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Published by gimbal.wiwi, 2017-10-09 17:47:46

Revisi THE HEART OF OUR BORNEO_2017_10102017

Revisi THE HEART OF OUR BORNEO_2017_10102017

THE HEART OF

BORNEO

A SUSTAINABLE FUNDING FOR THE HEART OF BORNEO

THE HEART OF BORNEO 1

The purpose of this document is to outline the
approach being undertaken by the Government of
Indonesia to develop and to highlight investment
needs to continue to move towards sustainably
financing the Heart of Borneo landscape.
Dokumen ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan pendekatan
yang dilakukan oleh Negara Indonesia dalam
mengembangkan dan menggarisbawahi kebutuhan
investasi dalam mewujudkan pendanaan yang
berkelanjutan bagi Heart of Borneo.

Photo by @ Andri Tambunan

2 THE HEART OF BORNEO

THE HEART OF BORNEO

“THREE COUNTRIES ONE CONSERVATION”

THE HEART OF BORNEO 3

Heart of Borneo is Sustainable
Development and Conservation Initiative
in a very large landscape of tropical
forest in Borneo of 26.5 million Ha
located in Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia
and Malaysia State of Sabah and
Sarawak. A large portion of this land – of
which 72% is dominated by tropical rain
forests – is located in Indonesia.

Heart of Borneo (HoB) merupakan inisiatif
dalam pembangunan dan pelestarian
yang berkelanjutan bagi kawasan seluas
26,5 juta hektare yang terletak di bagian
wilayah negara Brunei Darussalam,
Indonesia dan negara bagian Sabah dan
Sarawak-Malaysia. Wilayah HoB sebagian
besar berada di Indonesia yaitu sekitar
72% yang didominasi oleh hutan hujan
tropis.

Brunei
Darussalam

Indonesia

Malaysia Borneo Forest Fragmentation 2015
©WWF Indonesia_GIS Team
4 THE HEART OF BORNEO

Photo by @ Andri Tambunan HEART OF BORNEO

The HoB initiative’s goal is to preserve and maintain the
sustainability of one of Borneo’s best remaining rain
forests, for the welfare of present and future generations.
In Indonesian the Heart of Borneo was transferable in to
JANTUNG KALIMANTAN.
Starting March 2008, upon the enactment of Government
Regulation No. 26 of 2008 about Rencana Tata Ruang
Wilayah Nasional (RTRWN), the HoB area was designated as
one of the 40 National Strategic Area (NSA) in Indonesia1.

Tujuan inisiatif HoB adalah untuk mempertahankan dan
memelihara keberlanjutan manfaat salah satu kawasan
hutan hujan terbaik yang masih tersisa di Kalimantan
bagi kesejahteraan generasi sekarang dan mendatang.
Dalam Bahasa Indonesia Heart of Borneo kemudian
diterjemahkan menjadi JANTUNG KALIMANTAN.
Mulai Maret 2008, melalui peraturan Pemerintah Republik
Indonesia No. 26/2008 mengenai Rencana Tata Ruang
Wilayah Nasional (RTRWN), Jantung Kalimantan ditetapkan
menjadi salah satu dari 40 Kawasan Strategis Nasional
(KSN) di Indonesia1.

1 National Working Group (2014), National Strategic Plan of Action Heart of
Borneo 2015-2019

THE HEART OF BORNEO 5

2007 – 2017

10 YEARS MILESTONE HEART OF BORNEO

Heart of Borneo (HoB) is an initiative of Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia
and Malaysia based on the principles of conservation and sustainable
development for the tropical highland forests in Borneo. Over the
last 10 years, Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam has been working
together to develop opportunities to achieve the economic sustainability
that is essential to ensure the success of a united commitment to the Heart
of Borneo’s “Three Countries, One Conservation Vision”.

Jantung Kalimantan adalah inisiatif tiga negara yaitu Brunei
Darussalam, Indonesia dan Malaysia untuk mengelola kawasan
hutan tropis dataran tinggi di Borneo yang didasarkan pada prinsip
konservasi dan pembangunan berkelanjutan. Selama 10 tahun terakhir,
Indonesia, Malaysia dan Brunei Darussalam telah bekerja sama
dalam mengembangkan peluang untuk mencapai perekonomian yang
berkalanjutan yang menjamin kepastian pelaksanaan komitmen Heart of
Borneo bersama yaitu “Three Countries, One Conservation Vision”.

February 2007, October 2009, September 2011,
Bali, Indonesia Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia Balikpapan, Indonesia

HoB Declaration Signed 3th HoB Trilateral Meeting 5th HoB Trilateral Meeting

Deklarasi HoB Ditandatangani Pertemuan Trilateral HoB ke tiga Pertemuan Trilateral HoB ke lima

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

April 2008, April 2010, September 2012,
Pontianak, Indonesia Bandar Seri Begawan, Kuching-Sarawak, Malaysia

2nd HoB Trilateral Meeting Brunei Darussalam 6th HoB Trilateral Meeting

Pertemuan Trilateral HoB ke dua 4th HoB Trilateral Meeting Pertemuan Trilateral HoB ke enam

Pertemuan Trilateral HoB ke empat

6 THE HEART OF BORNEO

The shared vision for the HoB :

“Bridging Conservations and Sustainable
Development of Three Countries”

A major achievement: Capaian:

� The voice of HoB cooperation, vision and � Kerjasama HoB, visi and misi sudah mulai
mission have been known at global level dikenal di tingkat global

