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Published by 4VaxChoice, 2019-01-20 02:29:27





The Best Kept Secrets

A History Of What Has Been Going On
Behind The Scenes For More Than 100 Years

First Edition
Published on July 4, 2017

Researched and Written by:
Kristin B. Thompson
Jason A. Wright

Editing of early drafts by Tom Anderson and John L. Revere.
Final proofreading by Rick and Julie Braden.

About the Research Team
This Brother-Sister duo has dedicated themselves to researching
corruption and shining light on information that very few people realize.

Public Domain
This research is hereby placed in the public domain. It is hoped that free
and easy access to this document will enable those who value freedom to
reach a deeper and more coherent understanding of the corruption
happening behind the scenes that continues to infringe on their liberty.



First off, this document is for anyone interested in understanding how and why things

are the way they are. It provides lessons in history that were never taught in school, and
exposes a secret history of our World that no one is supposed to know about. The
information contained within these pages is well documented in the historical record.
Second, this document is FREE. There is no agenda except to hopefully shine some light
on what has been going on secretly behind the scenes for over 100 years with few people
even realizing. Third, every effort has been made to describe and to analyze, not to give
personal opinion or beliefs.

It begins with a historical look at one of the best-kept secrets of all time, and then
examines a wide range of seemingly unconnected topics to include banking, medicine,
media, education, cancer research, subversion, pharmaceuticals, politics, vaccines,
foreign policy, war, and many other key aspects of American society—you will see that it
is all interrelated. And together, it tells the much bigger story of the well-documented
existence of a solidly entrenched secret network, concealed from public gaze, that has
been—and is—profoundly shaping our World behind the scenes.

This document provides answers to anyone interested in understanding the real World of
today; if you have ever wondered what’s really going on in this world or where exactly
things are headed, then this document is for you.





01. One Of The Best-Kept Secrets Of All Time
02. The Takeover Of U.S. Foreign Policy
03. The Takeover Of The U.S. Monetary System
04. The Takeover Of The Media And Free Press
05. The Profound Impact On America
06. The Takeover Of The Communist Movement
07. The Destruction Of The Fundamental Principles On Which America Was Founded
08. The Takeover Of The Pharmaceutical Industry
09. The Takeover Of Modern Medicine
10. The Takeover Of America’s Education System
11. The Takeover Of America’s Political System
12. The Untold History Of The United Nations
13. A Closer Look At Democracies
14. A Closer Look At America’s Wars
15. The Nature Of Truth



Appendix I. The Takeover Of Modern Cancer Therapy
Appendix II. An In-Depth Look At Vaccine Corruption
Appendix III. A Closer Look At Common Core Education



In 1965 one of the nation's leading historians quietly finished the last draft of a massive

1311-page book on world history. He walked over to his typewriter and secured the last
pages of the book and placed them into a small box and wrapped it for mailing. He then
walked to the Post Office and mailed the final draft to his publisher in New York City. The
editor was somewhat overwhelmed and perhaps even inhibited by the scholarly treatise.
The last thing he wanted to do was to read the huge draft. He knew and trusted the

After all, he was one of the leading scholars in the western world. They had been
acquaintances for several years. He had already signed an agreement to publish the book
before it was finished. He had read several chapters of the early draft. They were boring,
at least to him. He decided to give the book to a young editor who had just been
promoted to his assistant. The young editor was also overwhelmed but happy to oblige
the Senior Editor. The young editor was unaware of the importance of the manuscript and
of the revelations which it contained. To the young editor this was just another textbook
or so he thought.

Somehow one of the most revealing books ever published slipped through the editorial
offices of one of the major publishing houses in New York and found its way into the
bookstores of America in 1966.

The above historian was Dr. Carroll Quigley and the book he wrote was entitled, Tragedy
and Hope: A History of the World in Our Time. It was published in 1966 and is clearly one
of the most important books ever written. Professor Quigley was an extraordinarily gifted
historian and geo-political analyst. The insights and information contained in his massive
study open the door to a true understanding of world history in the nineteenth and
twentieth centuries. It is a work of exceptional scholarship and is truly a classic.

Knowledge of who Dr. Carroll Quigley was is essential for understanding the real world of
today. His close relationship with a secret group of elites and his approval of its aims
made it possible to provide an insider’s analysis of the minds and methods of this global
elite. Without this knowledge, the actions of those who dominate the U.S. government
and the Western world would not make as much sense. With it, everything falls into place.

Using Quigley’s work as a starting point, this document will highlight the extensive
history of a small group of dominant men that were able to secretly secure control of
local, national, continental, and even global policy at the turn of the 20th century. Then by
examining the well documented history of our nation’s educational, financial, medical,
media, governmental, pharmaceutical and political system, one can understand the
enormous control this secret network wields behind the scenes, and finally make sense of
why things are the way they are in America—and the future that is being shaped for us.

Carroll Quigley was no wild-eyed conspiracy theorist. Quite the contrary, Quigley was a
prominent historian who specialized in studying the evolution of civilizations as well as
secret societies. Dr. Quigley studied history at Harvard University, where he earned his
bachelor’s, master’s, and PhD degrees. He taught at Princeton University, Harvard
University, and the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. He was the author
of the widely used textbook Evolution of Civilization. He was a member of the editorial
board of the monthly periodical Current History. He had done extensive research in the

archives of France, Italy, and England. He was a member of the American Association for
the Advancement of Science, American Anthropological Association and the American
Economic Association. For many years he lectured on Russian history at the Industrial
College of the Armed Forces and on Africa at the Brookings Institution. He worked as an
advisor to the US Defense Department and the US Navy. In 1958 he served as a consultant
to the Congressional Select Committee which set up the National Space Agency. He was a
frequent lecturer and consultant for such groups as the Industrial College of the Armed
Forces, the Brookings Institution, the U.S. Naval Weapons Laboratory, the Naval College,
the Smithsonian Institute, and the State Department.1 This was an individual that
President Bill Clinton, on numerous times during his presidency, publicly paid homage to,
for the influence that Dr. Quigley had on his life. Dr. Quigley was also closely associated
with many of the family dynasties of the super-rich. In short, Carroll Quigley was a well-
connected and well-credentialed member of the world's money power structure and Ivy
League society.
Dr. Quigley, has provided a great contribution to our understanding of modern history
which was presented in his historical works, to include, Tragedy and Hope, A History of
the World in Our Time and The Anglo-American Establishment. His disclosures placed
him in such potential danger from an Establishment backlash, so much so that the latter
was never published in his lifetime. He gained access to evidence from people directly
involved with the secret ‘network’ that no outsider had ever seen. In fact, he admits that
he was even permitted for two years to examine its papers and secret records. Quigley’s
exposé – together with his Tragedy and Hope – is unique among historical works in that it
provides a detailed and verifiable account of the origins, development and aims of a
secret network of organizations created for the purpose of world domination by certain
international financial interests.


1 Bio of Carroll Quigley




When Dr. Quigley wrote Tragedy and Hope, it was obvious that it would never be read

by the masses. At over thirteen hundred pages, approximately six hundred thousand
words, and weighing in around five pounds, it’s safe to say that it wasn’t written for
the casual reader. Nor was it written like a novel, bursting with scandalous and
interesting conspiratorial tidbits on every page. Rather, as one would expect from an
Ivy League historian, it is a long and often tedious read of which 95 percent consists of
basic economic, political, and diplomatic history. However, within the other 5 percent,
you’ll find crucial 'keys' without which 20th century political, economic, and military
events can never be fully understood. Quigley provides truly astonishing admissions
about the existence, nature, and effectiveness of covert power—explosive details of a
secret network of organizations comprised of international bankers, aristocrats and
other powerful, unelected men who have controlled the levers of power, finance and
foreign policy in Great Britain and the United States of America since the beginning of
the twentieth century.

In Tragedy and Hope and The Anglo-American Establishment, Quigley reveals with
great detail the existence of this secret history:

Cecil Rhodes Organized a Secret Society in 1891
“The Rhodes Scholarships, established by the terms of Cecil
Rhodes's seventh will, are known to everyone. What is not
so widely known is that Rhodes in five previous wills left his
fortune to form a secret society, which was to devote itself
to the preservation and expansion of the British Empire. And
what does not seem to be known to anyone is that this
secret society was created by Rhodes and his principal
trustee, Lord Milner, and continues to exist to this day.2

To be sure, this secret society is not a childish thing
like the Ku Klux Klan, and it does not have any secret robes,
secret handclasps, or secret passwords. It does not need
any of these, since its members know each other

[T]his Group is, as I shall show, one of the most
important historical facts of the twentieth century. Indeed,
the Group is of such significance that evidence of its
existence is not hard to find, if one knows where to look.4

I know of the operations of this network because I
have studied it for twenty years and was permitted for two
years, in the early 1960's, to examine its papers and secret
records. I have no aversion to it or to most of its aims and
have, for much of my life, been close to it and to many of its

2 The Anglo-American Establishment, page ix
3 The Anglo-American Establishment, page ix
4 The Anglo-American Establishment, page ix-x
5 Tragedy and Hope, page 950


Some of these facts came to me from sources which I
am not permitted to name, and I have mentioned them only
where I can produce documentary evidence available to
everyone. Nevertheless, it would have been very difficult to
write this book if I had not received a certain amount of
assistance of a personal nature from persons close to the

This society has been known at various times as
Milner's Kindergarten, as the Round Table Group, as the
Rhodes crowd, as The Times crowd, as the All Souls group,
and as the Cliveden set.7

I approached the subject as a historian. This attitude
I have kept. I have tried to describe or to analyze, not to
praise or to condemn.8

But I feel that the truth has a right to be told, and,
once told, can be an injury to no men of good will. Only by a
knowledge of the errors of the past is it possible to correct
the tactics of the future.9

History of the Secret Society
The new imperialism after 1870 was quite different in tone
from that which the Little Englanders had opposed earlier.
The chief changes were that it was justified on grounds of
moral duty and of social reform and not, as earlier, on
grounds of missionary activity and material advantage. The
man most responsible for this change was John Ruskin.10

Until 1870 there was no professorship of fine arts at
Oxford, but in that year, thanks to the Slade bequest, John
Ruskin was named to such a chair. He hit Oxford like an
earthquake, not so much because he talked about fine arts,
but because he talked also about the empire and England's
downtrodden masses, and above all because he talked
about all three of these things as moral issues. Until the end
of the nineteenth century the poverty-stricken masses in
the cities of England lived in want, ignorance, and crime
very much as they have been described by Charles

Ruskin spoke to the Oxford undergraduates as
members of the privileged ruling class. He told them that
they were the possessors of a magnificent tradition of
education, beauty, rule of law, freedom, decency, and self-

6 The Anglo-American Establishment, page x

7 The Anglo-American Establishment, page ix

8 The Anglo-American Establishment, page xi

9 The Anglo-American Establishment, page xi

10 Tragedy and Hope, page 131

11 Tragedy and Hope, page 131


discipline, but that this tradition could not be saved, and
did not deserve to be saved, unless it could be extended to
the lower classes in England itself and to the non-English
masses throughout the world. Ruskin's message had a
sensational impact. His inaugural lecture was copied out in
long-hand by one undergraduate, Cecil Rhodes, who kept it
with him for thirty years.12

Rhodes (1853-1902) feverishly exploited the
diamond and goldfields of South Africa, rose to be prime
minister of the Cape Colony (1890-1896), contributed
money to political parties, controlled parliamentary seats
both in England and in South Africa, and sought to win a
strip of British territory across Africa from the Cape of Good
Hope to Egypt and to join these two extremes together with
telegraph line and ultimately with a Cape-to-Cairo

Rhodes inspired devoted support for his goals from
others in South Africa and in England. With financial support
from Lord Rothschild and Alfred Beit, he was able to
monopolize the diamond mines of South Africa as De Beers
Consolidated Mines and to build up a great gold mining
enterprise as Consolidated Gold Fields.14

In the middle 1890's Rhodes had a personal income
of at least a million pounds sterling a year (then about five
million dollars) which was spent so freely for his mysterious
purposes that he was usually overdrawn on his account.
These purposes centered on his desire to federate the
English-speaking peoples and to bring all the habitable
portions of the world under their control.15 For this
purpose Rhodes left part of his great fortune to found the
Rhodes Scholarships at Oxford in order to spread the
English ruling class tradition throughout the English-
speaking world as Ruskin had wanted.16

