (A. H. Best, sec. ; Blowing House hill

William Nieholls, manager) ; offices, Menacuddle street Smith William & Son, carpenters, Bodmin road

Old Beam China Clay Co. (A. H. Best, Bugle, sec) Smith John, painter & house deeorator, 5 Menacuddle st

Oliver George, boot dealer, Fore street ~mith Tom James, builder & cabinet mak.er, 32 Fore street

Orchard William (Mrs.), photographer, 8 High Cross street Smyth & Sons(established r861), nurserymen, seedsmen &

'Pappin Ed win, shopkeeper, Polkyth florists ; stock of upwards of roo,ooo plants, South Corn-

Parkyn & Peters, china clay producers, Bay house wall nurseries, Bodmin road. See advertisement

Parson Richard, china clay producer, merchant & Snell Henry, farmer, Porthpean

exporter, Bodmin road · Sobey Thom1s, mason, Watering hill

Pascoe John, outfitter, Victoria place Spear Matthew, highway surveyor, Treverbyn cottage,

Pascoe Louisa (Mrs.), dress maker, 13 East hill Bodmin road

Pearce Howard Drake, manager of Devon & Cornwall Bank, Stamp Office (Philip Giles, distributor), 24 Fore street

High Cross street Steeples WilliamStanley, cnemist, 3 Victoria place

Peddler Tamsen, shopkeeper, East hill Stephens Alexander, Western inn, Old bridge

Pelmounter William, baker, East hill Stephens Edwin, butcher, Bodmin road & farmer,'frevissick

Penrose Edwin, carpenter, 19 Menacuddle street Stephens John (firm, Carlyon & Stephens), solicitor & com-

Penrose George B. assistant overseer & rate collector ; rate missioner for oaths, clerk to St. Austell district highway

office, Town hall board & Conservative rl.'gistration agent, Cross lane

Perry James, temperance hotel, 13 ~Ienacuddle street Stephens John Henry, farmer & posting master, 14 East hill

Peters Woodman, china clay producer, see Parkyn &Peters Stephens Richard Frederick, surgeon, & medical officer, St.

Petherick Charles, insurance agent &c. Elm terrace Austell workhouse & medic.tl officer & public vaccinator

'Phillips J. & Son, coopers, 4 Western hill St. Austell district, High Cross street

Phillips Henry, pawnbroker, II East hill Stephens William, mason, Bridge lane

Phillips Mary (Mrs.) draper, Church street Stocker Edward, china stone & clay merchant, Elmsleigh

Phillips William Fleming M.B., o.M., L.R.C.P.Edin. physician Stocker Francis Edward, ironmonger, 5 Church street

& surgeon, & medical officer to the workhouse, Truro road Stocker Thomas (West of England China Stone & Clay Co. ),

Philp & Co. (A.D. 1858), auctioneers, hotel & general china etone & clay merchant & producer, Glenview

valuers, house, land, estate, insurance & emigration See advertisement

agents; & at Bodmin Sutton & Co. carriers (Philip Giles, agent), Fore street

Philp William, see Queen's hotel Thomas John, tea dealer, 12 East hill

Pickford & Co. carriers (Richd. Harvey, agent), Bodmin rd Thomas John, New inn, Fore street

Pidwell Charles, shoe maker, High Cross street · Thomas Mary Ann (Miss), shopkeeper, East hill

!'rout Thomas, grocer, 6 Fore street Thomas Wdliam, farmer, Trevissick

Queen's family, commercial hotel, agricultural house, Thomson William, cabinet maker, Old hill

shipping, fishing, mining & interesting touriRts' district ; Thriscutt & Bale, china clay producers &merchants, Caudle

stock & sale rooms ; billiards &c. ; tariff of William Down china clay works

Philp, proprietor Tidy Thomas, tobacconist, Bodmin road

Ray Frederick Robert, Weston House school. See advert Town Hall (William Matthews, caretaker), Marketphca

Redruth Brewery Co. Limited (J. H. Hooper, agent) Treganowan William, hair dresser, Victoria place

Reed Alfred, jeweller, Church street Tregilgas Edward, hair dresser, I Tregonissey road

Reed John, coal merchant, Old bridge Treleaven William, farmer, Polglaze

Reed l\:lary (Mrs.), dining rooms, 44 Fore street Trelour Jos.'ph Henry, boot dealer, Truro road

Rees Sarah (Mrs.), Graham Arms P.H. Hotel road Trenberth Jane (Mrs.), apartments, East hill

RIChards & Langsford, drapers, 10 High Cross street Treveddoe Mining Co. (Ralph C. Daley, sec.); offices,

