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Published by Alpha Omicron Pi, 2015-09-17 14:36:10

1925 September - To Dragma

Vol. XXI, No. 1

Co Dragma
Hlpba Omicron Pi

I ^ SI

vol. x x i September, 1925 NO.I

TO DRAGMA

of Alpha Omicron P i Fraternity

CHAPTER ROLL OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

Alpha—Barnard College—Inactive.
Pi—H. Sophie Newcomb Memorial College, New Orleans, La.
Nu—New York University, New York City.
Omicron—University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn.
Kappa—Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, Va.
Zeta—University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb.
Sigma—University of California, Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—De Pauw University, Grcencastle, Ind.
Beta—Brown University—Inactive.
Delta—Jackson College, Tufts College, Mass.
Gamma—University of Maine, Orono, Me.
Epsilon—Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y .
Rho—Northwestern University, F.vanston, 111.
Lambda—Lcland Stanford University, Palo Alto, Cal.
Iota—University of Illinois, Champaign, III.
Tau—University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn.
Chi—Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y .
Upsilon—University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.
Nu Kappa—Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Tex.
Beta Phi—University of Indiana, Bloomington, Ind.
Eta—University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.
Alpha Phi—Montana State College, Bozeman, Mont.
Nu Omicron—Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn.
Psi—University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa.
Phi—University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kan.
Omega—Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
Omicron Pi—University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Alpha Sigma—University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon.
Xi—University of Oklahoma, Norman, Okla.
Pi Delta—University of Maryland, College Park, Md.
Tau Delta—Birmingham-Southern College, Birmingham, Ala.
Kappa Theta—University of California at Los Angeles.
New York Alumnae—New York City.
San Francisco Alumnae—San Francisco, Cal.
Providence Alumnae—Providence, R. I.
Boston Alumnae—Boston, Mass.
Los Angeles Alumnae—Los Angeles, Cal.
Lincoln Alumnae—Lincoln, Neb.
Chicago Alumnae—Chicago, 111.
Indianapolis Alumnae—Indianapolis, Ind.
New Orleans Alumnae—New Orleans, L a . ,
Minneapolis Alumnae—Minneapolis, Minn.
Bangor Alumnae—Bangor, Me.
Portland Alumnae—Portland, Oregon.
Seattle Alumnae—Seattle, Wash.
Knoxville Alumnae—Knoxville, Tenn.
Lynchburg Alumnae—Lynchburg, Va.
Washington Alumnae—Washington, D. C.
Philadelphia Alumnae—Philadelphia, Pa.
Dallas Alumnae—Dallas, Tex.
Kansas City Alumnae—Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha Alumnae—Omaha, Neb.
Tacoma Alumnae—Alumnae Association (temporarily), Tacoma, Wash.
Syracuse Alumnae—Syracuse, N. Y.
Detroit Alumnae—Detroit. Michigan.
Nashville Alumnae—Nashville, Tenn.
Cleveland Alumnae—Cleveland, Ohio.
Champaign-Urbana Alumnae Association—Giampaign, 111.
Memphis Alumnae—Memphis. Tenn.
Miami Valley Alumnae—Oxford, Ohio.
Bozeman Alumnae—Bozeman, Mont.
Milwaukee Alumnae—Milwaukee, Wis.
Birmingham Alumnae—Birmingham, Alabama.
Oklahoma City—Oklahoma City, Okla.
Northern Illitiois—Chicago, 111.







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To DRAGMA

VOL. X X I SEPTEMBER, 1925 No. 1

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1

Our New Officers 1
4
A Message from Our Grand President 6
9
Tau Delta's Installation 11
15
Birmingham-Southern College 17
18
Kappa Theta's Installation 20
23
The University of California, Southern Branch 24
26
My First Convention 27

Convention Impressions 34
36
Conventionalities 37
42
A Beta Phi Girl Wins the Scholarship 43
44
National Philanthropic Work 46
49
How They Stand 50
54
Professional Volunteers In Social Work 66

Standing of Chapters With Relation to Anniversary Endowment

Fund

Fraternity Examination Report, 1925

Fraternity Expansion

The Fraternity and Scholarship

The Small College an Extension Field

Will We Be an International Some Day?

Items of Interest

Announcements

Editorials

Alumnae Chapter Letters

Alumnae Notes •

T O D R A G M A is published at 415 Third Ave. N., Minneapolis, Minn.,
by The Colwell Press, Inc. Entered at the Postoffice at Minneapolis, Minn.,
as second class matter under the Act of March 3, 1879. Acceptance for
mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of Oc-
tober 3, 1917, authorized February 12, 1920.

T O D R A G M A is published four times a year, September, November,
February and May.

Subscription price, One Dollar per year, payable in advance; Life
Subscription $15.00.

KATRINA OVERALL MCDONALD JOANNA DONLON HUNTINGTON

Grand President Grand Secretary

\

ROSE GARDNER MARX JOSEPHINE S. PRATT

Grand Treasurer Grand Vice-President

OUR N E W OFFICERS

N AMES W I L L be names! But how nice i f we could associate each
one with some definite personality so that when we study
over our directory pages the month, week, or perhaps the hour
before fraternity examinations, and mumble to ourselves these
often quite meaningless syllables which those honored by office in
Alpha Omicron Pi were born with, or have acquired in the usual
way, we could say to ourselves, "Oh yes! I met her at Syracuse,"
or "She was at Minneapolis convention, and wore a green and
gold dress and sat across f r o m me at the banquet." Now, sadly
enough, comparitively few of us have the opportunity of meeting
the owners of these various names at conventions, so, lest you
continue to think of them as mere names, we shall try to introduce
you to them in the pages of T o DRAGMA, to lead you down a receiv-
ing line on paper, as it were. I n the next issue our 'line' will be
continued.

Katrina Overall McDonald, a member of N u Omicron chap-
ter, graduated f r o m Vanderbilt University in 1918. Shortly after-
ward she was married to M r . Carl C. McDonald, Kappa Alpha,
(Southern), of Bay St. Louis, Mississippi. Her two small sons,
David, aged three, and year-old Junior, have not prevented her
from taking an active part in all phases of fraternity and civic life.
As District Superintendent over the Southern district f r o m 1921-
1923, she endeared herself to the chapters under her supervision
by her charm and helpfulness, and to the Executive Committee
which appointed her by her unfailing interest and efficiency. As
Grand Treasurer f r o m 1923-1925, she was no less successful.
The sound training in fraternity work shown by this record of
service, plus a great personal charm make her an admirable choice
for this our highest of fraternity offices. To quote a member of
the outgoing Executive Committee, "don't you know she will make
the grandest Grand President?"

Joanna Donlon Huntington is also a member of the class of
1918. ( A bumper crop, that year, we might say, and quality as
well as quantity.) A member of Epsilon chapter, she received her
degree f r o m Cornell University. A f t e r graduation she took a
secretarial course in New York City; then became secretary to

2 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

the president of one of the Utica banks. Marriage interrupted her
business career, and we know that Utica bank president rued the
day that ever M r . James C. Huntington came across his efficient
secretary's path. Various fraternity activities, from helping out
at the house during rush week in Ithaca to serving as District
Superintendent over the Atlantic district, plus her business training
will make her a wonderfully efficient Grand Secretary.

Rose Gardner Marx is a California product, a member of
Sigma chapter and a graduate of the University of California,
class of 1911. Not satisfied with a B . A . degree and a Phi Beta
Kappa key, she returned to college f o r an M . A . i n Latin. A n
active worker i n Sigma during her undergraduate days, Rose did
not let the possession of two degrees and a wedding ring prevent
her f r o m continuing her work in Alpha Omicron Pi after gradua-
tion. I n 1915 she was chairman of the San Francisco convention.
From 1919-1925 she was our very efficient Extension Officer.
The Founders recognized her service to the fraternity and her
knowledge and understanding of its organization and ideals, by
selecting her as a life member of the Rituals and Traditions' Com-
mittee. Besides managing her home and her two small daughters,
she runs an insurance brokerage business i n San Francisco.
Sound business training and years of f a i t h f u l fraternity service
make Rose Marx a prize Grand Treasurer.

Josephine S. Pratt of Alpha graduated f r o m Barnard college
in 1907. She attributes her presence as laboratory assistant in the
New York City Department of Health shortly afterwards to the
lack of vocational advisors at that time. But those who know her
well place the blame on a scientific interest in bugs f r o m her earli-
est years. She is said to have consumed a June bug at the age
of three. A t any rate, a laboratory assistant she became, and her
professional interests are still scientific. During the war she was
bacteriologist f o r Sanitary Unit 16, at Chattanooga, Tennessee.
A f t e r the Armistice she was in various, hospitals and private
laboratories until she became, in 1921, Bacteriologist and Seroli-
gist at the F i f t h Avenue Hospital in New York City. Her busi-
ness hours are spent over the test tube and microscope, and she is
Vice-President of the New York State Bacteriological Associa-
tion, but she finds time to vary her outside interests. She has

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 3

held various offices in Alpha Omicron Pi and New York Alumnae
chapter, is Treasurer of the Student's Loan Committee of the
Barnard Alumnae Association, and is a member of the Board of
publishers of the Barnard Alumnae Bulletin. I n 1923 she took
up her duties as Grand Vice-President of Alpha Omicron P i .
Under her guidance our National W o r k Fund has grown and our
National W o r k has taken on definite and lasting form. H e r reelec-
tion i n 1925 is an assurance to Alpha Omicron Pi that this phase
of our fraternity activity will continue to grow and progress.

