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Published by Alpha Omicron Pi, 2015-09-17 18:25:07

1912 July - To Dragma

Vol. VII, No. 4

To Dragma


Alpha Omicron Pi Fraternity

®abl* rf (SmttentB

A Word From the President Dorothy Noble Safford 199

A Word to Those Holding Office in Alpha Omicron Pi 199
Dorothy Noble Safford 201
Convention Mabel Hale 203
Sorority in Annual Meet 206
Alpha Omicron Pi Elected Officers 209
Delegates to the 1912 Convention 211
Convention Report
The Social Side of Convention Theodora D. Sumner 215
A Visitor's View of Northwestern as a University 220

"Stunt" Night Madge Kemp 222
"A B C's for A. O. P's" Roberta Williams 224
Pi Chapter Stunt Theodora D. Sumner 227
Second Bulletin of National Pan-Hellenic Congress 237
How Can Local Pan-Hellenics Assist the National Pan- 241


Fraternity Examinations

Pan-Hellenic Questions

The Value of Fraternity Examinations

The Responsihility of College Fraternities Regarding

High School Fraternities

How to Present the Pan-Hellenic Movement at Convention

Regarding a Conference of Grand Presidents



Active Chapter Letters

Alumnae Chapter Letters

News of the Alumnae




Jessie Wallace Hughan, Alpha, '98, 663 Quincy Street, Brooklyn, N." Y .
Helen St. Claire Mullan (Mrs. George V . ) , Alpha, '90, Andrew Avenue, Uni-

versity Heights, New York.
Stella Stern Perry (Mrs. George H . ) Alpha, '98, Overlook Avenue, Hacken-

sack Heights, N . J .
Elizabeth Heywood Wyman, Alpha, '98, 456 Broad Street, Bloomfield, N. J .



Grand President, Dorothy Noble Safford, 1306 Webster Street,
New Orleans, L a .

Grand Vice-President, Edith Augusta Dietz, 217 West 105th
Street, New York City.

Grand Recording Secretary, Anna Estelle Many, 1327 Henry Clay
Avenue, New Orleans, L a .

Grand Treasurer, Lillian Gertrude McQuillan, 155 Angell Street,
Churchill House, Providence, R. I.

Grand Historian, Stella Stern Perry (Mrs. G . H . ) , Overlook Avenue, Hacken-
sack Heights, N . J .

Registrar, Gladys Courtain Bretton (Mrs. John A . , J r . ) , 425 Elmwood Ave-
nue, Oakland, Cal.

Auditor, Ada Beatrice Donaldson, 1405 W. Church Street, Knoxville, Tenn.
Examining Officer, Meleta Skillen.
Chairman, Committee on New Chapters, Ruth Capen Farmer (Mrs. Walter),

7 Courtland Street, Nashua, N. H .
Editor-in-Chief of T o DRAGMA, Virginia Judy Esterly (Mrs. Ward B . ) , 244 Al-

varado Road, Berkeley, Cal.


Literary Editor, .

Exchanges, Kate Brown Foster, 2717 Hillegass Avenue, Berkeley, Cal.
Chapter Letters, .
Business Manager of T o DRAGMA, Isabelle Henderson, 2655 Wakefield Avenue,
East Oakland, Cal.


Delegate, Lula K . Bigelow (Mrs. C . G . ) , 1610 South 7th Ave., Maywood, 111.
Chairman, Mrs. J . M . McElroy, 1514 E . 54th Street, Chicago, 111.


Alpha—Barnard College, Columbia University, New York.
P i — H . Sophie Newcomb Memorial College, New Orleans, L a .
Nu—New York University, New York City.
Omicron—University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn.
Kappa—Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, Va.
Zeta—University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb.
Sigma—University of California, Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—DePauw University, Greencastle, Ind.

Delta—Jackson College, Tufts College, Mass.

Gamma—University of Maine, Orono, Me.
Epsilon—Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y.

Rho—Northwestern University, Evanston, 111.
Lambda—Lei and Stanford L-niversity, Palo Alio, Cal.
New York Alumna;—New York City.

San Francisco Alumnae—San Francisco, Cal. *
Providence Alumnae—Providence, R. I .

Boston Alumna;—Boston, Mass.

Los Angeles Alumna;—Los Angeles, Cal.
Lincoln Alumnae—Lincoln, Neb.


Alpha—Viola Turck, 461 Riverside Drive, N . Y . C .
Pi—Betsy Dupre, 1231 Washington Ave., New Orleans, L a .
Nu—Alice Clark, 210 W. 21st S., N . Y . C .
Omicron—Helen Kennedy, 728 N. Central St., Knoxville, Tenn.
Kappa—Annie Linn, College Park V a .
Zeta—Ruth Wheelock, 1232 R St., Lincoln, Nebr.
Sigma—Georgia Meredith, 2345 Channing Way, Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—Laura Wallace, A 0 II House, Greencastle, Indiana.
Delta—Leslie Hooper, Tufts College, Mass.
Gamma—Antoinette Webb, Mt. Vernon House, Orono, Maine.
Epsilon—Ethel Cornell, Sage College, Ithaca, N . Y .
Rho—Caroline Power, Pearsons Hall, Evanston, 111.
Lambda—Sheda Lowman, Stanford University, Palo Alto, Cal.
Iota—Hazel Alkire, University of Illinois, Champaign, 111.



Alpha—Marie Diaz de Villavilla, West 113 St., New York, N . Y .
Pi—Betsy Dupre, 1231 Washington Ave., New Orleans, L a .
Nu—Mabel E . Witte, 535 Second St., Brooklyn, N . Y .
Omicron—Nettie Armstrong, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn.
Kappa—Eleanor Somerville, College Park, Va.
Zeta—Grace M. Cannon, 500 South 27th St., Lincoln, Nebr.
Sigma—Helen Thayer, 2345 Channing Way, Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—Daisy Coons, A O I I House, Greencastle, Ind.
Delta—Alice Sears, Tuffs College, Mass.
Gamma—Louise Bartlett, Orono, Maine.
Epsilon—Agnes M. Dobbins, Sage College, Ithaca, N. Y .
Rho—Julia L . Fuller, 4526 W. Ravenswood Pk., Chicago, 111.
Lambda—Sheda Lowman, Stanford University, Palo Alto, Cal.
Iota—Lora Moulton, University of Illinois, Champaign, 111.


New York Alumnae—Mrs. Jean L . Framt (Mrs. J . E . ) , 606 West I 2 2 d
Street, New York, N. Y .

San Francisco Alumnae—Viola Ahlers, 985 Oak St., San Francisco, Cal.
Boston Alumnae—Clara Russel, 182 Cambridge Street, Winchester, Mass.
Providence Alumnae—Elise Emeline McCausland, 14 East Manning St., Provi-

dence, R. I .
Lincoln Alumnae—Annie Jones, Pres., 1710 B Street, Lincoln, Neb.




• 4






To D R A G M A

VOL. V I I . JULY, 1912. No. 4

To DRAGMA is published at 450-454 Ahnaip Street, Menasha, Wis., by George
Banta, official printer to the fraternity. Entered at the Postoffice at Menasha,
Wis., as second-class matter, April 13, 1909, under the act of March 3, 1897.

To DRAGMA is published on the twenty-fifth of November, February, May
and July.

Subscription price, One Dollar per year payable in advance; Single copies
twenty-five cents.

Virginia Judy Esterly, Editor-in-chief. Isabelle Henderson, Business



I shall not attempt to thank you for the honor which you have
conferred upon me with the office I now hold, for in accepting it I
have pledged myself to work my best with body, brain, substance,
and spirit for Alpha Omicron Pi and its interests, and I feel that the
surest proof of my very sincere appreciation rests in the fulfillment of
this pledge. Since convention so many social letters have come to
me that I am encouraged to believe I shall have your loyal support
and hearty co-operation at all times. I count largely upon this
for you must know that the burden of responsibility rests on each one
of us, and the success of our fraternity will be proportional to the
work done by the individual. And so let us work to make the next
two years the best in our history; let us expand as a fraternity; let
us develop more perfect organization in our chapters; and above all
let us carry into our daily lives and into the lives of those about us
the principles which we hold closest to our hearts.



Bearing in mind the adage that "an ounce of prevention is worth
a pound of cure," I want to administer that ounce immediately
and then await the most satisfactory results. Promptness and atten-



tion to details—there it is and good measure I admit. So much con-
fusion and unnecessary work results from delay that I want you to
realize the necessity for your acting with the greatest promptness
when you have some duty to perform. I f you are a chapter editor of
To DRAGMA, don't let your chapter suffer the fate of those who dwell
in obscurity; i f it is your business to send reports to the Grand Sec-
retary, save her time and patience by sending them when they are
due; i f you are the chapter financier, you should add to the dollars
of the Grand Treasurer and not to her troubles. Also please remem-
ber that any matter before the executive committee must be sent
from Louisiana to Rhode Island and may meet with such incon-
veniences as delayed mails, etc., so don't wait until the last minute
to send a request.

As to the matter of details: in your communications with the exe-
cutive committee be clear, concise, formal—in a word be businesslike.
Your correspondence must be filed so be sure that it is not in the
form of personal notes or post-cards. Of course we also want to
hear from each of you in the most informal way but such letters,
like Mrs. Perry's talk at convention, are to be filed in our hearts
and not on our desks.

Finally, avoid the pound of cure!




Greetings were received from Delta Delta Delta, accompanied by
an exquisite bunch of our sorority roses on Friday, June 21st, and the
following telegram on Saturday, June 22d:

WILMETTE, I I I . , June 22d, 1912.
MRS. FARMER, Grand President,

Willard Hall, Evanston, 111.:
Kappa Alpha Theta sends heartiest greetings to Alpha Omicron
Pi and wishes you a pleasant profitable convention.



