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Published by Alpha Omicron Pi, 2016-04-18 12:48:44

1931 January - To Dragma

Vol. XXVI, No. 2

ALLERTON HOUSE
Chicago headquarters for Alpha Omkron Pi also
Intercollegiate alumni headquarters for 98 colleges
TV
Names—addresses—telephone numbers of all Al- pha Omicron Pi's in Chicago on file at the ALLER- TON sorority information bureau. For complete information about all meetings, dinners and parties ij write to Opal M. Cannon, Director, Women's De- partment.
Seven separate floors reserved
for women guests
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exclusively
R O O M
Chapter (where initiated)
RATES
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% 2.50-$ 4.00—Transient
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ALLERTON HOUSE 701 North Michigan Avenue, CHICAGO Booklet on request
To Dragma Subscription Blank
ALICE CULLNANE, MASONIC BUILDING,
STATE COLLEGE, PA.
Date 193...
Enclosed find two dollars ($2.00) for one year's subscription to To DRAGMA.
A — • Name in full
fifteen dollars (SI5.00) for T o DRACMA life subscription.
;


O DRAGMA
of Alpha Oinicron Pi
Volume 26
Number 2
*.•
CONTENTS ANNUAL FOREIGN NUMBER
My Dream Ships FroitHsf^ece First Lord Balfour Scholar Sees England 3 New Beauties in the Business W orld 6 Tell Your Friends of Alpha Omicron Pi's $1,000 Fellowship 13 Our Best Wishes and Sympathy To— 13 Denison Welcomes Our Youngest Chapter M
Text and Travel Books Are Written by Alpha O's 34 Come Visit New Central Office . 35 Two Years in Mexico and Not a Single Revolution 37 June Convention in Mountain Resort Sounds Tempting 42 Alpha O Quartet Goes to Europe 45 Follow Me on My Pilgrimage to Ireland 52 Directory! Directory! 58 Sorority House Libraries Encourage Cultural Life 60
To DRAGMA Joins National Advertising Group
Our Gratitude to Miss Tritt. Leading Jewelry Designer 64 The Editor Speaks 65 Alpha O's in the Daily Press 66 Active Alpha O's 72
in 1831 17 I'J Beginnings 19 20 A Changing Land, Old and New China 21 Winning Fame—Is Artist Wife of Poet Husband 26 1 Visit Soviet Russia and Stay at Tolstoi's 28
6 2
Denison University W as Founded Alpha T a u Installation Banquet Alpha T au Delta Had Auspicious Founders' Day Is Celebrated
? 3 Alumna* Chapters 100 Directory 120
The Active Chapters
•JANUARY•1931•


ACTIVE CHAPTER ROLL
ALPHA [A]—Barnard College—Inactive.
Pi [I1J—H. Sophie Newcomb Memorial College, New Orleans, L a .
Nu [N]— New York University, New York City.
OMICRON [O]—University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn.
KAPPA [K]—Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, V a.
ZETA [Z]—University of Nebraska, Lin- coln, Neb.
SIGMA [E]—University of California, Berkeley, Calif.
THETA [0]—DePauw University, Green- castle, Ind.
BETA [B]—Brown University—Inactive. DELTA [A]—Jackson College, Tufts Col-
lege, Mass.
GAMMA [T]—University of Maine, Orono, Me.
EPSILON [E]—Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y.
RHO [P]—Northwestern University, Evanston, 111.
LAMBDA [A]—Leland Stanford Univer- sity, Palo Alto, Calif.
IOTA [I]—University of Illinois, Cham- paign, 111.
TAU [T]—University of Minnesota, Min- neapolis, Minn.
CHI [X)—Syracuse University, Syracuse, N.Y.
UPSILON [Tl—University of Washington, Seattle. W ash.
ETA [H]—University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.
ALPHA P H I [A*]—Montana State Col- lege, Bozeman, Mont.
Nu OMICRON [NOJ—Vanderbilt Univer- sity, Nashville, Tenn.
Psi 14-J—University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa.
PHI l*J—University of Kansas, Law- rence, Kan.
OMEGA IU]—Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
OMICRON P I [OBJ—University of Michi- gan, Ann Arbor, Mich.
ALPHA SIGMA [AS]—University of Ore- gon, Eugene, Ore.
Xi ISJ—University of Oklahoma, Nor- man, Okla.
PI DELTA [HA]—University of Mary- land, College Park, Md.
TAU DELTA [TA]—Birmingham-Southern College, Birmingham, Ala.
KAPPA THETA [K8J—University of Cali- fornia at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Calif.
KAPPA OMICRON [KO]—Southwestern, Memphis, Tenn.
ALPHA RHO [AP]—Oregon Agricultural College, Corvallis, Ore.
CHI DELTA [XA]—University of Colo- rado, Boulder, Colo.
BETA THETA [B9]—Butler University, Indianapolis, Ind.
ALPHA P I [AB]—Florida State College for Women, Tallahassee, Fla.
EPSILON ALPHA [EA]—Pennsylvania State College, State College, Pa.
THETA ETA [OH]—University of Cincin- nati. Cincinnati. Ohio.
Nu KAPPA [NK]—Southern Methodist BETA TAU [BT]—University of Toronto,
University, Dallas, T ex. BETA P H I [B«£]—Indiana
University,
Toronto, Ont.
ALPHA TAU [AT]—Denison University,
Bloomington, Ind.
Granville, Ohio. ALUMNAE CHAPTERS
KANSAS CITY ALUMNA—Kansas City, Mo.
OMAHA ALUMNA—Omaha, Neb. PROVIDENCE ALUMNA—Providence, SYRACUSE ALUMNA—Syracuse, N.Y.
NEW YORK ALUMNA—New York City. SAN FRANCISCO ALUMN*—San Fran-
cisco, Calif.
Rhode Island.
BOSTON ALUMNA—Boston, Mass. LINCOLN ALUMNA—Lincoln, Neb.
DETROIT ALUMNA—Detroit, Mich. NASHVILLE ALUMNA—Nashville, Tenn. CLEVELAND ALUMNA—Cleveland, Ohio. MEMPHIS ALUMNA—Memphis, T enn. MILWAUKEE ALUMNA—Milwaukee, W is. BIRMINGHAM ALUMNA — Birmingham,
Ala.
OKLAHOMA CITY ALUMNA—Oklahoma
City, Okla.
CHICAGO-SOUTH SHORE ALUMNA—Chi-
cago, 111.
MADISON ALUMNA—Madison, Wis. BLOOMINGTON ALUMNA—Bloomington,
Ind.
DENVER ALUMNA—Denver, Colo. CINCINNATI ALUMNA—Cincinnati, Ohio. TULSA ALUMNA—Tulsa, Okla.
ANN ARBOR ALUMNA—Ann Arbor, Mich. FORT WAYNE ALUMNA—Fort Wayne,
Ind.
ST. LOUIS ALUMNA—St. Louis, Mo. ROCHESTER ALUMNA—Rochester, N.Y.
Los ANGELES ALUMNA—Los Calif.
Angeles,
CHICAGO ALUMNAE—Chicago, 111. INDIANAPOLIS ALUMNA — Indianapolis,
Ind.
NEW ORLEANS AIOMSX—New Orleans,
I.a. MINNEAPOLIS
ALUMNA— Minneapolis,
Minn.
BANGOR ALUMNA—Bangor, Me. PORTLAND ALUMNA—Portland, Ore. SEATTLE ALUMNA—Seattle, W ash. KNO.WILLE ALUMNA—Knoxville, Tenn.
LYNCHBURG WASHINGTON
D. C.
ALUMNA—Lynchburg, V a . ALUMNA — W ashington,
DALLAS ALUMNA—Dallas, Tex. PHILADELPHIA ALUMNA—Philadelphia,
Pa.


<^4lpha
VOL. XXVI
Omicron
JANUARY, 1931
NO. 2
CMragma EDITOR
Send all editorial material to WILMA SMITH LELAND 313 Twelfth Street, Neenah, Wisconsin
REGISTRAR ALICE CULLNANE Masonic Bldg. State College, Pa.
To DRAGMA is published by Alpha Omicron Pi fraternity, 4 5 0 Annan) Street, Menasha, Wisconsin, and is printed by The George Banta Publishing Company. Entered at the Post Office at Menasha, Wisconsin, as second class matter under the Act of March 3, 1879. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage pro- vided for in section 1103,Act of October 3, 1917, authorized February 12, 1920.
To DRAGMA is published four times a year, October, January, March and May. Subscription price, 50 cents per copy, $2 per year, payable in advance; Life
Subscription $ 1 5 .


I have a fleet a-sailing
Across the wide blue sea.
Each ship with hope is laden,
They come from God to me.
Their sails are filled with promise. Devotion seems their fort.
But oh, my ships are dream ships, And never come to port.
I have a fleet a-sailing
Out yonder neath the moon, Each sailor mans his station, For daybreak will be soon.
My Dream Ships By MADELINE HANNON, Kappa
Theta
These crews are sainted helpers. Self-restraint they seem to court. But oh, my ships are dream ships, And never come to port.
/ have a fleet a-sailing
Far o'er the white capped waves— Each ship is named for meekness
Which storm tossed fear allays. Their destiny is heav'n,
Their only true resort—
My ships will not be dream ships— I'll make them come to port.


ntcro
JANUARY, 1931
Cjfirst J^ord <rBalfour
No. 2
^cholar
"Balfour Schol- ar," of being the first teacher from all America to see England in just this way, one's feelings exceed one's powers of expression.
More and more people every year are knowing a very
I
FIRST" hap- penings usu- ally have a thrill all their own —the first step, the first grown-up dress, the first so- rority formal, the first trip to Eng-
land. And when there is added to England the thrill
Pf being the first
(§ees Sngland
Conway background
E. LOUISE NOYES,
Rho
*
A Rho Alpha 0 has unique distinction of being first teacher to go to England as guest of the English-speak- ing Union.
Castle for
scholar.
By
makes our
this Balfour


