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Published by ggardner, 2016-03-30 20:42:23

The Northwest Indians by 5S

NW Indians by 5S

Northwest Coastal Indians

                                                 B​ y:  Matheus  Rodrigues,  Jasmyn  Hershey,  Samantha  Folts  ,  Briana  Olivera  And  Radio  Goulart    
 

 

 
 

Table  of  Contents  
 

Geography  -­  Radio  Goulart  
 

Religion  -­  Brianna  Oliveira  
 

Achievements  -­  Matheus  Rodrigues  
 

Politics  -­  Samantha  Folts  
 

Social  Structure  -­  Jasmyn  Hershey  

The  Northwest  Coastal  Geography  
   
 

   

The  places  these  indians  lived  are  in  the  pink  part.    
There  are  8  tribes  throughout  the  whole  map.  

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Northwest Coastal Climate

 

The  Northwest  Coastal  ​climate​  has  all  four  seasons,  has  lots  and  lots  
of  rain  and  little  snow.  The  northwest  coast  is  also  a  ​temperate  
climate.  Since  they  had  a  Temperate  climate  it  affected  them  with  lots  
of  rain  and  it  was  also  warm  during  the  summer  and  cool  in  the  winter.  
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Natural Resources

 

Some  n​ atural  resources ​  are...  

 

     

The  Northwest  coastal     The  northwest  coastal  
indians  really  r​ elied ​  on  c​ edar   The  water  source  for  this  tribe   indians  did  not  farm  so  they  
trees  because  the  cedar  is   is  the  Pacific  ocean,  the   relied  on  eating  fish,  at  a  
what  they  used  to  build  there   pacific  ocean  was  walking   certain  time  every  year  there  
homes,  they  used  it  to  build   distance  away.   would  be  salmon  everywhere  
but  they  also  ate  ​Herring,​  
homes  because  it  was  the  
candlefish,  flounder,  cod,  
best  wood  that  was  water  
halibut,  shellfish,  and  mainly  
resistant.​    
Salmon.  

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

Landforms

 

Some  landforms  were…  

   

   

One  Landform  is  the  forest.  This   Another  Landform  is  the  Water.  The  
tribe  used  the  forest  for  wood  for  
their  houses.  They  lived  in  front  of   Pacific  Ocean  is  where  you  would  
the  forest  so  that  means  it  was  the  
fish.  You  would  also  have  rivers  

and  some  lakes.    

best  place  to  get  wood.  

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Northwest  Coastal  Indians  
   

Religion  
 

Brianna  Oliveira  

   
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Religion

The Northwest Coastal Indians had a belief system
known as a ​religion.​ The Northwest Coastal indians
strictly​ believed that everything is connected and

everything had a spirit like trees even fog.

Spirits

 

                   They  believed  the  tree  has  a  spirit.  

Spirits are alive people or plants or animals that died
then came back to life in a new form. Northwest coastal
indians also believed that there are evil spirits and they
would make people sick and a medicine men would try
and cure the the sickness and make the evil spirits go
away.

W​ hat Were Medicine Men

Navajo  medicine  man  –    
 

Medicine men were Northwest Coastal people that
had a job of curing sickness and made evil spirits go
away because they believed that evil spirits made
people sick. Most medicine men were women. The
women would mash up leaves to make medicine. Some
medicine men would predict the future and talk to
spirits. These medicine men are called a shaman.

What Is a Spirit Quest

​ young boy waiting for a spirit

A spirit quest is when a twelve year old or a little
older boy goes on a quest to find his spirit helper to find
his special talent. While the boy is looking for his spirit
helper he rubs himself with sticks until he bleeds. He also
had to bath in ice cold water. Sometimes the spirit will
come to him in a dream or the spirit could come dancing
by the fire as a shadow. And sometimes the spirit does
not come at all. Then what does he do? He has to go
home and try and find a spirit helper another time. If he
tries several with hope he is a failure to his family.

How Did They Think The World Began

The northwest coastal indians thought that the
world began dark and no sun moon, or stars and
monsters roamed the land, and there was a raven spirit
that was very sneaky. Once he heard that the first people
had light hidden in their caves, he stole it from them and
let it out and made it so that it was bright. Then he killed

all the monsters and made the animals, trees​, m​ ountains

sea and sky. There are many more interesting stories this

is just one​.

Sacred Dances and Celebrations

The N.W. coastal have a couple special dances. One dance
is the dance of the bear. The dance of the bear is showing
that the c​ hief​ has a lot of bravery. It shows bravery
because the bear is threatening the c​ hief​ but the ​chief
does not get scared. Bravery is very important to the N.W
coastal indians.  

