By: Ingrid Gundersen, Cassandra Silva, Maggie Moffet
Nathan London and Nate Cuthbert.
1 Geography…………………….. Ingrid Gunderson
2 Religion………………………….Cassandra Silva
3 Achievements…………………..Maggie Moffet
4 Politics…………………………….Nathan London
5 Social Structure…………………..Nathan Cuthbert
The Hopi G eography
The Hopi Tribe lived in the U.S. specifically in the high deserts of Arizona.
They also lived in New Mexico, Colorado and Utah .
Hopi used springs for water
They bathed in their drinking water. They would all walk down and
bathe themselves and get barrels of water to bring back to the village.
The springs were usually located at the bottom of the mesas. A spring
is a place where water infiltrates the earths earths surface .
A M esa is a small
flat topped mountain
The Hopi lived inside caves on the Mesas. They also farmed on top of
the Mesa. The Hopi climbed up the cliffs to get to the top of the Mesa
to farm. Hopi men planted corn on the mesa.
The Hopi had many natural resources.
Like stone,mud, greasewood
,coal,clay and lots more.
The Hopi had a lot of valuable resources, here are some that they used:
This is the coal the This is the rectangle This is the mud the Hopi
Hopi used to to keep stones the Hopi used to used to keep the
warm and to cook. build their houses. stones in place .
The hopi dug up corn The Hopi used these The Hopi used mud to
keep the stones in place
to keep warm with a stones to form their .
juniper stick. housed
Step 1. Found a juniper stick and stuck it in the ground and spun it while
pushing it to make a small hole in the ground. thuy used juniper because it could
survive in the desert without water.
Step 2. F or the rest of the digging they used their hands. But when they were
done they eventually got deep enough to see coal .
Step 3. O nce they got their coal they put in some sort of basket and
brought it back to the village
Step 4. T hey dumped the coal into the fire and that is how they keep
warm. (Also used coal for
This is a picture of
that they used to
dig out the coal.
Getting salt took days. Only the
Men got salt. Why.
WHY: Only the men went to get salt because, the women went along after they
left and met them halfway ,with gordes full of water for the men.
WHERE: They traveled for days until they got to the G rand Canyon
HOW: The men climbed down the steep cliffs and walls of the the Grand
Canyon, and to the floor.
The climate changed
This is a picture graph of the average temperatures in the
It did not rain much where the hopi lived. But even if it did it would rain a lot.
When it rained the hopi would move away to a different village until the rain
The H opi Religion 1
By: Cassandra Silva
The Hopi believed that Spider Woman created people.
The Hopi only had one spirit that they believed in, and that spirit is the
Kachina. There are many types of Kachinas. For example, there is The
Leader Kachina, The Cloud Giver Kachina, The Water Giver Kachina
and many many others. They made them into dolls to remember all of
them. The Hopi believed that if they live with good heart and good spirit the
Kachinas would provide them with water,food and good crops. The Hopi
did a dance called T he Kachina Dance. It is also explained on page 4.
These are some Kachina dolls.
A Kiva is a place where the men put together sacred dances, sewed,
prayed and discussed government of the village. Only men were allowed
in the Kiva. The Kiva can hold up to 500 men. The Kiva is below ground
and you need to climb a ladder to get into the Kiva.
This is a Kiva without a top.
The S un Watcher is a person in the Hopi tribe that stands
on a roof of a house. The Sun Watcher would say when to
plant the corn, do T he Snake Dance or do The Home Dance.
The Snake Dance was usually in August to pray for rain. The
Home Dance is to bring the Kachinas back in July and they
leave in February. The Hopi do other dances. For example, The
Night Dance,The Kachina Dance and many many others. The
Night Dance was to worship the stars in the sky and T he
Kachina Dance w as to remember the Kachinas.
This is Hopi people getting ready for The Snake Dance.
This is a man getting ready for The Home Dance.
Birth Rituals Eagle G athering
Trip When you were born you would have to stay
inside for the first 19 days. On the 28th day The Hopi men picked boys 4 and up to go
before the sun rose your grandmother would on an Eagle Gathering Trip. The Eagle
hold you up and let the sun cover you. They Gathering Trip is when the boys were put
would name you right after the sun covered on a rope almost like a harness and the
you. The Hopi believed that when you did that men would give the rope slack then when
they are presenting you to Tawa, the sun god. the boy found a baby eagle he would gently
grab the eagle and tug on the rope so the
men would pull the boy and the eagle up.
