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Published by Alpha Omicron Pi, 2015-09-22 15:36:34

1907 February - To Dragma

Vol. 2, No. 2

To Dragma

OF

Alpha Omicron Pi

Editor, JESSIE ASHLEY.

Vol 2. February, 1907. No. 2.

CONTENTS

Frontispiece—The Memorial Library, N . Y. U . .

New York University . . . . . . . . 47
New York University Law, School . , . . . 52
54
History of Nu Chapter . . . . . . . . 57
59
Editorial . 60
. .61
Annual Meeting of the Grand Council . . . . . . -65
. -67
Our New President . . . . . . . . . 68
68
The Inter-Sorority Conference . . . . . .
. 69
Report of Deans and Representatives of I . S. C. . 70
Inter-Sorority Council of Nebraska . . . . 72
. 73
Chapter Notes -73
75
Alpha

Pi ,
Nu

Omicron . . . . . . .

Zeta . . . .. ....
Marriagei, Engagements . . ...

Directory . . . . . . . . .

Published by the fraternity three times during- the
academic year.

Subscription Price, - - $1.00 per annum.

A D E L M A H . BURD, Business Manager,

5 Nassau Street, New York City.



To Dragma

OF

Alpha Omicron Pi

NEW YORK UNIVERSITY.

New York in 1829 was already a city of prominence in the
Republic. The forty years that had followed the inauguration of
Washington had seen great changes and much development. I n 1825
the foundation of the city's commercial greatness had been secured
by the opening of the Erie Canal, and since the year 1820 immi-
grants had been coming in in large numbers. There was thus a
diverse, populous community, one f u l l of energy, and well on its
way to attain prosperity.

Public movements in New York toward the furtherance of
benevolence and education were rife. On December 16, 1829, oc-
curred a gathering of much importance in the educational history of
New York City. This was a meeting of nine citizens—J. M .
Mathews, J. M . Wainwright, J. Augustine Smith, Valentine Mott,
Joseph Delafield, Myndert Van Schaick, Hugh Maxwell, Isaac S.
Hone, and John Delafield.

"The establishment of a university in this city, on a liberal and
extensive foundation, has for some time past occupied the attention
of many of our respectable citizens," reads a call signed by these
nine, and issued shortly after. This call summoned a representative
body of citizens to a meeting on January 6, 1830, at the rooms of
the Historical Society.

The outcome of the movement inaugurated by these meetings
was New York University, or as it was at first called, the Univer-

48 TO DRAGMA.

sity of the City of New York. The incorporation took place in
1831, and college work began in 1832.

The members of the first Council, elected by the two hundred
citizens who subscribed money toward the University, are called the
Founders. They were: Morgan Lewis, Samuel R. Betts, James
Tallmadge, James M . Mathews, George Griswold, Sr., Myndert
Van Schaick, Stephen Whitney, Martin E. Thompson, John Dcla-
field, James Lenox, Samuel Ward, Valentine Mott, Edward Dela-
field, Samuel Hanson Cox, James Milnor, Archibald Maclay, Spen-
cer H . Cone, Cyrus Mason, William W . Woolsey, Gabriel P. Diso-
sway, John S. Craig and Charles Starr.

The Council of New York University corresponds to the Hoard
of Trustees of other institutions. I t is made up of thirty-four mem-
bers, is self-perpetuating, and is the governing body of the Univer-
sity. The New York University Senate is an advisory body. The
Senate is composed of the Chancellor, and the Dean and one Pro-
fessor from each faculty.

The first Chancellor of the University was the Rev. Dr.
Mathews, pastor of the Garden Street Dutch Reformed Church.
His successors have been: the Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen, a man
of many distinctions, prominent among them being the Whig can-
didacy for Vice-President in 1844 on the ticket with Henry Clay;
the Rev. Isaac Ferris; the Rev. Howard Crosby; the Rev. John
Hall, for many years Pastor of the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian
Church; and the Rev. Henry Mitchell MacCracken, the present
Chancellor, who was formerly Chancellor of the Western Univer-
sity of Pennsylvania.

The site originally chosen for the University was one overlook-
ing Washington Square, then a new park in an uptown district of
the city. A t about the time of the establishment of the University,
a number of prominent merchants and professional men built resi-
dences overlooking the Square, and the neighborhood from this time
on became a beautiful and fashionable one. The University building
was a Gothic structure of white freestone, modeled after King's
College, England. The cornerstone of this building was laid in
1833; the building was opened in 1835, and was publicly dedicated
to science, letters and religion in May, 1837. A t the dedication, two
purposes in the plan of the University were emphasized in one of
the speeches—first, the aim of giving special instruction in science to
those not wishing to take the whole undergraduate course; and





TO DRAG MA. 49

second, the purpose of exacting the utmost thoroughness in the clas-
sics from those who actually were candidates for degrees.

In the very early days of the University, the Professor of the
Literature of the Arts of Design was Samuel F. B. Morse. I t was
at the University, in Philomathean Hall, that the recording tele-
graph was invented by Professor Morse.

In 1839 occurred another event of much importance to the out-
side world. This was the invention, in the University, by D r .
John William Draper, of the use of photography in the representa-
tion of the human face.

A distinction attained by the Medical School of the University
(founded in 1841) in its first years was the procurement, in 1853,
by its Faculty, of the law legalizing dissection in New York State.

The Law School, originally established in 1835, w a s reorgan-
ized and entered upon a new career of activity in 1858.

The founding of the General Endowment of the University
dates from the year 1864. W e l l on in the last quarter of the nine-
teenth century, a general expansion began. The Graduate School
was added to the University in 1886; and in 1890, the School of
Pedagogy. I n 1890 the Woman's Advisory Committee was estab-
lished to co-operate with the Council. The years between 1890 and
1900 saw much growth and re-organization in both the Law and
Medical Schools; including the consolidation of the Law School
with the Metropolis Law School, and that of the Medical School
with the Bellevue Medical College. The scope of the University
was further enlarged by the addition of the Veterinary School,
through consolidation with the New York American Veterinary
College, in 1899; the addition of the School of Commerce, Accounts
and Finance, in 1900; and of the College Extension Courses, in 1903.
In 1896 the name of the University was duly changed by the Uni-
versity Regents of the State of New York from the University of
the City of New York to its present name, New York University.

In the history of New York City, it is a far cry from 1830 to
1890. Through those years there was a continued commercial pros-
perity in the metropolis, and a tremendous growth in population.
The history of the University is closely related to that of the city.
The site which had been far uptown in 1830 was a downtown one
in 1890. In the latter year, the suggestion of an uptown site for
some of the schools was made. In 1892 the location known as Uni-
versity Heights, in the Borough of the Bronx, New York City, was

50 TO DRAGMA.

acquired. University Heights is very beautifully situated on a high
ridge overlooking the Harlem River. The college campus is roomy
and attractive. The University grounds extend from Sedgwick
Avenue to Aqueduct Avenue, and are immediately south of Uni-
versity Avenue (also called East 181st Street).

These grounds are now occupied by the University College,
the School of Applied Science, and part of the Graduate School.
The removal was accomplished in 1894. The principal University
buildings at the Heights are the Library; the Hall of Fame; halls
for recitation in letters and science, and for laboratory work in sci-
ence ; the gymnasium; and Gould Hall, for residence, the gift of
Miss Helen Miller Gould, in memory of her parents. There arc,
besides, a Stadium, and a track for athletics. In the immediate
neighborhood, a residential one, are many professors' residences and
fraternity houses.

The Hall of Fame merits especial mention among the Univer-
sity buildings at the Heights. I t has attained much celebrity, and
the structure itself is both unique and beautiful. I t is a colonnade,
extending around the Library, the Hall of Languages, and the site
of the proposed Hall of Philosophy, and overlooking the river. I t
is a memorial to great Americans, whose names have been selected
by a body of judges composed of persons of national eminence. Each
name to be honored has been inscribed upon a bronze tablet, and
placed, with an appropriate inscription, in the open hall immediately
below the colonnade. Twenty-nine names have already been chosen,
and more are to be selected, at stated intervals, in the future. The
names which have thus far been inscribed are George Washington,
Abraham Lincoln, Daniel Webster, Benjamin Franklin, Ulysses
Simpson Grant, John Marshall, Thomas Jefferson, Ralph Waldo
Emerson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Robert Fulton, Washing-
ton Irving, Jonathan Edwards, Samuel Finley Breese Morse, David
Glasgow Farragut. Henry Clay, Nathaniel Hawthorne, George Pea-
body, Robert Edward Lee, Peter Cooper, Horace Mann, Eli Whit-
ney, John James Audubon, Henry Ward Beecher, James Kent.
Joseph Story, John Adams, William Ellery Channing, Gilbert Stu-
art, and Asa Gray.

