The words you are searching are inside this book. To get more targeted content, please make full-text search by clicking here.

Kelly's Directory of Berkshire - 1899

Discover the best professional documents and content resources in AnyFlip Document Base.
Search
Published by Colin Savage, 2018-08-08 05:13:30

BERKSHIRE - 1899

Kelly's Directory of Berkshire - 1899

I

I{ELL ' - ., I E ~TOR

- ..J

OF



"W""ITII NE""W"" 0

M""AF.

KELLY'S DIRECTORIES LIMITED,

LONDON: 182, 183 AND 184, HIGH HOLBORN, W.C.

A

CITY DEPOT : 50, LEADENHALL STREET.

BRANCH OFFICES:-

BIRMINGHAM: 13, TEMPLE STREET. LEEDS : IMPERIAL BUILDINGS, 28, BOND STREET.

LIVERPOOL: lOA, SOUTH CASTLE STREET. SHEFFIELD : CENTRAL CHAMBERS, HIGH STREE'r.

MANCHESTER: 37, BROWN STREET. GLASGOW: 137, WES'r REGENT STREET.

PARIS: 45BIS, RUE DES SAINTS-PBRES. HAMBURG: (KELLY & CO.), IT. BRANDSTWIETB SA.

NEW YORK: (KELJ,Y & CO.) TEMPLE COUR'l'1 5, BEEKMAN STREET. TORONTO (CANADA): 28, VICTORIA STREET,

0

MDCCCXCIX.

PRICE TO SUBSCRIBERS, TEN SHILLINGS; NON-SUBSCRIBERS. TWELVE SHILLINGS.





PREFACE.

Tnrs is the Fifth Edition of the Directory of the Counties of Berks, Bucks
and Oxon.

The Contents of the present Volume are similar to those in previous
editions a general account is given of each County; Lists of the Hundreds
and roor Law Unions ancl of the Magistrates and the Members of the
" Co"GNTY CouNCILs," created under the Local Governrnent A.ct, 1888, are
included ; then follow the Places in each County, alphabetically arranged,
with their Inhabitants, both Private Hesidents and Commercial. Under each
Parish it is stated in which Hundred, Union, County Court District and



Division of the County, as formed under the provisions of the "Redistribution
of Seats Act, 1885," as also in which Diocese, Archcleaconry, and Rural
Deanery it is situated ; and the College and University of every Beneficed
Clergyman have been given, as far as they could be ascertained; full informa-
tion with reference to the University of Oxford with its several Colleges is
given; the names of the Parish Clerks are shown under each Parish; lists of
~Farm Bailiffs of Gentlemen fanning their own land are included ; and the
alterations under the "Local Governn1ent Act, 1894," have been noted.

Colored Maps, on a large scale, specially prepared, are prefixed.

The Proprietors have again to return their thanks to those Clergymen,
Magistrates' Clerks, Registrars, and other Gentlemen who have assisted their
Agents while collecting the information.

*** The Letters S.O. and R.S.O. at the end of addressas in various parts of the book are abbreviations

adopted by H.M. Post Office to represent SulrOffice and Railway Sub-Office; and if those Initial letters, with

the names of the County, are added to the addresses of letters in lieu of the u,sual name of Post Town, the
delivery of such letters will be accelerated.

PUBLISHING OFFICE, •

182, 183 & 184 HIGH HOLBORN, BERKS. b

LONDOX1 W.C.
June, 1899,

--



INDEX TO KELLY'S

BERKSHIRE DIRECTORY.

SI ·----

PAGE P.AGK PAGE ••
..

P.AGB

Abbots, see Sulhamstead Boxford-cum- Westbrook 40 Clewer New Town, see East Lockinge ............ 104

Abbots .... .. .......... .. ... 217 Boyne Hill ..• ..... .... .. •.. • 40 Clewer ... ... ..• ... ..• .•• ... 57 Easton, see Welford ...... 245 .

Abingdon..................... 13 Bracknell..................... 41 Cockpole, see Hurley...... 93 East Shefford............... 207

.Albert Park, seeAbingdon xs Bradtield ......... ... ... ...... 43 Cold Ash ......... ...... ...... ss East Swallowfield, see

.Aldermaston ............. ... 24 Bray........................... 44 Coleshill ... ...... ... ... ... ... 59 Swallowfield .....•..••.• 221

Aldworth..................... 25 Bray WICk, see Bray...... 44 Coles Pits, see Little Cox.- Eaton, see A.ppleton ...... 26

Alley, see Bucklebury... 49 Braywood, see Bray...... 45 well ........................ 63 Eaton Hastings............ 71

.Altwood Road, see Boyne Bright Walton or Wal- Colthrop, see Thatcham.. 222 Eddington, see Hunger-

Hill ...... .......... ... ... ... 41 tham ... ....... ....... ...... 46 Cornbe ... .. .. . ... ... ... ... ... 59 ford . .. .... .. . ...... .. ... . .. 89

Ambarrow, see Sandhurst 203 Brightwell........ ............ 47 Compton (or Compton Edgebarrow. see Sand-

Appleford..................... 25 Brimpton..................... 47 Parva) ........... ......... 59 hnrst ...................... 203

Appleton................... ... 26 Broad Hinton, see Burst 93 Compton Beauchamp.. ... 6o Elcot, see Kintbury ...... 9&

Arborfield .................... 261 Broadmoor, see Crow- Cookham...... ......... ... ... 6o Eling, See Hampstead

Ardington ......... .... ... ... 27 thorne .•. ...... ...... ...... 64 Cookham Dean, see Cook- Norris ... .... .. ... ....... .. 83

Ascot ... ... ... .......... ... ... 27 Brookside, see Ascot ... ... 27 ham ....... ... ... ... ... ... ... 6r Enbome . ... .. .... .. .... ..... 7I

Ascot Heath •.. ... ... ... ... 27 Hnckhold, see Bradfield... 43 Cookham Rise, see Cook- Enborne H-eath, see New-

Ascot Side, see Ascot...... 27 Buckland ........... ......... 48 ham Dean ... ...... ... ... 61 bury ...................... 120

Ascot South .•••••. .•..•.. ... 28 Bucklebury.................. 48 Coscote, see Hagbourne... 82 Englefield ... ...... .... ... . .• 71

Ashampstead...... .... ... ... 29 Hullbrook, see Hracknell 42 Cothill, see Dry Sandford 69 Erleigh. see Earley ... ... 69

Ashbury ..................... 29 Bullock's Hatch, see Bray 45 Court Close, see Wantage 238 Faringdon •.. ............... 72

.Ashmore Green, see Cold Burchett's Green, see Cox Green, see BoyneHill 40 Faringdon-Little .... . ... 77

Ash ....•. ... ....... ... ...... 58 Birchets Green.......... 36 Cox\vell-Great .. ... ..• ..• 62 Farley Hill, see Swallow-

Aston, see Remenham.... 203 Burghfield .................. 49 Coxwell-Little ......... ..• 63 field ........................ 221

.Aston Tirrold............. ... 30 Burgbtield Common, see Cranbourne... ... ......... ... 63 Farnborough •.....•..••.... 77

Aston Upthorpe............ 30 Burghtield .......... ...... 50 CraziesHill, see Wargrave 244 Fawler,seeKingstoneLisle 97

.Avington ..................... 31 Burrow Hill, see Beedon 34 Crookham, see Thatcham 22~ Fawley-Great & Little 77

Awbury Street, see Bury Town, see White CrossBarrow,seeCompton 6o Fenie Wood, see Hamp-

Thatcham ...... ...... ... 222 Waltham...... ...... ... ... 236 Crowthorne... ... ... ..•... ..• 63 stead Norris.............. 83
Bnscot ... ..• .•..•. .•. .. ...... . so Cuckhamsley hill, see
Bachelors' Acre, see Fernham . ..... . .• . .. . ..... . .• 7~

Windsor ... ... ... ...... ... !348 Bustleham, see Bisham... 36 Ashbury ... ...... ... ... ... 29 Ferry Hinksey ......, .•. ... 87

Badbury Hill, see Great Calcot Theale 223 ; & see Culham....... .......... ... ... 65 Field .COppice, see Chad-

Coxwell ... .•. .... ... ...•.. 62 Tilehurst .................. 224 Culham-Upper,see War- dieworth ... ... ... ... .... .. 5r

Bagley Wood ............... 32 Carswell, see Buckland... 48 grave ........•..•.....•... 244 Fitield, see Braywood..... 45

Bagnor, see Speen ......... 212 Castle Hill, see Maiden· Cumnor ......... ......... ..• 65 Finchampstead ............ 78

Barcot or Barcote, see head ... ...... ... ... ... ... ... 107 Curridge, see Chieveley.. 53 Fitchampsted,seeCumnor 66

Buckland.................. 48 Castle Hill, see Letcombe Cwichelm's Hlaewe, see FollyHill,see Maidenhead 107

Barkham ... ...... ... ...... ..• 32 Regis .... .... .•. .......••... 103 Ashbury ...... ... ......... 29 Forbury (The), see Read-

Barton, see Kintbury.... 98 Catmore ..................... 51 Dead Man's Hand, see ing ........................ 139

Basildon ... ...... ... ... ... ... 32 Chaddleworth ... ...... ....•• 5 x Hanney ... ... ... ... ..• ..• 84 Forest Gate, see Windsor 252

Baulking..................... 33 Challow-East & West... 52 Deanoourt, see Cnmnor.. 66 Frilford, see Marcham ..• n6

Bayworth, see Sunning- Chandling's.................. 52 Ded worth & Dedworth Frilsham .......... ... .......• 78

well ........................ 220 Chapel Green, see Green, see Clewer...... 57 lt'rogmore, see ~'indsor.. 252

Bearwood .............. ...... 33 Wokingham ............. 269 Denchworth .......... ...... 66 lt'ulscot,seeSouthMoreton u&

Beckett, see Shrivenham 209 Charlton, see Wantage... 238 Denford ••..... ............... 67 lt'urze PJatt, see Maiden-

Beech Hill •.• ... ... .•. ...... 34 Charney Basset, seeLong- Didcot (or Dudcote) .. . ..• 67 head........................ 107

Beedon ...•........•... ...... .. 34 worth .......... ...... .•.... 105 Didcot New Town, see Fyfield ... ...... ... ...... .. ... 78

Beenham..................... 34 Charnham Street, see Hagbourne ...........• ... 82 Fyfield Wick, see l''yfield 79

Belmont, see Wantage ... 240 Hungerford............... 89 Didenham, see Grazely 8o Garford, see Marcham..• u6

Basselsleigh.................. 35 Chavey Down, see Brack- Donnington, !4ee Shaw ..• 205 Garston East ............... 79

Betterton, see East Lock- nell ......................... 41 Downend, see Chieveley 53 Giant's Stairs (The), see

inge ........................ 104 Chawley, see Cumnor... 66 Dragon's Hill,see Ufling· Wantage .................. 238

Binfield ....................... 35 Cheapside, see Sunning- ton 227 & Wantage .... 238 Ginge East, see West

Birchets Green............. 36 hill .......................... 219 Draycot Moor, see Long- Hendred .................. 86

Bisham........................ 36 CherburyCamp, seePusey 134 worth ..................... 105 Ginge West,seeArdington 27

Blagrave, see Lambourn 101 Chieveley..................... 52 Drayton ................... ... 68 Goosey ........................ 79

Blewburton Hill, see Cbildrey .•..••.•..•..•..•..•. 53 Dry Sandford ...... ...... ... 69 Grandpont .................. 8o

Blewbury.................. 39 Chilton........................ 54 Dudcote, see Didcot ... ..• 67 Grazeley ••. .................. Bo

Blewbury..................... 37 Chilton l.<'oliatt 55 ; & see Duxford, see Hinton Great Coxwell............... 62

Blowingstone, see King- HungerforJ............... 88 Waldrist ... ... ........• ... 88 Great Faringdon . ..•....•• 72

stone Lisle ... ... ... ... ... 97 Chipping Faringdon, see Earley (or Erleigh) •.. •.. 69 Great Fawley. ........ ....•• 77

Boars Hill, see Wootton 276 Faringdon .•• .... ......... 72 Eastbury..................... 69 Great Park, see Windsor 252

.Bob's Mount, see Reading qo Chipping Lamboum, see East Challow....... ........• 52 Great Shefford ............ 2o6

Bockharupton, see Lam- Lambourn ... ... ...... ... 99 East Garston.......... ... ... 79 Greenham 8o ; & see

bourn ....•................. 101 Chulsey ....................... 55 East Ginge, see lYest Newbury •....•.•.....•..• II9

Botley, see North or Church Speen, see Speen 211 Hendred............. ... ..• 86 Grimsbury Castle, see. ·

Ferry Hinksey .... ...... 87 Churn, see Blewbury ••• 39 East Hagbourne............ Bx Hampstead Norris...... 83
Clapcot........................ 56 Easthampstead ......... ... 70 Grimsditch, seeB!ewbury 39
Bottomstead, see Ramp·

stead Norris .....•.. ...... 83 C I a pp er's Green, see East Hanney ...... ...... ... 84 Grove ........................ 8:r

.Boulter's Lock, see Thatcham ................ 222 East Heath, see Woking- Hadchester, see Hinton ·

Maidenhead .............. 107 Clay Hill, see ~haw ...... 205 ham ........................ 271 Waldrist .................. 88

Bourton ..................... 39 Clewer ........................ 56 East Hendred............ ... 85 Hadley, see Lambourn... 1ox

Bowling Green, seeAving- Clewer Green, see CJewer 57 East Ilsley (or Market Hagbourne-East &West 81

ton.......................... 31 Clewer Hill, see Clewer... 57 Ilsley .................. ... 94

BERKS•

••

V•l INDEX TO KELLY•~ BERKSHIRE. DIRECTORY.

PAGE PAGE PAGE PAGE

Hagbourne-North, see Little Faringdon ......... 77 Old Windsor....••..••.••...• 265 Slade, see Bncklebury ... 49

East Hagbourne......... 82 Little Fawley ............... 77 Oure, see Chieveley ...... 53! Slade End, see Brightwell 47

Halfway, see Welford ••• 246 Little Hungerford, see Owlsmore,see Crowthrne 64 Snelsmore, see Chieveley 53

Hampstead M.arshall...... 82 Hampstead Norris...... 83 Ownham, see Boxford.... 40 Sonning....................... 2Ie>-

Hampstead Norns (or Little Park, see Windsor 252 Padworth .................. 132 Sotwell........................ 2Ie>-

N orreys) ................... 83 Little Sandh:urst, see Paley Street, see White South Ascot .... .. .... ... ... 28·

Hangmanstone Lane, see Sandhurst ............... 203 Waltham.................. 236 Southbridge, seeStreatley 216-

Boxford.... ....... ......... 40 Little Shefford ............ 207 Palmer'sParkseeReading 140 Southend, see Bradfieli.. 43-

Hanney-East_~West ..... 84 Littlewic_f. Green........... 103 Pangbourne ................. 13~ South Hi?ksey.............. 87

r......Hanney Meadow, see Little W1ttenham ......... 267 Parsonage,see Thatcham 222 Southlake (or Shurlock)
Hanney.... LO. ....... 84 Littleworth.................. 104 Pea&emore .................. 133 Street, see Waltham

Hardwell Castle,seeWan- Lockinge-East ............ 104 Pendragon's Hill, see St. Lawrence ............ 236

tage......................... 238 Lockinge-West ..n ..... 104 WaH.tage .................. 238 South M?or,see Kingston

Hare Hatch,seeWa.rgrave 244 Longcot....................... 104 Perborough Castle, see Bagpmze ...... ...... ...... 97

Hartley Dummer, see Long Walk, see Windsor 252 Compton .................. 59 South Moreton.............. u3

Grazeley.......~.........,; So Long.Witt~enham ......... 268 Pinge Wood, see. Burgh- Sparsholt..................... 2u.

Harwell........................ 85 I..ongworth ...........,. ....... 105 field ........... ~············· 50 Speen ......................... 211

Hatford......... ,............. 85 Lowbury, see Compton... 59 Pinkneys Green,seeGook- Speenhamland, see New-

Hawkridge, see Buckle- Lower Basildon, see ham"'"!"'""''"''""'"' 61 bury ...................... II9

bury........................ 48 Basildon................... 32 Plummery Ditch, see Spencerswood, see Graze-

Hawthorn Hill, see Bray 45 Lower Common, see Reading ...... ... ... .. ...• 140 ley 8o ; see Shinfield

Heatb-East,seeWoking- Bucklebury.,............. 49 Pope's Wood, seeBintield 36 208& Swallowfield...... 22r

ham......................... 271 LowerEnd, see Sulhamp- Poughley,see Chaddlewth 51 Spital, see Windsor........ 248.

Hendred-East&; We. 85 & 86 stea,d-Ban1.1ister ......... 217 PoundGreen,seeGrazeley 8o Stancombe Down, see

Henwick. Cold Ash sS ; Lower Green, see Inkpen g6 Priest.wood, see East- Lambourn ............... IOI

· & see Thatcham......... 222 Lower Wick, see Sutton hampstead ............... 70 Stanford Dingley........... 212

Henwood, see Cumnor... 66 Courtenay................. 220 Punchbowl, see Childrey 54 Stanford-in-the·Vale ..... 212

Hermitage................... 86 Lydds, see Blewbury .... 3 Purley ........................ 133 Stanmore, see Beedon ... 34

Highbridge, see .Reading 139 Lyford........................ xo6 Pusey: ........................... 134 Steventon ................... 213.

High Standing Hill, see Mackney, see Brightwell 47 Pykes Hill, see Ashamp- Stock Cross .................. 214

Windsor .................. 252 Maidenhead ... ,............ 106 stead....................... 29 Stratfield Mortimer ...... 214
Rill Green, .. s.ee. Leek- Maidenhead. CQurt, see Queen Anne's ~iqe, see Streatley ..................... 215

hampst.ead................ 102 Maidenhead ............. 106 Windsor .................. 252 Stroud Green, see Xew-

Hinksey-:-North ........... 87 Maiden's Green, see RadcotBridge, seeFaring- bury........................ 120

Hinksey.-:-South .......... 87 Winkfield ................ 267 don.......................... 73 Stubbings.................... 216

Hinton Waldrist............ 88 Manger (The) ,seeUffing- Radley ...................... 134 Sullam ........................ 216

Hoe Benbam, seeWelford 245 ton227; & seeWantage 238 Radley, see Avington .... 31 Sulhampstead·Abbots ... 217

Holt, see Kintbury........ 98 Marcl;lam .................... u6 Raymead, see. (jookham 6o tlulhampstead-llannister. 217

Holy Brook, see Reading 136 Margaret's Head, see Ray Mill, see Cookham... 6o Sunningdale ................ 217

Holyport, see Bray........ 45 Chaddleworth............ 51 Ray . Mill Lock, see Sunninghill ................ 218

Home (or Little) Park, Market Ilsley, or East Maidenhead ............. 107 Sunningwell ................ 219

see Windsor.............. 252 Ilsley... ...... .......... ..... 94 RayPark, see Maidenhead 106 Sutton Courtney .......... 220

Hungerford.................. 88 Marls.ton, see Bucklebury 48 Ray's Island,see ·windsor 248 Sutton Wick, see Sutton

Hungerford-Little, see :Marsh B,enham, see Reading ..................... 135 Courtney ................. 220

· Hampstead Norris...... 83 Sp(\eU2I2; &Stockcross 214 Remenham .................. 202 Swallowfield ............... 220

Hurley........................ 92 Membury Fort, see Lam- Remenham Hill, see Swinford, see Cumnor ... 66

Hurst ............ ......... ... 93 bourn ......... ......... ... 100 Remenham ............... 202 Temple, see Bisham ...... 37

Hyde. End, see Brimpton Midgham...................... II7 Ridgeway, see Ashbury... 29 Templeton, see Kintbury g8

. 47; & see Shinfield ..... 208 Milton......................... II7 Rise (The), see Sunning- Thatcham.................... 221
Idstone see Ashbury...... 29 Milton Hill, see Milton... n7 dale ........................ 217 Theale ........................ 22~

Ilsley-East or Market 94 Money Row Green, see Riseley Common, see Thicket, see Leckhamp-

Ilsley-West................. 95 Bray........................ 45 Swallowtield ,............ 221 stead ...................... ro2

lnglewood, see Kintbury 98 Moor-South, see Kings- Rockley, see Cumnor.. ... 66 Three Mile Cross, see
lnkpen........................ 95 ton Bagpuize............. 97 Roxl~y, see Hanney ...... 8-J. Shinfield .................. 2o8

Kemrington........ .... ...... 96 Moreton-North ...... ... n8 Royal Military College, Thrupp, see Littleworth. 104

Kidw.ell's Park,. see Moreton-South............ uS see Sandhurst............ 204 Thrupp, see Radley....... 135

Maidenhead ... .......... ro8 Mortimer Common, see Ruscombe .................. 203 Tidmarsh ................... 224

Kiln Green, seeWalgrave 244 Stratfield Mortimer.... 215 SackboroJ;~gh, see Lam- Tilehurst .................... 224-

Kimbers, see Bray . ...... 44 Mortimer West End, see bourn...... ,................ roo TittleRow, see Boyne Hill 41

KineCro(t,seeWallingford 231 St~atfield Mortimer ... 215 Sagbury, see Lambourn.. roo Touchen End, see Bray.. 44
King's Standing, see Moss End, see Warfield 243 St. Peter's Co~l~ge, see Tubney ...................... 225

. Aston Upthorpe 31; & Moul!lforq.................... II8 Radley .................... 135 Tutt's Clump, see Brad-

Wantage.................. 238 Netherton, see Fyfield ... 79 SandenFee,seeHungerfrd 89 field........................ 44

Kingston Bagpuize ....... g6 New Bridge, see Kings· Sandford, see Woodley... 274 Twyford ..................... 225

Kingston Lisle ............ 97 ton Bagpuize............. 96 Sandhurst ,................. 203 Uffington..................... 226

Kingston Wan:en, see Newbury..................... ug Sandleford .............,. .... 205 Uflin~ton Castle, see

Kingston Lisle........... 97 Newland, see Arborfield 26 Sarsden Stones, see Ash- Uffington 226 & see

Kingstone Winslow, see Newland, see Beanvood 33 bury 29 & Wantage ... 238 Wantage .................. 238

Ashbury .................. 29 Newtown,see Hungerford 89 School Green, see Shin- Ufton Nervet ............... 227

Kintbury .................... 97 Newtown, see.Reading... 138 field ........................ 208 Upper Basildon, seeBasil-

Knighton, see Compton NewWindsor,seeWindsor 247 Scuchamore Knob, see don ........................ 32

Beauchamp............... 6o Norfolk Park,seeMaiden- Compton .................. 59 Upper Common, see

Knowl Hill.,.,.............. 99 head........................ 107 Seacourt ..................... :;:os Bucklebury... :........... 49

Lambourn. .................. 99 North or Ferry Hinksey 87 Seyen Harrows, see Lam- Upper Culham, see War·

Lambourn-Upper........ rox Nortb.court,see ~bingdon 17 bourn ...................... 100 grave ...................... 244

Lambwood Hill, see Northcro(t, see Newbury II9 Shalbourn ................... 205 Upper End, see Sulhamp-

' Grazeley.................... So Nortl;l Hagbourne, see Shaw-cum-Donnington... 205 stead-Bannister ......... 217

Langborm;tgh,. see Wok- Hagbourne ,.............. 82 Sheffield . Bottom, see Upper Green, see lnkpen 96

, ingham......... ,.......... 271 ~orth :Moreton ............ u8 Burghfield .... ~.......... so Upper Lambourn, see

La.ngley Hall. see Hamp- NortbTown, seeC.ookham Shefford-Great or West 2o6 Lambourn ............... 101

· stead Norr1s ............. 83 61; & Maidenhead...... 109 Shefford-Little or East 207 Upper Wick, see Sutton

Leckbampstead.•• ,......... 102 Oakiogham, or Ocking- Shellingford ............... 207 Courtenay ................ 220

Letcombe Hasset........... 102 ham, see \Vokingham. 268 Shinfield ..................... 208 Upton ........................ 228

Letcombe Camp, see Oakley Green, see Bray. 45 Shippon ,.................... 208 Vale of White Horse, see

. Lambourn....... ......... 100 Oare, see Chieveiey....... 53 Shottesbrooke............... 2o8 Wantage .................. 238

Letcombe Castle, see Ockingham, see Woking- Shrivenham ................ 209 Vineyard, see Abingdon 20

. Letcombe Regis......... 103 ham ........................ 268 Shurlock Street, see Wal- Virginia Water, see Sun-

Letcombe Regis............ 103 Odstone, see Ashbury ••• 29 th~m St. Lawrence .... 236 ningdale 217 &Windsor 253

Lilley, see Catmore....... 51 Ody Hill, seeSnttonWICk 220 ShuteEnd, seeWokinghm 271 Wadley, see Littleworth 104

Lindsey, see Hanney...... 84 Old Botley, see :Korth Sindlesham, seeBearwood 33 WalburyCamp,seelnkpen 96

Little Coxwell.............. 63 Hinksey................... 87 1Slad (The), see Compton 6o Wallingford.................. 229

INDEX TO KELLY'S BERKSHIRE DIRECTORY. v•u•

PAGE PAGE PAGE PAGE

Waltham Abbott's, see Westbrook, seeBoxford... 40 White Horse, see Far- Wokefield, see Stratfield

White Waltham.••.•...• 236 West Challow............... 52 ingdon ..................... 72 Mortimer •••.••.••.••••..• 215

Waltham St. Lawrence..• 235 Westcot, see Spal."Sholt ••• 2II White Horse Hill, see Wokingham .•••...••.••..• 268

'\Vantage .•••••.••...••.••..•• 237 Westl<'ields, see Newbury 121 U:ffington..•.••.••.••.••.•• 227 Woodhay-West ••.....•.•• 273

Warfield •.••••.••.•••••.••.•• 243 West Ginge, see Arding- White Waltham.••.••.••.•• 236 Woodhill, seeEastChallow 52

Wargrave ••.••••••.•....•.•• 243 ton ......................... 27 White]ey, see Reading.•• 140 Woodlands, see Great

Warren, see Eastllsley... 94 West Hagbourne ••.•••.••• 81 Wi~~. see,Radley .•••••.••• 135 Shefford •••.••..•..••••.•• 2o6

Wash Common, see New- West Hanney ......'......... 84 Wick-Upper & Lower, Woodlands St. Mary..••.• 274

bury........................ 120 West Hendred ......~....... 86 see Sutton Courtenay 220 Woodley ..................... 274

Wasing ....................... 245 West llsl£'y .................. 95 Wickham, see W elford.•• 245 Woodside, seeCranbourne 63

Watchtield ...............~ .. 245 West Lockinge ............. 104 Wickham Heath, see Box- ·wood Speen, seA Speen... 2II

Water Oakley, see Bray 45 Weston, see Welford...... 245 ford ........................ 40 Woolhampton ............... 274

Wawcott, seeKintbury... 98 Westridge, see ::;treatley 216 Windsor ...................... 247 Wooley Green, seeLittle-

1Vayland Smith's Cave, Westrop Green, see \\'indsor-Old .............. 265 ·wick Green ........,...... 103

see Ashbury 29 ; Lam- Bucklebury ............... 49 Winkfield&WinkfieldRow 266 Woolstone ·............ ~ •••..• 275

bourn 100 & Wantage 238 We~t Shefford............... 206 Winnersh, see Hurst...... 93 Wootton ..................... 275

Welford....................... 245 West Swallowfield, see Winterbourne,se~Chieve· World's End, see Hamp-

1''ell Hoase, see Ramp- Swallowfield ............. 221 ley ......... ....... .... .•• ..• 53 stead Norris 83 ; • &

stead Norris ............ 83 West Woodhay .....••.•... 273 Winterbrook, see Cholsey 56 Theale ..................... 223

Wellington College, see Whatcombe, sec Fawley 77 Wittenham-Little •••.••• 267 Wormstall, see Kintbury 98

Crowthorue............... 64 Whistley-in-Hurst. see Wittenham-Long .•.••.•• 268 Wytha.m ..................... 276

lVells (The),seeSunning- Hurst ..................... 93 Wittenham Hills, see Yattendon .................. 216

bill ......................... 218 Little Wittenham ...... 267














•• •

'

'



LIST OF THE

PRINCIPAL SEATS IN BERKSHIRE.

With Reference to the Places under which they w1ll be 1ound in this Volume.

WINDSOR CASTLE, HER GRACIOus MAJESTY QuEEN VICTORIA, EMPRESS OF INDIA, see Windsor, page 249·

PAGE PAGE

.Aldermaston court, Charles Edward Keyser esq. M.A., Canon Hill, Henry Adams esq. see Bray Wick ...•••. .• .. . 46

F.S.A., J.P. see AJdermaston ................................. 24 Carswell bo. Wm. Niven esq. J.P., F.s.A. see Buckland 4S:

Allanbay, James Allan Wiggett esq. J.P. Binfield......... 35 Castle priory,Edwd.Artbr.SmalleyPotter,seeWallingfrd 23I

Ambarrow, Lieut.-Col. George Sheppard Harvey R.A., Castlemans, Gilbert Augustus Tonge esq. J.P. see Kiln

J.P. see Sandhurst ............................................. 203 Green................................................................ 244

Arborfield grange, Captain Stuart H. Rickman R.N. see Cbarlton boose, Henry Denis de Vitre J.P. see Cbarlton 243

Arborfield ........................................................ . 26 Charters, Miss Hamilton, see Sunningdale.••.....•..••••..• 21S:

.Arborfield hall, Mrs. S. Hargreaves, see Arborfield...... 26 Childrey Old Manor house, Edward Thomas William

Ardington house, Right Hon. Sir Henry George Elliot Dunn esq. J. P. see Childrey ................................. S.f.-

P.c., G.c.JJ., J.P. see Ardington .......................... . 27 Chilton lodge, Sir William George Pearce bart. M.A.,

.Arlington manor, Right Hon. hr Francis Henry Jeune LL.B., J.P. see Hungerford ................................... . 8<}

J.P~, P.c., l\I.A. see Chieveley.............. ._ ................ . 53 Clewer lodge, Horace C. G. West esq. see Clewer .••..• 57
Arthurstone, James William Macnabb esq. J.P. see Clewer manor, Edmund Benson Foster t:sq. D.L., J.P.

.Binfield .......... .. ... ... ...... .... ... .. .... .. ... ... ... .. .... ... ... •35 see Cle,ver... ....................................................... . 57
.Ascot Heath house, Earl of Coventry P.c. see Ascot...... 27 Clewer park, Sir Daniel FulthorpeGooch bart. seeClewer 57
.Ascot Place, Sir William :Farmer kt. D.L. LOnd. st:e Coleshill house, Hon. Duncombe Pleydell-Bouverie D.L.,

Winkfield ........................................................ . 266 J. P. see Coleshill ............................................... . 59
Ascot Wood house, :\'Irs. Liddell, seeAscot.................. 27 Coley park, John Bligh Monck esq. J.P. see Reading ... 180>

.Ashdown Park, Evelyn Countess of Craven, see Ashbury 29 Compton house, His Hon. Judge Francis Henry Bacon

Ashurst lodge, Col. Hy. Blundell-Hollinshead-Blundell M. A. see Compton Beauchamp ............ .................• 6o

c. B., B.A., M.P. see Sunninghill ........................... 218 Cowarth park, Lord Stanley l\I.P. see Sunningdale ...... 217

:Barkham Manor house, Lieut.-Gen. William Rickman Crookham house, Albert Richard Tull esq. D.L., J.P. see

J.P. see Barkham................................. ............... 32 Thatcham ............................................................ 222

.Barton Court, Benjamin Winthrop esq. J.P. see Kintbury 98 Cruchfield house, Mrs. Henderson, see Warfield ......... 243

Ilarton lodge, John David Kohler esq. J.P. see Cran- Culham court, William Henry Barber esq. see Upper

bourne ... ...... .... .. . .. ... . ... .. . . ... ... . .. . .. . ..... ... .. . . ...... . .. 63 Culham .. . ... ... ... ... . .. ... ... ... .. . ... .. . ... .. . ... ... ... .. . ... ... 244

Basildon house, Charles Morrison esq. see Basildon...... 32 Culverlands, Arthur Harvey Thursby esq. D.L., J.P. see

Bear Hill, Netlam Rattray esq. see Kiln Green............ 244 Burghfield... ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...... ... ..•...... ...... 49-

Bear Place, Henry Frederick Nicholl esq. JP. see War- Cumberland lodge, Gen. His Royal Highness Prince

grave . .. . .. .. .... . ... .. . .. .. .. ... ... ... .. . .. ... ... ... . .. ... . .. ... . .. 244 Christian of ~chleswig-Holstein K. G. & Her Royal
Bearwood, Arthur Fr!lser Walter esq. J.P. see Bearwood 33 1 Highness Princess, see Old Windsor ...................... 26,5.

Beech grove, John K. J. Hichens esq. see Sunninghill 219 Dell (The), Baron von Sir John HenryWilliamSchroder

Beech Hill house, Lieut. -Col. Henry Lannoy Hunter bart. see Old Windsor................................•........• 26,5.

B. A., J.P. see Beech Hill....................................... 34 Denford house, George B Rennie esq. see Denford ...... 67

Beenham house, Henry Waring esq. J. P. see Beenham 34 Ditton house, Lady Lee, see Pinkney's Green............... 62

Bere Court, Reginald de ]a Bere esq. see Pangbourne ... 132 Donnington Holt, William Walton esq. see Donnington 20S

Besselsleigh manor, Edmund Kyffin Lenthall esq. J.P. Donnington lodge, Col. Leonard Downes,see Donnington 20&

see Besselsleigh......... ....•. ... ... ... •.. ....... .. .... .. ....•.. .. 35 Downend house, Ernest Edwin Martin-Atkins esq. J. P.

Bill Hill, 1\Irs. Levcson-Gower, see Wokingham ......... 269 see Chieveley ................... ................................. 53

Billingbear park, Charles Thomas Daniell Crews esq. Down Place, Col. Frederick Hartord, see Water Oakley 46

J.P., F.S.A. see Waltham St. Lawrence .................. 236 Drayton Manor honse, Mrs. Caudwell, see Drayton...... 6&.

£infield cour~, Frank Davenport Bullock-Webster csq. Dry Sandford Manor house, Mrs. George Grimble, see

see Binfield . . . ... . . . ... . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . ... .... . . . . .. . . . . .. .. . . . . 35 Dry Sandford. .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. ... . . . . .. . .. .. . . . . ... 69-

Binfield lodge, Captain E:rnest Frcderic Rhodes (lats Earley house, Hon. Eustace Edward Twiselton-Wyke-

R.E. ), see Binfield ................................ ............. ... 35 ham-P"'iennes J. P. see Earley ... ............ ...... ...... ... ... 69-

Binfield Park house, Wm. du Pont esq. see Binfield...... 35 Easthampstead park, Marquess of Downshire, see East-

Bisham AbbPy, J. l\Ionro-Walker esq. see Bisham ...... 37 hampstead ...................................................... . 70
Bourton house, Charles W. Butler esq. see Bourton...... 39 Egmont, Col. Arthur Robert Chapman, see Binfield..... . 35
Bowden green, Sir Benjamin Baker K.C.lii.G. see Pang- Egrove house, Mrs. A.lden, see Kennington ................ 96·

bourn~ ...............................•..•..•.......•••....•....... 132 Elcot park, Lieut.-Col. Gerrard Paul 'fownshend, see

Brackens (The), Sydney King George esq. see Bracknell 41 Kintbury ........................................................ . 9&.

:Bradneld hall, Arthur Radford esq. J.P. see Bradfield... 43 ·Elms (The), William Dundas esq. J.P. see Faringdon .. . 75

.Hradfield house, Blackall Simonds esq. J.P. see Bradfield 43 Elm Tree house, Lieut.-Col. Frederick C. Morgan R.A.

Bray Wick grove, l\Irs. Coney, see Bray Wick............ 45 see Shrivenham ................................................ 209-

Bridge house, Hy. Wm. Verey esq. J.P. see Twyford ... 226 Enborne lodge, Robert Harris Valpy esq.J.P.seeEnborne 71

Broomfield hall, James Reiss esq. see Sunningdale ...... 217 Englefield house, James Herbert Benyon esq. J.P. see

Buckhold, Herbert Watney )I. D., F. R. c.P. see Bradfield 43 Englefield ... ... ..• ... .•. ... ... ... ... ......... ... .....•..•... ... ... 7z

Buckhurst, Mrs. l\1urdocb, see Wokingham ............... 269 Erlegh Whiteknights, Mrs. Porter, see Earley ... ......... 6!)-

Buckhurst park, Sir Joseph Savory bart. M.P., D.L., Farley castle, l\llrs. W. H.l\Iartin-Atkins, seeFarley Hill 221.

J.P. see Sunninghill............................•.••............. 218 Farley copse, Sir Donald C. Macnabb K.C.I.E., c.s.I. see

Buckland house, Sir Nicholas William George Throck- Binfield ............................. ... ... ... ...... ... ... ...... ... 3.5.

morton hart. D.L., J.P. see Buckland ..................... 48 Farley court, Mrs. Brooks, see Farley Hill.................. 221

Bucklebury place, Arthur Sutton esq. see Bucklebury... 49 Farley Hill place, Mrs. Gray, see Farley Hill ............. 221

Bulmershe court, James Bruce esq. see Earley............ 69 Farm wood, Frank Morrison esq. see Sunninghill. ....... 21&.

Burfield, Lieut. -Col. Hon. 'William Henry Peregrine Fernhill, Lady Errington, see Cranbourne.. .... ...... ... ... 63

Carington J.P. see Old Windsor .•......................... 267 ]:<'ernley, Capt. The Hon. James 'ference l''itzmaurice

.Burley Bushes, Sir Charles Lister Ryan :s:.c.B., J.P. see R.N ., J.P. see Maidenhead .................................... I 10

.Ascot .......... .................................................... 28 Fledborough hall, Alfred Barnard Basset esq. F.R.s. see

Buscot house, Alex. Henderson esq. :M.P., J. J>.see.Huscot so Holyport........................................................... 4.5.

Calcot park, Hon. Algernon By. Mills, f'ee Tilehurst... 224

LIST OF 'l"BE PRINCIPAL SEATS lN BERKSHIRE. •

1%

PAGE PAGB

Foliejon park, Gilbert Gordon Blane esq. J.P. see Wink- Marcham park, Chas. Jn. Edwin Duffield esq. J.P. see

iielCL ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ~6() Marcham ••• ••• .. . .•• .. ..•• •• •••• .. ..•• .•• ••• .•• ..• •. .••• .•• ••• ..• 116

Forest farm, Mrs. Bowring, see Cranbourne............... 63 Marchfield house, The Rev. the Hon. Archibald George

Forest lodge, Sir Warwick Charles Morshead bart. J.P. Campbell M. A. see Wokingham ............................ 269

see Binfield •• •.• .•• •.. . .• •..••• •••• ••. .•• .•• ••. .. ..•••••. •. .•• .•• 35 Marlston house, George William Palmer esq. M.P., J.P.

Fox hill, Albert Edward Huggins esq. see Earley ••• ..• 69 see Marlston, Bucklebury •. •..• .•. ••• .•• .•••••. .• .•. •• .•• .•• 49

Foxleighs, Capt. Edward :Frodsha.m Noel Kindersley Matthews Green, Mrs. Nicholson, see Wokingham ...... 269

Wasey B. N. see Holyp<>rt ................ .••.•••••.•• •••.••••• 46 Meadow bank, Lieut.-Col. Lord George Murray Pratt

FrWiariyn(dTshoer).,..l.<..'r.a..n.c.i.s..R...i.c.a..r.d..o...e.s..q.....J...P....,...D....L......s.e.e....O..l.d. 265 J. P. see Willkfield... .•• ••• ••• .•• .•• .•. ••• •••••• •••••• ••• .•• ••• ••• 267
Midgham house, Benjamin Buck Greene esq. J. P. see

Frilsham house, Sir W. Cameron Gull, Bart, M.P., J.P. 1\Iidgham .••..•..•••••••.•••••.••.••.••.•••••..•••••.••••••••••.•• 117

see Ji"rilsham... •••••••••...... .••.••.•..•.....•.•••.•..••...••. .•• 78 Milton house, Major Charles Newton Chichester, see

Glen Island, Lieut.-Gen. Sir Roger William Henry Milton .............................................................. 117

Palmer hart. J. P. see Maidenhead .•. .•.. .•.. . .. . .•• .•..•• In Milton Hill house, Chas. Morrell esq. J.P. see Milton ••• II7

Grange (The), Lady Diana Huddleston, see Ascot ...... 28 Moat house, Richard Croker esq. see Letcombe Regis... 103

Greenham lodge, Lloyd Harry Baxendale esq. J.P. see Moor close, Lieut.-Col. Henry R. Yates Browne, see

4Gr~ellllalll......................................................... B<l Binfield •• , .•••••••••••••••••.••••••.••••••••••••••••.••.•.••••••. ,• 36

Grotto (The), Gilbert J.C. Harter esq. see :Basildon .•• 32 Mortimer Hill, Dowager Lady Hunter, see Stratfield

Grove (The), Sir Robert Wilmot bart. D.L. see :Binfield 35 Mortimer ..• ... ..• .... ... ... ... ... .. . ...••• .•. ..• ... .•• .... .•• ..• .... 215

Grove house, The Hon. Mrs. Geoffrey Hill, see Wink- Mortimer house, Major William Peel Nash, see Strat-

field Row .•. .•• ..• .•• .•• .•• ..• .•• .. ..•• ... .•• .•• ... .•..•. .•. .. . .• • 267 field Mortimer ...••.....••.•...•........•...........•.•..•..••..• 215
Haines Hill, Thomas Colleton Garth esq. n. L., J. P. see
Mortimer lodge, Mrs. Mackenzie, seeStratfieldMortimer 215

Broad Hinton ... •• ... ..• .••. .. .. . ..••.•.. .. . .. .•. .•. .• .. .. . .. . .•• 93 Newingtons, Lieut. -Col. George Tennant Carre, see

Hall place, Sir Gilbert Augustus Clayton-East bart. J.P. Winkfield.••..•..•.••.••....••..•..•...•.•.••.••••••.••..••..•••.•• 267

see Birchets Green ............................................ . 36 New lodge, Col. Victor William Bates Van de Weyer J.P.

Hampstead park, James Bishop esq. see Hampstead see Winkfield ••. . .•••.. •• .•• . ... .•.•.••• . ••. •• ..••.• ••••. .• ••• .•• 266

Jv.r~rs1la11.••••••••..•.•••..••••••.•••••.••..•.•••••••••••••.••••••.• 83 Northfield, Lieut.-Gen. Arnold Bunbury ThompsonR.A.,
Hare Hatch house, Comdr. Oliver Young M.P., J.P. see J. P. see Maidenhead ............................................ Ill

Hare Hatch . .. •.•• ...•. .. ..•. .. . ..•.. . .. . .. .•. . .. . .. •...... . ..•••. . 244 Oaken Holt, Sir William Wilson Hunter x:.c.s.I., c. I.E.,

Hare Hatch lodge, Mrs. Young, see Hare Hatch.•....... 244 LL.D., M.A., J.P., D.L. see Cumnor ••.....•..••.••..•..•..• 66

Harewood lodge, Col. the Hon. Charles Rowley Hay Oakfield, George Walter Tyseresq. J.P. see Sulhamstead

J.P. see Sunninghill .••.•........•.••••.•..•..•..••.•..••.•. 218 Bannister .....•.....•.••.•••.•.••.•...•.••.••..•..•••••••..•..•..• 217

Hartley court, Misses Kemble, see Grazeley... ... .•. .. .. . 8o Oakley court, William B. Avery esq. see Oakley Green 46

Hawthorndale, Mrs. Hulbert, see Warfield ............... 243 Oakley house, Augustus .M. Campbell esq. seeMarcham n6

Heatherwood, Sir Thos. Lucas bart. D. I., J.P. see Ascot 28 Ockwells nianor, Edward Arthur Barry esq. see :Bray... 45

Heathlands, W.Howard Palmer esq.J.P.seeWokingham 269 Orchard Lea, Viscount Esher C.B., M.A.., J.P. see

Hendred house, John Joseph Eyston esq. J.P. see East Winkfield........................................................... 267

Hendred ... ..• ..... . ... . ... ..• ..• ..• .. •.•• ..• ..•. .• ..• ... .. . ... ... . 86 Orpwood, Colonel James Colebrook Carter v.n., J.P. see

Hennerton, .Jn. Wm. Rhodes esq.D.L.,J.P. seeWargrave 244 Ardington .. . ....••... .. •.. ... .. . ... .•. ... .••..•.. .. ..•..•... ..•..• 27

Heywood lodge, William Graham-Loyd esq. see White Ouseley lodge, The Hon. Robert St. John Fitzwalter

Waltham ... ... ... .. . ... ... ... ..• ..•... ... ..• .•• .•. .. . ... ..•..• ..•. 236 Butler D.L. see Old Windsor...........•........•.••..•..•.•• 265

Highlands, Miss Crowdy, see Grazeley ....•.... ... ... .....•. 8o Padworth house, Capt. Cbristopher William Darby-

Highwoods, Mrs. 'fhursby, see Burghfield.................. 49 Griffith J.P. see Padworth.... ,................................ 132

Hillfields, Henry Geo. Willink esq. J.P. see :Burghfield 49 Park Place, Mrs. Noble, see Remenham Hill..•..•..•.••..• 202

Hinton manor. Wm. Gill Busk esq. see Hinton Waldrist 88 Felling Place, Mrs. Irving, see Old Windsor .••...........• 265

Hodcott house,ArchieKirkman Loydesq. M.P., Q.C.,J.P. Prior's Court house, Lione!Barlowesq.M.A.seeChieveley 53

see West llsley... .... ... ... ... ... ... ...... ... ... ... ...... ....... ..• 95 Priory (The), William Colin Campbell Romaineesq. see

Holly grove, Capt. Waiter Douglas Somerset Campbell Old Windsor.....•.•...................................••......... 265

M.v.o. see 0 ld \Vindsor............ .. . ... ... ..... .. . ... . . .. ... ... 265 Purley park, Major Anthony MorrisStorer J. P. seePurley 134

Holly spring, Julius Meyer esq. see Bracknell..•......... 41 Pusey house, Sir William Reynell Anson bart. n.c.L.,
Holme grange,Alex.A. Weston esq.M.A.,F.R.G.s.,J.P.see M.P., ,J.P. seePusey ........••....••..•..•..•..•....•......•..• r34

Wokingham ............................................................ 269 Ravenswood, Mrs. Smith, see Wokingham................. 269
Red house, Lord Stanmore G.C.M.G., n.c.L., D.L., J.P.
Holme park, Fairfax .Hlomfield Wade-Palmer F. R. I. B. A.

d.P. see Sonning.....•......................••................... 210 see Ascot.••........•.•.....•....••..........••.....•........•..•..•

Hungerford park, John Waiter Morrice esq. n.L., J.P. Redriff, Mrs. Wigram, see Boyne Hill ..•. ... ... ..•..•.••..• 41

see Hllngerford ... ............. ... ....•. .... ... ...... ... ... ... ... 8g Rose Hill house. Lady Donaldson, see Hurley............. 93

Hurstcroft, John Smith Mansfield esq. J.P. see Ascot... 28 Royal lodge, Viscount Bridport G.C.B, see Old Windsor 265

Burst grove, Mrs Finch, see Whistley -in-Hurst ... ....•. 93 St. Bruno, Lord Colchester J.P., F.s.A. see Sunningdale 217

Hurst lodge, C. FeatherstDnhaugh esq. see Whistley-in- St. Leonard's, Sir Theodore Henry Brinckman bart.D.L.

llllrst....................................................................... . 93 see Clewer......................................................... 57
Inglewood house, Humphrey JeffreyWa.lmesleyesq.J.P. St. Leonard"s Hill, Sir Francis Tress Barry bart. M.P.,

see Kintbury ................ .................................... 98 D.L., J.P., F.S.A. see Clewer .......•........••..............• 57

Inholmes,Major John Aldridge J.P. see Woodlands St. St, Leouard's lodge, Mrs. Fanny Fitzmaurice Scott, see

J\Iar~r .•. .. . .. .... ... .. ... ..... . .•• ... .•.. .. .. ..... . .. .. ... .... .. .. .. ... . 274 Clewer ... ... ... ... .• . ... .. . .. . ... ... .•. ... .. . .. . .•• ..• ..•... ... ..• 57

Keep Hatch, Denis De Vitre esq. see Wokingham.•....•• 269 Sandhurst lodge, Sir William James Farrer lii.A., J.P.,

King's Beeches, Wm. Trotter esq.J.P.see Hunninghill..• 2I9 F.R.G.s., F.S.A., F.G.s. Sandhurst .••.....•.......•....... 203.

