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Japanese-English Bilingual Visual Dictionary

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Published by johntss124, 2021-05-18 03:25:24

Japanese-English Bilingual Visual Dictionary

Japanese-English Bilingual Visual Dictionary

ejanpagnliessheOAVNEDRP6,H0R0A0SEWSORDSVISUAL

BILINGUAL

DICTIONARY



BILINGUAL

VISUAL

DICTIONARY

2

BILINGUAL

VISUAL

DICTIONARY

London, New York, Melbourne, Munich, Delhi contents

Senior Editor Angela Wilkes kenkō
Project Art Editor Katie Eke health
Production Editor Luca Frassinetti
Production Controller Linda Dare gaishoku
Managing Art Editor Lee Griffiths eating out
Managing Editor Stephanie Farrrow
goraku
US Editor Jill Hamilton leisure

Designed for Dorling Kindersley by WaltonCreative.com
Art Editor Colin Walton, assisted by Tracy Musson
Designers Peter Radcliffe, Earl Neish, Ann Cannings
Picture Research Marissa Keating

Language content for Dorling Kindersley by
g-and-w PUBLISHING

Managed by Jane Wightwick
Translation by Kazumi Honda

Layout by Mark Wightwick
Editing by Cheryl Hutty

First American Edition, 2011

Published in the United States by DK Publishing,
375 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014

11 12 13 14 15 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
001—179043—May/2011

Copyright © 2011 Dorling Kindersley Limited
All rights reserved.

Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above,
no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored
in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted
in any form, or by any means (electronic, mechanical,

photocopying, recording, or otherwise) without the prior
written permission of both the copyright owner and the

above publisher of this book.

Published in Great Britain by Dorling Kindersley Limited.

A catalog record for this book is available from
the Library of Congress.

ISBN 978-0-7566-7556-1

DK books are available at special discounts when purchased in bulk
for sales promotions, premiums, fund-raising, or educational use. For
details, contact: DK Publishing Special Markets, 375 Hudson Street,

New York, New York 10014 or [email protected]

Printed and bound in China by L. Rex Printing Co. Ltd.

Discover more at

www.dk.com

kono jiten nitsuite kono jiten no tsukaikata hito gaikan
about the dictionary how to use this book people appearance

katei shokumu kaimono tabemono
home services shopping food

gakushū shigoto kōtsū supōtsu
study work transportation sports

kankyō sankō shiryō sakuin shaji
environment reference index acknowledgments

MOKUJI • CONTENTS katei • home sūpāmāketto 106

hito • people supermarket

karada I body 12 jūtaku I house 58 yakkyoku I chemist 108
kao I face 14
te I hand 15 jūtaku-nai setsubi 60 hanaya I florist 110
ashi I foot 15 internal systems
16 shimbun hambaiten 112
kinniku I muscles 17 ima I living room 62 newsagent
kokkaku I skeleton 18
naizō dainingu rūmu 64 kashiya 113
internal organs 20 confectioner
dining room
seishokuki 22
reproductive organs 24 daidokoro I kitchen 66 sonota no mise 114
other shops
kazoku I family 25 chōri yōgu 68
ningen kankei 26 kitchenware

relationships shinshitsu I bedroom 70 tabemono
kanjō I emotions
jinsei I life events yokushitsu I bathroom 72 • food

kodomobeya I nursery 74

yutiriti rūmu 76 niku I meat 118

utility room sakana I fish 120

sagyōba I workshop 78 yasai I vegetables 122

dōgubako 80 kudamono I fruit 126
toolbox
gaikan kokurui to mamerui 130
• appearance naisō kōji I decorating 82 grains and legumes

kodomo fuku niwa I garden 84 hābu to 132
children’s clothing kōshinryō I herbs and spices
30 niwa no shokubutsu 86
dansei fuku garden plants binzume shokuhin 134
men’s clothing 32 bottled foods
engei yōhin 88
josei fuku 34 garden tools
women’s clothing nyūseihin 136
36 engei I gardening dairy produce
sōshingu I accessories 38 90
40
kami I hair shokumu pan to komugiko 138
• services breads and flours
biyō I beauty
kēki to dezāto 140
cakes and desserts

kinkyū sābisu 94 derikatessen 142
emergency services 96 delicatessen
kenkō • health
ginkō I bank nomimono I drinks 144

byōki I illness 44 komyunikēshon 98
communications
isha I doctor 45 gaishoku
• eating out
kega I injury 46 hoteru I hotel 100

