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Institute of Architects
FACTS AND QUESTIONS
2022 IAZ/ACZ Board
2022 MEMBERS WHAT ARE THEY QUALIFIED TO DO?
IAZ and ACZ Guidelines For Registration
Requirements In Zimbabwe
SEPARATE BODIES WITH DIFFERENT ROLES/RESPONSIBILITIES
Architects (Conditions of Engagement
What Is An Architect? and Scale of Fees) By-Laws
WHAT ARCHITECTS DO 51
Architecture As A Career THE LIST OF REGISTERED ARCHITECTS
EMPLOYMENT, QUALIFICATIONS ETC. 89
25 2022 Zimbabwe Architectural Conference
and Awards Dinner
THE ARCHITECTURE SCHOOLS AVAILABLE IN ZIMBABWE
2022 IAZ AWARDS
Architectural Trends in Zimbabwe
UNDERSTANDING CURRENT TRENDS
ARCHITECT TSITSI DZVUKAMANJA
PRESIDENT INSTITUTE OF
ARCHITECTS OF ZIMBABWE (IAZ)
Architecture is an insightful industry driven by impactful Not only is passive design key to mitigating against climate
technological innovations. Virtual reality, 3D & 4D printing, change, it also addresses mitigation against Covid-19.
Passive design, one of the key green building design
way architecture is perceived as an industry. Climate Change, concepts is a design that does not require mechanical
Technology and Covid-19 are all contributing to architectural heating or cooling. Buildings that are passively designed, take
innovation. The earth’s climate is changing, due largely to advantage of natural climate to maintain thermal comfort.
greenhouse gas emissions resulting from human activity. These Their indoor air quality and ventilation helps against the
human-generated gases derive in part from aspects of the Built spread of the virus. The pandemic induced restrictions on
Environment such as transportation systems and infrastructure,
building construction and operation, and land-use planning. It is in air quality and the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions,
no longer enough to build a concrete or brick house and call it only temporarily.
a day! Planning has to go into the materials used for building.
Sustainability, carbon footprint, price, Covid-19 and innovations Climate change affects the Environment where buildings
are now considerations all Architects have to take into account exist, and therefore, will affect the way the buildings
when deciding on their designs and building materials. themselves perform. New software allows Architects to
8 predict the way Architects can create buildings that will last
longer and function better over a period of decades. That
pandemic are deeply intertwined. Many of the root causes the differences in climate will affect a building before it is
of climate change also increase the risk of pandemics. Part
of the Built Environment’s response to Climate Change, is to durable structures. Using specialized software tools.
begin to construct sustainable infrastructure, based on green
building design concepts, of : In conclusion, Architecture continues to advance with its
response to Climate Change, Technology and Covid-19.
• passive design This advancement is constantly improving human life on a
• the use of sustainable materials in the day to day basis, solving age old problems encountered by
building design humans. How can we work faster? How can we be more
• the use of renewal energy, solar energy for the comfortable? How can we improve quality of life? What can
building’s energy requirements
• rainwater harvesting By changing the way buildings are made and by changing
• waste water treatment and reuse the functionality of buildings and homes, technology
• addressing storm water and our response to climate change can positively affect
• sustainable landscape civilization, one building at a time.
Published by: Structure and Design Media www.structureanddesign.co.zw
Email: [email protected] Issuu.com/structuredesign
Visit: Alexander Road, Highlands, Harare Twitter.com/sdmagzim
Call: 08644224569 All rights reserved. Copyright 2022
The Institute Of Architects Of Zimbabwe
The Institute of Architects of Zimbabwe was founded in 1924 as the Institute of Southern Rhodesia Architects
and became legally established by the Architects (Private) Act in 1929. The year 1929 therefore marks the legal
establishment of the now Institute of Architects of Zimbabwe. Its main objectives are to promote the art of
architecture and architectural education in the interests of the community and provide full membership status to
Architects who are registered with the Architects Council.
There are various classes of membership open to other than registered architects; graduate, student and
members of associated professions or other individuals with an interest in architecture. The Board of the Institute
meets on a monthly basis to discuss common problems. Since 1957 the Institute has made every effort to see
a School of Architecture established in Zimbabwe and monitors the examination systems of the Architectural
Technician’s courses at the Harare Polytechnic College, Bulawayo Polytechnic College and those set by the
National Association of Architectural Technicians.
The Institute of Architects of Zimbabwe sets professional practice examinations each year for the purpose
of registration with the Architects Council. The Institute holds conferences and lectures on architectural and
Science And Technology (NUST).
2022 IAZ / ACZ BOARD
INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS OF ZIMBABWE BOARD MEMBERS 2022
Board Member Designation
10 Architect Tsitsi Dzvukamanja Vice President
Architect Stephen Nyambuya Member
Architect James McComish Member
Architect Jawett Dzimwasha Member
Architect Gil Shepherd Member
Architect Luka Pantic
Architect Arthur Matondo
Architect Tatenda Mchibwa
Architect Ratidzo Musekwa
ARCHITECTS COUNCIL OF ZIMBABWE BOARD MEMBERS 2022
Council Member Designation
Architect James McComish Chairman
Architect Jawett Dzimwasha Vice Chairman
Architect Gil Shepherd Registrar
Architect Tsitsi Dzvukamanja Member
Architect Stephen Nyambuya Member
Architect Luka Pantic Member
Architect Arthur Matondo Member
Architect Tatenda Mchibwa Member
Architect Ratidzo Musekwa Member
Architect Philip Mukura MLG&PW
Mrs Lucy Murefu-Tshuma MLG&PW
INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS OF ZIMBABWE SUPPORT STAFF
Secretariat: Mrs V. Banda
Messenger: Mr A. Gutai
INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS OF 2022
ZIMBABWE PAST PRESIDENTS
1925 -1927 J.R. Hobson 1942 - 1943 E. Pallet
1971 - 1973 J. Van Heerdan 1990 - 1993 V. Mwamuka
1973 - 1975 J.G. Capon 1993 - 1997 P. Naude
1997 - 1999 Standish-White
1999 - 2001 N. Mills
2001 - 2003 P. Nhekairo
2003 - 2005 J. Dzimwasha
2005 - 2007 D. Mandishona
2007 - 2012 J. McCormish
2012 - 2014 I. Masiyanise
2015 - 2017 A.T. Matondo
2020 - T. Dzvukamanja
The Architects Act of 1975 repealed the Architects
(Private) Act of 1929 and established the Architects
Council to provide for the registration and regulation of
the practice of architecture in Zimbabwe. The Council
consists of eleven members, nine of which are elected
from the Institute of Architects of Zimbabwe and two
appointed by Government. It administers the Act with
particular reference to:
1. Registration Requirements
— standards are set for academic and professional
experience which include the passing of the Zimbabwean
Professional Practice examination and a residential
2. Use of Title and Function of an Architect
3. Code of Professional Conduct
4. Architects Terms of Engagement and Remuneration
5. The Duties Of An Architect
community from the improper services of a person falsely
claiming to be an Architect and from gross negligence on
the part of a registered Architect. The Act clearly states
that substantial buildings other than houses and small
factories are to be carried out by Architects.