LILLIAN MACQUILLIN MCCAUSLAND

Where goes the sun when down the glorious sea
The last of her bright garments glide and fall ?
Where wends the sun when by the shadowed lea
She locks the gates of eve beyond recall?
See where she rises, bearing beauteous day
Upon some farther night-betaken shore;
And, though the Gate of Shadows bar our way,
Behold ! She opens wide the Morning's Door!
Around our pivoting, diurnal sphere
Bright cycles of her presence burn and-shine,
And sun of day and star of night appear
I n path of light, an aureole divine!
Not darkened, but illumined, let us go,
By night as day, so certain of our star
That, though we sense a shadow, still we know
Her blessed light that throws it f r o m a f a r !

Stella George Stern Perry.

4 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

A MESSAGE FROM O U RGRAND PRESIDENT

T o O U R A L P H A O S I S T E R S : Greetings to you everyone! I t
is borne in upon me that the above salutation includes about
four thousand of us now and I catch a breath at the size of our
family. What a tremendous power f o r good when we stand
shoulder to shoulder and work for things worth while and fine!

I am so afraid T o DRAGMA is not going to tell you all about
Convention—the thirty-eight hundred who were so unfortunate
as to miss i t . Hostesses are apt to be modest and the home of
To DRAGMA was the home of our 1925 Convention. I t was won-
derful—on the train, returning, i n letters since and everywhere,
I have heard ' T enjoyed every minute of i t . " Someone wrote " I
am afraid you of the Executive Committee were too busy to
enjoy i t as the rest of us did." Busiest people are the happiest
and my only complaint is I should like to have had just twice the
time to talk to and know well the younger girls and older girls
instead of a moment snatched now and then.

During the business hours of Convention we were given a
birds-eye view of the progress of our fraternity during the past
two years and many plans were formulated for our future growth.
National W o r k in both its philanthropic and educational phases
is a working fact—not a dream. To two hospitals, Child Welfare
centers and other places the name of Alpha Omicron P i stands
for a real substantial assistance. T o two splendid girls, the Alpha
Omicron P i Fellowship has meant one more year of graduate
study. One of these girls is to be a doctor and the other a teacher
of nurses. Haven't we a right to be proud? The biggest thing
ahead of us now is a business reorganization with a Registrar to
relieve the various officers, principally the Grand Secretary, of
the mass of clerical work and detail involved i n running such
a growing organization.

As I told the girls at Convention, I feel a great hesitancy i n
stepping into the place Laura H u r d has just held. I t will not be
taking her place. I can't do that and besides, she is going to keep
forever her special place in our fraternity. But we must, f o r the
sake of her health, allow her some relief f r o m responsibility.
She has promised to be a constant adviser to the new Executive

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 5

Committee and our hope is that we shall be able to carry to com-
pletion the plans of development now laid out, some of them the
dearest dreams of her heart and mind, f o r Alpha Omicron Pi.

KATRINA O . MCDONALD,

r Grand President.

I

A CLIMB I N T H EDIAMOND MOUNTAINS

The sabled canopy of sheltering rock,
W i t h tiny fern-fronds clinging 'gainst its sides ;
The quivering needles of the pine tree lone;
Serrated, tow'ring peaks of sheerest grey,
Sun-gloried by a crest of golden light,
Made kind by gentle, plumy, soft'ning green,
Where trees and moss, caressing, seek the sky,
The half-dead trunks still bravely held aloft;
Crystalline shelves of quartz in varied hue;
And waterways worn down in shining routes,
a A-glistening silver-white to distant view,
A t hand the emerald home of greener frog,
Black-flecked and lovely underneath with red;
The friendly note of bird and cascade's roar;
The myriad flowers smiling 'long the path;
Stupendous silence of the sea and sky;—
And wondrous more I saw but cannot tell;
My heart went throbbing with its beauty all;—
Men call it Nature, but I call it God.

FANNIE W. BUTTERFIELD.

Songdo, Korea.

6 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA 0MICRON PI

TAU DELTA'S INSTALLATION

WH E N T H E NOTICE came to me to write an informal account
of the installation of Tau Delta chapter, there arose before
my mind a lovely mist of pretty girls, telegrams, corsages, dash-
ing automobiles, hot weather, the smell of roses and sweet peas,
sweeping and dusting, packing, good food, wonderful music, re-
ceiving lines at teas, aching feet, toasts, fraternity blanks, pins,
happy greetings, and above all the thrill of hearing again the
service that each time is dearer and more beautiful and more
inspiring.

But how to detach all these details, and make them clear and
interesting f o r anybody else, that is difficult. I feel as i f this
article would simply be a series of exclamations! Many of you
have met Helen Crain, and you will admit that she is a star.
Judge the rest of the chapter by her and you will know
that it is a "star" chapter. They will not have undue enlargement
of the ego when they read this, because they know that Alpha
Omicron Pi is supremely worth while, and nothing that is worth
while can be enjoyed without work, hard work and constant vigil-
ance. There is no royal road to anything, and i f you knew what
their "Tau Delta" stood for, I am sure that you would believe that
they mean to be a conscientious and earnest chapter of our f r a -
ternity.

They were deprived of a great privilege by not having Katrina
there to install them, and I undertook to substitute for her with
great trepidation. But my enthusiasm soon made me forget my
trepidation. A n d I had such good help, Mamie Baskerville and
Catherine Rasbury. So much credit f o r the success of this chap-
ter and the whole affair is due Mamie, and I advise everybody
who is installing a chapter to take Catherine along. I do not
mean to slight the other .alumnae; they were indispensable.

On Thursday night I arrived in Birmingham and went to
Mamie's f o r the night. W e talked 'til three o'clock, making plans
and going over our information and instructions. Bright and
early we went out to the College, where I met many of the girls,
and Catherine joined us. I n the afternoon the alumnae chapter
gave a tea f o r us at the Southern Club. Our charming Ellen
W o o d stood at the head o f the line and introduced us to repre-
sentatives from the faculty, trustees, and all the national fraterni-

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 7

ties in the city. I t was a beautiful party, and very gratifying the
way all these busy people came out in the midst of commence-
ment week, and all the nice things they said. A f t e r the tea we
had a refreshing drive up on the mountain, and saw Birmingham's
most beautiful residence section, and had a fine view of the city.
That evening Mrs. Earle, the very lovely patroness of Tau Delta,
gave a buffet supper at her home.

The next morning we gathered at the college and went to
work making the last preparations f o r installation. The College
has given the lower floor of a dwelling to the four women's f r a -
ternities, and all the others had turned over the whole thing to
Tau Delta f o r these three days. I t made an ideal place f o r i n -
stallation, and after several hours of work and worry, and hur-
ried trips, and hammering and unpacking, and pressing and memo-
rizing, order seemed to arrive out of chaos and silence settled over
us and the initiations began. By seven thirty that night we had
installed the chapter of twenty charter members, held a ritual
meeting, pledged their two pledges, then initiated ten of their
alumnae and the two pledges. A n d the only complaints uttered
were about feet! W e dashed the three miles back to town and
in a very little while were together again at the new Redmont
Hotel f o r the banquet. Every detail of the banquet was lovely.
The private dining room, the flowers and favors and corsages,
the good intimate time together with songs and toasts, and with
Celia Roebuck's wonderful voice ringing in our ears, we departed,
tired but happy.

On Sunday morning, the girls had to go to Baccalaureate Ser-

mon, but we managed to check pins and other borrowed property,

go over business and blanks, and tie up many loose ends. I n the

afternoon the actives had a tea at the college, and this is where

they showed up best of all. They had worked so hard cleaning

o and decorating the house, then there they were looking so lovely
in their pretty light dresses, and had so much social grace, and

so many good friends came and said such good things about them.

They are such all around girls, pretty and attractive, many of

r them wearing men's fraternity pins, and there were baskets of
red roses sent by the men's fraternities, and still the faculty held

- them i n such high regard. They have a wonderful record in
- college activities and scholarship. One of them was the first girl

a TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

Valedictorian, several of them are remarkably talented i n music,
and all of them so earnest in their attitude toward Alpha Omicron
Pi. I stood i n line till six o'clock, then changed m y dress and
dashed back to town to a seven o'clock train. As I hurried away
with my arms f u l l of red roses and looked back at them, this
lovely mist began to rise, a blend of their graces and my happy
memories. Have I succeeded i n making all of you see why i t
should be such a "rosy" mist?

LUCRETIA JORDAN B I C K L E Y .

DOOZE Quarterly.

OH SAY!
BY THE WAY
DID YOU PAY
THE OTHER DAY
YOUR DOOZE?
IF NOT
BETTER HOP
ON THE DOT
AND POT
THOSE DOOZE!
SEND A CHECK
BY HECK
TO T H E SEC.
FOR DOOZE.

Seattle Alumnae

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 9

BIRMINGHAM-SOUTHERN COLLEGE

BI R M I N G H A M S O U T H E R N C O L L E G E was founded at Greensboro,
Alabama, on January 25, 1856, then known as the Southern
University under the auspices of the Alabama Methodist Con-
ference. W i t h an endowment of $500,000 the university became
one of the leading educational institutions in the south. Because
of its phenomenal success in the venture, in 1897 the North Ala-
bama Conference decided to establish a second institution of learn-
ing at Birmingham, Alabama, to be known as Birmingham Col-
lege.