� Significant international attention and � Mendapatkan perhatian dan dukungan dari
support dunia internasional

� Trilateral and national HoB initiative in place � Kerja sama HOB secara Trilateral maupun
� Political supports from each member Nasional telah ditetapkan

country as well local stakeholders � Dukungan politik dari masing-masing negara
anggota serta pemangku kepentingan lokal
� Strategic plans of hob from each country
� Setiap negara HoB telah memiliki
� Trans-border cooperation within hob rencana strategis
in place
� Kerja sama lintas batas negara
telah ditetapkan

September 2013, Agustus 2009, October 2017,
Brunei Darussalam Sabah, Malaysia Tarakan, Indonesia
7th HoB Trilateral Meeting
Pertemuan Trilateral HoB ke tujuh 9th HoB Trilateral Meeting 11th HoB Trilateral Meeting

2013 Pertemuan Trilateral HoB ke sembilan Pertemuan Trilateral HoB ke sebelas

2014 2015 2016 2017

April 2014, September 2016,
Palangkaraya, Indonesia Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam

8th HoB Trilateral Meeting 10th HoB Trilateral Meeting
Pertemuan Trilateral HoB ke sepuluh
Pertemuan Trilateral HoB ke delapan
Photo by © WWF Indonesia_Victor Fidelis Santosa

THE HEART OF BORNEO 7

Area of Indonesia’s HoB Based on Province and District

PROVINCE DISTRICT AREA (HA)
North Kalimantan Nunukan 956,642.93
East Kalimantan Malinau
Bulungan 3,493,256.73
Central Kalimantan Berau 552,591.30
Kutai Timur 651,586.35
West Kalimantan Kutai Kartanegara 394,131.54
Total Area Kutai Barat 850,097.32
Mahakam Ulu*
Murung Raya 1,977,054.42
Kapuas n.a.
Gunung Mas
Katingan 2,038,698.14
Barito Utara 127,376.81
Seruyan 250,701.89
Kapuas Hulu 530,489.83
Melawi 42,873.04
Sintang 34,336.15

Map & Data Source: National Working Group (2014), 3,088,025.81
National Strategic Plan Of Action Heart of Borneo 2015-2019 432,305.69
1,372,187.48

16,792,355.43

Data Source: National Strategic Plan Of Action Heart of Borneo 2015-2019

The HoB area in Indonesia is Luas wilayah yang dicakup 1.681 meter di atas permukaan The annual rainfall between
covering four administrative oleh Jantung Kalimantan laut di Gunung Cemaru di 2,800 mm to 3,600 mm and
provinces in Kalimantan: North sekitar 16,8 juta ha, tersebar Kalimantan Barat sampai temperatures varies between
Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, di 17 Kabupaten/Kota 2.987 m dpl di Gunung 22ᵒC during wet season
Central Kalimantan, and West dan 82 kecamatan. Makita di Taman Nasional which falls from September
Kalimantan. Kayan Mentarang. to March, and 33ᵒC during
The area covers 13 mountain the dry period between April
Di Indonesia, wilayah areas which have elevation The area also has three big to August.
Jantung Kalimantan secara varies from 1,681 meter lakes: Jempang Lake (15,000
administratif berada di above sea level at Cemaru ha), Semayang Lake (13,000 Curah hujan tahunan antara
bawah empat provinsi yaitu: Mount in West Kalimantan ha) and Melintang Melintang 2.800 mm sampai 3.600
Kalimantan Utara, Kalimantan to 2,987 m above sea level (11,000 ha). mm dan suhu bervariasi
Timur, Kalimantan Tengah, dan at Makita Mount at Kayan antara 22 ° C selama musim
Kalimantan Barat. Mentarang National Park. Kawasan ini juga memiliki tiga hujan yang turun dari bulan
danau besar: Danau Jempang September sampai Maret, dan
The size of area covered by HoB Daerah ini (15.000 ha), Danau Semayang 33ᵒC selama periode kering
is approximately 16.8 million mencakup 13 daerah (13.000 ha) dan Melintang antara bulan April sampai
ha, spreads out in 17 districts pegunungan yang memiliki Melintang (11.000 ha). Agustus.
and 82 sub-districts. ketinggian bervariasi dari

8 THE HEART OF BORNEO

Photo by ©FORMADAT_Edwin Meru

The population growth tingkat pertumbuhan yang orang Jawa yang bermigrasi daerah HoB: Kayan, Kenyah,
in districts within the tinggi dan sangat tinggi. ke wilayah HoB pada awal Iban, Penan atau Punan,
HoB in the 17 districts tahun 1960an. Lundayeh atau Lun Bawang,
only 6 districts which show The majority of local Kelabit dan Barito-Ngaju.
the growth rate equal or community in HoB area As for the Dayak tribes, Mereka memiliki keragaman
below the national level, the belongs to Dayak tribes. there are at least seven dalam bahasa, pengetahuan
rest of the districts indicated There are of course other ethnic groups of Dayak tradisional, budaya dan
their rate level are high and community groups such as community in the HoB lokasi geografis.
very high. Malay or Malayu and Chinese area: Kayan, Kenyah, Iban,
origin or even Javanese who Penan or Punan, Lundayeh Data source:
Pertumbuhan penduduk migrated in to the HoB in the or Lun Bawang, Kelabit and (Profil Fisik dan Ekosistem
di kabupaten-kabupaten early 1960’s. Barito-Ngaju. They vary Kawasan Heart of Borneo, WWF
di 17 kabupaten in languages, traditional File-unpublished report) in
hanya 6 kabupaten di wilayah Mayoritas masyarakat lokal knowledge, cultures and National Strategic Plan of Action
HoB menunjukkan tingkat di daerah HoB adalah suku geographic location. Heart of Borneo 2015-2019
pertumbuhan sama atau di Dayak. Kelompok masyarakat
bawah tingkat pertumbuhan lain adalah Malay atau Melayu Setidaknya ada tujuh kelompok
nasional, lainnya menunjukkan serta suku Cina atau bahkan etnis masyarakat Dayak di