The Council is empowered to hold enquiries
and discipline its members. It may also make
12 recommendations for the promulgation or amendment of
Regulations pertaining to the Act.
1990 - 1991 V. Mwamuka
1992 - 1993
1993 - 1995 E. Gurney
P. Naude (ACZ Chairman
2000 - 2001 and IAZ President)
2020 - J. McComish
36 structure & design | ISSUE 20
Institute of Architects of Zimbabwe
and Architects Council of Zimbabwe:
Separate Bodies with Different Roles
Architects Act of 1975 describes the work of an architect as the
designing of buildings or of additions thereof, the supervision
of the work of constructing buildings or of additions thereof.
Undertaking any of those duties when unregistered with ACZ is
therefore illegal thus registering with ACZ can also be said to
be for accountability purposes. Unlike in the case of IAZ which
also offers membership to non-architects, only architects can
be members of the Architects Council of Zimbabwe.
The Architects Council of Zimbabwe (ACZ)’s main aim is to The Institute of Architects of Zimbabwe’s main objectives is to
protect the client and the community from improper services of promote the art of architecture and architectural education in
a person falsely claiming to be an architect, an unregistered or the interests of the community and to provide full membership
status to Architects registered with the Architects Council.
registered architect. It is a statutory body in place to uphold the
conditions of the Architects Act and to facilitate the regulation It is also the Institute of Architects of Zimbabwe which sets
and registration for the practice of architects in Zimbabwe professional examinations each year for the purpose of
registration with the Architects Council.
The IAZ is also responsible for the hosting of conferences,
events and lectures on architecture and related topics.
gets to practise as an architect or do the work of an architect Kindly visit our website at https://www.zimarchitects.com/ for 15
after registering with the Architects Council of Zimbabwe. The more detailed information about the IAZ and ACZ.
WHAT IS AN ARCHITECT?
solutions from which a client may select and can offer the client alternative ways of viewing the same problem.
The Architect combines creative ability, technical knowledge and managerial expertise to be able to interpret
a client’s requirements into built form. He takes into account the restrictions of site and budget, of statutory
regulations, of culture, climate and geographical setting and is able to produce buildings and environments that
are useful, well designed and pleasing to their owners and users.
of building construction, engineering structures and systems, building economics and budgeting, contract
administration and construction law, combined with his managerial and design skills, give the Architect a unique
overview of the building process. He will advise on the appointment of specialist engineers or quantity surveyors
and co-ordinate their various services to meet the building programme.
Architects are employed in Government departments and parastatal bodies, large corporates, in Municipal
(1975). Architects in Government or Local Government service are exempt. An Architect in the private sector in
with his colleagues on the basis of skill and reputation. He is not allowed to compete on the basis of reduced
What Does An Architect Do?
have preferences for the type of work they handle, but an Architect coming fresh to a new brief is just as likely to
produce a good answer as one who has tackled similar briefs many times.
An Architect may have particular skills in addition to those already described. He may also be a specialist in town
planning and urban design, or in interior design, or landscape design, or renovation of older buildings.
Most building projects proceed in the following manner, with the Architect taking the project through a number of
1. BRIEF: Discussions with a client, establishing and analysing the client’s requirements.
2. FEASIBILITY STUDIES: Testing alternative proposals, looking at each in terms of value for money and the
options each solution offers the client. Research into local regulations, site limitations and other constraints.
Some projects do not proceed beyond this or the next stage.
3. PROJECT: Drawing outline plans, sections, elevations and maybe perspective sketches or making a three
dimensional model, to communicate the essential characteristics of the proposed building to a client
4. CONTRACT: Preparation of detailed information required for Building By-laws, Town Planning and other
legislative approvals and for construction. Production drawings show how each building component is
constructed and built against another, while schedules and bills of quantities list and describe all the
materials required. Detail design can involve consultation with other specialists, i.e. quantity surveyors,
structural engineers, and suppliers of specialised equipment, as well as with the client and the Local
Authority. The tender stage requires the obtaining of prices from builders, making recommendations to the
client, preparing the Contract documents for signature.
5. SUPERVISION: The last but not least important part of an Architect’s work is to see that the
client and the building contractor, and although employed by the client, must remain impartial in
any dispute which might arise.
In addition to these tasks, the Architect is often called upon to carry out surveys of existing buildings, advise on
defects and maintenance problems as well as to advise on alterations that may be required.
How Do You Select An Architect?
upon. Others may have exceptional design ability and an enthusiastic approach to their work. No matter what the
may then be requested to submit details of relevant experience, with a view to making a shortlist for interview.
his work are available. Questions which may be asked include:
18 • who will be responsible for your project, and an assessment of how well you might be able to
work and communicate together?
This provides cover against the risk of claims which might be awarded against the Architect, which if awarded
When all the Architects under consideration have been seen, you may wish to visit at least one completed
building with each Architect you consider suitable for your project.
With all the information gathered, and having carefully considered all aspects, it must then ultimately be your own
judgement as to which Architect you select.
For major projects, an Architectural competition open to the whole profession or to a number of selected
Architects, is often a particularly appropriate method. The extra time and cost involved is proportionate to the
The Institute of Architects of Zimbabwe lay down regulations for the conduct of different types of competitions
and are able to advise and assist in the administration required.
How Do You Appoint An Architect?
It is important that the scope of the work to be carried out and the fees to be charged are clearly set down
in writing from the outset. To this end the Institute publishes a standard form of Architects Appointment,
which includes the statutory Conditions and Engagement and Scale of Fees. This document outlines in detail
terminated. It also sets down the minimum fees chargeable.
It is essential in achieving a successful building that client and Architect work together as a team. It is important 19
that your brief and schedule of accommodation is as complete and well thought out as possible. Strong likes
and dislikes of materials forms or styles should be communicated to the Architect at the beginning of the
project. Bear in mind that he is an expert in translating your requirements into reality and you should allow him to
maximise that expertise, for which you are paying.
building. It is then the Architect’s responsibility to design within that budget.
Go very thoroughly into the proposals at the design stage and do not give approval to proceed to the next stage
Once building has begun, try to avoid changes on site. They are much cheaper to make while the scheme is on
being made by the contractor.
