Alpha Omicron Pi Fraternity
CHAPTER ROLL OF A L P H A OMICRON PI
—• a Alpha—Barnard College—Inactive.
— H . Sophie Newcomb Memorial College, New Orleans, La.
—O »Nu—New York University, New York City.
0 • Omicron—University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn.
~— O ' Kappa—Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, Va.
O Zeta—University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb.
. 'Sigma—University of California, Berkeley, Cal.
€> Theta—De Pauw University, Greencastle, I n d .
\ Delta—Jackson College, Tufts College, Mass.
o »Gamma—University of Maine, Orono, Me.
Epsilon—Cornell University, Ithaca, N . Y.
$ * Rho—Northwestern University, Evanston, 111.
• Lambda—Leland Stanford University, Palo Alto, Cal.
f? •Iota—University of Illinois, Champaign, 111.
o -Tau—University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn.
•Chi—Syracuse University, Syracuse, N . Y .
<J 'Upsilon—University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.
s N u Kappa—Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Tex.
• Beta Phi—University of Indiana, Bloomington, I n d .
tEta—University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.
Alpha Phi—Montana State College, Bozeman, M o n t
Nu Omicron—Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn.
.Psi—University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa.
Phi—University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kan.
•Omega—Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
New York Alumnae—New York City.
San Francisco Alumnse—San Francisco, Cal.
Providence Alumnae—Providence, R. I .
Boston Alumnse—Boston, Mass.
Los Angeles Alumnae—Los Angeles, Cal.
Lincoln Alumnae—Lincoln, Neb.
Chicago Alumnse—Chicago, 111.
Indianapolis Alumnae—Indianapolis, Ind.
New Orleans Alumnae—New Orleans, La.
Minneapolis Alumnae—Minneapolis, Minn.
Bangor Alumnae—Bangor, Me.
Portland Alumnae—Portland, Ore.
Puget Sound Alumnae—Seattle, Wash.
Knoxville Alumna;—Knoxville, Tenn.
Lynchburg Alumnae—Lynchburg, Va.
Washington Alumnae—Washington, D . C.
Philadelphia Alumnae—Philadelphia, Pa.
Dallas Alumnae—Dallas, Tex.
***** ! X tU^AvvvCt > \ U«AA* -TM>
DIRECTORY OF OFFICERS
FOUNDERS OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
Jessie Wallace Hughan, A l p h a '98, 378 Grand Ave., Brooklyn, N . Y .
Helen St. Claire M u l l a n ( M r s . George V . ) , A l p h a '90, 118 W . 183rd St., New
York, N . Y.
Stella Stern Perry ( M r s . George H . ) , Alpha '98, 1127 Orange St., Los Angeles,
Elizabeth Heywood Wyman, Alpha '98, 456 Broad St., Bloomfield, N . J.
Grand President, Lillian MacQuillin McCausland (Mrs. N . L., J r . ) ,
Angell St., Providence, R. I .
Grand Secretary, Merva Dolsen Hennings ( M r s . A . J . ) , 2714 Central
Grand Treasurer, Viola C. Gray, 1527 S. 23rd St., Lincoln, Neb.
Grand Vice-president, Rochelle R. Gachet, Govt. Hotels, Bldgs. P-Q, The
Plaza, Washington, D . C.
Grand H i s t o r i a n , Stella George Stern Perry ( M r s . G. H . ) , 1127 Orange St.,
Los Angeles, Cal. ?. &' O «^
Extension Officer, Rose Gardner M a r x ( M r s . R a l p h ) , 1130 Shattuck Ave.,
Examining Officer, Lucy R. Somerville, 151 West 76th St., New Y o r k , N . Y .
National Panhellenic Delegate, Isabelle Henderson Stewart (Mrs. B. F., Jr.),
2655 Wakefield Ave., Oakland, Cal.
Editor of T o DRAGMA, E t t a Phillips MacPhie ( M r s . E . I . ) , 49 Daniels St.,
Business Manager o f T o DRAGMA, Carolyn Fraser P u l l i n g ( M r s . A . C ) , 100
Malcolm Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. .»
P A N H E L L E N I C CONGRESS
Delegate, Mrs. B. F . Stewart, 2655 Wakefield Ave., Oakland, Cal.
EDITORIAL BOARD OF TO DRAGMA
Editor-in-chief, Etta Phillips MacPhie ( M r s . E . I . ) , 4 9 Daniels St., Lowell,
Business Manager, Carolyn Fraser P u l l i n g ( M r s . A . C ) , 100 Malcolm Ave.,
Chapter Letters, Elizabeth Hiestand, 1506 Fargo Ave., Chicago, 111.
N . Atlantic District ( N , A, T, E, X , * )
E d i t h Dietz, 217 W . 105th St., New York, N . Y .
Southern District ( I I , K , 0, N K , N 0)
Margaret Bonner Bentley ( M r s . W . P.), 4102 Gaston Ave., Dallas, Tex.
N . E . Central District ( 6 , P, I , B H , fl)
Mate Giddings, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa.
N . W . Central District (55, T, A * , * )
Marguerite P. Schoppe ( M r s . W . F.),*6o2 S. 3rd Ave., Bozeman, Mont.
Pacific District (—, 2, A T T)
Laura H u r d , 491 Anne Ave., Seattle, Wash.
ALUMNAiE ASSISTANT EDITORS
Pi—Rietta Garland, Niagara Falls, N . V.
s N u — A n g e l i n e Bennett, 167 Crary Ave., M t . Vernon, N . Y .
.Omicron—Elizabeth Kennedy, 728 N . Central Ave., Knoxville, Tenn.
.Kappa—Elizabeth Bryan W i l l i a m s ( M r s . S. A . ) , 465 Rivermont Ave., Lynch-
Zeta—Helen Fitzgerald, 1971 D St., Lincoln, Neb.
Sigma—Frances Corlett H o w a r d ( M r s . C. N . ) , 1117 Glen St., Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—Edna McClure Forrest ( M r s . C. C.), Box 251, Oxford, I n d .
v Delta—Marion Jameson, 19 University Road, Hrookline, Mass.
- Gamma—Madeline Robinson, 462 Main St., Bangor, Me.
- Epsilon—Clare Graeffe, 255 McDonough St., Brooklyn, N . Y .
Rho—Doris Wheeler, 639 Forest Ave., Evanston, 111.
Lambda—Marguerite Odenheimer, 981 Gramercy Drive, Los Angeles, Cal.
Iota—Anna H o f f e r t K i r k ( M r s . B. L . ) , i o n W . Clark St., Champaign, 111.
Tau—Margaret J. Wood, 1318 W . 47th St., Minneapolis, M i n n .
Chi—Frances G. Carter, 116 W a l l St., Utica, N . Y .
Upsilon—Louise Benton, 5566 29th Ave., N . E . , Seattle, Wash.
N u Kappa—Maude M . Rasbury, 5005 Gaston Ave., Dallas, Texas.
Beta Phi—Beatrice Coombs, 609 E . College St., Crawfordsville, I n d .
Eta—Catherine Fleming, West Allis, Wis.
Alpha Phi—Ruth Noble Dawson ( M r s . E l m e r ) , 1510 5th Ave. N . , Great Falls,
N u Omicron—Mary D . Houston, 2807 Belmont Blvd., Nashville, Tenn.
Psi—Evelyn H a r r i s Jefferiers ( M r s . Lester), 219 Narberth Ave., Narberth, Pa.
Phi—Helen Gallagher, 1139 Tennessee St., Lawrence, K a n .
Omega—Emily Nash, 2501 N . Penn St., Indianapolis, I n d .
A L U M N A ASSISTANT BUSINESS MANAGERS
P i — M a r y Raymond, 1324 Nashville Ave., New Orleans, L a .
Nu—Elizabeth D u n f o r d , 110 Morningside D r i v e , New York, N . Y .
Omicron—Martha B. Jones, Bailey, Tenn.
Kappa—Clara Smith Coleman ( M r s . R . ) , 915 16th St., Lynchburg, V a .
Zeta—Nettie Chapline Campbell ( M r s . B u r n h a m ) , 134 S. 28th St., Lincoln, Neb.
Sigma—Florence Weeks, 1514 L a L o m a Ave., Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—Celia Bates, Winchester, I n d .
Delta—Kennetha Ware, 8 Pearl St., Med ford, Mass.
Gamma—Kathleen Young, Waldoboro, Me.
Epsilon—Ethel Cornell, 6740 Ridge Blvd., Brooklyn, N . Y .
Rho—Elizabeth Hiestand, 1506 Fargo Ave., Chicago, 111.
Lambda—Alice Moore, Los Gatos, Cal.
Iota—Nina Grotevant, Lake Charles, La.
Tau—Margaret J. Wood, 1318 W . 47th St., Minneapolis, M i n n .
C h i — L i l l i a n C. Battenfield, 234 Locust Ave., Amsterdam, N . Y .
Upsilon—Carrie I . Bechen, Pine H i l l Farm, Hillsboro, Ore.
N u Kappa—Margaret B. Bentley ( M r s . W . P.), 4607 Gaston Ave., Dallas, Tex.
Beta Phi—Pauline Cox, Darlington, I n d .
Eta—Helen Turner, 411 Winthrop St., Toledo, Ohio.
Alpha Phi—Grace M c l v e r , 115 n t h St., Great Falls, Mont.
New Omicron—Katrina Overall, 1904 Acklen Ave., Nashville, Tenn.
Psi—Ruth Leaf, 1016 Prospect Ave., Melrose Park, Pa.
Phi—Mary Rose, 928 Louisiana St., Lawrence, K a n .
Omega—Mary P. Heck, 309 N . 2nd St., Hamilton, Ohio.
P i — L u c y Renaud, 1637 7th St., New Orleans, L a .
Nu—Catherine Sommer, 156 Heller Parkway. Newark, N . J . . .
Omicron—Lucy Morgan, Kingston Pike, Knoxville, Tenn. _ KHufa
Kappa^EitzaretrT^uTtffterd, n . Mi W.-C, Lyililibuig, Va. f ftlStLs
Zeta—Ruth Parker, A O I I House, Lincoln, Neb.
Sigma—Myrtle Glenn, 2721 Haste St., Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—Margaret L . Wood, A O I I House, Greencastle, I n d .
Delta—Mary Grant, T u f t s College, Mass.
Gamma—Padline Miller, University of Maine, Orono, Me.
Epsilon—Elizabeth Ballentine, 308 W a i t Ave., Ithaca, N . Y .
R h o — M y r t l e Swanson, W i l l a r d H a l l , Evanston, 111.
Lambda—Florence Hocking, A O I I House, Stanford University, Cal.
Iota—Leila Sheppard, 712 W . Oregon St., Urbana, 111.
T a u — L i l a Kline, 315 n t h Ave. S. E., Minneapolis, M i n n .
C h i — M a r i o n J. Knapp, 1017 Harrison St., Syracuse, N . Y .
Upsilon—Marguerite Schofield, 4732 21st Ave. N . E., Seattle, Wash.
N u Kappa—Bernice Pendleton, S. M . U . , Dallas, Tex.
Beta Phi—Helen Devitt, A 0 I I House, Bloomington, I n d .
Eta—Marion Roth, 626 N . H e n r y St., Madison, Wis.
Alpha Phi—Minnie Ellen Marquis, 700 W . Alderson St., Bozeman, Mont. ,
N u Omicron—Florence Tyler, 1904 Hayes St., Nashville, Tenn. <
Psi—Mrs. C. Larue Crosson, 3459 Woodland Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.
Phi—Jacqueline Gilmore, 1247 Ohio St., Lawrence, Kan.
Omega—Grace Willis, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
9ftmm9mim ,Pi n j i lVn IIIIILI TTI New Orleans, La.
Nu—Katherine Sommer, 32 Waverly PI., New Y o r k , N . Y .
Omicron—Eleanor Burke, 1635 Laurel Ave., Knoxville, Tenn.
Kappa—Rose Smith, 915 16th St., L y n c h u r g , V a .
Zeta—Florence Griswald, A 0 I I House, Lincoln, Neb.
Sigma—Verda Bowman, 2721 Haste St., Berkeley, Cal.
Theta—June Morris, A O I I House, Greencastle, Ind.
