An Unforgettable Moment
History of Christmas
Christmas Food World Map
Christmas Festivals 2018
Interview with Australian Prof. Lee
Interview with Mexican Chef. O
Interview with American Prof. T
Profile of Writers
-Table of contents -
History of Christmas ································04
Christmas Festivals 2018 ··························06
Christmas World Food Map ······················08
Christmas Recipes ····································10
Fiesta Logo ···············································31
Profile of Writers ······································32
United stated declares
St. Nicholas earned Christmas a
reputation as anonymous federal holiday
gift giver Germans began 1870
decorating trees in
Ancient Egyptian decorated 270 AD
homes with green palms for homes
753 BC 1670
Romans decorated Germans began decorating
homes and temples with trees in homes
boughs for winter 1494
Ruler of Florence, Italy
commissioned Michelangelo to
sculpt a snowman
Addis created first artificial The North American
Christmas tree using toilet brush Aerospace Defense
Coman (NORAD) used
technology internet to track Santa
Thomas Edison’s 1900 1997
1890 1931 2010
Massachusetts businessman Coca-Cola's artist A Belgian tree set
James Edgar Haddon Sundblom world record for
most – lit tree with
became first store Santa illustrated first
modern image of 194,672 lights
Christmas Festivals 2018
Nuremberg Christmas Market
From then until Christmas Eve, prunes, toys and games and
delicious holiday treats to eat
the "little town of wood and and drink.
cloth" will shine in the heart of
Nuremberg’s Old Town and Come and experience this
turn it into “Christmas City”.
More than 180 market stands one-of-a-kind atmosphere
– all decorated for Christmas and enjoy the magic of the
with fresh greens and lights – Nuremberg Christmas Market!
invite you to enjoy traditional
Christmas ornaments of all Date: 30.11 – 24.12.2018
shapes and sizes, the local Address: Nuremberg Christmas Market
“Zwetschgenmännle” made of
There’s something for The only carols concert in
everyone this Christmas in Queensland actually on the
Surfers Paradise. Kids will be sand, this is a fabulous
delighted with the evening of traditional carols
opportunity to snap a selfie and Christmas classics
with Santa in Cavill Mall, and performed by talented local
even the chance to get up musicians from 6.30pm and
close to Bugs Bunny, while closing with a fireworks
adults won’t want to miss the finale at 8pm.
12 Days of Christmas and a
chance to win one of the Carols on the Beach is the
daily Advent calendar prizes.
perfect reason to get together
Described as ‘one of the with family and friends and
enjoy all Surfers Paradise has
highlights of the Christmas to offer.
season’, the spectacular
annual Carols on the Beach 7
takes place on 23rd
Buche de Noel India
France BiriyaInNi DwIAith chicken
Turkey with Stuffing
is a food enjoyed in various countries such as the U.S.
This turkey is eaten not only at Christmas but also at Thanksgiving.
Ingredients 1. Preheat the oven to 200℃. Place the turkey into a deep,
high-sided bowl on its end with the stuffing end up. Heat
• 1 (10 to 12- the chicken broth in the microwave in a large container.
pound) turkey, Place mushrooms in a glass bowl and pour heated broth
with giblets over them. Cover and allow to sit for 35 min.
2. In a large mixing bowl toss the onion, celery, and green
• 4 cups chicken pepper with the oil and salt. Place the vegetables on a sheet
broth pan and roast for 35 min. During the last 10 min of cooking,
spread the cubed bread over the vegetables, return to the
• 2 ounces dried oven, and continue cooking.
3. Drain mushrooms, reserving 1 cup of liquid. Chop the
• 1 cup chopped mushrooms and place in a large microwave-proof bowl
onion with the vegetables and bread, reserved chicken stock,
cherries, pecans, eggs, sage, parsley and black pepper and
• 1 cup chopped stir well. Use your hands to combine, if necessary.
4. Heat the stuffing in a microwave on high power of 6 min.
• 1 cup chopped While the stuffing is heating, rub the bird with oil. Working
green pepper quickly, place the stuffing into the cavity of the turkey to
avoid losing heat.
• 1 TBSP
vegetable oil, 5. Place the turkey into a roasting pan, and season with salt
plus extra for and pepper. Place the roasting pan on the middle rack of the
rubbing on oven. Roast for 45 min and then reduce the heat to 175℃
turkey and cook for another 60 to 75 min or until the bird reaches
an internal temperature of 76℃. Serve immediately.