Among Ruskin's most devoted disciples at Oxford
were a group of intimate friends including Arnold Toynbee,
Alfred (later Lord) Milner, Arthur Glazebrook, George (later
Sir George) Parkin, Philip Lyttelton Gell, and Henry (later Sir
Henry) Birchenough. These were so moved by Ruskin that
they devoted the rest of their lives to carrying out his

12 Tragedy and Hope, page 131

13 Tragedy and Hope, page 131

14 Tragedy and Hope, page 131

15 Throughout this document, unless otherwise noted, all emphasis in quoted text has been added.

16 Tragedy and Hope, page 130-131

17 Tragedy and Hope, page 131


This association was formally established on
February 5, 1891, when Rhodes and Stead organized a
secret society of which Rhodes had been dreaming for
sixteen years. In this secret society Rhodes was to be leader;
Stead, Brett (Lord Esher), and Milner were to form an
executive committee; Arthur (Lord) Balfour, (Sir) Harry
Johnston, Lord Rothschild, Albert (Lord) Grey, and others
were listed as potential members of a "Circle of Initiates";
while there was to be an outer circle known as the
"Association of Helpers" (later organized by Milner as the
Round Table organization). Brett was invited to join this
organization the same day and Milner a couple of weeks
later, on his return from Egypt. Both accepted with
enthusiasm. Thus, the central part of the secret society was
established by March 1891. It continued to function as a
formal group, although the outer circle was, apparently, not
organized until 1909-1913.18

This was done on behalf of Lord Milner, the dominant
Trustee of the Rhodes Trust in the two decades 1905-1925.
The original purpose of these groups was to seek to
federate the English-speaking world along lines laid down
by Cecil Rhodes (1853-1902) and William T. Stead
(1849-1912), and the money for the organizational work
came originally from the Rhodes Trust.19

As governor-general and high commissioner of South
Africa in the period 1897-1905, Milner recruited a group of
young men, chiefly from Oxford and from Toynbee Hall, to
assist him in organizing his administration. Through his
influence these men were able to win influential posts in
government and international finance and became the
dominant influence in British imperial and foreign affairs up
to 1939. Under Milner in South Africa they were known as
Milner's Kindergarten until 1910. In 1909-1913 they
organized semi-secret groups, known as Round Table
Groups, in the chief British dependencies and the United
States. These still function in eight countries.20

The power and influence of this Rhodes-Milner group
in British imperial affairs and in foreign policy since 1889,
although not widely recognized, can hardly be
exaggerated.21 It plotted the Jameson Raid of 1895; it
caused the Boer War of 1899-1902; it set up and controls
the Rhodes Trust; it created the Union of South Africa in
1906-1910; it established the South African periodical The
State in 1908; it founded the British Empire periodical The

18 Tragedy and Hope, page 131

19 Tragedy and Hope, page 950

20 Tragedy and Hope, page 131

21 Tragedy and Hope, page 133


Round Table in 1910, … it has controlled The Times for
more than fifty years, with the exception of the three years
1919-1922, it publicized the idea of and the name "British
Commonwealth of Nations" in the period 1908-1918, it was
the chief influence in Lloyd George's war administration in
1917-1919 and dominated the British delegation to the
Peace Conference of 1919; it had a great deal to do with the
formation and management of the League of Nations and of
the system of mandates; it founded the Royal Institute of
International Affairs in 1919 and still controls it; it was one
of the chief influences on British policy toward Ireland,
Palestine, and India in the period 1917-1945; it was a very
important influence on the policy of appeasement of
Germany during the years 1920-1940; and it controlled and
still controls, to a very considerable extent, the sources and
the writing of the history of British Imperial and foreign
policy since the Boer War.22

The more moderate Round Table group, including
Lionel Curtis, Leopold Amery (who was the shadow of Lord
Milner), Lord Lothian, Lord Brand, and Lord Astor, sought to
weaken the League of Nations and destroy all possibility of
collective security in order to strengthen Germany in respect
to both France and the Soviet Union, and above all to free
Britain from Europe in order to build up an "Atlantic bloc" of
Great Britain, the British Dominions, and the United States.
They prepared the way for this "Union" through the Rhodes
Scholarship organization (of which Lord Milner was the head
in 1905-1925 and Lord Lothian was secretary in
1925-1940), through the Round Table groups (which had
been set up in the United States, India, and the British
Dominions in 1910- 1917), through the Chatham House
organization, which set up Royal Institutes of International
Affairs in all the dominions and a Council on Foreign
Relations in New York, as well as through "Unofficial
Commonwealth Relations Conferences" held irregularly, and
the Institutes of Pacific Relations set up in various countries
as autonomous branches of the Royal Institutes of
International Affairs.23

The varied character of the British imperial
possessions, the backwardness of many of the native
peoples involved, the independence of many of the white
colonists overseas, and the growing international tension
which culminated in the First World War made it impossible
to carry out the plan for Imperial Federation, although the
five colonies in Australia were joined into the
Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 and the four colonies in

22 The Anglo-American Establishment, page 5

23 Tragedy and Hope, page 582


South Africa were joined into the Union of South Africa in

As a result of complex and secret negotiations in
which Lord Rosebery was the chief figure, Britain kept
Uganda, Rhodes was made a privy councilor, Rosebery
replaced his father-in-law, Lord Rothschild, in Rhodes's
secret group and was made a Trustee under Rhodes's next
(and last) will.25

It would be expected that a Group which could
number among its achievements such accomplishments as
these would be a familiar subject for discussion among
students of history and public affairs. In this case, the
expectation is not realized, partly because of the deliberate
policy of secrecy which this Group has adopted, partly
because the Group itself is not closely integrated but rather
appears as a series of overlapping circles or rings partly
concealed by being hidden behind formally organized
groups of no obvious political significance.26

This organization has been able to conceal its
existence quite successfully, and many of its most
influential members, satisfied to possess the reality rather
than the appearance of power, are unknown even to close
students of British history. This is the more surprising when
we learn that one of the chief methods by which this Group
works has been through propaganda.27

We might mention as an example that this group
dominated The Times from 1890 to 1912, and has
controlled it completely since 1912 (except for the years
1919-1922). Numerous other papers and journals have
been under the control or influence of this group since
1889. They have also established and influenced numerous
university and other chairs of imperial affairs and
international relations.28

In 1919 they founded the Royal Institute of
International Affairs (Chatham House) … Similar Institutes of
International Affairs were established in the chief British
dominions and in the United States (where it is known as
the Council on Foreign Relations) in the period 1919-1927.
After 1925 a somewhat similar structure of organizations,
known as the Institute of Pacific Relations, was set up in
twelve countries holding territory in the Pacific area, the
units in each British dominion existing on an interlocking

24 Tragedy and Hope, page 133

25 Tragedy and Hope, page 135

26 The Anglo-American Establishment, page 5

27 The Anglo-American Establishment, page 4

28 Tragedy and Hope, page 133


basis with the Round Table Group and the Royal Institute of
International Affairs in the same country.”29

The Formation Of A Secret Group In England
Using Quigley’s work as a starting point, this next section will explore the historical
record to gain a better understanding of the roots and purpose of this Secret Round
Table Organization.

In 1870, a wealthy British socialist by the name of John Ruskin was appointed as
professor of fine arts at Oxford University in London. He taught his students that the
state must take control of the means of production and organize them for the good of
the community as a whole. But he advocated placing control of the state into the hands
of a single dictator. He said:

“My continual aim has been to show the eternal superiority of some men to
others, sometimes even of one man to all others.” 

Dr. Quigley tells us:

“Ruskin spoke to the Oxford undergraduates as members of the privileged
ruling class. He told them that they were the possessors of a magnificent
tradition of education, beauty, rule of law, freedom, decency, and self-
discipline, but that this tradition could not be saved, and did not deserve to be
saved, unless it could be extended to the lower classes in England itself and to
the non-English masses throughout the world. Ruskin's message had a
sensational impact. His inaugural lecture was copied out in long-hand by one
undergraduate, Cecil Rhodes, who kept it with him for thirty years.” 

Ruskin advocated a utopian society, and espoused theories, which by extension,
furthered the teaching found in Plato’s Republic. Plato called for “...a ruling class with a
powerful army to keep it in power and a society completely subordinate to the
monolithic authority of the rulers.” Rhodes was also greatly influenced by Windom
Reade’s book The Martyrdom of Man, published in 1872, which advocated Darwinism
and the tremendous suffering that man must undergo, which was epitomized in the
phrase “the survival of the fittest.” The book said that the “inevitable progress of man
(was) to perfection.” Rhodes incorporated this rationalization into his thinking.

Cecil Rhodes went on to make one of the world's greatest fortunes. With help from
international bankers, he was able to establish a virtual monopoly over all of the
diamonds that came from South Africa and most of the gold as well. Throughout his
entire life, Cecil Rhodes spent most of his vast income to advance the ruling-class
ideas of John Ruskin.

Rhodes dreamed about starting an organization to preserve and extend the
British Empire. He said in 1877:

“It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory ... more
territory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race, more of the best, the

29 Tragedy and Hope, page 132


most human, most honorable race the world possesses ... the absorption of the
greater portion of the world under our rule simply means the end of all wars.”

It was this mentality that fueled his desire to unite the world under one form of
government. Many people are familiar with the world-famous Rhodes Scholarships
which were established to promote the less controversial aspects of John Ruskin's
dream, but very few are familiar with the fact that Cecil Rhodes established a secret
society to promote the rest of that dream.30

In 1877, while still studying at Oxford (it took him 8 years because of having to run the
diamond mines), he wrote the first of seven wills, in which each became a separate and
legally binding document. It called for the establishment of a “secret society with but
one object– the furtherance of the British Empire and the bringing of the whole
uncivilized world under British rule, for the recovery of the United States, (and) for ...
making the Anglo-Saxon race but one Empire.” Frank Aydelotte, a founding member of
the Council on Foreign Relations, and the American Secretary to the Rhodes Trustees,
wrote in his book, American Rhodes Scholarships: “In his first will Rhodes states his
aim still more specifically: ‘The extension of British rule throughout the world ... the
foundation of so great a power as to hereafter render wars impossible and promote the
interests of humanity’.”

The first instrument created by Rhodes and his associates was the secret society itself.
Using the Jesuits and the Illuminati (which will be analyzed further in chapter V), and
the Masons (of which he was a member),31 as organizational models, Rhodes, Lord
Alfred Milner; other Ruskin associates at Oxford; joined together to form a secret
group, on February 5, 1891. 32Dr. Quigley explains:

“In this secret society Rhodes was to be leader; Stead. Brett (Lord Esher), and
Milner were to form an executive committee; Arthur (Lord) Balfour, (Sir) Harry
Johnston, Lord Rothschild, Albert (Lord) Grey, and others were listed as potential
members of a "Circle of Initiates;" while there was to be an outer circle known as
the "Association of Helpers" (later organized by Milner as the Round Table

Here, then, was the way the secret society was constructed, at the center, there is a
tiny group in complete control with one man as the undisputed leader. Next comes a
circle of secondary leadership that, for the most part, is completely unaware of an
inner core. They are led to believe that they are the inner-most ring. In time, it would
be built from the center out, forming additional rings of organization. Those in the
outer echelons may never even suspect an inner control. The center ring was initially
composed of Rhodes and just three other individuals, whom would control all of the
outer rings. Of the three individuals who shared the inner ring with Rhodes, Alfred
Milner (later awarded the title Lord Milner) became the strongest.

