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Published by Alpha Omicron Pi, 2015-09-17 12:05:26

1913 May - To Dragma

Vol. VIII, No. 3

1. 3. Nrromatt

OFFICIAL JEWELER
TO

A L P H A OMICRON PI

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To Dragma

of

{ Alpha Omicron Pi Fraternity

Sank of (EontPttta

The Truth Against the World Mary E. Chase 164
165
The Song By the Way Muriel Eastman Martin 166
168
The Responsibility of College Women E. M. Phillips
168
Toast to the Red Red Rose Helen C. Worster 169
169
Nineteen Hundred and Fifteen 176
177
Pan-Hellenism, National and Local
179
Report of Eleventh National Pan-Hellenic 179
181
The Pan-Hellenic Congress Carrie Green Campbell 182
184
Why I Believe in Pan-Hellenics Helen Brown Keating 186
186
Local Pan-Hellenic Activities: 188
190
The Barnard Pan-Hellenic Council 191
193
Fraternity Work at Newcomb Dorothy Noble Safford 194
195
Pan-Hellenism at Newcomb Alice Ivy 196
197
Pan-Hellenic at Randolph-Macon Linda Best 198
199
Pan-Hellenics at the University of California Rose Gardner 198
200
At DePauw University 201
204
Pan-Hellenic Association of Jackson College 220
223
At Jackson College Etta M. Phillips 226
226
Local Pan-Hellenics at the University of Maine. .Antoinette T. Webb 227
228
Pan-Hellenism at Stanford Mary Chandler

Pan-Hellenics at Minnesota Mellie D. Quayle

The Omaha Disaster From personal letters

Vocational Interests

Barnard Girl Meets Many Needs

Stars of Night Nannie Vaden

In Memoriam

Elizabeth Abbott Balentine

Helen Fiske Steckley

Alpha Omicron Pi's Honorary Members

Editorials

Active Chapter Letters

Alumnae Chapter Letters

News of the Alumnae

Births

Engagements

Weddings

Exchanges



DIRECTORY OF OFFICERS

F O U N D E R S O F A L P H A O M I C R O N PI

Jessie Wallace Hughan, Alpha, '98, 663 Quincy Street, Brooklyn, N . Y . ,
Helen St. Claire Mullan (Mrs. George V . ) , Alpha, '90, Andrew Avenue, Uni-

versity Heights, New York.
Stella Stern Perry (Mrs. George H . ) Alpha, '98, Overlook Avenue, Hacken-

sack Heights, N . J .
Elizabeth Heywood Wyman, Alpha, '98, 456 Broad Street, Bloomfield, N . J .

OFFICERS

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
Grand President, Dorothy Noble Safford, 1306 Webster Street,

New Orleans, L a .
Grand Recording Secretary, Anna Estelle Many, 1325 Henry Clay

Avenue, New Orleans, L a .
Grand Treasurer, Lillian Gertrude MacQuillin, 155 Angell Street,

Churchill House, Providence, R. I .
Grand Vice-president, Edith Augusta Dietz, 217 West 105th

Street, New York City.
Grand Historian, Stella Stern Perry (Mrs. G . H.) Overlook Avenue, Hacken-

sack Heights, N . J .
Registrar, Gladys Courtian Britton (Mrs. John A . J r . ) , 425 Elwood Avenue,

Oakland, Cal.
Auditor, Ada Beatrice Donaldson, 1405 W. Church Street, Knoxville, Tenn.
Examining Officer, Melita Skillen, 316 N . 3rd Street, Olean, N . Y .
Chairman Committee on New Chapters, Ruth Capen Farmer, (Mrs. Walter),

Washburn, Wis.
Editor-in-Chief of To DRAGMA, Virginia Judy Esterly (Mrs. Ward B.) 244

Alvarado Road, Berkeley, Calif.
Business Manager of To DRACMA, Isabelle Henderson, 2655 Wakefield Ave.,

East Oakland, Cal.

PAN-HELLENIC CONGRESS

Delegate, Mrs. Carrie Green Campbell, 715 Court St., Port Huron, Mich.
Mrs. J . H . Crann, A X fi, 610 Colorado St., Davenport, Iowa.

EDITORIAL BOARD OF TO DRAGMA

Editor-in-Chief, Virginia Judy Esterly (Mrs. Ward B . ) , 244 Alvarado Road,
Berkeley, Cal.

Business Manager, Isabelle Henderson, 2655 Wakefield Ave., Oakland, Cal.
Assistant Business Manager, Margaret Henderson Dudley, 245 Alvarado R d . ,

Berkeley, Cal.
Exchanges, Kate Brown Foster, 2717 Hillegass Ave., Berkeley, Cal.
Chapter Letters, Blanche Du Bois, San Leandro, Cal.

ALUMNAE ASSISTANT EDITORS
Alpha—Josephine Pratt, 64 Mahlsteadt Place, New Rochelle, N . Y .
Pi—Alice Ivy, 1556 Calhoun St., New Orleans L a .
Nu—Elinor Byrns, 27 Cedar St., New York City. N. Y .
Omicron—
Kappa, Iris Newton, Monroe, L a .

Zeta—Edna Spears, 630 North 6th St., Lincoln, Neb. '
Sigma—Rose Gardner, 1429 Spruce St., Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—Lucy Allen, 11 Spring Ave., Greencastle, Ind. Mass.
Delta—Mrs. Maurice Keating, 244 Weston St., Waltham,
Gamma—Margaret June Kelley, Freedom, Maine.
Epsilon—
Rho—Mrs. Carolyn Piper Dorr, Berwyn, 111.
Lambda—Alice Shinn, 638 Walsworth Ave., Oakland, Cal.
Iota—Lora Henion, Robinson, 111.
Tau—Bertha Marie Brechet, S. E . Minneapolis, Minn.

ALUMNAE ASSISTANT BUSINESS MANAGERS Ave.

Alpha—Emma Burchenal.
Pi—Mrs. Geo Purnell Whittington, Alexandria, L a .
Nu—Daisy Gans, 497 Halsey St., Brooklyn, N . Y .
Omicron—Roberta Williams, 406 St. Charles St., Chattanooga, Tenn.
Kappa—Frances Allen, 1012 Federal St., Lynchburg, V a .
Zeta—Helen Piper, 1731 D St., Lincoln, Neb.
Sigma—Blanche Ahlers, 1985 Oak St., San Francisco, Cal.
Theta—Mabel June Allen, 3311 Central Ave., Indianapolis.
Delta—Mrs. E . H . Wood, 114 Curtis St., Tufts College, Mass.
Gamma—Mary E l l a Chase, Tarrett School for Girls, 4707 Vincennes

Chicago, 111.

Epsilon—Mabel De Forest, 19 Elmdale St., W. Springfield, Mass.
Rho—Julia Norton, 727 Foster St., Evanston, 111.
Lambda—Helen Dickinson, 1646 N. Fair Oakes Ave., Pasadena, Cal.
Iota—Annetta Stephens Shute, 601 53rd St.,Xhicago, 111.
Tau—Myrtle Wheeler, 1328 Keston St., S t . ^ i t T

CHAPTER ROLL

Alpha—Barnard College, Columbia University, New York.
P i — H . Sophie Newcomb Memorial College, New Orleans, L a .
Nu—New York University, New York City.
Omicron—University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn.
Kappa—Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, Va.
Zeta—University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb.
Sigma—University of California, Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—DePauw University, Greencastle, Ind.
Delta—Jackson College, Tufts College, Mass.
Gamma—University of Maine, Orono, Me.
Epsilon—Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y .
Rho—Northwestern University, Evanston, 111.
Lambda—Leland Stanford University, Palo Alto, Cal.
Iota—University of Illinois, Champaign, 111.
Tau—University of Minnesota.

New York Alumnae—New York City.
San Francisco Alumnae—San Francisco, Cal.
Providence Alumnae—Providence, R. I .
Boston Alumnae—Boston, Mass.
Los Angeles Alumnae—Los Angeles, Cal.
Lincoln Alumnae—Lincoln, Neb.
Chicago Alumnae—Chicago, 111.

CHAPTER SECRETARIES

Alpha—Helen Downes, 526 Van Courtland Park Ave., Yonkers, N . Y .
Pi—Theodora Sumner, 7914 St. Charles Ave., New Orleans, L a .
Nu—Edith Chapman, 37 Clinton Ave., Jamaica, N. Y .
Omicron—Louise M. Wiley, 922 9th St., Knoxville, Tenn.
Kappa—Katherine Gordon, College Park, Va.
Zeta—Rose Krause, 1232 R St., Lincoln, Neb.

Sigma—Phillis Maguire, 2345 Channing Way, Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—Florence Hughes, A 0 I I House, Greencastle, Ind.
Delta—Leslie Hooper, 124 Professors Row, Tufts College, Mass.
Gamma—Rachel H . Winship, Mr. Vernon House, Orono, Me.
Epsilon—Ruby C . Madsen, Sage College, Ithaca, N. Y .
Rho—Arie Kenner, Willard Hall, Evanston, 111.
Lambda—Beatrice Freuler, Stanford University, Cal.
Iota—Mabel Claire Wallace, 210 E . John St., Champaign, 111.
Tau—Edith E . Goldsworthy, 421 6th St. S. E . Minneapolis, Minn.

ASSOCIATE EDITORS.

ACTIVE CHAPTERS

Alpha—Maria Diaz de Villalvella, 536 W. 113 St., New York City, N . Y .
Pi—Margaret Foules, New Orleans, L a .
Nu—Alice Clark, 210 W. 21 St., New York City.
Omicron—Louise Wiley, Knoxville, Tenn.
Kappa—Katherine Gordon, College Park, Virginia.
Zeta—Ruth Wheelock, 1232 R St., Lincoln, Neb.
Sigma—Mary DeWitt, 2345 Channing Way. Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—Florence Hughes, A 0 I I House, Greencastle, Ind.
Delta—Dorothy Bartlett, Tufts College, Mass.
Gamma—Louise Bartlett, Mt. Vernon House, Orono, Me.
Epsilon—
Rho—Edith Meers, Willard Hall, Evanston, 111.
Lambda—Lois Walton, A 0 IT House, Leland Stanford University, Cal.
Iota—Mabel Jackson, University of Illinois, Champaign, 111.
Tau—Margaret Scott, 1325 7th St., S. E . Minneapolis, Minn.

ALUMNAE CHAPTERS

PRESIDENTS
New York—Edith A. Dietz, 217 W. 105th St., New York City, N . Y .
San Francisco—Margaret Henderson Dudley (Mrs. C . de Witt), 245 Alvarad

Road, Berkeley, Cal.
Boston—Clara R. Russell, 23 Hancock St., Winchester, Mass.
Lincoln—Maud Pierce, 745 S. 15th St., Lincoln, Neb.
Los Angeles—Grace A . McPherron, 1016 Orange St., Los Angeles, C a l / * x
Providence—Elsie McCausland, 1148 Manning St., Providence, R . I .
Chicago Alumnae—Mrs. Bigelow, 1610 S. 7th Ave., Maywood, 111.

"The Truth Against the World"

MARY E. CHASE, Gamma 1909

N this great brown-raftered room where I sit
there is a great stone fire-place, so huge that
birchen sticks do not satisfy it, for it demands
great oak logs for food. It is formed of great
slabs of rough lime-stone, and in the one great
stone above the black andirons there is carved

an old Welsh motto. "Welsh", you ask? Yes, Welsh, for
this is a Welsh community, a Welsh household, a school
founded on sturdy Welsh principle, and in the year and more
that I have been here, I have found more than one charac-
teristic of the great King Arthur among these people, who
reverence him and honor him as their countryman.
C I do not give the motto in Welsh. Neither you nor I
could pronounce it if we would; but I translate it as it stands
among carven oak leaves and mistletoe berries,—"The Truth
Against the World!"