• 1 TBSP kosher
salt, plus extra 13
• 3 cups Challah
bread, cut into
• 4 ounces
• 2 ounces
• 2 whole eggs,
• 2 tsp dried
• 2 tsp dried
• 1/2 tsp freshly
Biryani with chicken
is an Indian rice dish cooked with seasoned rice and marinated chicken,
Ingredients 1. To marinate the chicken, put Greek yogurt, turmeric, chili
powder along with salt. Then, add the chicken thighs in the
• 600 g boiled mixture and rub it. Keep aside for 2-30 min. Also, soak
saffron in the milk and keep aside.
• 4 TBSP minced 2. Pour refined oil in a deep-bottomed pan, keeping it on
medium flame. Add cumin seeds and green cardamom in it
mint leaves and sauté for about 2 min. Immediately add the sliced onion
• salt as required and fry for 2-3 min. When the onion starts to get brown, add
• 2 tsp coriander tomatoes and tomato puree and fry for another 5 min.
powder 3. Add the slit green chilies to the mixture along with ginger-
• 1 TBSP garlic garlic paste, frying the mixture yet again for a minute. Then,
add coriander powder and turn the flame to medium-low
paste while stirring and cooking the masala. Quickly, add the
• 2 TBSP tomato marinated chicken and mix for a while.
puree 4. Turn the flame to medium and heat-through for about 5-6
• 400 gm thinly min, only to turn it over to low heat. Cover with a lid and let
simmer for 5 min. Make sure to keep stirring during the
sliced white entire process. If you find the consistency too thick, you can
add little water.
• 8 green 5. Turn off the flame and add half of the boiled rice in the pan
and keep the rest aside until required. Sprinkle milk soaked
cardamom saffron along with graham masala, mint and coriander leaves.
• 1 TBSP milk Put the remaining rice over this layer and garnish with the
• 1 kg chicken same mentioned four ingredients.
thighs 6. Lastly, cover the lid, turn the flame to low medium and let
• 1 tsp garam the rice cook for about 5 min. Once done, put it off and let
the biryani stay covered for another 10 min. Serve hot, along
masala powder with raita or any chutney of your choice.
• 2 pinches
• 1 TBSP ginger
• 4 sliced & slit
• 320 gm chopped
• 2 tsp cumin
• 6 TBSP refined
• 1/2 tsp chilli
• 6 TBSP plain
• 1 tsp powdered
is a traditional Mesoamerican dish made of
masa harina (corn-flower dough)
16 which is steamed in a corn husk or banana leaf.
Ingredients 1. Place pork into a Dutch oven with onion and garlic and
add water to cover.
• 800g pork loin 2. Boil the meat is cooked through about 2 hours.
• 1ea onion 3. Place chile in a saucepan with 400ml of water. and
• 1ea clove garlic
• 4ea dried simmer, uncovered for 20 min.
4. Transfer the chiles, water to a blender and blend until
• 400ml water smooth.
• 1 ½ tsp salt 5. Strain the mixture, seasoning salt
6. Shred the cooked meat and mix in one cup of the chile
• 400g masa sauce.
7. Sock the corn husks in a bowl of warm water.
harina 8. In a large bowl, beat the lard, tablespoon of the broth,
• 300ml beef
masa harina, baking powder and salt; stir into the lard
broth mixture, adding more broth as necessary to form a spongy
• 1tsp baking dough.
9. Spread the dough over the corn husks to 1/4 to 1/2 inch
powder thickness. Place one tablespoon of the meat filling into
• ½ tsp salt the center.
• 130g lard 10. Fold the husks in toward the center and place in a
• 230g package steamer and Steam for 1 hour.
11. Remove tamales from husks and drizzle remaining chili
dried corn sauce over. Top with sour cream. For a creamy sauce, mix
husks sour cream into the chile sauce.
• 200ml sour
Buche de Noel
is a traditional dessert served near Christmas, especially in Belgium,
France, and several former French colonies.
Cake To make cake:
• 4 eggs 1. Preheat oven to 350F (175C). Line an 11" (28cm) square baking
• 50g cake
pan with parchment paper.
flour 2. Divide eggs into whites and yolks. Sift cake flour and cocoa
• 30g cocoa
• 30g butter together. Melt butter. Set all aside.
• 100g sugar 3. Beat yolks and 1/3 of sugar until a light color and very thick.
4. In a different bowl, whip egg whites. When the eggs are forming
• 225g into meringue, start adding the rest of the sugar in 3 parts. Whip
until almost forming stiff peaks.
chocolate 5. In the bowl of beaten yolks, add 1/3 of the whipped egg whites,
• 1 cup and mix in carefully without deflating the foam. Add this
mixture to the rest of the meringue, and carefully mix in the
heavy same way.
cream 6. Add flour mixture, sifting into the egg mixture, and carefully
mix. Finally add melted butter and mix again.
