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Published by Alpha Omicron Pi, 2015-09-01 16:56:08

1919 February - To Dragma

Vol. XIV, No. 2


The Sorority Handbook

Fifth Edition Now Ready Stye Number

TH E Higher Education of Women. The Evolution of
the Sorority System. The Mission of the Sorority.
Complete information about all college sororities, about
honorary societies admitting women and about the men's
literary fraternities, together with very full data concern-
ing the colleges that have chapters of the national orders,
or that have local Greek-letter sororities.

College Binding, $1.00 Deluxe Binding $1.50


Geo. Qllje G l c l U n t a t f ^ r e a B Co.

Banta Publishing




Alpha Omicron Pi Fraternity Jessie Wallace Hughan, Alpha '98, 61 Quincy St., Brooklyn, N . Y .
Helen St. Claire Mullan (Mrs. George V . ) , Alpha '90, 118 W. 183rd St., New
Alpha—Barnard College—Inactive. Stella Stern Perry (Mrs. George H . ) , Alpha '98, Hotel Maryland, San
Pi—H. Sophie Newcomb Memorial College, New Orleans, La.
Nu—New York University, New York City. Francisco, Cal.
Omicron—University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn. Elizabeth Heywood Wyraan, Alpha '98, 456 Broad Street, Bloomfield, N . J .
Kappa—Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, Va.
Zeta—University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb. OFFICERS
Sigma—University of California, Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—De Pauw University, Greencastle, Ind. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
Beta—Brown University—Inactive.
Delta—Jackson College, Tufts College, Mass. Grand President, Isabelle Henderson Stewart (Mrs. B. F . , J r . ) , 2655 Wake-
Gamma—University of Maine, Orono, Me. field Ave. E . , Oakland, Cal.
Epsilon—Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y.
Rho—Northwestern University, Evanston, 111. Grand Secretary and Registrar, Helen N . Henry, 430 W. 119th St., New York
Lambda—Leland Stanford University, Palo Alto, Cal.
Iota—University of Illinois, Champaign, 111. City.
Tau—University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn.
Chi—Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y. Grand Treasurer, Lillian MacQuillin McCausland (Mrs. Norman), 517 Angell
Upsilon—University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.
Nu Kappa—Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Tex. St., Providence, R. I .
Beta Phi—University of Indiana, Bloomington, Ind.
Eta—University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis. OTHER OFFICERS
Alpha Phi—Montana State College, Bozeman, Mont.
Nu Omicron—Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn. Grand Vice-president, Daisy Gaus, 497 Halsey St., Brooklyn, N . Y .
Psi—University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa.
Phi—University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kan. Grand Historian, Stella Stern Perry (Mrs. George H . ) , 1127 Orange St.,
Omega—Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
Los Angeles, Cal.
New York Alumna?—New York City. Auditor, Helen Dickinson Lange (Mrs. W. R . ) , Fallbrook, Cal.
San Francisco Alumnae—San Francisco, Cal.
Providence Alumna?—Providence, R. I . Examining Officer, Lucy R . Somerville, 509 Central Ave., Greenville, Miss.
Boston Alumnae—Boston, Mass. Chairman Committee on New Chapters, Viola Clark Gray, 1527 S. 23rd St.,
Los Angeles Alumnae—Los Angeles, Cal.
Lincoln Alumnae—Lincoln, Neb. Lincoln, Neb.
Chicago Alumnae—Chicago, 111.
Indianapolis Alumnae—Indianapolis, Ind. Editor-in-chief of T o DRAGMA, Mary Ellen Chase, 315 n t h Ave. S. E . , Minne-
New Orleans Alumnae—New Orleans, La.
Minneapolis Alumnae—Minneapolis, Minn. apolis, Minn.
Bangor Alumnae—Bangor, Me.
Portland Alumnae—Portland, Ore. Business Manager of To DRAGMA, Carolyn Fraser Pulling (Mrs. Arthur),
Puget Sound Alumnae—Seattle, Wash.
Knoxville Alumnae—Knoxville, Tenn. 1314 Park Road N.W., Washington, D . C .
Lynchburg Alumnae—Lynchburg, Va.
Washington Alumnae—Washington, D. C. PANHELLENIC CONGRESS

Delegate, Anna Estelle Many, 1325 Henry Clay Ave., New Orleans, L a .


Editor-in-chief, Mary Ellen Chase, 315 n t h Ave. S. E . , Minneapolis, Minn.
Business Manager, Carolyn Fraser Pulling (Mrs. Arthur), 1314 Park Road

N. W., Washington, D. C.
Chapter Letters, Margaret June Kelley, 134 Cottage St., Norwood, Mass.


N. Atlantic District (N, A, I \ E , X, * )
Marion Rich, 17 Lawrence St., Chelsea, Mass.

Southern District ( I I , K , 0 , N K , N O)
Lucretia Jordan Bickley (Mrs. W. E . ) , 1516 Laurel Ave., Knoxville, Tenn.

N. E . Central District ( 6 , P, I , B 4>, H )
Merva Dolsen Hennings (Mrs. A. J . ) , 2714 Central St., Evanston, 111.

N. W. Central District (Z, T, A *, * )
Viola Clark Gray, 1527 S. 23rd St., Lincoln, Neb.

Pacific District (2, A, T )
Virginia Judy Esterly (Mrs. W. B . ) , 244 Alvarado Rd.. Berkeley. C*l.


Pi—Theodora Sumner, 1427 Delachaise St., New Orleans, L a .
Nu—Cecile Iselin, Hotel San Remo, Central Park W. and 74th St., New

York City.
Omicron—Roberta Williams Divine (Mrs. John), Faust St., Chattanooga, Tenn.
Kappa—Clara Murray Cleland (Mrs. Jas.), 1 Arlington PI., Lynchburg, V*.
Zeta—Jane Piper, 1731 D St., Lincoln. Neb.

Sigma—Pearl Pierce, 2344 Fulton St., Berkeley, Cal. T a u — L i l a Kline, 315 n t h Ave. S. E . , Minneapolis, Minn.
Theta— Edna McClure, Elwood, Ind. Chi—Ina Miller, A 0 II House, Syracuse, N. Y .
Upsilon—Hazel Britton, 4732 21st Ave. N . E . , Seattle, Wash.
Delta—Margaret Durkee, 38 Professors' Row, Tufts College, Mass. Nu Kappa—Jewell Hammons, S. M. U., Dallas, Tex.
Gamma—Rachel Winship Hall (Mrs. P. M.), Livermore Falls, Me. Beta Phi—Mildred Begeman, A 0 II House, Bloomington, Ind.
Epsilon—Clara Graeffe, 255 McDonough St., Brooklyn, N . Y .
Rho—Doris Wheeler, 639 Forest Ave., Evanston, 111. Eta—Irene Folckemer, 626 N . Henry St., Madison, Wis.
Alpha Phi—Minnie Ellen Marquis, 700 W . Alderson St., Bozeman, Mont.
Lambda—Constance Chandler, 1MS Felix and Hillhurst Sts., Hollywood, Cal. Nu Omicron—Sara Coston, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn.
psi—Margaret Robinson, 5020 Greene St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Iota—Mabel Wallace, 7000 Eggleston Ave., Chicago, 111. Phi—Carroll McDowell, A 0 II House, 1016 Ohio St.. Lawrence, Kan.
T a u — E l s a Steinmetz, 1917 Emerson Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn.
Omega—Mildred Rothhoor, Bishop Hall, Oxford, Ohio.
Chi—Frances Carter, 116 Wall St., Utica, N . Y .
Upsilon—Ruth Fosdick Davis (Mrs. A. B . ) , Goldendale, Wash.
Nu Kappa—Margaret Bentley (Mrs. W. P . ) , 4607 Gaston Ave., Dallas, Tenn. ACTIVE
Beta Phi—Lura Halleck, Rensselaer, Ind.
*4-Pi—Corinne Chalaron, 1509 Pine St., New Orleans, L a .
Eta—Elizabeth Pruett, Stoughton, Wis.
Nu—Auphine Bennett, 167 Crary Ave., Mt. Vernon, New Y o r k . ^ — _
Alpha Phi—Ruth Noble Dawson (Mrs. E . E . ) , 315 n t h St., Great Falls,
Mont. Omicron—Sadie Ramsey, U . of T . , Knoxville, Tenn.

Nu Omicron—Mary D . Houston, 2807 Belmont Blvd., Nashville, Tenn. Kappa—Annie Moore, R.-M. W. C , Lynchburg, V a .
Psi—Anna W. Hanna, 2423 Sepviva St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Phi—Helen Gallagher, 1139 Tennessee St., Lawrence, K a n . i_Zeta— Florence Griswold, 1325 R St., Lincoln, Neb.

Sigma—Marian Black, 2721 Haste St., Berkeley, Cal.

ALUMNA ASSISTANT BUSINESS MANAGERS Theta—June Morris, A O I I House, Greencastle, Ind.

Alpha—Julia Bolger, 1891 Madison Ave., New York City. jLDelta—Martha Walker, Tufts College, Mass.

Pi—Mary T . Whittington (Mrs. G. P.), Alexandria, La. | Gamma—Eveline Snow, Balentine Hall, Orono, Me.

Nu—Daisy Gaus, 497 Halsey St., Brooklyn, N . Y . Epsilon—Dorothy Hieber, 308 Waite Ave., Ithaca, N . Y .

Omicron—Roberta Williams Divine (Mrs. John), Faust St., Chattanooga, Tenn Rho—Margaret Arries, 5028 N . Clark St., Chicago, 111.

Kappa—Susia Mann (Mrs. Malcolm), 104 Federal St., Lynchburg, V a . Lambda—Loraine West, Stanford University, Cal.
Zeta—Jane Piper, 1731 D St., Lincoln, Neb.
Iota—Leila Sheppard, 712 W. Oregon St., Urbana, 111. * -

Sigma—Margaret H . Dudley (Mrs. C . D . ) , 2655 Wakefield Ave., Oakland. Tau—Margaret Boothroyd, 315 n t h Ave. S. E . , Minneapolis, Minn.*—?

Cal. AChi—Mildred Wright, A O U House, Syracuse, N . Y .

Theta—Clara Dilts, Winamac, Ind. Upsilon—Maria Marchildon, 4733 21st Ave. N . E . , Seattle, Wash.

Delta—Helen Rowe, 20 Vine St., Winchester, Mass. Nu Kappa—Lura Temple, S. M. U., Dallas, Tex.

Gamma—Muriel Colbath Wyman (Mrs. P . ) , 1739 Broad St., Providence, R. 1 -4-Beta Phi—Ethel Bender, A 0 I I House, Bloomington, Ind.

Epsilon—Edith Cornell, 6740 Ridge Blvd., Brooklyn, N . Y . Eta—Gladys Beveridge, 626 N . Henry St., Madison, Wis.

Rho—Frances McNair, 512 Lee St., Evanston, 111. Alpha Phi—Marcy Angell, Hamilton Hall, Bozeman, Mont.

Lambda—Irene Cuneo, 134 E l m St., San Mateo, Cal. / rTT^-'Nu Omicron—Natalie Overall, West End Ave., Nashville, Tenn.

lota—Nina Grotevant, Lake Charles, L a . \ Psi—Sylvia Sutcliffe, 32 W. Johnson St., Germantown, Pa.

Tau—Edith Goldsworthy, 103 W. 52nd St., Minneapolis, Minn. ) * A Phi—Carroll McDowell, A 0 I I House, 1016 Ohio St., Lawrence, K a n .

Chi—Lillian Batten feld, Amsterdam, N. Y . * Omega—Mary Boynton, Hepburn Hall, Oxford, Ohio.

Upsilon—Carrie Bechen, McMinnville, Ore. ^ ALUMNAE CHAPTERS

Nu Kappa—Louise W. Zeek (Mrs. C . F . ) , Abbott Ave., Dallas, Tex. PRESIDENTS

Beta Phi—Juva Covalt, Greentown, Ind. V New York Alumna:—Eva Martv, 601 W. 127th St., New York City.
"V San Francisco Alumna?—Rose Gardner Marx (Mrs. R . S . ) , 1130 Shattuck Ave.,
Eta—Helene Bowersox, Bryan, Ohio.
Berkeley, Cal.
Alpha Phi—Grace Mclver, 115 n t h St., Great Falls, Mont. Boston Alumna;—Lennie Copeland, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass.
Providence Alumna?—Jennie Perry Prescott (Mrs. Harold S . ) , 12 Kossuh St.,
Nu Omicron—Katrina Overall, 1904 Acklen Ave., Nashville, Tenn. \ \ Pawtucket, R. I .

Psi—Evelyn H . Jefferies (Mrs. Lester), Narberth, Pa. \V Lds Angeles Alumna;—Florence Alvarez, 2180 W. 25th St., Los Angeles, Cal.
Chicago Alumna;—Vera Riebel, 6552 Yale Ave., Chicago, 111.
Phi—Edith A. Phenicie, Tonganoxie, Kan. Indianapolis Alumna—Gertrude Jayne, 1318 S. Belmont Ave., Indianapoln,

New Orleans Alumna;— Rietta Garland, 1639 Anabelle St., New Orleans, L a .
Pi—Anna McClellan, 2108 Napoleon Ave., New Orleans, L». Minneapolis Alumnae—Dorothy McCarthy, 3839 Pleasant Ave. S., Minneapolis,
Nu—Auphine Bennett, 167 Crary Ave., Mt. Vernon, N . Y . M.111i1n1n11..
Omicron—Melba Braly, U . of T., Knoxville, Tenn.
Kappa—Eleanor Manning, R.-M. W. C , Lynchburg, Va. t Bangor Alumnae—Imogene Wormwood, 202 Norfolk St., Bangor, Me.
Zeta—Mary Waters, 1325 R St., Lincoln, Neb. v\^Portland Alumna;—Caroline T . Paige, 772 Talbot Rd., Portland, Ore.
Sigma—Bertha Beard, 2721 Haste St., Berkeley. Cal. ^ P u g e t Sound Alumna;—Cornelia Jenner, East Seattle, Wash.
Theta—Mary Thompson, A 0 I I House, Greencastle, Ind. <T Knoxville Alumna;—Lucretia Jordan Bickley (Mrs. W . E . ) , 1516 Laurel A v e ,
Delta—Mary Grant, Tufts College, Mass.
Gamma—Lula Hersey. Mt. Vernon House, Orono. Maine. Knoxville. Tenn.
Epsilon—Mary Donlon, 308 Waite Ave., Ithaca, N . Y .
Rho—Velma Stone, 630 University PL, Evanston. 111. Lynchburg Alumna?—Anna Atkinson Craddock (Mrs. G . G . ) , 300 Norfolk Ave.,
Lambda—Carmalete Walflo, Stanford University, Cal.
Iota—Helen Braiins, 712 W . Oregon St., Lrbana, 111. ^ Lynchburg, Va.


VOL. X I V FEBRUARY, 1919 No. 2

Relief Work in Amiens Helen Ranlett, N 94 To D R A G M A is published at 450-454 Ahnaip Street, Menasha, Wis., by George
Banta, official printer to the fraternity. Entered at the Postoffice at Menasha,
A Professional Opportunity gg Wis., as second-class matter, April 13, 1909, under the act of March 3, 1897.

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103,
Act of October 3, 1917, authorized August 1, 1918.

To DRAGMA is published four times a year.
Subscription price, One Dollar per year payable in advance; single copies,
twenty-five cents. Life Subscriptions, Ten Dollars.
Mary Ellen Chase, Editor-in-chief. Carolyn Fraser Pulling, Business

War Work of the Y . W. C . A 100

What the Blue Triangle Means to France 103

The Y . W . C. A. and Munition Workers 105

Tragic, Sad, and Sublime Events Unfold Under Miss Salmon's Eyes 107

In Memoriam m For still the Lord is Lord of might ;
In deeds, in deeds, He takes delight ;
The Service Rolls of the Chapter 112 The plough, the spear, the laden barks,
The field, the founded city, marks;
The Installation of Omega Chapter Helen N. Henry 115 He marks the smiler of the streets,
The singer upon garden seats;
The Panhellenic Magazine—Opinions Concerning It 116 H e sees the climber in the rocks:
To Him the shepherd folds his flocks.
Help the Armenian Girls ng
The Quiet Corner . 121
Those He approves that ply the trade,
Reports 123 That rock the child, that wed the maid,
That with weak virtues, weaker hands,
Tau Helps to Prove the Kittredge Theory 124 Sow gladness on the peopled lands,
And still with laughter, song, and shout,
Editorials 125 Spin the great wheel of earth about.

Announcements 127 STEVENSON.

Active Chapter Letters 129

Alumna? Chapter Letters 153

Alumnae Notes 166

Exchanges 172


R E L I E F WORK IN AMIENS by high stone walls edged on top with broken glass. One end com-
municated with a convent, the nuns of which had a school, and used
BY H E L E N RANLETT, N, '07 as a playground the paved court at our back. At the other end was
a tiny court where we received the boxes coming to us from England
Relief work abroad begins with getting a passport at home. In or America, often unpacking them in the open under the shelter of
my case I had no difficulty, for I had letters to show that my presence a sloping roof, before taking the contents in to store them on our
was desired by an organization on the field. The ocean passage, if shelves.
not quite the same as in time of peace, was uneventful. But in Paris
I was brought up short by the refusal of the French military authori- The refugees came in at the main door, and waited in the hall, until
ties to allow me to enter the war zone, for this was July of 1916, and admitted in due course to the large ground-floor room, most of whose
civilian travel was temporarily suspended while preparations for the contents were discreetly curtained from too eager eyes. And here
Somme offensive took the right of way. we learned the arts of the saleswomen! Only the slight detail of
price was lacking. Our collection would have done honor to any
I spent three weeks in Paris, tantalized by being able to correspond secondhand shop of the New York east side. Charitable America had
freely with my friends in Amiens, and then one evening the coveted ransacked its garrets to clothe shivering, desolate France, and we were
red "carnet d'etranger" reached my hands. I started within the confronted with the problem of bestowing these garments on the most
forty-eight hours allowed by my laisser-passer. Luckily I left my conservative race in the world, no one of which had the remotest
trunk behind, for at the station the officials refused to check more intention of lowering her social position by wearing outlandish and
than thirty-six kilos, and I was left with more luggage than I could therefore questionable clothing.
carry, most literally on my hands. A porter (they still exist in Paris,
but not in Amiens) put me into my compartment, some helpful fel- I remember I was one day unpacking boxes with the vice-president
low-travellers put me out of it, and after an active half-hour I made of the organization, when she pulled out a red coat and said
my way foot loose out of the station, having dumped my impedi- unhappily: "Now look at that! No French person will ever possibly
menta into the checkroom and convinced the military authorities at wear it!" I hastened to console her. "Never mind! We can get
the gate that I was duly accredited to some relief organization of it off on a Belgian I" And with a peal of laughter she rejoined: "You
which they had apparently never heard. have certainly lost no time catching on."