While the removal of some of the Schools to University Heights
was taking place, changes were going on at Washington Square as
well. A t the East of the old building, the neighborhood had long
ceased to be a residential one, and had become thoroughly and typi-

I N T E R I O R O F T H I 1A I.I fF A M I



TO DRAGMA. 5i

cally commercial. The Square itself, however, retained much of
its old-time appearance, and the residential neighborhood at the
North of the Square still maintained its old character. I n conform-
ity to the business conditions at the East of it, the old Gothic Uni-
versity building gave place to a modern eleven-story office building,
overlooking, like its predecessor, Washington Square. This building
was completed and opened for occupation in 1895. The eight lower
floors are rented out by the University for business purposes; and
the three uppermost floors are retained for the work of the Univer-
sity. These floors are at present occupied by the School of Pedagogy,
the School of Commerce, Accounts and Finance, the College Exten-
sion courses, part of the Graduate School, the Law School, and by
offices of the University.

There are now in the University eight distinct faculties and
Schools of Matriculants: the University College; the School of Ap-
plied Science; the School of L a w ; the Graduate School; the School
of Pedagogy; the School of Commerce, Accounts and Finance; the
College of Medicine; and the Veterinary College. I n addition,
there arc the Summer School and the Woman's Law Class, both
made up of non-matriculant students. The total University enroll-
ment is about two thousand.

The work of the University may now be said to emanate from
three points—the Medical School, at First Avenue and Twenty-
sixth Street; the Schools at Washington Square; and the Schools at
University Heights. I f these points be located on the map of New
York City, and lines drawn connecting them, there will be formed
a triangle; and this triangle will almost cover the city whose name
the University bears, and to the history of which the growth of the
University is so closely related. In a community of so great size and
of such activity, there is much for the University to do; both in
preparing its students for the careers that lie before them, and in
upholding the old-time scholarly ideals and virtues.

DAISY GAUS.

New York, December, 1906.

I

TO DRAGMA.

NEW YORK UNIVERSITY L A W SCHOOL.

To-day the New York University Law School is one of the
best law schools in the United States and stands shoulder to shoulder
with the Harvard Law School, the Law Department at Columbia
and other well known schools. She is recognized by all these as
their peer, for no school has a better faculty, no school turns out
better trained lawyers.

The Law School was founded in 1834, but its existence was
not assured until 1858, when it was reorganized, and only then did
it really begin its career as a vital force, steadily growing stronger
year by year.

The first head of the Law Department—the office was not
at that time dignified by the term of Dean, a position created in
1887—was the Hon. Benjamin F. Butler. In 1887 Dr. David
R. Jacques became Dean of the School and served in this capacity
until 1891. This was a period of development; the number of
students increased from seventy-seven to one hundred and eighty.
To-day the enrollment is seven hundred and seventy. I n 1891 Dr.
Jacques retired from the Deanship and was succeeded by Dr. Austin
Abbott, who in turn was succeeded by Dr. Clarence D . Ashley, the
present Dean of the School.

During the year 1894-95, the old home of the New York Uni-
versity in Washington Square was taken down, and the new build-
ing now occupied by the Law School, the Graduate School, the
School of Pedagogy and Finance and Accounts was erected in its
place. The earlier building was a land mark to old New Yorkers
and was a picturesque structure about which much historical interest
and many romantic stories clustered. The modern building is,
however, far more commodious and adequate to the needs of the
School.

In 1895 the Law School entered upon a new phase of growth
by its unification with the Metropolis Law School, a very strong
school of which Judge Abner C. Thomas and Clarence D . Ashley
were the heads. This school held evening sessions and maintained
a high standard of requirement for admission. The method of
instruction in the Metropolis School was that used at Harvard and
known as the "Case System," a method introduced by the late Prof.

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I'MVKRSITY BUILDINI H INC; T O N S Q U A R E

I he L a w School occupies the loth and n t h floors.



TO DRAGMA. S3

C. C. Langdell, and now generally conceded to be the best way of
teaching law. When the consolidation with the University took
place, this method was gradually adopted throughout the Law
Department, and now no other method of teaching is used there.

In the meantime, the law library had been generously added
to by gifts from various sources; among these was one from the
widow of the late Elliott F. Shepard of 1390 volumes which made
up M r . Shepard's private law library, one from M r . J . W . C.
Leveridge of 554 volumes and one from M r . David Banks of 148
volumes. In 1895 Judge Thomas and M r . Ashley gave the library
of the Metropolis Law School to the University, thus adding over
500 more volumes, and in 1900 Chief Justice Daly added by
bequest 954 volumes more. The library at present contains over
18,000 volumes, and is in daily use by the large law classes. The
library is a large, bright room, with windows overlooking Wash-
ington Square. The books are arranged in alcoves, and the system
is so good that any student can find just what he wants without
assistance.

One feature of the New York University Law School is of
especial interest to us. I t is the only law school in New York
City open to women. In this respect New York women students
of law are more fortunate than students of medicine, for they have
the best possible legal education open to them. The women students
have done some excellent work in the school and have received much
courtesy from the faculty and men students. A sign that the
offered advantages are appreciated by the women is found in the
increasing number of women in attendance at the school. The
women graduates should and do feel a warm regard for the Univer-
sity which has been liberal minded enough to admit them so gener-
ously to its privileges, and for the most part they try to do the Law
School and the University honor, not only while numbered as stu-
dents, but afterward in the world, either as practicing lawyers or in
other walks of life.

Among the distinguished men graduated from the New York
University Law School may be named Secretary of State Elihu Root.
Justices Willard Bartlett, David Levintrett, Edward McCall,
James A. O'Gorman, all judges of the Supreme Court, and many
other men well known to the world.

JESSIE ASHLEY.

54 TO DRAGMA.

HISTORY OF NU CHAPTER

Nu Chapter was founded in the New York University Law
School in December, 1900, with six initiates. The charter mem-
bers were Margaret May Burnet, Helen Van Tych Arthur, Ida
Rauh, Madeleine Zabriskie Doty, Olive Rosamond Garland and
Jessie Ashley. The installation took place at Barnard College and
shortly afterward, an informal meeting was held in one of the lec-
ture rooms at the University, at which Margaret May Burnet, then
a senior, was elected president of the chapter, which was to be known
as Nu. Almost at once the interest and co-operation of the Dean
of the Law School, Clarence D . Ashley, was secured, and through
his kindness and help the infant chapter found permanent quarters.
Nu has a large, cheerful room with a fine view. Sometimes at sun-
set the glory of color in the west, where a bit of the river can be seen,
is a sore temptation to linger in our room, even to the neglect of
"Senior Code" or "Junior Agency." This room is a real home to our
chapter and is beloved by us all, every bit of furniture, even to cook-
ing stove and dishes is a reminder of the kindness of some friend, or
tells of our own successful economy. In Nu we have what we call
our "Permanent Treasury Fund." T o this is turned over each year
anything remaining in the treasury of the active chapter after all
obligations are paid. The money in the permanent treasury is spent
only upon notice to all associates, and is generally used for some
permanent improvement to the room or to help the active chapter
in some entertainment which is thought to be a duty and a benefit
to the fraternity as a whole.

During the first year we initiated Blanche Hammet Arnold, a
graduate student working for a Master's Degree, Frances Worstell
Marshall, also a graduate student, Florence King Hascall and Flora
Todd Fuller. Soon after this, however, we had the sorrow to lose
Blanche Arnold, who died in the following September. She was a
great loss to Alpha Omicron Pi, for she was a charming girl of
earnest purpose and a serious student of her profession. A scholar-
ship in the Woman's Law Class has been named for her.

Nu's second president was Jessie Ashley, '02, and since then
Helen iK. Hoy, Elizabeth J. Moss, Elizabeth Sophie Pope, and Alice
Dillingham have held the office.





TO DRAGMA. 55

Nu Chapter has grown stronger year by year, not only in num-
bers, but in interest in our fraternity itself. Starting, perhaps, with
the somewhat selfish view that N u must come first and Alpha Omi-
cron Pi as a whole only second, the feeling of nationality has gradu-
ally increased until to-day there is probably no chapter which holds
more generous views than N u , no chapter more ready to make sacri-
fices for the good of the whole, no chapter whose members do more
faithful work for the fraternity. Several members of N u have held
office on the Grand Council, notably Adelma H . Burd, Grand Pres-
ident from 1904-6. Adelma H . Burd, Bertha Rembaugh and Edith
Ives have successively held the office of Grand Treasurer. Helen
Hoy was the first editor of T o DRAGMA, a post now held by Jessie
Ashley, while Adelma Burd is the only one who has succeeded as
business manager of the magazine, though several undertook the
work before her.

