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Published by adverts.structureanddesign, 2021-09-14 02:34:36

SD Issue 1 Digital

SD Issue 1 Digital

GREEN BUILDING

THE GREEN BUILDING
COUNCIL OF ZIMBABWE

INTRODUCTION stations). Such a reduction will in turn reduce approach to infrastructural design catering
these greenhouse gas emissions. for the 3 Ps namely resource efficiency
The Green Building Council of (Planet- Environment), occupants’ wellbeing
Zimbabwe (GBCZW), is a not for Globally, the built environment is (People) and GDP (Productivity).
profit making body collaborating responsible for 40% solid waste
for sustainability in the built environment. generation, 12% fresh water consumption • The GBCZW stimulates economic
The GBCZW predominantly focuses on and 40% end-use energy consumption. activity by challenging cross cutting
the built environment including office and professions in the built environment to
high rise buildings, housing, malls and COP 21: The Conference of Parties (a innovate, adopt and operate as per current
any infrastructure that involves some kind United Nations Framework on Climate and latest trends.
of construction activity (dams, bridges Change initiative) meeting held in Paris
etc), to ensure that these are designed, in December 2015 which Zimbabwe is • The GBCZW advocates for sound
built, operated and disposed off in an a signatory, hailed a historic agreement policies and regulations that support the
environmentally sustainable manner. The which states that Developed and green economic transformation.
organization was officially launched in Harare at Developing countries alike are required
The Rainbow Towers on the 30th of September to limit their emissions to relatively safe • The GBCZ conducts awareness
2016 in the presence of officials across all levels of 2 degrees Celsius. This cannot be and education activities that produce
sectors of government, the private sector, the achieved without strong emission reduction professionals with unique skills and
civil society and various media houses. measures in the building sector. To competencies for the green economy.
emphasize the importance of the buildings
WHY THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT? sector, the COP21 meeting had a whole • The GBCZW, through its affiliation
According to the United Nations day dedicated for the buildings sector. to the World Green Building Council,
Environment Programme (UNEP), headquartered in the United States, and
buildings constitute 1/3 of all the Green The UN Sustainable Development Goals through its access to a combined over
House Gas (GHG) emissions which (SDGs): The UN SDGs which officially 100 established and emerging GBCs
result in climate change in their operation came into effect on 1 January 2016 are across the world will have access to latest
life cycle (construction, operation and an ambitious set of 17 goals set by the trends, technologies and will be a portal
decommissioning). Consequently, buildings United Nations to banish a whole host of of information for sustainability in the built
also offer the cheapest GHG emission ills by the year 2030. A close look at the environment.
reductions opportunities. SDGs reflects that most of these goals are
closely linked to the built environment and • The GBCZW will further aid in
*To understand this, think of electricity i.e. over its development. Of the 17 SDGs, 10 are employment creation in two ways:
1/3 of electricity produced is used in buildings, closely linked to the built environment. (I) By employing a fully functional
and a reduction in the electricity consumption secretariat which runs the GBCZW office
in buildings for instance will result in less THE ROLE OF THE GBCZW on a full time basis.
electricity demand in buildings leading to less The GBCZW aids in Green Economic (II) By the creation of green jobs to support
electricity generation which predominantly Transformation by collaborating for integrated the huge green economic transformation
comes from fossil fuels (e.g. coal fired power building designs and a multidisciplinary which will need a new skills set.

51

GREEN BUILDING The Eastgate Mall, by architect Mick Pearce is a
good example of a world-famous green building.
opened in 1996, it was designed to be ventilated
and cooled by entirely natural means, it is said to
probably have been the first building in the world to
use natural cooling to that level of sophistication.
Passive cooling works by storing heat in the day
and venting it at night as temperatures drop.