King's Mead, Mrs. Victor Johnson, see Cranbourne... 63 Sandleford lodge, The Hon. Mrs. Seton 1\Iontgomerie,

Kingstone Lisle park, Charles A Prioleau. esq. see King- see Sandleford ................................................... 205"

stone Lisle ....••... ...•••.......•. ....•.. ..... .•.... .•. ... ... ..• 97 Sandleford priory, Mrs. Myers, see Sandleford... ... .•• ... 205

Kirby house. Harold Leach esq. see Inkpen....•.......... 96 Scarlets, Rev. Henryl\Iorland Wells B.A. seeKilnGreen 244

Lambourn place, Herbert Ward esq. see Lambourn ... IOI Shawhome, Wil!iamP. Blackbourne-Mazeesq. seeShaw 205

Leckhampstead manor, Donald Kennedy esq. see Leek- Sheepstead house, John Wm. Davis esq. see Marcham.. u6

hampstead ................................. ;.................... 102 Shillingford hill, Frank Sweetland esq. see Clapcot...... 56

Letcombe manor, Stephen Wm. Silver esq. see Let- Shinfield grange, Alexllnder Cobham Cobham esq. J.P.

cornbe Regis....•..••.•••••.••.•..••.••.••.••.•.....•..•......•.•• 103 see Shinfield ..•....•.....••....••.••.......•..••.••.•....•••.....• 208

Lilyhill, Mrs. Bagot Lane, see Bracknell .•...........••.•• 4I Shottesbrooke park, .Basil Guy Oswald Smith esq. see

Linden Hill, )lajor Francis Beaumaris Bulkeley, see Shottesbrooke ••• •• ••••••.... .. ..• .•• .•.••• .•• .•. .•. .•. .•• ..•.•• 209

Kiln Green........................................................ 244 Shrubbs Hill place, George Walmsley esq. see Sunning-

Little Park house, James Shuter esq. see Thatcham...•• 222 dale.................................................................. 217

Llanvair, Chas. Joseph Stonor esq. J.P. see South Ascot 29 Silwood park, Thomas Cordes esq. J 1'. see Sunninghill 218

Lockinge house, Col. Lord Wantage v.c., K.C.B., v.n., Sindlesham house, Thomas Rickman Harman esq. J.P.

J.P. (lord lieut. ), see East Lockinge.•..•..•........•..•.... 104 see .Bearwood ......... .•• ..•.•••••.•. .•• .•• .••.•• ..•.•• ... •••••• 33

Loddon court, Mrs. Roupell, see Swallowfield ....•......• 221 South Hill park, Right Hon. Sir Arthur Divett Hayter

Longdown lodge, Thomas 1.\Iills esq. see Sandhurst...... 203 bart. P.C., :M.A., D.L., J.P. see Easthampstead ..•.....• 70

Long Wittenham Manor house, Capt. William Robert Sparsholt Manor house, Major William Henry Hippisley

Clutterbuck R.N., J.P. see Long Wittenham ............ 268 J.P. see Sparsholt................................................. 21x

Lynwood, George Rodie Thompson esq. D.L., J.P. see Speen house, Rev. J. Lo1:1ax Gibbs llf.A. see Speen .•..•. 212

Sunningdale .......••.••.•..••...••..•.•........•..•..••..•.••... 217 Stanbury, Frederick William Allfrey esq. see Grazeley So

~Ia.iden Erlegh, Mrs. Garden Nicol, see Earley ....•.••..•• 69 Stanford Place, George .Basil Eyston esq. see Stanford-

Maidenhatch, Waiter Thornton esq. see Pangbourne ••• 132 in-the-Vale ...................................................... 213

Manor cottage, Reginald Cox esq. see Old Windsor.•.••• 265 . Stanla.ke park, Mrs. Heydemann, see Ruscombe •.•..•..• 203

LIST OF THE',' PRiNCIPAL: SEATS IN BERKSHIRE~

PAGB PAGE

Stone house, Capt. Edwd. John Johnston, see Thatcham 22::;1 Wallingtons, William Hew Dunn esq. D.L., J.P. see •

Stoney Ware, Percival La Tmbe Harter esq. J.P. see Kintbury ..............................,.. .......... ...••• ...••• .•.•.•.••• gS

Bisham .•• ..•••• .. ..•• .••.•.. •.••• ••• .•• .. ..••.•. .•. ••• .... .•. ..• .•• 37 Waltb.am Place, Miss Ellis, see White Waltham ......... 239

Streatley house,· George Herbert Morrell 11-l.P, V.D., Warennes Wood, Sir Robert Gray Cornish Mowbray

M.A., n.c.L., D.L., J.P. see Streatley........................ 216 part. M.A., J.P. see Stratfield Mortimer..•.•............. 215

Streatley Wood house, Col. Thomas John Bowles J,P. Warfield grove, Sir George Pigot bart. see Warfield ..• 243

• see Streatley ..................................................... 216 Warfield hall, General Sir Charles Henry Brownlow .

Sulham house, Mrs. John Wilder, see Sulham ............ 216 G.C.B. see "\\'arfield .............................................. 243

Sulhamstead house, Major William Richard Mortimer Warfield park, Hon. Arthur Hy. John Walsh, seeWarfield 243-

Thoyts s.c.L., J.P. see Sulhamstead-Abbots ....•.....•. 217 Wargrave hill,. Sydney Platt esq. J.P. see Wargrave ... 244
Wasing Place, William George Mount esq. M.P., M. A.,
Sunningdale park, Major William James Joicey J.P.,

v. D. see Sunningdale ........................................... 2r7 D.L., J,P. see Wasing ............................................ 245

I...............I..I......................Sunninghill park, Percy Edward Crutchley esq. J.P. Welford park, Capt. A. J. Carstairs, see Welford....••... 246·

see Sunninghill..... ,.•.. 2 I 8 West End grove, Misses Hopkins, see Pangbourne ...... 132

Sutton Courtney Abbey, Mrs. Theobald Theobald, see West Woodhay Manor House, Mrs. Cole, see West ·

Sutton Conrtne).. ·············~······················ .•...•..•... 220 Woodhay ••, ....................................................... 274
Swallowfield park, Sir George Arthur Charles Russell Wick hall, Mrs. Dockar-Drysdale, see Radley ............ 134

bart. see Swallo,vfield.•........•.....•.....•..•..............•. 221 Wilderness house, Howard Vyse esq. see Earley ... ..•..• 69

Temple Coombe, IIeatley Noble esq. see Wargra,·e...... 244 Wilminster park, Charles John Davy Eveleigh esq. see

Temple house, Lieut.-Gen. Owen Lewis Cope Williams Remenham. .•• .. . ... ... .••..• ... .•• .. . ..• ..• ..• ..• ..•..•... .... ..• 203

J.P. 8ee Bisham .••..•..•.••.••.••...•••....••.•..•. •........•• 37 Windsor grange, Hon. Lady l\'lurray, see Old Windsor 265

Tetworth park, Patrick Grant esq. see Sunninghill...... 218 Winkfield Place, Mrs. Cookson, see Winkfield ............ 267

Thatcham house, E.ichard Samuel Chattock esq. see Wokefield park, Herbert Cyril Allfrey esq. see Strat-

Thatcham ....•..•..•..••.•..••.•.•...•.....•.....•..•...•.•.•••. ,, 222 field 1\'lortimer .•• ..•.. •. •• ..•.•• . •• ••• ••• ••• .• •.. •.•• .. •.. . .• •.• • 215

Tidmarsh grange, Roger Walker esq. see Tidmarsh ... 224 Woodside, Col. Robert William Webb Follett, see Old

Tidmarsh manor, Edric John Murray Hopkins esq. Windsor ..•........•..•..•..........••...•.•..•..•........•...... 265

1\I.A., J.P. see Tidmarsh ............•••.•..•.........•.•....... 224 Woolhampton house, Mrs. Burn-Blyth,seeWoolhampton 275

Titness park, Capt. Sir Reginald Archibald Edward Woolley ball, George Dunn esq. see Woolley Green.....• 103

Cathcart bart. see Sunninghill .............................. 218 Woolley park, Philip Wroughton esq. D.L., J.P. see

Tittenhurst lodge, Miss Driver, see Sunuinghill ......... 218 Chaddleworth ... ...... ..•... ........•........... ...... ...... .... 5I

Tower (The), John Donaldson esq. see Pangbourne....•. Woolstone lodge, \Villiam Joseph Butler esq. J.P. see

Tower hill, Hon. Edward Grenville Gore-Langton, see Woolstone ... .... ... .•.... ....•..••. . ..•.•. ..•.... ..•.. ... . .•..••..• 275
South Ascot ....................................................... . 28 Wormstall, Hugh Powell Powel esq. J.P. see Kintbury... 98

Tubney house, John Parsons esq. see Tul·ney ............ 225 Wytham abbey, Earl of Abingdon D.L., J.P.seeWytham 276

Uftou court, Capt. Cyril Sharp, see Ufton.................. 227 Yattendon court, Alfred Waterhouseesq. R.A., LL.D.see

Upton lodge, Nathaniel Humfrey esq. see Upton ......... 228 Yattendon ....................................................... 277

Wadley house, Geo. Adams esq. see Wadley, Littlewrth 104 Yattendon :\Ianor house, Robert Bridges M.A., l\Lll. see

Wallingford castle, John Kirby Hedges esq. J.P. see Yattendon ......................................................... 277

Clapcot ........................................................... ,. .• 56 Yeldhall manor, Percival Fox Tuckett esq. see Hare

Hatch... .•• ...... . .. ...... ..•.....•...... ...... ..•..•..... •........ • 244







•)

INDEX TO •

·-· •





•,

TRE NUMBERS REFERRED TO ARE THE ADVERTISEl\IENT PAGES AT THE END OF TIIB BOOK.

PAGE PAGE

BANKING. Bacon curer:-

OXON & BERKS BANK ........................ I G. CROSS .

•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••

ASSURANCE. Bell founders:-

•• COUNTY FIRE........................................ I MEARS & STAINBANK........................... 53
EAGLE....................................................... 2

ENGINE BOILERS & El\IPLOYERS' Boat builders:-

LIABILITY . ...... ........ .. ..... ....... ............. 2 RUSTED BROTHERS.............................. 52

GENERAL REVERSIONARY & INVEST- 3 s. E. SAUNDERS .................................. 48

ME NT c0 .........•.•. I ••••••••••••• '. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • T. 1,IMS ... .. .. .... .••••• .... ... ... ... .... .. ... . ...... .•• 49

IMPERIAL ................................................. 5 Boiler makt>rs : - 37

LAW REVERSIONARY INTEREST 3 H. S. MARSH & CO ........"' ...................... 34

SOCIETY ............................................. 41 Boot & shoe manufacturer:-

LIVERPOOL & LONDON & GLOBE......... ! I J. A. BRAIN ..........................................
LONDON ASSURANCE. ...........................
NORTHERN ........................................... 6 Brassfounders :- 42
NORWICH UNION FIRE ........................ 6 C. BATTING .........•.•..............................
P ALATINE .............................................. . 54
7 GUEST & CHRIMES .. . .. . .. ............ .... ......
PH<ENIX FIRE.........................•............. 7 H. S. MARSH & CO .............................. . 37
PROVIDENT LIFE...................................
9 Brick & tile manufacturers:-
ROYAL EXCHANGE................................

SUN FIRE .......••.................................... 8 EASTWOOD & CO. LIMirED... ... . .. ... . . ... . 11

MISCELLANEOUS. PHILLlPS & SO~ .. .... .. ... . .. . ....... .. .... . .... 28

Agents-House, land & estate: - Brick, tile & pipe machinery m~mufacturer : -

R. BUCKELL .••.•..••......•.............•..•...... 17 J. CLE\VS ............................................ . 34
EGGINTON & SOS...............•••.....•..•......
HAl\ILET & DULAKE .......................... . 19 H. S. M A R S H & CO I • • I • • t I t • t • t I t & •. ; 1 1 • 1 t t t • 1 t 1 37
HASLAM & SON .••......••...............•..•....•.
KING & ADKI~ .................................... _.,,6 1 Bm·laers :- 49
'V. ""TILS0 N........ ... ... ... .. . ... .. . . . .. .. ..• ... ... ... .
21 so

46 J. H. R. ATKINS .................................. .
32 s. BARRETT ....••........... I........................

Agricultural engineer:- 42 ,V. J. BLOXHAM..................................... 33
48 J. F. BOOTH........................................... 33
C. BArfTING ... ... . .. ... ... ... ... ..• ... ... ... ..• ..•... 24 H. D. BO\VYER ..........••....................... , 4Z
P. J. COAST................................................ 18 & 21
Agricultural implement manufacturer:-
T. PRI·l~CHARD •..•....• .•.... ..• ... ... ... .. ... . ••• G. DARLINGTON....... .. ..... .... .. ..... ........... 44

Ale & stout merchants :- J. DEVERILL .••... ...... ...... .. ........ .. .... ..... 52
LAYTON BROTHERS.............................. C. H. HUNT & SON ... .. . .. . .. . .. . .. .. .. ..... . .. . 45

Architects:- KNOWLES & SON ................................. . 52

J. EAKER ..•.......•..........•..•..•.•..•..........•• 41 T. PERRIN ........................................... 53

W. G. A. HAl\IBLING ........................... 20 Builders' merchants:-

Auctioneers :- W. J. 'BLOXHAM... ••• . .. . .. ... . .. .... .... .... ... ••• .•• 33
P. J. COAST .................................. 18 & 21
E. J. BROOICS •••..............•.•• ... ..•.••..•...... 16
R. BUCKELL.•.... ·•··•·· ... ..•..... ... ..• ... ... .... .. I 7 PHILLTPS & SON ... ... ... ...... .... .. ... . ... .. ... 28

BUCKLAND & SONS ............ ...............Facing

commencement of Berkshzre Butchers:-

EGGINTON & SO~ •......... ..:......... ... . ... .•• 19 HALL & SON •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••

HAMLET & DULAKE ......... ...... ............ 36 J. WIBLIN.................... ,...................... ..• 32

HASLAJ\I & SO~ ..................................... •

2 1 Cab & omnibus proprietors:-

KING & ADKIN ......•......••...............•••.... 46 \V. PAYNE & SON..•....••.••......•.•....•••••.•••

R. F. MILLER & CO ................•............ 25

!W. R. NICHOLA.S & CO ........................ 26 Carpet factors : -
'V. WILSON ............................................ . 32 CHAPMAN BROS..................................... 34



••

Xll INDEX TO COM..."\iERCIAL PROSPECTUSES.

PAOB

Carriage builders :- Ecclesiastical art warehouse:-

EMANUEL BROS.... ... . ... ... .. . .... ... ... ..• ... ... 44 A. R. MOWBRAY & CO.......................... 26

J. A. GIRDLER....................................... 36 Electric light engineers :-

H. PASS ...... ... ......... .................... ....... ....•• 38 BAUGHAN CO....•.....•.... 33&
I ••• • • •• • • • • • • • • ••• • • •

.L. WESTON.... ......... ... ...... ....... ... ... ... .....• 31 Electrical engineers : -

Cartridge manufacturers :- G. HAWKES & SONS.............................. 22
HILL, UPTON & CO............................... 44
T. PERKES & CO................................... 52

T. TURNER & SONS...........-.................... 39 Embrocation manufacturers : -

Carvers & gilders :- REDH.UP & DALLY................................ 51

HATCH & MILLEA ... ... ... ..• .•. ...• .• .. ... ... ... 50 Engineers : -

Cement manufacturers:- II J. ATTERTON ••••••......... .....•... ... ..•.•...•..• 53
EASTWOOD & CO. LIMITED ... ... ... ... ...... 33
54 BAUGHAN & CO......•..•....•.•....••••.. ~~.........
Chandelier manufacturers:- HILL, UPTON & CO. ... ... ...... .................. 44
GUEST & CHRIMES •...... ........ ... . .. ... ... ... H. S. MARSH & CO. ... •.. . ... .. ... . .. ... .. ... .. . .
S. E. SAUNDERS... ... ... ... ...... ...... ... . ... . . .•• 37
48

Church bell founders:- Engineers' stores:-

MEARS & STAINBANK ........................ 53 W. H. WILLCOX & CO. LIMITED ......... 10

Civil engineer:- Estate agents :-

J .. BAKER ...••••..... ... .....• ... .. ..•........ .....•••• 41 R. F. MILLER & CO............................... 25

Closet manufacturers:- W. R. NICHOLAS & CO......................... 26
GUEST & CHRIMES ............................... 54 Fancy goods warehouse:-

Clothiers:- K B. & F. E. AWMACK ........................ 15

A. H. SIMPSON & CO.......................... .. 48 Farriers : -

Coal merchants :- P. J. co_4.S1,.................................... 18 & 21

P. J. COAST................................... 18 & 21 J. A. GIRDLER.................... .................•• 36

A. PA YNE.... .• ...•.....•..... ........................• 2 7 Fire extinguishing apparatus manufacturers:-

Coffin fm·niture manufacturers:- GUEST & CHRIMES .............................. 54
,
DOTTRIDGE BROTHERS ....................... 10 Fishmongers:- so

Confectioners :- HALL & SON ••••....I······· .......... I............... 36
A. BOFFIN .......... ... ..•.•..... .. ... .•. . .. ... ... ... ...
I6 W. HYDE...............................................

LAYTON BROS.•••••.•............................... 24 Florists:-
R. OWEN •••.....•..... I............................... 27
Corn merchant:-
E. F. SUCH............................................ 39
A. p AYNE I......... ....... ........................... 27
R. rrUCKER & SONS ...................••••.....•• 31

Costumiers :- Fruiterers :-

LONG, SON & EVERARD ....................... 25 LAYTON BROS....................................... 24

Court dressmaker :- Funeral carriage proprietors:-

C. HILL ........•............................ · ·· ·. ····· • 44 C H HUN'r & SON• • 45
..._ .. I .. I I . I I .. I I I I I l l • • • I I I I I I I I I I • • •

Crane manufacturer:- Furniture removers:-
c. & G. AYRES••••............ ,...................... IS
J. ATTERTON •.....•....................•..••..•...• 53

Cutlers:- S. HOLLAND & SON............................... 45

E. B. & F. E. AWMACK......................... 15 W. PAYNE & SON •.......................•...... 51
W. F. l\fATTHE WS... ... .. ............. ... ..... ... . 52
GILL & c0... ...•.•••• ..... ....... ... ....... ... .. .... ..• 2U

Cycle makers & agents :- Furriers:-

F. G. BARTON........................................ 49 INTERNATIO.NAL FUR STORE......... ...Inside

J. COLLIER & SONS .............. Facing commence- Front Cover

ment of Buckinghamshire Game & poultry dealer :-

COXETER & SONS................................. 52 W. HYDE ... ... ... .•• .•• ...... ... ... .•.. ..• ... ..•.•. .•• 3&

J. FULLBROOK & CO............................ 35 Gas burner manufacturers:-

J. KINGHAM............................................ 37 GUEST & CHRiliES .............................. 54

F. PARKER .•...........••..........................• 4i Gasengineers:-

W. G. PHILLIPS... ... ...... .....••............ ... ..• 28 BAUGHAN & CO···•··••••········•······•····••••·•• ·:p-
Drain pipe manufacturers:-
~~

GILL & CO. •••..••••.••...............•...•.••• .....• 20

EASTWOOD & CO. LIMITED ................ . 1 1 Gas meter manufacturers : -
PHILLIPS & SON...•,................................ 28
GUEST & CHRIMES................... ............ 54

Drapers-wholesale & rltltail : - Glass & china warehouse:-

A. H. BULL LTD........... ...... Facing Front Cover E. B. & F. E. AWMACK.......... ......... ... ... 15

Drapers:- Grocers:- 19

T. DRUCE & CO ...•..•............•..... ···.......... 50 CHURCH BROTHERS............................. 50

LONG, SON & EVERARD........................ 25 G. CROSS................................................

H. H. WIGHTMA...~ • •• ............ ... ... ...... ... ... 4o Gun & rifle makers:-

Dressmaker:- T. PERKES & CO................................... 52
T. TURNER & soN.................... I • •• ••• •• • •• • 39
H. H. WIGHTMAN................................. 40

INDl.:X TO COMMERCIAL PROSPECTUSES. •••

Xlll

PAGE l'AGR

Hardwood merchants:- Mantle makers :-

R. J. JOHNSON & CO. ....... •.•.. ... .•• ......... 23 A. H. :BULL Lll\IITED.......... Facina Front Cove,.
• u

Horse blister manufaeturers :- Manufacturers' agent:-

LIEUT. JAMES (TRUSTEES OF)............. 23 J. LISEMORE.................... .. ......... ....••..•.• 24

Hose pipe m!l.nufacturers : - Mill furnishers :-
GUEST & CHRIMES.......... ............ .........
W. H. WILLCOX & CO. LIMITED ... ...... 54 BRYAN eoReORAN LIMITED ............... 9

Hotels:- 10 Milliners :-
J. BEVERCO.M.BE.•••..•.•..••.•.......,. ..• .•• ..• ..• A. H. BULL LIMITED......... Facing Front Cover

R. R. HARNESS...................................... so50 T. DRUCE & CO. .......... ... ................... ...

J". S. HOLLAND...........•.••.•. ,................... 52 LONG, SO.N & EVERARD............... ......... 25
W., LUDLOW.............. ........... ........ .........•
'E. M. OSMOND . ........ ... ... .. . ... . . ... ..• ..• ..•.•• H. H. WIGHTM.-. \.N .. . ... .•• .... .• •.••.... .. . .. ••• . .. 40
RANDOLPH HOTEL CO. LIMITED.........
22
D. E. RICHARDS...... •••• ..•... .. .. ... ... ... ....••
46 Millstone builders :-
S. VALUS ................... ··· ............ •·· ······ ....
47 l3RYAN CORCORAN LIMITED ...... ••• ... ••• 9
House furnishers :-
2 9 M11lwright : -

c.53 BATTING .................................... I ••••••• " 42

53 Monumental sculptors:-

szKNOWLES & SON ......... ...... .. .. ... ... .........

A. H. BULL LIMITED ........ .Facing Front Cover Mouldings manufacturers:-

Iron buildings manufacturer:- R. J. JOHNSON & CO. ........................ ... 23

W. HARBROW ....................................... 9 Mourning warehousemen:-

Ironfounders: LONG, SON & EVERARD........................ 25

C. BATTING ..• .. ...•...... .••.••. ... .. . .. ... ... ... ... 42 Musie warehouses:-

H. S. MARSH & CO. ......... .................... 37 ARCADE 1\IUSIC CO. (THE) ... ............... 17

Ironmongers:- A. CARY •................ ............................... 12

GILL & CO • e1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 I I I I I I I • 1 1 I I I •• I • 11 I I I 11. ••• Se I 20 T. WAITE............................................... 14-

G. HAWKES & SONS ••..........•...•.•........ 22 Newspapers :- 41
41
Iron roof manufacturer:- ABINGDON HERALD.............................. 42
W. HARBRO\V •.•...............•..•................• 9 BANBURY GUARDIAN ...........................
BUCKINGHAM ADVERTISER ................ 43
Jeweller:- BUCKINGHAM EXPRESS........................ 43
BUCKS ADVERTISER ................ ......... ...
C. H. BERRY .. ..•. ... ...... ........... .. ... ... ..• ..• 42 43
BUCK~ HERALD....................................
Job masters:- 43
4S
""V+,T. KEENE... ... ......... ........• ... ... . ..... ..• .•• ... 46 BUCKS STANDARD ...... ... .... .......... ... ... ...
4~
L. 'YESTO~ ......................••............... .•• 31 JACKSON'S OXFORD JOURNAL..............
46
Joinery manufacturer:- MAIDENHEAD TIMES........................... 47
NEWPORT PAGNELL GAZETTE............ 30
,V. HARBROW .......... ,. ..•......••~··········~······· 9 OXFORD CHRONICLE ............ ................ 30
READING 1\IERCURY ........................... 49
Lacemen :- READI~·G OBSERVER........................... 49

A. H. BULL LIMITED......... Facing Front Cover

Ladder maker :- SOUTH :BUCKS FREE PRESS ...............
SOUTH BUCKS STANDARD ..................
J. T. BROOKER ................•........••.•.......• 55

Ladies' tailors :-- Nurserymen:-

C. HILL ..... .... ... .. ..... ... .•.... ... ...... ... ...... ... 44 R. OWEN ... ... ... ... ... ..• ....•• .• .. . ..•..•. ... . ....• 27

LONG, SON & EVERARD.................. ...... 25 E. F. SUCH ... .......... ....... ......... ...... ... ...... 39

Lamp manufacturers :- R. TUCKER & SONS .. ... ....... .•.. ........... ... 3I

GUEST & CHRIMES .............................. 54 Oil merchants:- 20
GILL & CO. •.• .•. ..... .... .•..• ••••.•. ......... ... ... IO
Land & estate agents :-
W. H. WILLCOX & CO. LLl\JITED ••• • ••••• 42
BUCKLAND & SO~S ..................... ...... Faci1lg
Commencement of Berk$hire Optician:- 12
C. H. BERRY ....•• ...................................
Lawn mower grinding machine manufacturer:-
Organ builders:-
J. A"rTERTO~ ............. ,......••. ................... 53 A. CARY •••.. ••• ... .•. .....• ........ .....•......... ...

Library:- T. W AITE •.. . .. ... ...•.•..•..• .•...••••. ..• .•...•... .. I 4

SOUTHERN COUNTIES eiReCLATING Organ tuner:-

LIBRARY (W. C. LONG)...................... 39 A. C.\.RY .•• .............................................. 12

Lightning conductor manufacturers:- Outfitters :-

HILL, L'"PTO~ & CO................................ 44 A. H. BULL LIMITED ......... Facing Front Cove,.

Lime merchants :- A. H. SIMPSON & eo. ........................... 4&

EASTWOOD & eo. LDUTED .................. I I Painters :-

Livery stable proprietor : C. FRASKLIN ...... ..... ................ ......... ... 35

G. LING................................................... 37 G. J. ROWELL •....•..•.•••...•.•..•....••.••..•....• 48

Machine band manufacturers:- Paperhanger:-

W. H. WII.LCOX & CO. LIMITED ......... 10 G, J. ROWELL ....................................... 48

• INDEX TO COMMERCIAL PROSPECTUSES•

XIV •

PAGE PAGE

Paper hangings warehouse:- . Seedsmen : -

• J. F. BOOTH···································~······ 33 E. F. SUCH ....................................... I... 39

:Pianoforte manufacturers :- .-.............. .... .... ..... R. TUCKER & SONS .... ...... .. ... ... ... ......... 31

A. CARY ..................... 12 Shirt makers:- 48
14 A. H. SIMPSON & CO. ...........................
T. wAITE .. I •• I •••••••• : ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••

Pianoforte tuner:- 1Silk mercers :- •

A. CARY ................................I............... ]2 T. DRUCE & CO ........................... ......... 50

Pianoforte & organ warehouse:- ·' Silversmith:-

A• CARY •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 12 C. H. BERRY ..................... 0 ••• I ••••••••• I... 42

T. WAITE ····················· ························ 14 Slate merchants:-
Picture frame manufacturers :-
W. A. DARBISHIRE .................. ............ 51
HATCH & MILLEA...................................
50 R. J. ·JOHNSON & CO .......................... . 2J
Plumbers:-
COOKE :BROTHERS ............ ............... ... PEN-YR-ORSEDD SLATE QUARRY CO.
G. DARLINGTON .................................... .
J. DEVERILL ....................................... LIMITED ........................... ·······.. ... .. .... 5I
C. FRANKLIN ...................................... . 35 ROBERTS, ADLARD & CO .................. .. II

G. JI ROWELL .......................................... . 44 Smiths:-

.Potters:- 52 P. J. COAST.................................... I8 & 21
35
PHILLIPS & SON .... .. ... ...... .. . .... ..... ... ... G. NIXEY ······························~·············· SI
48
Poultry appliance manufacturers:- Steam launch builders:-

J. T. HO:BSON & CO................................ S. E. SAUNDERS... ........ .... .. .. .. ... . .. .. ... . .. . 48
28 T. TIMS .. ... . ... ... ... .. ... . ....... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... 49

Steam packing manufacturers :-

53 W. H. WILLCOX & CO. LIMITED ......... 10

Poultry breeders :- Steam pump manufacturers:- 10

W. POTTER .......................................... 38 W. H. WILLCOX & CO. LIMITED ••••••••• 48
F. READ . .. .. . .. . ... ... .. ... ... ... .. ... . .. .. .. . ....... ...
38 Steam roller proprietor:-
H. G. WESTON..................... .................. 40 T. PRITC HARD . .. .. . ... . .. ... . .. . ... . . ... ... ... . ..

Printers & I•ublishers :- Stickphast paste manufacturers :-

KELLY'S DIRECTORIES LTD. Printers & LEADENHALL PRESS LIMITED ...... ...... 55

publishers of the Post Office London & Surveyors :-

County Directories &c ..................... ...... Facing J. BAKER ......................................... ······ 4I

Back Cover, Inside Back Cover g· pp. 53, 56 if 57 E. J. BROOKS ... ... ... .............. .......... ...... 16

Provision merchants:- R. BUCKELL... ... ... . . ... .... ... . ........ ... ... ... ... 17

BUCKLAND & SONS ... ...Facing Commencement

CHURCH :BROTHERS ......................... ... 19 of Berkshire

G-. CROSS .......•..................................... 50 EGGINTOX & SON.................................. 19

Quarry owners:- W. G. A. RAMBLING ......... ~········............ 20

W. A. DARBISHIRE .............................. 51 HAMLET & DULAKE .... .. ............ ......... 36

PEN-YR-ORSEDD SLATE QL"ARRY CO. HASLA:rti & SON ......... ............ ............... 21

LIMITED . . . .. .. . . . .. ... . .... .. ... .... .. . ... ... ... ... 5I KING & ADKIN ... ... ... ..... .. . ..... ... .......... ... 46

.Restaurants:- W. WILSON ...... ....... ...... .... ... .......... ......... 32

A. BOFFIN............................................. 16 Tailors:-

CAFE VICTORIA ................................. 18 A. H. SIMPSON & CO ........................... 48

.Rope, line & twine manufacturers:- Tarpaulin manufacturers :-

DAY & CO. ... ....................................... 52 DAY & CO.............................................. 52

Sanitary engineer:- Tea rooms:- 17
W. G. A. HAMBf4IXG.............................. BUNGALOW (THE) (READING)...............
46
Sausage maker:- 20
J. WIBLIN ......... ......... ... ... ...... ... . ........ ... 28
Temperance hotel:-
Saw mill proprietors:- Ir
""T· LUDLOW ..................... ;....................
41
32
Terra cotta manufacturers :- 55
PHILLIPS & SON ... .. .. .. ... ... .... ..... .... .. .. ..
53
T. BATES & SONS ......... ............ ........... 41 Tile manufacturers:- ·
23
W. J. 13LOXHA~I... ...... ... ......... .. . ... ....... .... 33 ROBERTS, ADLARD & CO......................
45
H. D. BOWYER ......................................... 42 Timber merchants:- 25

School of music :- T. BATES & SONS ... ... ... .......... ... ... ......... 10

A. CARY ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... .. .. ... ... ... ...... ... 12 J. T. BROOKER ....................................

'Schools & colleges :- J. T. HOBSON & CO..............................
A. H0 LLO\VAY ... ............ ... ... ...... .. .. . . .. . 45 R. J. JOHNSON & CO .... ..... ... ... ... ... ... ...

REV. C. E. ROBERTS ........................... 29 Undertakers:-

MISS H. THOMPSON ........................... 51 C. H. HUNT & SON ............... ...............

Seed growers & merchants :- I LONG, SOX. & .EVERARD ......r...............

SUTTON & SONS............................... ,..... . 13 Undertakers' manufacturers & warehousemen:-

J. P. WEBSTER. ..... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... .... ... 40 DOTTRIDGE BROTHERS......................... '

INDEX TO CO:miERCIAL PROSPECTUSES. XV

PAGE PAGE

Upholsterers:- Wheelbarrow maker :-

CHAPMAN BROTHERS.••.••..•.•••••.•••.......• 34 J. T. EROO KER ..• ..............•....•.............•. 55

Valuers:-

R. BUCKELL.................. .... ..... ...... ......... 17 Wheelwrights : -

.BUCKLAND & SONS .......•..••...• ..•••...•••Facing P. J. COAST •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 18 & 21

Commencement cif Betk8bire 51G. NL~EY •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••

EGGINTON & SON ................................... 19 Window blind maker:-
36 J. 'WILLIAMS ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
HAMLET & J)lJLAKE............................. II
. -Wine & spirit merchants •
HASLAM & SON .... ~ ...~.: .......'4••• ~ •••••••••••• ; •
...1 •
KING & ABKIN ......... ••••••••••••: •• ~ • • • • • • •~.

R. F. MILLER & CO............................... . A. EOFFIN... ......................................... . 16
W. R. NICHOLAS & CO. ••• ••• ••• • •• ••• ••• • •• • ••
W. WILSON ...................................... t ...~.. LAYTON BROS. ..................................... 24

Veterinary chemists:- 32 \vir~ weavers:- 9

LIEUT. JA:MES (TRUSTEES OF) ............ .BRYAN CORCORAN LIMITED ••••••••••••••• 55

Watch maker:- Wood goods manufacturer:-

C. H. BERRY..................................... ~ .. . J. T. BROOKER .................................... .

vrater meter manufacturers ·• - Woollen drapers :-

• GUEST & CHRIMES •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 54 A. H. SIMPSON & CO. • •••••••••••••••••••••••••••

•I







' •






'

I

'. •



' •• .. '
.'
..



' ••





•• ••

INDEX TO

••

TBB NUMBERS REPERRED TO .&RB THB .&DVBRTISEHENT P.&Gl!i9 .&T TBB BND 011' TBB BOOK:.

PAGE PAUif'

ABINGDON HERALD, Newspaper..................... 41 COLLIER J. & SONS, Cycle makers & agents ••. Faei'ng

ARCADE MUSIC CO. (THE)........................... 17 Commencement of Buekingham8hire

ATKINS J. H. R., Builder & contractor •••....•.. ... 49 COOKE BROS., Sanitary plumbers & house

ATTERTON J., Engineer................................. 53 decorators ........................... ......................... 35
szCOXETER & SONS, Cyc~ manufacturers............
AWMACK E. B. & F. E., Electro plate, glass &

china warehouse ........•.............•................... 15 CROSS G., Grocer & provision dealer.................. 50
AYRES C. & G., Furniture removers .................. 15 DARBISHIRE W. A., Slate merchant & quarry
BAKER J., Civil engmeer................... ....•........• 41 51owner... ................ , , , , ............. _. ..... I •••••••• , •••• , •
so.BANBURY GUARDIAN, Newspaper................. 41 DARLINGTON G., Builder & decorator............... 44
BARRET'I S., Builder ................................... DAY & CO., Rope, line & twine manufacturers ...

BARTON F. G., Cycle agent & repairer ............... 49 DEVERILL J., Builder......... ...... I •••• I •••••••••••••••
BATES T. & SONS, Timber merchants ............... 41 DOTI'RIDGE BROS., Undertakers' manufacturers

BATTING C., Agricultural engineer .••... ............ 42 & warehousemen ......................................... . JO
BAUGHAN & CO., Electric light, gas & general
DRUC E T. & CO., Silk mercers, milliners & I
engt•neers . . . ... . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . ... ... .. . . .. ... . .. ... . .. . ... . . 33 d.mpers .. .... . .... ...... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..... ..... ........
50
soBERRY C. H., Watchmaker & jeweller.••..•......... 42
EASTWOOD & CO. LIMITED, Lime, cement &
BEVERCOMBE J., Hotel.................................
BLOXHAM W. J., Builder, contractor & merchant 33 brick manufacturers .................................... . IJ
BOFFIN A., Cook, confectioner & wine merchant 16 EGGINTON & SON, Auctioneers, land agents
BOOTH J. F., Builder & decorator..................... 33 & surveyors ................................................. 19
BOWYER R. D., Saw mill & joinery works......... 42 EMA.NUEL BROS., Coach & carriage builders •.• 44
BRAIN J. A., Boot & shoe manufacturer . .. ... ..••.• 34 FRANKLIN C., Sanitary plumber..•..•.............•• 35
FULLBROOK J. & CO., Engineers & cycle
BROOKER J. T., Timber merchant &manufacturer
of wood goods ... ... ... ... ..... .. ... ... ... .. . ... .. ... . .. .. . 55 manufacturers . ... ........ ... ..• ... .. .... .••.... .. ... ... ... 35
BROOKS E. J., Auctioneer, valuer & surveyor...... 16 GILL & CO., Ironmongers & manufacturers ...... 20

BRYAN CORCORAN LTD., Millstone builders & GIRDLER J. A., Coach builder & farrier ......... 36

mill furnis herE ... ............................................. . 9 GUEST & CHRIMES, Brassfounders ..•.•..••..•••• 54
HALL & SON, Butchers & fishmongers ............ 50
BUCKELL R., Auctioneer, surveyor, house &

estate agent ................................................ 17 RAMBLING W. G. A., Architect, surveyor &
BUCKINGHAM ADVERTISER, Newspaper....... 4z s~n1• tary eng•ineer.......................................... 20

BUCKINGHAM EXPRESS, Newspaper............... 43 HAMLET & DULAKE, Auctioneers, valuers &

BUCKLAND & SONS, Auctioneers, land & estate estate agents................................. ... ... ... . .... . 36

agents, surveyors & valuers.......................... .Faci11g HARBROW W., Iron buildings & roofing manu-

Comme1wementof Berkshire facturer ············j······································ 9

BUCKS ADVERTISER & AYLESBURY NEWS, HARNESS R. R., Hotel ••• ... .. . .••..• .•• .•• •••. .. ...•.• 52

Newspaper................................................... 43 HASLAM: & SON, Auctioneera, surveyors &

BUCKS HERALD, Newspaper..................... ....• 43 valuers ....................................................... 21

soBUCKS STANDARD, Newspaper ............ ......... 43 HATCH & MILLEA, Carvers & gilder~:! ............

BULL A. R. LTD., Wholesale & retail drapers & HAWKES G. & SO:NS, Ironmongers & electrical

general merchants ........................ ............Facing engi•neers .. . ... ... ... ..•.•.. .. ... . .. .. . .. . ... .. . ... ... ... . .. :2

Front Corer HILL, UFTON & CO., Electrical & mechanical

BUNGALOW (THE), TEA ROOMS •••...•.•...•••.•• 17 engi•neers . . .... . .. . ..... ... .. . ... . . . .. .... .. . ... ... •• .. .. ... 44

CAFE VICTORIA, Restaurant........................... r8 HILL C., Ladies' tailor .... .. ...... ...... ...... .......... 44

CARY A., Music & pinnoforte warehouse ....••••••.• IZ HOBSON J. T. & CO., Timber merchants &

CHAPMAN BROS., House furnishers & carpet poultry appliance manufacturers ••• .•. ... ......... .•• 53

factors ...................................................... . 34 HOLLAND oS. & SON, Furniture removers......... 45

CHURCH BROS., Grocers & provision merchants 19 HOLI.AND J. S., Hotel ... .•. .••.•. ............... ••• ..• 22

CLEWS J., Brick, tile & pipe making machine HOLLOWAY A., Ladies' college........................ 45

manufacturer . ,................ ,.... ,. . .. ..• . . . ... ... ••• ... 34 HUNT C. H. & SONS, Undertakers & funeral

COAST P. J., Smith, wheelwright & farrier ...... 18&21 carriage proprietors......................................... 45

COAST P. J., Builder, contrac:or & builders' mer- RUSTED BROTHERS, Boat & punt builders...... 5z

chant... .................................................... J8 & :z I HYDE W., lfish, game, poultry & ice stores......... 36

INDEX TO NAMES OF ADVERTISERS. xv•u•

PA.Gll PA.GB

INTERNATIONAL FUR STORE, Furriers.••.••Inside PERKES T. & CO., Gun & cartridge makers...... 52

Front CovM> PERRIN T., Builder....................................... 53

JACKSON'S OXFORD JOURNAL, Newspaper... 45 PHILLIPS & SON, Builders' merchants, sanitary

lAMES LIEUT. (TRUSTEES OF), Horse blister & horticultural potters ...••• ... ... ... .. ... ..••. .•. ..... 28

manufacturers ...••••••...•.........•••.•..••..•••••••.....• 23 PHILLIPS W. G., Cycle maker & agent ......•••..• 28
38
JOHNSON .R. J. & CO., Timber & slate mars ••• 23 POTTER W., Poultry breeder...........................
29
KEENE W., Job & post master ..•......•••......•••..• 46 PRITCHARD T., Threshing machine & steam 38
30
KELLY'S DIRECTORIES LTD., Printers & roller proprietor ............................................ 30
51
publishers & printers & publishers ofl the Post RANDOLPH HOTEL CO. LTD. (OXFORD)...... 53

Office London & County Directories &c..... .•••••FacitJg READ F., Poultry breeder .. .. .. ... ... .. .... .. .. .... .... 11
Back Cover, Inside Back Cover !S" pp. 53, 56 !S" 57 READING MERCURY, Newspaper..................
KING & ADKIN, Auctioneers, valuers & estate 29
READING OBSERVER, Newspaper.................. 48
agents ....•••....•••••...•.•.•••••.••........•.••........•... 46 REDRUP & DALLY, Embrocation manufacturers 48
48
KINGHAM J., Cycle maker & agent.................. 37 RICHARDS D. E., Hotel................................. 49
49
KNOWLES & SON, Monumental sculptors......... 52 ROBERTS, ·ADLARD & CO., Slate & tile mers...
LA.YTON BROTHERS, Confectioners & fruiterers 24 ROBERTS REV. C. E., School ............ ...... ••• ... 39
LEADENHALL PRESS LIMITED, Stickphast 39
ROWELL G. J., Paperhanger, painter & glazier...
paste manufacturers ••....••.••.•...........•••.....••••.. 13
LING G., Ca.b & carriage proprietor .................. 55 SAUNDERS S. E., Engineer & launch builder ...
LISEMORE J. Manufacturers' agent................... 51
LONG, SON & EVERARD, Drapers, costumiers 37 SIMPSON A.. H. & CO., Tailors & shirt makers
49
& milliners •.•..•.•.•••..•...•.••••...••.•................• 2 4 SOUTH BUCKS F.REE PRESS, Newspaper ...•.•
LlJDLOW W., Temperanc~ hotel .................... . 31
MARSH H. S. & CO., Engineers & boiler makers SOUTH BUCKS STANDARD, Newspaper ... ......
MATTHEWS W. F., Furniture remover ............ 2 5 SOUTHERN C 0 UN T I E S CIRCULATING
MEARS & STAINBANK, Church bell founders •.• 46 UBRARY (READING) ..................... .........

MILLER R. F. & CO., Auctioneers, estate agents 37 SUCH E. F., Nurseryman, seedsman & florist ......

52
53 SUTTON & SONS, Seed .Q:rowers & merchants ...

THOMPSON MISS, School ... ···-· • ............... ...

& Yaluers .•..••.•••..••••.•••••..••••.•.••.•••....••••...•••• 25 TIMS T., Boat builder •••.•...•................••......•••
TUCKER R. & SONS, Nurserymen, seedsmen &
MOWBRAY A. R. & CO., Ecclesiastical art ware-
house....................................................... ... 26 florists •...•.....•• . ... ......... ... ..•..•.......•• ....•• . .. ..•

NEWPORT PAGNELL GAZETTE, Newspaper... 46 TUHNER T. & SONS, Gun & rifle manufacturers 39

NICHOLAS W. R. & CO., Auctioneers, estate V ALLIS S., Hotel ...••..................................... 53

agents & valuers ........................... ............... 26 WAITE T., Pianoforte & organ warehouse............ 14

NIXEY G., Wheelwright & smith ..............-..... 51 WEBSTER J. P., Seed & bulb merchant ............ 40

OSMOND E. M., Hotel ............... ............ ...... 47 WESTON H. G., Poultry breeder ..................... 40

OXFORD CHRONICLE, Newspaper.................. 47 WESTON L., Job & post master & carriage builder 31

OXFORD TIMES, Newspaper ......................... 47 WIBLIN J., Butcher & sausage maker ............... 32

OWEN R., Nurseryman & florist ...................... 27 WIGBTMAN H. H., Draper, milliner & dress-

PARKER F., Cycle manufacturer ..•••.•..... ...... ... 47 mker ... ............. .. •.. ... ... .•...... ...... ...••••.... .......... 40

PASS H., Carriage builder .............................. 38 WILLCOX W. H. & CO. LTD., Engineers' stores

r AYNE W. & SON, Cab & omnibus proprietors 51 & oil merchants •..... .............. ... .......... ... ...... 10

PAYNE A., Coal & corn merchant..................... 27 WILLIAMS J., Window blind manufacturer ...... 11

PEN-YR-ORSEDD SLATE QUARRY CO.......... 51 WILSON W., Auctioneer, valuer, land & estate agt 32

..

• • •
• •

•• •
I
• •
••





. ...

.. •

• •

•• • •

MESSRS.. . . •

, F.S.I., •

Auctioneers,.·

LAND AN.D ESTATE AGENTS,

SURVEYORS AND VALUERS. •

. .- · ••1··•0~O••••t• e

SaleB of Landed and HouBe Property, Ground RentB,

Timber, Agricultural Stock, etc.

SURVEYS .& PLANS OF LAND & BUILDINGS •.

Yaluations for Estate Duty, being appointed Valuers under the ·
Finance Act, 1891, for Berks, Bucks and Surrey.

AGRICULTURAL AND TIMBER VALUATIONS.

ESTATES MANAGED. RENTS COLLECTED•

.

Agents for tbe County Fire and Provident Life Offices.

OFFICES:

4, BLOOMSBURY SQUARE, LONDON;

And WINDSORll

Ttleplwne, 48 lVindsor,








13ERKSHIRE, commonly called Berks, is a southern inland Of these fine buildings there are extensive remains ; those
shire, on the south bank of the navigable Thames, which of the Grey Friary at Reading are converted into a church

forms its northern boundary mark, and in the valley of which called Greyfriars ; of the Benedictine monastery at Hurley

it liei, approaching within 20 miles of London, and is some remains are to be seen.
about midway between the mouth of the Thames and the Avington is a very ancient church, said to be Old English

Bristol Channel. The county is of very irregular shape, or Norman; there are also specimens of Norman in St.

with its greatest length of 43 miles from east to west, and Nicholas church, Abingdon, and in Wilford church.
with its greatest breadth of 30 miles from north to south at The main river is the Thames, on the northern border,

the western end. which bears large craft throughout its length to London and.

The area was originally 462,224 acres, but by the" Local the sea, and by canal opens the way to Wiltshire, Bristol,

Government Board's Provisional Orders Confirmation (No. Gloucestershire, Oxford., Birmingham, the Midland. Counties

12) Act," which came into operation September 30, 1895, and the North. The Thames, from its winding course, has a

3,672 acres, being the Berkshire portion of Shalbonrn parish, waterway between Lecblad.e and Windsor of no miles,

was transferred to Wilts, and 2,088 acres, the Wilts part of and passes Oxford, Abingdon, Wallingford, Reading, Henley

Hungerford, added to Berks; the parish of Combe, with 2,212 (Oxon), Marlow (Bucks), Maidenhead and Windsor. This

.acres, was also added from Rants; by these changes the river for its entire length is popularly called. the Thames,

.area is now 464,952 acres; the population in 1831 was but its proper name is the Isis until it receives the smaller

146,234; in 184r, x6r,759; in x85r, 17o,o65; in x86x, stream the Thame, which, flowing by Dorchester (Oxon),

176,256; in 1871, 196,475; in x88x, 218,363; and r8gr, joins the Isis between Day's Lock and. Shillingford Bridge,

238,709, viz., males, IIJ, 208 ; females, I2r,so1. The nnm- Among its fish are trout, barbel, pike, eels, carp, tench, chub,

ber of houses in 18gr was :-inhabited; 48,477, uninhabited, roach, dace and crayfish. Between the chalk downs in the

3,401 ; and building, 380. west and. the Thames runs its feeder, a small river 20 miles

The Isis, or Thames, divides it on the north from Oxford- long, called. the Ock, falling into the Thames at Abingdon.

.shire and Buckinghamshire; on the south-east it is bounded. The Kennet is the chief river of South Berks; it rises in

by Surrey, on the south by Hampshire, and on the west by Wiltshire, passes by Hungerford., Avington, Kintbury

Wiltshire. There is much woodland, in which grow hazel, (Kennetbury) and Newbury, where the Lambourne, which

•oak, ash, beech and alder. The southern part of the county rises at Lambourn, falls in; it afterwards receives the Em-

rises to the chalk range, but in the west the oolite begins. borne, or Amburn, and falls into the Thames at Reading.

