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A GLIMPSE OF ANCIENT ETHIOPIAN ASTRONOMY Demissew Bekele July 3, 2011 1 ... calumniate and disgust the world with abominable pictures of the ruined Ethiopian, ...

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Published by , 2017-07-02 20:20:03

A GLIMPSE OF ANCIENT ETHIOPIAN ASTRONOMY

A GLIMPSE OF ANCIENT ETHIOPIAN ASTRONOMY Demissew Bekele July 3, 2011 1 ... calumniate and disgust the world with abominable pictures of the ruined Ethiopian, ...

Is Cassiopeia in H

Demissew Beke


Habesha Dress?

ele, July 3, 2011 26


CASSIO

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 27


OPEIA

7


ANDROMEDA, CONST

• Latin : Andromeda
Greek : Andromedê

• Andromeda is a "V" shaped co
Cassiopeia

• ANDROMEDA A Princess of Eth
Cassiopea. Her mother offend
girl was more beautiful than th
sent a sea-monster to devour
to the rocks, the hero Perseus
carried her off as his wife. The
whole family amongst the star
2.11 ; Aratus 197)

Greek Mythology: THE CON

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 28


TELLATION

onstellation, sits just west of

hiopia, daughter of Cepheus and
ded the gods by boasting that the
he Nereids. Poseidon in wrath

the girl. When she was chained
spied her, slew the beast, and
e gods as a memorial, set the
rs as constellations. (Hyginus

NSTELLATIONS, STAR MYTHS 1

8


ANDRO

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 29


OMEDA

9


Singer and movies
and what do

Andromeda Turre
Demissew Beke


s after Andromeda
o we have?

ele, July 3, 2011 30


CEPHEUS, CON

• Latin : Cepheus
Greek : Kêpheus

• The constellation Cepheus take
triangle on top of a square) and
the top of the house

• CEPHEUS A King of Aethiopia an
Andromeda. He was forced to s
monster because the boasts of
the gods. But the hero Perseus
her. As a memorial the whole fa
Andromeda and Perseus - were
(Hyginus 2.9)

Greek Mythology: THE

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 31


NSTELLATION

es the form of a simple house (a
d the star that we just found is

nd father of the lovely
sacrifice his daughter to a sea
his wife Cassiopea offended
slew the beast and rescued
amily - Cepheus, Cassiopea,
e placed amongst the stars.

CONSTELLATIONS, STAR MYTHS 1

1


CEPH

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 32


HEUS

2


CETUS, CON

• Latin : Cetus (the Sea Monster
Greek : Kêtos (the Sea Monste

• ETHIOPIAN CETUS A sea mons
to ravage the land of Ethiopia
her prideful boasts comparing
the Nereids. The girl was offer
monster, but was rescued by t
commemorate the event, the
the stars as the constellation C
Andromeda. (Hyginus 2.31)

Greek Mythology: THE CO

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 33


NSTELLATION

r or Whale)
er or Whale)
ster which was sent by Poseidon
to punish Queen Cassiopea for
g her daughter Andromeda to
red up as sacrifice to the
the hero Perseus. To
monster was placed amongst
Cetus, along with Perseus and

ONSTELLATIONS, STAR MYTHS 1

3


Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 34


4


IN GREEK MYT

– Ethiopian king, Cepheus,
that he and his family we

– The wife of King Cepheu
and his daughter, Princes

– The star groups of the ce
named after them are call
(the constellations: CEPH
ANDROMEDA.)

– It may seem strange that
Ethiopia should still have
star maps, but the voice o

A Critical Review of the Evidence of Archaeology, Anthropology
Reliable Sources and Authorities By John G. Jackson (1939)

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 35


THOLOGY ???

, whose fame was so great
ere immortalized in the stars.
us was Queen Cassiopeia,
ss Andromeda.
elestial sphere, which are
led the ROYAL FAMILY
HEUS, CASSIOPEIA and

legendary rulers of ancient
e their names graven on our
of history gives us a clue.

y, History and Comparative Religion: According to the Most

5


Heinrich Sc

• Obsessed since childho
Helen of Troy in the Ill

• Founded the City of Tr
considered as a mythol

• Caused the re-evaluatio
historical sources.

• References and illusion
early classical sources
based upon hearsay tal

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 36


chleimann

ood by the story of The
liad.
roy in 1871 that was
logy in Homer’s Iliad
on of the classics as

ns to Ethiopia found in
were not necessarily
les.

6


NAMING CON

• This race had taught writin
institutions of city, home a
were wandering barbarian

• They gave the constellatio
names of the old kings of
of Ethiopians and we in ad
realized that the ancestors
among us reached that hei
name the stars.

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 37


NSTELLATIONS

ng and had established the
and state when other races
ns.
ons of the heavens the
the ancient Cushite empire
dopting them have not
of the despised Ethiopians
ight in ability to dare to

7


THE ORIG

• A book on astrology attributed
Ethiopians were the first who
gave names to the planets, not
but descriptive of the qualities
possess; and it was from them
imperfect state, to the Egyptia

• The Ethiopian origin of astron
Count Volney in a passage in
one of the glories of modern l
based on guesses.

