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Published by Alpha Omicron Pi, 2015-09-10 18:30:15

1920 February - To Dragma

Vol. XVI, No. 2

To Dragma

of

Alpha Omicron Pi Fraternity

CHAPTER ROLL OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

Alpha—Barnard College—Inactive.
P i — H . Sophie Newcomb Memorial College, New Orleans, L a .
Nu—New York University, New York City.
Omicron—University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn.
Kappa—Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, Va.
Zeta—University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb.
Sigma—University of California, Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—De Pauw University, Greencastle, Ind.
Beta—Brown University—Inactive.
Delta—Jackson College, Tufts College, Mass.
Gamma—University of Maine, Orono, Me.
Epsilon—Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y .
Rho—Northwestern University, Evanston, 111.
Lambda—Leland Stanford University, Palo Alto, Cal.
Iota—University of Illinois, Champaign, 111.
Tau—University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn.
Chi—Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y .
Upsilon—University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.
Nu Kappa—Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Tex.
Beta Phi—University of Indiana, Bloomington, Ind.
Eta—University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.
Alpha Phi—Montana State College, Bozeman, Mont.
Nu Omicron—Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn.
Psi—University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa.
Phi—University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kan.
Omega—Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
New York Alumnae—New York City.
San Francisco Alumnae—San Francisco, Cal.
Providence Alumnae—Providence, R. I .
Boston Alumnae—Boston, Mass.
Los Angeles Alumnae—Los Angeles, Cal.
Lincoln Alumnae—Lincoln, Neb.
Chicago Alumnae—Chicago, 111.
Indianapolis Alumnae—Indianapolis, Ind.
New Orleans Alumnae—New Orleans, L a .
Minneapolis Alumnae—Minneapolis, Minn.
Bangor Alumnae—Bangor, Me.
Portland Alumnae—Portland, Ore.
Puget Sound Alumnae—Seattle, Wash.
Knoxville Alumnae—Knoxville, Tenn.
Lynchburg Alumnae—Lynchburg, Va.
Washington Alumnae—Washington, D. C.
Philadelphia Alumnae—Philadelphia, Pa.
Dallas Alumnae—Dallas, Tex.
Kansas City Alumnae—Kansas, Mo.

DIRECTORY OF OFFICERS

1919-1920

F O U N D E R S O F A L P H A OMICRON PI
Jessie Wallace Hughan, Alpha '98, 378 Grand Ave., Brooklyn, N . Y .
Helen St. Claire Mullan (Mrs. George V . ) , Alpha '90, 118 W. 183rd St., New

York, N. Y.
Stella Stern Perry (Mrs. George H . ) , Alpha '98, 1127 Orange St., Los Angeles,

Cal.
Elizabeth Heywood Wyman, Alpha '98, 456 Broad St., Bloomfield, N . J .

OFFICERS

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

Grand President, Lillian MacQuillin McCausland (Mrs. N . L . , J r . ) , 517
Angell St., Providence, R. I .

Grand Secretary, Merva Dolsen Hennings (Mrs. A. J . ) , 2714 Central St.,
Evanston, 111.

Grand Treasurer, Viola C . Gray, 1527 S. 23rd St., Lincoln, Neb.

OTHER OFFICERS

Grand Vice-president, Rochelle R. Gachet, Govt. Hotels, Bldgs. P-Q, The
Plaza, Washington, D . C.

Grand Historian, Stella George Stern Perry (Mrs. G . H . ) , 1127 Orange St.,
Los Angeles, Cal.

Extension Officer, Rose Gardner Marx (Mrs. Ralph), 1135 Oxford St.,
Berkeley, Cal.

Examining Officer, Avaline Kindig Scifres (Mrs. Ben), Lebanon, Ind.
National Panhellenic Delegate, Isabelle Henderson Stewart (Mrs. B. F . , J r . ) ,

2655 Wakefield Ave., Oakland, Cal.
Editor of To D R A C M A , Etta Phillips MacPhie (Mrs. E . I . ) , 49 Daniels St.,

Lowell, Mass.
Business Manager of To DRAGMA, Carolyn Fraser Pulling (Mrs. A . C ) , 100

Malcolm Ave., Minneapolis, Minn.

PANHELLENIC CONGRESS
Delegate, Mrs. B. F . Stewart, 2655 Wakefield Ave., Oakland, Cal.

EDITORIAL BOARD OF TO DRAGMA
Editor-in-chief, Etta Phillips MacPhie (Mrs. E . I . ) , 49 Daniels St., Lowell,

Mass.
Assistant Editor—Elizabeth Hiestand, 1506 Fargo Ave., Chicago, 111.
Business Manager, Carolyn Fraser Pulling (Mrs. A. C ) , 100 Malcolm Ave.,

Minneapolis, Minn.

DISTRICT SUPERINTENDENTS
N. Atlantic District (N, A, V, E , X ,

Edith Dietz, 217 W. 105th St., New York, N . Y .
Southern District (II, K, 0 , N K , N O )

Margaret Bonner Bentley (Mrs. W. P . ) , 4Joa-OttstoH Ave., Dallas, Tex.
N. E . Central District (G, P, I , B <t>, H , fi)

Mate Giddings, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa.
N. W. Central District (Z, T, A * )

Marguerite P. Schoppe (Mrs. W . F . ) , 602 S. 3rd Ave., Bozeman, Mont.
Pacific District (—, 2 , A, T )

Laura Hurd, 491 Queen Anne Ave., Seattle, Wash.

A L U M N A E ASSISTANT EDITORS

Pi—Rosalie Dufour, 1663 Valmont St., New Orleans, L a .
Nu—Angeline Bennett, 167 Crary Ave., B i t Vernon, N . Y .
Omicron—Elizabeth Kennedy, 728 N . Central Ave., Knoxville, Tenn.
Kappa—Elizabeth Bryan Williams (Mrs. S. A . ) , 465 Rivermont Ave., Lynch-

burg, Va.

Zeta—Helen Fitzgerald, 1971 D St., Lincoln, Neb.
Sigma—Frances Corlett Howard (Mrs. C. N.)> " i / Glen St., Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—Edna McClure Forrest (Mrs. C . C ) , Box 251, Oxford, Ind.
Delta—Marion Jameson, 19 University Road, Brookline, Mass.
Gamma—Madeline Robinson, 462 Main St., Bangor, Me.
Epsilon—Clare Graeffe, 255 McDonough St., Brooklyn, N . Y .

Rho—Borig Wheeler) 639 Fares* A»e.» EwiBfltonr J l l / p a w a V W * ^ I 5 ( \ c l \ l " V V ,

Lambda—Marguerite Odenheimer, 981 Gramercy Drive, Los Angeles, Cal. C ' ^ J U x M

Iota—Anna Hoffert Kirk (Mrs. B. L . ) , i o n W. Clark St., Champaign, 111. l ''o fkhK

Tau—Margaret J . Wood, 1318 W. 47th St., Minneapolis, Minn.

Chi—Frances G . Carter, 116 Wall St., Utica, N . Y . W ^tkllfctU*.,

Upsilon—Louise Benton, 5566 29th Ave., N . E . , Seattle, Wash. CJ^tCfi^n

Nu Kappa—Maude M. Rasbury, 5005 Gaston Ave., Dallas, Texas.

Beta Phi—Beatrice Coombs, 609 E . College St., Crawfordsville, Ind.

Eta—Catherine Fleming, West Allis, Wis.

Alpha Phi—Ruth Noble Dawson (Mrs. E l m e r ) , 1510 5th Ave. N., Great Falls,

Mont.

Nu Omicron—Mary D. Houston, 2807 Belmont Blvd., Nashville, Tenn.

Psi—Evelyn Harris Jefferiers (Mrs. Lester), 219 Narberth Ave., Narberth, Pa.

Phi—Helen Gallagher, 1139 Tennessee St., Lawrence, Kan.

Omega—Emily Nash, 2501 N . Penn St., Indianapolis, Ind.

ALUMN.-E ASSISTANT BUSINESS MANAGERS

Pi—Anna McCellon, 2108 Napoleon Ave., New Orleans, L a .

Nu—Elizabeth Dunford, n o Morningside Drive, New York, N . Y .

Omicron—Martha B. Jones, Bailey, Tenn. >

Kappa—Clara Smith Coleman (Mrs. R . ) , 915 16th St., Lynchburg, Va.
Zeta—Nettie Chapline Campbell (Mrs. Burnham), 134 S. 28th St., Lincoln, Neb.

Sigma—Florence Weeks, 1514 LaLoma Ave., Berkeley, Cal.

Theta—Celia Bates, Winchester, Ind.
Delta—Kennetha Ware, 8 Pearl St., Medford, Mass.

Gamma—Kathleen Young, Waldoboro, Me.
Epsilon—Ethel Cornell, 6740 Ridge Blvd., Brooklyn, N . Y .

Rho—Eliaabfetfa~Hieotondr45e6 -Pargo Av«.>-€-hicage,--Ill.
Lambda—Alice Moore, Los Gatos, Cal.
Iota—Nina Grotevant, Lake Charles, L a .

Tau—Margaret J . Wood, 1318 W. 47th St., Minneapolis, Minn.
Chi—Lillian C . Battenfield, 234 Locust Ave., Amsterdam, N . Y .

Upsilon—Carrie I . Bechen, Pine Hill Farm, Hillsboro, Ore.

Nu Kappa—Margaret B. Bentley (Mrs. W. P . ) , 4607 Gaston Ave., Dallas, Tex.

Beta Phi—Pauline Cox, Darlington, Ind. • .• — .

Eta—Helen TUHlei, 4 " Wtnthiup GL, Tulndu, Ohio. cM* +Mt-lfc sAl^/cu*~a
Alpha Phi—Grace Mclver, 115 n t h St., Great Falls, Mont. (r^Q-yi^M-

Nu Omicron—Katarina Overall, 1904 Acklen Ave., Nashville, Tenn. <7r^/)cii,,.
Psi—Ruth Leaf, 1016 Prospect Ave., Melrose Park, Pa.
Phi—Mary Rose, 928 Louisiana St., Lawrence, K a n .

Omega—Mary P. Heck, 309 N. 2nd St., Hamilton, Ohio.

4Vi

CHAPTER EDITORS

ACTIVE

Pi—Lucy Renaud, 1637 7th St., New Orleans, L a .
Nu—Catherine Sommer, 156 Heller Parkway, Newark, N . J .
Omicron—Lucy Morgan, Kingston Pike, Knoxville, Tenn.
Kappa—Julia Blythe White, R. M. W. C , Lynchburg, Va.

Zeta—Ruth Parker, A O I I House, Lincoln, Neb.

Sigma—Myrtle Glenn, 2721 Haste St., Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—Margaret L . Wood, A 0 I I House, Greencastle, Ind.

Delta—Mary Grant, Tufts College, Mass.
Gamma—Pauline Miller, University of Maine, Orono, Me.

Epsilon—Elizabeth Ballentine, 308 Wait Ave., Ithaca, N . Y .
Rho—Myrtle Swanson, Willard Hall, Evanston, 111.

Lambda—Florence Hocking, A 0 I I House, Stanford University, Cal.

Iota—Leila Sheppard, 712 W. Oregon St., Urbana, 111.
T a u — L i l a Kline, 315 n t h Ave. S. E . , Minneapolis, Minn.
Chi—Marion J . Knapp, 1017 Harrison St., Syracuse, N . Y .

Upsilon—Marguerite Schofield, 4732 21st Ave. N . E . , Seattle, Wash.