After monopolizing the diamond and gold industries, the enormous wealth and

30 Tragedy and Hope, page 130

31 Wikipedia, Cecil Rhodes

32 The Anglo-American Establishment, page 3


influence that Rhodes secured enabled him to steadily increase The Secret Round Table
Group’s reach. Quigley explains:

“Rhodes feverishly exploited the diamond and goldfields of South Africa, rose to
be Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (1890–1896), contributed money to
political parties, controlled parliamentary seats both in England and in South
Africa, and sought to win a strip of British territory across Africa from the Cape
of Good Hope to Egypt.”33

Not surprisingly, Rhodes didn’t feel any moral conflict about his imperial desires or the
methods that he used to attain them. He viewed himself as superior to those he
intended to subjugate. In his last will and testament, he wrote:

“I contend that we are the finest race in the world and that the more of the
world we inhabit the better it is for the human race. Just fancy those parts
that are at present inhabited by the most despicable specimens of human
beings what an alteration there would be if they were brought under Anglo-
Saxon influence.”34

A PBS series titled Queen Victoria’s Empire credits Rhodes with inspiring a burst of
“imperialistic fervor” in Britain. Near the end of the piece, it says of Rhodes:

“Cecil John Rhodes…became the greatest empire builder of his generation. To
fund his dreams of conquest, he embarked on a ruthless pursuit of diamonds,
gold and power that made him the most formidable and the most hated man in

But this story is much bigger than the effect Cecil Rhodes had on Africa or British
Imperialism over a century ago. Obviously, to properly tell the story of this secret
society, a handful of important individuals like Rhodes do need to be mentioned.
However, to be clear, these individuals are not the main focus of this document.
Instead, our focus will fall mainly on the instruments that Rhodes and his
followers created or infiltrated, as well as the tactics they employed to secretly
further their goals. (As powerful as any one individual might have been or
currently is within this Network, the Instruments and tactics are where the real
power lies. Men eventually die; instruments and tactics can live on indefinitely.)
Dr. Quigley further explained:

“The goals which Rhodes and Milner sought and the methods by which they
hoped to achieve them were so similar by 1902 that the two are almost
indistinguishable. Both sought to unite the world…in a federal structure
around Britain. Both felt that this goal could best be achieved by a secret band
of men united to one another by devotion to the common cause…Both felt that
this band should pursue its goal by secret political and economic influence
behind the scenes and by the control of journalistic, educational, and

33 Tragedy and Hope, page 130
34 Cecil Rhodes “Confession of Faith, June 2, 1877


propaganda agencies.”35

To put it more bluntly, the goal of this Round Table Network was to eventually
establish an authoritarian world super-state with them as the rulers. They saw
England, not as a European power, but as an Atlantic power, and wanted to have a
federation of the English-speaking world, which would be controlled by them.

With the death of Rhodes in 1902, Lord Milner obtained control of Rhodes’s money and
was able to use it to lubricate the workings of his propaganda machine. This is exactly
as Rhodes had wanted and had intended. Milner was Rhodes’s heir, and both men
knew it…In 1898…Rhodes said, “I support Milner absolutely without reserve. If he says
peace, I say peace; if he says war, I say war. Whatever happens, I say ditto to Milner.”36

While he was Governor-General and High Commissioner of South Africa from
1897-1905, Milner (one of the most influential men in the political and financial circles
in England) began to recruit young men, mostly from Oxford and Toynbee Hall, to help
run his Administration. He used his influence to place the new recruits into positions of

Through his influence these men were able to win influential posts in government and
international finance and became the dominant influence in British imperial and foreign
affairs…Under Milner in South Africa they were known as Milner’s Kindergarten until

The Anglo-American Establishment describes the Network’s basic system of
recruitment and placement this way:

“The inner circle of this group, because of its close contact with Oxford and with
All Souls, was in a position to notice able young undergraduates at Oxford.
These were admitted to All Souls and at once given opportunities in public life
and in writing or teaching, to test their abilities and loyalty to the ideals of the
Milner Group. If they passed both of these tests, they were gradually admitted to
the Milner Group’s great fiefs such as the Royal Institute of International Affairs,
The Times, The Round Table, or, on the larger scene, to the ranks of the Foreign
or Colonial Offices.”37

Between 1909-1913, Milner, and others in the inner circle of this Secret Society used
these recruits to establish semi-secret groups, known as “Round Table Groups”, in
England; the main British dependencies, South Africa, Canada, Australia, New Zealand,
and India; and the United States. They were all controlled from England, and
maintained contact through personal correspondence, frequent trips, and a quarterly
journal begun in 1910, called The Round Table. The membership consisted of men
who not only had a vast amount of political clout, but some who served in the highest
levels of the British government.38

35 The Anglo-American Establishment, page 42

36 The Anglo-American Establishment, page 49

37 The Anglo-American Establishment, page 91

38 Tragedy and Hope, page 132


Early Accomplishments of this Secret Network
This system proved to be very effective. It allowed the growing Network to remain
hidden, while its founders exercised a level of control that can “hardly be
exaggerated.” As proof, Quigley provides a partial list of the group’s so-called
accomplishments. Among them:

The Second Boer War (1899–1902)

The partitioning of Ireland, Palestine, and India

Formation and management of the League of Nations

British “appeasement” policy (empowerment policy) of Hitler

Control of The Times, Oxford, and those who write “the history of British

Imperial and foreign policy”

Quigley goes on to say:

“It would be expected that a Group which could number among its achievements
such accomplishments as these would be a familiar subject for discussion
among students of history…In this case, the expectation is not realized.”39

Something else that is “not realized” when dispassionately rattling off a list of
“accomplishments” like those above is the true gravity and life-altering impact of those

To provide a little perspective, we’ll briefly cover one of the aforementioned
accomplishments here.

The Second Boer War
Rhodes, needed money to fund his global-domination agenda, and he had no problem
using his dominant influence over British Imperial policy (the ability to direct British
military force) against the Boers in South Africa to seize their valuable resources.

It should be noted that his first attempt to grab Boer land and resources, a scheme
known as the Jameson Raid, failed miserably. And though he and his Network had
clearly directed the conspiracy and though the leaders he selected to overthrow the
Boer government were caught in the act, the consequences of the attempted coup
weren’t sufficient to prevent a more ambitious conspiracy (the Second Boer War) that
followed a few years later.

Side Note: Cecil’s brother, Frank Rhodes, was among the leaders who were captured
and tried by the Boer government for the Jameson Raid. If there are any doubts about
the benefits of being among the ruling class, this should settle the issue:

“For conspiring with Dr. Jameson…members of the Reform Committee…were
tried in the Transvaal courts and found guilty of high treason. The four leaders
were sentenced to death by hanging, but this sentence was next day commuted
to 15 years’ imprisonment; and in June 1896 [six months later] the other
members of the Committee were released on payment of £2,000 each in fines,

39 The Anglo-American Establishment, page 5


all of which were paid by Cecil Rhodes.”40

In the years following the failed Jameson Raid, the Network began agitating for British
annexation of the Boer Republics. After a sufficient British military buildup and failed
negotiations, the inevitable finally came.

And war they did have, with all of the injustice and brutality that one should expect:
theft, subjugation, suffering, and murder. Though the Network and its supporters
expected a fast and easy victory over the “trumpery little” states that dared to
challenge the British Empire, such was not the case. The Boers were skilled hunters and
competent fighters. As weeks turned into months, and months turned into years, the
Boers (determined to regain the independence of their own territory) drove the British
to employ a scorched-earth policy.

As British troops swept the countryside, they systematically destroyed crops, burned
homesteads and farms, poisoned wells, and interned Boer and African women, children
and workers in concentration camps.

The Boer War concentration camp system was the first time that a whole nation had
been systematically targeted, and the first in which some whole regions had been
depopulated. Although most black Africans were not considered by the British to be
hostile, many tens of thousands were also forcibly removed from Boer areas and also
placed in concentration camps.

Ultimately, the concentration camp system proved more deadly than the battlefield. By
war’s end, nearly 50 percent of all Boer children under sixteen years of age had “died
of starvation, disease and exposure in the concentration camps.” All told,
approximately 25 percent of the Boer inmate population died, and total civilian deaths
in the camps (mostly women and children) reached twenty-six thousand.41

Sadly, these numbers account for only Boer civilians killed. In all, the death toll of the
Second Boer War exceeded seventy thousand lives, with more than twenty-five
thousand combatants killed and an additional twenty thousand Africans, 75 percent of
whom died in the British concentration camps. But, of course, this was only just the
beginning and a small price to pay for this Secret Network. The defeated republics
were absorbed into the empire and were eventually folded into the Union of South
Africa (also a creation of the Secret Round Table Network, which served as a British ally
during the two World Wars).42

Hopefully, this short outline of the Second Boer War adds some depth to one of the
early “accomplishments” of Rhodes and his fellow conspirators. Factor in the
immeasurable suffering of some of their other so-called accomplishments, like the
million or so who died when they decided to partition India, or the millions more who
died as a result of their Hitler-empowerment project, and Quigley’s assertion that this
group is “one of the most important facts of the twentieth century” is hard to deny.

40 Wikipedia, Jameson Raid

41 Wikipedia, Second Boer War

42 Wikipedia, Second Boer War


As the British government suffered the political consequences of the Network’s
decisions, and as the British citizenry and soldiers paid the costs in blood and treasure,
the secret society that Rhodes created was able to operate without fear of direct
repercussions. The British government was now one of its instruments. Oxford, The
Times, the League of Nations, and the Royal Institute for International Affairs (to name
a few) were also its instruments. On the surface, each of these appeared unconnected.
Beneath the surface, each was dominated by the same group of individuals.

In a rare moment of honest criticism, Quigley warns his readers:

“No country that values its safety should allow…that a small number of men
should be able to wield such power in administration and politics, should be
given almost complete control over the publication of the documents relating to
their actions, should be able to exercise such influence over the avenues of
information that create public opinion.

Such power, whatever the goals at which it may be directed, is too much
to be entrusted safely to any group.”43

This Secret Network Comes To America
Dr. Quigley reveals in detail the origination of this secret organization in the United

“[T]he American branch of this organization
(sometimes called the ‘Eastern Establishment') has played a
very significant role in the history of the United States in the
last generation.44

There does exist, and has existed for a generation,
an international Anglophile network which operates, to
some extent, in the way the ... Right believes the
Communists act. In fact, this network, which we may
identify as the Round Table Groups, has no aversion to
cooperating with the Communists, or any other groups, and
frequently does so. I know of the operations of this network
because I have studied it for twenty years and was
permitted for two years, in the early 1960's, to examine its
papers and secret records. I have no aversion to it or to
most of its aims and have, for much of my life, been close
to it and to many of its instruments. I have objected, both in
the past and recently, to a few of its policies (notably to its
belief that England was an Atlantic rather than a European
Power and must be allied, or even federated, with the United
States and must remain isolated from Europe), but in
general my chief difference of opinion is that it wishes to

43 The Anglo-American Establishment, page 197
44 Tragedy and Hope, page 950


remain unknown, and I believe its role in history is
significant enough to be known.45

Money for the widely ramified activities of this
organization came originally from the associates and
followers of Cecil Rhodes…Since 1925 there have been
substantial contributions from wealthy individuals and from
foundations and firms associated with the international
banking fraternity, especially the Carnegie United Kingdom
Trust, and other organizations associated with J. P. Morgan,
the Rockefeller and Whitney families, and the associates of
Lazard Brothers and of Morgan, Grenfell, and Company.46

On this basis…there grew up in the twentieth century
a power structure between London and New York which
penetrated deeply into university life, the press, and the
practice of foreign policy. In England the center was the
Round Table Group, while in the United States it was J. P.
Morgan and Company or its local branches in Boston,
Philadelphia, and Cleveland.47 The chief backbone of this
organization grew up along the already existing financial
cooperation running from the Morgan Bank in New York to a
group of international financiers in London led by Lazard

At the end of the war of 1914, it became clear that
the organization of this system had to be greatly extended.
Once again the task was entrusted to Lionel Curtis who
established, in England and each dominion, a front
organization to the existing local Round Table Group. This
front organization, called the Royal Institute of International
Affairs, had as its nucleus in each area the existing
submerged Round Table Group. In New York it was known
as the Council on Foreign Relations, and was a front for J.
P. Morgan and Company in association with the very small
American Round Table Group.”49

Let us review what Quigley cautiously exposed, which is one of the best kept secrets of
all time. In both Tragedy and Hope and The Anglo-American Establishment, Quigley
revealed in very extensive detail the existence of a ‘secret network:’

“I know of the operation of this network because I have studied it for
twenty years and was permitted for two years, in the early 1960’s, to
examine its papers and secret records. I have no aversion to it or to most of
its aims and have, for much of my life, been close to it and to many of its

45 Tragedy and Hope, page 950

46 Tragedy and Hope, page 951

47 Tragedy and Hope, page 953

48 Tragedy and Hope, page 951

49 Tragedy and Hope, page 951-952


instruments. I have objected, both in the past and recently, to a few of its
policies…but in general my chief difference of opinion is that it wishes to
remain unknown, and I believe its role in history is significant enough to be

Dr. Quigley also revealed the purpose of the formation of this Network which was to
establish dominion over all “habitable portions of the world”:51

“Rhodes inspired devoted support for his goals from others in South Africa and
in England. With financial support from Lord Rothschild…he was able to
monopolize the diamond mines of South Africa … and…build up a great gold
mining enterprise… In the middle 1890's Rhodes had a personal income of at
least a million pounds sterling a year …which was spent so freely for his
mysterious purposes that he was usually overdrawn on his account. These
purposes centered on his desire to federate the English-speaking peoples
and to bring all the habitable portions of the world under their control. For
this purpose Rhodes left part of his great fortune to found the Rhodes
Scholarships at Oxford in order to spread the English ruling class tradition
throughout the English-speaking world as Ruskin had wanted. Among Ruskin's
most devoted disciples at Oxford…they devoted the rest of their lives to
carrying out his ideas.”52

Dr. Quigley points out that, during the past 200 years, while the peoples of the world
gradually were winning their political freedom from monarchies, the major banking
families of the world were nullifying the trend toward representative government by
setting up new dynasties of political control, but behind the scenes, in the form of
international financial combines. These banking dynasties had learned that all
governments—whether they be monarchies or democracies—must borrow money in
times of emergency, and that, by providing such funds from their own private
resources—with strings attached, of course— gradually they could bring both kings
and democratic leaders under their control. Dr. Quigley believed that people should be
more familiar with the identities of these clever banking dynasties. They include such
names as Barring, Hambros, Lazard, Erlangcr, Warburg, Schroder, Selingman, Speyers,
Mirabaud, Mallet, Fould, Lehman, and above all, Rothschild, Rockefeller and Morgan.