Richards Charles, farmer, Trenarren l\:lenacuddle street

Richards Charles, shoe lll!tker, 18 Menacuddle street Truscott Hannah (Mrs.), Golden Lion P.H. ro Church st

Richards William, surgeon-dentist, Truro road Truscott William Crowle, coal & wood merchant, dairyman

Roberts Joseph R. farmer, Mulvra & general carrier, West bridge

Roberts Richard Arthnr, farmer & collector of income tax, Tucker George Henry, supt. London, Edinburgh & Glasgow

Tregongeeves Assurance Co. Limited, Watering hill

Roberts Samuel, agent for the Reliance & Norwich Union Tucker James, currier, Market hill

Mutual Life Assurance & the Manchester J<'ire Insurance Tucker Phillip James, coach builder, Eastbourne road

Companies, Consolidated Bank of Cornwall, Church street Tucker William, baker, Menacuddle street

Roberts Samuel Gardiner, butcher & dairyman, 9 Victoria pl Tyzzer Richard, mason, Watering hill

Rodda William, PrudP.ntial insurance supt. 8 Ledrah villas Veale & Co. Limited, electrical engineers, Menacuddle street

Rogers Joseph & Co. china clay producers Vercoe Macklin Parnall, saddler, 6 Truro road

RogersReuben Nicholas, grocer, 28 Fore street Verran Mary (Mrs.), Sun inn, 3 Market street

Roseveal' Clay Co Vivian Thomas, grocer, Polkyth

Rosevear Samuel, grocer, Pon-<lhu lane Volunteer Battalion (2nd )Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry

Rosevear William, draper, Market place (D company) (Capt. Martin F. Hitchins)

Rowe George, shopkeeper, Tregonissey Warne FJorehdne,ripckrin(Mterr,s.)b,omokiblliinudeer1r,8bVooicktsoerlilaerp,lawcheo. & ret.
Rowe William, shopkeeper, Praory row Warne

Rowse William, butcher, 9 Truro road stationer, news agent, account book rnanufacturer, music

RusseU & Co. drapers, .r Church street seller & circulating library, Globe offices

St. Austell Division Liberal As!iociation (H. Sydney Warne Richard Daniel, iron met;Phant, Workhouse lane

Hancock, sec.), South street Warne William, painter &c. Market place

1034 AUSTELL. CORN,VALL. 7

(KELLY S

Webb Jobn, Temperance hotel, West end White Hart family & commercial hotel & posting house

Webb Wm. gardener to Arthnr Coode esq. I Pon•dhu cots (Thomas Henry Lukes, proprietor)

Wellington Abraham & Son, tanners &c. 28 Fore street Williams Thomas & Son, butcher!f-, 8 Fore street

(attend fridays) Williams Francis, farmer, Menacnddle

Wellington Ann (Mrs.), blacksmith, London Apprentice Williams James, fruiterer, Kiln lane

Wellington Richard, grocer, Bodmin road Williams John Michael, shopkeeper, 46 & 48 Western hill

West o_,. England China Stone & Clay Co. (T. Williams Richard (Mrs.), farmer, Blackhead

Stocker, manager), manufacturers of ground china stone, Wilson John, butcher, Eastbourne road

fire bricks & tiles. See advertisement Wood & Co. horticultural builders & bot water engineers

Wheeler Philip & Co. china stone & clay producers & mer- (Smyth & Sons, agents). See advertisement

chants, Biddicks court Worthington William Arthnr, outfitter, 7 & 8 East hill

Whetter C. H. & E. outfitter~, 26 Fore street Yelland John, farmer, Castle Gotha

Whetter Chas. H~.(Mrs. ),dress & mantle maker&c. Truro rd Young Men's Christian Association (Joseph H. Fardon &

Whetter Ernest (Mrs.), milliner & draper, Fore street Frederick Robert Ray, hon. secs.), South street

Whetter Frederick, watch maker, 29 Fore street

Mount Charles.