For twenty years the two colleges were maintained by the
Methodists of Alabama. As the strides that Birmingham made in
industry and mineral output evidenced its growing importance as
a center of educational development, plans were discussed to com-
bine the two institutions under one administration. O n May 13,
1918, through the appointed commissioners of the two Alabama
Conferences, these two institutions were consolidated under the
name of Birmingham College and as such the college opened in
Birmingham on September 11, 1918.

Since the memorable step the advances of the college have
been without number. From a student body of scarcely one hun-
dred and only four co-eds, the enrollment has increased to practi-
cally eight hundred with two hundred and sixty-nine women.
During the course of seven years Birmingham-Southern College
has been admitted into the Association of American Colleges,
the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools
and quite recently into the Association of Women's Colleges.
At the present time Birmingham-Southern College ranks along
with the best institutions of learning in the country as an A-grade
college.

The endowment and equipment have ranked parallel with the
rapid growth in enrollment and educational rating. The endow-
ment at present is: productive, $400,000, nonproductive, $100,000,
consisting of real estate, and pledges, over $600,000, i n addition.
The campus includes seventy acres of land and the buildings
consist of Owen Hall, the Administration building, the Science
Hall which takes care of instruction in science, the M . Paul Phil-
lips Library equipped with rest rooms and rooms for the use of

10 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

editors of student publications, a gymnasium, the President's
home valued at $20,000, five residences f o r the use of the faculty,
and four modern dormitories. Recently the college was the bene-
ficiary of a g i f t of $250,000 f o r a new Administration building to
be erected in the near future, and work has already begun on the
new Y . M . C. A . building, to be known as the "College Com-
mons."

The pride of Birmingham-Southern College, is the new A t h -
letic Field, Munger Bowl, costing $125,000, now having a seat-
ing capacity of 8,000, and when completed will accommodate
25,000. I t contains a quarter of a mile of cinder track, and when
fully completed, the field cannot be surpassed by any in the South.
Connected with Munger Bowl is one of Birmingham-Southern's
finest traditions—free admittance of any boy under 14 years of
age, to any game, the only requirements being a clean face and
tie.

However, the students of Birmingham-Southern College are
equally as proud of their honor system as of their Munger Bowl.
A high standard of honor supported and enforced by a strong
student government will always be one of Birmingham-Southern's
most honored traditions.

WATCH T H EFUND GROW

MAGAZINES: Mrs. L. A. Higgins.

2122 Evans St., Omaha, Nebraska.
Important Note: Checks and money orders must be

made payable to Mattie W . Higgins, and not to the
publishers, or we cannot get any commission.
STATIONERY : M r . Smith, who took our orders last year, has gone

out of business. A new stationer will be an-
nounced in the next issue.
L I N G E R I E : Mrs. Frederick Kranz, Craig Knitting Co., 153
Lovering Ave., Buffalo, N . Y.
Important Note: Give your chapter and fraternity, so
that credits f o r commissions may be properly entered.

C H R I S T M A S C A R D S : Mrs. A . A . Gutgesell, 602 S i x t h Ave. So.,

Minneapolis, Minn., or
James Spencer, 22 North Sixth St., Phila-

delphia, Pa.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 11

KAPPA THETA'S INSTALLATION

Y OUR EDITOR has offered five pages and an opportunity to pre-
sent to you "everything that was a part of Kappa Theta's
installation." Thinking back over those two days I am once more
irked by the limitations of the written word. H o w to put on
paper a thing whose essence is largely of the spirit! Fortunately,
though we may not all have been charter members of a chapter, or
present at an installation, the experience of initiation is common
to every one of us, and I am asking you to read into this all that
it does not say.

The ceremony was set f o r Saturday, May 23rd, at one o'clock,
and on the day before, I arrived at Los Angeles and lunched with
Muriel McKinney. Muriel was at that time president of Los
Angeles Alumnae and had been guide, philosopher and friend to
Kappa Theta during its months of preparation. W e made some
necessary purchases and then went out to the chapter house, where
the center of the stage was held by M r . Balfour's representative.
These gentlemen who travel in the vanguard of an installation are
apparently of the stuff f r o m which heroes are made. M r . X with
his display of pins had spent the day there; had interviewed each
girl; advised her; admired the pin of her choice; taken her order,
only to have it cancelled and to begin all over again. For the
choosing of one's pin is a very special thing. They are all so
beautiful, and just as one's mind is made up i n comes a sister
with an entirely different idea—oh, we sympathized with the girls
and so did M r . X , but he was on the verge o f losing his mind
when the orders were completed.

Meanwhile Muriel and I were having thrills of our own. Huge
boxes were waiting to be unpacked, and there were very small
insured ones to examine—gowns and all the equipment f o r initia-
tion from Zeta, Phi, X i , Lambda and Sigma, and pins from Phi
and Beta, generously lent to the new chapter. There were flowers
to admire, with their congratulations from other organizations,
and letters and telegrams to open that had already begun to come
in from all over the country. I don't know of a thing that makes
a group on the eve of installation feel the national as much as
these messages f r o m us all—New York and Oklahoma, Montana,
Texas and the rest—even a gleeful wire f r o m "Your twin at Birm-
ingham-Southern."

11 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

Having checked over the gowns, we bundled everything into
M r . McKinney's car. A n d , by the way, this seems to be an excel-
lent place to pay tribute to the Alpha O husband. I can't imagine
how Kappa Theta could ever have been, without the various gen-
tlemen who appeared out of thin air when needed, and then van-
ished f o r an entire week-end, their wives being otherwise occu-
pied. We drove to the home of May Chandler Goodan, Lambda,
where installation was to be held, a lovely house and gardens. N o
one could wish f o r a more perfect setting f o r any ceremony, and
we felt our good fortune to have it at our fraternity's disposal
for the day. I n fact, we were already taking possession, f o r we
left May with one room entirely devoted to boxes and cases.

I lack the vocabulary of our western realtors, so I ' l l spare you
details of how perfect a day Saturday the twenty-third was, but
mention it only to complete as far as possible the picture. Gardens,
girls in white dresses, sunshine over everything, Los Angeles i n
M a y ! There were thirty-two girls to initiate, so we gathered
early in the afternoon, and at two o'clock the service began. Los
Angeles alumnae had sent a hundred or so invitations to our
alumnae in southern California, and, including active Lambda and
Sigma girls, there were at least sixty i n our beautiful formation,
all robed, a truly impressive sight. The two assistant officers were
Muriel McKinney, Lambda, and Martha Wolff Benkcrt. first
president of Tau chapter and president-elect of Los Angeles
Alumnae. Each of us i n turn initiated five girls until the long
list was completed and Kappa Theta chapter was a reality. Even
the pledges had a part in the general rejoicing, f o r they appeared
after the ceremony, and dispensed punch and cookies most accept-
ably.

How i t took us back to undergraduate days—the hurrying
home and hurrying out again! This time i n dinner dresses to
the M a r y Louise Tea Shop, where all proper banquets in Los
Angeles like to be held. There were perhaps a hundred there,
and it was interesting to find how many chapters were represented.
Roll was called during the evening, and there were responses f r o m
Tau, Iota, Zeta, Rho, Omega, Alpha Phi, Eta, Alpha Sigma,
Lambda and Sigma.

But I am forgetting the chronological order which I have been
so carefully observing. The installation officers were greeted

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 13

with Kappa Theta's gift of particularly lovely bouquets, and pro-
ceeded to the table where roses and candles and even the red and
white of the menu kept our colors and our flower before us. The
banquet was preceded by our Alpha Omicron Pi grace, sung by
six—or was it eight?—girls whom May Knight Liddell, chairman
of our Song Book Committee, had trained. Altos hitherto totally
unsuspected had developed, and the blessing was especially lovely
a s a part song, and especially appropriate with its "Make us
worthy A . O. Pi." A l l through the evening the fraternity singing
was led by this group, and though we all joined in—even the baby
members, who had apparently been practising frantically—we fell
silent at times, during "Let Others Sing the Lily Fair," f o r
instance, t o enjoy the blended voices. There were college songs,
too, songs of California and Stanford and of Southern Branch.

I have not introduced our toast-mistress, Mary de W i t t , of
Sigma chapter, member of the faculty at Southern Branch. I t
was she who read the messages of welcome f r o m chapters and
grand officers, grown into a formidable pile by this time, and full
of friendly greeting. Laura Hurd's and Melita Skillen's letters
will be remembered by us all, so much did they reveal of the real
meaning of our fraternity.

And it was of course M a r y who presided over the toasts
which followed. I am quoting f r o m a letter of hers, as it explains
so well the significance of the toasts. I t will give you, too, a
glimpse of Mary

" I am using the symbol of the cornerstone as a scheme to
bind the toasts together. We shall be in a way laying a spiritual
cornerstone, and into it will go nothing tangible. The first toast
will be given by Emma Black K e w — T o the Founders: Their
Ideals.' Then yours—'To Our National Organization: Its Tradi-
tions.' Then Muriel's—To the New Chapter: Its Purpose,' and
last Helen Shield, of Kappa Theta, will toast T h e Los Angeles
Alumnae: Their Support.' The two first toasts will be concerned
with the inward and spiritual, the last two with the outward and
visible."

