The words you are searching are inside this book. To get more targeted content, please make full-text search by clicking here.
Discover the best professional documents and content resources in AnyFlip Document Base.
Search
Published by Alpha Omicron Pi, 2016-04-27 18:51:43

1929 May - To Dragma

Vol. XXIV, No. 4

128
Trustees of Anniversary Endmvment Fund
Chairman, Helen St. Clair Mullan (Mrs. George V.), Alpha, 25 East 83rd Street, New York, N.
Y. Term expires June 1933.
Katherine Stebbins Stevens (Mrs. A. M.), Delta, 55 East 76th Street, New York, N. Y . Term expires June 1931.
Mary Honor Donlon, Epsilon, 72
T o DRAG.UA Epsilon, 72 Wall Street, New
York, N. Y .
Editorial Board
Virginia Judy Esterly, Sigma, 667 East 12th Street, Eugene Ore. Wilhelmina G. Hedde, Theta, 626
Emerson Street, Evanston, 111. Elizabeth Bond, Tau, 3201 Irving
South, Minneapolis, Minn.
Etta Phillips MacPhie (Mrs. E. T.), Delta, 48 Prince Street, West
Newton, Mass.
Advertising Manager
Edith Chapman Korres (Mr>. Ed- mund R . ) , 2307 East 65th, Seattle, W ash.
Song Committee
Chairman, lanet M. Howrv, Tau, 1664 Van Buren Street, St. Paul, Minn.
Lois Greene, Tau Delta, 921 West 8th Street, Birmingham, A1&J| Tulia Louise Behring, Pi Delta,
3421 Oakwood Terrace, N. W,.
W ashington, D . C .
Mae Knight Siddell (Mrs. Robert),
Sigma, Kelseyville, Cal.
Wall Street, New York, N. Term expires June 1929.
Board of Appeals
Y .
Merva Dolsen Hennings (Mrs. A. J.), Rho, 2734 Park Place, Evans- ton, III.
Laura A. Hurd, Upsilon, 1305 East 43rd Street, Seattle, Wash.
Katrina Overall McDonald (Mrs. C. C ) , Nu Omicron, Bay Saint Louis, Miss.
Constitutional Revision Committee
Chairman, Registrar; Grand Sec- retary; Mary Honor Donlon,
LITHOGRAPHING :: PRINTING :: ENGRAVING
RANKIN & YOUNG
Printers
69-71 Barclay Street


ALPHA OMICRON PI
TO DRAGMA
Published Quarter•ly at~| 425 South Fourthi St., j»
L Minneapolis, Minn. _J EDITOR
Send all editorial material to WILMA SMITH LELAND 5715 Minnetonka Blvd.,
St. Louis Park, Minn.
REGISTRAR ALICE CULLNANE 50 Broad Street, Bloom field, N. J.
MAY. 1929
VOL. XXIV
No. 4
To DRAGMA is published by Alpha Omicron Pi fraternity, 425 South Fourth Street, Minneapolis, Minn., and is printed by Augsburg Publishing House. En- tered at the Postoffice at Minneapolis, Minn., as second class matter under Uie Act of March 3, 1879. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage pro- vided for in section 1103,Act of October 3, 1917,authorized February 12,1920.
To DRAGMA is published four times a year. October, January, March and May.
Subscription price, 35 cents per copy, Si per year, payable in advance; Life Subscription $15.


i*
WoIgsbmfsfwf
Far above With its Stands our
Cayuga's waters, waves of blue.
Alma Mater
Cornell University
noble
to view.
,
Glorious
Lift the Loud
Of the bustling town,
chorus, speed her praises
to
Far above the busy humming
Hail Hail,
thee!
all hail,
our
Alma Mater, Cornell!
Reared Looks
against the she proudly
arch
of down.
heave*
Lift the chorus, spied Loud her praises tell;
onward. Mater, )
v v°|h it Hail, all hail, Cornell!
Hail to thee! our Alma
At ma Mater,
cit onward, tell;
yvb w r
?PRUDENCE RISLEV HALL


Dragma of Alpha Omicron P
"Doors of % % J£all iving Open to 'Welcome ^Alpha O's
By CHARLOTTE KOLB, Epsilon
T ESS than a month and each train steaming into Ithaca will bring Alpha O's from all over the United States. Epsilon is looking for
yon, and we hope there will be ever so many of you.
The time is short, and we want to he sure that rooms arc ready and places laid for each of you. In order to be most efficient we want you to fill out the blank which is found on the last page of the magazine and mail it immediately. Don't wait until tomorrow, do it today and save your-
elf and us confusion at the time of your arrival.
A lump sum of thirty-five dollars ($35) will include room and
oard and any expenses which might be connected with the events entioned on the program.
As graduation at Cornell will be on June 18, it will be impossible or us to take care of any delegates before 5 o'clock Tuesday. Also ince there will be another convention here on Wednesday, June 26, clldelegates must leave before Tuesday noon. That means that it ill be best to leave Monday night or Tuesday morning.
°u miss Cornell Con- ention. It's going to be ne of the best we're "V e r bad. Fill out the 'ank and come along.
We are planning to meet all trains, but in case onnections, it is well for
we should miss
°u to know that con- ention headquarters will e > Risley Hall, to
A convention going trunk should contain some sport clothes, for there are tennis courts as well as the gorge where a dip after meetings will feel so good. On the next hanger place a light wool dress for Ithaca has a cool June and a medium weight coat will be comfortable. A slicker or an umbrella may help In clear the skies, so tuck them in the corner. An informal dress for dinners, an evening gown for the banquet and a costume for stunt night, and
the lid may be closed.
hich anvone
could di-
ct you. '
You'll be very sorrv if


4
Mtrw•; I•Ik®
June you are in New
"Cfair and Ityiny"
By BETTY IRISH, Epsilon
"TJ^/EA THER report for Ithaca and vicinity for the week of June
" 18: Fair and warmer with probahle showers every day and possible colder at the beginning, middle and end of week."
That is just about as definite as anyone could be in regard to Ithaca weather. It is expressed perfectly in the old Cornellian say^ ing "Ithaca does not have weather, it has samples of weather."
We Cornellians are accustomed to coping with such weather, and so to those intending to come to Ithaca for convention we give a few helpful hints on the essentials.
The most useful is the light weight woolen dress which can be used for tennis and everyday wear. The ensemble or suit may red place the woolen dress, but please bring something warm. It is sehJ dom that use can be made of cool, summery things. If it is warm, you can cool off in the gorge in the swimming suit you are bringing. In case you don't like umbrellas, bring a slicker. You'll probably have need of either or both of them. Don't tempt the weather by arriving without one or the other. If enough bring them, we might actually ward off rain altogether.
With the addition of an evening dress, of course, and an informal dinner dress, the wardrobe is complete though small. If any other things will make you any happier, don't hesitate to bring them. We want to insure your happiness as well as your comfort.
RSP11IMtrPadMTrain Schedules
are in
Order
a few days. There's a 114.50 By CHARLOTTE
LLLAHave you ever seen Nia- gara Falls t Why not plan
an excursion tript
The service tell you schedule and the rates. Or you might go on to New York, Atlan- tic City or Washington for
American in your all about
Express city will the time
sixteen Ithaca icalk starting
day excursion from
Lfamous hoard capital city 28. . While York, plan to stop at the Panhellenic
House, or if you are stay-
ing over Allerton
venient
in Chicago, the House will be con-
and pleasant.
to the and the
KOI.B, Epsilon
(PONVENTlOfl
^ davs are dra^
f HPS"
ing nearer. A"c
dav. Tune 18, is o* ly a short time away a n d reservation
for the Alpha Omicron Pi Specials which will bring all Alpha together once more, must be made. Arrangements have been ma for Alpha O Specials from Chicago, Washington, New York a i St. Louis.
The official train leaves Chicago at 3:00 P. M. on Michigan
T o
DRAGMA!
i
1RIudac

AY, 1929
al Railroad. June 17. This is a through train to Ithaca. The one- ay rate from Chicago is $24 plus $6.38 for a lower berth.
The St. Louis Special leaves at 12:45 P. M., June 17—Big Four
ailroad.
The New York
pecial leaves the enn Station at 1:50 P. M., June 7,arrivingin thaca at 7:38 A. . by LVRR.
The W ashington ain leaves at 7 :00 .M.,B.&O.Ry., rriving in Phila- elphia at 9:55 P. ., leaving there at
Every night except two will bring some social affair to entertain you. From the ••gct-acquainted" evening on the first night to the part- ing banquet on the last,
v. Chicago v. Detroit v. Buffalo r. Ithaca
a 3:00 P. M. all :50 P. M.
MCRR
Ju"e 17 June 17 June 1 8
June
June 17 June 17 June 18 June 18 June 18
MCRR 9:30 A. M. LVRR
12:34 P. M.
LVRR
18
a—Through train to Ithaca—
Chicago—one-way rate to Ithaca $24.00 plus $6.38. Buffalo—chair to Ithaca $1.13.
v. St. Lous Lv. Cincinnati Ar. Buffalo Lv. Buffalo
A r - Ithaca
hl2:45 P. M. b 7:05 P . M. 6:45 A. M. 9 :30 A. M. 12:34 P. M.
Big Four Railroad Big Four Railroad
N. Y.
N. Y . LVRR LVRR
Central
Ry
~v- Washington 7:00 P. M. B & O .A r - Philadelphia 9:55 P. M. B & O I PWa. (Rd. Trm.) bl2:00 Midn. P & R
June 17 June 17 June 17 June 17 June 18
5
there will be a
you to have a
Yes, you'll get
Cornell campus,
cause a tour has been plan- n e d for Thursday after- noon. You mustn't miss
Ithaca convention; it's a chance of a life-time I
2 midnight—P. &
. Ry., arriving in
thaca at 7 :38 A. M — LVRR.
; Arrangements to these five main points must be made by individ- als from Chicago, St. Louis, New York, Washington and Phila- elphia. Reservations for the Alpha O Specials should be especially rranged for when buying the ticket to insure a berth on the Alpha O ars. Please make reservations immediately!
b—Through sleeper to Buffalo,
St. Louis-Ithaca—one way—$30.85. Lower berth—St. Louis to Buffalo $7.50. Chair to Ithaca from Buffalo $1.13.
chance for good time. to see the
r .
^ncinnati-Ithaca—$20.90. Lower berth to Buffalo $4.50. Chair to Ithaca $1.13.
nr
New York (P.St.) bll:50 P. M. LVRR ' "haca .. 7-38 A. M. LVRR
too, be-
Itinerary


c—Ithaca sleeper open for occupancy at 10:00 P . M
Washington
One-way fare 12.12 Lower berth
Upper berth
Hawser-,
ticket. to the June 2 0 , for the
Philadelphia
$9.93 3.00 2.40
He
servations
.Sperm/ tearing Chicago at
'to
make on the
your re- Alpha O
Central, June jail to obtain tion certificate purchase your
there are 15U such certi- ficates at convention, we will have a fare and a half
rate. Buy a one-way
I'resent your voucher
Grand Treasurer on
and your expenses
whole trip will be returned. The certificate for your ticket must be obtained when you buy the ticket.
excursion, J u n e 28
It cannot be secured This is important I
later.
Train represen- tatives will get in touch with the various chapters and furnish them with anv desired
1 7 .
Michigan Don't
a
token
ticket; if
conven- you
T o DRAGMA? New York
$8.93 3.00 2.40
It will be possi- ble to take extra excursions to Nia- gara Falls (a one day trip) and to Atlantic City, New
Jersey — a sixteen
0sure
3:0U P. M. on the
d a y
starting
from Ithaca to Washington or At- lantic City- The rate is $14.50 round trip.
information.
Cornell—instruction
By BETTY IRISH,
in ^All
Epsilon
Studies
I N the many years since the founding of this university thousands, strengthened by a background of four years of growth and com- radeship, have graduated, bursting with enthusiasm to get out of college and into the world for themselves. Now it is as alumni that they appreciate and miss those things which surround them. They long for the sunsets across Cayuga Lake, for the thunder of the
waters tumbling over Triphammer Falls, for the cool shadows of Cascadilla Creek, but most of all they long for the melody from the chimes of the Evening Song floating gently on the air as the dusk falls.
A more ideal spot than "far above Cayuga's waters" for the loca- tion of a university could never have been found. T o further the project Ezra Cornell added five hundred acres of land to that of the governmental gift. The hills, gorges, falls, all seem concentrated in the vicinity simply for the benefit of the undergraduates.
A provision was made in 1862 for a grant to the several states of public lands from the sale of which a perpetual fund was to oe established, the interest of which should be appropriated by the state for the endowment, support and maintenance of at least one colle£e in the state. Ezra Cornell saw, in the union of his resources and t*e proceeds of the land grant, the opportunity to realize one of his f°n
(Continued on page 16)