​ Why Did They Want The Spirit Helpers
H​ elp

They wanted the spirit helpers help because they
thought that the spirit helpers had a lot of power. The
Northwest Coastal indians needed that a little power or
some help from them.

Northwest ​  C​ oastal  I​ ndians    
 

 
 
 
 
Achievements
 
 

   
 

 
 
 
Matheus Rodrigues

Introduction    

 

There are a lot of cool things about the Northwest Coastal

Indians. Their achievements (or what they made) show that

they were creative, smart, and on the move.

Let’s explore their culture through their food, clothing,

shelters and totem poles.  
 

salmon       clothes  
   
   
   
   
totem  poles  
house  

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

Fishing  Tools  
 

 
 

This tool is called a net. This tool is a harpoon This tool is a trap the
They used Indians used to get
nets to get salmon.They that they usually use to eulachon​ because they
loved use
salmon so they eat more get whales​.   this fish to make
fish. candles. They
call the fish candlefish.
 
 

   
 
   
 
 
 
 

Shelters
The NorthWest Coastal Indians lived in wooden houses that
were fifteen to twenty feet tall.

They built their houses along the beaches with their
totem poles in front as doors.

The whole family which were uncles, aunts, grandparents and
children lived in a home. The most important families slept
closest to the chief and also the slaves slept the farthest from
the chief and if you were related to the chief you would sleep in
the same room as the chief.

How Would you light your House?
You would light your house with fish -­ a lot of fish. The
NorthWest Coastal used this fish ​eulachon​. It works like this.
First,they catch the fish. Then they put it on a thin stick. Lastly,
they light the fish because there is oil inside the fish.

This is a eulachon!

What would you wear

The weather was mild so they would wear b​ reechcloths o​ r
nothing at all. Children wore the same as the adult did and
women wore skirts made from cedar bark. You would wear
basket hats because of the sun.

How would you Keep food from spoiling

The Northwest Coastal Indians had no refrigeration so they had
to find a way to preserve their fish so they created a cooking
box inside the cooking box were hot rocks and they were used
to smoke the fish and they would preserve food by hanging fish
up on a line and you would preserve clams by making a
necklace out of
the clams and eating the clams off the necklace.

POLITICS​ O​ F​ T​ HE​ NORTHWEST ​COASTAL

TRIBE

By Samantha C. Folts

____________________________  

The Northwest

Coastal tribe had

many political

topics for example

slavery, chiefs,

explorers and

settlers. These are

the topics that I am
going to talk about.  

 

The  village  of  the  Northwest  
coastal  indians  (shown  on  left)  

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

SLAVERY

Did slaves fight in war?
Yes, Slaves did fight in wars. They paddled their owner’s war
canoes. They fought as warriors and were treated as servants.
They were caught in slave ​raids​ a​ nd in wars. If you were a slave
you did ALL the hard work.

Did slaves ever see their families again?
For one second pretend that you were a slave from the N.W.
Coastal tribe. Think to yourself, “Is my family rich?” This is a
question that is v​ ital​ if you are a slave. When you are a slave it
is almost a guarantee that unless your family had enough
money for the ​ransom​ to buy you back that you would never see
your family again. Once bought back you will have a​ shamed
your family and they now needed they needed to host a giant
potlatch to erase the embarrassment.

Who were slaves?
Slaves were mostly women and children. The women and
children were usually ones that were old enough to work. When
these slaves were captured they got ​enslaved​ like many others.
During slave raids and wars many slaves got captured and now
have a good chance of being a slave for the rest of their lives.

EUROPEAN

EXPLORERS

What happened when the european explorers came to the N.W.
coastal tribes?
When the explorers came the N.W. Coastals were hunting,
killing and selling sea otters for their soft furs. The furs of the
otters were the softest thing the explorers had ever
encountered. ​The sea otters were becoming​ endangered​.
Everyone was rich now and potlatches became more often but
now instead of saving your whole life for an amazing party a
person would destroy their own belongings to show that they

had so much money it didn’t matter.

Two sea otters floating in the water(left)

SETTLERS

What happened when the settlers came?
When the settlers came they brought diseases and problems.
They took over the indians land and put up factories like
canned fish and logging factories. They took owned fishing
spots and banned potlatches from the indians. Many old
traditions were forgotten and their ​masterful w​ oodcarving was
dieing out. But the worst of it all… diseases.

What happened when all the diseases hit?
When the settlers came the diseases wiped out almost all of
the indians. There was only about one out of every five that
survived. Without the elders the children had no one to teach
them and to tell stories about their history and about the world
before the settlers.

CHIEFS

What did chiefs do?
Chiefs lead the entire tribe. They make decisions. Think about
who leads your family, or school. They make all the big
decisions, right? They’re like chiefs. They make decisions like
what the rules are and the ​punishments​ for these rules if
broken. They are leaders.
What was life like if you were the son or daughter of the chief?
If the chief was your father you would wear a blanket and
jewelry like your father. You would ride in the of chief’s canoe
with him. You might have a headdress or jewelry made from sea
lion whiskers.

