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English for Kendo Athlete - Shintya Jesita

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Published by shintya 712016004, 2019-12-08 07:34:26

English for Kendo Athlete - Shintya Jesita

English for Kendo Athlete - Shintya Jesita


English Learning
For Kendo

Chapter 1 ; Introduce yourself 1

Chapter 2; Go Shopping 10
Chapter 3; Making a Phone Call 16
Chapter 4; Asking for direction 22
Chapter 5; Writing an email 37
Chapter 6; Argumentation 43

Chapter 7; Small talks 51

Chapter 8; Encourages students’ creativity 59
Chapter 9; Communicate with
native speaker

Chapter 10; Review



Learning Goals:
Students are able to introduce themselves and ask about others’ identity

Students able to use present and past tenses properly
Students gain more sports vocabulary


A. Vocabulary.

 Hello, my name is… Giving More Information
 Hey! I am…
 Because of …  I’m 26 years old
 Hi! They call me…  I am an Athlete
 Nice to meet you; I’m…  I work in an ad agency
 I’d like to introduce myself; I’m…  I am from Michigan

Introducing Yourself

 What’s your name?
 May I know your name?
 Hi! My name is….; What’s yours?

Asking others’ name

B. Reading.

Read the text about the Olympic Games and complete the definitions below with the words in

The Olympic Games

The Olympic Games were first held in Greece between 776 BC and 393 AD. They were a series
of competitions among different city-states and consisted of athletic events such as running and
jumping, as well as combat events such as boxing and wrestling. The Games were a time of
goodwill -- all conflicts between the participating city-states were postponed until the competition
was finished.

The modern Olympic Games began in Athens in 1896. 14 nations and 241 athletes competed in
43 events. Today there are about 300 events and over 205 participating countries. Almost every
sport is included, including aquatic events such as swimming. The Games are regulated by the


International Olympic Committee and are hosted every four years by a different nation. No
Olympics were held in 1916, 1940 and 1944, because of war.

As the Games became more popular, the Olympic Committee made some important changes. In
1921, they decided to hold a winter version of the Games. The Winter Olympics officially began
in 1924 in France. In 1960, Rome hosted the first official Paralympic Games, a multi-sport event
which allows athletes with physical disabilities to compete. This started as a small sporting event
among British World War II veterans in 1948. In 2010, Singapore hosted the first Youth Olympic
Games, which allowed athletes between the ages of 14 and 18 to compete.

1. __________________: sports events which include running, jumping and throwing
2. __________________: sports events in which competitors fight each other
3. __________________: sports events that take place in water
4. __________________: made to happen
5. __________________: injuries that make it difficult to do things that other people do, e.g.
6. __________________: ex-soldiers
7. __________________: controlled
8. __________________: friendly, co-operative feelings



Put the following events into the correct categories below:

Archery basketball cycling diving
fencing hockey judo rowing
the 100 metres the discus the high jump the long jump
the marathon water polo weightlifting wrestling

Athletic events: _______________________________________________________________________
Combat events: _______________________________________________________________________
Aquatic events: _______________________________________________________________________
Other: ______________________________________________________________________________


Study the descriptions below. Which events are they describing?
1. The winner is the person who jumps the highest.
2. Competitors fight each other with long thin swords.
3. Competitors try to throw each other to the ground.
4. Competitors try to throw a plate-shaped object as far as possible.
5. The winner is the team that reaches the finish line first.

The winner is the first team to reach the finish line.

Now describe another event to your partner. He/she must try to guess which event you are talking
about. Change roles and repeat. You may find the vocabulary below useful:

get the ball in the other team's goal/net shoot arrows at a target jump into water head first

lift the heaviest weight run a distance of ..EVELOPMENT

C. Athletic Quiz

Test your knowledge about athletics:
1. The 100 metres world record is ...

a. 9.58 seconds b. 9.38 seconds c. 9.88 seconds
2. On most outdoor athletics tracks, one lap is ...

a. 200 metres b. 400 metres c. 800 metres
3. Athletic events which involve jumping and throwing are called ...

a. field events b. track events c. aquatic events
4. The event which consists of ten track and field events is called the ...

a. decathlon b. heptathlon c. pentathlon
5. The 2004 Olympic Games were held in ...

