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Published by Publications, 2021-10-28 12:30:05

Pre-KBSM English

Pre-KBSM English

Contents Pre-KSSM English


Grammar Help 。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 1
Exercise 1 。 。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 5
Exercise 2 。 。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 5
Exercise 3 。 。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 6
Exercise 4 。 。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 7


Exercise 1 。 。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 8
Exercise 2 。 。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 10
Exercise 3 。 。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 12


Writing Tips 。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 14
Exercise 1 。 。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 17
Exercise 2 。 。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 18




Grammar Help

Subject-Verb Agreement 主语与动词一致
1. When we write or speak a sentence, we have to make sure that the verb matches

the subject.

2. The indefinite pronouns such as 'nobody', 'no one', 'somebody', 'someone', 'anybody',
'anyone', 'everybody' and 'everyone' are singular, so they take singular verbs.

不定代词如“nobody”、“no one”、“somebody”、“someone”、“anybody”、

Examples: (a) Someone has taken my book.

(b) Everybody understands the lesson.

3. Collective nouns and uncountable nouns take singular verbs.


Examples: (a) A pride of lions is chasing after a buffalo.

(b) All our luggage was lost during the journey.

4. 'One of' is followed by a plural noun and takes a singular verb.

“One of”搭配复数名词,并与单数动词连用。

Examples: (a) One of the participants is absent today.

(b) One of the suspects has been arrested.

5. 'More than one' is followed by a singular verb, even though it refers to several people
or things.

“More than one”虽表示多位人物或物件,但却与单数动词连用。
Example: More than one person has commented.

1 Pre-KSSM English

6. 'Pair' is used with a singular or plural verb, depending on whether you think of the
combination as a unit or two individuals.


Example: My new pair of scissors is missing.

7. Singular subjects separated by 'either ... or' or 'neither ... nor' take singular verbs. If
the subjects are plural, they take plural verbs.

由词组“either … or”或“neither … nor”分隔的单数主语与单数动词连用。如果

Examples: (a) Either James or Janet takes the sleeping bag.

(b) Neither the man nor the woman makes the cupcakes. (singular)

(c) Neither my friends nor my sisters eat the sandwiches. (plural)

8. Expressions such as 'both', 'all' and 'most' refer to plural subjects, so they take plural

Examples: (a) Both my sister and brother attend the piano lesson.

(b) Most of the teachers donate food and drinks.

(c) All contestants gather at the hall by 7:30 a.m.

9. Two subjects joined by 'and' take a plural verb.
Example: Martin and Nelson decorate the classroom with balloons.

10. In some cases, a pair of nouns joined by 'and' represents a singular idea. It takes a
singular verb.

Example: Fish and chips is my favourite food.

Pre-KSSM English 2

Relative Pronouns 关系代词

1. 'who', 'whom', 'whose', 'which' and 'that' are relative pronouns. They are used to
identify the things or people before them.


2. 'who', 'whom' and 'whose' are used to refer to people.

3. A verb is usually used after 'who'.
Example: The woman who called the police is my aunt.

4. 'whom' is used after the noun and before the pronoun in the sentence.
Example: The lady whom you talked to just now, is my neighbour.

5. 'whose' is used as a possessive. A noun is usually used after it.
Example: The boy, whose father is a headmaster, won a silver medal in the match.

6. 'which' is used to refer to animals and things.
Example: The desk which you gave me is broken.

7. 'that' is used to refer to people, animals and things.


Examples: (a) The police found the man that they wanted to interview.

(b) This is the robot that can speak human languages.

3 Pre-KSSM English

Prepositions 介词

1. Prepositions are used before nouns and pronouns to show locations, time,
directions, methods and relationships.


2. The table below shows how prepositions are used.

Preposition of location Nora keeps her notebook in the drawer.

in Preposition of time The bridge was built in 1980.

Preposition with other She was in a hurry. She forgot to take her lunchbox.

on Preposition of location There’s a pancake on the table.
Preposition of time What are you going to do on Sunday?

Preposition of location I’m waiting for my mother at the school gate.

at Preposition of time The bus will leave at 7:30 a.m.

Preposition with other She’s very good at skateboarding.

Preposition of location Please put the ladder against the wall.
against Preposition with other Korea will be playing against Brazil in the final.


Preposition of time We’ve lived in this town for 10 years.

for Preposition with other I buy a skateboard for my brother.

Preposition of location They stayed in a hotel by the sea.

by Preposition of time You must return all your books by next Friday.

Preposition with other John sends his resume by email.

Preposition with other (a) My mother bought a kilo of potatoes.
of uses
(b) What is the capital of Thailand?

Preposition with other (a) The cat was shivering with cold.
with (b) The man with a beard is my uncle.
(c) The gardener chopped the branches with an

Pre-KSSM English 4

Exercise 1
Read the text below and correct the underlined errors. For each question, write the correct
word in the space provided.
One of the natural wonders of Sabah (1) are the Tunku Abdul Rahman National Park. It is a
state marine park and (2) comprised five islands of Gaya, Sapi, Manukan, Mamutik and Sulug.
It is located three kilometres from Kota Kinabalu. This park (3) are named after the first Prime
Minister of Malaysia. There (4) are a big crowd at the weekend. It (5) take only eight minutes
by speedboat from the mainland to reach the park.

1. 4.

2. 5.


Exercise 2

For each question, choose the correct answer.

1. All living things air and water to stay alive.
A need
B needs C needed

2. Neither the girls nor the boys fluent in Spanish.
C was
A is B are

3. This pair of shears new. You may use it to trim the hedge.
A is
B are C has

4. Nobody the old man who lives alone in the countryside.
A know
B knows C known

5. Flour used to make desserts. C are
A is B has

6. Each of the fruit trees in Uncle Ben’s orchard well.
C grown
A grow B grows

5 Pre-KSSM English

Exercise 3

For each question, choose the correct answer.