(From the Evanston Daily News).


This afternoon there will arrive in Evanston about two hundred
young women from different parts of the country to attend the na-
tional convention of the Alpha Omicron Pi sorority. • At least one
hundred of these young people will register at Willard Hall, the
co-ed's dormitory of Northwestern, while the remainder of the dele-
gation will be entertained at the homes of the various members.

They will begin to reach Evanston this afternoon, and registration
will be made. Dinner will be served this evening at Willard Hall.
A l l of the meetings will be held at the hall, beginning tomorrow
morning with a business session. Tomorrow the delegation will go
to Chicago in a body for the purpose of sightseeing. They will have
luncheon at Carson, Pirie Scott & Company's.


In the afternoon an informal reception will be given at the home
of Miss Edna Betts, 2219 Central Street, and in the evening at W i l -
lard H a l l after dinner there will be chapter stunts and a model ini-

Friday evening at 8 o'clock there will be a reception to collegians
and faculty members. A business session will he held on Friday and
Saturday from 9 to 12 and from 2 to 4. Saturday evening, the last
night of the convention, a beach party has been arranged.



Delegates from each of the fourteen chapters of Alpha Omicron Pi
sorority will be present, and a great number of alumnae and active
chapter members as well. The fourteen chapters are: Barnard Col-
lege, in connection with Columbia University; H . Sophie Newcomb
Memorial College, New Orleans; New York University; the Uni-
versity of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn.; Randolph-Macon Woman's
College, Lynchburg, Va.; University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb.;
University of California, Berkeley, Cal.; DePauw University, Green-
castle, I n d . ; Jackson College, in connection with Tufts College;
University of Maine, Orono, Me.; Cornell University, Ithaca, N . Y . ;
Leland Stanford University; University of Illinois, and Northwest-
ern University.

Some of the active members are: Dora Johnson, Helen Shipman,
Arie Kennor, Elizabeth Hiestand, Pauline Pearson, Julia Fuller, Ed-
na Betts, Edith Mears, Ruby Ratt, Geraldine Kindig, Frances Mc-
Nair, Coila Anderson, Cora Hollen and Ann Currey. Among the
active alumnae represented will be Mae Barlow. Aviline Kindig, L .
Marie Vick, Julia Norton, Mrs. Louise Norton FTench and Margaret
W yne.

The Grand President of the sorority is Mrs. Ruth Capen Farmer;
Grand Vice-President, Mae Barlow; Grand Recording Secretary,
Blanche H . Hooper; Treasurer, Lillian G. McQuillan. The Editor-
in-Chief of To DRAGMA is Mrs. Virginia J. Esterly. Mrs. Farmer
of New Hampshire will preside.


(From the Evanston Daily News).

Saturday the members of Alpha Omicron Pi sorority, in the last
day of their biennial convention, which was held here, elected the
following officers:

Grand President—Miss Dorothy Safford of New Orleans, La., of
Tulane University.

Grand Vice-President—Miss Edith Dietz of New York City, of
Barnard College.

Grand Secretary—Miss Anna Many of New Orleans, of Tulane

Grand Treasurer—Miss Lillian MacQuillan of Providence, R. I . ,
of Brown University.

Historian—Mrs. Stella George Stern of Perry, N . Y., of Barnard








Registrar—Miss Gladys Britton of Oakland, Cal., of the Univer-
sity of California.

Auditor—Miss Ada Donaldson of Lynchburg, Va., of Randolph-
Macon College.

Examining Officer—Miss Melita Skillen of Ithaca, N . Y., of
Cornell University.

Editor and Business Manager of T o DRAGMA—Mrs. Virginia
Esterly and Miss Isabel Henderson of Oakland, Cal., of the Uni-
versity of California.

Chairman of the Committee of New Chapters—Mrs. Ruth Capen
Farmer, Nashua, N . H . , of Jackson College, Medford, Mass.

Pan-Hellenic Delegate—Mrs. Carrie Green Campbell of Port
Huron, Mich., of the University of Maine.


Alpha—Esther Burgess. Theta—Fern Thompson.

Pi—Theodora Sumner. Delta—Elta Phillips.

Nu—No delegate. Gamma—Antoinette Webb.

Omicron—Roberta Williams. Epsilon—Elsa Guerdrum.

Kappa—Linda Best. Rho—Pauline Pearson.

Zeta—Stella Butler. Lambda—Madge Kemp.

Sigma—Emma Black. Iota—Etta Lantz.

New York Alumnae—Mildred Schehsinger.

San Francisco Alumnae—Florence Weeks.

Providence Alumnae—Lillian MacQuillan.


It was voted to grant a charter of A O I I to the Alpha Phi Alpha
society at Colby College, Maine.

It was voted to grant a charter of A O I I to the petitioning body
at the University of Minnesota.

It was voted to grant a charter to the Alumnae of Chicago, said
chapter to be called the Chicago Alumnae Chapter of A O I I .


It was voted to renumber Articles X I and X I I to X I I and
and to insert a new Article X I to read as follows:



Sec. 1. Fines shall be imposed upon chapters by the Executive
Committee for failure to send by the specified date:—fees, Grand
Council dues, To DRAGMA dues, chapter letters to T o DRAGMA, or
any reports required by officers of the Grand Council.

Sec. 2. Fines shall be paid within one month after chapter has
been notified by the Executive Committee.

Sec. 3. I f payment has not been made within the time specified
the offending chapter shall be deprived of its vote in the Grand
Council until payment is made.

I t was voted to add to Article V I I I , Section 2 the following: I n
addition to the above officers each chapter shall elect biennially
after the stated meetings of the Grand Council a chapter editor and
business manager of T o DRAGMA, such officers to be elected from
among the alumnae of the chapter.

Art. I X , Chapter Editor of To DRAGMA. The chapter editor
of To DRAGMA shall be directly responsible to the Editor-in-Chief
of To DRAGMA and shall perform all the duties required of her by
the Editor-in-Chief.

Art. I X (cont.) Chapter Business Manager of T o DRAGMA. The
Chapter Business Manager of T o DRAGMA shall be directly respon-
sible to the Business Manager-in-Chief of T o DRAGMA, and shall
perform all duties required of her by the Business Manager-in-Chief.


Art. I , Sec. 4. Officers. Amended to read: Vacancies in any
office except that of Grand President shall be filled for the unex-
pired term by the Executive Committee from among the members of
Grand Council. (The rest of the section to read as before).

Art. I I , Sec. 9. Amended to read as follows: I t shall be the
duty of the Pan-Hellenic delegate to represent the fraternity at the
meetings of the National Pan-Hellenic Congress; to vote in the
Congress in accordance with the instructions of the Executive Com-
mittee; to attend such other Pan-Hellenic meetings as may be speci-
fied from time to time by the Executive Committee; and to keep a
file of National Pan-Hellenic reports and a record of the various
Pan-Hellenic agreements by which the several chapters are bound.

Art. V I , Sec. 1. Amended to read: On or before the first day
of January in the years in which stated meetings of the Grand
Council are to be held the Executive Committee shall announce the
place of such meetings, and shall make an appropriation from the


Grand Treasury to pay to and from the convention the expenses of
the Executive Committee; Grand Vice-President. ( I n case President
cannot attend), Chairman of Committee on New Chapters and Pan-
Hellenic Delegate; (the rest of the section to read as before).

Art. V I I , Sec. 1. Amended to read: The Fraternity Magazine
shall be called T o DRAGMA, and shall be issued four times a year
on the first day of September, November, February, and May.

Art. V I I I , Sec. 2. Change "annually to biennially and annual to

Art. V I I , Sec. 5. Amended to read: A t its February, May, Sep-
tember, and November meetings the Executive Committee shall make
all appropriations for the May, September, November, and February
numbers respectfully, and the funds so appropriated shall be paid
over immediately to the business manager of To DRAGMA, who shall
be limited in her contracts and expenditures to the amount so appro-
priated plus amounts received from subscriptions, gifts and adver-

Art. V I I , Sec. 6. Amended to read: The Business Manager of
To DRAGMA shall make a financial report to the Executive Commit-
tee immediately after the issue of each number.


The following additional rules and regulations were passed:

Eligibility Requirements.
44. That each chapter be required to have a definite standard

of eligibility for initiation according to the requirements of its col-

45. That a committee of three on eligibility be appointed by the
Grand President to investigate local conditions and have supervi-
sion over chapter requirements.

46. That any chapter whose standard does not meet- the ap-
proval of the committee shall be reported to the Grand Council for
Scholarship Requirements.

47. Reports on the scholarship of all active members of the fra-
ternity shall be obtained twice each year from the Dean of Women
of Colleges in which the chapters are located (or from some other au-
thoritative source i f there is no dean of women or i f she refused to

48. A committee of three shall be appointed by the Grand Presi-
dent to obtain these reports, keep a record of them, and send the
average standard of the chapters to all chapters and officers.


Official Mourning.

49. That upon the death of an officer of the Grand Council each
chapter shall drape the pin for seven days and each individual chap-
ter shall do the same on the death of one of its members.
Founders' Day.

50. That each chapter of A O IT celebrate December 8 as Found-
ers' Day.

Sorority Handbook.

§1. That each chapter shall own one copy of the Intersorority
Handbook and keep the same up to date by the purchase of sup-
plements and new editions as issued.


Are there words adequate enough to express the joy of conven-
tion—where sister meets sister with friendly handgrasp and all
chapters join together to form a composite whole? There is some-
thing more than sweet about the knowledge that we are all mem-
bers of one great family with the same ideals, the same interests,
the same goal in view. To know that wherever we may look we
find another of a kindred spirit with ours is perhaps the loveliest
part about the social side of convention.