F.RIVATE .RESIDENTS. Carveth Henry, mason Huddy Thomas, shopkeeper

Best 1\Irs. Ranelagh road ClemesThos.coach buildr.Porthpean rd Husband Daniel, shopkeeper, Union..-rd

Clemes Richard Coode Alice (Miss), draper Inch John, cooper, Porthpean road

Cumperledge John Augustus, Adele ho Cornish John, shopkeeper Inch Nicholas, butcher

Curgenven 1\Irs Couch Jonn.mstr.mariner,Ranelagh rd Inch Nicholas, jun. cooper

Curtis James, Railelagh road Couch William James, master mariner, Inclt Tom, butcher

Darbyshire William, 7 Ranelagh road Ranelagh road Jenkin Christopher,shopkeepr.Union rd

Dingle Joseph, Ranelagh road Coumbe Frederick, shopkeeper Nancarrow John, carpenter, Union road

bunn Thomas, Ranelagh road Darlington Ellen (Mrs.), butcher Pascoe Alfd. travelling draper, Union rd

Edwards Charles Budge, Woodland vil Darlington Thomas, inspector of nuis- Pascoe Elias, poulterer, Union road

Giles Mrs ances to rural sanitary authority Richards Edward, master mariner

Jenkyn Josiah, Ranelagh road Davey Stephen, master mariner, 6 Richards Thomas, master mariner

Jewell William Henry Ranelagh road Ripper Thomas, shopkeeper

Kinsman Thomas, Morwenna Floyd Francis, travelling draper, Roberts James, master mariner, 3

Morris John Holman Ranelagh road Ranelagh road ·

Treleaven Thomas, Moor leigh Francis Henry, butcher, Union road Roberts Jane (Mrs.), grocer, Union rd

Warner Rev. Joseph [Prim. 1\Ieth] Geen Edward, master mariner, Rane- Rowse Reuben, grocer

Watts William Isaac, Ranelagh road lagh road Skinner James, grocer, Union road

Welch George, Rane]agh road Gray Ernest Albert,watch ma.Union rd Squire Sergt.-Major John, drill in-

COMMERCIAL. Gunnell Michael, baker structor, 4 Ranelagh road

Bennett Stephen, blacksmith Hancock Joseph, grocer, Union road Stephens John, carrier

Benny William, coal merchant Hancock Joseph,mastermariner, Rane- Truscott Charles, shoe maker

Brown Glanville, master mariner, lagh road Tyzzer William, grocer

Car\'"eth Emma (Mrs.), draper, Post Harris Henry, grocer, Union road Vane Sarah (Mrs.),shopkeepr.Unionrd

office, Ranelagb road Hill William, Duke of Cornwall hotel

.

BALDHU is an ecclesiastical parish, formed Jan. 1, I 847, roots. The population in x88x was 1,350 and in x8gx was

from the ci•il parishes of Kea and Kenwyn, and is 4 miles 994, mainly engaged in mining.
south-west from Truro and 2~ north from Perranwell BissoE is a hamlet 1 mile south. Here are several tin
station on theFalmouth branch of the West Cornwall (Great streamers or burrowPrs, the Carnon Chemical works and
Western) railway, in the •rruro division of the county, west the extensive works of the Cornwall Arsenic Co.
division of the hundred of Powder, petty sessional division
of Powder West, Truro union and county court district, CRoss LANES is a hamlet ! mile west.

rural deanery of Powder, archdeaconry of Cornwall and Parish Clerk, Joseph Gill.

diocese of Truro. The church of St. Michael, built in 1848 PosT OFFICE, H ugus-John Dunn, sub-postmaster. Letters

by George Henry, 2nd Earl of Falmouth, at a cost, including through Scorrier R.S.O. arrive at 10.30 a.m. ; dispatched

the school adjoining, of O\'"er £3,ooo, is a building of stone at 10.50 a. m. & 2.50 p m. Postal orders are issued here,

in the Decorated style, consisting of chancel, nave of two but not paid. The nearest money order & telegraph

bays, south aisle and a tower on the north side, with spire, office is at Chacewater. WALL LETTER Box in the

containing 6 bells, the gift of Anne, late Countess of Fal- villag& cleared at 3·5 p.m

mouth : the east window is stained and there are 550 PosT OFFICE, :Bissoe-Stephen H. Moyle, sub-postmaster,

sittings. The register dates from the year 1848. The living Letters arrive through Perranwell Station R.S.O. at 8.30

is a vicarage, gross yearly value £x5o, with residence, in a.m. & 3 p.m. ; dispatched at xo.xo a.m. & 4·5 p.m.
the gift of Viscount Falmouth, and held since 1888 by the Perranwell Station R.S.O. i~ the nearest money order &

Rev. Daniel Gath Whitley. There are two Wesleyan chapels, telegraph office

and at Bethel is a Bible Christian chapel. Viscount Fal- Board School, under the Kea school board, built in 1876, for

mouth D.L., J.P. Mrs. Graham and Mrs. Vivian are the 200 children; average attendance, 45 boys, 43 girls & 27

principal landowners. The soil is sparry at the surface ; infants; Charles Vickery, master; Mrs. E. S. Vickery &

subsoil, spar and granite. The chief crops are wheat and Miss Ellen Tregoning, mistresses

Baldhu. Glasson John, farmer, Cross lanes 1 ochre, for paper & paint makers,

Colliver Joseph Glasson Joseph, farmer, Cross lanes oxide of iron for the purification of

Giles Mrs. Wheal Sperris villa Martin John, mason gas & tungstate of soda

Whitley Rev. Daniel Gath, Vicarage Michael John, farmer Copling William, stone mason

COMMERCIAL. Mitche!l Richard, cowkeeper , Cornwall Arsenic Co. (Stephen H.

