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Published by Alpha Omicron Pi, 2016-04-27 19:36:37

1926 November - To Dragma

Vol. XXII, No. 2

112 TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI Mid-Western—Pauline Mills Edwards (Mrs. W. H.), Xi.
Pacific—Carolyn Paige, Upsilon.
Committee on Examinations—Chairman, Examining Officer. Atlantic—Katherine Stewart, Gamma. Southern—Margaret Lyon Pedrick (Mrs. P. B.), Pi. Ohio Valley—Geraldine D. Canfield, Theta.
Great Lakes—Beatrice Bunting, Omicron Pi. Mid-western—Doris Ingram, Alpha Phi. Pacific—Edna Betts Trask (Mrs. W . M.), Rho.
Committee on Nominations—
Chairman—Edith A. Dietz, Alpha; 217 West 105th St., New York;
N. Y . ; Alumnae Superintendents, members.
Committee on Jewelry—
Chairman, Stella George Stern Perry (Mrs. George H.), Alpha; Julia
L. Tillinghast, Nu.

No. 2
Elizabeth Bond, 3201 Irving Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn.
Kathryn Bremer Matson (Mrs. F. H.), 2116 St. Clair St., St. Paul, Minn.
Elizabeth Heywood Wyman, 456 Broad St., Bloomfield, N. J.
JO D R A G M A is published at 415 Third Ave:, N., Minneapolis, Minn., by The Colwell Press, Inc. Entered at the Postoffice at Min- lR7o°''S ' ^ m n » a s second class matter under the Act of March 3,
o79. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized February 12, 1920.
P PRAGMA is published four times a year, September, November, r ebruary and May.
c,?u ^s c r 'Ption price, One Dollar per year, payable in advance; Life c u Dscription $15.00.

TmmFonusSclPa ofDLfoTP

HE HISTORY of the Alpha Gamma Delta Camp may be under- stood from the following outline:
Convention at Nahant, Mass., in 1919, decided to sponsor sum- er camp work for undernourished children.
Mary Louis Brown appointed Director of Camp Work.
February, 1920, Jackson, Michigan, was chosen as site, inas- uch as Board of Health of that city would cooperate with us.
irst Camp Season July 19-August 30, 1920 10 helpers from 7 chapters assisted.
52 children attended Camp.
Camp was held at Wolf Lake, 10 miles southeast of Jackson, Boy Scout grounds of 68 acres. Tents and building were ed.
econd Camp Season July 3-August 28, 1921
15 helpers from 8 chapters assisted.
110 children attended camp.
Camp was held at Mack Island on Wolf Like. A n abandoned
ub building was used. ermanent Camp.
February, 1922, the Jackson City Commission voted to have committee appointed to select a site and provide for the raising funds to secure a permanent site and building for the camp.
April, 1922, Emily H . Butterfield, Architect and Alpha Gamma elta, submitted plans for the building, which were accepted.
May, 1922, two acres of land on northern shore of Crispell ake near Jackson were leased for fifteen years.
June, 1922, building was started.
July 11, 1922, Alpha Gamma Delta Summer Camp Building rmally opened.
hird Camp Season
19 helpers from 9 chapters assisted. 159 children attended camp.
i f t h Camp Season
5 2 helpers from 22 chapters assisted. 2 U children attended camp.
July 12-Sept. 2, 1924
July 2-August 21, 1924


Hike through fields and woods, combined with na- ture study.
Delco system installed, providing electric lights and running- ater in building.
In 1926 the site was purchased by Mrs. Foote of Jackson for e Camp Home making location permanent.
A CHILD'S DAYAT CAMP Rising bell rings.
:15 A . M .
:15- 7:30 Dress.
:35 Flag salute. :45 Breakfast. 8:15 Bedmaking.
:45 Daily weighing in bathing suits.
0:00 Swim.
Talk by one of the Camp workers on some practical and needed subject—health, courtesy, and the like.
1:15-12:00 Playtime. 2:00 Dinner.
1:00 Rest hour.
2:00 Games.
3:00 Classes in handicraft. 4:00 Swim.
5:00 Playtime.
6:00 Supper.
6:30- 7:30 Boat rides on lake.
7:30- 8:00 Campfire sing.
8:15 In bed, listening to a story by one of the Camp
This past season the report shows a bigger increase in every
a >'. In all during the seven seasons over $23,000 has been given v the fraternity to camp.
Three women have worked and given so abundantly of their e r v i C e and thought that they are inseparably connected with our n p , Mary Louise Brown, first director and organizer; Eunice
rutsman, local manager for three seasons; and Marguerite eming, the present director who has managed camp two seasons. h ^l e S e kr u s k statements do not interpret the spirit of camp.
e y are but the skeleton. Nor is it easy to visualize the real amp.