Nu Kappa—Bernice Pendleton, S. M. U., Dallas, Tex. Mont.
Beta Phi—Helen Devitt, A 0 II House, Bloomington, Ind.

Eta—Marion Roth, 626 N . Henry St., Madison, Wis.

Alpha Phi—Minnie Ellen Marquis, 700 W. Alderson St., Bozeman,
Nu Omicron—Florence Tyler, 1904 Hayes St., Nashville, Tenn.

Psi—Mrs. C. Larue Crosson, 3459 Woodland Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.

Phi—Jacqueline Gilmore, 1247 Ohio St., Lawrence, K a n .
Omega—Grace Willis, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.

CHAPTER SECRETARIES . I*

ACTIVE I C"1 KQ

Pi—Corinne Chaleron, 1509 Pine St., New Orleans, L a . W I M A l f a ,)
Nu—Kalherine Sommer, 32 Waverly PI., New York, N . Y .
Omicron—Eleanor Burke, 1635 Laurel Ave., Knoxville, Tenn.
Kappa—Rose Smith, 915 16th St., Lynchurg, Va.
Zeta—Florence Griswald, A O I I House, Lincoln, Neb.
Sigma—Verda Bowman, 2721 Haste St., Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—June Morris, A O U House, Greencastle, Ind.
Delta—Eleanor Atherton, Stuart House, Tufts College, Mass.
Gamma—Lilla C . Hersey, A 0 I I House, University of Maine, Orono, Me.
Epsilon—Esther E l y , 308 Wait Ave., Ithaca, N . Y .

Lambda—Elaine Adrian, A O II House, Stanford University, Cal.
Iota—Ruth Terwilliger, 712 W. Oregon St., Urbana, 111.
Tau—Vivian Vogel, 4225 Minnehaha Ave., Minneapolis, Minn.
Chi—Margaret C . Kreisel, 1017 Harrison St., Syracuse, N . Y .
Upsilon—Helen W. Fosdick, 4548 University Blvd., Seattle, Wash.
Nu Kappa—Elizabeth K . Herrick, 2 M T, Dallas, Tex.
Beta Phi—Helen Duncan, 728 E . 3rd St., Bloomington, Ind.
Eta—Garnet Kleven, 626 N . Henry St., Madison, Wis.
Alpha Phi—Lillian Drummond, A 0 II House, Bozeman, Mont.
Nu Omicron—Faith E . Clarke, 920 Arthington Ave., Nashville, Tenn.
Psi—Alice Conkling, 3459 Woodland Ave., W. Philadelphia, Pa.
Phi—Harriet Penney, 1247 Ohio St., Lawrence, Kan.
Omega—Roma L . Lindsey, Hepburn Hall, Oxford, Ohio.

ALUMN/E CHAPTERS

PRESIDENTS

New York A l u m n a — E v a A. Marty, 601 W. 127th St., New York, N . Y .
Boston Alumna—Florence Walker Cannell (Mrs. W . S . ) , 3 Oak Knoll, Arling-

ton, Mass.
San Francisco Alumnae—Grace E . Morin, 2422 Durant Ave., Berkeley, Cal.
Providence Alumna—Jennie Perry Prescott (Mrs. Harold), 12 Kossuth St.,

Pawtucket, R. I .
Los Angeles Alumna—Jessie Correll McKenna (Mrs. J . W . ) , 1622 Rockwood

Ave., Los Angeles, Cal.
Lincoln Alumna—Emma Bennett Beckman (Mrs. Alfred), 1425 S. 15th St.,

Lincoln, Neb.
Chicago Alumna—Melita Skillen, 1340 Thorndale Ave., Chicago, 111.
Indianapolis Alumna—Bernice Mitchell, 205 E . 34th St., Indianapolis, Ind.
New Orleans Alumna—Mary Raymond, 1324 Nashville Ave., New Orleans,

La.

Minneapolis Alumna—Edith Goldsworthy, 103 W. 52nd St., Minneapolis, Mir.n.
Bangor Alumna—Doris Currier Treat (Mrs. John), 99 Kenduskeag Ave.,

Bangor, Me.
Puget Sound Alumna—Mildred Loring, 1219 E . 66th St., Seattle, Wash.
Portland Alumna—Caroline Paige, 772 Talbot Rd., Portland, Ore.
Knoxville Alumna—Emma Albers Hunt (Mrs. J . C ) , 709 W. Cumberland Ave.,

Knoxville, Tenn.
Lynchburg Alumna—Elizabeth Bryan Williams (Mrs. S. H . ) , K '15, 465

Rivermont Ave., Lynchburg, Va.
Washington Alumna—Rochelle R. Gachet, Govt. Hotels, Bldg. P-Q, The Plaza,

Washington, D. C.
Dallas Alumna—Olga Shepperd Thomas (Mrs. Cullen), K '09, 5104 Gaston

Ave., Dallas, Texas.
Philadelphia Alumna—Avis Hunter, Westville, N. J .
Kansas City Alumna—Charlotte Uhls (Mrs. Kenneth B.), Overland Park,

Kansas, Mo.

CHAIRMEN OF NATIONAL COMMITTEES

Alumna Work—Rochelle R. Gachet, Government Bldg. P-A, The Plaza, Wash-
ington, D. C.

Finance—Viola C . Gray, 1526 23rd St., Lincoln, Neb.
Fraternity Organization—Edith Dietz, 217 W. 105th St., New York City.
Vocational Guidance—Mary Danielson, 315 n t h St. S. E . , Minneapolis, Minn.
Nominations—Josephine S. Pratt, c/o O. Hundson, 68 W. 162nd St., New

York City.

Examinations—Avaline Kindig Scifres (Mrs. Ben), Lebanon, Ind.
Song—Mae Knight Siddell (Mrs. Robert). Lakeport, California.
Ritual—Lucretia J . Bickley (Mrs. W. G . ) , 1516 Laurel Ave., Knoxville, Tenn.

©able of (EmttetttB

Poem: Ship of My Dreams, by Caroline Power Frontispiece

A Glimpse of the House Finances and Conditions as They Exist Among

the Alpha Omicron Pi Chapters 99

One Sunday Night at the Fraternity House 114

The Value of a Checking Account for College Students 118

Financing a Chapter House Building Fund 120

The Clarence D. Ashley Memorial Fund 122

Poem: The West, by Douglas Allock 123

Sigma's House System 124

The Vocational Guidance Committee of Alpha Omicron Pi 125

Advantages of a Fraternity House 126

Opportunities for Women in Medicine 128

Quiet Corner 129

A O II Nalional Alumna Work 133

Alumna Forum 135

Subscription List 139

Busy Alpha Omicron Pi Sisters 139

Editorials 140

Announcements 142

Active Chapter Letters 144

Alumna Chapter Letters 162

Alumna Notes 173

Smiles 185

Exchanges 187

Advertisements 188

SHIP OF MY DREAMS

The bow-sprit points into the waters.
A sail is hoisted.
The. masthead quivers.
Ship of my dreams, set sail.

The blue skiff plows through the darkness,
The lengths are counted.
Into the diisk of dreams
Light of my ship, go on.

The gray-bird slips toward the dawning.
The day is calling.
Through the rifted mists
Ship of my dreams, sail on.

CAROLINE POWER, Rho,

To D R A G M A

VOL. X V I F E B R U A R Y , 1920 No. 2

Entered at the Postofhce at Menasha, Wis., as second-class matter, April
• 3> •9°9> under the Act of March 3, 1879.

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section
I I . 0 3 , Act of October 3, 1917. Authorized August 1, 1918.

To DRAGMA is published four times a year (Sept., Nov., Feb., May) at
450-454 Ahnaip Street, Menasha, Wis., by George Banta, official printer to the
Alpha Omicron Pi Fraternity.

Subscription price, One Dollar per year payable in advance; single copies,
twenty-five cents. Life subscriptions, Fifteen Dollars.

Etta Phillips MacPhie, Editor-in-chief. Carolyn Fraser Pulling, Business
Manager.

A GLIMPSE OF T H E HOUSE FINANCES AND CONDI-
TIONS AS T H E Y EXIST AMONG T H E ALPHA
OMICRON PI CHAPTERS

(Although the definite figures are not included in these reports, they are ob-
tainable for sister chapters upon request. When looking over the articles, it is
well to remember that some of the chapters have tuition, which does not show
in the reports.)—EDITOR'S N O T E .

PI

T O speak of a financial report f o r Pi Chapter sounds almost too
sophisticated and businesslike. Owing to conditions govern-
ing fraternities at Newcomb, we have practically no expenses. I
mean we do not have always the butcher, the baker, and the candle
stick maker. Down on the old campus we had rooms provided by
the college f o r which we paid a merely nominal rent and w i t h many
alumna? and friends i n town, furnishing was not much of a problem.
For the past year and a half on the new campus we have had no
rooms of any k i n d because there is not a nook nor cranny i n the
buildings completed so f a r to put us although i t is the plan o f the
Board of Administrators to give us rooms on the campus eventually.
The faculty have never approved o f f r a t e r n i t y houses or o f frater-
nity rooms off the campus but they now agree to a Panhellenic
house w i t h rooms f o r the eight fraternities somewhere near the
campus. T h i s w i l l be an entirely new problem i n building or rent
and upkeep and one about which we can say nothing u n t i l we have
more definite plans.

As f o r rushing, according to Panhellenic rulings, we can give no
parties o f any k i n d , consequently there is no expense attached to i t .
Really our only expenses are flowers and catering f o r initiations and
pledgings, small routine expenses, and giving our share toward vari-

100 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

ous Panhellenic causes, such as adopting French orphans and paying
the board of one g i r l i n the M i l n e School f o r feeble minded. Also
helping whatever work the chapter may be interested i n . Whatever
parties we give f o r our alumna;, our patronesses, or ourselves are
usually paid for by taxing the members.

NU

N B y C L A R A A . L E B R I N G , '21, Treasurer
U C H A P T E R is exceedingly fortunate i n that it is allowed the
use o f a room i n the University B u i l d i n g without charge. T h i s
room is c o m f o r t a b l y furnished and is at the disposal of a l l fraternity
members. T h i s permits us to keep our dues down to ten dollars per
year, which is payable annually, at the beginning of each year. The
initiation fee is fifteen dollars. W e feel that it is desirable to keep
the expenses of the f r a t e r n i t y as low as we consistently can because
a large number of our members are self-supporting and we do not
wish them to feel that membership in our fraternity is a luxury
which they must forego.

Last year we incurred considerable expense i n redecorating and
r e f u r n i s h i n g our room and have not yet recovered f r o m this finan-
cially, as disclosed by our debt to the Grand Council f o r annual dues
for 1918-1919. A t present we are waiting to hear f r o m the Grand
Treasurer as to the amount i n arrears.

Committees are appointed to take charge of the room each week.
The committee i n charge f o r the week is responsible f o r the cleaning
of the room and is at liberty to do the work or pay some one to do i t .

Owing to the fact that N u Chapter is established in a professional
school, where there are morning, afternoon, and evening classes,
rushing must be done at an hour which w i l l be convenient f o r the
greatest number o f students. W e have f o u n d that this result is best
accomplished by giving late afternoon teas, at which several of the
members act as hostesses, and contribute the refreshments. T h e sup-
per which is served at the initiation is paid for f r o m the funds in
the treasury.

OMICRON
B Y E D I T H W I L S O N , ' 2 2 , Treasurer
We, i n Omicron Chapter, do not pay monthly or weekly dues, as
the custom was at one time, but we divide the expenses so that each
member shares the expenses equally.