52

EMERGE Competition DESIGN EDUCATION

THE EMERGE Competition calls Studio |D| Tale], NICOLAS-PATIENCE The judges consider the planning and
Zimbabwean architecture students BASABOSE [DESIGN SCIENTIST], spatial layout of the proposed building.
across the globe to offer innovative ADAM LEE CASEY [PROFESSIONAL
architectural solutions that meet DESIGNER/ARCHITECT]. This also includes the participant’s chosen
the current issues of the Zimbabwean brief and how it responds to the concept
context. This competition gives students JUDGING CRITERIA and design intent.
a platform to exhibit ideas that address
and improve living conditions in Zimbabwe The Jury used the guideline below in ‘Living Tomorrow’ /20marks
through design. Following the launch of judging the projects:
the Emerge competition in 2015, they The judges consider the participant’s
received registrations from Zimbabwe, Originality & Relevance /20marks response to the 2015 theme ‘Living
South Africa, Namibia, Cyprus, Spain, Tomorrow’. The participants were given
India, Singapore, Egypt, Togo, Switzerland, The judges consider the Design Intent, leeway in connecting with issues that
Tunisia, UK and Mexico. The feedback concept and originality of the participant’s interest them, for example, socio-
was inspiring, using social media as their idea, the relevance in the future context economic, cultural, environmental
main tool for advertising. The architecture along with the issues raised in the (sustainability) or agricultural influences.
schools in Zimbabwe have also shown participant’s Design Intent. Their interests were to guide their schemes
interest in incorporating future competition and offer a solution for the future context of
briefs in their curriculum, making it easier Spatial organisation and Function /20marks Zimbabwe.
for students to submit a proposal without
impacting their school work schedule.

The 2015 theme ‘Living Tomorrow’
challenged students to apply their design
skills to the issue of sustainability. The
students were required to define the home
of the future and to explore an architectural
program that challenges environmental
and agricultural solutions, cultural barriers,
building technology and addressing
affordability.

The jury comprised of an international
panel of professionals including Architects
and Designers: RUVIMBO MOYO
[ARCHITECT/ FOUNDER], MAXWELL
MUTANDA [CREATIVE DIRECTOR

Resolution /20marks

The judges consider the form, materiality,
detailing, usability and technology
used (especially of the future context),
innovation and expression of the project.

Overall Submission Overview /20marks

The judges consider the participant’s
submission as a whole. This includes
quality, aesthetics (presentation and
building form), response to the brief,
innovation, creative solutions, ideas
brought forward and clear stance taken.

Total 100 marks

53

DESIGN EDUCATION

The winning project by Michael Hobbs met the challenge
posed by the brief with maturity and imagination, producing a
buildable response. It would be interesting to see the market
idea divorced from the existing site and adapted in other
neglected areas across the country. The judges thought the
project responded successfully to the brief and held the ideals
the competition wishes to uphold.

1st place proposal by MICHAEL HOBBS,
University of Cape Town (4th Year)

In second place, the proposal by Tinotenda Ncube had a nature conservation as the driving force behind the project. More data on the context and need of this intervention
would have aided in making this a more successful submission and supported the choice of the location and given a measurable prediction of its transformational impact
to give this design intent more substance. Another species more indigenous and common to the area at the forefront of the project would have added to the legitimacy of
the proposal. In third place, the proposal by Marvin Ncube makes good use of existing technology and offers beautiful interior solutions with a design intent that shows an
understanding of the brief.The proposal would have been more successful if it addressed the economic reality of the majority of Zimbabweans.
We are looking forward to EMERGE’s upcoming 2016 “Rising Youth’ themed edition. emergecompetition.com

54

KITCHEN LINK

55

MATERIAL FOCUS ITCHEN LINK stands
proud as the home
of expert deco.
Their office on 36

KFereday Drive in
Eastlea Harare, is
as impressive as their products.
There is nothing about the building
that screams ‘usual’ or any angle
that does not preach quality and
sophistication.