There was no one to meet me—I had outstripped my letter and my No, the Frenchwoman does not wear bright colors. And the woman
telegram—and no particular trace of carriages, so I inquired about of the laboring classes, with whom we naturally had most to do,
cars. It was some time before anyone could identify my street, which crawls around like a grey mouse, hatless, with a grey or black
was beneath the notice of my guidebook, but at last I was told it was crocheted shawl as probably her only wrap. When we were lucky
"derriere St. Leu," and shown my car. The route passed the line of enough to receive a box of these shawls, they seemed to dissolve like
houses, and, to my utter dismay, proceeded between green fields. As mist, for the refugees spread the news of what we gave them, and one
my papers gave me no permission to leave Amiens, my fear was that issue of a desirable article meant a run on the bank. One pair of
I might find myself outside it, and then be refused permission to come new shoes had only to emerge, and for ten days we were besieged by
back! But at last the car made a sharp turn, and reentered the dusty mothers pleading that their children could not go to school for lack
streets with solid rows of houses. I was dismissed by the conductor of footwear. They always brought children in disreputable shoes
at what he thought was the nearest point to my destination (as a to prove their statements, though in point of fact I never saw one
matter of fact, it wasn't), and after innumerable twistings and turn- barefoot, even in warm weather. We had to make a stern rule that
ings raiong the oldest and poorest—and dirtiest—streets of Amiens, only one pair of new shoes went to a family, for after all a box of
I fouud myself at the building that was to be the scene of my activi- fifty pairs was a princely gift to come to our tiny organization, and
ties for the next four months. Fortunately, I did not have to live the number of refugee families ran into the thousands.
We received none except those proving that they were refugees by
The city had turned over to our organization the only unoccupied showing papers from the proper French authorities. They would
building at its disposal, which in time of peace was used as a school always have a "carte d'allocation de refugie," for to those driven from
of apprenticeship for boys. It was a three-story building, guarded their homes the state allowed about twenty-five cents a day for an



adult and ten cents for a child. This had to cover all needs, even flannel shirts from the American Relief Clearing House always
rent. The noted moratorium, which permitted delay in payment to rejoiced us, for that work was easily standardized and directed, and
the family of a soldier, applied only to lodgings occupied at the was paid for into the bargain! Women's and children's undercloth-
outbreak of the war, not to those hired later on. ing also went smoothly, but when I pleaded for children's dresses, a
protest was likely to be made by the secretary that they took a dis-
As for cases of individual suffering, I have no vivid tales to write, proportionate share of her time for supervision. None of us cared to
for in my memory they have sunk to one monotone of misery. Time spend much time in the room, for the fear of a draught is a phobia
after time as we sat taking note of the refugees' needs and listening with the French ; and in summer the heat was overpowering.
to their appeals, we said: "That is an unforgettable story," but after
ten more had overlaid it, we found the details blurred. Poverty, My only direct contact with the ouvroir was that I was their pay-
sickness, and sorrow were the three fates that ruled their lot, and the master and regularly checked them out at five o'clock. Each woman
individuals we remembered l)est were not the most pitiable but the presented her slip of paper to be dated, and when she had earned five
most courageous. When one woman told of taking into her own francs she was paid. There is such a dearth of currency in France
childless home the five children of a cousin, so that the mother might that any other plan proved impracticable, for the women could never
be free to work, we forgot our rules and gave her extra. And after make change, and we could not provide it. The bank kindly fur-
taking thankfully a pair of shoes for her husband, she said: " I did nished us five-franc notes, but silver is almost out of circulation,
have the money saved to buy him a pair, but I spent it for potatoes, except in Paris, and is represented in each city by local currency
for you know you cannot feed children on promises." issued by the Chamber of Commerce, "scraps of paper" ignored by
the banks and of no value in other cities.
Our second floor was one large, bare room, used chiefly for storage,
more especially of materials to be made up in our ouvroir. Also, Also on the third floor of our building was the "secretariat," the
there we kept such hospital supplies as came into our hands, and they sitting-room of the English and American volunteer workers. We
were the occasion of our forming pleasant relations with a number were never more than five! There, the vice-president conducted the
of heads of hospitals. In general, since the military hospitals had a correspondence of the organization, or mixed malted milk for anaemic
claim on the government for supplies, we thought best to turn over mothers. There the secretary kept the official accounts and folded
ours to the private hospitals under one or another of the three Red shirts, with a particular cachet I never could equal. There I kept
Cross organizations of France, since these perforce depended on the records of the donations received, and remated stockings that had
voluntary contributions. Hut one military doctor sent us a modest all been divorced in transit. There we made tea for ourselves and
request for "torchons," meaning cleaning cloths (one might know no sometimes had it together. And there we received the French ladies
masculine organization would supply those!) and wrote us glowing who came to look us up, or the English ladies working in a canteen,
notes of thanks when we sent him small pillows to ease wounded or the Belgian priest who took parcels for us to the refugees in out-
limbs, and socks to distribute to the out-going soldiers. And the lying districts we were not free to visit, or the French official who had
invalid's wheeled chair, called for by the matron in person with an the legion of honor because he had offered himself as a hostage when
ambulance, went to one of the English hospitals, which had a garden. the Germans held Amiens at the start of the war. There also came
the English officers who employed our ouvroir to do mending for their
On the upper floor was the "ouvroir," a large room where our troops, or the Harvard student enlisted in the foreign legion and
women worked for a franc an afternoon. Admission to this was a convalescent in an Amiens hospital, who mended our typewriter and
coveted privilege, and our waiting-list was pathetically long. Be- borrowed white cotton to sew up the rents in his uniform.
tween twenty and thirty came every day. They were of all ages, often
the eldest daughter of a family taking this way of adding a trifle to All this was within doors. Outside, there was Amiens, a city of
the family accounts. In general we found it more satisfactory with silver-grey crowned by its cathedral, which, hidden from the neigh-
the old women to give them wool to take home, paying them by the lx)ring streets, stood out as the salient point in every distant view of
pair for knitted socks, which then found their way to the soldiers. In the city. It stood with its intricate sculpture scarred by old wars but
the ouvroir only sewing was done, and the form it took depended as yet untouched by this one, its great portals protected by a facing
upon the materials that came to our hands. An order for outing- of sandbags, and the gargoyles over them looking inexpressibly droll,


as if prepared for a fit of seasickness, with funnels under their mouths A PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITY
to throw the rainwater farther out. At its foot was the old city,
writh the waters of the Somme subdivided into half a dozen channels A large per cent of the college women of this country have been
intersecting the narrow streets where the refugees clustered; farther helping to run the war machine. On November 11 the power was
off was the wide boulevard of later date, where the troops came and turned off. Those on whom the country has relied for war work, it
went to goals we never saw; and farther still, beyond the tranquil naturally turns to now for reconstruction. The "Help Wanted"
horizon, was the war. signs have simply been removed to other windows. The need is so
great for the college-trained woman and the field of service so varied,
(This article by Miss Ranlett has also appeared in The Radcliffe Quarterly.) that the question resolves itself into one of personal inclination. Now,
if ever, is the time to translate into action the thinking inspired by
Empress Maria Theresa, who reigned over Austria from 1740 to 1780, told
what she thought of Prussia and the Hohenzollerns. In seeking a professional opportunity, the Blue Triangle of the
"Everybody in Europe knows how much dependence may be placed in the Y. VY. C. A. has a special significance for the college-trained woman.
K i n g of Prussia and his word," she wrote. "France has experienced it on The program of reconstruction that the Association is planning, in this
several occasions, and, speaking generally, no sovereign of Europe has been and other countries, calls for her general and specialized knowledge.
able to avoid his perfidies. And it is such a king who wishes to impose himself
upon Germany as a dictator and protector. * * * F o r 37 years this man This plan includes: social and recreational work among industrial
has been, by his military despotism and his victories, the scourge of Europe. He women; club organization and activities in communities affected by
has broken with all recognized principles of right and of truth; he disregards war; social and educational work among foreign-born women in the
every treaty and every allegiance and it is we who are the first to be exposed to United States; extension of the Y . W. C . A. to women of France,
his blows." Russia, China, and other lands; physical directors and recreation
A few days before her death she added: leaders; cafeteria directors; business secretaries; religious work.
"The Hohenzollern dynasty recognizes no other motive than its own profit.
I f this principle is allowed continually to gain ground, what will be the future Intensive and regular courses of training are provided in these sub-
reserved for our successors?" jects for qualified candidates in all parts of the country. Such a
candidate for a position in the Y . W. C . A. must have a college edu-
cation, or its equivalent in experience, or technical training in house-
hold economy, physical training, or business training. She must be at
least twenty-two years of age and a member of a Protestant Evangeli-
cal church. Address the Personnel Bureau of the National Board of
the Y. W. C. A., 600 Lexington Avenue, New York City.

Sometimes it seems to me wonderful cozy to be alive! I'm glad I'm it.—
Zona Gale, in Mothers to Men.


W A R W O R K O F T H EY . W . C. A. of these was wounded recently. Her home in the north of France
has been destroyed. She left with only the small bundle of things
That profound and lasting sister spirit which comes from living in she could carry in her hands. Everything else, furniture, clothes,
the close companionship of a college home is akin to the spirit which all were destroyed."
is being realized by a group of American women working for an
American organization, the Young Women's Christian Association. These are some of the women for whom the Y . W. C . A. is making
This group of workers, now nearly 200 secretaries, makes homes for a home.
the women of France engaged in war orders, provides them with rest-
ful, happy places to go after their nerve-trying work at grinding For our Red Cress nurses in France, the Y. W. C. A. has built
machinery. They call these clubhouses "Foyers" and foyer is the huts. What the nurses say about the social rooms at American base
French word for home. Sometimes it is a new structure as at Lyon, hospitals, tells the story of what Y. W. C. A. secretaries there are
built for the purpose. Sometimes it is a floor or two of a big struc- doing.
ture, as at St. Etienne. Sometimes it is an entire house, as at Tours.
Sometimes it is rooms in the Chamber of Commerce as at Roanne. "Isn't it wonderful to have a room like this for our own?"
Sometimes it is in barracks as in the munition cantonments at Bourges. "I was so tired that a cup of tea touched exactly the right spot."
"The club is just what we need to bind us together."
Within there is often a canteen. There is always a kitchen where For the canteen girls, the reconstruction units of women workers,
women may get hot coffee or chocolate and a dining-room where the Signal Corps girls, the stenographers, the Salvation Army
luncheon may be eaten. Most important is the restroom—the big lassies—for all American women who are in France to help in any
salle de recreation, where programs are given during the long French way they can—the Y. W. C. A. has secured the lease on Hotel Petro-
noon hour that runs from 12 to 2. The women for whom the Y. W. grad in Paris. The American girl working in Paris for $80 a month
C. A. is providing these foyers are most of them refugees. Some of used to pay $60 of her salary just to live comfortably. Now she lives
them are slowly turning yellow—the skin of their hands and faces and comfortably for much less. She is under the care of American
their hair from the powder with which they work. This powder is women; she associates with American girls who meet at Hotel Petro-
said to get into their lungs sooner or later. That particular work is grad with the common interest of one language, one ambition, one
very highly paid and is'done by volunteers as it is most dangerous to home to return to when that common ambition has been realized.
health. A woman who thus gives up good looks and in time her health
and life is serving her country as much as the soldier in the trenches. In this country the Y. W. C. A. has built two kinds of houses on
the fraternity house plan, one for our girls in war industries, called
One of the secretaries in charge of the Y. W. C. A. foyer or club- an Industrial War Service Center, and the other for the boys in the
house for women workers near Bourges writes: army cantonments, the Blue Triangle Hostess House.

"There is a pretty little round, rosy-cheeked girl here just begin- All kinds of women, young and middle aged, women with training
ning to turn. The roots of her hair and her forehead are a pale and women with none, high school girls, college girls, and teachers,
yellow; the palms of her hands are a deep burnt orange, and her girls who have shifted from other lines of industry because they think
hands and arms a bright yellow. There is an ex-professional dancer that they can serve the government more directly and the women of
who is interesting and seems to like the foyer very much. There is wealth who see here the best chance to serve their country, are work-
a sweet faced girl, a refugee from Valenciennes, where the lace comes ing in munition plants. And because of its fifty years of work with
from, who has been here only three weeks, just having gotten away girls, the Y. W. C. A. was ready to help them all. A big, jolly room
from the German-ridden section. There is one rough and ready girl with a fireplace, comfortable chairs, and a victrola, affords rest and
who speaks English and whose father was an inn-keeper in Northern cheerful recreation for the girls and their visitors. A cafeteria
France. There is a very pretty, nice-looking girl who is engaged to usually occupies one end of the building and the quarters of the secre-
a French soldier with whom she happened to spend five minutes dur- tary another.
ing an air-raid. His mother is caretaker here—a very nice woman
who has six sons in the war, two of them Gennan military prisoners, The Hostess House idea, as the author of a recent book has stated,
two civil prisoners in Belgium, and two soldiers in the trenches. One is stamped "Made in America." "And," he adds, "America is the
land where women are partners not chattels." Nearly 100 Hostess
Houses have been built in cantonments all over the country. They
are camp homes for our men in the service. Every Blue Triangle

House in the United States, and they are spread over many acres, the
Hostess House in Paris and one in Russia, represent one of the many WHAT T H EBLUE TRIANGLE MEANS TO FRANCE
war activities of the Young Women's Christian Association.
The work of an organization which brings cheer to the women of
The Hostess House is its own conception. The Y. W. C. A. is a country that is engaged in war is of military value, according to
ready to put one in every military encampment, but does not do it French officials.
until the commandant has requested it. There are eight houses for
colored troops and as many more in process of construction. Every In asking our Y. W. C. A. secretaries to come to France, the French
one has proven its need and won the commendation of the command- government has reckoned our services as an important factor in win-
ing officer. ning the war.

As the mother of a college athlete who had visited her son at the The work of the Blue Triangle is for French and American women
Hostess House said, "I feel much better about Will now that I know who are behind the men behind the parapets.
that there is a place like this where he can get a piece of home-made
cake." The munition makers are carrying a great burden for France. To
these women, so courageous, so brave, war has become an everyday
[EDITOR'S N O T E : We wish to thank the National Board of the Y . W . C . A. business. They work in day and night shifts in huge factories, many
for this interesting article.] of them so extensive that it takes three hours to make the rounds of
the avenues between the buildings. The plants are enclosed by a
(Sometimes, when those who have promised articles fail to keep their word, high stone wall, and between the buildings are earthen walls so that
a discouraged Editor finds solace for the lack of faith assailing her in the one explosion will not injure the structure.
excellent articles for her Exchanges. We are indebted to Chi Omega's Eleusis
for those which f o l l o w . — T H E EDITOR.) The homes of these women are a sort of barracks such as soldiers
use surrounded by a high brick wall and located about half a mile
from their working place. Each worker has a little cubicle enclosed
by curtains, a bed, a wash stand, and a chair. That is all. There is
no central place for these women to gather. They go from their
factory to their living quarters, and back to the factory, day in and
day out. The night shift does the same. There is nothing bright,
nothing cheerful in their lives.

Thousands of refugees with no relatives, no friends, no homes,
work in these factories. They are gathered from all parts of France.
Some are even taken from the prisons to meet the scarcity of labor,
others are women from very good refugee families, and then there
is the ordinary run of women workers.

When we came to France we opened a tiny foyer in one of the
barracks. It was a very little thing. We did not know whether it
would work or not. It proved a success. We went to the next town.
We opened a regular Young Women's Christian Association in the
heart of the city, with a restaurant, club, gymnasium, English classes,
stenography, business training, and good times for everyone. The
prefect of that town was called to Paris. He had been interested in
what we were doing and after four or five months came to our office
and said: " I have been watching what you have done. It is a won-
derful thing for our French women and girls. I have come to ask
you, in the name of M. Clemenceau, if you will not start similar work
for the seventeen thousand young women who are engaged in the
ministry of war offices in Paris."


And that was our next foyer. We now have forty-eight centers T H E Y. W. C. A. AND MUNITION W O R K E R S
and ninety-six workers in France.
Two American armies are now serving our country. At the end
Aside from our immediate military value, there is another value to of the first year of the war the men's army in France numbered a
our work in connection with the war. When we shall win our mili- million and a half. At the same time a million and a half women
tary victory, I think we shall have just hegun to win a victory. It is of the second army, the Industrial Army of America, were working
then that we must put into operation the ideals for which we have on war orders. As rapidly as the army in France increases, the
been fighting. women's army must also increase.

Are we going to become a hardened military nation, or at the same Just as recreation is necessary to make our soldiers fit to fight, it
time that we are using these deadly weapons, can we plan to make is also necessary to make our munition makers fit to work. The
ourselves ready to live a democracy, the democracy for which we are leisure hours of the thousands and thousands of women employed in
fighting? munition cantonments must be filled with athletics, good times, games,
and parties. And this task the Ordnance Department has given to
French women need our assistance to realize what democracy is. the Y. W. C. A.
The higher class of French woman has never worked in industry.
They do not know how. They do not know what it is to work A clubhouse is a delightful center about which these activities
together. We, as Americans, have learned and are learning still how revolve. It is built sometimes by the Government, sometimes by the
to work on a democratic basis. We can do something toward prepar- owner of the plant, and sometimes by the Y. W. C. A. itself. It
ing these French women for a new type of democratic life, a life in always includes a large living-room with a cheerful fireplace, a gym-
which it will not be a disgrace to work, a life in which it will not be nasium that can also be used for parties, and a Y. W. C. A. secretary
a disgrace to be unmarried. to plan classes, hikes, picnics, and wienie roasts.

In the life of a French woman there were open only marriage or The girl comes through the open gate at noon with three-quarters
the nunnery before the war. Now she may have a profession. Now of an hour to rest. Running across the street and through an open
she may have something to look forward to. The thing that we can door she finds herself in a long, sunny room. There are dainty cur-
do for the working woman and for the woman who has sufficient tains at the windows, attractive pictures on the wall, comfortable
fortune not to work for her living, is to give both of them the idea of cushioned chairs, couches, and books. She picks up a tray and takes
a creative life outside of the one realm of married life. her place in the line where she is served her choice of soups, meats,
vegetables, drinks, and desserts at just what they cost.
Beside our work with French women, three classes of American
women use us in France today. War workers in a strange land, In one plant on Long Island, ten thousand women are working in
under strange conditions are in a nervous, intense atmosphere at all the government munition cantonment making gas masks. In other
times. Our Hostess House in Paris is the receiving house for Ameri- plants they are employed as weighers, sewers, clerks, assemblers, fillers,
can women, and later their refuge in rest periods. carriers, and forewomen. Where recently a small plant was located
on the outskirts of a country town now six thousand girls are working.
For our Red Cross nurses we have established huts or clubhouses
in the base hospitals. The greatest hardship for the nurse is her There are no lessons for these girls to get in the evening, nothing
isolation. She needs something that is unallied witli her own pro- that has to be done, and what is a great deal worse, very little that
fession to keep up her morale, to keep up her interest, to keep her up they can do. The munition plants have sprung up in these small
to the professional standard. This she finds in the nurses' hut. towns where there are no movies, no theaters, no libraries, no amuse-
ments of any sort.
The Signal Corps women officially brought over by our government
must face the problem of finding a suitable place to live. We have Recreation as the Y. W. C. A. understands it must have three fea-
tried to help them by taking over a number of hotels and apartments. tures. It must be worth while; that is, it must be something construc-
tive, like gymnastics and out of door sports which build up the body,
It is just as much our aim to look after the welfare of our own or pageantry which develops cooperation as well as artistic percep-
women in France as it is to care for the women of our ally. French tion. Furthermore, it must be consecutive; that is each feature must
women have told us that the thing which has encouraged them the naturally lead on to another, like the program of a club meeting or a
most in these dark hours is realizing that if women stand together and
work together they can uphold the ideals dearest to all nations—the
highest type of civilization on a moral basis.


series of athletic games. More than this, there must always be the TRAGIC, SAD, AND SUBLIME EVENTS UNFOLD
note of service such as is so strongly emphasized in all Red Cross UNDER MISS SALMON'S E Y E S
(The following newspaper clipping will be of interest to all A O TVs, as
A young girl, perhaps twenty-five, though her hard work has made Mabel Salmon is a member of Zeta Chapter in the class of 1912.—THE EDITOR.)
her look older, comes to one of the clubs always knitting. When the
other girls plan games, she reluctantly lays down her unfinished sock Y. W. C. A. W O R K E R S E E S S E C R E T A R Y O F WAR

"Isn't it enough that you work all day long on munitions?" she Miss Mabel Salmon, who landed in France on July 18th at Bor-
was asked. deaux, has experienced many thrilling adventures. She went directly
to Paris, where she remained at the Hotel Petrograd, the American
"Wouldn't you want to work all the time if like myself you had a Y. W. C. A. Hostess House. Then she was sent to the Hostess
husband and three brothers in the service?" House at Tours to substitute for one of the workers while the latter
took a short rest. Following that service, Miss Salmon went back to
These girls put their very souls into the munitions. Almost all of Paris, and early in October expected to go to Bordeaux to be per-
them have close relatives in the army and know that each shell manently located.
polished and ready for shipment overseas means that just that much
sooner their soldier will come back. Miss Salmon, who is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. F . P. Salmon
of this city, went to France as a recreation worker under the auspices
In the evenings the girls themselves are too tired to take the entire of the Y. W. C. A. She was selected by the national organization.
responsibility of after-work activities although, of course, play is no
good unless the desire for it comes really from the girls themselves. The following are extracts from recent letters:
Leaders have been trained to help plan a program that the girls will "Tours, September 12th.
like. Playing games has become a profession which is quite as
important as high school algebra or the letters that a railroad presi- "The French lady who took us through the fort came and had tea
dent writes. Courses along these lines are given by the Y. W. C. A. with us on Friday. She lives in Paris in the winter. Every morning
at various times and at various points. From November twenty-ninth she gets up early in order to take six blind men to work and then she
to December twentieth of this year training can be obtained under the brings them home at night. She does this so their families do not
direction of the Y . W. C. A. of San Francisco, Minneapolis, Rich- have to take the time to do it.
mond, and New York City. Miss Elizabeth Wilson, 600 Lexington
Avenue, New York City, can give information about these courses. MAIMED B U T USEFUL

"She says it is wonderful the things these men learn to do. One of
than has lost an arm and leg as well as being blind, but he has learned
to be a telephonist. Another in the same condition has learned to ride
a bicycle and does something. Another has lost both hands, cut off
at the wrists. One day they missed him from the home and found
him at the top of a tree. He thought he could see just a little and in
his joy had climbed up this tree to find if he could really see a little.
One wonders how he ever got up with both hands off and blind. She
says they all are happy and gay in spite of things. But it is so
pathetic to see them.

"The Y . M. C. A. gave a bazaar last week for their benefit and we
all enjoyed the bits of pastry which were sold and the stick candy and
taste of fudge which we had.

"September 17th, Tours.
"I am surely having an interesting time here in every way. It's a
great experience. It's great to have a hand in things. News is so



good these days, perfectly splendid. We don't get it as you folks do "Baker reviewed the troops while the band played martial airs
and there isn't the excitement, that I imagine there is at home over the and the horses danced about in keeping with the spirit of the music.
American drive. Things are looking badly for the Hun. So many Military events of most any description do send the thrills over one.
American soldiers come in here at the hostess house and their spirit Thcie are thousands of trcops here and although all were not in line,
is truly great. They all just want a chance to get into things and do a goodly number were. Perhaps you will be seeing pictures of it at
their part. Even the wounded I've seen want to get well and back home for the camera men were busy.
"War news is good. I hope, that the Americans at least don't
Sunday I had tea at a real chateau about eight or ten miles in the stop when winter comes on, but can go right on with their offensive.
country with a real count and countess too! They were very lovely (lermany won't have time to rest up and get more troops ready. I saw
people. I liked the count especially, also met a nice French captain. many cars of United States boys yesterday on their way to the front.
All spoke English so we could visit without embarrassment on my. They were in freight cars, but were a happy-looking lot and waved
part. It was a most beautiful place. The count is a volunteer Red gaily at us. I also saw countless numbers of ambulances making
Cross worker and the countess works every day, and all day in one of ready to receive the boys who once had waived gaily as they went to
the hospitals here. the front. Such is war.