During the period when we are entertaining and meeting new
students, with the idea of bidding, each Omicron member entertains
and spends the amount she wishes. When the b i g parties are given,

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TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 101

the expenses are divided among the members. We do not have any
taxes. T h e rent f o r our f r a t e r n i t y room is the only certain expense.
We pay this out of our initiation fee. We live in a dormitory and
are under the chaperonage of the Dean of Women. A t our dances,
the alumna; or faculty ladies chaperon us.

KAPPA

BY CHAPTER TREASURER

Like a l l of you, we are confronted by various expenses and we
have various ways of meeting them. Our monthly dues practically
cover a l l of our immediate needs. Special assessments are made f o r
a l l social functions. O n the first and t h i r d Sunday evenings during
the month, we have open-house to the faculty and student body at
large. T h e girls take turns, i n groups o f two, as hostesses. Each
hostess pays one dollar to the treasurer t o w a r d our Serbian F u n d
which is a stated amount that we have subscribed toward the sup-
port of the two Serbian girls educated by the college. On other Sun-
day nights, the fraternity is at home to its members only, and the
hostesses serve l i g h t refreshments at their o w n expense. We also
have a system of fines which add to our treasury. T h e fines are
levied as f o l l o w s : tardiness at meetings, fifteen cents; unexcused
absence, twenty-five cents; failure to observe housekeeper's rules, ten
cents; and failure to pay monthly dues on time, ten cents.

From our initiation fee, forty dollars is taken each year for fra-
ternity representation in the college annual. The remaining money
is spent on our house improvements. We have limited our after
meeting suppers to once a month in order that we may give forty
dollars to the Jubilee Fund

We do not live i n our house and therefore do not have a special
fraternity chaperon. Our housekeeper is elected f o r the year f r o m
the chapter and with the assistance o f two girls appointed each week,
must see that the house is kept clean and i n order.

Expenses are a necessary evil and ours are peculiar to the condi-
tions here, but this is the way we use to meet them.

ZETA
Too late to appear.

SIGMA

B Y J O S E P H I N E O L E C E , '20, Treasurer

The finances collected f r o m the active girls are paid into three

different funds: the fraternity treasury, the incorporated (as repre-

sented by the Board of Directors), and the house f u n d which is kept

by the house manager.

102 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

Upon initiation, each member pays her fee to the chapter and out
of this is allowed the cost of her pin. T h i s is f o r a plain pin and
if a more elaborate one is desired, the individual must stand the
additional expense. T e n dollars of the i n i t i a t i o n goes to the incor-
porated f u n d . I n addition there is a monthly due paid by each
member, on the basis of ten months a year. I f a g i r l leaves college
f o r a portion of the year, she must pay this monthly due f o r the
first ten college months out of college. A l l assessments f o r social
functions, fines of a l l kinds, grand council dues, and a fixed amount
for the rent of the chapter regalia are paid to the chapter treasurer,
who i n t u r n pays the expenses of a l l b i d parties and f o r flowers f o r
the house, besides t a k i n g care of the assessments f o r other social
functions. The profits of the annual bazaar are turned over to the
chapter treasury and become a part of the furniture f u n d .

The incorporation receives money f r o m the chapter house members
and alumnae w i t h which the rent, insurance, repairs, taxes, and every-
t h i n g pertaining to the property as it stands, are paid. Each mem-
ber living in the house pays a certain sum f o r board to the house
manager. The outside girls are charged f o r each meal which they
take at the house. Each member must also pay for guests. T h i s
money is used to pay f o r the expense of heat, light, food, and help
of any k i n d . T h e house manager pays a monthly sum of one hun-
dred and fifty dollars to the incorporated f u n d f o r the rent of the
house. Besides these dues, each new active member pays twenty-five
dollars into the b u i l d i n g f u n d . Part is paid before she becomes a
sophomore and the total amount must be paid before becoming a
junior. This money is collected by a member appointed by the
president of the chapter and i t is turned over to the incorporated
fund.

O u r chaperon is the house-mother, who lives w i t h us and she
chaperons the members on a l l occasions. We always invite mem-
bers of the faculty to our big dance and reception and also to
special teas and dinners.

THETA
(No report)

DELTA

B Y E D N A J . W A R D W E L L , '21

Delta's finances are very much on our minds the first part of the
year. Martha, our treasurer, keeps them there! We have come to
believe that she and the president are i n league, f o r never a meeting
goes by d u r i n g the first month or two of college, but we hear—"Any
report f r o m the treasurer?" Then Martha replies, "None, except

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 103

that I wish every g i r l would pay her dues immediately." O f course,
we a l l begin to wonder—have I paid my dues? W e have a fixed
yearly due. Each f a l l (a week before college opens), our treasurer
sends out a l i t t l e reminder to each g i r l . T h i s money is payable
as soon as college opens, but i n some cases i t can be p a i d by install-
ment throughout the first ten months. We r u n the finances on a
budget system which also includes the sums f o r Liberty Bonds,
Belgian Relief, I . C . S. A . , College Endowment F u n d , etc.

Delta has no house (always a cause f o r sighs and vain visions)
and so our budget system is not so complicated. Our chapter room
is located in a private house very near the campus. Last spring, we
had hopes of running an A O I I House, but no one seemed to know
just how to go about i t . T h e House and Finance number w i l l be an
inspiration to the Delta girls, and perhaps we will gather enough
hints so that we can figure out our own proposition.

Besides the above dues we have a stated weekly due, which takes
care of the room rent. The two big dances, given each year by the
chapter, are financed f r o m the general treasury, as are also the rush-
ing and wedding g i f t expenses. A t literary meetings we generally
have refreshments, also at pledging and after initiation, but here
again i t comes out of the budget f u n d . T h e only time we do not
keep to the budget is when the affair is not pertaining to the fra-
ternity, as when a few of the girls want to entertain, or give an
announcement party.

A t our functions we always have a chaperon or chaperons and
usually they are either our mothers or some of the f a c u l t y ladies.
Eight professors have either wives or daughters who are loyal
Alpha O's. "Polly" Lambert, Delta, ' 0 0 (Professor Lambert's w i f e ) ,
is our favorite chaperon. She lives on the campus and we drop
in on her like one big family. Our Dean of Women is always i n -
vited to our affairs.

GAMMA Treasurer

BY CATHERINE SARGENT,

Gamma meets chapter expenses by m o n t h l y dues and by special
assessments f o r social affairs. T h e dues are usually paid every two
months. This year we have special house management. T w o
girls take the care o f the house f o r two weeks at a time, ordering
all supplies and seeing that rules are kept. Each girl pays a certain
sum each semester to cover extra necessary articles f o r the house.

A n English teacher i n the college is matron of the house. We
have her as chaperon at our parties, also M r s . Estabrook, matron
of one o f the girls' dormitories. Mrs. Rider who was formerly
patroness of Omega Chapter is now our patroness.

104 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA O MIC RON PI

A f t e r January 1, 1920, student government is to be tried at Maine.
T h e n there w i l l be greater responsibility and requirements placed
on the house presidents and fraternities.

EPSILON
(No report)

RHO

BY CATHLEEN WIGCINTON

Northwestern University does not have sorority houses. O u r
meetings are held i n the chapter room i n one of the dormitories.
Each sorority rents a room from the university.

Active members pay stated monthly dues. This pays f o r the
general expenses of the chapter, including sorority spreads and rush-
ing. The expense of dances, dinners, and luncheons is paid by
an extra assessment. Our pledges pay a small fee and then a larger
fee when initiated.

LAMBDA

BY EDITH M. JAMES

Our chapter is organized with the usual officers and in addition
we have a house manager who receives our monthly board and room
rent. This makes up a sum which pays f o r food, light, cook,
gardener, and our monthly payment to the association which built
the house. Soon, we hope to pay up and then w i l l buy i n the asso-
ciation's shares. T h e n there is an additional small amount, paid by
each active member each month, and this takes care of our gifts,
magazine subscriptions, and other small bills which do not come
under the house manager's bills. W e have just started another
small monthly assessment of one dollar per person. T h i s is sent
in payments f o r our new grand piano. Each new member contrib-
utes two dollars and a half to our pillow fund. This may sound
f u n n y to the g i r l s who haven't a house but the others w i l l see how
nicely it will keep the pillows in the house in good condition.

When we have exchange dinners with the other fraternities we
are assessed extra. O u r house-mother is our chaperon and frequently
the faculty and our parents come in to share our good times. Here,
I think, is a place for Lambda to tell a little about her wonderful
house mother. " M o t h e r T " is what we call her and there is a
great deal of meaning i n these t w o words. Something of the dignity
and eternal truth of motherhood is expressed in the word "Mother
T " but our good comradeship w i t h her, her place as one o f us, is
reflected i n that one syllable " T . " H e r real name is M r s . Eliza-
beth Templeton. She has been chaperon, house-mother, guardian

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TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 105

of our morals, and ever ready friend f o r more than six years. Mrs.
Templeton is a t a l l , well-built woman about sixty, but her y o u t h f u l
mind denies the well-loved wrinkles i n her face. She is dearly
loved by a l l on the campus and we wouldn't lose her f o r worlds.

For dances or special entertainments, committees are appointed.
However, we are very fortunate to have a very capable g i r l , who has
been housekeeper f o r two years. She appoints girls each week,
generally underclasswomen, to discharge little house duties, such
as answering doorbells, phone, and keeping the f u r n i t u r e i n the
living-room i n its proper place and keeping the flowers fresh i n the
rooms.

We are organized systematically, each doing her share and this
year seems to be more successful than ever before. I t is splendid
training f o r us to have a house and we t r y to discharge a l l duties
harmoniously.

IOTA

B Y E L L E N K I T T I N G E R , ' 2 1 , Treasurer
W i t h the help of our town alumna?, we have established a new
system of bookkeeping. We are now using a sort of double entry
method. T h a t is to say, each member has an account where a l l
debits and credits are entered and then a l l the credits f r o m this ac-
count book are posted to the cash book, while a l l expenditures are
posted i n this book as w e l l and thus is given, at a glance, how much
money is on hand f r o m each member, as well as the general condi-
tions of finances.

W e are supporting a French orphan as a chapter and also pay
dues to the Women's Welfare League, which carries on work i n
the University.

Last year we decided to buy a lot and appealed to our alumna?.
Most of them replied very generously w i t h a check or else by sign-
ing our House Bonds. N o w each g i r l who is pledged signs these
bonds. Tn this way, each g i r l pays ten dollars a year f o r five years
a f t e r she is out o f college or else pays fifty dollars i n a l u m p sum
whenever she wishes w i t h i n five years. T h u s we keep our r u n n i n g
expenses and our house f u n d separate and the burden falls equally
on all.

TAU

B Y M A R I O N M A N N , ' 2 0 , Treasurer
Just at present we are trying to break even. We have a "white
elephant" of a house on our hands, for which we are paying a large
monthly rent. I t does not fill the requirements f o r a f r a t e r n i t y
house. I n the first place, we have not enough room f o r the girls'

106 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

sleeping quarters. Consequently the room rent does not pay the
house rent and coal b i l l as i t should do, i f i t be a success and not a
burden. We have worked out a budget system, i n which an ample
sum is reserved f o r the cook and manager to take care of their ex-
penses. T h i s is covered by the board b i l l paid by the house and town
girls. Service, coal, and miscellaneous bills are covered by monthly
dues which are a little more f o r the town girls than f o r the house
girls, because they have a l l the privileges o f the house and do not
share i n the rent. T h e bazaar and movie functions, which are given
by the chapter each year to raise money, help out in paying f o r our
share of the care of a war orphan and our extra benefit gifts. This
year we had to use a l i t t l e of this money to pay a back house f u n d
bill, but we shall not have to do this way again. Our accounts are
kept as Income and Expense i n our Journal and each g i r l has an
account i n the ledger. These are balanced each month.