WEDNESDAY, J U N E 19
A. SI. Formal Opening P. SI., Business Meeting Evening, Hostess Night
THURSDAY, JUNK 20 A. SI., Sessions
P. SI., Campus Tour
Evening, Stunt Night FRIDAY, JUNE 21
A. SI., Open
P. Si., Round Table Evening, Rituals
Women's
ment.
Self-Govern-

"People and "Places you Will £ee
0
TUESDAY, JUNE 18
P. SI., Registration
Evening, Informal Get-Together.
Epsilon chapter is one of the most prominent so- rority chapters on Cor- nell campus. For the second consecutive year an Epsilon girl holds the highest honor that can come to a Cornell wom- an — the presidency of
SATURDAY, JUNE 22 A. St., Sessions P. SI., Sessions
Evening, Canille Story telling
SUNDAY, JUNE 23 A. SI. Open
lighting
A. SI., Sessions P. SI., Sessions
Betty
Irish chairman
publicity
Evening,
Banquet
is
by
M rs.
Ferry
P. SI., Sessions
Evening, Supper by New York Alumnae
Installation of officers MONDAY, JUNE 21
0
Epsilon
chapter
house
looks
inviting,
doesn't
it I


T o DRAGMJ
TBisCJarm ^•^s,0«h
MAleONE of the most over-
worked catchwords
of the past presidential
campaign was the expres-
sion "farm relief," though
probably only one voter in ten had any clear idea of what the relief! might be for, or how it could be administered. Now that the tumult! and the shouting have subsided, I doubt whether more than one iiS fifteen give it even a passing thought.
PThe popular conception of farm life runs from out- extreme to the other. Some vision it as an Arcadia in which the farmer and his family loll about under the trees, leading a free and untrammeled existence, where crops grow without labor or expenditure of money ] for seeds or fertilizers or machinery, where skies are alwavs blue and' apple trees are al
there is never mud scornfully l o o k ttlrists as an infer- them as peasants, harsh, with no not concern itself the mortgage. To
live on farms and hood there, the pic- of idyllic bliss, nor unthinking despair, quite like the rest pleasures and am- Some of us are
ways in bloom, and or snow. Others down up'>iagricul- ior class, consider ignorant, plodding, tlmught that does with the lifting those of us who m a k e o u r HveK- ture is neither one
yet one of hopeless, In fact, we are of the world in our bit ion-; and desires, prosperous ~ a * others, with thou- sands of hilars stock and machiu-
where the next pa,r from.
Relief
Roger
and
tween romps.
grin be-
ofW sheoucetocla erthEM*°fafl"c, n e t t n times — while 'Twould Help the sands a n d thou-
tied up in land and Farmer If—
ery, may wonder 1. Some one could control of shoes is coming lln elements.
There is a real 2. '/he markets were more which every intelli- certain.
Frederick
farm p r o b 1 «• to appreciate. A 3. The distribution were not gent person oug"
|°ago a college friend fo faulty. number of yeafl i. The public would econ- came to spend he
l|vacation with me omize properly. on m y father•s farm. After hav- 5. The farmer were more ing experienced tn doubtful pleasure courageous. of picking peas a "
"^.

Y, 1929
gislation but Education of the
TRUMP ,
Epsilon
ublic is Reeded
By CLARA KEOPKA
The Trump
home is a
typical
farm house.
pulling weeds under the hot sun (she insisted on accompanying me my labors), and after hearing the men discuss operating costs, innocently inquired : "lint aren't there any crops which grow with- t seeding or cultivation?" As I had always considered her an ex-
ptionally intelligent girl. I was amazed at her idea that all we had do was to watch the crops grow. Agricultural prosperity is too osely linked up with national prosperity to be dismissed lightly with shrug of the shoulders, and a "Well, it's no affair of mine." Farm- s are good spenders when they have anything to spend, and as for eir wives, just ask 'em what they'd do if they had the money! lectricity—and all the related servants would be theirs: a washing achine to take care of the grimy overalls and children's clothes so iled in play—a vacuum sweeper to take up the soil caried in on the
mily's boots as well as the wood ashes that wUl sift out onto the oor—running water, hot and cold (who needs it if she doesn't, with r cream separator of forty odd pieces to be washed every day in e year, as well as the milk pails, cream pails, butter crocks, churn. cetera, et cetera, ad infinitum, if you get me! Not to mention all e canning apparatus that needs to be washed and the extra dishes
r harvest hands.) And a nice shiny bathroom in which to cleanse e
j family from the grime and dust of hot days in field or garden.
l of the soil, yet how few of us are able to have them. It's not 'te so simple as just getting the fixtures and putting them in—an d e quate water supply must be provided first. Well. I could talk
obody needs bathrooms and running water quite as much as the er


10 To DRAGMA
for hours about all the good, sensible reasonable things /'(/ do if we were prosperous enough, and probably not mention a thing that most other people do not take for granted.
Why aren't we prosperous as a class? Everybody works—even! father. A t some times of the year we work less than at others, to be sure, but even so the average is considerably over the eight-hour
day, at some seasons even twelve or fifteen hours, especially where there is much stock to be cared for. Women have their gardens to care for as well as their housework, and in this section at least, where grapes are the principal crop, they are expected to tie up all the vines in the spring and to help pick grapes in the fall. It makes a full summer, with little time for vacationing.
If only some one would only do something about the weather, farmers might worry along with little complaint, but weather and markets do make gamblers of us all! In fact (no irreverence in- tended), I think the Lord must be a little partial to gambling, or He wouldn't have made so many farmers!
There seldom seems to be a happy medium as far as weather is concerned. In the spring when crops are to be put in, it will rain and snow and rain some more, until it seems the ground will never get solid enough to hold up a team or a tractor. Then when the tiny seedlings come up and need moisture, the sun beats down and bakes the earth. Of course it is sure to rain at harvest time ! I.ast spring we set out six thousand tomato plants under as favorable conditions
as one could ask for. A week later fully a third had been drowned out and washed away by heavy rains. In this section ('oncord grapes are extensively raised. The year we bought this place om entire crop was caught in an early freeze, and we woke one morning to find every berry frozen hard as a bullet. This injured the growth of wood for
the next year so we had only one-fourth of a crop. Two years later the buds froze in the spring, and in place of the $2,000 we had expected for the crop, we got only $58 for the 76 baskets of grapes we harvest- ed. (Tell me, some of you financial experts, how to budget with that!) Fortunately I could turn in and teach school with one hand, while keeping house, gardening, canning, and doing all the other odds and ends with the other, and we lived through that crisis. Scarcely a year passes that we do not pass one anxious night in the course of the season, watching the thermometer hover near the freezing pomt. and wonder how much lower it can go without our losing our years income. Last year it was an entirely new worry, mildew caused by the hot damp weather of June and July. What is true of us grape farmers is just as true of the citrus fruit growers, wheat growers- corn growers, cotton growers, etc. A man I know of had a run ot bad luck. Finally he staked all he had on sixty fine hogs. 1 luring t"e summer cholera broke out, and before he was through he had to shoo
them all.
Uncertain markets and faulty distribution are the second f e a fee to stabilized farm conditions. Perhaps weather conditions ha V
MAbeeendthetimducchdotooon acfavtoothethebutus loo$1?s whwhpett, themS dewa|*P'is amc
" uera"teWuUs>Pf° Uja°p ^j^

Y, 1929 11
n favorable, and a large crop is produced. Far from being the of the farmer's trouble, it is usually only a beginning. He finds re is such a surplus that he can hardly move his crop, and often- es in desperation he is forced to take less than it cost him to pro- e it, for he has borrowed for fertilizer or seeds or expensive ma- inery or stock, and these notes must be paid. No wonder farmers not buy all the labor-saving machinery they are urged to, for they often know what it means to borrow money to pay the interest money already borrowed! It seems to me quite impossible to curately limit production to avoid a surplus. Favorable or un- orable weather conditions in various localities upset the balance easily.
Our own present slump in the grape market is due primarily to tremendous expansion of the grape industry in California since war. W e had heard rumors of increased plantings in California, we were quite unprepared for the heavy blow which fell upon over three years ago. Up to a week before harvest everything ked quite rosy for us. Imagine our dismay when instead of the 00 a ton price which we had expected we got $20 and even as low $15 a ton ! The pickers we hired got more for their labor than we o had to pay for our year's expenses and investment. It took a ole ton of grapes to buy a pair of cheap shoes, after picking ex- nses and basket cost were deducted. But we tried to grin through and trusted that another year matters would improve. However, y didn't, not appreciably, nor did they last year. Some are giv- up entirely, some are struggling along desperately under the bur- n of three year's expenses, and everyone is anxiously looking for- rd to what this fall may bring. Diversified farming is a solution to a certain point, but it must be remembered that this carries in train an entirely new lot of expenses, and entails a tremendous
ount of extra work. The thing that makes a re-adjustment dif- lt is that vineyards represent a considerable outlay as well as sev- l years' time to get them started, and it takes real courage to rip rn out and try something else.
What are the politicians going to do about it that will help us all, ithout adding an extra burden of taxation ? Frankly, I don't know. aranteeing a certain price for certain commodities will not relieve for we are consumers as well as producers, and these guaranteed lces may work hardship on some while helping others. Perhaps in r own case better packing and grading regulations will help, and a tly scientific and complete system of distribution and marketing uld help. Do you all know what a really good Concord grape
. s hke? I've never seen anyone yet who didn't like them, and , s hard for me to believe that everyone has had enough of them, rhaps our chemists can help to find new ways of using agricul-
r a '.Products. Domestic science experts might also help to make a 'n foods popular, as they already have in the case of milk, by
eating t n e pU bijc t0 a better sense of food values.


12 T o DRAGMA
But after all, it seems to me that farm relief will have to come mostly from the farmer himself, with helpful co-operation on the' part of the consumer. A more business-like attitude toward his job strict cutting down of overhead expenses, production of quality goods which he will stand back of, all these may help. But above
all, farmers need to have a good honest opinion of themselves, their jobs and their products, and then stick by their guns. And the con- sumers who buy direct can help too, by not haggling over the prices of a good product, just because the cash-and-carry stores happen to quote a lower price on an inferior grade. I wonder why it is that so many housewives seem to pride themselves so on saving a penny or two on a pound of butter, only to spend five or ten times as much at the soda fountain or cosmetic counter.
Only yesterday friend husband had a telephone call for early seed potatoes. He asked $1.25 a bushel for them. "But," said the man at the other end of the line, "you can buy potatoes in quantity for as little as sixty cents a bushel, and I can get all I want for $1." Friend husband calmly states his price again, and says he will bring some down for the prospective customer to look at, and he needn't take them if he doesn't think they are worth the price. He does so, and the customer is satisfied. Probably seven out of ten farmers would
give up and take the lower price, which keeps the price lower for all of us. I really believe most consumers are willing to pay a fair price f o r quality goods, but i f the producer doesn't have a healthy respect for his product, consumers are not going to offer him more than he asks! No merchant expects the consumer to dictate h»l price to him, no manufacturer is willing to take just what the public offers. W h y should we who produce the very necessities of life sub- mit to such dictation? We need a more courageous breed of fann- ers, as well as legislation and understanding on the part of the public.
I wish I could know how many of you Alpha O's who read tins are living on farms or in small villages, with problems similar to ours, prosaic enough to the world at large, perhaps, but real and vita' to ourselves. Perhaps your "farm problems" are not financial a t all. Perhaps it's a question of proper education for vour children, or decent social contacts for them, or perhaps it's loneliness and«j great longing for the stimulating sisterhood to which you belonged in college days. Miss Wyman would be interested, too. Isn't there some way for those of us who are too far from alumnae chapter to get in touch with each other, and to quote Miss Wvman's word*'
"give each other the encouragement and benefit of each others ex standing"? I believe our fraternity could be
inestimable value to those of you who are carrying heavy burdens lonely places, if we only knew each other. Won't you w r ! wjjj
Perhaps we could have a "round robin" letter. Mv address is *l I Leonard J. Trump, Hillcrest Farm, Westfield, N. Y .
MAf
eann^a , p^t h<t ht s Pa F

