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Published by Alpha Omicron Pi, 2016-04-21 11:30:23

1922 May - To Dragma

Vol. XVII, No. 4

180
TO DRAG MA OF ALFHA OMICRON FI
Louise D.mcan is Laboratory Technician at Harper Hospital, Detroit.
Among the 1920 girls, Lelah Stephens is teaching, in Logansport Indiana.
Dorothea Comfort and Betty Gratton are teaching in Detroit.
Helen Wolfe is Case Correspondent for the Y. W. C. A. in Cleveland Ohio.
Beatrice Smith '22, one of the February graduates, has just become one of our Detroit Alumna?.
All the Omicron Pi alumnae who are in Detroit attended the formal dinner dance at the chanter house in Ann Arbor, January 13th, 1922.
BKTTV GRATTON.


Vol. XVII
MAY, 1922 No.4
T o
ALPHA OMICRON PI
CONTENTS
Directory.
Rushing Conditions at Alpha Omicron Pi Colleges 181 Gamma Epsilon Pi 202
Through the Mist 203 The Anniversary Endowment Fund 204 Reports 205 Exchanges 210 In Memoriam 214 Announcements 215 Active Chapter Letters 216 Alumnae Chapter Letters 241 Alumnae Notes 255
— .-uMFiess Manager, Juttd KelleV, 10 Everett Ave., Norwood, Mass:
DISTRICT SUPERINTENDENTS
North Atlantic District, Gladys Wales (Mrs. Winthrop L.), 416 West
Ononandaga Street, Syracuse, N Y.[N, A, t t E, X, ¥.]
Southern District—Katrina Overall McDonald (Mrs. Carl C ) , Bay
St. Louis, Miss. [77, A', O, NK, NO.]
N. E. Central District, Melita Skillen. 1340 Thorndale Ave., Chicago, 111.
[0, P,I,B4>,H, on.\
N. W. Central District, Charlotte Hall Uhls (Mrs. Kenneth B.), 4508
Mill Creek Parkway, Kansas City, Mo. [Z, T, A<&, <£.]
Pacific District, Lucille R. Curtis, 1933 Oxford Ave., Los Angeles, Cal.
DRAGMA
of
[2. A, r.)


To Dragma
of
Alpha Omicron Pi Fraternity CHAPTER ROLL OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
Alpha—Barnard College—Inactive.
Pi—H. Sophie Newcomb Memorial College, New Orleans, La. Nu—New York University, New York City. Omicron—University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn. Kappa—Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, Va. Zeta—University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb. Sigma—University of California, Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—De Pauw University, Greencastle, Ind.
Beta—Brown University—Inactve.
Delta—Jackson College, Tufts College, Mass. Gamma—University of Maine, Orono, Me.
Epsilon—Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y .
Rho—Northwestern University, Evanston, 111.
Lambda—Leland Stanford University, Palo Alto, Cal. Iota—University of Illinois, Champaign, 111.
Tau—University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn. 'Chi—Syracuse University, Syracuse, N . Y . Upsilon—University of W ashington, Seattle, W ash.
Nu Kappa—Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Tex, Beta Phi—University of Indiana, Bloomington, Ind. Eta—University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.
Alpha Phi—Montana State College, Bozeman, Mont.
Nu Omicron—Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn. Psi—University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. Phi—University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kan. Omega—Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
Omicron Pi—University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. New York Alumnae—New York City.
San Francisco Alumna;—San Francisco, Cal. Providence Alumnae—Providence, R. I . Boston Alumnae—Boston, Mass.
Los Angeles Alumnae—Los Angeles, Cal. Lincoln Alumnae—Lincoln, Neb.
Chicago Alumnae—Chicago, III.


Evanston, 111.
Grand Secretary, Laura A. Hurd. 524 Riverside Drive, New York City,
N. Y.
Grand Treasurer. Viola C. Gray, 1527 South Twenty-third St.. Lincoln, Neb. Grand Vice President. Katharine March Thomas (Mrs. S. J.), 5120 Re-
gent St.. Philadelphia. Pa.
Grand Historian, Stella George Stern Perry (Mrs. George H.), 45 West
35th St.. New York City, N.Y.
Extension Officer, Rose Gardner Marx (Mrs. Ralph), 1421 Scenic Ave.,
Berkeley, Cal.
Examining Officer,Gladvs Courtian Britton (Mrs. J. A. Jr.), 2642
Derby St., Berkeley, Cal.
National Panhellenic Delegate, Lillian McQuillan McCausland (Mrs.
Norman L. Jr.), 517 Angell St., Providence, R. I .
Editor of To Dragma. Elizabeth Hiestand Smith (Mrs. Harry E.), 3419
N. Lincoln St., Chicago, 111.
Business Manager of To Dragma, June Kelly, 16 Everett Ave., Norwood,
Mass.
NATIONAL PANHELLENIC CONGRESS
President, Lillian MacQuillan McCausland (Mrs. Norman L., Jr.), 517
Angell St., Providence, R. I .
EDITORIAL BOARD OF TO DRAGMA
Editor-in-chief, Elizabeth Hiestand Smith (Mrs. H. E.), 3419 N. Lincoln St., Chicago, 111.
Assistant Editor, Ann- Hol'ert Kirk (Mrs. B. L.), 1011 \\. Clark St., £ Champaign, Illinois.
Exchange Editor, Marguerite P. Schoppe (Mrs. W. F.), 602 So. 3rd Ave., Bozeman, Mont.
Business Manager, June Kelley, 16 Everett Ave., Norwood, Mass. DISTRICT SUPERINTENDENTS
North Atlantic District, Gladys Wales (Mrs. Winthrop L.), 416 West Ononandaga Street, Syracuse, N Y.[A7, A, T, E, X, W ]
Southern District—Katrina Overall McDonald (Mrs. Carl C ) , Bay St. Louis, Miss.[77, K, O, NK, NO.]
N. E. Central District, Melita Skillen, 1340 Thorndale Ave., Chicago, 111.
[©, P, I, B$, H, OH.]
N. W. Central District, Charlotte Hall Uhls (Mrs. Kenneth B.), 4508 Mill Creek Parkway, Kansas City, Mo. (Z, T,A$,
Pacific District, Lucille R. Curtis, 1933 Oxford Ave., Los Angeles, Cal. [2, J, r.j


Pi—Genevra Washburn, Newcomb College, New Orleans, La. Nu—Mary Louise Hingsberg, 2162 Strang Ave., New York City. Omicron—Christine Moore, 1617 Highland Ave., Knoxville, Tenn. Kappa—Kathyrn Hodges, R. M. W. C, Lynchburg, Va. Zeta—Mildred Hullinger, 500 N. 16th St., Lincoln, Nebraska. Sigma—Ellen Reed, 2721 Haste St., Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—Mildred Panchaud, A O I I House, Greencastle, Ind. Delta—Esther Fowler, Tufts College, Mass.
Gamma—Theresa Jackson, U. of Maine, Orono, Maine.
Epsilon—Grace McAlpine, The Knoll, Ithaca, N . Y .
Rho—Helen Hawk, Chapin Hall, Evanston, 111.
Lambda—Jeanne Elmendorf, A O I I House, Stanford University, Calif. Iota—Helen Wolfe, 712 W . Oregon St., Urbana, 111.
Tau—Frances Graham, 914 Fourth St., SE., Minneapolis, Minn. Chi—Thelma Robertson, 1015 Harrison St., Svracuse, N . Y . Upsilon—Edith Chapman, 5724 17th Ave., N. E., Seattle, Wash. Nu Kappa—Lucille Pepple, S. M. U., Dallas, Texas.
Beta Phi—Lillian Mullins, A O I I House, Bloomington, Indiana. Eta—Ethel Zimmerman, 626 N. Henry St., Madison, Wis.
Alpha Phi—Helen Chase, A O I I House, Bozeman, Mont.
Nu Omicron—Nell Fain, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn. Psi—Ruth Clement, 3459 Woodlawn Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. Phi—May Ireland, 1144 Louisiana Ave., Lawrence, Kansas. Omega—Charlotte Haarlamert, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. Omicron Pi—Lorna Ketcham, 551 Church St., Ann Arbor. Michigan.
CHAPTER SECRETARIES ACTIVE
Pi—Cecilia Slack, Newcomb Dormitory, Newcomb College, N. O., La. Nu—Katherine S. Keane, 31 W. 11th St., N. Y. C.
Omicron—Elizabeth Clinton, 1627 W . Cumberland Ave., Knoxville, Tenn. Kappa—Madge Winslow, R. M. W. C, Lynchburg, Va.
Zeta—Lois Haas, 500 N. 16th St., Lincoln, Nebraska. Sigma—Zoe King, 2721 Haste St., Berkeley, Calif. Theta—Mary Hester, A O II House, Greencastle, Indiana. Delta—Dorothy Hilton, Tufts College, Mass.
Gamma—Marie Hodgdon, U . of Maine, Orono, Maine. Epsilon—Catherine Campion, The Knoll, Ithaca, N . Y .
Rho—Ada Campbell, Chapin Hall, Evanston, 111.
Lambda—Doris Bailey, A O I I House, Stanford University, Cal. Iota—Evelyn Wissmath, 712 W. Oregon St., Urbana, 111. Tau—Lillian Kirwin, 914 Fourth St., SE, Minneapolis, Minn. Chi—Beatrice Barron, 1017 Harrison St., Svracuse, N . Y . Upsilon—Marion D. Janeck, 1906 E. 45th St., Seattle, Wash.



Beta Phi—Miriam McCoy, A. O. Pi House, Bloomington, Indiana. Eta—Edith Hastings, 626 N. Henry St., Madison, Wis.
Alpha Phi—Marie Moebus, A O II House, Bozeman, Mont.
Nu Omicron—Annie Sharpe Garrett, 2303 Highland Ave., Nashville,
Tenn.
Phi—Reba White, 1144 Louisiana Ave., Lawrence, Kansas. Psi—Genevieve McDermott, 1619 Greene St., Philadelphia, Pa. Omega—Martha Jacques, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. Omicron Pi—Lillian Herman, 551 Church St., Ann Arbor. Mich.
ALUMNAE CHAPTER PRESIDENTS
New York—Helen N . Henry, 430 West 119 St., New York City. Boston—Octavia Chapin, 102 Sumner St., Medford, Mass.
San Francisco—Hertha Hermann Brown, (Mrs. E. C ) , 509 Santa Ray
Ave., Oakland, Cal.
Providence—Muriel Wyman (Mrs. P. H.), 1739 Broad St., Providence,
R. I .
Los Angeles—Constance Chandler, 2330 Hillhurst Ave., Los Angeles, Cal. Lincoln—Nettie Campbell (Mrs. B. O.), 1971 Sewell St., Lincoln, Neb. Chicago—Grace Pierson Gilbert (Mrs. S. H.), 2714 Hartzell St., Evans-
ton, 111.
Indianapolis—Leola Goodman Scales (Mrs. Walter), 35 West 27th St.,
Indianapolis, Ind.
New Orleans—Jessie Bryce Roane, 2231 Marengo St., New Orleans, La. Mintieapolis—Mrs. Walter Haertel, 1522 Aldrich Ave. So., Minneapolis.
Minn.
Bangor—Madeline Robinson, 463 Main St., Bangor, Maine. Seattle—Eugenia E. Garrat, 5513 Brooklyn Ave., Seattle, Wash. Portland—Pearl Mcjury (Mrs. T. M.), 244 Hancock St., Portland, Ore. Knoxville—Ailcy Kyle Peet (Mrs. A. S.), 309 8th St., Knoxville, Tenn. Lynchburg—Laura Radford Yates (Mrs. R. T.), 300 Madison St., Lynch-
burg, Va.
Washington—Margaret Mitchell Gamble (Mrs. Ross Merrill), Silver
Spring, Md.
Dallas—Eleanor M. Walker (Mrs. Jas.), 4214 Swiss Ave., Dallas,
Texas.
Philadelphia—Katherine March Thomas (Mrs. S. J.), 5120 Regent St..
Philadelphia, Pa.
Kansas City—Charlotte Uhls (Mrs. K. B.), 4508 Mill Creek, Parkway,
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha—Mattie W. Higgins, (Mrs. L. A.),6547 N. 24th St, Omaha. Nebj Syracuse—Elizabeth French, 1546 E. Genesee St, Syracuse, N . Y . Detroit—Cora Lane Wiedman (Mrs. E. G.), 206 South Washington St.j
Y psilanti. Mich. (Acting President.)
Nashville—Mary D. Houston, 2807 Belmont Blvd., Nashville, Tenn.
ALUMNAE ASSISTANTS TO TO DRAGMA
^Pi—Jessie B. Roane, 2231 Marengo St, New Orleans, La. ^Nu—Mrs. J. M. Minton, Jr., 32 Waverly Place, New York City
\ Omicron—Minn Elois Hunt. 509 E. Hill Avenue, Knoxville, Tenn. NKappa—Evelyn Allen, 1012 Federal St, Lynchburg, Va.
^Zeta—Jennie Piper, 1731 D. S, Lincoln, Nebraska. JjSigma—Helen Schieck, 2627 Haste St, Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—Lucy Allen, 3628 Birchwood Avenue, Indianapolis, Ind. ^ Delta—Helen Roue, 20 Vine St, Winchester. Mass.
Gamma—Marion Jordan. Old Town, Maine.
^ Epsilon—Ethel Cornell, 74 Fenvvood Road. Boston, Mass.