It should be noted that, while the Rothschilds and other Jewish families cooperated
together in these ventures, this was by no means a Jewish monopoly as some have
alleged. Men of finance of many nationalities and many religious and non-religious
backgrounds collaborated together to create this super-structure of hidden power. Its
essence was not race, nor religion, nor nationality. It was simply a passion for control
over other human beings.

These are not the same as the local commercial bankers with whom we deal with in
everyday life. International bankers deal, not with the general public, but with the

50 Tragedy and Hope, page 950
51 Tragedy and Hope, page 131
52 Tragedy and Hope, page 131


industrial giants of the world, with other financial institutions, and especially with

Dr. Quigley cites a famous remark by Walter Rathenau, a former Foreign Minister of

“...a relatively small number of bankers were in positions of immense influence
in European and American economic life. As early as 1909, Walter Rathenau,
who was in a position to know (since he had inherited from his father control of
the German General Electric Company and held scores of directorships himself),
said, “Three hundred men, all of whom know one another, direct the
economic destiny of Europe and choose their successors from among

Dr. Quigley informs us further that in America this secret power structure was
dominated by Wall Street Financiers:

“On this basis, which was originally financial and goes back to George
Peabody,54 there grew up in the twentieth century a power structure between
London and New York which penetrated deeply into university life, the press,
and the practice of foreign policy. In England, the center was the Round Table
Group, while in the United States it was J. P. Morgan and Company or its local
branches in Boston, Philadelphia, and Cleveland. 55

This group, which in the United States was completely dominated by J. P.
Morgan and Company from the 1880's to the 1930's, was cosmopolitan,
Anglophile, internationalist, Ivy League, eastern seaboard, high Episcopalian and
European-culture conscious. Their connection with Ivy League colleges rested
on the fact that the large endowments of these institutions required constant
consultation with the financiers of Wall Street…J. P. Morgan and his associates
were the most significant figures in policymaking at Harvard, Columbia, and to a
lesser extent, Yale . . . The chief officials of these universities were beholden to
these financial powers and usually owed their jobs to them.56

The American branch of this “English Establishment” exerted much of its

53 Tragedy and Hope, page 61

54 While we’re on the topic of front groups, it’s worth noting that Rothschild interests likely used Morgan
as a front man. In The Secrets of the Federal Reserve, Eustace Mullins writes on page 49: “Soon after he
arrived in London, George Peabody was surprised to be summoned to an audience with the gruff Baron
Nathan Mayer Rothschild. Without mincing words, Rothschild revealed to Peabody, that much of the
London aristocracy openly disliked Rothschild and refused his invitations. He proposed that Peabody, a
man of modest means, be established as a lavish host whose entertainments would soon be the talk of
London. Rothschild would, of course, pay all the bills. Peabody accepted the offer, and soon became
known as the most popular host in London. It’s hardly surprising that the most popular host in London
would also become a very successful businessman, particularly with the House of Rothschild supporting
him behind the scenes.” Quigley acknowledges that the Morgan firm originated as George Peabody and
Company (on pages 326 and 945 of Tragedy and Hope).

55 Tragedy and Hope, page 953

56 Tragedy and Hope, page 937


influence through five American newspapers (The New York Times, New York
Herald Tribune, Christian Science Monitor, the Washington Post, and the
lamented Boston Evening Transcript). In fact, the editor of the Christian Science
Monitor was the chief American correspondent (anonymously)…It might be
mentioned that the existence of this Wall Street, Anglo-American axis is quite
obvious once it is pointed out.”57

Quigley informs us further that this wealthy “Anglophile network” cooperates with any
group that can help it achieve its goal.58 (This includes Communists, which, on the
surface, would seem to be the sworn enemy of the super-wealthy.) He chronicles how
this Secret Network formed in the late 1800s in England and immediately began
creating front groups. By 1919, it had formed the Royal Institute of International
Affairs (also known as Chatham House), and it went on to create other extremely
powerful institutes within “the chief British dominions and in the United States.”59
Hiding behind these front groups, this Network began secretly exercising its power.

In the United States the main institute for this Round Table Group was named the
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), which Quigley described as “a front for J. P.
Morgan and company.”60 Before long, the Network expanded its operations; spreading
like cancer into our universities, media, and especially government “foreign policy.”

If the idea of powerful financial elites joining a secret international network to establish
dominion over all “habitable portions of the world” and successfully penetrating “into
university life, the press, and the practice of foreign policy” sounds like something you
should have heard about, you’re right. But the secret to why you haven’t is contained
in the story itself. (The extensive “penetration” of universities, the press, and the
government which will be covered in great detail on later chapters) has proven quite
useful to those who wish “to remain unknown.”). Notwithstanding, the fact that the real
rulers in Washington are invisible, and exercise power from behind the scenes is
surprisingly well-documented in the historical record.

Courageous attempts to sound a warning as a part of the documented record:
In 1836, John C. Calhoun, Vice President under Andrew Jackson, warned in a speech of
a cohesive network of powerful interests that even back then was already “steadily
becoming the government itself:

“A power has risen up in the government greater than the people themselves,
consisting of many, and various, and powerful interests, combined into one
mass, and held together by the cohesive power of the vast surplus in the banks.
This mighty combination will be opposed to any change; and it is to be feared
that, such is its influence, no measure to which it is opposed can become a law,
however expedient and necessary, and that the public money will remain in their
possession, to be disposed of, not as the public interest, but as theirs may
dictate. The time, indeed, seems fast approaching, when no law can pass, nor

57 Tragedy and Hope, page 953

58 Tragedy and Hope, page 950

59 Tragedy and Hope, page 132

60 Tragedy and Hope, page 952


any honor be conferred, from the chief magistrate to the tide-waiter, without
the assent of this powerful and interested combination, which is steadily
becoming the government itself, to the utter subversion of the authority of the

Theodore Roosevelt, in a speech on April 19, 1906 warned of the existence of an
invisible government:

“Behind the ostensible government sits no allegiance and acknowledging no
responsibility to the people. To destroy this invisible government, to befoul
the unholy alliance between corrupt business and corrupt politics is the first
task of the statesmanship of the day.”

Former New York Mayor, John Hylan highlighted Theodore Roosevelt’s warning, and
further explained that Rockefeller and a small group of powerful international
bankers were at the center of this invisible government:

“The warning of Theodore Roosevelt has much timeliness today, for the real
menace of our republic is this invisible government which like a giant octopus
sprawls its slimy length over City, State, and nation... It seizes in its long and
powerful tentacles our executive officers, our legislative bodies, our schools, our
courts, our newspapers, and every agency created for the public protection... To
depart from mere generalizations, let me say that at the head of this octopus
are the Rockefeller-Standard Oil interest and a small group of powerful
banking houses generally referred to as the international Bankers. The little
coterie of powerful international Bankers virtually run the United States
government for their own selfish purposes. They practically control both parties,
write political platforms, make catspaws of party leaders, use the leading men of
private organizations, and resort to every device to place in nomination for high
public office only such candidates as will be amenable to the dictates of corrupt
big business...”

William McAdoo, Former U.S. Representative, New York City Police Commissioner,
Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and President Wilson’s national campaign vice-
chairman, wrote in 1912:

“The fact is that there is a serious danger of this country becoming a Pluto-
democracy; that is, a sham republic with the real government in the hands of a
small clique of enormously wealthy men, who speak through their money, and
whose influence, even today, radiates to every corner of the United States.”

Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States, wrote in 1913:

“Since I entered politics, I have chiefly had men’s views confided to me privately.
Some of the biggest men in the United States, in the field of commerce and
manufacture, are afraid of somebody, are afraid of something. They know that
there is a power somewhere so organized, so subtle, so watchful, so
interlocked, so complete, so pervasive, that they had better not speak above

61 John C. Calhoun, Vice President (1825-1832 under Andrew Jackson) and U.S. Senator, from a speech
given on May 27, 1836


their breath when they speak in condemnation of it.”

In a letter dated November 21, 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt wrote to confidant Colonel
Edward House:

“The real truth of the matter is, as you and I know, that a financial element in
the large centers has owned the government ever since the days of Andrew
Jackson.” 62

According to famed historian Ferdinand Lundberg expert in the history of American
wealth and power:

“The United States is owned and dominated today by a hierarchy of its sixty
richest families, buttressed by no more than ninety families of lesser wealth…
These families are the living center of the modern industrial oligarchy which
dominates the United States, functioning discreetly under a de jure democratic
form of government behind which a de facto government, absolutist and
plutocratic in its lineaments, has gradually taken form since the Civil War. This
de facto government is actually the government of the United States – informal,
invisible, shadowy. It is the government of money in a dollar democracy.” 63

In the July 26th, l936 issue of The New York Times" Joseph Kennedy, former
Ambassador to the UK, first chairman of the SEC, politician, patriarch of the Kennedy
family, admitted: Fifty men have run America, and that's a high figure." In 1952,
U.S. Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter, said: “The real rulers in Washington are
invisible, and exercise power from behind the scenes.”

Senator William E. Jenner, first veteran of World War II to be elected to the U.S. Senate,
in a congressional speech, February 23, 1954, he warned:

“Outwardly we have a Constitutional government. We have operating within our
government and political system, another body representing another form of
government, a bureaucratic elite which believes our Constitution is outmoded
and is sure that it is the winning side... All the strange developments in foreign
policy agreements may be traced to this group who are going to make us over
to suit their pleasure .... This political action group has its own local political
support organizations, its own pressure groups, its own vested interests, its
foothold within our government, and its own propaganda apparatus.”


62 As quoted in F.D.R.: His Personal Letters.
63 Ferdinand Lundberg, in his journalist expose, America’s Sixty Families, 1937





In this chapter, we’ll take a closer look at The Round Table Groups’ successful

infiltration into the government of the United States.

As set out above, two powerful men from Britain, Cecil Rhodes and Lord Milner, played
an indispensable role in the creation and expansion of this Secret Network. In his first
will, Rhodes resolved to create a global power so great that it would “render wars
impossible.” Not surprisingly, this goal to create an unconquerable global power
required “the ultimate control of the United States of America as an integral part of the
British Empire.”64

After the death of Cecil Rhodes, the inner core of his secret society fell to the hands of
Lord Alfred Milner, Governor-General and High Commissioner of South Africa. As
director of a number of public banks “and corporate precursor of England's Midland
Bank, he became one of the greatest political and financial powers in the world.

