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GMLS DG Skill Presentation 2022 - Class 2

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Published by GMLS | Global Maritime Legal Solutions (Pty) Ltd, 2022-07-07 05:08:03

GMLS DG Skill Presentation 2022 - Class 2

GMLS DG Skill Presentation 2022 - Class 2


Class 2

© GMLS 1

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2 2022/07/07


242986 Accept and process dangerous goods for transportation by air 6
242991 Facilitate the forwarding and clearing of dangerous goods for 4
242997 Identify and classify dangerous goods for transportation 4
242996 Handle dangerous goods during warehousing and storage 4
242987 Identify, pack, mark and label dangerous goods for transportation by air 2
242990 Load/unload dangerous goods for transportation by road 10
242985 Package dangerous goods for transportation 4
7 US Integrated into ONE Learner guide 34 of 70 credits–
50% of your course

© GMLS 3

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252257 Apply international trade systems, policies and procedures 5
117668 Demonstrate an understanding of the basics of local and international 15
117667 Demonstrate the basic legal principals applied to shipping 8
117655 Know and understand the basics of marine insurance 8
4 US Individual Learner Guides and assessments 36 of 70 credits–
50% of your course

© GMLS 4

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What are Dangerous Goods?

Dangerous goods are substances or
articles that are potentially dangerous

to people, property and the

© GMLS 55

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What is Classification?

• According to the IATA DGR…..

Dangerous goods are defined as those goods which
meet the criteria of one or more of nine UN hazard
classes and where applicable, to one of three UN
Packing Groups according to the provisions of this
section. The nine classes relate to the type of hazard
whereas the packing groups relate to the applicable
degree of danger within the class.

© GMLS 66

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Hazardous Substance Classes

Class 1 – Explosives
Class 2 – Gases; compressed, liquefied or dissolved under pressure
Class 3 – Flammable liquids
Class 4 – Flammable solids; Substances liable to spontaneous

Class 5 combustion; Substances which, in contact with water, emit
Class 6 flammable gases
Class 7 – Oxidizing substances (agents) and organic peroxides
Class 8 – Toxic and infectious substances
Class 9 – Radioactive materials
– Corrosives
– Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles Non-
classified materials

© GMLS 77

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© GMLS S Dangerous goods and the supply-chain
8 2022/07/07 L


88 • CUSTOMS !!!






Dangerous goods and the supply-chain

© GMLS 99

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According to IATA…

“Who is responsible for aviation security?

Overall, it is recognized that airline operators have a primary responsibility for protecting their
passengers, assets and revenues. States need to ensure that airlines develop and implement
complementary programs compatible with those of the States out of which they operate.
But it is important to remember that security is not only the responsibility of top-level
management or the Head of Security. Security involves everyone and a positive security culture
is essential in promoting and maintaining a secure environment. Positive reinforcement of
correct security actions sends the message throughout an organization that management
believes security to be a priority.
The ultimate goal is to enhance global security by implementing uniform security measures
around the world, a goal that cannot be achieved without a solid commitment by all concerned.”

© GMLS 1010

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The parties to which Dangerous Goods
Regulation apply

Shipper – A person, organisation or enterprise which is responsible for the
correct identification, classification, documentation, packing and shipping of
the goods.

Operator / Carrier - “A person, organisation or enterprise engaged in or
offering to engage in an aircraft operation.”

Freight forwarder “A person or organization who offers the service of
arranging the transport of cargo by air”.

Consignee “Any person, organization or government which is entitled to take
delivery of a consignment”

© GMLS 1111

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Shippers responsibility

Shipper’s Responsibility
The shipper is the key to the transport of dangerous goods. They have the
majority of responsibilities prior to the carriage. In general, the shipper must
• Recognise and identify that there are dangerous goods in their shipment
• Provide clear information on the nature of the goods, and classify the item

into one of the 9 dangerous goods classes
• Package the goods appropriately
• Apply the applicable markings, labels and placarding
• Complete the required documentation
• Ensure that all national and international regulations have been complied

with; and
• Ensure their shipment is made safe for transport

© GMLS 1212

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FF responsibility

Freight Forwarder’s Responsibility
FF acting as agent – limited liability - “middle man”:
• Select safe ways of transportation and handling of the goods
• Advise the shipper on all implications and requirements of the transport of the

goods and verify that the shipper has followed the regulations
Step further:
• Proper, safe handling and storage
• Proper, safe loading into trucks to transfer the items to the carrier
• Inspection of packages every time they are handled, to ensure the package is

intact for transport and handling and has not been compromised during
• Reporting of any accidents/incidents
• Following emergency procedures in the event of an accident/incident
If the freight forwarder further expands his functions by acting as a carrier, he
shall naturally assume many of the carrier’s responsibilities

© GMLS 1313

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Carrier’s responsibility

Carrier’s Responsibility
The carrier makes the final decision whether to accept a shipment for carriage or
not. The carrier has many responsibilities in the transport of dangerous goods.
They are generally responsible for:
❖ Acceptance or verification that the shipment of dangerous goods has been

properly prepared for carriage.
❖ Provision of capable staff and appropriate equipment for transport and

handling of the goods.
❖ Provision of the appropriate marks, labels, placards, signs to the vehicles and

❖ Storage, loading and unloading of the shipments.
❖ Inspection of the shipment during handling, for any leaks or damages.
❖ Reporting of any accidents/incidents, and corresponding emergency

❖ Training of all employees that may come into contact with dangerous goods.