\ Rho—Ethel Willman, 232 North Entrance Ave., Kankakee, HI. V-ambda—Irna Taylor, 1931 South Union St., Los Angeles, Cal.
Vota—Mrs. B. L. Kirk, 1011 West Clark St., Champaign, 111. ^Tau—Alma Boehme, 1731 Irving Ave. North, Minneapolis, Minn.
sChi—Elizabeth Zimmer, Lake Placid, New York.
* Upsilon—Elizabeth McCausland, 4527 West Webster St., Seattle, Wash. ^ N u Kappa—Mrs. Jay B. Hubbel, 4621 Ross Ave, Dallas, Texas.
^ Beta Phi—Edith Huntington, 808 4th St. SE., Minneapolis, Minn. * Eta—Mrs. Oscar Kennebohm, 1817 Kendall Avenue, Madison, W is.
\ Alpha Phi—Henrietta Moebus, 1752 Oregon Ave., Butte, Mont. V Nu Omicron—Faith Clark, 921 Arthington Ave, Nashville, Tenn.
\Psi—Anna W. Hanna, 2324 Sepviva St., Philadelphia, Pa.
* Phi—Mrs. Kenneth Uhls, 4508 Mill Creek Parkway, Kansas City, Mo.
\ Omega—Clarissa Scott, Shandon, Ohio.
\ Omicron Pi—Ida Gratton, 3805 Scovell Place, Detroit, Michigan.
OMEGA PLEDGES


VOL. XVII
TO DRAGMA
MAY,1922
No. 4
RUSHING CONDITIONS AT ALPHA OMICRON PI COLLEGES
Rushing at Newcomb
I do not think there is a word in the English language that can express how abominable the rushing system at Newcomb is this year. In the first place, it is an all school year'plus vaca- tion affair as the girls can not be sent bids until they are Sopho- mores with an average above 70 in every study.
At the first Panhellenic meeting of the year, we were pre- sented with the following rules which were compiled by our Pan- hellenic Council together with a Committee of the Faculty.
1. Each fraternity shall he allowed three parties per year off cam- pus. The expenses for the three combined shall not exceed seventy-five dollars. The parties can be given only on Saturdays, Sundays, or holi- days.
2. Girls may be invited to informal family hospitality on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays.
3. Outside of the above, no money may be spent on Freshmen. Dutch treat parties (three persons constitute such a party, and the limi- tation is six persons) are allowed on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays.
4. There shall be no advance dates with Freshmen for week days.
5. Fraternities are prohibited from any systematized plan of rushing individuals.
6. There shall be no parties on campus. Dormitories are considered campus.
7. Each fraternity may have a rented room off campus.
8. The maximum amount that may be paid for these rooms is ten dollars per month.
9. Freshmen may not enter the fraternity rooms except for the three formal parties.
10. Fraternity girls may not go to their rooms except after 3:30 in the afternoon.
I believe the idea of this system was to make rushing as in- conspicuous as possible on the campus, to give the Freshmen plenty of time to know the fraternity girls and the girls plenty of time to know the Freshmen.


182 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
I understand that the faculty approve of the way in which it has worked and think that it has accomplished good results but. from the standpoint of the fraternity, it is certainly terrible.
Although there is no systematized work, still every conscien- tious girl feels it her duty to spend as much time as possible with the rushees and always to have dates with them f o r Saturdays and Sundays.
Not only do we waste much of our own time but we waste the time of the rushees, and if two fraternities are rushing the same girl strenuously, she is kept so wrought up trying to decide which one she likes best that she does not do well at all in school work.
Although it is understood by the fraternity girls that they can accept no promises and by the rushees that they, can make none, yet the situation remains. The freshman decides that she likes your fraternity best, tells you this, refuses dates with your opponents and begins to rush for you. Of course in a few cases, a Freshman decides to go one way and then changes her mind but these cases are very few.
LUCILE CASSEDY.
At Tennessee
Rushing lasts for three weeks here.
is Y. W. C. A. week and it has been customary for no fraternity pins to be worn. Each fraternity is allowed to have two large parties a season—that is, two parties with more than five fresh- men present. Then we may have any number of small parties and one of the favorite forms has been dates for town and for church. Sometimes the girls give house parties but we have always con- sidered that rather expensive.
On the whole, that is largely the trouble with rushing here —it is simply too expensive; especially when we consider the amount of enjoyment the freshmen seem to get from it. The popular ones are often so rushed that they hardly have time to at- tend classes. This year we did away with town dates and at- tempted only one large affair, a dance. Our alumnae were ex-: tremely kind to us and almost every one gave us a small after- noon party. The plan seemed to work rather well. At least we had nine freshmen from the eleven bids we sent and none of them were little sisters.
According to rushing rules no fraternity matters are to be mentioned to the freshmen. It is not permissible to ask for dates more than a week ahead. At the end of three weeks we send out written bids and for two days absolutely no communication is held with the freshmen until they have sent in their replies.
The first week of school


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 183
As a general thing the girls carry out the rules to the letter but at times the spirit seems to be rather lacking. W e have had trou- ble with the rule about asking for dates more than a week ahead. Every now and then we find out that it has been broken and it is rather likely that it is broken on other occasions that we never hear of. Still Panhellenic seems to run along very smoothly un- til someone tries to bring up some plan for improving rushing— limiting expense and dates—and then everyone disagrees and gets excited. However, sad to tell, when the excitement is over we find ourselves right back where we have always been.
At Randolph-Macon
"Rushing"—the very word in itself is an ambiguous term at Randolph-Macon. In one sense we do no rushing; our system is even called a non-rushing system. In another we "rush" for five months until our second-term pledge day—and long ones they are for us, too. But in this second use, the term must be con- strued to have a very modified meaning. In simple, plain lan- guage it connotes an extreme politeness towards Freshmen, a consistent desire to please, to favorably "impress" them, so to speak.
In general, this system may be said to be wholly idealistic. By the setting of Pledge Day as late as March the first, a Fresh-
-
m
KAPPA PLEDGES
Left to right: Grace Manning, Jean Jones, Jean Hardy, Gladys
Fore, Mary Marshall, Mildred Smith, Nannie Howard,Julia Acree.
V


184 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
man's eligibility f o r pledging depends upon the results of her mid-term examinations, for she must pass three three-hour courses or their equivalent at mid-term. That the fraternities unanimously agree to abolish all rushing and that they faithfully carry out the spirit of this agreement—is one of the conditions upon which the Faculty granted the fraternities permission to have the ruling which we have now, instead of Sophomore pledg- ing.
Along with this non-rushing system, goes hand-in-hand our system of preferential bidding.
Previous to pledge day each fraternity submits a list of girls to be bid to a third disinterested party with a statement signed by all members of the fraternity that these girls have not been rushed. The third party notifies the Freshmen who are to be bid and supplies each with uniform blanks adopted by Panhellenic; one of which shall give a list of the fraternities and the members of each; the other a list of fraternities will- ing to extend to her an invitation to membership. The recipient denotes her preference on the blank arranged for the purpose and returns the same to the third party, who notifies the heads of the chapters what Fresh- men have chosen their respective fraternities. Uniform bids, according to a form adopted by Panhellenic, are used. The recipient of the blanks may see no members of any fraternity while she is in possession of the blanks, and is requested to see no one else. Exception is made in the case of eirls who are not bid until after their first year, in that, communication by the person bid with any members of the fraternities concerned shall be al- lowed if desired.
Any student who is rushed by the members of any fraternity can not be pledged by that fraternity during the session in which it is done. Such is considered by Panhellenic a direct violation of the rule that "Fraternity matters are considered a 'closed subject' and are not to be discussed with Freshmen."
Tt is easy to see that such a system, if carried out, would be an ideal one. What we have to lament, however, is that here at Randolph-Macon we can not say that the system has been a total success. Nevertheless, the goal which we, as fraternity girls, are striving to attain is the perfection of this system—and we earnestly believe that in its perfection we would have a sys-
tem that would be satisfaction itself to all concerned. MADGE WINSLOW, '23.
Rushing at the University of Nebraska
At the University of Nebraska the short method of rushing is used. The rush dates are sent out by an appointed member of each group to the prospective University girls. The girls replj and accept certain parties and give their address here in Lincoln so that they may l>e called for.


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 185
Closed rushing begins at midnight Saturday night previous to registration week. The rushing days are then from Wednes- day of registration week to Friday. All this time is closed rush- ing, by which we mean that rushees shall not be spoken to or associated with in any manner except at rushing parties. On Thursday every sorority must send a list to the Panhellenic office of the prospective members. This is done so that the office may look up the girls' records to see if they are being registered properly. Allgirls, to join sororities, must be registered com- pletely by six o'clock Friday evening.
The time of rushing is over Friday evening at eleven o'clock, after which no sorority girl is allowed any communication what- ever with the rushee until the next day.
Then Saturday morning, by eight o'clock, the bids from each sorority must be over at the Panhellenic office. There is a representative group of girls at the office and they help the Panhellenic officers check over the names on the bids with the official records from the Administration office. They look to see if the Freshman girls are registered proj>erly and if they are eligible to join a sorority. If there are any who may not pass the registration or credit requirements they are notified so that they perchance might straighten the difficulty.
Sorority girls, with cars and accompanied by two or three girls from different groups, deliver the bids to the new girls.
After these new girls have received the bids they go, unac- companied, to the sorority house of their choice at the specified time, which is generally three to five on Saturday. The girls then receive their colors, which they wear until Formal pledging which is not set at any definite time, but left to the decision of the group.
There are several definite rules of rushing formulated by the Panhellenic board. They are printed on regulation-sized sheets and included in the rush dates sent out by each sorority to each individual.
These rules are: (1) Rushing parties are to last three hours; the parties and their hours must be scheduled with the Dean of Women at the University. (2) No communication whatever with the rushees ex- cept during party hours. (3) No men may be used in rushing in any manner whatever. (4) No rushee may stay with a member of a soror- ity even if the rushee is not l>eing rushed by the sorority this girl belongs to. (5) On pledge day, the girls must come to the sorority of their choice absolutely of their free will and they may not be spoken to until they are on the premises. (6) If any of these rules are broken by any group, the group will be reported and duly punished, the punishment to be decided by the Panhellenic P>oard.