Maintain your interest in the building as it progresses, but never give instructions directly to the builder. Always give
these through the Architect; this is a very common cause of disputes arising on site.
into breach of Contract.
as much as you rely on his skills and commitment to your project.
Ensure That Your Architect
Is The Real Thing
Watch out for companies or individuals styling themselves as ‘architectural designers’ or ‘architectural directors’
or ‘architectural consultants’ or other similar wording as this is generally an indication that they are not eligible to
carry out the work of an Architect.
Other Points to note when selecting your Architect:
• ARCHITECT is a protected title and only a REGISTERED ARCHITECT may use this title.
• It is an offence for anyone who is not a REGISTERED ARCHITECT to pose as an ARCHITECT; or carry
out the work of an ARCHITECT.
• It is an offence for anyone who is not a REGISTERED ARCHITECT to carry out NON-EXEMPTED Works.
• It is an offence for any REGISTERED ARCHITECT to submit works on behalf of an unregistered or
Why do you need an architect?
A layman’s guide.
by Farai Chaka
You need an architect on your project because: project unreasonably runs over and disrupts your home or
professional life. This is important because a project which
• No other building professional has the comprehensive and runs overtime will often run over budget too. As work
wide ranging education, training, ethics, experience proceeds your architect will save you time and money by
and vision to co-ordinate the entire design and dealing with problems and arbitrating disagreements as they
arise, leaving you to concentrate on your life or work. After the
want to build to helping you get the best value for your money. building is complete a percentage of the contactor’s fee may
be held back for three to six months, depending on the project,
as security against any problem that may arise. This is known
as the defects liability period. Architects can ensure that
all work is professionally executed up to the last detail with
no problems arising down the line. Architects will provide you
with peace of mind which is important when facing the stresses
of any building project.
economically. Professional attention to detail will save money
and time. In the short term architects will oversee the
• A good architect will not strictly impose their ideas at workmanship. In the bigger picture they will take into account 21
the expense of your own. Step by step, by consultation alternative energy sources, recycling, and maintenance costs.
and agreement, your architect will lead you through the
building. The client should trust the architect’s vision to employees and increases productivity.
guide the project to completion. You also want to be
careful not to restrict the architect so much that you are
not getting your money’s worth in terms of design creativity.
• Architects have the imagination and the vision to see • Architects are not only designers; they are also often
the overall plan, not just designing the building but creating project managers too. They will guide you through the complex
integrated environments, with interiors and exteriors that procedures of planning permission and building regulations.
will satisfy functional needs and are exciting and dynamic
spaces in which to work or live. Architects provide creative
thinking and problem solving solutions. example. They will attend to details, organise site meetings,
contract documents and will monitor the builder’s programme
• Architects provide better value for money for their clients of works through to competition.
could have, suggesting materials you hadn’t thought of, • An architect can help you navigate through the world of
planning permission, building codes and zoning laws. While
contractor at the right price. In many instances architects
will save their clients at least the equivalent of their fees can help you with all the necessary regulations and by-laws.
through good design. An architect will analyse the way a
For their vision and expertise, for saving you time and money, and
the budget are realistic. for your own peace of mind, hiring a professional architect is the
best option whether you are remodelling, adding on, or building
• They are formal safeguards for the client, the architect and from scratch. Working with contractors and other construction
the sub-contractors. The contact your architect professionals, architects can help you end up with a well-designed
recommends for the builder may contain such things as project that meets your needs and dreams and works with your
a clause that allows you to claim for every week/day the budget and time frame.
Architecture As A Career
located in the major centres. However, with the shift towards rural development and the establishment of rural
growth, it is anticipated that the Architect will be expected to contribute to the physical development of both rural
and urban areas.
responsibilities taken. Excellent opportunities exist in both the private sector and Government for responsible
Architects skilled in handling local materials and geographical and climatic conditions.
Before anyone can practice as an Architect in Zimbabwe, as explained later, he has to obtain certain educational
an Architect under the Architects Act and to membership of the Institute of Architects of Zimbabwe.
As previously mentioned, most Schools provide a year’s break between the third and fourth academic sessions.
This inter-weaves practice with theory and gives a refreshing contact with real life. The time may be spent in an
registration as an Architect in Zimbabwe. Similar experience in another country with a registered Architect of that
22 country will be accepted.
Level. It is our policy to encourage a diversity of background subjects and to leave the choice of actual GCE
subjects to sixth formers.
Advanced level examinations, if this is the case at your school try to keep up with Arts studies if there is only
a “science” sixth form or vice versa if the emphasis in your school is on the Arts. This dual approach forms a
valuable foundation for architectural studies. The Institute of Architects of Zimbabwe would encourage the taking
of craft and technical subjects as a supplement to the basic subjects, but not instead of those listed below.
MINIMUM ENTRY REQUIREMENTS
Some Schools of Architecture have particular requirements in excess of those set out here and you should check
(a) Candidates will be required to have passes in two subjects at Advanced Level of the GCE together
with passes in three other subjects at Ordinary Level.
(b) Both the Advanced Level subjects and at least two lower level subjects must be drawn from
Geography, Economics, Music and Art.
(c) The following subjects are usually compulsory:
Mathematics or a Science subject
These compulsory subjects may be taken at either Advanced or Ordinary Levels.
EXAMINATION IN PROFFESSIONAL PRACTICE
One of the requirements for registration as an Architect in Zimbabwe is to pass a written oral
examination in professional practice as it applies in Zimbabwe. The examination is administered by the Institute
of Architects of Zimbabwe and approved by the Architects Council.
the headings: Professional Conduct; Conditions of Engagement; Model Building By-Laws; Town Planning
Legislation and Contractual Procedure. The examination is an “open book” examination and candidates may
consult any of the literature mentioned below during the examination.
Following the written examination, candidates will present themselves for an oral examination at a time to be
anything else within the scope of professional practice, and are required to bring examples of their work. The oral
examination, which is an examination in its own right, carries the same marks as the written paper and the pass
Architects Act No. 35 of 1975
Model Building By-laws 1977 23
Town Planning Court Rules 1971
RTCP (Advertisements) Regulations 1977
RTCP (Claim for Compensation) Regulations 1977
RTCP (Mater and Local Plans) Regulations 1977
Which are obtainable from Dorking House
Agreement and Schedule of Conditions of Building Contract
(where Bills of Quantities form part of the contract)
Agreement and Schedule of Conditions of Building Contract
The examination is held annually towards the end of each year,
special cases where it is shown that hardship would otherwise
occur, the Council may, at its discretion, set a special examination
for which the fee should also be inquired from the Institute.