The analogy of the installation of a new chapter to the laying
of a cornerstone seemed to us a particularly happy one. Muriel's
toast ended with the announcement to Kappa Theta of Los A n -
geles Alumnae's g i f t of a silver tea service, to arrive a few days

14 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

later. Presents seemed to be the order of the day, f o r Muriel's
speech was followed by the Alumnae chapter's g i f t to her of a
bracelet i n token of her service to her fraternity, and of their
loving appreciation.

Kappa Theta Chapter contributed the final number of the pro-
gram: "Divertissements," in lighter vein, including piano num-
bers, songs and dances, quite restoring us to normal after the
high plane on which we had been soaring.

That was all, except f o r one last thing. O f course there was
Sunday, when we met to discuss our constitution, to rehearse
ritual observances, and to pledge to Alpha Omicron P i the little
pledges who had served punch so nobly. I t was interesting to be
present while Kappa Theta chapter held its first meeting, and a
very happy experience to share i n the girls' pleasure, apparent
even i n the- ready voice that answered the telephone bell with
"Alpha O house"—as naturally, said some one, as a bride reply-
ing to the first " M r s . " But i t is the memory of Saturday night
that lingers, when, with hands linked we listened to the closing
song, "Goodnight in Alpha O," they sang, and the spell of the
music and the tender words brought us very close.

A n d so the cornerstone was laid. Kappa Theta chapter was
installed!

ROSE GARDNER MARX.

Sigma Alpha Epsilon is developing a general fraternity library
at its national headquarters in Evanston. This library is intended
to be one of general reference f o r all fraternities. The fraternity
is seeking a collection of the magazines of the different fraternities
and as fast as i t receives the unbound volumes, it is having them
bound i n the colors of the fraternity which they represent. I t is
intended that the library shall, i n addition to a division dedicated
to books of Sigma Alpha Epsilon and other fraternities, have a
division which shall be given over to books written by Sigma Alpha
Epsilon authors.—Banta's Greek Exchange, via Delta Tau Delta
Rainbow.—Key of Kappa Kappa Gamma.—Crescent of Gamma
Phi Beta.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 15

T H E UNIVERSITY O F CALIFORNIA, SOUTHERN

BRANCH

THE U N I V E R S I T Y OF CALIFORNIA at Los Angeles is an intensely
interesting subject to me. I get, after a morning's visit
through the campus and the buildings, an impression of the char-
acter of the institution as a whole which is so definite and clear
in my own mind that I shall t r y to adequately convey i t to the
reader i n the short space given me.

That definite impression is a strong bond of unity which is
markedly shown in both the running order and the architectural
arrangement of the University.

The institution is situated in an attractive residential district
in the western part of the city. On entering the campus f r o m the
Boulevard artistically arranged palms and shrubbery border the
promenade which leads to Millspaugh Hall. Kipling says there
are four street corners whereon i f a man stand long enough he
will see everybody of importance in the world. I t can be said
with less exaggeration that one may see anybody in the University
by taking his stand upon the steps of Millspaugh Hall. Five thou-
sand persons pass through this hall each day; and the view from
the steps commands the greater part of the campus. This build-
ing serves as a nucleus in the crystallization by which a congeries
of professional schools is becoming a definable university.

The campus comprises thirty acres. Vine covered buildings,
long and low, are connected by picturesque patios. Palms and
large beds of vari-colored flowers make the campus as colorful
as an old Valesquez painting. T o the left of Millspaugh Hall the
laboratory buildings, gymnasium, and Moore's Field are located.
The latter is the scene of the annual Pajamarino, Grizzly-day
episode, Sophomore-Freshman brawl, and athletic events.

The outstanding events and traditions of our university are the
Sophomore-Freshman brawl, in which the customary policies of
chastising guilty Frosh f o r disregarding the law, as interpreted
by the second-year class ensue; the Pajamarino and football
rally; the women's hi-jinks, the green day, in which the Freshman
class celebrates its presence on the campus; and the Grizzly day,
a carnival which is yearly held in commemoration of the fact that
the Grizzly has been adopted as the totem by the Associated
Students.

16 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA 0MICRON PI

Recognition of its status as a University of the first rank is
accorded on the high scholarship average which is prevalent, the
use of student self government, and the granting of charters of
the most prominent national fraternities and sororities. I t is
worth while to note that the present site of the university is not
to be that institution's permanent home, f o r another site located
in the Westwood-Beverly Hills, a new district between Los
Angeles and the ocean, has been obtained. Architectural and
landscaping plans are well under way f o r the new home, and it is
rumored that it will be ready f o r occupancy about 1927. Three
hundred and seventy-five acres of ground will be appropriated f o r
the use of lecture-halls, dormitories, athletic equipment, and other
requisites that will contribute to make the institution one of the
finest in the country.

NATIONAL WORK PLEDGE CARD

I want my fraternity to render constructive leadership in educa-
tional, social, and public service. I endorse the National program as
outlined in Article X I of the By-Laws, and toward its development I
hereby pledge the sum of $ , payable (check one).

1. Annually.
2. Semi-annually.
3. Gift in one payment.

I am enclosing payment to cover my pledge.

Name

Address

Date Chapter

Make money orders and checks payable to Josephine S. Pratt,
Chairman, National Work Committee, 156 West 170th St., New York
City.

Detach, sign and return with pledge payment. Do it today.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMIC RON PI 17

M Y FIRST CONVENTION

A s I APPROACHED the Inn, I thought with a deep sinking feel-
ing, " I won't know a soul here. I almost wish that I were
leaving instead of arriving." However, the minute I stepped
inside that deep sinking feeling just seemed to float off on wings.
The first Alpha O that I met at the door was so lovely and sisterly
that I was ashamed f o r having felt any way but happy to arrive.

My, there was so much going on! Every one was anxious to
meet every one else and at the same time every one was trying
to get her baggage to her room. A t first I couldn't get used to
meeting people f o r the first time and after a few minutes of chat-
ting together to feel as though I had known them for years. A t
no time of the day did one need to feel lonely, there were so many
friends about. I t seemed so wonderful that so many people from
all over the United States could meet together, some of them for
the first time, and have so much in common and so thoroughly
enjoy each other.

The Founders, I am sure, were the cause of much inspiration
at the convention, f o r they surely did inspire me. One of the
things that I am hoping to take back to Kappa Theta chapter is
some of the inspiration that I received at convention f r o m them.
I hope I can make my chapter sisters realize what worth while
things they are doing for their fellowmen and how much we will
have to live up to would we follow in their footsteps.

Another matter that I am hoping to take back to my chapter is
the worthiness and the sincerity that underlies the principles of
Alpha O. I had often wondered what it was that would make
it possible f o r the little nucleus that the Founders started to grow
into the organization that exists today, but after being at conven-
tion and meeting the Founders and Alpha O's f r o m all over the
United States and becoming more familiar with our rituals I
realized that it was the worthiness and sincerity of our purpose
that has made the growth of Alpha O possible.

And last, but not least, I hope to make my sisters realize that
the one and essential way of becoming a true Alpha O is to attend
convention.

HELEN SHIELDS,

Kappa Theta.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

CONVENTION IMPRESSIONS

You SEE, Betty hardly gave me time to catch my breath f r o m
my trip before she asked me to write something in the way
of my impressions of convention, Tau Delta's first convention.
Well, to make a long story short, I really didn't know whether I
could, not being talented in that line. But I got such a wonderful
vision of fraternity life and so many more things, that I ' m only
too willing to tell them.

To begin with, I was ignorant of all that was to come. But
one thing I kept on my mind and that was meeting the Founders.
You know, my girls said they wanted a f u l l description of each
of them and I think I was pretty f u l l of descriptions when I
arrived home. But honestly the Founders came up, to just what
I had imagined, every one fine, in spirit, character and looks.
But Stella George Stern Perry should have had snow white hair.
Please don't laugh. But as she was a complete brunette I decided
my imagination was not as good as it should have been. The
Founders are dear.

But as I started back home on my long trip alone things ran
through my mind that happened at convention. A n d my lasting
impressions are the loveliness of the Founders, the congeniality of
the whole convention and an insight into the wonderful National
W o r k of the fraternity.

To know the Grand Officers of my fraternity, to be able to
describe and talk of our Founders, to realize you have sisters all
over the states who will sympathize and rejoice with you, to know
that at any time, in trouble or joy we can turn to our capable and
able president; these things show me the greatness of our dear
fraternity.

You can't imagine the change of feeling I had after convention.
Before I went to that ideal place of meeting I felt as though the
nineteen-twenty-five and twenty-six years at Birmingham would
be the most difficult years Tau Delta chapter would ever have. I
felt that Alpha O was so new to us that we would hardly be able
to function as we should. But after convention my mind was
free of worry, but f u l l of ideas to take to my girls; ideas to
strengthen all of us in every phase of work which we shall under-
take these next two years.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 19

I think that this convention meeting must have been the great-
est conference of all. A t any rate, I am satisfied that I caught the
vision that it intended giving me and I shall always cherish i t .

Next year and the next watch Tau Delta's step! She is work-
fag hard to rank among the first of the class i n Alpha Omicron Pi.

HELEN CRAIN,

Tau Delta.

