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Published by Siti Rosnani Mokri, 2019-12-17 00:02:45

ICHDC 2019

ICHDC 2019

ICHDC 2019

“HDC TOWARDS EDUCATION5.0”

1ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON
HUMANITIES, DESIGN & CREATIVITY

Programme and Abstracts Book

Best Western i-City, Shah Alam, Selangor Malaysia
18th December 2019

2

ICHDC 2019

FOREWORD

I bid a warm welcome to all participants of the 1st International Conference on
Humanities, Design & Creativity (ICHDC 2019) held on 18th December 2019 at the Best
Western i-City, Shah Alam, Selangor. Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) generates and
promotes new knowledge and talent for the industry, society and nation in general. We
define the learned person and ultimately the society we want to prosper in. The
symbiotic relationship UiTM has with external parties is kept in view as the society and
the industry are also impacting the way higher education is evolving.

Rapid global and technological changes following the fourth industrial revolution not
only require response but also a proactive fervour to make higher education ecosystem
future ready. This is what Education [email protected] is all about. It Is about nurturing the
UiTM brand of Millennials-young enthusiastic, diligent, highly principled and progressive
thinkers who are constantly learning and mindful of current and future states.
Congratulations to the Conference Chair, Associate Professor Dr Shahriman Zainal Abidin
and his team for organising this year’s conference. It is my wish that ICHDC 2019
generates a robust discourse committed to practical and cost effective solutions on the
theme “HDC towards Education5.0”. I hope to see increasingly high standards in
university-led research that is matched with real progress beyond this conference.

To all participants of the ICHDC2019, I trust that you will continuously seek to catalyse
new ideas and showcase the innovation efforts you have worked on. I look forward to
your contributions in making a positive change in Humanities, Design & Creativity.

Thank you.

Professor Emeritus Datuk Ir. Dr. Mohd Azraai Kassim
Vice-Chancellor
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)

3

ICHDC 2019

WELCOMING MESSAGE

On behalf of UiTM, I would like to extend a warm welcome to all presenters and
participants to the 1st International Conference on Humanities, Design & Creativity,
ICHDC 2019. One of the significant efforts by the office of Deputy Vice-Chancellor
(Research and Innovation) is the establishment of seven Communities of Research
(CoRe), one of which is Humanities, Design & Creativity (HDC).
For the purpose of providing a platform for researchers, academicians and practitioners
to share their research findings, HDC has taken the initiative to organise this
international HDC Conference. Around 40 research groups will participate in this one-
day conference. At the end of the conference, hopefully, all presenters and participants
will benefit from fruitful sharing sessions and the networking.
I would like to take this opportunity to express my sincere gratitude to all committee
members, reviewers, editors and staff for their great effort and continuous support in
making this conference a success. I hope you will benefit the most from this event.
Wishing all participants fruitful and productive session.
Thank you.
Professor Dr. Mohd Nazip Suratman
Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research & Innovation)
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)

4

ICHDC 2019

WELCOMING ADDRESS

The 1st International Conference on Humanities, Design & Creativity (ICHDC2019) held
on 18th December 2019 at Best Western i-City, Shah Alam. The ICHDC2019 is organized
by the Community of Research (CoRe), Humanities, Design & Creativity (ICHDC2019),
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM). The ICHDC 2019 International Conference highlights
the ‘HDC towards Education5.0” which provides a platform for a discussion and sharing
of ideas among researchers, decision-makers, industries and students. As a research
community, another important mileage for showing the commitment towards educating
the society is the launching of book entitled “Lecture Notes in Humanities, Design &
Creativity.”
I would humbly like to take this opportunity to express my sincere appreciation to the
ICHDC2019 organizing committee for their exemplary efforts and remarkable job. I am
also honoured to announce that my special thanks go to Office of Deputy Vice Chancellor
(Research & Innovation), UiTM for its undivided support throughout the conference
preparation. Sincere appreciation also goes to the supporting organizers. Last, but not
least, I acknowledge my gratitude to speakers, presenters, authors, session chairpersons
and attendees, whose contributions and efforts have made this great success possible.
May you all have a rewarding experience at the conference. Hopefully, all presenters
and participants will benefit from fruitful sharing sessions and the networking.
Thank you.
Associate Professor Dr Shahriman Zainal Abidin
Conference Chair ICHDC2019
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)

5

ICHDC 2019

CONTENTS

FOREWORD 2

Vice Chancellor 3
4
WELCOMING MESSAGE 11
18
Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research & Innovation)

WELCOMING ADDRESS

Conference Chair

CONFERENCE PROGRAMME

Abstracts

TRACK 1: ARCHITECTURE

The Guiding Principles to Enhance a Sociable Environment: 19
Insights from Islamic Built Environment

Sharifah Fadylawaty Syed Abdullah, Amal Hayati Ishak, Mohd Dani
Muhamad, Ezani Bin Yaakub

Visualisation of Undergraduate Architectural Research 20
Activities Through Mydissertplanner

Haryati Mohd Isa, Kartina Alauddin, Yuhainis Abdul Talib, Kharizam
Binti Ismail, Asmalia Che Ahmad, Nor Aini Salleh, Mohd Sabriza Abd.
Rashid

TRACK 2: DESIGN

A Semiotic study on Authenticity of Malay Traditional Batik 21

Rahman Rosman; Hanif Khairi

AI Adoption in the Printing Industry: An FVM Perspective 22

Muhammad Yusuf Masod

6

ICHDC 2019

Cultural Consciousness: A Case Study of Dying Art on Batik 23
Block in Malaysia

Faradiba Liana Naser, Hanif Khairi, Rafeah Legino, Rahman Rosman

Kelantan Kain Panjang History and an Overview 24

Sofiyah Nabilah Sulaiman, Mohd Azhar Samin

Designing Movable Kitchen Cart Through the Elements of Traditional 25

Baba Nyonya House

Dinah Rakhim, Rafeah Legino, Verly Veto Vermol

TRACK 3: EDUCATION

The Challenges on Developing Validation Protocol for New 26
Curriculum of Making4.0 Between Malaysian and European
Education Systems

Shahriman Zainal Abidin, Azmi Ibrahim, Aruan Efendy Mohd Ghazali;
Mohammad Azroll Ahmad, Mohd Shaleh Mujir

Visually Digitised Cultural Heritage Archiving Model for the 27
Preservation of Artwork

Rafeah Legino, Farid Raihan, Mohd Khairi Shamsudin, Mursyidah
Zainal Abidin, Jebakumari Selvarani d/o Ebenezer

Why Do Students Involved in E-Learning? A Reasoning Study 28
at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)

Nurliyana Mohd Shazali

Education 5.0 @ UiTM: Ensouling Authentic Learning Experiences 29
Through Global Learning
Nadiah Thanthawi Jauhari, Wan Faizatul Azirah Ismayatim, Juliane
Reinhardt-Max

