A Look at the
Aztec and Inca
of the WBy: estern
Learning About Time
Watch the “Commonly Asked Questions about Dates” video on
Schoology to learn about the abbreviations/key words listed
below. As you watch, pause the video and write in your own
words what each of these means.
What does B.C. stand This time marker is used on the
for when looking at Gregorian or Christian calendar. BC
stands for “Before Christ” and is used
dates? to mark the period of time before
What does A.D. stand Jesus’ birth.
for when looking at
Also used on the Gregorian calendar,
dates? AD stands for Anno Domini which is
Latin for “In the year of the Lord.”
What does B.C.E. stand Before Common Era...This is used to
for when looking at mark the same dates as BC.
What does C.E. stand Common Era...This is used to mark
for when looking at the same dates as AD.
What do c. and ca. These stand for the word “circa”
stand for when looking which means around or about. It is
used when we don’t know the exact
date of something.
Multiple-tier timelines use two or more rows of events.
While each row represents a different subject, the time
period is the same.
Multiple-tier timelines can be used to help us look at
cause and effect relationships or patterns and themes
among events in a specific period of time.
We will be using a multi-tier timeline to show the rise
and fall of four early civilizations in the Americas: The
Mississippian, Inca, Maya, and Aztec and look for
RELATIONSHIPS between the dates.
The Mississippians were a tribe
living in the southeast. The
Mississippians built mounds for
worshipping, and burial. They
used wood panels to make
beautiful designs on clay,
Where in the World…
Were the Mississippian Located?
What is the approximate latitude
and longitude of the location you
What might the weather be like in
this location based on the latitude
What is the relative and approximate absolute location of the center of the South Appalachian
Mississippian culture? 32.2 N, 83 W. North of Florida, west of the atlantic ocean, south of
What might the climate be like in this location based on the latitude and longitude?
Mississippians would have needed shelter from sun, less hunting, more agriculture.
How would this affect the way people live in this area?
Chief: Led their tribe as the leader,
and had their own mound to live in.
Were thought to have supernatural
Elites: Believed to be descendants from gods. They did not have
jobs, but instead had larger housing and special clothing. (stay at
Commoners: They were lowest in rank and were the laborers and
warriors. Commoners grew food and made crafts.
Settlements: They settles on the banks of the mississippi and Ohio rivers.
Their settlement was built around a central plaza and had two mounds
and houses in orderly rows. They grew crops in small gardens because
they were close to rivers.
Read the Khan Academy article posted in your
Schoology course: Fort Ancient Culture: Great
Serpent Mound. After you read, complete the
page below with your team.
Describe the physical attributes What do archeologists believe
of the Serpent Mound in your might be the reason the mounds
own words: are shaped like a serpent?
A physical attribute of It never fully stated it in
the mound is that it is the text, but, it could
shaped to represent and have to do with
match the seasons, and astrological patterns, a
that the mound is compass, or even a
shaped like a serpent.
Snake god or
It is believed that the fort ancient The people who built Danielle Knight GO Interactive, 2015
culture is responsible for it, but, it is these mounds might
have believed in snake
also believed that the Adena and gods, and they were
Hopewell created it. pretty creative and
dedicated to their work
Who is believed to have created
it? What relationship generalization
can you make between the
mounds and the people who
Research the Relationships
Explore the Mississippian links in the Symbaloo posted in your Schoology
course as well as in the books and other resources available in class to
complete this organizer.
What was the government like? Led by chiefs called suns who were tied to
Did powerful relationships exist the religion. The people believed the
leaders had connections to the gods.
between the people and their
How was their society set up? There were 4 different social classes: The
What were the types of jobs Suns (Chiefs), the Elites, and the
people had? Were the jobs people
did purposeful for the civilization? Commoners. Their society was divided by
chiefdoms. Most people were farmers,
Describe their religion. Did the craftsmen, fishermen and hunters which
relationship the people had with was critical for all to survive.
their gods and religious leaders
The Mississippians worshipped the sun
follow rules? and serpents.Their religion was centered
What did the people invent, create, around a temple. Human sacrifice and
or trade that allowed them to ritual suicide was practiced as a result of a
exchange ideas or values with
others they had relationships chief's death so they might accompany
with? him in afterlife.