Delta—Eleanor Atherton, Stuart House, T u f t s College, Mass.
Gamma—Lilla C. Hersey, A 0 I I House, University of Maine, Orono, Me.
Epsilon—Esther E l y , 308 W a i t Ave., Ithaca, N . Y .
Rho—Ethel W i l m a n , Pearson H a l l , Evanston, 111.
Lambda—Elaine Adrian, A 0 I I House, Stanford University, Cal.
I o t a — R u t h T e r w i l l i g e r , 712 W . Oregon St., Urbana, 111.
T a u — V i v i a n Vogel, 4225 Minnehaha Ave., Minneapolis, M i n n .
Chi—Margaret C. Kreisel, 1017 Harrison St., Syracuse, N . Y .
Upsilon—Helen W . Fosdick, 4548 University Itlvd., Seattle, Wash.
Nu Kappa—Elizabeth K . Herrick, 2 M T, Dallas, Tex.
Beta Phi—Helen Duncan, 728 E . 3rd St., Bloomington, I n d .
Eta—Garnet Kleven, 626 N . Henry St., Madison, Wis.
Alpha Phi—Lillian Drummond, A 0 I I House, Bozeman, Mont.
N u Omicron—Faith E. Clarke, 920 Arthington Ave., Nashville, Tenn.
Psi—Alice Conkling, 3933 Mi n a S L k Philadelphia.-Pa. 5 y- $ Cjf MJn*dX.OA*^iCU?
P h i — H a r r i e t Penney, 1247 Ohio St., Lawrence, K a n . ~)A— / ? / ' / '
Omega—Roma L . Lindsey, Hepburn Hall, Oxford, Ohio. * V . VUACA. • I
New York A l u m n a — E v a A . Marty, 601 W . 127th St., New York, N . Y .
Boston Alumna;—Florence Walker Cannell (Mrs. W. S.), 3 Oak Knoll, Arling-
San Francisco Alumna;—Grace E . M o r i n , 2422 Durant Ave., Berkeley, Cal.
Providence Alumna;—Jennie Perry Prescott ( M r s . H a r o l d ) , 12 Kossuth St.,
Pawtucket, R. I .
Los Angeles Alumna;—Jessie Correll McKenna ( M r s . J. W . ) , 1622 Rockwood
Ave., Los Angeles, Cal.
Lincoln Alumna;—Emma Bennett Beckman ( M r s . A l f r e d ) , 1425^8. 15th St.,
Chicago A l u m n a ; — M i l i t a Skillen, 1340 Thorndike Ave., Chicago, 111.
Indianapolis Alumna;—Bernice Mitchell, 205 E . 34th St., Indianapolis, I n d .
New Orleans A l u m n a ; — M n r y Summer, 1020 Audubon St., New OrleaaSfJLa.
Minneapolis Alumnae—Edith Goldsworthy, 103 W . 52nd St., Minneapolis, M i t n .
Bangor Alumna;—Doris Currier Treat ( M r s . J o h n ) , 99 Kenduskeag Ave.,
Puget Sound Alumnae—Mildred L o r i n g , 1219 E . 66th St., Seattle, Wash.
Portland Alumnae—Caroline Paige, 772 Talbot Rd., Portland, Ore.
Knoxville Alumna;—Lucreria Jordan Bickley ( M r s . W . G . ) , 1516 Laurel Ave.,
Knoxville, Tenn. v w w f l c (XSljJtA/o V k > v C \
Lynchburg Alumna;—Anna Atkinson Craddock ( M r s . G. G.), 300 Norfolk
Ave., Lynchburg, V * ^-iiMf\ TOlXU/xv,--? /Tru-s . *
Washington Alumna;—Rochelle R. Gachet, Govt. Hotels, Bldg. P-Q, The Plaza,
Washington, D. C.
Dallas Alumna;—Margaret Bonner Bentley ( M r s . W . P . ) , 4607 Gaston Ave.,
Philadelphia Alumna;—Avis Hunter, Westville, N . J.
- 1 —• r>»*
Qtablr of (Eontenta 9
The Benefits of Alumnae Chapters IS
Poem—Annette B. MacKnight 17
A Delayed Visit—Margaret J. Kutner 19
A Word on Suffrage—Jessie W . Hughan 22
Wanted : A B i g Sister !—Stella F. Dueringer 23
An Authors' Agent—Jean Wick Adams 24
The Quiet Corner 26
The Changed Viewpoint of a Teacher—Milita H . Skillen 29
The Spaulding School for Crippled Children—Julia F. Crane 3°
A O II's in the Literary World 31
Women as Chemists—Mildred S. Ragan 34
I n Service—Jane D . Wylie 3&
A Canteen at St. Nazaire—Margaret Hurley 37
Life Subscribers 39
National Panhellenic Congress—Lillian M . McCausland 4*
The Editors' Conference—Etta P. MacPhie 43
A O I I National Alumnae Work 44
An A 0 n Candidate for Court Judge 47
' Editorials 49
Active Chapter Letters 74
Alumna; Chapter Letters 84
Alumnae Notes 85
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3to Ipr, tn ttf* rnllnje tnljmfilyraiattiiH, nr
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To D R A G M A
VOL. X V NOVEMBER, 1919 No. 1
To DRAGMA is published at 450-454 Ahnaip Street, Menasha, Wis., by George
Banta, official printer to the fraternity. Entered at the Postoffice at Menasha,
Wis., as second-class matter, A p r i l 13, 1909, under the act of March 3, 1897.
Acceptance f o r m a i l i n g at special rate of postage provided f o r in section 1103,
Act of October 3, 1917, authorized August I , 1918.
To DRAGMA is published four times a year. (Sept. Nov. Feb. M a y )
Subscription price, One Dollar per year payable in advance; single copies,
twenty-five cents. L i f e Subscriptions, Fifteen Dollars (after Nov. I , 1919).
Etta Phillips MacPhie, Editor-in-chief. Carolyn Fraser Pulling, Business
T H E BENEFITS OF A L U M N A CHAPTERS
The sister who lives outside the radius of an alumna? chapter misses much.
Those who live w i t h i n the circle should extend to the unorganized alumn<e
the A O I I spirit and pleasures which they receive. A newsy letter sent out
once a year f r o m the chapter to the scattered sisters not only stimulates their
interest i n Alpha O but the chapter works harder to accomplish something
worth telling about. I n keeping a chapter directory with data, contact with
every Alpha 0 could be kept. Whoever was an A O I I is worth having.
The alumna; chapter can in many ways aid the nearby active chapter. By
their financial support, their help in rushing, their joint meetings, a strong
bond is made which must strengthen the f r a t e r n i t y as a whole. The chapters
which carry on some outside welfare work are not only helping their own
group but are proving that an organization f o r friendship can also be w o r t h
much to general society.
By DORIS C. TREAT, Gamma, '16,
President Bangor Alumna Chapter.
As the results of our educational training are hard to measure, so are the
benefits of belonging to an alumnae chapter. W i t h the demands of our com-
plex society of today, many of us would know nothing of the active chapter,
the administration and affairs of the college, or even of our friends, who
meant so much to us f o r four happy years, i f i t were not f o r our alumnae
chapter meetings. Then, there is the broadening influence of the meetings
where the women of business and professional life may exchange their views
with those of the women engaged in home-making and the cares of a f a m i l y .
Our beliefs are of necessity very different and we may learn much f r o m each
other to our mutual advantage. Lastly, there is the pleasant social atmosphere
of the meetings where we enjoy each other, free f r o m petty criticism. As
w i t h everything else, the more of enthusiasm and energy we give to the
alumnae chapter the greater the benefits we derive therefrom.
BY FLORENCE WALKER CANNEL, Delta '04,
President Boston Alumna Chapter.
10 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA 0MICRON PI
The unit of all civilized l i f e is the family and we may enlarge upon that
and apply it to our fraternity life, thereby f i n d i n g a real reason f o r our
alumna? chapters. M u c h is expected of pur college women as leaders in both
civic and social life in the community in which they live. Whether married
or i n some business, the college woman is looked to f o r leadership and advice
in all questions pertaining to community life. There are organizations in our
cities f o r college women, but in many instances they seem to have little
opportunity for the women of limited time. The past few years have given
us much to do i n Red Cross and other relief work and there is even now
plenty of that work to be done.
A f r a t e r n i t y is known to the w o r l d outside of the college by its alumna?
and the way i n which they respond to the call of the people around them.
That alone is reason enough f o r our organization; united effort is always better
than individualistic. Our alumna? should be organized so as to be an inspira-
tion to the active chapter. The women i n college come away w i t h a desire to do
some active good and where should they find a better opportunity to live
a broad and useful l i f e than w i t h the alumnae who have learned the first needs
of the community?
The social function is not to be overlooked by any means. I f anyone has
ever experienced the pleasure of being received by the alumna; chapter in a
strange city, that alone would sanction the need of such a unit. H o w well
each one of us enjoys hearing about our classmates gone to other cities! We
are only human and therefore cannot live alone but must have companionship,
i f we are to do our best work. W h y not depend upon our alumna? chapter
for a goodly share of that comradeship!
CAROLINE T . PAIGE, Upsilon, '15,
President Portland Alumna Chapter.
Though an alumna? chapter be small i t can be mighty. I n the Indianapolis
chapter there are many benefits to be derived because o f our nearness to three
active chapters. Soon we w i l l be receiving members f r o m these groups.
I wonder i f the alumna? who are not members of the nearest chapter realize
how much closer they would feel to the college w o r l d , i f they could either
meet w i t h some of their classmates or have the alumna? chapter bulletin sent
to them regularly. When we were younger and i n college, we received the
privileges of the active group as a matter of f a c t ; should we not now as
alumna? keep up our interest i n college affairs, just as much as we do in the
news of our city?
Many serious and important problems have been solved at a social gather-
ing. W i t h the plans i n view f o r a systematized schedule of national work,
our alumna? chapter meeting w i l l take on the f o u r - f o l d purpose, to meet our
friends, to have an interest in the nearby chapters, to do our share in the
national alumna? work and, by l i v i n g up to the ideals of the f r a t e r n i t y , to be
better fitted to meet the needs of our country.
BERNICE MITCHELL, Theta, ex-'19,
President Indianapolis Alumna Chapter.
The benefits of belonging to an alumna? chapter are so many and various
that any enumeration of them in a short article is necessarily inadequate. To
those who are familiar w i t h the delights of a Peabody House Christmas or
who have haunted the "Green W i t c h " or the watch-fires of a levee party, no
word need be said. But to the poor unfortunate l i v i n g beyond the radius of
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 11
an alumna? chapter or the conscientious objectors who, l i v i n g w i t h i n its radius,
still refuse to partake of the joys thereof, some enlightenment may not come
First, the alumna? chapter offers definite advantages to the girl whose
activities have not taken her away f r o m her college circle. Through her
alumna? group she is brought into contact w i t h the ever-changing personnel
of her active chapter, girls whom, in all probability, she would not otherwise
have the opportunity to know. Thus she is kept i n touch w i t h current f r a -
ternity interests and w i t h current college interests as w e l l ; her zeal f o r both
is alive and warm, her insight keen and fresh.
A g a i n , the alumna?" chapter holds together friends who would otherwise
d r i f t apart. I n these days when the "social call" is an antiquated institution
and business or professional interests crowd out f r i e n d l y intercourse, alumnae
meetings bring valued reunions of old friends and former ties.
Second, the alumna; chapter is of peculiar advantage to the newcomer f r o m
a different and often distant city. Indeed, where an alumna? chapter exists,
no f r a t e r n i t y g i r l need feel herself a stranger. She is given an immediate
introduction to women whose interest in her is real, not p e r f u n c t o r y ; and the
mere knowledge that there are those near with common bonds of sympathy
facilitates her adjustment to her new environment. Through her share i n
the activities, she assumes a definite place i n the community and becomes
acquainted w i t h phases of its l i f e which would have remained unknown to
her for a long time. The chapter meeting is a medium for the exchange o f
ideas and discussion. The specialized worker finds refreshing and stimulating
this contact w i t h others, whose associations are unlike her own. The New
Y o r k Alumna? Chapter is a sort of bureau of information f o r those who wish
to know what the various members of the f r a t e r n i t y are doing. I t keeps i n
close touch w i t h those sisters who are playing prominent parts in the w o r l d
and frequently summons them to relate to their less conspicuous sisters their
interesting and inspiring experiences.