"From tea I went to our recreation island where nine of us had our "October 1st, Paris.
supper together, outside—four lieutenants and four of us secretaries "I have finished at Tours, and am back in Paris. The last week at
and one of the girls. One of the lieutenants was hungry for dough- Tours, I opened up a new transient hotel for women, one we had had
nuts, and had the necessary materials, and one of the secretaries for signal corps girls, but which they had to leave for larger quarters.
made them, so we had a lovely out-of-door supper including fried A week was spent cleaning thoroughly and the twenty-third we opened
potatoes, sausages, pickles, hard-boiled eggs with salad dressing, bread up for business. The army asked us to take care of fourteen W. A.
and butter, real American coffee with cream, doughnuts, and melon. A. C. girls for two or three weeks, so we started with a house full.
They had been living in camp just as the soldiers do, but most of the
GERMANS STOLID LOOKING number have been transferred to another place and until a house can
be found for these remaining we will take care of them.
"Tours, where I am right now, is of great historic interest and the "I was glad to have the chance to know my English cousins a little,
country around about is full of chateaux and many other things of in- and though they were quite different from our American girls, I liked
terest. I expect to go back to Paris this week, am just waiting to hear. them very much. There was one officer with them in charge and she
Miss Granger whose place I've been taking here, is back so unless I'm was very nice indeed. One of our new secretaries arrived last Satur-
added to take charge of the other hostess house being opened here, day to be hostess at the hotel, so I came up here yesterday.
I'll soon be off. 1 rather think I'll go to Brest for a few weeks and
then to Bordeaux for permanent work. PURSUES TRUNK

"Our electric lights just went out all over the house. Fortunately "Now to find my trunk and then to go to Bordeaux. I trust I won't
we have candles on hand. be moving again for a while. I feel if I ever get my trunk and get
settled I never want to move. I spent a good share of the morning at
"I've seen a good many German prisoners, some as I've been on the the station looking for said trunk, but could not locate it. A very
train. Then the other day I saw a bunch of them with two tittle nice French interpreter helped me and we searched every place where
French guards no bigger than their guns. The Germans were big, there was any baggage. My, there is such a pile, I don't wonder it
stolid-looking men for the most part, all ages, old and young. gets lost, only I wish it weren't always mine.

"September 21st, Tours. "It seems almost like coming home to be here again. The girls
"I got up at 6:30 o'clock, dressed and went to the depot, Secretary whom I know planned a party for last night, and we went to the
of War Baker came at 7 :40 o'clock and I wanted to see the parade. English theater, where we saw a very good little comedy, and then
It was thrilling to see our boys lined up on the big plaza in front of had a spread in one of their rooms.
the station, hear the band, see the fine cavalry horses prancing about,
then the line of big United States autos, etc. There was a rumor that
Pershing would be here too, but I'm sorry to say, it was false.


"Did you all have a piece of Pershing's cake? I read about it in 3n fHUmarUtm
the paper here, but was glad of the clipping telling all about it. The
soldiers think the Salvation Army is the best thing over here, that is, URSULA HODGKISS
many do. There are no men in it over here under fifty, so I have been
informed, and they go with the men right up to the front and make Alpha Phi
doughnuts and pies and such things for them. Their number here is
small, but they are making a big hit with the boys, of that I am sure. 1917

"We have been having such cold weather that we feel the cold, Died December 6th, 1918
although the thermometer does not go low. But it is surely a What e'er is excellent
penetrating cold, and I shall be so glad of some of the warm things As God lives is permanent!
that are in my trunk.


"Paris is getting more like itself, so those who have been here before
say. People who have gone away are returning and the streets are
crowded, especially in the evening. There are just mobs everywhere.
There seems to be a gayer spirit, too, but probably due to the good
war news. There is the same heavy crepe, and it is so heavy, but
people are more cheerful, I believe.

"No word of my trunk yet. Am glad you are well. There is lots
of sickness over here, the Spanish grippe being very prevalent. I'm
trying to be careful and hope to escape."


112 TO PRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI Madeline L . Parker, '19, 1773 Dorchester Ave., Dorchester, Mass.,
Naval Reserves Yeowoman.
Madeline A. Perkins, '18, Ogunquit, Me., chemist in Du Pont Pow-
ALPHA der Works, Nashville, Tenn.

Florence L . Sanville, '02, has been chairman of the Committee of LAMBDA
Women in Industry for Pennsylvania.
Alice Collier, '09, was California State Director for Women in Indus-
Josephine Pratt, '07, is bacteriologist in charge of the United States try in the United War Work Campaign. She is now executive
Public Health laboratory at Chattanooga, Tenn. for the Y . W. C . A. Industrial Women's Service Center, Long
Island City, N. Y.
Rochelle Cachet, '09, has a position with the Du Pont Powder Co. IOTA

in Richmond, Va. Minnie Phillips, dietitian in base hospital, New Haven, Conn.
Bertha Stein, Rep. Food Administration, Food Conservation Bureau,
Chicago, 111.
Helen Kennedy, who expects to leave for France soon, is in dietetical
work, Knoxville, Tenn. Muriel Thompson, Nurses' Training School, (home address)

Mary Rust, nursing. New York City. Rantoul, 111.
Eula Scott, clerical work, Washington, D. C.
Helen Shea, nursing, Brooklyn, N. Y . TAU

ZETA Gertrude Falkenhagen, dietitian, Base Hospital 126, France.
Ruth Buckley, Ordnance Department, Washington, D. C .
Mable Salmon has charge of Hostess House at Bordeaux, France. Mildred Hagen, clerical work, Washington, D. C .
Lois Nesbit is to go into canteen service soon in France. Anne Yates, factory inspector under Woman's Branch of the Ord-
Bess Mitchell does local canteen work.
Laura Peterson is a driver in Woman's Motor Corps. nance Department, Chicago, 111.
Hazel Cook is a worker in Women's National Service League.
Elizabeth French, '15, leader in Junior Red Cross work, Liberty
Dorothy Clarke, Berkeley, Cal., director of Red Cross. Loan committee, director of knitting class, 107 Henry St., Syracuse,
Kathryn Hubbard. Berkeley, Cal., member Red Cross Motor Corps. N. Y.
Grace Morin, Berkeley, Cal., naval architecture, drawing ship-build-
Edna Hausner, '17, Red Cross Nurse (waiting to be called), present
ing instructions for the Navy Department, Mare Island Navy address, Montour Falls, N. Y.
Yard, Cal.
Helen Slaughter, Oakland, Cal., general secretary, Y. W. C. A., Meda Kay, '16, Nurses' Home, Roosevelt Hospital, New York City.
Tucson, Ariz. Bertha Muckey, '18, Ordnance Department, 2126 First St. N. W.,
Dorothy Weeks, Berkeley, Cal., training at the Government School
for Nurses, Camp Kearney, Cal. Washington, D. C.
Grace Weeks, naval architecture, drawing shipbuilding instructions
for the Navy Department, Mare Island Navy Yard, Cal. ETA
May Pruess is secretary for Dr. Elizabeth Kemper Adams, director,
Women's Division, U . S. Employment Services, Washington, Julia Johnson, 626 N. Henry St., Madison, Wis., doing computing
D. C. work at the Forest Products Laboratory, University of Wisconsin.

DELTA Avis Peters, 626 N. Henry St., Madison, Wis., testing woods for
aeroplanes, Forest Products Laboratory, University of Wisconsin.
Kathryn H olden, '14, 60 W. 76th St., New York City, chemist for a
company making condensed milk for British and American Nu OMICRON
Katrina Overall, '18, Ordnance Department, Old Hickory Powder
Plant, Nashville, Tenn.

Ellenna Webb, '18, c|o Food Administration, Nashville, Tenn.


Beatrice Barrington, Emergency Fleet Corporation, 3413 Race St.,
An account of the installation of Omega Chapter is one of the
Philadelphia, Pa. hardest things I have ever tried to write for it is almost impossible
Mary Glowacki, Secret Service, Sargeant Hall, University of Pennsyl- to get down on paper the wonderful enthusiasm and spirit which per-
meated it all from the time I stepped off the train at Oxford and met
vania. all the girls for the first time at Mrs. Clark's on Friday evening until
Avis Hunter, New York Ship Building Co., YVestville, N. J . the moment I took the train again on Tuesday morning.
Virginia Kerns, Hog Island Ship Building Co., 5450 Baltimore Ave.,
Merva Hennings and Elizabeth Hiestand of Rho came down on
Philadelphia, Pa. Saturday, January 4th, from Chicago and in the afternoon we began
Helen Waitneight, Midvale Steel Corporation, Manheim Apartments, the installation, taking in thirteen charter members, twenty-four
alumna', and five freshmen. I think that all three of us were as
Germantown, Pa. deeply impressed as the initiates with the beauty of our ceremony.
Sylvia Sutcliffe, Summer Position, War Chest, 32 W. Johnson St.,
After five hours of initiation and installation we adjourned to
Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa. Bishop Hall (one of the girls' dormitories) and it was with many
Marian Ludden, Summer Position, Pennsylvania Railroad Co., 618 thrills that forty-five Alpha O's sat down to Omega Chapter's first
Woodlawn St., Germantown, Pa.
Margaret Robinson, Summer Position, Pennsylvania Railroad Co., We all feel that Kappa Tau Sigma, as Omega Chapter, is bringing
much to Alpha Omicron Pi, and we hope will gain in turn much from
5020 Greene St., Germantown, Pa. it. The chapter already stands for scholarship and college activities
Mildred Beyer, Summer Position, Pennsylvania Railroad Co., Sar- at Miami, and from the avidity with which they had learned even the
addresses of the grand officers and the Executive Committee, we feel
geant Hall (temporary), Wilhelmina Apartments, Atlantic City, that some of the older chapters will have to look to their laurels in
N. J. fraternity examinations!
Alice Lipp, Summer Position, farmerette, 916 S. 47th St., Philadel-
phia, Po. Those of us, who feel we know Omega so well now and love her,
hope the rest of you will have a chance to do so too, and to visit and
• know Mrs. Clark, whose warm-hearted and generous hospitality has
meant so much to those of us who have been at Miami.

According to Miss Minnie L . Jamison, State Secretary of College Volunteers, Installing Officer.
North Carolina, the college women of North Carolina are doing work unthought
of for women before the war. One girl is driving a milk wagon, 2 girls are
driving trucks, and 15 have volunteered to mow the 25-acre campus of the
normal school during the summer months.

Miss Jamison reports that 10 war farmers at the Normal College hoed 75
acres of corn; that 10 girls volunteered to put up 8,000 cans of tomatoes, beans,
and soup mixtures at the Normal College; that 15 girls volunteered to do
stenographic work during summer school; that 200 girls are making a campaign
to save 50 to 100 per cent wheat in 1,000 homes during the next few weeks;
that 2 volunteers are teaching canning to colored persons; and that a campaign
for backyard gardens in colored settlements has begun and will be conducted by
white and colored college volunteers in cooperation with the colored agent for
Boys' and Girls' Club Work.


THE PANHELLENIC MAGAZINE—OPINIONS they can get from the whole world of fraternity women?" By so doing
we will save not only time, labor, and materials, but we will have a
CONCERNING I T "bigger, better, and broader medium for our great ideals." We can
also have more illustrations. Also, in case someone might object, the
Dear Miss Chase: possibility of putting in a supplement for each fraternity containing
chapter letters and personals was hinted at, if we thought we had
The November T o DRAGMA came while I had the "flu" and when not outgrown the childish pastime! Have I summed up the main
I was well enough I all but devoured the book. I am always so points? Now for another opinion.
anxious to get the magazine and I believe that I never miss reading
a word. I have thought quite a bit about the suggestion in the last First of all, we are about to have peace. That does not mean that
To DRAGMA of combining sorority magazines. I believe that the we can immediately gorge on sugar. It is doubtful if we will want
idea is a fine one if each sorority could maintain its own personal to now. Still we must save! However, business, and life in general,
ideas and thoughts in a larger magazine but as yet, I can't see how is resuming its former status gradually. Would there be any particu-
this could be done without losing so much that I love in our own lar advantage note in uniting the fraternities in this project?

To DRAGMA. Are fraternity magazines useless organs? To DRAGMA has become
through persistent hard labor a credit to our fraternity. Every editor
Fraternally, has done her share—each one needs credit—but the last editor is now
reaping the benefits of the past, and with her own fine ideas now
MARY K R E T L O W , A 3>, '17. presents us something to be proud of. Shall we now disparage all
this, and go backwards?
Dear Mary Chase:
True our article says that we shall be progressing with the times
At the last meeting of the Los Angeles Alumna? Chapter of Alpha because we will be losing sight of the individual fraternity. The
Omicron Pi, the Panhellenic magazine was given careful consideration Panhellenic spirit is desirable, but will a Panhellenic magazine bring
and after much discussion the majority of the girls decided that they it about ? I , for one, do not think so. We have the Atlantic Monthly
were in favor of retaining their own To DRAGMA. Every girl spoke if we desire a good all around magazine. Why edit another one?
of the growth of the magazine, and, as a whole they are strong for Are not amateur magazines a good idea? Do they not stimulate
keeping it. youth to try her hand—when a large magazine would stifle ambitious
beginners because only "professional or semi-professional journalists"
Fraternally yours, would be called upon? Now and then, in our own To DRAGMA
we get articles from other fraternity women. Our editor is wide
FLORENCE L. STEWART, awake to her opportunities.

Corresponding Secretary. It is a great question whether we shall save any great amount of
"time, labor, and materials." If a board must be elected, competent
T o DRAGMA OR A P A N H E L L E N I C MAGAZINE journalists paid, and a complicated system of book-keeping must
result, where is the great advantage? We shall be losing more than
Opinions are running rampant out here in the West! "Have you gaining!
read your last To DRAGMA? Did you notice that article about a
Panhellenic magazine, Florence?" "What do you think of it?" A fraternity magazine is a personal matter. What care we if the
"Well, I , for one, am opposed." "Oh, are you? It seems like a
good idea. It says it will save." "Yes, it says 'IT' will save—what? Anchora has a few more illustrations than To DRAGMA?
I say." "Read the article again, Lucile!"
Out of this new, fanciful idea of a few will grow a greater desire
Read it again we did and discussed pro and con, but where did we for individual fraternity magazines. Each fraternity will see that
arrive? My head is all awhirl. Let me see, do I get the idea? Our its magazine means something in a personal way which no amount of
country, according to the article, is at war. We, as fraternity women, argument can prove or disprove. There are many personal things
must do our part and join those who are saving. Fraternity maga- which we do as individuals which we can not sever from our per-
zines, being fairly useless, with editors who have struck "rock-
bottom," ought to be cut out in order to save time, labor, and material.
Therefore, as all fraternities have the same ideals approximately, and
are working toward the same ends, why should we not unite in one
publication? Why not have a board representing all fraternities
which would "employ and pay competent professional or semi-
professional women journalists to procure the best literary articles


sonality. So our magazine is an individual organ and should remain HELP T H E ARMENIAN GIRLS
as it isl
(Reprinted from The Outlook, December 25, 1918)
An interfraternity magazine, i f desired, could be something
extra, but surely the committee would not desire this, even i f it were The four chief American colleges in Turkey are at Beirut, Smyrna,
a good idea, because their chief argument was the doing away with and Constantinople, those at the Turkish capital being Robert College
expense. and Constantinople College. With the deliverance of Smyrna and
Constantinople, all these colleges are taking long looks into the
LUCILE R . CURTIS, A, '15. future. One of the four is an institution for women—Constantinople
College. It was started in 1871. It has graduated between four hun-
TEN GOLDEN RULES OF HEALTH dred and five hundred girls—Greeks, Bulgarians, Serbs, Albanians,
The Ten Golden Rules of Health, as prescribed by the Minnesota Division, Jews, Turks, Persians. The cultural side of college education has been
Woman's Committee, Council of National Defense, and Minnesota Commission emphasized. Practical training is now also to have its place. Courses
of Public Safety, are as follows: in agriculture have been formed, and in gardening the students have
the practical demonstration of the college war garden of vegetables
I. Play hard and fair. Be loyal to your team mates and generous to your furnishing food for the college table, a garden cultivated by both
opponents. faculty and pupils. The students are also learning the care of bees
and silkworms. Courses in the practical arts have been started, and
I I . Eat slowly. Do not eat between meals. Chew food thoroughly. Never the girls are taught that working with the hands may be as honorable,
drink water when there is food in the mouth. Drink water several times during and often far more necessary than working solely with one's mind—a
the day. lesson perhaps more needed in the Orient than in the Occident.

I I I . Brush your teeth at least twice a day. Rinse your mouth out well with A School of Education is to be established in the college; it is neces-
water after each meal. sary in a region in which both quantity and quality of teachers are at
fault, and in which there have been practically no training schools for
I V . Be sure to cultivate regular daily habits. teachers. The idea is to have a course of two years of intensive
V. Keep clean body, clothes, and mind. Wash your hands always before pedagogical training so that graduates may be able to help to build up
eating. Take a warm bath with soap once or twice a week; a cool sponge (or an intelligent graded system of education for the people.
shower) bath each morning before breakfast and rub your body to a glow with
a rough towel. A medical school is also to be established. There is no proper
V I . T r y to keep your companions, especially young children, away from training college for women doctors or nurses in the Turkish Empire.
those who have contagious diseases. I t is hardly necessary to point out the ills that might be cured and
V I I . Use your handkerchief to cover a sneeze or cough and try to avoid the wrongs righted by a body of women doctors and nurses who could
coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose in front of others. visit the harems and isolated towns of the Turkish Empire, assist in
V I I I . Study hard, and in study, work, or play do your best. establishing proper sanitary conditions, and teach a rudimentary
I X . Sleep: get as many hours in bed each night as this table indicates for knowledge of hygiene and the common rules of health.
your age. Keep windows in bedroom well open.
When we think of the future of women in the Near East, we think
Hours of sleep for different ages first of those in Armenia. Of all Near Eastern countries Armenia
has suffered the most. Many thousands of homeless and poverty-
Age Hours of stricken women need care and attention. Constantinople College is
sleep especially drawn to work among the Armenian girls; it started out
originally as a school for them, and they have always constituted a
5 to 6 13 large and important part of the student body. They are hard-
6 to 8 12 working, eager students, and their love of learning and their industry
8 to io are marked characteristics. The Armenian young women who have
io to 12 Ilj4
12 to 14
14 to 16 11
16 to 18
18 . . . . iolA




X . Be cheerful, and do your best to keep your school and your home clean
and attractive, and to make the world a better place to live in.


the advantage of such an education as Constantinople College now T H E QUIET CORNER
offers will inevitably be leaders among their people.
The Editor always rejoices when someone expresses appreciation
To enable more Armenian girls to attend the college should be the of The Quiet Corner, especially when that appreciation is accompanied
duty of the friends of Armenia. I f , amid the horrors of war, the by visible proof in the shape of a contribution. The following poem
American men and women in Turkey have looked with assurance into is sent by Mae Knight Siddell of Sigma Chapter. Mrs. Siddell is
the future, assuredly we here, untouched by the more distressing con- chairman of our Song Committee.
sequences of war, should do our part. We should help to increase
the educational opportunity of Armenian girls. The office of the THE HILLS
treasurer of Constantinople College is at 70 Fifth Avenue, Netv York Partner, remember the hills?
City. The gray, barren, bleak old hills
We knew so well—
AMERICANIZATION THROUGH INTEREST IN Not those gentle, placid slopes that swell
CHILD WELFARE In lazy undulations, lush and green.
No; the real hills, the jagged crests,
"The foreign women in Seattle, Washington, are vitally interested in the The sharp and sheer-cut pinnacles of earth
welfare work being done for their children," said Dr. Maybelle Park, assistant That stand against the azure—gaunt, serene,
medical inspector of schools in Seattle. Careless of all our little worsts and bests,
Our sorrow and our mirth!
"There are forty-eight different nationalities among Seattle school children,
eighteen nationalities in one school alone. Those in charge of the Children's Partner, remember ihe hills?
Year campaign have been flooded with applications from foreign mothers. The Those snow-crowned, granite battlements of hills
Japanese women have asked for pamphlets on prenatal care and a Japanese We loved of old.
private school carried a most successful child welfare exhibit. The nurses They stood so calm, inscrutable and cold,
checking up birth registration in the lumber districts of the state found the Somehow it never seemed they cared at all
foreign mothers most eager to learn everything possible about safeguarding For you or me, our fortune or our fall,
their children's health. And yet we felt their thrall;
And ever and forever to the end
"The club women of Seattle started a class in the care of the baby for a We shall not cease, my friend,
group of foreign mothers, at the same time teaching the women to read English, To hear their call.
since the textbooks were lessons on home topics presented in simple words. So
popular did this class become that three others are now conducted. There is Partner, remember the hills?
individual instruction for women of different races until they are able to express The grim and massive majesty of hills
themselves in English and understand it. That soared so far,
Seeming, at night, to scrape against a star.
"Medical supervision of the children in the public schools was started four Do you remember how we lay at night
years ago under the school board and in five months the effect was so marked (When the great herd had settled down to sleep)
that the superintendent of schools caused a survey to be made and found that And watched the moonshine—white
the average efficiency of the children in their school work and attendance had Against the peaks all garlanded with snow,
increased three and half per cent. The probation officers also found that truancy While soft and low
had lessened one-half since medical inspection had been instituted. The night wind murmured in our ears—and so
We wrapped our blankets closer, looked again
"Since the war, social hygiene instruction has been given to the girls in the At those great, shadowy mountaintops, and then
high schools of the city. There have also been talks on this subject and on child Sank gently to our deep
welfare at parents' meetings." And quiet sleep?