186 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI Rushing System at California
Last semester the whole system of rushing at California was changed. New and better rules were adopted with severe penalties for their infringement and the "Lawyer" system of bidding was used.
In the fall semester we have two weeks of rushing; one week before registration of new students and one week after. No house can have more than two rushing functions a day, lunch- eon being considered a rushing function. No sorority can invite the same girl to two functions in the same day. One all day function is permitted and this gives an opportunity to arrange for a picnic, a swimming party, or a luncheon at a country home. One rushing party with men is permitted which makes a dance possible. During rushing each house can only have three dates ahead with the same rushee. These are simply a few of the more important rules which will give you an idea of what our rushing period is like.
Under the lawyer or preferential system of bidding., the house takes the names of the girls to be bid to the lawyer on the Sunday afternoon following the end of the second week of rush- ing in the fall. In the spring semester, however, there is only one week of rushing, so bids, at that time, are sent in the Sunday after the first week which is the end of the rushing period.
Under the lawyer system the girl does not know how many other houses may have bid her. She only knows according to her choices, which houses did not. This eliminates i l l feeling among houses in bidding the same girls, and also encourages weak houses to bid girls though they are competing with strong houses.
The lawyer employed last semester was not satisfactory and the local Panhellenic is to decide upon another. Under this sys- tem it is absolutely essential to employ a person suited for the work. He must understand the situation thoroughly and act accordingly. Last semester we found this the only objection- able element in our new and sound system of rushing.
The most fundamental thing, however, that was wrong with our system before was entirely overcome. That is the antago- nism among different houses. This new system abolishes all ill- feeling among sororities and tends to strengthen a splendid in- terfraternal spirit of respect and admiration among the sororities.
ANITA AVILA.
Rushing at Jackson
Delta has been very successful in rushing. There are many Panhellenic rules which are required of all fraternities, thus giv-


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 187
in

DELTA PLEDGES
Left to right: Kathleen Haff, Alice Harrington, Ruth Whitten,
Wilma Koelsch, Ruth Morris, Rosemary Allen, Elizabeth Atkinson.
ing us all an equal opportunity to know and obtain the desired girls. On the first day of college and at the "Get Acquainted" party we do not wear our pins. From the beginning of school until rushing begins in November no fraternity girl is allowed
to be with a freshman for more than half an hour at a time, or ' is she allowed to buy ices, candy, or anything of the like for her. The limiting of the time in this manner prevents monopoly of a freshman by one girl or one fraternity. On the day rushing be- gins the rushees receive through the mail bids to the various par- ties for the following week. The number of parties for each fraternity is uniform and the entire amount for rushing must not exceed thirty dollars.
At the beginning of the second week invitations are again sent out to those we wish to continue rushing. This year the various dates of parties were arranged through Panhellenic so that there were no conflicts, thus making it possible for a girl, be- mg rushed by more than one fraternity, to keep all of her dates.
At the end of the second week the fraternity bids are out and a period of non-communication between the fraternity girls and the freshmen commences. This lasts from Tuesday until Friday
when the answers to the bids are received. However, during this
i

S


188 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON Pi
time of non-communication there is an individual conference ar- ranged between some upper classman and each rushee, in order that she may know about the meaning of fraternities and inci- dentally their approximate expense.
When we have gathered all in one room to open the answers to the bids a time of great rejoicing begins and Delta has been, thus far, mighty fortunate in securing practically all of the girls bid. This year we bid seven and all of the seven accepted.
Just to mention the rules we have during rushing! The time that an upper classman can be with a freshman is reduced to fifteen minutes except of course the parties which are two hours in length. After eight o'clock at night there can be no dates or parties arid no communication. This rule was made chiefly to en- able all of us to devote time during rushing to our studies.
During the last week of rushing there is one big party which lasts from six until twelve and which we have always made our "wind u p " good time.
BEATRICE BISHOP, '23.
Rushing at Maine
Rushing at the University of Maine is conducted according to rules laid down by the local Panhellenic Congress. No girl
can be bid until she has an average of C in her studies.
Bids are
I
••
GAMMA PLEDGES


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 189
issued the Tuesday after the ranks are out, and must be an- swered before the next Friday. Fraternity matters must not be mentioned by any member of a fraternity, active or alumna, to any non-fraternity girl before or after entering college, and rush- ing of any kind must cease as soon as the bids come out. The written bids are not sent through the mail, as formerly, but are all given out in person, at one time, by members of the Panhellenic.
Under this plan the whole of the first semester, a time of about eight weeks, is given up to rushing, except the first two after registration, in which all organized entertainments must be under the auspices of the Y . W . C. A . During this time, dances, theatre parties, camping trips, etc., are in vogue, and before the semester is over the expense is considerable. It seems as though each fraternity tries to excel the others in the number and elab- orateness of these parties. They all agree that some measure must be taken to alleviate the expense, and another year some- thing is going to be done. Also, this intensive rushing often af- fects Freshman scholarship.
MABEL B. PEABODY.
Rushing at Cornell
Our rushing season this year extended over a period of three weeks. Panhellenic association decided on the number of parties to be given ; the amount allowable for the expenses of each week of rushing, and the duration of each party. It also decided upon a penalty for any fraternity which failed to observe any of the rulings.
The following are the rules formed by our Panhellenic As- sociation :
I. Pledge day shall be October 15, 1921. Regular rushing shall begin on Monday, September 26, 1921, and shall cover a period of three weeks.
a. Cards of regulation form shall be sent out by each fraternity each week to the rushecs. Aside"from dates thus made, no dates shall be made by the fraternity girl with an entering girl.
II. From the time of arrival until Saturday, October 15, 1921, there shall exist natural intercourse between fraternity and entering girls, except for the period of non-intercourse specified below:
a. Natural intercourse shall mean :
1. No calling.
2. No entertaining or spending of money.
3. No voluntary conversation.
4. No initiative of any kind on the part of a fraternity gir! to- wards an entering girl.
b. Non-intercourse shall mean:


190
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
1. No intercourse of any kind between fraternity and entering girls, except salutation.
2. Sisters will be provided f o r by special dispensations.
c. No girl is expected to wear fraternity jewelry from time of ar- rival in Ithaca until the first day of rushing; student government officers are not expected to wear fraternity jewelry from time
of arrival in Ithaca until October 15, 1921.
III. Riding, canoeing and rushing with men are absolutely elimi- nated. Cars, used for any purpose, shall not be permitted.
These are the most important of the rushing rules here. Panhellenic Association meets monthly and discusses any matters which have come up.
Rushing at Northwestern
Northwestern University inaugurated a new rushing system this fall, which proved to be highly successful if not 100 per cent erticient.
Correspondence with prospective Freshmen begins July first. Previous to this time each group is busy compiling lists of nishees from active and alumnae recommendations. After August first rushing committees call on rushees wherever possible. Then in- vitations to parties are mailed the first of September.
The rushing period includes eight parties—six on the Friday and Saturday preceding matriculation week, one on Monday night, and one Tuesday afternoon. No theatre parties, flowers,
RHO PLEDGES


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 191
rushing with men or "dating" of rushees is permissible. One party may be formal. Refreshments are limited to one course of three items. Rushing is supposed to be confined to these definite periods, but Sunday rushing seemed to be popular, despite rules to the contrary.
We bid by the preferential system. On Tuesday evening each sororitv submits the list of girls whom it wishes to bid to the lawyer chosen for the purpose. He sends out general bids with a request that the Freshmen submit preference lists. Si- lence reigns from Tuesday evening to Wednesday evening, at which time fraternities receive their lists of pledges, and rush- ing restrictions are removed.
While there were numerous slips and flaws in the system, it proved much more successful than last year's three month period. We, at least, feel that Alpha O came through with the fifteen fin- est pledges on campus and with colors flying.
GERALDINE C. MECK, P '22.
Rushing at Stanford University
The rushing seasons at the beginning of each quarter at Stan- ford have been very short, covering a period never more than ten days and usually a period of about a week's duration.
It has been quite efficient in many ways. A t the first of each season a large tea is given in order to meet all of the girls. From that time on only one date in advance can be secured. No calls are made on the rushees excepting on the first two days, and then they last only ten minutes and include not more than two fraternity women. The luncheon and dinner dates last two hours and the one over night date lasts until 9:00 o'clock the next morn- ing. At these luncheons and dinners no individual flowers or favors are allowed, and outside music or entertainers are not permissible more than once. The bids go into a lawyer and the girls all go before him and state their preference.
Next year a new rushing system is to be inaugurated and, under this system, rushing will continue during the whole college year. At no time will there be any concentrated rushing but very informal entertaining will be carried on throughout the year, and pledging will be after the final examinations at the end of the college year. Under this system Freshman women will, for a whole year, feel that they are college women and not just sorority women. Then, too, this gives everyone a chance to become better acquainted.
At the University of Illinois
Each year the local Panhellenic draws up a set of rules which govern rushing at the opening of the college year. This year the


192 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
period extended from the Friday before registration to the sec- ond Monday in September—a period of ten days, as no rushing was permitted on the second Sunday. These rules concern them- selves with maximum expenditure for functions; hours at which parties may be held ( this year we had teas and dinners only) ; use of cars and telephones; participation of men in rushing; and technicalities in regard to sending out bids, etc.
We experienced no trouble with these rules. However, this period is too short a time in which to become properly acquainted with the new girls ; on the other hand, a longer period would make a greater drain on the fraternity's pocket book and the University authorities would object to a longer period because of the crowd- ed housing conditions and because the girls do not settle down to their work until after rushing.

IOTA PLEDGES
I
Top row, left to right: Ruth Butler, Gladys Hall, Helen Hughes, Bernice Parkhill.
Second row: Florence Srout. Dorothea McFarland, Alice Cook, Marjone Barr.
Unlike other universities, we are permitted to date the girls up during the summer for these functions. Through a rushing captain, we are able, with the co-operation of the actives and alumnae to make up a file of about fifty prospective rushees be- fore the season begins.


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 193
In closing 1 wish to say that, though our rushing system is far from perfect, it serves the purpose. All of the national Pan- hellenic fraternities are represented on our campus and the demo- cratic spirit which prevails among the fraternities makes such a system possible. The rules make it impossible for one fraternity to completely monopolize a rushee's day, although it may have all her dates, but the "wise" rushee wants to meet different groups before she decides.
BARBARA PORTER.
The Rushing System at Minnesota
At the present time the rushing system at Minnesota is in the hands of a committee of the local Panhellenic Council for revision. The many evils of the old system made it necessary for us to search for some new plans. The worst evil has been the length of the rushing season which was two weeks with a lunch- eon or a tea every day! Since it was in the beginning of the fall term of school, it was a terrible drain on the energy and good disposition, to say nothing of the studies of both rushee and rusher. Besides, special meetings of the council had to be held in order to rotate for dates, and considering there are fifteen sororities in the field, it was quite a proposition.
However, a good many of the old evils have been eliminated in the plan which has been recently drawn up, but not as yet voted on. The new system plans for an open tea on the Sat- urday before the Wednesday on which college opens. The rushee spends a half hour at the house of each sorority with whom she lias dates. These dates are rotated for the first four days of the
following week. Bids go In Thursday night and then a period of silence until Monday which is pledge day. Not only does this limit the length of the rushing season, but it makes it possible for it to take place with the exception of the last two days, before the opening of school.
Another evil with which we are now trying to deal, is that of the rules to carry out rushing plans. We have been involved in a terrible network of petty rules which is constantly causing friction and ill feeling among the sororities. Although we realize the necessity of maintaining a stronger feeling of trust and friend- ship among the sororities, still we also realize it must be a ques- tion of time before everyone can be won over to this ideal.
To be sure, here at Minnesota we are in a rather transitory position and have many problems to face. We feel confident that the eager co-operation and earnest desire to have what is best for fraternity life as a whole will soon put us on a firm basis.
MARION BARCLAY, '23.