a. Beijing b. Seoul c. Athens
6. The object that is passed from runner to runner in a relay race is called a ...

a. stick b. baton c. tube
7. If a runner starts before the gun fires in a race, it is called a ...

a. fast start b. failed start c. false start
8. Outdoor athletics tracks have eight ...

a. lines b. lanes c. loops


9. The objects that athletes must jump over in certain races are called ...
a. hurdles b. frames c. tables

10. The official distance of the marathon is about ...
a. 16 miles b. 26 miles c. 36 miles

D. Talking Point

Do you watch the Olympics? Which events do you like? Who are your country's most
famous Olympians'?
Present simple vs. present continuous
Put the verbs in brackets in the present simple or present continuous.
1. I (often/play) tennis on Sundays.
2. What (you/do) right now?
3. Be quiet! I (try) to watch the match.
4. Joe (get up) at 7am every day.
5. Kate (not/usually/use) public transport, but today she (take) the bus.
6. Ben (live) in the city, but this week he (stay) in the countryside with his uncle.
7. Kyle is a chef he (cook) exotic meals for a well-known restaurant. Right now, he (cook) a
Thai soup.
8. Omeir (not/work) on Sundays. He (play) golf instead.


E. Grammar



Match the verbs on the left with the nouns on the right.

1. write a. a bus

2. say b. a meal

3. get on c. a microscope

4. cook d. a motorbike

5. use e. on the board

6. ride f. thank you



Match the verbs on the left with the nouns on the right.

1. play a. a bike

2. walk b. a fruit shake

3. ride c. a picture

4. swim d. a test

5. take e. in the sea

6. drink f. some exercise

7. draw g. the dog

8. do h. the piano



Past simple vs. past continuous Look at the pictures below and make sentences with the past
simple/continuous like in the example.

care crash drive fall asleep fly receive

ring run start walk study work

1. They were walking along the street when it started to rain.

2. The phone __________ while she _____________ for her child.

3. While she ____________ , she ______________a phone call.

4. While he _____________, he _______________into a tree.

5. He _______________while he ________________.
6. A bird _______________over her head while she ______________along the beach.

Changes from past to present

The sentences below describe changes from 20 years ago to today. Complete them with the verbs
in the present perfect (positive or negative form).

1. The world _____________ (become) safer.

2. Global temperatures _____________ (rise).

3. Technology _____________ (make) our lives better.

4. The gap between rich and poor people _____________ (grow).

5. Music _____________ (improve).

6. The air _____________ (become) much cleaner.

7. The number of people who own a computer _____________ (decrease).


8. Many people _____________ (stop) writing letters.
Present perfect v. Past simple
Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form, present perfect or past simple.
1. She _____________ (meet) her husband in 2005.
2. The restaurant we _____________ (go) to yesterday evening was fantastic.
3. It _____________ (not/snow) so far this winter.
4. The team's performance _____________ (improve) a lot since the beginning of the year.
5. Bill _____________ (not/have) a day off last week.
6. I _____________ (try) sushi about a year ago, but I _____________ (forget) what it tastes
7. I _____________ (never/go) to Japan, but I_____________ (go) to China last year on a
business trip.
8. I _____________ (prepare) a sandwich for you earlier. _____________ (you/eat) it yet?
9. Susan _____________ (write) her first book 12 years ago. Since then, she _____________
(write) five novels.




Learning Goals:
Students are able to fluently use English in their shopping activities

Students able to use future tense properly
Students gain more sports vocabulary


A. Vocabulary.

B. At The Clothes Shop

Complete the sentences below with the following words:

bargain department designer discount footwear menswear
refund sale stock tailor

1. This jacket was on _______________ when I bought it. It usually costs twice as much.

2. _______________ clothes, such as Gucci jeans and Armani suits are usually very expensive.

3. We sell a wide variety of_______________ \including walking boots, high-heeled shoes and


4. You can find suits, ties and shirts in the _______________ section.
5. In a _______________ store you can find a wide range of different products.
6. These jeans are too long. They were the last pair in the shop, so I think I'll take them to
a_______________ to get them shortened.
7. I only paid $10 for this sweater. It was a real _______________.
8. They give you a 10% _______________ if you buy more than three items.
9. Michael didn't like the jacket I bought for him, so I took it back and asked for a
10. The book I wanted was out of _______________. The shop assistant told me to come back
next Friday.