This spirit I think, expressed itself most fully in the model initia-
tion which opened convention festivities. Imagine the impressive-
ness of an initiation in which all of the chapters meet to welcome in
a new little sister! She must truly have felt that she was not indeed
only part of a local organization but that north, south, east, and
west were willing to call her their own.

After this beautiful event came the reaction from its solemnity,
for then the fun began. How I wish every A O IT could have been
at the stunt party! Why then it was that we Alpha Omicrons really
showed our histrionic and even vocal ability.

This happened on the first night of convention, and on the next
took place the large reception. We had already had one delightful
informal one at Mrs. Bett's on a cold and rainy afternoon, but this
was to be the event of convention. I won't say that the "hall was
beautifully decorated," but I ' l l just leave everybody to imagine how
it did look with palms and ferns here and there, and the main
decoration the Alphas themselves everywhere. Innumerable guests
came and went, many of whom were members of other fraternities.
I t is most certainly true that there is a Pan-Hellenic spirit aside from
our own fraternity spirit which makes us feel at home with all



• 1

m »1




Greek-letter women. We were glad to tell them of their chapters
at our respective colleges and proud to welcome them among us. The
reception was a decided success, and the three chapters entertaining
are to be congratulated.

Saturday night ended the convention with a party on the beach.
The girls had tremendous bon-fires built, and roasted for us fat little
sausages on long handled forks. A l l kinds of good sandwiches,
fruit, cake, and punch completed the supper and satisfied our raven-
ous appetites. We gathered together then and sang and sang. How
beautiful Lake Michigan looked i n the moonlight! and how glorious
it was to be out on the lake in slowly paddled row-boats looking
out on the shimmering water and the bon-fires on the beach. The
atmosphere just naturally melted into one's system and made one
wish to stay there forever.

I t was with smiles on our lips and tears in our eyes that we bade
good-bye the next morning—the smile for the good times we had
had, the tear for the sorrow of parting. But I ' m sure we all left
with new enthusiasm in our hearts, with new determination to work
for Alpha, and with the feeling that convention had more than f u l -
filled our expectations in being one true, great success.




"But why on earth do you want to go to Chicago of all places,—
and June of all times to go,—I don't want to discourage you but it
will be frightfully hot and dirty. Of course, i f you are going with
friends you may not mind it so much, and i f you know people there
you may have a good time,—I hope you do,—but you won't like

Such were the sentiments with which I was greeted on all sides
when I decided to go to Northwestern to our Alpha convention.
And yet, in spite of all these prophecies, I was quite willing to
admit when I left that Chicago was almost as fine as New York.
Of course it was not really Chicago after all but Evanston, and more
especially Northwestern, and most especially the Alpha girls that
were responsible for my enthusiasm.

My first surprise was to find Evanston a city,—not only very pretty
and attractive but with all the loyalty and pride and clannish spirit
of a true "University Town" instead of a mere section of a large
city as I had imagined it to be. I fear the Rho girls will be highly


insulted i f I say that, on approaching Willard H a l l the Alpha
chapter girls compared it to a lunatic asylum. But perhaps their
indignation will be somewhat abated when I explain that the build-
ing very much resembles the book-store on our campus which is one
of the original buildings of the asylum which formerly occupied the
grounds. So, after all, the resemblance made us feel much at home.
This feeling, however, did not last long after we had entered the hall
and had seen the more-than-spacious rooms which had been assigned to
us,—luxuriously large to anyone accustomed to the rooms in our own
dormitory. Our rooms are pretty and tasteful but very small. I n
fact, one has to have special permission for two girls to spend a night
in the same room—probably because of the danger of one or the
other being crushed to death.

We had been at Northwestern several days before we had an op-
portunity to really "see the campus." The meetings kept us pretty
busy, and, as one of the Rho girls remarked, whenever we did have
a little free time, we invariably took the opposite direction from the
campus which led to "town" and a marvelous ice cream parlor.
Then too we could not resist the drug store with beautiful postals
of Northwestern for only one cent apiece and fascinating slot-
machines for stamps. But we finally did arrange a personally con-
ducted tour and found it well worth waiting for. The two things,
I think, which most impressed us were the natural and wonderful
beauty of the campus, and the grandeur of the new gymnasium
building with its splendid architecture, hugh auditorium, and lux-
urious swimming tank and rest room. The campus, itself, is as
beautiful a one as I can well imagine,—acres and acres of splendid
old trees surrounding the college buildings and all of this along
the shore of majestic Lake Michigan. I t would seem almost like
Fairyland to be able to step out of the door of one of our college
buildings, across a driveway and on to the sandy beach with deep
blue water stretching all the way to the horizon. And a beach-party
on the college campus seems almost unimaginable,—especially with
the added luxury of being able to wash the glasses at the shore
without having them taste salty.

I have always felt personally that I should not care to attend a
co-educational college as I thought that the girls must miss so many
of the essentially girls' pleasures which they could have only in a
separate college of their own. The sentiment at Northwestern,
however, seems to be that there are more than enough advantages
to outweigh any disadvantages. I had also felt that the girl stu-
dents were apt to be unpopular and unappreciated when seen at all
hours of the day and under all sorts of favorable and unfavorable


conditions. This objection, however, was quite definitely answered by
a Northwestern man who suggested, "Yes, but i f we see the girls
under all these unfavorable conditions and still like them, isn't it a
pretty sure sign that we like them mighty well" ? ( I learned after-
wards, however, that this man was engaged to a Northwestern girl
so cannot be considered an unprejudiced observer).

So, when our visit was over, even though it had been impossible
to get much idea of the academic side of the university as college was
not in session, my enthusiasm made me feel almost tempted to register
there for a higher degree in order to have a better opportunity to
enjoy all the advantages of Northwestern's wonderful campus.


WILLARD H A L L , June 20, 1912.

The ringing of a huge gong and a scurrying of feet, announced
that "stunts" were on. The girls clustered around the platform.
With a handful of assorted candies and a critical but humorous eye
leveled at the performers, the audience ushered in Alpha chapter
with a rousing round of applause.

Three doughty sailor lads skipped merrily on the stage and proved
that the life of a tar is a jolly one. "Every show has a villain" ; in a
lightning change, the belated heroine with the pursuing villain, stag-
gered in. The onlookers watched the belligerent hero administer
speedy justice, with shrieks of approval.

Dorothy Safford of Pi chapter, in the guise of a stern teacher, led
in a modest pupil, who sat herself demurely on a stool and glibly
answered the questions, which the staid Dorothy propounded. Not
a single member of Grand Council escaped a well aimed shaft. After
each jibe, the small pupil raised innocent eyes and smiled sweetly
at the suffering but secretly amused member.

At last we have a sorority alphabet. Roberta Williams of Omicron
chapter delivered some home truths in a laughable but convincing
fashion. May we know our alphabet and profit by it.

No "stunt" party could ever be complete without a burlesque on
rushing. Zeta chapter furnished it. Kate Lee portrayed the shrink-
ing but aspiring freshman. Edna Spears and Helen Piper assumed
the roles of discreet but calculating sorority girls. Amid a storm
of applause, the delighted freshman was hustled off by the suc-
cessful sorority. We may surmise, which one that was.

Florence Weeks, Sigma, stepped from the land of reality, when
Emma Black struck the first weird chords on the piano. Before us,


was a jumping, skipping, happy June bug. But since the stay of a
June bug must be necessarily brief, regretfully, we let it take wing.

Everyone sat bolt upright. The Theta girls had prepared a real,
live minstrel show. Salted almonds were added to the candies, for
who could be so callous as to view a minstrel show, without the
where-with-all to nibble? Again the Grand Council members were a
target for the very latest in joshes. Long in our memories, will
Theta remain as the custodians of wit and humor.

Jean Richardson of Rho chapter presented a series of folk dances,
which were truly delightful. Several of the Rho girls took part
in class stunts. The dignified seniors led with their class song,
followed by the joyous juniors, sturdy sophomores and last but not
least, the verdant freshmen so labeled by costumes of brilliant green.

Lambda chapter whirled on and off in an eccentric dance and
with a sigh came the realization that "stunt" night was over for the
convention of 1912.

A l l festivities bear with them a little more or less of sadness.
Iota's stunt was not performed, owing to a recent bereavement in
the chapter, which left its members a burden of regret.


" A . B. C's. F O R A . O. P's."

Now Omicron presents tonight
A stunt we hope will please
We ask your kind attention then
To your frat. A. B. C's.
"And should you ever chance to sit
With children at your knee
Just teach them that the alphabet
Begins with A. O. P."

A is for Alumnae and for our Alpha too,
And for the Apex of it, where a red stone we may view.

B is for the Bids we sent asking girls to pledge
It also stands for Blackballs, to our ranks a bristling hedge.

C's for this Convention where we Alpha O's. have met,
And for the Coat-of-Arms we want but don't possess as yet!

D is for the Dollars it takes to run a frat.,
For "money makes the frat go" so we'll let it go at that.

E is for the Alpha "Eats" so famous far and near,
And for our Editor-in-Chief, whose wrath we greatly fear.

F is for the Frar. boys, the best of Friends are they,
It also starts that lucky date, good old Founders' Day.

G is for our festive friend, the Alpha Goat you see,
Who gives you warm reception to our fraternity.

H is for the mystic Hour when you took your vow,
Horrifying at the time, but Happy memory now.




I is for the author, who's scared to death you see,
Extend to her the charity due every A . O. P.

J is for the Jewelry forbidden by G . C . ,
The watch-fob, ring, and bar pin all labeled A. O. P.

