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French in 10 minutes a day [Kristine Kershul; 1999]

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French in 10 minutes a day [Kristine Kershul; 1999]

French in 10 minutes a day [Kristine Kershul; 1999]

¥U B lA n /7^ n LIST
$17.95 $11.69
in 10 minutes a day SUBCAT 14 441537


[Complete language learning kit

i^ontains sticky labels, flash cards,

nenu guide & take-along Pocket Paf

Practical, fast and easy... it works!

Bilingual Books, Inc.

Contents 3
Alphabet, Pronunciation Guide 8
Key Question Words 12
Odds 'n Ends 15
Look Around You in Your Home 19

Numbers 22
Colors 28
Sticky Labels 31
Money and More Numbers 39
Days of the Week, Greetings 52
Important Little Words 56
Months, Seasons, Temperatures 63
Family, Home, Religion 67
More Sticky Labels 69
A Few Verbs 86
What Time Is It? 96
Directions, Finding Places 102
Upstairs, Downstairs 108
Post Office, Mail 116
Traffic Signs, Conversion Tables 119
Paying Bills 131
Traveling, Getting Around

Dining, Menu


Packing, Getting Ready to Go


Beverage and Menu Guides

Flash Cards

Order Form

Pocket Par



in 10 minutes a day

by Kristine Kershul, M.A., University of California, Santa Barbara

Consultants: Jan Fisher Brousseau Hagar Shirman
Susan Worthington

Bilingual Books, Inc.

WA1719 West Nickerson Street, Seattle, 98119

Tel: (206) 284-421 1 Fax: (206) 284-3660

Second printing, November 1999

Copyright© 1998, 1992, 1988, 1981 Bilingual Books, Inc., Seattle, WA. Fourth edition. All rights reserved. ISBN 0-944502-16-4

Can you say this?

(kess) (kuh) (say)

Qu^est'Ce que c^est?

what is that

(say) (tewn) (fluhr)

C^est une fleur.

it is a flower

(zhuh) (voo-dray) (ewn) (fluhr)

Je voudrais une fleur.

would like a flower

If you can say this, you can learn to speak French. You will be able to easily order wine,
lunch, theater tickets, pastry, or anything else you wish. With your best French accent,
you simply ask "Qu'est-ce que c'est?" (kess) (kuh) (say) and, upon learning what it is,
you can order it with "Je voudrais ça," (zhuh) (voo-dray) (sah). Sounds easy, doesn't it?

The purpose of this book is to give you an immediate speaking ability in French. French
is the leading language not only in France, but in parts of Switzerland, Belgium, Canada
and numerous countries in Africa too. French is a language of beautiful sounds. To help
you master these sounds, this book offers a unique and easy system of pronunciation
above each word which walks you through learning French.

If you are planning a trip or moving to where French is spoken, you will be leaps ahead of
everyone if you take just a few minutes a day to learn the easy key words that this book
offers. Start with Step 1 and don't skip around. Each day work as far as you can com-

fortably go in those 10 minutes. Don't overdo it. Some days you might want to just re-

view. If you forget a word, you can always look it up in the glossary Spend your first

10 minutes studying the map on the previous page. And yes, have fun learning your
new language.

As you work through the Steps, always use the special features which only this series

offers. This book contains sticky labels and flash cards, free words, puzzles and quizzes.

When you have completed this book, cut out the menu guide and take it along on your

trip. Do not forget your "Pocket Pal" " which is designed to be carried with you every-

where on your travels and to provide essential backup in case you forget an important

word now and then.



the alphabet

Throughout this book you will find an an easy pronunciation guide above all new words. Refer to this

Step whenever you need help, but remember, spend no longer than 10 minutes a day.

Most letters in FVench are identical to those in English and are pronounced in just the same way.

(b) (d) 0) (k) (I) (m) (n) (P) (t) (V) (z)

b d f k 1 in n P t V Z

Here is a guide to help you learn the sounds of the French letters which are pronounced somewhat
differently. Practice these sounds with the examples given which are mostly towns or areas in France
you might wish to visit. You can always refer back to these pages if you need to review.

French English

a, à, â ah Paris (pah-ree)
ai oh Calais (kah-lay)

au, eau k Bordeaux (hor-doh) Colmar, Colmar, Colmsir
Colmar (kohl-mar)
(before a,o,u) s
Nice (nees)



ç s Alençon (ah-lah^^'^-soh^''^) m

ch sh Champagne (shah^'^^-pahn-yuh)

e, e, ei (as in let) Montpellier (moW''^-pel-yay)

eh Le Havre (luh)(ah-vruh)

uh la Seine (lah)(sen)

(as in let)


e ay Orléans (or-lay-ah^^'O

(before a,o,u) g Garonne (gar-ohn)

g zh Gironde (zhee-rohnd)

(before e,iy) (as in onion) Avignon (ah-veen-yoh^'^O

ë n-y Honfleur (oW'^^-fluhr)

gn always silent


1 ee LUle (leel)
(before e,i, y) zh
oh Le Jura (luh)(zhew-rah)
wah Limoges (lee-mohzh)
00 Poitiers (pwah-tee-ay)
Tours (toor)
ou, OÛ

Letter Sound Example Sj^^V Write it here

qu k Quimper (ka^^'^-pair)

(slightly rolled)

r r Rennes (ren)

ss Strasbourg (strahs-boor)
Toulouse (too-looz)
(between vowels) z Tournus (toor-new)


(tvith your lips rounded)

U ew/00

w V Riquewihr (ree-kuh-veer)

X ks Luxembourg (lewk-saW^'^-hoor)

gz Axiat (ah-gzee-ah)

s Bruxelles (brew-sel)

y ee Lyon (lee-oW''^)

In addition to the sounds above, FVench has many nasal vowel sounds. Whenever you see the

small elevated ^""^ think nasal!

(taunt nasalized) Amboise (ahf'^^-bwahz)

Caen (kah-ah^^'O i?

(than nasalized) St.-Savin (sa^'^^-sah-va^''^)
Saintes (sa^^'H)
a (n)
Reims (ra^^'^s)
(don't nasalized)
Toulon (too-loh^^'O
(f-un nasalized)
^\^(n) Melun (mel-uh^''0

(as in station) Attention ! (ah-taN'^^-syoN''^)

Just as in English, "q" is always joined with the letter "u." The letter "u" is then silent.

Note that when many French words begin with a vowel they are joined together in their

pronunciation with the previous word. This Maison is a key part of French pronunciation.

(voo) (ah-vay) (voo) (zah-vay)

VOUS + avez becomes vous avez

(say) (ewn) (fluhr) becomes (say) (tewn) (fluhr)

c'est une fleur c'est une fleur

Sometimes the phonetics may seem to contradict your pronunciation guide. Don't panic! The

easiest and best possible phonetics have been chosen for each individual word. Pronounce the
phonetics just as you see them. Don't over-analyze them. Speak with a French accent and,
above all, enjoy yourself!

Key Question Words

(frah""s) (kay-bek)

When you arrive in France, Québec or another French-speaking country, the very first thing

— (oo) (oo)

you will need to do is ask questions "Where (où) is the bus stop?" "Où can I exchange

where where

money?" "Où is the lavatory?" "Où is a restaurant?" "Où do I catch a taxi?" "Où is a good

—hotel?" "Où is my luggage?" and the list will go on and on for the entire length of your visit.

In French, there are SEVEN KEY QUESTION WORDS to learn. For example, the seven key

question words will help you find out exactly what you are ordering in a restaurant before you

—order it and not after the surprise (or shock!) arrives. Notice that only one letter is different

in the French words for "what" and "who." Don't confuse them! Take a few minutes to study

and practice saying the seven key question words listed below. Then cover the French with your

(moh) (frah'^'-say)

hand and fill in each of the blanks with the matching mot français.

word French





(key) = WHO




(kah<^>) = WHEN







Now test yourself to see if you really can keep these mots straight in your mind. Draw lines


between the French et Enghsh equivalents below.









where (kah'->)


when (poor-kwah)


how much (koh-mah'"')


(moh) (ay)

Examine the following questions containing these mots. Practice the sentences out loud et then


practice by copying the French in the blanks underneath each question.

(kess) (key) (suh) (pahss) Ckoh-mah'''') (tay) (lah) (sah-lahd)

Qu'est-ce qui se passe? Comment est la salade?