Finally, in the more cosmopolitan communities, the alumna? groups are the
melting-pots of the chapters. For in them and through them East meets
West, N o r t h meets South in a fellowship conducive to national unity and
THEODORE D . SUMNER, Pi, '14,
Secretary New York Alumna Chapter.
Alumnae chapters and their value.
For four years I was isolated by three thousand miles f r o m my own chapter
and f r o m any active or alumna? chapter by a distance so great as to prohibit
my affiliation. . A n d that desire f o r news—you have all had it—how many
pledges this year in the home chapter, what is to be our expansion policy i n
the future, where is everyone and what are they doing? A l l that time my
thirst f o r knowledge was satisfied only by sporadic "duty" notes f r o m hard-
pressed undergraduates, or generous enough epistles, to be sure, f r o m old-time
dear friends that told much about the babies, but were quite arid of fraternity
But upon my return to Seattle, my native city, I found not only dear old
Upsilon, which o f all chapters is most deeply intrenched i n my heart, but also
an alumna? chapter f o r a new and cherished sister. A n d so in weighing the
1 2 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
values of any alumnae chapter, I am necessarily biased by local conditions, and
I am really giving you my notion of the benefits of affiliation with the Puget
Sound Alumnse Chapter in Seattle, and from my own particular point of view,
that of an Upsilon g i r l . The majority of members o f the Puget Sound
Alumnae are Upsilon g i r l s ; there are but four from other chapters. A n d con-
sequently and naturally enough P. S. A . Chapter has meant first of all the
continuation of the "tie that binds" f o r Upsilon girls after leaving the under-
graduate nest. I t has meant the endurance of friendship, that stimulating
natural camaraderie that is akin to sisterhood. A n d yet there has been the
contact w i t h girls f r o m other chapters, to keep us f r o m being local in our
views, and a mere auxiliary of Upsilon. The exchange o f opinions with girls
f r o m New York, Minnesota, Nebraska, California, means a modified point of
view which should be more nearly representative and really valuable. A n d
the chapter provides such a wonderful opportunity f o r getting in touch with
all Alpha O's who enter our city and giving them the cordial greetings that
Seattle is noted for.
I utter a platitude, o f course, when I say that we keep in touch w i t h the
National through our alumnae chapter as can be accomplished in no other way.
Perhaps someone w i l l say that that can be done through T o DRAGMA. That
is true, i n a way, but it is not that near, personal, detailed intimacy which
pervades a discussion of policy at a chapter meeting, nor can anything take
the place of the pleasure of helping to mould that policy.
But to become local in m y point of view once more, I believe I w i l l have
the support of every g i r l in the Puget Sound Alumnae Chapter when I say
that our greatest pleasure beyond that of treasuring our early friendships and
keeping the ideals of Alpha Omicron Pi dynamic and potent within ourselves,
has been in " g i v i n g " to Upsilon, f r o m which most of us have sprung. I w i l l
pass but l i g h t l y over the matter o f giving advice to your younger sisters. I t
is not that we are spending wakeful hours in making up little packages of
advice f o r them, but rather that they know that we are somewhere in the
offing glad to be called upon i n time o f need. Even they I think w i l l admit
that there have been times when it was good to b r i n g a proposed course of
action to older girls f o r approval. But as a rule such advice is sought more
acceptably f r o m individuals than f r o m the chapter as a whole, and so that
k i n d of giving cares f o r itself. I know that I have been called upon in equally
hushed accents f o r all manner of help, f r o m problems in discipline or policy
to the advisability of getting a permanent wave. A l l this we give when we
are asked f o r i t , and we are loved more f o r it because we do wait u n t i l then
I am glad to say that though there has never been any feeling in Upsilon
Chapter, that the opinions o f the alumnae group were intrusions, as I under-
stand is sometimes the case among groups.
There are things, however, which the chapter can give before being called
upon, and which gives us the greatest f u n , and that is the material things of
l i f e . I n fact I suppose it would be very bad f o r m f o r P. S. A . to get a phone
call f r o m Upsilon asking to be presented w i t h a stuffed davenport at once!
A n d yet how we have all wanted one and still the exchequer seemed never to
warrant b u y i n g anything more than a chair. I t has been the pleasure o f
P. S. A . Chapter to ferret out some of these heart burnings and ease them,
say w i t h the baby grand piano, a soft shaded lamp to give the right coziness
to the living-room, a dozen napkins now and then, and—well you know the
things that the house needs. But the biggest and best has been the H O U S E
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 13
itself. For we have bought Upsilon a home. I t is not really right to say that
i t is being bought by the Puget Sound Alumnae Chapter, except in the sense that
ninety per cent of its membership is Upsilon in origin.
I hope every A l p h a O who reads this number o f T o DRAGMA and is not a
member of any alumnae chapter w i l l search out the nearest one and affiliate.
I t is such a beautiful way of cherishing the ideals of Alpha Omicron Pi and
giving them real expression.
And I must add a P. S. (to show I have the usual feminine weakness).
Take out a l i f e subscription to T o DRAGMA. I k n o w !
MILDRED WEST LORING, Upsilon, '13,
President Puget Sound Alumna Chapter.
Prof. Clifford Herschell Moore of Harvard, relating to the pay of college
professors could be f o u n d i n Suetonius's De Grammaticis; but the endowment
"The pay of the teachers of the lower grades was always low, but that of the
'rhetors,' the university teachers of antiquity, was often very high. Vespasian was
the first to endow a chair, which Quintilian was the first to hold. The salary was
100.000 sesterces annually, about $4,500 to $5,000 of our money. But you must
multiply by at least 10 per cent to get anything like the fair figure at the present
value of money. Marcus Aurelius established four chairs of philosophy at Athens
with annual salaries of 10,000 drachmae each—today about $20,000 Rich men some-
times paid private teachers enormous sums; one case I remember of 600,000 sesterces
($28,000 to $30,000 times 10 again.)"
Professor Moore adds that further material on the salaries of the Roman
professors could be found i n Suetonius's De Grammaticis; but the endowment
f u n d committee has not the heart to develop the contrast w i t h present day
conditions any further.
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA 0MICRON PI
A N N E T T E M A C K N I G H T , Delta 'H
The house is, oh, so fragrant
For mother's makin' pies—
Cranb'ry, apple, punkin, mince—
And—Johnny's heaving sighs.
Ma, kin I lick out this dish?
Say, Ma, that smells just great!
Seems as tho' Thanksgivin'
Never'll come. I just can't wait.
Fruit cake in the cake box,
And cider in the cellar;
Little tarts all in a row—
My, don't they tempt a feller?
Chestnut burrs are open now,
L i f e is well worth the livin'—
Aren't you glad with me to think
It's most time for Thanksgivin'?
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA 0MICRON PI 15
A D E L A Y E D VISIT
B Y MARGARET J E A N K U T N E R , Alpha, ' 1 2
W E went over for a trip to Germany in 1913 and were caught
by the war. My grandmother was taken i l l and couldn't be
moved. There was no one to leave her with, so the State Depart-
ment gave us permission to stay in Germany during the war.
After America entered the war, my grandmother died and we tried
to leave, but the German government, after first giving us permission
suddenly withdrew it again and housed us up in Berlin until the
Armistice set us free. Whereupon we traveled two days in unheated
trains with German soldiers crowding every nook and corner and pil-
ing in at the windows when the doors proved impossible. We learned
numerous and sundry things about the German occupation in Belgium
from those soldiers. Their tongues were loosened by the Revolution,
and they didn't know we were Americans, so they talked openly of the
things the German press denied during the war.
As you see I was not able to serve my country to any extent over
there, except by refusing to become Germanized, to the infinite disgust
of our acquaintances there, who strove by every means short of actual
assault and battery to prove the superiority of the German race and
"kultur" and the fatal worthlessness of things and persons English,
French, or American—especially American. They have a pleasant
little way over there of inviting you to a party and then telling you
that all Americans should be hung. The only thing I could do to
help along was to cheer the English and other prisoners of the war.
I was not allowed to visit the camp, but could send books and letters
and packages of fruit and sweets, while such things were still avail-
able. Afterwards, when we were subsisting on desiccated carrots
and yellow turnips and black war bread and were most unhappy in-
deed, my friends in camp returned the compliment by smuggling out
food to me. Sometimes the German guards annexed it en route, but
semi-occasionally packages reached me by dark and devious paths and
added to my already unbounded gratitude toward our friends and
allies, the English. Once the iron hand of the War Office nearly
"got me." I had been sending packages to a French prisoner, and
the "General Stab" decided that either said prisoner or my humble
self was suspicious and sent me a document to the effect that I was
being watched and would be imprisoned i f I attempted to communi-
cate again with a prisoner of war. Another time we narrowly
escaped imprisonment for an escapade. After putting in an applica-
tion to the Foreign Office six weeks in advance and unwinding infinite
1 6 TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
red tape, and submitting medical certificates to the effect that we were
dangerously i l l , mother and I were finally permitted to spend three
weeks in a little Westphalian village, where we joined American
friends. Of course we were under police supervision and supposed
not to leave the village. But, equally of course, we simply had to
see Hildesheim (most alluring of all south German cities) with its
old Roman basilica and its thousand years old rose tree. We ex-
pected to be back in one day but we had reckoned without the West-
phalian railroad officials, to whom accuracy is an entirely superfluous
conception. They misdirected us to such an amazing degree that
we found ourselves marooned in Hildesheim without the possibility
of getting back before the next day. Hildesheim was a garrison
town. I t would have been impossible and disastrous for us to be
caught there, so we moved on to Hamlin—of Pied Piper fame—for
the night. Luckily a Swedish friend was with us and he, as a harm-
less neutral, was spokesman for the party. A t the hotel my dear,
panicky mother insisted upon our drinking beer for dinner because
"all Germans drink beer and we'll be less conspicuous." We all de-
tested it except Niels, but we did our best for appearances' sake. After
dinner, when we had shocked the village barber by descending upon
him and purchasing five toothbrushes, our only preparation for the
night, we retired unobstrusively and left Niels to deal with the land-
lord and the fatal black book, in which all travellers must record
their birthplace, religion, age, and a few other personal details.
Niels gave the most convincing proof of hypnotism on record outside
the medical profession.
By sheer force of personality and ingenuity he made that landlord
forget all about the black book and we escaped unrecorded in the
morning and after traveling all day in local trains and being dumped
out at way stations to wait for connections, we returned to our village
safely. Later, on, I was arrested and fined for buying eggs in that
same village, and told that I must not buy things from the peasants
and i f I did, not to get caught at it. That's German ethics. How-
ever, that's another story.
A l l this seems exceedingly futile in comparison with the real
adventures and above all the valuable work of our girls who have
been in service. I am looking forward to hearing about what they
have done. So please don't ask me to write, for what they have to
say is infinitely more important than anything I could say.
Good luck to T o DRAGMA and to all A O I I .
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 17
A WORD ON SUFFRAGE
JESSIE WALLACE HUGHAN, Alpha, 'Q8
Woman Suffrage is such a foregone conclusion in this year 1919 that i t is
not worth while f o r us to urge upon our sisters its advantages to the w o r l d .
What we may remind ourselves, however, is that the battle is not yet won,
that in the very states where the discriminations against women are the most
serious, where the dangers to little children are the greatest, and where the
influence of the mothers of men is most needed f o r humanity and purity,
there the ballot w i l l probably be withheld f r o m us until a federal amendment
is put through.
We who have been given the vote, who are reaping the harvest sown by
the pioneers of our mothers' time, must work both to extend the right to the
women of other states, and to learn how to use the ballot wisely f o r ourselves.
A danger we are likely to f a l l into is that of supporting good men rather
than good platforms, f o r women are brought up to judge things personally,
and many of us are tempted to vote f o r a respectable gentleman without first
asking his attitude upon the big problems before us. We must remember,
however, that Charles the First was a good man but a bad king, and even that
a public officer may be conscientious and efficient but, because his conscientious-
ness and efficiency are devoted to executing a bad program, more dangerous
to the community than a less efficient man would be.