B. Listening’

Listen to the dialogue. Tick the items that the customer buys.
Pair of jeans

C. Role-play

In pairs, role play the following situations.
Take turns to be shop assistant and customer.
Role play 1

Customer: You want to buy a jumper, a shirt, and a pair of trousers. You see a shirt and a
pair of trousers that you like. You see a nice blue jumper, but you'd prefer it in black.
Shop assistant: Black jumpers are out of stock, and only the trousers are in the customer's


Role play 2
Customer: You like a sweater and a pair of shoes. Ask the shop assistant if they have the
sweater in another colour of your choice and if they have the shoes in your size. Try on
the items and decide whether to buy.
Shop assistant: Help the customer.

Role play 3
Customer: You see a jacket that you like. Decide whether to buy.
Shop assistant: Try to sell the jacket to your customer. Talk about its material and ask if
the customer would like to try it on.

D. Grammar

Future Tenses


E. Practice 1


F. Practice 2




Learning Goals:
Students are able make a phone call in English

Students able to use phone call expressions
Students understand and able to use noun clause

Students gain more vocabulary knowledge


A. Phrasal Verbs


B. Listening

1. Listen to the beginning and end of another telephone conversation and put T (True) or F
(False) next to the following statements:
1. Carl would rather talk about business than make small talk.
2. Alison wants to end the conversation quickly.

2. Useful expressions
Listen again and complete the expressions below:
1. _____________, what can I do for you?
2. _____________ the_____________, how's Mario getting along?
3. _____________, are you happy with the figures?
4. _____________, it's been good _____________ to you.
5. There's an important call _____________ come _____________ on the other line.
6. I have to_____________.

3. Put the above expressions into the following categories:
a. Moving the conversation to the main subject of the call:
b. Bringing the conversation back to the main subject of the call:
c. Changing the topic:
d. Bringing the conversation to an end:
Add the following expressions to the categories above:
Anyway, the reason I called is because ...
Before I forget, ...
So, as I was saying, ...
Anyway, getting back to what we were talking about, ...
Was there something you wanted to discuss?
I'll let you go now.


C. Role-play

Role play the following short phone calls with your partner, using expressions from this
Student A: Student B has an important name and address that you need. You are very busy and
don't have much time for small talk. Call him/her.
Student B: You receive a phone call from Student A. You are bored and want to chat.
Student A: Call Student B to discuss a work project. You are not very busy and you want to chat
for a while.
Student B: You receive a phone call from Student A. You have an important meeting to attend in
5 minutes and so you don't have much time to chat.


D. Relative Clauses


1. Practice 1
2. Practice 2



Asking for Direction

Students are able to ask direction in English
Students able to understand adjective and adverbs
Students able to write a descriptive text using adjectives and adverbs

from the class


A. Asking for/ Giving Direction Expressions

Asking for direction Giving Direction

 Excuse me! How do I get to the…?  Go straight ahead
 Excuse me! Where is the…?  Go along the street.
 Excuse me! is there a … near  Turn left/right
 Cross the street
here?  Go past
 Excuse me! Can you tell me the  Go through the park/…
 Go across the bridge..
way to the …?


1. Practice Direction

B. Listening

Claire is in a new town. She is lost. Listen to the dialogues and write `museum', `bank' and
`supermarket' on the map or next to the numbers below.



Listening 2


C. Role-play

D. Adjective & Adverb

An adjective is a word that describes An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an
a noun or a pronoun. It often answers adjective, or another adverb. Adverbs
questions such as which one, what frequently end in -ly. They answer questions
kind, or how many? such as how, to what extent, why, when,
and where.
1. The green sweater belongs to Iris.
2. She looks beautiful. 1. Bertrand sings horribly.
2. My sociology instructor
o In sentence 1, green describes
the noun sweater. is extremely wise.
3. He threw the ball very accurately.
o In second, beautiful describes
the pronoun she. 27

E. Exercise

Complete the following sentences by adding the correct adjective or adverb from the
list in the previous section. Identify the word as an adjective or an adverb (Adj, Adv).