What is happening How is the salad

(key) (ess) (kah^"") (luh) (tra'"') (ah-reev-teel)

Qui est-ce? Quand le train arrive-t-il?

Who is it When the train does it arrive

Qui est-ce?

(kohm-bya'''') (ess) (oo) (ay) (luh) (tay-lay-fohn)

Combien est-ce? OÙ est le téléphone?

How much is it Where is the telephone

(oo) (moh)

"OÙ" will be your most used question mot. Say each of the following French sentences aloud.

Then write out each sentence without looking at the example. If you don't succeed on the first

try, don't give up. Just practice each sentence until you are able to do it easily. Remember "qu'

is pronounced Hke "k" and "est-ce" is pronounced "ess."


(lay) (kah-bee-nay) (oo) (ay) (luh) (tahx-ee) (oo) (ay) (loh-toh-boos)

(soh<">) les cabinets? OÙ est le taxi? OÙ est l'autobus?

OÙ {sont (twah-let) where is the taxi where is bus

les toilettes?

i I


(ay) (luh) (reh-stoh-rah'"') OÙ est lg taxi? (ay) (loh-tel)

OÙ est le restaurant? (lah) (bah'^^'k) Où est l'hôtel?

OÙ est la banque? hotel

the bank

(wee) (ah''''-glay) (frah'^'-say)

Oui, you can see similarities between anglais and français if you look closely. You will be

yes English FVench


amazed at the number of mots which are identical (or almost identical) in both languages. Of


course, they do not always sound the same when spoken by a PVench speaker, but the

(see-mee-lar-ee-tay) (ay)

similarités will certainly surprise you et make your work here easier. Listed below are five

similarities and

(ah) (ay)

"free" mots beginning with " a " to help you get started. Be sure to say each mot aloud et then


write out the mot français in the blank to the right.

15^ l'accident (lahk-see-dah^''0 accident l'accident, Taccident, Taccident

l'addition (lah-dee-syoh'^'O the bill in a restaurant

O l'admission (lahd-mee-syoh'''') admission «
O l'adresse (lah-dress)
aidez-moi! (ay-day^mwaJi)
aid me! help me!

Free mots like these will appear at the bottom of the following pages in a yellow color band.

—They are easy enjoy them! Remember, in French, the letter "h" is silent.

Odds 'n Ends


Le français has multiple mots for "the," "a," and "some," but they are very easy.

FVench (language) words

"' -'-m'"- w '

(iuh) la r (lay) (uh'^>) (eïvn) (dew) (duh) (lah) (duh) (I) (day)

le the the les un une du de la de V des

I the the a a some some some some

(gar-soh"") (dew) (soo-kruh)

le garçon du sucre

the boy some sugar

(gar-soh''^') (duh) (lah) (moo-tard)

les garçons de la moutarde

the boys some mustard

(fee-yuh) (evm) (fahm)

la fille une femme

the girl

(fee-yuh) (day) (fahm)

les filles des femmes

the girls some women

(lohm) (uh) (nohm)

l'homme un homme

the man a man

(lay) (zohm) (day) (zohm)

les hommes des hommes

the men some men


This might appear difficult, but only because it is different from anglais. Just remember you will


be understood whether you say "la fille " or "le fille." Soon you will automatically select the

right one without even thinking about it.

In Step 2 you were introduced to the Seven Key
QuestionWords. These seven words are the basics, the
most essential building blocks for learning French.

Throughout this book you will come across keys
asking you to fill in the missing question word. Use

this opportunity not only to fill in the blank on that

key, but to review all your question words. Play with

the new sounds, speak slowly and have fun.

l'alcool (lahl-kohl) alcohol a

B les Alpes (lay)(zahlp) the Alps
n américain (ah-may-ree-ka^^'O American
l'animal (lah-nee-mahl) apartment

O8 l'appartement (lah-par-teh-maW''^)

Look Around You


Before you proceed avec this Step, situate yourself comfortably in your living room. Now look



around you. Can you name the things that you see in this pièce in French? You can probably


(lahmp) (shehz)

guess la lampe and maybe even la chaise. Let's learn the rest of them. After practicing

lamp chair

these mots out loud, write them in the blanks below.

(lahmp) (fuh-net-ruh)

la lampe la fenêtre

lamp window


le canape



la chaise



le tapis


(tah-bluh) la table, la table

la table



la porte



la pendule


(ree-doh) (tah-bloh)

le rideau le tableau

curtain picture


le téléphone.



You will notice that the correct form of le, la or les is given avec each noun. This tells you whether


the noun is masculine (le) or feminine (la). Now open your book to the sticky labels on page 17 and

(ay) (pyess)

later on page 35. Peel off the first 11 labels et proceed around the pièce, labeling these items in

your home. This will help to increase your French mot power easily. Don't forget to say each


mot as you attach the label.

(lahmp) (vwah-lah)

Now ask yourself, "Où est la lampe?" et point at it while you answer, " Voilà la lampe."

there is

Continue on down the list above until you feel comfortable with these new mots.

l'appétit (lah-pay-tee) appetite a
stop, arrest
D l'arrêt (lah-ray) arrival
l'arrivée (lah-ree-vay) author

D l'attention (lah-tah^^^-syoh'"')
D l'auteur (loh-tur)

(lah) (may-zoh'"')

la maison = the house

(vwah-lah) (may-zoh'"')

Voilà la maison.

there is house


le bureau


(sahl) (duh)(ba"'>)

la salle de bain



la cuisine


^ (shah'^^'-bruh) (ah)(koo-shay)
la chambre à coucher


(sahl) (ah) (mah'^'-zhay)

la salle à manger

dining room

(lee-veeng-room) (sah-loh^"')

le living-room/le salon

living room


le garage



le sous-sol



While learning these new mots, let's not forget:


(loh-toh) (vwah-teivr) (moh-toh-see-klet) (bee-see-klet)

1' auto/la voiture la motocyclette la bicyclette

automobile, car motorcycle bicycle

a le balcon (hahl-koW'^O balcony
a le ballon (bah-loh^''0
a la banane (bah-nahn) balloon, big ball
a le banc (bah^^'O
a10 la banque (bah^^'k) banana i


(shah) (zhar-da'"') (fluhr)

le chat le jardin les fleurs

cat garden flowers

(shya"") IIS Pli

le chien le jardin, lg p-*^''^ (koo-ree-ay)

dog (bwaht) (oh) (let-ruh) le courrier

la boîte aux lettres mail


(ay) (may-zoh'"')

Peel off the next set of labels et wander through your maison learning these new mots. It will

(shah) (fluhr) (oo) (shya'"')

be somewhat difficult to label le chat, les fleurs ou le chien, but be creative. Practice by

cat flowers or dog

(loh-toh) (vwah-lah) (loh-toh)

asking yourself, "Oil est l'auto?" and reply, "Voilà Tauto."

car there is


Où est la maison?

le bifteck (beef-tek) beefsteak

O le biscuit (bee-skwee) cookie _
la bouteille (boo-tay) D

n bref (brehfi brief, short;
D brillant (bree^ahf'^)
brilliant, sparkling 11

(uh"") (duh) (twah)

Un, Deux, Trois!

two three

Consider for a minute how important numbers are. How could you tell someone your phone


number, your address ou your hotel room if you had no numbers? And think of how difficult it



would be if you could not understand the time, the price of a croissant ou the correct bus to take.


When practicing the nombres below, notice the similarities which have been underlined for you


(wheat) (deez-wheat) (set) (deez-set)

between huit and dix- huit, sept and dix-sept, et so on.

eight eighteen seven seventeen

(zay-roh) (deess)

zéro 10 dix

(uh'''>) (oN^>z)

1 un 11 onze

(duh) (dooz)

2 deux 12 douze

(twah) (trehz)

3 trois 13 treize

(kah-truh) (kah-torz)

4 quatre 14 quatorze

(sank) (ka'">z)

5 cinq 15 quinze

(seess) (sehz)

6 six 16 seize

(set) septJ., septJ., septa. (deez-set)

7 sept 17 dix-sept

(wheat) (deez-wheat)

8 huit 18 dix-huit

(nuf) (deez-nuf)

9 neuf 19 dix-neuf

(deess) (va'"')

10 dix 20 vingt

\a capitale (kah-pee-tahl) capital 1^ g^pit^le. 1^ gapit^lg. la çapiUW
n la cathédrale (kah-tay-drahl) Q
G le cendrier (saW'^^-dree-ay) ashtray
n le centre (saW^'^-truh) center
n12 le champagne (shxûé'^'^fxjknyyvh)

(ew-tee-lee-zay) (nohm-bruh) (ah'"')

Utilisez these nombres on a daily basis. Count to yourself en français when you brush your

use numbers in French

(oo) (nohm-bruh)

teeth, exercise ou commute to work. Fill in the blanks below according to the nombres given in


parentheses. Now is also a good time to learn these two very important phrases.