The eagles are put on the roofs of the
houses to protect the crops.
By: Maggie Moffet
The Hopi homes are made out of clay.
The rooftops are flat. The Hopi had
ladders.They used ladders because their
homes were 2 to 3 stories high. The bottom
room was used for storage. That’s where
they stored food and other things. When the
Hopi families get bigger they expand their
houses.To expand the houses, they used
clay, wood beams and trunks. The men had to
travel to the Black Mesa forest with the
wood beams on their backs and sometimes the
women would walk halfway with water jugs
for the men to drink.
The Hopi ate corn every day. They had
so many different kinds of corn: yellow,
white, blue, speckled, and red. The Hopi
ate corn on the cob. They had cornmeal with
basically everything. One of the things the
Hopi made was piki bread and that was one
of their favorite foods! In the Fall, there
were pinon nuts and they l oved them! In
spring time, there were wild greens. They
did not really eat a lot of meat, but
sometimes they ate rabbits, deer and
piki bread pinon nuts corn
The Hopi boys had to learn how to farm.
They planted seeds by digging little holes
with a juniper stick, and scared the crows
away by chasing them. They learned how to
sew, by spinning cotton and weaving. They
learned how to hunt with a bow and arrow.
They killed rabbits for rabbit stew and
they also killed the rabbits so they would
not eat their crops. They had to learn
history through stories told in the
Wintertime. The boys and girls don't go to
A boy hunting
The Hopi girls and the women learned
the same way. They learned how to to repair
the walls of their houses. How they repair
the walls is they use extras pieces of
stones. They made pottery and baskets. They
used clay to make pottery and they used
straw for the baskets. They cooked food and
they ground up corn. While they did that
they talked with moms and sisters. They
also sang when they did their work.
Women grinding up corn
The Hopi got water from a spring
because they lived in the desert and they
did not have lakes or rivers. They bathed
in the s prings and drank the water. They
had coal, and they had to dig the coal with
a juniper stick. They had coal to keep warm
by burning it. They had wood beams to build
houses but it was hard for them to get it
because they lived in the desert. It took a
lot of work to get the beams.
Woman getting water from a spring
The Hopi grew corn,beans,squash and
sunflowers.They planted their corn in the
desert. The reason why the corn grew in the
desert was that it had long roots that
reached the moisture deep in the ground.
Not only did they eat the squash they
planted but they used the squash to make
musical instruments and utensils.
corn and squash
This is one of the hopis leaders Obijarbar
H opi Clans And Kiva
The Hopi village was made up of tribes and tribes were
made up of clans. Clans were made up of people that were
related through your mom's uncles dads and aunts. One
crazy fact about that is your aunts were your “mother.” The
second you were born you would belong to your mother's
clan. It could be any clan name maybe like the eagle or
frog clan. When you were old enough you would have to
marry someone from another clan. It was forbidden to marry
from a different clan.
The kiva is a sacred room that was usually under the ground.
To go into the kiva you would climb through a hole in the
roof and you would climb down a ladder. The kiva is where
men planned all religious ceremonies. And where people
prayed and talked about governing. If you were a young
boy you would most likely about the hopi religion and all
the religious songs. when you got old enough you would
perform for your clan. If the dances or songs were different
the hopi thought they wouldn't work.
Would You Have To Go To School
Hopi children were learned by watching what
everyone else was doing. The hopi children didn’t have to go
to school like children today. Your family taught you. You
would learn how to make pottery hunt and more things like
that. You were learned about the hopi history by hearing
your story tellers.
Who Were The Kachinas?
The Kachinas were the Hopis sacred guardians. They
were very strong spirits. The hopi believed in them. The
Kachinas came to the village once a year to help the hopis.
And if the hopis acted out their religious ceremonies right the
Kachinas would come. When the Kachinas came Hopis
believed they would bring rain. Kachinas wore Masks that
covered her face and they sang a bunch of songs. When
the men (Kachinas) performed these Religious ceremonies
there bodies were actually replaces by the good spirits.
Graph of Hopi Population Over The Years
7,000 x x
6,000 x x
5,000 x x
4,000 x x
3,000 x x x
x x x
1,000 x x
1680 1990 2010
The spanish warriors came to the Arizona Desert looking
for some gold. The hopi have never ever seen white men. The
hopi made a line of sacred cornmeal. But the spanish
attacked. The hopi brought gifts for the spanish the spanish
raided the village and they took the gifts but never was there
The spanish took the Indians land, the Spanish said the
indians belonged to spain. The spanish treated the pueblo
Indians horribly. Many Indians were turned into slaves. Other
indian tribes fought back for the hopis.