7

ICHDC 2019

TRACK 4: ERGONOMICS 30

Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) Among Non-Occupational
Motorcyclist: What are the Issues

Helmi Rashid, Abdul Rahman Omar, Zamalia Mahmud, Wan
Muhammad Syahmi Wan Fauzi, Rohani Haron

Data Collection Instrument in Designerly Intuition Study 31

Natrina M. P. Toyong, Shahriman Zainal Abidin, S'harin Mokhtar

User-Experience: Braille Product Labelling Challenges for the 32
Visually Impaired

Nabihah Rozy, Verly Veto Vermol, Shahriman Zainal Abidin,
Rusmadiah Anwar

Cognitive Ergonomics of Formgiving as Unstructured 33
Approaches in Furniture Design Practice

Mohd Hasni Chumiran, Shahriman Zainal Abidin, Verly Veto Vermol

TRACK 5 : FINE ART 34

Iconography Underpinning Malaysian Portrait Painting

Rosliza Abdul Rahim, Kamal Abdul Aziz, Mumtaz Mokhtar, Rafeah
Legino

Collaborative Project of the Art Mural Between Fine Art 35
Department of UiTM and Petronas Dagangan Berhad (PDB)

Nadiah Mohamad

Reflection of the Mystical Element Through the Form of Sape' 36
Using Metal in Modern Sculpture

Nor Zafharina Zaluhi, Mohd Khairi Shamsudin, Ramlan Abdullah

8

ICHDC 2019 37
38
Constructed Extension from Personal Toys as Difference
Preferences into Synthetic Sculpture

Aliya Farhana Zainal, Ramlan Abdullah, Nadiah Binti Mohamad

TRACK 6: ISLAMIC STUDIES

Strengthening Mediation in Neighbourhood Dispute: An
Islamic Input

Syaimaa' Asbullah, Mohd Dani Muhamad, Ezani Yaakub, Sharifah
Fadylawaty Syed Abdullah, Mohd Solahuddin Shahruddin

The Good Old Days of Hisbah in Preserving Food Hygiene and 39
Safety

Amal Hayati Ishak, Sharifah Fadylawaty Syed Abdullah, Mohd Dani
Muhamad

The Roles of Muhtasib in Islamic Medieval Urban 40
Management 41

Tengku Nurul Sa'adah Tengku Zawawi, Amal Hayati Ishak, Mohd
Dani Muhamad

Islamic Psycho-Spiritual Support Model for Disaster Victims

Rafeah Saidon, Siti Khadijah Ab. Manan, Rosilawati Sueb, Noorul
Huda Sahari, Fairuz Nazri Abd Rahman

The Fundamental Issue of Advertising Supplementary Food 42
Product Based on Islamic Legal Maxim

Nurzahidah Jaapar, Mohd Faiz Mohamed Yusof, Mohd Dani
Muhamad, Sharifah Fadylawaty Syed Abdullah

9

ICHDC 2019 43

The Impacts of Gadget Use on Maqasid Shariah in the Context of
Mind Preservation: A Study Among UiTM Shah Alam Students
Sharifah Fadylawaty Syed Abdullah

TRACK 7: KANSEI & ENGINEERING DESIGN

A Development of Kansei Words for Robotic Learning and the 44
Elderly

Saiful Azman Bidin, Anitawati Mohd Lokman, Wan Abdul Rahim Wan
Mohd Isa

TRACK 8: LANGUAGE

Speech Acts in Trials of Under Age Sexual Criminal Case 45

Amirah Ahmad, Norizah Ardi, Rozaimah Rashidin

Speech Act of Flaming in Twitter Status: Issues and Concerns 46
in the Malaysian Context

Norizah Ardi, Amirah Ahmad, Nurrissammimayantie Ismail, Noriza
Daud

TRACK 9: LANGUAGE

Improving National Park Management in Malaysia: Towards 47
Greater Community Participation

Ahmad Naqiyuddin Bakar

Influencer Marketing: The Case for Regulation in Malaysia 48
Nor Fadzlina Nawi, Nur Amalina Faizol

Causes Underpinning the Commission of Crime by Children: 49
Some Evidence from Malaysia

Nadzriah Ahmad, Abdul Ghafur Hamid, Saodah Wok

10

ICHDC 2019

Liberating Orphan Works from the Copyright Orphanage: The 50
Malaysian Perspective

Muhamad Helmi Muhamad Khair, Haswira Nor Mohamad Hashim

Outbound Open Innovation Policy for Exploitation of 51
Intellectual Creation, Design and Creativity in Malaysian Public
Universities: Aim, Application and Strategy

Haswira Nor Mohamad Hashim, Muhamad Helmi Muhamad Khair,
Anida Mahmood

TRACK 10: MUSIC & PERFORMING ARTS

The Changing Landscape of the Malay Gamelan and Its 52
Implications on Music Education in Malaysia

Shahanum Mohd Shah, Janette Jannah Poheng

11

ICHDC 2019

CONFERENCE PROGRAMME

18TH DECEMBER 2019 (WEDNESDAY)

09:00 – 09:30 Registration & Morning Coffee
09:30 – 09:45
09:45 – 10:00 VVIP Arrival

National Anthem
Doa Recital

10:00 – 10:10 Welcoming Address

Assoc. Professor Dr. Shahriman Zainal Abidin
Conference Chair 1st International Conference HDC 2019

10:10 – 10:30 Opening Remark
YBhg. Professor Ir. Dr. Hj. Abdul Rahman Omar
Assistant Vice Chancellor (Strategy)
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)

10:30 – 10:45 Teaser
Book Launching
Best Paper Awards

10:45 – 11:45 Keynote Speaker
11:45 – 12:00 Mr. Azlan Othman
Chief Designer PROTON

Photo Session

12

ICHDC 2019

PARALLEL SESSIONS

ROOM 2
Track: Architecture & Ergonomics
Chairperson: Assoc. Professor Dr. Shahriman Zainal Abidin & Ms. Nadiah
Dato' Thanthawi Jauhari

12:00 - 12:10 The Guiding Principles to Enhance a Sociable Environment:
12:10 - 12:20 Insights from Islamic Built Environment
12:20 - 12:30 Presenter: Sharifah Fadylawaty Syed Abdullah
12:30 - 12:40
12:40 - 12:50 Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) Among Non Occupational
12:50 - 13:00 Motorcyclist: What are the Issues
Presenter: Helmi Rashid

Cognitive Ergonomics of Formgiving as Unstructured
Approaches in Furniture Design Practice
Presenter: Mohd Hasni Chumiran

User-Experience: Braille Product Labelling Challenges for
the Visually Impaired
Presenter: Verly Veto Vermol

Visualisation of Undergraduate Architectural Research
Activities Through Mydissertplanner
Presenter: Kartina Alauddin

Data Collection Instrument in Designerly Intuition Study
Presenter: Natrina M. P. Toyong