A shiny standard bolted to They are experts in design and Site visits are a prerequisite to cater for indivudual client
the lovely cladding was used manufacture of kitchen cabinets needs, 3D designs are then generated for the clients approval.
to enhance the design of the from contemporary to farm style To really tailor the design clients select all accessories,
building. It is also evident on the and also do open plan modern finishes and a quote is generated.
pillar supporting the jut at the sliding door wardrobes.
front face of the building. From
that corner vantage you see a lot Kitchen link provides a wide
of brilliant shapes formed from range of materials and colours,
the design’s angling stand-out from teak to melamine to cater
features. The landscaping and for every pocket. The same with
paving complement the whole their beautiful countertops such
building and where it stands in its as wooden top, post form top,
imposing aesthetic. The colours granite, ceasar stones, café
work well together too, especially quartz .
the infrastructures’ grey shade and
the gardens’green essence.

Architects who build it wanted to
capture a character. A character
echoed by the lively attendants,
their warm reception area and the
general welcoming interior.

The whole house is a showroom
featuring the very best of what
Kitchen Link can do. It was an
endeavour to assist customers
in seeing exactly what they are
buying as well as give ideas on
the planning of the product once
purchased.

56

Kitchenlink

strives to be conscious
of new international
trends, constantly
updating themselves in
leading materials and
methodologies. They
have brought a lot of
flexibility in the market.
Visit the Kitchen Link
showroom today and
experience your kitchen
before it is assembled
in your home.

57

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69

GARDEN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

PERMACULTURE

Permaculture Ethics and engineering, and environmental design The three core tenets of permaculture
Design Principles are thinking tools, Permaculture is a system of agricultural
that when used together, allow us and social design principles centered Care for the earth: Provision for all life systems
to creatively re-design our environment on simulating or directly utilizing the to continue and multiply. This is the first
and our behavior in a world of less energy patterns and features observed in natural principle, because without a healthy earth,
and resources ecosystems. humans cannot flourish.

The foundations of permaculture are the Permaculture was developed, and the Care for the people: Provision for people to
ethics (centre) which guide the use of the term coined by Bill Mollison and David access those resources necessary for their
12 design principles, ensuring that they Holmgren in 1978. existence.
are used in appropriate ways.
It has many branches that include but Return of surplus: Reinvesting surpluses back
These principles are seen as universal, are not limited to ecological design, into the system to provide for the first two
although the methods used to express ecological engineering, environmental
them will vary greatly according to the design, construction and integrated water
place and situation. They are applicable resources management that develops
to our personal, economic, social and sustainable architecture, and regenerative
political reorganisation as illustrated in the and self-maintained habitat and
permaculture flower. agricultural systems modeled from natural
ecosystems.
Each principle can be thought of as a door
that opens into whole systems thinking, Mollison has said: “Permaculture is
providing a different perspective that can a philosophy of working with, rather
be understood at varying levels of depth than against nature; of protracted and
and application. thoughtful observation rather than
protracted and thoughtless labor; and of
INTRODUCTION TO PERMACULTURE looking at plants and animals in all their
functions, rather than treating any area as
A branch of ecological design, ecological a single product system.”

70

ethics. This includes returning waste back into
the system to recycle into usefulness. The third
ethic is sometimes referred to as Fair Share to
reflect that each of us should take no more than
what we need before we reinvest the surplus.