A sea lion picture (right)

How did a future chief become the new chief?
When a chief was chosen he would have a p​ otlatch ​to make him
being the new chief “legal”. Even if all the people in the tribe
didn't come they all had to have him as their new leader.

​A chief of the northwest coast (left)

FUN FACTS ABOUT THE
INDIANS OF THE

NORTHWEST COAST

Shamans were medicine men but they also helped win
wars!

A punishment for fishing in someone else's fishing
grounds was having to pay a fee!
When the settlers came they wanted indian land!
The european explorers wanted otter furs but the indians
were good traders and got a great price for them!
The indians had to pay ransoms to get slaves back!
Chiefs lead the tribe!
The settlers took over and built factories!

 Northwest  sea  coastal  Indians  

Social  Structure!  
 

Introduction  

Welcome    
This  is  a  book  about  the  social  structure  of  the  

Northwest  sea  coastal  native  americans  or  
as  some  say  the  “Pacific  Northwest  indian  tribe”.  

This  book  gives  valuable  information    
and  is  made  by  a  very  smart  team;;  

Radio  Goulart,  Matheus  rodrigues,  Sammie  folts,  
Brianna  olivera,  and  Jasmyn  (Angellina)  Hershey.  
They  have  worked  really  hard  on  putting  this  book  together  and    

have  gathered  very  useful  information.  
Enjoy!  



Families

The northwest coastal indians lived in villages and there was
more than one family living in a house. Each house had a house

chief , and his family and other r​ elatives​ l​ ived in the same
house. They might even have slaves living there. They lived in

very tall houses and often had totem poles as doors.

picture of house; totem pole door

   
 

 

     ​Would You Go to School?

no!

                                                         Y​ ou would not go to school
because you would have to learn many things
you would have to learn how to cook,
clean,weave,make a canoe,swim (of course),
and the most important 3 are…
Carve totem poles and masks
learn how to hunt
and make clothes!
But don't think you have no time for fun!
of course you do, you play lots of games!
After chores, and work!

​picture of women working with child.

Boys  had  to     Boys  also  had   Boys  had  to   Boys  had  to   Boys  do  not  
make  totem   to  practice   mleaarkne   h ​coawn o toe  s.​   fight  with  
poles.     hunting  skills.   learn   brother  or  
  sisters.  
  manners  

Girls  wove   .  
baskets.  
What Did Boys Have to Learn?  
 
Girl  learned   Girls  dried   Girls   Girls  also  
and  smoked   gathered   Wove  
how  to  Row   fish.   berries  and   blankets.  
a  ​canoe.   shellfish.  
(swim)  

What Did Boys Have to Learn?  

. picture of girl and picture of boy.

Totem Poles  

Totem poles were built because they ​represent​ the history of ​ancestors​ or a very great
story. Some go up to 45 feet! The totem poles are carved by men and young boys.
The totem poles are highly decorated with; Carving of animal heads or people heads,
random decorations of a story, and lots of paint. The totem poles can also be doors,
they are very small doors though so don’t bump your head on the way in! Totem
poles are a very important to the northwest coastal indians, so let’s keep them safe
and sound.

totem  pole  

                             totem  poles    
     
   
 
   
   

 
 
 
 
 

 
 

Glossary

by:  Jasmyn  Angellina  Hershey  

 ​  c​ anoe​-­​a  narrow,  keelless  boat  with  pointed  ends,  propelled  by  a  paddle  or  paddles.  
relative-​ ­  ​a  person  connected  by  blood  or  marriage.    

climate-­  ​the  weather  conditions  prevailing  in  an  area  in  general  or  over  a  long  period.  

"our  cold,  wet  climate"  

Temperature-­  ​of,  relating  to,  or  denoting  a  region  or  climate  characterized  by  mild  

temperatures.  
   

Natural  Resources-­m​ aterials  or  substances  such  as  minerals,  forests,  water,  and  

fertile  land  that  occur  in  nature  and  can  be  used  for  economic  gain.  

 

Relied-­  ​depend  on  with  full  trust  or  confidence.  
   
Cedar-­  ​any  of  a  number  of  conifers  that  typically  yield  fragrant,  durable  timber,  in  

particular.  

Resistant-­  d​ enoting  starch  that  is  not  easily  broken  down  by  enzymes  within  the  body  

and  is  therefore  minimally  absorbed  during  digestion.  
 

Herring-­  ​a  silvery  fish  that  is  most  abundant  in  coastal  waters  and  is  of  great  

commercial  importance  as  a  food  fish  in  many  parts  of  the  world.  