7. Pour the batter into the prepared baking pan, spread evenly, and
bake for 10-12 minutes. Take out from the oven, cool in the pan
completely, covered with plastic.
To make Ganache:
1. Chop chocolate and put in a bowl. Heat heavy cream to just
before boiling. Add to chocolate and leave for a couple of
minutes without disturbing. Stir well with a spatula. Let it sit at
least 3-4 hours to set, preferably overnight.
To make frosting:
1. In a different bowl, put the rest of the buttercream and ganache
and mix well.
1. Remove the parchment paper from the cake. Place a new piece
of parchment paper under the cake. Spread filling (leaving 1/2
cup or so) over the cake. From the one side of the cake, start
rolling. Wrap the cake with the parchment end side down.
Refrigerate for 30 minutes.
2. If you like, cut out pieces of the cake with round cookie cutters
to make branch stumps. Fill the holes with the frosting, and
place round cake pieces on top.
is a pudding that enjoyed by British people at Christmas in the evening.
Ingredients 1. Lightly butter a 2 ½ pint pudding basin.
2. Place the dried fruits, candied peel, apple, orange, lemon
• 450g mixed
juice into a mixing bowl.
dried fruit 3. Flour, mixed spice, and cinnamon, suet, sugar, lemon zest,
• 25g candied
orange zest, bread crumbs, nuts put in the bowl and mixed.
peel Add (2) and stir again.
• 1ea small 4. Beat the eggs lightly in a bowl, add (3) and stir again.
5. Spoon the mixture into the (1), gently pressing the mixture
apple (dice) down with the back of a spoon.
• ½ TBSP lemon 6. Cover with a baking paper, than a layer of aluminum foil
and tie securely with string wrapping the string around the
• 2 TBSP orange 7. Place the pudding in a steamer set over saucepan of
simmering water and steam the pudding 7 hours.
juice 8. Remove the pudding from the steamer, and cool
• 1 TBSP lemon 9. Remove the paper, and pour in a little extra brandy.
• 4 TBSP brand
• 55g flour
• 1 tsp mixed
• 1 ½ tsp
• 110g suet
• 110g brown
• 110g bread
• 25g almonds
• 2ea large eggs
is a powdered fruit bread that is eating during the Christmas season.
Ingredients 1. Sock raisins, candied fruit and almonds in rum stirring.
2. Dissolve yeast in warm milk and a pinch of sugar.
• 175g currant 3. Mix flour, egg, yeast mixture, sugar, lemon peel, vanilla
• 50g candied
and salt with a stand mixer using the dough hook for
lemon peel several minutes.
• 25g candied 4. Cream the butter and 100g flour with the nutmeg and
cardamom until smooth.
orange peel 5. Add the yeast dough back to the bowl and work dough
• 50ml dark rum with a dough hook until the butter and flour mixture is
• 7g instant completely incorporated.
6. Let dough rest, covered for 30 min.
yeast 7. Turn dough out onto a lightly floured board. Add knead in
• 125ml milk fruit and chopped almonds.
• 50g sugar 8. Return dough to floured board and form into a rectangle,
• 945g flour(all- and fold 1/3 of the dough over to the middle.
9. Put the dough into a mold
purpose) 10. Let stolen rise for 30 minutes in a warm place.
• 1ea egg 11. Preheat oven to 175°C and Dot the top of the stolen with
• ½ vanilla bean butter.
• 2TBSP lemon 12. Bake loaves for 35 to 45 min.
13. Brush warm loaf with butter and dust thickly powdered
• ¼ tsp salt
• ¼ tsp ground
• ¼ tsp ground
• 200g unsalted
• 100g flour
• 50g whole
• 100g melted
• 100g powder
- Professor. LEE
- Chef. ORAILA
- Professor. TROY
Prof. Jin Hwa Lee
Sol International Healthcare Management Department
26 * He went to Australia in 1999 and came back to Korea in 2016.
Q: What happens to Australia when Christmas comes?
A: It doesn't snow in Australia. Because it's summer, instead of doing white
Christmas, people start decorating their homes with LED lights about a month
ago. Australians prefer decorating house to decorating trees. So at night, the
whole town is lit up in the shape of Santa Claus or Rudolph. Next, Australia has
a very good shopping center. Unlike Korea, the shopping center is three to four
stories high and the center is crooked, so you can install a large tree in the
middle so that you can see it anywhere in the shopping center.