Permaculture design emphasizes patterns Obtain a yield: Ensure that you are getting on the basis of the frequency of human
of landscape, function, and species truly useful rewards as part of the work that use and plant or animal needs. Frequently
assemblies. It determines where these you are doing. manipulated or harvested elements of
elements should be placed so they Apply self-regulation and accept feedback: the design are located close to the house
can provide maximum benefit to the We need to discourage inappropriate activity in zones 1 and 2. Less frequently used
local environment. The central concept to ensure that systems can continue to or manipulated elements, and elements
of permaculture is maximizing useful function well. that benefit from isolation (such as wild
connections between components and Use and value renewable resources and species) are farther away. Zones are about
synergy of the final design. The focus of services: Make the best use of nature’s positioning things appropriately, and are
permaculture, therefore, is not on each abundance to reduce our consumptive behavior numbered from 0 to 5.
separate element, but rather on the and dependence on non-renewable resources.
relationships created among elements by Produce no waste: By valuing and making use Zone 0
the way they are placed together; the whole of all the resources that are available to us,
becoming greater than the sum of its parts. nothing goes to waste. The house, or home center. Here
Permaculture design therefore seeks to Design from patterns to details: By stepping permaculture principles would be applied
minimize waste, human labour, and energy back, we can observe patterns in nature and in terms of aiming to reduce energy and
input by building systems with maximal society. These can form the backbone of our water needs, harnessing natural resources
benefits between design elements to designs, with the details filled in as we go. such as sunlight, and generally creating
achieve a high level of synergy. Permaculture Integrate rather than segregate: By putting the a harmonious, sustainable environment
designs evolve over time by taking into right things in the right place, relationships in which to live and work. Zone 0 is
account these relationships and elements develop between those things and they work an informal designation, which is not
and can become extremely complex together to support each other. specifically defined in Bill Mollison’s book.
systems that produce a high density of food Use small and slow solutions: Small and slow
and materials with minimal input. systems are easier to maintain than big ones, Zone 1
making better use of local resources and The zone nearest to the house, the
The design principles which are the producing more sustainable outcomes. location for those elements in the system
conceptual foundation of permaculture Use and value diversity: Diversity reduces that require frequent attention, or that need
were derived from the science of vulnerability to a variety of threats and
systems ecology and study of pre- takes advantage of the unique nature of the
industrial examples of sustainable land environment in which it resides.
use. Permaculture draws from several Use edges and value the marginal: The interface
disciplines including organic farming, between things is where the most interesting events
agroforestry, integrated farming, take place. These are often the most valuable,
sustainable development, and applied diverse and productive elements in the system.
ecology.Permaculture has been applied Creatively use and respond to change: We can
most commonly to the design of housing have a positive impact on inevitable change by
and landscaping, integrating techniques carefully observing, and then intervening at the
such as agroforestry, natural building, right time.
and rainwater harvesting within the
context of permaculture design principles PERMACULTURE ZONES 0-5
and theory.
Zones are a way of intelligently organizing
TWELVE PERMACULTURE DESIGN
PRINCIPLES articulated by David design elements in a human environment
Holmgren in his Permaculture: Principles
and Pathways Beyond Sustainability:

Observe and interact: By taking time to engage
with nature we can design solutions that suit
our particular situation.
Catch and store energy: By developing systems
that collect resources at peak abundance, we can
use them in times of need.

71

GARDEN & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE to be visited often, such as salad crops, intervention in zone 5 apart from the or renewable resources, as well as those
herb plants, soft fruit like strawberries or observation of natural ecosystems and that, while recycled or salvaged, produce
raspberries, greenhouse and cold frames, cycles. Through this zone we build up a healthy living environments and maintain
propagation area, worm compost bin for natural reserve of bacteria, moulds and indoor air quality.
kitchen waste, etc. Raised beds are often insects that can aid the zones above it.
used in zone 1 in urban areas. The basis of natural building is the need
People and permaculture to lessen the environmental impact of
Zone 2 buildings and other supporting systems,
This area is used for siting perennial plants Permaculture uses observation of nature without sacrificing comfort, health, or
that require less frequent maintenance, to create regenerative systems, and the aesthetics. To be more sustainable, natural
such as occasional weed control or place where this has been most visible has building uses primarily abundantly available,
pruning, including currant bushes and been on the landscape. There has been renewable, reused, or recycled materials.
orchards, pumpkins, sweet potato, etc. a growing awareness though that firstly, In addition to relying on natural building
there is the need to pay more attention materials, the emphasis on the architectural
Zone 3 to the people care ethic, as it is often the design is heightened. The orientation of a
The area where main-crops are grown, dynamics of people that can interfere with building, the utilization of local climate and
both for domestic use and for trade projects, and secondly that the principles site conditions, the emphasis on natural
purposes. After establishment, care and of permaculture can be used as effectively ventilation through design, fundamentally
maintenance required are fairly minimal to create vibrant, healthy and productive lessen operational costs and positively
(provided mulches and similar things are people and communities as they have impact the environment. Building compactly
used), such as watering or weed control been in landscapes and minimizing the ecological footprint is
maybe once a week. common, as are on-site handling of energy
Natural building acquisition, on-site water capture, alternate
Zone 4 sewage treatment, and water reuse.
A semi-wild area. This zone is mainly used A natural building involves a range of
for forage and collecting wild food as well as building systems and materials that Landscapes can be designed to meet key
production of timber for construction or firewood. place major emphasis on sustainability. human needs of food, water, energy and
Ways of achieving sustainability through shelter in a way that also enhances the
Zone 5 natural building focus on durability and natural environment. This can be achieved by
A wilderness area. There is no human the use of minimally processed, plentiful employing Permaculture design principles.