K is for the Kisses heard when Alphas meet,
Other greetings may do well but none is quite so sweet.

L's the "cuss-out" Letters that descend upon the bunch,

And Labor that makes everything from sandwiches to punch.
M is for our Magazine which truly does us credit1,

And for the Misery that's felt by those who help to edit.
N is for the horrid Noise which through the frat. world rings

When we're initiating "goats," the Nervous little things.
O is for our Officers—uncover, if you please

Especially to our President, the pride of A. O. P's.
P is Pan-Hellenic, the goblin strong and stout

That's pretty sure to get you—"if you don't watch out!"
Q is for the Questions that lie in wait for you,

You'll wish that you had died before that frat. exam was due.
R is for our Rose so Red, but here's another Reason

It stands too for that strenuous time, the yearly Rushing Season.
S the Alpha Spirit, the same where'er expressed,

And for initiation Stunts oft tried at our behest.
T is for our Troubles—we all have had a few—

And for the Tantalizing the rushees put us through.
U is for United States, we've chapters east and west,

It also stands for old U . T . whose chapter is the best.
V is for Vigor with which we cover ground,

And also for the Victory by which our toil is crowned.
W's our Wisdom in choosing A. O. P.

And for each Willing Worker who labors joyfully.
X , the Unknown Quantity whose finding caused us pain,

But since we're full-fledged Alpha O's, we have not lived in vain.
Y is for You all for whom this alphabet is made,

I n learning your frat A. B. C's, I hope 'twill prove an aid.
Z is for the Zest with which we've joined in hearty laughter
And for the Zebra-stripes "goats" wear the awful morning after.



Enter teacher with a few introductory remarks upon the success
of her career as such and upon her wonderful ability in the field
of instruction. I t was the deplorable fact that To DRAGMA had
made no mention of her extraordinary brilliance, and thus the
world at large had no opportunity to behold her merits. Judging
that it had missed much, she had decided that now in the presence
of all assembled at convention, she would demonstrate personally
what she could do. Enter pupil with book under arm and finger
in mouth.

Pupil: Mawnin' teacher, mawnin'.


Teacher: Good morning, do you know your lesson this morning?

Pupil: Yes'm, I certainly do. (Sits in chair and opens book).
Teacher: Well then, tell me the difference between a farm and a
Pupil: What kind o' lesson is that teacher,—geography?

Teacher: I t makes no difference whatsoever. Do you know or not?

Pupil: Oh yes'm—(runs finger down page of book).

A farm is a place with sheaves of wheat

The Farmer it is who tends it
But when a frat is f u l l of tares,

It takes a farmer to mend it.

Teacher: Very good. Now tell me the difference between a

brown camel and a Green Campbell.

Pupil: A brown camel and a green camel ? I never saw a green

Teacher: Yes you did.
Pupil: Not in my geography!

Teacher: Of course not! But don't you remember?

Pupil: Has it anything to do with the farmer?
Teacher: O hush and answer the question.
Pupil: Yes'm. (Consults book).

A brown camel big and strong,

Carries baggage all along,

A Green Campbell charming, true—
I n no caravan—carries you.

Teacher (vigorously) : Not at a l l !

A brown camel toiled long ago,

A Green Campbell toils yet

And whatever she may let us know
She's still a suffragette!

Now, what's the difference between a Bigelow and a piccalo?

Pupil: A piccalo pipes at musicals sweet,
A Bigelow pipes when congresses meet
The notes of the one are lost being shrill

The notes of the other are with us still.

Teacher: Fine! Do you know the difference between a quill and a

Pupil: Umh'm—

With a quill we write and write,
McQuillan writes for dollars bright
And when she gets them holds them tight
And never lets them out of sight.


Teacher: Well, not exactly—

We take a quill and write a page,
A t least we did i n a by-gone age,
A box McQuillan takes barren and cold
And fills it up with silver and gold.

Pupil: Say teacher, do you know the difference between a hoop

and a Hooper?
Teacher (shaking her head) : No, I don't believe I do.

Pupil (grinning) :
H i t a hoop with a stick and it rolls away,
A Hooper works on from day to day,
No stick is needed to urge her along
She just takes her pen and rights the wrong.

Teacher: Oh yes. Tell me now the difference between a Keats

and a Keating.
Pupil: Keats—that's English-huh? poetry?

Teacher: Well y-e-es—Go on.

Pupil: Keats we know was a poet sweet

Keating's an Alpha who can't be beat

Keats, of course, sang of joy and beauty,

While Keating always sings of duty.

Teacher: Exactly. What's the difference between Peary and

Perry ?

Pupil (aside) : Begins and ends with geography.

The one i n a land of ice and snow

Planted a flag with aid of charts;
The other the rosy jacqueminot

Planted deep within our hearts.

Exit teacher and pupil.

Respectfully submitted,







By making local organizations uniform and effective.
How do this: First of all the Model Constitution should be
adopted. A t present, constitutions are poor or entirely absent, by-
laws are old and unamended, presiding officers are lax and unac-
quainted with parliamentary methods, meetings are held at the con-
venience of the presiding officer and usually only regularly through
the rushing season. The Model Constitution provides for regular
meetings, alumnae representation and regular trained delegates. The
by-laws recommended are simple and general in application, and
other provisions are easily adaptable to varying local conditions. I f
this constitution were generally adopted and its provisions enforced,
we should have organizations which would be efficient working bodies
for the national organization to deal with.
In the second place, a local organization to be effective must bear
in mind the dual purpose of Pan-Hellenic—to promote good feeling
and to regulate rushing. Too often the first is entirely forgotten,
and the only effort toward regulation of rushing is by making petty
rules. Petty rules never did regulate rushing nor help toward good
feeling, as is shown only too well by the fact that nearly every case of
Pan-Hellenic dissension reported to National Pan-Hellenic this year
has been caused by petty rules.

Good feeling may be promoted by finding some common outside

1. Encouragement of scholarship. I n several institutions Pan-
Hellenic, through its delegates, has urged the chapters to issue schol-
arship cards for regular faculty reports. I n one place the dean of
women has been asked to report in meeting both the high grades and
the low grades learned by each fraternity. I n some places, through
the influence of Pan-Hellenic, the faculty prints lists of comparative
standings of all social organizations in the institution.

2. University activities may be encouraged. There is always
much the local Pan-Hellenics might do in the line of college set-
tlement work, raising funds for dormitories or a swimming tank,
urging regents to provide a Woman's Building. Such common in-
terests will help to hold the organization together and give the dele-
gates other things to think of than rushing rules and infringements.

3. Relations between fraternity girls and non-fraternity girls


should be improved. I n one college a fraternity had a girls' dancing
party, to which four girls from every other fraternity were invited.
Had there been non-fraternity girls also present, what proved to be an
excellent means of promoting good-feeling might have been still
more effective.

4. Rushing should be regulated—not by the boarding school
methods, which prescribed that "absolutely no food shall be served
to freshmen by fraternity girls," and "dances shall not be engaged
until just before the encore preceding the dance desired."

We are college women, and we should be broad enough to adopt

general rules, such as:
1. Scholarship requirements before initiation.
2. Inconspicuous rushing (which shall bar theatre parties, en-

tertainments at public restaurants or hotels, drives, etc., but shall
permit simple entertainments at fraternity rooms or houses, homes
of alumnae or patronesses). t

3. Limited expense.
4. Formal bid without interview.
There should be, as well, an expressed sentiment against discussing
fraternities other than your own, and regarding rules for active girls
being kept by alumnae. Sentiment in this direction should be en-
couraged by every delegate in her own chapter and by every alumnae
delegate among the alumnae.
Working along these general lines the efficiency of the local or-
ganizations w i l l be increased, and they will lend themselves much
more generally to the advancement of the work of the national or-
ganization. Strong local organizations means a strong, effective
national organization.

FRANCES PERKINS, Visiting Delegate to Alpha Phi.


In order to comply with the request of the N . P. C. Chairman
for an article on Fraternity Examinations, letters were sent out
April 1 to the delegates. Replies have been received from eleven
out of seventeen, and the following data was obtained from these

Time.—Annual: March.
Type.— ( 1 ) Pre-entrance given any time before initiation.
(2)Sophomore, on Alpha Chi Omega. ( 3 ) Junior, on
Pan-Hellenic, men's and women's fraternities, policies>
methods. [Fourth year members are the only ones ex-


Preparation.—Lists of subjects furnished each chapter by its
alumnae adviser.

Conduct.—Official examiner aided by alumnae advisers.
Grades.—Papers graded by official examiner and the advisers

on basis of 100 per cent general averages and relative stand-
ing of chapters published in The Lyre.
Pan-Hellenic Questions and Preparation.—Found in Junior
examination, based on National Pan-Hellenic reports, local
Pan-Hellenic rules and conditions, Sorority Hand-Book
which each chapter is required to possess.


Time.—Annual: Spring.
Type.—Presumably same set of questions for all.
Preparation.—No topical outlines. Questions are known to

be based on chapter and fraternity history, constitution,
chapter-roll, Sorority Hand-Book.
Conduct.—List of questions sent out by Grand President.
Corrected papers with grades are returned to her.
Grades.—Marked in percentage, grades read in chapter meet-
ing. Those who fail must pass another examination at once.
Pan-Hellenic Questions and Preparation.—At least one ques-
tion of general Pan-Hellenic interest, based on Sorority


Time.—Annual: March or April.
Typev—Set of five questions for each class.
Preparation.—Constitution, National Pan-Hellenic reports,

Sorority Hand-Book.

Conduct.—Questions are sent and papers corrected by an ex-
amining committee.

Grades.—100 per cent scale. Chapter averages are sent to
each chapter.