Application forms and past papers are available from the
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The best known and most well recognised Architectural School research, writing of reports, make presentations to clients, manage
in Zimbabwe is located at the National University of Science and construction works, perform monitoring and evaluation and have
Technology (NUST) situated in Bulawayo. The Department of skills in the development of projects proposals. Furthermore, the
Architecture falls within the Faculty of the Built Environment which graduate will be able to utilize different architectural ICT software
consists of three Departments namely Architecture, Landscape to produce different types of designs for clients.” Presumably, after
Architecture and Urban Design and Quantity Surveying. NUST successfully completing the course, plus a mandatory internship
has produced a number of leading architects currently practicing
in the country including the recent co-winner of the best The establishment of the Department of Architecture at UZ is an
exciting new development which will no doubt contribute greatly to
achieved her graduate degree in 2010 and her Masters in 2012. the quality and diversity of new buildings across Zimbabwe.
Management and became a registered architect in 2019.) The Both NUST and UZ have established close ties with institutions such 25
as the Institute of Architects of Zimbabwe, the Zimbabwe Institute
plus an additional two years of mandatory work experience of Quantity Surveyors, the Association of Building Contractors as
well as the building industry in Zimbabwe. Graduates can look
architect, followed by an examination in Professional Practice. forward to employment by developers, architects, engineers (civil,
In the preamble to their course description NUST states, “The structural, mechanical and hydraulic) local government and central
Bachelor of Architectural Studies Honours Degree Programme government agencies, contractors and sub-contractors in the
project planning and implementation of a variety of projects.
the basic elements of architecture (construction, structure,
function, form and space) with the professional requirements and include a pass at ‘A’ Level or its equivalent in Mathematics,
of architectural practice responsive to the changing needs of Physics, Art, Geometrical and Mechanical Drawing, or Design
society in the contemporary world.” On completing the course Technology, Building Technology and Design, and two other
requirements candidates can register with the ACZ and are
permitted to practise as architects.
The University of Zimbabwe (UZ), located in Harare, has also a National Diploma in Architecture, Architectural Technology and
recently started offering a BSc Honours degree in Architecture. Architectural Graphics.
The Department of Architecture and Real Estate is part of the
Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment. The course Diploma courses are available at both the Harare and the Bulawayo
has only recently become available so as yet there are no fully Polytechnic Colleges. Both Polytechnics offer two-year diploma
courses with an obligatory one year on the job training programme.
architects emerging from the University in the next few years. Apart from courses focused on the history, philosophy and theory
According to their prospectus the four year BSc Honours course of architecture and design, the Polytechnics tend to concentrate on
is “designed to cover skills development in the art of drawing more practical aspects of the architectural profession, in particular
structures, engineering aspects of architecture, conservation computer aided drawing programmes, mechanical and structural
of buildings, health and safety in the construction industry and engineering, construction methods and techniques, project
building construction. Architects are expected to contribute management and the supervision of site operations. Both courses
to rural and urban advancement at the national, regional and focus on Technical and Vocational Educational Training (TVET)
international levels in cultural, aesthetic and historical analysis, and sustainable development practices. Graduates can seek
development of new techniques, materials, visual images employment as Architectural Technicians within larger practices but
and styles to higher standards of qualities, maintenance, arts
and crafts. On completion of this programme the graduate graduate degrees.
would have developed the capacity to undertake architectural
Architecture is a broad subject which is one of the reasons the The NUST prospectus neatly summarises the study of
Architecture. “As a discipline architectural design is a synthesis
such as strong visual and verbal presentation and communication, of the principles of composition animated by designer’s creativity,
management and an eye for detail. Training in holistic thinking and the functional requirements of human needs and purposes.
prepares students with critical skills relevant to the modern world in
the age of AI. On a project the architect is the lead and is concerned two components require the architect to be a social scientist,
with overseeing and communicating between all the members knowledgeable about and responding to human needs and the
of the team. This is not unlike project management though the ordering of society, and a technologist, capable of ensuring that
architect already has a foundation of technical understanding.
Other valuable skills gained are design thinking and the use of capacity to create buildings that lift the spirit, give pleasure to the
design software which means students of architecture have the user and the visitor, and that enhance the environment requires
the architect to be an artist. Architectural students, therefore,
or product design and even graphic design. need to acquire skills and develop capabilities in all three areas,
as social scientists, as technologists, and as artists: and to apply
Hopefully both the Universities and the colleges will place more these skills and capabilities holistically.”
emphasis on adaptations to mitigate climate change and more
eco-friendly designs, materials and construction processes,
making the course relevant to current global challenges.
28 To understand current architectural trends in Zimbabwe we establishment of local manufacturers like Willdale Bricks, Crittal
Hope, Turnall and Tregers meant a wider range of materials was
with bedrooms off to one side and the lounge and dining room on
the other side. Usually there was a single bathroom (for a three-
bedroom house) and the kitchen was tucked away somewhere at
materials, like mud, timber and thatch, and following the existing the back. The kitchen usually had its own entrance so staff could
indigenous architectural styles. Molded bricks were introduced come and go without having to pass through the main house.
and the settlers, following traditions from Europe, tended to Suburban homes tended to be built on large plots as they had
prefer square or rectangular buildings over the traditional ‘French’ drains or soakaways and most had modest staff quarters
circular designs. for a live in gardener and a housekeeper and/or cook.
In the prosperous years between the two World Wars the settlers
established their residential structures using clay bricks and the
and roofs. The Emu brand of corrugated iron was established in residential design have emerged in recent years.
England and their products soon spread to Africa, India, Australia
and the vast expanse of the colonies, changing building methods 1. Perhaps most noticeable is the current trend towards open plan
living where the previously three separate rooms – lounge, dining
outside structures with no running water or electricity. room and kitchen - have become merged into a single, less formal,
integrated space. While the kitchen space tends to be smaller it’s
After the Second World War, through the formation of the
breakfast bar to delineate the different functions. Open plan spaces
They brought with them ideas of what homes and civic buildings
should look like. Up until this time most houses, particularly for 2. The second most obvious development is that modern homes
the wealthy, tended to copy Victorian design. At the end of the are much lighter and brighter than the gloomy older homes with
Second World War pise de terre or rammed earth houses were small window openings. Large doors and window frames are
becoming more popular design features as they allow sun and light
of immigrants. Many are still comfortable and habitable today. into interior spaces.
From the early 50s homes built in the suburbs tended to
follow more contemporary British bungalow designs and the
Bigger windows and folding or sliding doors 2022
seamlessly. Lounges can open out to a patio or 29
a garden creating a single living or entertaining
space and outdoor spaces are incorporated more
they not only look good but they also make interior
spaces feel more spacious.