4 To DRAGMA
wonderful organization called the English-Speaking Union, whose pur- pose is to promote friendship between English-speaking peoples, but a few words about some of its activities may help explain the reason of this special "firstness" of which I am writing. Wisely, most people will agree, the English-Speaking Union feels that exchange of teachers is one way of helping friendship at the source, and so for several years exchanges have been made. Unfortunately, however, school laws do not permit these interchanges in all our states; hence, finding ways for teachers to visit schools, without actually teaching, has been another part of the work of the English-Speaking Union. For several years England has had a number of such scholars who visit the United States in the summer time. The British scholarships are named for our great ambassador, loved on both sides of the water, Walter Hines Page.
Last winter the Santa Barbara chapter of the English-Speaking Union decided to establish such a fund to send a Santa Barbara county teacher to England and received permission to call its scholarship after Lord Balfour, a former president and faithful friend of the international or- ganization. The scholarship was to mean six hundred dollars and a month in England as the guest of English members of the organiza- tion.
It is easy then, I am sure, to imagine with what a sense of high adr venture I began my round of visits on the first day of October, a day golden enough to insure a happy beginning.
If anyone tells me ever, again that English people are cold and un- responsive, I shall smile in superior fashion and say, "Oh, then you were just unfortunate in the ones you met. You ought to know my English people." Y ou may perhaps retort, "Y es, but you met a picked group." True, I did, but I am not judging solely from my hosts and hostesses. Every Bobbie, every bus conductor, every person who served me, or from whom I asked assistance always helped in most friendly fashion. I think my prize story in that line is of a great six-footer Bobbie, who did not even smile condescendingly in a difficult situa- tion. I actually heard an American woman, standing not two hundred feet from the north door of the Abbey, looking straight at one of the best known buildings in the world, say to this Bobbie, "Where is West- minster Abbey?" And without even a flicker on his face (until she was safely turned away) he said, "Just straight ahead there, Madam." And from my first gentle little Irish hostess in Oxford to my last week- end hostess, gracious from years in diplomatic circles, some of them in our own Washington, I had everywhere a most whole-hearted and genuine welcome. I can truly say that, having come to what has been my land of dreams since I was a tiny thing, I here found not one single disappointment; everything has been perfect.
Visiting schools has been both interesting and profitable, but the phrase does not mean in the least in Britain what it does to us in the United States. In one way I have been disappointed; British schools do not make it possible for a visitor to see any classes in operation except for a brief—and tantalizing—glimpse through a door. One teacher


JANUARY, 1931
said to me, "Oh no, we don't believe in that! It disturbs the children too much." Thinking back to a "visiting day" when I taught Ivanhoe t 0 a class of twenty ninth graders with fifteen mothers in the rear of the room, I could not refrain from an in- ward smile. But British teachers are most willing to
E.
show you the whole of their plants and to talk to you about teachers and teaching. I have particularly happy memories of one afternoon in a Scottish city when four of us—the head-mistress of a big girls' school, herself a former English department head, the present head of an-
Louise
front of the Old Curiosity
Noxes Shop.
stands in
other large English department, a young teacher, full of eagerness and enthusiasm, just starting her English teaching, and I—sat over the tea cups in a charming apartment and discussed "Cabbages and kings" ranging from what American novels gave true pictures of American life to whether there should be married women teaching in the schools. And everywhere I realized, in all my visiting of schools, that British teach- ers are true teachers, just as keenly interested in the welfare of the
child as American teachers are; and that, I know, is not the picture that we often get of the teaching profession in England.
And for other things? I have done many things that the ordinary summer tourist does not do. I stood near the Cenotaph for all the solemn service of Armistice Day; I gazed at the Crown Jewels when only four other people were there; I sat in the kitchen fireplace in
Anne Hathaway's house and read my Times; I enjoyed both pageantry and crowd of the Lord Mayor's Show; I saw the King and Queen go to open Parliament; I traveled the Royal Mile in Edinburgh with
(Continued on page 59)


SW^Beauties in
See Note on
Page 9
That will tell you about the life and achievements of this Alpha 0 who tells you why she left the educational field for the world of busi- ness.
Laura Asbury is in Ike Bureau of Train- ing at Lord & Tay-
lor's in New York.
^-
An Address by LAURA ASBURY, Alpha Phi
IAM very happy to be here. It is three years since I visited the cam- pus; the present seniors were freshmen. There are changes in that time, in people and in places, and it is pleasant to renew contacts with both. For instance, I was not fortunate enough ever to attend a class in Herrick Hall, but I was fortunate in going to gym and to basketball games in the much-loved old Drill Hall, something that you present stu-
4
6


business ^World
Thousands of women—a n d men too—pass by the Lord & Taylor store on Fifth Avenue every hour of the day. Note the modern settings of the display windows and the "Lord & Taylor" name in deep modernistic let- ters. This store is internationally famous.
dents have missed. Your latest idea for beautifying the campus with an iris garden is a fascinating one. I Wish you much success with it.
Last year on Women's Day, a business person spoke to you, and for several years before, teachers and homemakers have presented their ideas. As another ardent young business woman, I must warn you that I am very apt to "talk shop" and allude to my chosen profession.
In order to be better acquainted, let me first tell you something of how I have spent the five years since leaving college. Home economics was my course. I feel it necessary to place myself immediately in case there is still the old feud between art students and "home ecs." But to the art students, let me say that one learns to appreciate the need for
7


8 T o DRAGMA
both. I taught foods and clothing as well as general science and physical education, for two years in Hardin High School. The first year, I feJt that I was carrying a tremendous load on my shoulders. The second year was easier, and much more enjoyable. Teaching is a very worth- while experience whether one remains with it or not, for there is much teaching to do outside of schools. .
The third year out of college I went to Boston and obtained my master's degree from the Prince School of Store Service Education, whi
is one of the graduate schools of Simmons College for Women. Pri School is located on Beacon Hill in the center of interesting old Bost The course consists of practical studies of business economics and prinqL pies of retailing, including a large amount of investigation and experi- ence in large department stores of Boston and other cities. I don't know how many of you have visited a really large department store of eight to sixteen stories, with from 2,000 to 10,000 employees, but they are truly fascinating places. My first position after completing my course was with L . Bamberger and Company of Newark, N.J., where I remained a year and a half. About six months ago, I changed to Lord and Taylor on Fifth Avenue in New York City, and am very happy there. Lord and Taylor is a department store which is a hun- dred and four years old, one of the oldest in the world. We have perfectly beautiful merchandise much of which is imported. It in-
cludes women's apparel and accessories, the men's shop, the children's store, as well as furniture and other home furnishings. The store itself is very attractive, and the window displays unusually well done. It is the belief of the firm that the most successful way to be outstanding is to give an extra ounce or two of service; so we feel definitely that we sell not only quality merchandise, but excellent service, also. I am in the Bureau of Training, which is a part of the personnel division, and has to do with the training of new people and improving the effi- ciency of those already in the organization, by passing on to them fashion
information, merchandise information, and service standards.
When I changed from teaching to the business field, I felt that I could return at any time if I did not care for the new venture. But I have no desire now to return to teaching despite the fact that it has some advantages, chief among these being the frequent and lengthy vacations. It is hard at first to accept only Christmas Day and New Year's Day, with two short weeks in the summer. But, speaking gen- erally, salaries in the business field are enough higher to make up for some of the deficiencies.
However, before I speak more definitely of some of my business experiences, let me talk a bit about my philosophy, I might call it, my attitude towards life, or what I think your attitude towards life should be. (There are many of us who love to tell others what their attitude should be.) When I was a senior, I know that most of us moaned how much we hated to leave, and how we regretted that college days were over, and we were sad, feeling that we would never again have much fun or many friends. I know now that we were absurdly wrong. There


JANUARY, 1931
9
Woman's Day is one of the traditions now at Montana State College. Jt started with woman's assembly, and constantly grew until it is one of the
outstanding affairs on the campus.
A day for this is set aside just previous to Commencement week. The
activities take place.in the afternoon, preceded by a lovely processional when the girls apPear ' n their gayest sport clothes. All awards and honors for women on the campus are made at that time.
The speaker is chosen from among the alumnae. There have been seven speakers, and of that number five have been A O TVs from Alpha Phi chap- ter.
Laura Asbury was the speaker on June 9, 1930, and she was the first speaker to give the business viewpoint. Laura was very prominent on the
campus, and her activities included presidency of Alpha Phi chapter, cam- pus Panhellenic, Mortar Board, Home Economics Club, membership in Phi
Vpsilon Omicron, Phi Kappa Phi. Ihr highest general attainment cup.
She was also the first girl to be awarded
is much to enjoy outside the college world, and the sooner that one "grows up" to it, the happier one will be. There is nothing more pitiful than to find a college man or woman, out of school three, five, or more years who is still trying to act collegiate.
You study many interesting things while in college. We are all agreed on that point, I'm sure. I feel, however, that many of the places that you read of, and the people and events you discuss seem very intangible, very distant, in a book-world, somewhere. How marvelous then to have history "come alive" when you visit the scenes of important events, see the country, and realize that the people of those times and places were much like yourselves, similar ambitions, emotions, strifes and sorrows. Boston is a marvelous place for this. It is just packed full of historically interesting places. Then one reads history for pure joy, not because twenty pages are assigned for Wednesday. Travel does so much to broaden one's outlook and understanding. For instance, we are apt in our glorious West to think that we have rather a corner on scenery. The scenery in other places is quite different, it is true, but just as lovely.
Literature, drama, and music take on an added loveliness and glam- our when one hears the great artists in plays or concerts, or meets a leader in any of these fields. Scientists are more admired after one knows something of the hardships met in endeavoring to establish oneself. All the young hopeful artists, actors, authors, or business people that one learns to know add to the feeling that you are living with your finger-tips on the pulse of the world, you are one of those who is doing things, not just reading about them, one helping to make the wheels go round. It is not all perfect by any means, but it is often the very imperfection which makes one's experiences human and interesting.
Perhaps I have talked too much as though it were necessary to have much money to travel and hear great artists in order to enjoy oneself after you no longer have college parties to go to. It is an advantage, but not necessary. One can find any number of fascinating things to do


10 To Di
in New York, where prices are generally high, that cost nothing or
to nothing. On rainy or cold days there are any number of muse, galleries, exhibits to visit. On nice days, one can seek out one of rather queer sections and walk through Brass Town, Little Russia, . Bowery, or Chinatown, and eat unusual food. And I live in Greenwi Village, queer enough in itself. Then there is Broadway on New Yeari Eve, with the gay crowd barely moving under the blaze of light, Fiftj
Avenue and Park Avenue on Easter morning when one sees more beautfe ful street clothes than could be seen at one time anywhere else in the world, or for contrast, Union Square when the Reds are having a rally., And if there is nothing else to do, one can take a ferry boat ride across the Hudson to Hoboken, or across the harbor to Staten Island, for either four or five cents respectively. This I like to do best of all just as
the sun is sinking, giving a pink glow to the sky and reflected in the water. To see the heavy tugs, the little light boats, and the huge steam- ers. And best of all, to watch the skyline of the city as more and more lights twinkle forth in the buildings. All dirt and sordidness is hidden and only the beauty of the city left. Then there are pleasant evenings with friends in your own apartment. In smaller towns, there are other
ways of adding variety to the day, particularly can sports be enjoyed more than in the city.
I had the lesson of enjoying little things brought to me so keenly by M rs. Murphy, a dear fat Irish lady who cleans our offices. One of our first lovely spring days she was near my desk when I arrived at the store, smiling as she worked. She greeted me in this way, "Oh, and it's a beautiful marnin'. When I was comin' down to the store at six- thoity, there was a sweet breeze blowin', and I had Fifth Avenue all to mesilf!" And she was to all appearances that morning just as happy as though she did own the finest retail avenue in the world. It is a
splendid quality, that enjoyment of little things. "As the "Cheerful Cherub" says:
"I love the little joys of life—
The smell of rain, the sound of brooks, The taste of crispy toast and jam,
The sight of rows and rows of books."
But to come back to business. It is only a matter of ten or fifteen years since college women first entered the field of retailing. It is be- coming more popular each year, however, evidenced by the fact that each summer there are scores of young college graduates storming the doors for opportunities. Most of them must start with selling. Some "live through it" to very good positions, but many become discouraged and drop out. The work is hard, and older executives are critical and often hard task-masters. To a young person six months is a long time, but to the older person it is a very short time in which to prove oneself,
and so one may work on for some time with small salary and little en- couragement. For many years, the attitude in a store was that the only way to learn the business was from the bottom up. Only recently have