The Alpha Gamma Delta workers give their time to camp work and pay their expenses to and from camp. The only work em- ployed has been that of a Boy Scout who did the heavy work— most appreciated in the years before the camp had running water and electric lights.
The most exciting day at camp is usually the day where "units change." It frequently begins as did the old Hebrew Sabbath, the sunset before. There may be weeping and assertions on the part of the children that they will not go home. In one instance several of the girls organized a "union" the purpose of which was to weep and wail all night so that the teachers would let them stay!
Morning brings the edict that the children shall dress in their own home clothes. There is a frantic getting together of trophies. The tooth brush with which each child is endowed upon his arrival must be fondly carried home. Many a child has a lumber- ing suitcase though there may be nothing in it but an old tie or a pair or two of worn hose.
After breakfast, big trucks and autos arrive and with much laughter and yelling as well as with sad little hearts and tears the trucks drive away. There are Alpha Gamma workers who never can be found when a unit goes away—they are hidden in the store room for there's a tragic element in saying goodby to the under-
privileged, undernourished children and in knowing that perhaps the little lad you found so entertaining who kept wishing he could live with you and that you were his mother, may be going from the only affection and semblance of care and protection for fifty weeks—longer if he does not return next season.
When the trucks are gone, there is a scurrying about, cots are made fresh, combs are sterilized, lockers are cleaned, and fresh bathing suits, pajamas, dresses, coveralls are made ready. Lunch is meanwhile being prepared in the kitchen.
Soon there is a turmoil, screams, and all sorts of uproar—a new unit has arrived—their suitcases and bundles are tossed about. They tear around strenuously if they are boys. If they are girls they probably look alarmed.
Finally they are ushered into the big living room 32x70. their names are checked with the confidential records previously given by the city nurse who checks each child before they leave Jackson.

Their heads are shampooed, they are taken for a swim, dressed in camp bathing suits, then they are clad in clean clothes from the supply room and their own put into the lockers provided for each child's possessions.
Soon the dinner bell rings and after rules and regulations are explained they file to the tables and with bowed heads learn the camp grace:
Lord we thank thee for this food. Help us to be true and good. Make our Camp a welcome Home For all children who may come.
Another unit is at camp and they do consume milk, eggs, but-
ter and cream!
If the dishes that were washed at camp this summer were side
by side in a straight line, each day's quota would measure about 300 feet and the total amount for the summer would equal 2 3/5 miles of dishes.
The silverware washed and laid end to end in a straight line would equal one mile.
The bread used at camp would last a family of five about two years.
The eggs would last a family of five about the same time.
The butter would last a family of over five two years and four months.
The sugar used at camp would last a family of over five three years.
The milk used at camp would last a family of more than five four years.
However, those who know camp best agree that though Alpha Gamma Delta may be doing no small thing for these children, that the great service is to ©ur own organization. Girls from twenty-two different chapters gave service one season. No Convention, how- ever fine and constructive, could give those workers quite the understanding of what Alpha Gamma Delta, and real sisterhood
and womanhood may mean as did that summer's experience. Many a girl has learned, and indeed for the first time, that the best times of her life are the times when she has every minute full to overflowing in work for other folks. The children never weary

sking what Alpha Gamma Delta means, every worker is coaxed nd begged to reveal the secret.
"It means lots more now than I ever knew it did," said one girl ho was at camp f o r the first time.
"Well, it must mean something awful nice," said one little rippled lad," when I get big I'm going to have a pin like the eachers'!"
Editor, Alpha Gamma Delta
O, the ache of the evening's beauty Shut in here by a high, grey wall; Flashing skies signal plain my duty, "Break away; see it all, it all."
Quickly then, where the stars spread e'er me, (Joy and pain. Do they never part?)
Infinite softness of night before me, Closer still, bound within my heart.
BUTTERFIELD, Kappa. Woman in China.

