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Published by trahsafiee, 2021-11-22 03:19:16

Covid-19 Booklet

Covid-19 Booklet

CORONAVIRUS KAERBTUO

By:
Fatinah Nadiah Binti Abd Halim
Nur Athirah Binti Safiee

WHAT IS COVID-19?

COVID-19 is the disease caused by
SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that
emerged in December 2019. COVID-
19 can be severe, and has caused
millions of deaths around the world
as well as lasting health problems in
some who have survived the illness.

Coronavirus is also called COVID-19?
COVID-19 is a virus that has affected many
people around the world
A virus or an illness that can spread easily
from one person to another

It is spreading quickly

1

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN

CORONA VIRUS AND COVID -19?

‘Coronavirus’ actually refers to a COVID-19 is what experts are
handful of diseases calling this particular disease

The concept of coronavirus isn’t new. The Experts refer to this coronavirus as the
term refers to a group of viruses that are “novel coronavirus,” meaning it’s a new
known to cause respiratory issues. So even type of coronavirus that was not
though many are referring to the illness previously known or understood by health
circling around right now as “coronavirus,” experts. COVID-19 is the illness caused
that’s not actually the name of the disease. by the novel coronavirus.
(As Teen Vogue perfectly described it, “this
is, technically speaking, like using the term COVID-19 can lead to major health
‘dog’ to describe a pitbull.”) problems like pneumonia and organ
failure, and it can also cause issues like
The severity of coronaviruses can range shortness of breath and fever (more on
from being mild ― like the common cold ― general symptoms in a moment). People
to more serious symptoms that can lead to who are at the highest risk for severe
hospitalization, like lung problems. Some complications from COVID-19 are those
examples of previous coronaviruses include who are over 65, anyone who may be
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) immunocompromised, and those with
and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome chronic medical conditions like heart
(MERS). disease, diabetes and lung disease.

2

WHO ISSUED THE OFFICIAL NAME OF COVID-19?

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
(WHO)

IS COVID-19 CAUSED BY A VIRUS OR BACTERIA?

Covid-19 is caused by virus. That is why
antibiotic cannot be used to cure Covid-
19

IN WHAT CONDITION DOES COVID-19 SURVIVE THE LONGEST?

Indoor place with poor ventilation
Crowded places

3

WHAT ARE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF THE
CORONAVIRUS DISEASE?

Fever
Tiredness
Cough
Loss of taste

HOW LONG DOES THE VIRUS THAT CAUSES COVID -19
LAST ON SURFACES?

Indoor approximately 7 days
Longer on plastic and metal
Longer in areas with lower
temperatures low humidity, and low
sunlight.

4

PREVENTIONS COVID-19

Mask
Hand sanitizer

Vaccine Handwashing
Social distancing

p5n

WHAT CAUSES COVID-19? )91-DIVOC( SURIVANOROC

01

it remains unclear exactly how the virus first spread to
humans. Some reports trace the earliest cases back to a
seafood and animal market in Wuhan. It may have been
from here that SARS-CoV-2 started to spread to humans.

WHAT COVID-19 IS TEACHING US?

02

COVID-19 is a reminder that human health and
environmental health is closely linked. There are about 8
million species of life on the Earth, of which humans are
just one. These include an estimated 1.7 million
unidentified viruses, recognized as the type that may
infect people, existing in mammals and water birds. Any
one of these could be transferred to humans, if we don’t
take preventative measures now.
The most fundamental way to protect ourselves from
zoonotic diseases is to prevent destruction of nature.
Where ecosystems are healthy and biodiverse, they are
resilient, adaptable and help to regulate diseases.

Greater biodiversity and ecosystem integrity can help
regulate diseases by supporting a diversity of species,
so that it is more difficult for one pathogen to spread
rapidly or dominate. Pathogens, that are passed around
among reservoirs in animals is more likely to meet an
example of effective resilience–where there is greater
diversity.
Genetic diversity builds disease resistance among
animal populations and decreases the chances of
outbreaks of high-impact animal diseases, according to
a 2017 IPBES report. Conversely, intensive livestock
farming can produce genetic similarities within herds
and flocks, reducing resilience and making them more
susceptible to pathogens. This, by extension, exposes
humans to a higher risk.

6

ADVICES FOR PUBLIC

Hand sanitizers can be used often

An alcohol-based sanitizer does not create antibiotic
resistance. Unlike other antiseptics and antibiotics, pathogens
(harmful germs) do not seem to develop resistance to alcohol-
based sanitizers.

Alcohol-based sanitizers are safe for everyone
to use
Alcohols in the sanitizers have not been shown to create any
relevant health issues. Little alcohol is absorbed into the skin,
and most products contain an emollient to reduce skin
dryness. Allergic contact dermatitis and bleaching of hand
hair due to alcohol are very rare adverse effects. Accidental
swallowing and intoxication have been described in rare
cases.

Touching a communal bottle of alcohol-based sanitizer will
not infect you
Once you've sanitized your hands, you have disinfected them
from any germs that may have been on the bottle. If everyone
uses sanitizer in a public place such as a supermarket entrance,
the risk of germs on communal items will be lower and will help
keep everyone safe.

7

Water or swimming does not transmit the COVID-19 virus
The COVID-19 virus does not transmit
through water while swimming. However,
the virus spreads between people when
someone has close contact with an
infected person.

The prolonged use of medical masks* when properly worn,
DOES NOT cause CO2 intoxication nor oxygen deficiency
The prolonged use of medical masks can be uncomfortable.
However, it does not lead to CO2 intoxication nor oxygen
deficiency. While wearing a medical mask, make sure it fits
properly and that it is tight enough to allow you to breathe
normally. Do not re-use a disposable mask and always
change it as soon as it gets damp.

The COVID-19 virus can spread in hot and humid climates

Is dexamethasone a treatment for all COVID-19 patients?
Dexamethasone should be reserved for patients who need it
most. It should not be stockpiled.

It provided no improvement for patients with mild symptoms.
Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid used for its anti-
inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects. For some
COVID-19 patients on ventilators, a daily 6 mg dose of
dexamethasone for 10 days improved their health

8

THANK YOU.

Hope you have clear understanding on COVID-19.
Stay Safe.


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