(zhuh) (voo-dray)

je voudrais

would like

(noo) (voo-dree-oh'"')

nous voudrions

would like

(zhuh) (voo-dray) (kart) (poh-stahl) (kohm-bya'"')

Je voudrais carte postale. — w Combien?
how many
I would like (1) postcard i 1 (1)
Je voudrais (ta'"'-bruh-pohst) Combien? (8)
Je voudrais
(7) timbres-poste. CUlfl^

huit stamps (9)
(8) timbres-poste. Combien? (1)

Je voudrais timbres-poste. ?^^*c xmi Combien?
(5) s '''ft*/
(noo) (voo-dree-oh'">) (kart) (poh-stahl)

Nous voudrions cartes postales.

we postcards

Nous voudrions cartes postales. Combien?

we (10) (tee-kay) (doh-toh-boos)
(zhuh) ticket d'autobus. Combien?

Je voudrais

ticket ^^„^ ™,«:«*w«^

Nous voudrions (tee-kay) "WH Combien?
fli^U,^ X.J

Nous voudrions tickets. Combien?

(voo-dray) (11) (tahs) (duh) (tay)
Je voudrais tasses de thé.

cups of tea

(vair) (doh)

Nous voudrions verres d'eau.

(4) glasses of water

le changement (shaW'^^-zhuh-mah^''^) change

le chèque (shek) bank check

O le chocolat (shoh-koh-lah) chocolate Q
O le coiffeur (kwah-Jur)
G la communication (koh-mew-nee-kah-syoW''^) hairdresser

communication 13

Now see if you can translate the following thoughts into français. (lay) (ray-poh'^'s)

FVench Les réponses are provided



upside down at the bottom of the page.


1. I would like seven postcards.

2. I would Uke nine stamps.

3. We would like four cups of tea.

4. We would like three bus tickets.

(ah) (ay)

Review les nombres 1 à 20. Write out your telephone number, fax number et cellular number.


Then write out a friend's telephone number and a relative's telephone number.

(2 6) —

deux zéro six






-:r;<rr7r ' ' '
i; 'W?;:^.AU^gj: r:;: j;- !. iiJA,;j;^^?i^T;;gt:s;"


8nqo:^ne^p s:^33q3i:^ sioj; suoijpnoA snof^ 'f •a^sod-sajquii'ï jnau srejpnoA af 'z
'^\{\ ap sdssB:^ aj:)enb suoijpnoA snof^ '£ *83ie;sod sa:^B3 ^das siBjpnoA af 'x


(lay) (koo-luhr)

6 Les Couleurs


(koo-luhr) (oh) (kay-bek)
—Les couleurs sont the same en Prance et au Québec as they are in the United States
(soh'^O (ah<'")(frah"''s)

they just

colors are in in

(noh'''') (vee-oh-lay) (bluh)

have different noms. You can easily recognize violet as violet and bleu as blue. Let's learn the


(koo-luhr) (may-zoh'"')

basic couleurs so v^hen you are invited to someone's maison et you want to bring flowers, you



will be able to order the color you want. Once you've learned les couleurs, quiz yourself. What

color are your shoes? Your eyes? Your hair? Your house?

(rohz) (roozh)

rose rouge

pink red

(hlah<^>) (oh-rah""zh)

blanc orange

white orange

(bluh) bigu




(mah-roh"") (zhohn)

marron jaune

brown yellow

(nwahr) (vair)

noir vert

black green




D la compagnie (koh^^^-pakn-yee) company 15
G le/la concierge (koh'"^-see-airzh)
O la conversation (kok'''^-vair-sah-syoh^''0 doorkeeper
O le cousin (koo-zd""^) conversation
n la cousine (koo-zeen)
cousin (male)
cousin (female)

(koo-luhr) (may-zoh'"') Identify the

Peel off the next group of labels et proceed to label these couleurs in your maison.

(00) house

two ou three dominant colors in the flags below.

Algeria Belgium

Cameroon Canada

Chad France

French Guiana Haiti

Ivory Coast Luxembourg

Madagascar Mah

Monaco Switzerland


You should be able to use your français language skills in any of the above countries as well as in


(tahx-ee) ?

est le taxi?

(wherej,^^^^ (where) (what is that)

n la dame (dahm) lady
G la danse (daM^'^s) dance
n décembre (day-sah^'^^m-hruh)
O la declaration (day-klah-rah-syoh'''0 December

16 le départ (day-par) declaration

(lahmp) (loh-toh) (mah-roh^"") (bee-air)

la lampe Tauto marron la bière

(kah-nah-pay) (moh-toh-see-klet) (roozh) (lay)

le canapé la motocyclette rouge le lait

(shehz) (bee-see-klet) (rohz) (buhr)

la chaise la bicyclette rose le beurre

(tah-pee) (shah) (oh-rah'^^'zh) (sel)

le tapis le chat orange le sel

(tah-bluh) le jardin (hlah^'^O (pwah-vruh)

la table (fluhr) blanc le poivre

(port) les fleurs (zhohn) (vair) (va^"0

la porte (shya'""') jaune le verre a vm

(pah'^^'-dewl) le chien (grée) (vair)

la pendule (7)wa/ii.) (oh) (let-ruh) gris le verre

(ree-doh) la boîte aux lettres (nwahr) (zhoor-nahl)

le rideau ^koo-ree-ay) noir le journal

(tay-lay-fohn) le courrier (hluh) (tahs)

le téléphone (zay-roh) bleu la tasse

(fuh-net-ruh) zero (vair) (kwee-air)

la fenêtre (uh^-O vert la cuillère

(tah-hloh) 1 un (mewl-tee-koh-lor) (koo-toh)

le tableau (duh) multicolore le couteau

(may-zoh'''') 2 deux (boh'^'^-zhoor) la serviette

la maison (twah) bonjour (lah-syet)

le bureau 3 trois (boh^^^-swahr) l'assiette

(kah-truh) bonsoir (foor-shet)

4 quatre (bun) (nwee) la fourchette

i salle de bain (sank) bonne nuit (plah-kar)

(kwee-zeen) 5 cinq (sah-lew) le placard

la cuisine (seess) salut (tay)

(shah''''-bruh) (koo-shay) 6 six (oh) (ruh-vwahr) le thé

chambre à coucher (set) au revoir (kah-fay)

(sahl) (mah'^'-zhay) 7 sept (koh-mah'"') (tah-lay-voo) le café

salle à manger (wheat) Coiiiiuent allez-vous?

(lee-veeng-room) 8 huit (ray-free-zhay-rah-tuhr) le pain

e living-room (nuf) le réfrigérateur

(gah-rahzh) 9 neuf (kwee-zeen-yair) fsee/J (voo) (play)

le garage (deess) le cuisinière s'il vous plaîl

(soo-sohl) 10 dix (va'"0 (mair-see)

le sous-sol le vin merci


This book has over 150 special sticky labels for you to use as

you learn new words. When you are introduced to one of

these words, remove the corresponding label from these

pages. Be sure to use each of these unique self-adhesive
labels by adhering them to a picture, window, lamp, or

whatever object they refer to. And yes, they are removable!
The sticky labels make learning to speak French much more

fun and a lot easier than you ever expected. For example,

when you look in the mirror and see the label, say


• 99

"le miroir.'


Don't just say it once, say it again and again. And once you

label the refrigerator, you should never again open that

door without saying


le réfrigérateur."


By using the sticky labels, you not only learn new words, but

friends and family learn along with you! The sooner you start,

18 the sooner you can use these labels at home or work.




Before starting this Step, go back and review Step 5. It is important that you can count to

(va'"') (lee-vruh) (nohm-bruh)

vingt without looking at le livre. Let's learn the larger nombres now. After practicing aloud

twenty book

(lay) (frah'^'-sayj

les nombres français 10 through 1,000 below, write these nombres in the blanks provided.