ōkyū teate I first aid 47

byōin I hospital 48 kafe I café 148

haisha I dentist 50 kaimono bā I bar 150
• shopping
megane-ten I optician 51 resutoran I restaurant 152

ninshin I pregnancy 52 104 fāsuto fūdo 154
shoppingu sentā I shopping centre
shussan I childbirth 53 fast food

daitai ryōhō 54 depāto 105 chōshoku I breakfast 156
alternative therapy department store
shokuji I dinner 158

6 nihongo • english

MOKUJI • CONTENTS

gakushū • study basukettobōru 226

basketball

gakkō I school 162 yakyū I baseball 228

sūgaku I math 164 tenisu I tennis 230

kagaku I science 166 gorufu I golf 232

daigaku 168 rikujō kyōgi 234
college track and field

kakutōgi 236
combat sports
shigoto • work
suiei I swimming 238
jimusho I office 172
sēringu I sailing 240
kompyūta 176
computer jōba I horseback riding 242
ganseki I rocks 288
hōdō I media 178 tsuri I fishing 244 kōseki I minerals 289
dōbutsu I animals 290
hōritsu I law 180 sukī I skiing 246 shokubutsu I plants 296
shigai I town 298
nōjō I farm 182 ta no supōtsu 248 kenchiku I architecture 300
other sports
kensetsu I construction 186
fittonesu I fitness 250
shokugyō I occupations 188

kōtsū goraku • leisure sankō shiryō
• transportation
gekijō I theater 254 • reference
dōro I roads
ōkesutora 256
basu I bus orchestra
jidōsha I car 194 jikan I time 304
196
ōtobai 198 konsāto I concert 258 karendā I calendar 306
motorcycle 204
kankō I sightseeing 260 sūji I numbers 308
jitensha I bicycle 206
208 yagai katsudō 262 keiryō 310
ressha I train 210 outdoor activities weights and measures
212
kōkūki I aircraft 214 umibe I beach 264 sekai chizu 312
216 world map
kūkō I airport kyampu I camping 266
fuhenkashi to
fune I ship goraku kaden 268
home entertainment hangigo 320
kōwan I port
shashin 270 I particles and antonyms
photography
benri na hyōgen 322
useful phrases
gēmu I games 272

supōtsu bijutsu to kōgei 274
• sports arts and crafts

amerikan futtobōru 220 kankyō 280
American football • environment 282
221 284
ragubī I rugby 222 uchūkūkan I space 286
sakkā I soccer 224 chikyū I Earth
hokkē I hockey 225 chisei I landscape
kuriketto I cricket kishō I weather

nihongo • english 7

about the dictionary

The use of pictures is proven to aid Pronuncation tips
understanding and the retention of The pronunciation in the dictionary is
information. Working on this principle, shown in the Romaji system. There are
this highly illustrated English–Japanese some variations possible in Romaji, but we
bilingual dictionary presents a large range have tried to use the most user-friendly
of useful current vocabulary. transcription.