THE HEART OF BORNEO 9

BIODIVERSITY HEART
OF BORNEO

The 16.8 million ha of HoB mostly are tropical mountain
forests. It is an immensely biodiversity corridor which
connects four major protected areas with a total of
4.465 million ha: Kayan Mantarang National Park, Danau
Sentarum National Park, Bukit Baka - Bukit Raya National
Park, and Betung Kerihun National Park.

These 40.89% protected areas in HoB, is an extremely
important habitat wildlife species, as well as plant species.
These areas also serve as important catchment for the
major rivers in Kalimantan Mahakam River, Barito River,
Kahayan River, Katingan River, Sesayap River, Sembakung
River, Melawi River and Kapuas River, which provides
freshwater to the downstream area in the province of East
Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan and West Kalimantan1

KEANEKARAGAMAN HAYATI
JANTUNG KALIMANTAN

Jantung Kalimantan seluas 16,8 juta Ha merupakan
hutan pegunungan. Kawasan ini menjadi koridor
keanekaragaman hayati yang sangat besar dan
menghubungkan 4 kawasan lindung seluas 4,465 juta Ha
terdiri atas; Taman Nasional Kayan Mantarang, Taman
Nasional Danau Sentanum, Bukiy Baka-Bukit Raya National
Park, dan Taman Nasional Betung Kerihun.

Photo by: © Albert Teo 40,89% luas kawasan lindung di Jantung Kalimantan ini
merupakan habitat yang sangat penting habitat baik
satwa liar, maupun tanaman. Kawasan ini juga merupakan
daerah tangkapan air yang penting bagi sungai-sungai
utama di Kalimantan yaitu: Sungai Mahakam, Sungai
Barito, Sungai Kahayan, Sungai Katingan, Sungai Sesayap,
Sungai Sembakung, Sungai Melawi and Sungai Kapuas.
Sungai-sungai ini memenuhi kebutuhan air bersih
di kawasan bagian hilir Provinsi Kalimantan Timur,
Kalimantan Tengah, dan Kalimantan Barat 1

10 THE HEART OF BORNEO

The forest Heart of Borneo is rich with
the thousands plant species

Hutan di JANTUNG KALIMANTAN sangat kaya dengan
Ribuan spesies tumbuhan

Photo by ©WWF Indonesia Photo by © WWF-Indonesia/ More than 3,000 tree species Terdapat lebih dari 3.000 jenis
Jimmy Syahirsyah including 267 species of pohon termasuk 267 spesies
Dipterocarps the most Dipterocarps jenis kelompok
important group of commercial kayu komersil yang paling
timber in Southeast Asia, more penting di Asia Tenggara, lebih
than 200 species of orchids, dari 200 spesies anggrek,
and at least 1,000 species dan setidaknya ada 1.000
of ferne2. spesies pakis2.

Heart of Borneo is an important habitat of about
900 wildlife species

JANTUNG KALIMANTAN merupakan habitat penting bagi sekitar

900 spesies satwa liar

Photo by © WWF Indonesia_Sugeng Hendratno Photo by © WWF- Alain Compost The wildlife in HoB is habitat for Kawasan Jantung Kalimantan
includes 222 mammals (including merupakan habitat satwa liar
Photo by © Philippa George Photo by © WWFID_Victor Fidelis Santosa of 13 primates), 358 bird species, diantaranya 222 mamalia
fresh water mammals, 32 species (termasuk 13 primata), 358
1 National Working Group (2014), National Strategic Plan of Action Heart of of snakes, 27 species of spesies burung, mamalia air
Borneo 2015-2019 lizards, 2 species of monitor tawar, 32 spesies ular, 27 spesies
lizards, 7 species of freshwater kadal, 2 spesies biawak, 7 spesies
2 Soehartono and Mardiastuti (2017) turtles, 2 species of marine kura-kura air tawar, 2 spesies
turtles, and 2 species of penyu, dan 2 spesies buaya
crocodiles recorded occur terlihat di Kalimantan. Terdapat
in Kalimantan. There are pula 148 spesies amphibi yang
also 148 species of amphibian teridentifikasi di Kalimantan.
identified in Kalimantan.
Kawasan ini juga merupakan
The area also confines three habitat dari tiga spesies hewan
critical endangered species: terancam punah yaitu Orangutan
Orangutan (Pongo Pygmaeus) and Pongo Pygmaeus dan Gajah Pigmy
Pigmy Elephant Elephas Maximus Pigmy Elephant Elephas Maximus
Borneensis as well as Sumatran Borneensis serta Badak Sumatera
Rhino Dicerorhinus Sumatrensis2. Dicerorhinus Sumatrensis2.