3. In line with new lifestyle trends homes and gardens
are changing. Cluster homes, townhouses and gated
communities are becoming more desirable – partly
for security and also for lower maintenance and
upkeep. Community housing offers a number of
and shared generators for power cuts. Town houses
or cluster homes also offer a good investment
opportunity for Zimbabweans in the diaspora –
they can collect rent in the meantime and they
have a place to come to if they decide to return to
Building town houses and gated communities
is not without its related considerations. There’s
increased pressure on social services – roads need
on electricity, water and sewerage reticulation.
health care, more schools, more recreational
facilities, more entertainment options and a better
4. In line with increasing concern about climate
change sustainability and green solutions are
becoming increasingly important. While Zimbabwe
generally has a fairly mild climate homes - and
ventilation for cooling and to take advantage of
natural solar heating. Solar geysers are increasingly
older structures. Many home owners have opted
for a solar/inverter/battery system to power their
homes – partly as an environmental concern and
partly to cope with incessant power cuts. Rain water
harvesting and water recycling are, slowly, becoming
legislation about building on wetlands and other
sensitive environments although it’s not always
strictly enforced. New builds often take cognisance
and disturb the eco-system as little as possible.
5. As homes are becoming smaller minimalism is
an increasingly popular design philosophy. Smaller
spaces need to have a simple, straightforward,
spaces (as mentioned above) minimal interior
walls, less wasted ‘dead’ space for corridors or
passages and integrated storage solutions.
Minimalism sometimes also implies a more restrained Warehouses and industrial buildings have not changed as
palette of materials with an emphasis on concrete, steel or
can be seen as part of the movement towards an industrial becoming an integral design feature, and natural ventilation is
becoming a more important consideration. Developments in
streamlined lifestyles were working people have less time for engineering practices mean roof trusses can span wider areas with
home upkeep and maintenance. As an added bonus, materials few, if any, supporting columns making the enclosed space more
like glass and aluminium are recyclable helping to reduce the versatile. As can be seen in newer industrial parks, like Pomona
carbon footprint. in Harare, warehouse design is fairly standard, but more attention
space incorporated in the design.
becoming more popular. There’s less congestion, easier parking Future trends will most likely tend towards Smart Homes where
appliances, lighting, temperature regulation and security can be
controlled from a phone, tablet or laptop via The Internet of Things.
Smart homes, or even smart cities, offer convenience, time saving
commuting for employees. continues to evolve there might be a trend to more mixed use areas
In the city centre there have been some developments towards where residential, commercial, retail and entertainment spaces
work together rather than being disconnected. A single multi-storey
from home. apartments at the top. Existing buildings could be adapted and re-
purposed to serve new functions rather than being demolished
Retail spaces are also changing. There’s a move towards
larger shopping centres, based on the American strip mall conserve resources it could bring new vibrancy to our cities and
design, particularly in low density suburban areas, which towns. It’s a policy that has been successfully implemented in other
offer more convenience. Sadly, this means that some smaller African cities, like Johannesburg and Cape Town.
suburban shopping centres are no longer viable and the Mom
and Pop corner store is disappearing. In contrast in the city
embrace a number of very diverse trends but no doubt our
purposed to accommodate vendors and multiple small market
30 stall holders. more environmentally friendly buildings.
IAZ Yearbook 2022
1. How do architects and engineers interact? make sure its executed properly and in accordance with the design
drawings and contract.
As the lead consultant your architect will put together the team of
professionals at the start of a project including the engineers and 5. What is the purpose and function of site/progress meetings?
QSs. Between the consultants there is a continuous loop feeding
information back to the architect as all parts of the design, including Site meetings are an important part of the successful management
structural elements, are resolved. The architect must have an of construction projects. Regular site meetings between the project
oversight of all elements in order to co-ordinate them and pick up team can help facilitate better communication and a shared sense
of purpose making it more likely that the project is completed
2. What’s the working relationship between architects and QSs? successfully. They are used as a means of inspecting and reporting
(How do architects design to a client’s budget?) progress, enabling discussion of any problems or issues, and
allowing the proposal of solutions. The frequency will depend on
the size and complexity of the project.
preliminary costing of the concept design is done by the QS to make 6. Are architects responsible for applying for planning
sure the project is within the ball park. If it is not within budget then permissions?
major changes can be made to the design early on before too much
Yes. They will guide you through the complex procedures of planning
the QS will base the Bill of Quantities used for the tender. permission and building regulations and advise you on potential
risks or limitations at the inception of a project.
3. How does the relationship between the architect and the client
work? 7. What is the difference between interior architects vs. interior 31
The ultimate success of your project depends on the quality of Architects are adept at structural problem solving and creative design
your brief, i.e. your ability to describe clearly to your Architect the for both exterior and interior building design. Interior architecture
requirements and functions of your building, and proposed methods focuses on the functionality of a space or space planning involved
of operation and management. It is wise to ask your Architect to in the building or rebuilding of interior environments, often changing
the actual structure of the dwelling. This form of architecture is often
mystique about what architects do, a fear even that they will impose confused with interior design, which focuses more on aesthetics.
their own tastes at the expense of your own. Nothing could be
further from the truth. Step by step, by consultation and agreement, 8. How do architects and property developers work together?
your architect will lead you through the entire process from the
A property developer must engage the services of a registered
discuss any worries you may have with your Architect. They rely on architect, and provide a project brief as with any client.
commitment on your project. 9. How do architects’ fees work? Is it a percentage of the overall
project or do architects bill per hour?
4. What is the extent of architects’ responsibilities and duties?
The Architect’s Act provides for a minimum fee scale which varies
The Architect is the one professional who has the education, training, for a full service of between six and nine percent of the total building
ethics, experience and vision to co-ordinate the entire design and cost depending on the complexity of the building. You can select all
or part of an architect’s service. If you only want an hour of general
build to helping you get the best value for your money. Architects are advice or if you need just a detailed drawing then that’s all you will
not only designers; they are also job managers. They will guide you pay for.
consultants you may need - structural engineer or quantity surveyor that extra light and space you did not know you had, suggesting
for example. They will attend to detail, organize site meetings,
contract documents and will monitor the builder’s programme of contractor at the right price, but in many instances they will save
works through to completion. Inherent in architectural services is their clients at least the equivalent of their fees.
the periodic supervision and inspection of construction work to
Architectural Technologists or Draftspersons.
housing are non-exempted.
and involvement of a Registered Architect, such as a “single dwelling”. In simple
terms exempted works are largely limited to a self-contained house and the
related outbuildings used as a place of residence by one household. These are
works that could be done by an architectural technologist or draftsperson.