The great chalk range runs through the middle of the The Kennet is navigable for about 20 miles, from Newbury

west to the south of Wallingford., and joins the Chiltern to Reading; it has some fine trout and other fish. The Em-

Hills and Marlborough Downs. Inkpen Beacon is the borne rises in the parish of Inkpen and forms the Ramp-

highest point of the chalk in the county, being r,on feet shire boundary of the county for about IS miles; the Black-

in height. The Berkshire Downs rise at White Horse Hill water forms a portion of the southern Boundary. The

-to 893 feet high. Loddon rises in Hampshire, and flows through East Berks

Berkshire seems, like most of the southern shires, to have into the Thames below Reading. Besides the navigation of

.come into the possession of the Belgians before the Roman the Thames and the Kennet, the county is crossed by two

period, by the expulsion of the Welsh or Celts. Julius canals, the Wilts and. Berks in the north, proceeding from

Coosar ftlund. the country in the power of the Atribates, Abingdon by Wantage into Wilts, where it joins the Kennet

though perhaps the Bibroci and Segontiaci had also settle- and. Avon canal at Semington; the Kennet and Avon canal

ments within its bounds, Berkshire had several Roman runs through South Berks from Newbury by Hungerford

towns, stations and roads. Spinre (Speen, near Newbury), into Wilts and. thence by Devizes to Bath, and so by the

is the only well-known station. There are C"lmps and walls Avon to Bristol.

·Of various ages at Wallingford.-Uffington castle on the top Berkshire is now well supplied. with railway communica-

·Of White Horse Hill; Sagbury Castle, on Letcombe Downs; tion; the chief railway is the Great Western, the main line

Hardwell Camp, near Uffington; Sherbury Camp, near of which enters this county by Slough (Bucks), with a branch

Faringdon; C::esar's Camp, on Bagshot Heath; Ashbury through Eton to Windsor, thence proceeds to Maidenhead by

Camp, or Alfred's Castle, near Lambourn and also camps Twyford. to Reading, which is a principal station, thence by

on Sinodun Hill and Badbury Hill. Many of the bills have Pangbourne, Moulsford, Didcot Junction and Steventon,

barrows in them and some seem to have cromlechs. On and so near Wantage and Uffington to Swindon and Bath;

the chalk hills near Lambourn are some remarkable piles of it has branch lines from Didcot to Oxford (with a short line
large stones, one of which is called Wayland Smith's Cave, to Abingdon) and from Didcot to Newbury, thence to Win-
but which some maintain to have been habitations of the chester, giving access to the South of England; from

ancient Welsh. At Kingston Lisle, near Lambou-rn, is a Maidenhead, down the Thames to H1gh Wycombe (Bucks),

curious stone, called a blowing stone, bored, and on blowing through Cook ham; from Moulsford to Wallingford., from

into which a sound is given forth which can be beard six Uffington to Faringdon; from 'fwyford to Henley; from
miles bfi. The English held Berkshire as part of the king- Reading to Basingstoke on the London and South Western,
dom of Wessex, but it was sometimes under the Mid- and from Reading through Newbm-y to Hungerford and

English. The White Horse, which is the figure of a horse Devizes, by the Berks and Rants Extension, thence to Bath.

cut out of the turf on the side of the chalk hills, and ltft The lines from Oxford. to the north place Reading in direct

white, is by most thought to have been done by the old communication with the northern parts of thA kingdom.

English; it may be seen from a distance of fifteen miles The Reading, Guildford and Reigate line of the South
and gives name to the bill in which iti scut and to the Eastern and South Western railways, connecting the towns

adjoining valley. Berkshire was invaded. by the Danes, with from which it is named, crosses the South 'Vestern at Guild-
whom several battles were fought, a very famous one at ford and joins the South Eastern and Brighton lines near

Ashdown, in which Ethelred and Alfred the Great beat the Reigate, thus uniting the town of Reading with the whole

Danes. The battle of Ethandane, in which Alfred defeated of the southern system of railways. The South Western line
-the Danes, is also thought to have been fought in Berkshire. 1 starts from the same station in Reading as the South Eastern,

During the middle ages frequent forays took place in this and passes by Wokingham, Ascot and Staines (from which

county, but of its many castles few remain: of Wallingford place is a branch to Windsor), and afterwards through

and Donnington there are remains. Richmond to London.

In the Parliamentary wars most of the Berkshire towns The Lambourn Valley railway, opened in 1898, connects

were the scenes of conflict. Two great battles were fought Lambourn with Newbury, on the Great Western line.

at Newbury in 1643 and 1644. Reading was besieged and The county is healthy, with a good soil, though the hills

· taken ; Abingdon, Windsor Castle and Donnington were run into chalk. The valley of the Thames has very rich

attacked. ground, particularly meadow, and so have the vales of the

At Abingdon and Reading were large Benedictine estab- White Horse and the Kennet.
~ lishments~ richly endowed, of which the abbots were mitred. The manufactures are not of importanc:e-e-some mat and

BERKS. 1

~c---ro

2 BERKSHIRE. [ KELLY's

matting and sail cloth being the principal-though Reading. Maple Durham (Oxford) Sulhampstead Banister

Newbury and Abingdon used to be great clothing towns; Padworth Theale

this trade is reviving at Abingdon. At Reading are the Pangbourne Tidmarsh

large biscuit works of Huntley and Palmers, the Reading Purley Tilehurst

Iron Works and the great seed establishment of Sutton & Stanford Dingley Ufton, or Ufton Nervet

Sons. Whiting is made at Kintbury from the soft upper Stratfield Mortinner Whitchurch

chalk. Some considerable amount of boat building is Streatley Wokefield

carried on. The produce of Berkshire is lime, coarse stone for Sulham Yattendon

building, brick earth, corn, beans, apples, cherries, onions, Sulhampstead Abbots

asparagus, timber, hoops, broomsticks, osiers, cart-horses, COOKHAllf UNION.
calves, butter, pigs, sheep, wool, besides trout and other

fish. Now called Maidenhead Union.

The county derives benefit from its position on the river EASTIIAMPSTEAD UNION.
Thames, which attracts numerous visitors for boating pur-

poses, and also for inspection of the royal Castle of Binfield Sandhurst

Windsor. Crowthorne Warfield

The number of parishes is 202 and parts of four others. Easthampstead Wingfield with Ascot

Berkshire is in the Oxford Circuit and has one court of FARINGDON UNION.
quarter sessions and I I petty sessional divisions. The shire

towns are Reading and Abingdon : by an order in Council of Ashbury Kelmscott (Oxford)

September 14, 1868, the assi7..es and sessions are to be held Balking Kingston Lisle with Fawler

exclusively at Reading. The county was separated from Beckett Langford (Oxford)

Salisbury diocese in 1836, and now is in the diocese of Oxford Bourton Lechlade (Gloucester)

and archdeaconry of Berks, which is sub-divided into the Buckland Little Coxwell

rural deaneries of Abingdon, Bradfield, Maidenhead, New- Buscot Little Faringdon (Oxford)

bury, Reading, Sonning, Vale of White Horse, Wallingford Charney Longcot

and Wantage. Coleshill Longworth

The municipal boroughs are :-Abingdon, population in Compton Beauchamp & Odstone

I891, 6,557; Maidenhead, w,6o7; Newbury, w,oo2; Read- Knighton Pusey

ing, 6o,o54; Wallingford, 2,989; New Windsor, 12,327; and Eaton Hastings Radcot (Oxford)
Shellingford
Wokingham, 3,254. Other towns are-Faringdon, 3,133; Faringdon Shrivenham
Stanford-in-the-Vale
Hungerford, 2,964; and Wantage, 3,66g. Fernham

The shire is divided into twenty hundreds (at Domesday Grafton (Oxford)

Survey, twenty-two). They are Beynhurst, in the east; Great Coxwell Uffington

Bray, in the east; Compton, in the Midland; Charlton, in Hatford Watchfield

the south; Cookham, in the south-east; Faircross, in the Hinton Waldrist Woolstone

Midland (formerly Thatcham); Faringdon, in the north- Idstone

west; Granfield, in the north-west ; Hormer (formerly HuNGERFORD AND RAMSBURY UNION.
Hornimere), in the north; Lambourn, in the west ; Kintbury

Eagle, in the south-west Midland (formerly Kennetbury and Aldbourn (Wilts) Hadley
Ham (Wilts)
Egley); Moreton (formerly Blewbury), in the north-east; Arington Hungerford
Inkpen
Ock, in the north-east; Reading, in the north-east; Ripples- Baydon (Wilts) Kintbury
Lambourn
mere, in the east; Shrivenham, in the north-west; Sonning, Blagrave

in the east; Theale, in the north-east; Wantage, in the Bockhampton

Midland; and Wargrave, in the east. Buttermere (Wilts)

The registration districts are :- Chilton Foliatt Wilts) Little Bedwin (Wilts)
Coombe
No. Place. Area. Pop. in I8gJ. East Garston Ramsbury (Wilts)
East Shefford Sanden Fae and Eddington
u2 Newbury 44,695 21,677 :Froxfield (Wilts) Shalbourn (Wilts)
Grafton (Wilts) Tidcombe (Wilts)
n3 Hungerford 96,429 171017 Great Bedwin (Wilts) West Shefford
13.544
II4 Faringdon 64,983 19 1 612 West Woodhay
55,852
us Abingdon I6,549
u6 Wantage I41J06
76,979 18 1 017
6o,o54
II7 Wallingford 42,697 17,347 1\'IAIDENHEAD UNION.
20,468
uS Bradfield 64,370 Bisham Maidenhead
1 3·704 Bray Shottesbrook
II9 Reading s,8J8 35,662 Cook h a m Waltham St. Lawrence
Hurley White Waltham
120 Wokingham 42,825
NEWBURY UNION.
121 Maidenhead 2 9 19 2 6

122 Easthampstead 27,033 •

123 Windsor 22,631

The following list gives the several poor law unions, with Boxford Newbury
the parishes contained in them :- Brinnpton Sandleford
Chieveley Shaw-cum-Donnington:

ABINGDON UNION. Cold Ash Speen

Abingdon South Hinksey Enborne 'fhatcham
Appleford Kingston Bagpuize Greenbam Wasing
Appleton & Eaton Littlemore (parts) (Oxford) Hampstead Marshall Welford
Bagley Wood Lyford Leckhampstead Winterbourn
Baldon Marsh (Oxford) Marcham Midgham Woolhampton

Baldon Toot (Oxford) Milton READING UNION.
Besselsleigh
Nuneham Courtney (Oxford) St. GileswithWhitley(Reading)St. Mary with Southcott:
Binsey (Oxford)
Chandlings Radley (Reading)
St. Helen Without (Abingdon) St. Lawrence (Reading)

Chiselhampton (Oxford) Sandford (Oxford) WALLINGFORD UNION.

Clifton Hampden (Oxford) Seacourt Allhallows and Clapcot (Wal- Long Wit.tenham

Culham (Berks & Oxford) Shippon lingford Mongewell (Oxford)

Cumnor Stadhampton (Oxford) Aston 'firrold Moulsford

Draycott Moor Steventon Aston Upthorpe Newington (Oxford)

Drayton Sunningwell Bensington or Benson (Ox- Newnham Murren (Oxford)

Drayton St. Leonard (Oxon) Sutton Courtney ford) NorthMoreton

Frilford Sutton Wick Berrick Salome (Oxford) North Stoke (Oxford)

Fyfield • Tubney Brightwell St. Leonard (Wallingford)
Garford Wootton
Cholsey St. Mary-le-More (Walling-
North Hinksey Wytham
Clapcot ford)
BRADFIELD UNION.
Crowmarsh Gifford (Oxford) St. Peter (Wallingford)

Aldermaston Bucklebury Didcot or Dudcote Sotwell
Ashampstead Burghfield DorcheEter (Oxford) South Moreton
East Hagbourne South Stoke (Oxford)
Basildon Englefield
Ewelme (Oxford) Warborough (Oxford)
Beech H1ll :Frilsham Fyfieldor Fifield (Oxford) West Hagbourne
Goring (Oxford) Little Wittenham
Beenham Vallance Grazeley
Bradfield

'#

DIRECTORY.] BERKSHIRE. 3

WANTAGE UNION. Hundred of Ripplesmere Clewer, Dedworth, Eastham~

Aidworth Farnborough or Farmborough stead, Old Windsor and Winkfield with Ascot. ,
Ardington
Fawley 1 Hundred of Shrivenham-Ashbury, Balking, Beckett~

Beedon Goosey and Circourt Bourton, Buscot, Coleshill, Compton Beauchamp, Eaton,.
Blewberry Grove Hastings, :Fernham, Great Faringdon (part of), ldstone~

Brightwaltham Hampstead Norris Kingston Lisle with Fawler, Kingstone Winslow, Longcot,
Catmore Harwell Odstone, Shrivenham, Uffington, Watchfield and Wool~

Chaddleworth Letcombe Basset stone.

Charlton Letcombe Regis Hundred af Sonning-Arborfield, Newland, Ruscombe,

Childrey Peasemore Sandhurst, Sonningtown, Winnerah, Wokingham and Wood-

Chilton Sparsholt ley with Sandford.

Compton or Compton Parva U~:p~totn~\~low Hundred of Theale-Aldermaston, Bradfield, Burghfield~
Denchworth
East Challow Englefield, Padworth, Purley, Stratfield Mortimer, Sulham,
Sulhampstead Bannister, Tidmarsh, Ufton or Ufton Nervet,
EastHanney ~=~~ ~:~~:~d
East Hendred WokPfield and Woolhampton.
East Ilsley or Market Ilsley West Ilsley Hundred of Wantage Ardington, Charlton, Childrey,

East Lockinge West Lockinge Denchworth (part of), East Hanney, East Hendred, East
Lockinge, Grove, Sparsholt, Wantage, West Hanney, West

WINDSOR UNION. Hendred, ·west Lockinge.

Clewer Within Old Windsor Hundred of Wargrave Waltham St. Lawrence, Warfield
Clewer Without Sunningdale and Wargrave.
Egham (Smrey) Sunninghill
New Windsor Borough of .!.bingdon-St. Helen and St. Nieholas.
WoKINGHAM UNION.
Borough of Maidenhead-Maidenhead.

Borough of Newbury-Newbury.

Arborfield Shinfield Borough of New Windsor-New Windsor.
Barkbam Sonning
Broad Hinton Swallowfield BoroughofReading-St Giles, St. Lawrence and St. Mary.
Earley Twyford
Finchampstead Wa•rgrave Borough of Wallingfol'd-Allhallows, St. Leonards, St.
Hartley Dummer Whistley-in-Hurst Mary-le-More, St. Peter and Wallingford Castle Precinct.
Newland Winnersh
Remingham Wokingbam Within H.M. Prison for the county, in the Forbury, Reading,
Ruscombe Wokingham Without was erected in 1833, and is a castellated building of red brick
St. NICholas Hurst with white stone dressings, built for 224 prisoners ; Maj.
Woodley and Sandford James Osmond Nelson, governor; Rev. Martin Thomas
Friend M.A. chaplain.

The following is a list of the hundreds in the county, with The Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, opened May 27th,
the parishes contained in each :- 1839, is a building of stone in the Domestic Classic style,
with a noble projecting portico of six Ionic columns support-

Hundred of Beynhurst-"Bisham, '1Hurley, Remenham, ing a pediment, adorned with the Royal Arms ; two wings,

Shottesbrook and White Waltham. added in 1882, comprise operating room, library, museum,

Hundred of Bray-Bray. chapel, with stained windows, laundry, servants' dormitories,

Hundred of Charlton-Barkham, Broad Hinton., Earley, and dwellings for private nurses. There is a Convalescent
l<'inchampstead, Hartley Durnmer, Shinfield, Swallowfield Fund for discharged patients, administered by the Board
(part of) and Whistley-in-Hurst. of Management. The hospital is supported by voluntary
contributions raised in the county and has 150 beds ; the
Hundred of Compton-Aldworth, Catmore, Chilton, average number of in-patients is about 140 and of out-
Compton or Compton Parva, East Ilsley, Market Ilsley, patients soo; Richard Charles Sbettle M. D. consulting phy-
Farnborough or Farmborough and West Ilsley.
sician ; Charles W. Marriott M.D. and Francis Henry Haw-

Hundred ofCookham-Binfield,Cookham and Sunninghill. kins M.B., c.M. physicians; George May M.B., F.R.c.s.Eng.
consulting surgeon; Oliver Calley Maurice M.D. and Jarnes
Hundred of Faircross-Bagley Wood, Beedon, Boxford, Hopkins Wa.lters M.R.c.s.Eng. and William James Ma.urice
Brightwaltham, Brimpton, Chandlings Farm, Chieveley, M.A., M.B., B.ch. surgeons; John Alfred Parry Price B.A.,
Frilsham, Greenham, Hampstead Norris, Leckhampstead, M.D. Landsdown Murry Guilding M.A., M.B., B.ch. Arthur
Midgham, Peasemore, Sandleford, Shaw-cum-Donnington, Roberts F.R.c.s.Edin. assistant surgeons; Matthew James
Speen, Stanford Dingley, Wasing, Welford, Winterbourn Hazlett Payers M.R.C.s.Eng., L.R.C.P.LOnd. house physician;
and Yattendon (part of) and Little Coxwell. Oswin St.ields M.R.c.s.Eng., L.R.C.P.Lond. house surgeon:;
Rev. Martin Thomas Friend M.A. chaplain; George E. HoiJ4
Hundred of Faringdon-Great Coxwell, Great Faringdon.

Hundred of Ganfield-Buckland, Charney, Hatford, Hin- wood, house steward and general superintendent ; Miss

ton Waldrist, Longworth,Pusey,Shellingford and Stamford- Easton, matron and superintendent of nursing department.

in-the-Vale. The County Lunatic Asylum, in the parish of Cholsey,

Hundred of Hormer-Besselsleigh, Cholsall, Cumnor, called the Moulsford Asylum, was opened in September9
Kennington, Northcourt, North Hinksey, Radley, St. Helen 1870; it occupies a prominent position on the Wallingford

(Abingdon), Sandford, Seacourt, Shippon, South Hinksey, road, three-quarters of a mile from Moulsford station and 2

Sunningwcll, Thrupp and Wick, Wootton and Wytham. miles from Wallingford ; it is built of red brick relieved

Hundred of Kintbury Eagle Avington, Chaddleworth, with stone and coloured brick dressings, in a modified style
Chilton Foliatt (part of), East Challow, East Shefford, of Early English ; the Asylum stands on an estate of 8o
Enborne, Fawley, Hampstead Marshall, Hungerford, Ink- acres, extending from the Wallingford road, to the river
pen, Kintbury, Letcombe Basset, Letcombe Regts, Shal- Thames, forming nearly a square. It was designed to hold
bourn (part of), West Challow, West Shefford and West 285 patients, at a cost of £68,6oo, but has been enlarged for
Woodhay. an additional 324 patients at a further cost of £ss,ooo, and
is now (1899) in process of further enlargement. The
Hundred of Lambourn-Blagrave, East Garston, East- number of patients in 1898 was 650, of whom 290 aro
bury and Bockhampton, Hadley and Lambourn. males and 360 females ; James William Aitken Murdock

Hundred of Moreton-.Allhallows (Wallingford), Ashamp- M.B., c. M. medical superintendent; Edwin Lindsey Dunn
stead, Aston Tirrold, Aston Upthorpe, Basildon, Brightwell, B.A.., M.B., B.ch. and Thomas Leonard Johnston L.R.C.P. &
Clapcot, Didcot or Dudcot, East Hagbourne, Harwell, s.Edin. , L.F P. & s. Glas. assistant medical officers ; Rev.
Moulsford, North Moreton, Sotwell, South Moreton, Streat- Frederick Thomas Stewart Dyer B.A. chaplain ; John Thorn-
ley, Upton with Nottingham Fee and West Hagbourne.
hill Morland, clerk to the committee of visitors; Moses

Hundred of Ock-Appleford, Appleton and Eaton, Dench- Nicholls, steward and clerk of the asylum; Miss Browne.

worth (part of), Draycot Moor, Drayton, Frilford, Fyfield, housekeeper.

Garford, Goosey, Kingston Bagpuize, Little Wittenham, The Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum near Woking-
Long Wittenharn, Lyford, Marcham, :Milton, Steventon, ham, which occupies au elevated site about 400 feet above
Sutton Courtney, Sutton Wick and Tubney.
sea level, and partly sheltered by pine woods, was opened in

Hundred of Reading-Beenham Vallence, Blewberry, 1863, and consists of an extensive range of brick buildings

Bucklebury, Cholsey, Graizeley or Grasley, Pangbourn, St. planned and erected under the exclusive direction of the late

Giles (Reading), St. Lawrence (Reading), St. Mary Major-General Sir Joshua JebbK.C.B. at a cost of £n8,039,

(Reading), Southcot, Sulhampstead Abbots, Swallowfield and !!everal times altered and enlarged the total amount ex-

(part of), Thatcham, Tilehurst and Whitley. pended reached a sum of £2oo,ooo. The Asylum is noW'

BERKS. 1*
<T. t•

4 BERKSHIRE. (KELLY'S

(1899) available for 65o inmates; Richard Brayn L.R.C.P. Bedford,2nd Volunteer Battalion, Oxfordshire Light Infantry,

Lond., M.R.C.S.Eng. superintendent; John Bladwin Isaac Oxford, rst Bucks Volunteer Rifle Corps, Marlow, rst

M.D. deputy supt. ; Reginald Harry Noott M.B., c.M. senior Volunteer Battalion, Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal

:assistant medical officer; Edmond James Lawless M.D. junior Berkshire Regiment), see below.

;assistant medical officer ; Rev. Hugh Wood M.A. chaplain ; Supply Detachment

'Charles T. Phelps, steward; A. Ernest Sayer, super- Bearer Company

,intendent's clerk Head Quarters, St. Mary's Butts, Reading.

Place of Assembly, Guildford.

PARLIAMENTARY REPRESENTATION. Commanding Brigade, Col. Earl Brownlow A.D.C., V.D.

Berkshire formerly returned three members for the Aide-de-Camp, Hon. Maj. 0. J. Ellison, rst Volunteer
·undivided county, but under the provisions of the " Redis- Battalion, Royal Berks Regiment.
.tribution of Seats Acts, I885," it is now in three divisions
·with one member for each division. Brigade Major, Capt. E. lVI. Dunne.

No. x.-The Northern or Abingdon division, comprises Supply & Transport Officer, Captain H. T. Eve, 3rd
'the sessional divisions of Abingdon, Faringdon, Wallingford, Volunteer Battalion Bedfordshire Regiment.
.and Wantage, the municipal borough of Wallingford and
Senior Medical Officer, Brigade-Surgeon-Lieut.-Col. W.
H. Bull V. D. 1st Bucks V.R.C.

100 much of the municipal boroughs of Abingdon and Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire

Oxford as are in the county of Berks. Regiment), rst Volunteer Battalion: Hon. Col. A. F.

No. 2.-Tbe Southern or Newbury division, comprises the Waiter V.D. commandant; 0. Pearce-Serocold, major

sessional divisions of Ilsley, Lambourne, Newbury (includ- and second in command ; Capt. T. Shields, instructor

ing Hungerford), and Reading (excepli so much as is com- of musketry ; Capt. E. Feetham, adjutant ; Hon.

prised in division No. 3), the municipal boroughs of New- Capt. J. T. Morland V.D. quartermaster; Surg.-Capt.

bury and Reading and so much of the Wokingham sessional A. Gordon Patterson M.D. & Surg.-Lieut. W. G. Heasman,

division as is in the parliamentary borough of Reading. medical officers; Rev. T. H. A. Houblon M. A. acting chap-

No. 3.-The Eastern or Wokingham division, comprises lain ; head quarters, St. Mary's Butts, Reading. Com-

the sessional divisions of Maidenhead and Windsor, so much panies-A, Capt. A. S. Cooper; B, Capt. J. H. Cooper; C,

of the sessional division of Wokingham as is not comprised Lieut. B. A. Collins, St. Mary's Butts, Reading ; D, Hon.

in division No. 2, the municipal boroughs of Maidenhead Maj. W. A. Ellison V. D. Church lane, Windsor; E, Capt. D.

and New Windsor and the parishes of Swallowfields East F. Denis De Vitre, 140 Bartholomew street, Newbury; F,

and West. Capt. Geo. H. Morland, Old Grammar School, Abingdon ;

By the above mentioned Act the representation of the G, Capt. L. H. Hanbury, I York villas, York road, Maiden-

borough of Wallingford was merged into that of the county head ; H, Hon. Maj. Horace Manders, Sandhurst ; I, 2nd

and the borough of Reading lost one member. Lieut. B. "\V. Fairthorne, Armoury, Southampton street,

Faringdon ; K, Lieut. E. B. Ormond, Market place,

MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR THE COUNTY. Wantage; L, Capt. Godfrey ·walter, Denmark street,

Eastern division, Commander Oliver Young R.N., J.P. Wokingham; M, Capt. A. C. Arding, Drill hall, Corn ex-

Hare Hatch house, Twyford; & Junior Army & Navy change, Wallingford; N, Hon. Major F. Simmonds V. D.
club, London SW. Windsor Great Park; 0, Capt. T. Shields, Coopers Hill
College; Q, Capt. E. A. Upcott, Wellington College;
Northern division, Archie Kirkman Loyd esq. Q.C., J.P. Mounted, Hon. Major A. F. Ewen, St. Mary's Butts,
Hodcott house, West Ilsley, Newbury; & 6oA, Cadogan sq. Reading.
S W & Carlton & Windham clubs SW & Union club WC,
Cadet Corps, I, E. A. Upcott, hon. capt. Wellington Col-
London.
Southern division, William George Mount esq.M.A.,D.L., lege, Wellington College Station S.O.; 2, F. M. Ingram,
J.P. Wasing Place, Reading ; & Carlton club, London SW. hon. capt. Bradfield College.

MILITARY. CHAMBER OF AGRICULTURE.

:Berkshire is included in the No. I, Aldershot, & No. 3, Home, Barks & Oxon, W. G. Mount M.P. chairman ; J ames

District Commands. Neale, Valpy street, Reading, secretary

Reading is the Depot of the Regimental district No. 49•

which is comprised of the 1st (49th foot) and 2nd (66th foot) FAIRS & MARKETS.

battalions of Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire)
Regiment, and of the Royal Berkshire Militia (3rd batta- Abingdon horse fairs, first monday in Lent, May 6, June
lion}, which latter has its head quarters here. For full 20, September rg, December II, & for hiring servants &
pleasure, mond.1y before Old Michaelmas day; corn & cattle
particulars see page 142.
market every monday

YEOllfANRY CAVALRY. Bracknell, cattle market every thursday

1st. Brigade. Faringdon, statute fairs, tuesday before & tuesday after
Old Michaelmas day ; market day, tuesday; cattle market,

Formed of the Berkshire and the Middlesex (Duke of first tuesday in every month

Cambridge's Hussars). Hungerford, two statute or hiring fairs are annually held,

Head Quarters, 7 Montpelier terrace, London. one on the Wednesday before and the other on the Wednes-
day after old Micbaelmas day ; there are also fairs held the
Commanding Brigade, The Senior Commanding Officer. last Wednesday in April for cattle, the last week in June for
Brigade Aujutant, Captain F. F. Colvin, gth Lancers.
wool and August 17th for sheep; market day, wednesday
Berkshire (Hungerford), headquarters, 13 George street, East Ilsley, cattle, sheep and lamb fairs from Easter till
Reading; staff :-Hon. Col. the Hon. 0. W. Craven, November; wednesday in Whitsun week for sheep; August
commanding; Hon. Lieut.-Col. G. C. Ricardo, major; rst; August 26 & wednesday after September 19th, for
Major W. Waring, assist. adjt. ; Giles Ayres, acting sheep & lambs; October 13 for hiring servants and
quarter-master; Surg.-Capt. John Henry Waters M. D. pleasure; wednesday after October 17 & wednesday
medical officer; Rev. Cuthbert Fetherston Trower M.A. after November I2 for sheep. Markets commence on the
hon. chaplain ; S. Bradley, reg. sergt.-major
wednesday fortnight befote Easter & sometimes earlier &
1st Squadron (A & B Troops)-Capt. E. P. Stern, com. ; continue every alternate wednesday till July
Capt. H. C. Simonds, second in command ; Squadron Lambourn, October 2 & December 4 for sheep, horses &
Sergt.-Major Michael Roach, instructor; B Troop-H. C. cattle
Simonds, capt. ; A. Roberts, lieut. ; H. E. Cottrell, Maidenhead, corn market every wednesday
quarter-master sergt. 13 George street, Reading; A Newbury, holy thursday, July 5, September 4 & No-
Troop-E. D. Stern, capt. ; E. A. Barry, lieut. ; T. Di:x:, vember 8 ; hiring fair first thursday after Old Michaelmas
·quarter-master sergeant, Wokingham
day; wool market the first wednesday in July & Market
2nd Squadron (C & D Troops)-Capt. H. M. Jessel M.P. day, thursday
commanding; Capt. J. B. Karslake, second in command; Reading, February 2, May I for cattle, July 25 for cattle
Squadron Sergt.-Major Frank flmith R.E. instructor; D & September 2r for cheese & cattle. Market days, saturday,
Troop-J. B. Karslake, captain; E. Robson, quarter-mas- fol' corn & stock cattle & monday for fat cattle
ter sergeant, Wantage; C Troop-H. M. Jessel M.P.capt.; Stratfield Mortimer, April27 & November 6 for cattle
J. Platt, quarter-master sergeant, Newbury
Wallingford, September 29 for pleasure& hiring servants;

HoME CouNTIES VoLUNTEER INFANTRY BRIGADE. corn market weekly & cattle market fortnightly on friday
Wantage, first saturday in March, first saturday in May,

Comprising the rst (Hertfordshire) Volunteer Battalion, and the first saturday after Oct. II ; every alternate wed-

Bedfordshire Regiment, Hertford, 2nd (Hertfordshire) nesday a market for cattle

Volunteer Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment, Great Berk- Windsor, market day, saturday

hampstea~ Volunteer Battalion, B:)dfcr,hhir3 ::e;;;i:nent, Wokingham, market day, tuesday

DIRECTORY.] BERKSHIRE. 5



LORD LIEUTENANT AND CUSTOS ROTULORUM,

LORD WANTAGE K.C.B., V. C. Lockinge house, Wantage; & 2 Carlton gardens, London SW.

CHAIRMAN OF THE COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS,

WILLIA~f GEORGE MOUNT ESQ., M.P., M.A. Wasing Place, Reading.

VICE-CHAIRMAN OF THE COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS,

ALBERT RICHARD TULL ESQ., M. A. Crookham house, Newbury.

Marked thus* are also Deputy Lieutenants.

Marked thus § have served the office of High Sheriff.

*Abingdon Earl of, Wytham Abbey, Oxford; & Carlton & §Cobbam Capt. Alex. William, Shinfield, Reading

Travellers' clubs, Lond0n S W Colchester Lord F.S.A., F.R.G.S. St. Bruno, Sunningdale,

.A.dams Henry esq. Canon hill, Maidenhead As c o t

.Addington Maj.-Gen. Hon. Chas. Jn. Gower ldg. Windsor Conroy Sir John bart. M.A., F.R.S. Balliol College,Oxfrd

Aldridge Major John, Inholmes, Hungerford Cordes Thomas esq. Silwood park, Sunninghill, Ascot

Archer-Houblon Col. George Bramston, Hallingbury Cotesworth William esq. Chaddleworth house, Wantage

Place, Bishop Stortford, Essex; & 73 Upper Berkeley Courroux George Augustus esq.8 Evelyn gdns.London SW

street, London W Court Major Henry, C.S.I

Arding Alfred Charles esq. B.A.Braziers park,Wallingfrd Craven The Hon. Osbert William,Ashdown park,Shriven-

Bailie Major-Gen. Thomas Maubourg, Caldecott house, ham; I Great Cumberland place, London W

Abingdon; & 54 Sloane street, London SW §Crews Charles Thomas Daniell esq. F.S.A. Billingbear

Barrington Viscount, Beckett, Shrivenham R.S.O.; & park, Waltham St. Lawrence, Twyford R.S.O

42 Halfmo..1n street, Mayfair, London W Crosland Waiter esq. The Grange, Eaton Hastings, Faring-

*Barrington The Hon. Waiter Bulkeley, Beckett, Shriven- don; & 4I Portman square, London W

ham ; & 40 Harrington gardens, London S W Crutchley Percy Edward esq. Sunninghill park, Ascot

Barry Sir Francis Tress bart. M.P., F.S.A. St. Leonards Cunli.ffe Lt.-Col. Waiter Howell, The Shrubbery, Newbury

hill, Clewer, Windsor; & I South Audley st. London W Darby-Griffith Capt. Christopher William, Padworth ho.
Baxendale Lloyd Harry esq. Greenham lodge, Newbury; Reading

& 37 Albemarle street, London W Dawson Hon. Anthony Lucius, Forbury grove, Kintbury,

Bennett Rowland Nevitt esq. Hidden cot.Newtown,Hngrfrd Hungerford

§Benyon James Herbert esq. Englefield house, Reading; Denham Commander Annesley Turner R.N., F.R.A.S.

& 35 Pont street, London S W 2 Queen's terrace, Windsor

Best Marmaduke Head esq. Donnington grove, Newbury Denis De Vitre Henry esq. Charlton house, Wantage

Bingham Alfred John esq. Nalder Hill house, Speen, New- Dockar-Drysdale William esq. M.A. Wick hall, Radley,

bury; & 6 Bolton street, Piccadilly, London W Abingdon

Blackwood Major Price Frederick (late R.A.), The Lodge, Duffield Charles John Edwin esq. Marcham, Abingdon

Towcester, Northamptonshire Dundas William esq. The Elms, Faringdon

Blandy Adam Fettiplace esq. The Gables, Abingdon Dunn Edward Thomas William esq. The Old Manor ho.

Blandy Henry Bilson esq. Mertonford, Wokingham Childrey, Wantage

*§Blandy-Jenk'ins Col. John, Llanharan house, Pont-y- *§Dunn William Hew esq. Wallingtons, Kintbury, Hun·

Clown R.S.O. Glamorganshire, S. WalM gerford ; & ro Dover street, London W

Elandy-Jenkins John, jun. esq. Newhouse, Longworth, Durning-Lawrence Sir Edwin bart. M.P., LL.B., B.A.

Faringdon King's ride, Ascot; & 13 Carlton House ter.London S W

Blane Capt. Gilbert Gordon, Foliejon park, Winkfield, East Sir Gilbert Aug. Clayton- bart.Hall Place,Maidnhd

Windsor Edwards Col. Charles Grove, Wicklesham ho. Faringdon

Bond Frank Waiters esq. Wargrave manor, Henley-on· Elliot The Right Hon. Sir Henry George P.C., G.C.B.

Thames Ardlington house,Wantage; &; 43 Wilton cres.LondonSW

Bowles Col. Thomas John, Streatley Wood ho. Reading Eyre Henry John Andrews esq

Boyle Col. Patrick David, 17 Prmce's gardens, London SW Eyston John Jsph. esq. Hendred ho. Steventon R.S.O

Brett The Hon. Reginald Baliol C.B., M.A. Orchard Lea, Farrer Sir Wm. Jas. M.A., F.R.G.S., F.S.A., F.G.S.

Winkfield, Windsor; & 2 Tilney street, London W Sandhurst lo. Camberley; & 18 Up. Brook st.Londn W

Bridge 8ir John l\I.A. (chief magi&trate Bow street), Ferard C'harles Agace esq. M.A. Manor farm, Ascot

Headley grove, Epsom & 50 Inverness ter. London W Fiennes Hon. Eustace Edward Twisleton-Wykeham, Ear-

Bridges William Thomas esq. D.C.L. Torwood, Torquay ley house, Reading

Brownrigg Sir Henry Moore bart.White Waltham,Maidnhd Fitzmaurice Capt. the Hon. James Terence R.N. Fern-

Brudenell-Bruce Lord Charles Frederick', Everton grange, lay, Maidenhead

Lymington ; & 2 Norfolk street, Park lane, London W *Foster Edmund Benson esq. Clewer manor, Windso:r-

Bunbury-Thompson Lieut.-Gen. Arnold R.A. Northfield, Fraser Alex. Caspar esq. Mongewell park, Wallingford

Maidenhead Gardner Ernest esq. North Town, Maidenhead

Butler William Joseph esq. Woolstone lodge, Faringdon *GarthThomas Collewn esq.M.A.Haines HI. TwyfordR.S.O

Campbell Wm. Henry esq. 30 Lancaster gate, London W *§Gold Henry esq. Hedsor, Maidenhead

Carington Lieut.-Col. The Hon. William Hy. Peregrine Gordon Col. George Grant O.B., C.V.O. Oakhurst, Hamp-

C.B. Burfield, Old Windsor stead Heath, London N W

Carr-Gomm Fras. Culling esq. Farnham Chase,Slough ; Graham William, Dunmore, Abingdon

& I4 Duke Street man"Jions, Grosvenor sq. London W Greene Benjamin Buck esq. Midgham house, Reading

Carter Col. .Tames Colebrooke V.D. Orpwood, .A.rdington, & 25 Kensington Palace gardens, London SW

Wantage Gren1e11 Henry Riversdale esq. Bacres lodge, Hambje-

Case Arthur Molesworth esq. Faringdon den, Henley-on-Thames

Cherry-Garrard Major-Gen. Apsley, Lamer park, Wheat- Gull Sir William Cameron bart. M.P., M..A. Frilsham ho.
hampstead, St. Albans, Herts
Newbury; & ro Hyde Park gardens, London SW

Clark James esq. Emerald hill, Wantage Habgood George William esq. Marlborough ho. Faringdon

Clayton Lt.-Col. Fitzroy Aug. Talbot,Fyfi.eld ho.Maidnhd Haldon Lord,

Clutterbuck Capt. William Robert R.N. Manor house, Hanbury Edgar esq. Eastrop grange, Highworth, Wilts

Long Wittenham, Abingdon *~Hankey Sydney Alers esq. Locks farm, Wol-~gham

Cobham Alexander Cobham esq.Shinfield grange,Readng Harcourt Aubrey esq. Nuneham park, Abingdon

6 BERKSHIRE. [ K E L L Y 7S



Harman Thos. Rickman esq. Sindlesham ho. Wokingham Palmer George Wm. esq. M.P. Marlston house, Newbury
Harvey Lieut.-Col. George Sheppard R.A. Ambarrow, Palmer Lieut.-Gen. Sir Roger William Henry bart. Glen

Sandhurst, Camberley Island, Maidenhead
Hawkins Henry esq. Cranford house, Wallingford Palmer Waiter esq. King's Wick, Sunninghill; & 49 Upper
Hay Col. The Hon. Charles Rowley, Harewood lodge, Sun-
Brook street, London W

ninghill, Ascot Palmer William Howard esq. Heathlands, Wokingham

Hayllar James esq. Cambridge road, Bournemouth Patton Frederick J oseph esq. B..A. The Links, .Ascot

*Hayter Right Hon. Sir Arthur Divett bart. P.C., M.A., Pearce Sir William George bart. M..A., LL.Il.Chilton lodge,

South Hill pk. Bracknell; & 9 Grosvenor sq. London W Hungerford; & r Hyde Park gardens, London SW

Hazel Commander James R.N. Rc.•wst-ock house, Steven- *Pleydell-Bouverie The Hon. Duncombe, Coleshill house,

ton R.S.O Swindon

Hedges John Kirby esq. The Castle, Wallingford. Pollington Viscount M..A. Wellington court, Albert gate,

Henderson Alexander esq. M.P. Buscot park, Farmgdon; London S W

& 52 Prince's gate, London SW Portal Edward Robert esq. Eddington ho. Hungerford

*Hercy Thomas Francis John Lovelace esq Powel Hugh Powell esq. Wormstall, Kintbury, Hungerford

*Hercy Thomas Joseph esq. B.A ' Pratt Lieut.-Col. Lord George Murray, Meadow bank,

Herring Harris Howard esq Winkfield, Windsor

Higford• Higford esq. 23 Eaton place, London SW *Radnor The Rt. Hon. the Earl of, P.C. Longford castle,

Hill Right Hon. Lord Arthur William P.C. 74 Eaton place, Salisbury; & 12 Upper Brook street, London W
London SW
*§Rhodes Jn. Wm. esq. Hennerton, Wargmve, Twyford
Hippisley Maj. Wm. Hy. Sparsholt Manor house, Wantage R.S.O
Hoskyns Rev. Canon Sir John Leigh bart. M.A. Rectory, Ricardo Albert esq. Raymead cottage, Maidenhead
Aston Tirrold, Wallingford
*§Ricardo Francis esq. The Friary, Old Windsor; & 44
Hunter Capt. Sir Charles Roderick hart. I '\Vest Eaton Portman square, London W
place, Pimlico, London S W
Ricardo Lieut. -Col. Gerald Craven, The Elms, Donning-
Hunter Lt.-0:,1. Henry Lannoy B.A. Beech Hill ho.Reading ton, Newbury
.
*Hunter Sir William Wilson K.C.S.I., C.I.E., M.A.,LL.D. Rickman Lt.-Gen. Wm. Manor ho. Barkham, Wokmghm
Oaken Holt, Cumnor, Oxford; & I28 Piccadilly, Lon- Russell Earl, Amberley cottage, Maidenhead & 2 Temple
don W
.gardens, London E C
Jeune Right Hon. Sir Francis Henry K.C.B., P.C., M.A., Ryan Sir Charles Lister K.C.B. Burley Bushes, .Ascot
D.C.L. .Arlington manor, Newbury; & 79 Harley st. St. John Lieut.-Col. Edward John, Slinfold, Horsham
London W
Sartoris .Alfred esq. Abbotswood, Stow-on-the-Wold
Joicey Major William James V.D. Sunningdale pk. Ascot; Saunders Fredk. George esq. Caversham grove, Reading
& 9 Lennox gardens, London S W
*Kemp-Welch Charles Durant esq. Ilroadlands, .Ascot *Savory .Alderman Sir Joseph bart. M.P. Buckhurst par~,
Sunninghill, .Ascot; & 33 Upper Brook st. L?ndon W
Keyser Charles Edward esq. F.S.A., M.A. Aldermaston
Scott Sir Francis David Sihbald hart. The Fus, Wash
court, Reading common, Newbury

Knox Henry esq. Sonning Grove, Reading .. Shaw-Lefevre The Right Hon. George John P.C. .Abbots-
worthy house, Kingsworthy, Winchester; & IB Ilryan-
Kohler John David esq. Ilarton lodge, Cranbourne, Wmdsr

Lambert Francis Devereux esq. Moor hall, Cookham S. 0 ston square, London W . ..
Lenthall Edmd. Kyffin esq. Besselsleigh manor, Abingdon
Silver Richard esq. Etrurm, Castle h11l, Mardenhead .
Liddiard George esq. Market place, Faringdon
Littleboy William esq. Crowmarsh Mills, l'reston Crow- Simonds Blackall esq. Bradfield house, Bradfield, Readmg
Slo ~ock Charles Samuel esq M. A
marsh, Wallingford Snagge His Hon. Judge Thomas William M..A. 14 Court-
Loder-Symonds Capt. Frede:ick Cleave R:.A. Hinton
field gardens, London S W
manor, Faringdon ; 5 Qual de la Pottene, Bruges, Southby .Arthur esq.M..A..Aldern Bridge,Greenham,Newbry

Belgium Stanmore Lord G.C.M.G., M.A., D.C.L. Red ho. .Ascot
§Stephens Charles esq. Woodley Hill, near Reading
Loyd Archie Kirkman esq. Q.C., M.P. Hodcott house, Stevens Thomas esq. Horseleas, Bradfield, Reading; & I
West Ilsley, Newbury; & 6oa, Cadogan square S W
Ladhroke terrace, London W
Lushington His Honor Judge Vernon Q.C. 36 Kensington Storer Major .Anthony Morris, Purley park, Reading
square, London W
Talbot Major-Gen. The Hon. Reginald Arthur James C.B.
Macgregor .Alpin esq 58 Grosvenor street, London W & .Aldershot
McHardy Coghlan McLean esq. I Grenville pl. London SW
Taylor George Noble esq. 3 Clarendon place, London W
Mackenzie Col. Frederick Finch, Ramslade, Bracknell *§Thompson Geo. Rodie esq. Lynwood, Sunningdale, Ascot
Macnahb Jas. Wm. esq. Arthurstone, Ilinfield, Bracknell Thornton Alfred Horace esq. Ilank house, Thames st.Wndsr

Major Harry Pike M.D. High street, !Jungerford §Thoyts Major William Richard Mortimer S.C.L. Sulham-
Marriott Charles William M.D., M.lt.C.P.Lond. Aubrey stead house, Reading

house, Ilath road, Reading §Throckmorton Sir Nicholas William George bart. Buck-
Marten His Honor Judge Sir Alfred George Q.C., LL.D., • land house, Faringdon ; & I7 Clifford street, London W
*§Thursby ArthurHarvey esq.Culverlands, MortimerR.S. 0
M ..A. 21 Prince of Wales ter. Kensington, London S W Tonge Gilbert .Augustus. esq. Castlemans, T~fo;rd R.S.O
Martin-Atkins Ernes.t Edwin esq. Downend house, Chieve- Trotter William esq. Kmg's !leeches, Sunmnghill, .Ascot

ley, Newbury Tudor Hugh Owen esq. Lynwood, Old Windsor
Matthews Stephen esq.M.A. Hill house, Greenham,N_ewbry *§Tull Albert Richard esq. M.A. (vice-chairman of quar-
Maurice Oliver Calley M.D. 75 London street, Readmg
§Monck John Bligh esq. Coley park, Reading . ter sessions), Crookham house, Newbury
Monck William Ilerkeley esq. Coley park, Readmg Tyser George Waiter esq. Oakfield, Mortimer R.S.O
Morland Ilenjamin Henry esq. Marcham, .Abingdon
Mlorley Charles esq. M.P., M..A. Shockerwick house, Tooa-ood Octavius, 73 Cornwall gdns. Sth. Kensington SW
Valpy Robert Ha·nis esq. Enborne lodge, Newhury
Bath; & 46 Ilryanston square, London W
Morrell Charles esq. Milton Hill house, Steventon R.S.O
Morrell George Herbert esq. M.P., V.D., M.A., B.C.L. §Van De Weyer Col. Victor William Ilates, New lodge,
Streatley house, Reading & Headington Hill hall, Oxford Winkfield, Windsor; & 21 .Arlington street_, London SW
Morrell Hopewell Baker esq. The Retreat, Mansfield rd. Vansittart-Neale Henry James esq. C.B. Il1sham grange,
Marlow; & I Montagu place, Montagu sq. London W
Reading
Morshead Sir Warwick Charles bart. Forest lodge, Bin- Verey Henry Wm. esq. B..A. Bridge ho. Twyford R.S.O
Vincent Col. Sir Charles Edward Howard C.B., M.P.
field, Ilraclmell
I Grosvenor square, London W
Mount William Arthur esq. Wasing Place, Reading
*~Mount William George esq. M.P., M.A. (chairman of Wade-Palmer Fairfax Blomfield esq. F.R.I.B.A. Holme
park, Sonning, Reading
"quarter sessions), Wasing place, Reading
Mowbray Sir Robert Gray Cornish bart. M.A. Warrennes Walmesley Humphrey Jeffrey esq. Inglewood house, Kint-
Wood, Mortimer, Reading; & Carlton & Oxford & Cam- bury, Hungerford
Waiter Arthur Fraser esq. M..A. Bearwood, Wokingham;
bridge clubs, London W
Neeld Lt.-Col. Audley Dallas, 37 Lowndes st. London SW & 40 Upper Grosvenor street, London W
Waiter Godfrey esq. Redgrave hall, Diss & II Green st.
& Windsor Grosvenor square, London
Newdigate Lt.-Col. George, 63 Pall mall, London SW
Nicholl Henry Frederick esq. M.A. .Bear Place, Wargrave, Wantage Col. Lord K.O.B., V.C. (lord lieutenant),
Lockinge house, Wantage; & 2 Carlton gdns.~ndon SW
Twyford R.S.O
Niven William esq. F.S..A. Carswell house, Bucklands, *§Waring Henry esq. Beenham house, Readmg .
Waring Major William Wheat, Ileenham grange, Readmg
Faringdon
Wells Edward esq. High street, Wallingford
*Norreys Lord, Wytham Abbey, Oxford
*Ormathwaite Lord, 33 St. James's place, London S 1V Weston Alexander Anderdon esq. M.A., F.R.G.S. Holme
Osborne Lord Francis G. Godolphin,Glenara, Bexhill,Sussx grange, Wokingham; & 6o Cromwell rd. London SW

DIRECTORY.] BERKSHIRE. 7

Whitehead John esq. Choseley house, Knowle Hill, Twy- • *Wroughton Philip esq. M..A.. Woolley park, Wantage
Young Sir Geo. hart. M..A.. Formosa Place, Cookham S. 0
ford R.S.O
Wiggett James .A.llan esq. .A.llanbay, Binfield, Bracknell Young Commander Oliver R.N., M.P. Hare Hatch house,
'\Villes Col. George Shippen, Cippenham ho.Slough, Bucks Twyford R.S.O

Willink Henry George esq. M..A.. Hillfields, Burghfield,

Reading Ex-Officio Magistrates :-The Mayors of municipal bo-

1f\"ood Hon. Frederick George Lindley B.A. The .Abbey, roughs & the Chairmen for the time being of the Urban

.A.bingdon & Rural District Councils in the county

Clerk of the Peace, John Thornhill Morland, 30 Forbury, Reading

Deputy, F. Morland, 30 Forbury, Reading

COUNTY POLICE.