Y, 1929
13
Epsilon
Alice Cullnane, the third, fourth and fifth girls respectively from the left.
^Arete Qlub ^Becomes psilon zAlpha Chapter
By EDITH HUNTINGTON ANDERSON, Beta Phi
OR days anyone would have known that something important
was impending at the home of the Andersons. Packages came d were often piled high on the piazza, the telegraph boy made umerous trips every day, and the special delivery man became a arm friend of the family. There was bustle and excitement in the r , and the weather was perfect.
Though the group and I were disappointed in the number of A l - ha O's who really arrived to assist at the ceremonies, we could not v e had a better staff of helpers. Though I was installing officer, 's really was my first installation, but Mamie Hurt Baskervill
Kappa) who came from Birmingham to assist, had officiated in (
r e e others, so was an old hand at the business. It was also the first o r Mary Glowaeki (Psi). who came down from Nanticoke. Pa., to °nsor one of her friends, an alumna of the group who was initiated, n d also for Alice Cullnane (Beta Phi), the Assistant Registrar, who

Alpha
chapter
pose vrith
Edith
Anderson,
Mamie
Baskervill and


T o DRAGMA came from Bloomfield. But they all -worked like veterans, and were
the best help ever.
The active group had taken their fraternity examination a week or two before, so that was out of the way. Their alumnae began arriving Friday evening, and by Saturday noon, all nine who were able to come for initiation at this time were here. On Saturday morning they came to my house and were duly examined in the facts they had learned about the fraternity. Early in the afternoon every-
one returned to the Anderson household, I shipped off my family for the rest of the day, and the ceremonies began. There were eight charter members, four who were pledges of the group and nine alumnae to be initiated, and we did not finish with the twenty-fust and the installation of chapter officers who had been elected the
previous night until 6:30. W e were all a tired but very happy crowd when the last words of the song faded away, and we rushed off to dress for the formal banquet.
It was a beautiful as well as most satisfying banquet to which the new chapter and its guests sat down at 7:30. The dinner was given at the State College Hotel private dining-room, and was beautifully appointed. The tables were decorated with red roses, red candles, hand decorated place cards, and rose nut cups. Emma Jean Walser, the first president of Epsilon Alpha, presided and introduced the
outgoing the local Geary, and a t a t i v c
class in the
spoke briefly,
messages o f
w h i c h had
ter and wire
chapters and
the fraternity
and much appreciated.
chapter realize just how big our fine Alpha O family is, and w r ^ j | loving unified family it is. Then Alice Cullnane. Mamie Baskervill
and I spoke to the new chapter, and the installation banquet of Ep- silon Alpha was closed by the singing of the last stanza of "Once More United."
Thus the thirty-eighth chapter of Alpha Omicron Pi was ad* mitted to membership in the fraternity. And it is my prediction that Epsilon Alpha ( I am very proud of their chapter name for the girls
'chose it themselves, honoring me by the use of my initials) will ^ always a very strong link in the already strong chain of Alpha ~' They are a strongly unified group, with a proper Panhellenic s p i n ' and have been accustomed to practice the ideals and principles o Alpha Omicron Pi.
M<TmzSuch messages help so much to make a new
president of group, Agnes represen- from each chapter who The m a n y g r e e t i n g come by let- f o in t he
individuals in were r e a d
:
igs1aopopi
°

AY, 1929 15
jlrete Qlub Organized with Cfonr-fold 'Purpose
HE Arete Club was founded at The Pennsylvania State College on December 11, 1922, and was composed of fifteen charter embers. The purpose of the founders in creating such an organi-
ation was four-fold:
1. To cooperate with the college authorities in all efforts to im-
prove scholarship.
2. T o foster and maintain a better spirit among Penn State girls. 3. To maintain a closer relationship between the alumnae and
undergraduates.
4. To encourage and promote athletics.
The name, meaning good fellowship, is of Greek derivation and
s symbolized in the Arete pin by the torch of friendship. The or- anization's colors are coral and grey.
Arete has, throughout its lifetime, upheld the idea of improved cholarship and during the first semesters of 1925-1926 and 1926- 927 it was awarded the scholarship cup for having the highest schol- stic standing of all the clubs. Girls are not bid until they have had ne year of residence in the college (this is a custom of all the cam- us clubs), and no one may be initiated unless she has had an average f seventy per cent during her first year.
In June, 1926. the college Senate passed a ruling permitting cam- us clubs to petition for membership in national fraternities. Sub- sequent to this time Edith Huntington Anderson, who, at the time, was National Extension Officer for Alpha Omicron Pi. made her
residence in State College and united her efforts with those of the Arete girls in attempting to establish a chapter of Alpha Omicron Pi on the Penn State Campus. T w o other national women's frater- nities have established chapters at Penn State, Chi Omega in Sep- tember, 1926, and Beta Phi Alpha in February, 1929.
Starting with the scholastic year of 1928-1929 the five oldest clubs were given permission to occupy five houses on campus, and Maple lodge then became "Arete House."
In October, 1928, Arete membership included ten active mem- bers, five pledges and approximately sixty alumnae.
'Penn £tate Sncourages Enrollment of Women
The Farmer's High School, as the institution was then called, struggled along helplessly until, by an act of Congress in 1863, it be- •°a m e a Land Grant College and was named the Agricultural College
f
Pennsylvania.
Ever since the first woman student was graduated from Penn
O
N February 15, 1859. sixty or more sturdy young men represent-
ing the manhood of Pennsylvania drove from Spruce Creek to *he desolate spot later to be called State College, to enjoy the advan- c e s of the first State supported institution of higher education.


16
T o DRAGM*'
MAState in 1872, women have gradually been coming to the foreground in college activities. During those early years the women students had to struggle against much disinterest and opposition. In 1889, a "Lady Principal" and a cottage for women were installed on the campus. In 1907 the first Dean of Women took her office. That same year a four year course in Home Economics was established, and the name of the cottage which housed ten women students was
changed to the Woman's Building.
Up to 1910 no graduating class had included more than three women, but in 1911 the number was doubled. In 1915 it had grown to fifteen and it has steadily increased until in 1927, Penn State granted degrees to one hundred thirty-eight women.
As the number of women has increased, so have the opportunities in cultural and professional education for them broadened. Today women are enrolled in the schools of Chemistry, Physics, Agriculture and Engineering, as well as Home Economics, Education, and Lib- eral Arts.
Under the new appropriations bill and the program of the new president of the college. Dr. Ralph Dora Hetzel. plans are being made to accommodate one thousand girls by the opening of the 1929 session. A t present the W oman's Athletic Department is planning
equipment for that number of women. The College Eacultv antici- pates a time when the number of women students will equal the four thousand of which the men boast, and Dr. Hetzel plans that facilities will warrant such an enrollment of women in a relatively short time.
Qornell—instruction in 11 Studies
{Continued from page 6 )
est hopes, that of founding a university "where any person may find instruction in any study." Such a union was effected in 1865 estab- lishing Cornell University and appropriating to it the income of
New York State's shares in the land grant fund.
Today Cornell University fulfills all that its founder wished. The
colleges and departments include the graduate school, arts and sciences, law, engineering, architecture, medicine, veterinary, agri- culture, home economics, and the experiment station. No laws re- garding religion or nationality bar anyone from entering, and i t ' s the boast of Cornell students that they have fellow students from
every country in the world.
The inspiration of Ezra Cornell, embodied bv Andrew D. White.
Cornell's first president, and the foresight of the United States ana New York State, have given young people all over the world an opportunity to realize those lines of Tennyson which we alM°v e and which are engraved on the original nine bells of the chimes.
"Ring out the old, ring in the new; Ring out the false, ring in the true; Ring in the nobler modes of life With sweeter manners, purer laws."
HHJCthjjT•^j•p

Y, 1920
17
^Alpha O's ^sponsible for
Successful 'Panhellenic
Affairs
ROCIIELU RoDD G A C H E T ,
/ ' •
c^ochelle (jacket 'Plans 'Birmingham J^uricheon
By FELICIA METCALFE, Omicron
ESTHER MERRELI., Tau
Delta
PHE great event in fraternity circles in Birmingham this year was the Panhellenic luncheon, given April 6, at the Tutwiler otel. I t was the largest and most successful affair of this kind ever ^d in this city. We can point with pride to our own Rochelle Rodd achet as the prime instigator and untiring worker in carrying
rough to a glorious finish this huge undertaking.
There are twenty-two eligible fraternities in town, and out of
Ms number, fifteen have representatives in the local Panhellenic. [hey arc: Pi Beta Phi, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma. Pba Chi Omega, Delta Delta Delta. Chi Omega, Alpha Omicron Pi, fto Tau Alpha. Alpha Gamma Delta. Delta Zeta, Phi Mu, Kappa p'ta, Beta Phi Alpha, and Theta Upsilon. There were three hun- red seventy-three present at the luncheon. '1"he tables were placed !*the ballroom of the hotel, some on the main floor and others on e balcony, which extends all around the room. It was a most im-


18 To DRAGMA
pressive sight. At a raised table on the main floor were seated tin officers:Ruth Elliott, Kappa Kappa Gamma, president; .Mary Walter Smyer, Alpha Chi Omega, secretary; Mrs. S. W. Smyer, Delta Delta Delta, cataloguer; and Rochelle Kodd liachet. Alpha Omicron Pi, general chairman. Offices in the local chapter are held in rotation. At this table were also representatives Ir an each frater- nity, our own representative being Esther Merrell. Among this number were five national officers: Helen Swisher. National Pres- ident, Theta Upsilon; Elizabeth Rhodes, National Inspector, Alpha Chi Onioga; Mrs. Kinniard Rowe, National Inspeetor. Alpha Delta Pi; Thelma Chisolm, Inspecting officer, Kappa Delta: ( hristelle Ferguson, National representative, Chi Omega.
Ruth Elliott made a very charming presiding officer. In a grace- ful speech she opened the program, which proved to he exceedingly interesting throughout. First came several numbers on the piano
and violin by Anne Greene and Estelle Kirk, both Alpha O's. The subject of Rochelle Rodd Gachet's talk, which followed was "The Birmingham Panhellenic," and she handled it in her u-ual splendid way. After a formal greeting from Irma Tapp. chairman of Na-
tional Panhellenic Congress, the visitors from a distance were intro- ? duced. Each responded with a brief acknowledgment. Next came 4 vocal solo by our own Celia Walker, who was accompanied by an- other Alpha O, Lois Greene. The principal speaker of the day
Agnes Harris, Dean of Women at the University of Alabama. Her subject was "Fraternity Women and Scholarship.'' Her talk was enjoyed immensely. After this came a vocal solo by Margai Holmes, accompanied by Maurine Gipson.
A most amusing..feature of the occasion was a scrie- of stunts, which were given by initiates and pledges in order of scholarship rating—Birmingham-Southern and Howard College alternating. Every number was exceedingly clever and brought forth generous
applause. They were as follows:
University of Alabama Panhellenic; Auburn Panhellenic; Alpha Chi Omega—Birmingham-Southern; Beta Phi Alpha—Howard:
MPi Beta Phi Birmingham-Southern; Alpha Delta T h e ard; Alpha Omicron Pi—Birmingham-Southern; I'hi Mu
t a " ~ 3 M Howard,
Hl ssthWrI thyfA^pkVjgTheta Upsilon—Birmingham-Southern; Delta Zeta—Howard; /«e Tau Alpha—Birmingham-Southern; and Alpha Delta Pi—HoWjM
There were a number of reasons why Alpha (hnicron P> i e
especially puffed up over the luncheon. Firstly because ^o C ^.e Gachet had proved that such a thing was possible after so many » tried to discourage her by saying "it couldn't be done." Secor
a(
j
because our girls added so much to the program with their van ^ talents. Third because it was such a wonderful success, and believe it will lead to greater things in the future in Panhelle w jl circles.
Z.