Milner led the group until his death in 1925, when the leadership was taken over by
Lionel Curtis, the British High Commissioner to South Africa and Secretary to Sir Alfred
Milner. Curtis advocated British imperialism, and the establishment of a World State. He
believed that “men should strive to build the Kingdom of Heaven here upon this earth,
and that the leadership in that task must fall first and foremost upon the English-
speaking peoples.”65

The CFR became the American headquarters for the Round Table Group
In 1921 the secret society set up an inner circle of initiates which, in turn, established
Round Table Groups in the “chief British dependencies66 and the United States”—the
Round Table Group in the United States promptly created an external organization
known as the CFR (the Council on Foreign Relations). It is through this
organizational ring and then outward through tax-exempt foundations, universities,
and government agencies that has dominated the domestic and foreign policies of the
United States for almost a hundred years, as will be shown. And lest there is any doubt
as to who is behind the CFR, Dr. Quigley tells us bluntly:

“In New York it was known as the Council on Foreign Relations, and was a
front for J. P. Morgan and Company in association with the very small American
Round Table Group.” 

The CFR was established in 1921 through the efforts of Col. Edward Mandell House,
confidant extraordinaire to President Woodrow Wilson and about whom Wilson said,
“Mr. House is my second personality… His thoughts and mine are one.” House—as a
member of the Round Table Group—was the initiator of the effort to establish this

64 The Anglo-American Establishment, page 33

65 Tragedy and Hope, page 147

66 In 1919, the Secret Network established a front organization for the Round Table, known as the Royal
Institute of International Affairs, which, after 1923, was headquartered at Chatham House (and is
sometimes referred to as the Chatham House Study Group) at 10 St. James’ Square in London. Today
you’ll also find the Institut des Relations Internationales in Belgium, the Institute for International Affairs in
the Netherlands, the Institute for International Affairs in Rome, the Norwegian Institute for Foreign Affairs,
the French Institute of International Relations, the Australian Institute of International Affairs, and many


American branch of the Secret Network. Prior to 1921, House’s Round Table Group,
“the Inquiry,” called the CFR the “Institute of International Affairs.”

The Council on Foreign Relations, and the Institute of International Affairs, both
supporters of Wilson, strongly supported the League of Nations. However, the Round
Table wanted to weaken the League by eliminating the possibility of collective security
in order to strengthen Germany, and isolate England from Europe so an Atlantic power
could be established, consisting of England, the British Dominions, and the United
States.67 In 1921, when it became apparent that the United States wasn’t going to join
the League, the Council on Foreign Relations was incorporated on July 21st, consisting
of members from both groups, and others who had participated in the 1919 Paris
Peace Talks. The name change was made so that the American branch of the Round
Table would appear to be a separate entity, and not connected to the organization in

Led by House, who wrote the CFR Charter, they were financed by prominent
international bankers Paul Warburg (CFR founding member), Jacob Schiff, William
Averell Harriman (CFR founding member), Frank Vanderlip, Bernard Baruch, Nelson
Aldrich, J. P. Morgan, Otto Kahn (CFR founding member), Albert H. Wiggin (CFR
founding member), Herbert H. Lehman (CFR founding member), and John Rockefeller.

The CFR, from behind the curtain, has dominated this nation for decades
Since its founding in 1921, the CFR has been The Round Table Groups’ chief link to the
U.S. government. The CFR while remaining largely unknown to the public, has
exercised decisive impact on U.S. policy, especially foreign policy, for numerous

Pulitzer Prize winner Theodore White said that the CFR’s "roster of members has
for a generation, under Republican and Democratic administrations alike, been the
chief recruiting ground for cabinet-level officials in Washington." The Christian
Science Monitor once observed that "there is a constant flow of its members from
private life to public service. Almost half of the council's members have been
invited to assume official government positions or to act as consultants at one time
or another.” Indeed, Joseph Kraft, writing in Harper's, called the Council a "school
for statesmen." David Halberstam puts it more wryly: "They walk in one door as
acquisitive businessmen and come out the other door as statesmen-figures." In his
New York Times magazine article, Anthony Lukas observed: "... everyone knows
how fraternity brothers can help other brothers climb the ladder of life. If you want
to make foreign policy, there's no better fraternity to belong to than the Council..."
This "fraternity" of Insiders has been so successful that its members have virtually
dominated every administration in Washington since the days of Franklin Delano
Roosevelt. The New York Times wrote: “The Council’s membership includes some
of the most influential men in government, business, education and the press (and)
for nearly half a century has made substantial contributions to the basic concepts
of American foreign policy.” Newsweek called the Council’s leadership the “foreign
policy establishment of the U.S.” Well-known political observer and writer
Theodore White said: “The Council counts among its members probably more
important names in American life than any other private group in the country.”

67 The Anglo-American Establishment, 197-200


In Sen. Barry Goldwater’s 1979 memoir, With No Apologies, he wrote: “When a new
President comes on board, there is a great turnover in personnel but no change in
policy.” That’s because CFR members have occupied the major policy-making positions
under every Administration. Virtually every secretary of state, FBI Director, CIA
Director, Treasury Secretary, Defense Secretary, key U.S. national security and foreign
policy adviser, and most federal department heads, a fantastic percentage of the
President's Cabinet, Under-Secretaries, the Federal Reserve Board, Ambassadors to
other countries. Supreme Court Justices and presidential advisors have been CFR

As Quigley discovered, the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is nothing more than a
front group for the Round Table Network.68 This being the case, and since the
objective of this Network was “centered on his desire to federate the English-
speaking peoples and to bring all the habitable portions of the world under their
control”69 its position on national sovereignty, as documented in the historical record,
is predictable.

Admiral Chester Ward, former Judge Advocate General of the U.S. Navy, was a CFR
member for sixteen years before resigning in disgust. In 1975, he stated that the
Council’s objective is:

“submergence of U.S. sovereignty into an all-powerful one-world
government.” He also said: “This lust to surrender the sovereignty and
independence of the United States is pervasive throughout most of the
membership.” “In the entire CFR lexicon, there is no term of revulsion carrying a
meaning so deep as ‘America First.’”70

Admiral Ward further explained:

“The Objective of the influential majority of members of CFR has not changed
since its founding in 1922, more than 50 years ago. In the 50th anniversary
issue of Foreign Affairs [the official quarterly publication of the CFR], the first
and leading article was written by CFR member Kingman Brewster, Jr., entitled
Reflections on Our National Purpose." He did not back away from defining it: our
national purpose should be to abolish our nationality.”71

68 Tragedy and Hope, page 951-952

69 Tragedy and Hope, page 131

70 Phyllis Schlafly and Chester Ward, Kissinger on the Couch (New Rochelle, N.Y.: Arlington House, 1975),

71 Admiral Chester Ward, US Navy (Ret.), was a longtime member of the CFR who came out and testified
against the organization. As a hotshot youngish Admiral, he had become Judge Advocate General of the
Navy. As a "man on the rise" he was invited to become a member of the -prestigious- CFR. The
Establishment obviously assumed that Admiral Ward, like so many hundreds before him, would succumb
to the flattery of being invited into the inner sanctums of the Establishment, and that through subtle
appeals to personal ambition would quickly fall in line. The Insiders badly underestimated the toughness
and stern character of Admiral Ward. He soon became a vocal opponent of the organization.


Here are a few choice quotes from other CFR members:

“The house of world order will have to be built from the bottom up rather than
from the top down…an end run around national sovereignty, eroding it piece by
piece, will accomplish much more than the old-fashioned frontal assault.”—CFR
member Richard Gardner

“We shall have world government, whether or not we like it. The question is
only whether world government will be achieved by consent or by conquest.”—CFR
member James Paul Warburg”72

“Some dilution of the sovereignty system as it prevails in the world today
must take place…to the immediate disadvantage of those nations which now
possess the preponderance of power…The United States must be prepared to
make sacrifices…in setting up a world politico-economic order.”—CFR member
Foster Dulles

Again, this policy toward national sovereignty shouldn’t come as a surprise. The CFR is
simply a creation of the Round Table Groups, and, as such, it was created to help the
organization achieve its goals. And though the CFR is just one of many instruments in
the Network’s arsenal, it is among the most powerful. Even though CFR members
constitute only about .0015 percent of the U.S. population, they have held, and
currently hold, an inexplicably high percentage of the most influential positions in our

The CFR has a formal membership of almost 5000 elite personalities. Every member
was handpicked by David Rockefeller, who headed the inner circle of the CFR until his
death in 2017. The CFR headquarters and library is located in the five-story Howard
Pratt mansion (a gift from Pratt’s widow, who was a heir to the Standard Oil fortune) at
58 E. 68th Street, in New York City (on the corner of fashionable Park Ave. and 68th
Street), on the opposite corner of the Soviet Embassy to the United Nations. 73

During its almost 100 years of existence, the CFR was almost never mentioned by any
of the moguls of the mass media. And when you realize that the membership of the
CFR includes top executives and journalists from all the major media companies to
include the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Los Angeles Times, the Knight
newspaper chain, Chicago Daily News, The Christian Science Monitor, Harpers, Look,
The Encyclopedia Brittanic, Associated Press, NBC, ABC, FOX, CBS, PBS, Time, Life,
Fortune, Business Week, Newsweek, U.S. News World Report, the MGM, The Motion
Picture Association of America; they include directors of the Ford Foundation, the
Rockefeller Foundation, the Carnegie Endowment Fund; and virtually all other key
media outlets, you can be sure that such anonymity is not accidental; it is deliberate.
The average American has never heard of the CFR, yet it is the unseen government of

72This was a statement to Congress, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee; Revision of the United
Nations Charter: Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Foreign Relations, February 17th,
l950. Father was banker Paul Warburg, who was instrumental in the creation of the Council on Foreign
Relations and Federal Reserve System).

73 A searchable copy of the historical Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) membership roster can be found:


the United States. Although the membership of the CFR is a veritable "Who's Who" in
big business and the media, probably only one person in a thousand is familiar with
the organization itself and even fewer are aware of its real purposes.

Again, almost all of America’s leadership has come from this small group. That
includes presidents and their advisors, cabinet members, ambassadors, board
members of the Federal Reserve System, directors of the largest banks and investment
houses, presidents of universities, and heads of metropolitan newspapers, news
services, and TV networks.

The CFR advocates the creation of a world ‘government’
In a 1996 editorial, the Boston Herald called the Council’s members “foreign-policy
fuzzy thinkers who worship world government.”74 Congress’s Special Committee to
Investigate Tax-Exempt Foundations (the Reece Committee) stated that the CFR’s
“productions are not objective but are directed overwhelmingly at promoting the
globalist concept.”75

But we need not rely on critics to establish that the CFR advocates world government.
The CFR publishes the influential journal Foreign Affairs. The following are typical of its
pronouncements: In 1993, F. A. Kenichi Ohmae stated in Foreign Affairs:

“The nation state has become an unnatural, even dysfunctional unit for
organizing human activity and managing economic endeavor.”76

In its first year of publication, 1922, Foreign Affairs declared:

“Obviously there is going to be no peace or prosperity for mankind so long as it
remains divided into fifty or sixty independent states. . . The real problem today
is that of world government.”77

Note well the words “peace” and “prosperity” –the CFR has consistently paired them to
promote an all-powerful world government during the last century. The ultimate
implication of this is that all power would be centralized in a single global authority;
national identities and boundaries would be eliminated.

British Historian Arnold J. Toynbee (a high-ranking member of the Secret Round Table
Network), left little doubt when he said:

“I will hereby repeat that we are at present working discreetly but with all of our
might to wrest this mysterious political force called sovereignty out of the
clutches of the local national states of our world. And all the time we are
denying with our lips what we are doing with our hands.”

74 Boston Herald, “UN Not Immune to Criticism,” August 27, 1996.

75 Report, Special House Committee to Investigate Tax-Free Foundations, 1954, 176-77, quoted in John
Stormer, None Dare Call It Treason (Florissant, Missouri: Liberty Bell Press, 1964), 210.

76 Kenichi Ohmae, “The Rise of the Region State,” Foreign Affairs (August 1993): 78.

77 Philip Kerr, “From Empire to Commonwealth,” Foreign Affairs (December 1922): 97-98.


Norman Cousins, CFR member, and honorary Chairman of Planetary Citizens for the
World We Chose (as well as the President of the World Federalist Association) is quoted
in the magazine Human Events as saying:

“World government is coming, in fact, it is inevitable. No arguments for or
against it can change that fact.”

CFR member, Elmo Roper, deputy director of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS)
[predecessor to the CIA] explained in 1960 that the goal was World Government:

“For it becomes clear that the first step toward World Government cannot be
completed until we have advanced on the four fronts: the economic, military,
the political and the social.”  