D u r i n g the last six years, T a u has supported a French orphan.
Not long ago, " M r s . Alpha Omicron P i " received a grateful letter
f r o m her charge i n France and we realize more than ever what
our little chapter contribution has done. T w o years ago, we started
our b u i l d i n g f u n d . Each g i r l pledges one hundred dollars. Forty
dollars is supposed to be paid while the girl is in college, at the
rate of ten dollars a year, and the remaining amount during the
first two years out of college. Many girls have their f i f t y dollars
and several their one hundred dollars upon leaving college. Sev-
eral of our alumna; have taken shares. Y o u can well realize how
anxious w e . are to see our f u n d grow, in order that we may have
proper accommodations f o r a l l the girls who care to live at the house.
Enclosed is our account sheet.

Income Expenditures

1. Initiation fees 1. House rent dues
2. Assessments 2. Grand Council
3. Stationery
Social
Monthly Postage
Grand Council Telegram
3. Room rent (first floor) Express
4. Board
House girls 4. Rushing
Town girls 5. Dances
Alumna;
Guests 6. Dinners
5. Rent (second floor) Programs
6. Bazaar Flowers
7. Movie Catering

7. Books

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 107

Total Receipts Expenditures, Continued
Balance 8. Furniture

Piano
9. Repairs
10. Subscriptions
11. Charity
12. Supplies

Groceries
Service
Fuel
Lighting
Telephone
Water

Total Expenditures
Deficit

CHI

B Y G E R T R U D E S. M A R K S , ' 2 1 , Treasurer
I t seems rather difficult to give the distinguishing characteristics
of Chi's chapter expenses, that is, the ones that w o u l d be of interest
to others. The Chapter and House Treasurers are separate. The
two House Managers, elected by the active chapter, look after rent,
menus, and care of the house. Board and room are paid to them
quarterly. The Chapter Treasurer, therefore, attends to the strictly
chapter business, such as rushing expenses, met by yearly dues.
Formerly dues were paid by the week. There is no l i m i t throughout
the University f o r rushing expenses. Twenty-five dollars is a f a i r
average f o r first semester rushing. I n i t i a t i o n fees are used f o r f u r -
nishings, dishes, and other house improvements. W e have no taxes
since at present we are living i n a rented house.

Just now we are starting a very vigorous campaign for the House
Fund, hoping soon to be able to have a home o f our own. Social
expenses—dances, banquets, etc., are met by special assessments.
Also special assessments are made f o r spoons f o r the seniors as
Commencement presents, wedding presents, etc.

Mrs. Hosley, a very charming and capable woman, lives with us
and acts as our chaperon at a l l times. I n addition, on certain
occasions—dances, receptions, teas, etc., we ask the wives of d i f -
ferent members of the faculty to assist.

UPSILON

BY TREASURER

T h e finances of Upsilon Chapter are handled by two systems,
namely that of chapter f u n d and that of house f u n d . T h e chapter
treasurer collects and pays a l l social and g i f t assessments, as w e l l
as national and chapter dues. T h e house expenses are handled
by the house treasurer, who collects the board f r o m the girls who live

108 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

in the house. The house dues of the town girls are also paid to the
house treasurer. T h e house manager pays the house rent, the f u e l
and grocery hills, and a l l house supplies. T h e house manager as-
signs housework to the girls. Usually there is a room furnished
and reserved f o r the town girls, but this year the house is so crowded
that this could not be done.

A t social affairs, the patronesses, together w i t h the housekeeper,
are our chaperons. There are special assessments levied f o r a l l
dances and dinner parties.

Upsilon Chapter owns its house, but owing to the fact that i t
is leased by the A l p h a Sigma Phis until next June, we are now
living in a rented house. We have more girls living at the house
than during any previous year, and this house is altogether too
small. By next year we hope to be i n our new home and so we are
t r y i n g to be very economical and save f o r the new house equipment.

NU KAPPA
B Y J . P R U I T T , ' 2 2 , Treasurer

The chapter expenses are met i n various ways. We have small
monthly dues, but f r o m the chapter treasury is taken the money f o r
the room rent and any expenses, except f o r social affairs, which are
met by special assessments. We have no house, so have no house
committee. We have a housekeeper who attends to the cleaning
of the room. She is chosen f r o m the active g i r l s and she sees that
the pledges take turns in assisting with the care of the room. I f
anyone fails to do her duty, there is a fine of twenty-five cents.

The arrangements f o r chaperons are these: seniors have no chap-
eronage, juniors must be chaperoned i f automobiling, sophomores
and freshmen must always be chaperoned a f t e r seven i n the eve-
ning, and we are only allowed in town twice during the week, even
in the day time.

T w o of the professors' wives are Alpha Omicron Pi members
and they take a great deal of interest in the active girls. They try
to see that our scholarship is high and are always ready to help
us no matter what our need. Mrs. Murley, our favorite faculty
hostess, is i n Chicago f o r the winter and we miss her very much
and are anxiously awaiting her return next year.

* BETA PHI
B Y M I L D R E D B E G E M A N , ' 2 0 , Treasurer
The questions o f chapter and f r a t e r n i t y expenses and as to how
they are met vary a great deal in accordance with whether the fra-
ternity maintains a chapter house. Beta Phi has a chapter house
and so we have set a regular rate f o r board and room, as they do

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TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 109

in the college dormitories. This amount is averaged and paid by
the month. W h e n i t comes Saturday noon and the amount has not
been p a i d to the treasurer, a fine of ten cents f o r every day's tardi-
ness is imposed upon the offending person. The treasurer deposits
this amount and draws checks each week f o r our household bills.
This is a very satisfactory method, f o r we feel that we never get
f a r behind f o r we know just where we stand each week. T h e house
rent is put aside each week and sent to the owner on the first of
each month. We have a system of fines that sometimes make us a
l i t t l e richer. For instance, we are fined ten cents when late to
meals, or when we forget a duty assigned f o r the house or i f our
beds are not made before noon. W h e n we are late to fraternity-
meeting we are fined fifty cents. Our house dues are paid monthly.
I t is one dollar f o r the girls l i v i n g at the house and one d o l l a r and
a half f o r the town girls. This money is spent only by vote of the
chapter and so f a r it has been used to buy f u r n i t u r e . We pay a
small sum o f ten cents a meeting to cover the wages of the woman
who comes i n to clean. T h i s is a very simple method and yet
takes its place as a means of meeting a small b i l l . When we have
any social function, all bills are turned i n to the treasurer, who, in
turn aggregates them and levies assessments i n accordance with
the number of girls. N o one is excused f o r sharing in a fraternity
function payment, whether absent or present.

Our chaperon, M r s . Rogers, has been w i t h us f o r two years and
we a l l admire her very much and she is very loyal and t h o u g h t f u l
of us. A t a l l our small parties, she is our chaperon, but at our
more f o r m a l dances we invite some of our patronesses and faculty
ladies to chaperon us. I am sure there is no chapter which has more
charming patronesses than we. W e like every one and they a l l
are most k i n d and generous w i t h us. We mention two special ones,
who have given us a great deal of their time and support, Mrs.
Brooks and M r s . Treat, our faculty hostesses. Mrs. T r e a t is to
give us a tea this month and we are looking f o r w a r d to i t w i t h
great delight.

ETA

BY HERMANCE TESHNER, Treasurer

T h e expenses of E t a Chapter are met through the income f r o m

monthly dues, individual pledge fees, initiation fees, and the alumna;

dues of $5 a year f o r three years after graduation. Our monthly

dues cover general expenses and installment payments on our piano,

which are now almost f u l l y paid. These funds are used f o r all

chapter and house expenses. The rent is covered through the room

rent charges and the board expense is paid by those who take their

110 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

meals at the house. W e try to realize a little on the board through
careful economy, wholesale purchasing of supplies, etc.

T h e larger part of our financial management has been turned
over to the "Warner System f o r Fraternities" which has won quite
a name f o r itself i n Madison. T h i s system keeps our books f o r us
and does much of our buying. T h e treasurer merely makes out the
bills of the individual members and turns them i n to the Warner
system to be entered on the books. The funds received are turned
in also and all bills paid through this business. We pay $12.50
monthly f o r these services of M r . Warner and feel f u l l y repaid by
the accuracy and businesslike way i n which our finances are man-
aged. W e are privileged to examine the books at any time. By
the cooperation of various fraternities and sororities through this
system we are able to receive large discounts on a l l goods bought
as supplies. We have f u l l confidence i n the Warner system be-
cause of the hearty endorsement of fraternities a n d sororities here
which have employed the system f o r years.

T h e duties of t a k i n g care of the house and help is i n charge of
one of the girls i n the house who acts as "house manager" and who
receives her room gratis i n compensation. W e have also a steward-
ess who takes charge of the kitchen. She plans a l l meals and super-
vises the preparation and serving of them. F o r this service the
g i r l receives her board free.

We have a house chaperon to act as our "mother" to whom we
furnish room and board and when we have social functions of any
kind she acts as chaperon. W e o f t e n invite one or two members of
the university f a c u l t y w i t h their wives as additional chaperons f o r
our dances.

As we have been renting our house f o r the past three years, we
have now initiated a plan for starting a sinking fund f o r a new
house. O u r plan is to start a corporation asking our alumna? to
take a $100 share apiece, payable in two years. From now on each
member of Eta w i l l take one $100 share beginning i n her junior year,
which share w i l l be payable i n three years. T h i s gives each mem-
ber one year out of school in which to earn at least part of the
money herself. I n this way we hope to raise funds within a few
years f o r buying our home. The corporation w i l l rent the house to
the chapter and w i l l declare dividends on the profits after all obli-
gations are paid off. Then the chapter w i l l buy back the shares
when able i n order to utilize whatever surplus there may be. T h i s
is the proposition which we are laying before our alumna? and we
are expecting a hearty spirit of cooperation i n giving us a start
toward acquiring our permanent home.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 111

ALPHA PHI

B Y H E N R I E T T A M A E B U S , House Manager

Doesn't i t seem just grand to live i n a chapter house and espe-

cially i n a house where there is a happy family like ours? For a

housemother we have Mother Lindsay f r o m Billings. I f Mrs.

Lindsay should leave us i t w o u l d not seem like the same o l d A O I I

House.

T o maintain the expenses of the house each g i r l pays her board
and room which amounts to $30.00 a month. That is f o r board and
room o n l y ; i f a g i r l needs some sugar to make candy or uses the
electric chafing dish f o r some Welsh rabbit she pays an extra fee
into the house f u n d . I f Dorothy, A n n , or M a r l y n , or some of the
other girls wish to entertain their boy friends and serve refreshments
at a little party, they go shopping down to the corner grocery store
and purchase what they need, avoiding confusion w i t h the house
items. When our evening dresses need pressing we use the electric
i r o n and pay a pressing fee o f fifteen cents per month.

T h e n our alumna? girls write us a l i t t l e note quite often, telling
us they are enclosing a check to be used f o r something we need i n
the house. T h i s check certainly does come i n handy as we always
need extra things i n the house.

Last Monday evening, Ethel Young, one of our town girls, gave
us five dollars f o r our house. A t one of our meetings we voted
that a l l of the girls, who d i d not live i n the house, pay fifty cents
a month or $5.00 a year into the house f u n d . The town girls do
get a great deal of use and pleasure out of the house and are w i l l i n g
to help the house get a good start in this way. I f possible I ' m
going to try and turn this f u n d over to the building f u n d within
the next few weeks.