HEAD QUARTERS, READING.

Chief Constable, Colonel Adam Blandy.
Chief Clerk, Inspector Alfred J. Hedges, County Police Station.

"The force consists of a chief constable, deputy chief con- Reading Division, James Davis, superintendent, Reading.
stable, 9 superintendents, 5 inspectors, z3 sergeants & Stations :-.Aldermaston, Bradfield, tMortimer Pang-
124 constable•s. bourne, Reading, Riseley, Streatley, Sulbampstead,
Theale, Three Mile Cross, tTilehurst, Pengewood,School
.Abingdon Division, John Heath, snperintendent,Abingdon. Green, Purley, tUpper Basildon
Statiollis :-Abingdon, .Aippleton, tBotley, Fyfield, Hink-
sey South, Marcham, Steventon, Sntton Courtney, Wit- Wallingford Division, Edwin Hearness, superintendent,
tenham Wallingford. Stations :-Blewbury,Brightwell,ChQolsey,
East Hagbourne, tMoreton South, Wallingford
Faringd.on DiV'islion, !Wbert Butcher, superintendent,
Faringdon. Stations :-Ashbury, Buckland, Buscot, Wantage Division, 'iVilliam Smith, superintendent, Wan-
Coleshill, Faringdon, Longworth, Shrivenham, Stan- tage. Stations· :-Ohaddleworth, CharIton, Ohildrey,
ford, Uffington Chilton, Compton, Easbbury, Farnboro', tHanney East,
Harwell, Heruked East, tEsJey East, tLambourne,
Hungerford Division, Louis Legg, inspector, Hungerford. Lambourne Woodlands, Wantage
Stations :-East Sbefford, Hungerford.Hungerford New-
t,n.·n, Inkpen, Kintbury Windsor Division, Solomon Borlase, superintendent, Wind-
sor. Stations: Ascot, tClewer,Oakley Green, Sunning-
~Iaidenhead Division, Thomas Dorrell, superintendent & dale, tSunninghill, 'Windsor Old, tCumberland Lodge,
deputy chief constable, Maidenhead. Stations :-Bis- Spital
ha'.l.l, Oookham, Furze Platt, Holyport, tLittlewick, Mai-
denhead, Remenham, Winkfield Wokingham Division, George Molsher, superintendent,

:Newbury Division, Oliver Robotham, superintendent, Speen- "\Yokingham. Stations : -Arborfield, Binfield, t Brack-
hamland, Newbury. Sttations :-Boxford, Bucklebury,
Ohieve1ey, Cold .Ash, Crookham, Greenham, Ha.mp: nell, Bullbrook, Crowthorne, Earley, Finchampstead,
stead Norris, Hampstead Marshall, Peasemore, Speen- Hare Hatch, Hurst, tSandhurst, Sonning, tTwyford,
hamland, tStO<:kcross, Thatcham, tWoolhampton Waltham St. Lawrence, Warfield, Wargrave, Waking-
ham

Marked thus t are Sergeants' Stations.

''fhe following Table shows the acreage under each kind of crop, and the number of horses, cattle, sheep and pigs in
.Berkshire, as taken from the .Agricultural Returns, I897 :-

----------------------------------------------------·--------------------------------------------------

CROPS. ACRES. LIVE STOCK. NUMBER.

Corn and cereals ..................................... Horses for agrieulture and brood mares....... II,38I
2,496
Roots, artificial grasses, cabbage, kohl-rabbi Unbroken horses, r year and above ..•.....•..•
and rape ............................................. 966
4r,679 i)Jtto, under I ~,.ear ................................. 20,356
Clover and grasses ..................................... 45,043
I63,903 Cows in calf or milk........................... ..... 6,912
Permanent pasture ..................................... 7·050
9·4°3 Other cattle :- 7,264
Bare fallow .............................................. 2, 568 76,8r8
Orchards............................................... . 2 years and abovc ................................. 3°·350
72 7 6o,o6o
1\'Iarket gardens ...................................... . 1 J~ear and under 2 .••.•••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 4·073
N urser:).r ~rounds ........................................ 122 20,5I7
Woods and plantations............................... Under 1 ,~ear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Ewes kept for breeding ............................

Sheep, I year old & above ...........•...•.........

Ditto, under I year ................................

Sows kept for breeding ...........................

Other pigs............. .................................

--------------------------------~---------------------------------------------------·

Berkshire contained in I8gi, inhabited houses..................................................

Parishes ....................................................................................................

In I 874• owners of land below I acre .•. . ..• . .. ... ... ... . .. . .. . ....•. .. ... . •• ... . .. ... 4, I 72
Owners of land of I acre and upwards................................................. 3,o68

Total acreage of rated lands ........................................................................

'Ra.'OOable value .......................................................................................... £r,463,995

Heath land used for grazing, acres ................................................................
Total a<rea.ge of the county ..... ~ ........................................................•.....•.••



BERKSHIRE. (KELLY's

BERJ{ S C0 UN TY C0 UN0I L.

Local Government Act, r888, 51 & 'ii2 Vict. c. 41.

Under the a.bove Act,Berkshlre,except a ceri:Jain bor-ough, Council, and the clerk of the peace appointed by sucb
see below (a}, after the 1st April, 18-89, for the purpo•ses joint committee, and may be removed by them (sec. 83-2)~
of the Act, became an admins£rative county (sec. 46),
governed by a County Council, consisting of chairman, The clerk of the peace for the county is also clerk
aldermen and councillors, elected in a manner prescribed by of the County Council (sec. 83-1).
the .Act (sec. 2).
The administrative business of the county (which
The chairman, by virtue of his office, is a justice o1
would, if this .Act had not l>een passed, have been trans-
the peace for the county, without qualification (sec. 46). acted by the justices) i& now transacted by the County
Council.
The police for the county is now under the control of a
standing joint committee of the Quarter Sessions and (a) The following borough shall be for the purposes of
the County Council, appointed as therein mentioned this Act an administrative county in itself and be
called UJ County borougih (sec. 31), of which the Municipal
(sec. g). Carporation shall have the power of a County Oouncri:l-
Reading.
The coroners for the county are elected by the County

The County Council meets at the .Assize Courts, Reading.

Aldermen.

Retire in rgor. 13arry Sir Francis Tress bart. M.P., F.S..A.., J.P. St. Leo-

Cobham .Alexander William J.P. Shin!field, Reading nard's hill, Windsor

Long Sir George Henry, Beaumont house, Windsor De Vitre Henry Denis J.P. Oharlton house, ·wantage

Mount W. Geo. M.P., M.A., D.L., J.P. Wasing Pl.Reading Gardner Ernest J.P. Spencers, Maidenhead
Loyd .Archie Kirkman Q.O., M.P., J.P. Hodcott, West
Tull.Albert Richaxd M ..A., D.L., J.P . Crookham ho.Nwb r•v Ilsley, Newbury
Waring Henry D.L., J.P. Beenham house, Reading
Russell Hugh William, Hedsor view, Cookham S.O
Willes Col. Geo. Shippen J.P. The Firs, Hungerford
Wroughton Philip M.A., D.L., J.P. Woolley pk. Wantage Thoyts Major William Richard Mortimer J.P. Snlhamp·
stead house, Reading
One Vacancy.
Van de Weyer Col. Victor William Bates J.P. New lodge-,
Retire in 1904.
Winkfield, Windsor

Brown Sterphen, Fawley, Wantage One Vacancy.

CO UNCILLORS.

Electoral Division. Names & Addresses. Electoral Division. Names & Addresses.

Abingdon Boro' :- Lambourn ............. Col. Chas. GroveEdwards J.P.Wickle-
sham, Faringdon
East .................. Arthur Edwin Preston, Whitefield,
.Abingdon Maidenhead Boro' :-

West.................. Edward Jn.Harris,The Park,Abingdon Bray................•• James Ferguson Simpson, 20 Higa
street, Maidenhead

Abingdon Rural.. ...• Adam Fettiplace Blandy J.P. The Cookham ........... John Wesley Walker, 40rawfurd rise~

Gables, Abingdon Maidenhead

Aldermaston ......... Charles Edward Keyser J. P. Alder- Newbury Boro' :-

maston court, Reading East................... Robert Long, Newbury

Boxford ... ... ... ..• ... Col. George Bramston .Archer-Houblon, North................ . Lieut.-Col.Gerald Craven Ricardo J.P~

Hallingbury place, Bishcp Stortford Donnington, Newbury

Bradfield ............... Henry Smith, Bradfield, Reading West................•• Edmund Parfitt, Newtown rd.Newbry

Bray Rural............ EdwinArthurBarry,Ockwells,Maidnhd Pangbonrne .......... Jas.Burbridge,Streatley farm, Reading

Burghfield ............. James Herbert Benyon, Englefield Sandhurst ............. Wm.BeecheyPigg,Longdown,Sandhrst

house, Reading Sbrivenham .......... Hon. Waiter Bulkeley .Barrington D.L.,.

Challow ......•........ Edward Ormond, Wantage J.P. 40 Harrington gardens, South

Clewer ......... .-........ EdmundBenson!<'osterD.L.,J.P.Clewer Kensington, London S W

manor, Windsor Speen .................. Marmaduke Head Best J. P. Donning-

Compton ............... Eli Caudwell, .Ashbrook house, 13lew- ton grove, near Newbury

bury, Didcot Stanford •.............. Capt.Frederick Cleave Loder-Symonds

Cookham Rural.. .••• .Arthur Nockolds Gilbey, Melmoth J.P. Hinton manor, Faringdon

lodge, Cookham S. 0 Sunninghill .........• Percy Edward Crutchley J. P. Sunning-

Cumnor ............•.• Sir William Wilson Hunter K.C.S.l, hill lodge, Ascot

U.I.E. Oaken Holt, Oxford Swallow:field ......... Thomas Terry Cooper, Swallowfield

Didcot .................. Thomas Latham, Dorchester, Oxon Thatcham ............. .Albert Carter, Tbatcham, Newbury

Drayton ............... Leopold Oaudwell, Drayton manor, Tilehurst .•.............

.Abingdon Twyford ••. ... .. .. .. .. . Commander Oliver Young R. N., M. P.,

Earley ................. Henry Ueo::::ge .Augnstns Knox J.P. J.P. Hare Hatch ho. Twyford R.S.(}

Sonning grove, Reading Uffington............... The Hon. Osbert William Craven J.P.

Easthampstead ...... Sir Warwick Charles Morshead, bart. .Ashdown park, Shrivenham R.S.O

J.P. Forest lodge, 13racknell Wallingford Eoro' .•• Thomas Frederick Wells, Wallingford.

Faringdon ............ .Alexander Henderson M.P., J.P. Wallingford Rural... George Frederick Slade, Wallingford

J3uscot park, Farringdon Wantage ....•.....•..•• William Jackson, Glenlea, Wantage

Hendred.•..•.....•..•.. Lord Wantage K.C.B., V.C., L.L. Wartield .......•..•.... .Arthur John Lawrence, Birds grove~

Lockinge house, Wantage Bracknell

Hungerford ......... Harry Pike Major M.D., J.P. High st. Windsor Boro' :-

Hungerford Castle ... ...... ...... William George Stoneham, 53 Thames.

Hurley ................. Joseph Gardner,TheTbicket,Maidenhd street, New Windsor

Ilsley ................... William Jn. Harris, Chilton,Steventon Clewer .... .... ..• ..• George Henry Peters, Lockerhie, Os-
borne road, Windsor
R.S.O

JGntbury .............. William Hew Dunn D.L., J.P; Wal- Park.................. John Thomas Soundy, Meadowcroft,..
Bolton road, Windsor
lingtons, Hungerford

DIRECTORY.) BERKSHIRE. 9

Electoral Division. Names & Addresses. Electoral Divisiov. Names & Addresses.

Windsor Rural ..... . Col. Hon. Charles Rowley Hay, Hare- Wokingham Boro'..• Thomas Manley Westcott, East Heath.

wood lodge, Sunninghill villa, Wokingham

Winkfield ........•..... Charles Agace Ferard M.A., J.P. The Wokingham Rural... Hy. Lane, Southwick, Crescent road,.

Manor farm, Ascot Reading

LIST OF THE :!\'!EMBERS OF THE COUNTY COUNCIL, ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY, A..."'D THE ELECTORAL DJVISIOXS FOR:
WHICH THEY RESPECTIVELY SIT.

Names. Electoral Division. Names. Electoral Division.

Archer-HoublonCol.G.B.,J.P. Boxford Knox H. G. A., J. P •o• •o• ...... Ea.rley

Barrington Hon.W. B.,D.L., Lane H ............................ Wokingham, Rural

J .P. ..................................... Shrivenham Latham T Didcot0 •• • • •
.. • •• ... •• • • ... ••

Barry Edwin Arthur ......... Bray, Rural Lawrence A. J. ... ...... ... ... ... Warfield

Benyon James Herbert ...... Burghfield Loder-Symonds Capt. F. C.,

Best M. H., J. P .................. Speen J. P .............................. Stanford
Long R. ...........0............... ~ewbury Borough, East
Blandy A. F., J. P .............•. Abingdon, Rural

Burbidge J......... ............... Pangbourne Major H. P., 1\I.D., J.P......• Hung-erford

Carter A. ... ... ... .... .. . .. . ... ... Thatcham Morshead Sir W. C. bart.J.P. Easthampstead

Caudwell E. ................ •o .... Compton Ormond E ........0 ............... Challow

Caudwel! Leopold ............ Drayton Partitt E ........................... Newbury Borough, ·we3t

Cooper •r. T .....................• Swallowfield Peters G. H ...................... Windsor Borough, Clewer

Craven The Hon. 0. W., J.P. Uffington Pigg W. B. .................0 ••• Sandhurst

Crntchley P. E., J.P. •o••o•••• Sunninghill Preston A. E ..................... Abingdon Borough, East

Dunn W. H., D.L., J.P....... Kintbury Ricardo Major G. C., J.P.... Newbury Borough, North

Edwards Col. C. G., J.P.... oo Lambomn SimpEOn J. F ..................... Maidenhead Borough, Bray

Ferard C. A., M.A., J.P...... Winkfield Slade G. F. ..................... Wallingford, Rural

Foster E. B., D. L., J.P...... 0 Clewer Smith H ......... 0. ... ... ... ... ..• Bradfield

Gardner Joseph ····o······••oo Hurley Soundy J. T...................... Windsor Boro', Park

Gilbey A. N ......... 0. 0 •••••• 0... Cookham, Rural Stoneham W. G o•···· ......... Windsor Borough, Castle

Harris E. J. ooooOoooo .. O.oo····o· Abingdon, West Walker J. W ..................... Maidenhead Boro', Cookham.

Harris W J .oo. Ilsley0 0 0 0 0. •• • • • •• • •• • • • Wantage Lord V. C., K.C.B.,

Hay Col. Hon. C. R. .•........•. Windsor, Rural La L. ... ... ... ... ... ... ...... ... Hendred

Henderson A., M.Po, J.P.. ooO Faringdou Wells T. F ........................ Wallingford Borough

Hunter Sir WOW., K.C.S.I., Westcott T. M................... Wokingham Borough

C.I.E., D.L., J.P.O.OooOo···· Cumnor Young Commander O.,R.N.,

J ackson W........................ Wantage M.P., J.P...................... Twyford

Keyser C. E..... . .. ... . ... ... .. . Aldermaston

One Vacancy.

COUNTY OFFICIALS.

Cnrk to the County Council, J. T. Morland, 30 The Forbury, Reading

ll~puty Clerk to the County Council, F. Morland, 30 The Forbury, Reading

County Traasurer, H~nry Collins, Friar st. Reading County Surveyor, Joseph Morris, Friar st.chmbrs.Rdn~

Coroners for the County.-Albingdon district, l3romley Surveyor of Roads (temporary), H. J. Tollit, Oxford
Cha1len<lr, Stert str~t,.A.bingdon; deputy,Edward March-
mout Ohallenor, Sten street, Abingdon; Newbury dis- Public Analyst (Food & Drugs Acts), W. W. Fisher,
trict, Jame-s Cockburn Pinniger, Market place, Newbury; St. Margaret's road, Oxford
ReaCting district, William Weedon, Friar street, Rood-
ing; deputy, Charles Gyningham Field, 12 Forbury, District Analyst (Fertilizers & Feeding Stuffs Act), J ..
Reading; Wantage district, Llewe.llyn Jotcham, Newbur>: Augustus Voelcker, 22 Tudor street, London E C
street, Wantage
Inspectors of Weights &; :Measures.-The superinten-
dents of police in their several divisions

10 BERKSHIRE. (KELLY'S

GEOLOGY OF BERKSHIRE.

ll"ATURAL HisTORY AND SciENTIFIC SociETIES.-Wellington "Fields of East and West Hanney and Drayton." Crossing

<Jollegc Xatural Scrence Society, near Wokingham: Annual the Ock at Abingdon, we can follow the Kimmeridge clay to

report; Newbury District I<'ield Club; Reading Microscopical Radley and Bagley Wood. Of the fossils Ammonites biplex

.Society. is rather common and beautifully preserved; Ostrea deltoidea

MusEu~r.-Xewbury Museum. is very abund1nt. The clay is dug at several places for

PUBLICATIO:-<S 01<' THE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY.-}Ifaps- brick making.

Sheets : 7, \Vestern part of London, St. Albans, Windsor, (4) Portland Sand.-There is a small outlier forming the

Uxbridge; 8, Wokingham, Croydon, Guildford, Reigate; hill on which the Yillage of Bourton is built; it is well ex-

12, :Kewbury, Andover, Odiham; 13, Oxford, Reading, posed in a large quarry there.

Wantage; 34, Cbippenham, Swindon. Quarter sheet; THE CRETAcEous SYSTE:u.-This term is derived from the

45, S.W. Woodstock, &c.-Books.-The Geology of parts of Latin ' creta,' chalk, which is the best known and most con-

n~rkshire and Hampshire, by Hristow and Whitaker, 3s. ; spicuous member.

The Geoiogy of parts of Oxfordshire and Berkshire, by (1) The Lower G1·eensand.-This is a bed of loose reddish

Hull and Whitaker, 3s. ; Geology of the London Basin, sand, often full of pebbles and very variable in thickness. At

by \Y. Whitaker, 13s. Fernham and Great and Little Coxwell it assumes consider-

I~rPORTANT WoRKS oR PAPERs ON LocAL GEOLOGY.- able local importance, constituting the "sponge-gravels of

r8s6. Prestwich, Prof. J.-Gravel near Maidenhead in Faringdon; "here it is largely quarried for gravel, which

which skull of Musk Buffalo was found. Journ. Geol. from its bright yellow hue is much sought after for walks

Soc., vol. xii. p. 131. 1875. Rupert-Jones, T. & King, and ayenues. From Baulking eastward to the Thames it

C. C.-S2ctions of the Woolwich and Reading Beds at is not seen, being overlapped by the Gault, but there is an

Reading. Journ. Geol. Soc., vol. xxxi. p. 451. 1881. outlier north of Sunningwell which forms a hilly tract ; it

Herrie1:i, W H.-Bagshot Beds. Geo. l\Iag. p. 171. makes a light dry arable soil.

(2) The Gault.-'fhis is a blue micaceous clay containing

THE rocks of Berkshire have been very carefully studied by occasional nodules of limestone ; it runs as a band about one

"the officers of the Geological Survey, Complete geological to two miles wide between Ashbury r.nd Stainswick tu

maps of the surface were published in 186o-61, and in the Uffington, where it turns due east aud reaches through

splendid memoir on the Geology of the London Basin, by West Challow and Steventon to Wittenham; its upper

Mr. W. \Vhitaker, a very full account will be found of all boundary is well marked by a line of springs thrown out

the strata except those which form the extreme north-west by the impermeable clay; forming a low plain at the foot

corner. The Tertiary Beds of the south and east were first of the chalk escarpment it is seldom exposed in sections,

described bv Professor Pre~twich in a masterly series of except in an occasional brick-pit; its thickness is about

papers published between I8-to and 186o in the Journal of 100 feet.

the Geological Society: Professor Rupert-Jones has also (3) The Upper Greensand or Chloritic Series.-From

written on the same subject. Wittenham Wood past Wallingford to Aston Tirrell the

As the longest axis of Berkshire extends nearly east and outcrop of this rock IS not less than five miles broad.

west, while the different beds of rock run across it in a Following it westward through Hagborne, Didcot, East

:Slanting direction from north-east to south-west we naturally Hendred and Wantage it rapidly narrows, until at Childrey,

oexpect to meet with a good variety of formations in the Sparsholt, Compton Beauchamp and Ashbury it only forms

.county, and this we shall find to be the case. From the the slope of the escarpment of chalk, which cC'nsequently

:&bsence of disturbances, however, and from the dip being becomes steeper as we follow it in this direction. Frequently

gentle and coinciding with the general siope of the surface, the exact boundary iiil obscured by landslips. As the name

the variety is not so great as might have been expected.! implies, the rock is usually full of greenish grains. At

We shall commence with the oldest rocks, which occupy Woolstone it is 6o feet thick, but above IOO at Didcot.

the extreme north-west of the county. (4) The Chalk.-This is perhaps the best known rock in

THE OoLITE. (1) The Oxford Clay.-Entering at Coles- England-lithologically speaking; it constitutes the central

bill and Lechlade, and running east by Thrupp Common and most elevated portion of Berkshire. On the west tbe

:and Newbridge and north-east by Hinksey, Wytham and main mass spreads across from Hungerford to Compton

()xford, we have the Berkshire portion of a tract of stiff clay, Beauchamp, a distance of 12 miles. The strike, or direction,

which extends across the Thames into Oxfordshire and is here nearly east and west and continues so to the Thames.

Gloucestershire. It contains frequent bands of limestone, The dip is to the south-east at a very small angle, from one

nodules or septaria, is of a blue colour when dug at any to three degrees only. In the south the chalk dips under

•depth, but weathers yellow where exposed to the air ; it the Tertiary beds of the valley of the Kennet, and rises up

lforms a low tract of land bordering the Thames for about further south at a sharp angle along a line from Inkpen to

:a mile or two on its southern side, and is of little economic Kingsclere; at Inkpen Beacon it attains an elevation of

-value. It is mostly in pasture: a boring at Wytham passed 1,011 feet, the highest point reached by the chalk in the

through 596 feet of Oxford clay. south of England. The total thickness in Berkshire of this

(2) The Coral Rag.-This term is applied to a series of great mass of wh1te soft limestone is probably about 900

beds, clayey and sandy at the base, of which thE' middle feet; the chalk was eminently a deep-sea deposit, for when

J>Ortion is a rubbly oolitic limestone full of corals, capped we examine it microscopically we find it to consist in large

jn a few places by irony sands. The mud\ly sea in which part of t.he tiny chambered shells of foraminifera, being

the Oxford clay was deposited must have cleared and very similar in composition, in fact, to the greyish-white

-shallowed, and in the warm waters coral reefs grew ir- ooze which numerous soundings have proved to form the

Tegularly, resembling those now forming in tropical !leas. floor of the North Atlantic Ocean.

Where present the thickness of the Coral Rag varies from The Lower Chalk has marly beds at the base about So feet

:10 to 30 feet, and it constitutes a ridge overlooking the thick, whose top is marked by a hard band called the Totternhoe

-valley of the Thames. Entering the county near Shriven- Stone. This lower diYiE'ion may be seen in the Great Western

ham, we can trace it round Faringdon, ana thence it occupies rail way cutting at, Wallingford Road station. Above it we

a tract three miles wide north of the river Ock as far as get about 400 feet of chalk without flints, but containing

Abingdon and Cumnor :_at Wyt.ham it rises as an outlier marly partings which indicate the line of bedding : this

to a height of 583 feet; it is largely quarried for road division form-s the comparatively low and flat table-land

metal. The lower portion comains characteristic Ammonites; which extends from Moulsford and Streatley by Blewbury

corals and spines and plates of sea-urchins occur in the and Chilton, narrowing greatly as it goes westward. J<'ossils

middle portion in large numbers. are not very numerous. but Ammonites varians and Tun·ilites

(:~) Kimmeridge Cla_y.-Another thick mass of blue clay are characteristic. The top is formed by a hard cream- "'

with bituminous shales succeeds the coral rag; it forms coloured band-the Chalk Rock-L-some 8 or' IO feet thick,

flat wet land from Shrivenham station to Longcott. Passing which from its superior hardness usually forms the top of the

under the well-known sponge gravels of Faringdon, it re- 1chief chalk escarpment. Thus we can trace it all along the

appears south of Shillingford and Stanford, and forms the 1northern brow of llsley Common and Childrey Warren ;

JDIRECTORY. BERKSHIRE. 11

'the Ridge Way runs along the edge, and sections are exposed the rocks of which we now bave to speak were laid down as

at Cuckhamsley Knob, &c. sediment: perhaps both things happened.

The Upper Chalk is characterized by the presence of flints, (I) The Reading Beds in Berkshire rest immediately upon

which occur most frequently in small irregular lumps, but the chalk, and were formerly known as the "Plastic Clay ; ''

:also in flat sheets. The origin of flints is still a vexed ques- thP.y consist of alternations of clays and sands of many

-tion: many appear to have been formed by the deposit of colours, with rolled flint-pebbles. Fossils are few, Ostrea

·siliceous matter on and around organic bodies, as sponges; bellovac-ina, which much resembles the oyster of the present

the flat tabular masses of flint would seem to have been day, being the only one found in any number. Commencing

•deposited in the bedding-planes probably after the consolida- at Pro!'lperous 'Wood, about two miles south of Hnngerford,

·tion of the rock. Such lines of flint may be seen in the we can trace these beds along the south of the Kennet to

railway cutting near Pangbourn, and in the chalk-pits at two miles east of Newbury; on the opposite side they con-

Courage, north of Newbury, and at Cookham Dean, near t.inue nearly to Theale, then, after a gap formed by the con-

Great :Marlow. Fossils are of frequent occurrence both in nection of the Pang with t.he Kennet, we find the same

the flint and the chalk; sea-urchins or Echinoderms as sands &c. spreading out east and west of Reading. Here
Ananc.~.ytes and .itficraster, abound, with sponges and such they are largely worked at Katesgrove, Coley Hill &c. The

.e.hells as Terebratula &c. The main mass of the chalk plastic clays are made into tiles, drain pipes &c. ; the sands

:passes in Berkshire as far east as Remenham, Wargrave are mixed with the clays in brick-making, or when white

.and :Maidenhead, but Windsor Castle is built on an inlying and clean are used in glass works. Thence the outcrop

boss, probably elevated by some disturbance, of which there continues about half a mile wide through Sonning and the

;are also traces near Great Marlow. two Walthams towards Windsor. There are numerous out-

The scenery of the Cilalk Downs is very marked. The liers on the chalk hills north of the Lambourn and the

'beautifully smooth swelling curves are covered with a short Pang, as at Beedon Hill, Basildon, and Farnborough Copse.
den~e herbage which affords good pasturage for sheep and The junction with the chalk is often marked by swallow-
~apital galloping grounds for horses. The higher part is, holes, which are caverns 0r funnel-shaped pipes, into which

however, often covered with clayey deposits, as south of the water, running down the slope of the Tertiary beds,

Jlsley, and then forms a soil on which the beech grows well; enters and disappears.

but as a rule the wide open nature of the country is always (2) The London Clay.-Where the junction is exposed with

discernible. The valleys are often waterless, the rain being the Reading beds we see a " basement bed " of blackish flint

soon absorbed by the porous soiL White Horse Hill rises pebbles which are traversed by cracks, so that they fall to

893 feet above the level of the sea. Economically regarded, pieces on receiving a gentle blow : they are embedded in a

-ehalk is valuable as a dressing for clay lands; much is also brownish loam; above this are sandy clays passing up into

·dug to burn into lime, and it forms an ingredient of Port- stiff blue and brown clay ; this formation has a broad out-

Jand cement. Whiting is solely made from chalk, Kintbury crop in Berkshire. There is a good section in Sbaw brick-

being the seat of manufacture. The soft upper chalk is here kiln, north of Newbury. Eastwards of Reading these clays

,ground into a pulp with water and allowed to settle in occupy a district gradually widening from 3 or 4 to 10 or I5

tanks ; about 2,ooo tons are made yearly ; it is mostly miles in breadth, over which are scattered large outlying

sent to Bristol by canal, and fetches hbout 8s. per ton. masses of rocks presently to be described. Brick-yards and

Chalk was formerly more used for building than at present, railway cuttings afford the only sections, as at Sonning,

·and when carefully selected is well suited for inside work, Windsor, Englefield, Frilsham &c. Pectunculus and Dit1'1.tpa

being very easy to carve ; examples may be seen in Sonning plana are characteristic shells.

.and Tilebm~t church~s. The chalk-rock aff?rds a poo~ road- I of (3) The Bag.~lwt Beds.-These are sandy, forming ranges
m~ta~. _Fhnts furmsh an almost .everlastmg mater•al for barren heath-covered hills in the south of the county:
~mldmg; .they have. been used..wit~ good effect, dressed I sections and fossils are equally rare: they form the high
mto a cubOidal form, m the beautiful httl~ church at Shottes- grounds of Coldash and Bucklebury Commons, north of the
brook; thfly are als~ ground up to use m the manufacture Kennet; south of that river they extend from Inkpen Corn-

of .!?lass and porcelam. .. mon by Greenham Heath to the commons of Tadley, Sil-
- l.II~<; Eoc.E~E SYSTEM.-A great break In the succesSI?n of chester, and Burghfield ; then we come to the valley of the
the rocks moerv~nes here: In those now ~o be described, Lodden, where the beds have been denuded. Cro!'sing this
~e find the remams of a~tmals altogether dtffere~t to those gap we find ourselves on the western end of the main mass
11_1 the ch~lk, an~ we _believe there was .a great mterval of near Finchampstead and Wokingham, and it continues by

ttme durm.g whiCh either (I) no dep!)Slt 'Yas formed, the Ascot race-course to Egham: south of this line we pass over

•CO~ntry bemg a land surface, or (2) deposits were formed some more clayey beds, known as Middle Bagshot or Brack-

-whiCh were afterwards washed away-denuded off-before lesham Beds, and ascending Eastharnpstead Plain find our-

a a Toughferruginous selves on the northern extremity of the well-known Chob-
brown clay. At about
16 inches from the ham Ridges, on the loose Upper Bagsbot Sands.
bottom there are oc-
Standing here on the latest formed of the stratified rocks,
which constitute the county of Berks, we should, in imagi-

casional flattened con- nation, sink a deep borehole and picture it passing in succes-
cretionary nodules of sion through all the beds we have named until, at a depth
clay iron-stone, about
.•. three inches thick, un- of perhaps 2,000 feet, it entered the formation-the Oxford
der a layer of scattered Clay-which we found at the surface in the north-west

flint pebbles (b) which corner near Lechlade.
are for the most part A well lately sunk at Wokingham passed throughLond(ln
small and white.
c Ferruginous brown Clay, 263 feet; Reading Beds, 54 feet ; Sand, I6 feet ; and
sandy clay or clayey pierced the chalk for 64 feet, obtaining a good supply of
sand about four feet. water.

d Black clay ; very GREY-WETHERS OR SARSEN STONES.-Blocks of a bard
h<1rd and homogene- sandstone are frequently found on the surface of the chalk,
ous, and splitting up &c. ; they are used for building and mending roads. They
when dryvery uneven-
ly with a sort of con- would appear to be consolidated masses of either the Reading
c•hoidal fracture about Beds or the Bagshot Sands, which have been let down, as it
three feet.
were, by the washing away of the looser matter in which

" A line of flint peb- they were once embedded.
1bs. At the outcrop SuRFACE DEPosrTs.-Our examination of the strata at any
this bed forms a con-
tinuous band of clay point is often interfered with .by the presence of beds of
iron-stone, four or five gravel, brick, earth &c. many feet thick, which cover over

inches thick, with and hide the underlying rocks. The chalk is often covered
small embedded flints. with a stiff brown and red clav full of unworn flints. This

' would seem to be the residue left by the removal of the
.f Greenish loamy
clay passing down- carbonate of lime, by the chemical action of water charged
wards into more de- with carbonic acid; this "clay with flints" is well seen in

cided solid clay at the the road cutting south of Remenham. Of brick-earth there
depth of about three is not much; some may be seen near Cookham.
feet. The Flint-Gravels occur at high levels, as at Pebble Hill,

south of Kintbury, and often capping the hills of Bagshot

.Tunction of London Clay and Woolwich and Reading Beds at Sand ; or at low levels, as from the foot of Enborne Hill to
Newbury, and on both sides of the Thames•
.Kintbury Brick-yard, north of Pet-1Jle Hill.

•BERKSHIRE. [B:ILLY'S'

.Alluvium.-In former timea the river Kennet dJpo,ited a beautiful dagger of white·flint was obtained, which is now,.

mu-.:h mud for about a quarter of a mil~ on eiLher stcle of its with an arrow-head and other objects from the same locality,

present course: this now forms valuable water-meadows, in the British Museum. Some beautifully formed arrow-
always green. Beds of peat occur in it, from 5 to r5 f~et heads of the same material, a scraper probably used for pre-

a

. . . .. .. .• .. . .
-•
• .. • • 0•
••
••
• ••0• ••

•• •• • • •0
c . .. . .. .. ....... ......... ..
•• • .. • • .. • .. : 0 •

. . . . , ....
... "'. .

•• • •
. .. .••• • • •• 0 •

•• • 0 • •• • .. •

• • •• •
. . ..• • • •0 •0 ••

.. . . . - .. .. • oI
• . . .. !• "

'• o• ...•' ' : 0oo I • o

. . . . • . . .••.. .. 0 •
• • • • • ..
• . • ,•
0 ••

Gravel-pit on Inkpen Common, showing the" high-level gravel," composed of sub-angular flints.
t.t White angular flint gravel. b Brown flint gravel, containing large blocks of grey-wether sandstone. c Lower Eagshot sand.

thick; this peat is largely dug at Newbury, and when burnt paring skins, celts or flint axe-heads, and a nodule of iron

the ashes form a valuable fertilizer, probably from the pyrites are also reeorded by Mr. Evans, in his "Ancient

quantity of gypsum they contain. Stone Implements of Great Britain," as having been found

In the museum of the Newbury on the Berkshire Downs. A flint arrow-head was also found

Institution, there is a fine speci- at Sutton Courtney. A large chipped but unground celt,

men of the skull and horns of 8 inches long by 2! broad, was found in the peat at Thatcham;
Bos primigenius, a large extinct and in the Geological Museum, J ermyn street, London, there

species of ox, which was dug out is a fragment of a slender pointed flint "pick," which was

of the peat in Ham Marsh. In picked up near Maidenhead. A perforated stone hammer-

a large excavation close to Read- head was found at Sunninghill, and an oval flint blade near
~

ing a fine section of old river- Long Wittenham. A triangular scraper of ochreous flint

gravels and loams is exposed, in occurred in t.he Thames near Windsor. Probably many more

which Mr. E. B. Poultou has such objects would turn up if they were intelligently searched

found trunks of trees and remains for, and there is no better preparation for the task than to

of such extinct animals as the endravour with two flint nodules or a flint and a hammer to

mammoth, rhinoceros &c- produce similar specimens; the task will give us some idea

PHEHISTORIC lVIAN.-Of those of the dexterity, and acquaintance with the properties of the

early dwellers in our islands to mate-;oial, which must have been possessed by our predeces-

Stemmed and barbed whom the use of metal was un- sors who lived in Berkshire, perhaps w,ooo years ago.
known,and whomadetheirtoolsof
Flint arrow-head, found in flint.,several relics have been found W. J. H.

a burial-mound on Lam- in JJerkshire. From a "barrow,"
or interment on LambournDowns,
bourn Down, Berkshire, and

now in the British Museum.

DIRECTORY.) BERKSHIRE. ABINGDON. 13

AB IN G D 0 N.

.ABINGDON is a municipal borough, a market and union two bailiffs and nine aJdermen. The corporate body,

"town and the head of a petty s~ssional division o.nd county aetling also as the Urban Sanioory Authority, now con-

ocourt district, on the right bank of the river Thame.s at sists of a mayor, four aldermen and twelve councillors.

its confluence with the Ock,and is 56 miles from London by The borough boundary was extended in 1 Bgo. .A.bingdon

road, 103! by the river and 59 by the Great Western retJurned one member to a single parliament in 1337,

Tailway, with which it is connected by a single line about and oorutinued to return one member from the date of its

:a mile and a half in extent, joining the main Oxford line incorporartion until the passing of the "Redistribution

at Radley station ;it is 25 miles north-west from Reading, of Seats Act, 1885," (48 &i 49 Vict. c. 23), by which it

6 south from Oxford, 10 north-west from Wallingford, 14 wa.s di%franchised as a borough, and the representation

.east from Faringdon and 21 nmth from Newbury, in the merged in that of the county: among its representatives

Northern division of the county, hundred of Harmer, may €/Specially be mentioned Sir Simon Harcourt, kt. of

"Tural deanery of Abingdon, archdooconry of Eerks and Sltanton lfuroourt, Oxon, recorder of Ahingdon, 1688, and

-diocese of Oxford. M.P. for tlhe b(}I\()ugh in 1702 and 1708, Lord Chancellor

The name is derived in legendary history from Aben, a 1710, and created rst Baron Harcourt, 3 Sept. I7II; aJso

noble hermit, who is said to have built on this site a Sir Frederick Thesiger, M.P. for Abin.gdon, 1844-52, Lord

-dwelJing house and a chapel in honour oo the Holy Virgin; Chancellor in 1858, and created rst Baron Chelmsford,
-according to other writers• the town was originally called 27th Feb. in that year.

"' Seovechesham" or "Seusham," and some identify it The Drainage works and farm, erected and laid out in
with " Cloveshoe," a place famous in the annals of 1877, are situated some distance south of the town; the

English Church Oouncils, out it no doubt owe.s. both its drainage scheme was carried out in 1877-78, under tlhe
name and historical importance to its abbey, formel"ly direction o.f :Mr. Bailey Dent\ln, at a cost of nearly
-one of the wealthiest mjtred abbeys in England. Seove- [3o,ooo ; water works have since been completed at a

oehflisham was at a very early period a. royal residence, but further outlay of £g,ooo; the sewage farm is in the

-was subsequently deserted by the Saxon kings, until occupation of the Corporation.
Offa, king of the Mercians and West Saxons, while acci- The water supply is obtained from the C"Oral rag and
dentally visiting the spot, wa.s so charmed with the calcareous grit of the oolitic formation overlying the
beauty of the Isle of Andersey, a district lying south-west Oxford clay; the borough waterworks, at Wootton, 3
'()f the town, and between the monastery and St. Helen's miles distant, have an underground reservoir,from which,
·church, that he prevailed on the monks to exchange it by the aid of a syphon half a mile in length, water is
ior the manor of Goosey, and built for himself on the obtained at a depth of ten feet below the outlet of the
island a royal residence, which was there maintained reservoir and supplied to the consumers by meter ; the
·until Kenwulf, his successor, resold .A.ndersey to Abbot reservoir has a capacity of n~s.ooo gallons, and is im-
Uthemus for the manor of Sutton and £tzo in silver: mediately over the bore hole from which the water rises
at this place his son Egfrid died in 793 ; the site, called from the fis·sure·s and hollows of the rocky strata below.
in Leland's time " The Castle of the Rhe," is now indi- Numerous hydrants are fixed at various points of the
•Cated by a large tract of land encircled by the Thames town in such a manner as to reach Wlith hose any part of
and a tributary inlet. William the Conqueror, in 1084, tJhe town without the aid of a fire engine. On the north
kept his Easter at Abingdon, being splendidly entertained side of Ock street, near Tomkins's almshouses, is a well
by his powerful adherent, Robert D'Oyley, to whose within a brick recess, inclosed by pilaSlters supporting a
charge he entrusted his younger son, afterwards Henry pedimeillt, and erected by Richard Eley in 1673 ; the Old
I. while receiving his education at this abbey. During Conduit house, where the spring rose from which it was
the civil war Abingdon was garrisoned for the king, who, supplied, stands in Albert Park.
on 17th April, 1644, arrived here with the queen and To the excellent system of drainag"e and the supply of
attended by Prince RupeTt, and the Duke of York, and wa.ter furnished by gravtitation from Boar's Hill may be
after holding a council of war, returned to Oxford ; on attributed the very low de-ath ra.te in Abingdon, viz.
the fo:ilowing day, May 25th, the Royalist general deserted from r2 to 14 per I,ooo.
the town, and the Earl of Essex, arriving with his troops, The town is lighted with ga;s by a company fmmed in

·plundered it, and placed there a Parliamentary garrison, 1834, whose works are situa.ted in the Vineyard.

under the command of General Browne: on the 3rst of Abingdx:m, at an early period of its history, p()ssessed

May, a new Parliamentary force undeT General Waller, a BElnedictine abbey of great wealth and higih distinction,
wh.ioh had been quartered at Wantage, entered the town whose mitr>ed abbort WRIS summoned with the barons to

and demolished the beautiful cross which then stood in parliament. Cissa, futher of Kin,g- Ina, whose rule ex-

the marke<t place; various attempts were made by the tended over Wilotshire and a large part of :Berkshire, is

Jring's party during the years 1644-6 to reCDver the town, SJaid to have founded it (A. D. 675 ), on a site des.cribed in

but in the. main with little success, although in 1646 the abbey chronicle as a "table land surmounting a

Prince Rupert gained posses-sion of the abbey buildings, rismg ground of de~ightful aspect, in a retired spot, in-

.and it eventually passed into the hands of the Parliament. closed within two most plea.oont streams." About A.D.

Abingdon was much increased, both in population and 866-71, the DaneJS overran the country, and coming to

wealth, by the building of Burford or Eoroughford bridge, Abingdon, destroyed the monastery, leaving only the bar£.>

. a structure of seven arches, near the town, and by another Willis ; but on their extermination by .Ail.fred, it was

bridge a.t Culhamford, about half a mile ea.st of it, rthe rebuilt, and subsequently between A.D. 946-55, re-con-
erection of which has been attrihg.ted by some to Henry stru~bed unaer King Edred. On tb,e arrival in England

V. who, however, only granted his licence and protec- of William the Conqueror (A.D. ro66), Abbot, Aldred took

tion: of these works, begun in 1416, John Houchon and the oath of allegiance to him, but was displaced, and the

J olhn :Banbury were zea[ous pl'omoters ; and among the abbacy besrtJ()wed upon Ethelhelm, a Norman; at the

chief of those who contTibuted to the building and pre- general disoolrution of the monasteries the abbey was sur-

serVll!.tion of the bridges and intermediate road were Sir rendered to the king by the abbot, Thomas Rowland RD.

· Pe,ter Eesils, of Besiilsleigh; Geofirey Bal'bour, a mer- sometimes written and called "Rowland Penticost," and

.chant, and William Hales and Maud his wife, who, in 25 monks, under the commQn seal of the convent on the
29th May, 1537, the wine of the yearly revenu'e being
1453, added three arches to Eurford bridge.

'l1he town is connected by Culhamford bridge with the returned as £1,876 10s. gd. the abbot himself being

_parish of Culham, in Oxfordshire; and a nigh and broad alilowed to retain the manor of Cumnor, with an annual

e.auseway, constructed in the 15th century by the munifi- pension of £zoo; the existing remairu; comprise the Per-

. cence of GeDffrey EarbQur, unites the two bridges. pendlicular gate-house, a. vaulted &tructure, adjacent to

The town conS>ists of a spacious market place at the the church of St. Nichol'llls, With central and side arohes,

· east end, from which severaJ. streets diverge to the nol"!Jh, and rooms above occupied by the Corporntion, and some

- south and west; the chief of these, High street, wa,s other buildilings situated eastward of it, on the backwater

formerly much contracted, but has been widened since of the TbJames, readily accessible, and principally con-

1890; at its western extremity are tributary streets to the sisting of a long two..,srtoreyed building, partly stone and

right and left, and it l!he.n expands into a smaller sqoore, p.t\Ttly timber-framed, the upps:r floor of which appears to
'·from which the wide thoroughfare, called Ock street, have been a dormitory for gueoSJt.~>; at the west-end of

extends to the western limit of the borough. this, placed trans-rersely, is another block, rebuilt in the

In the year 1555, in the reign of Queen M.ary, Sir J<Jihn Decorated period, with walls of great thickness, traceried

.. Ma.son, a native of Abingdon, and chancellor of the Univer- windows, and massive buttresses : the first floor has a

sity of Oxford, obtained for the town a oharter of in- lofty open-timbered roof, and contains a :fine 'Early Eng-

... corporation, under which it was governed by a mayor, lish fire-place, with a hood carried on graceful shafts with

14 ABINGDON. BERKSHIRE. 7

[ KELLY S

foliated capitals, and a quite unique chimney; in an ad· ·' a principal magistrate of this Corporation," buried

joining block, extending to a backwater of the Thames, July 18, 1643; and at the foot of this memorial is u

is a spacious vaulted undercroft, with groining springing brass, within a large slab of Caen stone, to Galfridus

from a central shaft: in 1895 the corporation a~quired (Geoffrey) Barbur, merchant, ob. April 21, 1417, with his

possesswn of these buildings under a lease from the effigy in the attitude of prayer; he was for some time

Charity Trustees, and have since put them in good repair; bailiff of Bristol and was the chief benefactor to this

the work was carried out under the direction of Mr. Harry town; his remains, Temoved from the abbey on its dis-

Redfern, architect, of London, and the buildings are now solutwn, were re-interred in this church; in the church

open to public inspection: Henry I. (Beauclerc) Geoffrey was also buried Henry Langley D.D. master of Pem•

of Monmouth, the Chronicler (noo-54) and Robert de broke College, Oxford, d. 10 Sept. 1679; there is :~~

Beaumont, Earl of Leicester and Hereford, and Chief brass to William Heyward S.T.D. vicar, ob. 1501, with

Justiciar of England in n55, were students here, and his effigy in academic dress ; at the east end of the-

Egelwyn, bishop of Durham (1056·71), died while im- south aisle is a portrait, on panel, of Mr. William Lee,.

prisoned in the abbey in 1071. fiva times mayor of Abingdon, who died in 1637, aged

St. Helen's church standing close to the river, south- 92 ; accompanying the portrait is a genealogical chart,
west of the town, is a spacious edifice, chiefly in the and an inscription, stating that he had in his lifetime-
Perpendicular style, consisting of five parallel aisles of issue from his loins two hundred, lacking but three ; in
unequal length and breadth, named as follows, beginning the first south aisle is a mural tablet to Edmund,

from the north-Jesus aisle, Our Lady's aisle, St. youngest son of Lionel Bostock ob. Aug. 3, x6os, andl
Helen's aisle, St. Catharine's aisle and the Holy Cross over it a quartered shield of arms; near it, on a framed
aisle ; a tower and spire on the north-east, with a porch wood panel are painted the arms of Oliver Hide, 1565,.

in the lower stage, vestry on the south-east, and a and Thomasrine, his wife, 1568 ; on the west wall is a
small chapel or chantry west of thE) tower; the church small brass inscription to Thomas Mavott, twice :Mayor,.
was completely restored in 1873, under the direction of ob. May 30, 1627; the pulpit is Jacobean, and bears illl
Mr. Woodyer, at a cost of £,7,021, when the pews and panels the legend, " ad haec idoneus quis," and the date-
galleries were removed, the nave and chancel roof re· 1636; there are seven seats set apart for the Corpora-
newed in open timber work and considerably heightened; tion, the foremost of which is flanked by figures of the
the chancel was also newly inclosed by a stone screen lion and unicorn, carved in wood and supporting
on the north side, and separated from the nave by a shields ; the organ, inclosed in a panelled case of carved

alofty and elaborate screen of oak, and in 1897 a handsome oak, displays quaint figure of David, carved in wood,

reredos of oak was presented by Miss Hyde : the north with gilded harp and crown; the font, of white marble,
aisle has a timber ceiling, richly painted with figures of was executed by the late Mr. H. P. Peyman, of Abing-
kings, prophets and saints, given by Nicholas Gold, one don, and shown in the Great Exhibition of 1851; in
of the founders of the fraternity of the Holy Cross ; and 1644·5, the parliamentary army, under General Waller;.
an altar of alabaster, with an upper slab of jasper, de- while quartered here, used the north aisle as a stable;
signed by G. F. Bodley esq. A.R.A. and erected as a among the vicars may be mentioned Ethelmarus or
memorial to the Rev. R. C. F. Griffith M.A. vicar Aymer de Valence, half brother to Henry I. and after-
1•885-96: the south aisles, one of which was wards Bishop of Winchester; there are 1,2oo sittings, of
built in 1539, for the use {)f a guild, are rather which 200 are free. The church was wholly closed against
later, but olf the same character, a,s is also the interments June 27, r856. The register da.tes from the
south porch, which has a good doorway and a cano- year 1538. The living is a vicarage, net yearly value £,138~

pied niche, recently filled with a figure of St. Catharine, including 9 acres of glebe and residence, with the sinecure

the buttresses being surmounted with figures of St. rectory of St. Nicholas, value £36, in the g-ift of the

Dunstan aud St. JEthelwold ; the tower is Early English Bishop of Oxford, and held since r8g6 by the Rev. Went-
and has a plain parapet with crocketed angle turrets, worth Watson M.A. of Christ Ohur,ch, Oxford; a lecture-

from within which. flying buttresses support a tall ship, founded by Richard Wrigglesworth in 1647, pro-

octagonal spire; it contains a peal of ro bells, remark- vides a Friday evening service for St. Helen's church
able for their exceeding sweetness of tone, and a clock ; during the winter, and a Wednesday evening service for
the restoration of the tower and spire was completed Marcham church during the summer months; a vicarage

on May 1st, 1886, under the superintendence of J. Oldrid house for the parish of St. Helen was erected in 1870

Scott, architect ; at the same time the three porches upon a site on the north side of Albert Park.

were restored and figures placed in the vacant niches ; The church of St.Nicholas, situated on the north side

the cost of repairing the Early English north porch of the Market place, adjoining the abbey gateway, was

being defrayed by Christ's Hospital; the west porch now built, according to Dugdale, by Nicholas de Coleham or

bears in a niche a figure of St. Helen, holding in her Culham, prior, and afterwards abbot of Abingdon,

arms a model of the church, and surmounting the between the years 1289 and 1307, although portions of

buttresses are the symbols of the Evangelists, carved in the west front seem to indicate an earlier origin, per-

stone; a large new window was placed in the baptistery haps during the period 12oo·2o; traces of the triple
by Mrs. George Gibbs in memory of her husband, two lancet window, which originally lighted the west front,
large niches on each side of the window were also re- are still visible, as well as of other similar windows in
paired and statues of St. John the Baptist and St. the north wall; and it may therefore be concluded that

Philip the Deacon, executed by Nicholls, placed in the _building existed at least 6o years before the abbacy

them; the whole cost exceeded £2,700; the east and of de Coleham; the church is a small structure, con-
west windows, both of which are of modern date, have sisting only of chancel and nave, a small chantry, organ

been filled with stained glass ; the former as a memorial chamber and vestry on the north and an embattled

to Thomas Hyde esq. and the latter to his brother, John western tower, containing 6 bells, cast in October, 1741,

Hyde esq. and there are others to George Bowes Morland by Abel Rudhall, who received for the work the five old
esq. Edward Morland esq. Alfred D. Bartlett esq. and bells and clappers, valued at £141 IOS. 4~d. and

to Mrs. Griffith, wife of the Rev. Robert Charles £7o xs. wd. in cash; a new clock with quarter chimes

Francis Gri:ffith M..A. vicar 1885-96; one erected was placed in position in 1887; the tower is built partly

by the late Miss Kent to her father and brother, and upon the west wall, and is otherwise supported from

another by the teachers and children of the Sunday within the church by two stone piers or legs, standing

School; in the north aisle, beneath a feathered arch, is clear of the walls attached to it; on the north side is

the altar tomb of John Roysse, founder of the Grammar a minstrels' gallery and a singul!tr square stair turret,

school, who died 27 July, 1571; the upper slab, brought by with a gabled roof and a small triangular window; the

his direction from his garden in London, served, until wes~ doorway, with its lateral arcading, is a good ex·

within the last few years, as a table, from which bread ample of Late Norman work, but the rest of the church

was distributed every Sunday, in accordance with his as now existing is chiefly Perpendicular; during the

will, to 12 poor persons ; it bears the shield of arms- year 1881 the church underwent a thorough restoration

gules, a griffin segreant arg. with crest and mantling- at the hands of Mr. Edwin Dolby, architect, of Abing-

formerly placed above it; and also an inscribed brass don, at a cost of £,2,554, in course of which the nave

plate affixed on the restoration of the tomb by the past roof was entirely renewed in English oak, and a panelled

and then present scholars in 1873; in the north aisle is and em battled parapet, with numerous carved shields~

a huge marble monument by Hickey, with portrait was built upon the north wall ; the floor was also relaid

figures and busts, erected pursuant to the will of Mrs. with small blocks, tiles and disturbed gravestones;

Elizabeth Hawkins, ob. May 22, 1786, and commemo- the old pulpit refixed and the chancel and nave refitted

rating the deceased, her relatives, and the Rev. Wa1te1• in oak ; the modern heraldic glass, with which the east and

Hart, vice-principal of St. Mary Hall, Oxford, who died other windows were previously filled, including a shield

in 1768, on the eve of their int,ended marriage; here also of arms of Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, was

is a small square altar tomb, repaired by Christ's Hos- wholly removed and sold ; some may still be seen in the

pital in 1820 and inscribed to Richard Curtaine, gent. v.:.Udows Af ~rton Farm, and other portions ar~ at the-

DIRECTORY.] BERKSHIRE. ABINGDOX• 15

.Abbey House, the ·residence of E. J. Trendell esq. who registers are not earlier than 1764: it has sittings for 650>

refilled the east window with Bristol glass ; there are persons.

memorial windows to Mrs. Trendell and to th~ late The Congregational chapel, in the Square, rebuilt ii;t.