How the CFR influences American foreign policy
How does the Council influence American foreign policy? One method is its
publications, including many books and especially its periodical Foreign Affairs, which
Time magazine has called “the most influential journal in print.” 78

Most people haven’t heard of Foreign Affairs, but it’s a virtual instruction manual for
U.S. foreign-policy makers. The CFR also has numerous interlocks with the media and
universities. According to the Council’s 2011 annual report, more than 1,000 members
were in media or education. But, again, the CFR’s most important means of controlling
foreign policy is supplying cabinet-level and sub-cabinet level personnel to the
government. So far, 8 Presidents, 8 Vice Presidents 21 Secretaries of Defense/ War, 20
Treasury Secretaries, 19 Secretaries of State, and 18 CIA directors have been CFR

In Harper’s magazine for July, 1958, there is an article entitled "School for
Statesmen”   written by CFR member Joseph Kraft. Boasting of how the CFR had
succeeded in penetrating the Executive Branch of the Federal Government even before
World War II, Kraft wrote:

"With the coming of hostilities, the Council's assembled pool of talent and
information came into sudden and dramatic play. Stimson went to Washington
as Secretary of War, taking with him the small nucleus of men, many unknown
then, who were to found this country's modern defense establishment.
Whenever we needed a man," John McCloy, the present Council chairman who
served Stimson as personnel chief, recalls, “we thumbed through the roll of
Council members and put through a call to New York.
At least as important, the Council provided for the U.S. government the first
organized framework for postwar planning. Less than a fortnight after the guns
began pounding in Europe, and a full two years before Pearl Harbor, Armstrong
and the Council's executive director, Walter Mallory, journeyed to Washington
with a proposition. State lacked the appropriations to set up a planning division;
Congress was bearish about any official move that hinted at U.S. intervention;

78 Advertisement in Foreign Affairs, Summer 1986.


there was a danger that, if it finally did get going with a sudden jolt, postwar
planning might be out of the hands of State. Why not, they asked, let the
Council begin the work, privately, with the understanding that its apparatus
would be turned over to State as soon as feasible?

Secretary Hull was in favor. Accordingly, in December 1939, the Council, with
financial aid from the Rockefeller Foundation, established four separate
planning groups-Security and Armaments; Economic and Financial; Political;
Territorial —comprising about a dozen men each including research secretaries
of the highest caliber (Jacob Vincr of Princeton and Alvin Hansen of Harvard in
the economic group, for example).

A fifth group was added in 1941 to consider the problems of the exiled
governments of the occupied European countries which the State Department,
because the United States was neutral, had to treat gingerly. In 1942, the whole
apparatus with most of the personnel was taken into the State Department as
the nub of its Advisory Committee on Postwar Planning Problems. . . .It appears
that Council studies played a considerable part in shaping the Charter of the
United Nations."
That, of course, is a classic understatement. It is significant to realize that Alger Hiss,
identified as a Communist agent by former Communist Whittaker Chambers, was one
of those members of the CFR who was drafted into the State Department. His CFR
connections had already earned him the position of special attorney for the Justice
Department and Trustee for the Carnegie Endowment Fund for International Peace.
Once in the State Department, he became Director of the Office of Special Political
Affairs and was in charge of all postwar planning, most of which directly involved the
creation of the United Nations.

At the San Francisco Conference, Alger Hiss was the chief planner and executive for the
whole affair. He organized the American delegation and was acting Secretary-General.
Visitor passes bore his signature. He also served on the steering and executive
committees which were charged with the responsibility of actually writing the UN
Charter. At the conclusion of the “Conference, Alger Hiss personally carried the freshly
written document back to Washington by plane for Senate ratification.

While Alger Hiss the Communist is now well known, Alger Hiss the CFR member is not.
Yet the latter connection was just as important—perhaps more so—for opening doors
of government service to him and for his meteoric success.


Secretary of State Stettinius (CFR member) holds up first draft of UN
charter before the steering committee at San Francisco, June 21,
1945. At center is acting UN Secretary-General Alger Hiss (also CFR
member). At right is Andrei Gromyko, Soviet Ambassador and head
of the U.S.S.R. delegation. It is a sobering fact that the UN was
created predominantly by CFR members and Communists. Alger
Hiss was both.

The CFR was able to work its success magic in practically all segments of the Federal
Government and outside of government, as well. At the time of writing his article, Mr.
Kraft boasted that the CFR membership, even then, included:

". . . the President, the Secretary of State, the Chairman of the Atomic Energy
Commission, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Board chairmen
of three of the country's five largest industrial corporations, two of the four
richest insurance companies, and two of the three biggest banks, plus the
senior partners of two of the three leading Wall Street law firms, the publishers
of the two biggest news magazines and of the country's most influential
newspaper, and the presidents of the Big Three in both universities and
foundations, as well as a score of her college presidents and a scattering of top
scientists and journalists."


CFR member Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., penned a tome entitled A Thousand Days in 1965
in which provided the following insight:

“The New York financial and legal community was the heart of the American
establishment….Its front organizations [were] the Rockefeller, Ford and
Carnegie foundations and the Council on Foreign Relations.”

Former German Chancellor (Prime Minister) Helmut Schmidt, provides further insight
into how American foreign policy is decided by the CFR:

“[The] large reservoir of discerning private persons, who were committed to
foreign affairs and who had already served earlier administrations…frequently
called “the establishment,” had both its forum and its center in the Council
on Foreign Relations in New York. Its members were lawyers, bankers, some
industrialists, and academics. The Council on Foreign Relations successfully
drew carefully chosen young people into its discussions and prepared them at
first for modest tasks; in the course of their careers they often took on top-level
missions in the State Department, the Pentagon, the White House, or other
centers of international policy – from trade agreements to disarmament...The
foreign policy elite, which had very silent but effective ways of seeing to its own
succession, was thus largely a matter of the East Coast.”79

What policies has the CFR created?
Let’s take three examples from immediately after World War II:

(1) The United Nations. The UN began with a group of CFR members in the U.S. State
Department. Working under Secretary of State Cordell Hull (CFR member), they called
themselves the “Informal Agenda Group” –selecting this innocuous name to arouse no
suspicion. The group drew up the original plan for the UN. They then consulted three
attorneys, all CFR members, who declared the scheme constitutional. Subsequently
they met with President Roosevelt, who approved the plan and publicly announced it
the same day.80

After that, FDR made establishing the UN his central priority for postwar planning (just
as the League of Nations had been to Woodrow Wilson). And when the UN held its
founding conference in San Francisco in 1945, most of the American delegates –47 of
them –were CFR members.

(2) How about the Marshall Plan, America’s postwar program of aid to Europe?
Allegedly it was the brainchild of General George Marshall, who enunciated it in a
Harvard commencement speech. In reality, however, the plan was not conceived at all
by Marshall, but by a CFR study group with David Rockefeller as secretary.81

79 Helmut Schmidt, German Chancellor (1974-1982), memoirs, Men and Powers (Random House, 1987,
pp. 221-222.

80 Laurence H. Shoup and William Minter, Imperial Brain Trust: The Council on Foreign Relations and U.S.
Foreign Policy (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1977), 169-71.

81 Ibid.,


They originally intended President Truman to announce the proposal and call it the
“Truman Plan.” However, after deliberating they decided against this, realizing that
Truman, as a Democrat, might fail to win support from Congressional Republicans.82

Marshall, a CFR cohort, was chosen to reveal the plan because, as a military figure, he
would be misperceived as politically neutral and win more bipartisan support. The
strategy worked. Americans were told the funds were for Europe’s needy. They were
not told, however, that the goods sent to Europe, which their tax dollars purchased,
came mostly from multinational corporations linked to the CFR, which had hatched the
scheme. But the Marshall Plan had an even more shadowy aspect. Unknown to most
Americans, Europeans were required to pay for Marshall Plan goods with printing press
money called “counterpart funds.”

CFR member John J. McCloy, appointed High Commissioner to Germany, was put in
charge of this cash. He was then approached by Jean Monnet, renowned as founder of
the Common Market, predecessor of today’s European Union; Time called him “the
Father of Europe.” Foreign policy specialist Hilaire du Berrier commented on Monnet’s
ties to the world government intrigue:

“Sometime in 1913 Monnet was taken into the conspiratorial Canadian and
British group planning a United Europe as a step towards a single government
for the world. The Americans, Canadians and Britishers were not alone in this
plot. During World War II the French initiates smuggled a truckload of papers
from Paris to Lyon for safe-keeping. Lyon was near the Swiss border and had
become an escape hatch for all sorts of conspirators. After the Germans
occupied the city, French police searched for anything that might get them in
trouble if the Germans found it first, and among the documents in a Lyon cellar
they stumbled onto an elaborately bound volume containing detailed plans for a
revolutionary one-world empire. According to this master plan the first step
for the establishment of a federalist world was the forming of a regime “in
which all power would be concentrated in the hands of a High Power and
representatives duly mandated by banking groups, especially designated from
each country.” They were all there: Monnet's interlocking supporters in “the
City,” [London] the Rothschilds and Lazards in France, the Rockefellers in
America and Societe Generale in Belgium. Study of the secret files revealed that
the French wing had been active since 1922, when Monnet and Colonel House
and their associates were drawing up plans for a world state as they
proposed to shape it.”83

In 1947, Monnet sent agents to McCloy, who put millions of dollars in counterpart
funds at their disposal. This money jump-started the movement for European unity.
According to du Berrier, McCloy's handouts financed Common Market propaganda, a
European union youth movement, establishment of schools and universities that
would promote European consolidation, the Council of Europe’s first meeting in
1949, and election campaigns of favored political candidates.84

82 Walter Isaacson and Evan Thomas, The Wise Men (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1986), 410.

83 “2 International ‘Think’ Groups Weigh Merger,” H du B Reports, March 1978, 2-3.

84 “Reference File, For Those Studying the New World Order Europe,” H du B Reports, November 1993, 4.


Journalist Richard Rovere called McCloy “Chairman of the Establishment.”85 A true
Insider’s Insider. According to Quigley, John McCloy was “closely allied with this
Morgan influence.”86 When he returned to the U.S. he became chairman of both the
Council on Foreign Relations and the Rockefellers’ Chase Manhattan Bank. Global
Banks McCloy was also second president of the UN World Bank, which, along with the
International Monetary Fund (IMF) both got started at the Bretton Woods Conference.

(3) The World Bank and IMF: Although the 1944 Bretton Woods Conference officially
created the World Bank and IMF, all the initial planning and groundwork were done by
the Economic and Finance Group of the CFR’s War and Peace Studies Project. As with
the Marshall Plan, the motive wasn’t charity. After World War II, the New York banks
wanted to continue loaning money to governments. However, they worried that some
war-torn nations might have difficulty repaying. What if an interest payment was
missed? The fall guy to guarantee these loans were American taxpayers. An illustration
on how this scheme would work. Chase Bank lends Poland $ 50 million. The Poles start
repaying the loan, but eventually can’t make an interest payment. So the IMF or World
Bank bails them out with taxpayer money. Chase wins; Poland wins –only the taxpayer
loses. The World Bank and IMF gave carte blanche to the New York banks. They could
now make virtually any loan to foreign governments, no matter how foolish. If the
transaction went sour, their profits were still guaranteed.

U.S. Senator Jesse Helms, once chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee,
said in 1987:

“The New York banks have found important profit centers in lending to
countries plunged into debt. This has been an essentially riskless game for the
banks because the IMF and World Bank have stood ready to bail the banks out
with our taxpayer’s money.”87

Noted British author A. K. Chesterton declared:

“The World Bank and International Monetary Fund were not incubated by hard-
pressed governments, but by a Supra-national Money Power which could afford
to look ahead to the shaping of a postwar world that would serve its interest.”88

Furthermore, the World Bank often attaches conditions to loans. It may demand a voice
in government policy. For example, it might dictate that a country privatize part of its
industry (to multinational corporations) before money comes through. Thus the World
Bank and IMF are instruments of both profit and control. Incidentally, these loans do
little to improve the lot of people in Third World nations –except for their corrupt
leaders. As Hilaire du Berrier noted:

85 Joseph Finder, “Ultimate Insider, Ultimate Outsider,” New York Times, April 12, 1982.
86 Tragedy and Hope, pages 952
87 Congressional Record, December 15, 1987, Vol. 133, S18148.
88 A. K. Chesterton, The New Unhappy Lords (London: Candour, 1969), 156.