© GMLS 1414

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Purpose of Dangerous Goods legislation

• Reduce the risk transportation of dangerous to the transporter
and other users of the different transport modes, the general
public and the environment through:

• National and international legislation, regulations, standards
and agreements

© GMLS 1515

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© GMLS 16

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© GMLS 17

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UN Orange Book

• Currently has 193 member states 1818
• UN Main Bodies
• UNESC – UN Economic and Social Council


18 2022/07/07

UN Orange Book

The UN Orange Book means the UN
Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous
Goods - Model Regulations, a guidance document
developed by the United Nations to harmonize
dangerous goods transport regulations. Most of
dangerous goods regulations such as IMDG Code, IATA
and other national regulations are developed based
on the UN Orange Book

Updated every 2 years – currently on the 21st revised

© GMLS 1919

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Transport of Dangerous Goods by air

Some items may endanger the safety of an aircraft or persons on board it. The air
transportation of these dangerous materials can either be forbidden or restricted.

© GMLS 2020

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Transport of Dangerous Goods by air

• Technical Instructions of the International Civil Aviation
Organisation (ICAO)

• Dangerous Goods Regulations (IATA DGR) of the International
Air Transport Association (IATA)

• The IATA DGR are more restrictive than the ICAO Technical

• State and Operator Variations

© GMLS 2121

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Transport of Dangerous Goods by air

• IATA Dangerous Goods
Regulations (DGR)
manual is the global
reference for shipping
dangerous goods by air
and is the only
standard recognised by

• A new version is
published every year

© GMLS 22

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Transport of Dangerous Goods by air

What's inside the DGR?

1. Applicability - (shipper and operator responsibilities, training, security, incident

2. Limitations - (forbidden and hidden goods, storage and transport quantities,
transport by post, transport by passengers/crew)

3. Classification - (explosives, gases, flammable, toxic, oxidizing, radioactive and
corrosive and multiple hazard material)

4. Identification – List of Dangerous goods (Items not listed by name), mixtures and

5. Packing Instructions - (explosives, gases, flammable, toxic, infectious, oxidizing,
radioactive and corrosive and multiple hazard material)

6. Packaging Specifications - (inner, UN, construction and testing, limited quantity)
7. Marking and Labelling – according to classes
8. Documentation - (shipper’s declaration, air waybill)
9. Handling - (storage, loading, inspection, information provision, reporting, training,

document retention)
10. Radioactive material - (transport, limitations, classification, identification, packing,

testing, labelling, documentation, handling)
IATA - Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR)

© GMLS 23

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Transport of Dangerous Goods by air

What's inside the DGR?

The titles of the appendices are:
A. Glossary
B. Nomenclature
C. Currently Assigned Substances
D. List of IATA Member, Associate Member other airlines
E. Competent Authorities
F. Packaging Testing Facilities, Manufacturers and Suppliers
G. Related Services

IATA - Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR)

© GMLS 24

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ISO – The International Organization for

SABS – South African Bureau of Standards

ISprOod1u1c0t1s4––CSoanfteetnytsdaatnadsohredeetrfoofr chemical

© GMLS 2525

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ISO – The International Organization for

© GMLS 2626

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MSDS Material
© GMLS Data Sheet

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How do we identify what is dangerous or not? ?

Material Safety Data sheet

Now called….SDS
Safety Data Sheet

© GMLS NB – Section 14 – Transport
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© GMLS 2929

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UN Number & PSN

© GMLS 3030

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UN Number & PSN

• A four-digit number known as the UN Number which is
preceded by the letters UN

• The corresponding Proper Shipping Name (PSN).
• Where would you find this?

- MSDS – Material Safety Data Sheet
- Transport Section (Section 14)

© GMLS 3131

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Class exercise – DG or Not?

© GMLS 3232

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Identification – Blue pages

© GMLS 33

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UN four-digit number to identify Dangerous
Goods enhances safety by.....

• Overcoming language barriers
• Avoiding confusing similar names
• They are assigned by the United Nations Committee of Experts

on the Transport of Dangerous Goods

© GMLS 3434

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Using Proper Shipping Names

• PSN must be used for transport purposes on

• No alternatives or variations are permitted unless
specifically stated

• Dangerous Goods List or the Alphabetical Index in bold
letters only

© GMLS 3535

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Using Proper Shipping Names - NOS

© GMLS 3636

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Class / Division and the Hazard Labels

© GMLS 3737

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Packing Groups & Packing Instructions

• Packing Group - degree of danger
• Packing Instruction - everything you need to know

about packing your particular consignment of
Dangerous Goods

© GMLS 3838

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Packing Groups

• Group I: Great danger and most protective
packaging required

• Group II: Medium danger
• Group III: Least danger among regulated goods

© GMLS 3939

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Transport of Dangerous Goods by air

State and Operator Variations:

• The state and operator variations are requirements
applied by individual governments or airlines in addition
to the provisions spelled out in the regulations.

• Not every state (country) or operator (carrier/airline)
has the same laws, rules, regulations and requirements,
and the variations of each are stated in Section 2. State
and operator variations may vary for packing, marking,
training, acceptance and handling

© GMLS 40

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Transport of 41
Goods by air

State Variations:


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Transport of 42
Goods by air

Operator Variations:


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Forbidden Dangerous Goods

© GMLS 4343

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Passenger VS Cargo Aircraft

© GMLS 4444

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Passenger VS Cargo Aircraft

© GMLS 4545

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© GMLS 46

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© GMLS 47

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© GMLS 48

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© GMLS 49

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Excepted Quantities

© GMLS 50

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