1. The house she bought is 7. The game I like the most
new and modern. is table tennis.

A which A whose
B whose B which

2. James Cameron is the one 8. He is the businessman
directed the film Avatar. owns that office building.

A who A who
B whom B which

3. The girl cat is missing, is 9. Mei Cher showed me the tablet
very upset. she bought recently.

A who A who
B whose B that

4. I have finished reading the novel 10. The person I wish to
you lent me last week. meet is not in the office.

A that A whom
B whose B which

5. The man you met at the 11. The driver car broke

café yesterday is my uncle. down sought help from the passers-by.

A whom A who
B whose B whose

6. The car her father drives 12. The dress I am wearing
is expensive.
now is made by that tailor.
A which
B whose A that
B whom

Pre-KSSM English 6

Exercise 4
Read. For each question, choose the correct answer.

Pangolins are insect-eating mammals. Their bodies are covered 1 tough, overlapping
scales. Pangolins are considered to be one 2 the most heavily trafficked wild
animals 3 the world. What is so attractive 4 pangolins?

Pangolins are hunted and traded 5 their meat, scales and other body parts. It is stated
that the scales of pangolins which are considered to have healing properties 6 the
Chinese medicine practitioners, are valued 7 $3000 per kilo. No wonder hunters
and traders are all out 8 the pangolins!

1. A at B on C in
2. A of B by C from
3. A in B on C with
4. A by B for C about
5. A of B for C from
6. A to B by C with
7. A at B on C of
8. A of B for C against

7 Pre-KSSM English



Exercise 1

Read the text below and answer the questions that follow.

When Helen Keller was 19 months old, she was down with a viral fever, meningitis. The virus
affected her brain cells that control her speech and hearing. She lost her sense of sight and
later her hearing. As a result of these disabilities, she had not learnt how to speak.

Her world changed when Anne Sullivan came into her life. She taught her how to read, write
and speak. The first thing Anne did was to give Helen a doll and then she repeatedly wrote
the letters d-o-l-l on her palm. It took Helen some time before she could understand what
her teacher meant. The next few lessons caused her to be in a bad mood as she could not
understand what her teacher was doing.

For example, when her teacher wrote the letters m-u-g and w-a-t-e-r, she could not differentiate
the two words and the objects related to them. So, her teacher took her to a tap where running
water flowed on her hand. As she felt the coldness on her hand, her teacher continuously wrote
the word ‘water’ on her other palm. Finally she understood that every object had a name.

With her teacher by her side for 49 years, Helen Keller went to school, graduated from college
and obtained a bachelor degree. She was the first deaf and blind person to obtain a Bachelor
of Arts degree.

Word Spark

1. meningitis : 脑脊膜炎   2. affected : 影响   3. differentiate : 辨别   4. obtained : 获得

Pre-KSSM English 8

1. Helen Keller had not learnt to speak early in her life because .
A her parents did not teach her
B her teacher did not educate her
C she could not hear any spoken words

2. What was Helen’s life like before Anne Sullivan came?
A She was unable to see, hear and speak.
B She lived a comfortable life with her parents.
C She was able to communicate with her parents only.

3. How did Anne Sullivan teach Helen to read?
A By using a doll and writing on her palm
B By writing the letters on her palm and then letting her touch the specific object
C By using flowing water from a tap and letting her feel the coldness of the water

4. Anne Sullivan was a creative teacher because .
A she created many games to play with her
B she told her a lot of good stories to inspire her to learn
C she used every situation and way to inspire Helen to learn

5. To be in a bad mood means to be .
A disturbed
B contented
C frustrated

9 Pre-KSSM English

Exercise 2
Read the dialogue below and answer the questions that follow.

Interviewer : Good morning, Lennard Lee.
Lennard : Good morning.
Interviewer : Congratulations for becoming the first solo swimmer to swim across the English

Channel in 2004. What were you doing there all the time?
Lennard : I was a medical student of Cambridge University at that time.
Interviewer : Oh, I see. How old were you when you received this award?
Lennard : I was 20 years old at that time.
Interviewer : How long did you take to swim across the English Channel?
Lennard : My target was to swim below 12 hours and I achieved it. It took me 9 hours and

45 minutes to swim across the English Channel.
Interviewer : Did you encounter any hardship during the challenge?
Lennard : Yes, I did. After five hours of swimming, the wind started to blow and waves

got higher. I was exhausted but I did not want to give up at all.
Interviewer : That must be tough. What did you do with the money you received?
Lennard : I donated part of the money to a cancer hospital in Manchester and the balance

was donated to a cancer fund in Melaka.
Interviewer : That’s so generous of you. You have brought fame to our country. Thanks for

your time.
Lennard : You’re welcome.

Word Spark

1. medical : 医学    2. hardship : 困难    3. balance : 结余    4. fame : 名声

Pre-KSSM English 10


Grammar (pp. 1-7)

Exercise 1

1. is
2. comprises
3. is
4. is
5. takes

Exercise 2

1. A
2. B
3. A
4. B
5. A
6. B

Exercise 3

1. A
2. A
3. B
4. A

Answers 1 Pre-KSSM English

5. A
6. A
7. B
8. A
9. B
10. A
1 1. B
12. A

Exercise 4

1. C
2. A
3. A
4. C
5. B
6. B
7. A
8. B

Comprehension (pp. 8-13)

Exercise 1

1. C
2. A

Pre-KSSM English Answers 2

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