AY, 1929
By LouRRNE BRATT WISHART, Zeta
PHL honor of being hostess for the seventh annual Panhellenic r banquet in Lincoln, Nebraska, went to Alpha Omicron Pi. Each orority has this opportunity every twenty-one years. We were the eventh of the twenty-one sororities to be installed at Nebraska, so
is year it was our turn.
Fifteen hundred active and alumnae sorority women were seated
our spacious new coliseum. The affair is always formal in every espect.
It is an important occasion at the University of Nebraska, for at hat time five silver scholarship cups are awarded to the groups aving the highest average in grades. All group averages for the e<ir are announced.
The alumnae plan the programs and the arrangements and, in act, manage the whole affair. The president of the City Panhellenic ssociation appoints the chairman who is an alumna of the hostess rority. Mrs. Frederick E. Beaumont (Zeta Ex. '05), was ap- ointed general chairman of the seventh Annual Panhellenic Ban- et held April 29. Her assisting committees were alumnae of the a r ious sororities.
The program was broadcast this year so that people throughout * middle west could know what the City Panhellenic is, and for ^hat it stands. Spectators were allowed to sit in the gallery to
•ear the addresses and to see the pageant which was an innovation | s year. Pauline Gellatly (Zeta '25), had charge of coaching it.
Bight
KTIIEI. BENTLEY
eta Alumnaeyfostesses
atcPanhelleniccBanquet

had written lines, fitting the occasion and had planned the cos- h e s . The cast was composed of one member of each sorority.
{Continued on page 69)
Center
HELEN hIT/UF.RAlU
I.CHEF. BE.MMIIST


20
T o
DRAGMA M0 JapanEmperor the \2ith from the in Tokyo Coronation
monies.
Herohito rides station
for
the cere-
WITH Tokyo as a base, I went to revisit Nikko and Lake Chuzenji, to Kamakura and Eno- shima, to Miyanoshita and Lake Hakone, and to other lovely spots in the M t. Fuji part of the world. The weather was not too clear, but I stayed for a few weeks, living with friends in their new, comfortable home. Then I came from Tokyo to Kyoto, just a day before the Emperor of Japan came over the same route to at- tend the enthronement ceremonies in the old capital.
<Jln zAlpha
The days ever since have been interesting ones.
The friends with whom I am living in Kyoto had se-
cured a seat for me in the Imperial Palace grounds to
watch the royal procession into the palace on the occasion of the Emperor's entry into the city. No words could begin to describe the preparations f o r the event, the gala decorations, the mobs that surged into Kyoto with every train to watch the celebrations, the precautions taken to guard the Emperor, or the picture w n e n /Jf finally arrived, with hundreds of thousands of people so silent f°j a whole hour before he came that you could hear a pin drop; a n £ 1
hundreds of thousands of backs bowing with such uniformity a-j the Imperial carriage passed that the effect along the line of marc" was one of a vast wave in a moving sea. ...
On the day of the Enthronement itself, we took a place outs'd
gJseR^k

AY, 1929 ese
21
By
LILLIAN SCIIOEDLER,
Alpha
WIDE WORLD PHOTO
Coronation
of one of the palace gates to shout our three "Bailzai's" with the populace, as a part of a cry that was being given simultaneously over the entire Japanese Empire, and to our surprise found ourselves at the very gate from which all of the notables who had attended the ceremonies were leaving the palace grounds, so that we saw every ambassador and his lady in their court dress, every prince and princess in their old ceremonial costumes and headdresses, every high official in his gold braid and medals and plumed hat. It was wonderful. That evening, then, all of Kyoto turned itself into a huge lantern procession—countless school children and
rown-ups, each with a lighted paper lantern of the same size and 'ed color marching perhaps eight abreast in singing groups through ^e streets and finally winding into the palace grounds themselves to hout "banzai" to the Emperor before the main inner gate. The r r ect of the myriad lanterns was lovely—for all the world like a oving army of glow-worms. We watched it all for a long, long mle, and finally, unable to resist any longer, we slipped into a group Passing men, some of whom gave us lanterns, and with them we
arched in the gala procession through the crowded streets, into
'e palace grounds, and up to the gate itself, where we shouted our
D an i ( thousand years) to the Emperor with our group, saw zasten
(Continued on page 49)


To DRAGMA Qommon £ense in
WpQMthadoFrfewCespifo||n ingingfrfoacthn °setisjgjuJ*5°•dJ .jj22
((
AUNIVERSITY president who has long been recognized as a leader of conservative opinion in public matters—President Nicholas Murray Butler of Columbia University—makes the follow- ing statement in his report for the year 1928 to the trustees of thf
university:
"There is outcry for more laws, for quicker and more severe
penalties, despite the fact that these are precisely the steps which may aggravate the existing situation rather than relieve it. * * * If society punishes the law-breaker in a spirit of vengeance and re^ prisal that is at least to be understood, even if not applauded; but if society punishes the lawbreaker in the hope and expectation oj thereby preventing others from breaking the same law, then society is flying in the face of all the teachings of history and experience."
President Butler's warning is a timely one. There are no get- safe-quick methods of protection from crime. But our legislatures, being as human as the public they represent, and thinking only ifl terms of punishment, are endeavoring to make a short-cut to pro- tection by prescribing increasingly harsh penalties. Forcible repres- sion of the wrong-doer has, in the course of ages, made no better headway against wrong-doing among individuals than has war lP
eradicting lawlessness among nations. Very much the same philos- ophy underlies both—and in both, the attempt to crush evil by evil has so far proven futile.
Over aginst this, is the more Christian method of exerting mora' force. In its application to crime it so happens that this also more nearly approaches the methods of science. The day of the old prison reformer, actuated solely by humanitarian motives and proceeding solely by impulse, is giving way to the penologist who happily 6LLD
Each girl has her own flower bed at the State Industrial Home in Muncy, Pa. There are &(o " § e t • £ af e • Quick*
By FLORENCE L. SANVILLE, Alpha


, 1929 ^ ombating Qrime
The women tend to the vegetables grown for canning at the llome.
ethods of Protection from Qrime
t his science does not conflict, in its basic aspects, with the ctrines taught over a century ago by John Howard and Elizabeth y.
Such were the convictions that gave rise, seven years ago, to a organization in Pennsylvania which calls itself the Pennsylvania ommittee on Penal Affairs. The origin of this commttee is of ecial interest to women. Soon after the extension of the franchise women, the author of this article was summoned for jury .duty connection with criminal court. Knowing the jails to be breed- places of crime, and recognizing the tragic absurdity of send- any offender to jail as a measure of protection to society, she as compelled to refuse service. It seemed essential however to llow up this merelv negative attitude with some more positive tion, and an organization was formed which now numbers several
ousand members in all parts of the state.
The Committee at once concentrated its attention on the situa- ns that called most loudly for redress and that seemed, in them- lves, to create new sources of crime. It scrutinized certain prac- es in criminal procedure, and one of its first acts was to hold up the public gaze the things which were being done in the name of stice to persons held for trial ,who, unless fortunate enough to se- ""e bail, are kept in jail for weeks—even months—under conditions Und to leave life-long stigmata of moral and physical disease.
heoreticallv innocent until proven guilty, these unfortunates are ually treated as guilty until Anally cleared by the slow processes lhe law. Proper segregation of the untried from the convicted, decent conditions of detention would seem to be an elementary C t a t e of humanity as well as of caution in preventing a contamina-
n certain to he a fruitful source of later crime.


24 T o DRAGMA
The Committee has proceeded upon the reasonable assumption that the ultimate purpose of the system of administering criminal justice is, after all, social rather than purely legal. I f it neither pro- tects the community nor helps a man to overcome his criminal habits we may well ask what is the use of it. Vet even in these daysof psychological and psychiatric development, it is difficult to persuade
the average jurist or district attorney that individual treatment must supplant stereotyped procedure in the ordinary trial court; that we are concerned, not with the crime hut with the person who has committed it.
Back of the action of the persistent offender—who piles up the expense account of the tax-payers for repeated trials and futile re- sentencing—may he causes that only most careful study will divulg&i If the root of the trouble is mental disease or defect, no amountof penal treatment will correct it: on the contrary, it will probably only accentuate it. In justice alike to the offender and to the communifll which he offends, the potentialities for mischief of such a persdjjl should be gauged as far as possible. Psychiatry offers a method dffl
doing this today, and one or two liberal minded judges of Penn*i sylvania are utilizing this in puzzling cases before pronouncing sen- tence. But it seems impossible' to arouse interest among the judiciary as a whole in a proposition to provide by law for the routine mental examination at trial of all persons who have been previously con- victed, or indicted for crime more than once. If such an examina- tion (as is now conducted in Massachusetts) reveal- mental de- fect or disease, custody in a suitable institution, not a prison, for
as long as need be — even for life — is the protection society should demand. T o sentence such a man to four, six, or eight years behind bars is to invite calamity when he is released. To wait until he has committed his fourth offense, and then because it is a fourth offense, commit him for life is as cruel as it is illogical. Vet this is the course which is being adopted by state after state, and whicB
has now been recommended by the judiciary of Pennsylvania w r i 0 ~~| on the other hand—are not interested in the more scientific and humane proposal.
MIn another respect Pennsylvania has been f o r six years a battle- field between the powers that be, and the "high-brows and vision- aries" who somehow seem to be the champions of common s ^n s e *
^ttnosmiccrcbdtrJbcnt*^s The Pennsylvania Committee on Penal Affairs believes in parole
a protection to the public. The alternative to parole is cornpie^ discharge, or pardon, either of which allows a convict to g° 1 0
from the safe custody of the prison—a free man without s y vision or control in the community. For the operation of paro '
ft
reasonable margin of time must be allowed between the t e r l !1 !n a
of the minimum sentence when the prisoner may be c0 1 1 ^'*'0 1 ^ released, and the maximum sentence when he must be ^'s C ^a r ^ t j
aC A study of the records of the state penitentiaries disclosed the
that the purpose of the parole law was defeated in many inst ^
a
jjy


AY, 1929
This flock of young pullets are being fed by pit I* who (ire in the Stn du&triai Home,
in which the court imposed a sentence that left practically no in- erval between the maximum and minimum. Such sentences some- imes imposed a maximum of twenty years, with a minimum of ineteen years, eleven months and twenty-nine days! This travesty f the indeterminate sentence law was overcome in 1923 by an act ecured through the efforts of the Committee, requiring that the inimum sentence should not exceed one-half the prescribed max- mum.
Each succeeding session of the legislature has been the scene of oncentrated attack upon this limitation. Even as 1 write, word omes that the embattled judges and prosecuting attorneys have enewed their efforts to repeal the act. this time with complete onfidence that the backward step for which they contending, will e taken. I f it is, the state will once again re-affirm the absurd octrine that judges are divinely able to determine ten. fifteen, wenty years in advance just when it will be desirable and safe to elease a convict. It is as though physicians were to agree hereafter o prescribe in advance that all patients suffering from tuberculosis e held for a certain period of treatment and then released whether ured or not.*
I In this process of curing, or helping, the misfits of society—
o one feature of our correctional and penal system requires a more
horough overhauling than the jail system. Within the past few
eeks the National Crime Commission, in its report on the jail
System, has stated that "nearlv nine-tenths of all commitments are
'le. to local institutions such as county and municipal jails, etc., tc..' 0 f which the distinguishing features are "filth, the herding
gether of criminals and persons awaiting trial, the mingling of well a ', ( l foully diseased individuals, the close assocation of young and ( | offenders, the prevalence of vermin, universal idleness, the pre- ^iling practice of subjecting women prisoners to the oversight of
Pale attendants "
Since this was written the legislature has adjourned without repealing act.
nia