194 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
Rushing at Washington
Rushing at Washington, like at many other colleges, is not altogether satisfactory and each year many changes are made in order that we may humanize it a little more. We have summer rushing and a two-week ]>eriod of concentrated rushing the first quarter in the fall.
The state legislature of Washington does not treat sororities very favorably and as Washington is a state university. Pan- hellenic tries to make rushing as inexpensive and inconspicuous as possible.
I

UPSILON PLEDGES
For the past three years we have used the lawyer system of bidding which we find very satisfactory. During the summer and fall the number and size of the parties are limited. After pledging in the fall, we have open rush for the remainder of the college year, but there is very little rushing during this period for there are not many girls left to rush. We have no formal rushing parties and we are not allowed to rush high school girls.
I think the greatest fault with rushing at Washington is that it is too strenuous both for the Freshman and the fraternity girl.
At Wisconsin
MABEL ANDERSON.
The new plan adopted this year at the University of Wis- consin for fall rushing was very successful. Invitations for the tea only were sent to rushees during the summer. Then after the tea, invitations for the other functions were sent to those we desired to rush further. This did away with much of the usual expense.


f
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 195
ETA PLEDGES
Left to right: Elizabeth Sears, Mary Devine, Flora Alcorn, Emma
Johnson. Maud Gray, Mary Louise Mulhall, Marion Lynch, Irene Jones, May O'Conner, Evelyn Mulhall.
Wisconsin Panhellenic enforces the closed bid system during fall rushing; and all rushing is done at the same time, each soror- ity being allowed one formal function a day for three consecu-
tive days.
The bids of all sororities are then sent to the dean of wom- en's office and the rushees receiving bids are sent preference slips. They indicate their first, second and third choices and if a cor- responding sorority has bid them, they are pledged.
ETHEL ZIMMERMAN.
Rushing at Montana State College
The rushing problem at Montana State College is gradually becoming more complicated with the growth of the college. There are now five women's fraternities—three nationals of which A. O. Pi is the oldest, and two locals. Our rushing is in a constant stage of evolution. Now it lies in the Women's Caucus of Inter- fraternity Council. In 1918 we formed this council and formed our rushing rules as well as other matters there. In 1920 we in- troduced the lawyer method of bidding which proved very satis- factory. We had that year a long rushing period. This past rushing season, 1921, was a very short one—two weeks—and we continued to use the lawyer method of bidding.


196 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
The rules for next year have not yet been formulated, but Sophomore rushing and pledge day are being freely discussed and it is very probable that they shall take effect. Also the National Panhellenic is going to take a step to limit the expenditures for rushing. This will also be adopted by the Women's Caucus.
Our rushing rules bave always been simple and few in num- ber. As a result, we have comparatively no trouble. The con- tinual and inevitable strain we have, of course, but when rushing is over this passes away and the fraternities are the best of friends.
Here is a copv of the rushing rules at M . S. C. for 1921: RUSHING RULES
To Become Effective September 28. The Rushing Season Closes Octo- ber 8, 1921
The following rules have been adopted by the Women's Fraternities to govern the rushing at Montana State College.
1. That a member of Panhellenic, to be appointed by that body, be assigned the duty of instructing Freshmen concerning the history of fraternities (including their meaning, explanation of rules and time of silence).
2. That the manner of bidding be conducted by the lawyer ?_\*tem of bidding by some lawyer off the campus.
3. That fraternity lists be in to the lawyer (Mr. Keister) Friday noon (October 7th"), bids to he sent out to the girls Saturday A. M. (October 8th), and the girls appear Saturday P. M., between 2 and 5
o'clock.
4. That period of silence hcgin at noon Friday (October 7th), and
end at 5 o'clock Saturday (October 8th).
The following nights: September 29th, October 3rd. 4th, 5th. 6th,
will be set aside for fraternity parties.
Any rnshee not receiving an invitation to these parties by nocn dfl
that day may be entertained hy another fraternity on the same night. Re-statement of rushing rules concerning upper class-men and girls
from other schools.
CODE OF ETHICS
IT SHALL BE CONSIDERED UNDIGNIFIED AND DISHONOR- ABLE ON THE PART OF ANY FRATERNITY
1. To rush in any other spirit than that of sportsmanship and fa»r play.
2. To talk against other groups with an idea of influencing a rnshee against that group.
3. To suggest a bid to a girl before the time of formal bidding. A IT SHALL BE CONSIDERED UNETHICAL ON THE PART OF
ANY FRESHMAN OR RUSHEE
1. To continue to accept favors from any group without serioUS
intentions of considering a bid from that group.
MARY URSULA EGAIH


At Vanderbilt
Rushing at V anderbilt was cut down quite a bit this year. Last year the rushing season lasted from September until Janu- ary 15. But the girls' Panhellenic Council decided that this was too strenuous for the Freshmen as well as for the old girls so they cut the length of time down to six weeks this year.
Each fraternity was allowed to have a tea during the first week to which all the new girls were invited, and one big rush- ing party during the last week to which only the rushees were invited.
Then each fraternity was allowed one date with a Freshman every ten days. The time of these dates was limited to twelve hours but ho limit was placed on expenses. On these dates we could entertain the girls in any way we saw fit but there could be no more than two Freshmen and four old girls together at one time.
NU OMICRON PLEDGES
Left to right: Marie Sneed,' Irene Wade, Josephine Wemyss,
Cornelia Crallee, Dorothy Bramwell, Frances Morton, Sarah Ewing.
Campus rushing was not allowed and we were not supposed to show attention to the Freshmen in any way except at the times specified above.
On November 19 a meeting of all fraternity girls was called at which was read a list of the names of all girls who were to receive bids. On the same day the bids were mailed out to the Freshmen. From then untii November 21 no communication of
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 197


198 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
any kind was allowed between rushees and fraternity girls until
they reported to the preferred fraternity houses at three o'clock.
The girls of Vanderbilt found this system of rushing to be quite satisfactory and we are glad that it is all "off our chests" until next year's Freshmen come in.
MARGARET MCCOY , '23.
Rushing at the University of Pennsylvania
Rushing season has been completely revised by the local Panhellenic Association. Formerly, rushing season began with the opening of the fall term and continued for a year, six months, or six weeks. This year, it was postponed until November 30th. So on our return in the fall, during the first month' or so, we looked over the field for new prospects, especially among Fresh- men and new arrivals from other colleges. This system also gave us a fine opportunity to make a good beginning in our scholastic work and campus activities.
Gcrtru*
The rushing lasted for two weeks and three days and con- sisted entirely of campus rushing with the exception of one party or dance. The girls of the University of Pennsylvania do not generally live at the sorority houses, but at home, because the ma- jority of them come from Philadelphia or nearby suburbs and towns. Therefore, of necessity, the rushing has to be on a some- what different plan. The girls do not eat at the house, but during rushing as a part of our rushing program, we decided to give luncheons every day. Every afternoon, we either had a tea or a little party. Then in the evenings, several parties were given to which we invited the Freshmen, we providing men for them, j
For our formal party, we had a dinner and dance at a c>un try club, each Freshman going home for the night with an A. O. Pi. All of these affairs worked out very successfully, for well organized committees were put in charge of all of them. We laid


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 199
special stress on our invitations this year, making them as at- tractive and clear as possible. They made a very good impres- sion on the Freshmen.
Plans very similar to these are worked out by all the Fra- ternities. They all give luncheons, teas, parties, and as their one formal affair, a dinner and dance, a dinner and theatre party and the like. This one formal party is the only affair we are per- mitted to hold off campus. The only limitation for any of these affairs is a financial one. Each fraternity is limited to six dollars per capita for the rushing period with the addition of seventy- five dollars if the formal party is held in a private home, or one hundred dollars if in a club, hall and so on. This limitation of money is one of the rules of the new system and has proven very satisfactory. It gives the girls a good opportunity to win the Freshmen by their ability, originality and cleverness rather than by a lavish display of money. Our system, undoubtedly, has its disadvantages, one of which is its proximity to the Christmas holi- days. I believe its greatest advantage lies in its brevity.
H . MARJORIE DOWNES.
The Rushing Problem at Kansas University
The rushing problem at K . U . has been the cause of consid- erable agitation for the past two years. Last spring the Pan- hellenic committee on Rushing Rules revised and amended the
r
»
PHI PLEDGES AND TWO MOTHERS
P
4


200 TO DRAGMA Ol: ALPHA OMICRON PI
rules, adopting a great many entirely new ones, resulting in a greatly restricted rushing season. It was considered that condi- tions as they existed were not conducive to the best interests of democracy, scholarship, and health among the girls, and the at- tempt to correct these conditions was in a very great mearure successful.
Under the rules now existing:
Rushing season begins at 3 P. M. of the Sunday previous to reg- istration, and no pre-season rushing is permissible.
AH night dates are allowed for the first three days of rush week, but a rushee may not stay at a house more than one night.
No rushing allowed after 8:30 P. M., except Friday night, when rushing closes at 10:00 P. M.,and the all night dates.
No cars may be used for rushees.
No sorority girl may be with a rushee outside the chapter house.
If a rushee is late to her date with a sorority, the sorority with
which she had the immediately preceding date shall be held responsible. Each rushee uses a regulation date card.
Only three meals may be served for rushees, and not more than
three courses in each meal. Three teas may be served—only a bever- age and two other articles of food may be served at a tea.
Each fraternity is allowed an exclusive date.
Expenses of rushing may not exceed $100.00.
Detailed account of expenditures shall be presented to Panhellenic. No hired music allowed.
Rushing season closes at 10:00 P. M . Friday. Pledge day is Satur-
day.
No fraternity girl allowed to make disparaging remarks about another
fraternity, nor to talk about her fraternity's standing, policy, etc. Fraternity girl may not wear her pin the first week of school.
The principal objections to these rules are:
The all night dates are very tiresome, on both rushees and sorority girls.
There seems to be a general demand for a shorter rush week, with pledge day about Thursday. A whole week is too tiresome. The plan of not allowing girls to go after rushees worked out very satisfactorily, but is hard on rushees to have to find the
houses, and to have to walk from house to house.
Only ten cents was allowed for each favor, which was con- sidered too small.
The Panhellenic committee on rushfng rules for this year is now revising the rules and will probably adopt a shorter rush week.
On the whole, I think that the plan now in use is quite gener- ally considered a success.
MA Y IRELAND.


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 201 At Michigan
For the past four or five years rushing rules at the University of Michigan have been changed practically every year. Even now a new system is being devised for next year. We have a Michigan Inter-Sorority Association that formulates these rules. Each of the fifteen sororities is represented in this organization. If any sorority fails to comply with its rulings, it is no longer a member or is fined according to the degree of the offense.
Omicron Pi was first represented in the school year of 1920- 21. It certainly is like music to our ears to respond to the t;tle of Alpha Omicron Pi in roll call. Meetings are held on the first Tuesday of every month at the various houses, the last one being held at our house.
The greatest difficulty in the past has been with the high school sorority ruling. There was a great deal of discussion over it at the last meeting in June, but nothing definite was done. But this year, Collegiate Sorosis, a local sorority and a member of the Michigan Inter-State Sorority Association, pledged girls who were members of high school sororities. Then the trouble began. A delegate was appointed to take up the problem at the National Panhellenic meeting at Indianapolis. Y ou all know that this rul- ing was abolished at the meeting, so there wasn't much left to do but drop the subject, which we promptly did.
Last year we had closed bidding, and the bids were put in the hands of a disinterested person, who in this case was an Ann Arbor lawyer. This plan didn't prove to be a success. So a new plan has been suggested. We are still to have closed bid- ding, but it is to be put in the hands of an interested person, preferably the Dean of Women. We are to vote on this at the next meeting.
Another new ruling that has been suggested is that no sor- ority is to write to prospective rushees during the summer. It seems that this has caused trouble in the past, and it is desirable to abolish it. Then, too, the alumnae are to take no part in rush- ing. Rushing shall cover a period of ten days, of which one day is set aside for the Dean of Women's party. Any sorority that does any rushing on this day has its rushing privileges taken away. No flowers are to be given to rushees, and all rushing must cease at ten o'clock at night.
BEATRICE HOEK.