THE HEART OF BORNEO 11

THE RESOURCES I SUMBER DAYA ALAM

FOREST RESOURCES: TIMBER, MINING: GOLD & COAL
LARGE CARBON SEQUESTRATION & STORAGE
At this moment there are 486 mining companies registered to
There are about 9.08 million ha of permanent production operate in the HoB areas with the concession area of 2.05 million
forest and limited production forest within the HoB area. ha, of which 11 are big coal companies. Indonesia’s Borneo has
The current registered forest/timber concession operated in been known to have a high deposit of coal: 25,131 million tons in
HoB area is 79 units, of which 10 units are operated under East Kalimantan and North Kalimantan Provinces, 1,227 million ton
Industrial Forest Plantation (HTI) scheme. The concessions in Central Kalimantan, and 527 million ton in West Kalimantan1.
occupied about 4.48 million ha of production and limited
production forest areas1. TAMBANG: EMAS & BATUBARA
The posted data of annual LULUCF emission in the period
of 2009 to 2014 within 17 districts located in the HoB Saat ini terdapat 486 perusahaan pertambangan yang terdaftar
was 494 million ton2 untuk beroperasi di wilayah HoB dengan luas konsesi 2,05 juta
ha, dimana 11 perusahaan batubara besar. Borneo di Indonesia
SUMBER DAYA HUTAN: PEYIMPANAN diketahui memiliki deposit batu bara yang tinggi: 25.131 juta ton
KARBON DAN PRODUKSI KAYU di Kalimantan Timur dan Kalimantan Utara, 1.227 juta ton di
Kalimantan Tengah, dan 527 juta ton di Kalimantan Barat1.
Terdapat sekitar 9,08 juta ha hutan produksi permanen dan hutan
produksi terbatas di wilayah HoB. Konsesi hutan / kayu yang terdaftar saat ini PLANTATION
dan beroperasi di wilayah HoB adalah 79 unit, dimana 10 unit dioperasikan
dalam skema Hutan Tanaman Industri (HTI). Konsesi tersebut There are four major types of commercial plantations
menguasai 4,48 juta ha produksi dan hutan produksi terbatas1. occurring in the HoB area: oil palm, rubber, coffee and cacao2.
Data yang diposkan dari emisi tahunan LULUCF pada
periode 2009 sampai 2014 di 17 kabupaten yang terletak di HoB PERKEBUNAN
adalah 494 juta ton2.
Ada empat jenis perkebunan komersial utama yang dikembangkan
di daerah HoB yaitu: kelapa sawit, karet, kopi dan kakao2.

WATER RESOURCES: FISHERIES, ECO TOURISM
DRINKING WATER, HYDROPOWER
The natural pristine forest of HoB and the the cultural life of
The protected areas are also serve as important catchment the Dayak tribe becomes HoB ecotourism market. The well
areas for the 14 major rivers in Kalimantan (managed development of ecotourism will create a lasting economic
in 9 watersheds and 8 sub-watersheds)1. benefits and help preserve the biodiversity of the area2.

SUMBER DAYA AIR: PERIKANAN, AIR BAKU, ECO WISATA
PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK TENAGA AIR
Hutan alam asli HoB dan kehidupan budaya suku Dayak menjadi
Kawasan lindung HoB juga berfungsi sebagai daerah tangkapan daya tarik bagi pasar ekowisata HoB. Pengembangan ekowisata yang
air yang penting bagi 14 sungai besar di Kalimantan ( mendukung baik akan menciptakan manfaat ekonomi yang berkelanjutan dan
kelangsungan 9 daerah aliran sungai dan 8 daerah aliran sungai)1. membantu melestarikan keanekaragaman hayati daerah tersebut2

1 National Working Group (2014), National Strategic Plan Of Action Heart of Borneo 2015-2019
2 Soehartono and  Mardiastuti (2017).
3 WWF HoB Global Initiative, (2012)

12 THE HEART OF BORNEO

Photo by © Andri Tambunan

THE HEART OF BORNEO 13

NATIONAL STRATEGIC THE GOALS
PLAN OF ACTION OF NSPA

RENCANA AKSI STRATEGIS NASIONAL � Prosperity of people in
Heart of Borneo
Indonesia has developed and Pada Oktober
adopted National Strategic tahun 2015 Pemerintah Republik � Sustainable economic
Plan of Action (NSPA) for Indonesia telah menerbitkan development in Heart
Indonesia’s Kalimantan NSPA ke dua untuk periode of Borneo
region in July 2008 as the 2015-2019. NSPA ini disusun
national framework for berdasarkan atas keterpaduan � Biodiversity
sectors, provinces and antara berbagai sektor, program conservation in Heart
districts, as well as for pemerintah provinsi, para of Borneo
relevant stakeholders in the pemangku kepentingan serta
Heart of Borneo area. berbasis pada kekayaan sumber �
daya alam.
Indonesia telah � Kesejahteraan bagi
mengembangkan dan The objectives of the HoB masyarakat yang tinggal di
mengadopsi Rencana Aksi National Strategic Plan Heart of Borneo
Strategis Nasional (NSPA) of Action 2015-2019 is to
untuk wilayah Kalimantan provide a broad but clear � Pembangunan Ekonomi
pada bulan Juli 2008 sebagai guidance for relevant yang berkelanjutan di Heart
kerangka kerja nasional untuk stakeholders and key players of Borneo
sektor, provinsi dan kabupaten, in dealing with conservation
serta pemangku kepentingan and sustainable use of � Konservasi keanekaragaman
yang terkait dengan wilayah resources in the area of hayati di Heart of Borneo
Jantung Kalimantan. Indonesia’s part of HoB.