(kah-truh) (kah-torz)

Again, notice the similarities (underlined) between nombres such as quatre (4), quatorze (14),


et quarante (40).

10 (deess)
30 dix
50 (va'">)
70 vingt
90 (trah'^'t)
500 trente

quarante c^uarant^ c^uamnte, (Quarante, c^uar^intp. au^r^^ntp.






soixante-dix (60 +10)


quatre-vingts (4 x 20)

(kah-truh-va'"' -deess)

quatre-vingt-dix (4 x 20 + 10)



(sank) (sah'"')

cinq cents




Here are deux important phrases to go with all these nombres. Say them out loud over and over

and then write them out twice as many times.



I have

(noo) (zah-voh'"') already 19
already seen
nous avons _ desire
we have
O déjà (day-zhah)

- déjà vu (day-zhah)(vew)

n la désir (day-zeer)
O la distance (dee-stah^''^8)

le docteur (dohk-tur)

(ay) (frah'"') (frah'">-say)

The unit of currency en France est le franc français, abbreviated "F". Let's learn the various

in is

(moh-nay) (bee-ay) (moh)

kinds of monnaie et billets. Always be sure to practice each mot out loud. You might want to

coins bills

(ma'^'-tuh-nah'"') (ah-vek)

exchange some money maintenant so that you can familiarize yourself avec the various types of

now with




(bee-ay) (moh-nay)

Billets Monnaie


(sang-kah''''t) (dee) (sah'"'-teem)

cinquante francs dix centimes

60 ten

(sah'""') (va"")

cent francs vingt centimes

100 (sang-kah'^'t)

cinquante centimes


(sah'""') (uh"'>)(frah'''>)

deux cent francs un franc

200 (duh) (frah'^O

deux francs

(sank) (sah'"") (sank)

cinq cents cinq francs

500 (deess)

francs dix francs

D l'économie (lay-koh-noh-mee) economy -

O l'entrée (laW^'^-tray) entry, entrance -

a est (est) east g -
n l'état (lay-tah) state -

20 - Les États-Unis (lay)(zay-tah-zoo-nee) The United States of America

(deess) (meel) (ma'"'-tuh-nah'"') (oo)

Review les nombres dix through mille again. Maintenant, how do you say "twenty-two" ou



"fifty-three" en français? Put the numbers together in a logical sequence just as you do in

(pahzh) (soh'^'O

English. See if you can say et write out les nombres on this page. The answers sont at the

page are

bottom of la page.

1. 2.

(25 = 20 + 5) (83 = 80 + 3)
(96 = 90 + 6)
3. 4.

(47 = 40 + 7)


Now, how would you say the following en frrançais?

(I have 80 francs.)

(We have 72 francs.)

—To ask how much something costs en français, one asks (kohin-bya'"0 (ess) (kuh) (sah) (koot)

Combien est-ce que ça coûte?

Now you try it.

(How much does that cost?)

Answer the following questions based on the numbers in parentheses.

(kohm-bya'"') (ess) (kuh) (sah) (koot)

7. Combien est-ce que ça coûte? Ça coûte francs.

costs this it costs (10)

(koot) (tee-kay)

8. Combien coûte le ticket? Le ticket coûte ^francs.

costs (20)

(lee-vruh) francs.

9. Combien coûte le livre? Le livre coûte (17)


(feelm) francs.

10. Combien coûte le film? Le lilm coûte (30)

RÉPONSES •SDUBJj ^uiA-aj;Bnb iB,f "ç

a;u3j; 01 azias-:^uiA-aj;Bnb '^
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xip i bup-:jSuiA x

•SDUBjj 3znop-a;uBxios suoab sno>j '9



(oh-zhoor-dwee) (duh-ma'''0 (ee-air)

8 Aujourd'hui, Demain et Hier

(kah-lah''''-dree-ay) today tomorrow and yesterday

Le calendrier



Learn the days of the week by writing them in le calendrier above et then move on to the

(kah-truh) (zhoor)

quatre parts to each jour.

four day

(mah-ta'''>) (lah-preh-mee-dee) (swahr) (nwee)

le matin l'après-midi le soir la nuit

morning afternoon evening night

G la fatigue (fah-teeg) fatigue, tiredness

-je suis fatigué (zhuh)(swee)(fah-tee-gay) . I am tired

a la fête (fet) feast, festival ^
a le festival (feh-stee-vahl) festival

G22 le film (feelm) film

(eel) (ay) (trek) (za"''-por-tah"'0

II est très important to know the days of the week et the various parts of the day as well as

very important

these trois mots.

(ee-air) (oh-zhoor-dwee) (duh-ma'"')

hier aujourd'hui demain

(dee-niah''^'sh) (mar-dee) (mair-kruh-dee) I (sahm-dee)

dimanche mardi mercredi h samedi

Sunday Tuesday (zhuh-dee) Saturday

jeudi (vah''"-druh-dee)

Thursday vendredi

i Rid ay

(kel) (zhoor) (ess) (kel) (ess) (duh-ma'"')

Quel jour est-ce aujourd'hui? Quel jour est-ce demain?

what day is it

(say-tay) (ay)

Quel jour c'était hier? Aujourd'hui est mardi, oui? So,

was it yes (tomorrow)

(say) (say-tay)

c'est mercredi et c'était lundi. Notice that the PVench days of the week are

(yesterday) was

not capitalized as en anglais. Starting from aujourd'hui, Monday c'est "lundi."

a. Sunday morning jeudi après-midi
b. PViday morning

c. Saturday evening
d. Thursday afternoon
e. Thursday night

yesterday evening

g. tomorrow afternoon
h. tomorrow evening

(ay) (koh'^'-sair) (ess)

est le concert? est-ce?

concert IS It


Jios uicuiap *q jios jaiq 'J jios ipauies 'd
ipiui-sajdB ui^uiap 'S :|inu ipnaf -q
ipiui-sajdB ipnaf 'a upeui ipajpu3A *«
-p ui;eui aqaueuiip


(sah-lew-tah-syoh'"') (frah'''>-sez)

Knowing the parts of le jour will help you to learn the various salutations françaises below.

day greetings

Practice these every day until your trip.



good morning/good day



good evening

(bun) (nwee)

bonne nuit

good night


salut -


(oh) (ruh-vwahr)

au revoir


(shohz) (may-zoh'''')

Take the next quatre labels et stick them on the appropriate choses in your maison. Make sure

four things house


you attach them to the correct items, as they are only en français. How about the bathroom

(poor) (oo) (bun) (nwee)

mirror pour "bonjour"? Ou your alarm clock for "bonne nuit"? Let's not forget,

for or

(koh-ntah'"') (tah-lay-voo)

Comment allez-vous?

how are you

(wee) (noh'''')

Now for some "oui" or "non" questions -

yes no

(bluh) (mah-roh'"')

Are your eyes bleus? Are your shoes marrons?.

(roozh) Is today samedi?

Is your favorite color rouge? .

(shya"") (shah)

Do you own a chien? Do you own a chat?

(et) (lee-vruh) (say)

You êtes about one-fourth of your way through this livre et c'est a good time to quickly review

are book it is


les mots you have learned before doing the crossword puzzle on the next page. Amusez-vous

enjoy yourself

(bun) (shah'">s)

et bonne chance!

good luck


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mb anbuBq *g
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;niBS ainpudd ipauiBS 'I
aoaid 11 'I sioj; sz -gx snq(yyn£,p %9ypi% -9
dsuodaj '9 3JOio3i;inui a^uBnbup 'SX
xnap •82 lonbjnod -gx o;nB 'iz aiBuuoiu •£
puBnb LZ -g aunBf auiuioq "X'X
ouTB\q -çx ipiui-sajdBj 92 asiBqa anbuauiy 'f
jiou f :|U3uiui03 'gx
uaiquioa '9Z suoAB snou "f^x '2 «l|OA -qz ipdJ3J3UI SUOAH '2
9\B%SOd9yilB0 gx
su3 '9Z ipjBUI '21 sjnof 'Z Ï8 fZ :|5uiA II DaAB 'z
sicjpnoAaf 'x
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ipajpuaA zz auiuiaj 'XX 22






2 2. 3. y^ ï 1^Kr"\

3. f4. } if
"'^ 5 7.
., ,- .- 9.
4. 8.
5. 6.

..-i 7.