Q.: Have you ever eaten any special Christmas food in Australian?
A: They eat a lot of Turkey in American way, and since Australia is an immigrant
country, they each have their own traditional food. If someone from Europe
invited me, I had a Hungarian food and European food. The food depends on
where I visit. When a Korean invited me, Korean food came out. The food in that
country is usually served according to the nationality of the host.
Q.: Did you remember any Christmas you spent in Australia?
A: Well, I thought the summer Christmas is not very Christmas-like, but I think
it's nice to have all the lights on the LED lights up at night and the whole street
feels like Christmas. There are always trees near the house. They're wrap LED
lights on tree trunks and decorate real trees, not fake Christmas trees. The tree
in front of house... I think it's really cool at night.
Oh, is it 2001? Even though it's never snowing in Australia, people dream of a
white Christmas. I picked up a patch of snow from a place like a local
government where I lived and sprinkled it on the street. To feel the white
Christmas, I think maybe it's an artificial eye made by a poem. But I really liked
being able to see snow.
Q: Usually, Koreans spend Christmas with their lovers or with their
family. How about Australian?
A: I spend time with my family, but I invite my close friends and have a party.
Prof. Oraila (Mexico) & Troy (U.S.A)
Woosong Culinary Arts
Q. Can you tell me anything about how people celebrate in Christmas?
A. Oh my gosh, our big city like Mexico City, Guanajuato completely the
whole town is jacked out with everything on the street, big Christmas trees,
lights everywhere... Mexico City and Guanajuato have churches on almost
every block, so for the Christmas time, they put different candles out, they
also do very nativity scene, like birth of Christ, its very beautiful. Look, (piture)
the whole city look like this. Its big celebration, very very big. When I was in
US, but my family, still Mexican, we celebrated Christmas like that as well. Still
even though we lived in US, but I'm from Mexico, so its very common. So
when I grew up, my family also had a very large tree in our house. It was 11
feet. Two Troies. (smile) Very tall. So I love Christmas, I think Christmas is not
just about a celebration of catholic way, but the celebration of love, enjoy for
the friends you have, not just of your family. Who you wanna share. And a lot
of people love to decorate their houses, everywhere.
Q. What kinds of food you usually eat at Christmas? Like turkey...?
Oralia A. Thanks-giving is turkey. But for us, Christmas is different. When I was
younger, we ate ham, fish, tamales, and special sauces like the green sauce with
avocado... things are very special and expensive. So, as I Hispanic, we had a lot
of Mexican and American style food. But now we married, and became older
and we really love food, so we enjoy to eat foie gras... We host family to my
house, then 20 people are coming for Christmas dinner. The Christmas dinner
for us is always on the 24th, in Christmas eve. We don't celebrate Christmas
dinner on Christmas. So for our family, we have big dinner on December 24th,
and then we hang out and wait until midnight. And we do go to Mass, and then
come back, Christmas Mass in midnight, and open present! And we go to bed
at 1:00AM. And so the morning, mom can sleep in because kids are all tired,
right? And then she wake up and eat leftover all day playing with other toys. So
Christmas is just hanging out at home, playing with toys and eating left over. It's
Mexican Christmas. Very different. I can't wait to open present until Christmas
TROY A. I usually eat turkey with my family. Most America people like to eat
turkey in special day like Christmas or thanksgiving. And I open the present in
Christmas present at morning. And I eat big breakfast with family But I adopt
her tradition So we are open present at midnight!
Q. Is there anything special experience you did in Christmas?
Oralia & Troy A. We just participate decoration at home, and make some
cookies. Every Christmas, we make cookies and give it away to everybody. We
share it to neighbors, grocery store people, friend's family, doctors, professors...
anybody has been in our life for a year and be nice for us, we give them
cookies. We made 800 cookies! And also we make 100 tamales then enjoy with
family are close people.
The brand name of our magazine is ‘The Fiesta’!
Fiesta means a festival in French. The fiesta! means
the only festival. Also, exclamation marks are often
used to emphasize. The reason why I put exclamation
marks on our brand name is because I wanted to make
it amazing and inspiring to read our magazine.
we put moon and Rudolph in our brand logo.
1. The circle represents the moon, and the meaning of a
full moon in East Asia is the vertical meaning that
brings good luck. And it means that people hold a
festival to wish the moon good luck.
2. Rudolph is a symbolic animal that changes monthly.
While making a magazine in December, he made a
logo using a symbolic Rudolph in December.
<Editor> Jane Jung
Woosong Culinary Art
<Writer> Sylvia Lee
Woosong Culinary Art
Woosong Culinary Art
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