Pan-Hellenic Questions and Preparation.—Junior examina-
tion only, Sorority Hand-Book.


Time.—Annual: Spring.

Type.—Freshmen: Alpha X i Delta and general Greek-letter
fraternity information.
Sophomore: Secret work.
Junior: Pan-Hellenic.

Senior: Policies and methods within the fraternity.


Preparation.—Constitution, Secret Work, Knowledge of

Founders, Sorority Hand-Book, National Pan-Hellenic re-

Conduct.—Not stated.
Grades.—Passing grade of 96.
Pan-Hellenic Questions and Preparation.—Junior examina-

tion; Sorority Hand-Book and National Pan-Hellenic



Time.—Annual: April.
Type.—Part 1—Freshmen and Sophomore Constitution, rit-

ual, history, general fraternity history, which includes the
* Pan-Hellenic history. Part II—Juniors and Seniors : Ques-

tions of general college and fraternity interest.
Preparation.—Sorority Hand-Book and National Pan-Hel-

lenic reports are basis of Pan-Hellenic questions.


Time.—Annual: Second Saturday in March.
Type.—I—Pledged members.—Written examination on chap-

ter roll, national officers and names of fraternities in Na-
tional Pan-Hellenic Congress, before initiation.

I I — Freshmen—Ritual, chapter roll, constitution, by-
laws, rubrics, history (10) questions.

I I I — Junior—Policies and methods within the fraternity,
local and national Pan-Hellenic questions on other f r a -
nities, both men's and women's (10 questions).
Preparation.—Topical outlines for chapter-study, prepared by
Board of Examinations and printed in first issue of Triton.
Outlines refer to text-books: History of Delta Delta Delta,
Trident, Triton, Trireme files, constitution rituals, rubrics,
Sorority Hand-Book and Baird's Manual.
Conduct.—Standing Board of Examinations (national sec-
retary, one of six vice-presidents, a third member elected by
the executive committee) prepares topical outlines, ques-
tions, supervises study, grades papers and reports to var-
ious officers.
Grades.—Passing grade of 90 per cent. Failures must re-
peat examinations year following. Record of per cents ob-
tained by each member are filed with national Marshal and
published in the Triton. Failures in examinations and fail-
ures to take examinations are reported to the Board of Dis-
cipline. Members refusing to take examinations are de-
prived of chapter vote until the examination is taken.



Time—Annual—March or April.
Type—Four groups,

a—Questions to be answered by all.
I)—Questions to be answered by underclassmen,
c—Questions to be answered by upperclassmen.
d—Questions to make up a set of 8.

Preparation.—Large number of questions sent to each chapter.
Examination questions are chosen from among these. Syl-
labi published by the fraternity from time to time give in-
formation along required lines.

Conduct.—Education Committee.
Grades.—Given in figures.

Pan-Hellenic Questions and Preparation.—Questions involve
a study of last National Pan-Hellenic Congress—also ques-
tions in regard to other fraternities—their organization as
shown in their journals.


Time.—Biennial—alternating with conventions—February or

Type.— (Same for all actives).

Five questions on general fraternities.

Five questions on Pan-Hellenic matters.

Remaining questions on Zeta Tau Alpha.

Preparation.—Ritual—Sorority Hand Books. National Pan-
Hellenic reports and bulletins.

Conduct—Questions prepared by Grand Council.

Grades—Papers are graded by the Grand President and pub-
lished in Themis.


Time.—Annual: April.

Type.—Four separate forms for Freshmen, Sophomores, Jun-
iors, Seniors.

Preparation.—A "Basis of Examination" sent prior to exa-
mination date.

Conduct.—An examining committee works in conjunction
with inspectors and council, prepares "Basis," grades

Grades.—Per cents published in the Triangle. Hand-
Pan-Hellenic Questions and Preparation.—Sorority

Book and National Pan-Hellenic literature.


10. P H I Mu.

Type.—Same for all members covering history of Phi M u ,

constitution; ritual and general matters of fraternal in-


Preparation.—Topics for study sent to chapters by November


Conduct.—Grand Historian, together with the province pres-
idents, form the examination committee, prepare outlines.
The province officers personally conduct the examinations
at the time of their annual visits to chapters.

Grades.—Papers are graded by the examiner.
Pan-Hellenic Questions and Preparation.—One of seven top-

ics f o r study devoted to Pan-Hellenic subjects—references
to Sorority Hand-Books and National Pan-Hellenic printed


A selection of the most comprehensive, searching, and interesting

questions in the various sets submitted:—


Pre-entrance test.—Constituency of National Pan-Hellenic and

its purpose.

Junior test:
1. Local Pan-Hellenic.
a. Meetings.
b. Success of local Pan-Hellenic.
1. Reasons i f not successful.
2. Suggestions for improvement.

2. National Pan-Hellenic Congress.
a. Organization.
1. When.
2. By what fraternity.
b. Admission requirements.
c. Place and time of meeting.
d. Method of choosing officers.
e. Present secretary and our representative.
f. Fraternities represented—description of badges.


1. Name the Pan-Hellenic fraternities not represented

your college.
2. Name four leading women's fraternities.



1. (a) What is a national sorority? (h) Name the two
chief agencies that are securing a unification of
college standards.

2. (a) When and where was the first Intersorority Con-
ference and by whom was it called? (b) When
was Alpha Omicron Pi admitted?

3. (a) What was the first secret society for women. When
and where founded? (b) Name first national
woman's fraternity—when and where founded?


1. What was convention legislation concerning National
Pan-Hellenic Congress?

2. What did the last National Pan-Hellenic Congress ac-
complish and what propose?

3. Give an account of not less than 100 words of the frater-
nity movement among women, mentioning at least four
other women's organizations.


1. What college in the United States was the first to open
its doors to the higher education of women?

2. What was the first Greek-letter society in the United
States, and where founded? When?

3. When do you consider a university one of collegiate rank?
4. Who was the originator of ,the National Pan-Hellenic?

Of what fraternity was she a member? Date and
place of first National Pan-Hellenic meeting.
5. What three important questions did the National Pan-
Hellenic Congress consider at its last meeting? What
decision was rendered in each case?


Discuss the various standards of scholarship required by dif-
ferent sororities in National Pan-Hellenic Congress, and
give the practical results of their operation among the chap-
ters in your own colleges.


Miss Griffith, official examiner of Alpha Chi Omega, writes: "Per-
sonally I think the examinations are of great value, especially
our third year, one with its wider outlook upon the fraternity world
When I meet girls from other fraternities, as I have several times


who frankly admit that they never heard of my fraternity, as there
was no local chapter in their college, I cannot help but pray that no
Alpha Chi Omega will lay herself open to such criticism as these
girls have subjected their fraternity to, in my eyes. I presume, of
course, there are plenty, but we are attempting to prevent that, for
every girl initiated must have heard of the other fraternities in Na-
tional Pan-Hellenic Congress. Whether she remembers them is
another question."

Alpha Gamma Delta believes that fraternity examinations are neces-
sary in order to have well-informed fraternity women who take an in-
telligent interest in fraternity questions. "Personally," Miss Elizabeth
Corbett writes, "I believe most heartily in Pan-Hellenic questions,
which help to spread knowledge of itself and its possibilities and
which emphasize the Pan-Hellenic idea in concerted and appreciable

Mrs. Pigelow gives her personal opinion which she believes to be
also that of Alpha Omicron Pi. "Examinations are a very good thing
for keeping active office. It makes them study National Pan-Hellenic
reports which otherwise would probably receive little consideration,
for we must admit that they are rather dry reading unless one is spe-
cially interested in them."

Miss Baldwin, of Alpha X i Delta, "believes most heartily in the

Pan-Hellenic question, because the locals in many places mean little

but bickering and the national seems far off."

"In Chi Omega," Mrs. Collins says, "we regard the examinations

as very valuable, calling as they do, for expressions of opinion from

the whole fraternity."
Miss Hall writes of the Kappa Alpha Theta examinations: "We

consider them of value—we try to have the matter planned so that
it is not a cramming time, and then forgetting what one has learned.
I certainly should not consider that the National Pan-Hellenic did
its work as it should if our chapters were not as well informed as
possible on Pan-Hellenic matters and I think that some who would
not otherwise take time to know, will get knowledge of the aims and
acts of the congress by study at this time."

Miss Small writes that the Sigma Kappa purpose of examinations
is "not to find out how little they do know, but to hold them respon-
sible for definite knowledge upon definite things."

Dr. Hopkins states that it has been her experience in Zeta Tau
Alpha that "the value of examinations is in the fact that it forces
the girls to study not only their own fraternity but others—and that
helps keep a fraternity from being narrow and self-centered."

Phi Mu's plan of annual examinations, which has been carried on


now for years, has, according to Miss Monning, "done more to per-
fect internal development than any one thing—a system of annual
examinations is by far the best means of obtaining specific results in
the way of specific information to the fraternity in question and of
general information regarding broad topics of fraternal interest."

AMY O L G E N PARMELEE, Delta Delta Delta.


High school fraternities have sprung up and flourished from one
of the same causes that has operated to develop the college fraternity
—namely, the longing of youth to "belong" to something that is ex-
clusive and that is for that reason presumably superior.

If college fraternities had no other or better ground for support
than this they ought all to be abolished, for there is danger of harm
in all of them.

But all the sincere criticisms made of the college fraternity system
are based either upon ignorance or upon faults than can be cor-
rected. Furthermore, there are weighty arguments in their favor.
The chief of these arguments is based upon the fact that college
life is not at all a natural but wholly an artificial condition of things
made necessary in the modern world for the sake of convenience,
economy and effectiveness in higher education. The young men and
women are away from home and its ties; the family influences, so im-
portant in the development of youth that they are provided by nature
(for the family is a natural group) these ties are broken or weakened
and many college students—not all perhaps—seriously need the broth-
erly or sisterly bond that a good fraternity supplies.