G, In all this year no five words have appealed to me as
these five, and with all the memories I shall carry away with
me none will be so dear as the one of that big brown-raftered
room on winter afternoons with the flames from the oak logs
rushing up the huge chimney, but pausing long enough to touch
with soft light the Welsh letters of the old Druidic motto.
C T o preserve with perfeet sweetness one's conscience in
the midst of all that may be sordid and untruthful; to hold
unflinchingly to all that is noble and fair, even in the little
every day transactions, one with the other; to adhere to one s
duty of the moment, no matter what may be the temptation;
to trample underfoot everything that is low, and to hold high,
untainted and unstained the ideals of our lives; to press for-
ward undaunted with faith and trust; to reverence the voice
of God; these are parts of our truth against the world.
CX, W e hear much of Faith, much of Trust, much of Love.
If we are true, shall we not fill all of these?
CL I do not mean to give a sermon, but I do wish that we in
our fraternity, our sisterhood, might not only realize, for we
realize now, but live the great truth of this old motto, "rejoic-
ing in the truth."—this "Truth Against the World."

To D R A G M A

VOL. V I I I . M A Y , 1913 N o . 3.

T o DRAGMA is published at 450-454 Ahnaip Street, Menasha, Wis., by George
Banta, official printer to the fraternity. Entered at the Postoffice at Menasha,
Wis., as second-class matter, April 13, 1909, under the act of March 3, 1897.

To DRAGMA is published on the twenty-fifth of November, February, May
and July.

Subscription price, One Dollar per year payable in advance; Single copies
twenty-five cents.

Virginia Judy Esterly, Editor-in-Chief. Isabelle Henderson, Business
Manager.

SONGS BY THE WAY

There's a song in the flying of silver gulls
As they wing their way through the blue,

I n their gliding dips and their strong free course—
Do you catch the rhythm too?

There's a song in the strength of mighty trees
That cool and shadow the grass.

Is your ear attuned to catch this song,
Or do you deafly pass?

There's a song in the joy that sweetens life
As it comes to you day by day

To gladden, exalt or still your heart,
Do you hear this song by your way?

There's a song in pain when it comes to you
I f you listen to hear the tone

Of love that would soothe and strengthen
And make your care its own.

Then sing! In your heart if not with voice;
Cull out a song from the gulls,

And the strength of trees, and the joyousness
With which your life is full.

And blend with these that song hid in pain,
True let the harmony ring

T i l l music floods each common day—
L i f t up your heart and sing!

MURIEL EASTMAN MARTIN, Sigma.

166 TO PRAGMA OF ALPHA 0 MIC RON PI

THE RESPONSIBILITY OF COLLEGE WOMEN

"Each deed thou hast done
Dies, revives, goes to work in the world; until e'en

as the sun
Looking down on the earth, though clouds spoil

him, though tempests efface,
Can find nothing his own deed produced not,

must everywhere trace
The results of his past summer-prime,—so,

each ray of thy will,
Every flash of thy passion and prowess, long over,

shall thrill
—whole people, the countless, with ardor till

they too give forth
A like cheer to their sons, who in turn, fill

the South and the North
With radiance thy deed was the germ of—"

—From R. Browning's "Saul".

How little we realize the responsibility which rests upon our
shoulders as we go about this w o r l d of to-day! We little know who
w i l l hear of and see our actions or what one may be criticized or
even what ones copied. Unconsciously we are influencing others and
sewing the seeds of our f u t u r e f r u i t .

Each nation has its customs, laws and types of people and with
these, it moulds its characteristic features by w h i c h it is distinguished
f r o m other nations. So i t is w i t h the different units which make up
the smaller divisions of society—but this I mean—there are certain
qualifications which designate what is good and what is bad. But
let us deal w i t h our own American nation and here let us even
narrow it down still further and speak about the college woman and
her influence. As to types of women, surely the American college
women as a whole, stand f o r the w o n d e r f u l development of broad
mindedness, true intellectualism, nobility and culture. But why
shouldn't they? These are the qualities, the colleges and universities
strive to p r i n t on the characters o f their students. I t is therefore,
the college woman's duty of today and the future, to keep this little
sentiment of Browning's i n her m i n d and to see that her l i f e can
be called an example. N o two have the same personality and so
the influences differ. Yet almost everyone w i l l admit that there are
l i t t l e actions which stand out as gracious, sincere, pure and w o r t h
while in some people—while f r o m the lack of proper attention they
are missing i n others. O f t e n , the college woman has studied so much
in the sciences, that she thinks there is no need of spiritual reflection
or religious principles and does not appreciate the lyrics of l i f e ,

TO PRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICROX PI 167

while on the other hand, some have gone into the researches of
literature only to live i n dreams and ideals. Where do these
women find themselves when they go out into the w o r l d ? Really,
"at sea" or as they m i g h t say " i n this cruel w o r l d , " but in
reality, i n a w o r l d w h i c h demands a woman who has a splendid
character, well balanced in knowledge and with the great ability of
adaptation. N o t only are the tastes and worthiness of the individual
to be considered, but the needs of society as a whole.

For instance, more and more are women being asked to speak
extemporaneously or to take charge of public meetings. A college
woman should have had such experience as to enable her to say the
proper thing, graciously and with conviction. Once an English-
woman who had just attended a Woman's club in America, was asked
what she thought of the methods. She replied "There certainly is a
marked difference between the college woman and woman who has
not had the same advantages. I t shows that we never know i n what
position we may find ourselves—we never know how much we are ap-
preciated until we hear ourselves toasted, or know how brilliant we
are until we read our own obituary notices. The college women of
America are ahead of us i n England, as to adaptibility. They learn
their virtues f r o m one another. Their gatherings are a l l very pretty,
very charming, very friendly and very instructive." As to the ability
of using "Parliamentary l a w " correctly is one which every woman
should take upon herself as a necessity. Alumnae have said what a
difference there is among women as to this ability and have remarked
how c a r e f u l l y the college women should study it, as they are looked
upon as authorities by other women.

In the rush and tumble of college life that little act called
"thoughtfulness" is often neglected and when a girl shows this
quality, she is always a favorite and greatly admired. W h y not
everyone try to cultivate this side of nature and remember at all
times those, who really are caring for us, though perhaps f a r away,
whose hopes f o r our welfare are constant and filled w i t h love? Let
us also have mercy and charity f o r our sex and be ever ready to
help them whose advantages have not been equal to our own. We
may have no ancestry, no traditions that we are descendants f r o m
so-and-so to live o n ; no, we really are just ourselves and as ourselves
we stand or f a l l .

But how can we best contrast and pick out these favorable a t t i -
tudes? For the readers of this article, right i n our own fraternity.
Surely, the principles of Alpha Omicron Pi are of the highest kind
and i n them we have a strong guiding light. When we are so bound

1 6 8 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

together, we can help each other a great deal, by being f r a n k and
criticizing each other when the occasion justifies it.

A splendid scheme is to have a "Question B o x , " which really is
an ordinary box with a hole cut in the top, through which little notes
are dropped by the various girls who have comments to make and
at the end of the meeting, each week, these notes are read and
opinions are expected by all the members. I t is surprising how many
l i t t l e f a u l t y mannerisms can be corrected in this way.

E. M . PHILLIPS, '13.

TOAST TO THERED ROSE

To the Jacqueminot rose, the red, red rose,
We lift our eyes and we turn our hearts;

While the flame of our sisterhood warmer glows

And a thrill of love and loyalty starts
For the red, red rose.

Through ages gone by, in high walled bowers,
All roses were guarded by fairies and elves;

Cared for and cherished in long sunny hours
By those fairy folk ; and none but themselves
Touched the dearest flowers.

But the rose with the petals of crimson hue
Sacred were kept for mortals on earth;

And by the pure token, they learned to be true,
To be strong, to be fair, to guard right, to know worth,
And only kind deeds to do.

Let us cherish the rose, the red, red rose '12.
Here in our lives as in far fairy land;
And as love of our sisters from heart to heart goes,
Let us lift up our cups and, linked hand in hand,

Drink to our Jacqueminot rose.
HELEN C . WORSTER, Gamma

NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTEEN

D u r i n g these days of excitement and preparation f o r the Panama-
Pacific Exposition, we are a l l so f u l l o f enthusiasm that even your
staid, C a l i f o r n i a editor has moments of exuberance, and great hopes
for the benefits and beauties that w i l l come with i t . The most
b e a u t i f u l t h i n g that w i l l come to Sigma through the Fair w i l l be the
friendship o f Stella Stern Perry whose husband has accepted the
appointment of Director of Exploitation for the Panama-Pacific.
We have met her and love her, and i f the rest of you are like her,
A l p h a Sisters, we wish that you would move to California.





TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA O MIC RON PI 169

PAN-HELLENISM, NATIONAL AND LOCAL

Editors Note—To D R A G M A has purposely delayed p r i n t i n g the
Pan-Hellenic Report, u n t i l an issue could be dedicated to Pan-
Hellenism. We regret the delay, but know that the report w i l l be
of more interest to you in this issue than in any other.

Pan-Hellenic, both National and Local, w i l l be of great benefit i n
establishing a sane balance, a u n i f o r m standard and efficient ma-
chinery. Its danger lies in over-organization which tends to limit
the individual growth due to different problems and different en-
vironments ; and i n a censorship which may become too strict to
allow the free working-out of the different ideals of each fraternity.

I t is best to work out one's own salvation, aided by a f r i e n d l y
council and grounded on a simple and friendly standard.

REPORT O F T H E ELEVENTH NATIONAL PAN-HELLENIC
CONGRESS

Congress Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, October 17, IQI2

REPORT OF T H E M E E T I N G OF G R A N D PRESIDENTS igi2

Congress Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, October 16th and 17th,

The Grand Presidents of all but two of the fraternities represented
in the National Pan-Hellenic Congress met at the Congress Hotel
Wednesday afternoon and Thursday morning, October 16th and 17th,
1912, to discuss matters on which they wished to reach a common
understanding. A great many of the matters which make the direc-
tion of a f r a t e r n i t y difficult were discussed, and finally a code was
drawn up, embodying the principles on which the Grand Presidents
w i l l act d u r i n g the coming year. T h i s meeting was the first of its
k i n d ever held, but so great was the value of the discussions it
brought out that it is possible many more assemblies of the same kind
w i l l be held i n the f u t u r e .

L I L L I A N W . T H O M P S O N , (Jamma Phi Beta, Secretary of
N . P. C.

The Eleventh National Pan-Hellenic Congress was called together
by the chairman, Mrs. Cora Allen McElroy, Alpha Phi, in the Con-
gress H o t e l , October 17 at 1 :30 P. M . Miss L i l l i a n W . Thompson,
Camma Phi Beta, acted as secretary.

The following delegates presented credentials and were duly en-
rolled :

Pi Beta Phi— Mrs. J. L . Lardner, 810 Melburn St., Evanstnn. 111.

172 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

Letters of information, as requested by f r a t e r n i t y officials, laymen
and Pan-Hellenics, were sent, signed by Chairman and Secretary.

Considerable printed matter issued by the various conferences was
often used in answering legitimate letters, recognizing the printed
page has the power to set f o r t h a principle and to disseminate
knowledge.

One copy of the Men's I n t e r f r a t e r n i t y Conference was mailed
with the First Bulletin to each delegate.

One copy of the Model Constitution f o r Local Pan-Hellenic was
mailed with the Second Bulletin to each delegate.

D u r i n g the year. Phi M u and Kappa Delta have been admitted
to the Congress.

Several Pan-Hellenic dissensions have been current this year, but
have been satisfactorily adjusted. These dissensions have been the
outgrowth in the main of petty rules.

T h e year has been auspicious in the g r o w t h of the Pan-Hellenic
movement. Despite the incessant labor put upon the Executive
Committee, which has worked without precedent or prejudice, the
Chairman has found the work interesting and u p l i f t i n g , and returns
thanks to those who have sought to help the Executive Committee in
its initial services to Pan-Hellenism.

CORA A L L E N MCELROY, Alpha Phi, Chairman.

The reports of the delegates were then read and approved, and
handed to Doctor Hopkins, f o r use in the supplementary report which
the Congress ordered her to make. The recommendations were given
to Mrs. Houlder. and were later presented by her to the Congress
for discussion and adoption.

The f o l l o w i n g committees presented reports which were ac-
cepted :—

Treasurer's report—Mrs. Crann. Parmelee.
Report on Eligibility Clause—Mrs.
Extension—Miss Hall.
Chaperones—Mrs. Crann.

Moved and carried that the executive committee be authorized to
draw upon N . P. C. funds, i f necessary, to secure chaperones by
advertising, or by enrolling in a suitable agency.

Deans' Conference—Mrs. Parmelee.
Meeting adjourned.