13

ICHDC 2019

PARALLEL SESSIONS

ROOM 2
Track: Design; Education; Music & Performing Arts, Kansei & Engineering
Chairperson: Professor Dr. Chan Yuen Fook & Professor Dr. Anitawati Mohd
Lokman

14:10 - 14:20 The Changing Landscape of the Malay Gamelan and Its
Implications on Music Education in Malaysia
Presenter: Janette Jannah Poheng

14:20 - 14:30 A Semiotic study on Authenticity of Malay Traditional Batik
Presenter: Rahman Rosman

14:30 - 14:40 AI Adoption in the Printing Industry: An FVM Perspective
14:40 - 14:50 Presenter: Muhammad Yusuf Masod
14:50 - 15:00
15:00 - 15:10 The Challenges on Developing Validation Protocol for New
15:10 - 15:20 Curriculum of Making4.0 Between Malaysian and European
Education Systems
Presenter: Shahriman Zainal Abidin

Why Do Students Involved in E-Learning? A Reasoning
Study at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
Presenter: Nurliyana Mohd Shazali

Cultural Consciousness: A Case Study Of Dying Art On Batik
Block In Malaysia
Presenter: Faradiba Liana Naser

A Development of Kansei Words for Robotic Learning and
the Elderly
Presenter: Saiful Azman Bidin

14

ICHDC 2019 Education 5.0 @ UiTM: Ensouling Authentic Learning
Experiences Through Global Learning
15:20 - 15:30 Presenter: Nadiah Thanthawi Jauhari
15:30 - 15:40
15:40 - 15:50 Designing Movable Kitchen Cart Through the Elements of
15:50 - 16:00 Traditional Baba Nyonya House
Presenter: Dinah Rakhim
16:00
Kelantan Kain Panjang History and an Overview
Presenter: Sofiyah Nabilah Sulaiman

Constructed Extension from Personal Toys as Difference
Preferences into Synthetic Sculpture
Presenter: Aliya Farhana Zainal

ADJOURNED (END OF CONFERENCE)

15

ICHDC 2019

PARALLEL SESSIONS
ROOM 3
Track: Islamic Studies
Chairperson: Assoc. Professor Ezani Yaakub & Professor Dr.
Shahanum Mohd Shah

12:00 - 12:10 Strengthening Mediation in Neighborhood Dispute: An
12:10 - 12:20 Islamic Input
12:20 - 12:30 Presenter: Syaimaa' Asbullah
12:30 - 12:40
12:40 - 12:50 The Good Old Days of Hisbah in Preserving Food Hygiene
and Safety
Presenter: Tengku Nurul Sa'adah Tengku Zawawi

The Impacts of Gadget Use on Maqasid Shariah in the
Context of Mind Preservation:A Study Among UiTM Shah
Alam Students
Presenter: Sharifah Fadylawaty Syed Abdullah

The Fundamental Issue of Advertising Supplementary Food
Product Based on Islamic Legal Maxim
Presenter: Nurzahidah Jaapar

The Roles of Muhtasib in Islamic Medieval Urban
Management
Presenter: Tengku Nurul Sa'adah Tengku Zawawi

12:50 - 13:00 Islamic Psycho-Spiritual Support Model for Disaster Victims
Presenter: Rafeah Saidon

16

ICHDC 2019

PARALLEL SESSIONS

ROOM 3
Track: Fine Art; Language; Law & Policy
Chairperson: Dr. Rafeah Legino & Assoc. Professor Dr. Haswira Nor
Mohamad Hashim

14:10 - 14:20 Improving National Park Management in Malaysia: Towards
14:20 - 14:30 Greater Community Participation
14:30 - 14:40 Presenter: Ahmad Naqiyuddin Bakar
14:40 - 14:50
14:50 - 15:00 Reflection of the Mystical Element Through the Form of Sape'
15:00 - 15:10 Using Metal in Modern Sculpture
Presenter: Nor Zafharina Zaluhi

Speech Acts in Trials of Under Age Sexual Criminal Case
Presenter: Amirah Ahmad

Speech Act of Flaming in Twitter Status: Issues and Concerns
in the Malaysian Context
Presenter: Norizah Ardi

Visually Digitised Cultural Heritage Archiving Model for the
Preservation of Artwork
Presenter: Rafeah Legino

Influencer Marketing: The Case for Regulation in Malaysia
Presenter: Nor Fadzlina Nawi

15:10 - 15:20 Iconography Underpinning Malaysian Portrait Painting
Presenter: Rosliza Abdul Rahim

17

ICHDC 2019

15:20 - 15:30 Causes Underpinning the Commission of Crime by Children:
15:30 - 15:40 Some Evidence from Malaysia
15:40 - 15:50 Presenter: Nadzriah Ahmad
15:50 - 16:00
Collaborative Project of the Art Mural Between Fine Art
16:00 Department of UiTM and Petronas Dagangan Berhad (PDB)
Presenter: Nadiah Mohamad

Liberating Orphan Works from the Copyright Orphanage: The
Malaysian Perspective
Presenter: Muhamad Helmi Muhamad Khair

Outbound Open Innovation Policy for Exploitation of
Intellectual Creation, Design and Creativity in Malaysian
Public Universities: Aim, Application and Strategy
Presenter: Haswira Nor Mohamad Hashim

ADJOURNED (END OF CONFERENCE)

18

ICHDC 2019

Abstracts

19

ICHDC 2019

The Guiding Principles to Enhance a Sociable
Environment: Insights from Islamic Built
Environment

Sharifah Fadylawaty Syed Abdullah, Amal Hayati Ishak, Mohd Dani Muhamad,
Ezani Yaakub

Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

Sociable environment is significant in creating a peace and harmony society.
Previous research has argued on the alarming today's weak social ties among
members of the society, due to the lacking of social interaction and civic
engagement. The weak social ties may occasionally develop social segregation
issues which are harmful to the community. The issue worsens as some modern
citizens are described as too engaged with technology and have less interest in
being physically engaged in societal activities. The poor level of participation
might jeopardize the formation of harmony and a sustainable society in the
future. Employing a systematic procedure of content analysis, this article
conceptually delves into the potential solutions to empower a sociable
environment from the Islamic point of view. Based on traditional Islamic
perspectives in the built environment, there are several guiding principles that
govern the social interaction and social responsibility among society members,
as proposed in this article.