72

Clephas’ Plate
There are two dish versions in the HOUSE
BY THE SEA collection. This is one of
them. It is a “non-directional dish” in a
beautiful triangle shape forming beautiful
patterns when you put several together.

The platters from the venture between
Shona Art sculptors in Chitungwiza Arts
Centre in Zimbabwe and Danish Fairtrade
Designers can be used for a rustic serving
of cheese and fruit. The slightly soft African
stone, patinated beautifully, will get even
more patinated in use – or the surface
can be sealed with a good vegetable oil.
A wooden knife is recommend for soft
cheeses.

Clephas’ Platter in Springstone / Clephas’
Platter in Opal

Designer Stones HOUSE BY THE SEA

These Stones are designs from the cooperation between Shona Art sculptors and Danish Fairtrade Designers in Zimbabwe

We found out about HOUSE BY
THE SEA through an exhibition
they held at the National Gallery
of Zimbabwe. They trade and produce
quality interior for modern lifestyles made
of natural raw materials. They facilitate
design workshops and are producing and
trading according to Fair Trade principles.
On their website, they show products that
they have in their showroom in Harare.
They ship to many places worldwide.
Introducing their ‘Designer Stones’ series.

BalOOOn Bowl Egg Bowl
The unique BalOOOn Bowl
is developed in an interesting The beautiful and harmonious Egg Bowls
venture between Danish Fairtrade are available in four sizes. The bowls
Designers and Shona Art sculptors outside surface is inspired by the avocado
in Chitungwiza Arts Centre in peel. The large bowls are beautiful for
Zimbabwe. The artist is inspired by salads or side dishes. The small bowls
the famous ceramist Salto and has can be used for snacks, small fruits or
created the specially sculpted bowl a simple flower head from the garden,
in springstone. or to store your jewellery overnight on
the table. Though just as important for
73 Fairtrade Designers and the sculptors in
Chitungwiza Arts Centre in Zimbabwe, the
bowls can be left blank and simply act as a
small sculpture on the table.

FOOD DESIGN Lights on Tray
Carved out of one spring stone, this is a
Embrace candlestick and a round dish at the same
A talented Shona Art Sculptor, was during a workshop in Zimbabwe with Fairtrade time. It can be used as a very simplistic
Designers, inspired by the Danish Architect and designer, Arne Jacobsen’s chair when candle holder or be decorated for the
he saw them for the first time in Danish design magazines. The fine bowl which has a season.
spherical bottom, stands up and dances on the table, if you give it a little push.
Put some water in the bowl and leave a
THE POT flower head to complement the candlestick
Stone bowl “THE POT” is a on the dinner table, or fill it with decorative
meeting between modern balls for Christmas. This functional product
Nordic design and a is the result of a workshop between the
historic” Haita” pot from the stone carvers in Zimbabwe and Danish
Zimbabwean cuisine. Fairtrade Designers.