8 a-' - .» 11. 10. 12.
3 9 ^

i 11. 1
^ 12 1
14 1

^ 13. 16. 14 ma«f
16 1^

17. 18. '

18, 1



22. 20. 23. 21. 24.
22. 25. 25. 23.


27 ^^28.
^r27. 28.



ACROSS 11. tea 22. four 1. days 11. woman 22. Friday
12. 20 23. house
1. I would like 23. and 2. postcard 12. a (masculine) 25. gray
2. with 13. Wednesday
3. (we) have 24. there is 3. black 13. Tuesday 26. how much?
4. America 14. chair 27. when?
25. how? 4. the afternoon 14. we have
5. coins 15. man 28. two
26. yellow 5. car 15. white
6. bus ticket 16. 50
7. Saturday 17. clock 27. multi-colored 6. response, answer• 16. why?
8. bank 18. today
9. 19 20. water 28. three 7. hi 17. room

10. night 21. five 29. picture 8. who? 18. lamp

30. curtain 9. what is it? 20. red

10. money 21. green

G le filtre (feel-truh) filter

- un café filtre (kah-fay) (feel-truh) filtered coffee -f

a \ann(fa'"0 end
D le fonctionnaire (foh''"-syoh-nair)
functionary, civil servant
le football (foot-bahl)
soccer 25


(dah'"') (sewr) (soo)

Dans, sur, sous .

on under

(prau-poh-zee-syoh'"') (frah'">-sez)

Les prepositions françaises (words like "in," "on," "through" and "next to") sont easy to



learn, et they allow you to be precise avec a minimum of effort. Instead of having to point six

times at a piece of yummy pastry you would like, you can explain precisely which one you want


by saying il est behind, in front of, next to ou under the piece of pastry that the salesperson is

it is


starting to pick up. Let's learn some of these petits mots.


(soo) (dah<^>)

SOUS dans

under into/in

(oh-duh-syoo) (duh) (duh-vah"")

au-dessus de*_ devant _

over in front of

(ah'^^'-truh) entre, entre, ent (dair-ee-air)

entre derrière

between behind

(ah) (koh-tay) (duh) (duh)

à côté de*_ de*_

next to out 06'from

(sewr) (pah-tee-suh-ree)

sur_ la pâtisserie _

on pastry!


*Note that "de" sometimes combines with "la," "le" or "les" to form "de la," "du," "de V " and

(de + les)

"des." Fill in the blanks on the next page with the correct prepositions.

(how)^^^^^ (how) allez-vous? >y^ (whjO (ay-teel) (zhohn)

are you le taxi est-il jaune?


D la forme (form) form, shape
D laforêt (foh-ray)
D le foyer (fwah-yay) forest
O franc/franche (jrah'''^)/(frah^''^sh)
home, hearth
26 le fruit (fwee) frank, honest


(pah-tee-suh-ree) (on) (tah-bluh) (shya"") (under) (tah-bluh)
La pâtisserie est la table. Le chien est la table.

pastry table dog table

(dohk-tur) (boh(''>)(oh-tel) (oo) (ay)

Le docteur est le bon hôtel. OÙ est le docteur?

doctor good

(lohm) l'hôtel. Où est l'homme?

L homme est. (in front of) (tah-bloh) Où est le téléphone?
(next to the)
(tay-lay-fohn) tableau.

Le téléphone est picture


(ma^'^'-tuh-nah^''') (puh-tee)

Maintenant, fill in each blank on the picture below with the best possible one of these petits

now little

(kah-tay-drahl) (noh-truh-dahm)

mots. Do you recognize la Cathédrale Notre-Dame below?


(under) (in front of)

la galerie (gah-leh-ree) gallery, long room

O la géographie (zhay-oh-grah-fee) geography
D la glace (glahs)
ice, ice cream g
la gomme (gohm)
le gourmand (goor-mah^"')
gourmand, glutton 27


10 (zhah'^'-vee-ay) (fay-vree-ay) (marss)

Janvier, Février, Mars

January February March

(suh-men) (say) (moh-mah'"') (mwah) (duh)(lah-nay)

You have learned the days of la semaine, so now c'est le moment to learn les mois de l'année

week it is months of the year


et all the different kinds of temps.




(sep-tah'^^'m-bruh) (ohk-toh-bruh) (noh-vah'''>m-bruh) (day-sah'''>m-bruh)

septembre octobre novembre décembre

(kel) (tah'"') (fay4eel) (oh-zhoor-dwee)

When someone asks, " Quel temps fait-il aujourd'hui?" you have a variety of answers. Let's

what (the) weather does it make today

learn them but first, does this sound familiar?

(oh"") (sep-tah"''m-bruh) (ah-vreel) (zhwa"'^) (noh-vah'^^m-bruh)

Trente jours ont septembre, avril, juin et novembre . .


le gourmet (goor-may) gourmet, epicurean

O le gouvernement (goo-vair-nuh-mah^'^0 government
O grand (grahf'^')
G la grandeur (graW''^-dur) big g
28 le guide (geed)


'kel) (tah'"') (fay-teel) (oh-zhoor-dwee)

Quel temps fait-il aujourd'hui?.

what today

(nehzh) (ah"")

neige en janvier.

snows in


neige aussi en février.



pleut en mars.


pleut aussi en avril.

(fay) (dew) (vah'^O

fait du vent en mai.

makes windy


fait du soleil en juin.



fait beau en juillet.



fait chaud en août.



fait du brouillard en septembre.

(fay) (fray)

fait firais en octobre.



fait mauvais en novembre.



fait froid en décembre.


(kel) (ah<->)

Quel temps fait-il en février?.


Quel temps fait-il en avril? Il pigut gn avril. Il pigut gn avril.

Quel temps fait-il en mai?

Quel temps fait-il en août?.

ridentifîcation (lee-dah'''^-tee-fee-kah-syoh''^) . identification 29

a l'île (kel) island

l'importance (la'''^-por-tah^''^s) importance 1
an important thing
- une chose importante (shohz)(af'^-por-tah^'^t) . unacceptable

inacceptable (een-ahk-sep-tah-bluh)



Maintenant, les saisons de Tannée . .

of the year

(lee-vair) (lay-tay) (loh-tohn) (prah'">-tah'''')

l'hiver l'été l'automne le printemps

winter autumn spnng

(sel-see-ews) Fahrenheit

Celsius Fahrenheit


(say) (tewn) (bun) (ee-day)

At this point, c'est une bonne idée to familiarize


(tah'^^'-pay-rah-tewr) (uh-roh-pay-yen)

yourself avec les températures européennes.

temperatures European


Carefully study le thermomètre because les

(tah'^'-pay-rah-teivr) (uh-rohp)

températures en Europe are calculated on the

basis of Centigrade (not Fahrenheit).

Tb convert °F to °C, subtract 32 and multiply by 0.55.

98.6 °F - 32 = 66.6 x 0.55 = 37 °C

To convert °C to °F, multiply by 1.8 and add 32.

37 °C X 1.8 = 66.6 + 32 = 98.6 °F

What is normal body temperature in Celsius?
What is the freezing point in Celsius?

n impossible (a^''^-poh-see-bluh) impossible

- C'est impossible! (say)(ta''^^-poh-see-bluh) . It's impossible!
D l'industrie (W^'-dew-stree)

G l'information (la'^'^-for-mah-syoW''^) information
G30 l'ingénieur (la^'^'-zhay-nyur) engineer

(fwah-yay) (fa^"') (fwah)

11 Foyer, Faim et Foi!

home hunger faith

Just as we have the three "R's" en anglais, en français there are the three "F's" which help us

(vee) (frah''''-sez) (fah-mee-yuh)

to understand some of the basics of la vie française et la famille française. Study the family

life French family

tree below.