The dictionary is divided thematically Many of the letters used in Romaji can
and covers most aspects of the everyday be pronounced as they would be in English,
world in detail, from the restaurant to the but some require special explanation:
gym, the home to the workplace, outer
space to the animal kingdom. You will r Never rolled; pronounced with the
also find additional words and phrases tip of the tongue against the gum of
for conversational use and for extending the upper front teeth
your vocabulary.
f Pronounced more with the lips and
This is an essential reference tool for less with the teeth than its English
anyone interested in languages—practical, equivalent
stimulating, and easy-to-use.
w A semi-vowel pronounced with
A few things to note slack lips
The three different writing systems of
the Japanese script (Kanji, Katakana, and ts As in "pits"
Hiragana) are employed in the dictionary
following common usage. However, where ei As in "pay" or "rein"
alternative usages exist for individual items
of vocabulary (for example animals), we n/m The Japanese characters and
have usually chosen to use Kanji since the are generally pronounced "n" as in
pronunciation that follows will indicate san, but this changes to "m"
the Katakana or Hiragana spellings. before the sounds "b" or "p," e.g.
kompyūta.
The pronunciation included for
the Japanese is shown in Romaji, the
romanization system that is familiar
to most learners of Japanese (see
Pronunciation tips).

The entries are always presented in the
same order—Japanese, Romaji, English:

chūshoku ryoken chūshoku ryoken Japanese vowels are pronounced short
lunch passport lunch passport

(v) Verbs are indicated by a (v) after the similar to the English "pat/pet/pit/pot/put".
English, for example:
However, they can also be lengthened.

This is shown in the Japanese script by a

shūkaku suru I harvest (v) dash ( ) and in the Romaji by a macron

shūkaku suru I harvest (v) Each language also has its own index (flat line) over the vowel (ū). Lengthened
at the back of the book. Here you can look
up a word in either English or Romaji and vowels should have the sound sustained for
be referred to the page number(s) where
it appears. To reference the Japanese approximately twice the amount of time.
characters, look up a word either in the
Romaji or English index and then go to the In general, Japanese words do not
page indicated.
have a particular stress, or emphasis.

Each syllable is stressed roughly equally.

Take care also to pronounce the syllables

separately; there are no "silent" letters.

For example, kafe is pronounced

"ka-fay" rather than "kayf."

8 nihongo • english

how to use this book

Whether you are learning a new language
for business, pleasure, or in preparation for
a vacation abroad, or are hoping to extend
your vocabulary in an already familiar
language, this dictionary is a valuable
learning tool that you can use in a number
of different ways.

When learning a new language, look
out for cognates (words that are alike in
different languages) and derivations (words
that share a common root in a particular
language). You can also see where the
languages have influenced each other. For
example, English has imported some terms
for food from Japanese but, in turn, has
exported many terms used in technology
and popular culture.

Practical learning activities
• As you move around your home,
workplace, or college, try looking at the
pages which cover that setting. You could
then close the book, look around you and
see how many of the objects and features
you can name.
• Make flashcards for yourself with English
on one side and Japanese/Romaji on the
other side. Carry the cards with you and
test yourself frequently, making sure you
shuffle them between each test.
• Challenge yourself to write a story, letter,
or dialogue using as many of the terms on
a particular page as possible. This will help
you retain the vocabulary and remember
the spelling. If you want to build up to
writing a longer text, start with sentences
incorporating 2–3 words.
• If you have a very visual memory, try
drawing or tracing items from the book
onto a piece of paper, then close the book
and fill in the words below the picture.
• Once you are more confident, pick out
words in the foreign language index and
see if you know what they mean before
turning to the relevant page to check if
you were right.

nihongo • english 9



hito
people

HITO • PEOPLE chikubi atama
nipple head
karada • body
chibusa
kubi breast
neck
uesuto
mune waist
chest
heso
hara navel
abdomen
zenwan
koshi forearm
hip
futomomo
seiki kokan thigh
genitals groin
hiza
sune ashi knee
shin leg
josei ashi
12 dansei female foot
male
nihongo • english