Partner, remember the hills?
The real hills, the true hills.
Ah, I have tried
To brush the memory of them aside;
To learn to love


These fresh, green hills the poets carol of; REPORTS
But the old gray hills of barrenness still clutch
That I forget the beauty all about,
The grass and flowers and such; The following are additional life subscribers to To DRAGMA:
And just cry out
T o take again the faint and wind-swept trail, Julia Norton Clemes, Rho Edith Resseguie, Chi
To see my naked mountains, shale and snow,
To feel again the hill-wind and to know Alice McCone, Alpha Phi Daisy Gaus, N u
The spell that shall not fail. Hazel Crabill, Rho Sue Bryant, Omicron

BY BERTON BRALEY. Imogene Wormwood, Gamma Isabelle McKinnell, Iota
Kate Foster, Sigma Lillian MacQuillan McCausland,
Lulu Beeger, Lambda
Margaret Symonds Bruer, Rho Beta

The two little poems which follow are by Edna St. Vincent Millay. I I . GRAND SECRETARY'S REPORT
May they touch a responsive chord!

AFTERNOON ON A HILL Although many of the chapters have cooperated most splendidly in

I will be the gladdest thing the care and punctuality with whch they have sent in their reports,
Under the sun!
still there seems some misunderstanding among a few chapters. W i l l
I will touch a hundred flowers
And not pick one ! those not make a point of reading the instructions sent through the

chapter presidents at the beginning of the year and ask the Grand

I will look at cliffs and clouds Secretary any questions on points not clear. The following have been
With quiet eyes,
Watch the wind bow down the grass
And the grass r i c e . October November

And when lights begin to show Secretary's report B <P, N , Y E
Up from the town Registrar's report B N, <£, Y A S», E, T
Treasurer's report H, B $, N, N O, 0 H, B K, N O, 0
I will mark which must be mine.
And then start down!


I'll keep a little tavern
Below the high hill's crest,

Wherein all gray-eyed people
May set them down and rest.

There shall be plates a-plenty,
And mugs to melt the chill

Of all the gray-eyed people
Who happen up the hill.

There sound will sleep the traveler,
And dream his journey's end,

But I will rouse at midnight
The falling fire to tend.

Ay, 'tis a curious fancy—
But all the good I know

Was taught me out of two gray eyes
A long time ago.



Despite the lack of incremental repetition, these little songs were T H E SERVICE NUMBER
created in true ballad style, the communal gathering consisting in this
instance of college girls, and the camp fire being confined within the I T is with no small degree of apprehension that the Editor puts
brick walls of a fireplace. The tune we know is not new; but the the finishing touches on the Service Number. When she reviews
words are entirely original, and are glorious when sung as Helen in reminiscence the dreams of its conception, she is forced to
Turner would say "with just the right amount of pep." admit that the finished product is symbolic of hopes unfulfilled.
Articles which were requested, in two cases promised, failed to make
I. their appearance, and substituting was necessary. Careless chapter
secretaries neglected to send the names of those in service. At the
"There are pies that have mince filling. eleventh hour, the Editor in despair has completed the number and is
There are pies of apple, too, now ready to send it to the printer. I f it fails to satisfy your hopes,
There are pies with cherries in the middle, cast your reproach where it belongs. Without cooperation it is impos-
There are pies with frosting on them—o-o-o-oo! sible to accomplish work which must of necessity be done by more
There are pies with cream that came from Boston, than an Editor. To DRAGMA is the possession of Alpha Omicron Pi.
There are pies that melt right in your mouth. I t is supported by the fraternity and presumably it receives contribu-
But the pies that always take the prize tions therefrom. I f these contributions are not forthcoming, i f the
Are those known as A O ITs. Editor must do the work of procrastinators and slackers, then let
readers be kind and critics lenient.
There are Kappa Kappa Gammas, Alpha Phis, and Gamma DEMOCRACY

Phis. T""V EMOCRACY is commonly thought of as a form of govern-
There are also Kappa Alpha Thetas, \_J ment but primarily it is not this at all, rather it is a spiritual
T r i Delts and Pi Beta Phis; attitude. "As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he." The
There are Alpha Gamma Deltas, form of government is an outward manifestation of an inward feeling,
There are Delta Gammas, too, but the feeling necessarily precedes and conditions the outward form.
But take a tip from one who knows i t : I f people all have the feeling of democracy, a democratic form of
A O I I is the one for you! government is inevitable. The great task before the homes and the
Needless to say, the tune is known as Smiles. schools, therefore, is to generate this feeling and now is a most oppor-
tune time for this important work. People are more neighborly and
\ more kindly disposed toward one another than ever before. The old
lines are being broken down and people are coming to think that, in
a large way, each one is his brother's keeper. We are coming to
estimate people by what they are and what they can do, rather than
by what they have, and this is making for a higher plane of sympathy
and good will. The teacher does well, therefore, to inquire how she
may best use the studies of the school to generate the feelings of
democracy, so that when the boys and girls emerge from their school
life, democracy will be so thoroughly enmeshed in their consciousness
that it will be as much a part of them as their breathing. Hence no
teacher ever needs to apologize for saying that she is teaching democ-
racy by means of history, geography, grammar, and civics.—F. B.
Pearson, Superintendent of Public Instruction in Ohio.



S UCCESSFUL as was the Senior Number of last May and tempt- Although we are forced to go to press without definite news of
ing as is the thought of another such number, we have decided of the June Convention, we are safe in saying that there will be a
that, in view of the fact that our long-deferred Convention will Convention held in June, and that the time and place will be
probably be held in June, the May, 1919, T o PRAGMA should be a announced as soon as possible. The May number will be a Conven-
Convention Number. Because we have not as yet received plans of tion Number.
the Convention, it is impossible to foretell the exact content of the
number. However, we trust it will contain all necessary Convention Chapter Editors, take notice.
material, and i f possible, instead of pictures of this year's seniors,
pictures of the delegates to be sent to the Convention. The hope is A l l chapter letters for the May number must leave
to have this number out early in May, both because of the early closing the hands of chapter editors by March 10.
of colleges, and because of the advisability of Convention material
reaching readers earlier than the latter part of the month. Letters will be sent as designated in the November
number, either to Miss Kelley or to the Editor. Omega
OMEGA CHAPTER Chapter letter will be sent to the Editor-in-chief. Wash-
ington Alumna? and Dallas Alumna? letters will also be
EL S E W H E R E in this number will be found an account of the sent to the Editor-in-chief. Consult your November
installation of Omega Chapter. The Editor extends for all Humbert Head all active chapter letters with chapter
Alpha Omicron Pi a hearty welcome to this new link in our rolls. Do not forget this! Write on paper 8 x 1 1 as
lengthening chain, and speaks for the entire fraternity when she says formerly, and on one side of the paper. Head your
that Alpha Omicron Pi stands ready to pay back with high interest letter as given in To D R A G M A , i . e., Gamma—Uni-
all the enthusiasm and fine spirit you invest in her. versity of Maine. I t is annoying to receive letters
wrongly headed.

Requests for pictures or for other material for the
number will be made later, as Convention plans ma-
terialize. Meanwhile chapter letters editors, both active
and alumna?, read and remember the directions given
above, and on March 10 mail your long envelope with
sufficient postage. Do not forget to include your chap-
ter roll.

The Washington Alumnae Chapter was installed on January 9th
at the Hotel Shoreham. Helen Henry was installing officer, and a
banquet followed the installation ceremony. Great enthusiasm
reigned, as toasts were given by representatives from ten chapters.
The charter members are as follows: Carolyn Pulling, A, Rochelle
Gachet, I I . Margaret Mitchell, Z. Marion Reed, T, Alice Heald, Edith
Huntington, Helen Duncan, B «J>, Katherine Brown Dolan Kidwell,
Claire Durgin, T, Rebecca Lamar, K, Mildred Hagen, T, Ruth
Buckley, T.


The members of the Nominating Committee are: Mrs. Pettigrew, ACTIVE CHAPTER LETTERS
chairman, I; Melita Skillen, E ; Irene Newnam Messiner (Mrs.), ® ;
Esther Burgess Hadsell (Mrs.), A ; Vivian Sorelle Williams PI—H. SOPHIE NEWCOMB MEMORIAL COLLEGE
(Mrs.), Y.
Everything at Newcomb so far has been so upset, due not only to
The address of Mae Knight Siddell was by mistake not given in the influenza epidemic, but to the fact that we haven't yet grown used
the November number. I t is Mrs. Robert Siddell, Lakeport, Cali- to our new quarters, that Pi Chapter as a whole has not done anything
fornia. Mrs. Siddell is hoping that enthusiasm for A O I I songs spectacular in the way of war work. When a whole college is taken
will blaze anew, and that she may have many sent to her in the near up bodily and moved from one end of town to another, is rather a
future. She also wishes chapter musicians to write her and exchange stunning blow to its individual members, and we of Pi are still engaged
suggestions. in an interesting though rather bewildering pastime, that of trying
to accustom ourselves to new surroundings.
Pi Beta Phi announces the establishment of West Virginia Alpha
Chapter at West Virginia University Thursday, September 19th, Though we have not been very active as a chapter in war work, the
1918, Morgantown, West Virginia. same can by no means be said of us as individuals. Everyone by now
has heard of the Newcomb Unit (in which Pi is proud to claim three
News of the installation of Dallas Alumna? will be given in the of her alumna;), and we have all been working hard in the campaign
May Number. to raise funds for it, beside subscribing liberally. There have been
ever so many other campaigns at Newcomb too, the chief of which
BACTERIOLOGICAL TRAINING FOR WOMEN was that for the United War Work Fund which ended quite recently.
Women are now being prepared for technical positions in hospital labora- Though I haven't been able to ascertain the exact amount which the
tories by a course given at the Bacteriological Laboratory of the Department of chapter subscribed to that, I know that each of us gave all, and even
Public Health and Charities, in Philadelphia, according to the statement of more than all, we could.
Dr. C . Y . White, chief bacteriologist. The course is open to women between
the ages of 18 and 35 with high-school educations, though college graduates are The chapter as a whole owns approximately $1,400 in Liberty
preferred; but all women taking the course pledge themselves to accept Govern- Bonds, and $ 3 0 0 worth of War Savings Stamps, to say nothing, o f
ment positions at salaries offered by the Government and to go wherever the having a share in numerous French war orphans.
Government needs technical laboratory work. No charge is made for tuition,
the members of the laboratory force having volunteered their services for We were very proud of Helen Grevemberg and Louise Withers,
patriotic reasons, but a deposit of $5 is required for breakage, while books for who during the "flu" epidemic of October and November worked at
the course cost about $10. one of the emergency hospitals under the United States Health Ser-
vice. Both were honorably discharged and received certificates for
The complete course, consisting of four divisions, includes the preparation their work. Fay Morgan drove ambulances galore for the Red Cross
of material for historical work, sterilization, clinical laboratory work, and in addition to her regular government work, and Jessie Roane and
bacteriological diagnosis. As a student completes each division, she is given an Corinne Chalaron sold bonds in a recent Liberty Loan drive. Beside
examination, and, if she obtains an average of 00 per cent, is allowed to proceed all this all of us have been doing various kinds of Red Cross work,
to the next course. Those who do not obtain 90 per cent, but whose average is knitting, rolling bandages, and so on.
over 70 per cent, are recommended to the Government for the work they have
satisfactorily completed. The results of examinations will be furnished to the After the new year when things have settled down a little, Pi
Government upon request; but no information regarding students will be given intends to do some definite war work as a chapter.
to private enterprises, since the course is intended to meet the needs of the
Government. A N N A M C L E L L A N , Chapter Editor.

Thirty-two women had been enrolled in the school up to June 24, 1918, and NU—NEW YORK UNIVERSITY
others will be accommodated later.
Nu has at last recovered from her summer vacation, during which
most of us did such strenuous things that we find study a rest, by way
of contrast. Our chapter-room has been redecorated and looks per-
fectly marvelous. We are all mighty proud of it. Indeed, we are
almost prouder of our new cretonnes than we are of the high stand-


ards of scholarship set by some of our members. Alice Carson took "Horrid this place has grown with officers here and privates there,
one of the two scholarships awarded to her class and six others of
our girls won honors. No nook we may call our own."
But really we all like it and are enjoying our work, especially since
We have not undertaken any sort of patriotic or relief work as an
organization. In fact that would be impracticable for us since we rushing is over. We feel fully repaid for we have four of the dearest
are at the university at such different hours and since so many of the "fish." We are proud of every one of them, and know they are going
girls are working during their spare time. During the summer, to make loyal sisters in A O I I . They are Josephine Johnson, Vivian
Marjory Ryan worked for the Embarkation Canteen, which meant Logue, Helen Sonner, and Genevieve Shea. A remarkable coin-
getting up in the middle of the night since the troop ships sailed at cidence is that Omicron already claims one "Josephine Johnson" who
four o'clock. She has kept on working for the canteen during the was here several years ago.
term and had a very strenuous day in New Jersey when the Morgan
plant blew up. She and Elizabeth Harrison expect to spend a part We were all so thoroughly happy when the war ended, and then
of the Christmas vacation at Newport News driving a car for the Red when the "fish" were pledged in the same week, we felt that our cup
Cross. Since we are all law students, Helen Walker's summer work of joy was running over.
seems of especial interest. She was at Camp Upton in the Y. M .
C. A. until the camp was quarantined against the epidemic. Her On account of quarantine we had only two and one-half weeks of
distinction is that she was the legal advisor and drew wills for the rushing. There were no real parties, only luncheons in the chapter-
soldiers. room, hikes, and a few other "dates." Owing to the short time, we
were kept very busy most of the time.
Mary Higgins is working for the Red Cross two nights a week and
Virginia Mollenhauer does her work through the Y. W. C. A. Eliza- In a few short weeks we shall all be in our homes f o r the Christmas
beth Harrison, who, by the way, is one of our honor students, went holidays and how happy it all will be. I'm sure there are many who
to summer school at Columbia last year. will have their fathers, brothers, or sweethearts, who have been i n
service, with whom to spend Christmas.
We have no system of rushing, such as most of you speak of, but
we have had our initiation and have seven members, who seem like War work has not been very active this year. To the United War
promising Alpha O's. The initiation itself was a very quiet affair, Work Fund we contributed about fifty dollars by individual subscrip-
including only our active members, but we were so glad that Miss tions. The Red Cross roll call we all supported heartily, of course
Henry could be with us. We like to feel that Miss Henry is almost all joining. We were disappointed in our Red Cross workroom this
one of us as she has been so patient in showing us aid. fall. Since there is not so much war work to do, some of the girls
are teaching classes at the Hunter Settlement, at the Y. W. C. A., and
Fraternally, the People's Tabernacle.

ANGELINE BENNETT. The chapter has not a bond of its own, but the members have about
$500 in bonds.
MEI.BA BRAI.Y, Chapter Editor.
As you all know the university opened later than it was due to open
and within a week after that time we were all quarantined for three KAPPA—RANDOLPH-MACON WOMAN'S COLLEGE
long weeks on account of the "flu" epidemic.
As we have already told you of some of our war activities we will
The campus seemed so changed to us who were here before. Being only reenumerate them here. Kappa has paid her part of the Liberty
an army camp for S. A . T . C. men, we had guards at every entrance Bond purchased by our local Panhellenic, which was five dollars, we
and it was hard for us to become accustomed to being halted several have bought a fifty dollar Liberty Bond on the quarterly payment
times a day for merely strolling over the ground where we once were plan, and subscribed as a chapter to the College War Fund. Our
so free to stroll. T o express our feelings more clearly, one of our chapter president is head of the Red Cross chapter here, and we give
girls came across this quotation from Browning and posted it in the her our loyal support in the work. The fraternities have established
postoffice, much to the amusement of all who read i t : a friendly rivalry here in regard to the percentage of girls working
each week in the Red Cross rooms. This is proving an excellent plan.

We have only one item of news, but it is great. Randolph-Macon
is to try midyear pledging this year. It wac decided just before the


holidays by the faculty acting with Panhellenic. Pledge day will be This week the annual drive for Red Cross membership was launched.
March 1, and initiations will take place the following September. Every A O I I is a member. Doris Hostetter was one of the twenty-
On the whole every chapter is delighted. The faculty request that five girls chosen to help solicit on the campus.
there be no formal rushing from now until March 1st. We are still
in a buzz over this sudden change and more so over the non-rushing Perhaps you would be interested in some of the personal activities
proposition. Next time we can tell you how we have solved this of A O I I . Mrs. McCabe is our chaperon this year. I n November
problem of "just what is rushing?" For this is what our faculty have we gave a reception for her. The chaperons and two members of
asked us. each sorority were our guests. We are all very fond of Mrs. McCabe,
who takes a deep interest in college affairs and in the activities of
With sincerest good wishes for all the days of 1919, Kappa sends Alpha O.
you New Year's greetings.
One of the important events of the year for girls only was the
E L E A N O R MANNING, Chapter Editor. Cornhusker party. This function is an annual one which closes the
football season. I t was a costume party, and each organization was
ZETA—UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA responsible for a stunt. We called ours "Looking Backward." The
girls wore bungalow aprons backward, with their hair over their faces
Dear Alpha 0 Sisters: and masks on the back of their heads. This costume was topped off
with a sunbonnet. Dorothy Woodard gave an aesthetic dance.
The signing of the armistice has brought about many changes at
Nebraska. Of course, all the schools are affected more or less. The week before Christmas is always unusually eventful. Thurs-
When the bells commenced to ring and whistles shrieked the good day night we gathered at the "house" f o r our annual Christmas party.
news at two A. M., November 11th, Alpha O and members of other The Christmas tree was great fun. The presents were of the dime
organizations in college arose from their cozy beds and joined in a store variety. Many alumna; members were present, several from
parade which surrounded the Capitol. A great chorus singing the out of town. The freshmen put on a clever program. Some of the
Star Spangled Banner added to the enthusiasm and deep patriotism vaudeville numbers reminded the upperclassmen of their "pet hobbies"
of Lincoln citizens. and also reminded us that our freshmen possessed an unusual amount
of talent.
Just at this time we were in the midst of the "United War Work"
campaign. The committee in charge on the campus feared that the The last event before vacation was Mrs. McCabe's dancing party
declaration of peace would interfere with this campaign; but we are
proud to announce that the University of Nebraska went over the top for us at the chapter-house.
with $25,000 as its quota. After vacation we have to face the problem of a new housekeeper.

The signing of the armistice has been responsible for many changes Our efficient "Mother Folsom" came to us with the understanding
on the campus. A t the close of last week all members of the S. A. that she would return to the A T Q's when they opened up their house
T. C. and S. N . T. C. had been mustered out of service. Some of again. However, Belle Cook, our latest pledge to A T ft may be able
the boys remained in college, but a greater number have returned to to enter negotiations whereby we can keep Mrs. Folsom without losing
their homes. The regents have decided that we shall go back to the our friendship with the Alpha Taus.
semester basis for the college year in place of the three-term plan
decided upon to accommodate the soldiers. That means we are to be Zeta Chapter sends best wishes to you all.
allowed a week of Christmas vacation. M A R Y W A T E R S , Chapter Editor.