Eulachon-­  ​another  term  for  ​candlefish.​  
 

Breechcloths-­  ​another  term  for  ​loincloth.​  
 

Chief-­  a​  leader  or  ruler  of  a  people  or  clan.  

"the  chief  of  the  village"  

 

Strictly-­  ​used  to  indicate  that  one  is  applying  words  or  rules  exactly  or  rigidly.  

 

Religion-­  t​ he  belief  in  and  worship  of  a  superhuman  controlling  power,  especially  a  

personal  God  or  gods.  
   

Relative-­  ​a  person  connected  by  blood  or  marriage.  

 

Canoe-­  ​a  narrow,  keelless  boat  with  pointed  ends,  propelled  by  a  paddle  or  paddles.  

Ancestors-­  a​  person,  typically  one  more  remote  than  a  grandparent,  from  whom  one  is  

descended.  
 

Represent-­  b​ e  entitled  or  appointed  to  act  or  speak  for  (someone),  especially  in  an  

official  capacity.  
 

Raids-­  a​  sudden  attack  on  an  enemy  by  troops,  aircraft,  or  other  armed  forces  in  
warfare.  
 
Ransom-­  a​  sum  of  money  or  other  payment  demanded  or  paid  for  the  release  of  a  
prisoner.    

 
Ashamed-­  e​ mbarrassed  or  guilty  because  of  one's  actions,  characteristics,  or  
associations.  
 
Enslaved-­  m​ ake  (someone)  a  slave  
 
Endangered-­  ​(of  a  species)  seriously  at  risk  of  extinction.  
 
Encountered-­  ​unexpectedly  experience  or  be  faced  with  (something  difficult  or  

hostile.  
   

Punishments-­  ​the  infliction  or  imposition  of  a  penalty  as  retribution  for  an  offense.  
 
Masterful-­  p​ owerful  and  able  to  control  others.  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

first picture on paragraph 1 religion -w​ ww.pinterest.com​736  ×  1136S​ earch  by  image  
second picture on paragraph 2 spirits -​ q​ uietkinetic.wordpress.com​4320  ×  4320S​ earch  
​medicine men ​ w​ ww.neilmeyerhoff.com7​ 00  ×  242​Search  by  image  

​medicine men​ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackfoot_Confederacy

​ spirit quest- unkown...

 

Bibliography

 
 

 
Information-­​Kamma,  Anne,  and  Pamela  Johnson.  -​ ­-­If  You  Lived  with  the  Indians  of  the  
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More  information-­​Hakim,  Joy.  T​ he  First  Americans.​  New  York:  Oxford  UP,  2005.  Print.  
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Wildlife  Fund,  n.d.  Web.  27  Jan.  2016.  <​http://www.worldwildlife.org/>​ .  

 
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Northwest  Coast​.  New  York:  Scholastic,  2002.  Print  

 ​information​-­  ​http://indigenousfoundations.arts.ubc.ca/home/culture/totem-­poles.html.    

 

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Information-­K​ amma,  Anne,  and  Pamela  Johnson.  -​ ­-­If  You  Lived  with  the  Indians  of  the  

Northwest  Coast.​  New  York:  Scholastic,  2002.  Print.  
 2-­H​ akim,  Joy.  ​The  First  Americans.​  New  York:  Oxford  UP,  2005.  Print.    
3-­Front  Page  Photo:  ​https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwakwaka%27wakw    
4  h​ ttp://mrsbarberchs.wikispaces.com/file/view/potlatches.jpg/88257675/437x308/potlatches.jpg    
5  
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-­2DkEpqmCglg/T3j_zYqClPI/AAAAAAAAAjk/YhQpgHWhpg8/s1600/P1090
979.JPG  
       why  did  you  highlight    this

first picture on paragraph 1 religion -​www.pinterest.com​736  ×  1136S​ earch  by  image

second picture on paragraph 2 spirits - ​quietkinetic.wordpress.com​4320  ×  4320S​ earch  

m​ edicine men ​ ​www.neilmeyerhoff.com7​ 00  ×  242​Search  by  image

​medicine men​ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackfoot_Confederacy

​ spirit quest- unkown...

 

                       ​ a​ bout the author!!!!!!!!!

 

 

   

 
 
 
hi  my  name  is  Brianna  I  am  eleven.I  currently  live  on  a  island  called  
martha's  vineyard  I  have  2  siblings  

About the Author

The  author  of  this  was  Dennis  Goulart,  He  is  10  years  old  and  is  in  5th  
grade  in  Edgartown  school,  His  favorite  things  to  do  are  to  go  fishing  in  the  
summer  and  bowling  whenever  he  can,  he  also  likes  to  play  baseball.  
 
 
 

 






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