In October 2015 the Rencana Aksi Strategis Photo by © Andri Tambunan
Government of Republic Nasional Jantung Kalimantan
of Indonesia has issued 2015-2019 diharapakan
the second NSPA valid dapat menjadi panduan yang
from 2015 to 2019. The NSPA menyeluruh dan jelas bagi
was developed based on para pemangu kepentingan
the combination of sectors, dan pihak-pihak yang terkait
provincial programs and dengan upaya pelestarian
stakeholders needs as well as dan pemanfaatan sumber
resources based. daya alam di Kalimantan
secara berkelanjutan.

Reference:
National Working Group (2014), National Strategic Plan of Action Heart of
Borneo 2015-2019

14 THE HEART OF BORNEO

Six programs for Heart of Enam program untuk Jantung
Borneo in National Strategic Kalimantan Dalam Rencana
Plan and Action of 2015 to Aksi Strategis Nasional 2015
2019 are1: sampai 2019 ADALAH1:

PROGRAM 1: Enabling condition for PROGRAM 1: Mempersiapkan Kodisi Dalam
HoB implementation and program Pelaksanaan & Percepatan Program Jantung
acceleration Kalimantan
Objective: to lay out the foundation of Tujuan: untuk menyusun dasar program dan
programs and activities in developing the HoB kegiatan dalam mengembangkan

PROGRAM 2: Sustainable development of PROGRAM 2: Pembangunan sumber daya
natural resources outside the protected alam yang berkelanjutan di luar kawasn
area in HoB lindung Jantung Kalimantan.
Objective: to manage sustainably natural Tujuan: Mengelola Sumber Daya Alam yang
resources located outside the protected bekerlanjutan di luar kawasan lindung
area networks within the Indonesian part Jantung Kalimantan.
of Heart of Borneo
PROGRAM 3: Praktek-praktek pengelolaan
PROGRAM 3: Protected areas kawasan lindung
management practices Tujuan: meningkatkan efektivitas dan
Objective: to improve the effectiveness partisipasi pemangku kepentingan dalam
and participations of stakeholders in mengelola kawasan lindung di dalam kawasan
managing protected areas within the HoB Jantung Kalimantan untuk melestarikan
area for conserving biodiversity and their keanekaragaman hayati dan ekosistemnya.
ecosystems

PROGRAM 4: Trans-border sustainable PROGRAM 4: Pembangunan ekonomi
economic development berkelanjutan di kawasan perbatasan
Objective: wellbeing of the people Tujuan: peningkatan kesejahteraan
in border area based on sustainable masyarakat di daerah perbatasan
development of natural resources berdasarkan pemanfaatan sumber daya alam
berkelanjutan
PROGRAM 5: Ecotourism development
Objective: Identify and promote PROGRAM 5: Pengembangan Ekowisata
sustainably development of ecotourism in Tujuan: Mengidentifikasi dan
HoB area mendukung pengembangan Ekowosata di
Jantung Kalimantan
PROGRAM 6: Capacity building
PROGRAM 6: Peningkatan Kapasitas
Objective: strengthening local capacity Tujuan: Penguatan kapasitas lokal dalam
in dealing with sustainable resources menangani sumber daya alam yang
of natural resources, protected area berkelanjutan, pengelolaan kawasan lindung
management and ecotourism development dan pengembangan ekowisata.

THE HEART OF BORNEO 15

NATIONAL STRATEGIC PLAN OF ACTION
HEART OF BORNEO (2015 -2019)

ENABLING CONDITION Integration and Harmonization of RELEVANT
FOR HEART OF BORNEO Sector and Provincial/ District SECTOR
Programs and Approach
IMPLEMENTATION &
PROGRAM ACCELERATION • Best Practice for Sustainable
Development of Natural Resources
SUSTAINABLE
MANAGEMENT OF • Appropriate Fund Use Management
• FPIC
NATURAL
RESOURCES

PROTECTED AREA • Develop Shared Governance HoB
MANAGEMENT • Improve Support Systems
PRACTICES IMPLEMENTATION
COORDINATING & GOALS
• Strengthening Local Capacity MINISTRY OF
TRANS-BORDER • Develop Creative Economy ECONOMIC
SUSTAINABLE • Develop Infrastructure and System AFFAIRS
ECONOMIC RELEVANT
DEVELOPMENT Connectivity PROVINCES
• Develop TDA
ECOTOURISM • Participation of Local Community RELEVANT
DEVELOPMENT • Reviving Culture, Traditional DISTRICTS

Culture and Heritage Sites

CAPACITY BUILDING Cooperation and Enlightenment from COORDINATION & IMPLEMENTATION
STRATEGIC APPROACH Relevant Competent Parties on
Capacity Building

HEART OF BORNEO PROGRAMS

Reference: National Working Group (2014), National Strategic Plan of Action Heart of Borneo 2015-2019

16 THE HEART OF BORNEO

RENCANA AKSI STRATEGIS NASIONAL
JANTUNG KALIMANTAN (2015 -2019)