For the complete list of exempted works or to view the Architects Act of Zimbabwe,
please visit the IAZ website www.zimarchitects.com
32 The Architects council of Zimbabwe began the process of reaching out to
Architectural Technologists in October 2020. Despite the Covid-19 pandemic
the ACZ drafted and submitted to the MLGPW proposed amendments to the
Architects Act and Model Building Bye-Laws.
These included the following: -
• Recognition of the role played by Architectural Technologists in the profession
for Architectural Technologist.
• A professional practice examination (similar to South African), will be
• A professional practice examination course aimed at Architectural
Technologist will be introduced to assist in the above examination.
• Architectural Technologist will therefore be recognised and protected by the
Architects Act of Zimbabwe.
• We have also submitted to the MLGPW our proposed amendment to the
Model Building Bye-Laws. Our goal is to restrict the submission of buildings
plans of exempt buildings to Architectural Technologist only. This will
immediately improve the quality of drawings submitted to local authorities,
at present anyone can submit drawings to local authorities. South Africa has
adopted this approach.
We now await action from the MLGPW.
Guidelines For Registration
1. Any person who wishes to perform the work of an Architect as a partner or principal in the private practice
in architecture is required to register in terms of the Architects Act 1975, of which copies are available from
Government Printers or the Government website.
(a) The designing of building or additions thereof
(b) The supervision of the work of constructing buildings or of additions thereto.
perform the work of an Architect under the direction and control of such registered Architect.
3. The provisions of the Act do not apply to any person in the employment of the State or Local Government, who
are controlled by their own terms of employment. Government and municipal Architects are however encouraged
to become registered.
4. Section 39 of the Act says, inter alia, that a person who is not a registered Architect may not perform the work of an
Architect for gain or use a description that is calculated to convey that he is a registered Architect.
(a) Is of or over the age of twenty-one years; and
(b) Is ordinarily resident in Zimbabwe; and
(c) Has passed an examination prescribed by the Council or any examination recognized by
the Council as being equivalent to one so prescribed; and
34 registered Architect or an Architect referred to in subparagraph (b) of paragraph 2; or
satisfactory nature and standard for the purpose of registration as an Architect
(a) Is ordinarily resident in Zimbabwe; and
furnish the following information:
proof that he or she resides in Zimbabwe and no other country, by means of a permanent address,
terms of employment, place of birth entry into the country, I.D. Card, etc., and may be required if there is
issued by the Immigration Authorities is essential.
copy. The examinations prescribed (for the purposes of subparagraph (c ) of paragraph 1 of the
Second Schedule) shall consist of:
(i) A degree or diploma of any School of Architecture which entitles the holder to register
as an Architect in the country or state of issue, subject to a requirement for a period of
practical experience, and
(ii) A written and oral examination administered by the Institute of Architects of Zimbabwe and
approved by the Architects Council.
photographs that the applicant can meet the requirements of 5.1.(d)(ii) above. Council prefers and
recommends that at least six months experience of local practice conditions is necessary before taking
the Professional Practice examinations.
Guidelines For Temporary Registration
ARCHITECT’S ACT 1975
Foreign architects who undertake an architectural commission in Zimbabwe are required to take out temporary
registration with the Architects Council.
The requirements are as follows:
in a Consultative capacity and who is not ordinarily resident in Zimbabwe, is over the age of’ twenty-one and
temporary registration which can be renewed annually (Section 27 of the Architects Act 1975 refers. The fee per
partner or principal in control of the project should be inquired from the Institute.
2. Temporary registration is linked and restricted to one project only and the applicant is required to be in
association with a registered Architect for that project. Persons who are temporarily registered may not enter into
general practice and may only be concerned in that particular project. Temporarily registered persons are subject
to the provisions of the Architects Act and Regulations as is a fully registered person. Your attention is drawn to
(Professional Conduct) Regulations”
3. In order to meet the above requirements, a person not wishing to apply for temporary registration should be
prepared to furnish the following information:
(a) Documentary evidence of place of residence.
(b) Documentary evidence of date and place of birth.
met the requirements. 35
(e) Details of the project in Zimbabwe with which the applicant is involved.
(f) Letter of association on the project between the applicant and a registered Architect, signed by
The Procedure For Registering As An Architect And
Joining The Institute Of Architects Of Zimbabwe
1. Apply to the Secretary/Registrar of the Architects Council to sit the examination in Professional Practice,
by Requirements in Zimbabwe.
2. On passing the Professional Practice Examination, Complete the form Application for Registration as an
3. Registered Architects may then complete the form for Application for membership of the Institute of
Architects of Zimbabwe, and submit it to the Secretary.
4. Persons applying for temporary registration may apply for membership of the Institute of Architects of
IAZ Yearbook There are four classes of Associate Member
FEES STRUCTURE* of study approved by the Board.
(b) Graduate Members — persons who hold a
Architects Council for registration, but are not
• Temporary Registration Fee (for one year only, registered.
(d) Retired Members — persons who have been
• Registration Fee
• Annual Subscription and have retired from practice.
Institute of Architects of Zimbabwe Associate membership is intended for those persons
who are not registered architects under the terms
• Entrance Fee of the Architects Act 1975 and therefore may not
• Annual subscription perform the work of an Architect.
MEMBERSHIP FEES* No Associate Member is entitled to vote at any
General Meeting or to nominate or second any
• Student membership candidate as a member of the Board or to cast his
• Graduate membership vote for any such candidate, nor shall he be eligible
for nomination or election as a member of the Board.
• Retired Membership
ARCHITECTS (CONDITIONS OF ENGAGEMENT
AND SCALE OF FEES) BY-LAWS
INTERPRETATION OF TERMS
“Architect” means a person registered as an Architect in terms of the Act;
“building” means any building or proposed building , an includes any alteration of, or addition to, an existing building.
GENERAL DUTIES OF ARCHITECTS
3. In addition to the duties imposed by these by-laws, it shall be the duty of an Architect to advise his client on, and to
prepare, the design of any proposed building and, if so required by his client, to supervise the construction of the building
and to provide such additional services referred to in these by-laws as may be required by his client.
4. (1) An Architect may recommend to his client that a specialist subcontractor be engaged for the
38 4. (2)(a) be responsible for the direction, integration and general supervision of works executed by the
4. (2) (b) ensure that the subcontractor accepts sole responsibility for any design undertaken by him.
VARIATIONS AND EMERGENCIES
5. (1)(a) before initiating any stage of his duties referred to in Part II, he has the necessary authority of his client; and
5. (1)(b) before deviating in any material respect from a design approved by his client, he has the consent of his
Provided that, if any such alteration is necessary as a matter of urgency for constructional reasons or on order
to comply with any enactment, the Architect may authorize such alteration, and shall inform his own client
thereof without delay.
