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Published by , 2018-12-15 07:36:32

lighting o

lighting o



Mayar W.Alkhalili


 Interior Design Styles…………………………………………... 1
 Favorite Interior Designers………………………..…….…... 2
 Favorite Interior designs Brands…………………….....…. 4
 5 Residential Spaces Analysis………….……………………. 9
 Green Building Research……………………………………... 14
 Building Codes and Standards……………………..…….... 16
 Materials in (residential or offices)………….…………… 17
Wood, Plastic, Glass, Leather, Textiles finishes
 Wall Finishes – Paint, Paper, Gesso, Panels………..…. 22
 Floor Covering & Finishes…………………….…………...….. 26
 Ceiling Finishes……………………………….……………….……. 29
 Ikea – Documentary Movie Report………………..…….… 30


Interior 01




Favorite Interior Designers

ABD architects

It’s architectural company specializing in architectural and interior
projects, I like this company for many reasons, the most important of
which is their dependence on their strange ideas and their coordination
of materials, furniture and their ability to implement their concept in
every part of space . In fact they have elegant and attractive designs
The most design of their work that I like is the Adidas company design on


Lene Bjerre

Designer Furniture and Lighting

The Lene Bjerre brand is renowned for their creative
and inspiring designer furniture and lighting,
delivering a rustic yet modern aesthetic that
achieves a contemporary look whilst still taking
elements from traditional Scandinavian interiors.

Some of her designs


Favorite Interior Designs

Marina Home Interiors

One of the most beautiful furniture and interior
decor stores, features luxurious, modern
furnishings. They have deepened the high
quality materials they used on the furniture to
ensure their survival for a long time. Also, the
designs used are distinctive and attractive and
increase the attractiveness of the added space


Sainn`dce their start in 2003, XVL has successfully combined art The Designer For Brand
furniture to create truly elegant pieces that are

timelessly stylish. Through utilizing the inherent beauty of

materials such as wood, leather, and chrome, the XVL home

collection has crafted a range that provides a luxurious

minimalist feel whilst remaining warm and relaxed.

XVL strives to create a harmonious look throughout their
collection, placing great focus on the aesthetics and
functionality of each and every piece. Despite constantly
innovating and adapting to current trends, XVL stays true to
its ideals, championing timelessness and style throughout


Tom Dixon

The furniture design Inspired by Britain's unique
heritage, Tom Dixon began with lighting,
expanding into furniture and accessories after
the global success of the brand, At its core, Tom
Dixon aims to bring the extraordinary to the
everyday, producing beautiful designed objects
that are robust enough for daily use. Iconic
designs like the Copper Ball, Beat and Lustre
Shade have solidified the Tom Dixon brand as
one of the most stylish, provocative and
contemporary brands both in the commercial
and domestic interior design space


Andrew Martin

The Designer For Brand

The designs for this brand are inspired by travel and
history, Andrew Martin's designs are distinctive and
original. House ology is proud to stock a great range
of feature wallpaper, statement furniture and creative
lighting from this iconic brand. Andrew Martin
collection can be found across their inspirational
range of designer furniture, lighting and wallpaper
which combine style, elegance and comfort to
enhance any interior design scheme.


William Yeoward

William Yeoward is renowned as one of London’s
leading creative forces in the interior design industry.
Opening his first store in Chelsea in 1985, William
Yeoward’s reputation as a style maker and designer of
unique products for the home is unsurpassed. He is a
man who cares very much about creating sophisticated
and elegant products rooted in tradition. His highly
individual style is captured in the Houseology William
Yeoward collection – designed to suit any home.


Residential Space

Living Room

Stone on wall
Wood wall

Black leather


Barkeh floor

Brown Black White

Large glass window

Style: Modern style

The living room is luxury
The lighting depends on the sunlight
Natural materials and colors create an organic feel in any room


Bed Room


Paint wall
Leather fort he back of bed

Colors Wood side table

Blue Gray Beige Wool carpet

Style: classic style Barkeh floor Long window

The bedroom is luxury
The blue color give calming and relaxing feeling
The lighting depends on industrial lighting and little of sunlight


Dining Room

Painted wall

Colors Velvet chair

Green Gray White Wool carpet

Style: modern style Barkeh floor Wood table

The dining room is simple

The shade of green color make the room look bigger and brighter

The lighting depends on industrial lighting and little of sunlight



Wall painted

Granite countertops


Blue Gray White white washed oak Hidden light

Style: modern style
The kitchen is simple and harmony
The blue color give calming and relaxing feeling






Brown Black Beige Glass wall

Style: modern style Stone

The bathroom is luxury
The lighting depends on industrial lighting


Green Building

Ruhehe Primary School / African Design Center

-Architects: African Design Center
-Location: Musanze, Rwanda
-Project team: African Design
Center Mass design group
-Project year: 2018
-Contractor: Ruhehe community

Ruhehe Primary School is a public school that serves 1,120 students from pre-
primary to grade six , with the help of 20 teachers and maintenance staff. the
inaugural cohort of African Design Centre (ADC) fellows led the reconstruction of
Ruhehe as the cornerstone of their design-build curriculum. The redesign of Ruhehe
offers the first proof of concept for design interventions piloted by MASS Design
Group at Mubuga Primary School in 2015. Together, Mubuga and Ruhehe present
new standards in school design throughout Rwanda’s Musanze District.