We have our building f u n d started and it consists mostly of
checks given to us by the alumna?. T h e n when one o f our girls
has a birthday she has to place as many cents as she is o l d i n the
building f u n d bank. I t makes it rather hard on the older girls but
they don't object.

Then i f any of the girls wish to have guests for dinner they pay
into the house the cost of the meals, which is thirty-five cents f o r
dinner, fifty cents f o r Sunday dinner, twenty-five cents f o r lunch
and twenty-five cents for breakfast. I f any o f the town girls come
in f o r a meal they pay f o r the meal i n the same way unless they are
a guest of the house.

Our coal b i l l has worried us a l i t t l e this year as the f u e l has been
so expensive and the winter has been so cold. When we moved i n
this f a l l we ordered nine tons o f coal, enough to do f o r the first

112 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

three months. By paying $ 2 5 . 0 0 each month on the coal we manage
just fine and seem to keep up our payments i n good shape.

Oh, I must not forget to tell you what the dear Alpha A mothers
did f o r us. Each girl's mother, including the town girls, sent us sev-
eral jars of fruits, jellies, and pickles which we will pay f o r and re-
turn the jars. I t is a great deal cheaper and much more desirable to
have home-made jellies and f r u i t s . Some of the f r u i t s and jellies
were donations, which we certainly do appreciate.

I must tell you about the new reading lamp the chapter girls gave
to the house. Instead of giving individual g i f t s to the girls of the
chapter this Christmas, we a l l chipped i n and bought a beautiful
new reading lamp f o r the house. I t has a large rose shade and
a beautiful mahogany stand and does make our living-room so
cheerful in the evenings.

Before closing I must mention two of our pledges, Harriet
Nordstrom and Marie Maebus, who are coming to live w i t h us next
week, m a k i n g us a happy f a m i l y of fifteen, i n c l u d i n g Mother L i n d -
say, and our houseboy, A r t h u r . W e sincerely do hope that you are
a l l as happy a f a m i l y as we are.

NU OMICRON

(No report)

PSI

B Y C. L A R U E C R O S S O N

Since we are rather a young chapter and the only women's fra-
ternity which occupies an entire house, we cannot boast of a very
imposing bank account, but we are optimistic enough to feel that
we are coming on nicely as to managing our small funds.

W i t h our dues, we pay our rent, gas, coal, insurance, and servant
bills. Our rushing expenses are covered by assessments. I n order
to raise extra money we give each year one or two subscription
dances and have also f o u n d rummage sales a successful way o f
raising funds. By such methods, we add each year approximately
four hundred dollars to our income.

Our alumnae have a reserve account f r o m which we are privileged
to draw in case o f necessity. T h e y also have started a b u i l d i n g and
loan account w i t h which we hope, eventually, to buy the property on
which our house is located and then b u i l d our own house according
to our needs.

PHI

(No report)

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 113

OMEGA

B Y G R A C E W I L L I S , ' 2 1 , Editor

Our treasurer has to keep strict account o f a l l the finances because
the books go in to be balanced each month at the University office.
We have a budget made out f o r the year and use i t as a guide f o r
our expenses. O f course we have the national fraternity dues. Our
local dues are put down on the books as so much a month, but
usually the girls pay the year's sum at one time, before December
tenth. We have special assessments to cover special affairs.
Usually, after a social function, the total expense is divided among
the members who attended the affair. For our Sunday night par-
ties, every g i r l is assessed a certain sum f o r the affair. When we
give a party f o r some other group or fraternity, the expense is met
by the general treasury. We do not have a chaperon except for our
dances. W e have five patronesses. T h e y a l l are very nice and
especially Mrs. Clark, who often allows us to entertain at her home,
and who is always surprising the girls w i t h some kindness.

We are a state college and therefore do not have to pay any tui-
tion, but we pay an incidental fee o f fifteen dollars a semester.

A dollar in a university is worth more than a dollar in j a i l ; in a temperate,
schooled, law-abiding community, than in some sink of crime, where dice,
knives, and arsenic are in constant play.

R. W. E M E R S O N , Conduct of Life.

114 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

ONE SUNDAY NIGHT AT THE FRATERNITY HOUSE

B Y E. J. W., A '20

I T was Sunday night. O n l y five girls had remained this week-
end at the house and the Sunday meal was just over. A l l five
girls had d r a w n their chairs up near the crackling log fire. Out-
side, it was not at a l l the kind of a night f o r a bus-ride or a wan-
dering s t r o l l ; rather the deep leather chairs and the roaring fire
seemed to be almost irresistible.

"Hey, Margey, turn out the piano lamp, will you, you're lots
nearer than I am," came the words from the depths of the largest
and most comfortable chair.

Margey, with a groan, stretched a little and then rose to turn out
the light. " I wouldn't do it, lazy bones, only I wanted my 'uke,'
anyway. Has anyone seen i t ? " A f t e r looking behind every mova-
ble piece of f u r n i t u r e , she spied it on the piano.

W h e n the lights were dimmed and only the flickering flashes
of firelight were l e f t dancing on the walls, Margey returned to settle
herself comfortably in her chair, to strum a few chords on the "uke."

Soon all except one were humming the tune of "The Long, Long
T r a i l . " T h e listener was a very fine looking young woman and
apparently accustomed to such spells of meditation. As the others
sang, she sat silent, huddled i n her nook, w i t h an intent and f a r
away gaze which rested on the fire.

Gradually, the tunes of the recent war were touched upon, until
suddenly they realized that one of their number was not singing.
T h e same thought must have entered their minds at the same time
for the last tune was left unfinished.

" W e l l , Tuney, what's on your mind? Where is the song you
used to be famous f o r ? " burst f o r t h Margey.

" O h , I just happened to be t h i n k i n g how easy i t is to f o r g e t , "
Tuney replied dreamily, as she at last drew her eyes f r o m the fire.

"There, Tuney, I knew there was something bothering you," Mary
hastened to add. "Out w i t h it. Who's been forgetting now?" and
the c h i l d expected to be scolded f o r some duty she should have
done.

"Oh, I didn't mean Y O U , c h i l d ; I was just thinking of life,
everyone!" Unconsciously her gaze sought relief in the flames.
" I was—thinking—if you want to know—of a little incident 'over
there.' "

Tuney Fiske had volunteered her services i n her junior year at
college, w i t h a private American Hospital U n i t . She had felt the
call, and being an orphan and responsible to no one but herself, had

TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 115

offered her services where she thought they m i g h t be most valuable.
O f course she realized she had no t r a i n i n g f o r the work, but such
units always need someone to do odd jobs and Tuney was ready
to do anything, just to help. I n the two years spent "over there"
were crowded the many storms and rainbows of the lives, which
were now lingering in her memory.

" O h , I do wish you'd tell us, Tuney," interrupted Margey, "and
you've never told us anything, really big. D o tell us of something
real. Go on, Tuney, please."

"But, Margey, you'd never understand in a thousand years, unless
you had been through i t yourself. I t a l l seems like a dream, even
to me. Sometimes I wonder i f I really went through the events
which seem so improbable to me now." T h e n , as i f a great impulse
had been awakened i n her, she asked i n a sudden inspired voice,
"Would you girls really like to hear of my most improbable expe-
rience?"

Four voices assented in unison, f o u r chairs drew closer to the
speaker and a l l eyes were filled w i t h eager anticipation.

" W e l l , " said Tuney, as she, too, sat on the edge of her chair, "you
know how I happened to go and what some o f my duties were. I t
did not take me long, before I realized that I could serve equally as
well as head nurse or floor-washer. I gave a hypodermic here, a
basin of water there, took temperatures, bandaged an arm, scrubbed
instruments, made out diet-lists, and laundered nurses uniforms.
The event I am going to tell you about probably would never have
happened, i f I hadn't been p l a y i n g minister, f o r an American chap
rather 'hors de combat.' They brought h i m i n , a J i m m y Cline,
horribly mangled, one hand gone and a leg that the surgeons said
could be saved only by the most favorable circumstances. T h i s was
while we were at the church hospital i n Montiers. The nurses were
so busy that a f t e r first aid, the men d i d not have any extra treat-
ment. J i m m y had lain there so long w i t h o u t regaining conscious-
ness—two days—I guess, and he looked so young and w o r t h w h i l e
that I decided that I would take a little care of him myself.

" I had passed his cot twenty times before he even opened his
eyes, and when he d i d , of course, the first t h i n g he wanted was
water. Then he asked me where he was, who I was, how he came
there, and a million other things that are born of morphia-delirium.
Like the healthy American he was, he wanted something to eat r i g h t
off quick, and without consulting a doctor or nurse I prepared an
eggnogg, which had a wonderful effect—spasma-delirium. M y
heart, you can imagine, nearly left me, f o r I thought I had killed
the boy w i t h my carelessness. H e tossed on the pillow u n t i l I was

116 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

sure the bandages on his arms would break, and all the time kept
asking why the minister didn't come. I n my excitement, I didn't
know what i n the w o r l d to do, but I finally decided the only t h i n g
to quiet J i m m y w o u l d be a minister; so I pretended / was a minis-
ter! W e l l , 1 d i d it and i t calmed the boy. Finally he f e l l asleep,
mumbling something about getting into heaven. M y heart beat
more freely then and I rushed off to prepare some other task—proba-
bly to play organist at the vesper service for the 'pajama-army.'

" T h e next morning, as I passed Jimmy's cot w i t h breakfast trays,
he beckoned me to him.

" 'Could you find out about my m a i l , nurse? I ' m looking f o r a
letter. I know i t must have arrived by this time!' he confided.

"So it happened that I became involved i n Jimmy's love affair.
It was part o f my business of course!
" A week passed and the letter d i d not come, no letter came f o r
him. Meanwhile he became more restless and constantly asked f o r
mail. While I , moved by his double suffering, read stories to him,
combed his hair, whenever I could spare the time. H i s worry over
that letter caused his temperature to remain at a high mark and this
kept him from convalescing.
Then the letter came. I took it in to h i m . H o w he lighted up
when he saw i t ! Y o u can't imagine how much i t meant to h i m !
T h e n the tragedy! Poor J i m m y had lost o u t ! H i s fiancee had
decided it wasn't f a i r to be tied down while he was i n France. So
they w o u l d be good friends u n t i l his return. Meanwhile, of course,
Jimmy wouldn't care i f she went w i t h young D r . Phillips, to affairs
at home! Y o u can imagine the other foolish things she w o u l d say.
It wasn't long after this letter that the doctor discovered that blood-
poisoning was spreading to the upper part of his leg. H e didn't
have enough 'pep' to make the fight!
"One day was enough to show me that I could play one more
role. I decided to be a matrimonial plumber. M y three years in
college gave me more or less of an understanding of girls' natures
and I knew Adele—that was Jimmy's girl's name—needed nothing
more than a good race f o r her money. Just arouse the green mon-
ster and watch the f u n ! She was too sure of J i m m y !
"So I secured Adele's letter and wrote the 'cattiest' message I ever
hope to read. I don't know now how I ever dared do it. I told
her I was deeply in love with Jimmy, but that he would not return
my love because he f e l t bound to her. I requested her to write h i m
at once and to explain that he was a free man to give his attentions
to me.
" H o w do you suppose I dared do it?