5. (2) Where an Architect becomes aware of any likely variation of expenditure authorized by his client
or the estimated period within which any work for his client will be completed, it shall be his duty to
inform his client thereof forthwith.
supervision and inspection of the work as is necessary to ensure the proper execution of the work in accordance with the
provisions of contracts relating thereto, but, unless it is otherwise agreed, constant supervision by the Architect shall not
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7. Where an Architect has agreed with his client that a resident Architect should be employed in order
to provide constant supervision of any works, the Architect shall, unless it is otherwise agreed, be
responsible for the employment of the resident Architect and for his remuneration on a time basis in
terms of section 15, which shall be recovered from his client.
appointment of a suitable person, and shall advise that any person so engaged will be employed by the 39
client, under the management of the Architect, an remunerated by the client.
9. (a) make it clear that the consultant is responsible for the work entrusted to him
9. (b) advise the client that the payment of the fee of the consultant is the responsibility of the client.
COPYRIGHT IN PLANS, ETC
9A. Before concluding a contract with his client, an Architect shall ensure that the contract makes provision for the
vesting of copyright in any plans, drawings and other work done in pursuance of the contract.
LIMITATIONS OF ARCHITECTS LIABILITY
9B. An Architect shall ensure that in any contract he enters into with his client, his liability for negligence or other
9B.(a) completion of the work done under the contract; or
9B. (b) occupation of the building to which the contract relates; whichever is the latter:
Provided that no such limitation shall apply to the architect’s liability for design defects which endanger human life.
SPECIFIC DUTIES OF ARCHITECTS
10 (a) hold preliminary discussions with his client for the purpose of determining the requirements
and scope of the commission;
10 (b) prepare a brief, outlining the requirements and planning proposals including the necessity or
otherwise of appointing any specialist consultant or clerk of works:
10 (c) advise on the form in which the project is to proceed
(e) prepare design drawings, which snail show the general layout, design, construction, outline
before proceeding to working drawings.
11. The Architect shall proceed to contract stage as follows —
11 (a) prepare working drawings, details, schedules arid other documents necessary for the complete
carrying out of the works; and
11. (b) co-ordinate the work of any specialist consultants employed, and supply them with all
information required by them to complete their part of the work, and
11. (c) ensure that all necessary by-law and other building approvals have been received; and
11 (d) call for, and receive, any tenders required, and advise on their acceptance; and
11 (e) prepare for signature any contract documents required in connexion with the work; and
11 (f) select and recommend a suitable person for appointment as clerk of works
12. Where an Architect is required to supervise the construction of any works, he shall be responsible
12 (a) for approving the programming for the progress of the work set by the contractor; and
12 (b) until the works are completed, for making such periodic visits to the site as may be necessary
12 (c) for rendering such assistance as may be required to the contractor in handing over the building
to a client in a state suitable for occupation; and
13 (1) The fees provided in this Part shall not be lower than the scale and variations referred to in the First,
Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth Schedules.
13 (2) The Architect shall inform his client and obtain formal acceptance, before he renders the service
concerned, of the fees which he intends to charge, whether the fees are in excess of those referred to in
subsection (1) or not.
14 (1) Subject to the provisions of this Part, the fee for designing and supervising the construction of
in the First Schedule and the variations to it as shown in the Second Schedule.
services which are an integral part of the design.
14 (3) The fees referred to in the First and Second Schedules shall be calculated in accordance with
(i) an estimate by the Architect or quantity Surveyor for the complete work;
40 respect of contingencies, if no contract is entered into;
(iii) the contract sum
Provided that, when work is executed wholly or in part with old materials or where material
labour or carriage is provided by the client, the percentage shall be calculated as if the works had
been executed wholly by a contractor supplying all labour and new materials at such rates as
were applicable at the time when the work was executed
14 (4) The fees payable an respect of any stage of the work of an Architect shall be calculated
according to the provisions of the Third schedule, which the Architect may require to be paid at the
end of the appropriate stage except the fees for preparation of the brief, which shall be payable on
the acceptance of such services:
Provided that, in the case of a large contract, the Architect may require interim payments to be made.
14. (5) Where the work of an Architect relates to buildings which fall into more than one category, the
fees shall be calculated in accordance with the provisions of that section in respect of each category.
CHARGES ON A TIME BASIS
15. Where any fees or charges are to be calculated on a time basis they shall be calculated according
to the provisions of the Fourth Schedule
normally performed by a consultant
a consultant, he shall charge for that work in accordance with the scale of fees normally charged
by members of the professional body concerned.
PROJECTS COMPRISING TWO OR MORE CONTRACTS
17. Where a project undertaken by an Architect is covered by two or more contracts, the fees shall be calculated
separately in respect of the work covered by each contract,
PARTIAL SERVICES OR COMMISSIONS
for that part shall be calculated on a pro rata basis
Provided that, if only a part of the normal service on any stage is provided, the fee for that part shall be calculated
on a time basis in terms of the provisions of the Fourth Schedule
terminated or deferred, if that commission is subsequently resumed
19. (1) The fee referred to in section 14 shall not cover work performed by an Architect which is
normally performed by a consultant
19. (2) Where an Architect, at the request of his client, performs work which is normally performed
by a consultant he shall charge for that work in accordance with the scale of fees normally
charged by members of the professional body concerned.
PROJECTS COMPRISING TWO OR MORE CONTRACTS
20. Where a project undertaken by an Architect is covered by two or more contracts, the fees shall be
calculated separately in respect of the work covered by each contract.
PARTIAL SERVICES OR COMMISSIONS
21.(1) Where an Architect provides only part of the services normally provided by an Architect, the fee
for that part shall be calculated on a pro rata basis:
42 Provided that, if only a part of the normal service on any stage is provided, the fee for that part
shall be calculated on a time basis in terms of the provisions of the Fourth Schedule.
22. (2) Where an Architect has been paid his fee in respect of a commission which has been
terminated or deferred, it that commission is subsequently resumed
22. (2) (a) without substantial alteration within two years of termination, the fee so paid to him shall
22. (2) (b) with substantial alteration, whether caused by changed statutory conditions or otherwise
within two years thereof, or after a lapse of more than two years, the commission shall be
regarded as a new one, unless the Architect and his client agree that the additional work shall
be charged on a time basis in terms of the provisions of the Fourth Schedule
22. (3) Where work which has been included in the original building contract has subsequently been
22. (4) Where one Architect is commissioned to take over work which was not completed by some
other person during or after any of the stages detailed in the Third Schedule, he shall, for his
professional services, charge a minimum fee calculated in accordance with the provisions the
First Schedule, increased by a surcharge or twenty per centum on each of the stages still to be
TRAVELLING AND SUBSISTENCE CHARGES
23. (1) Where an Architect requires payment in respect of any transport expenses incurred by himself
23. (1) (a) in respect of travel by air, rail, sea, hired or fare-paying vehicle, the actual cost of the fare;
23. (2) Any charge made by an Architect in respect of subsistence whilst he or his employee is away
from his ordinary place of residence shall be calculated on the basis of the actual incurred by
himself or his employee, as the case may be.