Our own Chancellor Avery, who has been doing chemical research SIGMA—UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
for the government, has returned from Washington to take up his
duties here. A l l Nebraskans are proud of Major Fred M . Fling, war Dear Sisters:
historian and formerly professor in European history, who has gone Last letter it was changes due to the war; this time it is changes due
to Europe as a member of the Peace Delegation. Prof. M . M . Fogg,
instructor in journalism, has been granted a leave of absence to go to peace—and flu. The first cause, peace, has been purely restorative.
to France to take up similar work in the "College for a Million Sol- Things are beginning to be as they were before the war. Last regis-
diers," which will be conducted during the period of demobilization. tration day it was difficult to recognize old friends in strange clothes,
the uniform ; and now the "civies" are doing their part to confuse us.
But it is lovely to see old friends back, to feel that we are a college


once more, and not a military camp. The old college regulations have It is rather difficult to say specifically what our chapter has so far
been restored, and we are back to the semester system, although we
still have special war courses and Red Cross work. accomplished, as we, along with the other Jackson fraternities, decided

Flu seems to have done more than its share in bringing real changes. that we could work more efficiently in conjunction with the rest of
Masks are concealing friend from friend, although we really ought to
be used to them by now. We wore them enough last year, goodness the college.
knows. I t is on account of influenza that we are beginning two weeks Our " A l l Around Club," an organization open to all the girls of
late this semester. But flu is an old and uninteresting subject every-
where, isn't it? Jackson, served as an excellent medium for such united work. Great
enthusiasm was aroused at a meeting presided over by Ruth Robinson,
The girls have felt the deepest sorrow at the death of three of our president of the A l l Around Club, who outlined for us the proposed
most-loved girls. Influenza caused the death of Claudia Massie Law- work for the year, the greater part of this work to consist in the
ton, ex-'14, Gertrude Day, ex-'20, and Marion Bachman Winterer, helping of our Tufts College Red Cross auxiliary, composed of ladies
ex-'17. of the faculty. This work has been carried on, and at present A O n
girls are busy with knitting and sewing.
Last semester had its sorrows, but also its joys, principally the com-
ing of peace. Under the circumstance of a long-hoped-for peace we Delta Chapter has invested $1,500 in Liberty Bonds and $75 in
'are beginning the semester with high hopes and cheerful spirit. War Stamps. I n the recent drive for the Y . M . C. A. and like organi-
zations, A O I I girls did their share in work as well as in individual
E S T H E R CARDWELL, '20. gifts. I n one afternoon the Jackson girls prepared an impromptu
show, including music, readings, and a "mock movie," in which Delta
THETA—DE PAUW UNIVERSITY girls were much in evidence. The hit of the evening came when
Dear Alpha 0 Sisters: "Dot" Cunningham, our new pledge, disguised as an auctioneer, added
quite a sum to the fund by the sale of posters. After this drive, the
Since our last note we have many things to tell you. First let us chapel bells announced the fact that Jackson had succeeded in going
announce our pledges: Hazel Kilborn, Lelia Fuller, Wava Doty, Mae well over the top.
Benjamin, Helen Williams, Margaret Louise Wood, Judith Sollen-
berger, Lucile Bixler, and Helen Houghten. They are very enthu- As a war measure, rushing and all expensive social affairs were
siastic pledges, and we are sure that they will make strong workers given up for the year, but contrary to our expectations, there have
for Alpha O. been numerous informal affairs, at which we have entertained and
been entertained by our Tufts S. A. T . C. and the Naval Unit.
We initiated Helen O'Rear, Ruth Case, and Helen Kersey, all of
class '20, several weeks ago, and the latter two have already moved After Christmas vacation, Tufts goes back to a peace basis, but
into the house. there will be a splendid chance for Delta Chapter to show its ability
to stick to and complete the war work so well begun.
On the night of January 11th open house was held for the men of
the university. Our house was decorated in smilax and green carna- MARY A. G R A N T , Chapter Editor.
tions. We served as refreshments mint punch and cakes.
We are proud to say that Agnes Lakin, one of our seniors, was
elected secretary of her class at the last election, held January 13th. Dear A O I I Sisters:
I believe that I told you in my last letter about the large entering
We are all looking forward to our annual freshman minstrel which
is to be given February 14th, and in our next letter we can tell you class of desirable girls. There were so many on our first list, after
all about it. everyone had voiced her particular favorites that we had great diffi-
culty in cutting down the list to the exact number which we could
A N N A JONES, Chapter Editor. bid. I t was a long and wearisome task, but we finally agreed on the
girls whom we wanted. Accordingly, on November 26th, the day
DELTA—JACKSON COLLEGE after midsemester ranks appeared, our bids were sent out.

On returning to college, after a summer spent by most of our girls At present, our list numl>ers five perfectly fine girls. They are
in farming, hospital work, canteen work, etc., our first interest was Molly Wheeler, Lillian Dunn, Corinne Furbush, Gertrude O'Brien,
naturally as to the best way i n which we as a college, could serve. and Helen Furbush. We hope, before initiation, to bid two other


fine girls whose ranks were not in at the same time as the other girls' EPSILON—CORNELL UNIVERSITY
ranks, because of several weeks' absence from college on account of
the "flu." We did not even have time to pledge our new girls this War work among Cornell women was directed by a central com-
term, as college closed on November 7th, two weeks earlier than we mittee or organization known as the mobilization committee, com-
expected. posed of a general chairman and chairmen of the various war activi-
ties. Everything connected with the war—Liberty Loan "Drives,"
Now that the war is over and the prospects of returning again to a knitting, land army, surgical dressings, comfort kits, hospital gar-
normal college life seem to be so great, we can afford the time to ments, etc.—was supervised and controlled by this committee. Each
look back upon the past three months, to see just what we have been activity had a faculty and a student chairman. The plan worked
able to accomplish during the chaotic and bewildering period. We splendidly and much good work was accomplished. Dagmar Schmidt,
really have done little active war work because of our long quaran- one of Epsilon's last year's seniors, was the first treasurer of the
tines although we have been greatly interested in many forms of war mobilization committee, and did a great deal in the work of organi-
service. zation.

A t the beginning of the year we decided to make refugee clothes But now that the sugar bowl is again with us, we have tangible
for the little Frencli and Belgian children. When we were able to get evidence that the war is over. Early in the morning of November
out of quarantine and make arrangements for this work there was no 11th, the university community was awakened by the glad pealing of
further call for it at Red Cross headquarters. Then we thought we the chimes in the library tower, bringing the message of peace. Those
would make scrapbooks for the soldiers. By the time we had gotten chimes can never sound again as they did that morning! While the
our materials together the local Red Cross assignment of scraplx>oks glorious strains of the Star Spangled Banner floated across the lake
was filled. However, the girls have been knitting all the fall. and hills in the still morning, all over the campus. Cornell women—
American women—laughed a little and cried more, and between
We have received another letter and a picture from our little French laughter and tears thanked God that peace had come. Overhead aero-
orphan, Alphonse Baudin. He is an attractive looking little fellow planes circled and dipped in an ecstasy of joy.
and writes such dear little letters. We intend to send him some
money for Christmas, and later on send him a Christmas gift. We A l l this excitement came in the midst of an intensive rushing season.
have decided to give him an Ingersoll wrist watch with leather strap We were delayed by the epidemic and so decided to shorten the rush-
and case. ing period to three weeks with an increased number of rushing "dates."
November 20th was pledge day, and we have eight pledges. I
Several of our girls have worked at the Food Administration office suppose it is trite to say they're splendid and we're proud of them,
here on the campus during their spare hours. I t has been very inter- but it's true. They are splendid, and we are proud of every one of
esting. These girls are Ella Wheeler, Pauline Mansur, Fay Smith, them. One of them, Irma Greenawalt, is entering the university as a
Priscilla Elliott. Olive Chase, Katherine Stewart, and myself. sophomore, and the others are freshmen. They are Elsie Blodgett,
Corning, N . Y . ; Hedwig Boyer, Buffalo, N . Y . ; Thelma Brumfield,
During the recent United War Work Drive Ella Wheeler and Richmond, Va.; Ruth Hillidge, Front Royal, Va.; Gertrude Lyna-
Pauline Mansur served on the committee. I find that the amount bon, Corning, N . Y . ; Alice O'Neill, Auburn, N . Y . ; and Elizabeth
of money pledged by the chapter as a whole was $175. We also have Pratt, Wellesley Hills, Mass. Irma is from Denver, Colo. Already
$2,275 in Liberty Bonds. $405 in War Savings Stamps, and 100% they have demonstrated that they are true Alpha O's by entering with
Red Cross membership. spirit into college activities. You'll hear more about them later. Be-
fore this number of To DRAGMA reaches you, they'll be really, truly
I am afraid that the end of the list of our war activities is reached. Alpha O's for we are planning to initiate on January 18th.
\ \ \ all wish that it were much longer, and we intend to accomplish
much more during the remainder of the present college year. We celebrated Founders' Day with a birthday party, with a cake,
candles, and all the "fixings." The town alumnae, with their hus-
Gamma extends to all her sisters best wishes for a happy and bands and families, were with us, as was also Emily Evelette from
successful New Year. Delta Chapter. She is instructing in the university, and we hope to
have her with us often.
Fraternally yours,

L I L L A C. H E R S E Y , Chapter Editor.


Saturday evening, December 7th, we had an informal dance at the LAMBDA—LELAND STANFORD UNIVERSITY
house, and expect soon to have another.
Dear Sisters:
On the first Saturday after we return, we are giving our annual
Christmas party for the children of the Settlement House down at the Since last I talked to you, this most joyous news of the armistice
Inlet. has come, and, with the rest of the world, we have been properly
rejoicing. How fitting it was that the United War Work Campaign
Epsilon wishes for Alpha Omicron Pi everywhere a merry Christ- should have come to us at just that time! A thank offering it seemed
mas and a glad and successful New Year. for the blessing of peace restored, and it was with the utmost joy that
we responded to the call, pledging $125 for this great work. "Carry
MARY H . DONLON, Chapter Editor. on" is now the word in the world's cause, as well as in that of our
fraternity. May it find in every Alpha O heart an unhesitating
Dear Girls:
Since our entrance into the war Lambda has been working with all
Another term is over, and we of Rho Chapter are breathing sighs her strength toward the realization of the nation's hope—peace,
of relief. For once, fate, either adverse or advantageous, has been justice, and humanity for all. We have adopted a French child for
with us. After a week of nerve-racking inquiry and anxiety we two years; we have placed $200 in government bonds; we have given
learned that all examinations for the term's work were to be dispensed generously to each of the various drives of last year, Prison Camp,
with on account of the "flu" epidemic and that our vacation would be Red Cross, and Y. M . C. A . ; and we have sent $100 for the A O I I
extended five days. At the same time the S. A. T . C. was demobilized. ambulance fund. Still our war work is not completed, nor can it
Class work and campus activities are again assuming their character be for some time to come. We have not given up our Red Cross
of pre-wartimes. work which, though changed in its details, is none the less necessary.
Elizabeth Wood has been enlisted as a Red Cross driver, and, clad in
We had our annual luncheon for the pledges at Marshall Field's a very fetching military uniform, she still spends a great deal of time
in the Narcissus Room. I n these times of Hooverism such a luncheon in her car each week doing whatever duty may be assigned to her.
seemed to us like an oasis in the desert. The pledges entertained Let us all continue to do our part as the men at the front so nobly
the actives at a party on Halloween night. After many hair-raising have done, and as they still so gallantly are doing.
episodes and thrills we were rewarded by a most delicious luncheon.
With the best of wishes to you all for a happy and prosperous
Rho girls have been taking an active part in campus activities.
Phoebe Wilson is president of the junior class and Florence Kerr is New Year.
secretary of the freshman class. Peggy Kolb is on the social com-
mittee of the junior class. We are also proud to announce a new CARMALETE WALDO, Chapter Editor.
pledge, Katherine Donahue.
As usual the few weeks before Christmas came with a rush and
passed before we hardly realized it. As is customary we gave a I f that Muse who invoked the genius of old would kindly look
Christmas dinner to a poor family in Evanston. The girls also did down on me and come to my aid I might at least write something
their share toward settlement work, dressing dolls and making stock- which would perchance be a tiny inspiration, but as it is I can just
ings, which they stuffed with popcorn for the children. write facts—dry, hard facts.

We, too, have been doing our "bit" in war work, although greatly Examinations are over and at last one has time to think about the
hindered by the quarantine. Various A O I I girls have served on the events of the last few months. Tomorrow the last of us leaves for
Liberty Loan, War Work campaign, and Red Cross drives. Taken the Christmas holidays and what joyous home-comings many will be!
as a whole the girls of the chapter gave about $150 to the War Work Thinking back over the past months it seems just a series of campaigns
campaign and purchased approximately $1,000 worth of Liberty and activities intermingled with the "flu" and examinations, for of
Bonds. The alumnae gave a fifty-dollar bond to the chapter and we course Illinois was not spared either of the two.
purchased another fifty-dollar bond. Practically every girl has a
number of t h r i f t stamps, but it is impossible to estimate the amount. First came the Liberty Bond Campaign in which the university
girls greatly oversubscribed the quota set for them. As a chapter
Yours for a successful and happy year, we bought two fifty-dollar bonds and as individuals thirty-nine bonds

VEI.MA STONE, Chapter Editor.


were purchased. Many girls all over the campus wanted to do their especial places to go for Thanksgiving dinner. The aviators were
part and not caring to ask for more money from home are paying for gone so we turned our attention to S. A. T. C. Through the help of
their bonds by doing outside work—clerking, stenography, and even the dean of men invitations were sent to a number of S. A. T . C.
washing dishes and laundering the linen. I n this way each girl feels men and several lieutenants. They responded readily, and we spent
as though she were doing her part without any unnecessary burden on an enjoyable evening dancing and the like.
her parents.
And now to end the year came the Christmas Red Cross roll call
We also adopted a French orphan, as a chapter, and two of the girls in which Alpha O was the first to go "over the top" and display a
each adopted one making three from Alpha O. As yet we have not 100%. flag.
heard any further particulars but we have all sorts of plans as to
what we are going to do for it, even to naming it Iota. Although war activities have taken up much of our time, never-
theless we have many other things to remember the quarter by. Nine
Then came the United War Work Campaign. The quota of splendid pledges were the results of our broken-up rushing and they
$50,000 set by the executive committee was not quite reached, only are fine too—every inch of them from tiny Frances to tall Lucie.
about $48,000 being subscribed. However, we considered this well
done for not only had the University of Illinois oversubscribed all On Founders' Day we held a banquet at the Green Tea Pot, and
other campaigns but the goal set was much higher proportionally than what an enjoyable gathering it was. A number of alumnae were back
that set by other universities. The whole quota was divided into among whom was Mrs. Gorham Ebert who told us again all about
three parts—military students (S. A. T . C. and S. N . T . C. and the early beginnings of Iota of Alpha Omicron Pi. Letters were read
ground school aviators) with $20,000 to raise, non-military students from the several founders of Alpha O which gave us new courage and
(girls and non-military men) with $12,000, and faculty with $18,000. strength, and the banquet closed with the singing of the Rose Song.
The military students reached the highest mark, raised 98% of their
quota; non-military students raised 93%, and faculty 85%. We The annual doll show given by the Y. W. C. A. took place Decem-
gave both money and time to it. Each girl subscribing from $5-$10. ber 7. The whole plan was to have the various organizations take
Your humble servant was a member of the executive committee and charge of booths representing the different nations. We had charge
a team captain, and Ruth Holman and Esther Van Doren worked of the Belgian booth and dressed the dolls in their native costume.
faithfully as members of teams. "Grin and give" came to be adopted These dolls are then sent to some poor children, and the proceeds of
as a general slogan, and the success of the whole thing was due to the show went to war work.
the splendid cooperation of everyone.
Its seems as though the University of Illinois is coming into its
The signing of the armistice, instead of dampening the spirit of own again. S. A. T. C. and S. N . T . C. have been demobilized and
the campaign, really added zest to it. And here, too, Illinois cele- already a number of familiar faces under "overseas" caps may be
brated. W i l l we ever forget how the siren woke us at 2 o'clock in seen on the campus. What a splendid chance for readjustment and
the morning and how we all listened almost breathless for the ring- reconstruction there is for all of us! May Alpha O do her part in
ing of the chapel bell which was to call all the students to the Audi- this new era!
torium? How we tried hard to scramble into our clothes—somehow
buttons couldn't find their holes and shoestrings would break! The Fraternally,
parade in the wee small hours ending with the large assemblage in
front of the Auditorium where a few speeches were given, and last, H E L E N M . BRAUNS, Chapter Editor.
just before dawn, as the good old flag was raised to the Star Spangled
Banner and every uniformed man stood at attention. These things TAU—UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
seem as much a part of the whole to us here as that horrible nightmare
"over there." During the continuance of the war, Minnesota like every other
college used all of its energies in war work. Almost all of the girls
Right on the heels of the campaign came Thanksgiving Day, and were solicitors at some time or other on Y. M . C. A. and Liberty Loan
how much we all had to be thankful f o r ! We decided to do as last drives. Tau girls have invested about $2,000 in bonds and approxi-
year—open our house to a number of lonesome students who had no mately $250 in War Savings Stamps. Last year every girl worked at
least one afternoon a week making surgical dressings. The grand
finale of endeavor came this fall when the girls gave a one hundred
per cent subscription to the War Chest, which constitutes for Minne-
apolis the treasure trove for the year 1919.


I must needs narrate cold and commonplace incidents. Already CHI—SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY
the serious duties of war work are receding into the dim past. With
campus activities beginning to yawn and draw themselves forth after "The work of the chapter in these war times." What scenes the
their long hibernation, and with the return of our brother Greeks
from exile cold and cruel in camps of Spartan mold to the warmth words conjure up! The hours spent in making surgical dressings,
and splendor of their own Hellenic houses, we find college life quickly
readjusting itself to fit the old pre-war spirit. There is still so bandages, and hospital garments; the days when there was an
much newness in frivolity that should a spectator chance into a
sorority house after the dinner hour on the night of a real dance, he unfinished sweater on every chair and a ball of khaki or gray yarn
would find a group of girls gathered in the room of the fortunate one
to watch and aid in the novel performance of attiring her in a filmy hiding almost anywhere; when helmets and scarfs and wristlets were
evening gown.
being knitted at all hours of day and night; to say nothing of socks,
On the campus, we are represented by several A O IT's. Alma
Boehme, the chapter president, has just been pledged to Theta Sigma socks, socks! Oh, and the Christmas boxes we helped fill with good
Phi in recognition of her work on the Minnesota Daily during the
past three years. This year she is one of the editors. Rhoda Kel- things for the boys over there!
logg is editor of the War Department of the Service Book, the new
1920 Gopher. Also Rhoda holds such sundry offices as president of Somehow our $6,200 in Liberty Bonds does not mean so much to
the Suffrage Club, vice-president of Thalian Literary Society, and
business manager of the Players' Dramatic Club. Margaret How- us as our $205 in War Saving Stamps. So many of those little T h r i f t
arth is an art editor of the Gopher.
Stamps were collected one by one as we passed our favorite ice-cream
Despite "the brevity of last quarter, Tau gave several small dances
and dinners at the chapter-house. With fourteen girls, in the house, store, merely giving an appreciative sniff at the alluring odors of
a large number for Minnesota, we are realizing the joys of many little
larks and midnight spreads. Last week we gave a New Year's dance hot fudge!
at Shevlin Hall which was a great success despite the medley of ranks
from former S. A. T . C. men to one lone major. I wonder how many felt something of the same relief from responsi-

We had a lovely Founders' Day banquet at the Athletic Club fol- bility that we did when the glorious peace news came. We did not
lowing the initiation of our two upperclass pledges, Edith Olin of
Rochester and Jeanette Smith of Minneapolis. enjoy it long, however, for on that very day was scheduled the open-

In another week freshman rushing will begin with the usual series ing mass meeting of the United War Work Campaign on the H i l l and
of teas and luncheons followed by one formal evening party at the
end of the three weeks. There will be no off campus rushing this there was brought home to us, oh so strongly! the pressing need for
us to go on and on doing our bit. So we subscribed $150 to this fund
At least our most conspicuous pledge of the year is our bull-dog of
ancient pedigree by name of Cuss, who was kindly given into our and have kept right on knitting.
keeping by one of the college professors. Cuss is a campus favorite,
and figures in many snapshots of both man and coed. Alpha O at Syracuse boasts 100 per cent membership in the

The girls are calling for me to come mud-balling as we call our Patriotic League here which takes charge of all post-war work. This
little excursions to the Oak-tree after chocolate ice cream. Hence
I flee. includes the fascinating "housewives" of which we have made so many

L I L A K L I N E , Chapter Editor. during the last few weeks. And it's such fun that we can hardly call

it war-work.

We are still supporting an Armenian war baby, and our latest work

is to provide two Christmas dinners for families in which the fathers

are still away in France.

A l l of these seem trivial beside the things we dream of doing i f

we onlv were in Europe assisting in the reconstruction, as some of

our alumna? members are doing. But at least we can cheer them on

by our little things and let them know that we are all standing for

the same big ideals.

I N A M . M I L L E R , Chapter Editor.


Our work this quarter has been so interrupted that it seems as
though we have just begun, but here we are in the midst of finals and
everyone who hasn't the "flu" is either cramming her head for finals
or her suitcase for the Friday night special. We are to have two
weeks of Christmas vacation, which seems a bit inconsistent consider-
ing the way we have been working to make up for lost time this


quarter, but we are not objecting in the least. I t is much better to NU KAPPA—SOUTHERN METHODIST UNIVERSITY
work hard than to go without a Christmas vacation.
The last few weeks have been a veritable home-coming for Nu
The influenza quarantine lasted for six weeks here at Washington. Kappa Chapter. Erma Baker Patton, for the first time since her
I t was lifted on Peace Day and did we celebrate? Well, you know! marriage, spent two days with us; Nellie Graham and Louise Pendle-
Although we have had to crowd a quarter's work into the five remain- ton came, and then Rhea Burgess and Genevieve Groce, the two
ing weeks, we have all been so relieved and happy over the signing Dallas Alpha O's who are at the University of Texas. We were
of the armistice that we haven't minded our "intensive training" but glad, of course, that they had made such a place for themselves at the
have really rather enjoyed it after the lessonless days of quarantine. university, even i f we do miss them so much here. Dr. Zeek has
returned from Camp Travis to resume his place as the head of the
Violet Krohn and Helen Whiting volunteered as nurses during the French Department, so we have Louise back with us again.
quarantine and worked at the emergency hospital down town. Helen
Fosdick, Alice Campbell, and Hazel Britton helped in the diet kitchen Just before examinations began, the first-year N u Kappas enter-
at the S. A. T . C. hospital on the campus and Marie Burnside, Helen tained for the active chapter and other alumnae. A l l the first-year
Fosdick, Alice Campbell, Hazel Britton, and Helen Morford work chapter was here except Nell Harris Emenhiser, who is with her
certain hours each week at the Y. M . C. A. canteen for the S. A. T . C. husband at Ellington Field. The pledges were responsible for the
and sailors from the Naval Training Station. So you see in spite of entertainment and I am sure the girls were more than entertained!
no lessons, we have managed to keep busy. A very un-pledge-like high and mighty authority was assumed, and
we had to obey them. We tremble for the pledges who will come
Upsilon has invested in another fifty-dollar Liberty Bond and we later! At the close of the tea, a big electric coffee perculator was
all buy T h r i f t Stamps each week. We have a thrift book posted on brought in, and a dozen cups and saucers, a g i f t from the pledges.
the bulletin board and should one's name appear in a stamp square, We can all say now that it does its duty "perking" all right. After
it means that a bed has been left unmade, the bathroom light was left this when the town girls spend the night in the dormitory they can
on all night or the culprit has been late for dinner or some equally have breakfast in the fraternity room.
serious offense committed and she must blot out her name by sticking
a T h r i f t Stamp over it. We find that as our thrift book fills up, we We have an electric grill which helps lots, too, but there is a scandal
are growing more prompt and less careless. connected with the way we got it. Margaret Bentley and six of the
Other girls were arrested once—I won't say how, but an automobile
The chapter subscribed approximately $100 to the United War figured in it. A l l the girls gave Margaret the money to help pay for
Work Campaign. the fine. She and Margaret Vaughan went to court (or wherever one
goes), and later on the grill appeared.
Upsilon has been quite active in Y. W. C. A. work this quarter.
Anne Seeley and Ruth Hazlett Kelly are on first cabinet, while Beth The girls from town have been with the girls at the university more
McCausland, Alice Campbell, and Helen Fosdick are on second than ever this fall. Since the University is so far from town the
cabinet. girls who live in the city seldom have time to stay out after classes,
so we all feel better acquainted now.
In other activities are Ruth Hazlett Kelly, who is president of
Tolo Club, the senior women's honorary society, Violet Krohn and Mr. Hubbel has returned from training camp a first lieutenant, so
Doris Moore, who have been elected to Mu Phi Epsilon, honorary of course Lucinda is very happy. Mary Emily Barton's brother,
musical fraternity and Beth McCausland, who has been elected to Capt. John Wynn Barton, who belonged to the History Department
Delta Phi, honorary debating society, and who is also president of of the university has returned from France. He was able to spend
Sacojawea, women's debating society. only two days here, as he must go back to France the first of January,
but even in that time we heard many interesting things.
Gladys Kaye of Rho is teaching in Seattle this year and we are
so glad to have her living with us. Bernice Pendleton has been elected a member of the Honor Coun-
cil of the university from the junior class. Each class is allowed two
Upsilon feels, as I know all of you do, that the New Year is going representatives. Mary Emily is on the Honor Council for the
to be a most wonderful one and we are so glad for all the Alpha O's Woman's Building.
whose brothers or husbands or "folks" in the service will be coming
home soon.