The colleges neglected this great responsibility and therefore the
American college fraternity system grew up and has become wide-
spread and powerful for good, if wisely used and controlled.

On the other hand, the weak and unnatural imitations that have
grown up in the high schools, while they have all the faults and dan-
gers that may be found in college fraternities, intensified because of
the immaturity of their members, have absolutely none of the grounds
for existence which justify our support of the college fraternities.
The wastefulness, extravagance, selfishness, snobbishness, insubordina-
tion, are all here in discouraging prevalence and offensive shape.
There is no need for them, and their usefulness and harmfulness are
recognized among school authorities, are coming to be so recognized
by legislatures and gradually by the body of parents everywhere.


However, there are still many who do not think this matter through

clearly, and unless some other influence controls these organizations

soon, they will be dealt with by state legislatures generally, as they

have already been dealt with in eight or ten states, and sweeping

action may result in the exclusion of "secret societies" from all public

institutions, including state colleges and universities. This has been

done already in two states.

The situation is plainly in the hands of the college fraternities.

If the leading college fraternities were to unite in an agreement to

exclude from their membership any student, after a fixed date, who

had ever joined any secret society before, they would accomplish two

things: First, they would free themselves from the dangers of sweep-

ing state legislation hinted at above; second, they would very quickly

and thoroughly solve a difficult problem for the entire country and

would thus earn the lasting gratitude of all sensible and well in-

formed people. J O H N CALVIN H A N N A , Beta Theta Pi,

Principal Oak Park (111.) High School.


Looking into the matter for yourself is very different from being
told about. Also, making a study of a matter and knowing enough
about it to appreciate its real value, is quite different from learning
of it from reports, bulletins, etc. As this is true, we can understand
how very difficult it is for chapters and individual fraternity women
to become enthusiastic and realize the purposes of the National Pan-
Hellenic Congress and to estimate the far-reaching work it has
wrought since its inception. How can we change this ? Our con-
ventions afford some opportunity in this direction. The following
plan which Zeta Tau Alpha has adopted for her August convention
may be of interest:

A special day has been set aside as "National Day," and its entire
sessions are to be devoted to the National Pan-Hellenic Congress.
First, the Congress will be vitalized. The lives and services of the
delegates best known in the Congress will be set forth in detail in
order that a knowledge of the personnel of the Congress will em-
phasize the impression and understanding that these delegates are
women of mental poise and judicial endowment—and, therefore,
well qualified to cope with the problems of the present college frater-
nity world and to direct the energies of the fraternities to the greater
opportunities of the future. Second, an accurate and detailed account


of the last Congress will be given, in order that our convention may
know some of the knotty problems which confront national Pan-
Hellenism and how often their solutions—giving satisfaction to all—
are difficult. Third, it will be known that the Congress is not a body
to make rushing contracts or petty rules, as many seem to think, but
in contrast it will be emphasized that the Congress, in the brief
period of its organization, has accomplished considerable that is
worth while. This will be illustrated by reading, with discussions,
full of reports of the committee on "Social Customs," "Deans' Con-
ference," "Chaperones," and "Scholarship."

Lastly, it will be demonstrated how the Congress is a power, in

that it is composed of women who can reach an agreement on ques-

tions for the common good. The secret of such power lies in the

fact that the aims of the Congress are never lost sight of and the in-

dividual and selfish motives are controlled and, moreover, small sacri-

fices are often made in order to strengthen the whole. Local Pan-

Hellenics will be portrayed in contrast wherein they fail to make

definite and earnest progress when their delegates work in opposite

directions, accentuated by selfish motives and thus disregard the com-

mon good. MAY AGNES H O P K I N S , Zeta Tau Alpha.


The Executive Committee requests each grand president to reply to
the chairman on or before August 30th if she can attend a confer-
ence of grand presidents, to be held in Chicago, probably Wednes-
day, October 9th, a day prior of the opening of the National Pan-
Hellenic Congress.

In explanation of this plan, which originated with Mrs. Collins,
grand president of Chi Omega, the Executive Committee prints the
following communication from Mrs. Collins:

"It is fundamental to the success of fraternities that they have the
esteem of college and university authorities. But, as all of us know,
we have been experiencing not a little doubt and even some active
opposition from these sources. To overcome both the doubt and the
opposition, it would seem that we should be of one accord at our
points of contact with the college and the university and should try,
unitedly, to show how the fraternity may be utilized in the plans and
purpose of a college. And to this end it is suggested that there be
held a conference of the grand presidents of fraternities represented in
National Pan-Hellenic.

"Mrs. Balderston, Alpha Phi; Mrs. Roth. Kappa Kappa Gamma;
Mrs. Parmelee, Delta Delta Delta; Miss Shepard, Gamma Phi Beta,


and Miss Keller, Pi Beta Phi have signified hearty approval of such
a conference and have suggested that the time of holding it be at the
next Pan-Hellenic Congress.

"Such a conference would bring about strong, united action, and
the free discussion incident to a conference would give us under-
standing of conditions, and it is this understanding that is essential
to intelligent co-operation. It is, then, by co-operation at the point
of the really fine things in fraternity life that we may hope for the
best development of the fraternity system. No fraternity, standing
alone, can bring this best development about. Co-operation will be
the keynote of our fulness of success.

"In connection with co-operation another point might well be
raised. In view of the criticism which fraternities have suffered of
late, it is natural that all of us wish to take some action looking to
the bettering of conditions. But when action, if supported by the
colleges, would affect the whole fraternity system without the agree-
ment of a majority of those who make up the system, it would seem
better that it await the united approval of the fraternities, indepen-
dent action in such instances would add to the confusion. Whereas
our need is time—time for gaining very clear vision and time for
growth. The vision and the growth are necessary if we wish the
fraternities to have the approval of thoughtful people."


The eleventh National Pan-Hellenic Congress will be called to
order probably Thursday noon, October 10th, in order to close the
following Saturday with a luncheon to which all college fraternity
women in and around Chicago will be invited.

Places for holding the sessions and luncheon will be announced
in the September bulletin.

Each delegate is requested to advise the chairman before August
15th as to details and features of the Congress program which her
fraternity wishes emphasized. Each delegate is asked also, to call
attention to any paper prepared for a summer convention or else-
where, which her fraternity thinks suitable for presentation at the
Congress. Each delegate is instructed further to advise the chairman
of the number of luncheon invitations (postals) which her fraternity

The printed matter, issued by the National Pan-Hellenic-this year,
and consisting of the report of the Tenth Conference, the Supple-
mentary Report, the Social Customs Report, and the bulletins dated
February 1st, May 1st and September 1st, is of uniform size in order


that this material may be kept compactly in a binder by each dele-
gate and fraternity official.

Congress delegates should call the attention of their officials and
chapters in convention and otherwise, to the valuable information and
data compiled in the Sorority Hand Book. Conventions should ar-
range with its author, Mrs. Ida Shaw Marton, Roxbury, Mass., to
have copies on sale.

Mrs. Crann reports the imperative need of some chapter house
chaperones. The Intercollegiate Bureau of Occupations, 38 West
32d Street, New York City, may be able to find some chapter house
chaperones among women seeking post-graduate courses or other col-
legiate affiliations.

The fraternity editors are asked to assist the Congress delegates
in finding out at their conventions, or otherwise, if the National Pan-
Hellenic journals are on file in their college libraries, and, further, if
provisions for filing and binding these magazines are made by the
college libraries or local Pan-Hellenics. Each fraternity is asked to
report to the chairman on this matter before August 30th.

The Executive Committee is importuned constantly by active and
alumnae chapters, editors, local Pan-Hellenics, fraternity officials
and university authorities to define the status of sophomore pledging
and initiation.

Because this scheme is in an experimental stage, the Executive
Committee can offer little information at present. The Executive
Committee requests each delegate to make a thorough investigation
of this experimental scheme of pledging and initiation at conven-
tions and otherwise, and to report on its merits and defects to
Mrs. McElroy before August 30th, in order that a committee can
determine upon a plan for its discussion at the next Congress.

The following fraternities announce their summer conventions:
Alpha Chi Omega, August, Madison, Wis.
Alpha Omicron Pi—June, Evanston, 111.
Alpha Phi, June, Minneapolis, Minn.
Chi Omega—June, Niagara Falls, Canada.
Delta Delta Delta—August, Columbus, Ohio.
Kappa Kappa Gamma—August, Evanston, 111.
Pi Beta Phi—June, Evanston, 111.
Zeta Tau Alpha—August, Old Point Comfort, Va.



TH E purpose of a strictly convention number of To DRAGMA was
to spread the enthusiasm and joy of the convention as well as the
information of its accomplishments to the sisters who were not for-
tunate enough to attend. Unhappily our more fortunate sisters
failed in a great measure to realize our hunger for the joy and en-
thusiasm, which accounts for the lack of response to the editors
letters asking for material, and for the lack in size of this issue of our

T HIS issue of T o DRAGMA is secret, and there are no exchanges
of the number issued to other sororities or fraternities.




Alpha was very glad to hear of this unexpected opportunity of
writing to you all before the summer vacation. I especially want to
tell our sisters about our farewell luncheon to the 1912 Alphas.
However, as that happened only last Friday, I shall reserve it for the

Commencement is now past history, and Mig, Beth and Hester
are no longer "actives," that is, in name; but we know they will
always be active in Alpha's interest. Beth and Mig were both in
the cast for the Senior Play, and Beth was a busy member of the
senior Banquet Committee. Esther was a valuable assistant to the
Senior Ivy Day Committee. It seems strange to dismiss commence-
ment festivities with only a few commonplace remarks—particularly
when we were so intensely interested in them all.