26 To DRAGMA
Moreover, the best that can be said of the state penitentiaries which receive the more serious offenders is that they are given safe custody and mass discipline. It is a rare institution that does more toward securing any degree of rehabilitation and restoration of the men and women committed to it. The vast majority of the prison population are unused to regular work habits, unskilled in occupw
tion. They lack education. An astonishing number are subnormal mentally. A recent psychological study of the population of thej Western State Penitentiary of Pennsylvania disclosed that 57 perk
cent of the inmates were distinctly sub-normal—of moron or lower grade, obviously incapable of steering themselves straight in otfl complex civilization without some degree of guidance.
These personal and social short-comings require the most care- ful study, the most patient application of educational methods, with constructive discipline. Instead of this, the usual prison environment is such as to destroy the last vestige of self-respect in those sub- jected to its influence. In enforced idleness, controlled by repressive,
mass discipline which gives no room for cultivating habits of self- control, the end of his prison term sees a man broken in body and spirit, more sodden in sin, more inflamed with hatred of society, bi tter equipped to carry on his anti-social career, than when he
gan it.
A few states are developing correctional institutions on large tracts of land where, in healthful surroundings, opportunity for the proper classification of prisoners and for their employment and train- ing, are offered. New York and Pennsylvania have provided special institutions for sub-normal, defective delinquents whose mentality is a serious obstruction to any constructive program of education and restoration. Here and there a county is struggling free of the Erightful quagmire of its traditional jail -witness \Ye-i Chester
County in New York State, and Berks and Delaware Counties in Pennsylvania. The most encouraging aspects of whole situation are
found in the institutions for women offenders.
Somehow, it has happened that in this particular field of social activity, women alone have the courage of their convictions as to the best of methods of treating delinquents. As one result we have the Federal Industrial Institution for Women at Alderson, West Vir- ginia, established through the efforts of the organized women of the country, who recognizes the iniquities of the prisons where th( women were formerly kept. Up among the hills, in the life-giving
air beyond White Sulphur Springs, this unique cluster of colonia cottages houses two hundred women who have offended against the laws of the United States. The institution is directed, be Dr. Mary Harris with an enlightened-—I had almost said inspi
red— character of administration that demonstrates once for all the soundness an
practicability of modern penology.
In Pennsylvania also, the State Industrial Home at Muncy l 0 J
the more serious women offenders is similarly an expression of vvh
MAcomlivmeSleof theporehinseeoutoffso byAnWJest
^ rjtio^ prk'kjs
tnfW

Y, 1929 27 mon sense may accomplish in restoring delinquents to decent ing. There is no counterpart to this among the institutions for n, just as there is no reform school for boys corresponding to ighton harm for girls, in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Both these institutions are conducted on the theory that industry for hands, training for the mind, and beauty for the spirit have a curative egect than any amount of repressive discipline be- d barred doors.
These things are a challenge to the women of the country—to that equally sane and reasonable methods are developed through- our whole correctional system, and that they are applied to our ending brothers no less than to our sisters. To no other group is it clear a challenge as to our own fellowship, actuated as it is the conscious effort to practice the command—"Love Ye One other."
e work in Latin and Greek.
formerly head of the Latin department
1
rjMichigan Qirl ^Awarded 3\(on-cjMember Fellowship
By GLADYS ANNE RENSHAW, Pi
JESSIE IONE PALMER, a grad- uate of the University of Michi- gan in 1927, has been awarded the Alpha Omicron Pi Fellowship of $1000, given to a non-member for the year 1929-1930. Miss Palmer will take her master's degree in Latin and Greek at her Alma Mater. As an undergraduate she majored in French as well as in Latin and Greek, achiev- ing a splendid record in spite of many obstacles. She hopes eventually to
sie lone Palmer will do grad- have her Ph. D. Professor Sanders,
,
Michigan, now director of the Classical Academy of Rome, has
^ed her to work toward a Fellowship at the Classical Academy.
Having graduated from A n n Arbor High School "with honor,"
e
was awarded the Phillips Scholarship in Latin and Greek as a
lrr,
! an in college with a renewal of it during her sophomore year.
n"1^ *1 C r s e n ' o r y e a r s n e w a s a n h ° n o r student and won an elec- • t o Phi Beta Kappa, graduating "with high distinction." She eC S ' e n j°y writing and music. In my leisure moments I read,
eS a,1C* c a t a 'u &u c w ild flowers or work with small children. I delve into a difficult passage of Latin or Greek, and when it
Ve
Q d, I have a feeling of great satisfaction."
> T - U R COI1gr<itulations and best wishes for a most pleasant year go 'ss Palmer.


28
Our l^etiring
T o DRAGMA <r^egistrar
^Appreciation of
MAOBy ELIZABETH HEYWOOD WYMAN
By STELLA GEORGE STERN PERRY, Alpha
AS our Registrar's term of service in that capacity is drawing to a close, the editor of T o DRAGMA thinks it fitting, as surely it is, that a brief appreciation of Bess Wyman should appear in this issue, especially for those younger sisters who do not yet know her well.
But writing an article in praise of Bess Wyman seems almost like failing to appre- ciate her at all. I mean, it is as if one should presume to endorse the stars, or say, 1M think it a highly creditable performance about the sunrise.
For, like theirs, the essential greatness of Bess Wyman appears in that we take hei for granted, just accept her. W e who know her best have such calm confidence in her rightness and in her "making good 1 0
every relationship and in every duty that no achievement can surprise ns- Most of the time, we don't even SflH "Thank you." .
And this is no humdrum of leV* satisfaction, either; what we e X Pe \ from Bess and get from her is j .
mere "good work," it is the very limit of accomplishment, the ulo* mate of thought, word and deed.
How is this for a record? How many of you are going to hear
it from a classmate after an equal passage of time? In a ciose asso/ ciation of upwards of thirty years, I for one cannot recall a sin£ ' thing Bess Wyman has done or said that I wish had been said Qm done differently.
Now, how am I going to tell details of that to the chi'^1"611' Madam Editor?
I am perforce reduced to a mere inadequate report of her actii {Continued on page 30)
AsaywaoffSea sintrathewoovshSo setSiceco°f nothacolyhe n °C ( a
s e


Y, 1929
ur 3\ew
<An introduction to
ALICE CULLNANE
ELIZABETH HEYWOOD WYMAN, Alpha
20
Registrar
LICE CULLNANE is just as good as she looks, and that is ing a great deal. She certainly s a welcome sight as she stepped the train one sizzling hot day in ptember, 1927. And she has been welcome sight every morning ce as she has come into the Cen- l Office aglow with health and joy of being alive in a good rld.
Before her advent the office was
erloaded with things that should be done and other things that ould not be left undone, and it Was a constant puzzle how
do two things at once with only one pair of hands and one of brains. It was like having the traditional bear (or was some other animal) by the tail and not being able to let go.
nce then Alice has been a tower of strength in her calm ac- ptance of anything that comes along; and a great many things do me, "not single spies but in battalions." She has done all kinds monotonous things, tying bundles, ad infinitum, spending patient us over ritual hooks and roll books, and generally doing more n her share of the drudgery. This has left her little time for the ntact with the chapters which she most enjoys. A few of the near-
chapters know how thoroughly she can enter into their life, enjoy
eir successes and help in their perplexities, because she is young ugh to see things as they see them and yet in her contacts out- ,,e °f college has gained a wider vision than is possible during
% e days.
Alice
Registrar since
has served Seattle
She has worker
a patient everyone
Cullnane
as Assistant Convention. and tireless has learned to
been ivhom love. Sketch
by Rosemary Wyman.
As Assistant Registrar she has been honest, loyal, enthusiastic
( 1 untiring, and now she is about to accept the direction of the Cen-
j Office, well qualified through the experience of the last year and
1a
'f and still better qualified by her idealism, humor, remarkable s e of fairness, and unalterable good will. You will never find


T o DRAOMA
your new Registrar petty, and if she obliged to criticize, you may be sure that there is good reason for it.
To her we say "Bon Voyage" on her new venture, and to you we offer congratulations for your new Central Office head. We do not need to consult her to assure you that she will always welcomeyou when you come a-seeking anything whatever that the Central Office can give you, whether you do it by writing or by dropping in at 50 Broad Street, Bloomfield, New fersey, when vou visit the b\s citv oftheEast. ' *'
Our ^tiring l^egistrar (Continued from page 28)
ties. But fortunately, many and many of you have of recent years come under Bess Wyman's direct influence and [n contact with her various offices for Alpha Omicron I*i and can supply for ynursefyfB the overtones no words can reproduce.
I wish you could all see, though, as some of the officers have seen even to their amazement, the extent of the work in the Registrar's office. No matter how you may have pictured it. vou would be astonished at its mass—the cross-filing, the recording, the corn- pondence, the whole intricate machinery. I wish vou could recognize the herculanean task that has been done bv Bess Wvman and Alice Cullnane in bringing it all into an orderly and available whole. To have done this overwhelming job and still have kept it a human ]"]^ sympathetic, with heart and understanding in it, and never to have let it down into mere bureaucracy—which we in Alpha Omicron Pi
always pray to avoid—is a true gift to us and a precedent for sub- sequent Registrars. They will find their work forever easier be- cause of this Registrar's systematization and example.
Bess Wyman's scholastic record at college was high and imme- diately afterwards she put it to service in the Bloomfield High School, where her influence as a teacher was pronounced. She I organized the English Department of that school and at the end 0"
some years of teaching had so well established her name as an edu- cator that she was one of the first two women appointed to the Boani of Education. There she did years of outstanding work in which she would still be busy, having been reappointed to the position, if s "j had not resigned it in order to give her full time to the officeol Registrar for us.
Bloomfield, New Jersey, is a sound, sensible. Ions:-settled A'111.', ican city with a new growth, industrial and social, on old Colon'* roots. I t is characteristic of this community that its Memorial W the Soldiers in the Great W ar took the form not of showy monu- ments but of a serviceable, beautiful and well equipped Coiunmn' House for its people. Bess Wyman was one of the organizers
this movement and one of the most active in putting it through- a . was one of the first Trustees of the War Memorial Association »>
30
M.hthmwiToPMiniBpNhwoliYoae°s|L

31
AY, 1929
elped to establish it on a solid foundation. She was Secretary of
e Board.
Indeed, she has had a part in the many useful works and the
any social, literary and dramatic interests of her town.
She has always been busy in church activities, combining hard ork in her own church with the broadest cooperation with the
deals and efforts of all others. She is a member of the Board of rustees of the First Presbyterian Church of Bloomfield, was an rganizer of its Woman's Guild of which she was elected Vice- resident, and for years has taught Sunday School in the Broughton emorial Chapel, now the Broughton Church.
Bess speaks with modesty of her literary labors; but they are not nconsiderable, though she has paid the price of versatility and has ot given as much time to the expression of her high talents in writ-
ng as she would have done had not so many other calls been heard. ut she has written constructive and thoughtful book reviews for apers of such high literary standards as the Book Section of the ew York I'i'craid-Tribune and the International Book Review. She as contributed columns of observations and comments, wise and itty, to the Woman's Page of the Newark Evening News. Several f her practical and delightful plays for children have been pub- ished and produced; and some lovely juvenile stories have appeared n magazines.
She has served Alpha Omicron Pi in many ways, some too deep for expression here, since first she served it as one of its Founders. ou perhaps know her best—aside from this present service as Registrar -as late Chairman of the Fellowship Committee and as fficial visitor to many chapters, and at Conventions. In the face of ll this definite work for it, she best serves Alpha Omicron Pi, how- ver, by her example as a woman and her perfect gift of friendship.
In her home, Bess Wyman is a constant inspiration to a group f exceptionally talented young people, three nieces and a nephew.
I have not begun to tell all that Bess Wyman does; but now let me tell you a joke. She says she hasn't accomplished "anything much.'' And she writes to me please (the italics are hers) not to ay a great deal about her. because, she says, she's really "just an every-day person," and, she charges, I look at her through rosy>- colored glasses!
* accept the conditions, Bess. I give thanks that you're an "every- day person." That's just what you are—not a person for a day's showy service now and then, but one to be counted on without dis- appointment nrry day. fair or dark. And I admit that I do look at y°u through shining glasses. They get that way because they are pnecting the brightness they gaze upon.
At any rate, you will let me note, as Grand Historian, that we pe proud to add to the record of Elizabeth Heywood Wyman. °under, the superb standard she has set as Registrar of Alpha
, J micron Pi.