HITO • PEOPLE

kubisuji senaka
nape back

kata waki no shita
shoulder armpit

ude
arm

hiji senaka no kubomi
elbow small of back

tekubi shiri
wrist buttock

te
hand

fukurahagi
calf

ashikubi kakato
ankle heel

nihongo • english josei dansei
female male

13

HITO • PEOPLE hitai
forehead
kao • face
komekami
kami temple
hair
me
hifu eye
skin

mayuge cheek
eyebrow hana no ana

matsuge nostril
eyelash
kuchi
mimi mouth
ear
ago
hana jaw
nose
nihongo • english
hokuro
mole

kuchibiru
lip

ago
chin

14

HITO • PEOPLE

shiwa sobakasu keana ekubo
wrinkle freckle pore dimple

te • hand nakayubi tsume
middle finger nail
kusuriyubi
ring finger hitosashiyubi amakawa
index finger cuticle
koyubi
little finger

tekubi tenohira yubi no kansetsu
wrist palm knuckle

oyayubi kobushi
thumb fist

ashi • foot

ashi no oyayubi ashi no tsume
big toe toenail

boshikyū
ball

ashiyubi ashi no koyubi
toe little toe

ashiura ashi no kō no uchigawa kakato ashikubi
sole instep heel ankle

ashi no kō 15
bridge

tsuchifumazu
arch

nihongo • english

HITO • PEOPLE

kinniku • muscles

zentōkin kyōkin sankakukin sōbōkin
frontal pectoral deltoid trapezius

rokkankin kōhaikin
intercostal latissimus dorsi

nitōkin santōkin
biceps triceps

fukkin hamusutoringukin daidenkin
abdominals hamstring buttock

yontōkin akiresuken hifukukin
quadriceps Achilles tendon calf

16 nihongo • english

HITO • PEOPLE

kokkaku • skeleton

sakotsu zugaikotsu
collarbone skull

kenkōkotsu gakkotsu keitsui
shoulder blade jaw cervical vertebrae

kyōkotsu jōwankotsu kyōtsui
breast bone humerus thoracic vertebrae

rokkotsu kyōkaku yōtsui
rib ribcage lumbar vertebrae

shakkotsu chūshukotsu bikotsu
ulna metacarpal tailbone

tōkotsu sebone
radius spine

kotsuban
pelvis

shitsugaikotsu daitaikotsu kansetsu • joint
kneecap femur
nankotsu
cartilage

hikotsu
fibula

keikotsu jintai
tibia ligament

chūsokkotsu hone ken
metatarsal bone tendon

nihongo • english 17

HITO • PEOPLE kōjōsen
thyroid gland
naizō • internal organs
kikan
kanzō windpipe
liver
hai
jūnishichō lung
duodenum shinzō
heart
jinzō
kidney i
stomach
suizō
pancreas hizō
spleen
shōchō
small intestine nihongo • english

daichō
large intestine

mōchō
appendix

18

atama • head jōmyaku HITO • PEOPLE
vein
zentōdō zunō
sinus brain
kōgai
palate intō
pharynx
shita
tongue kōtōgai
epiglottis
kōtō
larynx shokudō
esophagus
nodobotoke
Adam’s apple nodo
throat
seitai
vocal cords dōmyaku
artery
jintai keitō •

ōkakumaku
diaphragm

kokyūki kei shōkaki kei junkan kei rimpa kei
respiratory digestive cardiovascular lymphatic

sen shinkei
gland nerve

hinyōki kei naibumpi kei shinkei kei seishokuki kei
urinary endocrine nervous reproductive

nihongo • english 19

HITO • PEOPLE

seishokuki • reproductive organs

rankan ranhō
fallopian tube follicle

ransō bōkō
ovary bladder

shikyū
uterus

kuritorisu
clitoris

nyōdō
urethra

shikyūkei
cervix

chitsu inshin
vagina labia

josei | female

seishoku • reproduction kanrenyōgo • vocabulary

seishi horumon funōshō ninshin dekiru
sperm hormone impotent fertile

ranshi hairan ninshin suru gekkei
egg ovulation conceive menstruation

funinshō seikō sei kansenshō
infertile intercourse sexually transmitted disease

jusei I fertilization nihongo • english

20

yusei kan shasei kan HITO • PEOPLE
vas deferens ejaculatory
nyō kan
seinō duct ureter
seminal vesicle

zenritsusen penisu
prostate penis

chokuchō hōhi
rectum foreskin

seisō innō
testis scrotum

hinin • contraception dansei I male

kyappu pessarī kondōmu ai yū dī piru
cap diaphragm condom IUD oral
contraceptives
nihongo • english
21