Alpha wishes to introduce Helen Dounes, '14, to all the chapters.
Helen is our newest sister. She was initiated Friday evening, June
7, amid an imposing company of our graduates.

Now, a word about our luncheon. I do not know if any of you
have ever attended a luncheon when one course is served at each house,
and the guests go from house to house. It is really much more in-
teresting than the usual kind, inasmuch as it furnishes more variety.
Our seniors seemed to enjoy it, and we actives had a glorious time.

Esther and Viola are busily preparing for the convention. How
we wish we, too, could go—however they carry our best greetings to
you all.


We feel that we have been unusually successful this year in having
several of our sisters with us on different occasions. The visits of
Mrs. Farmer and Miss Henderson are still remembered by us with
great pleasure. Our latest good luck was to have with us for two
weeks Mrs. Stella Stern Perry, whom we all fell in love with. These
visits have served two purposes: for they have enabled us to get
acquainted with some of Alpha's staunchest supporters and have also
brought us in closer touch with the various chapters and girls about
whom we have all heard, and whom we still hope to meet some day.

Right now, we have just had all the commencement festivities
and are scattering to our homes for the summer, after what we hope
was a beneficial year. But here I am telling you about going away
from Newcomb, when I have not even told you about commence-


First, there was the Senior Class Play on which occasion "Alice
In Wonderland" was most successfully presented. Dagmar, our
senior, took the part of a fairy at one time, and the part of a cook
at another. In this last role she was so charming that we have de-
cided to engage her services for all future luncheons.

Then came the class day exercises, the day on which the seniors
present the cap and gown to the juniors. Besides this, the exercises
consisted of the march around the campus led by the seniors, carry-
ing a long "daisy chain" (only it was a magnolia one) and followed
by the whole student body and alumnae.

Other events, closing exercises, tennis tea, alumnae banquets, filled
most of the time from May 24 to May 29. However, the largest
event of commencement week is University Night when all depart-
ments of Tulane join in a "fete-champetre" on Newcomb grounds.
This year the celebration consisted of the presentation of pageants
from Hiawatha, accompanied by unique Indian dances. Dagmar,
our senior, filled us with pride by winning a prize for her work in art.

And now another year of our college life is over, and as in the
beginning of the scholastic year, so in the end, we send to all our
sisters, both far and near, a wealth of good wishes for a delightful


As we look back over the work of another year, again we are
brought to consider the sorority and what it has meant to us. Again
we feel drawn together by a hand which we know will mean more
and more to us through the years which are to follow our happy
years here. We are again impressed with the importance of the
national sorority as a tie between the alumnae and her college for we
all feel that as long as our chapter shall exist we have a welcome
awaiting us at University of Tennessee.

Our sorority has meant so much to us in so many ways. She has
been the inspiration for our best efforts in times when our interest
would otherwise have lagged, she has made us more zealous in push-
ing the interest of our college, she has been the brightest spot in
the society part of our college days.

Omicron chapter is heartily in favor of the new suggestion which,
if adopted, will have for its aim the raising of the standard of schol-
arship for the sorority.

The social functions which preceded commencement were very
much enjoyed by us all; the Fraternity Pan-Hellenic Association
gave a number of dances, the Junior class entertained the Senior class
with an informal dance which was one of the jolliest occasions of the


Tennessee, as the head of the high school system in the state,
entertained the delegates to the "Preparatory and High School In-
terscholastic Athletic and Oratorical Meet" which was held here on
May 17 and 18. This was well attended and was a splendid adver-
tisement for the university. On the night of the 18, the Athletic
Association of Tennessee gave a circus followed by a ball which was
the greatest event of the whole year.

One of the features of commencement at University of Tennessee
will be the erection and dedication of a sun dial, the gift of the
Senior class of 1912 to her Alma Mater.

The summer school of the south will be conducted on a new plan
this year. Credit will be given toward a degree at the University.

Omicron chapter has for the past few years observed the custom
of leaving to our room some gift which will be a permanent memento
of our love for our chapter.

This year we gave a beautiful leather runner for the table.

It is hard to write a letter at commencement time, for letters have
a way of sounding doleful when they are written just as everything
is breaking up and everybody is beginning to take her pictures from
the wall and her curtains from the windows in preparation for leav-
ing. We regret the breaking up this year especially, because we shall
lose four seniors, Marva Thompson, Elizabeth Webber. Ireyson
Hoofnaglc, and Eleanor Somerville, besides Frances Allen, who
graduated in music. There are also several undergraduates who do
not expect to return next year. I believe we shall miss them more
than usual, because we have taken in only one girl this year on
account of sophomore pledging, and next year life will be so stren-
ous until pledge day that we will need every one of our girls.

Frances Allen played beautifully at the final concert, and it goes
without saying that we were very, very proud of her. As we fol-
lowed our seniors through all the commencement exercises, we were
torn between pride in them and regret at their coming departure.
Commencement was as usual. First there was the concert, then the
literary society debate, the baccalaureate sermon, class day, and the
presenting of the diplomas.

We are glad to say that A O TI was well represented at our recent
elections. Several of our girls were elected to positions of import-
ance. Nan Atkinson will be president of the Senior class next year;
Linda Best, of the Athletic Association; Annie Kate Bilbert, vice-
president of the Y. W. C. A . ; Patty Paxton, business manager of the
Athletic Association; Nan Atkinson, secretary of the Y . W. C . A . ;


and Linda Best, Nan Atkinson and Nannie Vaden on the Helianthus

And now we are beginning to look forward to next year, and we are
wondering what it has in store for us. We hope with all our hearts
that it will bring success and happiness to us and to all our sisters
in A O II.


April 13 Zeta had a "rushing" dance for about fifteen rushees, sev-
eral from out of town. This has been the last of our social activities
for the year.

Next fall the sororities at the University of Nebraska will start
out under a new system of rules for rushing and pledging. Girls
cannot be pledged until the second semester, with the exception of
sisters who can be pledged the fourth week of school. Beginning
with September, 1913 the fraternities will also have the second sem-
ester pledging rules.

Just now we are looking forward to the convention. The fol-
lowing girls from Zeta chapter will attend: Lou Chace, Stella But-
ler, Annabel Good and Kate Lee.

Everyone is unusually busy finishing the work of the semester and
preparing for the examinations. Zeta has four seniors this year—
Alvine Zumwinkel, Helen Steiner. Hazel Williams, and Grace Gan-
non. Alvine Zumwinkel has been elected to Phi Beta Kappa. The
baccalaureate exercises for the class of 1912 will be held Sunday,
June 9. The degrees will be conferred June 13.


It certainly seems good to have no more college duties for awhile,
but simply to bask in vacation atmosphere.

The general winding up of everything is always rather strenuous,
but examinations over, the commencement festivities were much en-
joyed. On the morning of May 13, the Senior Pilgrimage took place.
The girls all dress in white, carrying white parasols, while the men
wear dark coats, white trousers and their old Senior plugs, and all
go marching along to the various tunes played by the University
Band. A halt is called at each building on the campus, and here
the illustrious ones of the class pause, and give speech. It is all
wonderfully quaint and attractive.

In the evening the Senior ball came off. Not being a senior my-
self, I did not participate, but was told that it was a grand success.

The fifteenth was the day for graduation. The exercises were
held in the Greek Theater, beginning at nine-thirty in the morning,


and it was indeed a strangely impressive sight. President Wheeler's
address to the class was splendid, being exactly what it should have
been to suit the occasion.

The girls who have left our midst are Margaret Hurley, Grace
Weeks, Irene Flanagan, Olive Cutter and Lucile Kistler. I t is sad
to think that we shall see so little of so many of them from now on,
but it is possible that one or two may return for their post-graduate

Rose Gardner took her master's degree, a fact we are all proud of.
And now here's wishing you a grand and glorious vacation, the
very best one imaginable, sisters of Alpha Omicron.


The past few months have been busy ones for DePauw. May 6,
7, and 8 was our annual festival of music and this year the program
was unusually good. The Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra re-
turned to us and gave two numbers. Genevieve Wheat, Myrtle Eloyn,
and many other noted artists were with us.

In the Girl's Glee Club, which gave one number in the Festival,
were two of our active girls, Iva Smith and Ruth Ritchie.

May 22 was May Day, Girl's Day at DePauw. I n the morning
there were interesting chapel exercises held in Meharry Hall with an
eminent suffragette as speaker. Directly after this, was the impres-
sive ceremony of burning the freshmen caps and the planting of the
ivy by the Seniors. The first thing in the afternoon was the wind-
ing of the May pole by the Senior girls and the march of all the
classes. The Junior and Sophomore girls gave folk dances and their
quaint, bright costumes made a beautiful picture. Last, but by no
means least, came the "Freshies." These girls gave a flower dance,
representing poppies, white, pink, yellow, and red. I n the evening the
girls of the University gave a lantern drill on the campus and after
this came the play. The play, "Twig o' Thorn," a delightful little
piece, f u l l of fairies and elves and all of the quaint superstition of
the Irish, was given very ably by the girls of DePauw. One of our
girls, Iva Smith, held an important role.

This year was DePauw's banner commencement for this is her
seventy-fifth anniversary. Over a thousand alumni returned for the
closing festivities. This year a great honor came to DePauw when
our beloved President, Francis J. McConnell, was made Bishop.

The Coburn players gave two performances on Tuesday, June 11.
Wednesday evening the President and Trustees gave a reception on
the campus and a delightful concert was given by members of the
School of Music.