SECOND SESSION
T h e second session was called to order by the chairman at 9 :30
Friday morning, October 18, 1912. T h e committee on recommen-
dations presented its report, and the following suggestions were
adopted:—

TO PRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 173

Moved and carried that M r s . I d a Shaw M a r t i n be appointed his-
torian of the National Pan-Hellenic Congress for the next five
years.

Moved and carried that the Executive Committee appoint a com-
mittee to investigate the grade of work done in summer schools.

Committee—Mrs. Parmelee, Miss Lake, Mrs. Campbell.
Moved and carried that the Executive Committee draw up the
resolutions passed by former Conferences, and send them to the
Grand Officers.
Moved and carried that Alumnae Pan-Hellenics be allowed to con-
tribute and subscribe to the Bulletins.
Moved and carried that the Executive Committee appoint a com-
mittee to investigate what is being done with fraternity publications
by the libraries to which they are sent. Committee—Mrs. Houlder.
The report of the Committee on Scholarship Cards was then read
and accepted. A f t e r some discussion the committee was continued
and requested to embody the suggestions of the Congress i n a new
card. Committee—Mrs. Bigelow.
Meeting adjourned.

T H I R D SESSION
T h e t h i r d session was called to order by the chairman Friday
afternoon at 2 o'clock. M r . J. Calvin Hanna, Beta Theta Pi, read
a paper on " H i g h School Fraternities, Especially as Related to
College Fraternities." M r . Hanna is principal of the Oak Park
H i g h School; he presented the arguments against H i g h School f r a -
ternities w i t h the greatest clearness, and so strong was the impression
made by his paper that the Congress ordered a committee to print
and circulate it, together w i t h the statement that this Congress, as
w e l l as former ones, heartily disapproves of H i g h School fraternities
and will do a l l in its power to discourage them.

The Committee on Chapter House Inspection presented a report
through its chairman, Miss Lake. A f t e r some discussion, it was
moved and carried that the Committee on Social Customs draft and
submit to the T w e l f t h Congress a set of model rules.

The following committees were appointed to work during the
year and report to the T w e l f t h Congress:

A Committee on the Point System—Miss Powell. Mrs. Lardner.
A Committee to Investigate Interfraternity Organizations—Miss
Coltrane.
A Committee to Investigate Sophomore Pledge Day—Miss Mon-
ning.

The following resolutions were referred to the Grand Presidents
to be put before the chapters of each f r a t e r n i t y f o r a vote:

174 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

1. A g i r l who breaks her pledge shall not be invited to join
another fraternity f o r one calendar year.

2. A pledge shall expire at the end of one calendar year.
Meeting adjourned.

FOURTH SESSION

The f o u r t h session was called to order by the chairman Saturday
morning, October 19th, 1912, at 9 o'clock. A petition from the
Michigan Pan-Hellenic was presented, asking that a dispensation
permitting the pledging of H i g h School seniors be granted them f o r
two years, and stating that after that period it would be unnecessary.
A thorough discussion of the matter resulted in a vote refusing the
dispensation. A motion was then carried to turn the petition over
to the Grand Presidents of the fraternities represented in Michigan.
The Grand Presidents have granted the dispensation for two years,
with the understanding that i t shall never be asked f o r again.

Moved and carried that delegates be instructed to request their
fraternities to f o r w a r d the National Pan-Hellenic dues of $10.00
as soon as possible to the new treasurer, M r s . E . N . Parmelee, 7318
N . Ashland Blvd., Chicago, Illinois.

The meeting then adjourned in order to catch a train for Evanston
where the Pan-Hellenic banquet was to be held in the new gym-
nasium. A report of this luncheon appears below.

The Eleventh National Pan-Hellenic Congress was, like its pre-
decessors, notable f o r the friendliness of its atmosphere, and the
trenchancy of its discussions.

L I L L I A N W. T H O M P S O N , Gamma Phi Beta.
Secretary of the Eleventh National Pan-Hellenic Congress.

A luncheon, open to members of the fraternities of the National
Pan-Hellenic Congress, was held i n Patten Gymnasium, Evanston,
111., at one o'clock on Saturday, October 19, 1912.

Those present numbered three hundred and ninety-nine, about
sixty more than last year's attendance, and included one man, M r .
George Banta, «I> A ©, guest of the Congress.

Mrs. M c E l r o y , chairman, presided as toastmistress, and the f o l -
lowing toasts were responded to most d e l i g h t f u l l y :

Twice Welcome to Northwestern—Miss Blanchard, Acting Dean
of Women at Northwestern University.

Our Scholarship and Scholars—Miss Powell, President of Kappa
Kappa Gamma.

T h e Inspected and Inspector—Miss Fitch, E d i t o r of The Trident.
The College Girl in the South and Her Fraternity—Doctor Hop-
kins, President of Zeta Tau Alpha.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 175

Pan-Hellenism and Its Future—Mrs. Collins, President of Chi

Omega.
The New Administration—Miss Shepard, President of Gamma

Phi Beta.
M r . Banta was called upon to speak impromptu, and a vote of
thanks was tendered him for the attractive luncheon programs, which
were a g i f t to the Congress f r o m the Banta Publishing Co.

SUMMARY OF T H E COMMITTEES OF T H E NATIONAL

PAN-HELLENIC CONGRESS

I . COMMITTEES APPOINTED BY T H E E L E V E N T H CONGRESS

Committee on Sophomore Pledge Day—Miss M o n n i n g . Phi M u .

Committee on Summer Schools—Mrs. Parmelee, Delta Delta

Delta; Miss Lake, Delta Gamma; Mrs. Campbell, Alpha Omicron Pi.

Committee on Former Resolutions of N. P. C.—Miss Thompson,

(lamina Phi Beta; Mrs. Crann, Alpha Chi Omega: Mrs. Parmelee,

Delta Delta Delta.

Committee on the Use made of Fraternity Publications by

Libraries—Mrs. Houlder, Sigma Kappa.

Committee on the Publication of Mr. Hanna's paper—Mrs.

Parmelee. Delta Delta Delta; Miss H a l l , Kappa Alpha Theta ; Mrs.

Collins, Chi Omega.

Committee on Point System—Miss Powell, Kappa Kappa Gamma ;

Mrs. Lardner, Pi Beta Phi.

Committee on Interfraternity Organizations — Miss Coltrane,

Kappa Delta; Mrs. Coles, Alpha Delta P h i ; Miss Corbett, Alpha

Gamma Delta.

II. STANDING COMMITTEES

Committee on Eligibility — M r s . Collins, Chi Omega; M r s .

Parmelee, Delta Delta Delta; Mrs. McElroy, Alpha Phi.

Committee on Chaperones—Mrs. Crann, A l p h a C h i Omega; Miss

Baldwin, Alpha X i Delta.

Committee on Extension—Miss H a l l , Kappa A l p h a Theta ; Doctor

Hopkins, Zeta Tau A l p h a ; Miss Lake, Delta Gamma.

Committee on Local Pan-Hellenics—Miss Hall, Kappa Alpha

Theta; Mrs. Hayes, Delta Zeta.

Committee on Uniform Scholarship Card\s—Mrs. Bigelow, A l p h a

Omicron Pi.

Committee on Social Customs—Mrs. Lardner, P i Beta P h i ; M r s .

Parmelee, Delta Delta Delta.

Executive Committee f o r 1912-13
Chairman. Lillian W . Thompson, Gamma Phi Beta.
Secretary, Lois Smith Crann, Alpha Chi Omega.
Treasurer, A m y Olgen Parmelee, Delta Delta Delta.

176 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

THE PAN-HELLENIC CONGRESS

For the benefit of our new sisters i n A l p h a Omicron Pi it is w e l l
for us to glance back to the beginnings of Pan-Hellenic l i f e .

I n 1892 a group o f college women attempted to f o r m an inter-
sorority conference, i n order to secure space to arrange a fraternity
exhibit at the World's Fair. A l l the fraternities were i n favor of it,
but for lack of active interest the plan did not develop.

Mrs. Margaret Mason Whitney, Michigan, Grand President of
A l p h a P h i 1900-02 re-opened the subject, and a call was sent out
f o r the first Intersorority Conference, which was held i n Chicago,
May 24th, 1902. I t was composed of six fraternities. I t has
gradually admitted other fraternities and at the present time there
are some eighteen which belong to it. I t has lived under various
names, first it was the Intersorority Conference, later it was called
the Pan-Hellenic Conference and now i t is know as the Pan-
Hellenic Congress.

Local Pan-Hellenic societies have been formed i n the various insti-
tutions where the fraternities are located which are represented in
the Congress.

The purpose of the Congress is manifold. I t endeavors to unite
the fraternities in closer and more friendly relationship. T o formu-
late rules so that each f r a t e r n i t y is honor bound to use the same
method in rushing and pledging. T o come to an understanding
as to the purpose of the individual f r a t e r n i t y . I t strives to impress
upon local Pan-Hellenic societies the necessity of suitable chaperones
for chapter houses. Much stress is laid on scholarship—not too
much however. I n a word the Pan-Hellenic Congress has not the
power of compulsory legislation. I t is advisory. A b i g sisterhood
standing together i n a helping attitude, to lend help and advise
where needed and when sought.

T h e Pan-Hellenic Congress has accomplished much f r o m the
view point of many. I t has proven that it is w o r t h while f o r repre-
sentatives of the different Greek Letter societies to meet and discuss
vital things pertaining to their fraternity life. To my mind its
greatest accomplishment is that i t has created an atmosphere. A n
atmosphere that w i l l become purer and sweeter and w i l l vitalize
fraternity life. T h i s atmosphere is not wholly ideal. I t is practical
and wholesome, stimulating better social life, quickening scholarship
and magnifying college spirit. These are vital things and lie at the
very heart of our college w o r l d , and a g i r l to be a good citizen of a
college must strive to improve herself in these virtues.

There is much criticism f r o m many college faculties and perhaps
in a measure this criticism is just. N o w it is in the hands of the

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 177

Pan-Hellenic Congress to change this criticism into approval. The
national Pan-Hellenic should stand for greater things and nobler
purposes than petty rules. I t must be the link that w i l l bind the
fraternity world to the non-fraternity world. I t must work f o r
unity of purpose and leave out the personal element. I f this tide of
g r o w i n g criticism is to be stemmed we must make the outside w o r l d
see that we are clear headed, f a i r minded women who stand f o r the
best i n the college w o r l d and i n the home and i n the w o r l d o f
affairs.

A l p h a Omicron P i must not shirk her responsibility. She must
work w i t h local Pan-Hellenics and assist i n everything that tends
to make f r a t e r n i t y l i f e , a l i f e above reproach. She must do her share
in dispelling the cloud that hangs over and above the door of the
college fraternity. Work for higher scholarship, better social life
and less snobbery.

Be a sister i n all its true and beautiful meaning. I f we do this,
instead of the woe that is now pronounced against college fraternities
a benediction of peace and g o o d w i l l w i l l be proclaimed.

CARRIE GREEN CAMPBELL.

WHY I B E L I E V E IN PAN-HELLENICS

I f we, as f r a t e r n i t y women, are to accomplish anything o f
permanent value we must do it by concerted effort. A t the present
moment the whole fraternity w o r l d is under judgment. The faults
of one fraternity, chapter, or even individual are considered as be-
longing to a l l and as necessary evils. We w i l l a l l admit that faults,
grave ones in many cases, exist, but not that they are part and parcel
of the fraternity system.

Against these faults, we have, it seems, borne a p o w e r f u l correc-
tive weapon. Pan-Hellenics, local and national, have the power to
encourage, strengthen, and curb, to maintain an even balance. Pan-
Hellenics w i l l act as a melting pot f o r the ideals we have set up.
out of which w i l l develop a really worth while system.

I think we should look on the national Pan-Hellenic much as we
do the national organization of our own fraternity. As a member
of Delta of Alpha Omicron Pi, I feel the need of a central organi-
zation to which the interests of several chapters of different types
may be submitted. As a member of A l p h a Omicron P i , I feel the
need of a wider organization to which the interests of my own and
other fraternities may be submitted. Because the members of that
council wear different pins they are none the less sisters, looking f o r
the same general ideal, that is a system which w i l l f u l f i l l certain

178 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

needs o f college l i f e , the most important of which is a desire f o r
companionship. Because, when we are most insistently demanding
this companionship, we may not be f u l l y capable o f j u d g i n g what
is best, we need guidance. O u r own alumnae can help us w o n d e r f u l -
ly, but their advice w i l l be f a r more valuable i f they have had the
benefit of others' experiences, especiallv o f those who have encounter-
ed different conditions. We are not working f o r the prestige, and ad-
vancement of our own fraternity; we are all trying to carry into
the world all we can of a spirit of good comradeship and love. We
have gained something f r o m our fraternity membership. Let us
extend it wherever possible. I f we co-operate w i t h other fraternities,
our filed of usefulness is multiplied by each fraternity with which
we come in contact, and conversely, our own fraternity l i f e is
enriched.