A splendid practice of certain groups of newly emancipated women is to
f o r m committees f o r the sake of interviewing public officials and, still better,
candidates f o r office, w i t h regard to definite issues. The Congressman who
cheerfully claims the votes of a city on the strength of his church membership,
good family, or advocacy of local improvements is sometimes made to stop
and think by a group o f earnest women who demand categorical answers to
questions on prohibition, the League of Nations, child labor, or amnesty f o r
What we women can b r i n g to the service of our country is not a higher
wisdom or a higher morality than our brothers, but a deeper conception of
the importance of human personality in men, women, and children. The work
of men is with things—with manufactures, stocks, and ideas. The work of
women is with persons—with children, w i t h pupils, with husbands, w i t h sick
people. Therefore, as a rule, women choose the health of little boys and girls
before p r o f i t s ; they choose the lives of young men before empires and national
domination; they choose the happiness of homes before the gains of the liquor
traffic. Let us not be diverted f r o m this mission of ours by the learned talk
of lawyers and congressmen and statesmen. We know that the laws and
diplomacy and erudition of thousands of years have indeed created empires
and piled up wealth beyond counting, but they have not secured food, clothing,
and shelter for every child or the possibility o f pure home life for every man
Last of a l l , let us not forget the words of Woodrow Wilson (Letter to
Democratic Banquet at Newark, N . J . , March 20, 1918) :
"The old party slogans have lost their significance and will mean noth-
ing to the voter o f the f u t u r e " ; and
" I believe that the weakness of the American character is that there
are so few growlers and kickers amongst us. . Difference of
1 8 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
opinion is a sort o f mandate of conscience. . . . We have forgotten
the very principle o f our origin i f we have forgotten how to object, how
to resist, how to agitate, how to pull down and build up, even to the extent
of revolutionary practices, i f i t be necessary to readjust matters." ("Spur-
ious vs. Real Patriotism, School Review, V o l . 7, P. 604.)
T H E H . C. L . — A N E P I T O M E
JAMES VAN D Y K
Outlook, October 1, 1919
The cost of l i v i n g is high. Because:
1. Production is less than demand.
2. We kick about the price, but buy.
3. H i g h wages mean higher prices.
1. W o r k harder—produce more.
2. Economize—buy less.
3. Save—don't squander.
1. The merchant cannot get more than you w i l l pay.
2. I f any article is too costly, switch to something else.
3. I f you know a profiteer, avoid him.
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 10
WANTED: A BIG SISTER!
BY STELLA F . DUERI.NGER, Rho, '15, Executive Secretary
of Girls' Work, Y. W. C. A., Detroit, Michigan
TO be the "big sister" of all the teen-age girls in the fourth largest
city in the United States is a tremendously fascinating and
worth-while jot)—and this is the aim of the Blue Triangle Girls'
Department, Detroit, Michigan. Grade school kiddies, high school
students, normal school freshmen, chorus girls, cash girls, bundle
wrappers—girls from true American homes, girls of foreign-born
parentage, and girls from no homes at a l l —
" T a l l girls, short girls, fat girls, thin
The Y. W. C. A. takes them all i n . "
And what do we do with these hosts of girls? That is the joyful
task of the five Girls' Work Secretaries, who are just the busiest per-
sons imaginable, for teen-age girls are wide-awake, f u l l of pep and
restless with energy, and are now, more than ever, during these days
of social unrest, needing sane guidance in so many respects.
For our school girls there are clubs to which any girl between the
ages of ten and twenty may belong. These clubs provide ample
opportunity for wholesome recreation, for widening one's interest in
world happenings, for school and community service, and most of all,
for self-expression in the development of Christian womanhood and
leadership. Nine of Detroit's high schools and many of the grade
schools have such clubs, the members of which pledge themselves to
be loyal to their schools, actively to uphold honor, scholarship, and
a high moral standard; to promote good fellow-ship and to enter
heartily into social service. Perhaps the outstanding activity of all
the clubs is the service work done. Since war work ceased, the girls
have been making indestructible toys for the Children's Free Hospi-
tal, baby layettes for the Children's A i d Society, entertaining at the
Home for Crippled Children, and making scrap books of American
girlhood for Chinese school girls in Foochow, China. One club of
older girls held classes in English at the Sophie Wright Settlement.
Many happy events in addition to the regular club program are con-
stantly being planned. During the past few months this has included
such affairs as a Grade School Carnival, an Inter-High School Vaude-
ville, a Mothers' and Daughters' Banquet, several rallies, and eight
weeks of summer camping on the beautiful shores of Lake Huron,
where two hundred and fifty girls spent a glorious vacation this year.
The school girl, however, is not the only type to which the Blue
Triangle Girls' Department ministers. The younger girl in business
20 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA 0MICRON PI
and industry has not been forgotten and for her, the Young Women's
Christian Association has provided a wonderful Club Center. The
following extract from a recent report of the Assistant Girls' Secre-
tary who is in charge of this phase of our work, describes it better
than could be done otherwise:
"When the Y. W. C. A. undertook to create a downtown play-
room for Detroit's working girls under nineteen years of age, all con-
sideration was given their taste and love of pretty things. Nothing
more cheery in a flood of sunshine than ivory and blue with dashes
of red. So presto! the color scheme of the organization's insignia was
followed in every detail from sauce pan to floor lamp. And we have
felt the thrill of approval as our bundle wrappers, tapping their toes
on a blue rug, or rocking in an ivory willow, have surveyed it all and
informed us, 'Gee, this is swell, it's just like Heaven'.
"One doesn't have to put a puff over her ear, and pluck her eye-
brows, to wedge her way into the privileges of the Center. Some of
us have, however; some of us have even experimented with black pen-
cils and sweetly scented red. But very many of us, after observing the
grotesqueness of such decorations on our dancing partners, have gone
back to the simple life. With some eight hundred different girls
registered who have participated in the frolics, there has been quite
a chance to compare and conclude on modes, manners, moral and
social standards. Girls from more than a hundred and twenty-five
various business houses or offices have come for noon recreation or
luncheon. Usually they start singing on the first step, and fling back
cheerfully from the last one, 'Save me a piece of lemon pie tomorrow.'
Some carry part of their lunches from home, while others rely entirely
on our menus. Sometimes it is the lure of the attractive circulating
library that helps to bring them. Photoplay and The American
have hosts of followers, and many have the dancing area. Needles
and thread to meet sudden emergencies, and a couple of pairs of tennis
shoes to relieve pinched feet, have brought the rooms praise for con-
taining all the accessories of woman. Besides, there are games, and
paper dolls to be cut from the Pictorial—and Ouija! How plain-
tively do they ask her, ' W i l l I get thin soon?' or hopefully, ' W i l l I
get a raise?' Occasionally girls come to rest on our cot, to try oift a
new song, or write a letter. Many a time they want a confidence with
the secretary: how can one remedy a stiff neck the morning after a
'feller' has taken her driving with her head on his shoulder? But there
are graver questions: how can one board and room on ten dollars a
week and pay up on that $85 suit? And then there are more inti-
mate and touching burdens we can share.
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA 0MICRON PI 21
"Evening are devoted to clubs, classes, and parties. 'Can I make
a party?' is an eager question from the girl who hasn't ample facilities
for bringing all her boy and girl friends together in her home. 'It's
good enough for poor folks,' she says as she tacks up the last bit of
decoration. 'It's good enough for kings,' you assure her as you take
in the harmony of red, white, and blue crepe trellises, pink paper
napkins, and seventeen red and green candles on the cake.
"On many Sundays, groups have set out for the country for first
experience in cooking from the end of a stick or under glowing ashes.
Impromptu nature talks have resulted no more inevitably than discus-
sion on heels and posture. And how much gayer they have felt, re-
turning to the city with bright flowers or berries! Sometimes, service
work, story telling, mothers' teas, or other informal gatherings have
been scheduled for the club rooms on Sunday.
"The Club has extended hospitalities several times to a transient
class of young employed; chorus girls from various musical comedies
playing at the nearby opera houses. They have enjoyed the informal-
ity of the club rooms as something seldom met along their travels.
So as one of the girls has said, 'You are likely to see most anything
up in our club room—most anything i f it's nice.' "
Friends of American Girlhood, do you realize what all this means?
Could you but see these girls from every walk of life and sense their
happiness—a great "something" would rise within you so big you
couldn't speak. But one does not need to come to Detroit to be a
big sister to the younger girl. She is everywhere and perhaps you
have just been overlooking her. The Young Women's Christian
Association in any city gladly welcomes college women to the leader-
ship of its work, either as volunteer or employed workers, and surely
the challenge of the teen-age girl problem is compelling enough to
"Here am I , use me!"
I t is not wisdom i n itself, but the manner of imparting it that affects the
soul, and alone deserves the name of eloquence.
22 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
AN AUTHOR'S A G E N T
B Y J E A N W I C K ADAMS, Alpha, ' 0 4
TO tell of my work is indeed a pleasure for it is to speak of the
success and achievement of others.
I am what is technically spoken of as an "authors' agent," which
means that I place the creative output of author clients to the best
advantage. Agenting, though, to be successful is not only selling; it
means concerning oneself heartily in the creative work of another.
And some of my clients are reaping a very fair measure of success.
For instance there is Achmed Abdullah who within less than five
years has sold over a hundred short stories, has on the market at
present three books The Trail of the Beast, The Honorable Gentle-
man and Others, and The Man on Horseback, has sold a Chinatown
drama to Belasco who has ordered from him two other plays, is
finishing a new play for Dietrichstein, and is selling in England
France, and Italy. Then there is that very gifted G. Ranger Worm-
ser whose collection of short stories, The Scarecroiv was published by
Dutton. Here is an author whose work is "high-brow," psychic,
and several other qualities which we are trained to regard as unsell-
able, and you will all have the chance to read her "The Devil's Leap"
in one of the Collier issues about to appear. Faith Baldwin whose
poetry appears almost monthly in the Forum, the Touchstone, and
similar magazines is now beginning to write prose. Should she ever
turn into a second Mary Roberts Rinehart I shall feel that I have
helped a little in the making, and several editors and people of that
ilk seem to feel that there is a good chance. Then when a man who
has achieved a success in the motion picture world and feels that
that alone will not satisfy him, he may come to me to be "put over"
in the magazine field, as did Marc Edmund Jones. So far Mr. Jones
and I have had to be content with seeing his work in the lesser maga-
zines such as Argosy, Treat 'Em Rough and Telling Tales, but he is
making a living and is thoroughly enjoying every moment of i t !
My English connections have always been good, for I first started
my work in London, where the agent is an old established tradition.
During the coming year when you read Duncan Swan, Constance
Holme, John Trevenna Wawn with his The Joyous Years, and i f
perchance you truly enjoy them and think the books worth while, you
may know that I would most heartily approve of your literary
acumen! A l l of this work is done under my maiden name of Jean
Wick, for it was under this name that I first met magazine editors
and men of the publishing world.
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 23
T H E QUIET CORNER
(The "Quiet Corner" under the former E d i t o r has been so appreciated
by the subscribers that it now holds a permanent place in the magazine. When-
ever a poem comes to your attention and you feel impressed by its beauty,
send it to the "Quiet Corner." Original lines are 'always most welcome.)
While Autumn brings to the house the cheerful glow of "first fires," gray
November ushers i n the whistling leaves, and the last brave songster takes
wing f o r sunnier bowers, and later under nature's cloak in December, is there
not constantly a great promise of a recreation to be unveiled at the first touch
TO A REALIST
ELIZABETH HANLY, Gamma, '15
January 1919, Survey
Life is a prison, friend of mine, you say?
No, nor a palace, but friend, yesterday
L i f e was a little house, but garnished fine and f a i r ,
Set by the wayside free to sun and air.
The road was dusty, yea, but it was sweet;
Checked by sun and shade and safe f o r childish feet.
Now swept by storm and gusts of bitter rain
Dark is our road. I t w i l l be light again
And God in His good time obliterate our pain.
THE PATH THAT LEADS NOWHERE
From Nature Poems,
B Y MRS. CORINNE ROOSEVELT ROBINSON
A l l the ways that lead to Somewhere,
Echo with the h u r r y i n g feet
Of the struggling and the striving,
But the way I find so sweet
Bids me dream and bids me linger,
Joy and Beauty are its goal,
On the path that leads to Nowhere
I have sometimes found my soul!