23. (3) In addition to travelling and subsistence charges in terms of subsections (1) and (2), an
Architect may charge according to the circumstances on a time basis in terms of the provisions of
the Fourth Schedule in respect of the hours, including time caused by delays, during which
he or his employee as the case may be, is absent from his ordinary place of business or residence
whichever is applicable
23. (4) Except by prior arrangement with the client, the charges in terms of subsections (1), (2) and (3)
shall be based on reasonable costs, having regard to the nature of the journey involved
24. In addition to the fees referred to elsewhere in this Part, an Architect shall recover from his
client the charges for any of the following expenses which he has incurred on his behalf -
20 (a) printing and reproduction of any document, map, model, photograph or other record for
communication to and between consultants, the clients, contractors, subcontractors and suppliers;
24 (b) telephone trunk calls and cables;
24 (c) excessive postage on packets or parcel delivery;
24 (d) the cost of any research, test investigation specialist advice and advertising for tenders which
has his clients approval,
24 (e) fees payable to local authority or Government department, any search fee and any
VALUATION OF BUILDINGS
25. Where an Architect makes a valuation for the replacement of any building, the fees charged by
him shall be in accordance with the provisions of the Fifth Schedule with a minimum fee to be inquired at
the Institute, exclusive of any expenses or changes mentioned in section 19.
27. Where an Architect is called to give evidence before any court or tribunal as an expert witness,
he shall charge on a time basis in terms of the provisions of the Fourth Schedule, depending on the
complexity of the problem.
economic appraisal of a project in order to enable the client to decide whether and in what form he shall
proceed with the project, he shall charge an additional fee for such studies, which shall, unless otherwise
agreed with the client, be calculated on a time basis in terms of the provisions of the Fourth Schedule,
depending on the complexity of the problem.
SPECIALIST AND OTHER SERVICES
in writing, and remunerations therefore shall be in addition to the fees elsewhere enumerated in this Part,
29. (a) advising as to the selection and suitability of the site;
29. (b) negotiations as to the site and buildings, if any;
29. (c) the preparation of additional drawings necessitated by a material alteration in, or in addition
thereof prior to the commencement of work;
29. (d) altering drawings or preparing new drawings and promoting other services involved in
Consequence of variations or additions required by the client after the commencement of work;
29. (e) making extra drawings for the client’s or contractor’s use, drawings for and negotiating
with landlords, tenants, adjoining owners, public authorities, licensing authorities, or other
services in respect of servitudes, litigation, arbitration or valuations, bankruptcy, negligence of
parties, force majeure;
IAZ Yearbook SSSShhhhooooppppffiiffttiittttiittnniinngggg KKKKiittiiccttcchhhheeeennnnssss FFFFuuuurrnnrrnniittiiuuttuurreerree
29. (f) any survey or investigation of an existing building;
29. (g) any inspection of building work in progress not referred to elsewhere in the regulations;
29. (h) any specialist consultant architectural services, including the design of residential, industrial
or commercial layouts;
WORK OUTSIDE ZIMBABWE 45
30. Where an Architect engages to perform work in respect of a building to be erected outside Zimbabwe, he shall,
in respect of the work undertaken outside Zimbabwe, adhere, as far as possible to the fees provided for in this Part.
31. Where an Architect undertakes any services for which fees are not adequately provided in this Part, he shall
apply to the council for guidance in respect of the fees which he should charge.
TERMINATION OF AGREEMENT
32. (a) the termination there of at any time by either party on the giving of reasonable notice; and
32. (b) the remuneration of the Architect in accordance with the provisions of Part III for services
rendered prior to the termination of the agreement.
33. An Architect may agree with his client that any difference or dispute which they may have shall be referred
33. (1) (a) the reference shall be by way of submitting a joint statement of undisputed facts, plus
separate statements of disputed facts;
33. (2) An Architect shall ensure that in his agreement with his client, provision is made that where
any difference or dispute arising out of the requirements of these by-laws cannot be determined
in accordance with the provisions of subsection (1). It shall be submitted for arbitration by a
person agreed between the parties and that —
33. (2)(a) either party may give to the other a written request to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator
33. (2)(b) if, after fourteen days from the request referred to in paragraph (a), there is no agreement,
the chairman of council may, at the request of either party, nominate an arbitrator.
34. The Architects (Conditions of Engagement and Scale of Fees) (Amendment) By-laws. 2000 (No. 5),
in Statutory Instrument 3210 of 2000, are repealed.
FIRST SCHEDULE (Section 14)
THE FEE SCALE
N.B. This scale and the Schedules refer to the lowest fees which may be charges by an Architect for his services,
for which his client’s formal acceptance is required. See subsections (1) and (2) of section 13.
SECOND SCHEDULE (Section 14)
VARIATION OF FEE SCALE
Type of building Fee
The fee scale +30 per centum
Dwelling - house The fee scale + 20 per centum
Hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, laboratory The fee scale, but may be reduced by not more
complexes or similar buildings requiring extensive than 20 per centum, depending on the proportion of
specialized services open repetitious or storage space
Fourth or Third Schedule by agreement
Industrial buildings where the Architect is the principal
Industrial buildings where the Architect is not the
(b) For identical repetitions of (a) and reuse of documentation without site-and-service drawings
(c) Supervision of (b)
(d) Site-and-service plans
46 (f) Landscaping, sewerage and road works
Alterations and additions to existing buildings
One per centum of contract cost or estimated cost
Third Schedule, 1.5 per centum of contract cost
Six per centum of site-and-service costs per unit
Fourth Schedule time charges
The fee scale + up to 50 per centum, at Architect’s discretion,
depending on circumstances
THIRD SCHEDULE (Section 14(3))
FEES BY STAGES
(b)Preliminary design: ten per centum of total fee
(c) Final design: ten per centum of total fee
Fifty per centum of total fee
Working drawings, schedules and contract documentation
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FOURTH SCHEDULE (Section 15)
Rates should be inquired at the Institute.
FIFTH SCHEDULE (Section 21)
Rates should be inquired at the Institute.
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and colour schemes for walls and floors and ceilings. www.Zaimrtibsaabnw.eco.zw Email:
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Find out more about our new SHOWROOM.
Find out more about our new SHOWROOM. [email protected]