ACOLLEGE education is intended to teach young people life«and life's values, and to give some preparation for living. Such an aim justifies the existence of every institution of higher learn- ing in the land and emphasizes the desire to place a college educa- tion within the reach of every boy and girl.
In choosing a national philanthropy,if the work we are doing may be so designated, Alpha X i Delta has selected one which will enable it to help girls to remain in college that they may have the benefits of a completed, college course.
The Founders' Memorial Scholarship Loan Fund is placed at the disposal of juniors and seniors. The rate of interest on the loan is small and the principal may be paid back within three years of leaving college. The fund is constantly revolving and many girls have enjoyed the benefits of a loan. This is a live growing fund, contributions from college and alumnae chapters and from members not identified with either, being added every year. The loans to date have been confined to jimiors and seniors, but it is the plan of the organization to so increase the fund that any worthy college girl whether a member of Alpha X i Delta or not may be considered eligible for a loan.
However, the benefits of the scholarship fund are not limited to the fraternity now, for a fellowship of $1,000 is awarded every two years through the American Association of University Women to the woman who is especially interested in work for women and children, and who wants to pursue higher courses of study in such fields as medicine, psychology or social welfare.
In addition to the support which the alumnae chapters give the scholarship fund, they have a special field of work which is not entered by the college chapters. A l l alumnae chapters, except a few in smaller towns, have selected a hospital for which sewing is done at the regular meetings. The selection is always made in
favor of a children's hospital if possible. Allneeded hospital sup- plies of linen and clothing for the children are included in the year's program of work. In addition to the work done at the meet- ings, members devote many hours to sewing at home, completing garments and other articles.
ANNA MILLER KNOTE, Editor, The Alpha Xi Delta.

HERE is MORE than a little doubt in my mind as to whether Delta Gamma deserves a place in a book "devoted to Panhel- lenic philanthropic work," for there seems to be really very little hat is what you might call philanthropic in our national fraternity fforts. We seem, you see, to have quite a struggle to keep our- elf in line with what we want to do. To be sure, we idealize a ood deal and hold always before us the intention of extending ur service to those outside of Delta Gamma, and in a few cases e have done so. But when our country is at peace and our un- timulated selves are drudging along we confine our efforts to try- ng to arrange so that those of us who need a little financial and
ther encouragement in order to finish college and to do it creditably o ourselves, our fraternity and our alma mater, may have such ncouragement under the pleasantest and easiest conditions possi- le. To be sure under the impulse of war, we did take care of nough Belgian orphans to secure for Delta Gamma a very gratify- g recognition on the part of the town of Marchienne, wherein irst an orphanage and later a clinic has been given the name of
elta Gamma.
For years we have rested comfortably on that "philanthropy", t it is indeed a memory now and cannot be classed as a national elta Gamma philanthropy. Once in a while we do send to archienne a present of money, but not more than $500 at any one me.
Delta Gamma is very happy to have subscribed a Student Loan und of $50,000, the interest of which is loaned to undergraduates d graduates whose financial condition may require it. The ards under this fund are made by a committee residing in New
ork, of which Miss Marguerite Winant is chairman, whose duty is to examine carefully into the conditions of each loan, so that e awards may be made in a way that will not place too heavy a rden upon the individual. The loans are repaid without interest ithin three years after leaving college. I f the loan is extended yond three years a low rate of interest is charged.
It is gratifying to know that this fund does serve a very real rpose and that each year a number of our girls avail themselves the opportunity which it affords to make the road a little less

uneven between dreams and their fulfillment. This devotion to our own members may be considered as rather selfish, but, when analyzed, motives are disclosed which are not without idealism. Our line of reasoning in selecting scholarship advancement rather than any of the more technical philanthropies, is that a college fraternity being in its nature dependent upon education, those of its members who avail themselves of the opportunity to become more nearly educated are in position to contribute, as that small
piece of leaven which leavens the lump, much more that will bene- fit the country than our mass effort can possibly achieve. After all we are primarily concerned with education and if our few dollars further ever so little the task of bringing up an educated citizenry our reward will be great indeed.
LEULAH J. HAWLEY, Secretary-Editor.
GOING-TO-THE-SUN MOUNTAIN, Glacier National Park.