Bailey Stephen, farmer Pearce Henry, farmer, Carneggie Davey, agent)

Belsten John William, farmer Pearce Stephen John, farmer Daniell Annie (Miss), shopkeeper

Bray J ames, farmer Thom.as Joseph, farmer, Besore Darley John, stone mason

Burrows William, farmer Tregoning Hercules, farmer Harvey & Co. tin buyers

Carbis Hugh, farmer, Bethel Tregoning Richard Nicholas, farmer, Moyle John, blacksmith

Collins James, cowkeeper Hugus Moyle John Henry, wheelwright

Collins Thomas, farmer Williams Joseph Joel, farmer, Besore Moyle Stephen Harris, wheelwright,

Davey Eliza (Mrs.), farmer, Hugus Bissoe. Post office

Debble Mark, farmer Kendall Mrs Oxide (The) of Iron & Ochre Works

Dunn John, grocer & post office,Hugus Visick J ames (W. J. Trythall, proprietor)
• Tallack Thos. blacksmith & iron foundr
Gerrans John, farmer COM:&IERCIAL.

Gerrans J osiah, farmer, Kilters Carnon Chemical Works (W.J.Trythall, Trythall William John, proprietor of

Gill Joseph, farmer & rate collector propr.), manufacturers of the best Carnon Chemical Works &c

Gill William, shoe maker refined white powdered arsenic, Visick Samuel, farmer

.

ST. BLAZEY is a market town and parish, on the north \ Powder, petty sessional division of Powder Tywardreath, St.

of St. Blazey (or Par) bay, about half a mile north from Austell union and county court district, rural deanery of
Par station on the Great Western railway, 4 miles north- St. Austell, archdeaconry of Cornwall, and dioceseofTruro.
east from St. Austell and 8 south from Bodmin, in the Mid The town is lighted with gas by a company formed December

division of the county, eastern division of the hundred of 1892. The church of St. Blasye or Blaize is a building of

DmECTORY.] CORNWALL. BLISL.AND• 1035



granite, fn the Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, tion rooms, ·and has a good library; there are now (1893)

nave of five bays, aisles and an embattled tower containing over a hundred members. Here is a branch of the Cornish

3 bells, dated r693• 1740 and 17711 but all now imperfect; Bank Limited, in Fore street. The Market, principally for
in the east window is a figure of St. Blaize in painted glass, the sale of meat, is held on Saturday in a space beneath the

preserved fro~n the former church, and the festival of the new Town hall. Tregrehan, the seat of George Richard

~aint is still duly observed on Candlem'l.s Day, Febru'l.ry Gwavas Carlyon esq. B.A., D.L., J.P. who is the principal

2nd : there is a monument with genealogical inscription and landowner, is a fine mansion, chiefly in the Italian style.

a. fine stained window to the Carlyons of Tregrehan, said to beautifully situated in tastefully laid out grounds, and

trace their descent from Richard L (Coour-de-Lion) and a eommandmg an extensive view of the se'\ and county ; Mrs_

m,mument to Henry Scobell esq. of Rosetyon, first treasurer Ann Blarney is lady of the manor. The soil is callous;

and paymaster of the farm tin to Queen Anne, and to Ann, subsoil, clay. The chief crops are wheat, barley and oats,

his wife, erected in 1729 ; several of the windowa are me- and the roots, turnips, mangolds and potatoes. 'fhe acreage

morials: the church was thoroughly restored in r839, under is t ,797; rateable value, £7,697 ; the population in 1891

the direction of Messrs. Scott(the late Sir G. G. Scott R.A.) was 2,705.

and Moffatt, and has soo sittings. The register of baptisms Parish Clerk, J abez Townshend Bull.

dates from the year r67S; and those of marriages and PosT, M. 0. & T. 0., Savings Bank Jr; Annuity & Insur-

bnrials date from 1663. The living is a vicarage, average ance Office.-William Rundle, sub-postmaster. Letters

yearly value from ti~he rent-charge [99, with residen<.-"6, in arrive from Par Station R.S.O. at 7.15 a.m. 1.30 & 7.20

the gift of G. R. G. Carlyon esq. and held since 1870 by the p.m. ; dispatched at S-S & n.25 a.m. & 5-40 p.m. week