202 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI Gamma Epsilon Pi
This is for girls of Alpha Omicron Pi who are interested in com- merce or business schools. In Liberal Arts we have the honorary organ- ization Phi Beta Kappa to strive for; the men of commerce school work for Beta Gamma Sigma; but the women of commerce were not eligible to any honorary organization. In 1918, University of Illinois girls took the first step toward such an organization and we now have eight chap- ters which are at the University of Illinois, Northwestern University, the Universities of California, Pittsburgh, Iowa, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Minnesota.
We had our first convention last June at Champaign and had rep- resentatives from most of the chapters, including California. At this time we decided to make Gamma Epsilon Pi honorary for women of high scholastic standing and also actively engaged on the different rampi. We also have honorary members who are chosen because they have accomplished some large thing in the business world. Our object is to consolidate business women, because we can push ahead farther, if we are organized. Women were given an opportunity to show what they could do during the war and we can continue.
The active chapters are arranging to have prominent business men give talks to students on the campus who are interested in commercial work. At some schools we are organizing employment bureaus to help the women find suitable positions after commencement. As a spur to better scholarship we are offering a trophy to the chapter receiving the highest grades, and Kansas chapter received the cup for the year 1920-21.
Alpha O's, any of you interested in commercial work, let us know because we are interested in you.
GAMMA EPSILON PI,
By Erria Ariess, Rho.


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
THROUGH THE MIST
I know that once I said goodbye,
And promised from my heart that I
W ould come to you again. A n d you— Your eyes said you'd be waiting.
—Just then I found myself in life, Found memory, and love, and strife Of gain, and other faculties
So new that I forgot—you.
Oh, I have learned the mortal tongue
Their ways have gone, their songs have sung, I've loved with them, to them have pledged
All time, now and tomorrow—
—But when the sun o'er mountain sets, Or moon draws back the tide and lets Fall at my feet a path that leads
To where some voice is calling,
Or when a mystic fog falls round Me, Oh, the blue of heav'n, the sound Of lapping waves—oh you,
I know that you are waiting!
A. CURTIS C.\MPBF.LL, Rho, '23


204
GENERAL
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
REGULATIONS GOVERNING T H E ANNIVER- SARY ENDOWMENT FUND
Prepared by Helen St. Clair Mullan, Luella Fifield Darling, Margaret Burnet, Trustees of the Fund, and approved by the Executive Committee.
1. The policy of the trustees as to applications for loans to chap- ters for the purpose of acquiring chapter houses, is to consider such applications each on individual merits and as a businesslike proposition. This general policy is necessary, due to the differing conditions found in the respective college communities.
2. The policy of the trustees as to applications for loans to chap- ters for the purpose of enabling members to continue in college, and the regulations governing such applications, are as follows:
a. Except in very unusual and exceptional cases, no loan shall be made in a sum to exceed $200.
b. In general, loans will not be made for students who have not completed the Freshman year.
c. Each loan shall be evidenced by the promissory note of the member to be aided, endorsed by the chapter; other endorsements, though not compulsory, shall be procured whenever possible.
d. The note shall he payable on a date not later than two years after the member's graduation or discharge from college. Provicion shall be made for the extension, after the due date, of such part of the loan as exceeds $100, provided that all interest payments have been promptly made.
e. The note shall bear interest at the rate of five per cent, payable quarterly.
f. The Alumnae Adviser shall submit to the trustees, simultaneous- ly with the approval of an application, her reasons for the same, con- tained in a confidential report which -shall advise the trustees oi: all the information she possesses which will enable them to determine the member's probable ability to meet her obligation, with special refer- ence to her health and probable earning capacity.
g. Applications shall be made in the form prepared by the trus- tees, and bear the signatures of the member and of the chapter by its president; and shall bear the written approval of the Alumnae Adviser and District Superintendent.
h. Attached to the application shall be a certified record of the scholastic standing of the member.
Correspondence concerning applications for loans should be addressed to Mrs. George V . Mullan, Chairman of the Trustees of the Anniver- sary Endowment Fund, 118 West 183rd St., New York City.


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 205 RECORD OF ACTIVE CHAPTER REPORTS FOR THE
YEAR 1921-1922
Grand Secretary
Excellent—Omicron, Delta, Epsilon, Chi.
Very Good—Kappa, Zeta, Sigma, Gamma, Rho, Iota, Tau, Upsilon, Nu
Kappa, Alpha Phi, Eta, Nu Omicron, Omega, Omicron Pi. Good—Theta, Beta Phi, Phi, Psi.
Fair—Nu.
Poor—Pi (3 fines), Lambda.
Grand
Treasurer
Excellent—Pi, Kappa, Zeta, Gamma, Rho, Tau, Eta, Alpha Phi, Nu Omi- cron.
Very Good—Sigma, Delta, Epsilon, Psi, Omicron Pi. Good—Omicron, Iota, Chi, Upsilon, Beta Phi, Phi. Fair—Nu, Theta, Lambda, Nu Kappa.
(Note.—The financial reports for Omega are prepared by the account- ant employed by the university. Considering the installation of a uni- form system of bookkeeping among the chapters which has caused a complete readjustment of financial accounting in most cases, the Grand Secretary is gratified at the efforts put forth by chapter treasurers and shortly the system should be in uniformly satisfactory operation.)
Study Plan Officer
Excellent—Kappa, Sigma, Theta, Rho, Iota, Tau, Eta, Alpha Phi, Nu Omicron, Omega.
Very Good—Nu Kappa.
Good—Pi, Zeta, Lambda, Chi, Upsilon, Psi, Phi. Fair—Delta, Gamma, Epsilon, Beta Phi, Omicron Pi. Poor—Nu, Omicron.
Panhellenic
Delegate
This is the first year delegates have been reporting to the National Panhellenic Delegate and the results are valued as uniformly satisfac- tory. It is a matter of interest to the fraternity that Lillian MacQnillin McCausland, Alpha Omicron Pi delegate to the National Panhellenic Congress and the present Chairman of that body, can report that "our chapters are maintaining peaceful relations with the other organizations in their respective colleges, are keeping the rules, are upholding Alpha
Omicron Pi and their own self-respect." An article to appear in To Dragma will embody data of Panhellenic interest compiled during the year—and for 1922-1923 a more extensive and adaptable report is being devised for the use of chapters by the National Panhellenic Delegate.


206
Chapter Pi
Nu Oinicron Kappa Zeta Sigma
Theta Delta Gamma Epsilon Rho Lambda
Iota
Tau
Chi Upsilon Nu Kappa Beta Phi Eta
Alpha Phi Nu Omicron Psi
Phi
Omega Omicron
P i
Fair
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
REPORT ON ACTIVE CHAPTER LETTERS
Promptness Form Fair Fair Fair Good
Good Fair Fair Fair Good Fair Fair Good
Poor (1 fine) Fair Excellent Excellent Fair (1 fine") Good Poor (1 fine) Good Good Good Poor (1 fine") Fair
Excellent Good Fair (1 fine) Good Good Fair
Fair Excellent Poor (2 fines) Poor Fair Fair
Good Good Fair (1 fine) Good Excellent Good Good Good Fair (1 fine) Fine Poor (1 fine) Fair Fair
Content Interesting Good Interesting Interesting Interesting
Good
Fair Interesting Good
Good
Fair
Fair Interesting Well written Good
Good
Fair Interesting Good Interesting Interesting Interesting
Well written Well written Interesting


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 207 Report on Alumnae Chapter Letters.
Alumnae Assistants
Promptness Good
Poor (2 fines) Excellent
Fair (1 fine)
Fair (1 fine) Good Excellent Good Fair Good Excellent Fair Fair (1 fine) Fair Excellent Good Excellent Good
Content Excellent Interesting Interesting Interesting Well written Interesting Good Interesting Well written Interesting Good
Good
Good
Fair
Well written Fair
Well written Fair Interesting
Interesting Fair
Well written Interesting Good
Chapter
New York
San Francisco Providence Boston
Los Angeles Lincoln Chicago Indianapolis New Orleans Minneapolis Bangor Portland Seattle Knoxville Lynchburg
W ashington Philadelphia Dallas
Kansas City Omaha Syracuse Detroit Nashville Cleveland
Form Good Poor Excellent Excellent
Fair (1 fine^ Fair (1 fine) Fair Excellent Fair (1 fine) Excellent Fair
Good Good Poor Fair
Fair Fair Poor Fair Good Good Fair Fair
Good
Excellent
Good
Good
Fair (1 fine)
Excellent Good
The Editor wishes to commend particularly the work of Evelyn Allen, Kappa; Lucy Allen, Theta; Anna Kirk, Iota; Edith Huntington, Beta Phi; Clarissa Scott, Omega; Alice Spear, Delta; Marion Jor- dan, Gamma; and Henrietta Moebus, Alpha Phi.
.


208 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI Life Subscribers Since February, 1921.
Mrs. A. H. Wright, Epsilon Helen Duncan, Beta Phi Genevieve Boland, Gamma Avis Hunter, Psi
Sarah Costen, Nu Omicron
Helen St. Clair Mullan, Alpha Katherinc Bremer, Tau
Elizabeth Bond, Tau
Mrs. George Harvey, Delta Elizabeth Neely, Epsilon
Alice Collier Heilman, Lambda Jessie Wallace Hughan, Alpha Antoinette T. Webb, Gamma Elizabeth Zimmer, Chi
Bertha Watson, Phi
Mrs. Lyman Darling, Beta
Marie G. Andrews, Omega Josephine Andrews. Omega
Mrs. Robert Buzzell, Gamma
Ruth Andrews, Omega
Mrs. Lewis Libby, Gamma Octavia Chapin, Delta
Mrs. Leslie Lord, Gamma
Helen Morford, Upsilon
Anne Canning, Psi
Mary E. Bolton, Pi
Eaton Memorial Library, Tufts
College, Delta
Tda Bean Sugden, Gamma Ethel L . Cornell, Epsilon Florence Warner, Epsilon Mrs. John Britton, Sigma
Lily Ey, Epsilon
Estelle Beaupre, Gamma
Edith Flint, Gamma
Mrs. B. L. Kirk, Iota
Frances Trost, Iota
Edna Studebaker, Omega Katherine Rice, Omega
Ruth Cox, Omega
Ethel Davis, Epsilon
Helen Slaten Nelson, Rho
Mrs. Harold Wright, Gamma Margaret Robinson, Psi
Mrs. Joseph Hincks, Gamma
Erna H. Ariess, Rho
Irene Abrahamson, Alpha Phi Elizabeth Armstrong Anderson,
Epsilon
Veronica C. Brown, Epsilon
Marie L. Duggar, Epsilon Elizabeth M. Heller, Epsjlon Dorothy M. Johann, Epsilon Madaline Koby, Epsilon
4 Pi 4 Nu 4
Omicron ..
5 5 4
5 5 4
J
11 10 7 14 19 21 21 12 17 21 7 10 *20 Lambda 333 Rho 24 24 27 Iota in 10 12
*Beta Phi, 5 actives Epsilon, 9 actives
Zeta
Theta Delta Gamma
Edna Betts ^rask, Rho
Life Subscribers by Chapters.
Sept. Jan. Apr.
Sept. Jan. Apr. 55 5 13 14 14 89 9 3 3 3 2 2 *7 AlphaPhi 7 7 8 Eta 3 3 J Xu Omicron . .. 3 3 3 Psi12 3 Phi78 8 Omega 8 11 14 Beta 455 Omicron Pi , , 1 T o t a l 199 219 248
7 7 11 11 9 9 6 7 14 14
Nu Kappa .. Beta Phi
Marion
Violet
Marion
Adelaide Gladden, Beta Phi Marjane Gladden. Beta Phi Mildred Stoker, Beta Phi Opal Halleck, Beta Phi Gertrude Baily, Beta Phi Helen Wolfe, Omicron Pi Katharine S. Ross, Zeta
Chi
L . Macbeth, J . Ransome,
Epsilon Epsilon Epsilon
W . Staples,