MEMPERSIAPKAN KODISI Integrasi dan Harmonisasi Sektor dan SEKTOR
DALAM PELAKSANAAN & Program Pendekatan Provinsi / TERKAIT
PERCEPATAN PROGRAM Kabupaten/Kota
KEMENTERIAN HoB
HEART OF BORNEO • Best Practice Pengembangan SDA COORDINATOR IMPLEMENTASI
yang Berkelanjutan
PENGELOLAAN BIDANG & GOAL
SUMBER DAYA ALAM • Pengelolaan Penggunan Dana PEREKONOMIAN
YANG BERKELANJUTAN • FPIC
PROVINSI
PENGELOLAAN • Mengembangkan “Share YANG TERKAIT
KAWASAN LINDUNG Governance”
KAB/KOTA
PENGEMBANGAN • Peningkatan Kapasitas Sistem YANG TERKAIT
EKONOMI YANG Pendukung
BERKELANJUTAN PADA KOORDINASI & IMPLEMENTASI
DAERAH PERBATASAN • Peningkatan Kapasitas Lokal
• Membangun Ekonomi Kreatif
PENGEMBANGAN • Membangun Infrastuktur dan
ECO WISATA
jaringanj-aringan penghubung
PENINGKATAN
KAPASITAS • Membangun TDA
• Partisipasi Komunitas Lokal
STRATEGI PENDEKATAN • Menghidupkan Kembali Budaya,

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PROGRAM HEART OF BORNEO

THE HEART OF BORNEO 17

GREEN ECONOMIC - A LOW CARBON
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR HEART
OF BORNEO

Ekonomi Hijau – Konsep Pembangunan Berkelanjutan
Rendah Kanbon Untuk Jantung Kalimantan

“Toward a green and sustainable Sumber daya alam Jantung Kalimantan All photo © Andri Tambunan
Indonesia”, is one of Indonesia memiliki nilai yang tinggi bukan hanya
development vision state on Act. dalam mendukung pembangunan Reference:
No 17 of 2007 about Long-Term National ekonomi nasional, namun juga pada 1 National Working Group (2014), National Strategic
Development Plan. The National Medium tingkal global. Dengan beralih ke
Term Development Plan (RPJMN) valid konsep Ekonomi Hijau dan investasi Plan of Action Heart of Borneo 2015-2019
for 2014-2019, state the forestry sector dalam pengelolaan sumber daya alam, 2 WWF HoB Global Initiative (2012) Heart of Borneo
became one of development priorities diharapakan mampu mengurangi
and has established its vision “ A lead dampak negatif dari eksploitasi sumber Investing in Nature for A Green Economy A
to improve people welfare, through daya alam sekaligus mendukung mitigasi Synthesis Report
productive and competitive sustainable dan adaptasi perubahan iklim2.
forest management”1.
The role of the economic sector is
“Mewujudkan Indonesia yang hijau becoming more important and green
dan lestari” merupakan salah satu visi economy should be the strategy for
pembangunan Negara Indonesia yang the development of the forestry sector.
tertuang dalam Undang-Undang No.17 Recognizing the high value of natural
Tahun 2007 mengenai dalam Rencana resources of the HoB it is important
Pembangunan Nasional Jangka Panjang to incorporate environmental factors
(RPJP). Dalam RPJMN 2014-2019, sektor into the economic system to ensure
kehutanan menjadi salah satu prioritas the continuity of the functions of the
pembangunan dan telah menetapkan environment and or natural resources.
visinya “Menjadi terdepan dalam
meningkatkan kemakmuran rakyat Peran sektor ekonomi menjadi
melalui pengelolaan hutan lestari, penting, dan konsep ekonomi hijau
produktif dan berdaya saing tinggi” 1. menjadi strategi pengembangan
untuk sektor kehutanan. Menyadari
The Heart of Borneo natural capital is a akan tingginya nilai sumber daya
high value, not only for national but also alam di Jantung Kalimantan, maka
global economic development. Shifting dirasakan penting untuk dapat
to a green economy that values and mengintegrasikan faktor lingkungan ke
invests in natural capital would help to dalam sistem pengembangan ekonomi
sharply reduce many of these negative untuk menjamin keberlanjutan fungsi
trends, while supporting climate change lingkunan dan ketersediaan sumber
mitigation and adaptation2. daya alam.

18 THE HEART OF BORNEO

GREEN ECONOMY IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY

Theme Business as Usual (BAU) Green Economy (GE)
Spatial Planning
Protected Areas Limited enforcement or reconciliation Coherent land use plans including the creation of a category for

Forestry of land use plans leads to deforestation degraded land, expanding community forests and implementation of

and forest degradation watershed protection

Poorly managed protected areas lead to Effective protection of natural habitats with improved connectivity
loss of biodiversity and fragmentation of among protected areas
natural habitats

Widespread conventional logging and Reduced impact logging, international certification of sustainable forest
plantation within High Conservation management, plantations limited to highly degraded or deforested areas
Value Forest (HCVF) that are not HCVF.

