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Published by E Sample 电子样本, 2020-07-19 21:34:09

FUN WITH ENGLISH GRAMMAR 6 英文语法轻松学6

WM:RM7.60/EM:RM7.90
-Clear and concise grammar notes
-Varied and fun-to-do exercises
-Complete answers
Total no.of Pages:140

Pelangi MBMMBI Series
Pelangi MBMMBI Series
巩固国语及强化英语系列
巩固国语及强化英语系列


TAC016220
The
Books1-6 series is a package of

comprehensive grammar books
suitable for students as well as adult learners.

The introductory notes and extensive exercises will
help you improve your mastery of
the English language.



Key Features :

Clear and concise grammar notes

Varied and fun-to-do exercises
Complete answers English



















Book
Sarah M.
6
Book
Book
www.PelangiBooks.com 6 Maureen Lee
• Online Bookstore • Online Library •




Published by:




WM:RM7.60 / EM:RM7.90
NETT PRICE
In collaboration with: TAC016220
Dickens Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-967-489-271-5
Suite G7-G8, Davina House, 137-149 Goswell Road,
London, EC1V 7ET, United Kingdom. ,!7IJ6H4-ijchbf! In collaboration with
E-mail: [email protected] Dickens Publishing Ltd. (UK)

UNIT 1 Nouns ...................................................................1
英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究




UNIT 2 Articles ..............................................................13




UNIT 3 Pronouns ............................................................19





UNIT 4 Conjunctions ....................................................25




UNIT 5 Prepositions of Location and .......................31

Direction



UNIT 6 Adjectives .....................................................37





UNIT 7 Adverbs ............................................................44




UNIT 8 Modals ...............................................................48




PROGRESS TEST 1 ................................................................53









(iii)







0 CONTENT GRAM BK6.indd 3 12/17/15 10:28 AM

UNIT 9 Subject-Verb Agreement ............................67




UNIT 10 The Simple Present Tense ...........................73



英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究
UNIT 11 The Simple Past Tense .................................79





UNIT 12 The Simple Future Tense .............................85




UNIT 13 Positive Statements ......................................89




UNIT 14 Negative Statements ....................................94




UNIT 15 Questions and Responses .............................98




UNIT 16 Sentence Types ............................................104




UNIT 17 Punctuation ..................................................... 111




PROGRESS TEST 2 ...............................................................117



YEAR-END EVALUATION ......................................................126



ANSWERS ................................................................................133







(iv)







0 CONTENT GRAM BK6.indd 4 12/17/15 10:28 AM

6 Adjectives











(a) Adjectives of colour, size and shape tell us more about nouns (people,
animals, places or things).

Examples:


Adjectives of colour Adjectives of size Adjectives of shape


















英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究











a short ruler a triangular piece of
a black square
a long ruler paper


(b) The comparative form (adjective + -r/-er + than). When we want to compare
two unequal persons or things, we add ‘-r’ or ‘-er’ to the adjective.

Examples:
1. The new knife is sharper than the old one.
2. This soldier is braver than that soldier.




37







06 GRAM 4U BK6.indd 37 12/29/15 5:56 PM

Unit 6 Adjectives



(c) The superlative form (the + adjective + -st/-est). When we want to compare
three or more unequal persons or things, we add ‘-st’ or ‘-est’ to the
adjective.

Examples:

1. Russia is the largest country in the world.
2. Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.

3. He is the strongest boy in the class.


(d) Add the word more (for the comparative form) and most (for the superlative
form) in front of adjectives which have three or more syllables and which
end in ‘-ful’.

Examples:


Adjective Comparative Form Superlative Form

beautiful more beautiful the most beautiful

more graceful
graceful
英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究
the most graceful
hardworking more hardworking the most hardworking

cheerful more cheerful the most cheerful

peaceful more peaceful the most peaceful

wonderful more wonderful the most wonderful


generous more generous the most generous

exciting more exciting the most exciting

prosperous more prosperous the most prosperous



1. I think the sequel is more exciting than the previous one.
2. She is the most cheerful person I have ever met.
3. Mr. Smith is the most generous person in the neighbourhood.