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 209 ALPHA OMICRON PI SCHOLARSHIP REPORT 1920-21
Num- ber of
tPercen- tage
Stand-Rank among Sororities on ing Campus
in Honors Hours Points AOII
8th in 18 1 Phi Beta Kapp 358 2,830 79.1 4 with all work above 90
43 1,139 5,740 50.4
Omicron Pi 24 378 1.800 47.5 12th in 17
Chi, Iota, Eta and Gamma failed to send reports. * Value of JO given each highest grade
Value of 5 given all other passing grades Value of — 5 given failures
Incompletes considered neutral
Value in Points
t Percentage Standing Total Hours s 10
Tau Kappa
Zeta
Lambda Beta Phi
975 53.3 33 1,402 7,429 52.9 14 223 1,170 52.5
1 Phi Beta Kappa 3rd in 15
7th in 10
7th in 15
2 Phi Beta Kappas 10th in 11
Among 1st 3 in 14 1 Phi Beta Kappa
29 878 4,575 52.1
531 2,755 51.9 33 503 2,584 51.4
Nu could not be classified on account of difference in grading a Y . Univ.
707
886
327
372
162 911 108
4,290 60.7
5,335 60.2 1,935 59.2 2,120 57.0
910 56.2 5,070 55.7 600 55.5
Epsilon
Rank in
A O Pi Chapter bers 1 Theta 25 2 Psi 15
*V alue in
3 4
5
6
7
8
9 10
11
12 13 14 15
16
17 18
19 20
N.
Alpha Phi 27 Phi 25
Omega 28
Omicron 20
Rho 24
Pi 10 Delta 29 Nu Kappa 9
Upsilon 34
Sigma 44 Nu Omicron 12
208 1,410 67.8 1,326K> 8,667 65.4
1st in 5
5th in 13
3 with "A" average
1st in 4
1 Phi Beta Kappa
2ndin6
2nd in 14
3 Phi Beta Kappas
1st in 4
2nd in 18 1 Sigma
Mem- Total
1,544^ 8,457^ 54.8
X i
1,045 183
5,567^4 53.3t8th in 23


210
TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OM1CRON PI
EXCHANGES
If any of our Alpha O Sisters on "Y" cabinets are at a loss for ideas as to what to do and how to do it, or how to raise money to pay for it, they should beg or borrow a copy of the March Angelus of Kappa Delta, as it is filled with practical ideas, as well as with other
articles on "The Various Angles of the Triangle," The Big Sister Movement, Triangle Girls Across the Sea, etc.—all of uniform excel- lence and interest.
AS OTHERS SEEUS—
In the February Trident—which, by the way, is a most excellent Panhellenic number—are the following writeups: the first, under the head- ing "The Personnel of the Executive Committee of National Panhellenic Congress," and the second in the illustrated article, "Visiting Delegates You Will Meet on Your Campus this Year."
"Lillian MacQuillin McCausland (Mrs. Norman Leslie, Jr.), is a mem- ber of Alpha Omicron Pi. She is a graduate of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, where she was also elected a member of Phi Beta Kappa. As an alumna, she has been devoted to the interests of her Alma Mater. Her enterprise and her capacity for leadership has been pressed into collegiate, civic, and patriotic service at all times. At pres- ent, in addition to her duties as chairman of the National Panhellenic Congress, she is President of the Rhode Island Branch of the American Association of University women. During the war she was the Execu- tive Secretary for Rhode Island of the Women's Liberty Loan Commit- tee, personally handling all the campaigns and all the funds collected there- fore in the state. She was a national "Four Minute Man," speaking on
all the drives, etc. She also headed the War Work Committee of her fraternity, which, in common with all fraternities, did their "bit" of war work. Recently, Mrs. McCausland has served as Executive Secretary both for the Girl Scout Drive and the Women's Committee on European Relief.
In 1908, she entered the list of National Officers of Alpha Omicron Pi, serving as one of the three Executive Committee members from 1910 to 1921—for the past two years as Grand President. She is the pres- ent National Panhellenic Delegate of Alpha Omicron Pi, and by ro- tation of the office among fraternities comprising the membership of the Congress, now becomes chairman of that body. Just before retiring from the presidency of her fraternity, she completed a trip of inspection
of chapters and observations of many of the leading colleges and univer- sities of the United States. This immediate, intimate knowledge of prob- lems of the undergraduate, the general fraternity situation throughout the country, and relationship of fraternities among themselves, she bi ings direct to the deliberations of the National Panhellenic Congress. Her fra- ternity under her guidance has completed two very constructive and har-


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 211
monious years—they are proud that she represents them in N. P. C. We look for the same constructive work and harmony to prevail in the Con- gress under the leadership of Lillian McCausland, who is diplomatic, just and congenial, understanding the present college woman, sympathetic to their needs. Above all, she has a personality of charm and radiates friend- ship and good will."
"Merva Dolsen Hennings spent her girlhood in Elgin, Illinois. At Northwestern University, she became prominent in all university affairs. In 1910, she was graduated with <>i B K honors. After a year spent in educational work, she was married to Abe Hennings, an active young at- torney of Chicago. They have two sons, six and eight years of age.
Mrs. Hennings came into national prominence in Alpha Omicron Pi in 1919 when she was elected Grand Secretary, and thus became a mem- ber of the Executive Committee. Previous to this, she had been dis- trict superintendent of the north central district, which at that time com- prised eight chapters. It was here that an opportunity was given for really constructive work, and she showed considerable executive ability. As Grand Secretary, she did more than any other one person to perfect the organization of Alpha Omicron Pi. In recognition of her services to the fraternity, in 1921 at the Syracuse Convention, she was elected Grand President by unanimous vote, and as such, is also Visiting Delegate.
Alpha Omicron Pi feels indeed well represented by Merva Dolsen Hen- nings."
In the Philanthropy number of the Sigma Kappa Triangle, Alpha Eta chapter at the University of Minnesota has the"following to say:
The "drive" for raising money for the Maine Sea Coast Mission was of special interest to Alpha Eta, I think, because of the very interesting talk Miss Mary Ellen Chase, an instructor in the Rhetoric Department, gave us. She is not a Sigma, we are sorry to say, but an Alpha Omicron Pi, whose interest in the missions and in Sigma's work there is very keen. She has worked among the people of the islands a few weeks, each sum- mer for the past five years, and her story of these people, their ways of living, and her experiences among them, brought our national philan- thropic work so near to us that we started out on our Christmas sale.
The March Kappa Alpha Theta reports an interesting development of the Club House idea—a "Theta Center"—which has been established in Berkeley, convenient to college and business. A Theta mother manages and chaperones the house where girls from seven chapters are living. The San Francisco Alumnae chapter uses the house for meetings, and transient Thetas are welcomed.
Alpha Xi Delta for March is a fine issue, with a number of interest- ing alumnae contributions, including several which give vocational sug- gestions of value. The "College department" features short articles on the customs and traditions of the various institutions where their chapters are located.


212 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
The February Caduceus of Kappa Sigma is rich in alumni notes and contains a very readable illustrated article on Kappa Sigma in 1921 Foot- fall, with pictures of 26 out of 250 'varsity men.
The Sister Pledge
The problem of pledging a sister of a member of the fraternity is one that confronts some of our chapters every year. Happily, it is generally settled through mutually satisfactory agreement. Nevertheless, there are sometimes circumstances that are unpleasant for the chapter and for the sister members. It is often true that the younger sister comes to college thoroughly convinced that she will be an Alpha Chi Omega pledge a! the earliest possible moment; this feeling, however unconsciously expressed it may be, gives the freshman a feeling of security and at-home-ness that active chapters sometimes resent. They wish to feel that their members are chosen because of what they themselves are, not because of the acci- dent of relationship. This feeling we wish to encourage, and the fresh-
man sister who takes it for granted that the pledge pin will be hers at the proper time, however worthy she may be in every way, unconsciously de- stroys in the chapter that feeling of autonomy which it is proud to claim. There are sometimes occasions when for no other reason a chapter has refused to consider the pledging of a sister or has done it with a feeling of some resentment, simply because both sisters regarded the matter merely as one of form. However unfair and unjust this may seem, it could easily be avoided if the older sister would make clear to the younger sister that membership in the fraternity was to be won by her own per- sonal worthwhileness and not to be expected because of the relationship. How much happier it makes a fraternity woman to realize that her young-
er sister is doubly her sister, because she was wanted by the chapter. And on the other hand, how much more happy is the younger sister be- cause she feels that independently she has won what her sister before her won. The National Council of Alpha Chi Omega urges chapters to con- sider sisters entirely apart from the fact of their relationship because it feels that a happier fraternity is one in which the members are congenial and in which the members have won deserved membership.—The Sigma Kappa Triangle.
The January 1922 Angelos of Kappa Delta has a concise and inter- esting report of the Thirteenth Interfraternity Conference, held in New York last November. Their first page has an interesting and pertinent little article entitled, "Over the Back Fence," by George Banta. M r . Banta says:
It has seemed to me a curious thing that the two cognate organiza- tions, the National Panhellenic Congress and the Interfraternity Confer- ence, have seemed to be so little conscious each one of the other. While there are some natural differences in the sort of problems each has to meet, yet in all major purposes the two organizations are identical in


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 213
their objectives: No doubt a part of the failure of the two uodies to impinge upon each other grows out of the fact that the personnel of the Congress is drawn most largely from the West and South, while the Con- ference, meeting always in New York, draws its personal membership mostly of men who, being of the East, have had little contact with sorori- ties.
Whatever the reason for this past unconsciousness of each other the real community of interest should bring about a certain raprochenient which we do not see now. There is too much at stake for us all, women and men, to not work together consciously. I feel sure, sure beyond doubt, that each body, by this time fully sensing its own problems, has seme- thing of value to pass on to the other. All good accomplished by one is, after all, for the strengthening of the whole Greek World.
My plea is for open recognition of the common interest. Two na- tions, lying side by side, do not ignore each other. If there is peace between them, there is direct and official recognition of each other. The Congress and the Conference are not at war.
Let them at least lean over the fence that separates their gardens and talk over their gardenings.
A Greek-Letter Epidemic
Life is just one fad after another. The deluge of mothers who have been attaching the appellations of Warren and Calvin to their twin off- spring has subsided. The home brew hobby has kicked itself to death. And now that the Sigma Pi class has been organized in a South Bend, Ind., Sunday School, wc have the expected confirmation that the Greek- alphabet is due for the limelight. We have been anticipating such a period of popularity for it for some little time, because it is a rare col- lege that cannot boast of every possible and heterogeneous combination of the twenty-four Greek letters. The red-heads get together to concatenate three of the most euphonious symbols; the collegiate Republicans have their Gamma Omicron Pi; and the Toms and Dicks and Harrys band together and ostentatiously flaunt some Greek letters all of their own.
An immature group of campus journalistic lights can rejuvenate their society with a Pi Psi Phi shingle; the Athenean literary society can func- tion better when its members are dubbed Sigma Sigma Sigmas, and school dramatics take a leap when the Harlequin Club goes Eta Beta Pi.
Are we on the way to Gamma Alpha Sigma gasoline filling stations, Iota Chi Epsilon ice companies, and Nu Pi bakeries?
Something ought to be done immediately to curtail the promiscuous use, or rather misuse, of the system of naming peculiar to the American college fraternity. The use of Greek letters should be confined to purely social fraternities and to such honorary and professional organizations of the caliber of Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, Sigma Delta Chi,Tau Beta
Pi, Phi Delta Phi, Alpha Rho Chi, Nu Sigma Nu, and Alpha Chi Sigma.