1. Frederick ________ choked on the piece of chicken when he saw Margaret walk through
the door.

2. His ________ eyes looked at everyone and everything as if they were specimens in a
biology lab.

3. Despite her pessimistic views on life, Lauren believes that most people have ________

4. Although Stefan took the criticism ________, he remained calm.
5. The child developed a ________ imagination because he read a lot of books.
6. Madeleine spoke ________ while she was visiting her grandmother in the hospital.
7. Hector’s most ________ possession was his father’s bass guitar from the 1970s.
8. My definition of a ________ afternoon is walking to the park on a beautiful day,

spreading out my blanket, and losing myself in a good book.
9. She ________ eyed her new coworker and wondered if he was single.
10. At the party, Denise ________ devoured two pieces of pepperoni pizza and a several

slices of ripe watermelon.

E. Write a Descriptive text

In descriptive writing, the author does not just tell the reader what was seen, felt, tested,
smelled, or heard. Rather, the author describes something from their own experience and,
through careful choice of words and phrasing, makes it seem real. Descriptive writing is vivid,
colorful, and detailed.


Writing exercise

Write a descriptive paragraph about ‘Your favorite place on earth’ and try to describe it with
adjectives and adverbs as much as you can.



Writing an email

Learning Goals:
Students are able to send business email

Students are able to use phrasal verbs
Students able to rewrite an informal email into formal version


A. Email Vocabulary

Match the terms on the left with the correct definitions on the right:

1. spam a. a combination of symbols, e.g. ⌣¨
2. an attachment used in an email to express a particular
b. a file, e.g. a document, photo or
computer programme, which is joined to
an email

3. a read receipt c. a formal statement saying that you are
not legally responsible for something

4. an emoticon d. an angry email

5. a disclaimer e. confirmation that you have read

6. a message thread f. the history of correspondence

7. flame mail g. unwanted emails, usually



B. How to write an email


 Write an email to your friend, to tell your experience competing abroad!

C. Informal vs Formal


D. Re-write an email

Look at the formal email below.
Imagine Paul Davies and Karen Steele have a very informal relationship. Rewrite it using informal
expressions and phrasal verbs from this lesson.
Dear Mr Davies,
I apologize for the late reply. We have been renovating our office this week.
Anyway, I am delighted to inform you that your application for a grant has been approved. Please
find attached the agreement.
Would you please visit our office tomorrow so that we can sign the paperwork? I'm leaving the office
at 5pm so please try to get here before then. And I would like to remind you to bring with you all
relevant company documents.
Kind Regards,
Karen Steele
Accounts manager
ABC Capital




Learning Goals:
Students are able to making an argument
Students able to understand comparatives and superlative
Students able to write a persuasive email


A. Vocabulary.

 First of all, I think … Providing Examples
 Not only that, but I also think that …
 Because of …  Take for example (the case of) …
 That is why …  Look at …
 Although it is true that … it would be  For instance … / For example …
 Let me give you an example.
wrong to claim that …

Linking Arguments

 Most probably …
 In other words, …
 It is important to mention that …

Addition and Conclusion

B. Listening.

A. Listen carefully to the podcast and please write down and categorize
the phrases from the recording on the blank space below!

Agree Disagree


C. Speaking (Role Play)

B. Choose your group member, each group consist of 3 people. There
are three roles such as:

 1ST person: The representative of committee who conduct the competition,
she/he demonstrated the rules that had been made.

 2nd person: people who disagree with the rules
 3rd person: people who agree the rules.

The regulation:
 The duration is 10 - 15 minutes for each group.
 You can adapt from any resources, such as YouTube.