32
To DRAGMA
The four Evangeline girls face cam era-ward with Mrs. Hoover. Mildred Shell is the last one at the left.
Twentieth Qentury Svangeline JUeets JUrs. Jfoover J
By MILDRED SHELL, Nu Kappa
"IFF you should choose to "browse" through Longfellow's diary. JL you would find a portion devoted to his meeting with HawthorfH This writer, finding the story of the wanderings of the Acadians un- available for prose, passed it on to our great American poet, who with the aid of Edouard Simon, a handsome young Acadian fro n l St. Martinsville, wrote his "Tale of Love in Acadia, Home of m Happy." And, because Longfellow had never visited Louisiana, hc was wholly dependant upon young Simon for his descriptions of t , i e Bayou Teche and its valley.
A gist of the poem-story will create atmosphere and prepare yo U for what is to follow:
"Evangeline was the daughter of Benedict Bellefontaine, *n e richest farmer of Acadia (now Nova Scotia). At the age of seven- teen she was legally betrothed by the notary public to Gabriel, so
lINTERNATIONAL PHOTO
fsb'arwsnAo"PWtpWa^ImodohfwtdhLrhpMjg

MAY, 1929 * Mildred knits a few
look
33
,1
ew weeks, too late. At length, grown old in this hopeless quest, he came to Philadelphia and became a sister of mercy. The plague roke out; and, as she visited the almshouse in ministration, she saw n old man who had been smitten with the pestilence. It was Gab- iel. He tried to whisper her name; but death closed his lips. 'All as ended now'; and 'Side by side in nameless graves, the lovers are leeping.' "
The people of Louisiana have seen a vision—a vision of loveli- ess—a vision worthwhile. If Longfellow, one of our most noted merican poets, saw enough of beauty—enough of romance—enough f human interest in this tale of woman's love to inspire his poem Evangeline," and critics of all time since have seen fit to call his oem "immortal," then, we. the people of Louisiana should realize hat an opportunitv and a privilege is ours, to have a part in secur-
national recognition for its historical setting, the Acadian Coun- y- Shall we not ardently support any measures to create a national, Pf shall it be international, park, the nucleus of which shall be the orld-known "Evangeline Oak" under which our heroine, the taith-
N Acadian maiden awaited her lover?
Picture this beautiful Teche valley with its giant pines and cedars.
n <l its ancient live oaks draped with waving Spanish moss. Now,
ty to change that picture of supreme beauty to one of dire distress.
n the early spring of 1927 the flood waters of the Father of Waters,
e mighty Mississippi, inundated the farms of the Acadian country- en and they were homeless and destitute. On a mission of mercy
f Basil the blacksmith; but next ay all the colony was exiled by the rder of George II. and their omes, cattle and lands were con- iscated. Gabriel and Evangeline ere parted, and now , sustained by he brightness of hope, she wan- ered from place to place to find er betrothed. Basil had settled in ouisiana; but when Evangeline eached that distant land, Gabriel ad gone. She sought him on the rairies, and. again far north in ichigan, but ever a few days, a
1
ame
stitciuts while you on.
Herbert Hoover, sent by our national government to relieve
.
Ile_ dreadful situation which existed among the people of the Evan-
eline country. After a strenuous program of reconstruction, they a r .e now beginning another year of successful farming, and filled W l t n gratitude these Acadians wished to do something to show their aPpreciation for the noble work of Hoover among them.
(Continued on page 111)


34
BAWtcaeqHthfoestohiTgaHth. nahalefpoIpfba'[thanmwinbareI
Prthw ,•uT o
DRAGMA
T
in
iffi
Seattle Ah I chapter has paid for the upkeep of this bed for several peart. Rational 'Work—
Wvi, n i •tohWhat Shall it "Be? Compiled by WlLMA SMITH L.ELAND, Tail
AN A T I O N A L philanthropic work or project demanding n a * tional interest and financial support will be the subject of ° of the most interesting discussions at the Ithaca convention. *• committee who has been investigating plans for projects to l»e . cussed is most anxious that every delegate, active and e s Pe C u i
0ria
alumna, come prepared with her chapter's reactions. In order
your delegates may be instructed, we suggest that you read this I tide aloud at your next meeting.
Manyalumnaechaptersandafewactivegroup-h:ive ** ^ charitable work about which most of you have heard. Nu "


Y, 1929 35
outstanding among the undergraduates. These girls collect nned goods to send to a mission in South America. Minneapolis uipped and supports a dental clinic in Wells Memorial Settlement ouse, paying the dentist for one of his two mornings a week at e clinic during the spring season. Birmingham donated drinking untains'to a fresh air camp for children; Memphis has plans for tablishing a library in the children's ward of a city hospital; Bos- n furnisher, a scholarship for a Delta girl; Cleveland assists two gh scluml girls; Knoxville has a milk fund; Detroit, Providence, ulsa and Washington have given gifts or money to charitable or- nizations ; and Cincinnati is supporting a free clinic at the Bethesda osptal at a cost of $600 a year and a free clinic in connection with e Juvenile Court of Cincinnati.
New Orleans and Seattle are particularly interested in securing tional support for their local work or their type of work, so we ve asked them present their cases. Elizabeth Land of New Or- ans writes:
"To each one of us. the choice of a national work is an all-im- rtant subject. We believe there is a good suggestion in the work the New Orleans Alumnae chapter, which has two maternity and
by clinics, equipped in 1924 and 1925.
"The main criticism of our work up to the present time is that
ere has not been enough personal contact between our members d those who come to the clinic for help. To remedy this, a com- ittee has volunteered to weigh babies twice a week. In this way, e can give ourselves with our work.
"Donated baby clothes are sold after clinic hours at prices rang- g from one cent to twenty-five. Mothers are enabled to meet their bies' needs and, at the same time, feel that they are making some turn for the clothing received.
oblem in their vicinity. Through the Nursing Association, a na-
n0r
° ^ ^Y k could be started, which would be elastic enough to meet
individual needs of the cities involved, and local enough to ab- b the interest of the particular chapter.
. ^ seems to us that it is essential to choose a national work in 'ch we can give ourselves with our financial assistance. This r k would be ideal in that respect and would, in addition, well ex-
ln5 l'le '^ca c^ose *°our near's—triat or"quiet,constanthelp- ^e 'na Rogers, president of the Seattle Alumnae chapter, has
The main work of the clinic is carried on bv the visiting nurses, ho receive detailed instructions from the clinic doctors and then sit the homes. The nurses show mothers how to mix formulae and, desperate cases, cook food and make fires.
t The Public Health Nursing Association is a loose federation ying agencies in all but a few cities in which we have chapters.
e different agencies concentrate on the most urgent public health
e


To DRAGMA
sent the following statement concerning their work in the Seattle(JM thopedic Hospital.
"In order to bring the matter of National interest and supportof Alpha Omicron Pi in the specific local Social Service and Welfare Projects sponsored by the chapters of our organization, the following proposal is submitted to you: That the National Fraternitv endow a bed in the Seattle Orthopedic Hospital for handicapped children, the cost of said permanent endowment being Five Thousand Dollars.
"The aforesaid mentioned bed has been maintained by the Seattle Alumnae Chapter, with some assistance from the Tacoiiia members, at an annual cost of two hundred and fifty dollars. Had it been pos- sible to apply this annual maintenance donation toward the endow- ment of the bed it would now be about half paid for.
"We cannot say, in submitting this proposal to the National, that we are entirely unselfish in doing so. The time has arrived in our own community when we are faced with the immediate necessity of building a new Chapter House, the cost of which is estimated from eighty to one hundred thousand dollars. Aside from the fact that it seems poor business to go on supporting the bed on the affijj
nual payment basis, we are confronted with the need of using prac- tically all of our group efforts and finances for the next few years in the construction of the new Chapter House. After due considera- tion, and realizing that locally we will lose both the prestige that maintenance of the bed has given us, and the individual pleasure M have derived therefrom by being of service to some handicapped child, it seems inevitable that we must forego its further mainten- ance until the stringency of the local building situation is over. We
did not wish to discontinue this service, without bringing it to the attention of the National Fraternity.
"In submitting this proposal, we realize that the Social Service Work done by Seattle Alumnae Chapter has no greater merit or depth of personal appeal than have the projects maintained by some of our other chapters, notably, New Orleans. New York. Nashville. Providence, Minneapolis, and others. W e believe the fullest dis- cussion of all of the elements involved in the Seattle situation will have some bearing on the permanent support or endowment national1)' of certain local projects of other chapters, which are of sufficient importance to be merged in the greater national program.
"At the Seattle Convention of the Fraternity in 1927. discuss^"5 showed unmistakably that a feeling was developing for the con- centrated support of national projects, which the committee on $ 0 '
ctal Service Research was to investigate and submit with their reC' ommendations at some subsequent convention of the Grand Cound •
"As mentioned before, we believe Alpha Omicron Pi will S ^C T fice some of its prestige by withdrawing its support from the Cn' dren's Orthopodic Hospital. Alpha Omicron Pi is the only frajf ' nity that has maintained a bed. I n spite of the fact that we reaM what building a new Chapter House entails, we are not uiim"1
M36
thIsastiCemg^sctJictJjtsSADpmibafia*P5I

AY, 1929
V
at we should not forget support of our Social Service Work. It therefore, our intention—should this endowment receive your pproval—-to give at least one affair annually, the proceeds of which hall be sent to the National Treasury to be dispensed by the Na- onal Treasury under the direction of the National Philanthropic ommittee of such Social Service Program as shall be determined.
"It is our earnest hope that Seattle may receive this permanent ndowment for the bed now being maintained by us, or the endow- ent of a bed or some specific service now being planned in the or- anization of the proposed Seattle Memorial Hospital. Undoubtedly,
Convention, the Special Committee that has been appointed to tudy these matters will have much of interest to report to us con- erning new programs, in addition to 'Top of the Hill Sanatorium' inder the direction of one of our Lambda members, and of the New ersey Hospital's work for crippled children, both of which organ- zations have been featured in To DRAGMA.
"Therefore, we submit this recommendation to the* Grand Coun- il, and we trust the pressure of our local conditions will interest he members of the fraternity to the extent that they would be glad p see our bed permanently maintained here, and, in return, we are ust as happy when circumstances permit, to support the Philan- hropic Programs of our other chapters or such as the Grand Council hall determine, regardless of where the said projects is located."
Sunshine Farm at Los Gatos, California, is under the supervision f Katharine Barne Hibbs (Lambda), and her doctor husband. very complete story of it appeared in the May, 1928, issue of To RAGMA. Mrs. Hibbs has received some financial aid from our
hilanthropic fund. The Children's Country Home at Westfield, .J; have also received our aid. You'll find an article concerning t in the March, 1928, issue of To DRAGMA. If you don't remem-
er these, be sure to read them again.
Another plan has been proposed by Muriel Turner McKinney (Lambda). Health Scholarships she calls the use of the financial
ssistance which we might give to people of the middle class.
"People in our country are divided in general into three classes,
te poor, the well-to-do and the middle class. There seem to be
phy organized charities for the real poor. The well-to-do are
,J'e to obtain any necessary service. But what of the middle class,
he people who will not accept charity, who are able and want to
ay something, but not the entire amount needed ? This is the class
om which spring many of our leaders, our professional men and w °men, our scholars and scientists, and this is the class in great need °* assistance. Under this heading come many college graduates, j°llege professors, instructors, graduate students and their families, ihese are the people to whom a 'health scholarship' would appeal.