20

ICHDC 2019

Visualisatıon of Undergraduate Architectural Research Activities
Through Mydissertplanner

Haryati Mohd Isa, Kartina Alauddin, Yuhainis Abdul Talib, Kharizam Binti
Ismail, Asmalia Che Ahmad, Nor Aini Salleh, Mohd Sabriza Abd. Rashid

Universiti Teknologi MARA Seri Iskandar Perak Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

The research interest among architectural undergraduate students is vital for
their academic achievements. A research dissertation is important and leads to
the development of knowledge. Undergraduate students are lacking a
structured application to assist them in planning their research journeys and
poor time management. Hence, contributes towards poor preparation for the
future task that leads to delay in submission of the dissertation. This paper aim
is to visualize the process of undergraduate research activities by using mobile
application namely as MYDISSERTPLANNER. In line with this aim, three research
objectives had been established to identify the key problem faced by the
students during the dissertation process and, to visualize a mobile application
that integrates planning and dissertation guideline and to visualize the
MYDISSERTPLANNER mobile apps. The data is gathered by analyzing a pilot
survey that involved undergraduate students in UiTM Perak. The data were
analyzed using descriptive analysis. The finding reveals that the majority of
students have difficulty in managing the research process and contribute to
delaying the submission of their dissertation. Therefore, there is a significant
need in developing MYDISSERTPLANNER as a mobile application to ease
undergraduate students in planning their research activities.

21

ICHDC 2019
A Semiotic study on Authenticity of Malay Traditional Batik

Rahman Rosman, Hanif Khairi
Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]
ABSTRACT
This research aim is to discover the essential characteristics of the Malaysian
Batik, which fundamentally portray the cultural identity of Malay community.
Malay identity should be identified, analysed and retained to as it is part of
Malaysian heritage. The modernization of Malaysia brought about many
positive changes but it has also impacted on Malay culture especially related to
the idea of Malay Batik identity or authenticity. In this research, the recognition
of these essential cultural characteristics which support the idea of authenticity
will be done according to Roland Barthes Semiotic Theory which broke down
the process of reading signs or motifs and focused on their interpretation by
traditional Malay batik practitioners or designers. The `Thick Descriptions’
approach invented by Clifford Geertz will also be implemented as a way of
providing cultural context and meaning related to Malay traditional batik motif.

22

ICHDC 2019

AI Adoption in the Printing Industry: an FVM Perspective

Muhammad Yusuf Masod
Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]
ABSTRACT
AI, an Industry 4.0 enabling technology, comprises software for adoption via
Enterprise Systems (ES). Despite its application in high-profile areas, AI’s
utilisation in the print manufacturing sector is still scarce. Competitiveness and
advances in this sector urgently require higher value-added processes, including
digitisation, incorporation of advanced manufacturing technologies and
efficient resource utilisation. As this paper will outline, challenges in
organisational adoption of AI demands systematic assessment of the fit and
viability of software implementations in heterogeneous, concurrent and
integrated systems while accounting for the performance, efficiency, stability
and sustainability of the sector. As such, we develop a working framework for
further assessment based on multiple theories and case studies, with particular
attention to the Fit-Viability Model (FVM). The expected outcome is a clear path
toward enhanced interoperability of equipment or systems, integration into
Industry 4.0, and a fulfillment of Malaysia’s commitment to the UN's SDGs,
namely Goals #9 and #12.

23

ICHDC 2019
Cultural Consciousness: A Case Study of Dying Art on Batik Block

in Malaysia

Faradiba Liana Naser, Hanif Khairi, Rafeah Legino, Rahman Rosman
Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia
*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT
Malaysia's traditional batik block is the legacy and treasure of the country.
However, it has slowly faded nearing extinction, particularly in the east coast
region. Nowadays in the context of globalization and rapid technological
change, the production of batik block is become difficult when younger
generations are no longer interested in block making. Therefore, only a few
master block makers left in Malaysia. Cultural sustainability of block makers is
needed through the innovation of Batik block towards Batik community and
society. This research paper aims to create the traditional block more
interesting and stimulating through innovation that does not change the
original block state by using the design thinking approach on using modular
concepts in making batik blocks. Surely, the art of block making will continue to
thrive from the findings, thus contributing to flourish besides enhance
appreciation and sustain Malaysia's heritage traditional culture.

24

ICHDC 2019

Kelantan Kain Panjang History and an Overview

Sofiyah Nabilah Sulaiman, Mohd Azhar Samin
Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT
This study is about an overview about the formation of the kain batik lepas that
develop at the state of Kelantan. Kain batik lepas also was known as kain
panjang. The kain panjang, sometimes just called a kain, is of the same width as
a sarung, but greater length. It is not sewn into a tube but left free at the ends.
The kain panjang is wrapped around the lower body, in a clockwise direction for
women, or anti-clockwise for men. It is usually folded or pleated to fit and
fastened by tucking in at the waist. The research was conducted to identify the
motif and design in kain batik lepas Kelantan and to analyze the motifs of kain
batik lepas Kelantan through observation, field visit, photo documentation and
interview session with staff museum and kain batik lepas expertise and
practitioner. The motif was analyzed through formalistic analysis. The motif
identified in these kain batik lepas Kelantan are inspired by flora, fauna and
cosmological. Each of the motifs that represent in the kain batik lepas Kelantan
contains its own meaning based on history, belief, religion, and culture. It is the
way to cultivate and maintain the identity of motif and design of kain batik lepas
as one of our heritage. Various opinions and related information on the motif
and design of kain batik lepas Kelantan were founded.

25

ICHDC 2019

Designing Movable Kitchen Cart Through the Elements of
Traditional Baba Nyonya House

Dinah Rakhim, Rafeah Legino, Verly Veto Vermol

Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

The crafts of traditional Malaysian houses design are known for their
uniqueness which heavily influenced by the ancient Malay culture and
indigenous peoples such as Orang Asli, Dayak, Anak Negeri and the cultures of
Malaysia's second main ethnics groups - the Chinese and Indian. It was since our
long back history where our culture has been blended together to create
Malaysia's diverse heritage. Sadly, Malaysian are slowly losing their ancient
culture due to the modernization era. One particular culture of Malaysia that is
close to extinction is Baba Nyonya or Peranakan culture. Now even Baba
Nyonya are quite famous for their delicious Peranakan cooking, thus their
intricate design-crafts can as well be seen through their traditional built houses.
As for the mediator, from previous preliminary study indicates a moveable
kitchen cart as a potential mainstream product as product focus to be
developed. This study, therefore, provides a significant discussion of the
forgotten yet potential design elements depicted from their traditional design
houses features as representation to both aesthetic and functional criteria; alas
it can be one way of an awareness campaign in the design process to sustain on
of Baba Nyonya or Peranakan heritage.

26

ICHDC 2019

The Challenges on Developing Validation Protocol for New
Curriculum of Making4.0 Between Malaysian and European

Education Systems

Shahriman Zainal Abidin, Azmi Ibrahim, Aruan Efendy Mohd Ghazali,
Mohammad Azroll Ahmad, Mohd Shaleh Mujir

Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

This paper discusses the challenges on developing new programme that could
be recognized between Malaysian and European countries. It became crucial
since it involves readiness for future production toward the Industry4.0 policies
and how it may gardening innovation in education systems. The essential goal
of Industry4.0 is to make manufacturing and related industries such as design
faster, more efficient and more customer-centric, while at the same time going
beyond automation and optimization and detect new business opportunities
and models. At this point, frontier technologies identified by select
organizations to re-present the characteristic of Industry4.0. However, no
universally agreed definition of frontier technology and it shows that the
following technologies have been most commonly identified as frontier: 3D
printing, the Internet of Things, AI, and robotics. The reviews of COPPA between
European-Malaysian with the reason to develop a Master's Degree for
engineers of furniture smart factories, that will modernize Higher Education
degrees, by focusing on the ICTs skill needs to increase competitiveness of the
wood and furniture industry of Malaysia. Comparative studies of the existing
frame of references have been selected as the methodology. The results
indicated that a framework of qualifications must be fit for purpose. As we can
see, what exactly 'fit of purpose' entails, depends to some extent on the setting.
To put it simply, whether or not a framework is 'fit for purpose' depends on its
purpose.