Worm
Worm has a life in timber from Ghana before it came to Zimbabwe.
It is one of the results of a workshop between Fairtrade Designers and recognized
artists from Chitungwiza Arts Centre. It is a unique organic form of coherent bowls
that works great in both wood and stone.

Material / type of stone: Green Opal / White Opal / Spring stone /

ZIMStone Vase
Along with the stone carvers in Chitungwiza Arts Centre, Fairtrade Designers have
chosen to work on the popular series of ZIMStone candlesticks.
HOUSE BY THE SEA collection is expanded with a vase.
ZIMStone series consists of smaller stones from the production of large stone sculptures,
the small stone transformed into the finest unique design products and is represented
with their multi-faceted surfaces of small creatures that catch the light and thus seems to
constantly change shape.
HOUSE BY THE SEA
housebythesea.dk

74

ONE WITH NATURE TRAVEL & DESIGN

SANDIBE OKAVANGO SAFARI LODGE

Words by Dan Howarth [dezeen.com]

Sandibe Okavango Safari Lodge
Site: Botswana, Okavango Delta
Management company: &Beyond
Architects: Nicholas Plewman Architects in
collaboration with Michaelis Boyd Architects
Architectural project team members: Nick Plewman,
Duran Bezuidenhout, Alex Michaelis, Karolina
Szarmach
Interior designers: Fox Browne Creative
Engineers: De Villiers Sheard Consulting Engineers
Contractor: Lodge Builders Botswana
Alternative energy solutions: New Southern Energy
Landscaping: Gordon W Kershaw
Photography: www.dookphoto.com

The African armadillo (Pangolin) influenced
the curved, scale-covered form of this
boutique safari lodge in Botswana – one of
the winners at this year’s Architizer A+Awards.

Designed by South African firm Nicholas
Plewman Architects and UK studio
Michaelis Boyd, the Sandibe Okavango
Safari Lodge sits in the heart of the
Okavango Delta – a UNESCO World
Heritage Site teaming with wildlife.
Because of the land’s protected status,
construction in the area presents a
number of challenges and any new
buildings must meet strict requirements.

Each has to be fully built of bio-degradable
materials, make no physical impact on the

75

TRAVEL & DESIGN flora and fauna, and 70 per cent of energy
has to come from sustainable sources.

The resulting 24-bed hotel is constructed
almost entirely from wood and weaves
through the trees around the site.
The curving form of the main building –
created by giant laminated pine beams
– is covered in Canadian cedar shingles,
which look like the scales of a native small
mammal.

Other parts of the complex have screens
and partitions woven from eucalyptus laths
over stiff wire, while decks and floors are
made from a variety of hard woods.

Despite energy restrictions, the client
wanted guests to experience the same
hot water supply, luxury bathing and food
preparation as at the best hotels in the
world.

“The client expected a boutique hotel that
would deliver the very highest standards of
luxury to its well-heeled and well-travelled
guests,” the architects said. “The sorts of
compromises that inform most eco lodges
were not acceptable.”

To meet these demands, power is sourced
from a 100 kilovolt-amps photovoltaic
array, which means generators need only
run for three to four hours a day.
Hot water is delivered instantly to the
cabins from a solar array of tubes backed
up by heat pumps, continuously circulated
through a 2.5-kilometre ring main.

“The environmental success of the project
is perhaps best judged from the fact that
the area’s prolific wildlife including big
animals like elephants, hippos, lions and
leopards have continued to live on,” said
the architects.

“They use the site with such disregard for the
emerging and completed buildings that you
might imagine they simply don’t see it at all.”

Sandibe Okavango Safari Lodge was one
of the winners in the Hotels & Resorts
category at the A+Awards 2016.

Organised by Architizer, the awards promote
and celebrate the year’s best projects and
products. Their stated mission is to nurture
the appreciation of meaningful architecture
in the world and champion its potential for a
positive impact on everyday life.

76

77

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78

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