What is a Plural Noun?
The answer is a relatively easy one, as grammar goes. A plural noun is a word
that indicates that there is more than one person, animal place, thing, or idea.
When you talk about more than one of anything, you’re using plural nouns. When
you write about more than one of anything, you usually use the same word,
simply adding an s, es, or ies to the end. There are a few exceptions to this rule,
but not many – one of the best is that a single moose is a moose, and a group of
moose are still moose.
Singular and Plural Nouns
The difference between singular and plural nouns is easy to spot. When a noun
indicates one only, it is a singular noun. When a noun indicates more than one,
it is plural.
Singular Noun Examples
The following sentences contain singular nouns examples.
▪ The boy had a baseball in his hand.
▪ My horse prefers to wear an English saddle.
▪ That cat never seems to tire of jumping in and out of the box.
▪ You stole my idea and didn’t give me any credit.
▪ Your mom is going to be upset about that broken lamp.
▪ It’s not difficult to grow a tree as long as you give it plenty of water.
▪ I can’t believe you let your dog stick his head out the window while you
Plural Noun Examples
The following sentences contain plural noun examples.
▪ The boys were throwing baseballs back and forth between bases.
▪ Our horses are much happier wearing lightweight English saddles.
▪ Those cats never seem to tire of chasing one another in and out of those
▪ You stole my ideas and didn’t give me any credit.
▪ Our moms are going to be upset that we stayed out all night going to parties.
▪ It’s not too difficult to grow trees as long as you provide them with plenty of
▪ I can’t believe you allow your dogs to climb all over the seats while you are
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sThe plural of nouns is usually formed by adding to a singular noun.
Nouns ending in s, z, x, sh, and ch form the plural by adding es.
If you add s to such nouns as fox, bush, and bench, you will find that you
cannot pronounce them without making an additional syllable. This is why
such nouns form the plural by adding es.
Nouns ending in y preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by
changingy to ies.
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Nouns ending in y preceded by a vowel form their plurals by adding s.
Most nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by
Mosquito , halo , tornado , buffalo , portico , canto , solo , piano , lasso ,
halo, memento , albino , sirocco are uncommon and may add s or es
Most nouns ending in o preceded by a vowel is formed into a plural by adding
Some nouns ending in f or fe are made plural by changing f or fe to ves.
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"There are no easy rules, unfortunately, for irregular plurals in English. They
simply have to be learnt and remembered."
Not all nouns conform to the standard pattern. In fact, some of the most common
English nouns have irregular plural forms, such as woman/women and
child/children. In addition, several nouns have alternative plurals, one regular
and the other irregular.
PLURAL - ONLY NOUNS (no singular form)
There is a small group of nouns that exist only in the plural form, for example:
scissors oats tongs cattle
pinchers bellows snuffers tweezers
measles mumps dregs trousers
These nouns do not exist in the singular form and are usually described as
Plural-Only Nouns with Two Parts
Many plural-only nouns are tools or items of clothing that have two parts (like
trousers, which have two legs).
Clothing :panties, boxers, briefs, tights, jeans, pants, pyjamas, shorts, trousers
Tools: headphones, pliers, scissors, tongs, tweezers, binoculars, glasses, goggles,
pair of: Because the above examples have two parts, we can refer to them as "pair
of" or "pairs of" to quantify them.
To talk about one item, we can say a pair of, one pair of, my pair of, this pair of
etc. To specify more than one item we can say two pairs of, three pairs of etc.
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SINGULAR - ONLY NOUNS (no plural form)
Some nouns are always singular. Some of these nouns may be used in the plural
when different kinds are meant as,
gold silver corn molasses
copper sugar cotton news
gallows mathematics ethics coffees
Singular nouns use this and that.
Plural nouns use these and those.
SPECIAL CASES Plural
brothers – in – law
Singular by – ways
brother – in – law cupfuls
by – way hangers-on
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