In scholarship also N u stands very high. Among the winners of
first honors—competing with large classes of men—are Helen Hoy,
Bertha Rembaugh and Alice Dillingham, while many other N u girls
have taken second and third places on the honor list. Remembering
that the classes in the Law School number each from one hundred
and fifty to two hundred members, this means no small degree of
success.

The home life of the chapter has been most harmonious. The
active members are generally very busy girls, but they find time for
a little chapter sociability. Teas, dinners and lunches have been the
more usual forms of entertainment, but sometimes we have had
informal talks by members of the faculty or others. Dean Ashley
was once our guest in this way, M r . Frank Moss on another occa-
sion. Once we had a very jolly Christmas tree and we gave a large
luncheon to some visitors from Bryn Mawr College, one of whom,
Alice Day, afterward became a member of Alpha Omicron Pi.

One of the rules of N u Chapter is that at least once in two
years a group picture of all the active members of the chapter shall be
taken, one copy of which shall be framed and given to the Dean of the
Law School for the faculty room, one kept for N u Chapter room.
Two of these groups are reproduced in the present number of T o
DRAGMA, the first one taken and the latest, representing the present
chapter.

Perhaps one of the most interesting of Nu's doings was a debate
between N u Chapter and the Law Club of Bryn Mawr. This club

50 TO DRAGMA.

is made up of students at Bryn M a w r taking the law lectures there.
The debate was held at Taylor Hall, at Bryn Mawr College, which
was crowded to overflowing. Miss Thomas was present, and all
members of Alpha Omicron Pi were invited. Our team was made
up of Helen Hoy, Adelma Burd and Bertha Rembaugh. The judges
awarded victory to Bryn Mawr, but they gave praise to Bertha Rem-
baugh on the Alpha side, saying that hers was by far the best indi-
vidual argument. As she is a Bryn M a w r graduate, the honor went
to both her Alma Maters as well as to Alpha Omicron Pi. The
judges on that occasion were Dean George W . Kirchwey, of Colum-
bia Law School, Dean Lewis of the Law School of the University of
Pennsylvania, and Prof. Lyman B. Hall.

On the whole, N u Chapter has had an interesting life. She
has had her ups and downs to be sure, but her progress forward has
been steady, and the tower of her strength is founded upon a rock.





TO DRAGMA. 57

EDITORIAL.

The effort made by Kappa and Pi this year to send delegates
to the Annual Meeting was very much appreciated by the New York
Chapters. The presence of Lola Wanamaker, Mamie Hurt and
Marie Bres lent a fresh spirit to the meeting and a touch of the
younger element, which is so necessary to keep any organization alive
and abreast of the times. Older judgments are, no doubt, calmer
and more conservative, but younger views are full of the snap of
living issues, and add a vitality which is of the utmost value to us
all.

Up to now we have been obliged to look to the two New York
Chapters to supply this younger sp.irit; and the attendance at the
Grand Council meetings has necessarily been largely made up of
the life members, together with those members who have been asso-
ciated in the work of Alpha Omicron Pi since its founding. The
active personal interest of the chapters in the west and south is
greatly desired, and we tender hearty thanks to Kappa and Pi for
their delegates.

Many times of late our attention has been called to that admir-
able address delivered by M r . Henry James to the graduating class
at Bryn M a w r in 1905, and since published under the title, "The
Question of Our Speech." I t seems to have been a most timely
topic, and one which in the east at least we know to have been
greatly needed. Five minutes devoted at haphazard to listening to
the speech about us w i l l be sure to afford examples of slovenly, slur-
ring diction. W i l l it not be well for all fraternity girls to take
special heed in this direction and to make it a matter of pride with
us that we are in this matter beyond reproach ?

Adelma H . Burd, Grand President since 1904, retired from
office in December. While her term has been but short, she has
nevertheless done much for the good of Alpha Omicron Pi. She
has been a tireless worker and a most efficient one, as we are sure
every member of the fraternity knows. Under her care our debts

58 TO DRAGMA.

have vanished, and we have secured many things that we long needed
and desired; a magazine, a song book and a printed constitution are
among the more important of these. We gladly acknowledge that
we owe our former Grand President all this and assure her that
Alpha Omicron Pi does not forget.

Among the things that make a chapter room interesting are
photographs of our own and other chapters, college pennants and
banners, university or college seals and so forth. Can we not make
an effort to exchange these things among our widely separated chap-
ters? A Columbia flag is very pretty with its pale blue and white,
and every chapter should have some reminder of the home college of
its mother chapter. We should be familiar with the college colors of
every college where we have a chapter, and no way of doing this is
more attractive than the little colored banners upon our walls.

The editor would like to remind our associate members that
T o DRAGMA needs them as subscribers. The Alumnae can do much
for Alpha Omicron Pi, and at the moment nothing will help us
more than a hearty support of our little magazine. I t should reach
every member of the fraternity. A l l present subscribers are urged to
bring it to the attention of their fellow alumnae and ask them to show
their interest and loyalty by adding their names as subscribers now in
the early days of T o DRAGMA'S life.

TO DRAGMA. 59

ANNUAL MEETING OF T H E GRAND COUNCIL.

On Wednesday, December 26, the celebration of the tenth anni-
versary of the founding of Alpha Omicron Pi was inaugurated by
the annual dance of Alpha Chapter at Barnard College. This was
a delightful occasion as every one present agreed. Only one of our
delegates from out of town arrived in time to attend this affair, but
when on Saturday, December 29, the Grand Council held its annual
business meeting at Alpha Chapter apartment, New York City, we
were rejoiced to have with us delegates from Pi and Kappa. The
usual business was transacted and the annual elections held, and the
meeting adjourned to Monday. On that day an informal open
meeting was held in N u Chapter Room, New York University
Law School, at which many items of general interest were discussed
and recommended for action by the Grand Council. The one of per-
haps most general interest was the advisability of changing the time
of the annual meeting to some week in the late Spring, as Christmas
week is a time so full of home interest for everyone that attendance
at the Grand Council at that time is impossible to many who other-
wise would attend. I t was agreed and passed by the Grand Council
that the time for the annual meeting should be changed to the third
week in June, beginning in June, 1908.

A delicious buffet luncheon was then served by N u Chapter,
and about three o'clock the girls dispersed, only those remaining who
were entitled to attend the second business meeting of the Grand
Council which was thereupon held.

On Wednesday, the second of January, a box party of Alpha
girls attended a matinee at the invitation of Miss Miller of N u Chap-
ter, and late on this afternoon we said good-bye to the last of our
delegates. W e regret to record that New York weather did not
reflect our cheer this gala week.

ADELMA H . BURD.

6o TO DRAGMA.

OUR N E W PRESIDENT.

Helen St. Clair Mullan, who was elected Grand President of
Alpha Omicron Pi at the annual meeting in December, was born in
New York City in 1877. She was graduated from Barnard in 1898
with the degree of A . B. She afterwards entered the Law School
of New York University, where she took high honors in both Junior
and Senior years and received the degree of L L .B. in 1901. As we
all know, she was one of the founders of Alpha Omicron Pi and was
instrumental in procuring the charter for N u Chapter while she was
in attendance at the Law School; Helen Mullan was affiliated with
Nu while at the University and showed much interest in the success
of the chapter. She has held the office of Grand Corresponding Sec-
retary for many years, and has done perhaps more than anyone else
to mold the policy of Alpha Omicron Pi;. her influence is without
question stronger than that of any other member of our fraternity.
She has cheerfully undertaken the work of her own office and has
voluntarily added thereto much of the work belonging to other of-
ficers. She carries the interests of Alpha Omicron Pi with her at
all times and has untiringly striven for our expansion. A t this, our
tenth anniversary, it is very fitting to see her placed in the highest
office of our fraternity.

TO DRAGMA. 61

T H E INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCE.

The F i f t h Inter-Sorority Conference was called by Mrs. Robert

Leib, Alpha X i Delta, at the Victoria Hotel, Chicago, Friday after-

noon, September 14, 1906. Miss Jobelle Holcombe, Chi Omega,

acted as secretary of the Conference. A committee on credentials was

appointed and the following delegates were enrolled:

KAPPA ALPHA T H E T A . — M r s . Laura H . Norton, 2541 N .