N 1915, Gamma Phi Beta inaugurated its five hundred dollar Fellowship, to be used for post-graduate training in social ervice. This Fellowship, raised annually through chapter sub- criptions and bestowed by the American Association of Univer- ity Women, is offered only to a graduate of an accredited uni- ersity who has chosen social service as her life work. In 1924, t the celebration of the sorority's fiftieth anniversary, it was ecreed that the fund henceforth be known as the Lindsey Barbee ellowship, in honor of the retiring president, and that whatever reater social service should be evolved in the future, the same ame should designate it. For Gamma Phi Beta has dreams of a arger work, a service that will be far-reaching, that will minister nto the many instead of the few.
It is interesting to note that, throughout the years, the Fellow- hip has been held but once by a member of Gamma Phi Beta. hose who have been chosen to benefit by the fund have directed heir efforts toward various and varied phases of social work— hild welfare, public health, investigation of working classes, study
f wage conditions. The holder of the Fellowship reports at regu- ar intervals to the sorority, so that results may be followed and abulated.
The raising of fifty thousand dollars in celebration of the half entury mark in the life of the organization has enabled the orority to adopt a plan of internal assistance and development. loan from the principal of the fund—not to exceed a certain mount—is allowed any chapter desiring to build a chapter house; he interest of the fund is used for scholarships, and the loan of a ertain sum is made to any member who has completed two years f her college work and who can comply with the conditions of he loan.
The adoption of a national philanthropy does not eliminate he activity of the chapter in its own social service, and several f these enterprises are interesting to note. Scholarships in the ocal universities are given by the chapters at the University of isconsin and University of Washington, and by the alumnae chapters in San Francisco, Los Angeles and Seattle; the chapter at the University of Missouri maintains a shop where a blind man c a n display his woven wares and earn a livelihood; Denver

alumnae and the chapter at the University of Denver for two years have financed and managed a camp in the Colorado mountains for underprivileged children. One alumnae association aids a tuber- cular child; another gives financial help to needy high school students.
During war times, Gamma Phi Beta labored diligently as did all sororities. The Milk Bottle Campaign for the children of Bel- gium was the chief enterprise, and approximately ten thousand dollars was sent to Belgium; and since the war much has been done for Near East Relief, each chapter disposing of a book of coupons, The Life of a Child (a gift of sixty dollars), while the St. Paul alumnae have continued the Milk Bottle Campaign in behalf of this same relief work.
Editor, The Crescent.
Tfuat cotaTwLoaua emasofinreon19unplvifuthentofoS'Efu°fram ^totoON LIVING TOGETHER
"'Tis a good deal more trying to be tied to folks you don't like than 'tis to be alone," says Mrs. Todd in one of those delightful stories which Sarah Orne Jewett has written about New England. And isn't it just as true that there are times when even the folk we like "get on our nerves?"
Perhaps it is a rather big order, then, to expect cotistant, one-huudred- percent congeniality from twenty or thirty girls living in one chapter house. When we remember that in our smaller families of three and four there is occasional disagreement, how natural it is to find those tendencies ex- isting in a family where it is thirty to one that a mannerism or habit will jar a sensitive nature. Indeed, we marvel at the very apparent harmony and cooperation that exists, in spite of the individual differences and personal desires.
However, living in the chapter house has this advantage: when three of the thirty "get on our nerves," there are twenty-seven others with whom we may commune, whereas in a smaller family solitude (not al- ways possible!) is the only solace. But in both cases there is much to compensate for the occasional difference of opinion which occasionally leads to dissension; and which of us would relinquish the joy of shared interests, the fellowship of common faith, the welcome of the friendly fireside?
The Angelos of K A