With love to Alpha O,

H A Z E L BRITTON, Chapter Editor.


We are hoping next term will be free from so many interruptions her Christmas bright and happy. You can't realize the joy it gives
and that we will be able to accomplish much more than we have this us beside the happiness it brings to "little sister."
last term.
And now as we go flying off to another examination we wish you all
BETA PHI—UNIVERSITY OF INDIANA the joy possible on Christmas day and the brightest of all New Years.

I need not tell you how very busy we are for I know every one MILDRED BEGEMAN, Chapter Editor.
of you is rushed to death; but we can always spare a few minutes to
send greetings to all Alpha O's. ETA—UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN

University of Indiana has this year adopted the term system so just Dear Sisters in Alpha Onpcron Pi:
now we are in the midst of despair and cramming.
Eta Chapter is so new! I am sure that the sister chapters which
Everyone is leaving at the first possible minute after her examina- have preceded us in the struggle to establish themselves and to get
tions are over, so all is rather confused and "helter skelter." On a home will realize what it means. We are furnishing our house,
Saturday all the S. A. T, C. men are leaving, and we girls must try and it is for this reason that we have been unable to respond as we
to get away before that day to avoid the terrible jam. should have liked to the calls made by the various war work organi-
zations. We have not given as a chapter, but as individuals we have
I must tell you about our war work, for all loyal Alpha O's "carry bonds amounting to approximately $5,000. Our house had a one hun-
on" regardless of the fact that the war is over. dred per cent subscription to the United War Work Fund which
amounted to $328. Every girl has given liberally to the Y. M . C. A.,
Wie are getting our knitting needles into working trim so that they Y. W. C. A., and Red Cross whenever called upon.
may click busily every minute while we wait when changing trains,
or on the train while we speed toward home and Christmas festivities. Our interest and enthusiasm has been shown chiefly by personal
And while we're home we'll knit, knit, knit! And why? Because we services. During the "flu" epidemic five of the girls braved the dan-
are going to see how many pairs of socks we can knit by January 16. ger and volunteered to nurse at the General Hospital and S. A. T . C.
Last year the Alpha O's made such a wonderful showing that we are Infirmary. They were on duty for three weeks whenever needed. A t
going to do as well this year and better. "Not a moment shall be their request we furnished ice cream to those who were convalescing.
wasted" is our motto now. You see we change our motto as the need
arises! I t was a great pleasure to us to share the joys of our house with the
men living in cold, dreary barracks. After the Illinois-Wisconsin
How many know what a War Fund Drive is? Yes, I thought you game we invited Company G of the S. A. T. C. to tea. We sang
all knew from recent experience. The question with the girls of Beta college and fraternity songs and were entertained with readings by
Phi was not whether our house should be a white star, that was a fore- several of the girls. Judging from the cheers they gave when they
gone conclusion, but how much each girl could possibly give out of left the house, they appreciated our efforts.
our already mortgaged funds. And then, after we had all given
until we felt sure some luckless friend would be slighted at Christmas Eta's absent pledge is a little French war orphan aged eight years,
time, still the university fund was not enough. Then the sororities in whom we are greatly interested. He writes us that he is in school
as organizations each gave as much as they could. We're very proud now and is enjoying the opportunities which we are giving him. We
to say Alpha O with her subscription stood with the first. have sent him an additional check for Christmas. Marie Mitchell, '19,
is chairman of the Camp Entertainment Organization, which guaran-
Last Sunday we gave our time to taking the Red Cross Christmas tees from one to three hours of entertainment each month for thei
roll call. We tramped miles and miles seeing every girl personally S. A. T. C. Their committee was also called upon to prepare weekly
that she might be marked present on the roll. And when on Sunday programs given by the churches, the Khaki and Blue Club, and the
night we were all through, and sat resting our poor weary feet, we. Y. M . C. A. for the amusement of the soldiers. I t gave receptions,
felt that perhaps we had done our little share in a very good work. parties, dances, and concerts, and all-around good-time parties for the
men in uniform. Her position as chairman of this organization
I must not forget to tell you about our "little sisters" though it entitled her to membership on the Women's War Work Council of
really is not war work. But one could npt find a worthier cause. the university of which, also, she was elected chairman.
Each girl has taken a tiny child from a very poor family here in
Bloomington for her little sister, and is going to do something to make


Since the last letter to To DRAGMA, we have pledged two fresh- easy but we had more of the sensation of having done something help-
men : Betty Sehon of Louisville, Kentucky, and Esther Gruenheck of f u l after working in the hospital a half day than after buying a bond.
Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. The four upperclassman pledges, Man' And though some contracted the disease and others had to stop for
Urschel, Jennie Martin, Marion Roth, and Hermance Teschner, were much-needed rest, we were glad of the chance to serve.
initiated on November 22nd.
The war is won, but the work of reconstruction is yet to come and
Eta sends best wishes to all. from the experiences of the past months we may the better be able to
I R E N E F O L C K E M E R , Chapter Editor. help our country in this big new task.



I f you have knit, with every finger aching; Dear Sisters:
I f you've conserved and bought a war bond, too; Since this is to be a Service Number I will try to resist the tempta-
I f you have helped the Red Cross bandage making
And also, maybe, helped to nurse the flu; tion to tell you about our new pledges. War work i t is!
I f you have bought thrift stamps with all spare earnings
And made your old clothes over, so they'd do; Nu Omicron has entered into every kind of war work. Last winter
You've been a "rookie'' in our Uncle Sara's home army we knitted. Oh, how we knitted! One can hardly blame the pro-
And your bit helped to win the victory, too. fessors for saying bad things about the Kaiser when you think how
exasperating it must be to ask a young lady to name some of the
Under the above conditions, I am sure every chapter and individual historical causes of the war—and they have to sit calmly while she
can qualify as a "rookie" in the big home army. I t is not so much finished that row—before she asks you to "repeat the question, please."
how much each has helped as how thoroughly each chapter has done
its bit. I n order to judge how it has helped each chapter should ask We not only knitted, but rolled bandages as well. I t always seemed
itself not merely, "How many dollars have we given?" but rather, funny to me that the hot days this summer were the ones I set aside
"Did we do all our time and money would permit?" And every chap- for the Red Cross.
ter that can say "yes" to that question has really done its part.
But, of course, the most interesting of all is the financial part.
The following is a statement of the war work of Alpha Phi Chap- Nu Omicron girls possess $400 worth of Liberty Bonds and $100 in
ter: $500 in thrift stamps; $300 in Liberty Bonds; $55 given War Savings Stamps. During the United War Work Campaign three
to the Y. M . C. A. or Knights of Columbus; $90 subscribed to the of our girls were on the subscription committee. N u Omicron sub-
Red Cross; twenty-five sweaters made; fourteen pairs of socks, eight scriptions amounted to $185. Pretty good, we think, considering the
helmets, and two scarfs. This includes the work only of our thirteen fact that we had just furnished our new fraternity room and finished
active members, for it was not possible to secure information from all a month of rushing.
the alumna; in time for this letter. Surely, the hardest thing for any-
one to do has been to give up one's relatives or fiance to the service. And now that the war is over, I think each girl is patriotically mak-
Alpha Phi's "honor r o l l " in this includes: Marcy Angell, fiance; ing plans for the amusement of soldiers soon to be returned. How-
Lynnie Chattin, brother and fiance; Doris Ingram, brother; Mary ever, this is guess work on my part, for I have been unable to get any
Millegan, fiance; Minnie-Ellen Marquis, father. of the details.

With the above, Alpha Phi also conserved. A l l of you sisters Nu Omicron wishes you all a very merry Christmas and a happy
know just how hard it was to have no refreshments at parties and then and successful New Year.
to have sugarless desserts or no desserts at all at meals. But it was
really just inconvenient and did not hurt a bit after all, did it? SARAH COSTON, Chapter Editor.

Did any of you other Alpha O's have the experience of "helping PSI—UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA
win the war" by caring for soldier boys i l l with influenza? We of
Alpha Phi helped in the hospital for the S. A. T . C. boys here, both Dear Alpha O Sisters:
as nurses and in the kitchen. The hours were long and the work not There surely is a world of truth in the old adage, "Time does fly."

Only five days before Christmas and it seems but a short time since
I last sent Psi Chapter's greetings. We have just passed through the
busiest week of the term—you guessed right—examination week.


Contrary to the usual custom of having two weeks set aside for mid- "Merry Christmas," still it is not too late for Psi Chapter to wish you
year examinations, we have had all examinations in regular class a "Happy New Year."
periods during this week. Of course, this was due to the necessity of
complying with the S. A. T . C. regulations. I t certainly has been MARGARET ROBIXSOX, Chapter Editor.
hard work for all of us.
Beside our examinations and Christmas shopping we still have rush-
ing season. Formal parties were limited to two this year so most of Dear Alpha O Sisters:
the rushing was done informally by giving teas, luncheons, and theater We are fairly bursting with good news. Since I wrote last we
parties. I am sorry to say that the Panhellenic Association did not
limit the rushing and that, since there are four national fraternities have been having such good luck! You know we pledged only three
and three rather strong local ones, the competition has been great. girls at rush week last f a l l but expected to find more material as col-
Our first party was a Halloween supper given at Evelyn's home, and lege went on. And we did. On November 29th we pledged Harriet
our second a dance given at the Shenton Golf Club. Both affairs Penney and Margaret Matthews of Washington, Kansas, and Blanche
came off splendidly, and every one had a good time. Our bids go out Coventry of Rochester, New York. These girls were being rushed
January 3rd, so that in my next letter I hope to be able to send the by almost every sorority on the hill, and we have reason to feel proud.
names of some new Alpha O sisters at Pennsylvania. However, I They are wonderful appearing girls and come from representative
have two new sisters to present to you, Marian Ludden and Mildred families. On December 13th, we pledged Dorothy Jane Miller of
Beyer whom we initiated on November 25th. They are both sopho- Sabetha. Dorothy is a fine arts student, and was also rushed by other
mores and mighty fine girls. sororities. The four new pledges will move into the house immedi-
ately after Christmas, and then the house will be completely filled.
I t gives me great pleasure to tell you of the various forms and
activities of war service i n which we have been interested and active. Just after Thanksgiving Charlotte Uhls, who attends K. U . while
Three of our girls were on the coed Liberty Bond committee which her husband is at Rosedale, affiliated with Phi. She comes from Up-
was very successful in obtaining subscriptions. The individual sub- silon Chapter.
scriptions taken by our girls for the four loans amount to the sum of
$3,200. We also hold $340 in War Saving Stamps. Last spring we Early in November when the United War Work Campaign was
took active part in the campaign for Y. M . C. A. and our individual held, Phi contributed $65, and most of us are doing some Red Cross,
subscriptions amounted to $100. About a month ago we sent our Social Service, or Y. W. C. A. work.
fraternity blanket to the "Pennsylvania Unit Twenty" which has done
such wonderful work in caring for the sick and wounded in France. December 8th we observed Founders' Day. I t was Sunday, and
The blanket was blue with a red 20—the university colors. We are so we had only the banquet. Helen Ruhlandt and Edith Phenecie
still knitting socks and other woolen articles. were here. The tables were decorated with Maryland holly, red satin
ribbon, and red-shaded candles. Alpha O songs and toasts to Alpha
We have all attended the S. A. T . C. dances which were held every helped to make it all very inspiring and very enjoyable.
Saturday night and have done our best to show the strangers a good
time. The girls' fraternities took turns playing hostess, and we I n this letter we want to present to you Mother Hoffman, our
enjoyed our "turn" immensely. Just at present we are helping in the chaperon. She was with us last year while we were Beta Gamma and
Red Cross campaign. Some of the girls are feeling as though they our fight was hers also. We feel that without her kindly guidance
have done some Red Cross work themselves since they helped in the and motherly love and care our family would be very seriously handi-
University Hospital during the epidemic. I am glad to say that capped. We wish you might meet her outside of To DRAGMA,
although the epidemic was so bad in Philadelphia, only two of our because the fine qualities which she possesses cannot be reproduced in
girls were sick and both had very light cases. print and that you might know her as we do. We are proud of our
family and proud of our mother.
We all feel that the coming year will bring forth still greater oppor-
tunities for us to show our patriotism and are already making good Just at present we are planning our Christmas-tree dinner and cram-
resolutions. Although when you read this you will have had your ming for semester examinations which are held the last of this week,
so i f I seem a bit hurried you will understand that it isn't because I
wouldn't like to sit here all day and tell you everything and ask you
all about vourselves.


Wishing you all a joyous Christmas and a happy successful New ALUMNAE CHAPTER LETTERS
Yours in Alpha Omicron Pi,
Dear Girls:
H A Z E L CORINNE ERNST, Chapter Editor. As one and all of our members belong to the work-a-day world, and

OMEGA—MIAMI UNIVERSITY live in a big, big city where distances between office and home are
tremendous, we decided after a few struggles with trench candles that
I t is not difficult for a certain group down at Miami University to we could work more effectively as individuals, each in her own little
be veritable Pollyannas these days. Do you know why? On January circle. So having "adopted" a little maid in the South of France, we
4th, forty-two active members and alumnae became the Omega Chap- each proceeded to the work nearest at hand. A twelve-year-old
ter of Alpha Omicron Pi. French lad is being cared for by one of our number whose work claims
an unusual amount of her attention, still other French orphans are
January 4th arrived after days of preparation, after days of study- being provided for by several of the girls cooperating with friends
ing certain mimeographed sheets beginning "1897, Alpha, Barnard and family.
College." I t arrived after trains had been met, after everyone had ,
been rapturously greeted forty-one times. Best of all, January 4th There are those who have labored untiringly as canteen workers;
brought Helen N . Henry, she of the many telegrams, Mrs. Hennings, in record breaking heat, fair weather or foul, they have baked cakes
and Elizabeth Hiestand. innumerable, waited on tables, and danced for hours on end. Ask
Cecile Iselin why that continued huskiness. "Oh, I've been chatting
The installation and initiation began at two o'clock. Needless to with a hundred or so French sailors every night this week—trying to
say, it was impressive, and after the ceremonies were completed, I am make them feel a little less forlorn, you know."
sure there were forty-two as loyal Alpha Omicron Pis as can be
found, although Omega chapter is so very young. As for the things we save and collect, their name is legion! We
beseech our friends for all empty cans which we take once a week to
We made January 4th last as long as possible, because it was such Columbia University. From these humble offerings the wounded
a delightful day. We ended it by a banquet in Bishop Hall. This make ash trays, cigarette cases, etc. Some of the girls have gathered
was less formally supplemented by general rejoicing in the various trinkets, clothes, and whatnot for the many war relief rummage sales,
rooms. I n fact, I believe i t was three o'clock when I heard the last as well as volunteered as saleswomen on the street corners or at busy
faint rehearsal of the A O I I whistle floating down from one of the stands for Liberty Bonds, Red Cross campaigns, or War Relief drives.
rooms. Others have kept lonely vigil in the offices of the "Civilian Relief"
during the long evening hours, sending telegrams, answering tele-
Of course, there was a formal fraternity meeting and a tea. And so phone calls, and doing many an office boy job.
we are becoming used to our new name. A t first, we were a bit
unaccustomed, just as I imagine a bride is, to the new name. Indeed, When it comes to knitting and the making of surgical dressings we
in more than one way, many of the girls feel like brides, for the other really started. Nothing daunted the knitters, hanging on in the sub-
sororities and fraternities in Miami are cordially extending congratu- way by their eyebrows mattered not for the knitting went merrily on.
lations to every one of us.
Our contributions to the war relief funds have been made by us as
We cannot express how glad we are to be real Alpha Omicron Pi individuals, too. Most gave at the rate of one dollar per hundred of
girls. We are so happy, we feel we could even be kind to the S. A. her annual income and some did better. I n our zeal for supporting
T. C. bugler in the morning, i f he were still here. the Liberty Bond issues, some of us who are buying them on the weekly
and partial payment plan feel that we have plunged a little too
MILDRED L . ROTHHOOR, Chapter Editor. heavily—for our own comfort at least—so for the time being all
luxuries and some hitherto-considered necessities are going into the
sacrificial pot. Ere this you have doubtless gained some idea of the
" t h r i f t " we are practicing!


The war is now over, and while we are continuing with practically PROVIDENCE ALUMNA
all of our war activities, many of us are turning our attention more and
more to furthering the idea of the League of Nations " i n order that Dear Sisters in A O I I :
this agony may not be gone through with again." We are all rejoicing that the war is over and I hope that each of

With best wishes for the New Year. us has a little glad spot in her heart because she has done her small
part toward ending it. For i f we have not helped then have we been
EVA ALLA MARTY. weighed in the balances and found wanting.

SAN FRANCISCO A L U M N A Providence Alumnae Chapter has done no war work as a unit, for
we are so widely separated that it is almost impossible to get together
We have not led a most flourishing existence since the last letter, due even for our monthly meetings. But as individuals our members have
to the influenza epidemic. As our fate is the common fate of all, been loyal workers and true. They have worked through the usual
however, we send greetings to all our sisters and hope that their roll channels, giving their time and efficient service to all branches of war
call has no gaps. work.

Our November meeting could not be held at all, so our Red Cross We have met regularly since October and have enjoyed the good-
sewing has rather languished. But the first of the year will find us fellowship which always comes from an A O I I circle. We send you
all out from behind our masks and hard at work again we trust. all a host of good wishes for the new year.

Probably you all want to know with what success the raffle of our MURIEL COLBATH WYMAN,
filet centerpiece met. May Cameron Pierce held the lucky number
and is very proud of her acquisition. Up to date the Red Cross will For Providence Alumna;.
be richer by sixteen dollars, with several more to be added before
accounts are closed. BOSTON ALUMN7E

Founders' Day was observed very quietly this year. We alumna- The Gamma girls will be especially interested in the election ;of
gathered at the chapter-house for fraternity meeting on Monday night, Lennie P. Copeland, '04, as president of the Boston Alumna; Chapter.
and had just a most informal time. Virginia Esterly was with us, Margaret Fessenden, A, '15, was elected vice-president; Helen Rowe,
and she always adds so much to a fireside party. '17, corresponding secretary; Margaret Durkee, editor, To DRAGMA;
and the other officers were reelected.
I wish this letter might be all glad news, but the loss from our
midst of one of our dearest girls has shocked and saddened everyone. Under the leadership of Miss Copeland we are looking forward to
Claudia Massie Lawton claimed a large share of everyone's heart by a year filled with useful work which will bring us closer together at
her quaint southern accent, her charming personality, and her unfail- this crisis when the greatest harmony and cooperation are necessary.
ing sweetness. With several hundred soldiers and sailors at Tufts, the Alma Mater
of so many of us, we naturally look there as a possible field for our
We are all thankful, however, that Olive Freuler and her sister are activities. Owing to the fact that we have not yet had our first meet-
improving. As her family was the first in Berkeley to have the "flu," ing nothing definite has been decided. The only thing of which we
it was adding insult to injury that they should have return visitation are sure is that our services will be needed somewhere, and for tlfat
of it. reason we particularly urge present members of the Boston Alumnae
to take an active part in this year's program. I f there are any Alpha
From Rose Bell in Washington, D. C , comes the word that living O's in the vicinity of Boston who have not already joined the chapter,
there is very pleasant, but she hopes to come home to us next year. the corresponding secretary, Miss Helen Rowe, 2 0 Vine Street, Win-
chester, Massachusetts, will be only too glad to give desired informa-
By the time you all read this it will be "next year" and may we tion regarding membership and meetings.
hope with you that it will mean more opportunities for Alpha O, more
ability to make the most of them, a closer bond between the "old girls" Our chapter letter would not be complete without some mention of
and the "younger girls," between our sorority and life as a whole the grief that came to all Tufts Alumnas with the death of Professor
about us. Hooper, the father of three of our sisters. He died suddenly on the
third of October after an illness of only a few hours. Long a teacher,
R U T H CARSON, Secretary. and later acting president of the college, he is mourned by all who


knew him, but especially by the students who were daily associated ban in Los Angeles—and my impression of a draft board is eye strain,
with him in classroom or on the campus. backbache, and general exhaustion. Three cheers for Erna!