24 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
THE CHANGED VIEWPOINT O F A TEACHER
M I L I T A H . S K I L L E N , Epsilon, ' 1 1
I F anyone had predicted when I came to Chicago that I would
teach three years here and actually be happy in my work at the
start of the fourth, I should have found it difficult to hide my incre-
But once again truth is proved stranger than fiction, and I , who
felt wholly strange and alone and thought I had little in common
with the school children of this great city, because everything was
so utterly different from my experience as a pupil in New York City
or as a teacher in various part of the continent, find myself singularly
at home among Chicago's school children. The solution lies with
the children, of course. I really didn't want to teach. One can't
work with real boys and girls of the high school age very long,
honestly trying to get their views and give them a fair and square
deal, without coming to just love them and of course to love working
The studies are very prosaic and the monotony rather deadening
when one goes over the same ground twice a year for three successive
years. That has been my experience, and further, a great part of the
work has been of a kind that I did not enjoy, that seemed to me to
simply use up all my vim uselessly when I could have done something
worth while, had I had a chance with what I enjoyed.
Therefore, the pleasure I take now comes from a change of atti-
tude or viewpoint. I've come to realize that my part is with the
boys and girls not the studies entirely. The effort is to treat with the
uninteresting or interesting facts, more than to help these young folks
to get all the nutriment they can for their minds and souls. Every indi-
vidual boy and girl with whom I come in contact is a new personality
and a mighty interesting one. The question is no longer merely,
"How much grammar or composition or how many facts in literature
can I make them learn?" It's how much can I help that individual
to obtain a clear look at what he is after, how much wider can I make
his horizon, how much more fully can I help him understand the
principles of citizenship, and appreciate his personal responsibility?
Somehow it has become interwoven with the grammar and the compo-
sition and the literature to such an extent that I no longer attempt to
follow a set plan or outline for my day and week, no longer is one
class like another or any day's work possible to prognosticate. The
spirit moves, a need is apparent, an opportunity appears, and the
monotony that formerly dulled all my interest is losing its power;
for let me say again, it is a problem of individuals not studies.
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 25
Don't misunderstand me and think I would not welcome a chance
to take these children into pastures new to them and fresher to me,
where I have not grazed so repeatedly. But as a well-known orator
has said, I have a new "squint" at my work and I'm trying to pass
it on to others.
While the governments of the world are trying to establish closer relationships
between nations through the League of Nations, the Republic of Chile has recently
ratified a practical plan which will go a long way toward the attainment of that better
understanding and good will among nations which is the aim of the Treaty at Paris.
A plan for the exchange of professors and instructors between the United States and
Chile with the University of California as a clearing house for the entire country
has received the official approval of the government of Chile. T h e project as formu-
lated by the University of California Committee on Hispanic Relations provides not
only for an exchange of professors of universities but also of teachers of high schools
and technical schools, including women as well as men.
Chile's ratification of the exchange professor project -marks the first definite result
of the plans of the late Professor H . Morse Stephens whereby the University of Cali-
fornia was to become a center for exchanges of professors and students with the
leading Hispanic countries of the world. Professor Stephens' idea included the study
of history and contemporary problems of Spain and Portugal, but more particularly of
the Hispanic Republics in the continents of the Americas.
A n appropriation of $12,000 for the coming year has been provided under the
decree signed by the president of Chile. Charles E. Chapman, Associate Professor of
Hispanic American History in the University of California, will be the first exchange
professor and leave of absence has been granted him from January, 1920. to January,
1921, as the Chilean school year begins in March and ends in December. The plan
allows for not less than two and not more than four exchange professors or instructors
from each country. Mr. Charles E . Chapman is the husband of Elizabeth Russell
Chapman, Delta, '02.—From Alumni Fortnightly, September 12, University of Cali-
26 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
T H E SPALDING SCHOOL FORCRIPPLED CHILDREN
B Y J U L I A FULLER CRANE, Rho, ' 1 4
0 0 D morning, children. Good morning, Miss Jones. Have
you an extra wheel-chair?''
Every eye was on the young woman; every face responded
to her greeting. A moment before the room had been perfectly quiet;
busy fingers had been stringing brightly colored beads, or laying
little sticks according to a given pattern; there was an atmosphere
of cheerfulness and peace everywhere. No swift eyes explored the
corners of the classroom, but there was no surprise at the question,
nor at the one which followed i t : "Does any one need crutch rub-
bers?" For this was a room f u l l of crippled children to whom such
questions were usual and commonplace.
They were the patient, smiling children of the Spalding School
on the west side of Chicago. This school has no narrow district,
but draws its pupils from the southwest, north, and west sides, from a
radius of at least fourteen miles. Among them are children of
many different nationalities and of many different degrees of poverty
and comfort. The one thing that binds them together and makes
of them a really homogeneous group is their physical affliction. They
are all crippled in one way or another: some of them have lost their
limbs or their fingers; a few of them have twisted spines; many of
them are suffering with paralysis, palsy, Pott's disease, or tuberculosis.
As a result they all have to be brought to the school and taken home
again in motor buses. As a result, too, each child feels a peculiar kin-
ship with his neighbor and has no sense of being abnormal or un-
usual. He knows he has limitations, but hasn't Sam in the next row
the same or equivalent limitations? And don't they all have the same
privileges and advantages? No child because he isn't crippled can
play the more desirable parts in the story here.
The schoolhouse has been specially constructed to meet the physical
limitations of the pupils. There are no stairs in the two-story build-
ing, but instead there are inclines wide enough to accommodate wheel-
chairs. The seats are adjustable to afford the greatest possible com-
fort to the cast-encased legs and backs, and to ease the brace-sup-
ported bodies. The school was designed by a prominent architect
whose treatment of details of construction was perhaps more than
Adaptation to the peculiar needs of the children also characterizes
the work of the school and the equipment of the teachers. In addi-
tion to the usual academic subjects taught in the grammar grades and
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 27
first year high school, great stress is laid on handicraft. There is
weaving of the finest quality, there is Cluny lace making, there is
beadwork of various kinds, there is cobbling, printing, manual train-
ing, sewing, cooking, and typewriting. There is also a plan to estab-
lish a brace shop where the boys can make proper braces for them-
selves and their fellow-pupils. A l l of these things fit the child for
his life after school. They aim to give him a trade by which he can
earn a decent livelihood in spite of serious physical handicaps. The
teachers in the school are all specially trained. They must take a
semi-medical course in order to understand the afflictions of their
pupils, as well as to render first aid when necessary. This course
includes lectures, reading, visits to clinics and hospitals. Teachers of
block-printing, weaving, lace-making, etc., must in addition take
special courses in these subjects.
Not only does the school train its pupils in academic subjects and
handicraft, but it also gives them the physical aid made necessary by
their physical condition. Attached to the school are a physician, an
osteopath, a nurse, and a teacher of gymnastics. The latter gives
only corrective exercises suited to the individual cases; she has effected
some remarkable results. The osteopath has been very successful in
aiding cases of paralysis by strengthening the weakened muscles.
Besides these medical aids in the school building, there are dispen-
saries and clinics to which the children have access and where, usually
under guidance of the teacher of gymnastics, they receive treatments
of all kinds, including operations, the fitting of casts, and the applica-
tions of braces.
Another distinctive feature of the school is the care given to the
feeding of the children. A glass of milk or cocoa is served each day
when the pupils arrive in the morning, and at noon they are given a
warm luncheon of nourishing food. For some children this luncheon
is their only daily meal. Knowing this, the Principal has planned
the menus carefully, so that each child may get as much nutritious
food as possible.
The play of the children outside the schoolroom, at recess or before
classes in the morning, is, curiously enough, the one activity of the
school in which the physical limitations of the pupils are least appar-
ent. I t differs in no wise from normal play. The younger children
enjoy most the slides and the swings; the older boys play baseball in
a really marvellous fashion. I have seen a boy with two artificial
legs from the knees down run the bases as well as any normal boy.
Tag has no terrors for the boy on crutches; in fact, he can outrun
his crutchless chaser by long leaps.
TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
Brief as is this sketch of the Spalding School, it would be incom-
plete without a mention of the Principal through whose ability and
efforts the development of the school has been made possible. Her
interest in her work is unceasing and her fund of inspiration appar-
ently limitless. She has visited the best schools for crippled chil-
dren, public and private, throughout the country, and has brought
from each something of value for the Spalding. When she is not
planning some large improvement for the benefit of all of her stu-
dents, or interesting her friends in the needs of the school, she is
aiding some individual child by giving him clothing or a proper
brace or talking to some parent who seems indifferent to his child's
condition. Through her the children have Christmas parties and
entertainments that are a joy to both teachers and pupils. And
above all, for it is perhaps the most important agency in promoting the
welfare of the children, she spares no pains to maintain an atmos-
phere of congeniality and comradeship among the teachers. Because
of her the teaching staff is one large, harmonious family. This year
her efforts have culminated in a large new addition to the school which
will give Chicago's unfortunate little cripples an even better chance
to know this woman who radiates courage, good cheer, and determina-
tion, and who will give them physical and mental aid and a measure
of love which life has often denied them.
" I am content with what I have, and make it richer by my fancy,
which is as cheap as sunlight, and gilds objects quite as pretty. I t is the
coin i n my pocket, not the coin in the pockets of my neighbor, that is of use
to me. Discontent has never a doit in her purse and envy is the most poverty
stricken of the passions."
TO DRAG MA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 29
A O ITS IN T H E L I T E R A R Y W O R L D
<BY J. COLCORD, Gamma, '06
Broken Home£, This book is a study of f a m i l y desertion and its social treat-
ment and is a treatise valuable for persons employed in family rehabilitation. I t
is a text book emphasizing the various phases of problems presented and illustrat-
ing them with " C A S E S " taken f r o m the experiences o f a large number of social
Joanna Colcord is General Secretary of Charity Organization Societies
in New York City and was chairman of Family Division of National Confer-
ence of Social Workers at Atlantic City, June, 1919.
M a r y Ellen Chase, Gamma, '09, has a very pretty story in the May, 1919,
number of Harper. The title is " M a r i g o l d s " and i t tells how amid the toil of
planting a war garden, a woman's love for flowers awakened her husband's
appreciation of her share in their home.
I f you watch Harper's Magazine, you w i l l have the opportunity to read Mary
Ellen's latest story called "Sure D w e l l i n g s " ; scenes laid in New England.
To them who are looking for an interesting children's story, it is sug-
gested to watch the numbers of St. Nicholas for stories by Stella Stern Perry.
The last one called "Plum, Cherry, and Pine" appeared in the February number.
The Author's League is conducting a voting contest to determine what
American author is entitled to the distinction of being the "Author's Author"—
the one whom American writers consider the greatest artist among l i v i n g
American authors. The league now numbers almost 1,800 members. A m o n g
its recent enterprises is the establishment of a Registration Bureau in which
for a fee of 50 cents manuscripts not copyrightable, such as poems and moving
picture scenarios, can be filed with date of receipt, thus enabling the author
to prove priority of authorship, i f that fact lies with him. The league carries
on an Employment Bureau which endeavors to find salaried positions for
persons seeking literary or artistic employment. Louise Sillcox, Alpha, '13,
is the Managing Secretary. Her address is 128 West 129th Street, New York
City.—From New Y o r k Times.
3 0 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
W O M E N AS CHEMISTS
B Y M I L D R E D S. R A G A N , Alpha, '09
A t this time when so many people have interesting erperiences to tell about
their war work abroad i t seems presumptuous f o r one who merely stayed at
home to tell about her j o b . But because I think there is a w o n d e r f u l oppor-
tunity f o r girls in the field of chemistry I am glad to tell of my experience,
in the hope that I may encourage other girls to prepare themselves for such
Wouldn't you like to feel that when you get out of college, instead of
having to look f o r a job there w i l l always be plenty o f jobs looking f o r you?