HELEN BROWN KEATING, A

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 179

LOCAL PAN-HELLENIC ACTIVITIES

THE BARNARD PAN-HELLENIC COUNCIL

Interest in the activities of the Barnard Pan-Hellenic Council
this vear has been to a large degree overshadowed by interest i n the
Fraternity Investigation Committee, the meetings and discussions of
which are of more vital concern to the fraternity world than are
those of the Council. This commission is making a thorough investi-
gation of the fraternity situation at Barnard and, by consultation
w i t h alumnae, students, and faculty, is aiming to f i n d out how much
justice there is in the serious charges that have been made against
fraternities just recently. I t has not executive power, but by the end
of this term, it w i l l present its report in the form of a recommen-
dation for the abolition, retention, or modification of the present
system, and this report w i l l no doubt be legalized and enforced by
those w i t h the power to make the final definite r u l i n g .

The Pan-Hellenic Council, since the formation of this commission,
has realized the need f o r concentrated action and has been working
valiantly to show the college the strong points of the fraternity
system. A new rushing schedule is being tried and its success
watched carefully by the Council. This new system provides f o r
one formal party f o r sophomores w i t h its expense limited, no restrict-
ing regulations in college, and no informal entertainments of any
sort out of college. T h i s rushing plan is w o r k i n g out w i t h far greater
success than the many-ruled, petty-restricting one o f former years
and the council is rejoicing in the improved interfraternity spirit
and decrease i n breaking of rules that has come w i t h the decrease i n
the number of rules to be broken. Pan-Hellenic feels, that, i f a l -
lowed a longer time under the present rushing system, it w i l l become
clear that many of the faults now attributed to fraternities at Bar-
nard were simply the result of a very f a u l t y set of rushing rules.

The Council has, however, not spent a l l its time trying to remedy
old faults. I t has just started discussion of a plan f o r a Pan-
Hellenic entertainment for the Barnard Building Fund. This enter-
tainment w i l l give the fraternity world a splendid chance to unitedly
serve the college and w i l l show, better than can new Rushing Rules
or many Pan-Hellenic meetings, that fraternity girls have the in-
terest of their college keenly at heart and strive at a l l times to be
great powers for good in the college world.

FRATERNITY WORK AT NEWCOMB

Pan-Hellenic at Newcomb is making such an advance i n the r i g h t
direction, that i t seems to me the f r a t e r n i t y w o r l d as a whole should
recognize and applaud its work.

180 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

In February, 1908, the fraternities at Newcomb entered into a
strenuous two-weeks "rush" preparatory to the second-semester
pledging which was being tried f o r the first time. We who were
among those rushed or rushing w i l l never forget i t , and f o r a while
the f a c u l t y promised to be equally long o f memory. B u t after our
treasuries had been emptied, our college work l e f t undone, and our
dignity hopelessly crushed, we came out of the experience much
chastened i n spirit and ready f o r sane ideas. We adopted Sophomore
pledging and made numerous rules. D u r i n g the first year conditions
were not ideal f o r we were kept busy watching each other to see that
no one broke the rules, and we lived i n fear that someone might serve
a better salad than we could at a freshman luncheon.

Then we made a rule to have no rules, or at least a very few
simple ones such as would require much more energy and determin-
ation to break than to keep. O f course we still have Sophomore
pledging, and now work under the model constitution recommended
by the National Pan-Hellenic, though we have made some changes
in this to fit local conditions. W e are not p a r t i c u l a r l y interested
in rushing f o r there are too many other absorbing things ; we have
an informal luncheon i n our rooms occasionally, the cost being too
ridiculous to mention to our over-zealous sisters elsewhere; we meet
the freshmen everywhere and they come into our rooms w i t h as much
freedom as do the Independents; a perfectly cordial spirit prevails
among the several fraternities.

A t present Pan-Hellenic has three interests that are overwhelming.
T h e first is just p a r t l y ours, being so by the courtesy o f C h i Omega.
The alumnae of C h i Omega have established and are managing a
"penny l u n c h " at one o f the public schools o f the city, and some-
times they let us help. Already we are beginning to feel the benefits
which would result f r o m a similar work under the management of
Pan-Hellenic. Our second interest is i n working f o r the cup which
is to be awarded at commencement to the fraternity making the
highest average i n scholarship. T h i s cup is to be given by an indi-
vidual f r a t e r n i t y which modestly insists that Pan-Hellenic be the
acknowledged donor. Finally, under the inspiration of C h i Omega,
Pan-Hellenic w i l l conduct a series o f lectures by prominent men
d u r i n g the spring. These w i l l be open to the public and the subject-
matter, according to present plans w i l l be based upon Greek l i f e ,
art, and literature.

Of course we have not solved the fraternity situation i n general
f o r w i t h us there is no situation. We simply live i n a perfectly
normal way. From my experience in other colleges and universities.
I feel that most of the trouble arises f r o m forced conditions produced

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 181

by rules and rushing. T h e sooner we dispense with both and begin

to realize that the f r a t e r n i t y which is restrained f r o m an absurd

attitude or a dishonorable act by a rule and the g i r l who is obtained

only by an excessive rush, are equally worthless—the sooner that we

arrive at this point, the more immediate w i l l be the absence o f op-

position to fraternities. DOROTHY NOBLE SAFFORD.

PAN-HELLENISM AT NEWCOMB

Pan-Hellenism at Newcomb is by no means dormant. Perhaps
the society does not reach out and regulate as widely as such an
organization might, but we feel that it has done and is doing a great
deal towards the whole fraternity life of our college.

I n the past, Pan-Hellenic has concerned itself mainly with the
making of rushing rules and enforcing penalities f o r breakage of
these rules. T h e object o f the association, as set down i n the consti-
tution is to regulate pledging, rushing, a l l matters of local Pan-
Hellenic interest and "to take an active interest in a l l college activi-
ties f o r the common good." Our rules f o r rushing are very simple.
One regulation provides "that no entertainment be permitted except
under the supervision of the Committee on Entertainments" which
is chosen f r o m the faculty. This rule guards against too frequent
"rushing parties" at times when the f a c u l t y does not see fit.

Pan-Hellenic also encourages an interest in other college activities.
Indeed, there is a very broad spirit of democracy existing at N e w -
comb between the f r a t e r n i t y and non-fraternity girls. There is no
sharp d i v i d i n g line between the t w o classes, as, we have heard, is
true i n some colleges. T h e fraternity and non-fraternity girls are
equally active and work shoulder to shoulder in a l l the college
organizations.

To further this interest in the general college welfare and to
broaden the scope o f fraternities in the public eye, Pan-Hellenic has
instituted this year, a course o f lectures. As the plan was adopted
rather late i n the season, we have had only two lectures i n 1912-1913,
but the purpose hereafter is to have f o u r . T h e first lecture was given
by one o f Newcomb's art professors on "Greek A r t " and the second
was on "Shakespeare and Stratford-on-Avon." Both were very well
attended and we feel greatly encouraged at the feeble beginning. We
made it a point to send special invitations to each member of the
faculty, each large organization in college and to advertise them as
widely as possible i n the city newspapers. Pan-Hellenic hopes that
this plan may do something towards making the uninterested public
realize that fraternities are not purely social organizations, but have
a serious end i n view.

182 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

T h e institution o f some big philanthropic work f o r Pan-Hellenic
to engage i n has never been considered by the body as a whole.
There are at least personal discussions of the subject among the
f r a t e r n i t y girls but the matter has never been brought up i n a Pan-
Hellenic session. A splendid incentive is offered us by the C h i
Omega alumnae. These active girls are maintaining, with sporadic
aid from the New Orleans school board, a "penny lunch counter"
at one of the public schools i n the destitute part of New Orleans.
Each child can get a good, substantial lunch f o r one penny. There
is some regulation made, too, by which those who can not even pro-
duce a penny may have lunches. The Chi Omegas themselves serve
the meals and manage the finances. T h i s is just one instance o f a
great work such as a Pan-Hellenic Association might undertake.
Some near day in the future, I hope the Newcomb Pan-Hellenic
w i l l undertake something similar. There are no overwhelming ob-
stacles to overcome. A l l we need is "the w i l l " , and "the way" w i l l
show itself. Each local Pan-Hellenic should attempt and accomplish
some such work as t h i s — f o r the true "Greek" w i l l look beyond her
own wish and find success i n the j o y she brings too others. T h i n k
what a great force it would be i n welding together the whole Greek-
letter world!

A L I C E I V Y , Pi.

PAN-HELLENIC AT RANDOLPH-MACON WOMAN'S COLLEGE

Our Pan-Hellenic Association consists of delegates f r o m A O IT.
A A A , X « , Z T A , K A, A A <P, * M , and A Z A . I t has been,
up to this year a well united body and has done efficient work
along several lines. I n 1911, for instance, by working together, the
association lessened the expenses of every fraternity i n their house-
building. But you have asked us f o r the work done this year and we
shall accordingly narrow the subject down to that.

Pan-Hellenic began its meetings this year with a thorough con-
sideration of sophomore and freshman pledging. Sophomore pledg-
ing had been tried f o r one year and as some of us thought, very
unsuccessfully. The sophomores had been rushed very strenuously
their freshman year and had acquired i n many cases an exalted opin-
ion of self. When pledge day came, they found it very hard to decide
which of f o u r or five fraternities (and i t happened that nearly every
fraternity rushed the same girls) to choose and when upon choos-
ing they were treated as homefolks. no better i f as well, as the older
members, their vanity received quite a shock. On account of this,
and other not favorable results, there was a clamor among some
of the fraternities represented, to go back to our old form of fresh-

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 183

man pledging, practised since fraternities have first been admitted
to the college.

W h e n the vote on freshman or sophomore pledging was called
f o r , there were f o u n d to be five i n favor of and six opposed to
freshman pledging. According to our constitution, however, there
must be a unanimous decision in the case of pledge day. N o one was
w i l l i n g to compromise and each fraternity felt confident her view was
the correct one. Upon studying the minutes of our assoociation. how-
ever, to our great delight we found that the regulation making
eligible for fraternities only the girls who had made nine hours
work, was to be tried f o r only one year. We thought then freshman
pledging would be reinstated immediately and a l l the haranguing of
four months stopped.

I t was at this point that those in favor of sophomore pledging
called for the view of the Faculty on the question. A f t e r the Faculty
had considered it, our Dean spoke to Pan-Hellenic and said that,
whereas the Faculty wished to leave such matters to the fraternities
to decide, and to send their decision to him f o r his approval, in this
case he would have to settle the question by the minutes of Faculty
meeting of October 17, 1910. I t seems that after the fraternities i n
1910 had decided to t r y sophomore pledging f o r one year only, the de-
cision was sent to the faculty with the " f o r one year" clause omitted
by mistake. The faculty had approved of this resolution, and on the
strength of it only, had admitted two new fraternities into Randolph-
Macon. Doctor Pattillo said that as soon as Pan-Hellenic sent
another unanimous decision to the faculty, they w o u l d probably agree
to i t , but not unless unanimous. We were thus l e f t w i t h the same
conditions of pledging, that the m a j o r i t y of us dislike. I have gone
into this discussion fully, for the threatened break of our Pan-Hel-
lenic Association has been heard of by many of our friends, and they
have asked quite often f o r a f u l l explanation of i t .