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 117

"Yet a cablegram f o r Private Jimmy Cline, exactly fourteen days
later said, ' A l l yours Jimmy, always'—signed 'Adele.' "

Four sighs of relief met this last remark and Margey, pent up
w i t h a m i l l i o n questions, just had to let one go. " O h , I ' m so glad
it turned out a l l r i g h t . I just knew you were going to say you were
found out or something worse. Didn't Jimmy ever know, and
didn't—" Here Tuney stopped her.

"You silly c h i l d , of course not. Adele ignored me altogther.
Jimmy read her next letter to me. I n i t she asked h i m not to be
too familiar with the nurses, f o r they were very common types of
girls. J i m m y and I laughed over this part, but he didn't guess the
irony of it. Just before Jimmy left Montiers, he received a letter
embossed w i t h our dear o l d A O I I insignia. M y , but i t seemed
good to see i t ! O f course, I had to inquire w i t h a l l haste, whom
he knew of my sisters. I t was—Adele!" T u n e y eyes sparkled i n
the last flickerings of the firelight. "Wasn't that the most glorious
thing?"

" Y o u see, Adele was a freshman at the A r t school i n N e w York,
where we installed a chapter last year. I was dying to tell Jimmy
all this, but did not dare to, after the a w f u l thing I had done. I
never can make myself realize that I showed a sister the road to
happiness. You see, we never know when we are doing a service to
our best f r i e n d . "

Here Margery couldn't refrain any longer. "But just think,
girls, she called T u n e y 'common'! Imagine i t ! "

Tuney was smiling at the flames. " T o t h i n k it's a l l over and for-
gotten now! T h e w o r l d soon forgets. Adele was only a child
t h e n ; she w i l l learn—but she, too, w i l l forget, and I hope forgive
my—"

T h e fire was d y i n g down to the grayish-gold ashes and even M a r -
gery was silent. Four pairs of eyes f o l l o w e d Tuney's toward the
darkening fireplace and f o u r girls pondered the significance of that
last sentence.

Spend after your genius, and by system. Success lies in the relation of
income to outgo.

R. W. EMERSON, Conduct oj Life.

118 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA 0M1CR0N PI

THE VALUE O F A CHECKING ACCOUNT F O R
COLLEGE STUDENTS

B y F R A N C I S H . S I S S O N , Vice President

Guaranty Trust Company of New York

Guaranty Trust Company of New York,
140 Broadway, New York.
November 6, 1919.

Mrs. E. I . MacPhie,
49 Daniels Street,
Lowell, Massachusetts.
Dear Madam:

Mr. Sabin, to whom your letter of the 27th is addressed, has referred your
request for an article on the use and advantages of a commercial bank account
to college students to Mr. Francis H . Sisson.

Mr. Sisson has, accordingly, taken pleasure in preparing a brief article on
this subject, which is enclosed herewith, in the hope that it may prove of value
in the columns of your good publication, To DRAGMA.

Yours very truly,

R. W . BIRDSEYE,

Assistant to Mr. Sisson.

/ I A H E R E are advantages in having a checking account w i t h a
A commercial bank which apply equally to practically all sorts of

persons.
A checking account provides a means of having ready purchasing

power without keeping on hand a sum of money which may be lost
or stolen. The check has become such a universal medium of pay-
ment i n this country that it seldom occurs that a merchant refuses to
accept a check i f he is acquainted w i t h the person who has made out
the check. I n a college community, merchants frequently have a
personal acquaintance with a large part of the student body and
even where this does not obtain the mere f a c t o f the student's con-
nection with the local college or university, makes i t worth while
for merchants to accept such checks.

Another general advantage of the check is the fact that a can-
celled check is virtually a receipt f o r the payment f o r which the
check was tendered. I f a person owes a m o n t h l y b i l l , say o f $10.00,
and pays it by check, the cancelled check w i t h the merchant's en-
dorsement constitutes virtual proof that the payee has received the
check and made use o f i t i n settlement o f the debt owed to him.

I t is especially w o r t h while f o r a young man or woman to possess
a checking account f o r the education i t gives i n banking and finan-
cial matters. Most people who have no dealings with banks unfor-
tunately have little or no knowledge of what constitutes banking and
of what a bank does f o r the community. T h e possession of a

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 119

checking account w i l l foster at least a slight interest i n this most
important science o f banking and should cause a legitimate inquisi-
tiveness into such matters as the usefulness o f a bank, the meaning
of endorsements on checks, the functions of clearing houses, and
other kindred topics. N o educated person can today a f f o r d to be
without at least an elementary knowledge of the subject of money
and banking.

T h e possession of a checking account f u r t h e r should stimulate
financial responsibility and accuracy on the part o f its possessor. I t
takes only a few failures to make out a check stub whenever a check
is drawn or to make note of a deposit i n the bank whenever one is
made, to bring home the importance of handling with exactness one's
personal financial affairs. T h e use o f checks as f a r as possible i n
the payment o f b i l l s also enables a person to "see where the money is
going," since, i f check stubs are properly made out, each month's
checks w i l l present something of a financial history f o r that m o n t h .
Since many college students are on monthly allowances f r o m their
parents or others, the use o f checks is thus particularly valuable to
them i n inculcating ideas of making both ends meet, i n other words,
of trying to arrange a budget of income and outgo.

For such reasons as these, no young man or woman i n college who
can afford to have a checking account should be without one. I t is
not a luxury but a necessity, and a necessity not only f o r the advan-
tages it gives day by day, but i n the lessons i t teaches, and the incen-
tives i t gives i n financial responsibility.

SCHOLARSHIP AMONG THE CHAPTERS

RHO—Dorothy Brunniga, '21, has a straight average of " A " for the year.
The chapter holds second place among the fraternities at Northwestern.

LAMBDA—Lenell Garvin, '19, was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, at Leland
Stan ford.

I 0 T A — A O I I Chapter holds the first place in scholarship, at Illinois.
PHI—Holds second place in scholarship at the University of Kansas.
OMICRON—Eleanore Burke is Phi Beta Kappa, at the University of Tenn-
essee.

T A U — H o l d s second place in scholarship at Minnesota.
BETA P H I — T h e chapter is third in scholarship at Indiana.
ALPHA PHI—Holds first place in scholarship at Montana State.
Pi—Magna Chalaron stands first in rank in the senior class at Newcomb.

120 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA 0 MIC RON PI

FINANCING A CHAPTER HOUSE BUILDING FUND

(The following facts were collected and given to the Editor by Mr. George
F. Orde, Vice President of the Midland National Bank, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
He outlines a system which has already been worked out by a woman's fra-

ternity.)—EDITOR.

P R I O R to nineteen sixteen, the chapter rented a house but had
been accumulating money w i t h which to buy a lot of land. D u r -
ing1 the year of the above date, one hundred members were present
at a meeting where the building plans were discussed. Pledges
f o r sums which were to extend over five years were asked f o r , as w e l l
as i n d i v i d u a l contributions. Some contributed one hundred dollars,
some seventy-five dollars, i n fact there were a l l amounts down to
twenty-five dollars. T h e majority paid the amount i n cash at that
very meeting. A sum of three thousand dollars was raised i n
pledges on the time basis. They followed up the meeting with let-
ters until they received some response. T h e y sent out booklets tell-
ing about the proposition. They invited outsiders to take pledges,
but d i d not urge this at a l l . The subscription f r o m the entire mem-
bership amounted to eight thousand dollars. T h e lot cost about
four thousand dollars and this left four thousand dollars to apply on
a building. They borrowed nine thousand on a straight mortgage
and issued seven thousand and fifty dollars o f the second mortgage
bonds which were sold to or through the members of the chapter.
T h e f u r n i t u r e came to about two thousand dollars. These bonds
were issued i n the denominations of one hundred dollars and up to
one thousand dollars. T h e graduates of the chapter assumed a
pledge f o r the up-keep and retirement of the mortgage. The house
rooms about fifteen girls and they must meet the r u n n i n g expenses,
which, of course, include the maids, chaperon, and repairs to f u r n i -
true and house.

Within six months they had raised almost $5,000 and were able to
buy a lot, which was selected and purchased by the building com-
mittee. Then they consulted an architect and had plans drawn for a
house, c a l l i n g f o r an investment o f fifteen thousand dollars.

F r o m time to time l i t t l e entertainments had been given and a
Christinas bazaar at which $1,000 dollars had been raised, and these
sums added to the f u n d helped it materially.

A f t e r the lot was purchased and plans approved they took them to
the D . C. Bell Investment Company and a first mortgage of nine
thousand dollars was placed on the property. As this was not
enough to finish the b u i l d i n g a bond issue was drawn up by the
Wells, Dickey Company f o r $7,200 which was a second mortgage on
the place. These bonds drew six per cent interest and were issued

TO PRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 121

in denominations of two hundred and three hundred dollars and sold
among the members and interested families, some o f them taking as
high as a thousand dollars' w o r t h . O w i n g to the fact that the
United States was entering the war they sold only $5,200 worth of
bonds, deciding to cut down on the furnishings they had originally
planned.

When the house was p a r t i a l l y finished a second booklet was sent
out to all the members, giving cuts of the floor plan, showing prog-
ress of the house and u r g i n g a l l who had not responded u p to this
time to send i n pledges at once. The result of this letter was also
very gratifying.

Now that the house is completed, the plan of paying off the i n -
debtedness is this. T h e rentals o f girls l i v i n g i n the house pay a l l
running expense and a l l over-head, such as interest on the mortgage,
insurance, taxes, and any repairs necessary. Each g i r l who leaves
or graduates f r o m college is given the opportunity of making a
pledge to the house, payable i n cash or by the five-year pledge sys-
tem. T h i s pledge is purely optional, but the girls are a l l so inter-
ested in their sorority house and when able are glad to make such a
pledge.

These new pledges being made each year, together with the old
pledges are being applied on the mortgage and more than keep up
the payments on same.

Kach year the girls give a f a i r or vaudeville show so that the
building f u n d has these additional sources of income.

It is apparent that the entire obligation for the construction of a
chapter house must be met by the members of the chapter, whether
active or alumna?. I t is further advisable that a large proportion of
the required sum should be i n hand or given w i t h a short time
pledge, before attempting to build.

I t has been a pleasure to obtain these facts and give this i n f o r m a -
tion to your magazine.

Nature arms each person with some faculty which enables that person to
do easily some feat impossible to another, and thus make that person necessary
to society.

R . W . EMERSON, Conduct of Life.

122 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

T H E C L A R E N C E D. A S H L E Y M E M O R I A L F U N D

B Y B E R T H A R E M B A U G H , NU ' 0 4

I T has been suggested that the f r a t e r n i t y as a whole m i g h t be
interested in what N u Chapter or certain of the alumna of N u
Chapter are trying to do this winter.

Since the death, several years ago, of Clarence D. Ashley, Dean of
the New York University Law School, we have felt that something
should be done to perpetuate Ins memory, since he has probably done
more f o r women in the legal profession than any other single person.
I t has seemed to some of us, also, that the appeal of this memorial
w h i c h we are p l a n n i n g might be wider than merely to women law-
yers. T h a t i t m i g h t , i n fact, be of interest to a l l educated women.

Dean Ashley stood f o r a larger professional field f o r women at a
time when that idea was n e w ; when the educated woman turned as
inevitably to teaching as the uneducated turned to domestic service.
Times have changed i n the last twenty years and i n these easier days
we are apt to forget that such a condition really existed. Those of
us, however, who date back that far know. A t that time, the N e w
York University was the only law school of standing open to women,
and Dean Ashley kept i t so. H e made i t open i n f a c t as w e l l as
name. H e saw to i t that there was no discrimination.