27

ICHDC 2019

Visually Digitised Cultural Heritage Archiving Model for the

Preservation of Artwork

Rafeah Legino, Farid Raihan, Mohd Khairi Shamsudin, Mursyidah Zainal Abidin,
Jebakumari Selvarani d/o Ebenezer

Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

Cultural heritage can be defined as a tangible and Intangible form in art and design. The
tangible aspect involves artefacts that features the culture of any society inherited from
previous generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of future
generations. Heritage artefacts, which Includes those exhibited and archived in
museums and galleries are always in danger of being deteriorated due to exposure or
the unconducive environment or thrown away unless a good system of preserving them
are in place. As to preserve and conserve these valuable artefacts, a good archiving
framework and state of the art technology need to be engaged for the perpetual
recording of the artefacts. Therefore, the objective of this study is to retain the cultural
heritage objects into visual digitalisation for constant archiving of cultural artefacts. The
methodology is based on qualitative methods where specific methods of artefact
archiving are studied then an adaptive framework for indoor and outdoor artefact
preservation (physically and digitally) is proposed. These will involve the identification,
assessment survey and observation, then to classify and categorise the types of heritage
objects and material. There are two aspects of artefact preservation, namely physical
and visual preservation through digitations. The visual digitisation and drawing system
will support the careful observation of the objects and conceived the record for the novel
design construction. The visual archiving method provides a link between different
professionals such as the archaeologist, conservators, architects, or even scientists. The
outcome will be a proposed artefact archiving framework for the proper protocol of
cultural preservation through visual digitisation. This study will contribute to the pool of
fundamental knowledge. In archiving method and provide a means for future generation
and stakeholders to refer to their sustainable cultural heritage and in line with the
national revolution for this country.

28

ICHDC 2019

Why Do Students Involved in E-Learning? A Reasoning Study at
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)

Nurliyana Mohd Shazali

Universiti Teknologi MARA Seremban Negeri Sembilan Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

E-Learning is considered as an important teaching and learning methodology
nowadays, as the technological wave hits the century in a fast pace. In order
to get an insight of what is happening in online learning environment, a study
has been carried out to examine the factors of student involvement in E-
Learning at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). Adapted from the past
researches, the factors examined were the interaction between student and
educator, the graphic design interface and the strong network coverage in
using E-Learning. Three (3) hypotheses were developed to link those factors
with the students' virtual learning participation. After running the analysis, the
result showed that the factors mentioned correlated positively with the
students' involvement in E-Learning. Plus, the main reason for them to get
involve in the virtual learning was because of having a strong network
coverage. In sum, the students' participation in E-Learning is seen as crucial
with the modernisation of teaching and learning. With androids in their hands,
accessibility and connectivity should be the main priority, together with
attractive graphics and emojis, and of course the educators' online presence
for students' interaction moment.

29

ICHDC 2019

Education 5.0 @ UiTM: Ensouling Authentic Learning
Experiences Through Global Learning

Nadiah Binti Thanthawi Jauhari1, Wan Faizatul Azirah Ismayatim2, Juliane Reinhardt-
Max3

1,2 Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia.
3Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, Germany

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

Internationalisation plays a huge role in the evolution of the higher education institution.
It is not possible without passion, motivation and the concerted effort of lecturers,
administrators and students. Education 5.0 @ UiTM, highlights the high impact
educational practice i.e. global learning where students could gain a more expansive
understanding and global consciousness about various fields. Students would also learn,
interrogate and reflect about the world without physically crossing a geographic border.
It is about the moving of minds and not bodies through virtual mobility and exchanges,
lectures, seminars via various synchronous online platforms. Inspired by solving the issue
of non-authentic learning experience in classrooms, two Global Learning modules were
conducted on two groups of students. The feedback revealed that students have gained
new insights in the topics related; furthermore, transformed their understanding and
thinking. This teaching approach is advocated to inspire learning as well as learning
beyond the basis senses and non-conventional delivery. Students were given the
opportunities to explore cultures, life experiences and worldview different from their
own. The modules were implemented to instigate real-context learning process. Native
speakers of English were brought into classrooms to speak about relevant topics at
authentic settings where students participated and engaged actively in the process of
learning. The first global learning project (GLP) was a joint-lecture on inter-cultural
communication between a lecturer from UiTM Shah Alam and another from Frankfurt
University of Applied Sciences, Germany. The second GLP provided opportunities for
students to engage with two experts in the field of cyber law and cyber crime attached
to the US Embassy. These platforms were provisions for authentic learning experiences
to allow appreciation of diversity and awareness of multiple perspectives by students.

30

ICHDC 2019

Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) Among Non-Occupational
Motorcyclist: What are the Issues

Helmi Bin Rashid, Abdul Rahman Omar, Zamalia Mahmud, Wan Muhammad
Syahmi Wan Fauzi, Rohani Binti Haron

Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding authors: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) especially those related to occupational work
or termed as WMSDs are the most common health issue that are experienced
by workers in all work sectors. Either due to the human errors in practicing safe
and proper work procedures or due to inconvenient and faulty workplaces, this
illness has caused both employers and employees great economic losses
especially when it ends with injuries or crashes. However when observing the
prevalence of MSDs among motorcyclists, again the focus were put among
those that use motorcycle during their duties making it very much work-related.
For example police riders, postal delivery workers, and currently food delivery
services. But how about those non-occupational motorcyclists or commuting
workers that only use their motorcycle to commute to work, or weekend-
motorcyclist going for prolonged motorcycle rides? Upon this matter, it became
the motivation of this study to look into the possibilities of MSDs prevalence
especially related to muscle fatigue among these group of motorcyclists based
on a survey and indoor prolonged motorcycle riding simulations that were
deployed and conducted earlier. Outcomes of this study suggested several
other MSD issues that are possible to take place involving other body regions.
These possible MSDs were found to not being highlighted in work-related MSDs
literatures with respect to motorcyclists which provide gaps for further
investigation and validation.