214 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
Not only should efforts be made to lessen the strain on the overworked Greek alphabet, but agitation should arise to employ it solely in 'connec- tion with the collegiate world.—The 2 X Quarterly.
The Goal of 1922
Maximum expectations from minimum requirements.
In scholarship: Every member of every chapter makes something better than a passing grade in every subject.
No failures. No conditions.
In campus activities: Every member of every chapter actively en- gaged in one or more extra-curriculum activities.
No grubs. No butterflies.
In chapter life: Every member of every chapter makes willing con^ tribution of time, talent and self to the good of the whole.
No drones. No parasites.
Trident of A A A.
Kappa Alpha Theta makes an interesting experiment in the January issue by publishing letters from all the other N. P. C. chapters at the Uni- versity of California, taken from the spring issues of their magazines. This to test the statement in a fraternity magazine that "a fraternity chapter is, or should be, a cross section of the student body."
I N
MEMORIAM.
ETHEL WATTS PARKER, IOTA. Dec. 25, 1891—Feb. 18, 1922.
Iota chapter lovingly inscribes these words to her dear mem- Ethel Watts Parker was born in Champaign, Illinois. She attended the public schools and the University of Illinois, identi- fying herself with Alpha Omicron Pi in November, 1911. With
her parents she removed to Michigan where her mother died in January, 1920. After Ethel's marriage to Marion James Parker, Oct. 16, 1920, she made her home in Detroit. Here she helped to organize the Detroit Alumnae Chapter of which she was presi- dent. This was only one of her many activities for A. O. Pi.
Her father and two brothers survive her, beside her husband and infant son. For all of them, we feel the greatest sympathy- We know what a loss is theirs; for it is our loss too. We shall watch with devoted interest, the development of Billy Frances, sympathizing with his father's earnest efforts to make him worthy of his heritage.
Surely, our sister's life, short but full of kindliness and good deeds, serves as a guide to us who loved her.
ory.


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 2 1 5 ANNOUNCEMENTS
Katharine Thomas, Kappa, and President of the Philadel- phia Alumnae chapter, has accepted the Grand Vice-Presidency vacated by the resignation of Mate Giddings. She advances from the position of District Vice-Superintendent (Atlantic District).
The sympathy of the fraternity is extended to:
June Kelley (Bus. Manager To Dragma) for the death of her brother.
Katrina Overall McDonald (Dist. Supt. Southern District) for the death of her infant son.
Anna McLellan (Dist. Vice-Supt. Southern District) for the death of her mother and grandmother during the holidays.
For the September issue of The Dragma there will be no chapter letters required. As this is to be the Alumnae number, we shall be glad to receive all possible notes of the alumnae from any source whatever. Why don't we hear from you, Alumnae of Alpha, Sigma, Lambda? Why don't we know more about you, Alumnae of Rho, Omicron, Phi and Theta? If your chapter alumnae assistant doesn't mention you and your doings, won't you stop being so modest and send in some items yourself? Write in and tell us how you think the magazine could be im- proved. We are glad to get suggestions. Write in and telt us anything that would interest us. Speak up and 'spress your- self!
Directory Cards have been mailed by the Grand Secretary to all associate members. I f you have not returned your card, mail it today. If you failed to receive your card due to unreported change of address, write to Laura A . Hurd, 524 Riverside Drive, New York City, and a duplicate will be sent. Members, espe- cially teachers and June graduates, who will have their address other than their home address in the fall, should report the change to the Secretary for proper insertion in the Directory.
Can anyone supply the Grand Secretary with the correct ad- dresses for Madge Alderman West (Zeta) ; Roberta E. V . Pritch- ard (Epsilon) ; Mary Katherine Shock (Theta) ; Beulah Fern Roberts Swinford (Theta) ; Hazel Grimm (Upsilon)—married name unknown and last address Wilbur, Nebraska?
Josephine S. Pratt, Alpha, has been appointed Atlantic Vice-Superintendent to take the place of Katharine M . Thomas, who became Grand Vice-President upon the resignation of Mate Giddings. Ailcy Kyle Peer, Omicron, succeeds Anna McLellan as Vice-Superintendent of the Southern District.
To consider urgent matters before the fraternity a special meeting of the Executive Committee will be held in Evanston,


216 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
Illinois, the latter part of June. Chapters, officers and the mem- bership-at-large desiring to present any matter for consideration by the Executive Committee should notify <he Grand Secretary not later than June 10.
ACTIVE CHAPTER LETTERS
(No letters from Omega and N u Kappa. Fines due)
Beulah Brown, '22 Margaret Lyon, '22 Maia Morgan, '22 Cecelia Slack, '22 Lucile Cassedy, '23 Ezrene Bouchellc, '23
PI—NEWCOMB COLLEGE.
Genevra Washburn, '23 Georgia Morrison, '24
Louise Adams, '24 Betty Bethea, '24 Mary Bolton, '24 Lota Blythe, '24 Annie Ellis, '24
Emily Slack, '24 Dorothy Weston, '24 Manie White, '24
Pi had a party about three weeks ago. This time it was not of the rushing variety; for the occasion was Phi Beta Kappa day. Every year Pi chapter invites the faculty and the senior class to a luncheon on that day. I don't know just how the custom arose—perhaps because it seems that usually there is an AOII in the group of those elected. This year it was Margaret. We are so proud of her; for besides being a capable head of the chapter, and making <*• B K, she has been very active in all sorts of college affairs.
All Newcomb is excited this week over our triangular debate with Agnes Scott and Randolph-Macon. We are sending a team to Randolph- Macon and are expecting one from Agnes Scott to arrive this morning. The debate is tonight and we are hoping for luck.
Next week brings the very nicest occasion of the year—the Easter house party. We are leaving New Orleans Thursday and will stay in Bay St. Louis until Sunday night. And we will spend the whole lime just eating and sleeping (perhaps) and swimming and at night singing around the beach fire. There is going to be a full moon which is the only thing needed to make the Bay absolutely perfect. We are going to have a new member, too. We are bidding Louise Church on advanced standing pledge day which is next Thursday and we expect to pledge her on the house party.
Newcomb is going to be hostess to the Southern Intercollegiate Student Government Association in convention on April 23. And though we will all have our house party sunburn peeling just about that date, we will be especially glad to have convention come because we have been looking forward so long to meeting Kathryn Hodges. I suppose Kappa has already boasted of the fact that Kathryn is secretary of the associa- tion.


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 217
Our alumnae chapter invited the actives to a tea yesterday. It was lovely and we enjoyed it very much. There was a five-pound box of can- dy there announcing Lessie Madison's engagement to David Garrett, a Kappa Sigma.
Mary Figueira, '22 Catherine Sommer, '23 Catherine Noyes, '23
The twenty-fifth anniversary of the fraternity—Founders' Day—will long linger in our memories. It was such a wonderful, inspiring occa- sion. Nu Chapter was fortunate in having the celebration occur in New York City, enabling all her members to attend. The banquet was held in New York Women's University Club. The evening's program was set forth so splendidly by Theodora D. Summer, Pi, in the Febru- ary issue of To Dragma, I will refrain from going into details.
Intangible, and yet almost tangible was the spirit of love and faith permeating our A. O. II gathering with its representatives from coast to. coast, a spirit typified by the Founders—Stella George Stern Perry, Jessie Wallace Hughan, Helen St. Clair Mullan, Elizabeth Heywood Wyman (the last named unavoidably absent). We are indeed fond and proud of them. It was a privilege to hear their addresses.
May we one and all do our uttermost to live up to their ideals, our fraternity, A . O. II's ideals.
We have just been honored by a visit from our District Superin- tendent, Mrs. Winthrop L. Wales, of Syracuse.
MARY LOUISE HINGSBERG OMICRON—UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE.
Margaret Dickey, '22 Vuran Logue, '22
Lucy Morgan, '22 Llewellyn Johnson, '23 Ola Hancock, '23 Elizabeth Clinton, '23 Mary Neal Black, '23 Marion Logue, '23 Anna Stokely, '23 Berta Crinkley, '24
Mary Johnson, '24 Christine Moore, '24 Mary King, '25 Dorothy Whitaker, '25 Lucy Morrison, '25 Lucy Tate, '25
Martha Prettyman, *25 Marjorie Bryant, '25 Mary Faxon, '25 Mary Barrier, '25
Charlotte Dupont, '22 Margaret Swift, '22
N U — N E W
GENEVRA WASHBURN '23
YORK UNIVERSITY.
Dorothy Crowley, '23 Gertrude Birmingham, '23 Lillian Griffen, '23
Mary L . Hingsberg, '23 Catherine Henry, '24
The days have been beautiful here, and the Hill is covered with violets and students picking them! The library is deserted for the ten- nis courts and baseball field, and now that track and swimming have


218 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
started—lessons seem a minor thing. As two of our girls, Lucy Morgan and Marjorie Bryant made Varsity Basketball, we are trying to like- wise gain glory in the coming tennis tournament and swimming match.
At an election of the All-Students Club, we found to our great de- light that three A. O. Pi's had been nominated for Vice-President and Ola Hancock was elected. As Elizabeth Clinton is the President of the Y. W . C . A. and Anna Stokely the House President of Strong Hall, we ask pardon for feeling quite proud!
We were lucky in having Mattie Carter come to us from our chap- ter at Vanderbilt, and she has fitted in with us so well. Thank you. Nu Omicron! Speaking of Nashville, and Mrs. Katrine MacDonald in par- ticular—well, where shall I start? She is just like a girl, and such an attractive, interested one! Her visit to us was such an inspiring one, and her earnestness impressed each one of us to do better than our best. We gave a big tea in the frat room to let others enjoy the privilege of meeting our guest. We hope she will come again soon.
The initiation banquet is indeed a thing of the past, but it is such a pleasant memory that I want to share it with you. We gave it in the Palm Room of Whittle Springs Hotel and the long table with its bas- kets of Jacqueminot roses looked so attractive. Many of the alumnae were present, and Louise Wiley did the honors of toastmistress with such gracious charm. The Freshman songs were unusually original and their stunt was a continual laugh. As I have never introduced our new members, may I do so now? Meet Mary King (alias "Little Fly"), Dor- othy Whitaker, who made the highest average in the chapter, Lucy Mor- rison, who was a most impudent Freshman (however, we now have her trained); Lucy Tate, a bob-haired specimen of "pep"; Martha Pretty- man, who upholds our dignity; Marjorie Bryant—"slow talking Margie";
Mary Barrier—call her "Relations"; and Mary Hills Faxon. The latter is our little pledge who, after being run over by a car, and having to go home the first term, decided to come back and make us happy by wear- ing our "sheaf of wheat."
CHRISTINE MOORE '24 KAPPA—RANDOLPH-MACON WOMAN'S COLLEGE.
Lenora Perkins, '22 Clara Rust, '22 Eugenia Moore, '22 Christine Acree, '22 Sallie Purdy, '22 Kathryn Hodges, '22 May Salter, '23 Madge Winslow, '23
Julia Acree, '25 Jean Hardy, '25
Charlsie Berly, '23 Lily Clarke, '24 Louise Johnson, '24 Lucile Lamar, '24 Margaret Phillips, '24 Bessie Davis, '24 Mary Marshall, '24
Pledges.
Mary Marshall, '25 Nannie Howard, '25