George :Sowes Morland esq. his wife and children, 1862, in the Italian style, has sittings for about 6oo;

placed in 1890, and one to Henry Yeates, of Abingdon; its records date from 1688; part of the old chapel is.

tb~ rt:redos, given by the Rev. W. C. Gibbs M.A. now used as Sunday school, class rooms and vestries.

rector (1878-84), is of carved oak; the Perpendicular font The chapel and vestry were wholly closed against inter-

was restored at the cost -of Mrs. Summers, wife of the Rev. ments June 27th, 1856.

Edgar Summers B.D. late head master of the Grammar In the abbey precincts is a chapel belonging to a

school, and new vicar of :Srading, I. of Wight; on the Calvinistic sect, founded in 1832, by the Rev. John

north side of the nave is the tall mural mt~nument of Tiptaft.

John :Slacknall, a great benefactor to the town, and The Primitive Methodist chapel, in Ock street, for-

Jane, his wife, both of whom died on the 21st .August, merly the Wesleyan chapel, is a building of stone, in

1625 ; there are kneeling effigies of both, and the the Early English style, erected in 1845, from a design

decorations have been renewed; there is also a monu- by the late Mr. Wilson, architect, of Bath; the·

ment to Walker Dairell esq. recorder of Abingdon, 1628; front is lighted by a triple lancet window of good

a marble monument with arms, to the Rev. Thomas ·woods design and is flanked by open turrets with short stone·

M ..A.. 37 years head master of .A.bingdon School, d. 1753 ; spires; there are sittings for 150 persons.
a floorstone to the Rev. Henry Bright M.A. also head The Salvation Army barracks, in Broad street, were·
master, d. I8o3, and others; and a small inscribed brass built in 1890-I.
to the Bostock family O'f Fitzharris, 1669 ; there are 250 The Cemetery is in the Spring road, west of the
town and consists of about 6 acres, prettily laid out>
sittings, all of which, except a few in the chancel, are free. and planted ; there are two mortuary chapels of stone,
The register dates from the year 1538. The duty of the in the Decorated style, and a curator's residence. The·
church is in a great measure provided for by a ·Sunday Cemetery is under the control of a joint committee of
lectureship, in the gilt of Trinity College, Oxford, and ten members, seven elected from the Urban District Coun-
cil and three from St. Helen's Without. Orders in Coun-
held since 1893 by the Rev. Herbert Edward Douglas cil respecting various graveyards in the town were
Blakist-on M ..A.. lfellow and chaplain of that college, the gazetted June 27th, 1856; Jan. 24th, July 3rd, and Dec.
Rev. Thomas Layng M ..A. of Jesus College, Cambridge, 21St, 1800, and .April 19th, 1861.
master of the Grammar school, acting as his deputy;
there is also a readership .for daily prayers, held by the The Council Chamber and other mu.nicipal buildings are
situated on the south side of the abbey gateway and
Rev. vVentworth Watson M ..A... vicar of .Abingdon, and include an apartment over the gateway itself, also·
rector -of this church, used for masonic purposes ; the lower stage of these
buildings• apparen<tly fol'med a portion of the abbey, or of
The church of St. Michael, a chapel of ease to St.

Helen's, and situated on the south side of the .Albert
Park, is a building of stone in the Decorated style,
from designs by the late Sir G. Gilbert Scott R ..A... and the ancient hospital of St. John the Baptist, and consists
was erected, at a cost of £2,5oo, by the Rev. N. Dodsou of a large and rather low room, lighted by wid,e Per--
M. A. a former vicar, and consecrated in 1867; it con- pendicular windows, and fitted up as a Borough Court ;

sists of chancel, nave of five bays, aisles, south porch a substantial balustraded oaken staircase conducts from
and an open bell-cot on the western gable with 3 bells; this to the Council Chamber, a long and somewhat

a new clock was placed in the west wall about 18go: the narrow, but spacious hall, panelled all round with rich·

east window is stained, and there is a memorial window dark oak and entered by a. tall pedimented doorway,

to Emma (.A.rmytage), wife of the iRev. the Hon. Henry adorned with massive foliated carving; the ceiling is flat

:Sligh, vicar of .Abingdon (1874-8); she died December and ornamented in stucco, and the floor is laid down

27th, 1881: there are sittings for 500 persons. in parqueterie; a series of recessed windows lights both

The iron church of St. Margaret, in the Union sides, and on the walls: are hung portraitSJ of George Ill.

grounds, erected for the use of parishioners in that part and Queen Charlotte, painted by Gainsborough in 1794;

of the town and for the inmates of the workhouse, will Charles Il.; James Il.; a reputed portrait of Richa.rd

seat Ioo persons. Mayott, first and three times mayor of .A..bingdon, 1556,

The Catholic church, on the Oxford road, and dedi- but contained in a frame bearing the arms of :Sostock;

cated to St. Mary and St. Edmund of Canterbury, is and other portraits of John Roy.sse, founder, in 1563, of·

an edifice of stone in the Decorated style, and consists the Grammar school, d. ISJI; Sir Simon Harcourt kt.

of chancel, clerestoried nave with aisles, lady chapel first Baron Harcourt, of Stanton Harcourt, Oxon, Lord

and transept on the north side, another chapel on the Chancellor (1712-14) and formerly representative in Par-

south side, sacristy, and a cloister connecting the liament for .Abingdon, who died 29th July, 1727; Charles.

church with the presbytery; on the west gable of the .A.bbott, first Lord Colchester, born at Abingdon, 14th

chapel is an open bell-cot with one bell; the east win- October, 1757, and Speaker of the House of Commons

dow which displays elegant flowing tracery, is stained; (I8o2-IJ), presented in 1859 by the Rev. Herbert Ran-

and thero are sittings for 300 persons ; on the west and dolph, of Marcham.; the Right Hon. Sir Frederick Thesiger-

north of the church is a cemetery, and beyond are kt. D.C.L., F.R.S. first Baron Chelmsford, Lord Chan-

schools of the same material and in the same style, cellor and formerly M.P. for this borough, who died

with an open bell-turret surmounted by a shingled 5th Oct. 1878 ; Montagu Bertie, fifth Earl of Abingdon

spirelet; further to the north, with gardens intervening, and high steward of the borough, d. 1854, and one of·

is the convent, built of brick with stone dressings, in Admiral Sir Geo. Bowyer bart. presented by his grand-

a .Pl~in style and consisting -of a central block with wings son, the late Sir Geo. Bowyer bart. Oct. 6th, 1870; there

and a large block in rear; adjoining the south wing is a1so a very fine painting of the Martyrdom of St. Sebas- ·

is a new chapel ot brick with stone dressings in tian, by Vandyke, and a portrait group by Henry J. Brooks, .

the Lancet style, consisting of a lofty nave of five bays of Abingdon, of the Corporation of .A.bingdon in 1877-8 ;

with a slender oak shingled fh~che rising over the east at the west end is a noble pier glass, presented by the~

end ; both the convent and chapel were erected by the Earl of .A.bingdon, High Steward, in 1823, and adorned

late Sir George :Sawyer hart. ; the organ was provided with the arms and coron~t of the donor; opening to the

in I 8go. Wesleyan •church, in Albert Park, erected in staircase are two smaller chambers, and the upper stair·
Trinity leads to an apartment over the abbey gateway; imme-

:r875, is a building in the Decorated style, and con- diately adjoining on the south is the old grammar school,

sists of chancel, nave, transept, south porch and a now used as the head quarters of the .A.bingdon or F Com--

tower with broach spire at the north-west angle; there pany of the 1st Volunteer Battalion Princess Charlotte

are sittings for 6oo persons; adjoining are schools and of Wales's Royal Berks Regiment; it is a long room,

a. chapel-keeper's house; on the opposite side is the panelled on either .side to a considerable height, and

minister's house ; both the church and other buildings lighted by plain square windows above the panelling;

are of local ragstone with Bath stone dressings and the north end is panelled up to the ceiling, and at the-

form three sides of a square, laid down in the centre south end is an elegant halustraded gallery; a door ·

with turf and inclosed by a low wall with open iron on the east side opens into the old dining hall, now

work, supported by stone piers. serving as an armoury, and another at the north end

The Baptist chapel, in Ock street, is a building in a leads to the porch, over which is inscribed the invitation,

quasi-Classic style, lying back some distance from the '' Ingredere ut proficias;" the other sides of the quad-

street; the front exhibits four huge pillars supporting rangle are occupied by the former head master's residence-

a heavy pediment; the chapel, erected in 1841, was com- and the houses in Bridge street

pletely restored in 1882 at a cost of £750, and has an The Corporation insignia include a great mace, 3

attached baptistery; extending from the front to the en- sergeants' maces, mayor's chain and badge, and borough

trance gates next the street is a burial ground: the first and mayoral seats; the great mace of silver gilt, 4ft. sin.

foundation of the Baptist cause here was in 1652, but its in height, made in the Commonwealth period,was re-made.,.

16 ABINGDON. BERKSHIRE. 1

(KELLY S

.and converted into a regal maoe in r66o, as appears from mron bers of the force, the transaction of police business
an inscription on the foot knop; the sergeants' macel having been transferred! to the county station in Bridge
are of silver, and vary from. 5! to 7 inches in lt>ngth, street.
with semi-globular crested heads; the earliest dates from
.the reign of Que.en Elizabeth ; the other two belong to The Fire Brigade, established in 1871, and supported by
the Stnart period. The arms of the borough, confirmed the Corporation, consists of about twenty members, with
.at the heralds' visitations of 1566 and 1623, appear on the head quarters at the engine house, Abbey precinct; there

.ancient seal and are blazoned: vert, a cross patonce, or, are two manual engines and a fire escape, with the usual

.between four crosses pattee, arg.; the :Mayor's chain appliances.
•originated with the gift in r879 of an elaborately worked The F Company of the Princess Charlotte of Wales's
gold badge, bearing the arms of the town, by J. C. Clarke
(Royal Berkshire) Regiment have their head quarters
·.esq. J.P., M.P. for Abingdon r874-85, together with a
at the Old Grammar school.
link representing his year of office; other ex-mayors have
-since made similar additions, and the chain now consists John Leland, whose itinerary was published in 1549,
of a series of links alternating with shields bearing the speaks of .Abingdon as distinguished for its manufacture
arms and names of the donors, pendant from which is the of cloth; indeed, .says he, it '' stondeth by clothing," and
badge inclosing the Borough .Arms in coloured enamel,
surrounded by municipal emblems in gold, and sur- this reputation, in a modified form, is still fully main-
mounted by the shield of the donor; a full history and
·description of the insignia is given in the ".Abingdonian" tained, the clothing manufactory of Messl"ls. Clarke, Sons
for Christmas, 1894; the Corporation also possesses a and Co. employing hundreds of workpeople both in the
magnificent gold vase, presented, October 6, 187o, by town and surrounding neighbourhood; a considerable
.the late Sir George Bowyer bart. D.L., J.P., D.C.L. and a trade was also formerly carried on in sail cloth and
splendid collection of silver plat~. sacking, still to some extent maintained, and there are
also breweries, engineering works, flour mills and
The County Hall is a spacious and remarkable building, maltings.
Df ashlar and rough freestone, erected by the Corporation
in 1677, from the designs of the celebrated architect, Inigo A corn and cattle market is held here every Monday,
.Jones; it was restored by subscription in 1853 and is a which is well attended; under the Corn Returns Act,
lDfty rectangular edifice of two storeys, the lower con- 1882 (45 and 46 Vict. c. 37), returns of purchases are
sisting of an open arcaded market, above which is the made; horse fairs are held on the first Monday in Lent,
Hall, a fine apartment, lighted on three sides: a May 6th, .Tune zoth, September 19th, December nth;
series of stilted pilasters of the Corinthian order sur- and Monday before old Michaelmas day, for hiring ser-
r.rounds the building, supporting a boldly projecting roof, vants and pleasure; they are held in the principal streets
relieved by dormers and crowned by a balustrading, from of the town.
within which rises a cupo:a, surmounted by a cross and
The principal hotels are the Crown and Thistle, Queen's,
a vane; on the north side is a square pinnacled tower, and Lion.
containing a wide oaken staircase, opening into the
market space below; near this building once stood the Christ's Hospital, on the west side of St. Helen's
,-ancient and magnificent Cross, erected probably in the churchyard, dates its present foundation from a charter
reign of Henry VI. by the fraternity of the Holy Cross granted by Edward VI. May 18, 1553, to Sir John Mason,
" as a monument of their name," and at which proclama- of .A.bingdon, and others, bestowing upon the founders
tions were made and municipal orders promulgated; the lands belonging to the dissolved fraternity of the
in 1605 the cross was repaired, but was destroyed by the Holy Cross, established in or before the time of Richard
!troops of General vYaller, May 31, I644· during the occu- II. together with other property, then of the total value
pation of the town by the Parliamentary army.
of £65 11s. 10d. on condition that the body thus incor-
The Corn Exchange, erected in 1885-6 at a cost of porated .should maintain the four bridges over the Ock
£3,000, on a siteJ at the north-west angle of the market and Thames, with their causeways, furnish a home and
1fJlace,was opened in May, 1886, and is a structure of brick, food for 14 poor persons and devote their surplus funds
with stone dressings in a modified Italian style, from to other works of charity ; the statutes framed by Sir
designs by Mr. Charles Bell, architect, of London; it John Mason, the first master, remained in force exactly
eonsists chiefly of a large hall, lighted from above, with 300 years; in 1859 a new scheme was approved by the
a gallery at one end, the front, looking towards the market Court of Chancery. The number of the almspeople
place, is coved at the sides, and reiieved by pilasters,
rising to the roof; between the.s'e is' a large semi-circular is now (1899) 36, with two nurses; the buildings
~eaded window and below a double arched entrance ; the consist {)f a long range Df dwellings with an open timber
upper portion is pedimented and surmounted by a large cloister extending along the whole front; and in the
:figure of Ceres, presented by the late J. H. Clarke esq.
.J.P.; the hall is also used [or public meetings and will centre a panelled hall, used for daily prayers, above which
seat over 6oo :persons, and a sample market is held here ris·es a quaint domed lantern, surmounted by a large
-every Monday. vane; the hall contains a picture. of Geoffrey Barbour
giving John Stonehouse money for the building of .Abing-
The Free Public Library, in High street, ereeted in don bridge, presented by Francis Little, one of the
r8g.6 from the designs of Mr. J. G. T. ·west, architect, governors, in 1607; portraits of Edward VI. Sir John
-was opened by the Earl of Abingdon, and comprises spa- Mason, John Roysse, founder of the Grammar school,
cious reading and news rooms, and a reference and lend- Geoffrey Barbour, Sir Peter Be,sils, Lionel Bostock,
ing library containing about 4,ooo volumes. Thomas Tesdale, eo-founder of Pembroke College, and

The Church rooms, formerly the Beaconsfield Con- other benefactors, whos·e arms, in Sltained glass, decorate
servative Club, are in Ock street; the interior com- the windows; the original charter of the hospital is also
prises two commodious rooms, used for vanous parochial preserved here, and there is a :fule oak table, with
meetings. curiously-carved legs; on the south side of the church-
yards are eighteen almshouses, rebuilt from the
The London and County Bank, on the west side of the funds of the hospital in 1797 ; these form-
market place, and rebuilt in r885-6, is an edifice of white ing a single block, are of brick, with a projecting centre
brick and Bath stone in the Italian style; it consists of
three storeys, the ground floor having a. projecting pedi- and open arcades of three lofty arches on each
mented porch, supported on two columns. side ; the building is arranged in two storeys, an open
balustraded gallery giving access to the rooms on the
Messrs. Gillett and .Co. bankers, of Oxford, have also upper floor; the almshouse people receive 8s. and the
a branch here in the square. two nurses 1os. 6d. each weekly, and there are besides
three alm shouses for married couples, each receiving ros.
The County Gaol, a plain stone building, in Bridge weekly; the income of the charity, now exceeding £3,ooo
street, was s<Jld on the transference of the assizes to a year, provides for various educational and. charitable
Reading to the late J. C. Clarke esq. J.P. and sometime objects; the mastership of the hospital (always regarded
~LP. for the borough, and was afterwards purchased by as an office of great trust and importance), changes
1\-Ir. Charles Woodbridg~. who converted it into corn annual~y, and is usually held by the governors in rota-
stores; it is now used by Messrs. Woodbridge and Co. tion.

In commemoration af Her Majesty's Jubilee, 1887, a The Hospital of St. John the Baptist, originally erected
statue of the Queen in white marble, on a suitable without the Abbey gate, opposite St. NicholaJs church,
:pedestal, was erected in the centre of the Market place is said by Leland to have been founded by one of the
at the sole cost of E. J. Trendell esq. J.P. and. was un- abbots ; in 1801 it was· removed by the Corporation to
'Veiled June 18th, 1887. new buildings situated at the top of the Vineyard;
these are of brick, surrounding three sides of an open
The Borough Police Station, erected in 1865, on the courtyard. and consist of six dwellings·; it was endowed
south-east side of the Abbey gateway, is a building of by Sir John Fountain with the sum of £2,755 2S'.; to the
1ocail. stone with Bath stone dressings, in the Gothic style, new hospital Bernard Bedwell esq. of London, was a
~ut is no:w (L899) used as a :private residence for the liberal contributor; and in 1826 E. Beasley added £6oo
to its endowments; the inmates, six in numher, four
of whom receive 6s. and two 7s. per week, are appointed

DIRECTORY.] BERKSHIRE. ABINGDON. 17

by the mayor; the ancient hospital now forms part of road, lined with trees, and now forming a fine avenue ;

the municipal buildings. the park was presented by the Governors of Christ's

Twitty's Hospital, situated on the north side of the Hospital charity in 1864; on the north Elide is a monu-

churchyard, and consisting of seven dwellings of brick ment to H.R.H. the Prince Cons<>rt, 48 feet high, erected

in a single block, was erected in 1707 from a sum oi by subscription, and inaugurated in 1863, on the Ter-

£1,7oo, given by Charles Twitty, Deputy Auditor of the centenary of Abingdon school, from a design of Mr. G1bb:,,

Reooipt <>f the Exchequer, and further endowed with of Oxford ; it consists of an octangular stone base from

£6oo in 1825 by E. Beasley and with other sums given which rise clustered and banded columns supporting an

by John Bedwell in 1700, Samuel Cripps- in 1819 and b) enriched pedestal whereon is placed a statue of the

various donors, for the maintenance of three men, three Prince, 7 feet in height, attired in the mant~e and collar

women and one nurse; the centre is pedimented and of the Order of the Thistle; at the foot of the pedestal

bears tablets recording these benefactions, and above is are sejant lions supporting shields nf the royal arms and

a square g:az:ed lantern, with a gilt vane; the Hospita, th-ose of the Prince, together with the arms of the

is under the management of the vicar and churchwardens, borough, Christ's Hospital and the Abbey.

ma. ngd. the inmates receive about 6s. each weekiy and cloth· Fitz:harris House, at present unoccupied, was in the

The Cottage Hospital, in Bath street, wa.s erected in 16th and 17th centuries the residence of the Bostock
family, and subsequently of the Tesdales, being then a
1885-6 on a site given by the governors of Christ's Hospi- farm; although much modernized, it still retains some
tal, at a. considero.ble cost, wholly defrayed by the interesting portions of the early structure, including the
late J. C. Clarke esq. and is a picturesque gabled struc- basement with its mullioned windows and two panelled
ture of stone with brick dressings, in the English rooms with richly-carved mantels bearing the quartereJ
Domestic styie, from designs by Mr. Char!es Be:l, arms oJ the Ilostocks.
architect, and is arranged in two storeys ; the principal
front faces south and overlooks a pleasant lawn, planted The parishes comprised within the Municipal :Borough
with eve:rg:reens and rose trees ; in the wall of the lower prior to 1894 were :-St. Helen Within, St. Nichola:;
st<>ry are the four foundation stones, laid respectively l\-'ithin, and parts of the parishes of Sutton Wick and Cui-
Aug. 11, 1885, by Mrs. J. C. Clarke, MI's. J. H. C.arke, ham, but by "The Counties of Ilerks and Oxford and
Mrs. Morland and Miss Dodson, and bearing their names; County Borough of Oxford (Culham &c.) Confirmation
this hospital, mainly supported by voluntary contribu- Order, 1894," it was provided that the part of the p::nish,
tions, is designed for the benefit of the sick and suffering of Culham situated in the borough of .Abin~don in the.
in the town of Abingdon and the neighbourhood ; the County of Berks, should be added to the Parish uf St.
hospital contains 10 beds ; the number of patients in Nicholas, in the said borough, and by "The County ot·
Berks (Abingdon) Confirmation OrdPr, 1894.'' it was pro-
1898 was 125.
Tomkins)s Almshouses, in Ock street, erected by the vided that the parts of the several parishes of ;-:,t. Hr.if·n,

late B. Tomkins esq. for eight persons who are Dissenters, St. Nicholas (including that part of Culham added to it
are built of brick and form three sides of an elongated by the before-mentioned Order) and Sutton Wick, which
quad:rangie opening to the str-eet by iron gates; they are
endowed with land and money inves-t.ed in New £3 Per are within the .Abingdon L"rban District, should be united
Cents. and producing £166 9s. yearly. together and form one parish, to be known by the name of
the Parish of Abingdon, and the parts of the pr•rishes of
In 1823 :F. Klein bequeathed £1,032 12s. 4d. for the St. Helen and St. Nicholas without the borough should
poor of Abingdon, now producing £29 13s. 4d. yearly, be united and tog-ether form one pari!>h to be knovm by
which is distributed in money; there are other charities
the name of St. Helen Without.

amounting to £427 17s. yearly for distribution in money The population within the municipal borough in 1894
was 6,557· The area is 730 acres, and I"ateable value,
and kind and £79 for apprenticing.
Albert Park, consists of about 15 acres to the north £22,381.
The area of St. Helen Without parish is 2,793 acres;-
of the town; the northern portion is laid out with paths,
well planted with trees and shrubs, and furnished with rateable value, £2,738; the population in 1891 was 299·

seats; the remainder serves for purposes, of public rP- Parish Clerks, .A. Miles, St. He~en's; Wi:liam Jordan,.

creation; and is bounded on the south by a ·wide St. Nicholas.

OFFICIAL ESTABLISHMENTS, LOCAL INSTITUTIO.XS, &c.

Post, M. 0. & T. 0., T. M. 0., EXJpress Delivery, Parcel Wall Letter Box, North court, cleared 7.40 p.m. week

Post, S. B. &; Annuity & Insurance Office, High stTeet. days only

-James Smith, postmaster. Letters for Drayton, :Milton, Steventon, Harwell &

Dispatch of Letters-Week Days. Chilton, which arrive by day mail are forwarded .
at 12 noon by special messenger to Drayton & Steven-
Chief plaoes of DBstination. tcm post offices, where they may be had on application
London & all parts, 1 a.m Spring road, P.O.-Edwin Roherts, sub-pMtiill31Ste;r.
Oxford, Witney, Banbury & Leamington, 10.10 a.m. Letters dispatched, 10.40 a.m. & 3, 5.30 & 8 p.m.
Postal orders are issued heTe, but not paid
(extra. !d. stamp, 10.15 a. m.) ; LOindon, Read<ing & Day Mails at 11 a.m. to Shippon, Clifton, Wittenham,
*Appleford, Sutton, *Cothill, Tubney, *Fyfield, *King-
N ewbury, u a.. m. (extra !d. stamp, 11. 10 a. m.) ; ston, Frilford, *:Marcham, Northcourt, Radley & Sun-
ningwell
London, 2 p.m. (extra !cl- stamp, 2.5 p.m.); London
Those ma:rked thus * are for callers at the Post
(for through letters), 3.15 p.m. (extra ~d. stamp, 3.20 Office only
p.m.); Oxford, 4.30 p.m. (extra !d. stamp, 4·35 p.m.);
Hampshire, Oxford, North of England, North Wales,
Scotland & Ireland, 6 p.m. (extra !d. stamp, 6.5 p.m.);
London, 7 p.m. (extra id. stamp, 7·5 p.m.); West of
England & South Wales, 9 p.m. (extra ~- stamp, 9·5 Inland Parcels Post. Dispatches, 10.10 a.m. & 1.45• 5·45•
p.m.); Birmingham, the North, Scotland & Ireland, 9 & 10 p.m. ; deliveries, 9.30 a.m. & 12.20 & 5 p.m
8 p.m. (extra ld. stamp, 8.5 p.m.); London, Oxford & Money orders & telegraph money orders issued 8 a.m. te.
all parts, 10 p.m. & 1 a.m. Sunday, all parts, 9 p.m. 8 p.m. Telegraph business is transacted from 8 a.m.
to 8 p.m. ; sundays, 8 to 10 a.m. only
(extra !d. stamp, 9·5 p.m)

Pillar Box, Market place & Corner of Stert street.- CORPORATION.
1898-9.
Cleared at 10 & 10.50 a.m. & 1.5o, 2.35, 6.3o, a.so &
J Lord High Steward, Rt. Hon. Earl of Abingdon
g.so p.m.; sundays, 8.45 p.m

Delivery of Letters. Mayor, Councillor Alfred Henry Simpson

Chief places from which Mails are received. Recorder, William Harry :Xash e~q. 4 Harcourt buildings.,.

London (night mail), South Wales, Bath, Bristol & Temple, London E C
West of England, by letter-carriers begins at 6.30 I
Ia.m.; North of England & Scotland; London (mid- tEdward John Harris
.Aldermen.

*Edward Leader Shr-phercl

night dispatch), 9.30 a.m.; London (first day mail), tJohn Thornhill Morland *Thomas Townsend

12.2,0 p.m.; London (2nd day mail), O:xiord, Reading, Marked thus t retire in November, I9QI.
*
Farmgdon & Wantage, 5 p.m Marked thus Croeuti~rcel·nino November , 1904-
Letters are collected from the Ock street Pillar Box, rs.
Retire in ~ovembel', 1899.
West end Wall Box, Park Wall Box, Railway Station

Wall Box, St. Helen's Wharf Wall Box & Vineyard Wall

Box, week days, 4 times a day, from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.; i Robert Hore 'I Frederick Legge

:mndays, 8 p. m : J oseph Ivey John George T. West

BERKS. 2

.' ..... : . .

18 .&BlNGDON, BERKSHIRE, [KILLY'I

Retire in Xovember, 1900. Morland John Thornhill, 33 Bath street

William Barnett, jun • John Busby King Paul James Nairne, 8 Ock street
William Brewer 1Charles Alfred Pryce Ricketts J ames, I Tesdale terrace
Shepherd Edwardi Leader, Albert park

Retire in :November, I9(')J. · Tomkins John, Hastings
TrendeJl Edwin James, Abbey house
Harry Thomas Clarke • William Griffin Payne
John Fisher Downing 1Alfred Henry Simpson Clerk, Waiter Ja.mes Sedgefield, East St. Helen stre.et
Borough Petty Sessiom are held at the Guildhall every

Mayor's Auditor, Councillor J. G. T. West tuesd•ay at 1 r a.m

Elective Auditors, Tom Smith Simpson & G. Staniland PUBLrC ESTABLISHMENTS.
The Qua.rteil'ly Meetings of the Corporation a.re held on

February 9th, May IIth, August gth & November gth, Albert Park, Springfield, Oliver Kilby, r61 Ock st. keeper
at II a.m
Cemetery, Spring road; William M. Simpson, clerk to

Officers of the Corporation. the joint burial authority; Shadrach King, sexton
Cottage Hospital & Dispensary; Slade Innes Baker
Town Clerk & Clerk of the Peace for the Borough & School
M.R.C.S.Eng. Paulin Martin M.R.C.S.Eng. Harry Sep-
Attendance Committee, Bromley Challenor, Stert st timus Oh alienor M.R.C. S.Eng. & Sidney .A.rthur Hay-
Treasurer, Isaac \Vestcombe, London & County Bank man L.R.C.P.L. medical officers; William P. Keall,
hon. dentist; Albert Shaw, hon. sec. ; Miss Williams,
Medical Officer of Health, William Thomas Garrett Wood- matron &; dispenser
forde M.D. Assize Courts, Reading Corn Exchange, Market pl. Geo. Chas. Hellyer, keeper
Council Chamber, The Abbey, Jn. Hy. Viner, keeper
Accountant, .A.rthur E. Preston F. C. A. High street
County Court Office, East St. Helen stre-et; His HonOil'
Surveyor, Sanitary Inspector & Inspector of Canal Boats, Thomas William Soogge esq. M.A. judge; Walter
& Gas & Petroleum Licensing, George Winship F.G.S., James Sedge:field, registrar; Charles Alfred Pryce-,
A.M.I.C.E. Borough buildings deputy registrar; James Shaw, high bailiff; court
held !lit the Guildhal'l monthly. The district comprises
Superintendent of Police, John Heath, County Police the following places :-Appleton, Appleford, Borr's
stati{)n Hill, Eessoelsleigh, :Bayworth, Burcot, Brookhampton,
Culham, Oulham College, Oulham Station, O>thill,
l:>istrict Rate & Water Rate Collector, Arthur Edwin Pres- Cholswell, Chlse1hampton, Clifton Hampton, lJraytcn
ton F.C.A. High street (Berk,s), Drayton (Oxon.), Draycort Moor, Eal;c>n,

Farm Bailiff & Clerk of the Market, Francis Dandridge, Fy:field, Fy:field Wick, Frilford, Foxcomb Hill, Gar-
The Sewage farm
ford, Kingston Bagpuze, Kennington, Lyford, Little-
School Attendance Officer, John Henry Viner,2 The Abbey more, Marsh Baldon, Milton, Miltoiil Hill, Marsham,
Sergeants-at-Mace, John Henry Viner, 2 The Abbey, &

George Charles Hellyer, Lombard street, Abingdon
· Hallkeeper & Crier, George Charles Hellyer, Lombard

street, Abingdon

Newbridge (Kingston), Nuneham-Courtney, Netherton,

ABINGDOX RURlL DISTRICT OOUNCIL. Radle.y, Rowstock, Shippon, Sunningwell, Sutton Wick, •
Steventon, Sutton Oourtney, SouthmoOT, Stadhampton,
Meets at the Guildhall, monthly, at I2. Sandford Dry (Berks), San:dford Wet (Oxon), Tubney,
Toot Bald{)n & WoQttJn
Clerks, Bromley & Edward Marchant •Challenor, Stert st.
Abingdon This Court is included in that of Oxford for Bankruptcy

Treasurer, Isaac Westcombe, London & County Eank purposes, George Mallam, I St. Aldate street, Oxford,
Medical Officer of Health, William Thomas Garrett official receiver

Woodforde M.D. Reading

Sanitary Inspector & Highway Surveyor, Thomas Budd Certified Bailiffs appointed under the " Law of Distress

Warren, 18 East St. Helw street, Abingdon Amendment Act," King & Adkin & Francis Robert Jack-
son, of Abingdon, & Arthur J ames Dymoke, Appleton

COUNTY MAGISTRATES FOR THE PETTY Ocmnty Hall, Market place, George Charles Hellyer,
SESSION.lL DIVISION 01< ABINGDON. hall keeper

Ccunty Police Station (Petty Sss.sioool Division),

' LE-nthall Edmund Kyffin esq. EesseJs Leigh manor, Bridge street; John Heath, supt. 2 sergeants &

Abingdon, chairman 13 constables

.A.bingdon Earl of D.L. Wytham Abbey, Oxford _ Fire Brigade, h-ead quartws & engine house, Borough

Wood The Hon. Frederick George Lindley B.A. The Abbey, buildings; John T. Morland, superintendent & 20 men.
. Messengers sent from fires in the country are instructed
Abingdon.
.Hunter Sir William Wilson M..A.., l.L.D., K.C.S.I., to apply at the borough police station
Free Public Library, High st. Stanley Cook, librarian
C.I.E., D.L. Oaken Halt, Cumnor

Bailie Maj.-Gen. Thos. Maubourg, Caldecott ho ..A.bingdon Inland Revenue Office, I2 East St. Helen street, John
Elandy Adam Fettiplace esq. Radley road, Abingdon
Blandy-Jenkins Jn. jun. esq. Longworth, Abingdon Kelway, officer
Bowle.s Lieut.-Ool. Thos. Jn. Milton hl. Steventon R. S. 0 PrinceSIS Charl'Ditte of Wales' (Royal Berkshire Regi·
Clutterbuck Capt. William Robert R.N. Long Wittenham,
meut) xst Vol. Batt. (F Co. ), head quarters, Old
Abingdon
Dockar-Drysdale Wm. esq. Wick hall, Radley, .A.binguon Grammar school; Oapt. Goorge Morland, command-
·nuffield Charles John Edwin esq. Marcham, Abingdun
ing; Sergt. Edgar Coles, drill instructor
Stamp Office, High E~treet, James Smith, distributor

Graham William esq. Dunmore, Abingdon Almshouses.
Harcourt Aubrey esq. Nuneham park, Abingdon
Christ's Hospital, St. Helen's churchyard
Morland Benjamin Henry esq. Marcham, Abingdon
Morrell Charles esq. ~lilton hill, Steventoo St. John the Baptist Hospital, Vineyard
Tomkins', Ock stree.t
Morrell George Herbert esq. M.A., B.C.L., M.P. Head- '!'witty's, St. Helen's churchyard

ington Hill hall, Oxford

'The Mayor of Abingdon & the Chairman of the .A.bingdon

Rural District Council are ex-officio magistrates ABINGDON UNION.

Olerk to the Ma.gistrates, Bromley Challenor, Stert st Beard day, alternate Mon. at II :J..m. at the Workhouse.
Petty Sessions are held at the Guildhall every monday
The Union comprioos the following places :-Appleford,
at r p.m Appleton with EatoUJ, Bagley Wood, Baldon Marsh
(Oxford), Baldon Toot (Oxford), Bessels Leigh, Binsey
List of Places in the Abingdon Petty Sessional Division: (Oxford), Burcot (Oxford), Chandlings, Chiselhampton
-St. Helen Without, Appleford, Appleton & Eaton, (Oxford), Clifton Hampden (Oxford), Culham (Ox-
Bagley Wood, Besselsleigh, Chandlings, Cnmnor, Dray-
cott Moor, Drayton, Frilford, Fyfield, Garford, Hinksey ford), Cumnor, Draycot Moor, Drayton, Drayton St.
(North), Hinksey (South), Kingston Bagpuze, Lyford,
Marcham, Milton, Radley, Seacourt, Steventon, Sun- Leonard (Oxford), Frilford, Fyfield, Garf{)rd, King-
ningwell, Sutton Courtenay, Sutton Wick, Tubney, ston Bagpuze, Lyford, Mia.rcbam, Milton, North
Wootton, Wytham, Wittenham (Little), Wittenham
Hinksey, Nuneham Courtenay (Oxford), Radley, St.
(Long) Helen Without (Abingdon), Sandford-on-Thames (Ox-
ford), Seacourt, South Hinksey, Stadhampton (Ox-

BOROUGH MAGISTRATES. ford), Steventon, Sunningwell, Sutton Courtenay, Sut-
ton Wick, Tubney, Wootton & Wytham; the population

The Mayor, Ex-Mayor, the Judge of the County Court & of the union in 1891 was I8,596; rateable value in 18gB,
£ns,sss
Recorder Clerk to the Guardiaru; & Assessment Committee,

Baker Slade Innes, East St. Helen street

Coxeter Job, 54 Ock street :nromleoy Challe.'l.Or, Stel't street, Abingdon

DIRECTORY.] BERKSHIRE. ABINGDON. 19

Treasurer, Isaac "\Yestcombe, London & County Bank Baptist, Ock street, Rev. W. Harold Doggett; II a.m.

Relieving Officers & Collectors to the Guardians: 1st & 6.30 p.m. ; wed. 7.30 p.m

district, William Joseph Fruin, Norchcourt, .Abingdon; Baptist (Particular}, .Abbey; 10.30 a.m. & 2.30 p.m.;

2nd district, George Foster Ellis, Nuneham Courtenay; wed. 7 p.m

3rd district, Louis B. Russell, Kingston Eagpuze Congregational, The Square, Rev. John Stevens D.D.,

Vaccination Officers: 1st district, T. S. Simpson, Ock Litt.D.; II a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; wed. 7.30 p.m

street, .Abingdon; 2nd district, George Foster El.lis, Primitive Methodist, Ock street; II a. m. & 6.30 p.m.;

~uneham Courtenay mon. & wed. 7·45 p.m

.Medical Officers: No. I district, Sidney Arthur Hay- Wesleyan (A.bingdon Circuit), Rev. William Spiers M ..A.;

man L.R.C.P.Lond. 59 Ock street, .Abingdon; No. 2 & Abingdon (Trinity), II a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; wed. 7.30

4 districts, Harry Septimus Challenor M.R.C.S.E. The p.m. ; Southmoor, 10.30 a.m. & 6 p.m. ; Drayton, 2.30

Limes, Eroad street, .Abingdon; Ko. 3 district, Kolan & 6 p.m. ; alt-ernate tues. 7 p.m. ; Garford, 2. 30 p.m. ;

Daly L.R.C.P.Lond. Kingston Eagpuze; No. 5 district, thurs. 7 p.m. ; Wootton, 1 & 6 p.m

Charles Ballard M.R.C.S.Eng. 20 Beaumont st.Oxford; Salvation .Army Barracks, Broad street

No. 6 district, Henry Spencer Richard Freeborn M.B.,

C.:M. Clifton Hampden SOHOOLS.
Public Vaccina tors : No. I district, Paulin Martin, 26

Ock street, Abingdon; Nos. 2, 3, 4• 5 & 6, same as The Free Grammar school was founded in I563, by John
medical officers
Roysse, citizen & mercer of London, then in the 63rd
Superintendent Registrar, Bromley Challenm, Ste.rt st.
Abingdon; deputy, Edward Marchant Challenor, Stert year of his age, for the education of 63 boy8, natives
of A..bingdon; an ushership was subsequently founded
street, Abingdon
by Thos. Tesdale, of Fitzharris farm, in Abingdon, &
Re.gistrars of Births & Deaths. Abingdon sub-district, afterwards of Glympton, Oxon, who was the first
Tom Smith Simpson, Ock street, Abingdon; deputy,
scholar admitted by the founder, & at his death in I6ro
Alfred B. Simpson, Market place; Fyfield .sub-district,
Louis B. Russell, Kingston Bagpuze; deputy, Mrs. he bequeathed a sum of £s,ooo for the maintenance of

7 fellows & 6 scholars in the University of Oxford;
Emilie Russell, Kingston Bagpuze, Abingdon; Nune- 'Villiam Bennett, also a former scholar & Tesdale's
ham Courtenay sub-district, George Foster Ellis, Nune- nephew, left lands in Wiltshire f()r the education of 6
ham Courtenay_; deputy, John Roberts, Sandford-on- poor boys at the school, & these benefactions were
Thames, Oxford; Sutton Courtenay sub-district, Chas. augumented by the liberality of Robert Orpwood,
.J. Whiting, Sutton Courtenay; deputy, F. W. Whit- John Kent, in r6o4, John Blacknall, in I625, & Richard
ing, Sutton Courtenay
Wightwick, rector of East Ilsley, Berks; the united
Registrar of Marriage.s, John Cnwburn, 26 Radley road, benefactions o1 Tesdale & Wightwick, first offered to
.Abingdon; deputy, Wil1iam Musson Simps·on, 33 East & accepted by Balliol College, Oxford, were subse-
St. Helen street, .Abingdon-
quently removed from that college & app:ied, under

\Yorkhouse, on the Oxford road, on the outskirts of letters patent of James I. dated June 29, I624, to the
the town, is a large building of brick, in the. form reconstitution of the ancient hall of :Broadgates, Ox-
of the letter Y; it cost £8,soo & was built to hold ford, into a college, by the name of "Pembroke
380 inmates; Joseph Fray, master; Rev. Wentworth College," from Phillip (Herbert) sth Earl of Pembroke
W at son M ..A. chaplain; Sidney Arthur Bayman, & Earl of Montgomery K.G. at that time Chancellor of
medical officer ; Mrs. Elizabeth Fray, matron; Miss the University, & thus the school became in fact the

Ellen Veary, schoolmistress foster-parent of the college; the fellowships have for

School Attendance Cnmmittee. some time beert abolished, and the scholarships, fixed

Meets at the Union house on every alternate mon. directly by the Oxford University Act of 1854 at 5 in number,
the business of the Board of Guardians is over.
with a yearly value of £5o each, are now consolidated
Clerk, Bromley Ohallenor, Stert street, Abingdou
Treasurer, Isaac Westcombe, London & County Bank into 4 scholarships of the annual value of £75. tenable
Attendance Officers: I st district, William J. Fruin,
for 4 years, with power of extension to 5 years ; there
Northcourt, .Abingdon; znd district, George F. Ellis,
2\"uneham Courtenay, Oxford; 3rd district, Louis B. are also entrance & house scholarships : new buHdin!!S,
Russell, Kingston Bagpuze, Abingdon comprising a school-room & class-rooms, dining hall,

library, master's residence & dormitories for 40
boarders, were erected in r86g, in Albert Park, on the
outskirts of the town, from the designs of Mr. Edwin

Dolby, architect, of .Abingdon, & to these have since

PUBLIC OFFICERS. been added 5 fine class-rooms, two science rooms, a
masters' common room, private studies for the use of

Certifying Factory Surgeon, Slade Innes Baker, East St. elder pupils, & spacious infirmaries; & in I897 a lodge
Helen street or hostel, for three assistant masters, was built near
the entrance to the school grounds, from designs by
Clerk to Income Tax Commissioners, Bromley Challenor Mr. Harry Redfern, architect, of London, & bears in
Clerk t{) the Berkshire (Eerks, Reading, Newbury & front a large carving of the school arms under
a canopy: by a scheme of the Charity Commis-
Windsor) Lunatic .Asylum & Clerk of the Peace for the sioners, which came into operation in September, 1878,
County & to the County Council & Clerk & Receiver the school is placed under the control of 12 governors,
of Christ's Hospital, Abingdon, John Thornhill Morland of whom 2, the Ma,yor & Recorder of .A.bingdon, are
M ..A. 33 Bath street ex-officio, 6 representative & 4 ci:ioptat.ive; the sub-
Collector O<f Assessed Taxes,Arthur 'E.Preston,:r3 High st jects of instruction C'lmpris!ll all such as a.re taught at
Coroner for the Abingdon Division of the County, schools of the first grade; the senior boys are divided
Bromley Cballenor, Stert street; deputy, Edward into classical & modern sides, the former preparing
Marchant Challenor, Stert street for the Universities & learned professions, & the
Inspector of Weights & Measure-s for the County (.A.bing- latter for the services, mercantile- life, & examinatione
don & Wallingford districts), John Heath, Bridge st not mainly classical: in the lower school great atten-
Keeper of the Guildhall & Council Chambers, John Henry tion is paid to writing & arithmetic : attached to the
Viner, The Abbey

· PLACES OF WORSJIIP, with times of services. premises are a covered playground, fives courts, and
a s.pacious cricket field; in 189'8 an additional field of

St. Helen's Church, Rev. Wentworth Watson M.A. vicar; three acres was acquired, and dose adjoining is a

Rev. Reginald H. Miers, Rev. .Joseph Hordern Juke11 public recreation ground of 15 acres: the
M ..A. Rev. Cyril B. Marshall M.A. &; Rev. H. Basil founder, John Roysse, died 27 July, I57I, & was

Cole B ..A. curates; 8 & II a.m. & 3 & 6.30 p.m buried ill! the north aisle of St. Helen's, Abingdon,

St. Nicholas', Rev. Thomas Layng M..A. deputy lecturer; where his tomb remains as mentioned in the descrip-

I I a.m. & 3 p.m. ; week days, IO a. m tion of that church: in IB63, the tercentenary com-

St. Michael's,. 7• 8, 10.30 & II a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; week memoration of the foundation was celebrated by a

days, 6 p.m. & fri. 7 p.m gathering of old scholars &; friends : the school has

Iron Church of St. Margaret, used for inmates of the furnished nearly all the masters of Pembroke College,

union, in the Workhouse grounds, Rev. Wentworth Wat- besid~ several other heads of houses, & can rank

. son M ..A. chaplain; 9·45 a.m. & 3.15 p.m amongst its alumni a large number of distinguished

St. Mary & St. Edmund of Canterbury Catholic, Vine- persons among the nobility & members of the learned

~·ard, Very Rev. Canon Frank J. Kelleher, Tector; holy & military professions : associated with the school is

jcommunion, 8.30 & mass, 9.30 a.m.; vespers & bene- an Old Boys' Club, now numbering- upwards of 100
members. Rev. Thomas Layn~ M ..A. of Jesus College,
- diction, 6.30 p.m.;. mon. fri. & sat. mass, 8.30 a.m.;
.tues. k thurs, in Convent, 7.30 a.m
-f -. - '' Cambridge, bead master; H. C. Orpwood M.A., H. _W.