They crafted beautiful art for their
ceremonies. Wood panels were used to
make designs on clay. They traded with
people from the Gulf of Mexico and great
What was the agriculture like? They grew much of their food in small
What food did they eat? How gardens using simple tools. They ate things
did they grow it? What such as Corn, beans, squash and other
relationships did the people plants and animals. They took care of the
have with their environment? environment because they relied on it to
Add your own information
Where in the World…
Were the Maya Located?
Map from ducksters.com What is the relative and approximate
absolute location of the center of the
Maya Empire? The absolute location
of the Mayan civilization is 16 N, and
What might the climate be like in this
location based on the latitude and
longitude? The climate is hot, humid,
and wet. (Tropical)
How would this affect the way people
live in this area? It would be good to
grow crops in.
Replace image below with your completed activity screenshot. Then, delete this
Warriors: Warriors were special. City-States: A city state
They didn't fall into any class really King/ is made up of a major
except that of warrior. Some warriors city surrounding areas
were sons of warriors. If you were a Rulers
peasant, you might become a warrior which sometimes
but you would never achieve the same Each city had a ruling include some smaller
rank as the son of a warrior, although family. They had a life of settlements and cities.
luxury. Sons inherited the
your son might, because your son
would be the son of a warrior.
right to rule from their
fathers. The only way a
new ruling family could
take over would be by
Priests: war. maya empire was
not ruling the families. The most powerful would be
mayan. Social Classes
Nobles: The Nobles were the only people in the
ancient maya tribe in the world that could read and write.
Merchants and Craftsmen:The maya didn’t have
middle class mayans, so merchants and craftsmen were either
nobles or peasants creating art or running a business.
Peasants: Peasants made up the bulk of society. Craftsmen lived in the
city. Farmers lived outside of the cities, in their fields where they grew crops.
Peasants worked very, hard. They did not live a life of luxury.
Slaves: Slaves were considered “lowest class.” Slaves were not treated poorly. No
matter how they were treated, slaves had no rights nor privileges.Most of the victims of
human sacrifice were chosen from the slaves.
Art and Religion
of the Maya
Write a description here of the Maya religion. The lives of the
ancient Maya centered around their religion and gods.
Religion touched many aspects of their everyday lives.
Some examples are their calendars, their afterlife, and their
Describe how your art depicts an element of the Maya religion here. I
chose to do writing and their gods because they believed that one of
their gods, Itzamna, gave them writing and calendars, and their writing
were pretty important in their civilization.
Maya Language and
This is the mayan number system.
Every 5 numbers, they added a
bar. All the rest were dots. Zero
was a shell. In the picture above,
that is my birthday. Try to figure it
Determine the Relationships
Explore the Mayan links in the Symbaloo posted in your Schoology course as
well as in the books and other resources available in class to complete this
What was the government like? The Mayans developed a hierarchical
Did powerful relationships exist government. They lived in independent
city-states. They also practiced human sacrifice
between the people and their and often raided communities to obtain victims.
How was their society set up? Occupations for Maya men was limited to
What were the types of jobs their father's occupation. If your father was a
people had? Were the jobs people farmer, you were a farmer. If your father
did purposeful for the civilization? made bricks, you made bricks.Women,
however, could be involved in government,
Describe their religion. Did the economics, and religion, as well as
relationship the people had with responsible for hearth, home, and children
their gods and religious leaders
The Maya believed in a large number of nature
follow rules? gods. They believed that the gods gave them
traits/gifts. They also believed in a scary afterlife,
What did the people invent, create, where people would have to travel through a dark
or trade that allowed them to underworld where mean gods would torment
exchange ideas or values with them. Only women that died in childbirth and the
others they had relationships
with? sacrificed started the afterlife in heaven.
The Mayan created pottery, murals, ceramics,
writing and more. They traded goods, which
traveled around the civilization. They also made
Mayan Stelaes to honor their kings.
What was the agriculture like? The Mayans ate chocolate, avocados,
What food did they eat? How tortillas, and more. The farmers grew
Maize, beans, squash, and tomatoes.
did they grow it? What
relationships did the people
have with their environment?
Add your own information
Replace this example with your own concept map!