At the Indiana state luncheon of Delta Zeta, this year, the place cards
were small clowns who bore on their backs the following pertinent list of
questions for alumnae consideration:

ALUMNAE ! !
Can you pass this test?
1. Do you wear your pin?
2. Have you written your chapter within three months?
3. Have you visited your chapter within a year?
4. Do you subscribe to The Lamp?
5. Are you paying your life dues?
6. Are you a Delta Zeta, or were you one?
The idea was suggested by a similar list given by Phi Sigma Kappa and
Delta Upsilon, to alumnae members, and is reprinted here with the idea that
it may apply to others than Hoosier Delta Zetas.

—The Lamp of Delta Zeta.

President Coolidge is the seventeenth president of the United States to
have been a member of a college fraternity. The others were John Adams,
Thomas Jefferson, John Quincy Adams, James K. Polk, Martin Van Buren,
Franklin Pierce, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Chester Alan
Arthur, Grover Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison, William M. McKinley,
Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson and Warren
G. Harding. Among the secretaries of state twenty-four were college fra-
ternity men, among them Edmund Randolph, Daniel Webster, William M.
Seward, William M. Evarts, Thomas F . Bayard, James G. Blaine, John
Hay, Elihu Root, Philander C. Knox, Robert Lansing and Charles Evans

—New York Times, via The Triangle of Sigma Kappa.

20 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

CONVENTIONALITIES

BA T H I N G SUITS and business sessions, moon light on the lake and
the eternal clatter of typewriters, the Founders and fireworks,
(not that they have anything especially in common), soft southern
voices and red roses, three o'clock in the morning and giggles,
committee meetings and receiving lines—such a jumble of memo-
ries i n our heads when we look back on convention week! A n d
then, the more we let our minds dwell on that happy week, the
more crystallized our impressions become, until each moment,
almost, stands out cameo-clear, from the time the first bus drove
up to the I n n till the last one left.

I t was a happy week, and a very busy one. Meeting old
friends and making new ones is always a happy affair, and as f o r
busy—there was so much to do: everybody to get acquainted with,
fraternity business to discuss and matters to decide in meetings,
and so much f u n to have a part i n ! Stunts to see, auto trips to
take, track meets to run in, boat rides, picnics, receptions, ban-
quets, not to mention rituals and pageants.

But all our time was not spent in f u n . The fraternity may
feel very proud of the accomplishments of the 1925 Grand Coun-
cil meetings. The two most important pieces of legislation enacted
were those creating the new office of Registrar, which will lighten
the burdens of the Grand Secretary and make f o r a more eco-
nomical and efficient conduct of fraternity business, and establish-
ing a new scholarship, three hundred dollars annually to be given
by the fraternity to some woman not a member of Alpha Omicron
Pi, f o r graduate study. A f u l l discussion of the new office and its
duties will appear at some future time, and every year we will hear
of the new scholarship along with the first one established.

Joanna Colcord again addressed the fraternity ana" its friends
at open meeting, and the full text of her address is reprinted here.
Other speakers at this meeting were Rochelle Rodd Gachet, who,
as Executive Secretary f o r the New Y o r k Panhellenic House
Association was fully qualified to speak on her subject, "The Pan-
hellenic House Movement," and M r . George Banta, Senior.

As you can see, convention week was so full of a number o f
things that it was not half long enough. Everybody who was there
wants to, and plans to, continue the friendships and associations
made at future meetings.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 21

The Tau committee writes in of a new committee, which took
form after convention was over and of which Lucille Haertel and
Margaret Boothroyd were the most active members, the Lost and
Found committee. They report everything from silk lingerie, fra-
ternity pins, typewriters, shoes, official gowns, and what not, l e f t
at the I n n , and i n most cases have succeeded i n returning the
objects to their rightful owners. From all accounts, Tau could
have started a very respectable second-hand store on what was
gathered up by this committee.

A SIGN OF THE TIMES
The very fact that Greek-letter organizations are entering into
humanitarian work unconnected with college life is a manifestation of these
spiritual qualities which are unquestionably the basis of intimate fraternity
life. This tendency toward service should be the satisfactory answer to the
question, Is the college fraternity worth while? It has taken nearly fifty
years for fraternities to come through a period comparable to adolescence.
During that period we have been egotistical, self-assertive, intensely sub-
jective, callous toward one another. We have entered today upon period of
maturity. We deplore our rivalries and desire their removal. We meet in
National Panhellenic Congress with increasing openness of mind and spirit,
believing in one another, appreciating one another, looking always toward a
broader basis of understanding, a readier cooperation, a more sincere
endeavor to pull together for some common good. And well we may, for
the preservation of our order, since the public over-emphasizes our weak-
nesses, turning, sometimes perversely, deaf ears to our avowals of high aims
and fine achievements. The hour is filled with warnings and the time is
close when only a common understanding, a common unity will save us all
from those ruthless persons who would pull down our standards with their
beauty and their spirituality, who would destroy that inestimably valuable
teacher of idealism which the fraternity has grown to be.—The Anchora of
Delta Gamma, via Themis of Zeta Tau Alpha.

22 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
W I L K I E H U G H E S , Beta Phi

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 23

A BETA PHI GIRL WINS THE SCHOLARSHIP

TH E SUCCESSFUL applicant for the Alpha Omicron Pi Fellowship
in memory of Ruth Capen Farmer f o r the year 1925-1926 is
Wilkie Hughes of Indianapolis, Indiana. She is a graduate of the
University of Indiana with the degrees of A . B . and Graduate
Nurse and is a member of Alpha Omicron P i . She is also a
member of Eastern Star and is President of the Indiana Univer-
sity Nurses Alumna? Association. While in college she was
Treasurer of the Women's League, a member of Skeleton Club
and Vice President of her class, later succeeding the President.

Since graduation she has taught Physiology and Hygiene and
has directed the First A i d work in the Arsenal Technical High
School of Indianapolis, a school of five thousand students. Sum-
mers she has been engaged in hospital work as head nurse and
later as night supervisor in the Robert W ; Long Hospital of
Indianapolis.

This summer Miss Hughes has been doing relief work in the
Yale University School of Nursing. During July she was in
charge of the Surgical Department of the University Clinic and
in August of the Medical. This particular Training School was
established as a part of Yale University in 1923 to succeed the
Connecticut Training School f o r Nurses and was made possible
by a substantial g i f t of the Rockefeller Foundation. This fall
Miss Hughes is again taking up academic work through a teach-
ing course in the Department of Nursing Education in Teachers
College, Columbia University. She writes that many of the
Nursing Schools all over the country feel the importance of
higher education and are re-organizing their work. Many are
directly connected or affiliated with a university. A t Columbia
Miss Hughes expects to complete work f o r a Master's degree and
then go on with social service and welfare work by teaching in a
Nursing School. The Dean of the Indiana University School of
Medicine characterizes Miss Hughes as one of the most brilliant
graduates of their Training School f o r Nurses. I n addition she
is wholly devoted to her chosen work, and her further training
will mean to her an opportunity for better service in the interests
of humanity. Alpha Omicron Pi wishes her well in her year's
work!

ELIZABETH HEYWOOD WYMAN.

TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

NATIONAL PHILANTHROPIC WORK

AF T E R TWO YEARS o f established national philanthropic work,
we find that we have received $1,65373 i n contributions and
commissions f r o m chapters, individuals and the Executive Com-
mittee. Although announcements of our use of this money have
been made from time to time, perhaps i t may be wise to repeat
that $250.00 was given to Seattle Alumnae Chapter to name a
bed i n the Orthopedic Hospital for one year. Delegates to con-
vention f r o m Seattle and Upsilon told us of the attractive little
girl who has been i n the bed f o r most of the time it has been in
our name and of the interest taken in her by the girls. I n memory
of our beloved Lillian McCausland, who was so deeply interested
in all philanthropy, we gave $500.00 to Providence Alumnae Chap-
ter to furnish a children's ward in the Rhode Island Homeopathic
Hospital. Helen Rose tells me that the room is most attractive
and greatly appreciated.

A t present the only piece of work planned is a memorial to
Mary D . Houston Sarratt, for which the N u Omicron and Nash-
ville girls are working. W e believe that i n the next two years
our fund will be larger than f o r the biennium just ended and
hope that chapters interested in aiding the handicapped, but lack-
ing funds f o r some definite project, will apply to the National
W o r k Committee. I t is provided that local units may bear the
name of any deceased member of Alpha Omicron Pi, so that the
names of our loved members may live.

Convention established a new graduate fellowship o f $300.00,
making two f o r our disposal, one to go to a woman not a member
of Alpha Omicron P i , the other f o r the use of our own girls.
The former will be known simply as the Alpha Omicron Pi Fel-
lowship, that to our own member as the Alpha Omicron Pi Fel-
lowship given in memory of Ruth Capen Farmer.

A l l who were at Convention and many others, know the A. O.
Pisette, the only newspaper in existence whose whole issue was
subscribed for. So successful was i t that it made a profit of
$81.60, which Betty Bond turned over to the National W o r k Com-
mittee at the banquet. Somehow that seemed a fitting climax to
the spirit of the convention hostesses. Minneapolis Alumnae and
Tau had worked long and hard to make the convention a success.
Not content with that, the alumnae chapter gave to our philan-

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

thropic work an unexpected bit of good fortune, truly an expres-
sion of Alpha O spirit, and an example we all should follow.

We hope that all chapters will make greater efforts in the mat-
ter of increasing magazine, stationery and Christmas card commis-
sions this year, and that more people will sign the pledge card,
appearing on another page. Do you realize that if every associate
member pledged only one dollar a year, we would have nearly four
thousand dollars f o r National W o r k ? Won't Y O U do your part
and sign the card ?