JANUARY, 1931 11
•tores sought college graduates, and they still make it very evident that they care for ability, not degrees.
It was a surprise and a revelation to me to see very bright, young college men and women very casually fired from their jobs for ineffi- ciency or inability to get along with people. When I left college, I imagined as you probably do, that the world was rather waiting for ys. It's net, though, it's getting along very nicely without you. No one in the business world is going to make nearly the fuss over you that you expect. It will be up to you to make a place for yourself.
The general manager of Mandel Brothers' store in Chicago spoke before the American Association of Deans of Women which met in
\ 11 an tic City. N.J., last spring. In his address he gave what he con- red as some of the advantages and disadvantages of college people in stores, fie mentioned as things in their favor the facts that they are very flexible in attitude, that is open-minded and reasonable, that they lie trained to investigate and experiment, they have the ability to think fast and usually clearly, and they are ambitious, anxious to advance. He also mentioned that they are tolerant of others and willing to co- operate, that is. they are a better contact person than the average, willing to train subordinates, and able to make friends readily. This is a long list of attributes, but he partially offsets it with the following facts. The college |>erson is very impatient in awaiting better pay and business results. They fail to realize that they are under a four year handicap of lack of exjx'rience. Also, a general tendency to be indifferent towards traditional principles of doing business and attempting to substitute theory for experience. You are sure to leave college with some excel- lent theories of how to do things, but be very cautious as to when and how you present these to the person of long experience. Mr. Hudgins also mentioned the inclination of college people to be clannish with other college people. There is nothing which will kill one more quickly in business than snobbishness. For you will, in all probability, work
with, or under, remarkable people who are accomplishing most admirable things and yet have not even had a high school education. These people know that they have done well, and yet they are very sensitive, and very resentful towards a college "know-it-all" attitude.
I have heard two of the chief executives of our firm talk on the qual- ities which they seek in their assistants, in junior executives. Let me say in passing that these are two of the finest men that I have ever met, one the president of the firm is also director of several banks and other important organizations, and the other man is vice president of the firm and chief merchandise manager. They are not college men, but they are very keen, remarkably alert and well-read.
First of all in judging others, they look for intelligence, that open- mindedness that we have mentioned before. And with this, knowledge, not only of their particular profession, but an all-round knowledge of politics, science, and philosophy, of what is going on in the world. Then they look for good health. Work is a splendid disciplinarian. One can- not lie in bed with a headache or baby oneself over a cold. The work


12
T o DRAGMA :
must be done, and particularly if it is work one enjoys, one will guard health and build up resistance. Self-confidence is a great help in being an executive. Likewise, courage, the courage of one's convictions, and the courage to meet unusual situations. Imagination, just day-dreaming, and vision which divides the day-dream into the lasting and the trivial' will carry one far in planning for the future. Initiative and industry are very necessary for success, that is, the ability to apply oneself to a job until it is well done. Good judgment is important, the result of
learning by one's experiences. And the best executives are courteous cheerful, and friendly, qualities that are much more than mere polite- ness, much more human, for they mean considerateness and appreciation of others. Crowning all, let me mention the dynamic force of en- thusiasm.
But if women are becoming so enthusiastic about business careers what of modern marriage? I doubt if it will be harmed, perhaps im- proved. In the days of our grandmothers, there was little else for a woman to do, and so she married at an early age as much for security as anything else. People still fall in love just as easily, but there is a greater economic pressure, it costs more to have the necessary things. And besides, there is a rather general feeling that makes many a woman want to prove that she can earn her own living regardless of whether
she must or not. I know that President Atkinson agrees with this prov- ing one's ability to provide for self. I remember him saying so when I was in school, and I doubt if he has changed his mind.
The danger in this is that after being free, a girl hates to give up her career and subordinate her personality to a man's, fond of him though she may be. Or it may only make her wait until she finds a man whose tastes and interests blend with hers, and who is willing to work out his life and let her work out hers, co-operate, but remain two distinct personalities. Very frequently this is successful, the combining of career and home-making. This is more possible now than formerly because of our many modern conveniences in the home. A woman earn-
ing a substantial salary may well afford to hire maid service. A great many of my business associates do this. In most cases, the women keep their own names, some preferring not even to wear a wedding ring. If they wish to have children, a year's leave of absence may be obtained. The woman being assured that there will be a place for her when she re- turns. May not a woman of this kind be a better companion to a man, more of a partner? Will they not have more to talk about, and less boredom ?
The term "old maid" is heard less frequently in these days. It is still used to describe a certain type of woman, who may be either mar- ried or single. She is a person who has a passion for order, who is prudish, to whom things are more important than people. She is usually a very selfish person and often lonely.
The number of women to whom this term is applicable has amazingly thinned out in the last quarter of a century. Not because more women are marrying, but because more women have become able to develop


JANUARY, 1 9 3 1 13
the best that is in them without marrying. They meet the world with . fear, and realize that it belongs to women as well as to men. _ Eco- nomic independence, independence of mind, an increasing ability to look well regardless of age, have added greatly to a woman's enjoyment
°f *With those of you who are so soon to be graduated from Montana State College, let me review the things that college has given you as equipment. College provides a background, gives you poise, and devel- ops social-mindedness. Qualities of this kind are equally important in any profession, or out of one. They are your preparation for living a well-balanced life. College also has given you some skill for work, knowledge in preparation for your vocation. I hope that it has also given you a love for learning—a realization of the enduring fun and thrill of reading and acquiring information. It is so important for you to go on learning, to keep up to date; for communication with your friends, and for mental companionship with some of the greatest minds of the ages.
Our modern world is quick-moving, complex, and never entirely satisfactory. It is this very complexity which challenges the best that
isinus. •, , Perhaps one sighs for the past which must be laid away in lavendar with your college memory-book; and then fare forth bravely and en- thusiastically, with a determination to find interesting things, new beau-
ties and charm in the ways of the work-a-day world.
Tell your Cfriends of <y4lpha Omicron TVs
$i ooo (fellowship f
rT^HE attention of students (non-members of Alpha Omicron Pi) I who are graduates and who desire to do further work in their field is again called to the fact that the amount offered for the Alpha Omicron Pi Fellowship is $1,000. The work may be in any field. The applicant will be considered on the basis of her fitness for her chosen
profession, her attitude toward life and her general needs and qualifica- tions.
Applications must be mailed to Elsie Ford Piper, Chairman of the Fellowship Committee not later than March 1. For information and blanks write to Miss Piper, 1731 D Street, Lincoln, Nebraska.
Our Hest Wishes and Sympathy to —
\17E REJOICEwith Kathryn BremerMatson (T),our Grand Treas- ^ u r e r and with Nell Fain Lawrence (NO), our Extension Officer, upon the arrival of daughters. Mary Kathryn Matson was born on September 2 8 and weighed seven pounds two ounces. Ellen Jean Law-
rence weighed eight pounds upon her worldly debut, October 2 3 .
We extend our sincere sympathy to Luise Sillcox ( A '11), and Cecilia
Sillcox Garvan ( A '08), in the death of their mother on October 1.


CJ^enison ^Welcomes Our By EDITH HUNTINGTON ANDERSON, Beta Phi
THE installation of Alpha Tau Delta as Alpha Tau Chapter of Al- pha Omicron Pi on December 13 was a noteworthy event. More members of the fraternity were present, and more chapters repre- sented than at any installation in recent years. The forty-first active chapter to be added to our organization is situated in a university rich in traditions, and one which draws a particularly fine type of student from every corner of the United States. Many men prominent in fra- ternity work in their national organizations have learned the lessons of loyalty and devotion to an ideal at Denison. We anticipate that the women's fraternities will contribute as many prominent workers in time as have the men's.
At four o'clock on Friday afternoon, December 12, occurred the pledging of the fifteen members of the active group. That evening most of them took the fraternity examination, over the material which had been sent for them to learn and over which they had worked so dili- gently. Saturday morning at nine, fraternity examinations were con- tinued for the alumna? who had arrived meanwhile and the remaining
(J[

n Unusual
installation
Winter
14
on the
favorite Campus Walk
Denison
Denison
Campus—A
President's
Chapel in the background
L
Home at the left and


^youngest Qhapter
An air view of the Denison Campus at Granville, Ohio, shows the attractive setting of this college. The majority of the college buildings are shown in the right center with the stadium in the left foreground.
Ushers in ^Alpha Tau Qhapter
actives. The thirteen attractive pledges of Alpha T au were also pledged to Alpha Omicron Pi, and the eleven alumna? who returned for installa- tion were pledged. The initiation of five active seniors took place before luncheon.
The luncheon was served at the home of Mrs. Walter B. Livingston, wife of the Director of Athletics of Denison, one of the alumnae and for a long time an interested adviser of the group. She was later elected alumna adviser of the newly installed chapter. The actives and pledges of Alpha Tau assisted Mrs. Livingston in serving a delicious buffet luncheon to about forty Alpha O's preceding the installation ceremonies.
The initiation of the remaining members of the active chapter and alumnae, twenty-six in all, took place Saturday afternoon at the chapter house. The initiation was conducted by Edith Anderson, Alice Cull- nane and Irma Jeanne Corlies, president of Eta Chapter. Edith Hunting- ton Anderson installed the chapter for the fraternity. Saturday evening
IS