(Madame Roquefort)

Claudine Roquefort 1
la grand-mère

Marie-France Mitou Danielle Roquefort
la mère
la tante
(Mademoiselle Roquefort)
Caroline Roquefort
Philippe Mitou
r oncle la fille

Nicolas Roquefort daughter

a rinscription (la'^^'-skreep-syoh'^'O inscription 31
l'institut (ké^'^-stee-tew) interesting
intéressant (a^'''-tay-ray-sah^''0 Italian

l'Italie (lee-tak-lee)

- italien (ee-tah-lya^^'O

(fah-mee-yuh) (noh'"') (eg-zah''''-pluh)

Let's learn how to identify la famille by nom. Study the following exemples carefully.

family examples

(voo) (zah-puh-lay-voo) (mah-pel) (your name)

Comment vous appelez-vous? Je m'appelle

what is your name/how are you called my name is/I am called


les parents


(pair) (koh-moh'"') (sah-pel)

le père Comment s'appelle le père?

father how is called father

(mair) Comment s'appelle la mère?

la mère how mother


(lay) (zah"'>-fah<">) (feess) (fee-yuh) (frair) (suhr)

les enfants Le fils et la fille sont aussi frère et soeur.

children brother sister

(feess) (feess)

le fils Comment s'appelle le fils?

son son

(fee-yuh) (fee-yuh)

_la fille Comment s'appelle la fille? _

daughter daughter


les parents


(grah'^'-pair) (koh-mah'"') (sah-pel)

le grand-père Comment s'appelle le grand-père?

grandfather grandfather

(grah''''-mair) Comment s'appelle la grand-mère?

la grand-mère grandmother

grandmother —And answer

Now you ask (My name is . . .)

(How are you called?/What is your name?) woman's jacket

O la jaquette (zhah-ket) Japan •
G le Japon (zhah-poW""^)
Japanese J
-japonais (zhah-poh-nay) newspaper

G le journal (zhoor-nahl) Mena Lisa (in the Louvre)
32 n La Joconde (zhoh-kohnd)


La Cuisine



le réfrigérateur


(kwee-zeen- yair)

le cuisinière



le beurre


(lay) (bee-air)

le lait la bière

milk beer

Answer these questions aloud. (va'"') (ray-free-zhay-rah-tuhr)

(bee-air) OÙ est le vin? La bière est dans le réfrigérateur.

Où est la bière? (buhr)

beer OÙ est le beurre?

(luh) butter

OÙ est le lait?



Maintenant ouvrez your livre to the page avec the labels et remove the next group of labels et

open book

proceed to label all these choses in your cuisine.

things kitchen

G juste (zhoost) fair, just ,
D la justice (zhoo-stees) justice
le kilo (kee-loh) kilogram
kilometer Vr
n le kilomètre (kee-loh-meh-truh) kiosk
O le kiosque (kee-ohsk) 33


(sel) (pwah-vruh) (va"")

le sel le poivre .le verre à vin

sait wine glass (vair)

M le verre



la fleur


~ m fJLm|||pHmBM^^|^B[i HBÏHriil (tahs)

\rmr===^=^ la tasse

i^^- "^


le journal




(sair-vyet) la cuillère

la serviette spoon

napkin (foor-shet) (lah-syet) (koo-toh)

Et more . . la fourchette V assiette le couteau

fork plate knife

(plah-kar) (ay)

le placard OÙ est le thé?

cupboard Le thé est dans le placard.

(tay) Où est le café?

le thé Ouest le pain?



le café



le pain


Don't forget to label all these things and do not forget to use every

(say) (za'"'-por-tah'"')

opportunity to say these mots out loud. C'est très important.


a le lac (lack) lake 1
a la langue (lah'^'^-gwuh)
n la leçon (luh-soW'^^) language
a la lecture (lek-tewr)
a34 la liberté (lee-bair-tay) lesson

(par-doh'"') (let-ruh) (day-oh-doh-rah'"') (short)

pardon la lettre le déodorant le short

(lar-mwahr) (ta'"'-bruh-pohst) (pen-yuh) (tee-shirt)

l'armoire le timbre-poste le peigne le teeshirt

(lee) f/car^J (poh-stahl) ('mah^"'-toh)

le lit la carte postale le manteau le slip

(loh-ray-yay) (pahs-por) (pah-rah-plew-ee) (tree-koh) (poh)

Toreiller le passeport le parapluie le tricot de peau

(koo-vair-tewr) (bee-yay) (la^""^ -pair-may -ah-bluh) la robe

la couverture le billet l'imperméable

(ray-vay) la valise les gants (blooz)

le réveil la blouse

(mir-wahr) (sahk) (ma^^'O (shah-poh)

le miroir le sac à main le chapeau la jupe

(lah-vah-boh) (port-fuh-yuh) (boht) (shah'"'-dye)

le lavabo le portefeuille les bottes le chandail

(sair-vyet) (lar-zhah^^'O (shoh-suhr) (koh^"^-bee-nay-zoh'"')

le serviette l'argent les chaussures la combinaison

(doo-bul-vay-say) (kart) (kray-dee) (shoh-suhr) (teh-nees) (soo-tya'"^-gorzh)

le W.C. les cartes de crédit les chaussures de tennis le soutien-gorge

(doosh) f's/ieA;^ (vwah-yahzh) (koh^'^'-play)

la douche les chèques de voyage le complet le slip

(kray-yoh^''0 (lah-pah-ray-foh-toh) (krah-vaht) (shoh-set)

le crayon l'appareil-photo la cravate les chaussettes

(tay-lay-vee-zur) (peh-lee-kewl) (shuh-meez) les bas

la téléviseur la pellicule la chemise

(stee-loh) (koh-stewm) (ba'"') (moo-shwahr) (pee-zhah-mah)

le stylo le costume de bain le mouchoir le pyjama

(lee-vruh) (sah^'^'-dahl) (veh-stoh^^'O (shuh-meez) (nwee)

le livre les sandales le veston la chemise de nuit

(lor-dee-nah-tur) (lew-net) (soh-lay) (pah'^^-tah-loh^"') Tro/îW (shah""-bruh)

l'ordinateur les lunettes de soleil le pantalon la robe de chambre

(lew-net) la brosse à dents les jeans (pah^">-too-fluh)

les lunettes les pantoufles

(pah-pee-ay) (dah'"'-teejrees) (zhuh) (vya'"') (duh)

le papier le dentifrice Je viens de

(kor-bay) (pah-pee-ay) (sah-voh^"') (zhuh) (voo-dray) (zah-prah'"'-drvh) (luh) (frn}i""-sni/)

i corbeille à papier le savon Je voudrais apprendre le français.

(ruh-vew) (rah-zwahr) (zhuh) (mah-pel)

la revue le rasoir Je m'appelle


PLUS . .

This book includes a number of other innovative features

unique to the ''10 minutes a day®^' series. At the back of
this book, you will find twelve pages of flash cards. Cut

them out and flip through them at least once a day.

On pages 116, 117 and 118 you will find a beverage guide
and a menu guide. Don't wait until your trip to use them.
Clip out the menu guide and use it tonight at the dinner

table. Take them both with you the next time you dine at

your favorite French restaurant.

When you are ready to leave, cut out your Pocket Pal TM

and keep it with you at all times! By using the special

features in this book, you will be speaking French before

you know it.

(ah-mew-zay-voo) (bun) (shah'^'s)

Amusez-vous et bonne chance!

enjoy yourself good luck

72 flash dozens of



La Religion


(ruh-lee-zhoh'"') (noo) (zah-voh'"')(ee-see) (ah-may-reek)

En France, there is not the wide variety of religions that nous avons ici en Amérique.

religions here

A person is usually one of the following.


1. catholique

CathoUc (t) or ()

(proh-teh-stah'"') (proh-teh-stahnt )

2. protestant/ protestante

ProtesUnt (») Protestent ()

(zhweeû (zhweev)

3. juif/ juive _

Jewish (t) Jewish (t)

(mew-zewl-mnh'''') (mew-zewl-mahn)

4. musulman/ musulmane

Moslem (0 Moslem (t)


Voilà une cathédrale en France.


(ess) (kah-tay-drahl)

Est-ce une cathédrale catholique?

is it


Est-ce une nouvelle cathédrale?


Est-ce une vieille cathédrale?


(zhuh) (swee)

Maintenant, let's learn how to say "I am" en français: je suis

Test yourself - write each sentence on the next page for more practice. Add your own personal

variations as well.

Note that to make an adjective feminine en français, all you generally need to do is add an "e."

This will sometimes vary the pronunciation slightly.

(ess) (kuh) (sah)(koof)

est-ce que ça coûte?

(how much) _^ji/ (how much) does this cost

O le lieu (lyuh) place

la lig^e (leen-yuh) line i

la limonade (lee-moh-nahd) lemonade *
le logement (lohzh-mah^''0
lodging, accommodation 37
G Londres (loh'^'^-druh)

(kah-toh-leek) (proh-teh-stah'"')

Je suis catholique. Je suis protestant.