38







06 GRAM 4U BK6.indd 38 12/29/15 5:56 PM

英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究

英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究

Unit 6 Adjectives


B

Use the words given to compare the objects and animals. Complete the
sentences with the correct phrases.





1 A snake is
long
英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究
a caterpillar.









2 A stream is
narrow
a river.









3 A cherry is
small
an apple.









4 A needle is
short
a pencil.









5 The Petronas Twin Towers are
tall
the Kuala Lumpur Tower.




41







06 GRAM 4U BK6.indd 41 12/29/15 5:56 PM

Unit 6 Adjectives





6 An encyclopaedia is thick

a notebook.






英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究


7 A pail is
big
a bowl.









8 An ant is
tiny

a bee.




C


Look at the pictures. Write two sentences to compare the objects.












Peter’s bag Alvin’s bag Angela’s bag


Examples:


1 Peter’s bag is big.
Alvin’s bag is bigger than Peter’s bag.

Angela’s bag is the biggest of all.

42







06 GRAM 4U BK6.indd 42 12/29/15 5:56 PM

Unit 6 Adjectives











papaya tree mango tree coconut tree



2 The papaya tree is tall.

The mango tree .

The coconut tree .













chicken butterf y tadpole

英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究

3 The chicken is small.

.

.













ruler belt walking stick



4 The ruler is long.
.

.


43







06 GRAM 4U BK6.indd 43 12/29/15 5:56 PM

15 Questions and Responses











英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究
(a) Positive Questions
A positive question begins with a positive auxiliary verb such as Is, Are,
Do or Have. It also begins with a positive modal such as Can, Will, Should
or Must.

Examples:
1. Is this your handkerchief?
2. Do you have any wrapping paper?
3. Can he drive a lorry?
4. Must they work overtime?


(b) Positive Responses
A positive response begins with Yes.

Examples:

1. Yes, it is./Yes, this is my handkerchief.
2. Yes, I do./Yes, I have some wrapping paper.
3. Yes, he can./ Yes, he can drive a lorry.
4. Yes, they must./Yes, they must work overtime.


(c) Negative Questions
A negative question begins with a negative auxiliary
verb or modal such as Isn’t, Aren’t, Don’t, Haven’t,
Can’t, Won’t, Shouldn’t or Mustn’t.

Examples:
1. Isn’t this pen too expensive?
2. Don’t they understand English?
3. Can’t we buy the tickets online?
4. Won’t the taxi driver stop at the entrance?




98







15 GRAM 4U BK6.indd 98 12/29/15 6:02 PM

Unit 15 Questions and Responses



(d) Negative Responses
A negative response begins with No.

Examples:
1. No, it isn’t./No, this pen isn’t too expensive.

2. No, they don’t./No, they don’t understand English.
3. No, we can’t./No, we can’t buy the tickets online.
英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究
4. No, he won’t./No, he won’t stop at the entrance.



(e) Question Tags
They are used to form questions from statements. Positive question tags
follow negative statements and negative question tags follow positive
statements.

Examples:
1. The trip was tiring, wasn’t it?

2. Your mother works at the Australian embassy,
doesn’t she?
3. They are not playing futsal today, are they?
4. He is washing the car, isn’t he?







A


Look at the pictures. Write the correct responses.



1
Is this your book?
.














99







15 GRAM 4U BK6.indd 99 12/29/15 6:02 PM

Unit 15 Questions and Responses


2
Did you tie your
hair with a ribbon? .














3
Is the rice cooked?
.















4 英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究
Do you play the cello? .















5
Is this your umbrella?
.














100







15 GRAM 4U BK6.indd 100 12/29/15 6:02 PM

Unit 15 Questions and Responses


6
Are you going to
have your bath? .















7
Are the envelopes
in the drawer? .















8 英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究
Does the farmer
own a horse? .
















B


Write the correct questions for the following responses.



1
Yes, the bird is perching on the branch.


101







15 GRAM 4U BK6.indd 101 12/29/15 6:02 PM

Unit 15 Questions and Responses


2
No, they aren’t playing on the beach.


3

Yes, I like chocolates.


4
英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究
No, the tap isn’t leaking.


5
“Yes, my car tyre is punctured,” said Mr. Bachan.