16
at seven o'clock, fifty-four members of the fraternity, including nine pledges of Alpha T au Chapter, attended the impressive banquet at the beautiful Granville Inn. Nine chapters, including the newest one, were represented at the banquet. Jane Scully, president of Alpha Tau was toastmistress.
On Sunday afternoon the Denison Orchestra and Engwerson Chorus gave a beautiful rendition of Handel's "Messiah" in the Swasey Chapel on the campus. Following this event the chapter entertained a few members of the college faculty at tea at their home. They have a small chapter house not far from the campus which they purchased last year and have had remodeled and newly decorated during the summer. No Denison women may reside off the campus where they are most com- fortably housed in the dormitories, so the chapter houses are used only for rushing parties, chapter meetings and entertaining.
Those members and pledges who attended the banquet following in- stallation were: Marjorie Rapp (AT), Irma Jeanne Corlies (H), An- toinette Shaw (AT),Madge Barr (Q), now attending Denison, Allieret Chrysler Morrow (AT), Mary Helen Estey (AT pledge), Virginia S. Wilson (AT),Evelyn Bachelder (AT),Frances E. Shera (B0), Helen Lawson (AT), Marian Mohr (AT), Betty Baxter (AT pledge), Jose- phine Hedges (AT pledge), Frances E. Bingham (AT), Doris Palmer (AT), Martha Ann Shepardson (AT pledge), a niece of Dr. F . W. Shepardson, National President of B©n, Laurabelle Ashbrook (AT), Ruby Doench (0H), Katherine Liles (0H), Helen Wyeth (AT), Vera
Charter members of Alpha Tau chapter pose with Alice Cullnane,
Seated, left to right: Betty Jackson, Dorothy Weichman,
Scully, Kathryn Luebben, Marian Mohr. Second row: Irma
son, Frances Bingham, Elisabeth Mosher, Madge Barr,
Third row: Barbara Clarke, Evelyn Bachelder, Marjorie Rapp, Martha McCray
Doris Palmer.
Registrar. Alice Cullnane. Jane Hudson, Helen Law- Laurabelle Ashbrook.
J


JANUARY, 1931
4\ ^

These are the pledges of our newest
Stated: Martha Ann Shepardson, Elnora Shirk, Josephine Hedges, Genevieve Kloffc'nburg, Mary Estey, Mable Carter. Second row: Dorothy Barr, Theodora Jones Elisabeth Baxter, Sara Montgomery, Mono Oxrteder, Barbara Daniels, * ' Barbara Jackson.
Hesterberg (011), Betty Mosher (AT), Mabel Carter (A T pledge), Ada Smith Trueblood ( 0 ) , Barbara Jackson (A T pledge), Barbara Clarke (AT), Margaret Montgomery (AT), Theodora Jones (A T pledge), Jean- nette C.Shepard (I),Marian L.Olive (I),MarthaMcCray (AT),Mil-
dred Riegel (£2), Irma Hudson ( A T ) , Dorothy Dorsey ( 0 H ) , Dorothy Weichman (AT).Miriam Reeve (AT), Adelia M. Hanks (0H), Hope Johnson Tiemeyer (011), Kathryn Luebben (AT), Mona Oxrieder (AT pledge), Elnora Shirk (AT pledge), Cora Frances Shirk Fisher (AT), Anna Z. Wright (AT), Mariellen Hoffman (AT), Grace B. Living- ston (AT), Alice Cullnane (B*), Jane Scully (AT, president), Edith Huntington Anderson (B<3>), Helen G. Laycock (AT), Ermina Smith Price (I), Geraldine Kindig (P), Mary Gertrude Manley (B<£), Eliza- beth Jackson (AT), and Margaret Barr (Q).
Denison University Was (founded in i 8 j i
By JANE SCULLY, Alpha Tau
DENISON University had its foundations in deep religious con- victions. It grew out of the desire of the Baptist denomination in Ohio for a well-educated ministry to lead their work in an era marked by great expansion in religious and material life. This aspiration led to the organization of the Ohio Baptist Education Society in 1830, with the express aim of providing a school of higher learning.
chapter.


IS To DRAGMA
The "Granville Literary and Theological Institution," so named in its first Charter, opened its doors on December 13, 1831, occupying tem- porarily the Baptist Church on the present site of the Conservatory 0 f Music. The purpose of the founders, as expressed in an address of the next year, was "to furnish the means of obtaining a thorough Classi- cal and English education, which shall not be inferior to what can be obtained in any institution, of whatever name, in the western country."
The enterprise embraced at first some features of an agricultural college, occupying a farm one mile southwest of town. But these fea- tures were soon abolished as impractical in connection with collegiate instruction. The theological department was also subsequently aban- doned. In 1845 the name was changed to Granville College.
In 1855 the present site on the hill north of town was secured and the college was moved to the new location. This was the beginning of more rapid growth. A small endowment fund was raised, and the name was changed to Denison University.
In the period following the Civil War the University grew more rapidly. The endowment fund was doubled, reaching the sum of $100,000 and several buildings were added to the equipment. T h e curriculum was extended, and faculty and students increased in numbers.
In the next year after the founding of the institution for young men a private school for young women was organized. Mr. Charles Sawyer a merchant of Granville, was instrumental in its establishment, erecting two buildings for the school on the present Shepardson campus. After existing more than fifty years as a private enterprise and being firmly established eventually by D r . D . Shepardson, this school was turned over to the Baptist denomination in 1887, and affiliated with Denison. In honor of its donor, a zealous advocate of women's education, the new
department was called Shepardson College for Women. In 1900 a closer union of the two institutions was affected by the co-ordination of Shepardson College with Denison University. Its students enjoy the same scholastic advantages as the' men of Denison and receive the same recognition on completion of the course.
Provision was made for musical training by the organization of the Denison Conservatory of Music, a department complete in itself, but affiliated with the collegiate departments.
Denison University is a Christian institution in the sense that it is j fostered by a religious denomination and that its entire life and manage- ment are dominated by religious motives. There is no attempt nor desire to force instruction into sectarian channels, and all advantages are freely offered without any religious distinction. The aim of the University is to provide a thorough college education under such influences as strengthen Christian faith and build up Christian character.
During the one hundred years of its existence, the University has been true to the religious and scholastic purposes of its founders. Its religious influence is marked by the large number of graduates who have given their lives to the Christian ministry and to the cause of home and foreign missions. In teaching and in other professions, as well as in


January, 193 19
I
The Roots—Founders: Alice Cullnane (B<I>).
The Stem—Executive Committee: Mary Gertrude Manley (B4>).
The Branches—Alumnae: Ermina Smith Price ( I and Cincinnati
Alumna?).
The Leaves—Undergraduates: Edith Huntington Anderson (15*).
Alpha Tau installation "Banquet
CHAPTER GREETINGS: 9, Ada Smith Trueblood; P. Geralditte Kindig; I, Marian Olive; B#, Mary Gertrude Manley; 11, Irtna Jeanne Corlies; 9., Mildred Riegel; B 9 , Frances Shera; OH, Ruby Doench.
READINGOFTELEGRAMSANDLETTERSOFGREETING—MadgeBan, SI GREETINGS FROM A T ALUMNA—Helen Laycock, President of A T alumnae. GREETINGS FROM AT UNDERGRADUATES—Jane Scully, President.
THE ROSEBUSH OF ALPHA OMICRON PI.
commercial and industrial pursuits, Denison is worthily represented by many alumni.
Dr. Avery A. Shaw was inaugurated as the twelfth president of Denison on October 21, 1927. The University is looking forward to the completion of the first one hundred years of its history in 1931. The Board of Trustees has appointed a Centennial Program Committee to make provision for a worthy celebration of this significant event. The Committee has adopted a program of endowment and building projects requiring three million dollars to carry through, and expects to com- plete this program in time for the centennial celebration.
z/flpha
take care of the number of girls enrolled in the college.
The name of Alpha Tau Delta was agreed upon, the colors, coral
and olive green, the jewel, an emerald, and the flower, the coral tea rose. In that same evening the group had an idea of the pin they wanted, shield-shaped, which later developed into that design.
From that time they held regular Monday afternoon meetings in accordance with the other groups. Officers were elected with Helen Laycock, president; Mariellen Hoffman, vice-president; Nina Watkins, secretary; Mary Case Amner, treasurer.
Although the trustees did not recognize Alpha T au Delta until June, 1927, the girls carried on rushing and business just the same. They had their pins which were worn in secret. Rushing parties were given,
and also parties with men.
A
Tau "Delta J£ad Auspicious "Beginnings
By CORA FRANCES FISHER An Alpha Tau Delta Founder
LPHA TAU DELTA was founded October 23, 1926. On the eve
of that day thirteen girls met in one of the lower rooms of Beaver * Hall and discussed the founding of a sorority. They felt the need of a new group on the Denison campus as the four already there did not


20
The thirteen founders are: Helen Laycock, Nina Watkins, Mariellen Hoffman, Jessie Hardman, Mary Case Amner, Mildred Burns, Constance Graves Doty, Carol Joy King Heckman, Naomi Smithman, Cora Frances Shirk Fisher, Margaret Teas, Virginia Wilson and Helen Wyeth.
The first house that Alpha Tau Delta had was a rented one on North Pearl Street. The girls kept this one for two years, and then feeling the need of a different location, and a more cozy house, they rented a cottage owned by the university. This cottage burned soon after the second semester in 1930 began, and the girls went to houses in town owned by the alumnae for their meetings.
During the summer, 1930, due to the fact that they had progressed along financial lines as well as others, they were able to buy a house on Plum Street.
On December 13, 1930, one of their greatest hopes was realized. They were installed into the national sorority, Alpha Omicron Pi. Al- ready the other sororities on campus were national KA0, KKr , AAA, A $, X fi.
The girls rate very highly in every way. They are above the average in scholarship and many of the girls take part in departmental and other college activities.
The sorority believes thirteen to be its lucky number for it started with thirteen members, was installed in Alpha Omicron Pi on December 13 and has thirteen pledges this, semester.
(founders' Day
Celebrated
"T^OUNDERS' D A Y has passed us again, and in almost every chap- JP ter letter published, you will read of luncheons, teas, breakfasts,
banquets in honor of our Founders. The day has come to mean homecoming to many of our members, and so it should!
In the far corners of the land where our groups are not organized, the girls have come to gather for that one occasion. The following let- ter came from Helen Howard Newby (Oil), to prove the statement. Hearsay tells us that the Alpha O's in Honolulu kept the day, too. *j
Founders' Day has come and gone. Perhaps you would be interested to know that we, in far-off Houston (far-off from any other chapter) celebrated its passing with a tea at the home of one of our members. We bad a cake, candles, and all the trimmings, including the lovely red roses of our sorority.
We have met once a month now for several months. Our meetings are either luncheons, or teas, and recently we have been paying our hostess fifty cents each time. She provides any and all refreshment, but turns over to the treasurer all
the money collected. With these, we are buying playground equipment, books, and some toys for some very unfortunate children who are isolated from the orphan's home, and are provided with practically nothing by the city. There are eighteen of these youngsters, from four to twelve years of age, and we feel our few dollars could not be better spent.
We have a roll-call of nineteen, but several of these are conspicuous by their absence most of the time. There are about seven or eight who are always there, and we hope to keep some small sort of organization going, but as yet we do not feel able to organize as a chapter, or even as an association. We cannot afford to pay all that such an organization would entail, but we do hope to be able to have one sometime.