“It is misleading to call these handouts “loans.” There is nothing to show for
them save a high level of inflation, lots of automobiles, luxury items and Swiss
bank accounts for the families in power.”89

The documented record contains many statements warning the country of the
hidden power of the CFR, the following is just a sample:

Winston Lord, former US ambassador to China, Assistant Secretary of State, the U.S.
State Department, President of the CFR declared

“The Trilateral Commission90 doesn’t secretly run the world. The Council on
Foreign Relations does that.”91

Former State District Court Judge and Congressman John Rarick, deeply concerned over
the growing influence of the CFR, had made a concerted effort to expose the
organization since 1971:

“The Council on Foreign Relations is "the establishment." Not only does it have
influence and power in key decision-making positions at the highest levels of
government to apply pressure from above, but it also finances and uses
individuals and groups to bring pressure from below, to justify the high-level
decisions for converting the U.S. from a sovereign Constitutional Republic
into a servile member of a one-world dictatorship.

The CFR, dedicated to one-world government, financed by a number of the
largest tax-exempt foundations (Rockefeller, Ford, and Carnegie Foundation),
and wielding such power and influence over our lives in the areas of finance,
business, labor, military, education and mass communication media, should be
familiar to every American concerned with good government and with
preserving and defending the U.S. Constitution and our free-enterprise system.
Yet, the nation’s right to know machinery – the news media – usually so
aggressive in exposures to inform our people, remain conspicuously silent when
it comes to the CFR, its members and their activities.”

Senator Jesse Helms, before the Senate in December 1987, explained one of the
fundamental tenets of the Council on Foreign Relation:

“The viewpoint of the Establishment today is called globalism. Not so long ago,
this viewpoint was called the "one-world" view by its critics. The phrase is no
longer fashionable among sophisticates; yet, the phrase "one-world" is still apt
because nothing has changed in the minds and actions of those promoting
policies consistent with its fundamental tenets.”

89 “Drift to Tragedy,” H du B Reports, October 1977, 1.

90 The Trilateral Commission is a secretive international organization that was set up by the Rockefeller
family in 1973.

91 As quoted as saying in the August 1978 issue of W Magazine.


CFR whistleblower, Admiral Chester Ward, warned in 1975:

“The most powerful clique in these elitist groups have one objective in common
- they want to bring about the surrender of the sovereignty of the national
independence of the United States. A second clique of international members
in the CFR comprises the Wall Street international bankers and their key agents.
Primarily, they want the world banking monopoly from whatever power ends up
in the control of global government. They would probably prefer that this be an
all-powerful United Nations organization; but they are also prepared to deal
with and for a One-World Government controlled by the Soviet communists if
U.S. sovereignty is ever surrendered to them."92

Admiral Ward’s indictment of the group revealed their methods:

“Once the ruling members of CFR have decided that the U.S. Government should
adopt a particular policy, the very substantial research facilities of CFR are put
to work to develop arguments, intellectual and emotional, to support the new
policy, and to confound and discredit, intellectually and politically, any

As admitted in the Christian Science Monitor in l961—which, as Quigley explained: was
one of the American newspapers that the “American branch of this English
Establishment exerted much influence through”:

"The directors of the CFR (Council on Foreign Relations) make up a sort of
Presidium for that part of the Establishment that guides our destiny as a

Franklin D. Roosevelt's son-in-law, Curtis Bean Dall, who was a prominent banker,
vice-presidential candidate and author, admitted to the CFR’s extreme influence over

“For a long time I felt that FDR had developed many thoughts and ideas that
were his own to benefit this country, the United States. But, he didn't. Most of
his thoughts, his political ammunition, as it were, were carefully manufactured
for him in advance by the Council on Foreign Relations-One World Money
group. Brilliantly, with great gusto, like a fine piece of artillery, he exploded that
prepared "ammunition" in the middle of an unsuspecting target, the American
people, and thus paid off and returned his internationalist political support.”95

On December 23, 1961, columnist Edith Kermit Roosevelt (granddaughter of President
Theodore Roosevelt) wrote in the Indianapolis News that CFR policies “favor ... gradual

92 Rear Admiral Chester Ward as quoted in Review of the News Apr. 9 1980 pg. 37

93 Phyllis Schlafly and Chester Ward, Kissinger on the Couch (New Rochelle, N.Y.: Arlington House, 1975),

94 Tragedy and Hope, page 953

95 Curtis Bean Dall, FDR's son-in-law as quoted in his book, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, My Exploited
Father-in-Law, 1967


surrender of United States sovereignty to the United Nations.”

Researcher Dan Smoot, a former FBI agent, who has brought to light considerable
details learned while working in the FBI’s communist investigations branch, said the
goal of the CFR is “to create a one- world socialist system and make the United States
an official part of it.” Smoot also provides insight into its History:

“The Council [on Foreign Relations] did not amount to a great deal until 1927,
when the Rockefeller family (through the various Rockefeller Foundations and
Funds) began to pour money into it. Before long, the Carnegie Foundations (and
later the Ford Foundation) began to finance the Council. In 1929, the Council
(largely with Rockefeller gifts) acquired its present headquarters property: The
Harold Pratt House, 58 East 68th Street, New York City.

In 1939, the Council began taking over the U.S. State Department. Shortly after
the start of World War II, … It was agreed that the Council would do research
and make recommendations for the State Department, without formal
assignment or responsibility. The Council formed groups to work in four general
fields--Security and Armaments Problems, Economic and Financial Problems,
Political Problems, and Territorial Problems. The Rockefeller Foundation agreed
to finance, through grants, the operation of this plan.

…the Council on Foreign Relations, together with a great number of other
associated tax-exempt organizations, constitutes the invisible government
which sets the major policies of the federal government; exercises controlling
influence on governmental officials who implement the policies; and, through
massive and skillful propaganda, influences Congress and the public to support
the policies….The ultimate aim of the Council on Foreign Relations is the
same as the ultimate aim of international communism: to create a one-
world socialist system and make the United States an official part of it.” 96

Harper’s Magazine—which is the second-oldest continuously published monthly
magazine in the U.S.—ran an expose in 1958 that explained the CFR’s main objective:

“The most powerful clique in these (CFR) groups have one objective in common:
they want to bring about the surrender of the sovereignty and the national
independence of the U.S. They want to end national boundaries and racial and
ethnic loyalties supposedly to increase business and ensure world peace. What
they strive for would inevitably lead to dictatorship and loss of freedoms by the
people. The CFR was founded for "the purpose of promoting disarmament and
submergence of U.S. sovereignty and national independence into an all-
powerful one-world government."

On another occasion, Walt Rostow, chairman of the State Department's policy planning
council from 1961 to 1966, and a CFR member explained the purpose to end U.S.
nationhood, seems to much align with the assessment of Harper’s Magazine.

“It is a legitimate American national objective to see removed from all nations -

96 Dan Smoot, The Invisible Government, 1962


including the United States - the right to use substantial military force to pursue
their own interests. Since this residual right is the root of national sovereignty
and the basis for the existence of an international arena of power, it is,
therefore, an American interest to see an end to nationhood as it has been
historically defined.”97

Even the CFR’s official publication seems to agree with the assessment of Harper’s
Magazine. The Council on Foreign Relation’s 50th anniversary issue of their Foreign
Affairs publication, article “Our National Purpose,” suggests that the U.S. purpose
should be:

“To do away with our nationality,’ to ‘take some risks in order to invite others to
pool their sovereignty with ours’... These ‘risks’ include disarming to the point
where we would be helpless against the ‘peace-keeping’ forces of a global UN
government. We should happily surrender our sovereignty to the world
government in the interests of the ‘world community.’”98

The CFR provides The Round Table with a mechanism for controlling the federal
government and major corporations. Although the CFR definitely is not the center of
the Round Table Groups, and although practically none of its members are aware of an
inner control, nevertheless, it shuns publicity, and members are sworn not to disclose
to the public the proceedings of its conferences and briefings.99 They are considered a
semi- secret organization whose 1966 Annual Report stated that members who do not
adhere to its strict secrecy, can be dropped from their membership. Former FBI Agent
Dan Smoot provided additional insight into varying rings of influence that the CFR has
on its members:

“I do not mean to imply that all of these people are controlled by the Council on
Foreign Relations, or that they uniformly support the total program of
international socialism which the Council wants. The Council does not own its
members: it merely has varying degrees of influence on each.” 100

Early CFR members included David Rockefeller— who became its youngest-ever
director in 1949 and subsequently became chairman of the board from 1970 to 1985;
who served as honorary chairman until his death in early 2017, Charles E. (Chip)
Bohlen, first secretary to the American embassy in Moscow during World War II and
President Franklin Roosevelt’s interpreter for his meeting with Josef Stalin at the
Teheran conference; Frank Aydelotte, member of the Round Table, trustee of the
Carnegie Foundation, president of Swarthmore College, American secretary to the
(Cecil) Rhodes Trustees (of the Rhodes Scholarship Fund), and director of the Institute

97As stated by Walt Rostow, chairman of the State Department's policy planning council from 1961 to
1966, and a CFR member, in his book 'The United States in the World Arena', 1960

98 As quoted in an article by CFR Member, Yale President, and former Ambassador to Britain, Kingman
Brewster, Jr. entitled “Reflections on Our National Purpose, 50th anniversary issue of their Foreign Affairs,

99 On the national level, the secretive Business Advisory Council and Pilgrim Society are groups which form
the inner circle of the CFR, while on the international level, it’s the secretive Bilderberger organization.

100 Dan Smoot, The Invisible Government, 1962


for Advanced Study at Princeton; Secretary of War Henry Stimson, who initiated George
Bush into the Yale “Skull and Bones” secret society and whose special consultant
Bernadotte Schmitt had also been a special advisor to Alger Hiss when he had served
as secretary-general of the United Nations Conference on International Organization in
San Francisco in 1945; and William Paley, founder of the Columbia Broadcasting
System (CBS) whose chief advisor was Edward Bernays, member of the Woodrow Wilson
administration and Sigmund Freud’s nephew, who wrote the influential book
Propaganda that explored the psychology behind manipulating society, in which
Bernays reveals:

“Those who manipulate the organized habits and opinions of the masses
constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of the
country…. It remains a fact in almost every act of our daily lives, whether in the
sphere of politics or business, in our social conduct or our ethical thinking, we
are dominated by this relatively small number of persons…. As civilization has
become more complex, and as the need for invisible government has been
increasingly demonstrated, the technical means have been invented and
developed by which opinion may be regimented.”

The CFR has only been investigated once, and that was in 1954, by the Special House
Committee to Investigate Tax-Exempt Foundations (the Reece Committee), who said
that the CFR was “in essence an agency of the United States Government.” The
Committee discovered that their directives were aimed “overwhelmingly at promoting
the globalistic one-world concept.” Rene A. Wormser, Chief Counsel to this
Congressional investigation, further explained:

“The Council on Foreign Relations, another member of the international
complex, financed by the Rockefeller and Carnegie Foundations, overwhelmingly
propagandizes the globalist concept. This organization became virtually an
agency of the government when World War II broke out. The Rockefeller
Foundation had started and financed certain studies known as The War and
Peace Studies, manned largely by associates of the Council; the State
Department, in due course, took these Studies over, retaining the major
personnel which the Council on Foreign Relations had supplied.”101 

The Chicago Tribune printed an editorial on December 9, 1950 which described the

“The members of the Council are persons of much more than average influence
in the community. They have used the prestige that their wealth, their social
position, and their education have given them to lead their country towards
bankruptcy and military debacle. They should look at their hands. There is blood
on them– the dried blood of the last war and the fresh blood of the present


101 As quoted by Rene A. Wormser, Chief Counsel to the Reece Committee, in Foundations: their power
and influence, 1958




“Give me control of a nation’s money supply, and I care not who makes its laws”
— Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Founder of Rothschild Banking Dynasty


Beginning on pages 50–51 of Tragedy and Hope, Quigley speaks of a group associated

with the Secret Round Table Network that employs “financial capitalism” to monopolize
business and control government. As experts in “financial manipulation,” these men
“aspired to establish dynasties of international bankers” and, according to Quigley,
they succeeded at a level that rivaled the political dynasties of past centuries. Centered
in London, with offshoots in New York and Paris, the power of this group is described
as overwhelming in significance and “occult” in nature. By 1850102 they could access
the immense monetary power of “the Stock Exchange, the Bank of England, and the
London money market.” But this was just the beginning.