M y first work after taking my Master's Degree in chemistry was as re-
search assistant to the professor under whom I had studied. This offer came
to me as a most pleasant surprise and I found the work interesting enough
to keep me busy f o r f o u r years—or until I married. A t that time I considered
that my active days as a chemist were over, especially after I had a young
son to take care of. However, d u r i n g the war there was such a scarcity o f
men chemists and comparatively so few girls trained i n that line that although
I had been out of touch w i t h things f o r three years I was asked to assist i n
the Chemistry Department at Columbia.
Last year, as my husband expected to enter the army I decided to register
as available f o r some work in chemistry and within three days was offered
three positions. One of these—the one which I accepted—was to give a course
in a large private school in New York.
A l l of this argues no special ability on my part, but it shows that there is
room f o r many more girls than have heretofore prepared themselves f o r
careers in chemistry. O f course, d u r i n g the war the demand was abnormal,
but at any time ordinary ability has a much better chance of success in a line
of work which is not overcrowded and undoubtedly the war has opened many
more positions in chemistry for girls than were ever available before. I f you
are interested i n chemistry my advice is to stick to i t .
Berkeley, California—More than 8,000 students enrolled.
Los Angeles—The Mayor is to ask voters f o r authority to issue bonds f o r
$9,000,000 to provide f o r construction of school buildings.
F r a n k l i n College, Indiana—to have $125,000 science hall.
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 31
J A N E D . W Y L I E , Alpha, '09
TH O U G H I had enlisted in March, 1918, for overseas war work
it was not until the summer of that year that I began my
work with the Y. M . C. A. Camp Upton was the first camp to
allow women workers in its Y. M . C. A. huts. After three months
there, and since the army had lifted the ban upon sisters, as overseas
workers, I received my passport to go to Europe.
Our trip on the Balmoral Castle landed us at Liverpool on Decem-
ber 13. That was indeed a lucky day for only by a miracle did our
boat weather the double gale which smashed i n the doors and win-
dows, carrying all the library chairs and tables to sea, and at the
same time sending billows of water to knock us under the tables while
at Sunday dinner!
After staying a week in London where we saw Sir Douglas Haig
greeted as hero of the war, we took boat at Southampton for Le Havre.
There was an American Y. M . C. A. here, and with our advent
many parties came off, for the boys wanted a good time when the
opportunity presented itself.
Paris, during December, was very much crowded because of the
Peace Conference, so we were sent to a hotel at Versailles, and from
here commuted to the metropolis to attend our course of lectures
before being assigned to stations.
In Paris, the Y. M . C. A. ran several hotels for the benefit of the
American soldiers and sailors. We attended some such place every
night, and talked and danced with the boys. The Palais de Glace
was perhaps the most popular. I t was somewhat like our Hippo-
drome, quite complete with canteen, movies, shows, and dances. I
shall not forget Christmas night when we helped give out packages
for every one of the hundreds of lonesome boys. After the dance
two young sailors attached to the Peace Conference asked three of us
"Y girls" to go someplace to eat. I have been to several "wild joints"
as the boys call them, but never had seen such a disgusting place. I t
was filled with American officers and French women, all celebrating
My next journey took me to Brittany Leave Area at St. Malo and
Dinard. One of the most successful pieces of work done by the " Y "
was the management of these leave areas, the idea being to give the
boys a real American holiday. I t corresponded to the English
"Blighty." American girls were stationed here to talk, walk, and
dance with the boys. We had complete dry and wet canteens, open at
32 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
all hours. Leave area work is very tedious because it is somewhat
unnatural after the newness has worn off. Every week you have an
avalanche of over a thousand strange men, coming for a vacation.
Perhaps they have been away from American women and comforts for
eighteen months. The American Government puts the boys up at
French hotels, and they enjoy table cloths and china dishes, they do
not have to stand reveille and may stay out t i l l midnight, without
fear of the M . P. Think of i t ! Out of the army for a whole week!
They are ready to play in real earnest. Nine American girls at our
High Life Casino at Dinard, were forced to "spread themselves" over
a thousand boys. I t meant early morning hours, and after midnight
every night, no day off, and always wherever you turned, a "mob" of
boys hungry for the company of their own women. We had many
French girls and a few English to help entertain at the Casino, but
the canteen work was all done by us. Five hours a day standing at
the counter selling smokes and making change for a long line of boys,
takes a little energy. Then, dancing as a business every morning,
except Sunday for an hour and a half, changing partners every time
the whistle blows, takes a little more energy. A walk with some of
the boys, a show every night, and perhaps later, a few whirls, leaves
one longing for her bed.
The attitude of the boys was wonderful, so appreciative were they
of what we tried to do. I have some of the most interesting letters
of thanks for the work of the " Y " and our part in it.
I stayed in Dinard for about five months. I n April we went to
Paris for reassignment and also for a ten-day leave, which everyone
is entitled to, according to the ruling of the A. E. F. I had been
promised a place in Germany with the Army of Occupation. I t
was the nearest I could get to the front. Our leave papers were made
out to Bordeaux, Pau, Lourdes, Biarritz. Upon arriving in Paris,
however, Leslie Cameron and I found that we could go directly to
Germany and we felt that it was better to give up our rest, and go
there direct. So, after a few days' wait for travel permits we left
for Coblenz. I n the meantime, we had visited Chauteau Thierry and
the devastated regions and had spent an entire day with two American
lads and three French colonials, walking around Rheims and riding
in a camion far out to the German trenches. We were dirty and
tired, and had no pass for travel, but we had seen something un-
imaginable—a beautiful city with hardly one stone upon the other,
razed to the ground.
From Coblenz we were sent across the Rhine to Neuwied the head-
quarters of the Second Division. Miss Cameron and I were assigned
to Company M of the Ninth Infantry at Thalhausen, not far from the
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 33
neutral zone. Here we had real army life. Each one was billeted
in a German house. Taps sounded at ten-thirty and i f your light
shone, there was a raucous call, "Put that light out!" Company M
was much pleased at having two girls of their very own—"Our Y
women" as they dubbed us. I t was quite a task the first week. They
came to the " Y " and roughhoused, and acted like a crowd of ten-
year-old boys out of school. They tore off their wound and service
stripes so that we might sew them on!
We were given as a " Y " the main room of the town beer garden,
so when you entered the hall, you turned left for a drink and right to
the Y. M . C. A. I paid an old German to paint the walls blue
with tan above, we put up a lot of fine American posters, and hung
net curtains at the windows, covered four big chairs with cretonne,
made a bookcase, and kept the pace as homelike as we could. We
did all the work ourselves, and it was a pretty numerous family!
The first night and every other night, we had something to eat—cocoa
and crackers or iced tea or lemonade, crullers or coffee cake, and
twice a week the " Y " sent us ice cream. This was sold at a mark
(7 cents) a plate. The other food was free on Wednesday, Sunday,
The life was a very quiet one, every day the same, and often the
boys were very restless. Payday was a time when we taxed our wits
to keep them amused. Some usually went "over the top." We were
teased unmercifully, rather boldly at times, but it was just their way.
They had been in the army two years—having enlisted in the regular
army and been through the horrors of five major operations. They
thought the folks at home had forgotten them. When we said good-
bye a few days before their start homeward, every boy had a place in
our hearts. Abie Cohen, Piggie the Portuguese, even the prisoner,
and I think they were fond of us. They had stopped swearing and
breaking furniture and making fun of the show people who came to
entertain us. When Miss Cameron and I landed in New York, we
went directly to Camp Merritt to see Company M . They greeted us
with broad grins but wanted to know where the we had been,
and why we had not seen them parade.
American women were very proud of our American boys in Europe.
As a class they are clean minded, and manly, with an indomitable
sense of humor. The French attitude toward life is such that our
boys had terrible temptations to face. The American man treated his
country women wonderfully, and many a war worker would be spoiled
did she take to herself the adulation she received. We simply repre-
sented American womanhood, and it was a mighty big role we had
to play. Now it is all over, the war has ceased, the boys have gone
home, and only in memory does our war experience still live.
34 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
A C A N T E E N A T ST. NAZAIRE
B Y MARGARET H U R L E Y , Sigma, '12
Dear Alpha O's:
I faithfully promised Helen Henry before I sailed last April that
I would write a letter and tell you all about my work in France.
However, the days i n the canteen were such busy ones that I
never seemed able to crowd in any letters except to the family. I n
one way it seems almost ridiculous for us late comers to attempt to
tell about our work because so much of our experience in France was
sheer pleasure but as one of the " Y " girls said, " I came over pre-
pared to suffer and then they wouldn't let me." The girls who were
over early had the hardships and deserve all the credit. Apart from
getting on without such trifles as bath tubs and ice cream sodas, we
had all the comforts of home.
We landed in Marseilles late in April. The disagreeable, rainy
season was over, the first trees were in bloom and southern France
was like a lovely garden. We had two glorious days in Marseilles
and then went on to Paris for the Y. M . C. A. conference. I was
assigned to canteen work in Embarcation Camp 2, at St. Nazaire.
My canteen partner and I were the first women in the hut so we
had the pleasure of fixing up our house to our taste. With some
paint, cretonne, tables, and wicker chairs, we evolved a very attractive
library. I say we evolved it but really the boys did all the work—
we only looked on and made suggestions. I t was a joy to see how
proud the boys were of that library. Some of them spent hours there,
writing letters or reading and one day one of them told us that never
in his life had he been in such a nice room. There were very few
permanent men in camp so our work was mainly in serving the thous-
ands of men who passed through St. Nazaire on their way home.
Thus the boys in the crowd were ever changing and we met boys from
all parts of the country. Occasionally they would be held over i n
camp for a few days waiting for a boat and then they would tell us of
their experiences at the front. When they received their sailing
orders we served them their last cup of chocolate as they marched to
I always wore my pin in the Hut and occasionally a boy would say,
"Hello, A O LI." When the 90th Division went through our camp,
a good many of them noticed my pin and said, "So you've been up
in the Army of Occupation too." To them " A . O." meant only one
thing "Army of Occupation."
The canteen work in St. Nazaire ended July 17th and the boys we
had worked with rolled up their packs and sailed for home while we
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 35
reported to Paris for our discharge papers from the Y. M . C. A.
From Paris we went to St. Malo, one of the most interesting watering
places in France. We spent a most enjoyable two weeks there as we
waited, with about two hundred other " Y " girls, for orders to report
at Brest. Finally i t was our turn to sail and we waved goodby to
France and started toward home.
Although I was among the last of the girls to be sent overseas, I
shall always be glad that I had the privilege of being there. I t was
a wonderful experience and I feel that I can appreciate as I never
could the wonderful spirit of the A. E. F.
(Margaret M . Hurley was Arizona's representative o f the General Federa-
tion of Women's Clubs Unit.)
From Journal of Education, September 25th, 1919
November 4th-8th—Colorado Educational Association at Denver.
November 4th-7th—Western Division at Grand Junction.
November 6th-8th—Southern Division at Pueblo.
November 6th-8th—Eastern Division at Denver.
November 7th—Worcester County (Mass.) Teachers' Association, Mechanics
November 24th-26th—National Council of Teachers of English, Boston, Mass.
November 28th-29th—Southwestern Indiana Teachers' Association, Evans-
$6 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
The following names have been added to the list of Life Subscribers
since May 1, 1919.