Paulina St., Chicago.

Pi BETA PHI.—Miss Elizabeth Gamble, 565 Cass Ave., Detroit.

KAPPA KAPPA GAMMA.—Miss George Challoner, 456 New

York Ave., Oshkosh, Wis. {

DELTA GAMMA.—Miss Margaret Sheppard, 225 Greenwood

BTv'd, Evanston, 111.

ALPHA P H I . — M r s . J. H . McElroy, 153 E. 54 St., Chicago.

GAMMA P H I BETA.—Miss Lillian W . Thompson, 326 W . 61st

Place, Chicago.

ALPHA C H I OMEGA.—Mrs. Richard Tennant, 824 S. 5th St.,

Terre Haute, Ind.

C H I OMEGA.—Miss Jobelle Holcombe, Carnall Hall, Fayette-

ville, Ark.

DELTA DELTA D E L T A . — M r s . Amy Olgen Parmlee, 918 Chase

Ave., Chicago.

SIGMA IKAPPA.—Mrs. G. A. Marsh, 1219 Washington St.,

Hoboken, N . J.

ALPHA OMICRON P I . — M r s . Clifford Bigelow, 396 S. 41 Ave.,

Chicago.

ALPHA X I D E L T A . — M r s . Robt. Leib, 1271 Washington St.,

Springfield, 111.

The secretary read the report of the Fourth Inter-Sorority Con-

ference. Mrs. Leib then read a report of her work as secretary of

the Fourth Inter-Sorority Conference. This report was a resume of

the work accomplished during the year, and is in part as follows:

After the close of the Fourth Conference the secretary had

printed 500 copies of the record of Conference proceedings and sent

copies to the Grand Secretaries for distribution to chapters and

officers, to conference delegates, and to the five sororities that had



s

62 TO DRAGMA.

petitioned the Conference for membership. Five hundred copies were
too few this year on account of the increased interest in the Confer-
ence. Gamma Phi Beta decided at her November, 1905, convention
to co-operate with the Conference in all points. The Conference
Secretary took a vote of Grand Presidents at the close of the Confer-
ence to permit the Michigan sororities to pledge non-matriculates.
The Grand Presidents voted to ratify the recommendations of the
Fourth Conference, and Michigan was granted the dispensation for
one year. During the year, the Secretary, at the suggestion of Miss
Wheeler, Kappa Kappa Gamma, investigated the best points of the
constitution of Women's Social Service Leagues then in operation,
with the result that a model or sample constitution was formed. This
has been given wide circulation, having been sent to the Deans of
state institutions and to many interested persons. In December, a
conference of Deans of women of state institutions was held in
Chicago and the secretary of the Conference was asked to arrange a
session with representatives of the Conference. Consequently the
Chicago delegates to the Fourth Inter-Sorority Conference were
present and a pleasant and helpful meeting was the result. Letters
from Deans of fifteen institutions have since been received by the
Secretary. The Wisconsin Pan-Hellenic sent a petition for investiga-
tion of local conditions to the Grand Presidents of sororities and to
the conference delegates. I t was decided to send an investigating
committee before the close of the school year. Most of the sororities
having Wisconsin chapters sent a delegate. The committee secured
valuable information concerning the situation. A l l Grand Presidents
except two have unconditionally approved the constitution for the
Inter-Sorority Conference which was proposed by the Fourth Con-
ference. The expense of the Conference for each sorority this year
is two dollars (2.00). The Pan-Hellenics have done a good work
through the year with but few difficulties arising to detract from the
whole. The Secretary recommends that the Conference formulate a
working constitution for Pan-Hellenics for their assistance.

Reports were then read by the delegates from the several sorori-
ties with the exception of Kappa Kappa Gamma, Alpha Phi, Alpha
Chi Omega. These three reports were deferred until September 15.
The reports included the sorority's progress in Pan-Hellenic and
Social Service work, convention action bearing upon the Inter-So-
rority Conference, conflicts and difficulties arising from the inter-
sorority compact, attitude of the sorority toward granting excep-

TO DRAGMA. 63

tions to inter-sorority laws, recommendations to the Inter-Sorority
Conference.

Information was asked by Mrs. Tennant on Pan-Hellenic and
Social Service work. Mrs. Tennant was appointed a committee of
one to correspond with the visiting delegates of the several sororities,
with a view to interesting them in the Social Service work, and of ob-
taining a report on the work done by each chapter along this line.

The question as to whether a unanimous or a majority vote
should prevail in Pan-Hellenic transactions was brought up. The
question as to whether eligibility to chairmanship in Pan-Hellenics
date from establishment of a chapter as a local or as a national was
also brought up.

After some discussion a motion was made and carried that a
committee, with Mrs. Leib as chairman, be appointed to draw up a
model constitution to be submitted to Pan-Hellenics as a guide in
framing a constitution. This committee was composed of Mrs. Leib,
Mrs. Norton and Miss Gamble.

A motion was made and carried that the editors of the several
sororities be requested to insert in the directory page of the journal
the name and address of the Secretary of the Inter-Sorority Con-
ference.

A motion was made and carried that each sorority send $5.00 to
the Secretary as soon as possible to defray the expenses for the com-
ing year. Each delegate was instructed to inform her Grand Presi-
dent of such action.

The Conference adjourned until Saturday, September 15.

At the second session the reports deferred from the preceding
session were read. The reports of the standing committees were
then taken up. Mrs. Parmelee gave the report of the representa-
tive committee sent to Madison, Wisconsin. This committee met
the local Pan-Hellenic and heard the claims of the sororities for
special dispensation. The request from the Pan-Hellenic was read.
The sororities asked for dispensation for two years and promised to
pledge only seniors in High Schools, and to abolish floating pledges
if the pledge does not enter the University one year from September
following the pledging. I t was moved and carried that the Confer-
ence recommend to the Grand Presidents that the request be granted
on the conditions mentioned above.

The petition from Michigan was then read. I t was moved and
carried that the Conference recommend to the Grand Presidents

64 TO DRAGMA.

that dispensation be granted to Michigan for one year, provided only
seniors in the High Schools be pledged and the pledge be with-
drawn if the young lady does not enter the University one year from
September following the pledging.

A motion was made and carried that one sorority at Wisconsin
and at Michigan University be interested in the conditions existing
in those two universities and asked to study those conditions with a
view to improvement. Mrs. McElroy was appointed a committee
of one to interest Alpha Phi at Michigan, Miss Challoner, to interest
Kappa Kappa Gamma at Wisconsin.

The delegates took luncheon together, and the afternoon session
convened for the continuation of reports of standing committees.
Miss Thompson, as chairman of the committee appointed to confer
with the Deans of Women on matters of sorority interest, gave her
report which is printed in separate covers for distribution. I t was
suggested that the Grand Presidents be asked to send to the Secre-
tary of the Inter-Sorority Conference the addresses of possible repre-
sentatives in the Deans' Conference, since it was suggested that each
sorority be represented in the Deans' Conference.

It was moved and carried that the Conference present to the
several sororities the following motion for their consideration: Re-
solved, that sororities in High Schools and other secondary schools
should be discountenanced, and that after four years from date of
notification by Grand Presidents, each sorority in the Inter-Sorority
Conference refuse to admit any young woman who has been a
member of a sorority in a High School or a secondary school.

The committee on the model constitution for Pan-Hellenics sub-
mitted a constitution which, with slight variations, was accepted.
The constitution is printed separately for distribution.

The constitution of the Inter-Sorority Conference was then taken
up. Since a unanimous vote could not be obtained on the constitu-
tion as presented by the Fourth Inter-Sorority Conference, some
amendments were made in hopes that a working constitution may
be adopted.

(The Editor omits this draft, but w i l l print the Constitution
after it has been adopted.)

The Conference wishes to emphasize also the recommendations
of the Fourth Inter-Sorority Conference:

it That the Secretary of the Conference be sent copies of all
the sorority journals.

TO DRAGMA. 65

2. That all sorority journal editors be requested to send ex-
changes to officers of all other sororities and to all chapters in col-
leges where the respective sororities are represented.

3. That each Grand Secretary send to the Inter-Sorority Con-
ference Secretary revised lists of chapter rolls and officers to facili-
tate her work.

The Secretary was asked to investigate the laws of the states
concerning the making and wearing of badges by unauthorized per-
sons. Some complaint was made that unauthorized jewelers are
putting on sale cheap, unofficial pins that may be purchased by any
person. The Conference was asked to do what it could in the matter.