6
“Yes, I have done all my homework, Mum,” said May.



7
Yes, I have tasted the pudding you made. It is delicious.


8

No, I didn’t send Eliza a birthday card.




C

Complete the questions below with suitable question tags.


Example:


It is raining, isn’t it?


1 These bags are yours,

?


2 The chicken porridge is salty,

?

102







15 GRAM 4U BK6.indd 102 12/29/15 6:02 PM

Unit 15 Questions and Responses


3 The guests have eaten, ?



4 You can sew, ?



5 Rick likes to swim, ?


英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究
6 The children were well behaved at the dinner reception,


?


7 The cashier gave you a receipt, ?



8 The clearance sale is on the f rst f oor, ?




9 She has watered all the plants, ?



10 Philip can row a boat,

?



11 Kumar and his sister walk to school,

?



12 These are grapefruits, ?



13 Mother has gone to the market,

?



14 The plane has landed, ?



15 They have arrived, ?


103







15 GRAM 4U BK6.indd 103 12/29/15 6:02 PM

9. bells 10. matches
UNIT 1 NOUNS 11. buffaloes 12. tools
13. branches 14. leeches
A Countable Nouns Uncountable Nouns 15. balloons 16. children
man sand 17. geese 18. feet
英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究
leaf f our 19. brushes 20. knives
tent ink E 1. monkey; whale; cat
tile water 2. owl; peacock; eagle
aeroplane sugar 3. sofa; bed; cupboard
comb milk 4. football; volleyball; cricket
sandwich; noodles; satay
house petrol 5. (Accept any suitable answers)
cow blood
ant powder F People Places
saddle dust 1. Malcolm 1. Niagara Falls
banana mutton 2. Sujatha 2. Sydney Opera House
rice cooker grass 3. Bill Murray 3. Fifth Avenue
4. Mrs. Ozzie 4. Buckingham Palace
B 1. The bus stopped to pick up the passengers. Festivals Days and Months
2. She could not remove the ink stain on her 1. Deepavali 1. May
T-shirt. 2. Summerfest 2. Friday
3. The man tuned my piano yesterday.
3. Christmas 3. January
4. I fried an egg, toasted two slices of bread and
poured some juice into a glass. 4. Wesak Day 4. Sunday
5. The king welcomed the villagers to his palace.
G 1. wife 2. nephew
6. Annette dropped several coins into the 3. heroine 4. manageress
fountain.
5. stepson 6. headmaster
7. Please pour some water into the bowl. 7. tigress 8. hen
8. There is too much sugar in the coffee. 9. conductress 10. bowess
9. Did you see the pile of rubbish in front of my 11. bull 12. stallion
house?
10. The baby drinks a bottle of milk every three
hours. UNIT 2 ARTICLES

C 1. vase 2. coil A 1. There is a cave at the foot of the hill.
3. bunch 4. shoal 2. There are some trees near the mountain.
5. ball 6. bar 3. There is a sailing boat in the sea.
7. jug 8. basket 4. There are some seashells on the beach.
9. class 10. loaf 5. There are some clouds in the sky.
11. piece 12. bag
6. There is an eagle f ying above the trees.
7. There is an anteater near the cave.
D 1. tomatoes 2. pearls
3. potatoes 4. roses 8. There is a wooden bridge over the river.
5. lions 6. magicians 9. There is an anthill on the winding path.
7. grapes 8. cameras 10. There is an island in the sea.