Having had this judgment forced upon us, we all decided to work
together with utmost determination to get the best results possible.
T o lessen the time and money spent in a year's rushing was our first
important question to meet. Some of our Pan-Hellenic representa-
tives thought that it would suffice to put before all fraternities that it
was necessary, and w o u l d be considered honorable, to cut down
rushing in every way. T h i s was tried, and f o u n d to be very unsatis-
factory, especially for our chairman, who was called upon time after
time to decide whether or not such and such a case w o u l d be con-
sidered "too much rushing". We then tried to make some
rules to regulate our rushing. This was, of course, a very difficult
t h i n g to l i m i t , and was only settled by having what seems to be i n

1 8 4 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

some cases very petty rules. The chief way we have here of "making
impressions" on freshmen is by being w i t h them as much as possible
and by entertaining them at the college inn near our campus. Our
first regulation decided upon was that there w o u l d be no financial
rushing at a l l . When we have open house no freshmen were to be
expected and i n every case of luncheon and so f o r t h the entertaining
was to be " D u t c h . " T h i s in many cases, causes embarrassing positions
but we a l l knew that it was f a r better than last year, having no
limit whatever to the amount of money spent in rushing. The
rule is excepted i n cases of freshmen who have older sisters in
college f o r i n their case a separation seems impossible. We have
now decided to have one party a month -for rushees, f o r the above
regulations keep us f r o m knowing the prospectives well enough.
Every first day of the month, out come the invitations f o r the monthly
party and it is quite interesting to notice how much mail the u'irls
receive.

The non-financial rule of course kept us f r o m showing atten-
tion except by our presence to any freshman even in rase she
were sick. We have had several cases of the rules being broken, but
now that it is more f u l l y understood in its strictness, it w i l l not
likely happen again. Just lately we have made a small rule that
flowers may be sent to a freshman only i f she is i n a public per-
formance o f some kind, and then not f r o m the f r a t e r n i t y but f r o m
an individual member.

W i t h a l l these seemingly narrow restrictions, we are approaching
the realization of our dream of l i t t l e rushing. Good fellowship has
been restored in Pan-Hellenic again and we are making many plans.
Our whole year, you see, has been taken up w i t h this one question.
W i t h the heated arguments put forth in meeting after meeting. Pan-
Hellenic's hands were quite tied. But now since sophomore pledg-
ing is established, our association hopes to increase its efficiency in
the future.

L I N D A B E S T . K , 1913.

PAN-HELLENIC AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

The most important change of the year in Pan-Hellenic rulings
has been the postponement o f a freshman's initiation u n t i l she has
passed i n one semester's work. The chief argument i n favor of this
plan, of course, is the improvement in scholarship in certain indi-
vidual cases, that results. Since the adage, " A s the t w i g is bent, so
doth the tree incline" applies here as elsewhere, the h a b i t — f o r it is
often t h a t — o f attending courses and of studying regularly ought to
continue u n t i l a freshman is tided over her difficult year o f adjust-

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 185

ment to new conditions and surroundings. A n d so i t is a step i n
the right direction, and one that shows actual serious effort on the
part of sororities to improve freshman scholarship standards.

The usual rules regulating rushing f o r next semester have not yet
been formulated. As they now stand, pre-matriculate rushing is
allowed, but no expense may be involved i n die entertainment o f a
rushee.

Since there is so l i t t l e to add to the article published i n the
November T o D R A G M A by last semester's Pan-Hellenic president.
Fay Frisbie, I am going to seize this opportunity of offering a b i t of
criticism on Pan-Hellenic methods as they exist at least, at the U n i -
versity of California. For instance—two years ago the question o f
matriculation day as pledge day came up, as it does, I believe, annu-
ally. I was very much interested in the point, attended the meeting,
and then and there reached the conviction that a l l discussion i n a
Pan-Hellenic meeting is f u t i l e . T h e delegates had been i n f o r m e d at a
previous meeting that the matter would be discussed, had been i n -
structed to determine the attitude of their respective houses on the
subject, and had of course come to the succeeding meeting, each w i t h
her mind previously made up and her vote determined for her, by
her own chapter. A n d then there occurred i n Pan-Hellenic a violent
discussion in which no one f e l t that she could change her m i n d as
she represented her house and was consequently not open to con-
viction without consulting her chapter.

When matters reach a dead-lock and the question is postponed,
the arguments at Pan-Hellenic meeting are then to some point, f o r
they can be presented by the delegate to her house, and may i n -
fluence its point of view. But in the case of a definite m a j o r i t y and
minority on a point, the best of arguments presented by the minority
can have no effect, f o r the delegates do not feel at liberty to be i n -
fluenced to the extent of changing their votes. Does i t not make of
Pan-Hellenic discussion rather a farce? I was perhaps unfortunate
in obtaining this impression from the particular meeting described,
but the possibility of the situation's recurring is always present, and
surely gives food for thought.

And—one point more. I t is one that caused a f o r m e r Dean of
women much consideration, without, however, the discovery of
any solution. Pan-Hellenic is an organization. I t has at C a l i f o r n i a
regular meetings attended by at least twelve or fourteen delegates.
A n d these girls give an hour or more at their meetings to the dis-
cussion of how many courses the freshmen may have at the inter-
sorority dance or to similar burning questions. The matter of
scholarship is a serious one it is true, but outside of that, little that

186 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

is real has occupied these girls' time. I f Pan-Hellenic could be
made to be a force i n the college community, to have some definite
part in the life and activity not of sorority members but of college
women, it could command the respect rather than the toleration of
the world that is the campus.

ROSE GARDNER. 2 '11.

AT DE PAUW UNIVERSITY

Sophomore pledging is being tried this year at DePauw and is
proving unsatisfactory. DePauw has no regular Pan-Hellenic, but
has an Intersorority Council, w i t h a member of the f a c u l t y as chair-
man. This year the University authorities compelled the sororities
to adopt second semester pledging allowing them to make their own
rushing rules and do their own penalizing f o r infractions of these
rules. The whole system was unsuccessful and the sororities have
decided to disband and organize on a different basis. As yet no
definite action has been taken.

Since receiving the foregoing news f r o m DePauw a report has been
received that an adequate Pan-Hellenic council has been formed,
but of course has not been long enough on t r i a l to test its w o r k i n g
ability.

PAN-HELLENIC ASSOCIATION OF JACKSON COLLEGE

ALPHA X I DELTA, ALPHA OMICRON P I , C H I OMEGA, DELTA

KAPPA PHI.

By-Laws for 1912-1913

ARTICLE I

SEC. 1 N o sorority shall ask a g i r l to j o i n , or i n any way
indicate that she may expect to be asked, u n t i l the m o r n i n g m a i l of
Tuesday, November 19, 1 9 1 2 .

a) A l l invitations must be sent on this mail except those to
students entering after November 19, 1 9 1 2 . Invitations to such
students shall be issued three weeks f r o m the day of their registration,
d u r i n g which period a l l Pan-Hellenic rules shall be i n force.

SEC. 2 . A l l invitations shall be formal, u n i f o r m , and sent by
mail.

SEC. 3 . A l l replies shall be sent by mail.

ARTICLE I I

SEC. 1 . Sorority matters shall not be mentioned by any member
of any sorority to a freshman* at any time with the exception of a

*The word freshman signifies any entering student not a member of some
national Greek letter society.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 187

stated hour on Wednesday, November 2 0 , until the reply to an
invitation is received.

SEC. 2. N o sorority shall receive a pledge or indication of a
pledge until Saturday, November 23. 1 9 1 2 .

SEC. 3. As soon as a g i r l pledges herself, the sorority insignia

shall be w o r n visibly.

ARTICLE I I I

I t shall be considered dishonorable f o r a sorority member, active
or alumna, to speak disparagingly of another sorority or o f one o f
its members.

ARTICLE IV

SEC. 1. N o invitation shall be issued by any sorority g i r l to a
freshman f o r any entertainment or sleeping accommodations, either
on or off the H i l l .

SEC. 2 . N o invitation of like nature f r o m a freshman shall be
accepted by an upperclass girl.

SEC. 3 . I t is permitted that a sorority girl and freshman may
participate in Jackson College athletics.

SEC. 4 . N o sorority girl shall extend an invitation from a man
to a freshman.

SEC. 5. N o sorority g i r l shall offer any refreshment at any time
to a freshman, either on or off the H i l l .

a) Exception is made to this rule i n the case of roommates when

alone in their own room.

SEC. 6. N o Dutch treats shall be allowed.

ARTICLE V

Any difficulties shall be referred to Pan-Hellenic.

ARTICLE V I

No freshman shall feel under obligations to a sorority for at-
tentions received before entering college.

ARTICLE V I I

There shall be no intercourse between freshmen and sorority
members after nine o'clock in the evening.

ARTICLE V I I I

SEC. 1. A printed copy of these rules shall be given on Regis-
tration Day to every student.

SEC. 2 . A printed copy of these rules shall be sent to every
alumna member of a sorority.

1 8 8 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

AT JACKSON COLLEGE

Let me first tell you how our Pan-Hellenic organization is formed.
There are three national fraternities here, namely Chi Omega, Alpha
X i Delta, Alpha Omicron Pi, and a local called Delta Kappa Phi.
Up until 1912, there were only two nationals, yet a l l o f the
fraternities belonged to the association and still do, as we think, w i t h
our small number i n college ( I believe 98 persons, this year), we can
understand each other better. Each fraternity elects a senior and
j u n i o r member as delegates to the association; the j u n i o r member,
always becoming the senior member. We elect members i n May of
each year and then the seniors give up their membership. There is
much discussion this year over this method and "Alpha O " pro-
poses the f o l l o w i n g idea because we feel that the seniors, although
they w i l l not be i n college at the f o l l o w i n g rushing season, yet they
have had more experience and can advise, also that the sophomore
(the new member) knows nothing hardly, of what making rules
means, and makes a chance f o r the juniors to have absolute power.
The idea being, that the seniors shall hold over their membership
until June and also have the new members in, and have the juniors
act as the officers, but the seniors be able to vote and advise. Besides
the active girls, each sorority has an alumna member, as an adviser.
She does not attend the meetings except when she cares to, or is
called upon for advice.

As to the officers, according to the "By-laws" there shall be a presi-
dent, secretary and treasurer. The officers shall serve f o r one year,
dating from the first meeting of the Pan-Hellenic Association after
first meeting i n May. T h e office of president shall be held in
rotation by the chapters, i n the order of their establishment as
Nationals in the college; the locals hold office after Nationals in
order of their organization. A local becoming National shall take
its place among the Nationals according to the date of its initiation
as a N a t i o n a l .

T h e secretary shall be chosen f r o m the chapter which is to have
the presidency the following year.

The duties of the officers shall be those usually devolving upon
such officers. ( T h e secretary and treasurer being held by same
person.)

As to v o t i n g — A unanimous vote shall be necessary to fix the date
for pledge day, making rules, regulating rushing and adoption of
by-laws. T h e constitution can be amended by the unanimous vote
of Pan-Hellenic. By-laws shall be adopted (or re-adopted) at
the meeting held the first week i n May. T h e by-laws shall be i n

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 189

force f o r one year only, f r o m date of their adoption unless re-

adopted.

As to rules and regulation of rushing. I have enclosed the rules
or by-laws f o r last year and this year. Perhaps there seem to be a
great many and to be narrow. However, at the first Pan-Hellenic
meeting held here at Jackson i n 1907, there were about half as many
rules but as time and conditions have changed the rules have been
adjusted to the circumstances. Each year they vary a little and we
are in hopes to gradually work out a system based more on honor and
less on rules. However, seeing we have about 1-3 of our girls l i v i n g
"off H i l l " (or off campus) we have to have a means of bringing
them in.