This year we are introducing a new line to sell on commission,
silk underwear. The proposition is particularly interesting
to us. The Craig Knitting Co., of Buffalo, N . Y . , an old
established firm is making special offers to organizations which
will sell their goods, using the commission f o r philanthropic
purposes. It is rather a new idea, this, of employing agents to
interest other agents who will use their commissions to aid others,
instead of as a means o f supporting themselves. The company
will give our chapters 20 per cent discount on all orders of rayon
and glove silk underwear, and a further commission on all sums
over $300.00. The first twenty per cent commission is to be
deducted by the chapter when sending the order, but the additional
bonus will be credited by the company to Alpha Omicron Pi, as
the chapter orders add up to this sum. This bonus will be paid
directly to the Grand-Vice-President, and will go into our general
fund on the same terms as individual contributions. The twenty
per cent retained by the chapter, it is understood, is to be used f o r
philanthropic purposes and not f o r general running expenses.
Whether it shall be used locally or given to the national committee
is of course for the chapters to decide. The underwear is attrac-
tive, of good quality and reasonable. Arrangements can be made
to purchase goods in small lots on part payment, so that garments
may be sold outright or on order. For f u l l information and sam-

ples, write to Mrs. Frederick Kranz, Craig Knitting Co., 153
Lovering Ave., Buffalo, N . Y .

26 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

HOW THEY STAND

E X E C U T I V E C O M M I T T E E $150.00

ACTIVE CHAPTERS ALUMNAE CHAPTERS

Alpha $79.50 New York $ 27.58
San Francisco 125.10
Beta 15.00 Los Angeles 50.65
Chicago 78.40
Pi 13.50 Indianapolis 61.81
New Orleans 23.61
N u 9.65 Minneapolis 135.92
Bangor 2.86
Omicron 9.40 Portland 3.25
Knoxville 3.75
Kappa 10.34 Seattle 1.35
Washington 1.53
Zeta 16.50 Philadelphia 154.20
Dallas 63.05
Sigma 16.00 Omaha 29.39
Syracuse 16.57
Theta 8.18 Detroit 40.73
Nashville 25.72
Delta 14.30i/2 Cleveland 60.94
Gamma 16.00 Memphis 7.51
Miami Valley 8.54
Epsilon 6.45 Milwaukee 15.40
Birmingham .33
Rho 21.00

Lambda 6.00

Iota 6.03

Tau 40.30

Chi 4.67

Upsilon 19.76

Nu Kappa 3.50

Beta Phi 10.28

Eta 5.421/2

Alpha Phi 5.91

Nu Omicron 33.06

X i 6.23

Pi Delta 1.05

Convention-going, like other fine arts, requires of its devotees
both native talent and education, and long practice; and perfection
in the art is reserved for the few.—Scroll of Phi Delta Theta.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 27

PROFESSIONAL VOLUNTEERS IN SOCIAL WORK

A FRIEND of mine whose memory ranges back over many more
years than mine does, has told me of a committee of volun-
teers of which she was a member many years ago, whose chair-
man would habitually order the paid secretary of the committee to
move chairs, open or close windows, etc., while the committee was
in session. He was conscious of no discourtesy, neither was she.
She was a hired employee, to be treated with such consideration
as one would give one's house maid or one's office boy, and this
was understood on both sides.

Such a relation between volunteer and paid workers in social
work would be unthinkable today. Even to understand it one
must know something of the early history of the movement, and
understand that in the beginning was the volunteer and nothing
else at all. People f r o m the leisured classes, impressed with the
material inequalities and obvious lacks in the social system, banded
themselves together to do good works among the poor. The whole
merit consisted in doing them oneself with one's own hands and
means, f o r thus did one lay up treasure f o r oneself in Heaven.
Later, serious-minded persons began to question what this "dole-
giving" conception of "good works" was doing to the people it
was supposed to benefit, and so was born the case-work idea, of
doing with and f o r the individual what will best serve to strengthen
him to l i f t himself out of his special set of troubles. This new
idea was not accepted without a struggle; those early sixties to
nineties were fighting days, when convictions, not experience and
not scientific study, were all the budding case-workers had to go
on. As the emphasis moved f r o m relief to service, more service
had to be provided than the volunteers could manage to render,
and the paid social worker sprang into being. Not as a profes-
sional worker, far f r o m i t . She was not a college graduate; there
were no such. She was not even a learner, f o r she was likely to
be a mature woman, perhaps the widow of some committee mem-
ber's head clerk, or the minister's spinster daughter. She was
not trained; there was no one to give training. She was hired,
at an incredibly small wage, to carry out the specific directions of
the volunteer committee.

Sometimes the committee would succeed in finding a thought-
f u l person of native skill in handling human problems, as when

28 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

John Ruskin was so extraordinarily wise as to engage the young
Octavia H i l l to manage his tenement property and to improve the
housing of the district. But often this hit-or-miss system pro-
duced only well-meaning drudges who failed to carry out or even
to grasp the real purposes that were apparent to the keener minds
of the volunteers. A n d so the idea of a real responsibility on the
part of the volunteers f o r selecting more trainable people to do
their work, and then for giving time and thought to their training,
became a part of the thinking of all forward-looking agencies.
The colleges began to interest themselves in social work and
social reform, and their graduates began to enter in increasing
numbers what was by the beginning of the twentieth century a
profession.

But with the coming of the professional social worker, in place
of the merely paid social worker, an unthought of change took
place, unthought of, I am sure, by the volunteers who first encour-
aged it. The professional in a few years ousted the volunteer
f r o m a position of leadership in the movement. Instead of paid
workers quite humbly and subserviently looking to the volunteers
for direction and stimulation, there was almost a complete right-
about-face in the field as a whole with the paid workers contribut-
ing the leadership and the new ideas, and feeling responsible f o r
recruiting, training, and directing the volunteers. The pendulum
had swung with a vengeance!

As this tendency grew more pronounced, I am speaking now
of the time just before the war, a sort of vicious circle, as we
now look back on it, came into being. The paid worker came to
feel too busy to bother with volunteers ; they were unreliable; they
were sentimental; you had to watch them too closely. Social work
was a skilled profession for trained people; volunteers would not
submit to training; ergo the volunteer would have to go. To this
feeling the volunteer responded by more and more dropping
interest in the work itself and making a last stand f o r position and
power on boards of directors. Volunteers in the actual work of
the agencies were given less and less responsible tasks to perform,
and, as always results, became less and less interested and less and
less able to carry responsibility. The links between the social
worker and the community he worked in were becoming fewer
and fewer; young people who had a serious interest in social

TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 29

problems were avoiding volunteer service because it gave one no
training and no standing. Volunteer interest was being withered
at the roots.

Then came the deluge of 1917 and the war was upon us.
Social workers, intent upon technical problems and professional
training, found themselves faced overnight with the task of organ-
izing an army of enthusiastic and willing but untrained soldiers
in the common weal. The Home Service of the American Red
Cross set the pendulum swinging back the other way, and I do
not believe i t has stopped swinging—for out of the marriage of
professional training with volunteer enthusiasm which it brought
about, a new idea came into being. W h y should training, expert-
ness, skill, be the sole possession of those who earned their liveli-
hood in social service ? The volunteer had started the paid worker
along the road to competence and professional standing; training,
further developed by the professional f o r professionals, was being
held rather jealously on the assumption that only professionals
were worth training. The war had shown that this was not a
correct assumption. Why, then, should not the paid workers
return the debt they owed the volunteers by imparting to them
the technical skill they had developed, and take them back into
partnership again?

A real demand to right a real injustice can usually make itself
heeded; and the process initiated during and after the war is still
going on. I t is still in the experimental stage, so that it may be
worth your while to detail to you the steps which my own society
the New York Charity Organization Society, has taken to meet
the changing times. For the last five years, half of the time of
one of our ablest professional workers has been spent in recruit-
ing and training volunteer workers to work shoulder to shoulder
with the paid staff in the work with disadvantaged families. The
other half of her time has been spent on the society's publicity,
and she has made the one play into the hands of the other. Each
newspaper story has carried somewhere the note that volunteers
will be welcome and taught to do this work themselves. Talks
before church and other groups have carried the same note. The
would-be volunteers who apply have had it brought to their atten-
tion from the start that they are expected to measure up to the
same standards as the paid workers, f o r their references are care-

30 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

f u l l y looked up, and only those who can show real qualifications
in personality and in experience are admitted. Moreover, only
those whose sincerity of purpose will stand up under the test of
spending at least half-time in the work f o r at least six months
can enter the training course. Those who can spare less time,
or who seem not to have the personal qualities f o r case-workers,
can some times be used as aides or office workers, and given only
the instruction that these simpler tasks demand, or directed to
other agencies where they can use such services. Only f r o m a
half to a third of those who apply succeed in getting into the train-
ing classes, and when they reach them they have no doubt that
they have embarked on a serious undertaking which calls for their
best efforts.