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 219 Grace Manning, '25 Gladys Fore, '25
Mildred Smith, '25 Jean Jones, '25
With much pride Kappa announces the pledging of eight Freshmen. It was a great event for us—that 26th of February—long anticipated. But when we saw the red bows glowing proudly above eight new A. O. II hearts, we all breathed a sigh of relief and pride, and sank back to a needed rest. Julia, Jean Hardy and Grace are little sisters and splen- did representatives of that long suffering class. Nannie is from Lynch- burg, Gladys from North Carolina—but I mustn't let all the letter be taken up with the pledges—fascinating as they are.
R. M. is working hard now on May Day and Field Day. A. O. n will be well represented in May Day this year as well as in the latter. (We are usually more athletic than beautiful!) We have three in the Queen's Court; Lily Blanks, "Rusty" and Grace, as well as many dancers before the Queen.
Last Tuesday we had the Amherst College Glee Club here to give us a Concert. They were simply splendid. They laughed quite a bit at our Southern drawl, and of course, the "rrrs" sounded strange to us, so we all conversed with mutual enjoyment.
Mr. Culin, curator of the Brooklyn Museum, paid us a visit a few weeks ago. He lectured on Hungarian Art. Miss Anna Vaughn Hyatt was also here recently—her charming personality and gracious- ness won our hearts even more than her genius.
And now being a Senior I can't help saying something in con- clusion about the alarmingly few days left to us this year—in the spring all of us simply live down at our little "frat" house all day. Rusty, Chris, "Perk," Sallie, Eugenia and I are especially attentive this spring. Four of us live right far away from Virginia and, well, there are plenty of Seniors all over the country who understand, I reckon. Anyhow we send a special greeting to the Seniors of all the other chapters, knowing they are feeling the same tightening of the bond as the time grows shorter.
KATHRYN HODGES '22 ZETA—UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA.
Clark, Winifred, '22 Hendricks, Madalene, '22 Herzing, Mary, '22 Patterson, Anna, '22 Smith, Irene, '22
Abbott, Mercedes, '23 Farquhar, Jeannette, '23 Ford, Harriette, '23 Foster, Wilma, '23
Haas, Lois, '23
Fast, Florence, '24 Hilsabeck, Dorothy, '24 Rice, Gladys, '24 Walpole, Helen, '24 Weidner, Ethel, '24 Whittier, Leona, '24 Wright, Lillian, '24
De Ford, Wilma, '25 Elder, Mary, '25 Gellatly, Pauline, '25


220 TO DRAGMA Hullingcr, Valora, '23
Hullinger, Mildred, '23 Moore, Pauline, '23 Murphy, E v a , '23 Woodward, Dorothy, '23 Abbott, Dorothy, '24 Cornell, Carol, '24
OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
Judge, Ruth, '25 Seymour, Marvel, '25 Simanek, Emily, '25 Scofield, Lois, '25 Swanson, Manonna, '25 Watson, Margaret, '25
Very soon come Frat elections and then exams! Everybody studies then! Just at present a committee is busy preparing a news letter, con- taining all of Zeta's doings to send to our alumnae. Our banquet isn't to be held until the very end of school during Alumni Week. All sorori- ties and fraternities are doing this and the University is planning to have all the special events, usually scattered through the spring term, take place at this time, too, as an added incentive to have all the Alumni come back.
At the rushing parties between semesters we pledged two charming girls, Pauline Gellatly and Margaret Watson. They have fitted in so nicely, that we can't sec how we ever got along without them.
Probation was lots of fun this year and the Freshmen certainly were a peppy bunch. We initiated ten girls March 8. Carrol Cornell, who entered at the beginning of the second semester last year, and Florence Fast were initiated earlier in the semester. The Freshmen had their new pins for the Formal which came the following week end. It was one of the best parties we've ever had and everybody enjoyed himself.
Not very long ago there appeared in our midst a five-pound box of candy, also a Beta pin worn by Helen Walpole.
Two of our Freshmen. Mary Elder and Emily Simanek, have been initiated into Delta Omicron, an honorary musical sorority, of which Margaret Perry, '20, was a charter member. Pauline Gellately has been in several plays this semester and is just coming fine in dramatics. Lois Haas and Mary Herzing are both working on the Farmers' Fair which is to be given about the first of May on the Agriculture Campus. Valora Hullinger was re-elected to the Cabinet of the Y . W . C. A. as Chairman of the Poster Committee. Anna Mary Patterson was initiated into Valkyrie, an honorary Senior girls' society, just after the beginning of the new semester. Several of the Freshmen have been working hard for campaigns on the campus lately. Mildred Hullinger was elected Junior Member of the Senior Advisory Board.
We are looking forward to a visit from our District Superintendent, Mrs. Charlotte Uhls, of the N. W. Central District. She is coming the -week after Easter and we're hoping to hear lots about some of the other chapters as we're mighty interested in the "goings-on" of all of
our A.O.IIsisters.
MILDRED HULLINGER '23


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 221
SIGMA—UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA.
Claire Crum, '22
Jeanette Fishburn, *22
Claire Georgeson. '22
Julia Hert, '22
Ruth Jackson, '22
Katherinc Rhodes, '22 Maria Bremer, '24
Wava Doty, '22 Elizabeth Hieb, '22 Helen Williams, '22 Janice Brown, '23
Mary Meloy, '24 Mildred Panchaud, '24 Lucille Porter, '24 Kathryn Safford, '24
Verda Bowman, '22 Mildred Cook, '22
Zoe King, '23 Margaret Laidlaw, '23
Gladys Sehvood, '24 Blanche Wilbur, '24 Mattie Butler, '25 Helen Potter, '25 Dorothea Powell, '25 Lucille Warner, '25 Dorothy Moseley, '25 Cornelia Morris, '25
PLEDGES. Francis Cadie, '24
Margaret Parker, '24
Virginia Booker, '23 Loie Francis, '23 Charlotte Hesser, '23 Marion Ish, '23
Mildred Ewing, '24 Blanche Ewing, '24 Elizabeth Hesser, '24 Ermyl McCune, '24
Ellen Reed, '23 Elizabeth Roberts, *23 Sara Thompson, '23 Sara Anderson, '24
Anita Avila, '24
At the beginning of this semester we pledged three fine girls for whom we have high hopes. On January 25th we gave a dinner for Dean Stebbins, Dean of the Women of the University, with whom we all wanted to become better acquainted. She is a wonderful woman and is well liked by all the girls. During the middle of February we held a rushing party for the rushees who are coming to college next fall. We have some very fine prospects and we hope to have a wonderful class of new members next year. We are rapidly rising in scholarship and two of our girls made honor societies; Verda Bowman, Sigma Kappa Alpha, a history honor society, and Virginia Booker, Delta Epsi- lon, an art honor society. In campus activities everyone is for the most part continuing those things which they commenced last semester as Y. W . C . A ., social service work and serving on committees. T w o more of our girls recently announced their engagements, Dorothy Moseley and Lorene Kinney, at lovely luncheons. We arc expecting several more engagements to be announced at the Senior banquet on May 17th. On April 7th we gave our annual spring formal and tea at the chapter house. The tea is for the purpose of introducing our Freshmen to the campus public and was a very pretty one as the house was decorated in blossoms and spring flowers.
We have this year a rather large Senior class as eight girls are to be graduated. We all hate to see them leave as they will be very much missed. Although we do not like to part with the many friends we have made, yet we cannot help feeling glad that vacation is so near at hand.
THETA—DEPAUW UNIVERSITY.
ELLEN REED '23


1>
70 DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
Mary Hester, '23 f j i j a ^ Golda Larkin, *2&~fa&**
Helen Maddock, '23
Geraldine Canfield, '24
Dorothy Farnam, Louise Hauck, '24 Ruby Larkin, '24 Margaret Loop, '24
Margaret Safford, '24
Ebba Anderson, '25
Emma Biedenharn, '25 Gertrude Cook, '25
Mary E . Davies, '25 Kathcrine Davis, '25
Carol Phillippi, '25 #UJ<,
'24
One of our Sophomores, Helen Wilson, gave us all quite a sur- prise when she recently announced her marriage. After the announce- ment Anne Jones and Louise Houck delightfully entertained the chap- ter in her honor at Anne's home.
Ruby Jones, one of Theta's alumnae, is now on the DePauw faculty as an instructor in the Literature department. Among the active chap- ter, Janice Brown has been asked to join the History Club and Mary Hester the "Cercle Francais." Margaret Safford has been initiated into Theta Sigma Phi, women's journalistic fraternity. Emma Louise Bieden- harn, Freshman, took part in the Duzer Du play recently.
Mrs. Fred O'Hair, formerly Iva Smith of Theta chapter, moved here a short time ago. For the last year she has been studying music in New York, and we are all mighty happy to have her here with us. She is entertaining the chapter at her home this week.
The election system at DePauw has been changed from the caucus plan to the petition system.
Theta will give her house-party the last of this month and every- one is working enthusiastically for its success.
Eunice Bassimir, '22 Elizabeth Beattie, '22 Gladys Bryant, '22 Rosalie Cobb, '22
Ruth Earle, '22
Gladys Harrington, '22 Mary Heald, '22 Kathleen MacDonald, '22 Helen Neal, '22 Margaret Neal, '22 Barbara Peterson, '22 Dorothy Rourke, '22 Kathryn Smith, '22 Mildred Sproul, '22
Mildred Sullivan, '22 Mary Arnold, '23
Esther Fowler, '23 Dorothy Hilton, '23 Eleanor Leadbeater, '23 Adele Russell, '23
Nancy Cole, '24
Marjorie McCarty, '24 Edith McKee, '24 Elizabeth McDermott, '24 Susan O'Brien, '24
Marion Sears, '24 Mary Sears, '24 Rosemary Alfen, '25 Kathleen Haff, *25 Alice Harrington, '25 Ruth Morris, '25 Wilma Koelsch, '25
— J A C K S O N
MILDRED PANCHAUD. '24
COLLEGE.


TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 223
Beatrice Bishop, '23 Sally Clark, '23 Caroline Conant, '23
Ruth Whitten, '25 Elizabeth Atkinson, '25 Mildred Ward, '25
On February 13th we had our initiation and banquet at the Hotel Vendome, Boston, Mass. We also made this the occasion of celebrating the 25th anniversary of the founding of Alpha Omicron Pi. The hotel banquet room was warm with red shaded lights and fragrant with the odor from bowls of Jacqueminot roses. Margaret Fay and Lorca Jame- son, two alumnae, played violin selections. We were disappointed not to have Mrs. Hennings there because of illness. Several alumnae were there, however, and Miss Hooper, our alumnae advisor, was guest of the evening. Three of our Freshmen, Rosemary Allen, Kathleen Haff and Alice Harrington, were initiated.
The week-end of March 26th we had a very welcome visitor—Mrs. Gladys Wales, the district superintendent. The Sunday evening she was here the active chapter Seniors gave Kay Smith a shower. It was a very jolly- surprise party. Monday afternoon we had an informal tea which the active girls and many faculty wives and old friends of Mrs. Wales attended. That evening Mrs. Wales attended the regular fra- ternity meeting and, before taking her train, saw part of the champion- ship basket ball game between the Seniors and Freshmen.
\\ ilma Koelsch and Elizabeth Atkinson, two of our Freshmen, made the varsity basket ball team, while Kay Haff, Alice Harrington and Mil- dred Ward played on the Freshman team.
On April 4th we had a second initiation at the fraternity rooms for Ruth Morris and Wilma Koelsch.
We are raising a million dollar endowment fund. The big spring dances of the girls' fraternities are going to be held together on May 6th—like a miniature prom. The money saved on orchestras and so on is to be part of the fraternities' contribution to the Foundation Drive. Though we hear almost nothing nowadays except—"Buy a bond to bind you to Tufts"—we still have time to think of all our Alpha O sisters and send them our love. ESTHER D. FOWLER '23
GAMMA—UNIVERSITY OF MAINE.
Nadine Gellerson, '23 Barbara Keyes, '24 Rowena Hersey, '23 Leona Reed. '24
Alice Stanley, '24 Katherine Atkins. '25 Doris Fifield, '25 Madelene Fogg, '25 Avory Munro, '25 Elizabeth Peabody, '25
Achsa Bean, '22
Catherine Can-, '22
Helena Derby, '22
Lillian Dunn. '22
Gertrude O'Brien, '22 Mabel Peabody, '23 Ethel Packard, '22 Mary Perkins, '23 Catherine Sargent, '22 Elizabeth Ring, '23
Pauline Smith, '22 Francis Stowe, '22 Virginia A verill, '23 Beatrice Cleaves, '23
Ruth Spear, '23 Sarah Wiswell, '23 Lorette Cloutier, '24 Theresa Jackson, '24
Marie Hodgdon, '23 Ruth Savage, '24
Lois Mantor, '23


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