31

ICHDC 2019
Data Collection Instrument in Designedly Intuition Study

Natrina M. P. Toyong, Shahriman Zainal Abidin, S'harin Mokhtar
Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]
ABSTRACT
The paper discusses the development of interview and focus group instrument
for a study to uncover the intuition occurrences in Designerly practices. The two
data collecting method forms data source triangulation through in depth
interview of eight expert-level designers, eight senior-level designers and four
focus group session involving thirty two novice-level designers. The instrument
development of the two mode of qualitative research of three data source took
into consideration its reliability and validity for triangulation analysis stage to
follow. The result from four session of pilot interview and one session of focus
group discussion is a recommendation and refinement for the researcher's
guide as well as data collection method of various medium within the Design
and Designerly area.

32

ICHDC 2019

User-Experience: Braille Product Labelling Challenges for the
Visually Impaired

Verly Veto Vermol, Shahriman Zainal Abidin, Rusmadiah Anwar
Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia
*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT
Technology is making visually impaired people's lives easier in many ways, but
Braille still holds an extremely valuable place in day-to-day life and is still often
the best way for people to get information. It seems, if Braille were to be lost,
blind people would almost certainly be excluded from some areas of life, and
be more limited in their work and social options. Blind people confront a
number of visual challenges every day. While many tools have been introduced
to help address these problems using computer vision and other sensors, their
capabilities are dictated as much by the state-of-the-art in technology as they
are by real human problems. A deeper understanding of the questions that
blind people would like to ask in their day-to-day lives may help to direct
innovation to solve them. This paper aims to identify the ways and challenges
visually impaired people to face product labeling. The result of these findings
helps to improve our understanding of the problems blind people face and may
help in analyzing potential braille product labeling tools to help blind people live
more independently in their everyday lives.

33

ICHDC 2019

Cognitive Ergonomics of Formgiving as Unstructured
Approaches in Furniture Design Practice

Mohd Hasni Chumiran, Shahriman Zainal Abidin, Verly Veto Vermol

Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia
*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT
This paper discusses how designer formulates the idea via unstructured
approached in furniture design. The problem can be seen via the strategy,
methods and process of hermeneutics design. Hermeneutics is a method or
principle of interpretation. In this context, Hermeneutics is the art of
understanding and making oneself understood. It goes beyond mere logical
analysis and general interpretive principles. The objective of this study is to see
how designer interpret the subjective visual idea intuitively. The methodology
of visual protocol analysis has been used in order to understand the designer
intuitive thinking related to cognitive ergonomics aspect. The uses of 15
minutes video observation based on short-terms memory indicates designers
reflects several properties of form, i.e., gestalt, features, and component of a
form if the several objects used by a designer as a mood board. The results show
that the metaphorical form is embodied and it is important for designers to
visualize something unstructured visual form implicitly into tangible form
explicitly. Keywords: Cognitive, Ergonomics, Formgiving, Furniture design,
Visual protocol

34

ICHDC 2019
Iconography Underpinning Malaysian Portrait Painting

Rosliza Abdul Rahim, Kamal Abdul Aziz, Mumtaz Mokhtar, Rafeah Legino
Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia
*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT
Malaysian Portraits Painting was introduced 1930s during British colonization.
Since that period, local artists started using the subject in their art-making.
In the context of art, portraits is generally known as a likeness of a person,
especially of the face and shoulder, but it seem appear more way to define
portrait and painting. Although portraits painting exist three decade ago, there
is lack of understanding and interpretation on the subject.Consequently, this
study aim to trace the chronology of the development of Malaysian portraits
painting. The stylistic and contextual issues including its formalistic format,
media, themes and styles, and artists are also examined in this study. Using a
mixed mode of research method, this study reviews related literature,
observes hundreds artifacts and conducts interview sessions with prominent
artists. Data for interviews were gained through a semi- structured interview
format. The instrument for the semi-structured interviews was formed based
on related literature and practices found in research materials.

35

ICHDC 2019
Collaborative Project of the Art Mural Between Fine Art

Department of UiTM and Petronas Dagangan Berhad (PDB)

Nadiah Mohamad, Mohd Suhaimi Tohid, Wan Samiati Andriana Wan Mohd
Daud, Mohd Fazli Othman

Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia
*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT
This is a collaborative project of the art mural between Fine Art Department of
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) and Petronas Dagangan Berhad (PDB) . Five
different state has been identified in showcasing the National Identity of
Malaysia at each Petronas Gas Station. This project is basically to analyze the
element of national identity that has been demonstrated at the Petronas Mural.
The whole idea of the mural is basically to tell the people what Malaysians are
made of, and how everyone is able to connect with that Idea. Some of the
process development is being explained in identifying what images is
considered the national identity. Hence, this is also introducing what the
Malaysian culture is all about to the community and also to the people from
outside the county to know what Malaysia is all about.

36

ICHDC 2019

Reflection of the Mystical Element Through the Form of Sape'
Using Metal in Modern Sculpture

Nor Zafharina Zaluhi, Ramlan Abdullah, Mohd Khairi Shamsudin

Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

The artist aim to construct the form of Sape's using metal in modern sculpture
through the reflection of mystical element. Sape' is an iconic symbol of Sarawak.
It is unique instrument music in Malaysia. There a lot of mystical element in
Sape' that the indigenous people of Sarawak believe, which are Sape' in
marriage, Sape' in celebration, Sape' in custom, tranquillity and enthusiasm.
Some of Ibanese accept that the Sape' exists through a fantasy of a rancher who
nodded off in the cottage of his paddy field after coming back from looking for
a witch-specialist to fix his better half's affliction. In his fantasy, the rancher was
coordinated to search for Adau wood, from the trees that the Hill Myna winged
animals used to roost. The state of Sape' showed up in his fantasy and at
whatever point the Sape' was played, he envisioned the soul would come and
fix his better half's disorder. Data information about Sape' and its mystical
element had been studied to understand more about the Sape'. The artist also
fascinates on how Sape' being constructed which is according to the shape of
the body of Sape'. In order to show the movement of the Sape', the artist
applied standing element sculpture in the artwork that had been shared
historical elements to the audience or visitor.