HngJ^and, Old an
QHINA By
MARGARET WYNE, Rho
M
spending their first year in such countries as China or Japan, so totally different from the country that we call home, write many long letters, describing in detail all of-the unusual sights and sounds, and commenting on the be- havior of a race of people in many respects so different from them- selves. But as we become ab- sorbed in our work, and get accus-
tomed to our new surroundings, we begin to wonder what on earth to write about, as things once strange have become to our dulled senses so commonplace. However, after five years of residence in Peking, now called Peiping, a few of my observations may be of in- terest to some, especially those who may be contemplating a trip around
that way in the near future.
China, like most other coun- tries at present, is changing very rapidly, but it is especially notice- able there because the old and the new constantly appear side by side before our eyes, thus affording a rather startling contrast.
Strings of camels, loaded with coal, and little donkeys, rendered almost invisible by the piles of merchandise they carry, amble along beside the street cars, now only four years in existence. Coun- trymen with long pig-tails jostle gentlemen in American or Euro- pean dress in the crowded streets; automobiles and rickshas vie with
OST PEOPLE


22 T O PRAGMA
each other for the right of way; huge trucks sweep by loaded with furni- ture, while poor, shabby coolies trudge wearily along carrying enormous tables and cabinets on their backs. The old-fashioned funeral proces- sion is often preceded by a band, which is as apt to play "Over There'' or "Marching Through Georgia" as anything. The shops afe bursting forth with more and more dazzling electric signs, and many of them have adopted the "cheap sale" method of advertising to attract cus- tomers. In the theater district, the devotees of the drama still sit on
into the small hours, chatting and eating watermelon seeds, and drinking tea, while they await the appearance of their favorite actor. In the foreign section, the more modern ones are eagerly watching American movies, and heaven knows what they must think of us if the screen is their only point of contact. It is difficult to say what other sources of
amusement have been available to the young, but now many of them flock to the hotels and dance waltzes and fox-trots as ardently as any American youths and flappers. There are still women with bound feet tottering along, but most of them are middle-aged or old; now it is only in the country that one meets young girls who are victims of this cruel custom. Girls Avere formerly careful guarded, but now they bob their hair, and ride bicycles in the streets.
I suppose that most people are more or less charmed by the queer alley-like lanes that twist and turn, and that, together with the five or six real streets, are the main streets of Peiping. They wind like a laby- rinth between walls, behind which we cannot see, but this adds to their mysterious attraction for us. We may be passing a palatial residence or a crowded hut, and there is always the fascination of seeing some in- teresting sight as we fly around the corners in our rickshas. These little
streets, some fairly wide, and others so narrow that only pedestrians may pass in opposite directions, have very unusual names, too. Just listen to some of them: Velvet Paw Lane, Elephant's Trunk, Gold Fish Street
-
Camels carry loads of coal in China.
•~7


JANUARY, 1°31
23
i
nrffr I
i
A funeral procession on one of Peiping's main streets.
Horse's Tail Street, Filial Piety Lane, Fried Fish Street, The Back Chair, The T able Drawer, and Pig Street.
On Pig Street is the pig market, and such squealing! When they tie several of the scrawny creatures by their feet to a pole, and two men walk off with the ends of the pole resting on their shoulders so that the pigs hang head down, the squeals can be heard for blocks. This reminds me of another queer sight that I happened to see one day. A ricksha man was pulling along a live pig, sitting up in the seat as calmly gazing about as if it were customary for pigs to ride in rickshas. One really needs a movie camera in such a city.
Some of the schools are still old-fashioned, and are devoted to the memorizing of the old classics, and I think that some of the older people still think that their learning is stored in their stomachs. I know that one day I read a new recipe to the cook and asked him if he would be sure to remember it all. He gravely laid his hand over his fat waist and replied, "Yes,I have it here in my stomach." But there are also good modern schools, mostly conducted by the missionaries, where pupils are given more modern training. In the hospital where I work, the mental ability of the Chinese never ceases to be a marvel to me. There we have doctors and nurses who have mastered their own difficult language, and on top of that a difficult language like English, and then have be- come graduates in medicine and nursing in a school comparing favorably with any in the United States. I wonder how many of us would find it an easy task.
Many people ask what we do for amusement. Of course, we seldom have good shows or concerts, but there are the movies, and at least one "talkie," and some people play bridge and dance as they do here. We also enjoy spending week-ends hiking in the hills west of Peiping, and some do a great deal of horse back riding. We enjoy, too, visiting the beautiful old Buddhist temples out in the Hills. They are some-


T o DRAGIU
what run down, but there are still monks there, glad to collect a littl money from travelers for a night's lodging. These temples, along with the impressive Temple of Heaven, The Forbidden City, the Summer Palace, and the massive wall around the city of Peiping, are reminders of the grandeur and glory of the old China.
One of our chief means of entertainment is to gaze with raptuxe at the stacks of old embroidery that the shop boy from "Embroidery Street" bring and spread before our eager eyes. Perhaps one or two of them will appear as we finish dinner, each with a huge pack wrapped in heavy blue cloth slung over his shoulder. We gather expectantly around, even though we have seen many of the same things before, and as the gorgeously embroidered old mandarin coats, panels, chair covers lengths by heavy tribute silk, and what not, are spread before our dazzled
eyes, we each snatch out things that appeal to our individual fancy drape the chairs, and ourselves, and thus give ourselves away. For these boys are a salesmen not to be caught napping. They note at once what has caught the fancy of each one, and as they fold up their things generously press our favorite pieces into our hands, saying, "You keep' look see. I come back in two days." Of course we hand many things back, when the two days are up, but the flatness of our purses testifies to the appalling number that we cannot bear to part with. Some eve- nings it is the bead man with the most bewildering display of neck- laces, rings, and bracelets, and again it is the cloissone or the brass
man, and sometimes a curio dealer who is ready to swear by all the gods that his ivory elephants, painted silk scrolls, and porcelain snuff bottles are the oldest things in China, and genuine antiques.
One has to beware in bargaining for things out in the open markets. It is really amusing how easily swindled some of us are. Of course it is not considered good form to name a price on an article, or "say something" as they urge, and not actually strike a bargain. Y ou must
24
The Salvation
Army collects
Christmas
money in
Peiping.


•ANUAKY, 1 9 3 1
peki'f!'
^ K /
Unton College by
Nurses at the Pe- king Union Mcdi- cat Hospital.
Tffl' ^ockeieU
JT
T
Foundation.
)
meet somewhere at a middle price. One day when I was out on one of mv earlier shopping trips, I innocently informed a bazaar merchant that I might give him three dollars for a hideous little vase that he was urging on me for twelve. I thought that the great discrepancy would make him give up and decide not to sell, but to my amazement he hurriedly wrapped it in a piece of newspaper and gave it to me. There was nothing to do but produce the three dollars, and for several years that silly vase stood as a constant reminder of my unwise haste.
These remarks are rather rambling and disconnected. I am only jotting down the things that interest me as I see them from day to day. If I started on the wars and the political situation, or situations, it would be hopeless, for even the ones who are supposed to know all about things, seem to disagree. We who like and admire the Chinese people, feel certain that order will eventually come out of all the chaos, but no one is able to predict when. It is not a cheering thing to see the poverty, the grilling toil for low wages, the physical results of in- sufficient food, although in Peiping we have been spared some of the more ghastly manifestations of the present unfortunate conditions. It is extremely hard on the mass of the people.
To return to more frivolous matters, I wish to say that I hope that all of my readers may some day be fortunate enough to eat some real Chinese food, as it is prepared in China. It is entirely different from chop suey. I don't think that I have ever tasted more delicious flavors in cooking than I have tasted in Chinese food. I sometimes think that it is the thought of the delectable dishes awaiting me that lures me back to "The Flowery Kingdom." Do call on me at the Peking Union Medi- cal College!
-


I
s^mct^Cff i Ofante r•••
s
f
uts Through the

the
Courtesy Birmingham News
Age Herald.
11111
EtbtghcChdtcrfP^«•

is I
mi
•V.


tist Wife of 'Poet J{usband LIZABETH BLACK ( n ) , is a Southerner, a daughter of Colonel and Mrs. Bryan Black, New Orleans. She is the wife of the author of Deep South, Carl Carmer. Often the wife of an author of such alent and ability as Mr. Carmer is lost in her husband's personality, ut not so with Betty. In her own right she is gaining no little recogni- ion as an artist. Her charming black and white sketches are lending race and movement to several New York publications. The work of er pen and brush are as strikingly individual as is their creator.
Betty has always been more or less of a rebel in the ranks of de- orous, aristocratic forebears. After graduating from Sophie Newcomb ollege she displayed her revolutionary tendencies by refusing to make er debut. She made no secret of the fact that bridge parties, teas and ancing bored her. Instead she became absorbed in painting. Her por- raits were exhibited in various art shows throughout the South and re- eived favorable criticism.
Betty also finds outlet for her creative ability in designing wrought netal jewelry. With intricate instruments and glowing forge she fashions rom unwieldly lumps of silver, brass or copper original and exquisitely atterned necklaces, brooches and bracelets.
The Carmers spent a varied vacation. The first week in July they eft New York for what became a leisurely motor trip through Alabama nd Louisiana. Beyond visiting in New Orleans, Mobile and Birming- arn they have no charted route or time table. They are just as apt to
Vi ^e ^r t e n t kv t n e s ^e °f a f°r e s t stream or on a mountain top nile Betty sketches the landscape and Carl works on his new book.
27


The Red Square in Moscow. To the left is the fantastic Cathedral of St. Basil; to the right the walls and towers
the Kremlin, with, in the foreground of the wall, the tort., of Lenin. The Red Square has always been the political center of Moscow, and since the revolution, the scene of ( the holiday and other demonstrations. The old Lenin ton_ is now being rebuilt in red marble. Formerly it was of wood
•S cstm7mwthmthci? Uisit
SovietCI(ussia
ndand
sunfast,
water-proof father
red cloth. of the
Lenin is revolution.
regarded
as the
MY ROUTE took me to
Tabriz, a surprisingly ({Further
Dashing entures
bsmscaJbt no )wprogressive and modern Persian city, which I reached just in time for the beginning
A dv
of Moharrem, one of the most important of Persia's religious celebra- tions, which is to Mohammedans something of what Easter is to Chris- tians. For them it is a time of mourning for Husein and Hasan, Mo- hammed's grandsons, whose rights to succession were usurped and who were treacherously slain. The entire period is marked by acts of self- sacrifice and special devotion, and has as its particular feature most un- pleasant-to-look-at demonstrations. On the first day, I saw great groups of men go about the streets in chanting processions beating their bare breasts with doubled fists until they were crimson, and on the second day, whipping their bared backs to a raw state with iron chains. I, o r * tunately, I didn't stay until the tenth day when the excitement reaches its climax, and when fanatics, clothed in white gowns to represent
shrouds, go about cutting their heads and faces with swords or knives until the blood streams. I went on instead to Persian Julfa, across the river from which Russian Julfa, the gate to the Union of
Socialist Soviet Republics, lay.
Once definitely headed toward the Russian border, I began to be full of misgivings. Awful tales of the hard- ships, indignities and difficulties experienced by travelers
28