As to the rushing season—It has been the feeling here f o r several
years, that at the first of the year, the freshmen and sororities should
not pay much attention to each other, except to learn to know each
o t h e r — a n d then to have a party given by each sorority at an agreed
(by Pan-Hellenic) time, to which all freshmen should be invited.
T h i s gives both sides a chance to see and meet each other i n a
f r i e n d l y , social way and this should be the time when each should
make a choice. Last year or rather beginning with last September,
it was the ideal thought and dream of each member of Pan-Hellenic,
to do away with a l l rushing and when the time came f o r invitations
to be sent out, simply do i t and have the only rushing done at a
given hour, during a period of non-intercourse just before the "bids"
were answered. However, in spite of our endeavors—the freshmen's
dates, as well as the sorority girl's were filled f o r walks and talks—
lunch hours were grabbed for, etc. Yet we did away w i t h spreads,
and little informal parties. I believe the juniors have taken a step
this year as to "no senior r u s h i n g " f o r the first three weeks of college.
I t is a class arrangement and may work out well, although I t h i n k
the seniors are the ones to really meet the freshmen and see their
qualities. The sentiment of a l l the sororities, now, is in favor of a
shorter time of non-rushing in the f a l l . That is, to have the bids
go out about the f o u r t h week of college. W e have so limited a field
to pick f r o m , that the same girls are being selected by the different
sororities and so these girls feel the effects the most. I think the new
idea of scholarship basis f o r initiation w i l l solve a large problem
in selecting girls f o r us a l l here at Jackson. We always have been
careful in choosing girls and have tried to have them all take the
regular course and have the intention of staying a l l four years. H o w -
ever, when the committee on eligibility has given out more certain
requirements, then the question w i l l be easier. As i t is, we go to our
Dean of Women f o r the grades of the prospective members, but i t is

188 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

AT JACKSON COLLEGE

Let me first tell you how our Pan-Hellenic organization is formed.
There are three national fraternities here, namely Chi Omega, Alpha
X i Delta, Alpha Omicron Pi, and a local called Delta Kappa Phi.
Up until 1912, there were only two nationals, yet all of the
fraternities belonged to the association and still do, as we think, with
our small number in college ( I believe 98 persons, this year), we can
understand each other better. Each fraternity elects a senior and
junior member as delegates to the association; the junior member,
always becoming the senior member. We elect members in May of
each year and then the seniors give up their membership. There is
much discussion this year over this method and "Alpha O" pro-
poses the following idea because we feel that the seniors, although
they will not be in college at the following rushing season, yet they
have had more experience and can advise, also that the sophomore
(the new member) knows nothing hardly, of what making rules
means, and makes a chance for the juniors to have absolute power.
The idea being, that the seniors shall hold over their membership
until June and also have the new members in, and have the juniors
act as the officers, but the seniors be able to vote and advise. Besides
the active girls, each sorority has an alumna member, as an adviser.
She does not attend the meetings except when she cares to, .or is
called upon for advice.

As to the officers, according to the "By-laws" there shall be a presi-
dent, secretary and treasurer. The officers shall serve for one year,
dating from the first meeting of the Pan-Hellenic Association after
first meeting in May. The office of president shall be held in
rotation by the chapters, in the order of their establishment as
Nationals in the college; the locals hold office after Nationals in
order of their organization. A local becoming National shall take
its place among the Nationals according to the date of its initiation
as a National.

The secretary shall be chosen from the chapter which is to have
the presidency the following year.

The duties of the officers shall be those usually devolving upon
such officers. (The secretary and treasurer being held by same
person.)

As to voting—A unanimous vote shall be necessary to fix the date
for pledge day, making rules, regulating rushing and adoption of
by-laws. The constitution can be amended by the unanimous vote
of Pan-Hellenic. By-laws shall be adopted (or re-adopted) at
the meeting held the first week in May. The by-laws shall be in

TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 189

force for one year only, from date of their adoption unless re-

adopted.

As to rules and regulation of rushing. I have enclosed the rules
or by-laws for last year and this year. Perhaps there seem to be a
great many and to be narrow. However, at the first Pan-Hellenic
meeting held here at Jackson in 1907, there were about half as many-
rules but as time and conditions have changed the rules have been
adjusted to the circumstances. Each year they vary a little and we
are in hopes to gradually work out a system based more on honor and
less on rules. However, seeing we have about 1-3 of our girls living
"off H i l l " (or off campus) we have to have a means of bringing
them in.

As to the rushing season—It has been the feeling here for several
years, that at the first of the year, the freshmen and sororities should
not pay much attention to each other, except to learn to know each
other—and then to have a party given by each sorority at an agreed
(by Pan-Hellenic) time, to which all freshmen should be invited.
This gives both sides a chance to see and meet each other in a
friendly, social way and this should be the time when each should
make a choice. Last year or rather beginning with last September,
it was the ideal thought and dream of each member of Pan-Hellenic,
to do away with all rushing and when the time came for invitations
to be sent out, simply do it and have the only rushing done at a
given hour, during a period of non-intercourse just before the "bids"
were answered. However, in spite of our endeavors—the freshmen's
dates, as well as the sorority girl's were filled for walks and talks—
lunch hours were grabbed for, etc. Yet we did away with spreads,
and little informal parties. I believe the juniors have taken a step
tin- year as to "no senior rushing" for the first three weeks of college.
I t is a class arrangement and may work out well, although I think
the seniors are the ones to really meet the freshmen and see their
qualities. The sentiment of all the sororities, now, is in favor of a
shorter time of non-rushing in the fall. That is, to have the bids
go out about the fourth week of college. We have so limited a field
to pick from, that the same girls are being selected by the different
sororities and so these girls feel the effects the most. I think the new
idea of scholarship basis for initiation will solve a large problem
in selecting girls for us all here at Jackson. We always have been
careful in choosing girls and have tried to have them all take the
regular course and have the intention of staying all four years. How-
ever, when the committee on eligibility has given out more certain
requirements, then the question will be easier. As it is, we go to our
Dean of Women for the grades of the prospective members, but it is

190 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

hard for her to know the marks until after the first two months. So
if we have a certain standard of requirements, it will be a great
help.

As to intersorority feeling—I would say that the feeling is
splendid. The class spirit helps out a lot as to this matter, also the
club which all the girls belong to, called the All-around Club, brings
all the girls together once a month in a social gathering and the
democratic spirit is well recognized by an outsider. During the
rushing period each sorority, naturally becomes closely linked within
itself and each seems absorbed in its own affairs, but there has not
been any open antagonism. Every little dispute or misunderstanding
no matter how small is brought before Pan-Hellenic and there the
decisions and penalties are made. This does away, with complain-
ing, and talking behind backs, etc. is stopped.

I want to add—that we have no money penalties for breaking
rules—but any misconduct is recorded on the records and time of
rushing for that sorority is stopped for a certain time. I'm very
happy to say, this has only occurred once, since I have been in
college.

ETTA M . PHILLIPS.

LOCAL PAN-HELLENIC AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MAINE

The Local Pan-Hellenic Association at "Maine" is a mere infant
and therefore has not accomplished very much yet, but it is eager to
make attempts in Pan-Hellenism and to learn by trying. Since
the local society Phi Gamma was founded in 1896, there has
been only one sorority at "Maine"; and Alpha O, since its coming
has had the field all to itself without any "rushing" rules, "bid"
days, and many other knotty problems to disturb both the waking and
sleeping hours of its devoted members.

Now this peaceful condition has changed. In December, 1912,
Phi Mu installed its Pi chapter; and in January, 1913, our Pan-
Hellenic Association was formed. We at once adopted the model
constitution issued by the National Pan-Hellenic conference; and
then drew up by-laws which fit our local conditions. Our "rushing"
is to be moderate, placing emphasis upon the development of friend-
ships rather than on showering girls with attentions. Each chapter
may have one informal party each year to which all the girls in
college are to be invited; and each chapter may hold a tea once a
month in its room, when we have these much-longed for rooms in
our new dormitory. A special emphasis is placed upon the scholar-
ship of our initiates, for it seems that a girl to be very much worth
while, must be a passably good scholar. Each girl, before she can

TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 191

receive an invitation to join a sorority must pass two-thirds of the
work for which she is registered with an average of " C " ; this
average is to be determined by the scheme used at the university
office. I n order that new students may know our standards and rules,
we plan to have the by-laws printed and a copy given to each girl
at the time of her registration.

W hile regulating "rushing" and membership requirements, we do
not forget that Pan-Hellenics also exist for the promotion of good
feeling. After initiations in February, relations between the members
of the sororities seemed a little strained, and for that reason we held
an open Pan-Hellenic meeting to which all members of both chapters
came. The Pan-Hellenic delegates gave accounts of the work done
by the National Pan-Hellenic, the purpose of Pan-Hellenics and
how that purpose might best be accomplished at "Maine." A meet-
ing of this kind might not be feasible where there is a large
number of sorority members, but with us it proved very successful.

We hope in the future to work toward" making college life more
attractive for the women students. There have been so few of us
that the men have received all the favors, and i f anything was left
over—which happened very seldom—the unfortunate "co-eds" re-
ceived it. We have never even had a tennis court of our own; and
Pan-Hellenic has determined that we will have one this spring i f
forcible arguments can prevail.

Little difficulties, of course, arise; but i f everything went smoothly
all the time we would not be human. We are striving to realize that
each sorority is working for the highest, and that only by over-
coming pettiness and by co-operation, can we make the splendid
sorority life worth while.

ANTOINETTE T R E A T WEEK. Gamma 1913.

PAN-HELLENIC AT STANFORD UNIVERSITY

Our local Pan-Hellenic has proven itself to be an active, working
organization. The model constitution, advocated by National Pan-
Hellenic, seems to fill the bill adequately. Weekly meetings are
held during rushing season, and also during the second semester.

The organization has borne in mind the fact that the matter of
rushing is not the only aim of Pan-Hellenic. The promotion of
good feeling among non-sorority girls; the raising of scholarship
standards; and the support of university activities have all received
consideration in our organization. I t is hoped by these methods to
make the local Pan-Hellenic effective; to minimize the faults and
increase the virtues of the sorority system; and to become efficient in
the advancement of the work of the national organization.

192 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA 0 MIC RON PI

Local Pan-Hellenic has lately shown her interest in college ac-

tivities by recommending that the several sororities give a nominal

sum each semester to meet the current expenses of the Women's

Club House Association. This act has brought about a more

friendly feeling among the non-sorority girls, who had felt that

Pan-Hellenic was not giving sufficient support to the much longed

for and needed club house.

A thorough "hashing" over the sophomore pledge day prob-

blem has practically left us where we started. Some of us are ex-

ceedingly disappointed that it could not have been inaugurated here

next year, but unforseen circumstances arose, which made its adoption

unadvisable. We all hope to see it taken up in the near future.

The rushing contract for next f a l l will probably be similar to

that of last year (four weeks). Rushing rules are of the simplest

sort, and are termed "informal." Rushing is conducted as incon-

spicuously and inexpensively as possible. No theater parties, public

entertainments, drives, rushing with men, and expenditure of money

on freshmen are permitted. Pan-Hellenic has favored afternoon walks

and teas, and simple informal dinners. There is a decided sentiment

against discussing fraternities other than one's own, and in discuss-

ing "rushees" with men acquaintances. A l l rushing problems that

may arise and are not covered by the rules, are settled at the regular

weekly meeting, or at a special meeting of Pan-Hellenic. Specific

breakages of the contract have been few and far between. I t is

to be hoped that the harmony and good-will existing among women's

fraternities at Stanford, will continue in the future as in the past

rushing seasons.

I t was to promote a friendly and kindred feeling that Pan-Hellenic

recently gave its annual picnic at the Faculty Club House. Supper

partners were chosen by lot from among the members of the different

sororities. I n this way, no two girls from the same sorority went

together. A gorgeous poppy field near the club house served as the

picnic grounds. Later, class songs, games, and dancing added to

the fun and hilarity. The picnic was voted a decided success in

every way.

Pan-Hellenic feels that it has the good-will and support of the

Dean of Women of the university. She has given her co-operation

in rushing, and has offered many helpful and useful suggestions on

questions pertaining to Pan-Hellenic.

We realize that our local Pan-Hellenic has a large field for ex-

pansion and improvement. A l l of us are working and striving for

a strong, effective local organization, for this means a strong na-

tional organization. MARY C H A N D L E Y , Lambda, '14.

TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA 0 MIC RON PI 193

PAN-HELLENIC AT MINNESOTA-SOPHOMORE PLEDGE DAY

The one great problem which has confronted Pan-Hellenic during
the past year, at the University of Minnesota, is sophomore pledge
day. The university has needed for some time such a regulation,
and in the fall of 1912, the matter was taken up in earnest. The
advisability of such a plan was considered, but at first the girls were
not entirely in favor of taking such a step. Pan-Hellenic investigated
sophomore pledge day in other colleges and universities of first
rank, and after some discussion it was decided, that with proper
provisions and regulations, such a plan should be given a fair trial
at the University of Minnesota. I f this worked out satisfactorily,
it would come to be a reality for all time.

Next came the problem of making proper rules for rushing, which
was a most difficult task. Many small matters came up which made
it necessary to have numerous minor rules. Some of these were
the number of times a girl might entertain a freshman at her own
home; how often she might be allowed to bring her friends to the
sorority house; how much theater entertaining might be done, and
many other matters. So many little rules seemed inadvisable and
likely to cause trouble, and at length Pan-Hellenic decided that there
should be a few fast rules to go by in rushing freshmen.