The Conference adjourned till September, 1907.

JOBELLE HOLCOMBE,

Secretary Fifth Inter-Sorority Conference.

REPORT ON T H E JOINT MEETING OF DEANS AND ADVISERS O F
WOMEN IN S T A T E UNIVERSITIES AND REPRESENTA-
TIVES OF THE INTER-SORORITY CONFERENCE.

In December, 1905, the Deans of Women and Advisers of
Women of State Universities met for a conference in Chicago. T o
one of their meetings they invited representatives of the Inter-Sorority
Conference, that they might together talk over matters of interest
to women in State Universities. The representatives of the Inter-
Sorority Conference were very much interested by the discussions
and opinions they heard. A few subjects were selected which are
recommended to all Pan-Hellenic Associations for discussion during
the year.

I . HIGH SCHOOL SORORITIES.

Are they to be encouraged or discouraged?
The unanimous opinion of the Deans was that these sororities
are very harmful to the girls who join them, and to the high schools
in which they exist. One means suggested for discouraging them
was for sororities to refuse to take girls belonging to them, after
having given due notice of this decision.

I I . CUTTING CLASSES, AND POOR WORK.

I t seems pretty well established that cutting and poor work are
not at all confined to non-Sorority girls. Most Sororities have
some plan for keeping up the standard of scholarship among their

66 TO DRAGMA.

members but these plans do not always work. Some outside pres-
sure is often needed, and the Dean is the proper person to apply that
pressure. How can we, as Sororities, make the Dean feel that we
expect and welcome supervision of scholarship ? We certainly should
take some strong stand in this matter through the Inter-Sorority
Conference.

I I I . INCREASED EXPENDITURE.

Some Deans complained of the lavish decorations and expensive
refreshments in vogue in their colleges. They said the men were
fairly forced to hire carriages and wear evening dress on many occa-
sions that should be entirely informal and simple. The tendency is
toward greater formality and lavishness rather than toward sim-
plicity. They asserted that these expensive functions were often
beyond the girls' means and circumstances, and were, therefore, in
poor taste; and that much simpler entertaining would be a better
social training. Other Deans said they had no fault to find with
expense. Conditions seem to vary greatly in this respect, and some
colleges are taking very sensible and decided stands on the question.
It should be carefully discussed everywhere, and the Deans should
be consulted in regard to the proper style of entertaining.

IV. ATTITUDE OF SORORITY GIRLS TO NON-FRATERNITY M E N .

It seems to be the custom in many colleges for Sorority girls to
go with no one but fraternity men. Is this generally true? Is it
wise? Some Deans think this is very narrow, and not at all fair to
either men or girls.

V. ATTITUDE OF GIRLS TO M E N WHOSE CONDUCT COULD

JUSTLY BE CRITICIZED.

Do we as Sororities take a strong enough stand in this matter?
It is quite possible for us to practically exclude such men from col-
lege society.

VI. CHEATING.

The Deans feel that there is quite too lenient a feeling toward
cheating in college, and that a great deal of it goes on. They wish
that we would make a determined effort to change the tone in regard
to cheating, which is often laughed at as clever and amusing.

The Deans made one request of the Conference. They wish
that all Sorority Grand Presidents would do as a few already do, and
write once a year directly to them for the scholarship records of the
chapters. They will be glad to send accurate and detailed reports.

TO DRAGMA. <>7

such as cannot be gained through any other source. They feel sure
that such reports followed by praise or blame from the Grand Presi-
dents to the chapter, would help greatly to raise the standard of
scholarship.

They stated that they were very much in favor of Sorority
houses, and thought them best managed by the older alumna;.

The meeting was a very helpful and enjoyable one, and the rep-
resentatives came away determined to urge the Conference to aid
the Deans in every possible way in the splendid work they are doing.

LILLIAN W. THOMPSON, Gamma Phi Beta,
Chairman of Committee.

THE INTER-SORORITY COUNCIL OF NEBRASKA

UNIVERSITY

The Intersorority Council of Nebraska University was organized
in May, 1906. It consists of a president, who is a member of the
faculty and one active member and one alumna from every sorority.
It is entirely a separate organization from the local Pan-Hellenic, and
differs from it. One point of difference is that the faculty is repre-
sented in the Inter-Sorority Council and not in the Pan-Hellenic.

The object of the Inter-Sorority Council is to legislate for the
best interests of the sorority not only from the students' standpoint,
but from the standpoint of the faculty also. The first action taken
by the Council was to prohibit rushing in any form for six weeks
after registration week. During registration week the number of
large parties given by each sorority was limited to three. As this is
the first year that rushing has been restricted at all, there was, of
course, some dissatisfaction, but we believe that in the end it will
prove to be a wise measure.

One of the duties of the Alumnae members of the Council is
to watch over the record of scholarship of the girls of her own soror-
ity. In this way it is hoped to keep the scholarship of sorority girls
above reproach.

68 TO DRAGMA.

CHAPTER NOTES.

ALPHA-BARNARD COLLEGE.

Alpha Chapter opened the college year with fourteen active
members, and we think that on Pledge Day (the first Monday in
April) we shall be able to select four or five girls capable of uphold-
ing Alpha's standard.

The Pan-Hellenic regulations are the same as last year,—one
"rush" a month being the rule. In October we had a very enjoyable
Hallowe'en Party at the home of Josie Prahl, '08, while in Novem-
ber and December we gave dances which were most successful.

The Chapter has a very attractive apartment this year on 124th
Street, near the College. This gives us better facilities for entertain-
ing, and we were glad to have some of the Grand Council meetings
held there during December.

Emma Lay, '07, is president of the Classical Club.
Kathleen Hurty, '07, has changed her registration to the Teach-
ers' College, Columbia University, this year, in order to get a Teach-
ers' certificate from that College at the same time with her Barnard
Diploma.
Jo Pratt, '07, was a Student Marshal at the recent laying of
the cornerstone of the new dormitory building.
Ethel Schramm, '07, has left College for a year on account of
ill health. She intends to return next fall, and graduate with the
Class of 1908.
Josie Prahl, '08, is on the Executive Committee of her Class.
She is also on the 'Varsity and Class Basket-Bali Teams, and is
Vice-President of the Athletic Association.
Mary Maxon, '08, is Captain of the 'Varsity Basket-ball Team
and Chairman of the Swimming Team. She is a member of the
Executive Committee of the Athletic Association and of her Class
Entertainment Committee.
Elizabeth Robinson, '08, lost her father in November, and this
month Evelyn Macdonald, '08, had the same sorrow come to her.
Margaret Yates, '08, is Chairman of the Junior Ball Committee
and of the Philanthropic Committee of the Y. W. C. A. She had
the heroine's part in the Junior Show and is an editor of the Barnard
Year-Book, the Mortarboard and of the Columbia Jester.

TO DRAGMA. 69

Jessie Cochran, '09, is Treasurer of the Y. W. C. A. Her
father, who is pastor of a large church in New York City, will
address the College soon.

ALUMNAE PERSONALS.

Ruth Earle, '02, who is now Mrs. Lawrence, went to Florida
on her wedding trip. She will make New York her permanent home.

Alice Van Woert Smith, '05, was married to William Stewart
Thomson on Thursday evening, December 6, 1906. Three of her
bridesmaids were Alpha girls,—Jeanette Wick, '04, Edith Dietz,
'05, and Jo Pratt, '07. The wedding was a chrysanthemum affair,
and was very pretty. Mr. and Mrs. Thomson will live in St.
Louis for the next two years.

Jeannette Wick, '04, has a position as assistant to the manager
at D. Appleton & Co.'s.

Beatrice Anderson, '05, Edith Dietz, '05, Anna Thorp, '05,
and Elizabeth Toms, '06, are all teaching in High Schools in or
near New York City.

Fannibelle Leland, '05, started last week on a trip to Jamaica.

PI-NEWCOMB COLLEGE

Life with us since the opening of college on October 1, 1906,
has been full of pleasure, and we hope of profit, too. "Pan-Hellenic"
gave us three weeks of rushing anxiety, but at the end of that
strenuous life, we felt repaid, when we pledged three of the most
attractive Freshmen, Mary Pearce, of Central America; Dorothy
Noble Safford, Louisiana; and Innes Morris, Louisiana. Nell Bres,
'07, and Virginia Reese Withers, '09, have also been initiated, the
former this year, and the latter at the end of last year.