A Critical Review of the Evidence of Archaeology, Anthropolo
Reliable Sources and Authorities By John G. Jackson (1939)

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 38


GIN

d to Lucian declares that: ―The
invented the science of stars, and
t at random and without meaning,
s which they conceived them to
m that this art passed, still in an
ans.‖

nomy is beautifully explained by
his Ruins of Empires, which is
literature, and his argument is not

ogy, History and Comparative Religion: According to the Most
)

8


THE BEGIN

• It was, then, on the borders o
race of men, that was organiz
the worship of the stars, cons
productions of the earth and

– Thus the Ethiopian of Thebes na
Aquarius, those stars under whi

– stars of the ox or bull, those und

– stars of the lion, those under w
desert by thirst, appeared on th

– stars of the sheaf, or of the harv
season;

– stars of the lamb, ETC

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 39


NNING

of the upper Nile, among a black
zed the complicated system of
sidered in relation to the
the labors of agriculture. …

amed stars of inundation, or
ich the Nile began to overflow;
der which they began to plow,
which that animal, driven from the
he banks of the Nile;
vest virgin, those of the reaping

9


THE CAL

• The determination of t
vital importance to peo
Times for migration, p
hunting needed to be a
and thus an exact calen
few cultures understoo
mathematics necessary
parameters of the Earth
all calendars must hav
and sometimes genera

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 40


LENDAR

the calendar year was of
ople all over the world.
planting, harvesting, and
accurately determined
ndar was needed. Since
od or practiced the
y to calculate the
h’s orbit around the Sun,
ve been based on years
ations of observations.

0


THE CALE

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 41


ENDAR II

1


ENOCH CA

• It was rediscovered in
is now readily availab
still largely unappreci

• Before looking at the
let us briefly review h
doctrines or phrases o
apparently examples o
Enoch.

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 42


ALENDAR

n 1773 in Ethiopia and
ble in English, but is
iated.
calendar it describes,
how it contains
of the Savior, which are
of the Savior quoting

2


ENOCH CA

• Thus, for a variety of r
Enoch was systematica
scriptures until it becam
Bible.

• In 1773 the famous ex
discovered it in Ethiop
Abyssinia), and brough
Fortunately, the Ethiop
Bible, where it was loc
the Book of Job.[6]

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 43


ALENDAR

reasons, the Book of
ally purged from the
me a "lost book" of the

xplorer James Bruce
pia (then called
ht back three copies.
pians had kept it in their
cated immediately after

3


Calen

Borana calendar (Ethiopia)
• It is believed that the Borana d

around 300 BC. The Borana ca
calendrical system, relying on
moon in conjunction with seve
constellations.
• Borana Months (Stars/Lunar P
(iangulum), Camsa (Pleiades),
(Belletrix), Obora Gudda (Cen
(Sirius), Birra (full moon), Cik
(quarter moon), Abrasa (large
crescent), and Gurrandala (sma

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 44


ndars

developed their own calendar
alendar is a lunar-stellar
astronomical observations of the
en particular stars or

Phases) are Bittottessa
, Bufa (Aldebarran), Waxabajjii
ntral Orion-Saiph), Obora Dikka
kawa (gibbous moon), Sadasaa
crescent), Ammaji (medium
all crescent).[5]

4


CALEN

The Mursi Calendar(
• The Mursi primarily

calendar, but use agr
and celestial marker
is the current month.
names are not fixed
these secondary mar
and Ruggles 1978).

45


NDARS
(Ethiopia)
y follow a lunar
ricultural activities
rs to determine which
. As such, the month
and are debated until
rkers are seen (Turton

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011
5


THE C

• The evidence seems to sho
of culture," referred to by
domain known to the class
historians as Ethiopia. A st
throws much light on this

• The tau (T-shaped) cross i
Christians to be a unique e
fact is that this cross is of

• In the words of an outstan
"The Ethiopic form of the
the conventional Christian
in its chronological relatio
made in the exact image o
Symbolism. P. 9, by Willia
Book No. 904.)

Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011 46


CROSS

ow that the "original center
Mr. Shipley, was that vast
sical geographers and
tudy of religious images
early civilization.
is thought by many
emblem of their faith. The
ancient Ethiopian origin.
nding student of symbolism:
tau is an exact prototype of
n cross; or, to state the fact
on, the Christian cross is
of the Ethiopian tau." (Sex
am J, Fielding, Little Blue

6


STAND ON
TO LOOK BACK
AND LOOK FORWARD
TO FEEL THE WORLD WIT

OU
YOUN
GENERATION
A LOT OF RESPO
ASSERTING ETHIOPIA’
ASTRONOMY AND AS W
INEXPLORING THE UNIVER
INPARTICULAR AND THE W

47


N TODAY
ON YESTERDAY
D INTO TOMORROW
TH JOY AND NOT SOROW

UR
NG
N CARRIES
ONSIBILITIES IN
’S CONTRIBUTION TO
WELL PUSH FORWARD
RSE TO SERVE ETHIOPIA
WORLD AT LARGE AND!!!

7 Demissew Bekele, July 3, 2011


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