A t ten o'clock that night at the Caplinger house, was Theta's
Alumni Banquet. I t was a delightful six course dinner and was
thoroughly enjoyed by us all. The following list of toasts was
given. Toastmistress, Lucy Allen; The Pioneers, Cora Frazier;
Chanticleer, Fern Thompson; Twice Told Tales, Helen Sharp; The
Blue Bird, Ethel Tillette.

The menu cards were very unique, having the names and addresses
of the entire chapter.

The girls who came back for the banquet were: Lucy Allen, Mabel
Allen, Celia Bates, Ruth Cain, Daisy Coons, Jesse Couchman, Mabel
Dice, Frieda Pfafflin Dorner, Jane Farmer, Cora Frazier, Flora
Frazier, Edna Harvey, Nell Savage Hazlett, Edith Huering. Flor-
ence Hughes, Florence Jones, Ruby Jones, Avis Kelley, Louise Kie-
fer, Forest Kyle, Verne Laming, Laura Jaques Leazenby, Bess Lever-
ing, Pearl Maze, Corabelle McCready, Irene Miller, Grace Norris,
Nell Prall, Loey Read, Ruth Ritchie, Helen Sharp, Iva Smith, Anna
Stafford, Roxie Stafford, Ruth Stafford, Fern Thompson, Ethel
Tillette, Lura Wallace, Iva Wark, Gladys Whitaker.

Twelve of our girls attended the convention and we all had the
time of our lives.

On Tuesday morning, June 11, two of our alumni, Jane Farmer
and Nell Hazelett gave a breakfast for the actives and our visiting
alumni, at the beautiful country home of the Farmers. A delightful
three course breakfast was served and was thoroughly enjoyed by
every one present.


Another year has passed quickly by and we are all thinking of the
new girls who will come to take the place of the seven seniors who will

This spring has been f u l l of social affairs both for A O I I and
the other girls in college. Right after spring vacation our alumnae
entertained us at Dr. Carvill's. After playing whist in the after-
noon we enjoyed a fine supper and social good time. We are always
glad to meet our alumnae and get better acquainted.

The event to which everyone in college has been looking forward
and for which many have been working hard came off in April. This
year's operetta, "The Rose and the Ring" was even more successful
than last year's. Mary Kingsley, '03, wrote the words to the music
by Mrs. Lewis. Ruth Leavey, '15, made a great hit as "Betsinda."
The part of the fairy was very well taken by Frances Huntington.
12, and Octavia Chapin, '13, made a regal queen. Etta Phillips, '13,
as Bulbo kept the audience in laughter. The butler's one speech
was but a small part of her character and Emily Evelette, '14, did it


to perfection. Besides these solo parts several of our girls were in
the chorus.

Instead of having the regulation tea for the other girls, Delta in-
stituted a new custom this year by giving a "coffee." It was a very
informal affair, held in several rooms of the dormitory but all agreed
that it was a fine idea for every one has a hungry feeling before
lunch time comes.

Our big dance was as successful as usual. We did not spend much
time on decorations this year but the "gym" looked very well twined
with laurel and ornamented with palms.

Junior day proved a great disappointment because of the rain but
the play in the evening was clever so we forgot the outside. Isabel
Owler, Etta Phillips, and Dorothy Bartlett were all in it and
they all played their parts well.

We are proud to have another A O II make Phi Beta Kappa this
year to keep up our record of the year before. There are never more
than two girls to make it so we can justly feel proud of Marion

Now we must say good-bye until another year and then every one
will be full of rushing. We wish a happy summer to all with a suc-
cessful "rushing" season to follow.


On May 18 the girls of Gamma gave their annual dance at the Mt.
Vernon House. The long low porch was gay with Chinese lanterns
and flowers, and comfortable couches were scattered about every-
where. Everything was delightfully informal and everybody voted
our party a great success.

Graduation last week, took from our band eight loyal members, and
it is with sorrow that we see them go. They are Helen Averill.
Emily Bartlett, June Kelley, Helen Worster, Celia Coffin. Rebecca
Chilcott, Hazel Mariner, Marion Estabrooke, and Euella Woodman.
Four of our graduates, Helen Averill, June Kelley, Helen Worster,
and Luella Woodman made Phi Kappa Phi, while Luella Woodman
also took highest honors for scholarship for the four years.

Many of the alumnae of A O IT were back during Commencement
week, and we held a jolly little reunion at the home of Mrs. Schoppe,
our faculty member. There we sat in a circle and ate our "suckers"
and ice-cream cones, and talked over the past, present, and future.
We planned to have a little sewing party every two weeks at the
home of one of the girls during the summer.

Gamma wishes to all its sister chapters a pleasant summer.



If it were not for the fact that we are all breathless with the.last
frenzied preparations for finals, we should feel very, very blue. For,
with the end of the year comes the parting with our seniors, who have
guided our chapter through its trials and tribulations. And to add
to our sorrow we lose also Mrs. Duggar who has proved herself our
firm friend and adviser. She goes to a western university, and with
her go Epsilon's heartiest good wishes.

But, as I said, we are all so absorbed in final cramming and in
elections for the coming year that we have no time to realize our
losses. In the elections of the class honorary societies, A O II girls
made a good record. Three of our girls have been chosen for the
junior society and one for the senior. Another activity that has
taken our attention has been the drawing up of the Pan-Hellenic
rules for next year. In 1913 the sororities at Cornell are to have
sophomore pledge day, and so, to soften the blow somewhat, next
year pledging is to l>e late in the spring. We have practically no
rules; we are simply going to try to become acquainted naturally.
We are rather dubious as to the outcome of such a season; but we
shall try our best to make it a success.

So with good wishes for a very happy vacation, and for success in
your examinations, Epsilon bids you good-bye for the summer.


Commencement day came on June 12 but for several days before,
the Commencement festivities had been carried on. The torch-light
parade, when we marched through Evanston with .all the noise possi-
ble, all departments of the university striving to "out-yell" each other ;
the Olympic tryouts; the folk dancing; the class day parade and
stunts; the commencement itself;—in most of these, was Alpha
Omicron represented. We were glad to participate in these affairs—
all excepting one,—for in that one. Rho lost three of her finest girls.
Elizabeth Hiestand, Ann Curry and Caroline Power received the
diploma which stood for four years of faithful work and for entrance
into the wide, wide world. But the other affairs were less sad and
showed that fun can be gotten when nearly five thousand students
unite in laughter, song and noise.

After Commencement week, when all the girls stayed in Evans-
ton instead of going home and the alumni began to come in, one by
one, we realized how near convention was. And then June 20 ar-
rived and with it, an assemblage of the finest girls in the country.
I won't begin to describe convention, because many of you know how
grand it was, the rest of you will probably hear from your girls


by word of mouth which is better than reading about it and, any-
way, I couldn't describe it with justice, should I try. Rho was so
very happy to be able to have convention with her and to meet all
of the Alpha O's who came to Evanston and hopes that many of
them will come again to see more of "Windy Chicago." And please,
if any Alpha Omicron is passing through Chicago, won't she let
some of us of Rho know?


On May 21 we said good-bye to one another and closed the house.
When we return in the fall it will be to our own new home. Aren't
we happy about it though?

Senior Week was most successful. We began with our Senior sup-
per. Senior doings include the play, carnival, prom, vaudeville, re-
ception, and ball, and of course commencement itself—a week of
perpetual gaiety. Our girls were represented on committees, and in
the carnival and vaudeville. With exams over and nothing more
to worry about, with a house full, including many alumnae, we all
had a merry time.

We are now looking forward to our house-party at Alamitos Bay
(near Los Angeles) with the Sigma girls for the last two weeks of
July. We hope that other chapters may know the joys of a sum-
mer house-party, too.

Here's to the best convention that has ever been held, a pleasant
vacation, and a successful college year to follow, to each and all of
you. We hope to see you here on the Pacific coast in 1915.




The last meeting of this term of the alumnae chapter was held May
11 at the Sigma chapter house in Berkeley. The important business
for that day was the election of officers for the coming year and a
discussion of the plans for the Grand Council meeting. Although
only one of our members, Florence Weeks, is to be at convention,
we are all deeply interested and shall anxiously await her return for
news of our sisters in other parts. At the meeting we had the pleas-
ure of having with us a member of Kappa chapter. Although we
are so far west we have been very fortunate in meeting members
members from other chapters. Vacation time now begins for us all,
but we will meet again in the fall with new plans and new hopes.


Our chapter closed a very successful year with our meeting on
May 25. The following officers were elected for next year:

President—Clara R. Russell.
Vice-President—Blanche H . Hooper.
\ Treasurer—Grace Wheeler Woodbury.
Corresponding Secretary—Ethel P. Sturtevant.
Recording Secretary—Carolyn G. Fraser.
Herald—Ethel Remele.

At this meeting we entertained three members of the Providence
Chapter, and the seven seniors of our active chapter.

We have met the last Saturday of each month since September and
have had two joint meetings with the active chapter, the last one on
April 28, when we entertained the active chapter at Maud Carvill's,
and this meeting was particularly successful.

Besides giving our annual scholarship this year we have planned
to furnish an alumnae room at Richardson House, to be ready in the
fall, in memory of our girls who have passed away.

During the past month a daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Har-
old H . Bodge (Mabelle Taylor) and a son to Rev. and Mrs. M. G.
Folsom (Josie Folsom).


At last Los Angeles can join the ranks of Alpha's enthusiastic
workers officially, for the Los Angeles Alumnae Chapter was in-
stalled on June 15, by Natalie B. Ferand. Gamma, at the home of
Ella Cates Brown. The following ten initiates at present form the

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