e n e at a railroad station in the Ukraine, in Russia. Pas- naers are seen buying their food from peasants or farmers ho come to the stations with milk, butter, bread, eggs, roast hickens berries, and fruits. Every railroad station in Russia, oreover, supplies free of cost to travelers boiling hot water, hich is kept on tap in a tank at the station. Travelers carry eir own teapots and tea, fill the pots from these vats, and ake and drink the tea in their train seats, with the food that ey have bought at the stations. Traveling across Russia,
therefore, often has quite a picnic aspect.
^tay atTolstoi'.
at the hands of the Russian From the Pen of customs and other officials kept flashing through my mind, and made me dread the moment when I would have to cross the ridge that separated the two Julfas, and the two countries. Three Per- ian children of fourteen, fifteen and sixteen going to America to join eir father in Chicago, and a young Russian boy on his way back to chool in Georgia (Russia, not America!) were my companions in the r which was getting to the border all too quickly. Finally it reached ne foot of the fatal bridge, and stopped. Persian coolies snatched my ags and started across the river. Russian porters snatched them from
e Persian hands at the half-way mark. I followed, with my thoughts n the bags and alrnost before I knew it, found myself irrevocably out f Persia and on Russian soil, in a tiny mud building with blank white-
ashed walls which was the "douane."
After a wait which seemed an eternity, a customs examination began itn a thoroughness that I have never seen before, and hope never to a v eVto see again—at least not if my bags are the subject of it! Every- thing was dumped out and opened to its last fold; every page of every book examined; every hem and lining searched; every written word looked over (although the examiners didn't know a word of English!); every picture and every film taken apart and looked at; every carton or
Lillian Schoedler
29


30
To DRAG
JHI
1
Peasants in Central Russia all dressed up for a holiday, and waiting at the station for the train to come in, just by way of excitement.
envelope or bag opened and emptied, no matter what it contained. Nothing was taken away or objected to, however; by a stroke of for- tune, which is an awfully good story but one too long to tell here, even all of my dresses and stockings and shoes (far in excess of the meager quota allowed) got by. Only an ancient copy of the New York Times picked up somewhere to wrap around a tin box was kept out for further examination (and returned later by the non-English-reading examiner as safe!)—that, and some Persian scarfs and curtains which I had bought for gifts, whose numbers exceeded the "allowable" sum, and
which I had to send "in transit" through Russia at my own cost, and at an expenditure of money, agony and annoyance before I got it back again that could hardly be believed, but which marked so many later contacts with Russian officialdom. Otherwise everything was clear, and I found myself and my possessions free to go on.
I spent a little more than two months in Russia. Entering it from the south, at Julfa, I went by train through Russian Armenia (with a lovely day's ride in full view of Mt. Ararat), to Tiflis, the capital of Georgia. After a stop there, I traveled by motor over the famous Georgian Military Road across the backbone of the Caucasus Moun- tains—a wonderful ride over a wonderfully scenic highway that climbed from flower-covered valleys to mountain snows (with 18,000-foot Mt. Elbruz crowning the peaks), and then down again through the deep
gorge of a rushing slate-colored mountain stream—to Vladikavkas. From there I went by train via Rostov and through the North Caucasian Area, the country of the Don Cossacks and vast steppe lands to Mos- cow, where I spent two weeks, during which, among busy days of seeing Russian sights and museums, a group of a dozen Americans managed to
I
stfaS(aaftfsStJ^Cpsgoi

ANUARY, 1931
31
Alexander-column,

The Uritsky Square, the finest in Leningrad, showing the mighty
and on the right the immense archway of the vast General Staff buildings.
teal time for a marvelously successful Fourth of July picnic supper in he Lenin Hills. Then to Berlin by way of White Russia and Poland, or a fortnight's visit with my mother, who was traveling in Europe nd whom I hadn't seen for two years. Back into Russia again from tettin through the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland to Leningrad formerly St. Petersburg). Ten rich days there, once more to Moscow, nd on to Nijni Novgorod for the famous All-Russian Fair, which was sad disappointment. Then for a trip down the Volga on a com- ortable river steamer as far as Saratov, with stops at many villages on he way, including Kazan, the capital of the Tartar Republic (seeing to Volga boatmen, however!), and feeling often reminded of the life, cenery and villages along the Alaskan bays and the Yukon River. From aratov (in the Volga-German Republic) across country to Kharkov, he seat of the Ukrainian Soviet Government, and thence south through Je Ukraine to Simpferopol, on the Crimean Peninsula. From there to urzuf, Yalta, Aloopka and all of the other enchanting Riviera-like rimean resorts on the sparkling Black Sea in country which can easily
its place among the most beautiful in the world, ending at Sevasto- ol, famous for its siege of 1855 (passing also through Balaklava, the cene of the charge of the Light Brigade immortalized in Tennyson's ?«n). Then northward again, with a stop to see a sixteenth century
a P s palace at Bakhtchisarai, where I also had an interesting visit utside of a prayer-house of the Howling Dervishes with one of the owlers" and his family, and through the Ukraine once more to Mos-
w> and finally across Siberia to Manchuria, China and Japan, n'karnec*m o r e aboutRussiangeographyinthosetwomonthsthan years of study at school! It surprised me that so much of the coun-
111


32
To DRAGMA
Jtry, with the exception of the territory around the Black Sea and the Caucasus, and parts of Russian Armenia, was scenically prosaic. The opportunity which the trip gave, however, for seeing the Soviet sytsem in operation was generous and fascinating. Unfortunately, so much of this letter has already been taken up with Persia that there isn't much space left for going into detail about Russia. And perhaps it is just as well—for three reasons. One is that even a brief comment would require a whole letter in itself. A second is that so many people are writing about Russia these days, on the basis of much the same things that I saw, and the same facts and figures, that my account would probably hold nothing new. The main reason, however, .is that frankly I do not feel prepared at the moment to write from any critical view-
point, for I feel that what I saw and learned represented too largely only one side of the picture—and I left Russia without having either the time or the opportunity to get more of the other side. I went into Russia unexpectedly, with no letters of introduction, no special interests or contacts, with little or no advance reading or study, and without any knowledge of the language. Arriving thus in Moscow, I found myself dependent for information and guidance largely on the Society for Cul- tural Relations with Foreign Countries, a quasi-official organ of the Soviet Government, and most of what I saw and learned was neces-
sarily through their office, their interpreters and their figures. From the very beginning I had the feeling that I was being shown and told only what they wanted me to see and know (one day, indeed, their guide refused to take us to a very bad slum section that we had heard about and wanted to see, but whose location we didn't know. We never did get to see it!). There was nothing else to do, however, forEnglish, French or German were of very little use, and I didn't know Russian. It was really only toward the end of my stay in Russia, when I had acquired a bit of a vocabulary and could talk even a little with the
people I met as I traveled, that I began to realize how much remained to be seen and said on the other side, and how unfair it would be to attempt to draw conclusions regarding the value or success of the Soviet regime on the basis of the picture I had been given, without opportunity for more inquiry, study or time than was possible at the moment in view of future plans. Please don't be disappointed or disgusted, there- fore, if I keep off that subject altogether in this letter, and limit it more to "surface" matters! Whatever one's opinion of the present system may be, however, it is impossible not to be fascinated with all that is being undertaken in the fields of public economy, education, public health, maternity protection, legal procedure, labor laws, family rela-
tionships, social insurance, cultural development, care of children, sport* housing, et cetera—and impossible, too, not to be left open-mouthed with amazement at the radical departures in almost all of these fields from standards and practices as we know them.
In my two months in Russia, I saw many of the country's wonder- ful museums, richer than ever now through the addition of untold treasures taken from former palaces and homes of noble or wealthy
fstrhiicnsosffosbtfwaafmmv2atptmmmqwm°asde

ANUARY, 1931
33
amilies. I visited factories, with their workers' clubs and creches, in- titutions for the care of children, prisons, workers' homes, nurseries, he huge sports clubs which are such a prominent feature of the new egime, and countless palaces and mansions turned into sanatoria, rest ouses, holiday homes or hospitals for "the people." I lunched one day n one of these palaces in Leningrad, now used as a vacation house, eat- ng with the factory workers in a marble-lined dining room with crystal handeliers and rich brocades that had once been the pride of some oble family. By a curious coincidence I dined on the evening of that ame day with the parents of the Princess who had been in charge f the pension in Teheran—nobles of the old school now living in two qualid rooms that were part of a tenement apartment shared by five amilies, who used the one kitchen and the apartment's meager-toilet acilities in common. Nothing could have given a more striking picture f the new order of things in Russia than that day's contrasts!
I went often also to the interesting theaters; to hear and see gypsy ingers and dancers; to enjoy some of the lovely old palaces that have een kept as parks and museums, for example, the Palace of Catherine he Great near Leningrad, and Peterhof, with its lovely Versailles-like ountains. At Dyetskoye Syelo I saw also the Alexander Palace from hich the Romanoffs went into banishment, and in which the Czar's partments have been left as they were on the night when Nicholas I I nd his family departed in 1917. The Kremlin in Moscow was closed or repairs, so I didn't see that, nor Lenin's Mausoleum, on which work- en were likewise busy. To more than make up for such disappoint- ents, however, I had the privilege of staying, during all of my final isit to Moscow, at the Tolstoi home as the guest of Sonia, Tolstoi's 9-year-old granddaughter, whom I had met through a mutual acquaint- nce, and in whom I found a very dear and real friend.
Despite the stories I had heard in Persia, I had a remarkably easy ime of it in Russia. As already stated, I got my visa promptly and ainlessly, without help or "pull" of any kind; and for no reason in he world, after I reached Moscow,! was given an initial period of six onths in which to stay in Russia, while most people have their per- issions doled out month by month. I was absolutely unrestricted in y .comings and goings, and in spite of people's stories and my own uite sharp lookout, I never had even the slightest feeling of being atched. Also, in spite of tales about the unfriendliness of the Govern- ent toward cameras, I took pictures without restrictions of any kind
(except the weather, in which clouds predominated!), and got my films ut of the country without any efforts at concealment. Although the ctual permission for entrance and exit visas and customs matters went moothly and simply enough, the story of the unspeakable irritations, ^ays, inconvenience and expense which were an inevitable part of very contact with customs or passport or police officials, due to red tepe, stupidity, or inflexible, cumbersome or slow-moving machinery, would fill volumes. Even now, months later, I haven't reached the end o f it, for I haven't yet got back seven pairs of shoes and some stockings