Newcomb is flourishing this year in all its departments. Pi
girls are not idle. Anna E. Many, '07, is Captain of the Senior
Basket-Bali Team, which team has held the championship since its
Sophomore year. Besides, Anna Many, Lily Dupre and Bess Lyon
are regulars on the team. Nell Bres, '07, is Editor-in-Chief from
Newcomb for the Jambalaya, the Annual. Marguerite Saunders,
'07, is speaker ^ f the Ogonistic Literary Society. Jo Handy, '07, is
Treasurer of the Senior Class. Virginia Withers, '09, and Dorothy
Safford, '10, are class editors for our college paper, The Tulane
Weekly.

The establishing of two new fraternities, Alpha Delta Phi and
Phi M u is by far the most engrossing news in the fraternity world

70 TO DRAGMA.

here. These are both Southern. Pan-Hellenic entertained them
delightfully, and has heartily welcomed them into her world. This
makes six fraternities now at Newcomb. The new fraternities could
not get rooms in the college buildings on account of lack of space,
but they are situated just opposite to the main building. Our own
room we have had remodeled, and it is generally conceded to be one
of the most artistic in the college; it is distinctly mission in its style,
mission rugs, mission walls, mission furniture. Be assured that to
one and all of Alpha Omicron Pi its doors are ever open. We would
be only too glad to show you our buildings, our work, and our hearts.

ALUMNAE PERSONALS.

Ernestine Bres, '06, is continuing her art studies in German-
town, Pa.

Andree Provosty, '06, and Lillian Jung, '08, are two prominent
debutantes this winter.

In the teaching world, we have Josephine Crippen, '02, Cleve-
land Dupre, '04, Edith Dupre, '00, Sue Gillean, '03, Leonora Lewis,
'04, Katherine Reed, '00, Edna Reed, '03, and Helen Gurley, '07.
Adele Mercier, '02.

Flora Sanders, '05, and Bertha E. Meader, '99, have married.

NU-N. Y. UNIVERSITY LAW SCHOOL.

Seven active and three associate members returned to the Law
School at its opening on October 1, 1906, and as the majority of these
ten have ample time to devote to both the fraternity interests and
their law studies, the chapter is in an exceptionally flourishing con-
dition.

As is probably known, our chapter room is on the roof of the
law school building—a unique location. This year we have partly
refurnished the room and made it very cozy and attractive. We do
much of our studying here instead of in the large but crowded library
of the school. Each Thursday afternoon we serve tea to our alumna;
members and ourselves, and occasionally two or three of the girls
have a chafing-dish lunch at noon in the room.

In November we gave an afternoon tea for Mrs. Perry (Stella
Stern) and in December a noon luncheon at which Madeleine Doty,
'02, talked to us on the possibilities of reform work in the Children's
Court. We are planning an evening dinner during January.

A law school differs from other colleges in that it has very few
organizations or societies—no dances or plays, clubs or basket-ball
teams—but whenever a class event takes place the girls are found

-> -

v z

<4

_



TO DRAGMA.

represented on its committees in numbers quite out of proportion to
their rates in the class enrollment, and Alpha girls are not in the
rear. Crystal Eastman is Second Vice-President of the Senior Class
and the only girl among the class officers. Eve P. Radtke is the
representative of the women of the law school on the N . Y. U. Re-
flector, our weekly magazine.

On the evening of December 15, the Senior Class gave itself an
informal dinner at the Everett House. On the dinner committee
were Florence Bruning, Elinor Byrns, Emma Calhoun and Eve
Radtke; and on the musical committee were Crystal Eastman and
Emma Miller.

We are anticipating a busy, happy spring, and hope that this
new year may bring to all our sisters—in the east, south and West
—a heaping measure of success and pleasure.

ALUMNAE PERSONALS.

Margaret M . Burnet, '01, is practicing law at 100 William
Street.

Frances M . Rice, '05, is studying in the Collegiate Department
of the New York University which is situated on the ninth floor of
the Washington Square building.

Jessie Ashley, '02, and Elizabeth S. Pope, '06, are practicing
law under the firm name of Ashley & Pope. They have very pleas-
ant offices in the Hanover National Bank Building at No. 5 Nassau
Street.

Flora Todd Fuller, '03, is now at her home in Brooklyn, and is
in much better health. She has been able to attend some of the Nu
Chapter gatherings.

Elizabeth J. Moss, '05, is practicing law in the office of her
father, Frank Moss, at 299 Broadway. She is also doing graduate
work at the Law School for a L L . M .

Last June Laura Booth, '04, received the degree of B. C. S.
from the School of Commerce, Finance and Accounts of N . Y. U.
She also passed the Bar Examination that month and this fall was
admitted to practice. She is now studying in the Collegiate Depart-
ment of the University.

Madeleine Z. Doty, '02, and Crystal Eastman, '07, have an
apartment together at No. 12 Charles Street. Miss Doty is writing
for the Saturday Book Review Supplement of the New York Times
under the pen name of Otis Notman.

Grace Quackenbos, '03, has had the honor of being appointed

72 TO DRAGMA.

Special Assistant U. S. District Attorney for the purpose of trying
a particular case of which she had made a special study. She is now
in Florida doing research work.

Edith P. Ives, '05, received her master's degree in law (LL.M.)
from the University last June. She has recently passed the Bar and
has just opened an office No. 257 Lenox Avenue, New York City.

Frances W. Marshall, Grad., has severed her connection with
the Century Publishing Co. and is now a partner in the Rimak Chem-
ical Co.

Bessie Boyce, '05, has opened a law office in her home town,
Malone, N . Y.

Ida Rauh, '02, has just returned from abroad where she has
been since last April.

Alice Day, Spec., is Treasurer of the Consumers' League.
Helen McKeen, '05, holds the position of State Inspector of
Asylums, a post of much responsibility.

OMICRON—UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE.

Tennessee University opened the year with an increased roll of
students, especially Freshmen. These were welcome indeed, since the
student body was much depleted last year by the going out of a
large senior class.

At the beginning of the year the rushing among both sororities
and fraternities was the chief interest. Omicron had lost some of
its strongest members, Harrriett Greve, Roberta Williams, May
Stokely, Katherine Gresham, and Felicia Metcalfe, besides our asso-
ciate member, Mattie Ayres, who is abroad. This left us with only
four active members. Fortunately, Harriet and Katherine Caldwell,
from Knoxville, came in as special students, and now our four new
members give us a full chapter in proportion to our usual chapter
and the other sororities here.

The rivalry during the rushing season was sharp, and unfortu-
nately among the boys it is not confined to rushing. In the election
of officers for the Athletic Association the boys are divided into two
factions, a certain fraternity leading one side, and another the other
side. The trouble this year was serious.

Remembering that part of the offices in college must go to the
boys, Omicron is well represented in classes and clubs. Kathleen
Douthat is Vice-President of the Senior Class, Lucretia Jordan editor
on The Volunteer from the Junior Class, Mary Hart Buchanan,
Vice-President of the Freshman Class. The class presidents are

TO DRAGMA. 73

always boys. Lillian Wells is President of the Dramatic Club, Mary

Hart Buchanan Secretary and Treasurer, Queenie McConnell is

Vice-President of the Barbara Blount Literary Society, Lillian Wells,

Treasurer and Secretary, Lucretia Jordan is President of the Glee

Club.
Socially the University has been unusually quiet this year.

There have been a number of receptions, three Athletic dances, and
the first Phi Gamma Delta German. The Dramatic Club has given
two plays, in which Misses McConnell, Douthat, Buchanan and
Jordan were the leading characters. Examinations begin this week,
so we are all at work now. but after the holidays Omicron expects
to give a dance to about two hundred of her friends. Would that
we could welcome representatives from all our chapters! As it is,
we extend hearty good wishes for the new year.

ALUMNAE PERSONALS.

Harriet Cone Greve, '06, and Roberta Bright Williams, '08,
are teaching in the Chattanooga High School.

Felecia Leigh Metcalfe, 09, is teaching in Fayetteville, Tennes-

see.

Katherine Okey Gresham, '07, is at home in Knoxville, Ten-

nessee.
Anna May Stokeley, '06, is teaching at Dandridge, Tennessee.
Mattie Ayers, associate, is studying at the University of Berlin.

ZETA—UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA.

The girls initiated into Alpha Omicron Pi by Zeta Chapter last
fall were Emily Trigg, Nellie Kitchen, Elizabeth Chambers, Laura
Rhodes and Bernice Rawls.