“In time, they brought into their financial network the provincial banking
centers…as well as insurance companies, to form all of these into a single
financial system on an international scale which manipulated the quantity and
flow of money so that they were able to influence, if not control, governments
on one side and industries on the other. The men who did this, looking
backward toward the period of dynastic monarchy in which they had their own
roots, aspired to establish dynasties of international bankers and were at least
as successful at this as were many of the dynastic political rulers.”103

Just to clarify: these men did not own the money that citizens placed in commercial
and savings banks. They did not own the money that citizens paid into retirement
funds, insurance funds, or trust funds. However, as already mentioned, they didn’t
need to own the money. All they needed was the power to control it, and that they had.
As long as an institution within their “financial network” held the funds, they could
direct those funds toward increasing their power. They, alone, determined how and
where that enormous, international pool of money would be invested.

“Bankers, especially…international investment bankers, were able to dominate
both business and government. They could dominate business…because
investment bankers had the ability to supply, or refuse to supply, capital…they
took seats on the boards of directors of industrial firms, as they had already
done on commercial banks, saving banks, insurance firms and finance
companies….they funneled capital to enterprises which yielded control, and
away from those who resisted.104

The power of investment bankers over governments rests on a number of
factors, of which the most significant, perhaps, is the need of governments to
borrow money. Just as businessmen go to commercial banks for current capital
advances…so a government has to go to merchant bankers to tide over the
shallow places caused by irregular tax receipts. As experts in government
bonds, the international bankers not only handled the necessary advances but

102 It’s worth noting that this period of “financial capitalism” clearly predates the Rhodes-created network
that Quigley describes in both The Anglo-American Establishment and Tragedy and Hope. As such, it’s
reasonable to suggest that the real roots of the Rhodes network (and the real power) existed long before
Cecil Rhodes entered the picture. However, since this document focuses on the proven Secret Round Table
Network (identified and exposed by Quigley), a detailed account of what existed before Rhodes will have
to be told elsewhere.

103 Tragedy and Hope, page 52

104 Tragedy and Hope, pages 60 and 61


provided advice to government officials and, on many occasions, placed their
own members in official posts…

In addition to their power over government based on government financing and
personal influence, bankers could steer governments in ways they wished them
to go by other pressures. Since most government officials felt ignorant of
finance, they sought advice from bankers whom they considered to be experts
in the field. The history of the last century shows…that the advice given to
governments by bankers, like the advice they gave to industrialists, was
consistently good for bankers, but was often disastrous for governments,
businessmen, and the people generally. Such advice could be enforced if
necessary by manipulation of exchanges, gold flows, discount rates, and even
levels of business activity.”105

To summarize: using enormous amounts of other people’s money, international
bankers essentially purchased their way into powerful business and government
positions. With each new position, they gained control of more money. With control of
more money, they gained access to more positions (so on and so forth).

The key to the success of this Round Table Network has been to control and
manipulate the money system of a nation, while letting it appear to be controlled by
the government. The net effect is to create money out of nothing, lend it to the
government, and then collect interest on it; a rather profitable transaction, to say the

For example, in 1694, international banker William Paterson obtained the charter of
the Bank of England, and the power over England's money system fell into private
hands. In a boastful mood, Paterson said: “The bank hath benefit of interest on all
moneys which it creates out of nothing.”
Turning to the United States, Dr. Quigley tells us: 

“The structure of financial controls created by the tycoons of "Big Banking" and
"Big Business" in the period 1880-1933 was of extraordinary complexity, one
business fief being built on another, both being allied and semi-independent
associates, the whole rearing upward into two pinnacles of economic and
financial power, . . . One, centered in New York, was headed by J. P. Morgan and
Company, and the other, in Ohio, was headed by the Rockefeller family. When
these two cooperated, as they generally did, they could influence the economic
life of the country to a large degree and could almost control its political life, at
least on the Federal Level.”

In the United States it was inevitable that the international banking interests would
attempt to establish the same kind of private monopoly over the money system that
they had achieved in England. France, Germany, Italy, and Switzerland. The same
formula would be used. Make it look like a government operation, but keep the control
in private hands.

105 Tragedy and Hope, pages 61 and 62


John D. Rockefeller had purchased the Chase Bank, and his brother William bought the
National City Bank of New York. The Rockefeller Chase Bank was later merged with the
Warburg's Manhattan Bank to form the Chase-Manhattan, one of the most powerful
financial combines in the world today. Acting in concert with the Morgan banking
dynasty, they spent untold millions of dollars to promote legislation that would grant
to them a private franchise over this nation's money system.

The participants designed America’s central bank, crafting the name “Federal Reserve
System” to deceive Americans. While “Federal” implied public control, it is in fact
owned by private shareholders. “Reserve” suggested it would hold reserves to protect
banks, but it does not. “System” implied its power would be diffuse (through regional
Federal Reserve banks), whereas actual power would be centralized in the Board and
the New York Fed.

Using government as its instrument, the Round Table Network granted itself the legal
authority to both create and directly confiscate the money it needs to finance its global
objectives. The enormity of this topic, especially regarding the legal right to create
money, requires hundreds of pages to cover properly. This section will provide only a
short introduction. To fully understand the power derived from creating money, I
highly recommend further research into the Federal Reserve System.106

“I am afraid the ordinary citizen will not like to be told that the banks can, and
do, create money…And they who control the credit of the nation direct the
policy of Governments and hold in the hollow of their hands the destiny of
the people.”—Reginald McKenna, British Chancellor of the Exchequer, as quoted
in Tragedy and Hope107

That statement is about as straightforward as it gets, and it comes from a man who
had intimate knowledge of the topic. He worked at the highest levels within the system
and is stating, unequivocally, exactly how it is. Those who create money and control
the credit of the nation “direct the policy of governments and hold in the hollow of
their hands the destiny of the people.” So why is it, if creating money and controlling
credit confer so much power, that so few people understand either of these topics?
Shouldn’t we all be taught the dangers of such power? Is it any surprise that we aren’t?

John Kenneth Galbraith, Influential economist and professor of economics at Harvard,

“The study of money, above all other fields in economics, is one in which
complexity is used to disguise truth or to evade truth, not to reveal it. The
process by which banks create money is so simple the mind is repelled. With
something so important, a deeper mystery seems only decent.”

Again, Quigley provides some insight. He explains that, for the Secret Round Table to
achieve its objectives, “it was necessary to conceal, or even to mislead, both

106 For a good beginner’s guide (under two hundred pages) read Dishonest Money: Financing the Road to
Ruin, by Joseph Plummer. For a much more thorough account (six hundred pages), I highly recommend
The Creature from Jekyll Island

107 Tragedy and Hope, page 325


governments and people about the nature of money and its methods of operation.”108
This practice of deceiving governments and people about money continues to this day
because it’s the only way for the Network to maintain its current level of power. Rest
assured, if the vast majority of people do not understand what central banks are or
how they operate, it’s because they were not meant to. Our global monetary system
was created by men who “conceal” and “mislead” as a matter of course. It’s not only
how they conduct their business, it’s how they intend to secure their “far-reaching
aim,” reiterated below.

“The powers of financial capitalism had a far-reaching aim, nothing less than to
create a world system of financial control…able to dominate the political
system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole. This
system was to be controlled…by the central banks of the world acting in secret
agreements…Each central bank, in the hands of men like Montagu Norman of
the Bank of England [and] Benjamin Strong of the New York Federal Reserve…
sought to dominate its government by its ability to control Treasury loans, to
manipulate foreign exchanges, to influence the level of economic activity in the
country, and to influence cooperative politicians by subsequent economic
rewards in the business world. In each country the power of the central bank
rested largely on its control of credit and money supply.”109

It was, for this purpose, that the Round Table Network created the Federal Reserve

The Round Table Network Creates the FED
The axis of Warburg, Rothschild, Morgan and Rockefeller, and their Wall Street
confederates, all members of the Round Table Network, became known as “the Money
Trust.” In 1922 New York City Mayor John F. Hylan declared of this destructive

“The real menace of our republic is the invisible government which, like a giant
octopus, sprawls its slimy length over our city, state and nation. At the head is a
small group of banking houses generally referred to as “international bankers.”
This little coterie of powerful international bankers virtually run our government
for their own selfish ends.”110

The Money Trust worked in unison to force a central bank on America. In 1907, J. P.
Morgan, who controlled numerous newspapers, began a false rumor concerning the
insolvency of a rival bank –the Trust Company of America. This led to a run on the
bank that nearly destroyed it. [The term “run” would happen if a bank loaned out too
much, and depositors panicked and simultaneously demanded their money, the bank
could collapse. Runs are rarely seen today due to the advent of FDIC insurance.] The
frenzy spread to other banks, and became what historians call the Panic of 1907.
Subsequently, Morgan’s and Rockefeller’s newspapers clamored for a central bank to
prevent further crises; Senator Aldrich echoed the call in Congress; and Paul Warburg

108 Tragedy and Hope, page 53

109 Tragedy and Hope, page 324

110 Don Bell, “Who Are Our Rulers?” American Mercury (September 1960): 136.


traveled the country lecturing on why the change was needed. Quigley even admits
that J. P. Morgan did in fact precipitate the “panic of 1907.”111

In short, the Network needed a central bank to “dominate the political system” of the
United States, but it needed another crisis112 to finally sell the scheme. With that
perspective in mind, the panic of 1907 looks very different. First, J. P. Morgan causes
the panic (which, to this day, is rarely mentioned), then he and Rockefeller halt the
panic (for which, to this day, they’re still portrayed as saviors), and out of the suffering
and chaos, “public demands” for legislative intervention finally reach critical mass. “The
government” then forms a monetary commission to investigate and solve the problem
(headed by none other than Network insider and US senator, Nelson Aldrich), and the
commission decides that a central bank is needed to solve the nation’s woes. From
there, it was simply a matter of writing the legislation and handing it off to the “right”

The legislation Aldrich introduced in the Senate, which became the basis of the modern
Federal Reserve System, was not written by him. It was crafted by several of America’s
richest bankers, at a secret nine-day meeting in 1910, at a private club on Jekyll Island
off the Georgia coast. At that time, Jekyll Island was an exclusive retreat of the wealthy
elite –the Rockefellers, Morgans, Vanderbilts and Astors.

You may not have heard of ‘Aldrich’, but you have probably heard of billionaire Nelson
Rockefeller (CFR member), who was Gerald Ford’s (CFR member) Vice President, long
New York’s governor, and one of America’s richest men. His full name: Nelson Aldrich
Rockefeller –named for his grandfather, Nelson Aldrich. Aldrich’s daughter married
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and his son Winthrop (CFR member), served as chairman of the
Rockefellers’ Chase National Bank. When Nelson Aldrich spoke on Capitol Hill, insiders
knew he was acting for the Rockefellers and their allies in high finance.
Attending this meeting were agents from the world’s three greatest banking houses:
those of John D. Rockefeller, J. P. Morgan, and the Rothschilds. Together, they
represented an estimated 25 percent of the world’s entire wealth. Acting for the
Rockefellers were Senator Aldrich and Frank Vanderlip. Representing the Morgan
interests were: Benjamin Strong (CFR member), head of J. P. Morgan’s Bankers Trust
Company; Henry Davison, (CFR member), senior partner in J. P. Morgan Co.; and
Charles Norton, (CFR member), head of Morgan’s First National Bank of New York. But
the most important figure, who actually ran the meeting, was the Rothschilds’ agent,
Paul Warburg (CFR member).

111 Tragedy and Hope, page 72

112 The panics of 1873 and 1893 caused widespread suffering and stirred demands for monetary reform.
Public opinion was already leaning heavily toward the need for legislative intervention, and the panic of
1907 provided the final push. If the idea that bankers would actually create a panic to serve their interests
seems like a stretch, consider the case of Nicholas Biddle. As President Andrew Jackson was trying to shut
down Biddle’s 2nd Bank of the United States, the banker intentionally crashed the economy and blamed
the ensuing financial crisis on Jackson. This served to turn public opinion against Jackson and in favor of
the bank. Discussing the tactic, Biddle commented, “Nothing but widespread suffering will produce any
effect on Congress…Our only safety is in pursuing a steady course of firm restriction…I have no doubt
that such a course will ultimately lead to…recharter of the Bank.” Referring to Jackson, Biddle remarked,
“This worthy President thinks that because he has scalped Indians and imprisoned Judges, he is to have
his way with the Bank. He is mistaken.” (As quoted in The Creature from Jekyll Island, page 354)


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