Rev. Joseph Penistan M.A. of St. John's College, Cambridge. days only; on sunday the telegraph office is open from 3

A large portion of the ecclesiastical parish of Par, formed to 10 a.m

Jan. 2o, 1846, was taken out of this parish. Here are Wes- A School Board of 5 members was formed Feb. 2 8, 1871 ;
leyan, Free Methodist and Primitive Methodist chapels. A W. Peter, Par, clerk to the board

Burial Board of 9 members was formed April 27th. 1893.
A cemetery of half an acre was formed in 1862 at a cost of Board School, Station road (boys), built in 1875, for 150

i:~rn;, 25h0a,nbduftohra s no mortuary chapel. A scheme is now ( 1893 ) children; average attendance, 140; Jabez Townshend Bull,
the purchase of a new c emetery. The Town master

Hall, erected in I88r, is a plain building of stone, holding Board School, Church street (girls & infants), built in 1886

about 500 persons: the Old Town Hall is available for for r6o girls & 160 infants; average att.endance, 8r girls

concerts &c. and will hold I ,ooo people. The Working Men's & 104 infants ; Miss Rose Williams, mistress ; Mrs. E.

Institute, established in 1882, contains reading and recrea- Wilson, infants' mistress

PRivATE RESIDENTS. Davis Edward Sandom Stone, surgeon Pearce Wm.Edward,frmr.Trenooissick

.Blarney Mrs. Moors hill Dawe Rebecca (Mrs.), farmer, Biscovey Pethick WilliamHenry,CornishArmsP.B •

Carlyon George Richard Gwavas B.A., downs Phillips Thomas, farmer, Vounder

D.L., J.P. Tregrehan; & Arthur's & Dawe William, shopkeeper Polkinghorne John, wine & spirit mer

Batchelor's clubs, London s w Dingle Frederick, farmer, Roselyon Pooley George, mason

Clunes James, Pavillion cottage Dunstan Thomas, butcher Price George, hair dresser

Davit" Edward Sandom Stone Edyvean Joseph Richard, shoe maker Reading Room & Librar~ (Charles

Eyeley Mrs. Bayview Eslick Phillipa (Mrs.), shopkeeper Skeat, sec)

Keam Robert, Chapel terrace Gaved Mary (Mrs.), butcher Ri-:!hards Fanny (Miss), shoe mercer

Keam William Hambly Francis, carpenter Roberts Amelia (Mrs.), farmer,Bodelva

Knight John Hocking Hawke Henry, farmer, Restinnes Roberts William, tailor ·

Maubant Miss Hitchins Hannah (Mrs.), shopkeeper Rosevear Richard, farmer, Bodelva

Maubant Mrs Hobba William, jun. miller (water), Row John, coal dealer

Penistan Rev. J oseph M. A. Vicarage Grist mills, Tregrehan RoweDavid,market gardnr.Mount view

Perry Caleb, Parknwise, Biscovey par Hobba William (Mrs.), farmer, Tregre- Rowe John Henry, surveyor of high-

Polkinghorne John ban mills ways, Chapel terrace

Thomas Francis Horrill Richard, grocer Rowe .Toseph, beer retailer

Thomas Walter Jeffrey Joseph, contractor Rowe Nathaniel, butcher

Treffry John de Cressy, 'fredenham ho Jenkin Frederick William, farmer, Rundle & Sons, drapers, Post office

Tregay Mrs Higher Tregrehan Rundle Joseph, smith, Bodelva moor

West William, Rosehill KeamJohn, assistant overseer St. Blazey Gas Co. Limited (Frank J.

ceMMERCIAL. Kittow Thomas, butcher & farmer Nettle, sec)

Baker John Thos. stationer & printer Knight Nicholas, clay agent, Bodelva Skeat John Howard, farmer & assessor

Bennett Stephen, blacksmith Letcher James, jeweller Smith Richard Guy, beer retailer

Boase Charles, chimney sweeper Leverton William, grocer Snell Alice (Miss), grocer

Bounsall Edwin, builder Lugg William James, outfitter Sowden John, blacksmith & grocer

Bray John, hair dresser, Fore street Luke Timothy, shoe maker Symons Richard, Pack Horse P.H

Carne Edward, shopkeeper Martin Edward, baker Thomas John, grocer, Fore street

Cemetery (James Newton Graham, St. Martin Elizabeth (Mrs.), carpenter Thomas Joseph, cow keeper, Chapel ter