37

ICHDC 2019
Constructed Extension from Personal Toys as Difference
Preferences into Synthetic Sculpture

Aliya Farhana Zainal, Ramlan Abdullah, Nadiah Binti Mohamad
Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia
*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT
The aim of the project is to reconstruct a three-dimension of difference
preferences from the inspiration of toys model kits pieces. Based on the story
the artist related with his story of his life as an fraternal twins. Based on the
data collected though out his research and studies, the artist found out that
many of other artist has respond by created their artwork based on toys. The
artist come out with their own objective and reason to improvised the ideas and
the making of the artwork based on the 3D of model kit pieces. It makes so
many attempted in development of drawing process and also the technicality
of making the artwork. In order to impress the artist feeling of making the
artwork, he also applied the basic element of principle and reconstruct the form
of the develop from model kits

38

ICHDC 2019

Strengthening Mediation in Neighborhood Dispute: An Islamic
Input

Syaimaa' Asbullah, Mohd Dani Muhamad, Ezani Bin Yaakub, Sharifah
Fadylawaty Syed Abdullah, Mohd Solahuddin Shahruddin

Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

Mediation (sulh) is a centuries-old Arab-Islamic, practiced since the time of
Prophet Muhammad PBUH and mentioned in the Al-Quran. This dispute
resolution process is not widely practiced in another legal system but recently
reintroduced and gaining popularity among the legal fraternity. In Malaysia,
sulh is limited to solve matrimonial disputes such as divorce, jointly acquired
property, etc. This method is proved to be efficient and unique as it recognized
the consensus among the disputing parties. The main objective of this paper is
to explore the roles of mediation (sulh) in resolving the neighborhood dispute
from the Islamic jurisprudence perspective. Empirically, this research is based
on the judgment of comprehensive cases of neighborhood conflict in the built
environment. This qualitative study adopts the content analysis method from
the classical Islamic jurisprudence text; Kitab Al-Ghayah Wa Nihayah and other
related resources to accomplish the research objective. It is found that the
integration of sulh managed to minimize legal wrangling and be part of a valid
and flexible peace-making instrument. Therefore, it is hoped that the inclusion
of sulh can be applied in the contemporary neighborhood disputes to achieve
the social well-being goals for society.

39

ICHDC 2019
The Good Old Days of Hisbah in Preserving Food Hygiene and
Safety

Amal Hayati Ishak, Sharifah Fadylawaty Syed Abdullah, Mohd Dani Muhamad
Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia
*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT
Many writings praise and compliment the golden age of Islam, particularly the
institution of hisbah as an effective and responsive mechanism to enjoin good
and forbid evil within the community. During those times, the pure purpose of
hisbah served various spheres of life including in preserving food hygiene and
safety. Therefore, this article explores the mechanisms which may support the
compliments to the golden age of Islam, thus significantly adding value to the
body of knowledge. Employing a content and thematic analyses of the most
relevant manual written on that matter, this article concludes on some lessons
to be learnt from the good old days of hisbah. Among the significant findings is
the detailed and minute practices to maintain food hygiene and safety taken
by the officials of hisbah more than 700 years ago, reflecting the civilised and
developed nation beyond time.

40

ICHDC 2019

The Roles of Muhtasib in Islamic Medieval Urban Management

Tengku Nurul Sa'adah Tengku Zawawi, Amal Hayati Ishak, Mohd Dani
Muhamad

Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

Successful urbanization highly depends on good urban management. Indeed,
good urban management is indispensable to improvise the quality of life and
resolve issues and challenges resulted from the process of urbanization. Looking
back into the glorious Islamic civilization, the cities were described to be
systematically managed by a group of muhtasib via the institution of Hisba.
Inspired by the previous success, modern Muslim leaders are trying to revive
the Islamic paradigm of urban management. Nevertheless, not much is being
discussed on the role of muhtasib and the institution of Hisba has been wrongly
understood only as a market supervisor or inspector. Thus, employing content
analysis approach, this article examines the roles and responsibilities of
muhtasib in urban management, based on selected manuals of muhtasib,
written during the medieval Islamic times. Interestingly, the findings indicate a
series of Islamic principles on urban management that match modern urban
management albeit the difference of time. The untapped Islamic urban
management is seen as systematic and meticulous towards safeguarding the
well-being of citizens.

41

ICHDC 2019

Islamic Psycho-Spiritual Support Model for Disaster Victims

Rafeah Saidon1, Siti Khadijah Ab. Manan2, Rosilawati Binti Sueb3, Noorul Huda Sahari4,
Fairuz Nazri Abd Rahman5

1,2,3,4Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
5Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

Providing psycho-spiritual intervention is crucial to mitigate any long-term adverse
psychological impact on a problematic person. Studies have shown that patients who
attend religious services, have better long-term health-care outcomes. Religiosity and
spiritual experiences are especially associated with better physical and mental health,
less need for health services, faster recovery from illness and increased longevity.
Unfortunately, in any disasters or calamities, psycho-spiritual consequences are given
less emphasis. In fact, to date, there has been no specific and comprehensive religious
based model being introduced to the victims in minimizing the risks of psycho-spiritual
impacts. Therefore, the objective of this study is to describe a proposed model of psycho-
spiritual support for disaster victims based on the Islamic principles of maqasid Shariah.
The study employed qualitative method using the instrument of interview and library
research. The interview was conducted to get required information as well as feedbacks
on the model. Prior to that, library research was conducted to examine the guiding
principles relating to psycho-spiritual support based on the primary sources of Islam and
writings of contemporary scholars. This is important to understand the application of
Islamic values in psycho-spiritual support system. It is expected that the suggested model
of psycho-spiritual could be used as a guideline for any agencies, NGO's or individuals
who assist survivors of disaster.

42

ICHDC 2019
The Fundamental Issue on Advertising Supplementary Food
Product Based on Islamic Legal Maxim

Nurzahidah Jaapar, Mohd Faiz Mohamed Yusof, Mohd Dani Muhamad, Sharifah
Fadylawaty Binti Syed Abdullah

Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia
*Corresponding authors: [email protected]

ABSTRACT
Advertising plays a noteworthy role in socio-economic facades. It not only
lubricates the economic traffic but also raises the standard of living by offering
newer and better products. The previous study has argued on the advertising
impact has caused many socio-economic evils by polluting the moral and cultural
values through creating injustice and fraudulent, as well as general dissatisfaction
with products while offering little added value are some of its common criticisms.
Engaging a systematic procedure of content analysis, this article conceptually
explores the fundamental issue of advertising supplementary food products from
the Islamic legal maxims' perspective. Based on the shariah parameter developed
from kitab al-I'lan and Islamic legal maxims rules, there are several guiding
principles that govern the rules and applications of advertising supplementary
food products, as proposed in this article.

43

ICHDC 2019

The Impacts of Gadget Use on Maqasid Shariah in the Context
of Mind Preservation:A Study Among UiTM Shah Alam Students

Sharifah Fadylawaty Syed Abdullah
Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia
*Corresponding author: [email protected]
ABSTRACT
This paper focuses on 'The Impacts of Gadget Use on Maqasid Shariah in the
Context of Mind Preservation: A Study Among UiTM Shah Alam Students'.
Among the positive impacts of using gadgets is nurturing mindfulness of the
respondents by consistently developing a culture of knowledge, developing
talent, potential, and creativity, exposing to the latest information, eliminating
stress and the like. However, the use of gadgets also has negative impacts which
can lead to high dependence on the gadget and cause laziness to think.
Therefore, the use of gadgets in Islam must be subjected to the restrictions of
Islamic law; where it is allowed as it brings benefits (maslahah) to the users.
Meanwhile, the usage is prohibited if it leads to harm or causes negative
impacts. It is hoped that this study will assist the relevant parties in addressing
the abuse of gadgets through the recommendation of appropriate guidelines
for optimal, positive, comprehensive, balanced and practical use of gadgets
among teenagers.