Much time has been spent in considering sophomore pledge day;
its advantages and disadvantages have been discussed from every
conceivable viewpoint, and at last Pan-Hellenic has come to the con-
clusion that there shall be unlimited rushing on the campus. This
does not include sorority houses, Shevlin Hall, or the Oak Tree (our
college refreshment store). Each sorority is allowed four parties
during the year, at which freshmen may be present. Two may be
given during first semester, after six weeks of college work, and two
during the second semester. The expense of these parties is limited
to one hundred and twenty-five dollars, seventy-five for a formal
and for the other three, fifty dollars altogether. Sophomore
pledge day is set for the first day of college in the fall. Pan-
Hellenic feels that this new plan will do much to raise the standard
of sorority life, by eliminating the girls who come to college merely
for the society life, namely those who stay long enough to join a
society, and then are compelled to leave college on account of their
scholastic records. We all hope that this new plan will be most
efficient, thereby enabling the different sororities to select good, all
around girls, who will be a credit not only to themselves, but to
their university, and their sorority.

MEI.LIE D . QUAYLE.

194 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

T H E O M A H A DISASTER O F EASTER D A Y . 1913

EXTRACTS FROM PERSONAL LETTERS

Easter was a peculiar day, rather warm but with a cool damp
breeze and threatening clouds though this did not deter many from
going out in their Easter finery—and to which many owe their lives.
Leslie and I left home soon after live to do some work at the office,
some four miles away. While on the car it began to sprinkle and
when we reached down town it was very dark and raining hard.
While at work we heard the rain beating down and then a roar—
like thunder on thunder. Then after some hail and more rain it
began to get lighter. The tornado had passed through the longest
section of Omaha at 5 :50 in a perfectly straight line, destroying
everything before it. The telephone brought us the first news. "The
western part of the city is afire." etc. The reporters came rushing in
with the news of loss of life, homes destroyed and burning. The
city was in darkness and rescue work dangerous. The streets down
town were crowded with people unable to either get home or get
news from home. I t was pitiful to see big men with tears in their
eyes ask about his home and to see him told, "We don't know." No
cars or streets lights and with trolly wires down made it dangerous
for people to go near the devastated district. We passed the night
in the office filled with many injured and others telling unbelievable
things. I t was always the same story— the first and only warning
was the mighty roar like thousands of wagons filled with bricks
pulled rapidly over a rough brick pavement, pitch darkness, a crash,
and the roar died away, leaving a path of debris about a quarter of a
mile wide and between five and six miles long. I t passed over Omaha
in four minutes it has been estimated. As morning came reports
grew worse instead of better. We started home soon after 5 A. M . —
and we could hardly believe what we saw. We went up five streets
before finding one we could pass through and then the soldiers had
to direct our chauffeurs and we rode over debris of all kinds. After
one and one half hours sleep and our breakfasts we started down
town again. Then the real horror of it all struck us. Houses
turned on their sides, standing on their roofs, others crushed flat as
though a heavy weight had dropped from above. Some were en-
tirely burned up while others were just piles of kindling wood, and
everything was plastered with sand and mud. Comparatively few
houses can be repaired at all, and those have the second story torn
off, holes through the walls, plaster cracked, doors broken, and
everything covered with mud and sand.

Relief work began at once and is doing wonderful work, but the

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICROX PI 199

ELIZABETH ABBOTT BALENTINE

On the 17th of January, 1913, Mrs. Elizabeth Abbott Balentine.
registrar of the University of Maine, and secretary to its faculty,
went quietly away into that higher life toward which we are all
journeying. She left behind her many to whom her life had been
an inspiration, and to whom her death bore its message.

For many years Mrs. Balentine was the veritable pivot upon which
the executive affairs of the university turned. Possessed of a wonder-
f u l memory, a keen mind, and a big understanding heart, her friend-
ship and counsel were indespensable to faculty and students alike.
Not only did she know the name and record of every student in the
university, but her big heart and her absorbing personality kept
her in close touch with the nature and ambition of each. Many
an intricate tangle did she unwind, and many a dark problem grew
bright under the light of her encouraging optimism. Her belief
and confidence in the possibilities and intentions of the students were
bound to bring out the best, and there are literally hundreds of men
and women who today "call her blessed."

She was the mother of Gamma chapter. I n the early days of its
childhood, while it wore the baby clothes of Phi Gamma and the
short dresses of Delta Sigma, she nurtured, encouraged and advised
it, ever holding unswervingly to the principles upon which it was
founded. When at last assisted by her help and guidance, it joined
the ranks of Alpha Omicron Pi none rejoiced more than she.

The sisters of Gamma chapter, far and near, feel that to her
they owe much of their appreciation of the real sorority spirit, which
she embodied in her life, of the strength through fellowship, of the
joy of serving one another. Always ready and eager to join in any
festivity, or to straighten any difficulty she was for fifteen years
or more, the inspiration of our sorority and college life. When she
entered a circle, it seemed, as Stevenson says, "As though another
candle had been lighted."

Inspired by the life and true to the memory of this mother and
dear elder sister, the girls of Gamma resolve that their chapter shall
ever hold fast to those attributes of character and those ideals of
life to which she was true and which will make her memory ever
honored.

200 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

IN MEMORIAM

Behold the bridegroom cometh! We know not whence nor why
he came!

The angel of death on the rounds of his unceasing vigil paused
in our midst Thursday morning. When he went on his way again
he left us sorrowing, for he took with him the spirit of one of
Zeta's fairest daughters Helen Fiske Steckley.

The news of her death coming suddenly and unexpectedly as
it did, was a shock to us all.

A charming, gifted girl. An only daughter indulged by a loving
father and mother. A bride of less than a year, the pride of an
adoring husband, with everything in life to live for, we can not
help but ask why should she be taken and less worthy ones left to
live. Our only answer is "His will not thine be done!"

Helen Fiske Steckley has been a loyal daughter of Alpha O
for several years, and in her death, Zeta chapter as well as Alpha
Omicron Pi sustains a grievous loss.

Our grief is profound. To her sorrowing relatives our sympathy
is extended.

Our consolation is this: Helen Fiske was a girl of high ideals.
Her life was pure. When the summons came as it did without
warning, her house was in order, her peace with her God was made.
Let us bow to His will. And like Helen Fiske Steckley have our
house in order.

"Be ye also ready, for in such an hour as ye think not, the son
of man cometh."

EDITH SWAIN.

A L P H A O'S H O N O R A R Y M E M B E R S

In the February issue, Phi Beta Kappa was given credit for four
members of Gamma chapter at Orono Maine. The Honorary fra-
ternity there is not * B K but * K <E>. Antionette Webb's name is
to be added to that list.

Sheda Lowman, A, has been elected to $ B K at Stanford Univer-
sity, California also Annabelle Good, Z, at the University of Ne-
braska.

Louise Wiley, Omicron, University of Tennessee, has been chosen a
member of Phi Kappa Phi.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 201

EDITORIALS

In Memoriam
There has been scarcely an issue of To DRAGMA which has not

brought to our hearts, great sadness. Very seldom can we omit our
"In Memoriam" page. And whether or not the death is in our own
active chapter we realize that it is a sister whom we may never have
seen or known, who has died, and we have the added regret that we
can never see or know her. I f every chapter who feels the keenest
loss would realize that every Alpha O has this sadness and regret,
they would do as Maine has done in this issue, and would tell us of
the life of the sister who has gone. And i f we could see the faces in
a photograph which we never can see in life, our memories would be
richer.

W i l l you not all send me pictures and some news of the lives of
those whom we must lose?

UNSIGNED MANUSCRIPT

A great deal of confusion and disappointment has resulted from
the printing of unsigned manuscripts.

W i l l you please impress this on your minds and always sign every
manuscript with f u l l name, chapter and year. I t is always a dis-
appointment not only to the reader but to the author to see her
good article appear without her name. But it is impossible, with the
size of the editor's mail, for her to recognize handwriting to the
extent of signing an article with the proper name. Please do not
blame the editor for this omission. An idea is always more interest-
ing i f we know who it is that has the idea.

T H E PRESIDENT'S LETTERS

For the benefit of the alumnae who have no chance to see them, we
wish to tell something of Dorothy Safford's monthly chats. She
has conceived the idea of sending monthly letters to every active and
alumnae chapter which shall contain bits of news, friendly criticism,
advice, and praise of each chapter and chapter activity with which
she may come in touch. I t gives us an added friendliness for her
and for each other, and we feel a community of interest such as
we have not felt before. Here's to you, DOROTHY SAFFORD!

DELTA

The Delta chapter girls wish to extend an invitation to all Alpha
O's visiting in Boston.

Just telephone number 21117 Somerville, and call for an
A O IT girl.

V TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
202

NOTICE

Mrs. Farmer appointed the following committee "to receive songs
and report to the ex-committee with recommendations as to publish-
ing and financing." Lillian Shroeder, Alpha; Julia Norton, Rho;
Annie Kate Gilbert, K. Let us be a little enthusiastic on the
subject. We have never heard a chirp.

BUSINESS MANAGEMENT

The number of new subscriptions sent i n through the alumnae
assistant business managers has been very satisfactory and gratifying
but the lack of renewals to date about offsets them. So we are just
where we were last October.

The reason given a few years ago. when many subscribers failed
to renew, was that there were not always four copies a year. Now
every active girl is a subscriber, which makes it possible financially
with the alumnae subscribers to have the magazine come out regular-

ly.
Mrs. Esterly finds her Assistant Alumnae Editors such a help and

she is planning for larger and better numbers—with more articles
and illustrations—but we must secure the wherewithal to pay the
publisher, and i f the expired subscriptions are not renewed or enough
new ones received to equalize this we shall have to fall back to a
smaller and less interesting magazine.

ISABELLE HENDERSON.

Chapter No. of Active Alumnae Expirations Percentage of
members
14 72 Subscribers in Nov. '12 Alumnae

II 43 & Feb. 'i « Subscribers
40
*» Alpha ; 86 9 66 II II 15
•••59 10 "5 21
t* Pi . . . 52 t6 10 I
...50 M 7-1
JfNu ...82 •1 I 9
34 B3
f f Zeta . . . 108 0: 0 0 *a
7/Theta .. .. . . . 9 8 1?
2S 7" 12 2 I S
...125
as 26 16 1 1 14
...IOI 33 46 2 6a
If! 31
84 9
[6 8 21 1 22
28 12
2<> 21 3 28
16 848
0 0 0—

p/Rho / • ••49 272 5 8 15
/T Iota •••59 10 5 32-
/ t Prov. . . . 44 5 s 21
6 0 75
...24 2 2 17

Alumnae. 12

Total ..1120 186 62 22

TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 203

These issues are wanted. Kindly notify the Business Manager i f

there is a surplus of these in the chapter houses or among the

subscribers:

Vol. No. I V . 1-Nov., 1908.

j L 4—Julv, 1907. 3—May, 1909.

| | £ 2—Feb., 1908. V. 2—Feb., 1910.

3 — May, 1908. V I . 1—Feb., 1911.

4—July, 1908. 4—July, 1911.

204 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

CHAPTER LETTERS

ALPHA. BARNARD COLLEGE

Esther Burgess, '13. Edwina Dearden, '15.
Viola Turck '13. Grace Farrell, '15.
Elsa Becker, '14. Constance Geraty, '15.
Julia Bolger, '14. Ethel Hunley, '15.
Helen Downes, '14. Anna Jordan, '15.
Lucie Petri, '14. Marie Doody, '15.
Helen Shipman, '14. Frieda Fleer, '15.

In spite of the general fraternity depression at Barnard, Alpha
chapter has had a truly successful year, initiating as we have, nine
new girls, thus making ourselves one of the largest chapters at
college. Just at present the chief subject of discussion is Greek
games, especially among our sophomores, who have this year their
second and last chance to carry off the laurel wreath of victory.
Anna and Edwina are doing their best to help, practicing diligently
the Greek dance to which they have been chosen.