Zeta Chapter has given a number of informal social affairs this
year, among which were a play, a Hallowe'en Party, and a Christmas
dance at Lindell Hall. Although the rules of the Sorority Council
have restricted rushing, this has been a busy year for Zeta, and the
girls have been enthusiastic in both college and fraternity work.
Mattie Woodworth has been elected to the Silver Serpent, a Junior
club, and is also a member of the University basket-ball team. Flor-
ence Parmelee has been very successful as social chairman of the
Young Woman's Christian Association. This gave her the manage-
ment of the University "County Fair," one of the greatest events of
the college year. All of the sororities take some particular part in
this event, and Zeta was especially successful in a well "gotten up,"

74 TO DRAGMA.

and greatly appreciated arrangement of a two-act play, "Thy Aim."
Laura Rhodes who is President of the Junior Class was forced

to resign from the Young Woman's Christian Association Cabinet
on account of her very heavy college work.

Zeta Chapter has almost completed a plan for a Chapter House,
and when this is carried out, our out-of-town girls will have a true
college home.

ALUMNAE PERSONALS.

Viola Gray, '03, and Grace Trigg, '06, were elected to positions
in Lincoln School this fall, the former to a position in the High
School. Zeta feels lucky in having two of her faithful alumna; in
home schools.

Jennie Louise Piper has been elected head of the History De-
partment of the Hastings, Nebraska, High School.

Lulu King Bigelow, of Chicago, spent the holidays with her
sister, Edna King, and other Zeta sisters.

The holiday session brought delightful reunions for Zeta Chap-
ter, as Annie Jones, who is now in Bryn Mawr, Grace Piper of
Brookings, S. D., Jennie and Elsie Ford Piper were in Lincoln. A
number of informal affairs were given in their honor.

Zeta feels greatly the loss of Katherine Sterling. She has ac-
cepted a position in the High School at Seattle, Washington.

Mrs. Wallace entertained informally for Mrs. Pollard, wife of
Congressman Pollard, on her return from Washington.

Jessie Mosher, Dr. of Optics, is practicing with Dr. Ferguson,
a well known oculist of Lincoln.

MARRIAGES.

Ruth Earle, Alpha '02, to Richard Wesley Lawrence, Novem-
ber 20, 1906.

Helen Torrey Gurley, Pi '07, to Charles Congreve Carter.
Anna Richardson Hall, Alpha '98, to Robert James Curdy,
November 3, 1906.
Bertha Estelle Meader, Pi '99, to Avery Patton.
Adele Mathilde Mercier, Pi '02, to William Watkins Winn.
Flora Mary Sanders, Pi '05, to Eben Hardie.
Alice Van Woert Smith, Alpha '05, to William Stewart Thom-
son, December 6, 1906.

ENGAGEMENTS.

Bessie Scott, Alpha '05, to Frederick Conant.

TO DRAGMA. 75

DIRECTORY.

ALPHA OMICRON PI.

Members are requested to notify the Business Manager of T o
DRAGMA of any inaccuracies or omissions in the directory or of any
change of address.

OFFICERS.

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE:

Grand President, Helen St. Clair Mullan.
Grand Vice-President, Edith Berrell Fettretch.
Grand Recording Secretary, Stella Stern Perry.
Grand Corresponding Secretary, Elizabeth Iverson Toms.
Grand Treasurer, Edith Prescott Ives.
Grand Doorkeeper, Jessie Wallace Hughan.
Grand Historian, Stella Stern Perry.
Chairman Committee on New Chapters, Viola Clarke Gray.
Editor of To DRAGMA, Jessie Ashley.
Business Manager of To DRAGMA, Adelma Helene Burd.
Examining Officer, Dorothy Greve.

MEMBERS OF T H E GRAND COUNCIL.

Jessie Wallace Hughan, Alpha '98 Term Expiring.
Helen St. Clair Mullan, Alpha '98 Life.
Stella Stern Perry, Alpha '98 Life.
Elizabeth Heywood Wyman, Alpha '98 Life.
Elizabeth Iverson Toms, Alpha '06 Life.
Marie Ernestine Bres, Pi '06 December, 1908
Edith Prescott Ives, Nu '05 December, 1908
Harriet Cone Greve, Omicron '06 December, 1908
Elise Lamb, Kappa '06 December, 1908
Helen Piper, Zeta Spec December, 1908
Jessie Ashley, Nu '02, New York Alumna; December, 1908
Edith Berrell Fettretch, Alpha '05 December, 1907
Cleveland Genevieve Dupre. Pi '04 December, 1907
Adelma Helene Burd, Nu '03 December, 1907
Dorothy Greve, Omicron '05 December, 1907
Grace Harris Echols, Kappa '06 December, 1907
Viola Clarke Gray, Zeta '02 December, 1907
Josephine Southworth Pratt, Alpha '07 December. 1907
Anna Estelle Many, Pi '07 October, 1907
Elinor Byrns, Nu Spec October. 1907
Queenie McConnell, Omicron '07 October, 1907
Lola Matilda Wannamaker, Kappa '08 October, 1907
Florence Mathewson Parmelee, Zeta '08 October, 1907
October, 1907

70 TO DRAGMA.

CHAPTER ROLL.
ALPHA—Barnard College, Columbia University, New York City.
Pi—H. Sophie Newcomb Memorial College, New Orleans, La.
Nu—New York University, New York City.
OMICRON—University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn.
KAPPA—Randolph Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, Va.
ZETA—University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb.
NEW YORK ALUMNAE—New York City.

CORRESPONDING SECRETARIES.
GRAND CORRESPONDING SECRETARY—Elizabeth I . Toms, 44 West

128th St., New York City.
ALPHA—Jessie I . Cochran, 120 West 12th St., New York City.
Pi—Elizabeth B. Lyon, 1209 Fourth St., New Orleans, La.
Nu—Florence E. Bruning, Graham Court, 7th Ave. and 116th St.,

New York City.
OMICRON—Lucretia H . Jordan, White Ave., Knoxville, Tenn.
KAPPA—Mary N . Hurt, R. M . W. C, College Park, Va.
ZETA—Alice R. Spears, 630 No. 16th St., Lincoln, Neb.

DIRECTORY OF MEMBERS.
October 1, 1906.
A.

Albers, Emma Carhart, Omicron '05.
*P. Henley St., Knoxville, Tenn.

Anderson, Helen Beatrice, Alpha '05.
P. 400 West 151st St., New York City.

Arnold, Blanche Hammett, Nu Grad. (deceased).
Aron, Beatrice Marguerite, Alpha '09.

P. Liberty Road, Englewood, N . J.
Arthur, Helen Van Tych, Nu '01.

P. 34 Gramercy Park, New York City.
Ashley, Jessie, Nu '02.

P. 34 West 54th St., New York City.
Ayres, Mattie Garland, Pi '04.

P. University Place, Knoxville, Tenn.

B.
Barnum, Laverna Pollard, Zeta '07.

P. Union, Neb.
T . 1201 D St., Lincoln, Neb.
Baskervill, Margaret Lewis, Kappa '08.
P. Union City, Tenn.
T. R. M . W. C, College Park, Va.

P and T indicate "Permanent" and "Temporary" addresses respectively.

TO DRAGMA. 77

Bauman, Minnie Gussie, Zeta Spec.

P. West Point, Neb.

T. 1439 S St., Lincoln, Neb.

Bedford, Huella Glover, Kappa '07.

P. 1056 College Ave., Memphis, Tenn.

Beemer, Luree, Zeta Spec.

P. Beemer, Neb.

T . Lancaster, Neb.

Bigelow. Lula Ellis King (Mrs. Clifford G.), Zeta '04.

P. 396 South 41st Ave., Chicago, 111.

Booth, Laura, Nu '04.

P. 130 West 91st St., New York City.

Boss, Anna Marie, Alpha '05.

P. 14 West 95th St., New York City.

Boyce, Florence Bessie, Nu '05.

P. Mountain View, Franklin, Co., N . Y.

Brackett, Mary Morrell, Alpha '99.

P. 604 West 115th St., New York City.

Bradshaw, Blanche Laracy, Kappa '06.

P. High Point, N . C.

Bratt, Frances, Zeta '07. See Gorman.

Bres, Io Leigh, Pi '00. See Moi'se.

Bres, Marie Ernestine, Pi '06.

P. 2223 Milan St., New Orleans, La.

T . 133 Tulpehocken St., Germantown, Pa.

Bres, Nell, Pi '07. Lawrence),
P. 1427 Calhoun St., New Orleans, La.