34 T o DRAGMA
which were taken from me as surplus when I came back again into Russia from Europe after my visit with my mother in July, and which were to be sent across Siberia "in transit" to be picked up by me on leaving Russia at the Manchurian border! However !
Text and -V Travel Hooks are Written by ^4lpha O's
ALPHA 0 authors have been busy this year, so we have several books to announce. Renshaw and Delery, whose French textbooks are well known, have prepared a new edition of Daudet's Artesienne (Cen- tury Company) and are at work on a book for the University of Chicago Press. This is our Gladys Anne Renshaw (II), of the Fellowship Award Committee. She teaches French at Sophie Newcomb College.
We have failed to tell you about Elizabeth C. Coddington's Our Country (Ginn and Company) which was published some time ago. This is a most appealing history written of children of the fourth, fifth or sixth grades. The style is informal and easy. The story of our country from settlement through the election of Herbert Hoover moves swiftly and should be most exciting for a child to whom this story is just being unfolded. The pictures are splendid with their human in- terest appeal. If your child doesn't use it in school, it would make a good book for supplementary reading. William J. Long is co-author of the volume.
One of the best travel books that has come our way of late is Miss Morrow Sees the Mediterranean (Penn Publishing Company). Margaret Yates (A), is the author. It is a rollicking tale of the no longer young, but very decidedly good humored Miss Morrow's sudden winter tour of the Mediterranean. From the time she finds herself properly settled in Mrs.Astor's suite until she decides to go on through Europe you are thoroughly amused. The humor is rare; the descriptions and writing fine. We enjoyed it so much that we are hoping Miss Morrow will tell of "Further European Journeying."
Announcement has come of the publication of The Long Vievf, papers and addresses by Mary E. Richmond, selected and edited by Joanna C. Colcord (T), and Ruth Z. S. Mann. The Russell Sage Foun- dation is the publisher. From the prospectus we are desirous of reading more. The book would be of especial interest to our social workers, of course, but the subtopics of the outline show it to have far wider appeal than a specialized volume might have.
JWCwCtac'gic

ANUARY, 1931
35
" >' -"-Tfc-
Offi ce
E HAVE moved!
I'm sorry. That is no longer news to you, for you have been addressing your reports and letters to Masonic Building, State ollege, Pennsylvania, for over two months now. But if you have not
ritten us in that time, and did not know it, may we announce that the entral Office has moved from Bloomfield, Xew Jersey, to State College? The five years that the office was in Bloomfield, first in its incep- ion in Miss Wyman's home, and later at 50 Broad Street, were profit- ble years. Under Elizabeth's guidance the work was organized and
ompetently carried out.
After Miss Wyman's resignation as registrar, the thought presented
tself that to have the Grand Secretary in the office would make toward reater efficiency and save much duplicating work, for the two do use «e same material. So when Edith, with a husband and family, could not ome to us, we came to her. The thought was right. Being here is

P1 * •
v

i
The Central Office is lii/ht and cheery. Anne, Altce
Come Uisit 3\ew
and Edith are working
busily.
Qentral
By ALICE CULLNANE, Registrar


36 To DRAGMA
making work much easier. Now we can talk over matters which used to require numerous letters to be understood clearly. We have complete files of correspondence, addresses, reports, et cetera, all so important to the proper functioning of the office routine. W e have three heads to settle the more difficult problems; we have an active chapter to cooperate in rush times, such as we had with the member-at-large letters; we are in no danger of duplicating work.
Another point of advantage was finding already in State College an assistant registrar all made to order. Winafred Steele had resigned to complete her work at Nebraska, and although we were missing her dreadfully, we were glad that she had the opportunity to get her degree. But, we needed an assistant. Anne Jeter Nichols ( K ) , is a very attrac- tive keen-minded girl, full of fun. It is not at all hard to sit across the desks from her all day. You will all like her when you get to know her next summer.
In short, the three of us are enjoying working together. Our office is very pleasant and our surroundings congenial. Being in a college at- mosphere is like having all the fun without the bother of classes or "exams." Stop offand see us when you are going through to New York. We should love it!
In the meantime don't forget that our new address is just Masonic
Building, State College, Pa. and addresses for our files.
We shall be glad to have your new names
TwmctaketasSist wcDOne corner of the office is proof of its
attractiveness.
0


A
I
5'

Two years in <^Mexico and 3\ot a jingle ^volution
By CAROL CLARK SHAW, Alpha Sigma
WO YEARS in Mexico and not a single revolution to report! Not even one honest to goodness bona fide bandit! To be sure I've encountered many who looked the part! Miners trudging to
ork with their "sarapes" pulled up in true bandit fashion over their ouths and noses (the morning air of Mexico might prove fatal); Cane utters in the south in their huge sombreros with colorful "sarapes" hrown over their shoulders or worn as coats their heads thrust through hole in the center, bearing long murderous looking machetes or cane nives—but a real dyed-in-the-wool marauder, not one have I discov- red.
When Wilma Smith Leland asked for an article on Mexico I sighed o myself and thought, "Had I only lived through the revolution of '14 nd '15 what tales might I not then have to tell." You see I feel that omething really bloodcurdling is due you. Surely press reports in the tates would lead one to suspect that life in almost any section of Mexico one of continuous upheaval.
There was, of course, the time when my sister and I were invited o a "Luneta" (moonlight dance) at the country club in Guadalajara hich had to be postponed because "revolutionaries" were expected to ome by that night on the Zapopan road. (The golf course which had e e n turned into what looked like a veritable adobe brick factory was
37
Cinco de Mayo finds the Mexican school children on parade.


38 T o DRAGMA
what we discovered to be in reality preparations for trenches.) The bandits failed to appear on that occasion, and we left the country two weeks later just before the last revolution got under way.
Then again there was the thrilling occasion three years ago (my stay in Mexico has not been consecutive) when the Yaqui Indians at Cumpas, thirty miles from Nacozari, the town in Northern Sonora where I was teaching, sent word that they would be in to capture the place. News of the expected attack arrived on Sunday, the attack, according to their dispatch to occur on the following Wednesday. An appeal for soldiers wired in on Sunday to Fronteras, a small military post fifty miles away, brought relief on Friday two days after the promised at- tack was to have occurred! Characteristic of Mexican speed! (Mexi- can soldiers are a picturesque looking lot. In this section of the coun- try they invariably arrive in a collection of nondescript faded khaki uniforms riding on top of box cars and bringing with them their "sol- daderas" or women camp followers. These women are often the wives of the men with whom they travel, and they act as cook, comforter and nurse and are often even known to follow their men into the trenches.)
Excitement was rife on this particular Wednesday. The day passed and no Yaquis! Hoof beats on the plaza and excited voices at midnight brought many of us dashing out of our beds, but instead of a Yaqui attack we discovered that some playful "hombre" had merely strangled an acquaintance of his in front of the concentrator. Picturesque murder used to be rather popular in this section, but even that now is becom- ing a novelty!
At the present writing I am leading the most peaceful existence imaginable, having given up school teaching for the more interesting career of wife of an American mining engineer. We are now located in Pilares de Nacozari, a little copper mining town six miles above Nacozari. I say "above" advisedly as there is a difference in elevation of two thousand feet in the two towns. Pilares contains the mine proper and Nacozari, because of the difficulty of getting sufficient water in Pilares, the mill or concentrator. The mine is controlled by American interests. Each town has an American population which fluctuates be- tween ninety and one hundred fifty. The Mexican population in Pilares is approximately seven thousand and in Nacozari about three thousand. Due to the recent heavy drop in the price of copper and consequent curtailment of production, the American group in both camps has been somewhat depleted.
Nacozari is located in a little valley enclosed on all sides by high mountains, but Pilares clings tenaciously to the sides of the mountains themselves. The American colony here boasts one main street, Pershing Drive. The "Drive" is misleading for to drive up this rocky mountain side is entirely out of the question. Not even a motorcycle could make the grade for the last half of the street is composed entirely of steps. Our houses slide down either side, looking, from a distance, like huge steps themselves. Our grocery, ice and meat deliveries and even our


JANUARY, 1931 39
A portion of the Mexican settlement in Pilares de Nacosari. The mine shaft is at the right. The American colony is on the hill above the shaft.
garbage collection are made by burros. Boxes strapped on either side of the long-suffering little beasts serve as carry-alls.
How Mexico could exist without the burro is problematical. Every day long strings of them can be seen carrying ore in from the small distant mines, bringing wood in from the hills, carrying corn to market or doing duty as the family moving van! The fish used to stock our lake were carried out in huge barrels of water by burro and even the small boat for the gun club went out in the same manner.
We have a good deal of social life in the two colonies. There are innumerable bridge luncheons and teas, a great many dinner parties and an occasional dance. Formerly when one wished to go from Pilares to Nacozari to attend some social function, it was necessary to walk down to the mine shaft, take the cage or mine elevator, descend seven hun- dred feet into the mine, take a gasoline motor and ride three-quarters °f a mile through the mine to Porvenir—the settlement which marks the other mine entrance—and here transfer to an ore car or lumber car on which to complete the journey. Many a dance have I gone to
this way except that I reversed the process coming up from Nacozari. this last year the company has put in a road between the two camps 8 0 that it is now possible to make the trip by automobile, a much more
comfortable but much less thrilling means of transportation.
Golf, tennis and swimming are included in our sports. The golf course is located in Nacozari as there is no land within miles of Pilares evel enough for such a purpose. A difficult enough time was encoun- ered in finding a suitable spot for a tennis court. No space sufficiently evel being available the court had to be cut out from one of the moun-
tain sides.


40
To DRAGMAOnce a year there is a two-day tournament between the two townswhen contests in all sorts of sports are held and a dance and barbecue complete the festivities. On the Cinco de Mayo (May 5) one of the most important of the Mexican holidays, a burro polo game is usually staged. These polo matches are most amusing and often decidedly hard on the participants.
The Mexicans in Northern Sonora are almost entirely of the peon class, most of those here being employed as workers in the mine. They have largely adopted American dress and are not nearly so romantic looking as the peons of the south. The women still cling to their "rebozas," black shawl-like head coverings, and occasionally, especially at night, the men don vividly colored "sarapes," but for the most part they are rather a drab looking lot.
Pulque, the national drink of the poorer classes in Central and Southern Mexico, is not sold here as the maguey plant from which it is made does not grow well in this rocky soil and the drink spoils if not used when fresh. Tequilla and mescal, two more potent brands of Mexi-can "fire water" are, however, sold in great quantities. On pay day the Cantinas (saloons) do a thriving business. The miner may not have enough funds for fire wood or beans and tortillas (the peon diet), but he somehow seems to find enough for a bottle of tequilla and a ticket to the show.
Our Pilares moving pictures might almost find sale as true antiques. W e rarely get one taken more recently than 1925, and they frequently date back to moving picture beginnings. Usually they are American- made films, but often we have French or English pictures and occa- sionally one from Spain. These are usually worse than the ancient American ones. The captions are flashed on in both Spanish and Eng- lish, and the enthusiasm of the Mexican audience is worth going to see even though the picture may be impossible.
When my sister, Marjorie, and I were living in Guadalajara, in Cen- tral Mexico, we attended a most accommodating movie house. Two pictures were shown at once (a thin curtain separated the two sides of the house), and if one didn't care for what was being shown on one side he could move to the other. The same orchestra served for both, and as a comedy was being played on one side and a tragedy on the other, the effect of the music was most mirth provoking. The pathos of the untimely death of the heroine on our side of the screen was somehow greatly diminished when it occurred to the strains of "Yes Sir, She's My Baby!"
The Mexican seems to have no great feeling for the fitness of cer- tain music to certain occasions. One day last week as I was workingin my kitchen I heard strains of "Pagan Love Song" floating up from the canyon below. Thinking someone was celebrating a Saint's Day at his home, I paid little attention, but as the music changed to "Valencia," and the orchestra seemed to be moving farther away, I stepped to the back door and glanced out. There, wending its way up the steep road to the cemetery, was a funeral procession, the coffin