HE KAPPA Alpha Theta Scholarship Fund was originally started in 1903 by the Los Angeles Alumnae Chapter as a nd to support an annual graduate scholarship of $600 for study home or abroad. The amount to be raised was $15,000. The ntributions were at that time and have been ever since, volun- ry gifts from active and alumnae chapters and from individuals. o years later the idea was adopted as a national undertaking. s Angeles Alumnae being made custodian of the fund and thorized to collect subscriptions. In 1911 the fraternity voted yearly contribution from the National Endowment Fund, thus phasizing the national character which the enterprise had sumed. During all this time and the next two years the growth
the fund was very slow, no one apparently taking any special terest in graduate scholarships.
When it was seen that the raising of the entire-amount would quire many years longer, it was determined to use the cash hand to help undergraduates. Accordingly the convention of 13 authorized Los Angeles Alumnae, as custodian, to make dergraduate loans, with proper security, to help girls in com- eting their college courses. By this change the fund became a tal force at once and when large enough would be doubly use- l, the interest from the undergraduate scholarship supporting e graduate fellowship.
The great need for just such a fund became immediately appar- t. Applications for loans came in as rapidly as there were funds fill them. The interests of the fraternity at large in this new rm of service grew by leaps and bounds as soon as it was ven sufficient publicity. Contributions doubled and quadrupled. specially in the last four years has the rapid increase in the
nd reflected the enthusiasm of the entire fraternity for this kind service. Several alumnae chapters have sent gifts of $1,000 ised in a single year.
The methods first determined upon in granting loans is still use. Only girls who are working for a regular A.B.or B.S. e?ree are considered. Few applicants who are eligible ever have be refused and those who do, are refused on the ground of being
o far from graduation. Seniors and juniors are given the prefer-

ence over sophomores, and freshmen loans are rarely considered at all. Loans are payable two years after graduation which means three years after date for seniors, four years for juniors, and five years for sophomores. Who can judge what will happen in five years? Sophomores rarely have their college course definitely planned out or know just what they will do after they obtain their degrees, much less do they have an idea of how or when they will be able to repay a loan, consequently we consider them much poorer risks than juniors and seniors, who generally have their plans pretty well formulated. It does not seem right for a girl to burden herself with a debt so early in her college course for where will she turn if she needs assistance later on? We urge these girls to stay out a year or two if necessary to finance them- selves so that they will still have the scholarship fund to rely on
when their need for immediate assistance will probably be much greater. Of the thirty-three loans' granted since the 1st of Janu- ary, 1926, only one loan was granted to a freshman, four to sophomores, eight to juniors and twenty to seniors.
Other points to be considered in granting loans are scholarship; ability to return the loan, depending on physical condition, charac- ter, and prospective positions. A knowledge of a girl's campus and fraternity activities is of value in determining her desirability as a recipient of a loan. It is also beneficial to know whether she is, or ever has been wholly or partially self-supporting. The only security required is the endorsement of the note by two other Thetas, either active or alumnae.
After considering all these points we have been able to grant thirty-three loans totaling $12,400 so far this year. No worthy girl need ever be refused for lack of funds as we are able to borrow from the National Endowment Fund in case of need. The fine character of the applicants is shown by the fact that almost everyone holds some responsible office either on campus or in the fraternity and about half the seniors are presidents of their chap-
Since the first loans were granted in 1913, more than 240 girls have received a total of about $67,000 in loans. Although the fund at present amounts to only $36,000, the loaning out of $10,000 or more, the present average, each year is possible through new