Two recent weddings to men in the service have added two more Due to the influenza situation the Canteen Department of the Red
names to Delta's honor roll. Ruth Burbank, A, '16, married Lieut. Cross was able to have actual experience. The Utah School District
Alcott Pennall, June 29th, 1918. Lieutenant Pennall is in the navy was in crying need. A truck was provided with fireless cookers and
and is now stationed at Squantam, Massachusetts. Dr. Leslie A. Red Cross workers. Food was carried in this way to the suffering
Hooper, A, '14, married Dr. Alexander Stuart MacMillan, September families and cheer and hope was extended. Two of our members, as
5th, 1918. Dr. Stuart is now stationed at one of the training camps. well as Hazel Crabill, thus served their country.

LOS ANGELES ALUMNiE One of our members, Erna Taylor, was all ready to leave for France
when the armistice was signed. After a five months' nursing course,
Dear Alpha, O's, One and All: she was ready for reconstruction work. But she has not gone as yet.
First to you, Tau Chapter, we in Los Angeles send greeting! Yes, Maybe another month will see her on her way—who knows? We
wish her luck.
we found her, all safe and sound. She resides in Los Angeles at
10:30 W. 38th Street, and her name is Leta Nelson. We all loved Food conservation? Oh, yes, we are not forgetting this phase of
her from the start, and although she is a busy girl, deep in dramatic war work. Mrs. Sutherland in the early f a l l and winter of last year
study at the Egan School, we are going to have a small part of her made many an interesting talk before women's clubs and college girls
talents. I f you have any more sisters like Leta, would surely like on war work for women and food conservation. She confessed to us
you to send them out here parcels post. We like the sample, Tau. that she answered questions of many a housewife—questions, which
startled her own mind, such as, "How shall I make Willie enjoy coarse
Yes, this was to be a Serinee letter. I must tell you of the activity breads?" She did not have her little John then. ( I said that we
of my chapter in California. You know that many people say that had been honored with a girl in the last issue. Apologies!)
the war has not been realized out here, we are so far away from it all.
Perhaps not, but judge for yourself. I will attempt to do a little By means of pantomimes and plays Lucile Curtis has placed the
summarizing for clarity with the material at hand. ideals of thrift and the need of food conservation before the com-
munity in which she was serving.
Naturally knitting has played a big part generally. With seventy
pairs of socks, thirty-four sweaters, ten scarfs, and twelve helmets The Junior Red Cross is a factor to be thought of with care. I t
we kept a number of boys from freezing. has played a great part in educating our boys and girls to the needs
of others, just as T h r i f t Stamps have taught them the virtue and
By working in the Surgical Dressings Department of the Red manliness of saving. Florence Alvarez has managed the Junior Red
Cross many girls visualized the hospitals and the wounded as never Cross home economics business in Los Angeles schools for the past
before. Our own Peggy Pitman (borrowed from Rho, but now ours) six months. Her clear thinking has brought about much credit to this
was an instructor in this branch and deserves much praise for her branch. Every teacher in our chapter has given her services ro this
faithful work. work because she wanted to serve. Florence Pierce, one of our new
members, a Sigma girl now teaching home economics in Los Angeles,
Each drive for money, be it the United War Drive, War Saving took charge of making paper dolls for use in French hospitals.
Stamps, or Red Cross, had faithful, ever-present workers. Again
Peggy Pitman, whose father is a secretary in the War Savings Cam- A l l over the country the War Community Service Committee has
paign, came in for much more than her share. "Odds and ends," been at work. Our boys stationed away from their home town par-
she said, but we know what loose ends are! We all agreed that her ticularly appreciated this homelike, loving service which the members
cards might read "unlimited time" for these activities, for she did of this committee in each city extended. One branch of this commit-
not watch the clock! tee was the "Liberty girls." Hazel Crabill assisted in this regard
in the usual white uniform with dark blue veil.
Our local draft boards in Los Angeles were much in need of help.
The mass of material to be sent out for the new draft army (before Civilian Relief work is by no means an unknown quantity. Our
the armistice was signed) was simply appalling. Erna Taylor was not and your Stella Stern Perry is a vital worker, investigating along this
slow to offer her services, and worked for eight months in this line line. Because of this interest we as a chapter are going to make this
gratis. I worked five days—some free time occasioned by the " f l u "


the subject of our Christmas work (and future work, i f all goes well). Grace Gannon and Edna Spears, both teachers in the South Omaha
I cannot tell you of the individual joy it will give us all to find a
family and give them the things they need as well as a luxury or two. High School.
We all need dessert now and then. We hope there will be some chil-
dren in the families we find, for what is Christmas without child-like Stella Butler Collins and small son, who have been visiting friends
faith? in Hastings, Nebraska, expect to leave soon to join Mr. Collins in
San Domingo, South America.
I will tell you more about our Christmas pleasures in serving next
time. Our hearts are f u l l of joy and thanksgiving. Truly, the dark Annie Jones Rosborough and her husband spent the week before
clouds have risen and we can once more breathe again. Christmas in Chicago attending grand opera.

With love to you all, An interesting letter recently appeared in an Omaha paper from
Mable Salmon, who is a secretary in one of the Y. M . C. A. hostess
LUCILE R. CURTIS. houses in Bordeaux, France. She told of the celebration that was
held in that city at the time the news was received of the signing of
LINCOLN ALUMNA the armistice.

Although the Lincoln Alumnae Chapter as a chapter has not been Annabel Good Paine of Oklahoma City spent Christmas week in
able to hold its regular meetings because of unsettled conditions in Lincoln visiting her father, Judge B. F. Good, and her brother,
geneial, and particularly because of the Spanish influenza epidemic, Ensign Paul Good, who has recently returned from France.
the girls have met in little groups for war work and in many ways
have kept in touch with the active girls. The announcement of the engagement of Miss Annie Jones, last
year's alumnae president, to Mr. John M . Rosborough which was made
Thanksgiving week Jennie Piper and Katherine Follmer were at a luncheon given by Annie and her mother, Mrs. C. I . Jones, the
hostesses to the alunrne chapter at the Piper home. The afternoon middle of September came both as a surprise and a delight to the
hours were spent in visiting and tongues flew fast as the girls talked members of Alpha O. The marriage took place at four o'clock on
and sewed at the same time. Wednesday afternoon, October 9 at the family home and was most
attractive in its simplicity. Mr. and Mrs. Rosborough left that eve-
During the early part of December, Annie Jones Rosborough, ning for Colorado where ten days were spent at Mr. Rosborough's
Maud Pierce Logan, Luree Beemer Beaumont, and Helen FitzGerald summer home. Brown Cabin in Estes Park. Annie's many friends are
spent several afternoons at the home of Kdna Harpham, who is a Red pleased that she has married a Lincoln man and will not leave this
Cross captain, making paper-lined vests which were sent to the troops city where she has lived since childhood and where she takes a very
in Siberia by the Red Cross. active part in all affairs pertaining to the sorority, in musical circles—
in fact, in too many ways to mention. Mr. Rosborough is a mem-
Thursday evening, December 19th, the annual Christmas tree cele- ber of the teaching staff of the University School of Music and also
bration was held at the chapter-house. Perhaps the older girls have a musician of prominence. Among the many pre-nuptial affairs given
been too busy during the year to become as well acquainted with the for Annie was a luncheon by Emma Bennett Beckman, an afternoon
active girls as they should but the Christmas party is the one time bridge by Mabel Williams Beachly and Pauline Burkit Reynolds, a
when all the girls get together, and it is the occasion for renewed tea by Helen FitzGerald, and a luncheon by Jennie and Elsie Piper
friendships. A splendid program of stunts, which included dancing, and Helen Piper Hagenbuch.
music, and playettes was given by freshmen. An Alpha () song, the
music of which was composed for the occasion by Margaret McNerney There should be another alumnae meeting to tell you about but
and sung by the freshmen, closed the program, after which Lincoln, in fact all Nebraska, has l>een suffering for several weeks past
Santa Claus distributed the gifts from the tree. Ice cream, candy, from an epidemic of Spanish influenza. Schools, theaters, and movie
coffee, popcorn, salted nuts, and doughnuts were served. The eve- housese were closed and all gatherings and meetings prohibited by the
ning's festivities closed with dancing. state board of health. A t the present time conditions are improving
and it is hoped we can meet again soon.
Among the girls who spent Christmas at their homes in Lincoln
were: Gisela Birkner who is teaching in the high school in Sioux City, Among the Alpha O's who responded when an appeal was made for
Iowa; Elsie Piper from Wayne Normal, Wayne, Nebraska; and volunteers to assist in the nursing of "flu" patients in the emergency
military hospitals caring for the men of the S. A. T . C. and the Uni-
versity of Nebraska training detachment were Martha Walton and


Elsie FitzGerald. Elsie Piper worked day and night in the hospital its bit" toward the various war activities. Beside contributing liberally
at Wayne where a number of the men of the S. A. T . C. of Wayne to the different Liberty Loan drives personally, the girls assisted in
Normal were stricken with the disease. Lourene Bratt as a member selling bonds at a booth in one of the large department stores here,
of the motor corps rendered valuable aid during the emergency. the booth being in charge of the Panhellenic Association of Indian-
apolis, each sorority being given one day out of each week for three
A l l Zeta girls will be sorry to hear of the death of Helen Eckles' successive weeks. A t our regular meetings, we sewed for the Red
only brother, Beryl. Mr. Eckles was attending the Officers' Training Cross and a great deal of knitting was done for the soldiers. The
Camp at Yale College and died of pneumonia after an illness of only girls also contributed individually to the War Chest, which embraced
a few days. Helen started for the East, but was unable to reach New all the war funds, Red Cross, Y. M . C. A., Y. W. C. A., Salvation
Haven before he passed away. Army, etc. We have been greatly handicapped, of course, in getting
out and doing actual war work, because of the fewness in our numbers,
HELEN FITZGERALD. and also the fact that the most of the girls work and their time is not
their own, and those who do not are married folks with housekeeping
CHICAGO ALUMNffi duties and babies to look after. We feel, however, that we have done
Like all the rest of you, we have had the "flu," and in consequence our best.
held no November meeting. Our December meeting, however, at the
home of Betty Hiestand, more than made up for it. A large number With best wishes to all the girls for a happy and successful New
of our old members was present, and, in addition several new girls
from Rho, who w i l l be in Chicago during the winter. We were glad Year, I am
to welcome Charlotte Abbot of Beta Phi. We like to feel that we are
cosmopolitan, and are always happy to add another chapter to our list. Fraternally,

Esther Vincent, who is teaching music in a girls' school at Ver- RUTH RITCHIE.
sailles, Kentucky, was able to be with us, her school having closed on
account of the influenza. We are sorry she will not be here for our MINNEAPOLIS ALUMNA
other meetings.
Dear Sisters:
This was our first real meeting of the year, and we spent most of Tau Alumna? sends her Christmas greetings to all her sisters.
our time getting acquainted again. That we might refresh in our
minds the meaning of Founders' Day, Melita Skillen gave us a short Christmas is going to mean more to everyone of us this year than it
talk on the aims and ideals of Alpha Omicron Pi, as they had been ever has before and it is hard to express our feelings and joy in an
brought home to her. She read us excerpts from a most inspiring appropriate manner, but we are all going to do our best. We are
letter from Stella Stern Perry, a personal letter to her, which she has going to think more about helping others because we are so happy
cherished many years, in which Mrs. Perry told of the founding of ourselves. Among the first thing we are going to do is to help the
our organization, the thought and hopes which were back of it. active chapter prepare several Christmas boxes for poor families.
Each and every loyal alumnae member is ready to do her share of keep-
Last spring we planned to form ourselves into a Red Cross unit for ing the spirit of the season and I am sure will.
our winter's work, but before we had been able to do anything, the
war ended and with it the need for such service. We still hope to do Bonds, stamps, Red Cross, Y. M . C. A., Belgian babies, War Chest,
some kind of charitable work during the year and will try to make etc.—how we have learned to count our support of these a privilege
some definite plans at our next meeting. in the world's great cause. Some of you remember the War Savings
Stamp posters which read, "Every Stamp a Machine Gun Bullet." I f
We were all delighted to hear of the arrival of Walter Bernard I may put the contribution of the Minneapolis Alumna? to all these
Doniat Braun, on November 22nd. We hope Leonore will soon bring war-time institutions in terms of machine-gun bullets I ' l l say they
him out to meeting. have fired some 16,000 of them straight at the Huns with a determi-
nation that we'd do our share toward the defeat of "Kaiserism."
Red Cross has received most of our active service. Every girl has
INDIANAPOLIS ALUMNAE averaged six hours a week making surgical dressings or sewing, most
Dear Sisters: of them doing the work after a f u l l day of activity in the business
world, in schools, and homes. I cannot make an estimate of the
Although exceedingly few in numbers, the Indianapolis Alumnse
Chapter of Alpha Omicron Pi has not been found wanting in "doing


number of knitted things sent to soldiers or the number of garments we discussed largely the affairs of our active children. We have been
made at home for refugees, for most of us have lost count. most interested in their pledging this fall and are delighted to be
able to go to college and get first hand some of their big news, like
Belgian babies and French orphans are our next objects of interest the names of new Alpha O's. But, of course, this isn't our story to
and we have all contributed toward these little people overseas in the tell.
past few years and are continuing to give through our "War Chest"
which includes all the war funds in this particular section for work With the usual eagerness we are looking forward to our Christmas
at home and abroad. meeting when some of our sisters, drifting back for the holidays, help
make the meeting gay. Then, after Christmas and a happy New
Gertrude Falkenhagen has been in France for some time with Base Year for all, this To DRAGMA finds us hard at work again.
Hospital No. 126. She is our only representative in France and we
are wonderfully proud of "Trudie," glad she can be there with her Loyally,
wholesome good spirits and capable service.
The last meeting of the chapter was held at Jennie Marie Schober's
and was especially enjoyable because many girls from out of town PORTLAND ALUMNA
were present. So many schools are closed because of the " f l u " that Dear bisters,
we have been able to see more of the girls. The Founders' Day ban-
quet took place at the Athletic Club, December 8th, and was indeed C'est Tguerre.' Our chapter editor, Alice Collier, is out of the
enjoyed by both the active and alumna; members, as it is one of the state on Y. W. C . A. duty and the rest of us have all had the flu!
few times that we all get together. Our after-Christmas party is
going to take the form of a luncheon at Dayton's tearooms shortly Really, we have had a most worrisome time. Louise Clawson had
after the holidays. an especially disagreeable experience. She nursed her husband and
her youngest baby and the neighbors next door, and then proceeded
Yours in Alpha O, to have it herself. Nurses were simply not to be found.

MARGUERITE GILLETTE, '16. We were very sorry to hear from Norah Knight Scheeders, whom
we had hoped to meet during her stay at Vancouver Barracks, that she
BANGOR ALUMNffi CHAPTER had lost her husband and had returned to New York State.

To have fifteen at the first meeting of the year on about the first The city was under a very strict ban for a time, but we managed
really cold day of the winter suggested to us that the girls of Bangor to squeeze in one delightful meeting at Caroline Paige's just after
Alumna; Chapter had really missed the two meetings which we had Christmas, although even then the attendance was small. I f we
been unable to have. Such a grand business meeting and sorority wished to make an atrocious pun we might add that some of the atten-
gossip we had! We planned for our work to interest ourselves with dance was especially small, for Pearl Mcjury brought her two kiddies,
the needs of the Sea Coast Mission of Maine. Alice Phillips reported one of them a blissful bundle only three weeks old. Donald is a t w i n ;
to us most interestingly about the work and the needs. Now we are his brother stayed for only three days, just long enough to make
waiting to see just what we can most profitably do first: help provide his going greatly felt. But our Pearl is a very brave little mother
for the girls who are, through the aid of the mission, going to high and we are proud of her.
and normal schools, or, perhaps, knit things for the children still left
at home. At least, we have begun to be very interested though we do We have been looking forward to a riotous January meeting with
not yet know upon what definite work that interest will finally fix all the youngsters out in f u l l force, but, alas, the flu is with us again,
itself. and from what the city fathers say it looks as i f we were all going to
be swathed in masks or hermetically sealed up at home. But this
But even more heated was the argument which arose upon: How time we mean to get rid of it, bag and baggage!
shall we arrange so that the subscriptions for all members of the Ban-
gor Alumna? Chapter to T o PRAGMA would expire at once. I t sounds Greetings to the chapters, active and alumnae, and be sure to look
easy to solve, it sounds as though it wouldn't be of very much account
anyway, but our treasurer assured us it was hard when that one dollar us up when you come to Oregon.
was part of the year's dues. We have it solved, however. We can Yours f o r the Portland Alumna;,
all be life subscribers and so decrease all labor! Then, of course,
EVELYN N . CORNISH, Chapter Editor, pro tern.
Dear Sisters in Alpha O:
I have been thinking of all the happy homes among our Alpha O's
at this time, some changed and saddened by the loss of a dear one but


all proud of the share which he took in fighting for his country. and enabled her to be a helpful member of the Washington State
Somehow it is hard to think of war work as going on now that peace Publicity Committee i n one of the recent Liberty Lban drives.
is declared and so many happy reunions are taking place every day,
though we know that there are still many things to be done. I t is still Then Pat and Minnie Kraus have their ranch where they are raising
harder to realize that only a few months ago we were wondering how pigs. The girls have a hired man to help them, but they do a great
long our boys would be "over there" and we at home knitting socks, part of the work themselves. They have everything planned very
picking over moss, and "doing our bit" in as many different ways as scientifically; they have a truck which both of them can drive and
there are people. they take turns in bringing feed from town. War-time economy and
scarcity of man power were the reasons for this undertaking when they
That is just what we did here in our alumnae chapter, each did her left their pretty home on the Sound to become farmerettes over six
"bit" where the opportunity presented itself. For you see we are most months ago and now that their plans are under way, and all working
of us "working girls." Some of us are working i n banks and offices, out so well, none of us who know the two girls can imagine their
some teaching, Beryl is a newspaper editor and reporter, Irma is quitting until it is an established success.
manager of a Lovely tearoom, and Ruth Lusby is the head dietitian at
the Swedish Hospital. Mrs. Fannabelle Brown is our nearest After reading the interesting and inspiring letters from other alum-
"married sister" and she lives out at a pretty country spot near here nae chapters I wondered why our part was so small and theirs so great.
called Bryn Mawr. But we have thought of plans so often f o r united chapter war work
and we always come to the conclusion that the girls have found their
We find that business hours and interurbans are not always places for service, and extra work seems impractical with such a little
scheduled so as to give us much time together so we have been spend- time.
ing our luncheon hour together one day every other month, keeping
up our old college day friendships and taking home pleasant thoughts Best wishes for happiness and success to all of you!
for another month of work. The alternate month we plan to meet at
the chapter-house though this year we have only been able to hold two CORNELIA JENNER, President.
meetings owing to the Spanish influenza.
1 am going to tell you of a few of the ways in which we have been
helping. What is left of the Knoxville Alumnae Chapter has had one meeting
since the last letter. That was a social affair at my house and the
Mrs. Brown spent several days a week at the Red Cross Auxiliary active chapter and the new pledges were invited, so the whole frater-
near her home, knit socks, and subscribed to Liberty Bonds and all nity, as far as Knoxville goes, came together. Many of us had been
the various forms of war relief. together before, and had assisted the actives in the simple rushing
that they did.
Several of us working down town spent one evening a week at Red
Cross headquarters. Every Thursday evening I looked among the One more of our precious seven leaves us now. Helen Kennedy,
crowds picking over the sphagnum moss to see Irma McCormick and who has been home demonstrator f o r the city, has resigned and is to
Anita Pettibone hard at work. Irma was kept busy obeying the food be sent to France by the Y. W. C. A. She expects to go any day.
regulations in running her tearoom. Then at Christmas last year she
and the other girls made, packed, and sent out from the store an Here is an item that will interest the whole fraternity. My father
enormous amount of candy to the "boys over there." I won't try to had a charming letter from May Stokely, Omicron, 1916, from
give statistics for they would be sure to be wrong unless Irma could Montevideo, Uruguay. She is there as a Y. W . C. A . secretary. A t
tell me as I wrote it down. present she is studying the language, and then expects to be located
in Buenos Aires. She hopes to come home for a visit at the end of
With the Junior Red Cross our teachers have been more than busy. three years, but it may be five years. She mentioned that on Septem-
Beryl Dill has been right in the center of things at Bremerton, the ber 21st. They had just celebrated the first day of spring, and the
Puget Sound Navy Yard. She wasn't able to come to our last meet- country was so beautiful with the fruit trees in bloom.
ing for she was helping to give a dance for the sailors. Her work
on The Naval Monthly, the Bremerton News and as naval reporter on Emma Hunt and I arc going to Florida for January and February,
the Seattle P.I. has kept her very actively in touch with war service but after that we hope the clans will gather again and that there will
be more interesting affairs to fill the letter.