Austell, clerk to the burial board) Martin John, tailor Trengove Richard, soda water manfctr

Clemens Matthew Thomas, shopkeeper Meager Henry, farmer Trewin John, draper

Collins Rd.Robt.furnituredealer,Fore st Merrett Charles, farmer Turner Archibald, plumber, tinplate

Colliver Elizh.(:Mrs.), refreshment rms :Merrifield Harry, butcher, Fore street worker,gasfitter,generalironmgr. &e

Coon Sarah (Mrs.), dress maker, Minners John, shoe maker Turner Isaac Watts, grocer

Chapel terrace Moon John, shopkeeper, Fore street Varcoe Elizabeth Ann (Mrs.), saddler

Cornelious Rictard, shopkeeper Moorshead Nicholas, farmer Varcoe George, shopkeeper

Cornish Bank Limited (sub-branch) Nettle Wm. Henry& Son,liuen drapers Vincent William, shopkeeper

(Wait. Thomas, agent), Fore street ; Nettle John, tailor Waters John, butcher, Doubletrees

draw on Smith, Payne & Smiths, Oliver Nicholas, mason Willcock William Henry, steward to G.

London E c. See advertisement Pace William, chemist R. G. Carlyon esq B. A., D.L., J.P

Courtnay Richd. painter & shopkeeper Parks William, Britannia inn Biscovean

Davey John, farmer, CornhiU Pearce Nathaniel, mason Williams Silas, farmer, Lemellin

l3LISLAND, anciently called~' Bluston," and" Bliston- by la-rge traceried windows, contains 6 bells cast in 1790:

juxta-Montem," but in Domesday "Glustone," is a town- the north wall of the nave and parts of the western
ship, small village and parish, bounded on the west by the walls of the nave and north transept are Norman
river Camel and north-west by the river De Lank, 5 miles work : the spiral staircase leading to the rood loft remains
north-east from Bodmin !lnd 7 uorth from Bodmin road in the north wall of the north chancel aisle, and the south
station on the Great Western railway, in the North Eastern chancel aisle retains a piscina: the font is Perpendicular
division of the county, hundred and petty sessional dinsion and consists of a circular basin on an octagonal base; the
of Trigg, Bodmin union and county court district, rural original Norman font, a rude circular bowl, -with incised
deanery and archdeaconry of Bodmin, and diocese of Truro. ornament on the exterior, is still preserved~ the south
The church of St. Prothus, or St. Pratt, is an ancient and transept or Lavethan chapel was fitted with pews in 1638
highly interesting edifice of stone, now chiefly in the Per• by the Reynolds family, for their use : it subsequently be-
pendicular style, but with some Norman portions, and longed to the family of Treise, and next to the Morsheads,
consisting of chancel with aisles, nave of four bays, north 1 who converted it. into a private chapel, with an entrance on

transept, south aisle, south transept or Lavethan chapel, the south : the church has wagon roofs, carried on angel
south porch, and on the north side, continued from the brackets and relieved by carved bosses: on the floor of the

north end of the transept, an embattled tower of three chancel is a brass to John Balsam, a former rector of this

stages, with a stair turret at the north-east angle, and parish (1395), ob. Sept. J4Io, including his effigy in

buttresses rising into square pinnacles; the belfry, pierced eucharistic vestments, and an inscript-ion; he had been



1036 BLISL.AND. CORNWALL. • (KELLY7S

previously rector of Chelsea (1394) and of Gransden Parva, 1 complete form originally stood at Lavethan on the village
Cambridgeshire: in the south aisle is a slate tablet inscribed green; at Lavethan are also two heads of crosses removed

to Susanna, wife of Christopher Taker, gent. of St. Kew, ob. from .Blisland moor; at Peverell's cross is a tall and fine
12th May, 1686: there IS also a monument with three male example, 6 feet in height, the arms of the cross projecting
and three female effigies in relief kneeling at a desk, and an beyond the round head, and near it is a rugged peak called
inscription to Humfrey Kempe esq. of Lavethan, ob. 10th "St. Bellarmine's Tor," on the summit of which are a