44

ICHDC 2019

A Development of Kansei Words for Robotic Learning and the
Elderly

Saiful Azman Bidin, Anitawati Mohd Lokman, Wan Abdul Rahim Wan Mohd Isa

Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

Ageing affects people's life physically and psychologically. Among the two,
psychological, or also referred to emotional aspect is more difficult to access. It
could be affected easily and cause fatal depression effect which could lead to
suicide. Despite limited attention and option for solutions, the invention of
robotic therapy had brought new hope for elderly as to face their aging problem
effect. It is a new form of robotic application evolution using learning
environment that is created to stimulate people's feeling towards positive
emotion while they interact with robots. It has become increasingly attractive
in recent years since robots is providing highly intensity hands on therapy that
may build to a potential benefit for elderly to boost their health and major social
consequences. The aim of this paper is to develop an emotion keywords or
Kansei Words list using Kansei engineering approach that could assist to access
elderly emotion in the study to design robotic learning therapy. The result of
this study will enable the development of assessment instrument to understand
elderly people's emotion as well as providing ground basis knowledge for future
work in developing Kansei Robotic therapy for elderly

45

ICHDC 2019

Speech Acts in Trials of Under Age Sexual Criminal Case

Amirah Ahmad, Norizah Ardi, Rozaimah Rashidin
Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]
ABSTRACT
Language usage in a court trial of a criminal case is usually associated with utterances
that lead to justification of the imposed punishment for the offender. Utterances of
justification are usually categorized as performative speech act. Austin (1962) stated that
utterances can be classified into two, namely constative and performative utterances.
This study is conducted to explain the types of speech acts present in court trials of a
sexual criminal case to verify both constative and performative utterances that exist in
the trials. Each utterance can be categorized into five types of speech which are
assertive, directives, commissive, declarative and expressive. Speech acts can be
categorized according to the verb usage in the utterance directly or indirectly as
proposed by Searle and Vanderveken (1985). This descriptive study uses the text analysis
technique, by analyzing a case from a court trial. Data of this study are collected from a
court trial of one sexual criminal case. The findings showed that all five types of speech
acts are found in the trial and both constative performative utterances exist.

46

ICHDC 2019

Speech Act of Flaming in Twitter Status: Issues and Concerns in
the Malaysian Context

Norizah Ardi, Amirah Ahmad, Nurrissammimayantie Ismail, Noriza Daud
Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia
*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT
Speech acts are a way to conceptualize speech as an action. Speech act of
flaming is an utterance that expresses insults; swearing; and hateful; intense
language in hostile online interaction. Flaming is an expressive speech act and
often leads to the trading of insults between members within a certain
conversation. Social media is one of the platforms that has been used to
express, comment and voice out emotions. In this study, the speech act of
flaming in a Twitter status will be analysed based on Malaysian context. The
data of this study is a compilation of Twitter statuses consisting of 2.5 million
words and is labelled as Malaysian Twitter Status Context corpus (MTSC). The
tweets were analysed based on 14 subcategories of flaming (Bansal et.al, 2012
and Revathy & Norizah, 2017). This study adopted the qualitative approach
through a contextual analysis. Findings of this study showed that flaming in
Malaysian context can be direct or intentional; and indirect based on the
intentions (illocutionary force) to offend other tweeters.

47

ICHDC 2019

Improving National Park Management in Malaysia: Towards
Greater Community Participation

Ahmad Naqiyuddin Bakar
Centre for Bio-Diversity & Sustainable Development
Universiti Teknologi MARA Segamat Johor Darul Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]
ABSTRACT
The article aims to examine the context and practice of national park with countries'
obligation to safeguard the biodiversity through the protection and management of
forest protected areas. The article sets to examine the wider impacts of a national park
within the scope of an integrated environmental hub at the global and local level and
with special reference to the country case. The article covers four areas, first, divulges
concepts relating to the current approach to national park management, exploring
federalist hierarchy of national park and governance concern for the environment;
second, empirical review in lieu with effective management of protected areas
demonstrated by co-management and community-based management approach, third,
a brief look at two referral case studies, ie. Zagatala-Balakan Biosphere Reserves,
Azerbaijan and Comana Natural Park, Romania; and, fourth, addressing the efficiency
use of local resources including national/agency protected area, and management plans
associated to those areas. And, finally, evaluation on the way forward for country's
intention to gauge on the potentials of National Park by pinpoints adequate attention in
exploiting new strategy for national park management.

48

ICHDC 2019

Influencer Marketing: The Case for Regulation in Malaysia

Nor Fadzlina Nawi, Nur Amalina Faizol
Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]
ABSTRACT
The emergence of social media influencers in recent years has generated an
'influencer' based marketing practices where business or brand race to exploit
the growing pool of these influencers in order to reach consumers in a more so-
called 'authentic' way, compared to traditional advertising. However, this
phenomenon raises certain legal concerns. One of the most common violation
involving influencers under marketing laws is the issue of lack of full disclosure.
This study examined a segmented part of influencer marketing practices in
Malaysia on the social media platform; Instagram and explores whether
Malaysia warrants a specific regulation, especially when it comes to the issue of
disclosure. The findings of this study are preliminary, but it gives an overview of
the sorts of marketing practices currently employed by social media influencers
in Malaysia, and the frequent lack of disclosure of 'material connection'
between the business or brands and the influencers. The study concludes that
it is high time then, for Malaysia to acknowledge this growing concern in
influencer marketing and welcome changes in the laws in dealing with them.

49

ICHDC 2019

Causes Underpinning the Commission of Crime by Children:
Some Evidence from Malaysia

Nadzriah Ahmad1, Abdul Ghafur Hamid2, Saodah Wok3

1Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam Selangor Malaysia
2,3 International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia

*Corresponding author: [email protected]

ABSTRACT

The increasing number of crime rates committed by child offenders is indeed worrying
particularly when they come into contact with law enforcement officers and with the
criminal justice system for the first time. Consequently, many child offenders are
deprived of their liberty and have to serve sentence in institutions across Malaysia.
However, the effectiveness of the current system in preventing children from
committing crime remains an open question because of the high numbers of child
offenders serving their sentences in the institutions. Previous studies that have been
undertaken did not highlight the relationship between gender, age, and education with
the causes underpinning the commission of crime by child offenders in Malaysia. The
objective of this paper is to examine such issues by highlighting the relationship between
age, gender and level of education with causes that contribute to child offenders
committing the crime. A quantitative study was undertaken with 432 child offenders
who were serving sentences in institutions across Malaysia to ascertain the underpinning
causes of them committing crime. The results indicate that compared to age and level of
education, gender seems to play a more prominent factor where more males cited that
economic factors, curiosity, and boredom were the underlying causes behind them
committing the crime and the findings are significant. The implications of the study are
discussed by highlighting effective prevention crime measures that can be undertaken
to prevent children from committing crime and coming into contact with the criminal
justice system.

50


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