ALUMNAE NOTES A daughter who has been named Josephine Chace was born Septem-
ber 25th to Mr. and Mrs. Henry Shultz. Mrs. Shultz was formerly
ALPHA Miss Lou Chace. Her husband is now in training with the Univer-
Helen Shipman, A, '14, is doing research work for the Guaranty sity of Nebraska Training Detachment.
Trust Co., New York City.
Margaret Mitchell and Helen Ayers are now in Washington, D . C ,
OMICRON where they are engaged in government work.

MARRIAGES Sarah Harrington Froid is in Lincoln this year teaching while her
husband who is a major with the American Expeditionary forces is
The wedding of Wista Braly, O, '17, and Capt. Alfred Ogle, U . S. engaged in service overseas.
Marines, on December 17th, 1918, at Lewisberg, Tenn.
Helen Westver Grainger and her three small sons left the first of
DEATHS October for Los Angeles, Cal., where they will spend the winter
Edith Caulkins, ex-'08, died September 14th, 1918.
Annie Linne is the premiere daneuse of the play Chou Chin Chow. GENERAL

ZETA Hattie Fish Bachus (Mrs. Geo. S.) is living in Oakland now.
Alvina Zumwinkel of Utica, Neb., whose death occurred very Rose Von Schmidt Bell (Mrs. Geo. L . ) writes from Washington,
suddenly on June 14th, entered the University of Nebraska in the fall D. C , that she may soon return to Berkeley.
of 1908 and was graduated in 1912 with Phi Beta Kappa honors. Eloise Eorsyth Bergland (Mrs. Harvey) is living on a ranch near
During her four years of college life she was very active in student near Dixon, Cal.
affairs and a leader in all movements for the good and advancement of Verna Ray DeLong (Mrs. R. C.) is now living in Berkeley.
her fraternity, of the college, and of the students. She was especially Margaret Henderson Dudley (Mrs. C. D.) has been made a major
prominent in Silver Serpent, the girls' club, and at the completion of in the woman's Army.
her junior year was elected to membership in the Black Masque society Margaret Stone Eddy (Mrs. A. J.) has received word that her
which is composed of the thirteen most prominent members of the husband has been made a major in the coast artillery now stationed at
junior class. Her life of unselfishness and kindness is an inspiration Fort Monroe, Va.
to all Alpha O girls who were privileged to know her. I n the fall of Wynne Meredith Harlowe (Mrs. George) is living in Alameda now.
1912 she returned to Utica where she remained as principal of the Rose Gardner Marx (Mrs. Ralph S.) is carrying on her husband's
high school for three years. She afterward became a member of the business while he is serving with the Y. M . C. A. as physical director.
Lincoln High School faculty as a teacher of mathematics. After two He is now at Bologna, Italy, and expects to be gone about a year.
years of teaching she was granted a leave of absence to attend Colum- May Preuss has gone to Washington, D. C , to be secretary to Dr.
bia University. While in New York she suffered a nervous collapse Elizabeth Adams, who has supervision of the woman's division of the
from which she did not recover though her death was unexpected. U . S. employment service.
Mildred Hunter Stahl (Mrs. Leslie W.) is now living at Long
Helen Piper Hagenbuch spent the month of September in Lincoln
with her parents. Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Piper, and her sisters, Jennie Beach, Cal.
and Elsie. Later she left for Washington, D. C , to join her husband, Isabelle Henderson Stewart (Mrs. Benj. F., Jr.) is working on the
Mr. Clark Hagenbuch, who has been loaned by the board of the Y. M .
C. A. to the government for work connected with the Public Health war work council of the Y. W. C. A. at Vallejo, Cal.
Service Department and in the office of the surgeon general. Helen's
Washington address is No. 14 Franklin Avenue N . E. ENGAGEMENTS

Blanche Ahlers has announced her engagement to Terry Wilson
Ward, an attorney of Merced, Cal. They expect to be married in

Elaine Young expects to be married early in 1919 to Lieut. Roscoe
Bergland, second lieutenant at the Aviation School in Berkeley.


Lieutenant Bergland is a brother of the husband of Eloise Forsyth Edna McClure-Forrest is teaching mathematics in the high school
at Elwood, Ind.
Margaret Babcock is in the University of Wisconsin.
MARRIAGES Mabelle Hedde is taking a course in physical education in Michi-
Ruth Carson was married December 28th to Peter Yuill. Early in
1919 they expect to go to Honolulu on a business trip but they w i l l
Gertrude Jayne, ex-'19, to Howard Steele, * B I I , Indiana Uni-
make their home in San Francisco. versity Medic, '19.
Pearl Pierce was married October 30th to Dr. Oscar Bailey,
Ethel Pike, ex-'18, to Harold Mayhugh.
Lieutenant in the Dental Corps of the U . S. Army. Dr. Bailey has
been honorably discharged and has resumed his practice in Oakland. MARRIAGES

BIRTHS Margaret Jayne, ex-'15, to Glen L . Reed, Purdue '16, Lambda Chi
Alpha, June, 1918.
Margaret Weeks Ball (Mrs. Chas.) has a daughter, Margaret
Elizabeth, born early in October. Esther Morris, '18, to Mr. Dodd, June, 1918.
Edna McClure, '17, to Lieut. Cleon C. Forrest, Purdue '16, July
Gladys Schmidt Graf (Mrs. Robert) has a daughter, Janice Marie, 30th, 1918.
born last September. Allison MacLachlan, '17, to Maurice E. Murphy, August, 1918.

Emma Black Kew (Mrs. Wm.) has a daughter, Harriet Lyne, born BIRTHS
December 12th.
To Mr. and Mrs. Walter A. Moyer (Laurabelle Glascock), a boy,
Elizabeth Johnson La Rue (Mrs. Morgan E.) has a daughter, Charles Allen, July 22nd, 1918, Gilman, 111.
Mary Elizabeth, born August 23rd.
Joanna Colcord, '06, general secretary of Charity Organization
Claudia Massie Lawton (Mrs. Oswald) died December 5th of Society of New York, is chairman of the Family Division of the
influenza-pneumonia. She is survived by her husband and two-year- National Conference of Social Wtorkers.
old daughter.

Gertrude Day died December 8th at San Diego of influenza.


Mary DeWStt—brother, Clinton, captain, 211th Engineers, Camp TAU

Meade, Md. Leta Nelson is enjoying her work in Los Angeles and has "led" in
one or two of the plays the school presents this winter. Beside this
THETA rather strenuous training she takes time to spend hours reading to an
invalid uncle living at Long Beach. Her address is 1032 W. 38th St.
Florence Brande came home from Chicago for two days, but went
Clara Dilts is teaching mathematics in Monterey, Ind., High back to her post on the Chicago Tribune last night. Chicago has too
much attraction for her in the form of a charming baby nephew.
Frances Kelly teaches English in the high school at Winamac, Ind. Marguerite Gillette has left the city to teach in the high school at
Juva Covalt is selling books for the Curtis sisters in the state of Alexander, Minn.

New Jersey. Anne Yates was called home by the serious illness of her mother.
Ethel Pike teaches mathematics in Francesville, Ind., High School. Elsa Feldhammer Johnson and Bertha Marie Hayden are both
Margaret Douthitt is a test chemist in the Goodrich Tire Works in happy over the return of soldier husbands.
Irene Sieben came up from Hastings, Minn., for the Founders' Day
Akron, Ohio. banquet at the Athletic Club.
Helen Pierce Munro is in New York.
Ann White is a chemist with the Lilly Manufacturing people of

Indianapolis, Ind.
Bernice Wilhelm is teaching music at Knox, Ind.
Jessie Jones is in Washington.


CHI Martha Johnson, '18, has accepted a position as assistant to the
dean at Hamilton Hall, Bozeman, Mont.
Grace Mclver, '17, is in the offices of the Mutual Oil Company at
Ruby Davis, '13, and Bertha Muckey, '18, are doing government Great Falls, Mont.
work in Washington, D. C.
Simultaneously we receive word that Edna Hausner, '17, soon
leaves teaching for Red Cross work overseas and that Helen Schrack, Mary Kretlow, '17, to Thorwald A. Carlson.
'17, in January leaves war work to resume teaching in the Camden Leah Hartman to Otto Batch.
Junior High School.
Meda Kay, '16, is in training in a New York hospital.
Five of our alumna; are in Syracuse this winter: Nellie Retan, '10, To Mr. and Mrs. E . E . Dawson (Ruth Noble) on September 23,
Elizabeth French, '15, Emily Tarbell, '16, Sadie Campbell, '17, and
Edith Rauch, '18. They are hoping against hope that their number a daughter. Dorothy. _
may be increased sufficiently for an alumnae chapter.
And 1918, <of course, has added to the list of Chi's teachers the DEATHS
names of Florence Hughes, Ethel Farrington, Clara Bell, Lillian
Battenfeld, and Frances Carter. Alpha O will be grieved to hear of the death »f Ursula Hodgkiss,

ENGAGEMENTS '17, who died December 4th at Butte, Mont., after an illness of about

Edith Ressegine's service pin, we are told, is for neither father nor a month. She was a nurse in the Murray Hospital at the time of her
death and contracted the Spanish influenza during the epidemic
there. We extend our heartfelt sympathy to our sister, Ruby Hodg-
Five weddings Chi has had since last June, those of Jantha Emmer-
ling, '13, Ethel Harris, '14, Edith Smith, '14, Leta McClear, '17, and kiss, in her sorrow.
Nora Knight, ex-'20.
To Mildred Williams Hover, a daughter.
We are such a young alumna; at Phi Chapter, that it seems almost
UPSILON as incongruous to put a baby bond beside a Liberty Bond as to put
our write-up in the same section as that of such a chapter as Sigma,
ENGAGEMENTS but nevertheless we are glad to tell our Alpha O sisters what we are
Helen Brewster to James Buzzard.
Vivian Strahm Smith, '14, is living in Louisville, Ky.
MARRIAGES Edith Phenicie, '18, is teaching in Pomona.
Bartelle Uncopher, ex-'20, we are sorry to say has left our Alpha
Ruth Hazlett to Lieut. R. Lester Kelly, 363rd Infantry, 1st Divi- O home, and her address is 127 Garden St., Marion, Ohio.
sion. Roberta Wood, '18, is attending the University of New Mexico at
ETA Helen Ruhlandt, '17, is now teaching in Wellsville.
Zolan Kidwell. ex-'20, and Marjorie Kidwell, ex-'21, are in the
Margaret Nehrlich Prickett (Mrs. R. W.) died in April, 1918. Ordnance Department. Washington, D. C.
Grace Stotts, '17. is principal of the high school at Toronto.
ALPHA PHI Helen Gallagher, '17, is teaching English in the Osawatomie High
Ethel Meiwald, '16. is spending the winter on the coast.
The following members of the class of '18 are teaching home Phi Chapter announces the engagement of Hazel Corinne Ernst to
economics in Montana high schools: Alice McCone at Libby, Irene Erval Coffey. During the war Mr. Coffey was stationed at Edge-
Abrahamson at Fromberg, Myrtle Kuhns at Big Timber, Blanche wood Arsenal, F.dgewood, Md., but will return to the university in
Border at Glendive, and Ruby Hodgkiss at Three Forks. January. He is a member of Phi Chi Fraternity.

The engagement of Jane Doris Morgan to Ray Zimmerman is
announced by Phi Chapter. Mr. Zimmerman is stationed at the
Officers' Training School, Ft. Monroe, Va. He is a member of Theta
Chi Fraternity at University of Wisconsin.


EXCHANGES in such diverse employments as engineering and contracting, banking, printing,
hotel management, as visiting household accountant, owner and manager of a
We acknowledge with thanks the receipt of the following riding school, manager detective agency.
exchanges: Sigma Kappa Triangle, Delta Zeta Lamp, The Lyre of
Alpha Chi Omega, The Key of Kappa Kappa Gamma, Kappa Alpha Art, both fine and applied, has a representation, including scientific, engineer-
Theta, The Elensis of Chi Omega, Alpha Xi Delta, The Alpha ing, mechanical, and architectural draftsmen, designers, landscape architects,
Gamma Delta Quarterly, The Anchora of Delta Gamma, Caduceus and—unique among them all—a "painter of fishes for a taxidermist.''
of Kappa Sigma and The Phi Gamma Delta.
Practically all the professions are represented and more than a dozen of the
BUSINESS STATUS OF COLLEGE WOMEN sciences, from archeology to zoology. Among the unclassified occupations are
cable code expert and maker of codes, professional shopper, conductor of
(Reprinted from the New York Times) European tours, hostess, and manager of State House at expositions, judge of
domestic science exhibits at state and county fairs in five states yearly.
The Association of Collegiate Alumna;, in cooperation with several women's
colleges, has made an investigation into certain phases of the economic and More than 4,000 women reported their earnings for the year, of whom 3,034
personal status of the alumnae of these colleges which presents many interesting were teachers and 1,040 were in other occupations. Those in other occupations
facts. As the statistics include the graduates of 1915, the census is of special were better paid, for the median earnings for teachers amounted to $995 and
value because it establishes the status of a large group of women graduates for the others $1,065. The highest median earnings in the various groups were
practically up to the time of the entrance of the United States into the war. those of women in theatrical pursuits and the lowest in agriculture.

Conditions caused by the war are likely to make a difference in the economic Some of the maximum earnings reported were that of the head and owner
status of women, so that the census will offer valuable material for comparison of a large school, $35,000; a literary women, author of a novel which had been
with conditions and results after the changes due to the war have produced successful both as book and play, $24,000 (she added on her card that some
their effects. years she made very little) ; a physician and surgeon in private practice for
fifteen years reported $9,000; an orange grower with twenty one years' ex-
Eight colleges for women, Barnard, Bryn Mawr, Mount Hoi yoke, Radcliffe, perience, $8,000; one business woman earned $5,000; one woman had $15,000
Smith, Vassar, Wellesley, and Wells, and one co-educational university, Cornell, as half the joint earnings of her husband and herself in the management of a
are included in the survey. In the journal of the association for May Mary group of summer camps for girls.
Van Kleeck makes a digest of the statistics.
The statistics of marriages and birth rates, Miss Van Kleeck suggests, should
The chief purpose of the inquiry, she says, was to obtain information about be studied with caution, because the early classes of women graduates were
the occupations of college women, and therefore the greater part of the in- small and the younger alumnte far outnumber the older ones. Therefore, since
formation it gives is concerned with their economic status. Reports were many of them are still young and unmarried, they overweigh the percentages
obtained from 16,739 graduates, and of these 11,663 (69.7 per cent) had been and make them not wholly representative. She thinks that "three decades or
gainfully employed. More than half of these have been employed in teaching, five decades hence it will be possible to study the statistics of college women
or have united teaching with some other gainful employment. as facts of a history which is closed for a sufficiently large number to make
final statements."
Those who have taken up other occupations than teaching, of whom the
percentage is 22.8 of all graduates, have entered upon a long and most varied Of 16,739 graduates of all ages included in the census, 6,544, or 39.1 per cent,
array of vocations. The list of them shows how rapidly and widely the doors were married. The distribution of percentages among the nine colleges shows
of employment have been opening to women prepared to enter them. It has that the higher percentage of marriages is found among the alumnse of the older
long been the general impression that this is true, and these figures offer the institutions. Out of the total of 6,544 marriages only 37 had been divorced,
proof. with more than half of that number, 20, belonging to the group graduated
between 1900 and 1910. The percentage of all divorces to marriages was only
The list of occupations other than teaching in which college women were 57-100 of 1 per cent.
employed in 1915 fills two pages of the Journal. Under agriculture are in-
cluded Shetland pony breeders, dairy farmers, farm managers, orange growers, It appears that employment affects marriage, for of the total number who
greenhouse managers, estate superintendents, and ten other classifications. have been gainfully employed only 30.5 per cent were married, while of those
who had never been thus employed 58.9 were married. The percentage of
In Government service there are inspectors of many sorts, Civil Service m a m ge is higher among teachers than among those engaged in other vocations,
examiners, scientific workers, clerical workers, agents, commissioners. while i. t lowest of all the percentages is among those who had tried both
teaching and other work.
The theater has proved attractive to a few college women, of whom eleven are
listed as actors and ten others as managers, producers, entertainers, and "Apparently," concludes Miss Van Kleeck, "the more varied the vocational
coaches. experience the less frequent the marriage of college graduates." Collegiate
education appears to defer marriage, for the average age at marriage of those
Under business appears a great variety of vocations, the number of women who had been gainfully employed was 28 years and 1 month, and of those who
thus engaged being the third largest in the list. Those engaged in social service had followed no vocation was 26 years and 1 month. As the average age at
work have the largest number, 471, while library work comes second with 293 graduation is 22 years, it would seem that the tendency is to defer marriage for
and business claims 260. Under this classification one finds women engaged five or six years.


Of the married graduates 69.9 per cent had children, averaging 2.1 per would bring them everlasting youth. They grew old in the search. How
family. One Wellesley graduate reported I I children, and for none of the different when Hiawatha ventured forth that morning with his bow and arrow,
colleges was the maximum number of children less than 6. In the entire group with the eagerness of childhood in his eyes. A h , here was the spirit of youth
of married graduates 29 per cent had 3 children or more. That the percentage indeed—and this did Ponce de Leon fail to find. The eternal, unwrinkled,
of children is affected by the large number of younger graduates whose families physical freshness of youth is still no more than a myth to us; but the secret
are not complete is indicated by the much higher percentages of the older groups. of the everlasting spirit of youth which dwells in the heart, a few have learned.
Of the graduates in classes previous to 1880, the proportion having children is
80.7, and the average number of children per family 2.9. An interest in life—that is i t ! When you lose that, my friend, bring out
the faded dressing gown and the shapeless slippers and retire to your innermost
But it is to be noted that the mortality rate among the children of college wo- sanctum to die a hopeless death. Putting it boldly, "you're no good." An old,
men is low. O f all the children born to women included in the census only 6.7 white-haired gentleman, who lived near Boston and whom children knew and
in every 100 had died and only 4.5 per cent had died during their first year. loved, advises us thus. "Let us then be up and doing." Another poet who
I n studies of infant mortality made by the Federal Children's Bureau the rate never ceased to be a "wee lad at heart," once said, "The world is full of a
in Manchester, New Hampshire, was found to be 16.5; in Johnstown, Pennsyl- number of things." It i s ! Interesting people, interesting places, interesting
vania, 13.4; and in Montclair, New Jersey, a residential suburb having excep- things to do—and all in the most ordinary, everyday clothing. Diamonds in
tionally good living conditions, 8.5. the gateposts, the Coliseum by moonlight, a woman in a faded bonnet, or the
first wild flower in the spring—all the same to the heart that is young.
College women appear to prefer college men for husbands, for 78.8 per
cent of the married women in this census had married college graduates. But to become really interested in life—oh that is so easy! Just to be
Wellesley held the highest percentage of the collegiate alliances, 91.3, while interesting one's self! Not a superficial cultivation—that would be too near
Cornell came next with 83.4, and Wells was the lowest. Nearly half of these a tragedy. But to do the things worth while; and there will be at least one
husbands follow professional vocations.—Santa's Greek Exchange. interested spectator, namely, your own self. And soon, if there is sincerity and
frankness beneath it all, you will be interested in other people and they interested
T H E WOMAN WHO IS AN ASSET TO T H E NATION in you and you come to love one another and life itself—and the heart that
As sorely as it has been proved unmistakably that great numbers of women truly loves is not bored and never grows old.
are great assets to the nation, so surely has it been shown that many women
are not. To which class do fraternity women belong? T o which class does They are saying that the great war which has come is making men and
your group belong? I f every organization responded to the needs of the present women of our boys and girls and we do feel older, and more serious. But
crisis as your chapter has responded, would the outcome be happy? At every Heaven grant that we may still keep with us, no matter what comes, the most
point the President of the United States, one of the wisest of men, has urged blessed gifts of youth, the only youth which is eternal—a fresh outlook on life
upon us our personal responsibility not only in the matter of contributions of and the heart that truly loves.—The Key of Kappa Kappa (iamma.
time and money, but also in the subtler field of personal attitude. Have you
been one, perchance, of that despicable order of parrots who find fault, as
superficially and egotistically as maliciously, with every move of the administra-
tion, because your particular brand of family politics or of alien traditions had
crystallized you into a state of partisan criticism? Have you persistently
opposed your more or less immature and untested judgment in matters of
diplomacy and of industrial policy against that of the President for which the
test of events has t3ught respect even to the surly enemy? Or have you shown
humility in your thoughtfulness, and caution in your made to order originality?
On the whole, our members we believe are loyal and sensible in their attitude
toward the conduct of federal affairs, and whole heartedly generous in their
active support by deeds, of the nation-wide demands upon citizens. Such
women constitute assets; alert in mind, critical, yet cautious and loyal, highly
trained in some direction and devoting that discipline to the need of the day;
or in the case of students, devoting every effort to the attainment of such train-
ing as will contribute definitely and directly to social progress. However young
we may be, or however advanced in years, pray let each of us act upon an
honest reply to a self-imposed catechism: Am I an asset to my country?—The
Lyre of A X fi.

Long years ago it was, when certain adventurers sailed into the sunset and
roamed through strange and perilous forests, seeking the magic fountain which

A Panhellenic Jour- ; BE3^1'. I Published Quarterly
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