Areas with inactive forestry concessions Concession management is improved. Inactive forestry land is

result in degradation due to lack of protected to reduce degradation. Forest restoration concessions are

management implemented within natural forest areas following logging

Palm oil Oil palm expansion is permitted in Oil palm plantations do not expand in any area of natural forest. Land
Plantation natural forest areas and HCVF swaps for permits granted within natural forest, to ensure expansion on
degraded land only.
Mining No improvement in oil plantation
Agriculture management Roundtable for Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) ensures that management
practices are improved, including improved fertilizer and pesticide
Energy Mining causes forest degradation within application management
concessions and air and water pollution Mining follows international good practice guidelines, with improved waste
management treatment reducing impacts on air and water quality

No improvement in agricultural Sustainable agriculture practices maintain and restore soil quality, use
practices, increasing reliance on of chemical fertilizers is reduced, larger biodiversity gene bank provides
chemical fertilizers, use of monocultures wild varieties that may be hybridized to ensure greater resilience to pest
results in greater vulnerability to pests and diseases
and diseases

Energy consumption grows, reducing Increased energy efficiency reduces domestic consumption (especially
exports and increasing the cost of of fossil fuels), renewable energy use expands, costs and impacts of
energy use fossil fuel consumption are reduced

Biodiversity Based Power is mostly generated from coal Investments in non-hydro renewable energy power plants are
Enterprises and other fossil fuels, limiting exports implemented to decentralize power generation and to reduce
and generating GHG emissions consumption of coal for electricity supply and lower GHG emissions

Limited infrastructure and support to Sustainable biodiversity products from legal community forests (NTFP
advance biodiversity-based products and agro-forestry), bioprospecting and biotechnology supports soil
such as NTFP and agro-forestry quality, minimizes erosion and sedimentation and secures forest carbon
by reducing pressure to convert forests
Innovative Green Limited infrastructure and support to
Sectors advance innovative green sectors New business models build local economies, e.g., using ‘waste products’
Sektor Inovasi Hijau from waste produced by current HoB industries

THE HEART OF BORNEO 19

The Green Economy implementation in Implementasi Ekonomi Hijau
Indonesia Heart of Borneo1: di Jantung Kalimantan1:

West Kalimantan: Kalimantan Barat: Memperkuat basis ekonomi produktif
Strengthening Productive Economy Base Implementasi ekonomi hijau di bidang ekonomi kreatif yang
Green economy implementation in the field of innovative inovatif di Kalimantan Barat dilakukan secara sinergis dengan
creative economy in West Kalimantan is carried out in synergy pemberdayaan ekonomi masyarakat setempat. Pemerintah Provinsi
with the economic empowerment of local communities. The Kalimantan Barat bekerja sama dengan pemerintah kabupaten
government of West Kalimantan Province in collaboration with setempat juga telah merencanakan pengembangan pertanian
the province’s local district governments has also planned the berkelanjutan.
sustainable agriculture development.

Central Kalimantan: Sustainable Palm Oil Agro-Industry Kalimantan Tengah: Agroindustri Kelapa Sawit Berkelanjutan
The oil palm plantation industry in Central Kalimantan Industri perkebunan kelapa sawit di Kalimantan Tengah masih
is still facing a lot of challenges especially in terms of menghadapi banyak tantangan terutama dalam hal kelestarian
environmental sustainability and preservation. The lingkungan dan pelestarian. Provinsi ini membutuhkan investasi
province needs large amounts of private investment swasta dalam jumlah besar untuk mengembangkan agroindustri
to develop its palm oil-based agro-industry and berbasis kelapa sawit dan menerapkan prinsip-prinsip ekonomi
apply the principles of green economy that is more hijau yang lebih ramah lingkungan. 
environmentally friendly.

East Kalimantan: Spatial Plan, One Data One Map Kalimantan Timur: Rencana Tata Ruang, Satu Data Satu Peta
Data base and information is an important aspect Basis data dan informasi merupakan aspek penting dalam
in developing a measurable and comprehensive pengembangan perencanaan pembangunan yang terukur dan
development planning. The accurate, centralized and komprehensif. Database pengembangan yang akurat, terpusat dan
integrated development database will enhance a terpadu akan meningkatkan analisis kebijakan pembangunan yang
correct, actual, quality and accountable development benar, aktual, berkualitas dan akuntabel untuk provinsi, kabupaten
policy analysis for the province, districts / cities and / kota dan pemangku kepentingan. Pemerintah Provinsi Kalimantan
stakeholders. The East Kalimantan Provincial Government Timur telah secara tegas menjelaskan, untuk mencapai visi
has firmly outlined, to achieve the vision of development, pembangunan, harus mengacu pada basis data spasial “One Data,
has to refers to an accurate, up to date, integrated, complete, One Map” yang akurat, lengkap, lengkap, akuntabel”. 
accountable “One Data, One Map” spatial data base.
Kalimantan Utara: Jasa Lingkungan dan Lumbung Pangan
North Kalimantan: Implementasi ekonomi hijau melalui pengembangan jasa lingkungan
Environmental Services and Food Granaries hutan sangat dimungkinkan di Kaltara, meng- ingat Taman Nasional
North Kalimantan has also planned the construction of Kayan Mentarang (TNKM) terletak di provinsi ini. Kalimantan Utara
large-scale food granaries comprising an area of 50,000 juga telah merencanakan pembangunan lumbung pangan skala
hectares known as Delta Kayan Food Estate (DKFE). besar yang terdiri dari 50.000 hektar yang dikenal dengan nama
there are at least three agricultural companies that have Delta Kayan Food Estate (DKFE).
invested in rice and non-staple food crops farming.