I am Catholic («/) <»)

(swee) (zhweef) (zhuh) (ah-may-ree-ka'"')

Je suis juif. Je suis américain. _

Jewish (t) American (()

(uh-rohp) (kah-nah-dyen)

Je suis en Europe. Je suis canadienne. _

Canadian (i)

(dah'"') (lay-gleez) (fmh"'>s)

Je suis dans l'église. Je suis en France.

I am in church

(mew-ze^vl-mah'"') (reh-stoh-rah'''')

Je suis musulman. _ Je suis dans le restaurant.

Moslem (*)

(ah-may-ree-ken) (loh-tel)

Je suis américaine. Je suis dans l'hôtel.



Je suis dans la maison. Je suis fatigué. .

I am I am fatigued/tired

(nuh) (pah)

To negate any of these statements, simply add "ne" before the verb and "pas" after the verb.


(nuh) (swee) (pah) (mew-zewl-mah'"') (pah)

Je ne suis pas musulman. . Je ne suis pas français.

I am not I am not

Go through and drill these sentences again but with "ne" plus "pas."


Maintenant, take a piece of paper. Our lamille from earlier had a reunion. Identify everyone

—below by writing le mot correct en français for each person (mair) (loh''''-kluh)

la mère, l'oncle and so on.


Don't forget le chien!

O le magasin (mah-gah-za^'^O store m
G le magazine (mah-gah-zeen)
D magnifique (mah-nee-feek) magazine
G le marchand (mar-shaW''^) magnificent
38 G le mécanicien (may-kah-nee-sya^''0 merchant


12 Apprendre!

to learn

(duh) (voo-dray) (zhai^)

You have ah-eady used deux very important verbs: je voudrais and j'ai. Although you might

I would like I have

be able to get by with only these verbs, let's assume you want to do better. First a quick review.

How do you say UJ9t (frah''''-sayj

en français?

How do you say "we" en français?

(duh) (set) (moh)

Compare these deux charts very carefully et learn these sept mots now.


(zhuh) (noo)

I = je we = nous

(voo) (eel)

you = vous they = ils « or mixed)

(eel) (el)

he = il they = elles (t)

she = Se

(ah'^'-glay) (frah'^^-say)

Not too hard, is it? Draw lines between the matching mots anglais et mots français below to

see if you can keep these mots straight in your mind.

(noo) we

nous she

(eel) they (*)

ils market

(eel) inexpensive

il marriage, wedding

(zhuh) medicine |V|

je sea 39







O le marché (mar-shay)

- bon marché (hoh^''0('^CLf-shay)

G le mariage (mah-ree-ahzh)

le médicament (may-dee-kah-mah'''^)

G la mer (mair)


Maintenant close le livre et write out both columns of this practice on a piece of papier. How


(bya'"') (niahl)

did vous do? Bien ou mal? Maintenant that vous know these mots, vous can say almost

well or poorly you

anything en français with one basic formula: the "plug-in" formula.


To demonstrate, let's take six basic et practical verbs et see how the "plug-in" formula works.


Write the verbs in the blanks after vous have practiced saying them out loud many times.

(par-lay) habitgr, habiter (reh-stay)

parler rester

to speak to remain, to stay

(ah-bee-tay) (koh-mah'^^'-day)

habiter commander

to live, to reside to order

(ah-shuh-tay) (sah-puh-lay)

acheter s'appeler

to buy to be called

Besides the familiar words already circled, can vous find the above verbs in the puzzle below?

When vous find them, write them in the blanks to the right.

p [c] M M A N D K K H 1.

M îA C N P Ci U iK A 2.
MK 1) Y H V J J S B 4.
MT. K S K K B T I 6.

E E K T T. U Y K T

MK N 1) I K K T N K h]

V N R D KHlîj I T.
h: I

S ? A P P K T. h] K H T

D le métro (may-troh) subway, metro
G la minute (mee-newt)
- la minuterie (mee-new-tuh-ree)
automatic light switch
O la mode (mohd)
fashion |-||
40 - à la mode (ah)(lah)(mohd) fashionable

Study the following patterns carefully.

(pari) = I speak (par-loh'"") = we speak

parle he/she speaks parlons

%(zhuh) (ah-beet) = I live (zah-bee-toh'"") = we live
= we buy
1 habite he/she lives habitons = we remain

(ah-shet) = I buy (noo) 1 (zah-shuh-toh'"')
(eel) 1 achète he/she buys achetons
nous >
(rest) = I remain
(el) 1 (reh-stoh'^O
reste he/she remains
elle J J restons
(koh-mah'''>d) = I order
(koh-Tnahf^'-dohf"') = we order
commande he/she orders
(mah-pel) = lam called
je (noo) (noo) (zah-puh-loh'"')
nous nous appelons =
we are called/
il/elle (sah-pel) = he/she is called our name is


Note: • With all these verbs, the first thing you do is drop the final "er," "ir," or "re"

from the basic verb form or stem.

• With "je," "il," or "elle," add "e" to the basic verb form.

• With "nous," add "ons."

• S'appeler varies but not too much. It is a very important verb so take a few extra

minutes to learn it.

Some verbs just will not conform to the pattern! But don't worry. Speak slowly et clearly, et you

will be perfectly understood whether you say "parle" or "parlons." French speakers will be

delighted that you have taken the time to learn their language.
Note: • French has two separate and very different ways of saying "you" whereas in

Enghsh we only use one word.


• "Vous" will be used throughout this book and will be appropriate for most

situations. "Vous" refers to one person in a formal sense as well as being the plural in


both a formal and informal sense.


• "Tu" is a form of address reserved for family members and very close friends.

you (singular)

le monde (mohnd) world yX\
- tout le monde (too) (luh) (mohnd) everyone
mountain 41
G la montagne (moh''^>-tahn-yuh)
le musée (mew-zay)
la musique (mew-zeek)

Here's your next group of patterns!

(par-lay) = you speak (pari) = they speak

parlez parlent

(zah-bee-tay) = you live •\ (zah-beet) = they live
= you buy
habitez habitent

1 (zah-shuh-tay) (eel) 1 (zah-shet) = they buy
(voo) 1 achetez ils achètent
vous > ..


(reh-stay) = you remain elles 1 (rest)

J restez } restent = ihey remain

(koh-mah'"'-day) (koh-mah'''>d)

commandez = you order commandent = they order

(voo) (voo) (zah-puh-lay) ils/elles (sah-pel) = they are called
their name is
vous VOUS appelez = you are called s'appellent
your name is

Note: • Notice that despite differences in spelling, many of the verbs are pronounced the same.

• With 'Vous," add "ez" to the basic verb form.

• With "ils," and "elles" simply add "ent" to the basic verb form. The "ent" is silent.


Voilà six more verbs.

here are six

(vuh-neer) (ah-lay) , BVO,W

venir aller BVOIV.

to come ^ to go

(ah-prah'^'-druh) (ah-vwahr)

apprendre avoir

to learn to have

(voo-dray) (ah-vwahr) (buh-zwa'^O (duh)

voudrais avoir besoin de

(I) would like to need, to have need of

^'" A />^\ IC^dr^^^^^^S^ At the back of le livre, vous will find twelve

/'' /<> JBMMPWT^ pages of flash cards to help you learn these
\ "o I
v^^ y'^^^^^ÛJ^^^^^^^^^^HiSlB
nouveaux mots. Cut them out; carry them in
^ .7
// new

.^BW^^^^^MU^^"ll your briefcase, purse, pocket ou knapsack; et

IH"'- or

review them whenever vous have a free moment.

G la nation (nah-syoh^^'O nation II
G la nature (nah-tewr) nature
G naturel (nah-tew-rel) natural
plain, simple
- au naturel (oh) (nah-tew-rel) necessity

G42 la nécessité (nay-seh-see-tay)


Maintenant, it is your turn to practice what vous have learned. Fill in the following blanks with

the correct form of the verb. Each time vous write out the sentence, be sure to say it aloud.

(par-lay) Bonjour! (reh-stay) r(ihhu"h"s)

parler (ïrah'"'-say) rester Frrjance.

to speak — français. to remain, to stay _en Amérique.

Je — (ah'^'-qlay) Je — (bel-zheek)
anglais. en Belgique.
Vous Vous restez/ Belgium
Il Il (ahl-mahn-yuh)
Elle Elle en Allemagne.
Nous Nous Germany
(zhah-poh-nay) (eh-spahn-yuh)
Ils —Ils
japonais. _en Espagne.
Elles Elles
Japanese Spain



(ah-bee-tay) (frah""s) (koh-mah^''^-day) (vair) (va'"')

habiter en France. commander . un verre de vin.

to live, to reside (ee-tah-lee) to order (tahs)

r habitg/ -en Italie. Je une tasse de thé.