HITO • PEOPLE

kazoku • family

sobo sofu
grandmother grandfather

oji oba chichi haha
uncle (older/younger) aunt (older/younger) father mother

itoko kyōdai shimai
cousin brother sister

yome musuko musume tsuma
daughter-in-law son daughter wife

mago musuko mago musume muko
grandson granddaughter son-in-law

22 otto
husband

nihongo • english

HITO • PEOPLE

kanrenyōgo • vocabulary

shinrui ryōshin mago mama haha mama musuko haigūsha
relatives parents grandchildren stepmother stepson partner

sedai kodomo sofubo mama chichi mama musume futago
generation children grandparents stepfather stepdaughter twins

seichō dankai
• stages

gibo gifu
mother-in-law father-in-law

nyūji kodomo
baby child

gikyōdai giri no shimai
brother-in-law sister-in-law

otoko no ko onna no ko
boy girl

mei oi san otona
niece nephew Mrs. adult

tīn'ējā
teenager

keishō • titles

san
Mr.

chan dansei josei
Miss/Master man woman

nihongo • english 23

HITO • PEOPLE

ningen kankei • relationships

manējā ashisutanto bijinesu pātonā koyōnushi jūgyōin dōryō
manager assistant business partner employer employee colleague

ofisu I office

rinjin yūjin chijin pemparu
neighbor friend acquaintance pen pal

bōifurendo gārufurendo kon'yakusha kon'yakusha
boyfriend girlfriend fiancé fiancée

kappuru I couple kon'yaku-chū no kappuru I engaged couple

24 nihongo • english

HITO • PEOPLE

kanjō • emotions

bishō
smile

ureshī kanashī kōfun suru akiru
happy sad excited bored

shikame-zura
frown

odoroku kowagaru okoru konran suru
surprised scared angry confused

shimpai suru fuan hokoru jishin
worried nervous proud confident

kanrenyōgo • vocabulary

rōbai suru warau tameiki o tsuku donaru
upset
laugh (v) sigh (v) shout (v)

shōgeki o ukeru naku kizetsu suru akubi suru
faint (v) yawn (v)
shocked cry (v)

hazukashī hanikamu
embarrassed shy

nihongo • english 25

HITO • PEOPLE

jinsei • life events

umareru nyūgaku suru tomodachi ni naru sotsugyō suru
be born (v) start school (v) make friends (v) graduate (v)

shūshoku suru ren'ai suru kekkon suru shussan suru
get a job (v) fall in love (v) get married (v) have a baby (v)

kanrenyōgo • vocabulary

senrei yuigonjō o kaku
christening make a will (v)

kinembi shussei shōmeisho
anniversary birth certificate

imin suru kekkon hirōen
emigrate (v) wedding reception

kekkonshiki I wedding taishoku suru hanemūn
retire (v) honeymoon

shinu barumitsubā
die (v) bar mitzvah

rikon sōshiki
divorce funeral

26 nihongo • english

oiwai • celebrations HITO • PEOPLE

matsuri
• festivals

tanjō pātī kādo
birthday party card

tanjōbi purezento kurisumasu sugikoshimatsuri
birthday present Christmas Passover