1 National Working Group (2014), National Strategic Plan Of Action Heart of Borneo 2015-2019 Heart of Borneo

20 THE HEART OF BORNEO

CHALLENGES IN MANAGING HEART OF BORNEO

� Unsustainable use of natural resources
� Current development tend to depend on non-renewable resources
� Local capacity appear to be needing substantial improvement in governance and

technical as well as policy analysis and formulation
� Continues improvement on health and education for all in HoB
� Increasing of the use of sustainable energy throughout HoB area
� Developing sustainable funding to manage the HoB initiative

TANTANGAN DALAM PENGELOLAAN JANTUNG KALIMANTAN

� Penggunaan sumber daya alam yang tidak berkelanjutan
� Pembangunan saat ini cenderung bergantung pada sumber daya tak terbarukan
� Meningkatan kapasitas lokal dalam kemampuan teknis dan perbaikan tata kelola pemerintah,

serta analisa dan perumusan kebijakan.
� Memperbaiki tingkat kesehatan dan pendidikan bagi masyarakat di Jantung Kalimantan secara

terus menerus.
� Meningkatanya penggunaan energi berkelanjutan di seluruh wilayah Jantung Kalimantan
� Mengembangkan mekanisme pendanaan berkelanjutan dalam pengelolaan Jantung Kalimantan

Photo by © Andri Tambunan

THE HEART OF BORNEO 21

CURRENT GLOBAL SUPPORTS TO THE HOB

DUKUNGAN GLOBAL UNTUK JANTUNG KALIMANTAN

As the HoB is a government Government and market sources Since the HoB initiative was
initiative, the majority of funding of finance can be utilized to launched the main financial
comes from them. Funding is sustain the Heart of Borneo support came from civil society
derived from national budget landscape. Combined with donor such as WWF Indonesia and
revenue & expenditure (APBN) sources, the HoB are in position international agency (ADB and
and regional budget revenue to transition towards low-carbon World Bank) as well as donor
& expenditure (APBD). In the and green development paths countries such as government of
implementation of HoB, related that are based on biodiversity United States, German, Denmark,
partners have allocated funding conservation, forest and the Netherlands, United Kingdom,
obtained from other parties watershed protection and carbon Australia, Japan, Singapore
(donors, for example) or from emission reductions2. and others.
government partners1.
Sumber keuangan pemerintah Sejak inisiatif Jantung Kalimantan
HoB adalah inisiatif Pemerintah, dan swasta dapat dimanfaatkan diluncurkan, dukungan secara
sebagian besar dana berasal dana- untuk menopang pengelolaan global diperoleh antara lain dari
dana Pemerintah. Sumber dana Jantung Kalimantan. Apabila WWF Indonesia dan lembaga-
berasal dari APBN dan APBD. Dalam dikolaborasikan dengan dukungan lembaga donor (ADB and World
pelaksanaan Jantung Kalimantan, sumber dari lembaga donor, maka Bank) serta dana bantuan dari
mitra terkait telah mengalokasikan pengelolaan Jantung Kalimantan negara Amerika, Jerman, Denmark,
dana yang diperoleh dari pihak lain akan menuju pada pembangunan Belanda, Inggris, Australia, Jepans,
(antara lain donor) atau dari mitra yang rendah karbon dan berbasis Singapur and lainnya.
pemerintah1 . lingkungan yang memperhatikan
kelestarian keanekaragaman hayati,
hutan, Daerah Aliran Sungai serta
pengurangan emisi karbon2.

1 National Working Group Heart of Borneo, Heart of Borneo photo by © Andri Tambunan
2 A partnership approach to economic sustainability financing the Heart of Borneo

22 THE HEART OF BORNEO

IN LOOKING FOR A
SUSTAINABLE
FUNDING FOR THE HEART OF
BORNEO

In the implementation of HoB, related partners have
allocated funding obtained from other parties (donors, for
example) or from government partners.

Currently HoB is developing sustainable financing schemes
which are sourced from the government, other state
donors, Corporate Social Resposibility or CSR from private
or other non-governmental institutions both nationally and
internationally.

In addition, sustainable financing mechanisms, based on
the potential for environmental services (Payment for
Environmental Services, PES), are being developed. PES is
refered to as service water, carbon, biodiversity, ecotourism
and so on.

KEBERLANJUTAN DUKUNGAN
PENDANAN UNTUK JANTUNG
KALIMANTAN

Pendanaan berkelanjutan (sustainable financing) perlu
dikembangkan untuk menjamin keberlangsungan kegiatan di
Jantung Kalimantan.

Pendanaan berkelanjutan dimaksud adalah pendanaan dari
pemerintah, bantuan negara lain (donor), swasta (Corporate
Social Resposibility, CSR), atau lembaga non-pemerintah
lainnya baik nasional maupun internasional.

Sumber pendanaan lain yaitu dari imbal jasa lingkungan
(Payment for Environmental Services, PES). Imbal jasa
lingkungan dimaksud seperti jasa air, karbon, keanekaragaman
hayati, ekowisata dan sebagainya.

Photo by © WWF-Indonesia_Jimmy Syahirsyah

THE HEART OF BORNEO 23

Further information on Heart of Borneo initiative,
please contact:

Kelompok Kerja Nasional (Pokjanas) Heart of Borneo
Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian
Republik Indonesia

National Working Group Heart of Borneo
Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs Republic

of Indonesia
Jl. Lapangan Banteng Timur No.2-4, Jakarta 10710

Telp: +62 21 3500 901
Fax: +62 21 3521 1967

Secretariat of National Working Group Heart of
Borneo Directorate General of Forest Protection and

Nature Conservation
Ministry Environment Forestry Republic of Indonesia

Gedung Manggala Wanabakti Blok VII Lt.7
Telp/Fax: +62 21 5720 229

w w w.hear tof bor neo.or.id

24 THE HEART OF BORNEO


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