Katharine A. Donlon, Epsilon Margaret Matthews, Phi
Mildred Harley MacDonald, Iota Helen Gallagher, Phi
Grace Woodleton, N u Eveline Snow, Gamma
Helen Josephine Scott, Omega Lura Templar, Nu Kappa
Alvira Lehrer, Omega Margaret Bentley, N u Kappa
Margaret A. Graham, Epsilon Margaret Henderson Dudley, Sigma
Joanna C. Colcord, Gamma Mabel McConnell, Rho
Mabel C. Wallace, Iota Elsie May Brace, Rho
H . Marion Jameson, Delta Mabelle Hedde, Theta
Erma Lessel, Alpha Phi Evelyn Allen, Kappa
Margaret Jacobs, Gamma Louise Arthur, Omega
Vlartha J. Hitchner, Omega Zolan Kidwell, Phi
Gladys Waite Wood, Delta Ethel Chace, Zeta
Mrs. Samuel Gilbert, Rho Myrtle Tompkins, Omicron
Mary E. Adams, Chi Frances C. Carter, Chi
Etta Phillips MacPhie, Delta Bertha Stein, Iota
Inez Downing Jayne, Iota Willie White, Pi
Helen Pierce Munro, Tau Mrs. G. P. Whittington, Pi
Lucy Somerville, Kappa Alice Sheehy, Zeta
Clara Murray Cleland, Kappa Lillian Battenfield, Chi
Rochelle Cachet, Pi Mrs. C. H . Lorenz, Theta
Helen Schrack, Chi Emily Tarbell, Chi
Charlotte Lowell, Delta Margaret Durkee Angell, Delta
Harriet Arneson, Alpha Phi Carroll McDowell, Phi
Zella E. Colvin, Gamma Mary E. Rose, Phi
Louise M . Wiley, Omicron Merle Anderson, Rho
Anne Waite, Theta Margaret Melaas, Eta
Elizabeth Russell Chapman, Delta Helen Turner, Eta
Carolyn Fraser Pulling, Delta Edith Phenicie, Phi
Caroline Power, Rho Winnifred D. Moran, Zeta
Doris Ingram, Alpha Phi Nan Atkinson Craddock, Kappa
Gertrude Nizze, Rho Mrs. W. J. McKenna, Iota
Lucy Allen, Theta Emily Nash, Omega
Frances Kelley, Theta Florence Walker Cannell, Delta
Lura Wallace, Theta Cecile Iselin, N u
Margaret Eabcock, Theta Caroline Paige, Upsilon
Leona Kelley Cooper, Theta Mrs. J. W. Treat
Clara Dilts, Theta Mary Ann Urschel, Eta
Agnes Lakin, Theta Bess Masten, Kappa
Anna McClellan, Pi
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 37
IMPRESSIONS O F NATIONAL P A N H E L L E N I C CON-
GRESS, N E W W I L L A R D HOTEL, WASHINGTON,
D. C , O C T O B E R 16-18, 1919
By L I L L I A N M . M C C A U S I . A N D , Grand President
My first impression was of a very long table, i n a not overly long room,
a ring of absorbed women around the table, a preoccupied glance f r o m each
individual as I came i n , which changed to a rather dolefully resigned expres-
sion when i t was seen that I was another "new one." I had heard of the
National Panhellenic ever since undergraduate days and had a lively curiosity
concerning i t . I fancy I was peculiarly susceptible to new impressions. From
the first moment I listened intently—and I needed to do so. Very soon, con-
sciously or unconsciously, I found myself sympathizing with the old-time member
at the appearance o f new ones. U n t i l I had asked a question or had let the
discussion bring out certain features, I was handicapped by lack of knowledge
of the organization itself and of its procedure on former occasions, because
none of the questions discussed were, per se, new ones. They were all specific
phases or developments of old problems that had been considered and worked
on at many former conferences.
For your enlightenment, let me tell you what the National Panhellenic
Congress really is. I t consists of one delegate f r o m each national sorority
represented. I t is a deliberative body; in other words, it cannot legislate. I t
can discuss questions and make recommendations as to what i t considers ought
to be done, but cannot act.
The legislative body is made up of the Grand Presidents of the sororities
represented, but does not meet, as such, w i t h the Congress. Consequently, all
recommendations have to be referred, by correspondence, to the Grand Presi-
dents for action.
Many of the National Panhellenic delegates are Grand Presidents. Some
are not. I have come away f r o m this Congress w i t h the feeling that the Na-
tional Panhellenic delegate must be a long-term officer, i n order to adequately
deal w i t h the situation, and that the Grand President should also be present,
in order to hear the discussion and be able to cast an intelligent vote when
the recommendations are referred to her f o r action. I n other words, m y
strong conviction is that the fraternity should always have its National Pan-
hellenic Delegate and its Grand President present at the Congress.
The program of the Congress was in two parts: first, routine business, the
consideration of problems which I w i l l state briefly, and for the second part, a
series of round table discussions.
One of the most troublesome problems touched upon was the question of
high school Greek-letter societies. As you all know, the ban was placed on these
in 1916 and any g i r l , j o i n i n g one after that date, became, by so doing, ineligible
to membership in any sorority represented in National Panhellenic Congress.
This has given rise to many complications. I was very glad to be able to say,
when a roll call of fraternities was made to determine what methods each organi-
zation was using to enforce the ruling, that we covered it through our pledge
questions. I f you have ever felt that the questions asked our pledges were too
drastic, let me assure you that you would be very glad i f you realized f r o m
what unpleasantness i t has saved yon.
38 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
The rather far-reaching subject of the nationalization of local groups was
discussed very f u l l y . The problem is in the larger institutions where the en-
rollment is so great that in spite of the fact that the chapters have maximum
membership, there is still a great body of undergraduate girls who cannot be
asked. The feeling is that National Panhellenic organizations should try to
be helpful to those groups i n every possible way, to the end that they may
The Congress, feeling that the organizations there represented, should broaden
their interests i n every way, suggested that local Panhellenics be urged to call
in, frequently, able speakers to address the student body on the great move-
ments of national and international l i f e , thus strengthening the fellowship be-
tween fraternity and nonfraternity girls and between the student body and the
faculty and helping to develop the real aims of the sororities.
Three round-table discussions were held which were most interesting and
helpful. "Vocations for Women," conducted by Dr. Hopkins, Zeta Tau Alpha;
"Social Groups," by Mrs. Thompson, Alpha P h i ; "The Fraternity and the
College," by Miss Kellar, Pi Beta Phi.
The formal sessions closed at noon on Saturday. They were followed by
a luncheon at the Wardman Park I n n f o r all members of the Congress and
all fraternity women living in Washington. Over two hundred were present.
The outgoing President, Mrs. Collins, Chi Omega, presided. Mrs. Mecklin,
Kappa Alpha Theta, presented a brief resume o f the war work done by the
various fraternities. This was followed by an address on "Women and
Politics," by Mrs. Raymond Robbins.
Education is an admirable thing, but it is well to remember that nothing
that is worth while can be taught.
OSCAR W I L D E .
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI .V)
T H E EDITORS' CONFERENCE
When word came that the Editors' Conference was to convene at Wash-
ington, D . C , on October 15th and that the A l p h a Omicron Pi E d i t o r was to
attend, both joy and doubt filled her mind. However, after five minutes of the
first session, only the former sensation could possibly exist. Under the very
able chairman, Miss Florence A . Armstrong, who f o r several years has been
Editor of The Lyre, a splendid program had been prepared and many problems
which are common to all fraternity publications were carefully discussed.
Each fraternity of the National Panhellenic Congress was represented and
the discussions were along the following topics. Certain editors previous to
the conference had been assigned a certain subject and they not only brought
material but led the discussions as f o l l o w s :
1. The place and limitation of fraternity journalism. Chi Omega's repre-
sentative led the discussion. I t was agreed that each fraternity has its own
individuality to maintain but the magazine should strive to treat with fraternity
interests particularly as to university, alumna;, and active chapter activities;
that the periodical world should take care of the entirely literary and business
matters unless in some way they are directly connected w i t h the f r a t e r n i t y .
2. Subject matter: (a) how to obtain chapter letters of real interest; (b) the
best form in which to present material; (c) methods of gathering contributions
from alumna and undergraduates. Mrs. Knote, A l p h a X i Delta, had very fin*
suggestions and they expressed the opinions of many others. I t was interest-
i n g to know that many editors send out forms by which the chapter letters are
written, some require an article f r o m each chapter per year besides the letters,
some obtain special articles direct f r o m the author. The m a j o r i t y of the
editors require all material to be typewritten, otherwise no credit is given. The
fine system is used extensively. The chapter letters should contain the personal
information and should be written in literary, not topic style. I t was suggested
that the chapters elect the chapter editor f o r two or three year terms. The
letters should be read before the chapter and have the signature of the president.
The alumnae editors should keep a notebook which w i l l have a list of prominent
members i n it. The chapter editor should always bear in mind that her reader
may be a sister, f a r away, eager to hear all about her chapter, or the reader
may be of another f r a t e r n i t y who judges the magazine by such articles.
3. Publication. M r s . Thomson of Alpha Phi presented facts and valuable
information for the various editorial staffs but such a report does not concern (he
4. Support of Magazines: (a) subscription campaigns; (b) life subscrip-
tions; (c) advertisements. Mrs. Rugg, of Phi Beta Phi, gave facts f r o m her
own experiences and they show splendid results. Almost every editor reported
that all members whether active or alumna? were required to take their maga-
zine. The average l i f e subscription fee was found to be fifteen dollars. Some
fraternities reported that their members start paying for life subscriptions
while in college. Several require a page advertisement f r o m each chapter. I t
was pointed out that since the magazine is the one continuous link f o r alumna
and active chapters, the members should support it even i f there are times
when i t fails to deal w i t h the particular question which interests one member.
I n other words, a fraternity would stand for little without a publication and a
publication must have subscribers.
40 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
5. Efficient supervision of Panhellenic publications. Miss Green o f
Kappa Alpha Theta was unable to attend.
6. Style book for editors and contributors, (a) desirability of standard
mimeographed booklet for N. P. C. journals. The humble Editor of A l p h a
Omicron P i was assigned this topic and the contributors w i l l hear f r o m time
to time the results of this discussion. I t deals with the methods, forms, and
adaptations of a u n i f o r m style f o r a l l material. This is to be f u r t h e r discussed
and your Editor w i l l i n f o r m her readers as soon as she hears f r o m the special
7. Syndication of magazine cuts. Miss N o r t h , of A l p h a Delta P i , reported
that all fraternities are willing to loan cuts.
8. Compilation of pamphlet on the constructive -war work of fraternity
women for early publication. Necessity of conserving records of war work and
of other constructive service of fraternity women for general reference. Miss
G r i f f i t h , of Alpha Chi Omega, urged that such a plan should be adopted and
that the editors of the magazines should have access to i t . I t was referred to
the N . P. C. for further discussion.
The Editor found these discussions very h e l p f u l and certainly feels that
Alpha Omicron Pi w i l l gradually realize the benefits of conference through
its magazine. The reason why the Secretary's report which contains the minutes
of the meeting is not i n this issue is because the magazine had l e f t f o r the
printer before the minutes were received.
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 41
A O n NATIONAL ALUMNffi WORK
FINDING OUR CAPABILITY
B Y THOMAS CARLYLE, In Sartor Resertus
Not what I Have, but what I Do is ray Kingdom. To each is given a certain
inward Talent, a certain outward Environment of Fortune; to each, by wisest combi-
nation of these two, a certain maximum of Capability. But the hardest problem were
ever this first: To find by study of yourself, and of the ground you stand on, what
your combined inward ana outward Capability specially is. For, alas, our young soul
is all budding with Capabilities, and we see not yet which is the main and true one.
Always, too, the new man is in a new time, under new conditions; his course can be
the facsimile of no prior one, but is by its nature original.
And then how seldom will the outward Capability fit the inward; though talented
wonderfully enough, we are poor, unfriended, dyspeptic, bashful: nay, what is worse
than all, we are foolish. Thus, in a whole imbroglio of Capabilities, we go stupidly
groping about, to grope which is ours, and often clutch the wrong one: in this mad
work must several years of our small term be spent, till the purblind Youth, by
practice, acquire notions of distance, and become a seeing Man. Nay, many so spend
their whole term, and in ever-new expectation, ever-new disappointment, shift from
enterprise to enterprise, and from side to side; till at length, as exasperated striplings
of three-score-and-ten, they shift into their last enterprise, that of getting buried.
P L A N S FOR NATIONAL ALUMNA: WORK
National Alumnae Work concerns more particularly the interests of
alumna; and alumnae chapters, but it should be broad enough to in-
clude the attention of the active girls as well.
Above all, "Alumna; Work" should stand for service, and not for
financial taxes which must be met. We should give through it of
ourselves. There is no form of work which will not require financ-
ing, but the financing of this should be the kind in which, because
you are interested in the progress of a work, you gladly give to hasten
that work along. Such giving as that is personal service. Thus all
our girls—those who may not be able to give of their time; those
who perhaps need all of their dollars; and those who are able to
give of both time and substance—can as one great body of Alpha
Omicron Pi help forward the cause we have undertaken. I t must be
arranged so that there is none of our number, who, i f she will, can-
not find opportunity for some share in this work of greater service.