Nov. 1624,and Jane (Peytonne) his wife, and there are chapelandawell; inthegroundsatTrewardaleisthehead
other memorials of this family 1728-31 ; one to General of a cross which originally stood at the intersection of the
l\'illiam Morshead, colonel sxst regiment, d. Jnne, :1822, roads to Bodmin and Cardinham, but was removed to its

and others to the Collins (x8u-6o), Thomas and Lean present site by Captain Collins R.N.: it is 3 feet 7 inche.s

families, and to Robert Robins, gent. and Elizabeth, his wife, high and has a Maltese cross on the round head; the base.
168o: the communion plate includes a silver-gilt cup, now overgrown, stands in a hedge hard by; on a moor
gh·en by George Marrett in z6o4: there are 250 sittings. , near Carbilly, is a Druidic circle, called the "Trippet

'fhe register of baptisms dates from the year 1564; mar- Stones," consisting of nine upright unhewn stones, rising
riages and burials, 1539 ; the earlier portions consists of about 3 feet above the .soil ; at Carwen is another circle,
fragments only, imp3rfect and confused. The living is a about 50 feet in diameter, enclosing a smaller one and

rectory, average tithe rent-charge £415, gross yearly value connected with several more on its el(terior, but all much
.£495, including 40 acres of glebe, with residence, in the overgrown; on Kerow Down are several scattered circles
gift of the trustees o£ the Rev. F. W. Pye, and held since composed of granite blocks, from 2 to 4 feet high. On
1892 by the Rev. Edward Vernon Collins M.A. of Exeter Hawke'sTor is a circle, now imperfect, 152feetindiameter;
College, Oxford, who is also vicar of Temple. A fair is near ChallowaLer are circular enclosures, and on Trehudret.h
held here for horses, cattle and sheep on the Monday after down two British barrows. Lady Molesworth owns the
Sept. nth, the festival of St. Prothus; a fair is also held at manorial rights. The principal landowners are Mrs.

Pounds cawnse on the last Monday in November. Trewar- Edward-Collins, J. R. Morshead Gleucross esq. and Sit>

dale, the seat of Mrs. Edward-Collins, is pleasantly situated Warwick Charles Morshead hart. J.P. The soil is clay;
on the south side of the parish ; the estate has succes- subsoil, clay-slate and stone. The chief crops are oats and
sively belonged to the Robyns and Browne families, and barley, with extensive moorland. The area is 6,338 acres;
the house, rebuilt by Robert Robyns esq. towards the end rateable value, £4,098 ; the population in 1891 was 510.
of the 17th century, was again rebuilt by George Browne WATERLOO, half a mile from the church, TREGENNA, Ii

esq. about 1773, and the property afterwards passed, by north-west, CASSACAWN, 1 mile north-west, and PENDREU'
marriage, into the Collins family, the present possessors. or PENDRIFT, a mile north, are outlying hamlets. On the
Tregaddick, the seat of Sir Warwick Charles Morshead common, near Pendreif, is a large rock painted with the
bart. J.P. is pleasantly situated on an eminence overlookmg royal arms of George Ill. and those of the Duke of Cornwall,
• the Camel and De Lank rivers. Trewint, now the residence Sir A. 0. Molesworth bart. and Viscount Falmouth, and a
of Mr. W. H. Cowling, farmer, was the seat of the family of figure of Britannia; these designs were executed in 1809 by
Trewynt from the time of King John, or earlier, to the John Rogers, jun. esq. of Pendreve, in commemoration of
reign of Henry VII. when it was alienated by marriage to the jubilee of George III ; a brass plate with verses, once
the Skenock family, and afterwards to the Smiths; from affixed to the rock, is now in possession of the Rogers famiiy;
the latter it was purchased by the Molesworths, who in on the Common is also a group of rocks called "Pucklers-
turn disposed of it to the Collins family; the old house is tor."
now in ruins .and it is proposed to build stables with its Sexton, Joseph Northcott.
materials: the new house erected in 1890 by the present PosT 0FFICE.-John Axworthy, sub-postmaster. Letters

occupier, to the west of the former house, incorporates in arrive at 8.55 a. m. ; dispatched 3·55 p.m. Letters are
its porch a granite doorway from the old building ; the received through Bodmin, which is the nearest telegraph

estate pays a modus of £3 to the rector in lieu of tithes. In office. Postal orders are issued here, but not paid; the

the village is a cross, 4 feet high, with a semi-circular head, nearest money order office is at St. Tudy
bearing a Latin cross in a sunk panel; by the roadside, at a A School Board of 5 members was formed Sept. 10, 1875,
short distance from the village, is another, between 4 and 5 for the united district of Blisland Temple; W. H. Cow-
feet high, but now mostly buried, the round head only ap- ling, •rrewint, clerk to the board
pearing; this cross formerly stood by the well of St. Board School (mixed), built in 188o, for 126 children;
. Prothus ; in a field near is a good bevelled cross head set average attendance, 21 boys, 20 girls & 8 infants; J. F.