Brodie, Eleanor Elizabeth Van Cott (Mrs. Orrin

Alpha '02.

P. 23 Harrison Ave., Port Richmond, Staten Island, New

York City.

Bruning, Florence Edith, Nu '07.

P. Graham Court, 116th St. and 7th Ave., New York City.

Buchanan, Mary Hart, Omicron '10.

T . University of Tennessee, 'Knoxville, Tenn.
Buchanan, Laura Finney, Zeta '06.

P. Hastings, Neb.

Burchenal, Emma Howells, Alpha '07.

P. The Grafton, 2708 Broadway, New York City.

Burd, Adelma Helene, Nu '03.

P. 5 Nassau St., New York City.

7« TO DRAGMA.

Burkitt, Pauline Clarissa, Zeta '09.

p - I330 J St., Lincoln, Neb.
Burnet, Margaret May, Nu '01.

P. Madison, N . J.

Burrows, Edith May, Alpha '08.
P. 25 Neperan Road, Tarrytown, N . Y.

Butler, Ella Lilian, Kappa '06.
P. 315 Fifth St., Lynchburg, Va.

Byrne, Julia, Pi '07.
P. 5903 Prytania St., New Orleans, La.

Byrns, Elinor, Nu Spec.

P. 226 West 75th St., New York City.

C.

Caldwell, Harriet Moore, Omicron '07.
P. 408 Main Ave., Knoxville, Tenn.

Caldwell, Katherine, Omicron '07.
P. 408 Main Ave., Knoxville, Tenn.

Calhoun, Emma Shaw, Nu '07.
P. 201 West 100th St., New York City.

Carter, Alice Burt Sandidge (Mrs. Thomas), Pi Grad.
P. 108 Wesley Hall, Vanderbilt University, Nashville,
Tenn.

Carter, Helen Torrey Gurley (Mrs. Charles Cosgreve), Pi '07.
P.

Caulkins, Edith, Omicron '08.
P. 503 West Vine Ave., Knoxville, Tenn.

Caulkins, Fannie Lee, Omicron '04.
P. 415 Georgia Ave., Chattanooga, Tenn.

Chadwell, Elizabeth Willard, Alpha '07. See Pitney.
Chambers, Bessie May, Zeta '10.

P. 2962 North 25th St., Omaha, Neb.
T . 1300 G Street., Lincoln, Neb.
Cherry, Frances Geraldine, Kappa '08.
P. Halls, Tenn.
Clark, Flora Rachel, Kappa '10.
P. Texarkana, Tex.
T. R. M . W. C, College Park. Va.
Clark, Margaret Elizabeth, Alpha '02. See Sumner.
Cochran, Jessie Isabelle, Alpha '09.
P. 120 West 12th St., New York City.

TO DRAGMA. 79

Coddington, Elizabeth Cadmus, Alpha '02.
P. 38 Hamilton Ave., Passaic, N . J.

Colcock, Mary Rugely, Pi '02.

P. Cor. Joseph and Hurst Sts., New Orleans, La.
Cothren, Marion Benedict (Mrs. Frank Howard), Nu Spec.

P. 173 South Oxford St., Brooklyn, N . Y.
Crippen, Josephine, Pi '02.

P. 1537 Thalia St., New Orleans, La.
Curdy, Anne Richardson Hall (Mrs. Robert James), Alpha '98.

P. 1106 East Armour Boulevard, Kansas City, Mo.

D.

Damon, Corris Mabel, Zeta '04. See Peake.
Damon, Lucy Edna, Zeta '07.

P. Mason City, la.
T. Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, N . Y.
Day, Alice Hooker, Nu '04.

P. 28 Fifth Ave., New York City.
Dickson, Agnes Lillian, Alpha '99.

P. 52 Summit Ave., Jersey City, N . J.
Dietz, Edith Augusta, Alpha '05.

P. 217 West 105th St., New York City.
Dillingham, Alice, Nu '05.

P. Englewood, N . J.
Donovan, Lillian, Kappa 08.

P. Macon, Ga.
Doty, Madeleine Zabriskie, Nu '02.

P. 12 Charles St., New York City.
Douthat, Kathleen, Omicron 07.

P. Fayetteville, Tenn.
T . Barbara Blount Hall, U. of T., Knoxville, Tenn.
Drew, George Mary, Alpha '99.
P. 342 Gregory Ave., West Orange, N . J.
T . The Noble Institute, Anniston, Ala.
Dupre, Cleveland Genevieve, Pi '04.
T . Dixon Academy, Covington, La.

P. Opelousas, La.
Dupre, Edith Garland, Pi '00.

P. Opelousas, La.
T . Louisiana Industrial Institute, Lafayette, La.

8o TO DRAGMA.

Dupre, Mary Lilybel, Pi '07.
P. Opelousas, La.
T . Josephine Louise House, 1231 Washington Ave., New-
Orleans, La.

E.

Earle, Ruth, Alpha '02. See Lawrence.
Eastman, Catherine Crystal, Nu '07.

P. Elmira, N . Y.
T . 12 Charles St., New York City.
Echols, Grace Carolyn Harris (Mrs. Dyke S.), Kappa '06.
P. Decatur, Ala.
Echols, Mary, Kappa '06. See Elliot.
Elliman, Margaret Grote, Alpha '02. See Henry.
Elliot, Mary Echols (Mrs. Council B.), Kappa '06.
P. Decatur, Ala.

F.

Fettretch, Edith Berrell, Alpha '05.
P. 335 West 88th St., New York City.

Frame, Jean Herring Loomis (Mrs. James Everett), Alpha '04.
P. 115 East 72nd St., New York City.

Francis, Sallie Woodard, Omicron '05.
P. Fayetteville, Tenn.

Frierson, Lucia Davidson, Pi '08.
P. 101 South Main St., Columbia, Tenn.
T . Josephine Louise House, 1231 Washington Ave., New
Orleans, La.

Fuller, Flora Todd (Mrs. Bert Cornelius), Nu '03.
P. 750 Halsey St, Brooklyn, N . Y.

G.

Gachet, Rochelle Rodd, Pi '09.
P. 1640 Arabella St., New Orleans, La.

Garland, Olive Rosamond, Nu '02.
P. Daytona, Fla.
T . 34 Gramercy Park, New York City.

Gaus, Daisy, Nu '04.
P. 497 Halsey St., Brooklyn, N . Y.

Gibson, Anna Williamson, Omicron '07.
P. Cor. 7th and Chestnut Sts., Chattanooga, Tenn.

TO DRAGMA. 81

Gillean, Sue Katharine, Pi '03.
T. Lake Charles, La.
P. 1625 Second St., New Orleans, La.

Gimper, Alma Merrow Wilson (Mrs. Earle H.), Pi '00.
P. Fond du Lac, Wis.

Glenn, Helen Mildred Lewis, Alpha '04.
T. Hotel Regent, Sherman Square, New York City.
P. 33 Forest Ave., Atlanta, Ga.

Gookin, Nina Jackson, Omicron '03.
P. Bristol, Tenn.

Gorman, Frances Bratt (Mrs. Bernard D.), Zeta '07.
P. Genoa, Neb.

Gray, Viola Clarke, Zeta '02.
P. 1527 South 23rd St., Lincoln, Neb.

Gresham, Katherine Okey, Omicron '07.
P. Cor. Eleanor and 3rd Sts., Knoxville, Tenn.
T . Barbara Blount Hall, U. of T., Knoxville, Tenn.

Greve, Dorothy, Omicron '05.
P. 636 Douglass St., Chattanooga, Tenn.

Greve, Harriet Cone, Omicron '06.

P. 636 Douglass St., Chattanooga, Tenn.

Gurley, Helen Torrey, Pi '07. See Carter.

Guyol, Carolyn Beauregard, Pi '09.
P. Covington, La.
T . 2925 Coliseum St., New Orleans, La.

H.

Hall, Anne Richardson, Alpha '98. See Curdy.

Handy, Josie, Pi '07.
P. 1720 Valence St., New Orleans, La.

Hardie, Flora May Sanders, (Mrs. Eben), Pi '05.

P.
Harpham, Edna May, Zeta Spec.

P. 1546 South 22nd St., Lincoln, Neb.
Harris, Grace Carolyn, Kappa '06. See Echols.
Hart, Marion Smith, Zeta '09.

P. 1304 L St., Lincoln, Neb.
Hascall, Florence King, Nu '02.

P. n o East 16th St., New York City.
Haynes, Ethel, Zeta '06.

P. 634 South 10th St., Lincoln, Neb.


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