I n addition, he threw the influence of his personal advice and
leadership—and how great was the weight of that influence, those
who worked under h i m k n o w — t o the support of law as an active,
practical profession. N o other person, as f a r as I know, d i d this
seriously, consistently, and to large bodies of students. H e made
most of the older women lawyers who are practicing now i n New
York. Without h i m they would probably not have gone into the
profession and without them law would not be a real open profes-
sion.

A l l this may not seem so very sensational a service to the feminist
cause, but i f one considers the connection of law and business and
that the entrance of women i n numbers into business has come since
then, i t may not seem so insignificant.

T o those of us who knew Dean Ashley, there remains the memory
of a fine and scholarly gentleman. T o most of you he must stand
merely as one who has rendered a l l women a signal service. T o his
services we want some sort of a memorial, and we have, w i t h the
consent of the Chancellor and the University Council, arranged to
raise the funds f o r a memorial scholarship which w i l l bear his name.

We need between $ 2 , 5 0 0 and $ 3 , 0 0 0 . We are still between $ 7 0 0
and $ 1 , 2 0 0 short.

TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 123

Are there not some members of the A O P that this appeal w i l l
touch? Perhaps i t w i l l go closer home i f I remind you that Dean
Ashley was the brother of Jessie Ashley, who died last year. Many
of you will remember what the fraternity owed to her both in
money and services. Before she died she knew of this proposed
memorial, and was enthusiastic i n her pleasure over the idea.

THE WEST

B Y DOUGLAS MALLOCK, Omega

Men look to the East for the dawning things—
For the light of a rising sun;
But they look to the West, the Crimson West
For the things that are done, are done.

The eastward sun is a new-made hope
From the dark of the night distilled.
But the westward sun is a sunset sun,
The sign of a hope fulfilled.

So out of the East they have always come—
The cradle that saw the birth
O f a l l the heart-warm hopes of men,
O f a l l the hopes of earth.

For out o f the East a Christ arose, dream
And out of the East there gleamed
The dearest dream and the clearest
That ever prophet dreamed.

And into the waiting West they go
With the dream child of the East,
A n d find the hopes they hoped of o l d
A hundred-fold increased.

For there in the East we dreamed the dreams
O f the things we hoped to do;
Here in the West, the Crimson West,
The dreams of the East come true.

124 TO PRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON Pi

SIGMA'S H O U S E S Y S T E M

B Y D A I S Y M A N S F I E L D S H A W , President of the Board of Directors

W H Y it should f a l l to me to write this article, for which I can
not even give a comprehensive title, I do not know, f o r while I
have first hand knowledge of the house finances of Sigma Chapter
for the past few years ( i n what capacity I am not stating as I do not
wish to divulge m y identity) I a m not so f a m i l i a r w i t h the begin-
nings of the house f u n d .

Each g i r l to w h o m I have appealed has referred me to another, so I
think I have eliminated in this way all who might question my state-
ments.

K a p p a A l p h a T h e t a was the first sorority to own a house. Others
were making plans to do so, and f r o m that time, about nineteen
hundred eight, Sigma had one predominant idea, namely, to own
her own home. F o r several years the girls talked of i t , but i t seemed
such an enormous undertaking, and Sigma at that time had, com-
paratively, only a small number of alumna: to back her i n this.

Finally, early i n nineteen thirteen, i t was decided to start a house
f u n d . Notes of five dollar denomination were sent to every Sigma
girl. The girls active in college were pledged to take four notes,
and each alumna: member was urged to take as many as she possibly
could. These notes were payable at some time d u r i n g the year. I n
nineteen fourteen the same plan was f o l l o w e d and by nineteen fifteen
about twenty-five hundred dollars had been collected in this way
with more to come i n .

The next step was to investigate the different plans by which the
b u i l d i n g of a house could be financed. T h e different b u i l d i n g and
loan associations were interviewed and banks, too, as to the possi-
bility of borrowing money on a mortgage.

By a very fortunate circumstance a contractor in Berkeley was
anxious to sell his home. T h e location was the very best possible
f o r a f r a t e r n i t y house, and lots i n as desirable a location were scarce
and high. The house was new, of excellent construction, and at-
tractive in appearance. The contractor was willing to make the
additions and alterations necessary to render i t suitable to the needs
of a fraternity, and the proposition he offered was superior to any
plan that had been investigated.

Sigma was then incorporated so as to transact business. T h e
necessary papers were d r a w n up, the sum collected paid down, the
balance to be met i n m o n t h l y payments to include interest and a pay-
ment on the principal, and the house was Sigma's.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 125

A Board of Directors, consisting of three members f r o m the active
chapter, the President, the Fraternity Treasurer, and the House
Manager, and f o u r members f r o m the alumna?, meets each month to
supervise the management of the house finances. T h e active chap-
ter pays to the corporation each month as rent a sum sufficient to
meet the interest and the payment on the principal. Each g i r l by
the end of her freshman year pays twenty-five dollars to the house
f u n d and ten dollars o f each initiation fee is also paid to the cor-
poration and this sum is intended to cover taxes, insurance, repairs,
etc.

The reports of the House Manager and of the Fraternity Trea-
surer as well as of the Corporation Treasurer are read before the
Board of Directors and there discussed.

Then the alumnae, through its four representatives on the board,
assists and advises the active chapter i n the management of its
finances.

THE VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE COMMITTEE O F

ALPHA OMICRON PI

B Y M A R Y D A N I E L S O N , Alpha Phi, 18, Chairman

A F T E R considerable anguish and much thought upon the sub-
ject, I think the Vocational Guidance Committee can infor-
mally announce its existence, and can give some tentative plan of
procedure.

A t present we are collecting data f r o m a l l our alumna: to find out
how many are i n vocational fields, and what kinds of vocations are
represented. I t is our plan to get this information properly tabu-
lated and catalogued so that we can put our fingers on i t .

Then we hope to obtain pamphlets from various placement agen-
cies and Bureaus of Occupations and make this i n f o r m a t i o n available
to all A O IPs.

I am greatly indebted to J. C. Colcord f o r many valuable sugges-
tions in regard to the work of this committee.

I have sent letters to a l l the alumna? chapters and to active chap-
ters where there is no alumna? chapter asking f o r a list of the
alumnae, their vocations, and addresses. Some have responded
promptly and I thank them. Letters are continuing to come, and I
hope that soon we may have definite information which our younger
sisters can make use of. The committee is extremely anxious to re-
ceive any help or suggestion that anyone may have to offer.

126 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

ADVANTAGES O F A FRATERNITY HOUSE

Bv D E A N K A T H A R I N E SPRAGUE ALVORD

De Pauw University
Greencastle, Indiana

T Office of the Dean of Women
H I S after-the-war year has brought problems to the colleges of
the country as w e l l as to every other field of activity. T h e i n -
creased enrollments, the adjustment of credits, the changed cur-
ricula have a l l made necessary the active consideration of matters
which had been thought about but l e f t f o r immediate needs.

The increased enrollments have brought the housing problem to
the fore and a l l college authorities have been at their wits' end to
know what to do w i t h the students who were on the campus but could
not be housed i n the college halls of residence. I n co-educational
institutions this has to do with both men and women but I shall limit
what I have to say to the problem of the women. There are three
places f o r nonresident college women to l i v e : the halls of residence,
the lodging house, and fraternity house. Because the fraternity
house is i n very close relation w i t h the college administration i t is
not too much to say that i f students are not l i v i n g i n the halls of
residence, the f r a t e r n i t y house is the next best place. I n other
words the economic advantage of the f r a t e r n i t y house must be recog-
nized and accepted by the college authorities as an asset wherever
the number o f students exceeds the capacity o f the halls of residence.
I n my judgment, i t is very desirable f o r a l l freshmen to be housed
in the halls of residence in order to cultivate broad college interests
and widen friendships, but when the college cannot provide dormi-
tory accommodations for all its students, it may well look to the fra-
ternity house f o r very real help with a l l students above freshman
rank.

But this is not the only nor most important advantage that comes
to the group of young women who live together in a fraternity house.
Indeed to any group of people associated together with common inter-
ests and occupations there must come a development and growth
which is very far-reaching. H o w much more then must i t be f o r
young women who are bound by the dominant spirit and ideals of
the fraternal bond! There is the insistent need of making adjust-
ments, of considering the other person, o f realizing that the desires
of the individual must be subordinated to the welfare of the whole
group and these requirements force the member of the group to be-
come a better member of society a f t e r she leaves college.

O n the other hand, there is a difficulty which is common to the
halls of residence and the f r a t e r n i t y house which is the danger o f

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 127

too little privacy and too great freedom with each other's belongings
and time. O n l y by self-restraint and house sentiment can this be
checked, but it is a disadvantage which should not be considered
lightly.

Beside the advantage to the college and to the group, there is the
very valuable training that comes to the individuals in the f r a t e r n i t y
house. A t t e n d i n g to broken pipes, l a y i n g i n the coal supply, plan-
ning meals, paying bills, are responsiblities which give the young
women i n the house a new sense of what is necessary to keep a house
i n good running order. This does not mean that the house commit-
tee should assume a l l the burdens and carry them without the help
which should come f r o m the rest of the chapter and f r o m the j u d i -
cious oversight of alumnae and college officers. I t is still a mooted
question i n some places whether or not young women should assume
the financial responsibilities involved i n o w n i n g a f r a t e r n i t y house,
but one t h i n g seems quite clear that the house, whether rented or
owned, should be suitable f o r the purpose f o r which i t is used and
not be a make-shift which causes unnecessary expense, crowding, i n -
convenience and dissatisfaction.

The fraternity house may be a means o f very real social training

for the young women whose standards of l i f e have not been those
which are consistent w i t h cultivated society. There are few, i f any,
young women i n college who want to be hoydenish or awkward or
self-conscious, but o f t e n times a g i r l of fine strong character has had
so f e w social advantages that she is misjudged and misunderstood
when she comes among strangers. I t is to this g i r l that the social
taste and social t r a i n i n g of her f r a t e r n i t y group can be of help. I t
is always an astonishment to the onlooker that young women in a
fraternity house can arrange f o r a reception or party w i t h record-
breaking speed. I t is done under the intelligent direction of the
chairman of the committee who expects everyone to do the part
assigned her w i t h dispatch and an equal sense of responsibility.
O f course every Social Chairman is disappointed i n some of her help-
ers, but the organization and execution of the piece of work has given
training f o r many phases of l i f e i n the community. N o r is that all
the training that members of the group receive. Assuming that
the standard of the fraternity is high, taste i n dress and house fur-
nishings, i n table service and social customs develop an ease and
poise which is part of the equipment of the educated woman.

I do not feel that the fraternity house is the panacea f o r a l l the
things that we would have different in our college women, but I do
believe that because i t is an economic advantage to the college and
because its influence goes f a r i n developing the r i g h t k i n d o f com-
munity spirit and individual cultivation the f r a t e r n i t y house has a
claim upon us.

128 TO PRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

OPPORTUNITIES F O R W O M E N IN MEDICINE

B Y M A U D C A R V I L , M . D . , Delta '99

T H F nineteenth century may well be called the "Woman's Cen-
tury," f o r d u r i n g those one hundred years the greatest advances
were made in the intellectual and economic l i f e of women.