The Hopi Social
By: Nathan Cuthbert
Boys vs Girls
● Boys and girls are equally important in the Hopi tribe.
● Women own the house,food,land,and s prings.
● Men defended their village if it got attacked by other
● Boys are the only ones in the kiva.
Boys and girls are equally important in the Hopi tribe.
The women do more work in and around the house
(farming, cooking, etc). Men did more of the hunting and
work in the Kiva which is sewing and weaving.
This is what the
outside of a kiva would
What was a kiva
A kiva is special room that was mostly likely underground. To get into the
kiva you would climb down a ladder in a hole in a roof. The Kiva was a very
sacred place to the town. The kiva was where the men scheduled all the
religious ceremonies, prayed and discussed about government in the
village. If you were a boy you would learn about the Hopi religion in the
kiva. You would be taught all the dances, the songs, the secret
ceremonies, and the prayers. You would learn how to make kachina
costumes and masks. Another thing you will learn if you were a boy in the
Kiva is the history of the Hopi tribe. When you get older you spend more
time in the kiva with the men. Boys learned lots in the kiva because there
was lots to learn.
This is a drawing of what the inside of a kiva may look like.
How you got a name
You would have many different names in your life. The first name you
would get is a your naming ceremonies when you were born. Your name
would depend on what clan your dad was in. Like if your father was in the
water clan then your name might be Batoti which means “water all over “.
But if your father was from the bear clan your name could be H entechi,
which means bear moccasins. Hopi never had a last name. the second
name you got would be when you were six it would happen in a religious
ceremony. When you were an adult you would receive another name that
you would keep for the rest of your life. The last name you got was when
you died the Hopi called it your “silent name” because this name was never
spoken only the attendant for the funeral would think it. So only the
attendant and spirit would know the what the name was.
Who Would Live in your House
Your house would be filled with relatives. Some people that would live in
your house would be mom and dad, aunts and uncles, you would also live
with grandparents and siblings. Hopi women didn’t leave their house when
they got married because the house is owned by the women so the men
move into there house. You would still be living with all your other relatives
so there would be lots of helping hands around the house so everyone
would get fed and taken care of.
this is a photo of how the Hopi made it so their houses where under a mesa.
1. Coal in Geography - A rock hopi used to make fire
2. Eagle Gathering Trip in Religion - When boys go and collect
3. Grand C anyon in Geography - A canyon in Arizona
4. Kachina in Religion and Politics - A god that protected the Hopi
5. Kiva in Religion and Social Structure - A underground hangout
for the man and boys
6. Mesa i n Geography - A flat topped mountain
7. Pinon Nuts in Achievements - A pine nut
8. Pikia Bread in A chievements - A bread m ade of blue corn and
culinary ash and it is very dry
9. Springs in Geography, Achievements and Social Structure -
Where surface water infiltrates the Earth’s surface
10. Tawa i n Religion - The sun god
11. The Home Dance in Religion - A dance that the Hopi did to
bring the Kachinas back and it’s from July to February
12. The K achina Dance i n Religion - A dance to remember the
13. The Leader Kachina i n Religion - The main Kachina
14. The Night Dance i n Religion - A dance the Hopi did at night
to praise the stars
15. The S un Watcher on page 4 - A Hopi that told the other
Hopi what to do and when to do it
16. The Snake Dance o n page 4 - A dance the Hopi did to pray
17. The Water Giver Kachina in Religion - A god that provided
water for the Hopi
1. Anne, and Linda Gardner. If You Lived with the Hopi.
New York: Scholastic 1999
2. Joy Hakim T he First Americans New York 2005
3. Google images
4. encyclopedia2 thefreedictionary.com/Hopi Snake Dance
5. Kamma, Anne, and Linda Gardner. -‐-‐If You Lived with the
Hopi. New York: Scholastic, 1999 Print.
6. Google images
8. Kamma, Anne, and Linda Gardner. -‐-‐If You Lived with the
Hopi. New York: Scholastic,1999. Print.
9. Google images
10. Google images
11. Kamma, Anne, and Linda Gardner. - ‐-‐If You Lived with
the Hopi. New York: Scholastic, 1999. Print.
12. Kamma, Anne, and Linda Gardner. - ‐-‐If You Lived with
the Hopi. New York: Scholastic, 1999. Print.
13. Google images