133







20 ANSWER GRAM BK6.indd 133 12/29/15 6:06 PM

Answers
9. Her neighbours have gone on a holiday so she 4. Where did you buy these oranges?
helps to water their plants. 5. Geoffrey’s favourite food is sushi, salad,
10. She washed her blouse several times but still spaghetti and fried noodles.
could not remove the stain. 6. “Ouch! The spoon is hot. Why didn’t you warn
11. Mrs. Gan bought a dress for her niece but it me?” Sarah complained.
was too small. 7. Hello, Susan. Please meet my classmate, Priya.
12. Keevan did not sleep soundly because the 8. Dominic and I took an express bus to Hemsley
neighbour’s dog was barking the whole night. Park.
9. Mrs. Wong dusted the furniture, f uffed the
C 1. It was very hot so we put on our hats. pillows, arranged the books on the shelf and
2. My grandmother sat with her feet up on a wiped the table this morning.
stool because they were aching. 10. Mike’s desk is cluttered with books and toys.
3. Maggie mopped the f oor because her puppy 11. I’ll help you push your brother’s motorcycle to
英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究
walked into the house with muddy paws. the mechanic.
4. The clouds have cleared and the sun is shining. 12. I’m meeting Simon and Josephine in front of
5. Would you like an ice cream or some custard the bookshop at 4 o’clock in the afternoon on
pudding? Friday.
6. Kumar looked for his watch everywhere but
still could not f nd it. C How to Prepare Stir-fried Mutton
7. He wrote a letter to his pen pal but forgot to First, cut the mutton into small pieces. Next, heat
include a mailing address. some oil in a deep wok. Fry the meat until it is brown.
8. There weren’t any sausages left for the guests Then, add some chopped carrots and tomatoes.
so she quickly put some on the grill. Fry for two minutes. Add some salt and vinegar.
After cooking for a few minutes, add a little water
D 1. Farid eats chicken but does not eat beef. into the wok. Continue to cook on low heat until the
2. Joseph can play the piano and the organ. meat is dry.
Next, pour the juice from half a lemon into the
3. He tried to open the door but it was locked. wok. Add some chopped green chillies and cook for
4. Is that an angelf sh or a puffer f sh? f ve minutes. After that, add some boiled peas and
5. My sister was hungry so she made herself a potatoes. Stir well.
sandwich. Lastly, sprinkle a little black pepper over the
6. Paula screamed loudly because she saw a mouse meat. Cook for several more minutes and then dish
under the table. it out and serve.
7. It was raining so we could not go for a picnic.
9. Shall I buy the red dress or the pink dress?
PROGRESS TEST 2

UNIT 17 PUNCTUATION A 1. C 2. C 3. A 4. C 5. D
6. C 7. C 8. C 9. B 10. C
A 1. Wow! That’s a beautiful bracelet. B 1. She picked some rambutans.
2. I’m sorry, Jocelyn is not in. May I help you? 2. An injured man is lying on a stretcher.
3. I’ll need some nails, a hammer, some rope and 3. The boy opened the door for the woman.
a drill. 4. They are playing chess in the living room.
4. “Nina, meet my cousin, Jefri,” said Aliya. 5. The pupils helped the elderly couple clean
5. Hi! What a surprise! I haven’t seen you for a their garden.
long time.
6. I’m going to Frankfurt on Saturday at 3.00 a.m. C 1. They did not have a picnic last Saturday.
7. Darren, Sachin and Rishan were skateboarding 2. Sheila did not buy a bouquet of f owers for
in the park. Did you see them, Rohan? her mother.
8. Have you f nished washing the dishes, Elyana? 3. I did not receive the newsletter.
9. Mr. Chan and Mr. Smith go for a walk every 4. We will not be having a rehearsal later at the
morning in their neighbourhood. hall.
10. Peggy is Mr. and Mrs. Chong’s youngest 5. Susan and Yusni are not taking the bus to the
daughter. She is married to R.T. Roth. night market.

B 1. Stop! There’s a pothole in the road ahead. D 1. Yes, it is a tractor.
2. Can you direct me to Safe Pharmacy at Lincoln 2. Is this a guava?
Street? 3. Do you have a cap?
3. Meena, Vinny and I will visit Samantha on 4. No, they haven’t put on their shoes yet.
Christmas Day. 5. No, she doesn’t have a ball.