The actual class work comprises two hours a week, with some
outside reading; the rest of the time they are doing field work
under close supervision, just as students f r o m the regular profes-
sional training schools are doing. The first month is a proba-
tionary period, during which the student may be dropped i f she
does not measure up. Perhaps twenty to thirty a year succeed in
carrying through the course and graduating as "professional vol-
unteers." Many of them remain f o r years, becoming the back-
bones of the district committees, the interpreters of the Society to
the community, and, in some cases, members of the directing body
of the society. They supervise and train other volunteers, or even
in some cases the apprentice workers on the paid staff. They
speak in public f o r the Society f r o m the assured position of
knowing its work at first hand. We have fifty-three now at work.

We do not think of this training course as an avenue into paid
work. Training f o r that as well as the preliminary educational
standards will continue to be higher. There have been a few
instances in which young college graduates whose families have
opposed their going into paid social work, have taken the course
for volunteers, and later, when the families' prejudices have worn
away, have come on the regular staff. Others have later entered
a school of social work, and thus prepared themselves f o r a pro-
fessional future.

I have said that this was an experiment. As far as it has gone,
it seems highly successful. But there have been and are great
difficulties. Some lie in the ingrained attitude of the staff, who

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

a r e willing to accept volunteers and apprentices on equal terms as
workers in training, but who balk at giving increased responsibil-
ity to the volunteer.

This attitude also reacts on the volunteer, who often comes to
feel that the only way she can avoid having her time and her
serious interests broken into, is to ask f o r and receive a salary f o r
what she does. I know at least two social workers of independent
means, both holding responsible executive positions, who draw
down regular salaries for their work, but whose contributions to
their society's treasury almost, i f not quite, offsets the salary
received. Such subterfuges ought not to be necessary, and I
believe will not continue to be.

I f a more desirable balance between paid and volunteer social
work is to be attained, however, the social agencies will have to
furnish more opportunities for real training than they do at pres-
ent. A great many of them still cheerfully exploit the time of the
volunteer by giving her odds and ends to do, and nothing which
leads to increase of responsibility or skill. The person who pro-
poses to make a free g i f t of his time to a social agency has as
much right as the person who gives money, to know how the
agency is going to spend it, and what return the community will
receive f r o m the g i f t .

We social workers have been accused by the labor unions of
contributing to the exploitation of the poor f o r the benefit of the
rich, but I have certainly seen instances in which we have done
the reverse.

The need for skilled services increases in our complicated
society faster than communities can be brought to see the need
of paying f o r it. I see no reason to suppose that we shall ever be
able to command all the skill and time necessary to deal econom-
ically and humanely with maladjusted human beings. The only
hope, i t seems to me, lies in mobilizing, not just the money of the
well-to-do to pay more and more salaries f o r this service, but the
time and interest of their daughters and sons, to learn in all humil-
ity how their time and effort may be effectively expended in the
common weal. Already the cheerful giver and tax payer is
beginning to question the increasing costs of service and is
appalled to learn that as social work gets more skillful, the need
for its ministrations increases. Y o u know that wonderful flow-

32 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

ering of the social impulse among the young men of O x f o r d during
the last century, which resulted in the beginning of the settlement
movement in the East End of London, and which was directly and
indirectly responsible f o r the C. O. S. movement as well? A
careful observer of that movement wrote: "Their activities have
been unceasing and manifold but looking over many years and
many men, it seems . . . that the best work has been done by
those men who have cared most deeply f o r individuals among the
poor." That is a very wise observation. Volunteer social work
finds its best beginning, usually, with the case-working agencies,
those which concentrate on the individual. Those agencies, more
than any others, take seriously the responsibility for his training.
A sort of vividness and sure-footedness comes into the work of
the volunteer who has begun by beginning to know individuals
first; their difficulties; their reactions; their prejudices; their
struggles to overcome. Academic theories get reinterpreted in
that contact, and condescension withers away. From volunteers
trained first of all in the first hand contacts with people in trouble,
have come in very great measure the wise leaders and workers in
the more general field of community betterment.

What are the rewards of volunteer service and why should
one volunteer i f one is able? There is, first, of course, the service
motive without which no social work activity has any vitality. I t
gives a real insight into social problems and leads out eventually
into many channels of civic betterment. Another advantage is
that it can be combined with other demands as a paid, full-time
job can not be. Family and social responsibilities can be so
organized as to leave time free for regular and f r u i t f u l volunteer
work. Moreover it provides what many of us have begun to take
serious thought of in our own lives—some absorbing interest in
the middle years when our families are grown up or other calls
upon our time have fallen off so that we begin to feel less needed
and are therefore less interested in life. I know a woman in her
fifties who is moving this fall f r o m one city to another where she
is a stranger in order to be near a married daughter there.
Through three years of increasing interest and effort in volunteer
social work she has acquired a technical skill which is going to be
recognized in the community to which she is going and which will
admit her on equal terms to the companionship of the social

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 33

workers of that city, and will give her opportunities for further
usefulness. 1 think you will agree that she is a fortunate woman.

To the girls of Alpha Omicron Pi I would say that i f you feel
an interest in social work and can afford to give some time to it,
you should then study your community to find out where you can
obtain real training and supervision so as to make your time count
in the direction of greater skill. I f volunteer work is not f o r you
because of the demands of another profession, you can, neverthe-
less, help in another way.

The social workers in most communities are a misunderstood
and misrepresented group. Y o u can get acquainted with them,
discuss their work with them, find out what they are actually doing
and be in a position to speak for them in the community. What
social workers say in their own defense is always subject to the
interpretation that they are trying to protect their jobs. What
other informed people say about them carries more weight.

The time is over when social work can be conceived of as
purely a volunteer or purely a professional job. It cannot stand
on one leg any longer, but needs the firm support of both i f it is
to go forward in the community.

JOANNA CARVER COLCORD.

GREEKS EN MASSE

The universities having the greatest number of Greek-letter
organizations are:

University of Michigan with 102.
University of Illinois with 96.
Cornell University with 88.
University of Pennsylvania with 86.
Ohio State with 84.
University of California with 82.
University of Wisconsin with 79.

—Emerald of Sigma Pi.—via Trident of Delta Delta Delta.

34 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

STANDING O F CHAPTERS WITH RELATION TO
THE ANNIVERSARY ENDOWMENT FUND

A.—Number of Full Paid Life Subscriptions.

Standing Chapter No. Subs. Standing Chapter No. Subs

1. Rho 66 17. Iota 31

2. Epsilon 65 18. Tau 28

3. Zeta 62 19. Psi 27

4. Sigma 60 20. Alpha Sigma 24

5. Beta Phi 55 21. Pi 24

6. Gamma 54 22. Lambda 18

7. Omega 52 23. Nu Omicron 18

8. Delta 51 24. Alpha Phi 17

9. Omicron Pi 45 25: Nu Kappa 11

10. Omicron 42 26. X i 8

11. Upsilon 39 27. Pi Delta 8

12. Theta 36 28. Alpha 7

13. Phi 33 29. Beta 5

14. Eta 32 30. Nu 4

15. Kappa 32 31. Kappa Theta 0
16. Chi 32
Tau Delta 0

B.—Percentage of Total Membership Holding Life Subscriptions.

Standing Chapter Percentage Standing Chapter Percentage

1. Alpha Sigma 72.73 , 17. Zeta 21.76

2. Omicron Pi 45.74 18. Sigma 21.58

3. Beta 41.67 19. Upsilon 20.00

4. Beta Phi 39.87 20. Kappa

5. Omega 37.59 21. Pi 17.65

6. Psi 37.50 22. Tau 17.39

7. Epsilon 36.51 23. Alpha Phi 17.17

8. Rho 32.04 24. Iota 16.40

9. Phi 30.61 25. Nu Kappa 16.18

10. Omicron 29.37 26. Theta 14.63

11. Nu Omicron 25.00 27. X i 13.56

12. Gamma 24.22 28. Lambda 11.18

13. Pi Delta 23.53 29. Alpha 7.95

14. Chi 22.37 30. Nu 3.03

15. Eta 22.07 31. Kappa Theta 0.00
Tau Delta 0.00
16. Delta 21.79

Percentage For Entire Fraternity 22.94

C.—Percentage of Members Not Required to Take Out Life Sub-
scriptions, Whose Subscriptions Are Fully Paid.
Percentage
Standing Chapter Percentage Standing Chapter 22.86
20.62
1. Beta 41.67 3. Psi
2. Gamma 23.19 4. Omega

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 35

Standing Chapter Percentage Standing Chapter Percentage
16. Alpha
5. Phi 19.60 17. Nu Kappa 7.95
18. Omicron 7.50
6. Rho 18.80 19. Pi 6.44
20. Zeta
7. Iota 16.31 21. Sigma 6.06
22. Theta 5.70
8. Phi 16.19 23. Tau 5.63
24. Nu 5.53
9. Delta 15.23 25. Lambda 4.40
26. Eta 4.00
10. Alpha Phi 14.58 3.94
Fraternity—11.14 3.41
11. Epsilon 11.02

12. Upsilon 10.93

13. Nu Omicron 10.81

14. Kappa 8.97

15. Beta Phi 8.89

Percentage For Entire

N.B.—From this tabulation are omitted the following chapters, installed
since the 1921 Convention at which legislation was adopted requiring life sub-
scriptions of all subsequent initiates: O M I C R O N PI, A L P H A SIGMA,
XI, PI DELTA, KAPPA THETA, TAU DELTA.

D.—Chapter Having Best Record F o r Prompt Payment of Obliga-
tions to Anniversary Endorsement Fund Epsilon

• FAMOUS FRATERNITY FOLK

Did you know that—

President Coolidge is a Phi Gamma Delta ?