This project aims to prove that design interventions across a school campus can
improve learner outcomes, increase satisfaction among students and teachers, and
increase student retention rates. Through an extensive Immersion process, ADC
fellows were able to produce a community-centered design concept that emphasizes
capacity building at all project stages. But first the Ruhehe Primary School is a
human-centered project, aiming to improve the quality of life and dignity of the

children and staff who use it daily. 14

They evaluated the environmental conditions and developed a
roof system that maximized daylight and improved acoustic
performance as one of the collaboratively attained solutions.

The lighting depended on sunlight

The material that they use in the project is steel and it
was from recycled source, wood on the ceiling , stone on
the walls and red bricks .


Building Codes and Standards

Building Code

Is a set of rules that specify the standards for constructed
objects such as buildings and nonbuilding structures.
Buildings must conform to the code to obtain planning
permission, usually from a local council. The main
purpose of building codes is to protect public health,
safety and general welfare as they relate to the
construction and occupancy of buildings and structures.

Building Energy Codes

From the U.S. department of energy, this site provides
information about residential and commercial national energy
codes and standers. Check to see if your state requires
compliance with the Model energy code and download free
software to determine whether your new home or addition
meets the requirements of the MEC


Materials In Residential



The most common type of cedar is the western red variety.
Western red cedar, Western Red cedar is mostly used for outdoor
projects such as furniture, decks


It comes in two varieties: yellow and white. Yellow birch is a pale
yellow-to-white wood with reddish-brown heartwood, whereas
white birch has a whiter color that resembles maple. Both types of
birch have a hardness of 4 on a scale of 1 to 5. Birch is readily
available and less expensive than many other hardwoods.




can be applied to new functional modern furniture design and interior
design, to give the product with new features meaning, the future is
ambitious , which requires multi-disciplinary , multi-disciplinary
collaborative research .
In our real life, plastic furniture , plastic decorative materials and other
plastic products, has been used for many years , but is still stuck in the
traditional sense . Like plastic dining table, chairs, plastic file boxes,
file shelving , plastic storage bins, plastic drawers , plastic windows
plastic trays and doors ,




Is an inorganic solid material that is usually transparent or
translucent as well as hard, brittle, and impervious to the
natural elements. Glass has been made into practical and
decorative objects since ancient times, and it is still very
important in applications as disparate as building
construction, housewares, and telecommunications.

Wall Decorative Doors Partition




A material made from the skin of an animal by tanning or a
similar process, r is used to make various goods including
footwear, automobile seats, clothing and furniture. It is
produced in a wide variety of types and styles and decorated by
a wide range of techniques.

Bed Back Walls Furniture




is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or
artificial fibers (yarn or thread). Yarn is produced by spinning
raw fibers of wool, flax, cotton, hemp, or other materials to
produce long strands. used in carpeting, upholstered
furnishings, window shades, towels, coverings for tables, beds,
and other flat surfaces, and in art.


Wall Finishes


Flat Paint Flat finish is also known as matte finish and has

the least amount of shine. Because it doesn't reflect light, it's
the best choice to hide any imperfections like bumps or small
cracks on walls. so it's not recommended for high traffic areas
like the kitchen or bathroom.

Eggshell Paint You can't really go wrong with eggshell finish

on your walls. Sometimes called satin finish, eggshell has
slightly more luster than a flat finish, but you won't be left
with shiny walls .Eggshell finishes are often used in
bathrooms, kitchens, kids' rooms, and other high-traffic areas.

Semi-Gloss Paint is tougher than eggshell, so it will show

less wear. It reflects even more light when dry, though, so if
there are any imperfections on your walls before you paint,
they'll stand out. Semi-gloss stands up the best to water and
cleaning so it's a good choice for a kids' bedroom or bathroom.

Gloss Paint Reserve gloss paint for window and door trim.

It's also a great choice for furniture,


Wall Paper

Wallpaper is a material used in interior decoration to decorate the
interior walls of domestic and public buildings. It is usually sold
in rolls and is applied into a wall using wallpaper paste.
Wallpapers can come plain as "lining paper" (so that it can be
painted or used to help cover uneven surfaces and minor wall
defects thus giving a better surface), textured with a regular
repeating pattern design




Is always intended to be used as a stable ground on which to
paint upon. It’s a special layer in between your support and your
actual painting. It doesn’t matter if you are using acrylics or oil
paints, gesso is considered to be a layer of paint that is friendly
to paint on top of. We can call this layer a ground or a primer.