Vous (uh-rohp) Vous une tasse de café.

II en Europe. Il (duh) (vair) (doh)

Elle (sheen) Elle - deux verres d' eau.

Nous _en Chine. Nous water

Ils_ (zhah-poh'"') —Ils (twah) (lay)

Elles en Japon. Elles trois verres de lait.


(ah-shuh-tay) (sah-puh-lay)

acheter s^appeler

to buy to be called

r achète/ (lee-vruh) Je Jeanne.
un livre.
- Smith.
Vous (sah-lahd) Vous Roquefort.

une salade. Vartan.

II (or-lohzh) Il 43

Elle une horloge. Elle

Nous clock Nous

Ils_ (tee-kay) (doh-toh-boos) —Ils

Elles trois tickets d'autobus. Elles


sept timbres-post.

O neuf (nuf) new

- Le Pont Neuf à Paris (poh'^Oinuf) new bridge in Paris (1604)

G Noël (noh-el) Christmas n
G le nord (nor) north
D Notre-Dame de Paris (noh-truh)(dahm)
Our Lady of Paris (cathedral)


Now take a break, walk around the room, take a deep breath et do the next six verbs.

(vuh-neer) d'Amérique, (ah-lay) -en France.

venir aller (ee-tah-lee)

to come to go - en Italie.

Je viena/ Je vais/ en Angleterre.

Vous -V^êllÊZ/. de Belgique. Vous^alkzZ. — (bel-zheek)
en Belgique.
Il vient/ _ du Canada. Ti va/ (uh-rohp)
en Europe.
Elle de New York. Elle
Nnii« venons/ (swees) Nous allons/
Tis viennent/ de Suisse. Tis vont/
dix francs.
Elles Switzerland Elles
cent francs.
apprendre (ah-vwahr) ««M^ï
to learn avoir .
vingt francs.
r apprends/ l'anglais, to have
Vous ap prenez/ r ai/
cinquante francs.
Il apprend/ le français. Yous^V^zL
(sank) (sah"")
Elle' l'italien. ii-aL
cinq cents francs.
Nn.ifi apprenons/ l'allemand. Elle

Ils apprennent/ Nniis avons/

Elles - l'espagnol. Ils ont/.

Spanish Elles

(voo-dray) (ah-vwahr) (buh-zwa^^'O (duh)

voudrais avoir besoin de

(I) would like to have need of, to need

(vair) (va'"') (duh^'O (doh)

jp voudrais/ un verre de vin. .rai besoin/ d'un verre d'eau.

1• t (roozh) (deitm)

Vous voudriez/ un verre de vin rouge. Vous d'une tasse de thé.

Il voudrait/ deux verres de vin blanc. II de deux tasses de thé.

Elle Elle de trois tasses de café.
de cinq verres de bière.
Nous voudrions/ (vair) Nous

-trois verres de vin. —Ils

Ti« voudraient/ (lay) Elles

Elles deux verres de lait.

G l'objet (lohb-zhay) object
O obligatoire (oh-blee-gah-twahr)
G l'observation (lohh-sair-vah-syoh'''0 compulsory, obligatory
G l'occupation (loh-kew-pah-syoh^''0
44 B l'odeur (loh-dur) Oobservation

profession, occupation

smell, odor

(wee) (noo-voh) (moh) (voo)

Oui, it is hard to get used to all those nouveaux mots. Just keep practicing et before vous


know it, vous will be using them naturally. Maintenant is a perfect time to turn to the back of

this livre, clip out your verb flash cards et start flashing. Don't skip over your free mots either.


Check them off in the box provided as vous apprenez each one. See if vous can fill in the


blanks below. Les réponses correctes sont at the bottom of la page.

(I speak French.)

(We learn French.)

(She needs ten francs.)

(He comes from Canada.)

(They live in France.)

(You buy a book.)

In the following Steps, vous will be intro-

duced to more verbs et vous should drill them

in exactly the same way as vous did in this

section. Look up les nouveaux mots in your


dictionnaire et make up your own sentences.


Try out your nouveaux mots for that's how

you make them yours to use on your holiday.

Remember, the more vous practice

maintenant, the more enjoyable your trip

(bun) (shah'''>s)

will be. Bonne chance!

good luck


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•sibSubjj a| suouajddB sno^ 'z
•BpBUB3 np ;U31A II 'f 45
•sib5ubjj afjEd af 'x

T-: "^j-fr-

(kel) (uhr) (ay-teel)

13 Quelle heure est-il?

what time is it

(zhoor) (suh-men) (mwah) (lah-nay)

Vous know how to tell les jours de la semaine et les mois de Tannée, so now let's learn to tell

days week months year


time. As a voyageur, vous need to be able to tell time in order to make réservations,



rendez-vous et to catch trains et autobus. Voilà les "basics."

appointments here are

(kel) (uhr) (ay-teel)

What time is it? Quelle heure est-il?

hour (uhr)


noon (mee-dee)
half past
minus/less (mee-nwee) Mi ^ék *^ %%
a quarter
a quarter to minuit - li

(duh-mee) ^

et demie.

(mwa'^O m~.Ji^P «K



un quart

(mwa'"') (kar) # Wm

moins le quart

a quarter after (kar)

et quart

Maintenant quiz yourself. Fill in the missing letters below.

midnight = jltl nu mless = o s

moia quarter to = sXleXq rt

half past Xd m hhour = re

and finally when = nd

occupé (oh-kew-pay) busy, occupied

- une lig^e occupée engaged telephone line

n officiel (oh-fee-syel) official "
O l'orchestre (lar-kess-truh)
a46 l'Orient (loh-ree-ah^^'O orchestra


(koh-mah'"'') (eg-zah'''>-pluh)

Maintenant, comment are these mots used? Study les exemples below. When vous think it

how examples

through, it really is not too difficult. Just notice that the pattern changes after the halfway mark.

Notice that the phrase "o'clock" is not used in French.

(sank) (uhr) «;-nn H est cinq^ heuree.

II est cinq heures. i (}

it is five o'clock 5:15

(deess) ÎÀ

II est cinq heures dix.


Il est cinq heures et quart.

and a quarter


Il est cinq heures vingt.


Il est cinq heures et demie.

half past five

(seess) (mwa'""')

Il est six heures moins vingt.

Il est six heures moins le quart.

Il est six heures moins dix. 5:50

Il est six heures.

(nohm-bruh) Answer the (kes-tyoh'''0 (swee-vah'"'t)

See how important it is to learn les nombres? questions suivantes based on les

questions following

(or-lohzh) (kel) (ay-teel) I
horloges below. Quelle heure est-il?


1. 8:00


3. d'-^O




*:)âuiA Sdjnaq jnau ;s3 [j -f


(kahc^O (ah)

When vous answer a "Quand?" question, say "à " before vous give the time.

when at

(kah'">) (ah-reev-teel) s,

1. Quand le train arrive-t-il? a SIX heures

does it arrive (at 6:00)


2. Quand Tautobus arrive-t-il?

(at 7:30)

(koh'^^'-sair) (koh-mah''''s-teel) (at 8:00)

3. Quand le concert commence-t-il?

does it commence/begin


4. Quand le film commence-t-il?

(at 9:00)

(ay-teel) (oo-vair)

5. Quand le restaurant est-il ouvert?-

is it open (at 11:30)

(bah'^^'k) (ay-tel) (oo-vairt)

6. Quand la banque est-elle ouverte?

bank (at 8:30)

(fair-may) (at 5:30)

7. Quand le restaurant est-il fermé?



8. Quand la banque est-elle fermée?

(at 1:30)


Voilà a quick quiz. Fill in the blanks avec les nombres corrects.


(mee-newt) (ah) (seh-goh<">d) (ah'"') (ah) mois.

9. Une minute a _ secondes. 12. Un an a _ months

minute has (?) seconds year (?)

10. Une heure a minutes. 13. Un an a semâmes.

hour (?) (?) weeks

11. Une semaine a jours. 14. Un an a jours.

week (?) days (?)


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un %9 9%u9iJi% no a^uaj^ 'xx sajnaqjnauç 'f

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