· BERKS. 2*

20 ABINGDON. BERKSHIRE. [ KELLY'S

Palmer B.A.., R. W. de la Hey B.A., T. Romans B.A.., Frilford-Richings, 'Lion,' daily, eJO.cept tues.; Fisher,.

W. S. .A.irey B. A. & F. Franzowitz, assistant masters ' Old Bell,' mon. wed. & sat

~ational (boy·s & girls), Bury street, built in 1869, fm Fyfield Bunce 'Blue Boar,' mon. thurs. & sat.; Fisher;.

200 boys & same number of girls; average attendance ' Old Bell,' mon. wed. & sat

of boys 198; average attendance of girls, 186; Archi· Garford-Barrett, 'Old Bell,' mon

bald J. Shirley, lliaster ; Mrs. Martha Mary Hem· Goosey iWoolford, 'Lion,' mon
Hagbourne Alien, 'George & Dragon,' mon. wed. tburs-~
ming, mistress

National (infants), Queen street, built in 186g, for 185; fri. & sat. ; Butcher, ' Cock & Bottle,' mon. ; East, 'Old

average attendance, 150; Miss Elizabeth Ann Kellett, Bell,' mon. wed. & fri.; West, 'Old Bell,' mon. wed. &;.

mistress sat

~ational (infants), Conduit road, built 1865, for 220; Harwell Jeffries, 'George & Dragon,' mon. tues. &

average attendance, 205; Miss Mary Ann Barnes, mist thurs. ; King, 'Blue Boar,' daily, except thurs
Eas~hasnev,
St. Edmund's Catho}ic, Oxford road, for 150; average Hendred, 'Blue Boar,' mon. & fri

attendance, 131 ; teachers, the Sisters of Mercy Highwort h Brown, ' Lion,' m on. & fri

llritish (buys, girls & infants), Ock street, founded 1824, Hinton-Richings, 'Lion,' man. wed. thurs. fri. & sat. ;
for 370 children; average attendance, 131 boys, 100 Smith, Temperance hotel, mon
girls & 8o infants; John Heaton Broxup, master; Miss Ilsley "\Vest Barlow, Temperance hotel, mon
Clara Evans, mistress; Miss Elizabeth Bramley, in- Kingston Batts, 'Lion,' mon. ; Broughton, 'Old Bell,"'
mon. & wed. ; Richings, 'Lion,' mon. wed. thurs. fri.
fants' mistress & sat.; Brown, 'Lion,' mon. & fri

Newspaper. Little Milton-Moody, ':Blue Boar,' mon
Littleworth Brown, 'Lion,' mon. & fri

Abingdon Herald, Stert street; Harry George Loosley, Long Wittenham-Thatcher, 'Old Bell,' mon.thurs.& sat.
pubhsher; published saturday. See advertisement. Longworth Richings, 'Lion,' mon. wed. t'hurs. fri. &;

O..llffiiEIRS, with the inns they call at & days of sat. ; Smith, Temperance hotel, man
departure.
Lyford-Barrett, ' Old Bell,' man
.Appleford-.Allen, 'George & Dragon,' mon. wed. thun. Marcham-Higgins, 'Blue Boar,' mon. tues. thurs. &
fri. & sat.; Butcher, 'Cock & Bottle,' mon
fri. ; Richings, ' Lion,' mon. wed. thurs. fri. & sat
Appleton Stallard, Temperance hotel, mon. & fri
.Aston \ vxon)-Douglas, Temperance hotel, mon Milton Wilkins, 'Old Bell,' mon. wed. fri. & sat
A.ston (Berk-s)-Green, 'George & Dragon,' mon .Morton, North-Butcher, 'Cock & Bottle,' mon
Baldon-Carter, 'Lion,' mon ~ewbury Prior, 'Blue Boar,' mon
Baldon Toot Carr, 'Lion,' mon.; Carter, 'George & X uneham-Carter, ' Lion,' m on. ; Carter, ' George &;;

Dragon,' man Dragon,' mon
Bampton-Douglas, Tempe'I'ance hotel, mon :Nuneham Courtenay-Marsh, 'Lion,' mon. ; Carr, 'Lion,~
Benson Webb, 'Lion,' wed. & sat.; Cherrill, 'George &
mon
Dragon,' mon. ; Lamport, Temperance hotel, fri. ; Oxfo-rd-Archer, 'Plough,' daily; Garner, 'Plough/'
Moores, 'Lion,' mon
Blewbury-Green, ' George & Dragon,' mon daily, except mon.; Webb, 'Lion,' wed. & sat
Boar's Hill-Trender, 'Black Swan,' mon. thurs. & fri Pusey-House, 'Old Bell,' mon
Brighthampton-Douglas, Temperance hotel, mon Radley-.A.rcher, 'Lion,' & 'Plough,' daily
Brightwell-Giles, 'Old Bell,' mon.; Butcher, 'Cock & Sandford, Dry-Bosbury, 'Blue Boar,' mon. & fri.; King~
Bottle,' mon.; Lamport, TempeTance ho:el, fri
Buckland Brown, 'Lion,' mon. & fri ' Black Swan,' mon. wed. & fri
Burcot-Greenaway, 'Lion,' mon. & thurs.; :Moores,
'Lion,' mon ShiHingford-Moores, 'Lion,' mon.; Cherrill, 'George &.
Charney Woolford, 'Lion,' mon.; Bond, 'Old Bell,' mon
Chilton-Spiers, ' Old Bell,' mon. & fri. ; Prior, 'Blue Dragon,' mon
Boar,' mon. & thurs Southmoor-Batts, 'Lion,' mon. & thurs.; Richings,.
Clifton-Greenaway, 'Lion,' mon. & thurs.; Thatcher,
' Old Bell,' mon. thurs. & sat. 'Lion,' mon. wed. thurs. fri. & sat
Cothill-Ilosbury 'Blue Boar,' mon. & fri Stadhampton Moody, 'Blue Boar,' mon
Culham-Hedges, ' Old Bell,' daily Stanlake Douglas, Temperance hotel, mon
Denchworth-Bond, 'Old Bell,' mon Stanford-House, ' Old Bell,' mon. ; 1\Voolford, 'Lion,'mon
Didcot-Butcher, 'Cock & Bottle,' mon.; Alien, 'George
& Dragon,' mon. wed. thurs. fri. & sat Steventon-Webb, 'Lion,' wed. & sat.; Jeffries, 'George-
& Dragon,' mon. tnes. & thurs. ; Tyrrell, ' Old Bell,'"
Dorchester-Andrews, ' Old Bell,' mon. ; Greenaway, daily; Green, 'George & Dragon,' mon
'Lion,' mon. & thurs
Sutton Courtenay-Hedges, 'Old Bell,' daily
Drayton---Green, 'George & Dragon,' mon.; Tyrrell, 'Old Tubney Bunce, ' Blue Boar,' mon. thurs. & sat
Wallingford .Andrews, 'Old Bell,' mon.; Cherrili~

' George & Dragon,' mon
Wantage-Brown, 'Lion,' mon.; Barrett, 'Old Bell,' fri.;.

Batts, 'Lion,' mon
Warborough-Moores, 'Lion,' mon.; lies, Temperance-

hotel, mon
Watlington-Lamport, Temperance hotel, mon

West Hendred-Chasney, 'Blue Boar,' mon. & fri

Bell, daily; Carpenter, Temperance hotel, mon. wed. Railway Station.
fri. & sat.; Wilkins, 'Old Bell,' man. wed. fri. & sat
Ewelme ·Cherrill, 'George & Dragon,' mon. ; Andrews, Great Western, Stert street, Frederick Francis Pope, sta-

' Old Bell,' mon. ; Moores, 'Lion,' mon tion master; goods & cartage agt. Jn. Matcham, Ock st
Faringdon Brown, 'Lion,' mon. & fri
Sutton & Co. carriers to all parts; agents, Ely Brothers,.
Stert street

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. Blandy .A.damFettipla.ce J .P.Radley rd Cope:and Jsph. 43 East St. Helen st

.A.irey W. S., B.A. (assistant master Boughton William, 26 High street Cousins Mrs. 19 Park road

Roysse's school), Albert park Bottrell John Cowling, 15 Park road Cousins Mrs. 11 O:mduit road

Anderson Mrs. 29 The .Abbey Bramley Miss, 25 Park road Coxeter Chas. Chesham ho. Albert pk:

.A.ndrew Albert Henry, Belle vue villa, Brewer William, 33 West St. Helen st Coxeter Job, 54 Ock street

Conduit road Brewerton Benjamin, Caldecot.t road Crudgington Mrs. 6 Oxford road

.A.ndrew Henry, 10 Conduit road Brind Robert Whitehead,::wVictoria rd D' Almainte Harry George W:i.lliam,

Anwyl Douglas, 7 St. John's road Budgett Mrs. Lady grove The Square

.A.shford .Albert Wm. 10 Marcham rd Cal'lter John, 49 Bath sb·eet Daniell Leonard Wilberforce, 6 Con-

Austin Rev. Francis Webster M..A..240 Caudwell Mrs. 38 Spring road duit road

Ock street Ohallenor Bromley,TheFirs,.Marchm.rd Davis Gabriel, Wharf house

Bailey Frank, 12 Victoria road Ohallenor Edwd. Marehant,Springfield Dearlove Miss, 12 Oxford road

Bailey Williarn Batten, 12 Cemetery rd Challenor Harry Septimus, The Limes, de la Hey R. W., B.A. (assistant mas-

Bailey William T. 42 Spring road Broad street ter Roysse's school), Albert. park

Bailie Major-Gen. Thomas M., J.P. ChaJ:lenor Mrs. Spr.ingfield Dewe M:is,s, 28 Ock street

OaldecotJt house, Caldecott road Cheer Thomas, q Park road Dickey Misses, 43 Bath street

:Baker Slade Innes, 28 East St.Helen st Childs Miss, Brooklands, Marcham rd Dickey Ml's. 40 Bath street

Ballard Mrs. 23 Park road Clack James, 3 Conduit road Dodson Miss, Lacie court, Batm street

BaJlard Miss, The Square Clarke Misses, Holly lodge, Radley rd Doggett Rev.WilliamHarold (Baptist)~

Barnett William, jun. 21 Park road Olarke Mrs. J. C. Wayste oourt 35 Ock street

Bayliss Fras. Chas. 26 Victoria road Cola Rev. H. Basil B.A.(curate),Vicar- Dowling John Fisher, 45 Vineya.rd

Bayliss George, 28 Victoria road age, .A.lbert park Eagle Edwd. Jas. 29 East St.Helen st

Beesley Mrs. 5 Oxford road Copeland Ebenezer S. 65 Stert street Eildell'field George W. 20 Bridge street

.Belcher Charles E. The Chestnuts, Couldrey Frederic Knight, 4-7 East St. Ellison Michael, 3 St. John's road

porlh c:ourt Helen stree\ Ely R'obert, Bost-ock road

DIRECTORY.] BER~SHIRE. ABINGCON. 21

Emmens Albert Harry, Abbey Mill Marshall Rev.Cyril Baker M.A.(curate Sheldon Frdk.Geo.Bank ho.TheSquare-

house, Thames street of St. Helen's), 24 Ock street Shepherd Arthnr Mutrie, Dunlewy,

"Falkner Mrs. 4 St. John's road Martin Paulin, 26 Ock street Springfield

Festing Capt. Michael Morton Met- Matcham John, Be.lgrave, Albert park Shepherd· Edward Leader, The Lin-

ealfe, 36 Bath street Miers Rev. Reginald Hanbury (curate dens, Albert park

Fisher William, r6 Lomba.rd street of St. Helen's), Albert park Shepherd George Williams, Glyndowrr

Floyd Thomas, I2 Conduit road Miles Thos. Harmer, I Conduit road .A.:bert park

Franzowitz Fritz (assistant master Morland Francis John, 33 Bath street Simpson Alfred Henry, Clarence ho.

Roysse's school),44 East St.Helen st Morland George H. Ock street Albert park

Goorge Mrs. 7 The Abbey Morland Jn. Thornhill M. A. 33 Bath st Simpson Wili.iam Musson, 33 East St.

Gill William Henry, Albert park Morland Miss, I Sprin~ ter.Spring rd Helen street

Gillingham William P. Bostock road Mulcock Mrs. 44 Bath street Skurray Thomas, IS Ock street

Glanville Charles, I2 Stert street Oliver Mrs. 53 Bath street Smith James, 45 East St. Helen street

G.ra.bam Ro'bert Philip, Springfield Orpwood H. C.,M.A. (assistant master Smith William Finch, 16 East St.

Grabam Thomas Edmund, Springfield Roysse's school), Albert park Helen street

Harding Henry Waiter, 2 Bridge view Painter George, Bostock road Spiers Rev.Wm. M.A. (Wes.),Park rd

Harris Edward John, Albert park Palmer H. W., B.A. (assistant master Stani1and Geo. 49 East St. Helen st

.Harris Mrs. Albert park Roysse's school), Albert park Stevens Rev. John D.D. Litt.D. (Con-

Harris William, 28 Bath street Paul Jas. Nairne, 8 Ock street gregational), 3 Ock streej;

Hayman Sidney Arthur, 59 Ock street Paxman E:izah, Barton lo.St.JO'hn's rd Tate John Thomas, 72 Spring road

Rays Albert, 67 Stert street Pa.yne Wm. Fowler, St. H~len's mill Tate Thomas, 74 Spring road

Remming Edward Jas. 42 Ock street Payne William Griffin, The Laurels, Tatham MeaburnTalbot,Northcourt ho
Taylor Hubert, 3 Sprin~ ter.Spring rd
Hemming Geo. 6I East St. Helen st Spring road

Hemming 'Valter H~nry, 27 Park road PembertO'I1 Chas. D. 30 Ea.St.Helen st To\\nsend Mrs. 175 Ock street

Hooke William Hy. Frondeg, Albert pk Pierpoint William, Kingsland lodge, Townsend Thomas,Glenburn,Albert pk

Horn Mrs. 2I Vineyard 1 'l'hames wharf . Townsend Thos. jun. 40 Spring road

Jsaac Thos. Wm. Player, Barton court Pled15e M.!'IS. 23 Vmeyard Trafford iMrs. 7 Ock street

Jackson Frank, 9 Conduit road Porter The Misses,qEast St. Helen st Trafford Wm. H. 22 East St. Ht>len st

.Kelleher Very Rev. Canon Frank J. Powell Joseph, 3 Bridge street Trende11 Edwin James, Abbey house

(Catholic priest), Radley road Preston Arthur Edwin, Whitefield, Wa.lmisley Mrs. 8 Park road

.Kelson Henry, 17 Park road Albert park Waiters James, 29 Park road

Kendall Thos. Benger, Albert park Pritchard Inkerman, Caldecott road Ward Frederick, 40 East St. Helen ><t

.Kinchin Arthur John, 25 Bridge street Pritchard Mrs. Oaldecott road Watson Rev. Wentworth M.A. (vicar),

King John Busby, Albert park Pryce Chas. Alfd. 34 East St. Helen st Th~ Vicarage, Albert park

King Miss, 7 Oxford road Pumphrey Thos. Henry, Spring ter Webb Edward, Bostock road

Xing William, 16 Victoria road Pusey Henry, 22 Victoria road Webster Mrs. 2 St. John's road

.Kirkpatrick Mrs. r6 Broad street 1 Pusey John, 24 Victoria road Wells Ebenezer, 6 St. John's rosd

"Langford Richard, jun. 14 Conduit rd Reynolds Mrs. The Gables,Bath streetjWenn Joseph Henry Hume, Albert pk

_Layng Rev. Thos. M.A. (head master R.'obey Stephen, I Caldecott road West John, 13 West St. Helen street

of Roysse's school), Albert park Romans T., B.A. (assistant master of West John George T. The Know!,

Lepine Mrs. 46 Bath street Roysse's school), Albert park Stert street

Leverett Misses, 17 Ock street Salisbury Albert, 43 Vineyard Westcombe Isaac, The Bnk.Market pl

Longland Rev. Chas. Pitman, Clanfield Saxby George, 20 Easli St. Helen st Winship George F.G.S., A.M.I.C.E.52

house, Albert park Scrivener Wltr. J. 42 East St.Helen st Ock street

'Loosley Harry George, 3 Oxford road Sedgefield Waiter Jas. 38 Bath street Wood Hon. Frederick George Lindlev

Lovett Mrs. IS Conduit road ,Shaw James, I Oxford road J.P. & Lady Mary, The Abbey ·

COMlfERCllL. !Jaylis & Co. grocers, 20 High street
Baylis & Co. printers, bookseller.s, statidners,bookbinders
.:A.bel Samuel, greengrocer, 24 Bury street
.Abingdon Cottage Hospital & Dispensary (hvn. medica~ & fancy repository, 5 Market place & 55 Stert street
Heal William, coach builder, Station yard
officers, S. I. Baker, P. Martin, H. S. Challenor & Beesley Ernest Herbert, tailor & out,fitter, 24 High street
'8. A. Hayman; hon. dentist, William P. Keall; hon. Bekher & Habgood Lim. wine, spirit & hop mers. 18
sec. Albert Shaw; matron, Miss Williams), Bath street
High street & brewers, malsters, corn factors, Ock st
.:A.bingdon Gas Light &:i Cok6 Co. Limited (Sam Crossland,
sec. & engineer), 75 Vineyard Berry John, baker & Ock S-treet Horns P.H. 204. Ock st
Berry Stecphen, baker, 152 Ock street
.Abingdon Herald (Harry George Loosley, publisher; Billing Herbert Osborn, corn. traveller, 18 Victoria road
published saturday), Stert st. See advertisement Bird Charles Thomas, jobbing gardener, 78 Spring road
Blizard Caroline (Mrs.), shopkeeper, 103 Ock street
~'.\bingdon Social Club I(.Art"!:lur J. Young, sec.), 17 West Blizard1 Lizzie (Miss), dre,ss maker, 103 Ock streeb
St. Helen street Boarding S0hool for Young Ladies, conducted by fue

Abingdon Wine & Spirit Co. wine & spirit merchants Sisters of Mercy, The Oonvent, Oxford road
Bond Annie (Miss), milliner, 8 Market place
26, & wine vaults, Grapes P.H. 28 High street Bottrell Jdhn, ironmonger, see Tripp & Bottrell
...Ackling Joseph, boot & shoe maker, I West St. Helen st
:Ackling William, ironmonger, 32 Bath street Bowler William, Cock & Tree P .H. 37 Ock street
...Airey Frederick M.R.C.V.S. veterinary surgeon & Crown Bradley Alfred, silversmith, 2 High street

& Thistle family & commercial hotel & posting house, Brazier Martha Maria Sawyer (Mrs.), Old Air Balloon
Bridge street P.H. 169 Ock street
.:\ldf>r John, bill poster, 3 Queen street
Brazier Thomas, assist. supt. Prudential Insurance Co.
.Aldworth Alexander, engbeer, so Stert street 48 East St. Helen street

_o\.ldworth John, agricultural implement maker, 107 Ock st Brewer William, fruiterer & farmer, 22 Lombard street &
_\llright Alfred Edward, draper 10, &; hardware dealer 8 West St. Helen street

n, Ock street Brewerton James George, ph()togrphr.; studio, 17 High st
..\ndrew Frank Warland, phvtvgrapber, 1 Stert street Brind, Gillingham & Co. Lim. ironmongers, 30 Ock street
.~<\rgyle Albert J. insurance agent, 21 Radley road Broad George, painter, 5 Edward street
.Argyle George H. dairyman, 14 Victoria road Brooks Samuel Frederick, Steam P:ough P.H. & cycle
..Argyle Kate (Miss), dress maker, 34 Spring road
A:;hford Albert William, artificial teeth manufacturer, dea:er, 10 Brood street

3 High street Broxup John HeatQn, master British school, 32 Radley rd
!Bailey John Henry, hassock mnfr. 5 East St. Helen st Buckle Jam-es, builder 1&. contractor, Spring road
Eailey Thomas J ames &; Son, parchment manufacturers, Burridge ,Joseph, shvpkeeper, 25 Bath street
Campion Cornelius, gasfitte.r, 17 Broad street
Y50 Ock street Carr Sarah (Mrs.), apartments, 57 Bath road
Jlaker Matthew Wils:m, g-rocer, 34 Stert street Oa.st:.e Samuel'., beer retaill'r, 2 Queen street ·
.:Baker Slade Innes M.R.C.S.Eng-. surgoon & certifying Cemetery (W. M. Simpson, clerk to the joint burial

fa-ctvry surgeon, 28 East St. Helen street authority; Shadrach King, sexton), Spring road
llallard Benj. & Son, iron founders & smiths, 24 Bath st Cha.Hmor & Son, solicitors, SteTt street
~aliaTd. Joseph, Robin Hood P.H. 44 Vineyard Cha.Jenor Bromley (firm, Ohallenor &i Son), so:icitnr,

lJannister Anna (Mrs.), shopkeeper, 55 East St. Helen st county cowner, town c:erk & e' erk vf the peace to the
furnett Wm. jun. aerated water manictr. 5 Bath street
urban district council & school attendance oommittes
·13arnett Wiliiam, confectioner & fruiterer, 3 Batih street for the borough, clerk to the board of guardians, joint.
"IDarrett Peter, builder, 81 Ock street
J.lartletts & D'Almaine, solicitors, I Ock street clerk to Abingdon Rural District Council, clerk to Cui-
J1astQn George Henry, insurance agent, 6 Radley road ham Rural District Co•_mcil, school attendance & assess~

lh•)iielli Mary (Mrs.), apartments, 9 East St. Helen street

22 ABINGD:JN. BERKSHIRE. [ KELLY's

ment committees of the union, to joint hospital board, Fra'nklin Edwin, painter, 86 Vineyi3.rd .

to the income tax commissioners & superintendent re- Fruin Wi4iam Joseph, relieving offioer, Ist district & col-

gistrar, Stert street lector to the guardians & scbl. attend.officer,Northcourt

Challenor Edward Marchant (firm, Challenor & Son), Gardiner Samuel, boot & shoe maker, 5 Ock street

solicitor & joint clerk to the .A.bingdon Rural District Garner John, carrier, 48 West St. Helen street

Council, deputy superintendent registrar & deputy Garnett John William, steward of Radley college, 21 East.

coroner for the .Abingdon district, Stert street St. Helen street

Cha.~:enor Harry Se.ptimus M.R.C.S.E. surgeon, & medi- Gerring George, dairyman, 57 Vineyard

cal officer & public vaccinator, No. 2 & 4 districts, .Ab- Gerring Waiter, tailor, 7 Bath street

ingdon union, The Limes, Broad street. Gibbens Joseph, sadd:er, 38 Broad street

Chambers Edward Basil, baker, 32 Broad street Gibbs Wm. Jas. music se]er & pianoforte tunr.IS Ock st

Chandler Frederick, china & glass dealer, 12 Ock street Giles Henry, Happy Dick P.H. 143 Ock street

Chapman .Albert, wardrobe dealer, 26 Broad street Gillett & Co. bankers (Frederick Geo. Sheldon, manager).

Olmpman James, boot maker, 30 BatJh street. The Square; draw on Glyn, Mills,Currie & Co.LndnEC

Chaundy Edwin, sadder & ha:ness maker, 47 Stert street Glanvil:e Wil:iam, watch maker, 18 Market p:ace

Chivers Geo. & Sons, boot & shoe mas. West St. Helen st Godfrey Brothers, dairymen, 19 High street

Chivers Joseph, draper, 9 High street Godfrey Dennis, monumental mason, r63 Ock street

Clarke, Sons & Co. who~esale clothiers, West St. Helen st Godfrey William, baker, 43 West St. Helen street

CinclJ. Thomas, chimney sweeper, 141 Ock ~treet Goodenough Wiliam, gro. 1 & 3 Broad st. & 58 Stert s\

Coles Edgar, drill instructor, 4 New road Goodley James Jennings, baker, 6 Ock street
Convent of tlhe Sisters of Mercy (:Monica Smit~, lady Gra'ham & Sons, solicitors, 2 East St. He:en str~a;:,

superior), Oxford road . Grooam Robert ¥.ailip, solicitor (firm, Graharn & Sons)..

Cook Stanley, librarian, Free Public Library, High street 2 East St. He:.en street

Coombs Charles, Lion hotel, 15 High street Graham Thoma.s Edmund, so~icitor (firm, Graham &.

Coombs James, confectioner, 20 Stert street Sons), 2 Ea~st St. Helen s.treet
Corn Exchange (George C. He._•lyer, keeper), Market p: Green Ann (~lrs.), beer retai:er, 68 Ock street;

Cottrell John Ernest, butcher, 22 Stert street Gregory Harry, hair dresser, 7 High street

Cottrell George, hair dresser, 55 Ock street Griffin v\"illiam Charles, George & Dragon P.H. 9 Stert st

County Court (H:s Honor Thos. WiHiam Snagge, judge; Grimsdale John, carpenter, 28 West St. Helen street

Waiter Joames Sedgefie:d, registrar; Jame,s Shaw, hig.a Guildhall & Council Chambers (John Henry Viner, senior

bailiff), East St. He· en street sergeant-at-mace; George C. Hellyer,jun.sergt. ),Abbey

County Hall (George C. Hellyer, hall keeper), Market p: Guernsey Brewery Co. Limited; reg. offices, 38 Ock st

Cowburn Jo~m, registrar Df marriages for Abingdon Harding E:izabeth (Mr.s.), dairy, I9 East St. He"en st

union, 26 Radley road Harker Frank, musical instrument dealer, 26 Stert street

Cox Alfred, builder, Victoria road Harper Kizabet•h (Mrs.), baker, 15 Market place

Cox Annie (1Irs. ), china dlr. 3 r, & tobacconist 3-3, Stert st Ha,rris & Jackson, auctioneers, vialuers & estate

soCox Fanny (Mrs.), laundress, 59 Batlh s·treet. agents, High street

Cox Mary Vincent (Miss), ladies' school, Ock street Harris & Matthews, corn & seed merchants, 4 & 6 East.

Cox Stephen, brick~ayer, 59 Bath street St. Helen street ,.

Coxeter & Sons, bicycle manufacturers & enamellers, Harris Edwin Litchfield, drapr. 16 Market pl. & 10 Stert st

electro & nickel platers 32, & marine store merchants Harse Waiter J. cricket & ath:etic outfitter,5 The Square

SHi, Ock street; & at Oxford Hatthaway Grorge, confectiDner, 40 Stert street ·

Coxeterl! & Andrew, house furnishers, 25 Ock street Hawkins William, Seven Stars P.H. 15 Bridge street

Cro<lk Arthur Edward, fruiterer, 8o Ock street Hayman Sidney Arthur L.R.C.P.Lond., M.R.C.S.Eng.

Crook George Leonard, grocer 9• & butcher Io, Bridge st surgeon, & medical officer ~o. 1 district .Abingdon union

Crossland Sam, secretary & engineer to the Abingdon & to the workhouse, 59 Ock street .

Gas Light & Coke Co. Limited, 75 Vineyard flays Albert, family butcher & farmer, 2 Bridge street
Cullen ~d'\yin, grocer & provision merchant II & 13, & r Heath Jolhn, superintendent of county & borough police

butcher 19, Stert street · Bart-.1 & inspector of weights & measures, & inspector under
tlhe Exp· osive Ads & Cont-..g:ous Diseases (Animal)
D'Almaine Harry George William, soiicitor, see I .Act, 19 Bridge street

letts. & D'Almaine

Dandridge Francis, corporation farm bailiff & clerk of the• Hellyer George Charles, junior sergeant-at-mace & town

market, The Sewage farm ; crier, 18 Lombard street ·

Davis Engineering & Launch Building Co. Limited, launch· Hemming Henry lhas. photographer, 19 West St.Helen st

builders &; engineers, St. Helen's works, Thames whart Hrmming Wil iam, Bee Hive P.H. 46 Stert street

Dean l'homas, timber merchant, Marcham road Hicks Charles, cabinet maker, 84 Vineyard
De'nton George, genera~ de a· er, 8 Broad street
! Higgs Amy (Mrs.), Golden Cross P.H. 3 Stert street

Dickey & Arnold, grocers, & agents for W..& .A. Gilbey: Hill Thomas, shopkeeper, 123 Ock street

Lim. & dea'ers in wines & spirits, 2 Ock street : Hills Helen (:\liss), Queen's hotel. Market place

Dore John, boot maker, 22 High street Hilton Stephen, boot & shoe warehouse, 24 Stert street

Dorn Thomas, r<>?e & twine maker, 144 Ock street Rinks Joserph, Red Lion P.H. 63 Vineyard

Dorn William, rope & twine maker, SI Ock street Hobbs Geo.rge C. coa: & Sllabe merolwmt, Station yard

Drew Ebenezer, br:cklayer, 39 Ock street Hobbs Stephen, Rising Sun Temperance hotel, The Squar&

Drew Sophia (Miss), dress maker, 45 Batlh street HoGfield Ha,rry, p:umber, 6 Vineyard

Drydale ·Archibald Willinm, machinist, 7 Bury street Holloway George, builder, I West Park ter. Spring road'

Dur~t E:izabeth (:\ll"s. ), stay maker, I4 Bridge street Holloway 'l'homas, White Horse P.H. 189 Ock street

Edgingt<in William, boot & shoe maker, 37 Vineyard 1 Hooke William Henry, printer & stationer, I'J. Market pi~

Ey Brothers, .stationers & tobaoconist·s & agents for Sut- 1 & 8 Stert street
i Ho.re Robert, draper, 3 West St. Heloo st.ree.t
ton & Co. oarriers, 42 & 44 Stert street

Emerton. Jobu & Son, coach builders & wheelwrights, Hosher vYilliam, dairyman, Marcham road

22 The .Abbey Hudson James & William, coal dealers, 78 Vineyard

Emrnens Lam'a (Miss), servants' registry office, 4 West Huggin.s Richard, Warwick Arms P.H. gr Ock street

St. lle~.en ·street Hughes Henry Huggett (Mrs.), stationer & printer, I4'

Emmens Thomas, corn. traveller, 2 West St. Helen st Market place

Enock Geo. Wm.Plasterers' Arms P.H.3gWest St.Helen st Hughes Winifred & Christabel (Misses), ladies' school,.

Enock Thomas, Crown P.H. 83 Ock street 16 Conduit road

Enock, W_illiam, coal & wood dealer, 75 Ock street Inchley Ellen (Miss), refreshment ro<lms, Station yard

Enock William, jun. Old Bell P.H. 10 East St. Helen st Inland Revenue Office (John Kelway, officer), 12 East

Evans Robert, cabinet maker, 20 Lombard street St. Helen street

Facy Samuel, draper, 6 High street · International •.rea Co.'s Stores Limited, 8 Bridge street

Farmer George, fruiterer, 21 High street Ivey Edmund, brewers' traveller, 5 Conduit .road

Faulkner James, butcher, 13 Batih street Ivey Joseph, baker, 6 Lombard s,t.reelt

Faulkner Thomas, butcher, ..corn, coal, hay, straw & Jackman William, farmer & horse dealer, The Vineyard'

potato factor, firewood dealer·& hurdle manufacturer, Stud farm & 8I Vineyard .. '

5 I & 53 Stert str3et & Railway Station yard Jauncey George Fredk. William, robacconist, I3 Bridge st

Ferriman Georga, tobac~onist & confectioner, 5 Bridge st , Jones Edward Jay, shopkeeper, 2 St. John's terrace

Festing Capt.MiclJl.Morton Metcalfe,army tutor,36Bath st Jones James, umbrella maker, 2 Bury street .

Fisher John & Son, ooot & shoe makers, 21 Stert street 1 .Tordan J0<!51e'Ph Wm. boot & shoe maker, 29 Vme-ya:rd

Fisher .Annie (Miss), ta.i:oress, 5 Stert street Keall Wil1iam Poowell. denti<S't, & hol!ll, dieutlist to the

FiSher George Alfred, Punch Bowl P.H. 6 Market p:ace Abingdon Cottage Ho8opitllll, 36 St>ert sbrePt

Fisher Mary (Mrs.), :1partments, 31 East St; Helen street Ke!lites Ambrose, workine- ontler, 36 Wes·t \St. Helen s~

Free Public Library (Stanley Cook, librarian), High st Keates Henry, taxidermist, 6o West St. Helen street

DIRECTORY.] BERKSHIRE. .ABIXuDON. 23

Keates Wiil!l:iarn, beer retailer, 19 Market place P:owman Emma (::\Irs. ), Anchor P.H. St. He~en's wharf

Kelway John, inland revenue officer, 12 East St. Helen st Plowman Harrry, Prince of Wales P.H. 25 Spring road

Kilby Goorge, B~ack Swa!Il P.H. 17 Bath stroot Pope Frederick Fras. station master, 28 Radl:e.y road

Kilby Oliver, park keeper, 161 Ock street Parber Ren,ry, fruit-erer & greengrocer, 20 Marrket ploace

Kimber Willia.m, baker & oonfoot<ion€r, 98 Ckk street Porter Isaac, greeng:rocer, 99 Ock street

& 12 Bath street Powell Edith Mary (Miss), teacher of music, 3 Bridge st

King & Adkirt, auctioneers, agricultural, timber & Preparrutory Sob.ool for Young Gentlemen, conducted by

general valuers, surveyors & land agents & agents to the the Sisters of Mercy, St. Joseph's, Oxford road

County Fire & Provident Lif'e Offtce£, 10 High st Preston Arthur E. fellow of Institute of Chartered Ac-

King Elizh. (Miss), preparatory schl. 40 East St. Helen st countants, borough accountant, oollector of borough

King George Edward M.R.C.V.S. veterinary surgeon, 2 rntes, assistant ove;rseer & assesror of taxes f{)T

Vineyard parishes of Abingdon, Steventon, Sutton Courtney,

King Shadi"UUCh, lodge keeper & grove d:ggerr, The Ceme- Culham, Drayton & Sutton Wick, 13 High street; & 55.

tin-y, Spring bank Cornmarket street, Oxford

Kirby Henry, baker & grocer, 23 West St. He'~-en street Prinoosos Charlotte of W&ss's (Royal B€'l"k!!hire Regi-

Knighlt Brothe11s, boot & shoe makel'S, 7 ~Iarket place ment) (1st Vol. Ba,tt.) (F Co.); Ca.pt. George H.

Lacey Richard, chea:ni.st, 4 High storeet Morland, commanding ; Sergeant Edgar Coles, drill

Langford & Sons, coal & corn mers. 38 East St. Helen st instructor; head quarters, Old Grammar school

Langforo Martha (Mrs.), fancy r'Sipository, 200 Ock street Pritchard I. & Son, nurS>erymen & florists, Lady Grove

Law William, laundry, Caldecott road & CJao}decol; IliUrseries

Lay Fred, fancy repository, 11 Broad street Pryce. Oharles Alfl'e!i (firm, Sedge:fie~d & Pryce), oolieitm

Lay William Henry, oommerciwl traveller, 27 Bridge st & deputy registrar of county court, 34 Ea.stSt. Helen st

Leach John, florist, 84 Spring road Pryke V\illiam, beer retailer, 66 Vineyard

Legge Fvederick, butcher, 131 Ock street Pullen Richard, farm bailiff to Mr. Alfred Stevens, Calde-

Leo-nard James, plumber & glazier, 77 Ock s.treet cott farm, Lady grove

Lewington George, Nag's Head P.H. Abingdon bridge Pumphrey Thomas Henry, wholesale & retail sta-

Loader Emma (Mrs.), greengrocer, 27 Stert s.treet tioner & haberdasher; jewellery, fancy goods & small-

Lock JoS~eph, stone ma•son, 35 Ea.st St. Hel~Sn street ware dealer, 28a, Ock street

London Central Meat Co. butchers, II Bridge street Radlbourn Thoma1s, fishmonger, 5 The Square

Londoon & County Banking Co. Limited ('bnuroh of) Randall William H~nry, builder, 27 East St. Helen st

(Isaac Westcombe, manager), Market place; draw on Rant George & Co. grocers, 56 Ook SJtreet

chief office, London Ratcliffe Arthur, Hare & Hounds P.H. 11 Thames stree~

Loosley Harry Goorrge, pub~!i.sher of the "Abingdon Rawlings & Toomer, milliners, 14 Bath street
-Herald," S tert stroeoet. See adrverrti·sem-en:t
Ricketts James, builder, I Tesdale terrace

Lupton Ann (Miss), dining rooms, 36 Stert street R ogers John Thomrus, famrner, Northcourt .

Lupton John Edward, fishmonger, 12 Bridge street Roysse's School (Rev. Thomas Layng M. A. head mastel';

Mcintyre Robert ;J. boot & shoe ma. No. 2 court, Stert st H. C. Orpwood M ..A., H. W. Palmer B.A., R. W. de-

Marshall Elizabeth (Mrs.), apartments, 42 Bath street la Hey B.A., T. Romans B ..A., W. S. Airey B ..A. & F-

Martin James, baker & grocer, 43 Edward street Franzowitz, assistant masters), .Albert park .

Martin Paulin, surgoon, & public vaccina,toiJ" No. 1 dis- Ruddock Samuel, beer retailer, 31 Vineyard

trict, 26 Ock sltreet Sadler George, Horse & Jockey P.H. 47 Bath street
Maslen James, farmer, North cour-t • Samuel Robert, fishmonger, 53 Ock street

Mason Laura (Mrs.), baby linen warehouse, 39 Stert st Sandells Elizabeth (Mrs.), dress maker, 16 Tesdale ter

Matcham John, cartage agent to the Great WeoSitern Rail- Saunders Alfd.Foskett, Three Tuns P.H.& btchr.27Bath st

way Co. 21 Ock stroecl Savage Henry, Bri'tannia P.H. 47 We18t St. Helen street

Miles Albert, baker, 100 Ock street Sc'hreib.er Mary & Jane (Misses), fancy repos. 20 futh st

Miles Alfred, parish clerk of St. Helen's, St. Helen's wharf Sedgefie.:d & Pryce, solic:iJbO!rS', 34 East St. Helei.l str.eet

Mobbs George William, boot & shoe maker, 22 Bath st Sedgefield Walter James (firm, Sedgefield & Pryc~),

Morland & Co. Limited, brewers, maltsters, wine soacitor & registrar IOif oounty court & .clerk to boNugh

& spirit merchants & aerated water manufacturers, The magistr.ates, 34 East St. Helen s-tre-et

United breweries, 38 & 40 Ock street Shaw ..A.lbert James, clothier, 16 High street .•

Morland & Son, solicitors, 33 Bath street; & 30 Forbury, Shaw James, high bai1iff county oourt, 1 Oxfo•rd -road

Reading Sheldon F. G. manager of Gillett & Co.'s. bank,The Squars

Morland Francis John, solicitor, see Morland & Son Shepherd Bros. carp-et rug & matting mfrs. ThaJI~es whr:f

Mo:r:and John ThornhiB M.A. so:::iJcjjtor (Morland & Son), Shepherd E. L. & Son, Ironmongers & cycle agents, .12 &..

clerk Olf the p~ce f<>r the county of Berks & clerk to 14 High street & Lombard !!treet

the Count.y Council; c'lerk & receliver o-f Christ's Shillaker Theophilus George, draper, 17 Bridge street.

Hospital, Abingdon ; clerk to the Berkshire (Berks, Shirley .Archibald Jas. national school master, 4 Oxford rd.

Reading, Newbury & Windsor) lunatic asylum; ilteward Short George, builder, Bath street

of the Copyhold of the Manor of Blewbury; clerk to the Shury William, Old Barley Mow P.H. Lombard street

Income Tax Oomm:iJssionei"SS for Compto.n division ; Silvester Charles Townsend, carpenter, Row Barge inn~

cmnmissioner f<lr oaths & perpetual comm.iiSlSioner fo·r go ,Vi.t;teyard

taking ackn()w:edge:m-ents g-f marvied women f()r Berks Simm()ns Arthur, cabinet maker, 30 Bridge sireet

& Oxon, 33 Ba.tlh. street Slmpson Alf'red H. & Co. woollen dlrapers, ta-ilo.l"IQ•

Moss Alfred, hair dresser, II West St. He"!.en .sotreet clothiers & genera1l ou<tfitt-ers & agentoSI for .H. J~

Moss Wm. agt. to the Prudential Assnr, Co.Lim.65Vineyd Nicoll's: garments, I Market place & I Bri:d·ge 'Street

Mott Charles, New ·wheat Sheaf P.H. 26 "\Vest St.Helen st Simpson Alired H. deputy regiostrar of birth'S. & d~ath!f

Mu"!ioocok Ellen (~Irs.), P~ough P.H. 61 Stert street for Abillgdon sub-diisotrict, Market p:ace •.

National Telephone Co. Lim. (branch),17 East St.Helen st Simp.son Tom Smith, grocer, wholesale provision. &

North Berks Liberal .Association (Abingdon division) wine merchall!t, & regilstrar of .births & deatlhs & vacw

(Chades A. Pryce, sec.), 34 East St. Heol-en s-treet cination ofl.icer for A.b:'II.g<lon sub-doi!;;;trioet., 89 Ock. s-t

North John, coal & corn merchant, Ill & II3 Ock street ·Simpson William M. clerk to joint burial authority .&,

Palmer Geo. Fredk. restaurant, 28 Stert st. & baker &c. deputy registrar of marriages, 33 East St. Helen street

9 Market place SlatJter Jam-es, butcher, 9 West Sli. Helen st.reet

Parker George Henry, shopkeeper, 182 Ock street Smallbone Josiah, shopkeeper, 10 Victoria road

Parker Susan (Mrs.), beer retailer, Northcourt .:Smith & Co. grocerso, 13 Spring rood

Parker Susan (Mrs.), dress maker, 1 r Uath street Smith Caroline (Ml'S. ), a-pa.rtments, 52 Bath st.reet:

Partridge Je-SJSe, Broad Face P.H. 32 J):.•lge street Smith EJoizabeth (Mrs.), DiUol"&erym.au. & seedlsman, · 63

Paul James Nairne, wat()b maker & boot wn. 8 Ock st West St. HeJ.en st.reet
Paver ;James, hair dresser, 25 Start street
Smith Isaac, dairyman, 18 Vineyard

Paxman Elijah, grocer, 3 & 4 Market place - Smith James, post office, High street
Payne Wm. :F. miller (steam & water), Sit. Helen's & Smith "\'Villiam Finch, chemist, 23 High street

Ock milLs St.amp Office (James Smit!h, distributiQr), High street

Payton Alfred, umbrella maker, 3 East St. Helen street Stanmore .Anthony Buckell & Son, tailors, 5 Hig~ street.
Payton Jane (MI1S. ), apartments, 32 West St. Helen street Steptoe Waiter, fish dealer, 82 Vineyard

Payton William Horniman, tailor, I4 Lombard street Stevens Charles, sergeant. of police, 3 .'l'he Abbey.