'A 'health scholarship' is so termed because it is financial as-
*Jtance to attain health, just as an educational scholarship is assist-
fr
ance
for an education. The sum need not be exact. It could be


^ ° T o DRAGMA
the difference between what is able to be paid and what must be charged by a hospital to meet its overhead. Such scholarships could all be at one institution such as the Sunshine Farm in Los Gatos, California, or they could be placed at various places to reach the greatest number.
"To help place the idea before you, I want to quote from the April, 1928/ Bautas Greek Exchange from an article by Jessica North MacUonald on the Alpha Delta Pi Nursery School Fellow- ship :
" 'Apparently there is a great deal of undeserved sympathy lavished upon the laboring man, while the starving profosors goes unwept, unhonored, and unsung. Some of the little Italian-,, lews, Polacks, and Negroes looked worth the effort that was being "made for them. Others, frankly, did not. A child is a child, and a life a life, wherever you may find them, but if one is to invest money in them to any great extent, the children of intelligent aim-try seem
the best bet. Moreover, the labor unions have insisted upon a living wage for the day laborer, and nobody has bothered to do the same for the college instructor or graduate assistant. The attitude seems to be rather one of contempt and indifference toward the student who is weak enough to marry and have children before he isfinished with his apprenticeship. Nevertheless, some of these marriages are the noblest and happiest, and from such children our famous edu-
cators and statesmen are recruited.'
"Before we can consider a unified National work we must know what class we wish to assist. I hen we will be in a position to COflfl sider the question of how to be of the greatest service."
Entirely different from any of these plans comes one from Joanna Colcord (Gamma). Read it most carefully and discuss it thoroughly.
"When a group of college-trained women from all over the United States turn their thoughts to social welfare, it is difficult to outline plans which will be concrete enough to interest all of them, and yet broad enough to constitute a serious and dignified object. Such an enterprise as a camp somewhere for handicapped chilclreri may answer the first test, but it does not meet the second, since >t can serve only a few individuals drawn from a verv limited ge°"
graphical area. Such a piece of work would be suitable for a si"Sle chapter, but hardly for a nation-wide body.
"What welfare enterprise could we undertake that would be
3.
"It seems to me that only the field of social legislation meets these
conditions.
"There is no state in the Union whose social welfare laws ar
not susceptible of betterment. In some respect, the laws of eve»7
Within our possible resources?
MAstaKepeSain thsivprmmsiotrypltinpeamteplseanfowouTconesthLd0 dCthMsa ^^*a1.
2.
Constructive and with possibilities for growth and development,
Nation-wide in scope,
o

39
Y, 1929
te fall short of the ideal, or even of the minimum standard. ry session of every state legislature sees small groups of earnest ople trying to secure the passage of some better laws. In one te, it may be that the legal age for the employment of children industry should be raised. Another may be up to standard in is respect, but have no prohibition against night labor or exces- ely long hours for women in industry. One state may have no ovision to care for feeble-minded unplaceable children; another ay be a menace to neighboring states because of the laxity of its arriage and divorce laws. In my own state, at the legislative ses- n just closed, social workers and citizens' organizations were busy
ing to secure the passage of laws forbidding the commercial ex- oitation of children on the stage, securing old age pensions, put- g loan sharks out of business, introducing a five-day waiting riod between the application tor a marriage license and its granting, i securing an appropriation for a state psychopathic hospital.
"Surely such aims are concrete enough and broad enough to in- rest our own group. The work of gathering data, drafting a law, anning a legislative campaign, preparing and placing publicity, curing the interest of individuals and agencies, attending hearings d educating the minds of legislators is interesting and affords tasks
r people of varied abilities. And it need not be expensive, if we ill put our own time and devotion into it.
"The definite suggestion I would make is that each chapter lay t a program of study of its own state laws covering social welfare. his should extend to the administration of existing laws: do they ver the situation or do they need amendment ? The place to begin
ed not be the statute books, which it takes the legal mind to under- and; rather should we consult the people and agencies that know orn actual experience what is taking place. Such bodies as the eague of Women Voters, various civic organizations, which go by ifferent names in different cities, the State Boards of Child Welfare r Public Welfare—they are also named differently—the State In- ustrial Commission, the State Conference of Social Work and the ouncils of Social Agencies in the larger cities will he glad to share eir experience with you and outline the needs as they see them. eer clear of "crank"'organizations and those organized to push a ingle legislative program, at least until you know your way about
n d can discriminate. You don't want to hud yourselves the tail to inebody else's kite. But with the other group, if you state frankly you are interested and want light, you will be surprised how sy it will be to get interesting and informative speakers to come >thout charge'and tell you about different aspects of social legisla- l0lJ- They can also give vou literature and suggest reading. Even-
uallyy o u c a n s e ] e c t s o m g o n e n e e ded piece of legislationwhich no gency eeni> to be actively sponsoring, and concentrate on that,
f i7lSle
familiarize yourselves with the details
th
P
e situation, taking it up as if it were a subject assigned for
ncxt ste
w,mlfl ,)e to
(Continued on page 72)


40
t5\w 0micron (jirls
To DRAGMA MTaketo tBy EVAJEAN
Fred, the cook
WRATHER
SPRING has come again to the catm pus. Spring—proclaimed no less bj the budding trees- and golden bells than by the gay printed frocks of the co-eds. And in the Spring a co-ed's fancy is like- ly to turn to thoughts of—summer ana vacation plans. Indeed it is quite evident that this is true of those particular cos eds on our campus who are fortunate enough to wear an Alpha O pin on their
gay printed frocks, for on all sides one hears them exclaiming, "You're going to camp again this year, aren't you?" "But, of coursl I couldn't think of missing it," etc., etc.
And such exclamations bring visions and thoughts of the glor- ious week we spent last summer at a camp high in the middle Tew nessce hills. W e had
planned our camp for
the interval between
the last "exam" and
graduation, in order
that it would be con-
venient f o r the sen-
iors and out-of-town
girls to go, so it was
a gay and carefree
crowd that gathered
in the. depot the morn- ing following t h e close of "exams" last
June.Therewerefif-Nu Qmicron campers find that an outing is teen of the chapter in way to close a successful war.
the party— Jane Beasley, Kathleen Boyd. Frances C arter.
Mildred Cisco, Laura Dismukes, Helen Dodd, Elizabeth FYazier, Mary Rut- ledge, Corinne and Elizabeth Tanksley, Edna Thomason, MaryariB Turpin, Frances Weise, Eva Jean Wrather, and Betty Fbbett Baulchj Then there was Betty's husband, Harry, whom we had persuaded to go along for "protection," and the two of our mothers who went
as chaperones, Mrs. Wrather and Mrs. Tanksley.
A considerable part of our train journey was consumed in making
plans for our vacation and speculating on what camp would °e
FowwetPts^°s*an

AY, 1929
he Jiills 41
like, for to most of us our des- tination had the added thrill of being new. And its name—Se- bowisha, which means "running waters"—was one to conjure up pleasant pictures.
When the train finally pulled up at camp, we were greeted by the beaming black face of Fred, without mention of whom no ac- count of our camp could even be- gin to be complete. Fred had been chef at Sebowisha years be-
fore, when the camp was used as a hunting and fishing club, and was quite proud of his ability. And those of us who ate his de- licious hot biscuit and fried chicken would certainly vote a unanimous "aye" that he had just reason to.be so.
As soon as we had deposited our bags with Fred and had a chance to look around, delighted "ohs" and "ahs" burst forth on every side. Directly in front of us a winding flight of dozens—it seemed almost hundred s—of steps led to the camp on the crest
ive
of us
"hung"
on
the river.
c l i f f
overlooking
a
f the hill, while half way up the steps broadened out to a platform ith benches on three sides. The railing of the steps was entwined ith wild honeysuckle, whose blossoms likewise covered almost the ntire hillside and clambered over the sheer walls of the rocks hrough which the railroad line was cut only a few feet beyond the latform. On the opposite side of the track we could glimpse, hrough the trees, the waters of the Caney Fork River.
After we had accomplished the flight of stairs and found our- elves on the wide porch extending entirely across the front of the nip, there were more "ohs" and "ahs" of delight. Having deposited ur bags in the three sleeping rooms, which had already been put potlessly in order by Fred, we started on a tour of exploration and
°und the dining room, with its wide open fireplace, the kitchen, and, t the end of the porch, the large screened-in room in which were
n e card tables, the couches, and the piano.
Suddenly some one called out, "Let's take a swim before lunch,"
Q d so we started on the merry routine which was to be ours for the
* t week.
e


42 To DRAGMA
The river proving too deep and swift for safety, we found a swimming hole in the creek, Long Branch, which ran around th§ eastern side of the hill on which our camp was located to join the waters of Caney Fork River. As a heavy rain had recently fallen, an excellent "slide" was soon constructed in the bank and several of the girls became fervent advocates of the belief that mud packs are good for the complextion. Then, of course, there were the canoes, in which we explored the river and creek.
But the river held no more fascination than did the railroad ties down which we hiked several times a day to the nearest little town a mile away for the mail and cold drinks. Quite a thrill was added to our hikes by the fact that we had to cross a trestle high above Long Branch, while expecting a freight train to round the curve ahead at any moment.
And then, of course, there was the day that it rained incessantly, and we had to stay in camp. But even then the time was passed quickly with cards, books, and the victrola, for, of course, we had brought the "vie'' and a stack of records.
The first night in camp our habits of concentration acquired dur- ing the preceding week of "exams" had evidently not worn off, for we decided to try out our respective physic powers. After about an hour of this, however, we decided that less mental exertion was required for dancing.
And, then, the night of our costume party! It seemed scarcely believable that suit-cases packed for camping could contain so many possibilities for transforming us into apaches. Sadie Thompsons, Little Orphan Annies, and Indians.
Our last night at camp we took a long hike by moonlight and then tried to drown our sorrow at the thought that our wonderful vacation together was ended by a gay midnight supper.
The next morning,when we were again standing on the platform with our bags—this time waiting for the train to carry us home—we vowed that our summer camp should become a tradition with Nu Omicron, for, somehow, we all felt that those "ties of friendship and love" which bind us together as Alpha O's had been made a little stronger during those days of play and those nights when we would gather on the little balcony overlooking the river and the million fire- flies on its banks and softly sing the songs of our fraternity.
<ylsk for Ticket Certificate
BE sure to ask for a ticket certificate when you purchase your ticket to convention. A l l stations do not have such forms so inquire early enough so that the certificate may be obtained before the day of your departure. Present your certificate to Kathryft Matson upon arriving at convention. If 150 certificates are v a " dated on June 22, each of you will be entitled to a fare and a half ra t y provided you return over the same route as you have come. If P°S sible purchase your ticket on or between June 14-20.
M^TJpqrfmwohLkutMgclsP^sPpPj

AY, 1929
Women
in the 'Professional
43
World
PhotOP'KGbllCi J

SSnSKSS
ther. During her college
^^^^H^^^^^B^^I
IJt
1
. /"J/fc- <^-^H
studio, full-fledged
and
she photographer.
T was only a few years ago that a woman photographer was very , unusual. There is no reason why this should have been. The ractice of professional photography is ideal for a woman. It re- uires much patience and hard work, but so does anything that is
eally worthwhile.
All my life I have been familiar with the making of pictures. My
ather is a photographer. When I was thirty-six hours old, I had y picture made, and I have loved them ever since. I began to play ith cameras, spot lights, reflectors and oil paints when I was barely ld enough to walk. Since my junior year in high school, I have elped my father in his studio and worked under his supervision. iving in Bloomington, the home of my Alma Mater, I was able to eep on with my work during my college days. Now since my grad- ation from Indiana University last June, I have devoted my entire ime to making pictures.
I have drifted into a business which brings me closer to human ature than any other would, I am sure. In this profession I am iven an opportunity to see people as they really are. Those who °me into the studio for work are nearly always at their best, that > feeling their best and looking their best. For that reason my ublic is a pleasant one with which to deal. Since having a picture ade is usually not prompted by vanity as some people think, and ince the motive is much stronger and deeper than vanity, I find that eoplea r e n o t s o jl a r ( j t 0 please. Sentiment for friendsor relatives
l n g the most common force back of having a picture made, the sub- c
. t usuallv wants to look as he is and does not expect flatten- in his icture.

et
^ seems to me a portrait by photography tells the true story of
iess and personality. One's reflected image in a mirror is re-
ansnas
°- ' °f appears to others, but a photograph shows the
a
§e as it really is. Did you ever stop to think that the only way
years she
in his is a
h a
helped now
r '
foue P
f o r fa'