up on a post, its shaft is in another field : this cross in its Reid, master; Mrs. Reid, mistress

Collins Rev. Edwd. Vernon M. A. Rectry Hall John, farmer, Hawk's Tor Philp Samuel, farmer, Carbeglett

Edward-Collins Mrs. Trewardale Harper Chas. W. farmer, Greenbarro Pike James, blacksmith

Gillett Mrs. Newton house Harris William, farmer, Tregenna Prout Charles, farmer, Hawk's Tor

Morshead Sir Warwick Charles hart. Hawken Richard, farmer, Corbilley Rich Thos. Olver, farmer & shopkeeper

Tregaddick 1 Hawken Richard, farmer, Durfold Robins Nicholas, stone mason,Tresarret

'l'ownsendRev.Ch9.s.Hy.[curate],Rectry Hicks Elizabeth Ann (Mrs.), farmer, Rogers John, farmer, Pendrift

COMMERCIAL. Tomrose Roose Richard, farmer, Pound's Cause

HooperWm.blacksmith,Merry meeting Runnalis John, farmer, North Kerrow

Axworthy Austin, boot & shoe maker Keat Wm. miller (water),Levethan mill Runnalls Thomas, farmer, Treswiggar

Axworthy John, post master KingdonUharles, farmer,Merry meeting Runnalls William, farmer, Trencreek

Hate Thomas, farmer, Newton Lang J n. H. miller (water), Trehudreth Rush Christopher, farmer, Meatherin

Bate Thomas, farmer, Penrose Lean George, farmer, Bradford Rush William,farmer, Higher Pengelley

Brown Joseph, miller (water), Trewint Lean John Theodore, farmer, Carwen Tom Cornelius, farmer, Pendrift

Bunt William, blacksmith, :Four winds Lee Edward Thomas, farmer, Tresarret Tom James, farmer, Trehwedreath

Coppin Elizabeth Ann (Mrs.), farmer, Maeters John, farmer, Tregenna Trethewy John, farmer, Moss

Penquite Mudge John, farmer, Meatherin Whale & Son,carpenters&wheelwrights,

Cottell John, farmer, Trehudreth Northey William John, farmer, Hawk's Waterloo

Cowling William Henry, farmer &clerk Tor Whale Wm. Hy. farmer, Wall house

to the school board, Trewint Parkyn & Peters, china clay producers Wheal Rosa Tin Co. Limited (George

Ead Mary (Mrs.), farmer, •rreworder Parr John, farmer, Torr R. Bellamy, manager), Hawk's Tor

Ford John, farmer, Lanxon Pethybridge Charles Lyon, farmer, Tre- Williams Rebll<•ca (Mrs.), Blisland inn,

Grigg Isaac, farmer, Pendrift vissick & Landebethick Church town

DOCONNOC is a parish intersected by a tributary of the i (1875), children of the Hon. G. M. and Lady L. lt'ortescue;

river Fowey, 3 mile!! east-north-east from Lostwithiel station to the Hon. George Matthew Fortescue, second son of
on the Great Western railway, and 7 north from Fowey Hugh, first Earl (1877) ; to Lieut.-Col. Cyril Dudley
station on the Cornwall Minerals and Great Western rail- Fortescue D.L. formerly of the Coldstream Guards, d. I8gx,
way, in the South Eastern division of the county, hundred and to William Pease esq. (x881), who was steward to the

and petty sessional division of West, union and county estate; there is a monnment to Penelope (Mohnn), wife of
conrt district of Liskeard, rural deanery of West, arch- William Drew esq. ob. 1637, besides others of some interest
deaconry of Bodmin and diocese of Truro. The church in the north aisle : the reredos, erected in x888, was ID6de
(dedication unknown) is an ancient building of stone, in from old carved wood from Boconnoc House, by Mr. Harry
the Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, nave, south Hems, of Exeter; the lectern and prayer desk are of Spanish
aisle of nearly equal length, separated from the nave by an chestnut, and were presented by Lady Lonisa Fortescue:
arcade of six arches, supported on granite piers, north aisle the communion table is richly carved and has on the north

of shorter dimensions, south porch, and a turret at the end the inscripton, " Made by me, Raynold Mohun, 1631 ; "
south-west angle, eo ntaining one bell: the east windowis the carved work on the organ was designed and executed by
stained, and there are memorial windows to Louisa Susan the Misses Fortescue, and there is an ancient font: the

Anne, •·ife of W. W. Moore (1864) and Hugh Granville church was restored in 1873 and will seat 30:J persons.


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