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Challenges that accompanied Covid-19 pdf
"Timely taken preventative measures have the ability to minimise the damage towards humanity & the environment."

The never-ending challenge of infectious viral diseases can emerge and re-emerge in unpredictable regions and at unpredictable times. Along with this deadly virus -COVID, various other diseases have come into existence that are affecting our lives badly.

A few years back, predictions about Mucormycosis(Black Fungus) affecting India badly stood true. Mucormycosis is quite a rare infection that is already prevalent in our environment and impacting us now severely. Its colours are defined based on the symptoms.

The Black fungus evolved along with this pandemic because health has been affected to a great extent. According to medical experts, Mucormycosis has a mortality rate of 50%; its symptoms are triggered by using steroids, a life-saving treatment for critically-ill COVID – 19 patients. With diabetic patients, COVID -19 and these diseases act as fuel to the fire. Symptoms such as bleeding nose and swelling, eye pain, drooping of eyelids, and poor vision can be prevented by taking precautions beforehand with the utilisation of mustard oil or molecular iodine-based formulations, which are more effective and best for health conditions as their effect remains for 6 hours and is non-toxic to human cells. The use of alum for washing eyes and face must be included as it's helpful to get rid of germs. Antifungal intravenous injections are reserved for critically ill patients.

Along with this, the Yellow fungus has also come into existence which causes laziness, severe weight loss, and loss of appetite because of low immunity. Antifungal drugs, including amphotericin B injections, are used for patients suffering from this disease. The White fungus, which badly affects cough, fever, diarrhoea, dark spots on the lungs, and reduced oxygen levels, affects more people with other diseases or less immunity power.

Fragile healthcare systems, increased population mobility, rapid urbanisation, climate change, pollution, weak surveillance, limited laboratory diagnostic capacity, and increased human interaction are the main risk factors that contribute to the emergence and rapid spread of diseases. It forces us to adapt, react and reconsider the nature of our relationships with the natural world, which is emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases are epiphenomena of human existence. As our population is progressively growing, we are also generating an endless variety of opportunities for genetically unstable infectious agents to evolve into the unfilled ecological niche.

We need to accept that we live in a world dominated by humans in which our increasingly severe alterations of the environment lead to increasingly severe backlashes from nature. This pandemic is a warning that aggressively, damaging unbalanced interactions with nature are destroying our future, and that's how we will provoke new diseases to emerge. It's a reminder to stay fit and physically active, boost immunity and take care of the environment to ensure a better future.
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