44
T o DRAGMA
you can see yourself as you are is in a photograph? That is whej some cannot understand why the picture does not look like the mir- ror image. One's friends are better judges of their personal like- nesses than the subjects themselves.
The infinite number of feature combinations forming facesin- deed makes a most interesting study. Just as each combination of tones in music forms a chord, each combination of human features forms a new study of face and personality. The problem is to make personality speak, to make the subject live in pictures. This is the difficult thing for most photographers to do. They fail to secure the expression characteristic of the subject, who must be made to feel at home, made to forget himself in order to be himself in pictures.
The artistic aspect of this profession, which after all keeps it alive, is a study as much as a gift. To be able to blend softlylights and shadows in such a way as to portray the best picture story of personality is a goal one can hope to reach only in perfection. The study of artistic creations in the personalities of my public is the vitally interesting thing to me and offers an endless field for obser- vation and development.
This business is one which can be made profitable and enjoyable. Those who possess a creative genius and are interested in a profes- sion might well consider my profession—at least a year in it would not be wasted.
T)o you Know That—
For the second consecutive year Rpsilon holds the presidency of Women's Student Government. Caroline Dowdy is the capable person. Epsilon holds three other campus presidencies, too. Catherine Bleivcr heads the Junior Class, Ruth Smith is president of Panhellenic and Betty Irish ivill preside over one of the nciv dormitory groups.
Peggy Parker (Rho), was ticket manager for the Men's Union shoiv given at Northwestern.
Panhellenic Council at the University of Colorado will have as iti, president, Hazel Lee (Chi Delta).
Three members of Alpha Phi chapter have been elected to Phi Kappa Phi. They are Marcclla Schneider, Dolly Tripp and Bernice Crane.
Six of eight members of the tumbling team at Montana State Col- lege arc Alpha O's.
Mahalah Kurtz (Alpha Sigma) is the new president of IV. A. A- at the University of Oregon.
A Sigma girl holds the presidency of the Y. W. C. A. at the Uni- versity of California. She is Jane Green ('30). Martha Quay"
(Sigma '30), heads the Women's Advisory.
Hazel Parkhurst (Gamma '31), has been made captain of the
basketball team at the University of Maine.
Pi boasts the Y. IV. C. A. president at Sophie Neivcomb College-
She is Janie Price.
Helen Boyle (Epsilon Alpha), attended the IV. S. G. A. Conven-
tion at the University of Oklahoma. She is the president of W- G. A. at Perm State College.


MAY, 1929
Sot a Qirls Own Qampus
Cjfrock (§hop By MARGARET BURTON, lota
HAT'S in a name?—and
yet there is plenty of sig- nificance in the name The Wil- norc, the distinctive frock shop for college women," for it is in- vented from the names Wilma and Eleanor, Wilma Law (Iota '28), and Eleanor Steinert (Iota '29), for their unique shop near the University of Illinois campus.
When Wilma was graduated last June she didn't want to do
w
ELEANOR STEINERT,
Iota
WII.MA LAW,
the usual thing- -teach. She felt no journalistic urge—nor any in- spiration for social service. And strangely enough, when she met Eleanor on a trip to Chicago, she found a sympathizer, so the two worked out a plan that has materialized very successfully.
There is nothing usual about The Wilnore. In the first place, it has no store front, for it is located in the Union Arcade building, which is managed by the University's Illinois Union of college men.
The Wilnore faces a wide corridor running through the center of the building, on which are neighboring establishments of haberdashers, confectioners, and upstairs, even a "dine and dance" which operates tea dances every afternoon.
The store room is large, light, airy, and very attractive, with p y lamps, wicker furniture upholstered in brilliant cretonnes, and here and there dress standards which display what the up-to-date co-ed is wearing upstairs to tea dance. The only wall of the room that is not interrupted with windows, or doors leading to stock and ntting rooms, is faced with a mammoth, full-length mirror.
However, the attractiveness of the shop itself, and the chicness °* its frocks on display do not account entirely for its success— ??u .C n of the popularity of The Wilnore is due to the personality of Wilma and Eleanor themselves. What better models could they have
° r their dresses— for Wilma is very petite, and quite dark, while Eleanor is considerably taller and blonde. They are not only their 0 w 'i models, their own saleswomen, but they also make frequent trips j? the city to buy their frocks, each one being personally selected,
niall wonder that the women students no longer go home to buy new r e s s e s , but wait until they arrive on he campus to visit The Wilnore.


DRAGMA
yes
sm e
'Panama
Says
I 1KI.KN LANGE
T o
I M E A N T to write you before of my but I'm getting like the natives—lazy.
wonderful trip down here; I had a huge week in New York, seeing and doing new things. We covered shops, theatres, down-town dinners, churches, Wall Street, libraries, museums, 5tn Avenue, the Battery, Brooklyn bridge, and boated up East river ana
down the Hudson. But I did not do the famous outsider's stunt o ascending the Woolworth tower and viewing from there the metro- polis of America.
W e finally sailed late on a Tuesday afternoon—sailed out pa S * the Statue of Liberty to the end of New York harbor, and there an- chored for 24 hours, waiting for an Atlantic gale to pass and for stormy sea to calm. ^
A week later we docked for a day at Port-au-Prince, Haiti, hottest place on earth. There I had my first sight of the trop The natives are French and are very crude. We saw pink clay * ^ and straw houses, cock fights, women carrying huge baskets of ^ bread or bottles of wine on their heads, men smoking,
Helen her
/
Lange wan home
(III
slopped on from her
seventh
graders '•••Ho.
to say
barefoot, a"


also a funeral. If any event in the life of a negro is worthy of cele- bration and of full dress, it is a funeral. We roamed through the stenchv. open market place; we wandered through the smelly little shops; we wen followed for several blocks by a host of tattered beggars; we jitneyed up beautiful hills, past coffee and banana plan- tations: and we ate a royal meal in an inn high on a hill. Fortunate- ly, we were properly escorted, or I might not be writing this, for the natives of Haiti would sooner kill a white person than not. Life there is worth very little.
After nine days on the water, we landed at Cristobal, and came to Balboa by a teachers' special train.
Balboa is a beautiful little city among green hills and the blue bays of tin Pacific ocean. It resembles more a huge park than the actual IKline uf ,\000 Americans. Winding, paved roads are flanked by waving palm trees and brightly-colored shrubbery. Though so far I haven't seen many real flowers. The houses, all government- owned and generally o f the
same architecture—open and
airy—are well screened by
brilliant hibiscus and deep
purple bougainvillea blossoms.
Trees themselves blossom
MAY, 1929
47
Helen is gazing upon the ruins of the cathedral in Old Panama City.
forth in pink and orange flow- ers, and the lawns are well- mowed and green. Every- thing is neat, clean and color-
ful.
The trees particularly inter- est me. They are luxuriant


48
T o DRAG
Musaoofwrt•tttcand massive, and hide many wild creatures. A mango tree just side our sleeping porch houses two iguanas, members of the liza family, green, and measuring five feet from head to tip of tail. B were I to grab one by his tail, he'd run off and leave his tail behind in my hand. A host of tiny, green parakeets (birds), lodge on the same branches and scream at the top of their screechy voices. I can
scarcely distinguish one from a green leaf. Also a bugle-bird, soma where invisibly near, sounds his call every morning so much like the reveille at adjacent Fort Amador, that it was some time before I realized a bird was my alarm clock, and not a soldier and bugle.
And the trees arc very productive now with the oncoming of the dry season. Away up on the tops of their slender palms the cocotf nuts are growing larger every day. Papayas, fruit resembling oi|f melon, weigh down their branches, and native manges splotch th trees with yellow. The fan-palm and elephant-ear bushes rus languidly in the breezes of the trade-winds.
The dry season is just coming and recently the heat has been dreadfully sultry, suffocating. Our bruise is very airy. Ten girls live here in ''bachelor quarters" and we eat "in mess." We have a colorew cook and a colored housemaid. The former does exceptionally wellj serving us mostly vegetables, typically tropical, and the latter wages her good light against the numerous long-legged spiders, the furni- ture-destroying termites, the pesky biting ants, and the huge, mouse- sized cockroaches. Flies and mosquitoes are a rare sight.
My school is in Balboa, and with the exception of four Spaniard" my pupils are all Americans and very intelligent. My school rc
is well ventilated, the door and windows always being wide of except during a heavy, tropical shower. All the rooms arc built
around a patio, or courtyard.
The club house in Balboa is the amusement center. It contains
card tables, pool tables, bowling alleys, piano, librarv, swimming poolif theatre, and restaurant. Sports are much in vogue.
So much for Balboa.
But just across Fourth-of-JuIy Avenue is Panama City- And vastly different it is. for it is so old and foreign and houses so man)' races of people. Chinese. Japanese. Hindu, Persian. French. Span15'1
and Panamanian all huddle themselves and their wares in the lujfl shops along the narrow sidewalk. Thcv usuallv live in a back room of their shop—mother, father, and 10 or 12 children. And early on a Saturday morning, as we walk down the narrow sidewalks, if *j see some naked little pickaninny sprawled on the counter amidst tn bananas, oranges and papayas, what matter? If we see two P a ^ " manian boys throwing cocoanut shells at each other on the street»
Or i f we walk under an overhead balcony of some Spanish family an^ receive cigarette stubs or dish water on our heads, what mattCfjp When we meet a person, cither he or we have to step out onto the road to pass, for the sidewalks are mere cows' paths in width.
And as we stroll along, smiling Japs or turbaned Hindoos smile
I

AY, 1«'2<> +y
s, make a deep salaam, and invite us into their shops. " I sell you omething? Yes? I make you fine bargains, ladies. I want make sale. Good bargains? Yes?" are their greetings. One must haggle ver prices. Ilindoos and Japs are disappointed if they miss the fun f bargaining. A Hindoo has a deep superstition that if he lets the irst customer in the morning leave the shop without buying, business ill be bad that dav. Consequently, the religious Hindoo would ather sell at a loss than not to sell at all. The shops do have beau- iful linens, basketry, rugs, incense, perfumes, beads, vases, and unaware. ISrightly-colorcd kimonos, coolie coats, and Spanish shawls, hung outside the shops, flap in the breeze and serve as pic- uresque advertisements.
And the city is noisy! Street cars clank, jitney drivers honk at every pedestrian in the hopes of getting a passenger; babies cry, boys fight, victrolas play, customers haggle over prices, street venders cry heir wares, and loud-talking men (not excepting some U . S. soldiers and sailors) stagger out of saloon doors. Though really, one sees less staggering in Panama City than one would suppose. For there he sparkling liquid flows plentifully—native, French and Spanish wines, and < ierman beer. A street brawl is not infrequent. But on the whole, life is very slow, easy, unambitious, though noisy, and
even a Panamanian dog, asleep on the road in the sun, simply would not budge for anything short of the fire truck.
Enough of Panama City.
The canal is very interesting. We've been through the Miraflores and the Peter Miguel locks, and have seen the delicate machinery that controls the stupendous wheels and gates of the locks. We've
seen all manner of ships go through. The prices on a single ship's
Passage vary from $3,000* to $10,000 or more.
And I've been swimming with the sharks! Not until this year
have thev come into the bays, but in the last few months they have eaten two boys. I love an ocean swim, but some of the enjoyment 's gone when I expect every moment to feel the cold, sharp teeth of a shark, biting off a foot or arm. A shark was caught one day, about a block down the beach from where we were swimming. A huge, vicious monster, he was. Now, I patronize the Balboa swimming Pool.

cert "i'i-c. -niiuhnw. t,i <rt almost everything that is to be seen! It ainl v
j Yes. 1 like Panama—like it a lot. z/flpha 0 (§ees Japanese
Coronation
and
t ', e ' a 'r '( ' ' a n ' t'vt ry night its fascinating street processions, dances
(Continued from page 21)
flash of the answering lanterns within the palace, and then wound our
e
a y
w.jFV C r -v ( ' a v "f this Enthronement period has its special events within and
again into the streets. Thrill? I wish vou could have heen there—or seen it ?
res |C e 'e 'l r : i , '"'l < - ^ < live directly opposite the palace grounds, and as a ni:
- 's a wonderful time to he here.


Click to View FlipBook Version
Previous Book
Spring 2016 History Course Poster
Next Book
CBF Book page 0