Pemberton Charles D. eooa1 & salt mer. 30 E. St. Helen st &teV~ens Jameos, boot, punt & oanoe builder, .St. He:en's

Peyman Thirza (Miss), monumental mason, 24 Ock street wharf & Abingdon bridge

Pickett John George, music seller, 4 Bath street Stimpson Wilillam, beer re.ta.iler, 22 Bury .s(reoet

Pitt John, pork butcher & grocer, 9 Bath street Stokes Ja,s.. cabinet ma. & upholst-ere-r, 15 & ·17 Stert st·

Pitt Jdhn Frederick, m~drical bomrnis<t, 12 Lomibard st Stone Wm. tobacconist 18, & hair dresser 20, Bath street

24 ABINGDON. BERKSHIRE. [ KELLY'S

Stone W.iUiam, whe~lwriglrt, Lad.y grove Ward ·wmiam, Blue Boar P.H. & farrier, I Bath street

Stroud Ohade's L. artiSits' colorman, painter & p:umber, ·warren Thomas Budd, sanitary inspector & highway

21 Ba.t'h st>root surveyor for Abingdon Rural District Council, 18 East

Sutton & Co. forwarding agents (Ely Bros. agents), 42 St. Helen street

&; 44 Stert street Warren Wm. Daniel, commercial traveller, 29 Radley rd

Swadlling Henry, grocer, 37 West St. He~en streoet Water Works (Borough) (George Winship F.G.S.,

S wen J01hn, butcher, 46 Ock street A.M.I.C.E. engineer & manager), Wootton; office,

Tate Thomas & Son. woolstaplers, fellmongers & Borough buildings

parchment & leather manufacturers, Spring Grove work!\ Way & Winter, grocers, 15 Bath str~t

Taylor William, grocer, ro Spring road Wehb John, basket maker, 12 Bath street

Thatcl!.er Gencg-e, Lamb & F.:.ag P .H. r Vineyard West John George T. architect & surveyor, The

Thatcher George. buillder, contractor, carventer &:. Knowl, Stert street

jGinM & buildling material dealer, 63 Stert street Westall Edwd. boot maker 4, & leather cutter 6, Bridge st

Thomas William & Co. malsters, 47 Vineyard; head Westbrooke .Albert Henry, Cross Keys P.H. 148 Ock st

office, Wolverhampton Westbu.ry Cha.rles, corn dealer, 14 Ock street

'Thomas Jannes, cabine-t maker & uphols.l:.erer, 20 Ock st Westcombe Isaac, manager of London & County Bank

''l'omhs Henry, water fitter, 21 Wes•t St. Haen stroot & borough treasurer & treasurer to the Abingdon Union
& Rural District Council~ to the Culham Rural District
'Town Charles, shopkeeper, u6 Ock street

Townsend Edwin, baker & shopke-eper, 58 Vineyard Council, Market place
~Traft'ord William Harper, draper, milliner & hosier, ·wheeler Alpheus Ben Brickland, tailor, r6 Bath street

7 The Square Wheeler GMrge H. buildelf & contractor, 38 Stert street

·-Tvinder James, Cock &; Botro':.e P.H. r6 Ock street 1Vhite William, Holly Bush P.H. 171 Ock street

Tripp & Bott.rell. ironmongers, 7 Bridge s•treet Whittington Benj. Fras. rope & twine mnfr. 30 Vineyard
Tr]pp Jolhn M. furniture broker, 5 West St. llel~n street Williams & Son, butch.elrs, 13 Bury stroot

'Trotman Daniel Edward, baker, 48 Bath street Wil1iams CbaTles, greengrocer, 32 Ste.rt s-treet

Trussler F,rederick, shopkeeper, 15 West St. Helen street Williams- Emma Kate (Mrs.), Black Bull P.H. 11 Bury 6t

Turner Edward. shoe maker, 22 Queen street "Williams Harry, saddler, Bury street

··"Tyrrell .Annie (Mrs.), straw bonnet make!I', 4 The Square 1 1Yilson Ann (Mrs.), laundress, 8o Spring road

'Tyrrell Wi:liam Henry, tobacconist, 4 The Square Wilts & Berks Canal Co.(Jas.Stevens,agt.),.Abingdon brdg

Varder William, insurance agent, 51 Bath street Wiltshire J esse, boot maker, 42 Vineyard

Vasey Henry, rope & twine manufacturer, 22 Vineyard Winders Elizabeth (Mrs.), grocer, 210 Ock street

Vasey William James, photographer, 12 Broad street Winship George F.G.S., .A.M.I.C.E. architect & sur-

Vickers George, chimney sweeper, 112 Ock street veyor, borough surveyor, inspector for urban district

Viner John Henry, senior sergeant-at-mace, school attend- council, inspector of common lodging houses & mana-

ance officer & keeper of Guildhall, 2 The .Abbey ger & engineer to borough waterworks, Borough buildgs

Viney Brothetrs, drapers, 2 Market place "\Vinter William, ~ocer, see Way & Winter

Volunteer Fire Brigade (John T. Morland esq. chief Winte:rbourne Harry, hair dresser, r8 Brood street·

officer); head quarters, Old Grammar School yard Witham WiWam Chas. watch & clock maker, 45 Stert st

"\Vagstaff Charlt>s, painter, 3.5 S•tert street Wood Laura (Mrs.), apartments, Gordon vil. Station road

"\Vaite Stephen, printer, stationer & music seller, r Stert st Wood bridge & Co. saddlers & harness makers, corn,

Wakefield Jane (Mrs.), laundress, 56 Stert street seed, cake, hay & straw merchants, The Old Gaol corn

Walker Bros. grocers, 8 High street stores, 25 Bridge street, & millers, Abbey mills

·walters James, insurance agent, 29 Park road Yates John, Nelson inn, 52 East St. Helen street

· Ward William, beer retailer, 160 Ock streEt Young Emily (Miss), dress maker, 5 Radley road

ALDERMASTON is a plea.sant vil:age and pa.rish on 1888 by the Rev. Faulknor Russell Horwood M..A. of

- the Rants border, with station r! miles fr(}m the village, Brasenose Colle~e, Oxford. There are almshouses for

• <Oil the Hungerford and Devizes branch ()I{ the Great West- four widows, built in 1700, by the &v. Robert Dixon,

e-rn railway, 46 miles by rail and 49 by rood from formerly vicar here, and endowed about 1849 with £rso

"London, ro south-west from Reading, 9 south-east from left by H. D. Burr esq. ; the charities for church pur-

"'Newbury, in the Southern division of the county, bun- poses amount to £7 r7s. 6d. yearly. The parish Hall,

. dred of Theale, Reading petty sessional division, union built in r897 by C. E. Keyser esq. at a cost of about

of Bradfield, county court district of Newbury, xural £r,ooo, is used for various purposes. .About a mile from

deanery of Bradfie:d, archdooccmry of Berks and diocese the village, on the river Kennet and the Kennet and Avon

· of Oxford ; in the Domesday this place is given as canal, i;; Aldermaston wharf, where a oonsidera!ble business

''-Eldremanestone" and "He- dremane~;~~une." The is done in timber, coals and wood hoops; there is also an

chnrch O>f St. ~hry. anciently beloPg'ing t() the Bew•dic- extensive brewery and malting e~tab1ishment, the property

tir:e priory of SS. ~Iary and John tJhe. Baptist, at West of Messrs. Strange and Son. Near the villa~e is Alder-

. 3herborne, Rants, is an ancient structure of flint and maston Court, a modem mansion in the Tudor-Elizabethan

rubble stanrlin~ in the park of .Aldermaston Court,and con- style rebuilt by Philip Hardwick esq. architect, in r849,
sist.s of chancel, na.v·:>, south chape~ amd a western tower, after- the partial destruction by fire of the old house, re-

with spire, cont.aininq 6 bells ::md a clock; the ea.st win- 1 built by Sir Humphrey Forster bart. in 1636, and subse-
the cha.ncel is Ear~y English,
...dow of under one ari!h ; most of tthe coothnesirstwinigndoofwstharere~ ! quently the residence of the Congreves; since 1894 tbe
lancets house, which sh.nds on an eminence in a park of r,ooo

Decorated, and sevt>ral new stained windows have been J acres of finely Taried scenery, with groves of oak, haw-

added ; in the ;;outh chapel is a Transition Norman thorn and yew, has been considerably enlarged, and is now

·arrch a,nd a Decorated piscina; the t.ower is of the sam1 t.he seat of Charles Edward Keyser esq. M.A., F.S..A.,
-period, with a. Saxon doorw&.y built in a.t the west end; f.P. the lord of the manor and principal landowner. The

i·h& pulpit. is of tinely carved oak; in the chance-l is an soil is graveL The chief crops are wheat and barley. The
-altar-"tomb of ahba,ter, with -r~umbent effigies to Sit area is 3.691 acres of land and 51 of water; rateable

George Forster K.B. sheriff (}f Berks, who died '7th De- value, £3,800; the population in r8gx was 655.
-cember, r.~26, and his wife Eliza.be.th, daug-hter and Sexton, Henry Nash.

heiress of Sir Th()mas De la Mf:re kt. ; a1round the !'ides, Post, M. & T. 0., T. M. 0., Express Deliverv, Parcel
nnder canopies, are r I small male figures in armour
and 8 females in ang-ular head dresses; there are also Post, S. B. & bA-pnonsutmitv•as & r I n surance Offic e,:_ Ernest
. . Letters arr ive from
Henry Cox, su te
m1>numents to Ralf Oongreve e.sq. Richard Oongreve, the Reading at 6.35 a.m. & 12.25 p.m. ; dispatched at 1.20

dramatist, and othffi's, and a. .s-hield of th~ a.ncie-.nt family & 6.20 p.m.
of .Achard; in r896 the ohurch was thoroughly restored,
new roofed, and reseat~ at the sole expense of C. E. National School (mixed), built in 1837 for 135 children
Keyser e~. : there are 250 sittings, 125 beinQ" free. The
and enlarged in 1898 by C. E. Keyser esq.; -average at-
register dates from the year 1558. The living is an un-
tendance, 94 ; Thomas Selway Cambridge. master; Mis~
e-ndowed vicara.g-e, gross yearly income £3oo, net £2oo, ]dary ~onger, infants' teach81'"

in the gift of Charles E. Keyser esq. and held since Railway Station, George Jones, station master

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. Joplen Mrs tStran.ge William Draper, Bridg-e ho

(Marked thus t receive their letters Kev,;:er Charles Edward M.A., F. S..A., Whitcombe William SandfO>rd M.D

through BPenham, Reading.) J.P. Aldermaston court White Frank, Wasing lodge

Fcn·d Ma.tthew (leotters should be ad- Monge:t. Miss COMMERCIAL.

dressed, Mortimer West, Reading) tParsons Walter. The Laurels .A.lderma.ston Co-O>perative Industrial

Hoddin'Ott Mrs. Church farm Phillipps Col. Henry Provident Society Limited (Thomas

Horwood Rev. Fan:knor Russell :\I..A. P·hillips Richard Warrington Salway Cambridge, sec. & manager)

Vicarage tStrange John Thomas Bucknell Wm. farmer, Fosters farm

DIRECTORY.] BERKSHIRE. APPLEFORD. 25

tBalding Frank William, coal dealer & Gait Alexander, gardener to C. E. Potter George, gamekeeper to C. E.

rod merchant Keyser esq Keyser esq

Cambridge Thomas Salway, assistant Goddard J ames, carpenter '!'Strange William Jeffreys & Son,

overseer & school master & land Hawkins Francis, copse dealer brewers, maltsters & farmers

steward to C.E.Keyser esq.M.A.,J.P Jaoobs James, osier grower StricklandEdward,Hare & Hounds P .H

Cox Ernest Henry, saddler, Post office Keep Char:es, farm bailiff to C. E. Waiters Henry, tailor

Evans George, cattle dealer, Rose cot Keyser esq. Park farm Whit-combe William Sandford M.D.,

Ford George & Son, farmers, timber Keep Henry, boot & shoe maker L.S.A.. surgeon, medical officer k

merchants & steam corn millers Keep William, farmer (letters via public officer, 3rd district, Bradfield

(letters should be addressed, Pine Woolhampton) union & public vaecinator, 3rd dis-

Wood Saw mills, Mortimer West, :Millson Thomas, Butt inn trict, Kingsclere union

Reading) Popejoy Robert, Furze Bush inn Wright John, Hind's Head P.H

Ford Henry,bla~ksmith & wheelwright

ALDWORTH, in Domesday "Elleorde," is a village measuring nine yards round the trunk and supposed to be
~nd pacis1h I2 miles north-wesrt from Rooding, 3 west
from Goring statwn on the GToo,t We.stea"n railway, in older than the church; Richard Graveos, author of "The
t'he Southern division of the county, hundred of Compton,
petty sessional division of Dsley, union and county court Spiritual Quixote," was curate here c. 1744·48. The
district of Wantage, rural deanery of Wallingford, arch-
dooconry af Reading and diocese of Oxford. The church register dates from the year 1556. The living is a vicar-
of St. Maey is a building of flint and stone in mixed
styles, chiefly in Decorated, consisting of chancel, nave, age; net yearly value [242, including 44 acres of glebe,
south aisle, south potrch and a westea:n tower with saddle-
back rvof and containing 3 bells and a sanctus bell; the with residence, in the gift of St. John's College, Cam-
north and south windows and a piscina. in the chancel
belong to the Decorated period, while the lately removed bridge, and held since 1889 by the Rev. William Leighton
cha:ncel screen and some bench ends are af Late Per- Newham ~LA. formerly fellow of St. John's College, Cam-
rendicular work; this church is well-known as contain-
ing the famous tombs of the De la Beches, who were bridge. The Primitive Methodists have a chapel here.
resident in this parish in the 14th century; these con-
iiist of eight altar-tombs bearing nine recumbent effigies, Beche Castle, the residence of the De la Beches in the
two being ladies, and the rest, with one exception, of
knights in armour, six of the effigies lie under richly reigns of Edward I. Edward II. and Edward Ill. was
foLiated ugee arches attached to the north and south
walls; the figures, together with the slabs on which they situated a short distance south-east of the church;
repose, are each carved out of a single block of stone,
excepting that in the middle of the church, which is in originally a mansion, it was crenellated by Sir Nicholas de
three pieces; the large figure to the east, in the north
la Beche in 1338, under licence from Edward Ill. ; on its
wall, perhaps represents Sir Phi1ip de la Beche c. 1270-
site now stands a farm house occupied by Mr. Henry
1336, and iS! 7 feet 2 inches in lengt·h; the effigies on an
altar tomb under the centre arcade at the east end, pro- Aldridge ; numbers of encaustic tiles have been found
hably represent Sir Nicholas de la Beche, constable of the
•rower and tutor to the Black Prince, ob. 1345; and Mar- "*on the spot, '<lnd in 1871 111 silver seal was met
gery his wife, ob. 1349; the single figtue in the middle of with inscribed S' Isabelle de la Beche,'' and
the same arcade is assumed to represent Sir Robert
engraved with a trefoil cusped and roseated like the
~e la Beche, who died in the lifetime of his brother
south canopies in the church, within which are three
Edmund, i.e., before 1364; the effigies have, unfortu-
nately, received mueh wilful injury, and on one, which has shields of arms. Sir Nicholas was created u. baron by

hst both hands an.d feet, may be seen the dates 15 u, writ of summons 25th Febrooil'y, 1342, but dying without
I561, 1641 and 1706; they were ce.lebrated even in the
time o-f Queen Elizabeth, who herself came hither from iSLSue in I347 the titJ.e became extinct, and the estates

i<~welme to inspect them; the De la Beche family became here pa.ssed to his sisters, and subsequent.ly became the
-extinct in the direct male line, probably by the deabh
of Edmnnd de la Bee-he, archdeacon of Berks, in 1371; property of Sir Thomas Langford, who died in 1391, but
a good historical account of the family and effigies is
tound in Arch. Journ. xiv. 144: but any attempt to ;identify his descendants continued here till 1509; in tihe reign of
-th£>m can only be conjectural; the church has been partially
Eiizabeth the manor belonged to Sir John N orreys,
restored at intervals from 1s45 to 1s7s, under the direc-
afterwards to the Berties, and in 1756 "MIS sold by Wil-
tion of Mr. J. P. St. Aubyn, architect: there are zoo
loughby tBertit>), 3rd Earl of .A.bingdon, to Richard
»ittings: in the churchyard is a very ancient yew tree
Palmer esq. of Sonning. John Bligh Monck esq. of Coley

Park, is lord of the manor and chief landowner. The soil

is chalk and clay ; subsoil, chalk. The chief crops are

wheat, barley and roots. The area is 1,6go acres; rate-

able value, £r,Q93; the population in 1891 was 266.

Parish Uerk, Edward FIT3yzier.

Post Office. John Belcher, sub-postmaster. Letters from
· ·• & di t ed
Readmg vm Streatley 8·5 a. m. 5· 10 p.m.;
spa <:h
10.30 a.m. & 5·15 p.m. Streatley is the nearest money
order office & Compton, miles distant, the nearest
telegraph office 3

Nati(}nal School (mixed), f<mnded by the late Mr. M(}nck
M.P. for Reading, for roo children; a.vel'!age attendance,
6o; Miss Leah Gwellian Jones, mistress; Miss Bessie
Knowles, l\liss Hannah Reynolds & Miss .Annie Hunt,

assistant mistresses

Cam·ier to Reading.-Jeffen-ey, (}f Ha.mpstee.d Norris,on fri

NewhamRev.Wm.LeightoniM..A..(vica·r) HoHis Herbert,Four Points P.H. baker, Macquha.e Georgina (Mrs.), Bell inn

.Alexander Edward, farmer confectioner & grocer Oades Charles B. farmer, Dumworth

Armstrong Levi, blacksmith Johnson Joseph, wheelwright Rowles Wm. farmer, De la Becbe frm

Eelc'her John, grocer &c. Post office Lindsey Thomas, beer retailer & boot Waiters Harriet(Mrs.),farmer,Pibwrtb

l'"airthorne Edward Francis, farmer & shoe maker

APPLEFO:kD is a village and parochial chapelry of sioners: there are 1:10 sittings. The register dates from
Sutton Courtney, separated from Oxfordshire by the the year 1563. The- living is a chapelry annexed to the
.river Isis, which is crossed at this point by the Great vicarage of Sutton Courtney, joint net yearly 'Value
[290, with residence, in the gift of the Dean and Canons
West-ern railway, 3 miles from Culham station and 4 of Windsor, and held since 1856 by the Rev. John Howard
south-east, from Abingdon, in the Northern division of Rice M.A. of Exeter College, Oxford, who resides at
;the county, hundred of Ock, petty sessional division, Sutton Courtney. The Rev. Francis Foster Collin B..A.. of
union and county court district of .A.bingdon, rural University CDllege, Durham, has been the resident curate
deanery of .A.bingdon, archdeaconry of Berks and dwcese since 1898. There are charities of £9 yearly for distribution.
John Joseph Eyston esq. of ~ndred house, is lord of the
.m Oxford. The church of SS. Peter and Pa.ul, com- manor and principal landowner. The soil is green sand
and gravel; subsoil, chiefly gravel. The crops are wheat,
pletely resoored and enlarged in 1885-6, under th"' barley, oats and roots. The area is 835 acres of land and

.direction of W. Gillbert Scott esq. M.A. and Ewan Chris- 27 of water; rateable value, [3,616; the population in
'tian esq. architects, at a cost of [3,300, defrayed (with
'the exception of [300, given by the Ecclesiastical Com- 1891 was 301.
'lni8:;oioners) by Waiter Justice esq. of London, is now an
~difice of stone in the Early English style, consisting of Parish Clerk a.nd Sexton, Thomas Clifford.
~hancel, nave, south porch and a western tower with a
-quadrangular broach spire, 7& feet in height, relieved by Post Office. Job Viner, sub-postmaster. Letters through
t>pire lights and containing 6 bells, presented by W. .A.bingdon; deliveries commence at 7.30 a.m. & 4 p.m.
Justice esq.: the work included the almost entire re- for callers; sundays, 8 a.m.; dispatched at 3 40 &
building •·f the fabric and the refitting of the 6.5 p.m. ; sundays, 10.4,'i p.m. Postal orders are issued
here, but not paid; Sutton Courtenay, the nearest
interior: the font; was retained ; a. st.ained window money order & teleg-raph office, is 2 miles distant

wa~ at the same time placed at the east end Mr. Edmond Bradstock gave a messuage &; 38 acres of
;bnd a reredos erected : the chancel ·was restored

at the expense of the Ecclesiastical Commis-



26 APPLEFORD. BERKSHIRE. [KELLY'S

land in fee to found a Free school; the income is now Xational School (mixed), built in the 15th century and

applied in support of the National schools here & a.t enlarged in 1896, for 70 children; average attendance.

Sutton Courtney so; Mrs. Baldwin, mistress

Collin Rev.Francis FosterB.A. (curate) Tompkins Miss, :Barnards Paxman, Elijah, farmer

Pritchard Alfred Tom Bullock Samuel, Black Horse P.H. Pullen Edward, farmer, Manor farm

Ryder Capt.Herbt.Reginald,Chambrai baker, grocer & provision merchant Tame Char:es, farmer

Tompkins Rev. Frederick George :M:.A Davis Sarah (Mrs.), farmer Tame Waiter, farmer & road surveyor

Tompkir1s Edmund, Ba.rnacr-ds Newport William,Carpenters' ArmsP.B Viner Sarah (Miss), shopkeeper

APPLE TON is a parish bounded on the west by the of the Creation: he died in April, 1707. The Manor
Isis, which separates it from Oxfordshire, about 4~ miles House, supposed to have been built in the reign of

north-west from .A.bingdon and 6 south-west from Ox- Henry II., is the most ancient in the county, and retains a

ford, in the Northern division of the county, hundred of doorway in the Norman ·style; it was formerly sur-

Ock, petty sessional division, union and county rounded by a moat, part of which has been filled

court district of .A.bingdon, rural deanery of Abing- up. The manor of .A.pplekm was successively in

don, archdeaconry of Berks and diocese of Ox- the possession of the families of Fitz Warine, Cas-

ford. The church of St. Lawrence is a plain struc- ton, Petyt and Fettiplace: it was purchased of the

ture of stone, in the Early English style, consisting of Hanleys by an ancestor of Robert Southby esq; the prin-

chancel, nave, south porch, square embattled western cipal landowners are t.he trustees of the late Mrs. Weav-

tower and !11 fine peal of ro bells and a clock striking the ing, Mr. Joseph Cowderoy Richards and St. John's

hours: it contains several memorials to the families of College, Oxford. The soil is loam and clay. The chief

the present and former lords of the manor, including crops are wheat, barley, beans, oats and roots. The

one to Sir John Fettiplace, who was knighted by Queen area, including the township of Eaton, is 2,059 acres of

Elizabeth at Woodstock, in I575• during one of her "pro- land and 18 of water; rateable value, [1,927; the popu-

gresses," and died in 1593; there is also a brass, with ema- lation in r891 was 532.

ciated effigy in a shroud,to John 1\:Iidrington,gent. 1518, and Eaton township is 1 mile north.

his wife Dorothe, who after his death, "toke relygyon in Parish Clerk & Sexton, George Holifield.

ye monastary of Syon : " the church v:-as partly rest oTrhed~ Post & M. 0. 0., S. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office.-
in r883 at a cost of £ 6]6: there are 250 sittin gs.

register dates from the year IS6g. The living is a rec- Tom Stallard, sub-postmaster. Letters arrive from

tory, net yearly -value £3oo, with residence and 26 acres Abingdon at 8.2o a.m.; dispatched at 5-30 p.m. ; sun-

of glebe, in the gift of the President and Fellows of days 10.30 a.m. The nearest telegraph office is ai
Magdalen College, Oxford, and held since 1878 by the ~Iarcham, 4 miles distant

Rev. William Moore M.A. and formerly fellow of that Wall Letter Box, Eaton, cleared at 5 p.m. ; sunday, 10.5

college. Here is a small Wesleyan chapel. There are a.m.
charities connected with the parish, producing about £go Free School for 7 boys, endowed in I504 by Sir R. Fetty-

Ea dymeaurmfol rDcihck•nincshonanMd .pDo.orofanMde3rtoacnreCsoflloergpe,roOvxidfoinrdg, fuel. place & others, with [25 yearly: the school will hold
and
120 children; average attendance, 86; 'Villiam Ohad-

some time physician to King Charles II. was born at bury, ma.ster

Appleton in 1624, and m 1655 published a work entitled, Carriers.

"Delphi Phrenicizantes," illustrating the connection be- Abingdon-Tom Stallard, mon. & fri
tween tha heathen mythologies and scripture history, Oxford-~Irs. Jan~ Lambourn, wed. & sat.; Tom Stallard.

and in 1702 another work relating to the Mosaic narrative 1 wed. & sat.; John Carter, wed. & sat

APPLETON. Gegg John Peasley,farmer & landownr' Tubb Henry, Plough P.H

Moore Rev. Wil:iam M. A. Rectory Holifield Geo. plumbr.g:azier & painter Webb David, timber m~r. & farme:r

COMMERCIAL. Jones Edward, farmer & assistant ·white- Frederick & Sons, turret clock

Baker William, farmer, Pound farm overseer for Appleton & Tubney & makers, brassfounders & engineers

Bennett Alfred, builder & wheelwright collector of income tax White George, blacksmith .

Brown Ralph, Thatched tavern Lambourn Jane (Mrs.), carrier Woodward William, landscape gardnr

Carter John, carrier Lay George, Three Hon;e Shoes P .H ·E.A.TO~.
Clanfie.Id George, farmer Richards Joseph Cowderoy, farmer &

Clanfield Robert, farmer landowner Cornish Alfred, farmer

Dymock Edward, market gardener StaEard Tom, shopkeeper & carrier, Cornish Se:by, farmer

Eynstone Charles, baker & grocer Post office JWebb John, beer retailer

AR:BORFIELD is a village and parish on the river Grange, the residence of Stuart H. Rickman, Captain R.N.

Loddon, 4 miles south-east from Reading and 3 west is a pleasant house, standing in grounds of limited extent.
from Wokingham, ii!l the Eastern division of the county, containing a shrubbery and a miniature lake. 'fh~ prin-
in the hundred of Sonning, petty sessional division and cipal landowners are Mrs. Harg-reaves, .A.rthur Fraser
union of Wokingham, county court district of Reading, Waiter e~q. of Bearwood and John and ·william Simonds
rural deanery of Sonning, archdeaconry of Berks and esqrs. 'fhe soil is clay and gravel; subsoil, London clay.
The chief crops are wheat. and barley. 'fhe area is r,456
diocese of Oxford. The church of St. Bartholomew is a acres of land and 13 of water; rateable >alue, £1,908;
building of flint and stone in the Early English style, the p<:~pulation in 1891 was 248.
erected in 1863 at a cost of upwards of [4,ooo, to which
the late Sir William Brown hart. of Liverpool, was the ~E\YLA:XD is a liberty one mile east. The area is r,I7l
principal contributor; it consists of chancel, nave and
acres of land and r6 of water; rateable value £ ; th&
north porch, western tower and spire containing 6 bells,
5 of whieh are from the old church : the chancel windows population ~n 1891 was 277.
are stained: there are two memorial windows to members
Sexton, William Cox ·

of the Towgood familv: the church affords 220 sittings. Post, ~1. & T. 0., T. M. 0., Express Delivery, Parcel

The old church of St. Bartholomew, built in 12_<:;6 of Post, S. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office. Mrs. Har-

chalk and fiint, stands in the grounds of Arborfield Hall; riet Mattingley, sub-postmistress. Letters arrive from
it is now in ruins, the roof, considered unsafe, having Reading at 8.20 u.m. & 2.20 p.m. ; dispatched ai

been taken down in r863: the piscina, sedilia and credence 12.30 & 5.40 p.m. ; sundays, arrive at 9 5 a.m.; dill-
table, as well as some mural paintings, brasses and
monume·nts, remain; the aisles contain tombs and tab- patched 11.20 n.m
lets to members of the Standen and Conroy families. Wall Box, .A.rborfield Grange, cleared 12.40 k 5.30 p.m. ~

sundays, 11.35 a.~

The register dates from the year 1538. The living is a Xational School (mixed & infants), for the parishes ot
re-ctory, net yearly value [210, with 2 acres of trlebe and
Arborfield & Barkham, ;bbouMyilsrts&.inEg1lii8rz7las3b,e&ftoh3r.6W1i5ne0bfascnthetirsl,;dmrMeinsr;-.
residence, in the gift of Mrs. Harg-reaves, and held since Havaerrrayge\Vaetbtesntedra, nmcea,st9e3r

1898 by the Rev. Joshua Alex<tnder Anderson M..A.. of tress (sewing); Mrs. J. Albright, infants' mistress
Pembroke College and Ridlev Hall. CambridQ"e. The old
manor house is described in Miss Mitford's "Our Village" A portion of the names given under .A.rborfield are iri th&
as" the old house at Aberleig-h." .A.rborfield Hall, the seat

of Mrs. S. Hargreaves, is pleasantly situated on the banks ecclesiastical district of St. Catherine's, Bearwood, bu'

of t.he ri-ver Lodden, with grounds and park. Arborfield placed here for postal purposes

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. · Rickman Captain Stuart H.., R.~. Gould John, farmer, Carter's hill

Arborfield· grange Hart Henry Herbert, grocer ·

Anderson Rev. Joshua Alexmder M.A. Simonds John, Newland Jeacocke Ca.leb Edward, farm bailiff
to Johi1 Simonds esq
Rectory COMMERCIAL.
Kelly Thomas, Bramshill Hunt P.R
Hargreaves Mrs. S. Arborfield hall Garrett George, builder

DIRECTORY.] BERISHIRE. .ASCOT. 27

Kennard George, Mole P.H. Newland Middleton Luke, farm bailiff to Wm. Ta~-· Jr .Alfre,l, insurance agent

Lednor Henry William,market gardnr. Simonds esq. White Hall farm Taylor Arthur Charles,tailor, Newland

The Pheasantries Nash Henry, farmer, Bartlett's farm Trowbridge Elias, insurance agent

Lewis Elizh.(Mrs.),frmr.White's farm Pither Elizabeth (Mrs.), Swan P.H. Vincent Wm. wheelwright, Newland

Lucas George D. farmer Ar'borfield cross Wells John Michael, farmer, New farm

Mattingley Henry, b~a{!ksmith, Post Radborn Ann (~iss), Bull P.H Wells Richard Mallam,farmer,Cross la

office, New:and

ARDINGTON is a village and parish about 3~ mile!! P.C., G.C.B., J.P.; it is a rectangular mansion of brick,
south-east from the Wantage Road station on the Great with stone dressings, in the Italian style, three storeys in
Western railway and 3 east from Wantage, in height, the principal front being relieved by a slightly pro-
the Northern division of the county, hundred, jeding pedimented centre, with a porch, support-ed on
petty sessional division, union and county court four columns. Mr. Vernon, though of humble birth,
district of Wantage, rural deanery of Wantage, arch- raised himself by his diligence and skill during a long
deaconry of Berks and diocese of Oxford. The parish is commercial career, into very affluent circumstances. He
traversed by the Berks and Wilts canal, which is crossed devoted his ample means to the acquisition of the besi
by the railway. The church of the Holy Trinity is a examples of the works of English artists, and by the ex-
building of stone, chiefly in the Early English style, penditure of about £r5o,ooo, formed a magnificent col'
with portions of Norman and Decorated work, and con- lection. These pictures, 157 in number, he made over
sists of chancel, nave of four bays, south aisle, north by deed of gift, dated Dec. 22, 1847, to the trustees of
porch, and a low tower on the south side, with an octa- the National Gallery, and they now form a principal
gonal broach spire and containing 6 bells. The in- portion of the national collection of works by British
terior is enriched with some fine carved work in wood artists. Lord Wantage is lord of the manor aud sole
and stone, besides several stained windows and a monu- landownPr. The soil is chalk and loam; subsoil, green
ment with bust to Mr. Vernon, who died in London, May sand and chalk, and is of great fertility. The crops are the
22, 1849, and is buried in the church: the church was usual cereals and roots. The parish comprises 2,679
restored and enlarged in 1887' at a cost of £3,500, defrayed acres of land and 14 of water; rateable value, £4·445; the
by Lord Wantage and by the present vicar and his wife, population in 1881 was 387 and in 1891, was 496 in the
who decorated the chancel and presented the carved font civil and 432 in the ecclesiastical parish.
cover : there are 250 sittings. The register dates from
the year 1674· The living is a vicarage, net yearly value By Local Government Board Order 20,688, dated )larch
£r8s, with residence and glebe, in the gift of Lord
Wantage, and held since 1884 by the Rev. Henry Eden 24, 1887, the hamlet of ·west Ginge wa:s transferred from
Trotter M.A. and hon. canon of O:trist Church, Oxford.
The Vernon charity, bequeathed in 1848, consists of East Lockinga to Ardington.
£r,666 £2i per. cent. Consols, the interest to be distri-
buted. The Croft, opposite the Church, is occupied by Parish Clerk and Sexton, Richard Arding.
gentlemen st·.1dying agricult.ure and estate management,
under Colonel Colebrooke Carter. Ardington House, Post, M. & T. 0., T. ~:L 0., Express Delivery, Parcel
formerly the property and re:;:idence of Robert Vernon Post, S. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office.-Mrs. George
esq. F.S.A. the munificent founder of the National
Gallery, now the property of Lord Wantage, is the resi- Taylor, sub-postmistress. Letters through ·wantage
dence of the Right Hon. Sir Henry George Elliot, arrive at 7.50 a.m. & 3.10 p.m.; dispatched at 10 a.m.
& 6.45 p.m. week days & 10.45 a.m. on sundays

Church School (mixed), founded in 1872, for 18o chil-
dren. The present schools were erected at the cost
of Lord 'Vantage; average attendance, go; Geo. Hicks.
master; ~liss Rachel Ballard, assistant mistress

Carter Colonel James ColebrookeV.D., COMMERCIAL. Hicks George, organist

J.P. Orpwood ..hding\:(ln Stores (William Edward Reeves Henry, estate clerk

Elliot Right Hon. Sir Henry George Shillaker, manager) Robey John, farm bailiff to Lord

P.C., G.C.B., J.P. Ardington house Gough James Valentine, Boar's Head ·wantage, Home fa.rm

Trotter Rev. Canon Henry Eden M.A. P.H.; good accommodation for Wallace Richard, clerk of works to

The Vicarage cycli>.ts Lord 'Y~ntage

ASCOT is an ecclesiastical parish formed 1\larch, 1864, I honoured by the presence of T.R.H. the Prince and

out of the civil parishes of Sunninghill and Winkfield, and Princess of 'Vales and other members of the Royal
includes .A.scot Side, in the Eastern division of the county, Family, who attend in semi-state; the grand stand,

hundreds of Ripplesmere, petty sessional division, union erected by subscription, is a building of great size, with

and county court district of Windsor, rural deanery of front and back porticoes, an elegant staircase, and ex-
Maidenhead, archdeaconry of Berks and diocese of Ox- tensive drawing and refreshment rooms and offices, and
ford; it contains several fashionable villa residences and a subway has recently been constructed connecting the

two good hotels, and is noted for the races which are held I grand stand with the enclosure ; the ground for the

here; the South-Western branch railway to Reading has racss was approprialted for the, purpose by Act of

a station near the grand stand, 28 miles from London and Parliament. The Royal Ascot Golf Oub links are-

7 south-west from Windsor. 'fhe church of All Saints, I picturesquely situated in the centre of the racecourse.

erected in 1864, is an edifice of brick in the Early English and consists of an 18 hole course 3! miles round, bounded
style, consisting of chancel, nave and a turret containing by naturally formed hazards and bunkers. There is a
one bell: the interior is elaborately and beaut~fully commodious club house, with dressing rooms &c. 'fhe
decorated, and there are several stained windows; the extensive nursery grounds called "'fhe Royal Nursery,'~
church afford;; 300 sittinp;s, 150 being free. The register belonging to Messr;;:.. John Standish and Co. and the
dates from the year 1&65. The living is a rectory, kennels of Her Majesty's buckhounds are both situate<!
net yearly value £232, with ~~ acres of glebe and resi· here. Her :Majesty the Queen and Percy Edward Crutch-
deuce, in the gift of the Bishop of O'Xford, and held since ley esq. J.P. of Sunninghill Park, are the principal land-
1864 by the Rev. Beauchamp Warren Kerr-Pearse M ..A.. owners. The population in 1891 was 2,411.

of Univer_sity College, Oxford.. The Baptist chapel at Deput Parish Clerk, Harold Lines.
Ascot S1de was erected m 1875· The London Y

and .Ascot Convalescent Hospital for Omvalescents Post, M. & T. 0., T. M. 0., Express Delivery, Parcel

and Incurab:es, under the patronage of H.R.H. Post, S. B. & Annuity &; Insurance O:ffice.-William N.

the Princess of Wales, is an extensive building situated Streater, postmaster. Letters arrive from London.

between Winkfield Row and Ascot Heath, built in 185o, 1 Exeter & Reading at 6.30 a.m. from Lond~n & Staines
at a cost, including site, of £1o,ooo, by the Sisters of at 9 a.m. & from "\Yindsor at 5 p.m.; dispatched to.

the Devonport Society, and is supported in part by sub- J London at 9 a.m_ & 10.25 a.m. to ""Windsor at 12 a.m.

scriptions and by payments for patients, who are received to Reading, Cheshire &; Ireland at 2.45 p.m. to London

without any reference to their creed, though a <'haplain, & Staines at 3·45 p.m. to Reading at 7· 15 & 9 p.m.

licensed by the Bishop of Ox~ord, is in attendance; the London & Exeter at 7· 15 p.m. & London 7·30 p.m

hospital will at present hold about. 44 patients. The Post, M. & 'f. 0., T. M. 0., Express Delivery, Parcel

Durning Free Library, erected and endowed by Miss Post, S. B. & Annuity & Insurance, Brookside.-William

Darning-Smith, comprises about 4,ooo volumes, and is James Bishop, sub-postmaster. Letters received through

also supplied with the daily and weekly periodicals; it Ascot arrive 7-30 & 10.30 a.m. & 6 p.m.; sundays, 7-30

is open to the public from Io a.m. to 10 p.m. daily. a.m.; dispatched, 7.30 &: 11.15 a.m. & 6.25 p.m.; sun-

Ascot Heath House, the property and residence of the Earl day, 7.30 p.m

of Coventry P.C. restDred in 1891, is a modern mansion National School, Ascot Side, erected in 1849, for 300

of brick situated in a fir wood. AsC<It Wood House is children; a-verage attendance, 109 boys, 92 girls k 69

Inow occupied by Mrs. Lid dell: there are alS(J many other infants ; William Millard, mast.er ; Miss Lilian London~

.mansions in the parish. .Ascot racecourse is situated in mistres-s ; ~liss Fanny BE>ard, infants' mistress
the par~sh; the races take place in June, and are usually Railway Station, Thomas E'vans, station master

:28 ASCOT. BERKSHIRE. (KELLY'S

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. Shackle Chas.Gordon M.A.St.George's Gear Alfred Joseph L.D.S.R.C.S.Irel.

Skidmore J oseph Spencer, Bank house dental surgeon, Glebelands

Aide Hamilton, Ascot Wood cottage Sladen Lady, New Mile cottage Hibbert Amelia (Mrs.), upholsterer,

Ashby Mrs. Englemere Wood cottage Stanmore. Lord, G.C.M.G., D.C.L., Ascot Heath

.Ayscou~h Hugh Hipsley, Norton lodge D.L., J.P.Red house; & Athenreum Higgins C'har~es, confectioner, High st

llannatine Mrs. New Mile chase club, London S W Humphreys Hy. Jn. grocer, High st

Barks Josiah, Ascob lodge Sulivan Admiral George Lydiard, Keen Lewis, apartments, Somerset ho

Bayley Lady, The Wilderness Mylor house Kearsey George, Railway hotel

!llair Edward, St. George'So Thacker Miss, Queen's Hill lodge Kerley Samuel, shopkeeper, Ascot Hth

'Brown Miss, Carbery lodge Tarry Rev. Henry John Claude M.A. Lines J ames, carpenter, Ascot Heath

Bruce Sir William Cunningham hart. Sherlocks, Ascot London & Ascot Convalescent Hospital

D.L., J.P. Vyera Warburton Hugh Dutton (Alexander Gairdner Lacy L.R.C.P.

Cathcart The Hon. Emily S. Ascot ho Westbv Mrs. Rosewood Lond. medical officer)

•Cecil Lord William M.V.O.,J.P.Engle- Yates :Mrs. Beaudesert, Ascot Longhurst Alice & Beatrice (Misses),

mere hill dress makers, High street

Chetwynd The Honb!e. Mrs. Cissbury COMMERCIAL. Longhurst Frederick, cycle repairer

:Clement Major Reyn.old A.Kenilworth A..shby Thom-as & Co. bankers (Joseph Longhurst Gilbert, builder

Coles Lemuel, Pinewood cottage Spencer Skidmore, mana.ger); Lon- Longhurst Joseph George,tobacconist,

Collier Col. Ascot Wood cottage. don ageats, Williams Deacon & news agent, athletic outfitter, fancy

Courage Charles MichPll, Woodcote Manchester & Salford Bank Lim. goods importer, servants' registry

Coventry Earl of P.C. Ascot Heath Lond-on E C office ,&; professional golfer to the

house; & I Balfour place, Park lane .Ascot Working Men's Club (Rev. J. Royal Ascot Golf Club, High street

\V & White's & Carlton clubs SW Frampton, sec.), Ascot Side Mason William Bertie, estate agent,

& Turf club W, London Baker Thomas, butcher, Hi.gh street- High street

Coxon George S. Beechcroft Bannister Samuel, stone, marble & May Arth. Royal Hunt P.H.Ascot Hth

'Deane-Shute Mrs. Borderland cottage monumental mason, High street Minchin Bros. corn, coal, hay,

Duff Maj. Gen. Rbt. Wm. R.E.Firbnk Barnes Frederick William, china & straw, seed & oil cake merchants,

l)urning-Lawrence Sir Edwin hart. fancy repository, 5 High street forage contractors & brick & tile

l\LP., J.P., LL.B., B.A. King's ride Barton Fredk.Arthur,Royal Hunt P.H. manufacturers, The Farm; & at

& 13 Carlton House terrace SW & Ascot Heath Binfie:d, Bracknell & Wokingham

Athemeum, Reform & Devonshire Beardwell Oharles, ironmonger,High st Moutague Thomas, Royal Foresters

clubs S W; Burlington club W & Biggs OwPn, bnker, Ascot Heath P.H. Ascot Heath

City Liberal club E C, London Bishop '\Yilliam James, grocer, Post Mossman John, greengrocer, High st

.:Eden Mrs. Woodstock office, Brookside Pnterson Alex. Gordon l\I A., M.D.,

Eden Henley, Woodstock Blair & Shackle, St. George's school C.M. surgeon, High street

Eden Lady, Milcote (preparatory) Pithe-r John C. grocer, draper & iron-

-:Ellis Miss, Osborne lodge Briginshaw Alphus Chas. fly proprs monger

Fera-rd Chas.Agace M.A. ,J.P.Manor fm Bristor l\Ia.ry Olive (Mrs.), laundry, Pymm John, farm bailiff to Colonel

Forbes Miss, Quee-n's Hill lodge Brookside Charles Eden

Furlonger Mrs. Tanglewood Brown Elizabeth (Mrs.), Queen's Stag Royal Ascot Golf Club (Henley Olarke,

·Gear Alfred J. Glebelands Hounds P.H. & shopkpr. Ascot Hth sec.; Joseph George Longhurst,

'(Hen AlPxander, Fernvlea Browning George, Royal Ascot hotel professional instructor)

Haig Chas. Edwin J.'P. OrC'hardwood Bullock Alfred, apartments, Mead- Royal Ascot Hotel (George Browning,

•Hanbury Capt.Gurne.y,Holmwood Idg burst, High street proprietor)

Harris Miss Mohun, Kenegie Bullock George E. baker, High street Rudd Edward Smith, Ascot Heath

·llawke Frances Lady, Sandridge 'Vood Bush Robt. & Son,fishmongers,High st St. Ge.orge's Gymnasium Club Co.
Bush Victor, apartments, High street 1 Limited (Wilhelm Striebe, sec)
house

Hudd:eston Lady Dia.na, The Gra,nge Butcher George .Albt. printer, High st St. George's School (preparatory)

Kerr-Pearse Rev. Bea.uchamp Warren Galey Hy.saddler&harness mkr.High st (Edward Blair & Charles Gordon

~LA. Redorv• Chancellor & Sons, auctioneers, sur- rShackle M.A)

JJiddeil Lady Eleanor, Ascot Heath lo veyors & valuers; & at Sunningdale Sand'Witlh & Clayton, chemists,High st

Liddell Mrs. Ascot Wood house Railway station Smart Elizabeth (Miss), teacher of

Lucas Sir Thomas hart. D.L., J.P. Charman Henrv, builder & contractor music
Clarke Elizabet'h (Mrs.), beer retailer, Standish John k Co. nurserymen,
Heatherwoorl

·1\Iacintyre Miss, Woodlands Ascot Heath florists, Royal Ascot nursery; & 52

!\Ia,gniac Arthur, The. Hermitage Colebrooke & Co. Limited, butchers & St. George's place, Knightsbridge,

""Iansfie:d John Smith J.P. Hurstcroft fishmonger~, High street London SW

-l\Iiller Sir William J<~rederic bart, Bur- Cowie J ames S. upholsterer Streater Edith Rose (Mrs.), draper, 2

Ieigh lodge Cusden Harry,boot maker,Ascot He:=~th & 3 High street

()Jclham Jamt~s Montague, Ormidale Dove Henry, Gold Cup P.H.Ascot Hth Taylor Charles, ~rocer, New road

J>atenon A.Gc>rdon M.A.,M.D.South lo Drake & Mount Limited, forage Talb()t William, boot & shoe maker

-raterson Miss, Heatherdown contractors, corn, hay, straw, coal Trust Thomas & S()n, builders, Rail·

J>atton Fredk. Jog.eph J.P. The Links & building goods merchants; & at way station & South Ascot & agent

-Phillips Mrs. Burleigh wood Bracknell, Sunning-dale, Sunninghill, for the North British & Mercantile

l'ickering Mrs. Eliba.nk, South .Ascot Wokingham, Camberley, & Virginia Insurance Co

'}{yan Sir Charles Lister K.C.B., J.P. Water Turne-r James, Horse & Groom P.H

Bur~-ey buslhes Durnin!!' Library (.1ugustus O'Byrne, Walden Samuel, watch maker,High st

'Salting William Severin, Heatbend librarian Watson Wil~iam, buHder & contractor

-scully Francis Edward, Lyncroft Francis William, decorator, High st Whee:er George, coach maker

:Seelig Louis, Hillsborough Franklin Thomas. beer reta-iler Yeo Charles, boot maker

SOUTH ASCOT is an ecclesiastical parish, formed by there are sittings for 4::0 persons. The services are con-

'Order in Council, Feb-. 3rd, I 8()8, out of the parishes of ducted by the Friars of the adjoining Franciscan Monas-

_\scot and Sunninghill, the greater part lying south of the tery. The Royal Victoria Cottage Nursing Home, erected

Lond<Jn and South Western Railway, in the Eastern divi- in I8g8, at a cost of £2,338, is a structure of red brick

·sion of the county, petty sessional division, union and with stone dressings, containing" 9 beds for patients and

-county oourt district of Windsor, rural deanery of Maiden- 8 for cottage nurses. Tower Hill, a modern edifice of red

\tead, archdeaconry of Berks and diocese of Oxf<Jrd. A brick with stone dressings, on the road from Ascot to

large estate is now (1899) being laid out for building pur- Bag-shot, was destroyed by fire Oct. 24, 1·890, but has

'Jloses, and several good houses are in cour.se of erection. since been rebuilt with additions, and is the residence of

'1.'he South Western branch line to Reading passes through the Hon. Edward Grenville Gore-Langton.

"the parish, and has a station which serves both Ascot and Parish Qerk, Alfred Hutchinson.

·south Ascot-. The church of All Souls, erected in I8g6- Post, M. & T. 0., T. M. 0., Express Delivery, Parcel

7• from designs by the late J. L. Pearson esq. R.A. is an Post, S. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office.-Ernest

"t'difice of red brick with Bath stone dressings, consisting Edward Lovegrove, sub-postmaster. Letters through

.of chancel and nave and a south chapel. The reg-ister Ascot dispatched at 8.ro & II.IO a.m. & 2.20 & 6.30

dates from the year I'897· The living is a consolidated p.m. ; sundays, 8. IO a.m
-chap-etry, yearly value £4'5• net £zo, in the gift of the
Rchools.

'llishop of Oxford, and held since 1897 by the Rev. Vernon Infants', for 6o children; average attendance, 45; Miss

~taley. The Catholic church of St. Francis, erected in Hill, mis;tress
7884, is an edifice of red brick and stone, in the Gothic Catholic (mixed), built in 1893, for 110 children; aver-
iiityle, eomisting of chancel, nave, aisles and presbytery; age attendan'!e, 75 ; Mrs. Crawley, mistress

DIRECTORY.) BERKSHIRE. .ASBBt'RY. 29

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. Pickering Mrs. Elibank Convent (Mrs. Mary Edwards, supe-

Betterton Mrs. Ravensbury Ponsonby Hon. Lady, Gilmuire rioress)

Chancellor A. Algernon Staley Rev. Vernon (vicar), The Nest Dean George, chimney sweep

Clarke Mrs. Loretto Stepney Lady, Woodend Lovegrove Ernest Edward, baker &;

Earle Major Henry, Wharton cot Stonor Charles Joseph J.P. Llanvair Post office

Ellison ~Irs. Guardwell Stonor Edmund Chas. Joseph,Swinley Royal Victoria Cottage Nursing Borne-

Forest Rev. John (superior Franciscan Birches (Col. Chichester, hon. sec.; Miss

I<'riary) Stracey Major J. B. Rayscourt Mary McDonall, matron)

Godley Mrs. Pinehurst Troubridge Capt. Sir Thomas Herbert Stanner Ellen (Mrs.), laundress

Gore-Langton Hon. Edward Grenville, Cochrane hart. Grey Friars Tucker Edward, beer retailer

Tower hill Trust Thomas, West End villa Turner Frederick Joseph Augustus,.

Hutchiso:1 Miss, Ravenspoint COMMERCIAL. grocer & carpenter

McGref4or David, The Highlands Biddiscombe Isaac, shopkeeper .& coal Wake "\Villiam, shopkeeper

:!\fyers Horaee, The Highlands dealer (For the other residents in this parisQ.

Nisbet Mi~s, Heathcote Briggs George Frederick, grocer see Ascot.)