139







20 ANSWER GRAM BK6.indd 139 12/29/15 6:06 PM

Answers
6. Has he posted the letter? 1. colder than the coldest
7. Yes, it is a grasshopper. C
8. Are you eating an ice cream? 2. happier than the happiest
3. naughtier than the naughtiest
E 1. You have defrosted the chicken, haven’t you? 4. riper than the ripest
2. She is tall, isn’t she?
3. Ganesh is not attending the workshop, is he? 5. tougher than the toughest
4. They have not copied the questions from the 6. more cheerful than the most cheerful
blackboard, have they? 7. more foolish than the most foolish
5. Patricia and her sisters are having dinner at
the food court, aren’t they? 8. more intelligent than the most intelligent
9. more peaceful than the most peaceful
F 1. Alan Smith is a member of the police volunteer
reserve unit. 10. more prosperous than the most prosperous
2. He underwent six months’ training. 11. more useful than the most useful
3. He learnt self-defence. 12. more wonderful than the most wonderful
4. He helps a full-time police squad.
5. He maintains law and order during public events.
D 1. A donkey noticed a wolf following him.
G 1. Last weekend, the pupils of Year 6 Jingga 2. The donkey thought of a plan to escape.
visited Hope Orphanage. The pupils planned 3. He pretended to trip and fall to the ground.
some activities for the children. 4. The wolf offered to help the donkey.
2. First, the pupils were introduced to the children. 5. The donkey knew that the wolf did not really
Then, they went on a tour of the home. want to help him.
3. Next, the pupils and the children chatted and 6. When the wolf approached the donkey, he
played games. Later, the pupils presented gifts kicked him.
to the children. 7. Then, the donkey ran away as fast as he could.
8. The wolf lay hurt on the ground.
H 1. She did not want to cycle to the library.
2. I am looking after Robert’s kittens while he is E 1. isn’t it; is it
away. 英文语法轻松学6, 版权所有·侵权必究
2. doesn’t he; does he

3. There are two men trying to break into the 3. didn’t he; did he
house. Let us call the police.
4. Are you hurt? I will get some help, sir. 4. aren’t they; are they
5. doesn’t she; does she?
5. Air, water and land pollution is increasing
rapidly.
F 1. One day, a fox looked everywhere for food
and found some inside a hole.
I One day, an elephant met a lion. The lion sat
beside a pond. He told the elephant that he was 2. He ate greedily because he was very hungry.
not happy even though he was f erce and strong. 3. He ate all the food so his stomach grew bigger.
The elephant said that every animal has his own 4. He tried to crawl out of the hole but could
strength and weakness. The lion nodded and not.
noticed that the elephant kept f apping his ears.
“Why do you f ap your ears all the time?” G Once upon a time, there lived a hardworking
“I do not want these mosquitoes to f y into my donkey. The farmer took care of the donkey very
ears. If they do, I will die. See, even a big animal well. The donkey liked the farmer and was proud
like me is afraid of something so small,” said the to work for him. Every day, the farmer worked
elephant. hard on his wheat farm. At lunchtime, the donkey
carried some food to the farmer. The farmer’s
wife put some food into a few bags which she
YEAR END EVALUATION strapped onto the donkey’s back.
After that she would say, “Take the food to
A 1. our 2. their your master.”
When it was time for the wheat to be
3. your 4. their harvested, there would be many sacks of wheat to
5. his 6. her be carried to town. The donkey would carry a few
7. my 8. Its sacks at a time. If it was a hot day, the farmer
9. its 10. our would let the donkey rest along the way. He would
give the donkey some water if it felt thirsty.
B 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. A 5. B The farmer took care of the donkey well. So, the
6. C 7. C 8. C 9. B 10. A donkey worked hard for the farmer.

140







20 ANSWER GRAM BK6.indd 140 12/29/15 6:06 PM

Pelangi MBMMBI Series
Pelangi MBMMBI Series
巩固国语及强化英语系列
巩固国语及强化英语系列


TAC016220
The
Books1-6 series is a package of

comprehensive grammar books
suitable for students as well as adult learners.

The introductory notes and extensive exercises will
help you improve your mastery of
the English language.



Key Features :

Clear and concise grammar notes

Varied and fun-to-do exercises
Complete answers English



















Book
Sarah M.
6
Book
Book
www.PelangiBooks.com 6 Maureen Lee
• Online Bookstore • Online Library •




Published by:




WM:RM7.60 / EM:RM7.90
NETT PRICE
In collaboration with: TAC016220
Dickens Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-967-489-271-5
Suite G7-G8, Davina House, 137-149 Goswell Road,
London, EC1V 7ET, United Kingdom. ,!7IJ6H4-ijchbf! In collaboration with
E-mail: [email protected] Dickens Publishing Ltd. (UK)


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