On April 18th and 19th. the Barnard Undergraduate Association
will give the most ambitious performance ever undertaken here,
"Cyrano de Bergerac." For weeks Viola as the scheming villain,
Esther as an actress and Anna as a nun, have been rehearsing their
parts on and off the rehearsal stage. I f we may judge by the con-
tinual enthusiasm they display for their respective lines, they will
indeed do well in the final performance. Like most of the play
profits this year, the surplus from "Undergrad" is going to swell
the Building Fund.

Early in May comes our Field Day, finishing up the athletic
events of the year. Lucie has been representing Alpha in athletics,
being captain of her class basketball team, and manager of the base-
ball contests.

Finally comes Senior Week, and it looks as though .our seniors
will indeed be too busy to be sad. Esther is on the Ivy Day com-
mittee and is to play Titania in senior play. Viola is to be one of
the class day speakers, is a member of senior play committee, and
also hero of the play, "Robin Hood."

Margaret Kutner, Alpha, '12, sailed for Europe on March 20,
to be gone indefinitely. A number of Alpha girls went down to
the boat "to see Miggie off," but as the sailing had been unex-
pectedly delayed and Miggie walked down the gang-plank after 11s,
we hardly felt she was going away.

Alpha sends very best wishes to all her sisters for a delightful
summer vacation and happy reunions in the fall.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 205

PI. NEWCOMB COLLEGE

"The time has come," the Walrus said, "for another To DRAGMA
letter, but please save your reputation and write a long one.

Puzzle—Who is the "Walrus" and what do you suppose the "Car-
penter" replied?

I I chapter was pleased to have as its guest for luncheon, Mrs.
Harris, Alpha, '07. Mrs. Harris was traveling through the South
with her husband and was kind enough to let us know her where-
abouts. I t gave us much pleasure to meet her and we wish more
A O I I sisters would come "a-visiting." Dorothy—I mean Miss
Safford, of course, entertained at an informal tea in honor of Mrs.
Harris, where we enjoyed introducing her to a number of our
alumnae and other fraternity girls.

Rushing has been going on at quite a merry pace, with matinees,
tea-drinkings, welsh-rabbit "cooks," and such like. But girls! do
be careful about the matinees you take your rushees to—one of our
guests almost drowned us out at "The Littlest Rebel" and we had
to swim home.

Several of the boarding girls spent the week end after mid-years
with Mrs. Safford. She is the "little lady" of the fraternity and
mothers us all. Not long ago she appeared at lunch time with a
huge box of sandwiches for us. Wasn't that a lovely surprise?

College has been plunged into wild excitement ever since the
basketball season opened. It's all over now, however, and the
juniors came off victorious. They won from the sophomores in the
final game and were presented with the championship silver cup. The
School of Education team was the victor in the lesser cycle of the
Arts, Academic Freshmen, Music Students, and School of Education.
They received a bronze cup for a reward. We were proud to have
Betsy and Gladys on the 'varsity this year and Margaret was a
substitute. The alumnae, however, came off victorious in the final
contest. Other colleges award letters as a symbol of 'varsity honor
but Newcomb always gives miniature loving cups and Betsy and
Gladys displayed theirs with great glee.

We were glad to meet Elizabeth Bryan, Kappa, '15, when she
returned to Randolph-Macon. Our only regret is that so many of
our ^irls were out of town and so missed the pleasure of seeing her.

I mentioned tea-drinkings a while back—don't you dote on them?
They are very popular with us, especially since Dorothy gave us a
charming brass kettle and Blythe White, '11, contributed some lovely
tea cups. Rosamond has been named "The Guardian of the Tea
Pot" and she presides most artistically at the tea table. Delie is also

206 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA 0 MICRON PI

the proud possessor of a teakettle—a copper one this time—so when
we have a large party she and Rosamond divide the honors.

We wish some of you A O TJ's could have been with us for the
carnival fun. Several of the girls were out of the city but the rest
of us managed to have a hilarious time.

We celebrated St. Valentine's Day with a luncheon in the room.
Our furnishings are all red, so the red and white valentines which
adorned the walls made a very pleasing appearance. We have
several cute stunts and lots of good "eats" and our "good angel"
sent up a large box of jonquils, daffodils, narcissus and hyacinths
for a parting valentine. We dressed up the rushees in them and set
forth for the basketball game.

Mr. Ellsworth Woodward, Dean of the A r t school, gave a lecture
on Greek A r t under the auspices of the local Pan-Hellenic. A
large number of our patronesses, alumnae, and friends were present
and we had a lovely tea-drinking for them in our rooms—both tea
kettles bubbling away for dear life and the rest of us tripping about
with sandwiches, cake, ices, and Virginia Withers' delicious candy.
The candy arrived exactly three minutes before the guests and was
a delightful surprise to us all. Emily Freret, '10, also surprised us—
a flowering plant which hid the ink spots on the table cloth past
discovery! I I has such thoughtful alumnae—they are all so good
to us. Needless to report, the lecture was a grand success—likewise
the tea-drinking. I don't see how we will exist when it gets too
warm for hot tea, we won't be able to use our kettles then!

Joe Handy, '07, has been visiting in the city this winter and
we were glad to have her in the room for luncheon not long ago.

We had a wild discussion of Miss Rickert's articles in the
"Century" a while back. Needless to say, we failed to agree with
her.

Betsy and Willie each spent a week end at home not long ago.
They are fortunate to live so near—some of us poor mortals can't
get away even for Christmas. Delie paid a flying visit to her brother
in Shreveport.

The Tulane Y. M . C. A. put on a good stunt the other night. I t
was a vaudeville performance and was called the "Enalut Riot"—
Tulane spelled backwards i f you happen to be clever enough to see
it, I didn't. I t was made up entirely of student stunts and some of
the numbers were especially good. The receipts, which were quite
large, I hear, are to start a Y. M . C. A. building fund and the affair
proved such a success that from now on the "Enalut Riot" will be
an annual college event.

The Chi Omega Fraternity has offered a prize of $15 for the best

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA 0MICRON PI 207

essay on a civic subject. The Chi Omegas every where are interested
in civic work and more fraternities would do well to follow their
example. Here in New Orleans the alumnae have opened a "penny
lunch" at a school in the poorest part of the city and the actives help
to run it. They accomplish a great deal of good, and in such a
practical way, too.

Mrs. Le Breton, Dagmar Renshaw '12, surprised us with a visit
lately, so, of course, we immediately had a tea-drinking to celebrate.

At the spring elections of the Y. W. C. A. Dilie Bancroft, '15,
was elected president and Georgiabel Gillean '14—no other person
than "Joybell"—was chosen vice-president. With the administration
in such capable hands, we feel sure it cannot fail to be successful.

Miss Louese Monning, Grand President of Phi Mu, visited the
active chapter and gave a short address before the local Pan-Hellenic.

"Tulane Night," a university event of great interest came off with
the usual grand success. The play this year was "The County
Chairman" and it gave opportunity for a rare display of talent. The
college stunts between acts were quite clever and amusing and the
cartoons and slides formed a large part of the evening's enjovment.
College songs and yells were heard on all sides and a general feeling
of good-fellowship prevailed.

NU, UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK

A great deal has happened in N u since our last letter was sent
to To DRAGMA. We have had four initiations and two weddings.

WTe are very proud indeed of our new members, three of whom are
college graduates while the fourth is a dear little girl from High
School. Helen Vollmer, Nora Stark and Aldana Quimby are New
York girls and Elizabeth Smart's home is in Cambridge, N . Y. but
she is living in the city while attending N . Y. U .

To some of us, Jean Burnetts marriage to Dr. Leslie J. Tompkins
was a surprise but the girls who knew her best were better posted.
Doctor Tompkins is the secretary of the university, and one of the
Law School professors, so we feel very well acquainted with him,
while he says that he considers all the fraternity girls his sisters-in-
law.

We have been looking forward to Ruby Norton's wedding ever
since last winter, when she told us she expected to be married this
spring. Her husband, Edward Cornish, was one of her classmates
and a member of Delta Chi. Our only regret is, that they have
gone west to live, and 89 North Eighteenth Street, Portland, Oregon,
is so far from Washington Square.

Besides all the events, we gave a dinner on the seventeenth of

208 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

March, to our new members and newly-weds. Fearing the grooms
might feel overwhelmed by so many girls, we extended the invitation
to the husbands of our married members and were very glad of an
opportunity to meet them.

We are hoping for wonderful results from the visit of our Grand
President who has just sent word that she expects to be with us the
first week in May. As we will have to share Miss Safford with
Alpha and the New York Alumnae, our plans cannot be definitely
made until we confer with them but we hope she will enjoy her
visit with us as much as we will.

OMICRON. UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE

On the night of February twenty-second, the unsuspecting passer-
by might have heard groans and shrieks, mingled with smothered
laughter and stern cries of "Swallow i t ! " and "Hold still!" pro-
ceeding from our room in Barbara Blount Hall. For were not we,
with the able assistance of several of our alumnae: Roberta and
Harriette Williams and Lillian Wells, of Chattanooga, Ailcie Kyle,
Lucretia Jordan Bickley, and Minn Elois Hunt, of Knoxville,
initiating four suffering goats? Little it mattered to them that the
room was beautifully decorated with potted plants and ferns; they
were not in a state to appreciate beauty. But even black and blue
spots could not prevent them from appreciating the eats which came
afterwards, and how good they were! We certainly are proud of
our new members, who are already showing the proper spirit by
studying the constitution every spare minute, for exams are peril-
ously near now. Our initiates are Margaret Conover and Aubrey-
Faulkner, of Knoxville, Mary Annie Landy, of Louisburg, Tenn.,
and Elizabeth McCargo, of Mt. Airy, N . C , and four finer fish
would be hard to find.

Pan-Hellenic has recently enjoyed an interesting talk on National
Pan-Hellenism by Miss Monning, the Phi Mu Grand President.
After the meeting which was held in our room, the Z T A's served
tea and sandwiches.

Omicron has given a beautiful silver loving cup to the fraternity
room, in memory of Janie Mayo, who died last year.

Louise Wiley was one of the six senior girls to make Phi Kappa
Phi, the honor fraternity, while Mary Rust is vice-president of the
senior class and assistant editor of the Volunteer, the Tennessee
annual.

A l l the old Alphas, and little new Alphas join m sending greet-
ings to our sister in other chapters, and in wishing the best of success
to you all.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 209

KAPPA. RANDOLPH-MACON WOMAN"S COLLEGE

Linda Best. Mattie Carskadon.
Annie Kate Gilbert. Mollie Minkwitz
Nan Atkinson. Lida Belle Bramc.
Bessie Masten. Patty Paxton.
Nannie Vaden. Katharine Gordon.
Laura Argne. Elizabeth Bryan.
Shirley McDavitt. Julia Anna Smith.

There is so much that we would like to write about that we
hardly know where to start. First of all we are back in our house
again after the fire, and I believe we are appreciating it more than
ever i f that is possible since we have had to do without it for a little
while. And with this settling down we have started rushing again,
although not so strenuously as last year because the Pan-Hellenic-
rules are more strict and they make our rushing a little more sensible.
We are allowed to have one rushing party a month but with that
exception there can be no financial rushing at all. We all agree
that this rule has done away with a large part of the strain of last
year, though it has not eliminated it entirely. Last month we had a
Valentine and George Washington party combined. Our party for
this month, which is to be given next week, will be a progressive
breakfast. No limits have been set upon the cost of our parties,
but I know of no very elaborate ones up to this time, and all the
sororities seem to be trying to reduce our rushing system to a saner
one. I n order to make our rushing more systematic we have adopted
a plan which we hope is going to be a success. Every week the girls
in the chapter pair off and promise to go together to visit every girl
on the rushing list. Every week each girl has a different partner
to go with her.

Since our last chapter letter was written we have mitiated Marion
Hearne, of Shreveport, La., Julia Anna Smith, of Kansas City. Mo.,
and Laura Argne of Woodville, Miss. Marion Hearne was not able
to return to college after the holidays on account of her mother's
illness, but we are very very happy over the two that are here and
we are just as proud of them as we can be. Miss Argne is president
of the Student Committee this year.

We were delighted to have Miss Ketcham, Epsilon, with us for a
few days last month. She is teaching at Buena Vista, a girls' school
not very far from here, and she came over to spend several days
with us. I t is seldom that we have any of our sisters from other
chapters come to see us, but we love to have them and we appreciate
them doubly when they do come. We know of one visitor who is
coming soon, however, and we are already counting the days until
she gets here. Miss Safford has promised to be with us on the


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