From among the many possible forms which this National Alumnae
Work might take the Committee presents two for consideration and
discussion. The Committee wishes primarily to arouse interest and
discussion on this question. I t gladly welcomes any criticism of these
plans submitted. Nor does it wish the chapters to feel that the
possibilities for National Work are limited to the forms suggested.
The Committee will be glad to investigate any further suggestions
that may be given it.
/. Establishment of a Scholarship Fund. The great argument
holds against a scholarship fund that its demands on the alumna;
must of necessity be almost wholly financial. But so many have
expressed a desire that Alpha 0 should have such a fund that the
following plan is submitted.
42 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
Money for the fund to be raised by subscriptions from alumna;, each
chapter to have an alumna; collector. The fund to be administered
by a committee of three, the chairman to act as treasurer of the fund.
Applications to be sent to the Committee, who will advise with the
President of the fraternity, and the District Superintendent having
jurisdiction of the chapter from which the application came. The
Committee to send annually to the secretary of each active chapter a
statement of the amount of scholarship funds on hand, and the rules
to be observed by applicants. Applicants to send in such evidence of
scholarship, need, and health as may be required by the Committee.
Any money not used by the Committee for scholarship to be reserved
by them for emergency use by anyone requiring aid unexpectedly.
The beneficiaries to sign promissory notes for the sum received by
them, the money to bear no interest. I t is to be expected that the
loan shall be returned within two years after leaving college.
/ / . Americanization Work. Besides the deep patriotic appeal
offered in this work, i t seems especially applicable to our need as
being immediately at hand in every city, town, or village in the whole
country. I t is work which requires practically no outlay of material
and expense—and it is work which can be carried on by either the
individual or the group.
The plan of our adopting Americanization work as a National
Work would be our stating that our efforts as a fraternity were to
be given to that form of patriotic and social service, the details of
working this out being left to the individual chapter or the indi-
vidual girl. The Committee on Alumna; Work would, in that case,
stand ready at all times to advise chapters or individuals as to the
form of Americanization work that would be most effective under
local conditions, and to furnish detailed plans for the form of work
suggested. Opportunities are most varied for this work of Ameri-
canization, which is by no means limited to the foreign born.
In addition to acting in an advisory capacity, the Committee would
build up a national fund to be used i n this work. Seventy-five per
cent of the funds on hand would be subject to calls by chapters or
individuals, for use in the Americanization work being conducted. A
definite proportion of these available funds might be allotted each
fraternity district according to the opportunities for work in that
district. Requests for funds would be submitted through the District
Superintendent, who had investigated the worth of the request, and
who was responsible that the chapters in her district made use of
their opportunities. The portion of the funds not allotted would
be invested as a sinking fund from which in time would be established
a national headquarters and expression of our Americanization work,
such as a settlement house in a foreign section, or a night school.
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 43
A N A O n CANDIDATE FOR COURT JUDGE
Women of all political parties are supporting Miss Bertha Rembaugh, the
Republican nominee f o r justice of the First Municipal Court of New York.
Miss Rembaugh, who is the first woman candidate f o r a judicial office ever
nominated i n New York City by either of the two leading political parties, has
a record of fifteen years of law practice. Close contact with the Women's N i g h t
Court has convinced her of the necessity of a woman justice on the bench here
in New York. One-third of the cases which come before the municipal courts
of New York have women either as defendants or plaintiffs. I n u r g i n g her
campaign the women are maintaining that i t is necessary that one of the twenty-
six justices in the city should be a woman.
Headquarters f o r the candidate were opened today at 551 Hudson Street,
w i t h Miss Katherine Flanagan as campaign manager, Mrs. Leslie J. Thomp-
kins is chairman of the Bertha Rembaugh campaign committee, Mrs. Thompkins
has called a meeting of the entire committee f o r Thursday evening at her home,
56 Central Park West.
Miss Rembaugh opened her campaign Monday evening with an enthusiastic
street meeting at Washington A r c h , when she declared that she has instituted a
new sort of campaign i n that " a l l mud-slinging at opponents" is taboo. The
women's candidate feels that the office of judge should have nothing to do w i t h
politics, and i f elected intends to see that the office is kept out of politics.
Miss Rembaugh is a self-made woman. She graduated f r o m Bryn M a w r
and New Y o r k University, attending the latter institution after she had taught
f o r several years at Bryn Mawr Preparatory School.
Despite the handicap of working for many hours outside the classrooms
to pay f o r her tuition, she easily won the m a j o r i t y of the scholarship prizes.
I n the year 1904 Miss Rembaugh was admitted to the bar and was f o r a
time connected with the west side branch of the Legal A i d Society. A f t e r two
years o f service, first as a clerk and later as managing clerk, she began to
practice law in her own name. Practically all of her clients are business men,
which shows the acumen of her legal advice and the real success she has
won. She is as well known in the high courts as in the lower courts.
Among the women who are out to place her on the judicial bench in New
York are Mrs. Charles L . Tiffany, a Democrat and active suffrage worker;
Miss Mary Garrett Hay, a member of the women's executive committee of the
Republican National Committee; Mrs. Mary Kingsbury Simkovitch, head
worker of Greenwich House; Mrs. Jacob Rus, settlement worker; Mrs. Mary
Knoblauch and Mrs. M a r y Fisher Torrance.—From New Y o r k Globe and
Commercial Advertiser, October 9th, 1919.
Bertha Rembaugh is a N u , '04, sister and at one time was Grand
Mrs. Leslie J. Thompkins (Jean Burnett) is of N u '11.
44 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
ALUMNAE INTEREST TOWARD T H E UNDERGRADUATE
I T may seem that since the undergraduates are the ones affected
and benefited by chapter life, the alumna; have no vital part to
play. Each alumna can remember how when she was in college
she felt pride arise as she found herself able to handle the various
duties, and well too can she recall the more complete satisfaction
which was hers, when some older friend or alumna offered a word of
praise or advice. I t is true that the undergraduate may "run things,"
but she has not the time or experience to define policies and systems.
There are many of the same problems, and numerous traditions and
opportunities which exist year after year. No one is better able to
give this word of praise or advice, to plan out methods and explain
the fallacy or worth of an act, than a person who has already had the
same experience. I n the case of the college or fraternity this person
is the interested alumna.
The person graduated from college has a debt to pay to the Alma
Mater, for through its several halls, amid pleasant surroundings, that
person has gained a learning and an appreciation for which no tuition
can pay. "What then is the debt?" you say. "Loyalty and a constant
interest," is the reply.
Then, as an alumna in a fraternity, there is the same debt and the
added pleasure of being that friend upon whom the undergraduate,
your sister, may ever feel free to call.
There may be some alumna who has seen the need of guidance
among her younger sisters and her attempt to help has met with dis-
favor at the time. Yet how very often, i f this advice was for the best
interests of the girl or chapter, at some later date the results appear.
Just as the true mother watches over the welfare of her children,
regardless of their immediate appreciation, so should the real alumna
be interested and work for the developing group in the younger circle
of her fraternity.
ARTICLES BY ALUMNJE PRESIDENTS
[" N this same issue are several articles from alumnae chapter presi-
* dents. I t was the desire of the Editor to have similar articles
from each alumna; president and a notice to that effect was sent
to them. As the number of replies was so small the readers will be
deprived of the pleasure of seeing the pictures of the presidents, since
the Editor, when asking for the same, promised not to print any
picture unless several were received.
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 45
Each of the printed articles came in splendid form and on the date
mentioned. As they are read, may they spur on some of the inactive
members and may our alumna; chapters increase their membership
fifty per cent.
W I T H I N a few weeks there have been notices in various papers
of hopeful "Americanization" schools, not only in the great
cities but in rural communities as well, in which it appeared
that the ideal instructors of Americanism were vagarists with Russian
names, and ex-professors from Columbia—which university has been
notably ready to get rid of its budding bolsheviks. I t can hardly be
believed by the majority of Americans that such are fit custodians of
the American ideal—but who is to prevent their saying they are such ?
And who is to prevent their trying, in the guise of teaching American-
ism, to instil into the mind of impressionable immigrants some very
curious notions of what our democracy ought to represent?
BUSINESS WOMEN AND THEIR PROBLEMS
F ROM the office of the National Council in New York City last
July a movement was started that culminated in the formation
of the National Federation of Business and Professional Wom-
en. Representatives of business women, called to New York, practi-
cally with one accord expressed themselves in favor of such a federa-
tion throughout the country, and at St. Louis the movement took
shape, with Miss Gail Laughlin, a Chicago lawyer, as president of
One purpose of the federation is an investigation into the status of
business and professional women throughout the country. I t is aimed
to maintain and advance the ethical standards in the business and
professional world, and to promote the interests of women in profes-
sional, business, and industrial life.
The Y. W. C. A . clubs throughout the country are asked to come
into this federation. "The time is past, when we as individuals can
do very much. The work has to be done by group power. The
whole world is swinging to the massed power movement. I find
everywhere that business women inside our own clubs and those out-
side are simply keen to get into the movement and to make themselves
a power than can be felt in this reconstruction time. Just as sure as
fate woman has come to stay in the business world, and I cannot see
how marriage and divorce conditions in our country are going to be
bettered until the women are economically independent, until women
46 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI
marry, not because they want to be supported," but because they love
the men they marry."
Women everywhere say that they are hampered in their progress
in business life because they are women. A majority of the women
doctors i n the conference in New York have practically no recogni-
tion in their own countries. We must develop efficiency because it
is by efficiency that we are going to gain our place in the world of
business. (Boston Herald.)
' T ^ H E colleges of the country will be kept busy for some time mak-
A ing degrees of distinguished character for distinguished visitors,
honoris causa. The advent of King Albert and Cardinal Mercier
merely precedes that of Marshal Foch and sundry other men of note,
for the king of Siam is one of the expected. The conferring of hon-
orary degrees is coming to be somewhat like the everbearing straw-
berry, instead of what it used to be—a fruit to be plucked only in
T H E LATE ISSUE
I T I S with regret not apology that the Editor has to inform the
1 readers why the September issue was late. I t was through no
fault of the publishers or the Editors, but through the sudden disap-
pearance of the manuscript in the mails. Thus, kind contributors,
we can see why it is that all material has to be sent in so many days
previous to the actual printing of the magazine. I f material for the
February number comes to the Editor's desk as slowly and as poorly
prepared as for this issue, there will be another late publication with
no one but the chapter editors to blame.
TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 47
Active and Alumnae Editors:
For the February letter and notes,
look at the directions given in the calendar (September issue) and
in the "letter form." Any letter, received after December 29th by
Miss Hiestand or the Editor, will be L A T E . The names of new
members (or pledges) should head the active chapter letters. This
is your warning as to requirements. The chapters, sending L A T E
letters or not sending any letters, are fined F I V E dollars. The post-
mark is the evidence. There is plenty of time allowed and with your
cooperation the chapter letters should constitute one of the most in-
teresting departments of the magazine.
Alumnae Presidents and Business Managers:
The new constitu-
tion is now in effect. Rules and Regulations I I I , 3, reads: "Each
alumnae chapter shall require its members to subscribe to T o
DRAGMA." Please see that your members understand this and send
the correct names and addresses with the money at once to Mrs. A. C.
Pulling, Business Manager of To DRAGMA. T r y to obtain as many
L i f e Subscriptions ($15) as possible. They help the magazine and
prevent the neglect of renewals.
Where it is possible, will the alumna? chapters have the same
alumna? chapter editor as the nearest active chapter? I t simplifies the
correspondence. For example, Marion Jameson is the Boston Alum-
na; Chapter editor and is also the Delta Alumna? Chapter editor.
The February Issue
is to feature Chapter Houses and Finances.
Each active chapter is to send an account of the methods of main-
taining its chapter house or room to Viola C. Gray, 1526 South 23rd
Street, Lincoln, Nebraska, before December 3rd. Do not make this
a stilted report, but tell the facts in an interesting manner. Start
at once to go over your finances and discuss the matter at chapter
meeting. What are your items of revenue, of expense? How are
your accounts kept? Do you support some welfare work as a chap-
ter? Have you a building fund? These are suggestions upon which
to work but it remains with you to make this valuable.