C. Grammar; comparatives & superlatives

Comparatives Superlatives

We use comparatives to compare two Superlatives are used, however, to show
things or two people. the difference between more than two
things or more than two people
Example: She is taller than her husband
Example: Paris is the biggest city in

C. Fill in the blanks based on the comparative and superlative of each

Words Comparatives Superlatives



D. Fill in the blanks based on the details of the picture below!

E. Reading (Persuasive Text)

E. Read the passage and highlight the text based on the details in the
box below!

School Uniforms Should Not Be Required

Should school uniforms be required? Some parents and educations say that
uniforms help students focus on academics instead of fashion. Others believe that
kids should have the freedom to choose what they wear to school. After considering
both sides of the issue, I strongly believe that uniforms should not be requires in

Some parents and teachers think that letting kids wear what they want is a
recipe for trouble. Without uniforms, they say, kids will focus on clothes instead of
schoolwork. There will be pressure to buy expensive clothes, which many families
cannot afford. For these reasons, some people insist that uniforms are necessary.

I disagree. There will always be distractions. Kids should be encouraged and
instead to focus on their schoolwork or they will never learn to be responsible.
Uniforms are not free. If families are spending money, they should be able to choose
the clothes they buy. Also, uniforms interfere with self-expression. Requiring uniforms
sends a message that all led are the same. If schools want kids to be themselves they
should not force all students to dress alike.

For all of these reasons, school uniforms should not be required. If teachers
and principals want to have a say about students’ clothes, they should consider a
school dress code. That way, kids would have an opportunity to choose what to wear
while adults would have an opportunity to set limits.

The writers’ add details to In conclusion, the writer makes a
support their opinion suggestion about what should be

Main details about the opposing done to address the issue
point of view
The writers explain why he or she
The writers’ use questions word disagrees with the opposing point
to summarizes different opinions
of view
on the topic
The writers’ point of view 41

F. Writing

The Subject of the email The main
details, to Greeting or opening the email purpose of
persuade the email
and Name of
support sender
what the

F. Create persuasive emails to your friends and ask them to join your
new business. Make them attractive with your offer!




Students are able to making small talks
Students able to understand preposition grammar
Students able to write a letter with comparing places between the two


A. Vocabulary.

A. Find the definition of the vocabulary below!

Vocabulary Definition








Cheer on

B. Choose the most suitable word underline in each sentence!

1. Sue came first in the 5000 meters competition / game / race.
2. Brenda goes jogging every morning to keep exercised / fit / trained.
3. Our team beat/ defeat / won the match by two goals to nil.
4. The local stadium isn’t large enough for so many audience / viewer /

5. I’m afraid I don’t find basketball all very interested / interesting.
6. Norman won first medal / prize / reward in the cookery competition.
7. All competitors / rivals / supporters for the relay race should make their way to the

8. The final result was a/an draw / equal / score.

C. Explain the differences between …
1. Amateur and professionals

2. Winner and a runner-up

3. Win and to beat


B. Listening.

D. Listen to a short presentation in this link . As you listen, take notes
in the chart.


Most important





C. Grammar: Preposition of place.

A. Answer the questions below based on the maps here.

The library is _________ smith street.
The hospital is _________ the grocery store.
The bank is _______ the grocery store and the bakery.
The bus stop is _______ the grocery store.


B. Fill the blank!

Choose the correct answer between True or False of each question!

1. The radio is in the table. (T/F)

2. The telephone is behind the plant. (T/F)

3. The book is on the table. (T/F)

4. The lamp is under the sofa. (T/F)

5. The TV is front of the sofa. (T/F)

6. The clock is on the books. (T/F)

7. The bike is behind the sofa. (T/F)

8. The rug is under the table. (T/F)

9. The pillows are in the sofa. (T/F)


D. Speaking

Ask a question that signals your need to confirm your understanding.
Do you mean that …?
Excuse me, are you saying …?
Does that mean …?

Restate what the speaker said in your own words.
If I understand you, …
(So) you’re saying that …

C. Complete the conversations using expression from speaking skill
above. Then practice the conversation with a partner.

1. A: Did you hear that starting next month there won’t be a “casual
Friday” anymore?
B: What? ____________________________ they are getting rid of
casual Friday completely?
A: Yes, the email said no more casual Fridays.
B: Oh.

2. A: More and more customers are looking for a sign of professionalism.
B: ______________________________ they prefer less casual dress?
A: Yeah, that’s right.
B: ___________________________

3. A: If my desk is too organized, I can’t be creative
B: _______________________ you need to be messy to work well?
A: Yeah, I need little mess.
B: ___________________

D. Choose one conversation above, then practice it and elaborate the
conversation with your pair.


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