Mrs. Coolidge is a Pi Beta Phi?

Explorer Donald Baxter MacMillan is a Theta Delta Chi ?

Reba Talbot Swain, Deputy Attorney General of New Y o r k

State, is a Delta Delta Delta? ,

Fontaine Fox, creator of the Toonerville Trolley, is a Sigma

Chi ?

Mabel Walker Willebrandt is a Chi Omega?

W alter Mines Page was an Alpha Tau Omega?

Alpha Phi Quarterly.

TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

F R A T E R N I T Y E X A M I N A T I O N R E P O R T , 1925

Fraternity Average 85.414
Number members 659
Number members taking examinations 641
41
Below 70%
District Average 82.6
82.14
Atlantic 86.
Southern 87.2
N. E . Central 89.13
N. W. Central 96.4
Pacific 90.25
Upsilon 89.8
Alpha Sigma 89.7
Phi 89.7
Chi..: 89.
Pi Delta 88.7
Eta : . . 88.3
88.
Tau 87.63
Zeta 87.6
Delta 87.1
Nu Omicron 87.
Lambda 87.
Kappa 86.8
Beta Phi 86.
Rho 86.
Sigma 85.
Iota 84.6
Omicron Pi 84.49
Omega 84.
82.
Alpha Phi 81.6
Omicron 80.8
Theta 75.92
Xi 75.55
Gamma 71.3
Psi *
Nu Kappa
Pi
Epsilon

Nu

* The examination was taken but the report has not been received.

OCTAVIA CHAPIN.

Examining Officer.

TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 37

FRATERNITY EXPANSION

TH E FIRST of these two articles on fraternity expansion comes from the
Emerald of Sigma Pi.
Average lapse of time between installations of chapters of those frater-
nities having at least five chapters.

(This table is computed on the total number of chapters, that is, the
sum of the active and inactive chapters of each fraternity, to the age of the
fraternity in November, 1924.)

Name Average period

GROUP 1. ULTRACONSERVATIVE between installations

1. Kappa Alpha 9,892 years
2. Sigma Phi 8.139 years
3. Delta Phi 4.845 years
4. Delta Psi 4.092 years
5. Psi Upsilon 3.367 years
6. Alpha Delta Phi 2.788 years
7. Alpha Sigma Phi 2.721 years
8. Chi Psi 2.456 years
9. Alpha Kappa Lambda 2.117 years
10. Zeta Psi 2.095 years

GROUP 2. CONSERVATIVE 1.780 years
1.756 years
11. Kappa Delta Rho 1.759 years
12. Delta Upsilon 1.674 years
13. Theta Chi 1.542 years
14. Theta Delta Chi 1.400 years
15. Phi Kappa Sigma 1.396 years
16. Chi Phi 1.385 years
17. Phi Sigma-Kappa 1.395 years
18. Delta Kappa Epsilon 1.334 years
19. Tau Kappa Epsilon 1.275 years
20. Alpha Chi Rho 1.153 years
21. Sigma Phi Sigma 1.053 years
22. Sigma Pi 1.031 years
23. Phi Kappa Psi
24. Delta Chi

GROUP 3. • EXPANSIONIST
25. Phi Gamma Delta 10.087 months
26. Beta Theta Pi 9.813 months
27. Pi Kappa Alpha 9.444 months
28. Kappa Alpha ( S ) 9.333 months
29. Phi Kappa Tau 8.920 months
30. Phi Mu Delta 8.889 months
31. Delta Tau Delta 8.495 months
32. Phi Delta Theta 7.982 months
33. Pi Kappa Phi 7.969 months
34. Sigma Chi ' 7.849 months
35. Acacia 7.454 months
36. Delta Sigma Phi 7.293 months
37. Alpha Tau Omega 6.836 months
38. Sigma Alpha Epsilon 6.592 months
39. Sigma Nu 6.569 months

GROUP 4. RAPID EXPANSIONIST 5.884 months
4.525 months
40. Kappa Sigma 2.727 months
41. Sigma Phi Epsilon 1.200 months
'42. Lambda Chi Alpha
43. Theta Upsilon Omega

38 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

And this is quoted in full from Kappa Alpha Theta via the Alpha

Phi Quarterly: .
Three aims of a magazine staff are to publish articles that will stir up
discussion and bring rebuttal copy; be provocative of thought; be imitated.
For us, the editor of Sigma Pi's Emerald attained the second of these
aims with "Sigma Pi in 1950" in the November, 1924, issue. So thoroughly
were we "sold" by that article that we have ventured to attain the third
aim, imitate part of it, with some variations that almost might attain the
first aim, though we've no intention of completing that aim by sending this
article to Sigma Pi. Rather, we're hoping it will get by Kappa Alpha
Theta's editor and stir up those editorial aims among members of our
fraternity. . '\ ,
Looking into the future of any fraternity, so Mr. Kephart, author ot
the Emerald article says, one of the most basic considerations is the size of
the organization. That leads, of course, to a study of the most controversial
of all fraternity questions—extension. By estimating the average time
intervening between the granting of charters, Mr. Kephart arrives at his
conclusions as to the conservatism of each fraternity.^ He calls all whose
chapters average more than two years between grants, "ultraconservative' —
those with an average of between one and two years, "conservative"—those
with an average of between six months and one year, "expansionist." and
those with a charter more than once in six months "rapid expansionist."
Having listened in on many a heated discussion as to Kappa Alpha
Theta's conservatism, or non-conservatism, we decided to find out what
was the time elapsing between charter grants by National Panhellenic
fraternities. Here are the results, following Mr. Kephart's plan.

TABLE 1

From date of second chapter to 1924 inclusive.

Name Average time between

GROUP 1. ULTRACONSERVATIVE Installations
No N. P. C. fraternity

GROUP 2. CONSERVATIVE 1-6538 years
1-3548 years
Alpha Phi
Gamma Phi Beta 11.1428 months
11.0588 months
GROUP 3. EXPANSIONIST 10.9655 months
10.6229 months
Alpha Omicron Pi 10.5714 months
Delta Gamma
Kappa Kappa Gamma 8-9600 months
Kappa Alpha Theta 7.3333 months
Alpha Chi Omega -7 2 7 2 7 months
Pi Beta Phi 7.1250 months
Alpha Xi Delta 6.1276 months
Sigma Kappa 6.0869 months
Alpha Gamma Delta
Zeta Tau Alpha
Delta Delta Delta

GROUP 4. RAPID E X P A N S I O N I S T 5.4045 months
5.2173 months
Alpha Delta Pi 5.0526 months
Phi M U 4.5517 months
Delta Zeta
Kappa Delta

Chi Omega 4 2 1 6 2 months

It takes but a cursorv glance at the table to show where the limitation
in deductions begins. When a fraternity is first established, it naturally
expands more rapidlv than in later years, in order to become a fraternity
you might say; or, it takes a long time to get so well established locally that

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 39

its extension is delayed until conditions are right for quick growth; or,
coming into the field late, it must grow rapidly at first if it expects to
compete on fair terms with the organizations already well established in
many colleges. And so, it seemed to us this table needed to be supplemented
by tables taking into consideration these different factors. To meet such
conditions the following tables were made, and it will be interesting to note
how they agree or disagree with this general table, thus emphasizing the
limitations noted above and demonstrating the possible fallacy of any
statistical argument.

As the date that some of the National Panhellenic organizations became
national Greek-letter fraternities is open to varied interpretations, and as no
fraternity is more than a local unit until it has at least two chapters (N.P.C.
says "five chapters") the dates used in each instance are the date a second
charter was granted and 1924. The total number of charter grants,
inactive as well as active, is obviously the basis for the averages. Beta Phi
Alpha and the two associate members of N.P.C. are not included in the
table, since their very recent establishment would not give a fair rating
(see later intimations of the necessary limitation of deductions from the
table). Baird, the latest available copy of the magazine of each fraternity,
and the Greek Exchange announcements of charter grants are the source
material used.

TABLE 2

From date established second chapter to 1900 inclusive

Name Average time
between installations

GROUP 1. ULTRACONSERVATIVE 2.2500 years

Gamma Phi Beta

GROUP 2. CONSERVATIVE 1.9000 years
1.4444 years
Alpha Phi
Alpha Chi Omega

GROUP 3. E X P A N S I O N I S T 11.2500 months
11.0400 months
Kappa Alpha Theta 9.8561 months
Delta Gamma 9.1351 months
Pi Beta Phi 7.3333 months
Kappa Kappa Gamma
Delta Delta Delta

GROUP 4. RAPID EXPANSIONIST 4.8000 months

Chi Omega

TABLE 3

Charter grants 1900-1924 by fraternities with at least 2 chapters by 1900

GROUP 1. ULTRACONSERVATIVE

No N. P. C. fraternity

GROUP 2. CONSERVATIVE 1.3888 years
1.0869 years
Alpha Phi 1.0000 years
Kappa Kappa Gamma
Gamma Phi Beta

GROUP 3. E X P A N S I O N I S T 11.5384 months
10.7143 months
Delta Gamma 10.3448 months
Alpha Omicron Pi 8.5714 months
Kappa Alpha Theta 7.8947 months
Alpha Chi Omega
Pi Beta Phi

GROUP 4. RAPID EXPANSIONIST 5.6603 months
4.2253 months
Delta Delta Delta
Chi Omega


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