shōgatsu kānibaru gyōretsu ramadān
New Year carnival procession Ramadan

ribon
ribbon

kanshasai fukkatsusai harowīn diwāri
Thanksgiving Easter Halloween Diwali

nihongo • english 27



gaikan
appearance

GAIKAN • APPEARANCE

kodomo fuku • children’s clothing

akachan • baby

sunōsūtsu
snowsuit

hadagi surīpusūtsu rompāsu yodarekake
bodysuit sleeper romper bib

bebīgurō
onesie

sunappu
snap

miton būti omutsu kami omutsu omutsu kabā
mittens booties terrycloth diaper disposable diaper plastic pants

yōji • toddler tīshatsu
t-shirt

ōbāōru
overalls

hiyokebō
sun hat

hanzubon sukāto
shorts skirt

epuron nihongo • english
apron

30

GAIKAN • APPEARANCE

kodomo • child ryukkusakku
backpack
wampīsu mafurā
dress togurubotan scarf
toggle
fūdo jīpan anorakku
hood jeans parka

sandaru nagagutsu
sandals rain boots

natsu reinkōto aki daffurukōto fuyu
summer raincoat
fall duffel coat winter

naitogaun
bathrobe

rogo
logo

sunīkā
athletic shoes

negurije sakkā-gi torakkusūtsu reginsu
nightgown soccer uniform running suit leggings

kanrenyōgo •

surippa tennen sen'i sentakki de araemasuka?
slippers natural fiber Is it machine washable?

gōsei sen'i nisai-ji ni kiremasuka?
synthetic fiber Will this fit a two-year-old?

nemaki 31
nightwear

nihongo • english

GAIKAN • APPEARANCE

dansei fuku • men’s clothing

eri raperu
collar lapel

nekutai beruto botanhōru
tie belt buttonhole

sodeguchi poketto
cuff pocket

uwagi botan
jacket button
zubon
trousers sūtsu kōto uraji
business suit coat lining
kawagutsu
leather kanrenyōgo •
shoes
waishatsu naitogaun torakkusūtsu nagai
32 shirt bathrobe running suit long

kādigan shitagi reinkōto mijikai
cardigan underwear raincoat short

motto ōkī/chīsai saizu wa arimasuka?
Do you have this in a larger/smaller size?

shichaku dekimasuka?
May I try this on?

nihongo • english

GAIKAN • APPEARANCE

buinekku
v-neck

marukubi
round neck

burezā supōtsu jaketto besuto
blazer sports jacket vest

tīshatsu
t-shirt

anorakku torēnā uindoburēkā
parka sweatshirt windbreaker

suettopantsu
sweatpants

sētā pajama hadagi kajuaruwea
sweater pajamas undershirt casual wear

tampan burīfu bokusāshōtsu kutsushita
shorts briefs boxer shorts socks

nihongo • english 33

GAIKAN • APPEARANCE

josei fuku •

jaketto nekkurain sutorappuresu
jacket neckline strapless

nuime nōsurību
seam sleeveless

sode kurubushi-take
sleeve ankle length

suso ibuningudoresu wampīsu
hem evening gown dress

kutsu sukāto nihongo • english
shoes skirt

34 hiza-take burausu
knee-length blouse

surakkusu
slacks

pansuto
pantyhose

kajuaruwea
casual wear

ranjerī • lingerie GAIKAN • APPEARANCE

sutorappu kekkonshiki • wedding
strap
bēru
veil

rēsu
lace

būke
bouquet

naitogaun surippu kyamisōru torēn
negligée slip brra camisole train

gātā
suspenders

basuku sutokkingu pansuto wedingudoresu
bustier stockings pantyhose wedding dress

besuto kanrenyōgo
vest •

korusetto tērādo
corset tailored

gātā hōrutā nekku
garter halter neck

shorudāpaddo waiyā kappu
shoulder pad underwired

uesutobando supōtsu-yō burajā
waistband sports bra

burajā panti negurije kimono
bra panties nightgown kimono

nihongo • english 35

GAIKAN • APPEARANCE

sōshingu • accessories

bakkuru
buckle

e
handle

yakyūbō bōshi sukāfu beruto
cap hat scarf belt

sentan
tip

hankachi chōnekutai nekutaipin tebukuro kasa
handkerchief bow tie tie clip gloves umbrella