I t was during the later half of this century that women entered
the field of medicine. From time immemorial women have bound
up the wounded, brewed the herbs, nursed the sick, and i t has been
generally accepted that they were preeminently fitted f o r service i n
the sick room. Although the field of medicine comes naturally
w i t h i n the sphere of woman, it was a " f a r cry" to their being ac-
cepted as physicians. W i t h the courage of their convictions the
pioneer women i n medicine demonstrated that women could master
the scientific study of medicine and that they were capable of dis-
tinguished ability in the practice of the art. The prejudice which
was encountered by these women in the early days was gradually
broken down u n t i l at the present time almost every field of medical
opportunity is open to women, i n some of which they are preemi-
nently fitted and are the actual leaders of their specialty. Notable
examples are Dr. Alice Hamilton, Health Expert of the Federal
Board of Labor, recently appointed Professor of Industrial Medi-
cine at Harvard, and D r . Josephine Baker, Director o f the Bureau of
Hygiene of the City of New York.

As there has been a demand i n the past f o r women in the practice
of obstetrics, gynecology, pediatrics, and general medicine, so there
is today a more urgent call, not only f o r these branches, but in de-
partments of work which temperamental qualities and fundamental
training especially fit women to fill. Colleges and schools are seek-
ing properly qualified women to supervise their physical training
department, to act as resident physicians, to teach physiology and
hygiene. Research and clinical laboratories call f o r women because
of their capacities to do detail work with infinite patience. The
fields of n u t r i t i o n and dietetics are considered by eminent authorities
to be fields which by r i g h t belong to women. T h e work i n the
spheres of social service, sex and moral hygiene i s thrust upon
woman physicians. Municipal, state, and public health departments
are seeking women to fill responsible positions and industrial boards
are asking them to take up research work, while industrial plants are
asking them to take charge of their women workers.

Fewer women have entered on the study of medicine in the past
ten years than previously and there is a growing demand f o r women
in medical work, and at present the demand is greater than the sup-
ply. Medicine is a w o n d e r f u l field f o r work and the end is not yet
to the breadth of opportunities it offers to women.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 129

QUIET CORNER

THOUGHTS BESIDE A ROSE

B Y STELLA GEORGE STERN PERRY, Alpha, '98

Through the glass of my window I see a rose. I am shut off from its

perfume; but I believe in, expect—enjoy it. That is faith. I will open the

window.

"How can I hear the voice of God ?" I asked the rose. A bird gave answer.
"Sing!" he said. "How shall I know His face?" I asked. "Make beauty!"
said the rose.

Oh! Be quiet as a rose-tree. I t does not speak of its loveliness; but glad
eyes find it.

A child asked me to show God to him. I saw God in the eyea of the child.
Why could not the child see God in my eyes?

The child spoke to me. My heart rushed toward the voice of the child.
But my Spirit was kneeling. I t heard the voice of Faith.

A, dead bird lay in the path. The housewife brushed it aside. The poet
gazed sadly upon it. But the little child buried it under a rose-bush.

The wind seems cruel to the faded flower. But it plants the seeds for next
year's glory. The wrath of the unjust may blow my leaves to trembling; but
the roots of my being are firm.

I saw a wise man walking in the garden reading a book about Beauty. He
trod upon a flower. I myself read a book about Life; a butterfly flew across
the page.

A small blue butterfly made my heart glad. Vet the great sky was blue.
All service shines.

The silken strand of the spider holds to the firm branch of the rose-tree.
So prayers are answered.

I stood still and listened to the meadow. All the little voices of the field
united in music. So the many murmurs of human strivings are harmonized
in the ear of God.

The lizard, basking on the rock, ran from my shadow. Yet I would not
harm him. Cease from fears! The shadow is thrown by the light of the sun.

The poppy is in gorgeous bloom. All winter that tiniest seed lay quietly in
the ground. I , too. will be patient.

The pigeon is crooning to his mate. Little loves are also precious.

The spring flows from a mountainside where no man passes. " I f ever the
thirsty traveller come," says the spring, "he shall find me."

The lovely fountain stream is reflected in the pool from which it rises, as
a good deed leaves its image in the soul from which it springs.

As the wild birds are safe in our gardens, so may our hearts be sanctuary
for the high, free thoughts so often hunted down by the world!

"You do not love me!" cries the child, denied some pleasure. But it
climbs into its mother's lap even while reproaching her. God understands our
railings. Hush, child! He lifts us to His breast. •

130 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

The poor dig in the garden. Their hands are grimy. We gather the
flowers. Are there thorns?

Our flowers shall fade. We have nothing. But the poor have made a
garden.

Men come and go like the waves of the sea. But the ocean of life is
immortal.

The caterpillar need not hurry. His destiny is certain. Thou, too, shalt
fly, my soul.

An old lady sits in the glow of the sunset. Bright and calm, an evening
star, she shall guide our ships.

I see a star. I t says to me, "Look beyond me!"

When my candle went out I found my way by the light beneath a door. I t
was the sympathy of a friend.

We cannot touch the moonlight that fills the cup of the world. Yet who
shall say it is nothing?

A clock is ticking in the night. "Coming! Coming!" it says. Time
does not go, my heart; it comes.

A small temple bell swings in the light breeze, but makes no sound. I f
the bell be perfect it has not failed. A stronger wind shall ring it.

Lest it destroy my garment, I killed a fluttering moth with my hand. Do
I love my garment more than Life? I killed a fluttering moth, a quivering
bit of gold. Where went the life I took? In order to save my garment, I
killed a moth. But his garment was more beautiful than mine. Did I save?

The negro gardener passed through the wicket gate in the dark. I thought
that he and I met an angel. "How black you are!" the angel said to me.
He saw our souls.

All day I had pursued Freedom, in vain. Freedom sat beside me at eve-
ning in my garden. "She whom you vainly followed was Freedom-to-Take,"
she said. " I , who live with you, am your Freedom-to-Give."

Genius, put to the plough, lost the use of his wings. But the seed sown
in those furrows bore flowers of gold.

Two were walking together. One looked upon the ground. He stooped
and found a diamond. But the other did not need it. He was looking at
the stars.

The fireflies beautify the night. Who knows one from another? Seek
not your own glory. I f a star fell out of the night, we should not mark its
loss. Yet each star brightens the darkness.

Music is as a flower in the night. All sense its perfume, but only the
seeker finds the face of its beauty.

Little wings bear me upward. They are my thoughts of a friend long dead.

I climbed up to the mountain-top looking for angels. They were all in the
valley, helping the weak to climb.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI

UNSUNG

I f I might have the gift of my desire,
And wake one day to find my dream fulfilled,
Ah, what a real world from that dream I'd build,

A world that rhymed the pulsing of my lyre!
I'd sing new songs in notes of liquid fire,

Till men should hear the heavenly call, long stilled,
Should grasp again the work their youth had willed,
And see once more the starlight from the mire.

How many dreams like mine the long night knows—
But dawn reveals a broken lyre, crude hands,
Lips sealed and dumb, and dim the visioned gleam.

For me, a sea-gull's flight, the first wild rose,
The crimson sunset glow on desert sands,
These are my joys. At night, I have my dream.

FLORENCE M. SEDER, from The Matri

A SEA GULL ON THE CHICAGO RIVER

A streetcar with its hot and weary load
Clangs rattling o'er the dirty, crowded bridge;
Down on the river's turbid, muddy green
Drifts bits of sodden fruit and grimy scraps,
Remnants of yellow bags and scrolls of scum.
The sun up in the glowering, smoky sky
Woke not a single merry rippling gleam
On that smooth stream, but just a dull, hot glare,
Defiant, sullen with the city's lust.

Then through the murky sky, a flash of white.
White wings that wheeled and soared above the lines
Of dingy scows moored to the ill-kept docks,
Then swooped until their whiteness nearly dipped
Into the lurid waters of that stream.
A shop-girl as the streetcar clatters on,
Shakes her tired head and with a sigh remarks:
"Gee, i f I was a sea gull you can bet
I'd never spend vacations in this burg!"

ADELIN BRIGGS, The Matrix.

MYSELF

By EDGAR A . GUEST

I have to live with myself, and so
I want to be fit for myself to know,
I want to be able as days go by,
Always to look myself straight in the eye.
I don't want to stand with the setting sun,
And hate myself for the things I've done.

TO PRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON Pi

I don't want to keep on a closet shelf
A lot of secrets about myself,
And fool myself as I come and go
Into thinking that nobody else will know
The kind of a man I really am.
I don't want to dress myself up in a sham.

I want to go out with my head erect.
I want to deserve all men's respect
But here in the struggle for fame and pelf,
I want to be able to like myself.
I don't want to look at myself and know
That I'm bluster and bluff and empty show.

I never can hide myself from me,
I see what others may never see;
I know what others may never know.
I never can fool myself and so
Whatever happens I want to be
Self-respecting and conscious free.

S-O-R-O-R-I-T-Y SONG

T U N E — " Y o u ' r e Some Pretty Doll" Omega,

S-O-R-O-R-I-T-Y
That spells you and I
We are the kind of girls that have the pep,
Propriety we'll ne'er o'erstep,
We're the girls that wear the pearls
And ruby, too, close by.
We like good times, we have them, too,
We'll all stick together like LePage's glue,
S-O-R-O-R-I-T-Y,
That spells A O I I .

by PEG WESTFALL,

TO PRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 133

A O IT N A T I O N A L A L U M N / E W O R K

B Y R O C H E L L E C A C H E T , Pi, Chairman
T H E Committee on Alumna? W o r k is most happy to report that
a copy o f the November T o D R A G M A has been mailed to every
member of A l p h a O. H a v i n g made some suggestions as to possible

forms f o r our alumnae work, the committee l e f t that phase of its

duties f o r a while, and has been busy perfecting and carrying out

the plans by w h i c h every one of our number w o u l d be put back i n

touch w i t h the fraternity again through T o D R A G M A . For alumna?

work to be effective, i t must be supported, not by a few, but by many

alumna?. So the committee f e l t that arousing the interest o f the girls

through the magazine was the best first step i t could take i n develop-

ing a national alumna? work.

Mrs. MacPhie cooperated most heartily, and arranged f o r the

November magazine to be an "Alumna? Numl)er." Mrs. Pull-

ing, f o r the last month, has not known that she was not a member o f

our committee, so busy have we kept her helping us on the practical

side of having this large number of additional copies of the maga-

zine printed. She is a model of a "cheerful v i c t i m . " O f course we

love all the members of our big family, but the Committee on

Alumna? W o r k has settled on a "favorite sister"—Rho Chapter, i n -

cluding Mrs. Hennings. When the tremendous task came up of

addressing the m a i l i n g wrappers f o r a l l those 1,400 extra copies of

T o D R A G M A — w e d i d nothing! But our thoughts were warm and

appreciative as we accepted Rho's offer to do this f o r us, and heard

of the many checkings of address lists and w r i t i n g out of endless

names being turned into a "party."

The financing o f these extra copies of T o D R A G M A m i g h t have

been managed by a definite tax on a l l chapters, active and alumna?.

But this plan d i d not seem f a i r or wise. I t was not f a i r , because

those chapters who have worked hard to reach a high percentage of

subscribers to T o D R A G M A would bear the neglected responsibility

of chapters who have been lax i n this respect. I t d i d not seem wise,

because the spirit of our alumna? work must be service, a voluntary

giving, and it would not develop that spirit to have an obligatory

tax connected with the paving of the way—through T o D R A G M A —

for our alumna? work.

So the Executive Committee decided to appropriate to our com-

mittee—now, instead of later—what w i l l be the nucleus of a " N a -

tional F u n d f o r Alumna? W o r k . " T h i s we were to use to have the

extra copies of T o D R A G M A printed. Then we have asked the col-

lege chapters—meaning both active and alumna? wherever f o u n d —


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