A wall panel

Is single piece of material, usually flat and cut into a rectangular
shape, that serves as the visible and exposed covering for a wall.
Wall panels are functional as well as decorative, providing
insulation and soundproofing, combined with uniformity of
appearance, along with some measure of durability or ease of
replace ability. While there is no set size limit for a piece of
material fulfilling these functions, the maximum practical size for
wall panels has been suggested to be 24 inches by 8 feet, to allow
for transportation


Floor Covering & Finishes

Floor Covering & Finishes

is a term to generically describe any finish material applied over a floor
structure to provide a walking surface. Both terms are used
interchangeably but floor covering refers more to loose-laid materials.

Materials almost always classified as flooring include carpet, laminate, tile and vinyl.


is a floor covering that appears similar to hardwood but is made with a
plywood or medium density fiberboard ("MDF") core with a plastic
laminate top layer. Laminate flooring is available in many different
patterns which can resemble different woods or even ceramic tile.
Laminate flooring makes it all possible on a practical budget. Choose
from countless traditional, rustic or modern styles, perfect for any
room in your home.

Bed Room Living Room Kitchen



A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper
layer of pile attached to a backing, Adding carpet in a bedroom is a
clever choice if you’re looking for an easy and economical way to warm
up your space. You can layer area rugs on top for an extra cozy look.

Another benefit of carpeting is its sound dampening properties. This is
great in both older houses and condos

Bed Room Living Room Kids Rooms



Every piece of marble is unique and different from all the others. Its look is
closely related to the type of marble, the veining and the coloring as well as
on the quality of the marble and its provenance.

This is a rather interesting and unusual design
which features irregular-shaped marble tiled on
the perimeter around the tub complemented by
wood for the rest of the floor. It’s a way of
delineating the tub area in the case of an open
space bathroom.

Dining Room Living Room


Ceiling Finishes

The material used for a ceiling should be appropriate
for the room's purpose, and there is no shortage of
ceiling materials to choose from. Some common
choices are drywall, plaster, wood, tile and metal.

Wood :ceilings can add a dramatic accent to a
room, whether it is a simple covering of
tongue-and-groove planks or a series of wood

Tile :Mineral fiber acoustical ceiling tiles
suspended in a metal frame is the most
popular ceiling treatment for commercial

Metal :Stamped metal ceilings are highly
decorative and can give a home a historic
look. They were popularized in the United
States shortly after the Civil War, and they
are enjoying a new popularity.


Ikea – Documentary Movie Report

contemporary furniture and home decor at the ultimate design Factory we
wanted to create a better everyday life for the many people state of the art
production all over the world
They are always encouraged to try new ideas and see if they work and a global
distribution network or to create the world's largest furniture retailer when they
are thinking key are they thinking about the entire world they are thinking
globally to match global demand with state of the art manufacturing takes a
mega Factory. The Ikea that help every needs for people with high quality and
good price, and there are many suppliers cooperating with them and in the end,
they gather in one place. And also they have they own private farms, and they
have wood processing plants before they use it to make the furniture ,They
started by designed small furniture and one of the reason that makes them more
discriminating that they try the pieces before displaying them to ensure their
quality, and they have specific people for each material. They use the 3D
printing machine to make the plastic elements like a spoon, plane, ..etc. to check
if it will be good or they need to improve the element before they start to make
it real.
They have a large machines that cutting the woods to create the pieces of
furniture's. They was really taking care of the flat backging step by step to save
the product. They try to give something additional. kitchens the heart of the
home and an essential part of the design and production machine IKEA supplies
40 different kitchen styles and configurations this is one of the most popular
designs a modern cabinetry style made out of high quality sturdy fiber board
with a high-gloss white finish and it's made here in Elm hault Sweden this
almost 36,000 square metre kitchen cabinet factory produces 40% of all the
company's kitchen cabinets it all starts on the ultra violet line here rollers apply
micro thin layers of paint and lacquer on to the back of cabinet pieces like these,


Fiber board doors under the UV lamps ultraviolet radiation dries
the doors in fractions of a second immediately the cabinet pieces
travel through the CNC routing line high-powered cutting tools
carve the square contoured cabinet face pattern IKEA is always
learning from its past moving forward to the next design around
the corner when we do one thing today you can try to do it even a
little bit better tomorrow because then we are pushing things
further wrong that's what's inspired us give us any labels
encourage us to move on because we know most things still remain
to be done there's more state of the art engineering at the same
time tomorrow stay tuned to National Geographic Channel for a
gripping air crash investigation


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