akusesarī • jewellery shinju no kubikazari
string of pearls

pendanto burōchi kafusubotan
pendant brooch cufflink

rinku kurasupu iyaringu
link clasp earring

yubiwa
ring

hōseki
stone

nekkuresu
necklace

udedokei
watch

buresuretto chēn hōseki-bako I jewelry box
bracelet chain
nihongo • english
36

GAIKAN • APPEARANCE

baggu • bags

tomegane sutorappu
fastening shoulder strap

satsuire saifu shorudābaggu totte
wallet change purse shoulder bag handles

ryokōkaban burīfukēsu handobaggu ryukkusakku
duffle bag briefcase handbag backpack

kutsu • shoes sunīkā
athletic shoe
kutsuhimo ana kutsuhimo bero
eyelet lace tongue gomuzōri
flip-flop
kakato haikingu būtsu
heel hiking boot

kutsuzoko
sole

amiagegutsu kawagutsu
lace-up leather shoe

haihīru purattofōmu shūzu sandaru surippon tangutsu
high-heeled shoe platform shoe sandal slip-on wingtip

nihongo • english 37

GAIKAN • APPEARANCE

kami • hair

kushi
comb

kushi de suku kamiyui
comb (v) hairdresser

heaburashi shampū dai
brush sink

burashi o kakeru I brush (v) kyaku
client
yusugu katto suru arau I wash (v)
rinse (v) cut (v) setto suru
gaun set (v)
cape

burō suru
blow dry (v)

bihin • accessories

headoraiyā
hairdryer

shampū kondishonā jeru heasupurē
shampoo conditioner gel hairspray

kāru airon hasami heabando kārā heapin
curling iron scissors headband curler bobby pin

38 nihongo • english

GAIKAN • APPEARANCE

kamigata • styles

ribon
ribbon

ponītēru mitsuami furenchi purītsu odango osage
ponytail braid french twist bun pigtails

bobu botchangari kāru pāma sutorēto
bob crop curly perm straight

mōkon kanrenyōgo
roots •

seihatsu suru abura shitsu
trim (v) greasy

hairaito hageatama katsura sutorēto ni suru kansō shitsu
highlights bald wig straighten (v) dry

hea karā • colors tokoya futsū
barber normal

fuke tōhi
dandruff scalp

burondo burunetto akachairo akage edage heatai
blonde brunette auburn ginger split ends hair tie

kurokami gurē howaito sempatsu
black gray white dyed

nihongo • english 39

GAIKAN • APPEARANCE

biyō • beauty

heakarā mēkyappu • makeup
hair dye

aiburow penshiru
eyebrow pencil

aishadō aiburow burashi kenuki
eye shadow eyebrow brush tweezers

masukara rippu gurosu rippu burashi
mascara lip gloss lip brush

airainā
eyeliner

rippu rainā
lip liner

hōbeni burashi konshīrā
blusher brush concealer

fandēshon kompakuto mirā
foundation mirror

kuchibeni oshiroi
lipstick face powder

pafu
powder puff

kompakuto I compact

40 nihongo • english

esute • beauty treatments GAIKAN • APPEARANCE

keshōhin • toiletries

fēsu pakku
facial mask

sambeddo
sunbed

kurenzā keshōsui nyūeki
cleanser toner moisturizer

fēsharu kakushitsu jokyo suru
facial exfoliate (v)

serufu tanningu kurīmu kōsui ōdotoware
eau de toilette
self-tanning cream perfume

wakkusu pedikyua
wax pedicure

manikyua • manicure kanrenyōgo •

jokō eki hada no iro abura hada hiyake
nail varnish remover complexion oily tan

irojiro binkan hada irezumi
fair sensitive tattoo

iroguro tei-shigeki sei shiwa tori
dark hypoallergenic anti-wrinkle

tsume yasuri manikyua kansō hada iroai kotton bōru
nail file nail varnish dry shade cotton balls