ASHAMP STEAD is a village and parish II miles d.ist chapels. Hopkins' charity of £12 yearly is for distri-
Wf:st from Reading, 10 south from Walling~ord, 5 south- bution. Robert John Hopkins esq. of Tidmarsh, is lord o£
west from Pangbournu station on the Great ~Western the manor and chief landowner. The soil is clay ami
railway, in the Southern division of the county, Moreton chalk; subsoil, chiefly chalk. The crops are wheat, bar-
hundred, Bradfield union, Reading petty sessional divi- ley, oats and roots. The area is 2,082 acres; rateab!l'l"
sion and county court district, rural deanery of Bradfield, value, £1,300; the population in 1891 was 328.
archdeaconry of Berks and diocese of Oxford. The church Post O:ffice.-Mrs. Mary Melior. Letters arrive from
of St. Clement is a plain structure in the Early Norman
style, consisting of chancel, nave, south porch and a Reading at 8.15 a.m. & dispatched at 5 p.m.; sundays,
western tower of wood containing 1 bell: it was arrive at 8.15 a.m. & dspatched at 10 a.m. Posta\
orders are issued here, but not paid. The nearest
thoroughly repaired in 1849, and has 16o sittings. The money order & telegraph office is at Yattendon, 2 miles

register dates from the year 1612. The living is a distant
vicarage, net yearly value £6o, with 23 acres of glebe, in Kational School (mixed), built for Bo children; average-
the alternate gift of the vicar of lJasildon and the trustees
attendance, 45; Miss Rina L. Smith, mistress
of the late Rev. Charles Simeon, and held .since 1885 by
Rev. Vyvyan R'enrv Moyle, of Pembroke College, Oxford, Carriers.
who is non-resident: the Rev. Charles Abraham Comfort Newbury-Thomas Jefferey. tues. &i thurs.; George-
:M.A. of Exeter College, Oxford, has been curtl>te in charge
Fnlker, thurs.; Charles Ilsley, thurs
since 1899. There are small Baptist and Primitive Metho- Reading-George Fulker, sat. ; Charles Ilsley, wed. &

sat.; Thomas Jefferey, sat

Harry Capt. Robert Mercer, Pyt house Alexander Henry L. farmer McQuae George Woodland, assisbnt

Oomfort Rev. Charles A., M.A Butler John, carpenter k undertaker overseer

Leighton Mrs Dewe William Henry, farmer Nullis George, shoe maker

Light Mrs Hart Robert, Prndential l'.nsurance Simmons Stanley, farmer, Child's

Norton Surg.-Lieut -Col. Commandant agent, Rose cottage Court farm

ArthurTrehernC.B.,V.D.,F.R.C.S.Eng Harding Emma (Mrs.), New inn Smith Henry, blacksmith

Smith l\'ljss Knowles Edward, farm bailiff to Geo. Stevens Arthur Charles, baker & pro-

COMMERCIAL. Herbert Morrell esq vision dealer

.Albury Arthur, shopkeeper,Quick's gn Street Thos. wood & coal dlr. & farmer-

ASHBURY is a parish, 3 miles south-by-east from 1892 by the Rev. Charles John Francis Yule M..A. fellow of
Shrivenham station on the Great Western railway, B! that college. The ancient name of the benefice was .Ash-
miles south from Faringdon and 21 from N ewbury, in bury St. Mary-cum-Chapelwick, and there was formerly 31
the Northern division of the county, hundred of Shriven- chapel, of which nothing now remains, at the nortberno
ham, petty sessional division, union and county court boundary of the parish. There is a small Primitive Metho-
district of Faringdon, rural deanery of the Vale of White dist chapel in the village and a Baptist chapel at King-

Horse, archdeaconry of Berks and diocese of Oxford; it stone. The charities amount to about £10 yearly, two-

is the extreme parish on the north-west of the county thirds of which go to the school and the remainder for-

near Wiltshire, with the hamlet of Kingstone Winslow coal. It is, perhaps, worthy of remark that the Re\'.

and the tithings of Odstone and Idstone annexed. The Thomas Stock, a former curate of this parish, originated

church of St. Mary is an ancient cruciform structure in in 1777 the Sunday school system of instruction, he hav-

the Early English and Decorated styles, consisting of ing commenced it by collecting together the children of

chancel, nave of two bays, aisles, transepts, a north the poor in the chancel of this church; in 1778 he went

porch and a massive embattled western tower, with pin- from Ashbury to Gloucester, where he became acquainted'

nacles, containing 6 bells : the Norman doorway in the with Mr. Raikes, whose benevolent efforts in promoting·

south aisle, re-opened in 1873, is a fine example of the and establishiing Sunday schools are well known. In the-

style, with the usual zigzag mouldings: the chancel, parish, adjoining .A.shdown Park, is a valley con-

is principally Early English, and retains a piscina; the taining a large number of huge monoliths, called

aisles and north porch are Perpendicular ; the latter "Sarsden stones," probably the indurated remains

has a good groined and traceried roof, over which of a tertiary formation formerly overlying the chalk.

is a parvise: a few of the windows have also The remarkable cromlech called "Wayland Smith's-

Decorated tracery : in the south transept is a tre- Cave," now marked by a clump of trees or cir-
foiled piscina and a large cinque-foiled arch, now cular plantation, and .situated about a mile eastward ot

enclosing an ancient stone coffin, previously lying in the the village, has been more particularly noticed under

churchyard ; between the wall of this transept and the Wantage. The great battle of ..Escesdune, or Ashdown,.

arch of the south aisle is a remarkable hagioscope filled between the Saxons, under King Ethelred and his
with open tracery : the north aisle retains a singular open brother Alfred, and the Danes, in 871, in which the latter-
fireplace of some antiquity : in the chancel are brasses were totally defeated, was believed by most of the old'
with effigies to William Skelton LL.B. prepositus of writers to have taken pl'lce near this village at the-
Wells Cathedral, formerly Tector of this parish and of western extremity of the Ridgeway, but the best moderl'l'
St. Vedast's, Foster lane, London, ob. March 27, 1448; antiquaries concur in fixing the site of the engagemt·Dt
another to John de Walden esq. with demi-effigy, c. 1360, on the hills to the south of .Aston Upthorpe, or betweeu
and a third to Thomas de Bushbury, canon of Hertford that point and Cuckhamsley Hill (Cwichelm's hlaewe)-
and rector here, ob. March 29, 1409, with mutilated Asbdown Park, 2! miles south, the seat of Evelyn, Coun-
effigy: a stained window was erected in the south tran- tess of Craven, is 103 acres in extent, and well wooded ;
sept in 1873 to the Rev. William Chambers B.D. 36 years the mansion, erected by Webbe, a pupil of Inigo Jones, is

viear, who died in 186o, and the stained east window to a building of stone. The manor of .Ashbury was given by

the Rev. Henry Millar, vicar, 1860-92; the carved oak King Edred to tbe monastery of Glastonbury; after the
brackets on the pulpit and in the chancel were executed Dissolution it was granted by Henry VIII. to the family
by Mr. Heber Humfrey, of Kingstone farm: the church of Essex, of whom it was purchased in 1625 by Sir
was restored in 1873-B, at a cost of £1,450, and in 1898 William Craven, an ancestor of the Earls of Craven.
a carved oak chancel screen was erected. The register The Earl of Craven is lord of the manor and principal

dates from 1653, but there is an old parish book with landowner. The soil is chalk and clay; subsoil, rubble

entries from r6o2. The living is a vicarage, net yearly and clay. The chief crops are wheat, beans, barley,
value, £240, including 27 acres of glebe, with residence, turnips and clover. The area of the entire parish i~
in the gift of Magdalen College, ~ford, and held since 5.6o3 acres; rateable value, [6,852; and the entire popu-

so .ASHBURY. BERKSHIRE. [KELLY's

lation in r8gr was 706; the population of the township Swindon, 5 p.m.; dispatches at 12.30 & 5.30 p.m,
Postal orders are issued here, but not paid. The
of Ashbury, including Ashdown Park, 445· nearest money order & tt-legraph office is at Bishopstone,
2 miles distant
Kingstone Winslow is a hamlet half-a-mile north-east.
Wall Letter Box at Idstone, cleared week days at 5-40
The population in 1891 was u8.
p.m. ; sundays, ro.40 a.m
Odstone tithing is one mile north-east. The population Poi:ce Station, Charles Hardy, constable

in r8gr was zg. National School, erected in 1864, for 170 children ; aver-

Idstone is a tithing three-quarters of a mile south-west. age attendance, 133; Thomas 0. Eeardmore, master;

The population in 1891 was 114. Mrs. Beardmore, mistress
Parish Clerk, :Hobart Tavlor. Carrier.-Albert Partridge, to Swindon, mon. & fri

Verger, John Page. ·

Post Office.-Robert Pound, sub-postmaster. Letters

arri•e from Shrivenham R.S.O. at 7 a.m. & from

"Ball Mrs Collingborn .To hn, farmer, Manor frm 1Merchant J ames (Mrs.), dress maker

Craven EvelynOountes~ of,.ishdown pk Dove John, stud groom to tl!e 1..:oun- Pf..rtridge Albert, carrier

Craven Hon. Osbe.rt "\Yilliam J.P. tess of Craven Partridge John, wheelwright

Ashdown park Frearson Hy.Jn. farmer,Odsto•w f1·m · Pl>.rtridge Uriah, hurdle maker

Lawrence l\Irs. ldstone God.dard Thomas, farrier Pound Henry, miller (water), Upper

!Tr~oswhedroRwnev.paCrknthbertF. Goddard William, blacksmith mill, Kir.gstone
(chaplain), Hamblin Stephen (Mrs.), haber•lashr Pound Roberb, baker,

grocer & miller

Wmter Jas. Greenwood, hy house Indge Thomas, shoe maker (water), Post office

Yule Rev. Charles John Francis M.A.. lnwood Levi, farmer, Odstone Reid Frederick, head gamekeeper to

· Vicarage Johnson George, shopkeeper, 1<lstone the Countess of Craven
I1, J ohnson J ames William Overton, Richens J oseph, blacksmith
CO!IIMERCHL. farmer, Ragnall farm Richens Robert (Mrs.), shopkeepe1'

A.venell Stephen, plumber

Ilaxter Rachael (Mrs.), dress maker Jones Louis, under keeper to the Smith Thomas, carrier, Kingstone

Billings Thomas, head gardener to Countess of Craven Spindloe John, farmer

the Countess of Cra,·en Lawrence John Hy. farmer, Rectory Stroud George, carpenter

Ilunce William, blacksmith 1 farm, Idstone Taylor Robort, carpenter

Carter Thomas James, Rose & Crown Lawrence Thos. Herbert, farmer, Id- Tucker Hy. farmer, Kingstone farm

P.H. & brewer stone White John, baker & grocer

Coles John, wheelwright Manners William, farmer, Chapel Willis Henry, farmer, Odstone lands

Collingborn Caleb, farmer, Ber~y- j Wick farm Willis James, farmer, College farm

· croft farm .ME.rchant Jas. carpntr. & wbeelwrght Winter Jas.Greenwood, artist, Ivy ho

AS TON TIRROLD, sinsoDutohm-wesedsat •vfr "E s tone," is a day, Lane and Gale: there are 200 sittings, roo being
village an parish 4 mile om
d Wallin~furd, free. The register dates from the year 1720. The

3 west from Moulsford station on the Great Western living is a rectory, net yearly value £r94• including 36
acres of glebe, with residence, in the gift of the President
railway, 3 miles east from Upton station on the Didcot and fellows of Magdalen Collt-ge, Oxford, and held since

and Newbury railway, in the :Xorthern division of the 1845 by the Rev. Sir John Leigh Hoskyns hart. M..A.. late
fellow of that college, hon. canon of Gprist Church, Ox-
county, hundred of Moreton, Wallingford petty sessional
ford, and rural dean of Wallingford. Here is a Presbyterian
division, union and county court district, rural deanery chapel, originally founded for an Independent Congrega-
tion in 1670: the existing structure is of some antiquity,
of Wallingford, archdeaconry of Berks and diocese ot and has an attached cemetery, well kept and pleasantly

Oxford. 'I'he church of St. l\Iichael is a building ot shaded with trees ; the baptismal records are said to

flint with stone dressings, and appears to have been date from 1738. The charities am1nmt to £12 annually,

~riginally of Saxon or very Early Norman date: it con- of which £z ros. from Rigby and 'imith's charity, is

sists of chancel, nave of three bays, north aisle, south given in money to the National school, £4 los. dis-

transept, south porch and an embattled western tower tributed in bread and clothing, and £5 given to the poor

containing 5 bells: both rood-loft doors remain, but the in money. Thomas 'Vellingham Fuller esq. who is lord

stairs are walled up : a modern screen stretches across of the manor, Mrs. Fuller and Mr. Edward Fairthorne,
of Brightwell, are chief landowners. The soil is loam;
the tower arch, converting the lower stage into a
subsoil, chalk. The land immediately round the village is
vestry ; the south door has a round head, resting on celebrated for its apple and cherry orchards. The chief
crops are wheat and barley. The area is 1,752 acres;
simple jambs, with a moulded fillet: the porch is De·
rateable value, £1,397; the population in r8g1 was 300.
eorated, and was· formerly open timbered, but has been Sexton, Lemuel Curtis.

plastered up ; outside the north aisle is an ancient door- Post, M. & T. 0., T. M. 0., Express Delivery, Parcel

way, possibly Saxon, with plain hollowed corbels, and Post, S. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office.-Thomas

walled up; within it is a fine stone coffin lid, bearing an Buckner," sub-postmaster. Letters from Wallingford;
delivery commences at 7.50 a.m.; dispatched at g.2o
elegant but partially mutilated foliag~ed cross; the a.m. & 6.35 p.m
Schools:-
priests' door on the south side of the chancel has graceful National (mixed), built for 75 children; average at-
tendance, 6o; Miss Charlotte Eliza King & Miss Louisa
Early English shafts with foliaged caps: the windows on Mayne, mistresses

the south and west of the transept are Decorated ; on the Presbyterian (mixed), founded in 187r, for 45 children;
average attendance, 24; Miss Susan Georgina Grieve,
flast side are two cusped lancets ; the west window is
mistress
Late Perpendicular; the east window, a Decorated work,

with ogee head, is partially filled with stained glass in

"lllemory of Mark Robert Taylor esq. of .A.ston and Blew-

bury, who died November 8, r868, and lies buried with

Catherine Mason, his wife (d. June r6, 1872), on the

-south side of "the churchyard: there are other tombs in

the churchyard to Frances Boyfield, relict of Commodore

Sir John Peyton K.C.B., R.N.; to the Herbert family,

r810-72; and to the families of Curtis, Beckinsale, Mun·

PRIVATE RESIDE"STS. Lane Thomas James, Springfield Lane Thomas James, farmer & corn

.Anger Moses Wyatt Miss, Chestnuts dealer, Springfield

Cuff Miss Painter Alfred & Edgar, farmers,

Curry Rev. Thomas (Presbyterian), COMMERCIAL. Copse Stile farm

'l'he Manse Beisley Fredk. Thos. baker & grocer Pope Jonathan, waggonette proprietor

Fuller Mrs. John, Croft housP. Buckner Thomas, shoe maker, Post off We-lch ..idam Roberts, farmer & ma-

Fuller Thvs_ Wellingham, l\lanor ho Curtis Thomas, farmer chine proprietor

Hoskyns Rev. Canon Sir John Leigh Fuller 'I'hos. Wellingham, farmer & Whiche1ls Fredk. Wm. Chequers inn

bart. M.A.., J.P. (rector & rural landowner, Manor house "\Vhite Edwin, beer xetailer

dean), Rectory Griffiths James, baker & grocer

AS TON UPTHORPE (''the upper village"), for- consisting of chancel and nave, south porch and a wooden
·merly a chapelry of the parish of Illewbury, was, in belfry with short lead-covered spire on the western gable
r862, united to Upton and together form a separate containing 2 bells: the church was originally a Norman
·parish; it is 4 miles south-west from Wallingford (lnd 1 structure: the north doorway with plain semi-circular
3 miles east from Upton station on the Didcot and New- 1 head remains, and there is a Norman window on the
bury railway, in the Northern division of the county, north side, and a blocked doorway on the south, of the
·Wallingford petty sessional division, union and county same date: the Early timber roof of the nave, ceiled
court district, and in the rural deanery of Wallingford, over in recent times, is also existing, as well as the
archdeaconry of Berks and diocese· of Oxford. The timber-framed -porch, a work of the Decorated period.
~hurch of All Saints is a plain edific~ of great antiquity, 1 now covered with ivy: the west window is Perpendicular

DIRECTORY.] BERKSHIRE. AVIISGTON. 31

and the font ~orman; portions of the former Pt-rpendi- name in Sussex, Essex and Bucks, but as the Saxon

cular benches have been carefully incorporated in the Chronicle, in treating of the year 1006, states that the
new seats : the church was restored, and the chancel re- Danes, after ravaging Wallingford and bivouacking for
built of flint with stone dressings, in 1859-6o, and the
church re-opened in April, r86o: in the chancel are the night at Cholsey, went from thence" along Ashdown
to Cwicht.Jm's Hill," there can be little doubt that the
several tablets to the Slade family: the church will seat engagement, or some part of it, was fought on the hL.ls
roo persons. The churchyard was consecrated by the above this village, one of which rising immediately to
the south is still known as "King's Standing," and a
late Bishop Wilberforce, May gth, 1862. The register
tradition lingers that after the victory .Alfred came down
dates from the year 1861, but a volume of earlier date here and gave thanks in an ancient church then occupy-
is kept at Upton. The living was declared a vicarage
April 3, 1866, and is ecclesiastically united to Cpton: ing the site of the present church of All Saints. West
joint net yearly value £zro, with 1 acre of glebe, in the of the village, and partly included in this parish, is the
gift of the Bishop of O~ford, and held since 1895 by the
Rev. John Henry Moore A.K.C.L. who resides at Upton. great isolated and terraced hill called "BlPwburton,"
Edmund Gibson D.D.Bishop of Lincoln and subsequently described under Blewbury. The Earl of Craven is lord
of London, and some modern writers following him have of the manor; llobert Harris Valpy esq. of Enborne
Lodge, Newbury, is chief landowner. Tl>e soil is loam;
fixed upon this place as the scene of the battle of subsoil, chalk. The chief crops are wheat and barley.
...Escesdune A.D. 871, between King Ethelred, -with Alfred
his brother and the Danes. The actual site has been The area is 1,324 acres; assessable value, £819; the
the cause of much contr.)Versy, and some authorities
population in 1891 was 156.
are of opinion that the term " ..Escesdune " refers, not Sexton, William Blake.
to a particular portion of the downs, but rather to the
whole range ; others have suggested places of a similar Letters through Wallingford, arrive at 7.50 a.m. .Aston
Tirrold is the nE-arest money order & telegraph office

l'RIV.!TE RESIDENTS. :Mead Mrs Gibb John Aldington M.B., C.M. sur-

Dodd Mrs COllliEBCIAL. geon & medical officer & public vac-
Fuller Charles cinator No. 2 distl'ict, Wallingford
Finch Albert, builder, wheelwright & unw• n
Gibb John Aldington M.B., C.M

Gwilliam Rev. George Henry B.D. blacksmith Slade Benj. farmer, Thorpe farm

Herbert Humfrey Freeman George, family butcher; S~ade Harold & Edg-ar, farmers

Holdsworth George Charles, Blew- ladies waited on daily for orders & Strange .Alfred, wagonette proprietor

burton house receive the best attention Tame Ann Louisa (Mrs.), Boot inn

AVINGTON is a parish on the river Kennet, about church are three slabs on the chancel floor and an
escutcheon suspended in the porch, all memorials of tb11
2~ miles east from Hungerford and 2 west-by-north from Berkshire family of James, now represented by Lord
Northbourne, of Betteshanger, Kent: the walls of the
the Kintbury station on the Great Western railway, 6! church are of great thickness,and the windows are deeply
splayed, and four are filled with stained glass : the
west fr o m Newb uorfv• , in th e Souther n division of th e chancel retains a square aumbry, a piscina and a beauti-
coun y, hu ndred Kin bu ry -Eagle, Hungerfor p ett y ful sedile : in the churchyard is a fine tomb to Simon
t t d Rawlins esq. of BridgPomb, Uffington, 1762, and .Anne,
his wife, 1764: there are 8o sittings. The register dates
sessional division and county court district, Hungerford from the year 1725: the earlier records, then kept in
the Manor house, were destroyed by fire in that year.
and Ramsbury union, rural deanery Qf Newbury, arch- The benefice is a rectory, net yearly value £194, including
6 acres of glebe with residence, in the gift of Sir Francis
deaconry of Berks and diocese of O"Xford. The Kennet Burdett hart. and held since 1897 by the Rev. Henry David
Grantham. This manor, in the time of Edward the
borders the parish on the south. The church, completely Confessor, belonged to a family named Gunner, or
Gonnere, and immediately after the Conquest,to Richard
·overgrown with ivy, is a good example of the J'iorman Puingeant (Anglo-Saxonice: Bigge), the supposed founder
of t-he church; 1hen to the Longespees, Earls of Salisbury,
style ·and is believed to have been dedicated to SS. Mark who appear to have held it from the reign of Henry II. ;
at a later period it was in the families of Coventry and
and Luke, from symbols of these saints in the sanctuary; Choke or Chokke, of Abingdon, who recorded their pedi-
gree and arms at the visitations of 1566 and 1664-6.
it dates from the 11th century, and consists of chan- Richard Choke, of .Avington,znd ·son of Sir Richard Choke
kt. Justice of the Common Pleas (1471), married Alice,
cel, nave, north transept and a south porch ; daughter and heiress of Robert Coventry, of Avington,
esq. ; his grandson Francis was knighted in 1643; latterly
there was anciently a bell turret at the west it was in the possession of William J ones esq. of Rams-
bury Manor, Wilts, whose eldest daughter, Elizabeth.
end contajning one bell, but a small cross was married William Langham esq. (afterwards Jones),
created a baronet in 1774; on his death without issue,
:Substituted some years ago, and the bell removed to in 1791, the estates passed to Eleanor, the 2nd daughter,

a place within the roof: the whole structure forms an wife of Francis Burdett esq. in succession to whom the

elongated parallelogram, on a scant foundation, the four manor passed to Sir Francis Burdett hart. J.P. but now
belongs to Hnmphrey Jeffrey Walmsley J.P. of Kintbury.
walls inrlosing an area 75ft. long by 1.5ft. broad, or five The Manor house, the residence of Mr. Henry Lyne, is
surrounded by a very ancient wall, with hand-cut stone
widths in length, and of these five square spaces one coping, supposed to have once encircled some monastic
house; the present mansion was built in 1725, the earlier,
forms the sanctuarv, one the choir and three the nave: erected in 1574, having been destroyed by fire. The soil
• is light land ; subsoil, gravel or chalk. The chief crops
are wheat, barley and oats. The parish comprises r, 177
the sanctuary is divided from the choir by pilasters, acres -of land in two farms, and 8 of water; rateable value,

intended to sustain a semi-circular arch, which seems £6o3 ; the population in 1891 was 129.

never to have been constructed: the chancel is separated Radley, r£ miles north, and Bowling Green, 2! miles

from the nave by an arch of 15ft. span,richly ornamented north, are hamlets within this parish.
Sexton, Charles Weeks.
with roses and dog-tooth and zigzag mouldings and
Letters through Hungerford, arrive at 8 a.m. Kintbury
grotesque heads : the centre of the arch has undergone is the nearest money {)rder & telegraph office, aoout 2
miles distant
a singular depression, probably owing to the lateral
Wall Letter Box cleared at 5.50 p.m
pressure of the arch itself and the absence of any in-
The children of this place attend the school at Kint-
ternal pier or external buttress, as well as to the incom- bury, to which parish Avington is affiliated, & a volun-
tary school rate is paid
plete state of the originally projected stone vaulting of

the chancel roof, the ribbed groins of which are orna-

mented with beak-heads and flowers : the south door of

the nave is a good example of a shafted Norman arch,

with bead and dog-tooth ornaments, but was· much

mutilated in the x6th century by the erection of a porch

by Richard Choke, then lord of the manor, about 1574:

the font, a remarkab~e specimen of Norman work, is

cylindrical, and has a cable moulding round its upper

edge : the lower portion is arcaded, and has in the arcad-

ing thirteen rudely sculptured figures, most of them in

ecclesiastical vestments: two are archbishops in pa~lss­

<•ne seated and one in attitude of benediction ; two are

bishops in copes one with crozier and one witli pastoral

· staff; two are priests in albs one with hands crossed in

· prayer and one in the embrace of the fiend ; two are

priests giving each other the kiss of peace ; two are

-ecclesiastical lawyers in copes one with brief in hand

and one ·with a Lord Chan,~ellor's wig; the foul fiend,

· with horns and cloven feet, is twice repeated ; and the

- 13th is indescribable, except as probably representing

· Boethius, or some other ~ecollated saint, with his head

·in his own hands :· behind the font stands an ancient slab,

with a striking but rudely incised Calvary cross upon

.its upper half: the only monuments of importance in the

Grantham Rev. Hy. David, Rectory 1Cook Richard, farmer, Bradley farm I Lyne Hy. fat·mr. Manor House farm

B.AGLEY WOOD. BERKSHIRE. [ KELLY's

:BAGLEY WOOD, formerly extra-parochial, is now a nephew of a king of Wessex, founded a monastery on the-
parish, 3~ miles north from Abingdon, in the Northern same spot, but afterwards, in 675, translated it to Abing-
division of the county, hundred of Hormer, petty ~es­ don, then called Seovechesham, and became its first
sional division and union and county court district of
Abingdon: it chiefly consists of an extensive wood, which abbot. The area is 639 acres; rateable value, £183; the-

belongs to St. John's College, Oxford, and in which, in population in 1891 was 4·
the 7th century, a noble hermit, named Aben, took up
his abode and built a chapel, and about 670, Bean, Letters through Abingdon. 1\'Iarcham is the neare~t
money order & Radley the nearest telegraph office

Viner Walter, woodreeve

:BARKHAM is a parish and village 2~ miles south- ments were purchased by the late John Waiter esq. f,Jr

west from Wokingham and 6 south-east from Reading, between [400 and £soo and the money invested in thP.

in the Eastern division of the county, petty sessional £2! per Cent. Consols; the interest is expended in coal,;
division and union of Wokingham, hundred of Charlton, for the benefit of the poor. The Manor House, a red brick
county court district of Reading, and in the rural deanery mansion, with pleasant grounds and shrubberies, is the-

of Reading, archdeaconry of Berks and diocese of Oxford. residence of Lieut.-General William Rickman J.P. .A.rthnr-
The church of St. James, rebuilt in 1862 on the founda- .Fraser Waiter esq. of Bear Wood, is lord of the manor ancJ
tions of the old church, is an edifice of flint with Bath the chief landowner. The soil is gravel and clay; sub-

stone dressings, in the Early English style, and cons:;;ts soil, London clay. The chief crops are wheat and barley.

of chancel, nave of four bays, transepts and a south-west The area is 1,386 acres; rateable value, [1,510; the poprr-

tower with spire, containing 4 bells: the chancel and tran- lation in 1891 was 284.
septs were added in 11887 by the late JohnWaiter esq. :there Parish Clerk, William Hutt.

is an interesting monument of the 13th century: the Post O'ffice.-Waiter ·walker, sub-postmaster. Letters

church plate includes a chalice bearring the date 1561; arrive from Wokingham by foot post at 8.10 a.m.; dis-

the church was restored in 18B7, and the chancel rebuilt, patched at 8.45 a.m. & 5·55 p.m. ; "sundays, 10.55 a.m.

at a cost of £1,8oo, and has now 200 sittings. The Postal orders are issued here, bu~ not paid. The nearest

register dates from the year 1538, and is in a good state money order & telegraph office is at .A.rhorfield Cross, 2
of preservation. The living is a rectory, net yearly vaiuP miles distant
[247, with 22 acres of glebe and residence, in the gift of National School (mixed & infants), for the parishes ol
Arthur Fraser Walter esq. and held since 1886 by the Rev. Arborfield & Barkham, built in 1873, for 150 children;
Peter Hampson Ditchfield M.A. 'Of Oriel College, Oxford. average attendance 93 boys & girls & 36 infants ; Harry

Allwright's charity of £3 yearly is for bread and Glass· Webster, master; Mrs. Elizabeth Webster, mistress

pool's charity of £199 ws. is for coals. The poor's allot- 1 (sewing); Mrs. J. Allright, infants' mistress

Ditchfield Rev. Peter Hampson M.A. Blake Edwin George, farmer, Hand- Bossell Robt. farmer, Langley farm

Rectory post farm Sherman William, farmer

Greenfield Chas. Bunce, llarkham sq Beaumont George, Bull P.H Spencer George, farm bailiff to Robt.

Rickman Lieut.-Gen. l\'illiam J.P. Rhodes Richard, farm bailiff to A. F. Hewitt esq. Langley Pond farm

Manor house Waiter esq Walker ·waiter, baker, grocer & Post

COMMERCIAL. Richens James (Miss), farmer, Bark- office

Allwright John Alfred, farmer ham road

BASILDON is a village and parish on the river afternoons at 3 p.m. or in the evening at 6. Here is a

Thames, which is here crossed by a bridge of four Congregational chapel. The poor's land of 8 acres pro-

arches, on the line of the Great Western railway, and duces [16 yearly. During the progress of excavations

ereoted at a cost of £25,ooo; th~ vil:age is 2! miles for the construction of the Great Western railway a

sout_h-east from Goring stc.tion, on the Great Western beautiful tesselated Roman pavement was discovered a

railway, allld 8 north-west from Reading, in the Southern few inches below the surface, and on an elevated spot

division of the county, hundred of Moreton, union of not far from the Thames, coins of Vespasian, in good

Bradfield, petty sessional division and county court dis- preservation, domestic utensils and several human

trict of Reading, rural deanery of Wallingford, arch- skeletons, with a Rom!ln sword lying near them, were-

deaconry of Berks and diocese of Oxford. The church found. The Grotto, a mansion beautifully situated on

of St. Bartholomew, supposed to have been erected in a wooded slope, on the south bank of the ri,'er, is the-

the reign of Edward II. (1307-27) is a building of flint seat of Gilbert J. C. Barter esq. Near the village is

with stone dressings, consisting of chancel, nave, south Basildon House, formerly the seat of Sir Francis Sykes.

porch and a western tower of brick, with pinnacles, and bart. but now the property and in the occupation of

containing a. clock and 4 be~ls ; in the chancel is a Char:es Morrison esq. who is !ord of the ma.nor and

monument to Sir Francis Sykes bart. of Basildon Park, chief landowner ; the man~ion is a modern building

M.P. in five parliaments for Wallingford, d. uth Jan. with wings, and has a portico supported on columns oi

1804, and another to his grandson, Sir Francis William the Corinthian order; the park contains 400 acres and

Sykes M. A. d. 6th April, 1843; there are other memo- is inclosed within a brick wall. The soil is chalk, loam

rials to Henry Hood, d. 22 May, 168o; Richard Cobb, and gravel; subsoil, chalk. The chief crops are wheat,.

gent. d. 16 Feb. 168g, and Joan, his wife; the Rev. barley and oats. The area is 3,096 acres of land and

Robert Bailey Fisher M.A. vicar 1814-59, d. 29 Sept. 43 of water; rateable value, £ro,2oo; the population in.

1859, and Martha, his wife, d. 16 July, 1837; and the 1891 was 675.
Rev. George Ogle M.A. of Purley park, d. 25 June, Sexton, Henry Duckett.

1828; on the nave floor is a brass with effigies to John Post Office, Lower Basildon.-Miss Emma Sims, mlJ-.
Clerk and Lucy, his wife, q8o; there are memorial postmistress. Letters from Reading are deliverpd at,
windows to Henry Morrison, d. 10 April, 1850, Emily 6.30 a.m. ; dispatched at 6.45 p.m. Postal orders ane-
Grant Morrison, d. 25 April, 1854; William Henry issued here, but not paid. Streatley is the neare~t
Stone esq. of Streatley House, d. 20 June, 1863; and money order & telegraph office, 2 miles distant

to Sir Francis William Sykes, 4th bart. lieut. 97th Post Office, Upper Basildon.-John Palmer, sub-po!'t-
regiment, and of the 2nd Life Guards, d. I Jan. 1866; master. Letters from Reading at 7.30 a.m.; dis-
the church was thoroughly restored in 1875-6, at a patched at 6 p.m. Pangbourne is the nearest money
cost of [2,061, when the timber roof, previously ceiled, order & telegraph office, 3 miles distant
W:18 opened; the church affords 250 sittings; the
churchyard was enlarged about 1882 and contains Schools.

tombs of the Sykes family and a fine yew tree. The Endowed, erected in 1858, for so children; average at-

register dates from the year 1538. The living is a tendance, 34; it 'Vas endowed by Mr. William Alleil

vicarage, net yearly value £r53, with 18 acres of glebe with £4 &. a cottage, for ten poor children; Miss

and residence, in the alternate gift of Miss Morrison and Emily Coventry, mistress; Misses Lily Wale & Sarah

Simeon's trustees, and held since 1892 by the Rev. George Amelia Hope, assistant mistresses

Collett M.A. ()f Corpus Christi, Oambridge; the vicarage Upper llasildon (mixed & infants), erected in 1875 ~

house stands close by the church; both are pleasantly enlarged in 1884, for about 130 children; average at-

situated near the river, and sheltered by a belt of trees. tendance, Ioo; Miss Amelia Wilson, mistress ; Misses

St. Stephen's, at Upper Basildon, erected in r8g5, is a Virginia Ecutt & May Butler, asistant mistresses. Ser-

structure <lf iron, and affords 220 sittings. Services are vices are held in this schoolroom on sundays at 10

conducted by the Vicar of Basildon on alternate Sunday a.m. & 2 p.m. & a children's service is held at 11 a.m

Brown Col. Percival .A.shley, Stone ho Thomas John, White house Baker Alfred A. grocer
Cook John, baker, grocer & beer retlr
Oollett Rev. George M.A. Vicarage Willmott Mrs. The Bed House Farmer Thomas, florist
Gale Sarah (Mrs.), beer retailel"
Harter Gilbert J. C. The Grotto COMUERCU.L.
Morrison Charles, Basildon park !.Albtuy Elizh. (Mrs.), beer retailer

DIRECTORY.] BERKSHIRE. BE.1RWOOD. 33

Hedley Flllller, grocer & coffee rooms Palmer John, carpenter, Post office Sims '\Yilliam Henry, blacksmith
Stanford \Yilliam, steward to Charles
Keep Hy~ farmer, Blandys farm Pink Joseph, shoe maker
Morrison esq
Lamb ~o. beer retailer & blacksmith Pocock Henry, farmer Sutton Ernest, farmer, Church farm
Wingfield John, farmer
Leech James, beer retailer Powell Henry, farmer \Vinsor Herbert, Led Lion inn

Osborne William, brick, tile, lime &. Prouton Keziah (Mrs.), shopkeeper

drain pipe manufacturer & farmer, Robinson Hy. Crown inn & grocer

Emery's farm Sims Thomas, farmer

'BAULKING (anciently Bethelking) is a scattered 1743~82; the font is ancient and octagonal; there ariJ

!Village and parish, formerly a hamlet in Uffington roo sitticgs, 6o being free. The registers date from the

parish, rund with Woolstone was formed into an eccle- year 1846, previous to which they were kept at the

Isiastical parish in 1846, from the civil parish of Uffing- mother church at Uffington. The living is 1J. vicarage

ton, 5 miles south from Faringdon, 12 from Abingdon with Woolstone annexed, joint net yearly value £43. with..
:and 18 from Oxford, in the Northern division of the residence, in the gift of Lieut.-Col. G. B. Archer Houblon.

.county, hundred of Shrivenham, petty sessional divi- A vicarage house was erected in r864. The trustees of
.Sion, union and county court district of Faringdon, Vale the late Edwin Martin-Atkins esq. are lords of the
·of White Horse rural deanery, archdeaconry of Berks manor. The principal landowners are the Earl of Cra-

and diocese of Oxford; the Uffington Junction railway ven, Mrs. George Reade, Messrs. Thomas James
-station on the Great Western main line to Bristol is Matthews and William Martin Tagg, of Reading, and

situated in this parish, about half a mile west of the Miss Elizabeth Whitfield. The soil is principally clay;

village, from which there is a branch to Faringdon. subsoil, clay. The chief crops are the usual cereals. The

1rhe river Ock separates this parish from Shellingford aTea is 1,579 acres; rateable value, £6,709; the population
3nd the Wilts and Berks canal is half a mile south. The in 1891 was 183.

church of St. Nicholas is a small but ancient edifice of 1 By Local Government Board Order 21,438, dated March
stone in the Early English style, consisting of chancel, 24, 1888, Old Field Farm and Cottages were transferred

nave and a western turret containing 2 bells; the chan- from Kingston Lisle and Fawler to Baulking.

-eel arch, supported on open buttresses, forms a kind of Parish Clerk, Noah Gerring.

-screen, and there is a canopied piscina and sedilia ; the

stairs to the rood loft also remain; on the south side is Letters ~t.Bh3ro5oxuaag.mthR. FaiaTlrwihnaegydnsoetnaartieaosrntrimcvleoenaeareytdo75r..d155e5r a.m. Wall
a marble slab inscribed to Ann Frances (Josselyn), wife Letter p.m.; sun-
<3f the Rev. Francis Rose D.D. vicar here, died 4th May, office is at
day, 1
1870; on the north side a memorial to Robert Grove Uffington; telegraph office, Uffington railway station

gent. ob. 3oth May, x6g8, Margaret his wife and four A School Board of five members was formed here in
children; there are also monuments, with arms, w
1875 ; clerk, .Alan George Haines, Faringdon
George Champion gent. ob. 26th September, 1722; and

'to Thomas Champion, of London, ob. 23rd March, 1724; Board School, erected in 1877, to hold so, with an

there are also inscribed floor stones to the Hyde family, average attendance of 27; Miss Fricker, mistress

lrhitfield Mrs ~Iatthews Thomas James, farmer & Reade George (Mrs.), farmer & land-

landown~r. Spenf'ers farm owner

COMMERCIAL. ~Ioore Henry, Junction hotel Reade Percy, farmer, Colliers farm

Collins George, farmer, Church farm Plowman Gilbert William, brick & Stevenson .Joseph, farmr.Old:ield frm

DormE.'r Bros. farmers, Lower farm tile mannfactluer Whitfield Robert, farmer

:BEARWOOD is an ecclesiastical parish, formed in which is over an acre in extent; this fine sheet of water

a:846 out of parts of the parishes of Hurst and Woking- yields to none in the county but Virginia Water in point
h1.m, the Hurst portion consisting of the Liberty oi of size, and perhaps not even to that in beauty; an
Newland and that part of the Liberty of Winnersh upper lake covers over 3 acres; below the lake-head
which comprises the village of Sindlesham-; it still are the kitchen garden and other buildings; the waste
forms part of the civil parish of Hurst, in the Eastern water of the lake is applied to turning a large water wheel,
-division of the county, petty sessional division and union which drives a saw mill and other machinery. The man-
of Wokingham, Reading county court district, Tural sion, which was Tebuilt between 1865 and r869, is a
odeanery of Sonning, archdeaconry of Berks and diocese stately edifice of red brick with dressings of Mansfield
<Of Oxford; Bearwoud is 2 miles west from the Woking- stone; it contains a suite of fine reception rooms, including

ham railway station and 5 south-east from Reading. a picture gallery of 70 ft. by 24 ft. Sindlesbam House,

'The church of St. Catharine, situated on rising ground pleasantly situated a short distance from the road, is the
;at the top of the village of Sindlesham (built and en~ residence of Thomas Rickman Barman esq. J.P. The
dowed about the year 1845 at the expense of John Waiter principal landowners are Arthur Fraser Waiter esq. T. R.

Iesq.) is a building of stone in the Decorated style, con- Harman J.P. John Simonds and James Simonds esqrs.

·sisting of chancel, nave of four bays and an embattled and Thomas Colleton Garth esq. D.L., J.P. of Haines
western tower with pinnacles containing 2 bells. The . Hill, Twyford. The soil is gravel and clay; subsoil,
<Hgan was presented by Thomas Rickman Barman esq. of! London clay. The population in 18gr was 850.
Sindlesham House; there are 280 sittings. The register Newland is I~ miles south-west.

dates from the year 1845. The living was declared a Sindlesham, ! mile north, which was almost entirely

rectf'ry June 26th, 1866, net yearly value £r68, with rebuilt by the law proprietor, consists of about 6o

good residence and 6 acres of glebe, in the gift of A. F. cottages, an inn and the school. Here is a Baptist
"Waiter esq. and held since 1895 by the Rev. Charles chapel.
.l.ugustus Whittuck M.A. of Brasea.:>se College, Oxford. Parish Clerk, William Oates, Sindlesham
Bearwood was formerly an outlying part of Windsor Post Office, Sindlesham.-Mrs. Isabella Brigden, sub-
Forest, and still retains much of its primitive wildness of postmistress. Letters arrive from Wokingham at 8 &
character; its name is supposed to be derived from the 11.20 a.m.; dispatched at II-30 a.m. & 6 p.m.; & on
Saxon word "here," signifying a farmstead in a wood; sundays at 11.30 a.m. Postal orders are issued here,
hollies and junipers flourish here in great perfection, and but not paid. The nearest money order & telegraph
the gardens abound with rhododendrons and other exot1o office is at Arborfield Cross, 2 miles distant
plants; most varieties of the f..r tribe, including a large School, Sindlesham (mixed & infants), built by the late
number of Cedrus Deodara, are to be found here; but the John Waiter esq. enlarged 1896; it will hold 250
chief attraction is the magnificent lake, which covers a children; aver;age attend'ance, 145 ; Henry Francis
~pace of over 43 acres and contains several islands, one of Simmons, mast.; Mrs. Emma Jessie Simmons, mistress

PRIVATE RESIDENTS. Bearwood Institute (H. F. Simmons, lJohnson Henry, farmer, King St.farm

Harman Thomas Rickman J.P. Sin- sec.), Sindlesham Newberry A., clerk of works to .A.

dlesham house Bishop Frank, farm bailiff to A. F. F. Waiter esq

£imonds Mrs. Winnersh lodge Waiter esq. Sindlesham Smith William, blacksmith

"Waiter Arthur Fraser J.P. Bear- Bowver Charles, farm bailiff to T. R. Tegg James, head gardener to A. F.
wood; & 40 Upper Grosvenor st. Ha• rman esq. Hatch farm
Walter esq

London W Cook Jn.Walter Arms inn,Sindleshm \Vhite James, shopkeeper, Sindlesham

W'n1'1hittuck Rev.Charles Augustus :r.LA. Gold Frederick, carpenter Withers George Heber, coal & corn

(rector) Grace George, woolstapler merchant, King street

'Wilson Courtenay B. Winnersh grove Howkins John Thomas A.ddington, (The remainder of the names in New-

COMMERCIAL. miller (water), Sindlesham mill land will be found under Arbor-

.Allnatt John Edwd. baker & grocer, Karslake William Reginald, agent to field, bemg placed there for postal

Sindlesham A.F. Waiter esq. Bearwood farm purposes)

BERKS. 3

3! Bll:ECH HILL. BERKSHIRE. [ KE'LLY's

:BEECH HILL is a. hithing and ecclesia.stical parish, than 1648. 13eech Hill House, the seat of Lieut.-Col
formed JanUJary 31st, 1868, out of the Berkshire portion of Henry Lannoy Hunter B. A., J.P. is a large and plain
Stratfieldsaye parish, Hamp~hire, on tihe river Loddon, 1! mansion of brick. This is a parcel of the manor of Strat-
miles east from Stratfield Mortimer railway station, 6 f.eldsaye, of which the Duke of Wellington is lord. Th&
south from Reading and 10 north from Basingsrtoke, in principal landowners are the Duke of Wellington, Lieut.·

the union of Bradfie:d and oounty court district Col. H. L. Hunter, Herbert Cyril Allfrey of Wokefield:
of Reading, rural deanery of Reading, archdeaconry Park, Mortimer, and the provost and fellows of Eton
of Berks and dioceEe of Oxford. The church · of College. The soil is clay; subsoil, gravel. The chief

..,. St. Miary the Virgin is o. building of brick and crops are wheat, beans and grass. The area. is 915 acres;

flint, erected in 1867 in the Gothic style of the qth rateable value, £1,507; the population in 1891 was 292.
cenrtury, a.nd consists of chance!, naV'e, north aisle, south Parish Olerk, Charles Gaiger
porch and a wooden belfry containing 3 bets: there are Overseer, William Wheeler.
seven stained wind'Ows and a. font of various ma.rbles ; Post Office.-Mrs. Eliza Froud, sub-postmistress. Letters

there are 200 sitting,$. Th& reg}lster dates from the yea.t from Reading arrive at 5.5o a.m. ; dispatched at 7 p.m;
1868. The living is a vicarage, net income, £104, with sunday, arrive 5.50 a.m.; dispatched at 6.30 p.m. The
1! acres of glebe and residence, in the gift of Miss Forbes, nearest money order & telegraph office is at Mortimer,.
and held since 1895 by the Rev. Charles Stephen Turner 2 miles distant
M.A. of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. There is a NiationaJ School (mixed), built in 1850, for 130 children;

chapel for Baptists with roo sittings and an endowment average attendance, 67; with house for master, where-
for the minister. The common lands have been enclosed. a sunday school is held ; Ernest Wright, master
The Benedictine priory of St. Leonard on the Loddon, was Carriers to Reading.-Mulford, tues. thurs. & sat. ;
founded in n7o by Nicholas de Stoteville, as a cell of Hounsdell, man. tues. thurs. fri. & sat.; Ward, tues~

Valemont; the existing portions retain no features older thurs. & sat

Carter Lt.-Col. Edward, Trunkwell ho Turner Rev. Charles Stephen M.A. King George William, blacksmith

Hunter Lient.-Col. Henry Lannoy Vicarage Stone J oseph, farmer

B.A., J.P. Beech Hill house Hawkins James, carpenter Thornton James, farmer, The Priory

Hunter Miss, Trunkwell lodge Holloway William Thackam, Old Elm Wheeler "\Yilliam,wheelwright & oversr

Thornton James, The Priory Tree P.H. & shopkeeper

BEEDON is a. village and parish. 7 miles north from New- period, were discovered here by Mr. Waiter Money F.S.A.

bury a.nd 3 north-west from Hampstead Norris station on of Newbury. Lord Wantage V.C., K.C.B. who is lord of
the Newbury and Didcot branch of the Great W·estern the manor, and the provost and fellows of Queen's College.
raiJ.way, in the Southern division of the county, hundred Oxford, are the principal landowners. The soil is various,.

of Fair cr0oss, petty ses·sionaZ. division and county court principally clay and chalk mixed; subsoil, chalk. The
district of Newbury, union of Wantage, rural deanery of chief crops are wheat, barley and oats. The area is 2,orz

Newbury, archde.aconry of :Berks- and diocese of Oxford. acres, including woods; rateable value, £2,797; the popu-

Tihe church of St. Nichola.s, formerly a chapel to Farn- lation in r8gr was 272.

borough, is a small building of flint and rubble in the S>tanmore is a hamlet ! of a. mile north-west; in Aprilr

Transitiion Nmman style, and consists of chancel and 1815, a large bell-shaped barrow here, called by the
nave, south porch and a western betl-cote, containing 4 vil~agers "Burrow-hill," was opened by the late Charles

bells; the east-end has three Transition Norman windows, E. Long esq. then resident at Lang-ley Hall, and at the

With dog-tooth ornament and banded shafts between the depth Of about IO feet, some remains of burnt bones.

lights; the chancel arch, with its corbel shafts, as well as with fragments of a funeral urn were met with, below

the north doorway, belong to the same period; the south which the floor of the barrow was reached and found t-6

doorway is Early English; the church was restored in be piereed by seven perpendicular holes, about a foot

1882, at a co·st of £8oo, under the direction of Mr. Edwin deep, cut in the solid chalk and each containing a depo$it

Doilby, architect, of Abingdon, and wa,s re-opened 22nd of charred wood.

July, 18~2, the cost of the repair of the chancel having Parish Clerk Thomas Curtis.
been entuely defrayed by Lord and Lady Wantage; there '
are 125 sittings, 75 being free. The register dates from the I'Gst Office.-Walter Edwarlls Goodman, receiver. Let-
year I732· The living is a. vicarage, net yearly value £r5o, 'ters through Newbury, arrive at 7-IS a.m. & 5-45 p.m.
including 36 acres of glebe, with residence, in the gift ol for callers only; dispatched at 7 a.m. & 5·45 p.m.~

Lord Wantage, and held since I894 by the Rev. Thomas sundays, 5-IS p.m. The neareSJt money order & tele-

Trott of New Inn Hall, Oxford. In I87J-8 a quantity of graph office is at Chieveley, 3 miles distant

Roman antiquities, comprising fragments of Samian, National School (mixed), erected 1876, for 120 children;

Durobrivian and other fictile ware, together with bones average attendance, 57; Edward Cain, master; Miss
and skulls of the short-horned ox, gout and red deer and a Cissy Cain mistress

variety of other remains belonging to the Romano-British Carriers. James Read, to Newbury, tues. thurs. & sat

Trott Rev. Thomas, Vicarage Hibbert Edwin, blacksmith 1Yhite Waiter, agent to Lord Wantage

Goodma.n Waiter Edwards, painter Rayer Mary (Mrs.), farmr.Stanrnore V.O., K.C.B. Manor farm

& glazier, Post office Read James, carrier

::BEENHAM is a parish and village, 9 miles west-south- Henry Waring esq. J.P. lord of the manor and principal
west from Reading and 8 east from Newbury, in the landowner, ~s a large square mansion of brick facing the
Sonihern division of the countr, hundred of Reading, Bath road, and stands within a park of about 150 acres.
union of Bradfi.eld, Reading petty sessional division and The soil is clay and loam; subsoil, gravel. The chief
county court district, rural deanery of Bradfield, arch- crops are wheat and barley. The area is 1,780 acres of

deaconry of Berks and diocese of bxiord. The Alder- land and 13 of water; rateable value, £2,947; the popu·
masoon station on the Hungerford branch of the Great lation in r8gr was 517.
Western railway, 4~ miles from London, is in the parish. Parish Clerk, Joseph Ha.too.

The church of St. Mary is an ancient edifice of flint,

with stone dressings, in the Early English style, Post Office, :Beenham Hill.-Mrs. Emma Hamblin, sub-
consisting of chancel, nave, aisles, south porch and postmistress. Letters arrive from Reading at 8 a.m. &

an embattled western. tower, of red brick, with pinnacles 12.30 p.m.; dispatched at 12.50 & 5-So p.m. ; sundays.
an.d containing 6 bells; the org-an wa.s presented by the no collection. Beenham, 2 miles distant, is the neares'

la·te vicar; the church was struck by lightning and partly money order & telegraph office

burnt in the year 1794 and rebuilt in 1796; it was lleenham M. 0. & T. 0., S. B. &; Annuity & Insurance
enlarged and restored in 1859_; there is a. monument to office is in the paxish of Padworth

the Rev. Thomas Sta.ckhouse, vicar here from 1733, who .A. School lloard of :five members was formed in 18go;

wrote a. "History of the Bible," and an "Exposition of clerk & abtendance officer, SW.nJ.ey V. Pinniger, of
the Creed," with other W!orks, and died nth Oct. 1752; Newbury

BJaines records a brass here to William Carter, gent.
1586; there are 240 sittings, 100 being free. The register lloard School, built in 1840, & enlarged in 1892, for 140
daltes f rom the yea r n1e5t62£. Th e living is a vicarage, gross children; average attendance, g6; William Robert
yearly valu 230, 21 6, with residence, in th e gift Todd, master; Miss Emily Hoare, mistress & Miss


of and held since I855 by the Rev. Thomas Hext Bush· Mabel Holloway, infants' mistress
nell M.~. of Pembroke College, Oxford. Here is a Aldermaston Railway Station, George Jones, station mast

Primitive Methodio;t chapel. 13eenham house, the seat of Carrier to Roo.d[ng.-Johnson, sat

l'BIVATE RESIDENTS. 1Ironmonger John, Church cottage Waring Major Wm. Wheat J.P. The

Bagnall Henry Haslope,Beenham lodge Old bury Miss, Rose cottage Grange ..

Bushnell R~T. Th-omas Hext, M.A. 1WWaarrdinegWHiellniarymDH.Len.,ryJ,.PS.toBneeehnubrasmt co:r.mEBCIAL,
Vicarage
ho Godwin Thomas C. farmer


Click to View FlipBook Version
Previous Book
Semalt Expert Explains Crucial Bene¡ts Of Hiring SEO Agency For Your Online Business
Next Book
23.05.2018 https://rankexperience.com/articles/article1852.html 1/2 The Semalt Islamabad Expert: What Is Referrer Spam & How To Avoid It? If you monitor the trafc of your website daily and think that it's gaining traction, the chances are that referrer sp