JANUARY, 1931
41

<
!
Lumber via the poor donkey in Nacozari.
borne on the shoulders of two sturdy peons! (Once in the south a wrinkled old man boarded a street car on which Marjorie and I were riding with a coffin on his back!)
The Mexicans of Pilares have some rather interesting marriage cus- toms. When a man marries here he must give a big dance after the ceremony to which all of his friends and acquaintances as well as those of the bride are invited. As these affairs call for the expenditure of
a great deal of money for orchestra, refreshments and liquor he chooses four or six of his friends to act as "padrinos" or hosts at the party. The groom decides upon the magnificence of the affair, and the padrinos must pay the bill. Poor padrinos! (This, I am told is a custom not in vogue anywhere else in Mexico. In other parts the groom pays all expenses.)
In addition the groom must furnish the bride's trousseau! (What do you think of that, girls? Shall we try for new laws in the States?) Intention to wed is filed with both civil and church authorities fifteen days before the event, and if, for any reason, the marriage is not cul- minated at that time the groom forfeits the fee which he has paid un- less he has received official permission to postpone the wedding.
There must be two ceremonies, the civil and the religious, and each of these costs the long-suffering groom fifty pesos (about $25 in Ameri- can money). Regardless of the sort of home the girl comes from, she must have a dress and slippers of white satin and a veil. Often she dresses in a one-room hut with a dirt floor, and almost always she walks in her finery through the dusty road to the church, but the bridal white is imperative. Usually, because flowers are scarce in this desert section, she carries white paper roses. Because of the great expense a marriage
(Continued on page 61)
1
inMI*


The bedrooms
are comfortable and
attractive.
June Convention in ^Mountainl^esort founds Tempting
TEN years ago Troutdale-in-the-Pines at Evergreen, Colorado, thirty miles from Denver, the city that is known as the gateway to the Rocky Mountain playground, was opened as a luxurious resort. At that time, no expense was spared to make it one of the most-talked of re- sorts in Colorado. Today more than ever it is recognized as one of the state's finest and most modern resorts, for as new improvements are brought out, they are added to Troutdale-in-the-Pines. This mountain playground has all the comforts and conveniences of a metropolitan hotel combined with beauty of setting and facilities for every kind of outdoor recreation.
Denver's Mountain Parks are famous throughout America, and Troutdale is extremely fortunate in being centrally located in the heart of these parks. The Denver Mountain Parks comprise some 8,000 acres of mountain scenery and over 800 miles of paved boulevards.
Everyone tires of the same scenery, no matter how beautiful it may


'JANUARY, 1931 43
D e and here again Troutdale is fortunate, for delightful two and three hour mountain trips can be taken in almost every direction from the Troutdale grounds. _
Mount Evans, just 30 miles from Troutdale, is one of the most popular peaks in the Rocky Mountain range. Splendid roads reach almost to the top and as the motor climbs one passes around beautiful Echo Lake at an elevation of 11,000 feet. Beyond is beautiful Summit Lake, almost on top of the world, as the summit of Mt. Evans is 14,260 feet.
The famous Lookout Mountain is only 15 miles from Troutdale. At the summit of this mountain is Buffalo Bill's tomb and the Pahaska Tepee, a museum dedicated to the memory of the late Colonel Cody and
containing numerous collections of relics that characterized his life.
At Troutdale too, one is within two hours ride of the continental divide and within a radius of 20 to 30 miles are such interesting and historic spots as Idaho Springs, Georgetown Loop, Genessee Mountain and Silver Plume. With the opening of the Loveland Pass, the Mount of the Holy Cross district will be made more accessible to the vacationist at Troutdale. And of course the famous tourist centers of Colorado, Colorado Springs and Estes and Rocky Mountain Parks are easily acces-
sible by motor from Troutdale.
The Troutdale estate consists of 700 acres of ground, a mountain
lake, a swimming pool and picturesque Bear Creek.
•4
Troutdale-in-the
nestles at the foot of great old crags and
Ptnes tall green pines.


44
T o DRAGMA
Troutdale-in-the-Pines is situated in a beautiful mountain valley 7,500 feet above sea level, with an average seasonal temperature of 65 degrees.
The cottages are all equipped with running water, electric lights and heating facilities and they are especially suited to an entire family or several couples of friends desiring to be together and enjoy a little more privacy and outdoor life than is possible in a hotel. The cottages are one, two and three room in size, and each room is 14x16 feet. They are furnished like the guest rooms in the hotel and are rented on the Ameri- can Plan, just like the hotel accommodations. Each cabin has its own front porch and either a fireplace or a small wood stove. Cabin guests have all the privileges of the hotel and resort and are served in the main dining room.
The lounge is the principal public room of the Troutdale Hotel and is located on the main floor of the hotel. The furniture in the lounge is wicker, tapestry covered, and a choice collection of vividly colored Navajo rugs are on the floor. The lounge is a very large room, and three huge fireplaces make it especially attractive and pleasant, especially on cool evenings.
Leading directly from the lounge and extending out over the lake is the convention hall and ballroom. The ballroom is enclosed in glass and screened.
An attractive sun room adjoins the main lounge. The chairs here are

iIN
(Continued on page 59)
There is a splendid golf course at Troutdale.


^/flpha 0 Quartet Qoes to Surope
i
By DOROTHY DUNCAN, Rho
Heidelberg and Neckar River lived up to the well advertised
reputation.
This versity proved ally
to
old uni- town unusu- interesting Dorothy
Duncan.
IT ALL started one cold night last winter when we were sitting be- fore an open fire in Wood Court—Sally Cavanagh (H ), and Anne McCabe (P), and I . It was Sally's idea first, I think, for when she suggested Europe as a place for adventuring when the days grew long and warm, I remember we merely laughed at the immense improbability
of such a thought.
We have managed to cover a good bit of the United States together
from time to time as we found vacations and our meager savings ade- quate, but Europe had never been more tangible nor possible than the background of our favorite novels. I t was an incredible idea that grew and grew as we played with it and held it up to the dancing flames to catch the promising reflections it threw back. In time we made it our own, and nothing we had heard or read about that commonplace—"A Trip to Europe"—could change the magic of it for us. It became the ultimate of everything we thought or did, and even the practical neces- sity of encompassing seven weeks within the limits of six hundred dol-


46
lars didn't spoil the fun of planning during the long weeks of last spring.
A necessary fourth to make the party complete wasn't hard to find. Sally's roommate at Wisconsin, the girl with the captivating nickname of "Monkey" because her last name happened to be Rench had all of the needed qualities to balance our careless habit of letting things take care of themselves, as well as a perfect disposition and a disarming laugh that made you her friend for life. We became one part St. Louis and three parts Chi-
cago.
In our choice of boats we couldn't be too particular, but we thought we had done well to choose the Leviathan on which to cross ( i t sounded so well as a mailing address for steamer letters) and the little American Shipper for our return. Each was an experience in itself, which we wouldn't trade with anyone else, but the next time
we go across our choice will be neither the largest nor the smallest boat on the Atlantic!
Isn't it funny that the thrills never come when you ex- pect them, and then just when you aren't looking for it you grow speechless over something
lovely? Leaving New York on the last hot Saturday in June was a dreadful day to remem- ber. It took five days of salt wind to blow it out of our memories, with the help of Paris as our destination. Paris! . . . . where every hungering person in the world hopes someday to find himself, and
Sally
and Eleanor Rench, the three of
Cavanagh, Anne
whom the talc
is
McCabe told.
Dorothy
Duncan tale.
who
tells the


JANUARY, 1951 47
t u t which everyone who has been there knows everything and nothing.
A I stood at the rail and watched the blue sea rushing by so swiftly I
uld"think of nothing either before or after that city I had built in my
H°eams and imaginings. Whatever came before Paris on the trip was
.r
tant only by virtue of its being on the way to our goal, and I was "re that everything after would be little more than anticlimax.
S U In spite of the fact that I have always thought other people who do the same thing awfully silly, we stayed up all night our last evening on board, and didn't pretend to sleep. The moon was a broad path of silver and delirium . . . . and then, besides, everyone else had the same idea. Our baggage had all been packed and taken down earlier in the evening, and we were to be called at four o'clock. Those first Land's End lights, about midnight made us as inwardly excited and rest- less as though we were the first Americans ever to find our way back to England. It was still dark when we went below for breakfast.
As we came up on deck in the early dawn the French coast was visible for the first time. If I cross the ocean a thousand times, I shall never forget how it looked to me in that clear, rosy light. We were quite close with most of the engines still, moving slowly toward the Cher- bourg breakwater. Such a neat countryside! Tiny pink and white houses, each with little colored patches of farm land coming down to the very edge of the water. No one had ever told me that Cherbourg would be the most fascinating thing I should see in all my travels . . . . a perfect introduction to romance. Tall, narrow, many-windowed houses and shops huddled close to each other in crooked rows, the roofs of no two of them matching in height. Priests in cassocks and funny hats were riding bicycles; fishermen wearing blue trousers, smocks and red sabots were leisurely making their fishing-smacks ready for the day's sail; the inevitable, insane taxis, with their high, squeaky horns, broke the heavy stillness of the morning as they ran crazily over the cobble- stones to nowhere in particular. Could it possibly be anything more than a well-executed back-drop?
When our tender turned toward the shore, and we left the dear old Leviathan behind we grew teary and silent. She was so beautiful out there in the morning sun, with thousands of gulls circling low about, and her red, white and blue funnels shining. It made me wonderfully patriotic all of a sudden. She did look so like the queen of the seas.
Paris was almost an anticlimax. There is nothing to add to the beautiful, inadequate pages that have always been written about it. Paris has as many sides as there are people who love it, and I am sure that even those who know it best must find now and again a new and unexpected delight in its narrow streets and broad, tree-shaded boule- vards.
There is the Paris of sidewalk restaurants, theater^ and countless cabarets. It is the most obvious Paris and so perhaps the best known. Beautiful drives in the Bois, spacious homes on the Avenue Foch, radi- ating avenues from the Arc de Triomphe, and the road to Versailles re- turn often to my mind. And then there are the winding little side
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