tsumekiri-basami tsumekiri
nail scissors nail clippers

nihongo • english 41



kenkō
health

KENKŌ • HEALTH

byōki •

zutsū hanaji seki
headache nosebleed cough

netsu I fever kushami kaze infuruenza
sneeze cold flu
kyūnyūki
inhaler

zensoku fukutsū hakike suitō hosshin
asthma cramps nausea chickenpox rash

kanrenyōgo • vocabulary geri
diarrhea
nōsotchū tōnyōbyō atopīsei hifuen okan haku
stroke diabetes eczema chill vomit (v) hashika
measles
ketsuatsu arerugī kansen itsū tenkan
blood pressure allergy infection stomach ache epilepsy otafukukaze
mumps
shinzōhossa kafunshō uirusu shisshin suru henzutsū
heart attack hayfever virus faint (v) migraine

44 nihongo • english

KENKŌ • HEALTH

isha • doctor

shinsatsu • consultation

isha rentogen byuā shinchō-kei
doctor x-ray viewer height bar

kanja kangofu
patient nurse

shohōsen
prescription

taijū-kei
scale

kanrenyōgo
• vocabulary

ketsuatsukei yoyaku yobō-sesshu
blood pressure gauge appointment inoculation

chōshinki shinryō-shitsu taionkei
stethoscope doctor's office thermometer

nihongo • english machiai-shitsu shinsatsu
waiting room medical
examination

isha ni ikanakereba narimasen.
I need to see a doctor.

koko ga itai.
It hurts here.

ka'atsutai
cuff

45

KENKŌ • HEALTH

kega • injury

sankakufu gibusu
sling neck brace

nenza I sprain kossetsu muchiuchishō
fracture whiplash

kirikizu surikizu aza toge
cut abrasion bruise splinter

hiyake yakedo kamikizu mushi-sasare
sunburn burn bite sting

kanrenyōgo • vocabulary

jiko shukketsu chūdoku daijōbu deshōka?
accident hemorrhage poisoning Will he/she be all right?

kinkyūjitai mizubukure kanden doko ga itamimasuka?
emergency blister electric shock Where does it hurt?

kizu nōshintō tōbu gaishō kyūkyūsha o yonde kudasai.
wound concussion head injury Please call an ambulance.

46 nihongo • english

ōkyū teate • first aid KENKŌ • HEALTH

nankō shōdoku waipu
ointment antiseptic wipe

bandoēdo pinsetto
adhesive bandage tweezers

anzempin hasami
safety pin scissors
shōdoku eki
hōtai antiseptic
bandage

itami-dome kyūkyūbako I first aid box
analgesics

gāze
gauze

bansōkō
adhesive tape

teate fukuboku I splint
dressing

kanrenyōgo • vocabulary

shokku myakuhaku chissoku tasukete kudasai.
shock pulse suru Please help.
choke (v)

kyūkyū sosei ishikifumei kokyū sakkin ōkyū teate no yarikata o shitte imasuka?
resuscitation unconscious breathing sterile Do you know first aid?

nihongo • english 47

KENKŌ • HEALTH

byōin • hospital

geka-i
surgeon

karute ketsueki kensa
chart blood test

masui-shi
anesthesiologist

kangofu
nurse

chūsha
injection

sharin-tsuki tanka shujutsu-shitsu
gurney operating room

yobidashi botan
call button

rentogen
x-ray

kinkyū chiryō-shitsu byōshitsu kurumaisu sukyan
emergency room hospital room wheelchair scan

kanrenyōgo • vocabulary shōni byōtō shūchū chiryō-shitsu
children’s ward intensive care unit
shujutsu tai'in menkai jikan gairaikanja
operation discharged visiting hours koshitsu outpatient
private room
nyūin shinryōjo sanka byōtō nihongo • english
admitted clinic maternity ward

48


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