contributions that come in and money that is paid back on former loans.
In 1922 when the fund was well past the original goal of $15,000, it was thought wise to consider the original purpose of a graduate fellowship. After thorough investigation a biennial fellowship of $1,200 was offered to the Theta who best qualified according to the requirements of the committee. This first fellowship was called the Betty Locke Hamilton Social Service Fellowship in honor of one of the Founders and was to be granted for investiga- tion in the department of social service relating to the welfare of women or children. Our aim now is to have sufficient funds to support three more similar fellowships named for the other three Founders. With our fund already more than $36,000 can we not look forward confidently to the time in the near future when more than fifty undergraduate loans will be made annually, supporting these two graduate fellowships each year, the recipient working for some kind of world service?
So far our funds have not permitted us to loan to undergradu- ates for specialized study such as music, art, nursing, etc. Many requests also come from graduates who would like to have an extra year of specialized study. Think how these two classes of girls alone will enlarge our field for loans. There are so many possi- bilities for service within our own fraternity that we can not con- ceive of the fund becoming large enough to open it to others. Yet we will he glad to do so if that time does ever come. By helping these Thetas to train themselves f o r more useful service, we are helping them as individuals to meet the demands of life more suc- cessfully ; we are helping the fraternity at large by keeping girls in the college chapters for four years; we are helping the colleges by keeping such fine types on the campus more consecutively so they may take their full share of the campus responsibilities; and we are serving the country at large by helping to fit these girls for a fuller and more useful life in their own communities.

As A RESULT of the $4,100 pledge made to the Hospital Fund, (at the 1925 convention), Kappa Delta had the privilege of endowing her fourth bed in the Crippled Children's Hospital, Richmond, Va. It was only four years ago that the hospital be- came the setting for Kappa Delta's national philanthropy, but for each year there is a Kappa Delta name plate. In addition to the beds four go-carts and mattresses, and five hospital cribs have been added to the hospital equipment, and numerous parties have made the children happy at holiday time. In the past four years approximately forty-five children have been helped by the sorority to find the strength of body that leads to joy of life.
The project is supported by voluntary contributions of mem- bers. Each year a special gift is presented to the hospital, as the result of a campaign in which every member gives ten cents. At conventions a Sunshine Box is filled with coins, to purchase an additional gift at a time when every Kappa Delta who attends is interested in passing on to the little children some of the happiness she has experienced during convention week. Profits from Christ- mas cards and KA creed sales are also turned over to the Hospital Fund.
A sum of $2,350 was pledged to the Kappa Delta Student Loan Fund recently, by the members of the sorority. Within the last seven years this fund has made it possible for fifty girls who would have had to leave college, to continue their education. Con- tributions to the fund are through voluntary pledges, usually made at convention time.
The KA Chapter House Fund, established in 1921, consists of moneys invested by the chapters and alumnae associations with the House Committee. Every chapter has the privilege of deposit- ing its funds with the House Committee. Chapters buying lots or houses, or building houses, may apply to the Committee for loans from the fund. Many chapters have found the House Fund a splendid and safe investment for their extra funds, and a very welcome help in time of building or buying.
OLGA ACHTENHAGEN, Editor, The Angelos of Kappa Delta.
thrheroneousGea i Q , »by pret e r Un

^ p o LENDto those less fortunate a helping hand"—thus reads A the opening line of Phi Mu's creed. Through the medium the Healthmobile, operating in her "mother" state of Georgia,
i Mu is nationally living up to her creed.
True, the field is limited; visions of the future reveal the
pe of an army of Healthmobiles, but for the present Georgia is osen, since Georgia it was that gave Phi Mu birth through her loved and inspired founders, all Georgia women attending Wes- an College at Macon.
Cooperating with the state department of Public Welfare, ough the branch of infancy and maternity hygiene, Phi Mu laid plans at her 1921 Convention at Asheville, North Carolina, and year later the Healthmobile was wending its way over hazard- and infrequently traveled roads into the rural districts of orgia where help was most needed.
Timid at first, but gradually realizing that here was friendly the mothers came carrying babes in arms and trailing several the hand—came, listened, believed and finally surrendered their cious broods of undernourished, sickly children to be minis-
e d unto. At the friendly,motherly hands of the doctor and
rse in charge, many a mother has found the secret of continued

life for her babe—good wholesome food, clean sanitary living— higher moral standards and instruction in prenatal care.
Constantly at work over roads that contributed to its deteriora- tion, the truck was a complete wreck after four years of service and was replaced by a new one August 1, 1926. Since ex])erience had shown the need of additional equipment the new Healthmobile carried its own electric generator, supplying lights and current for a motion picture machine, many educational and entertaining reels, running water and complete hospital equipment.
Phi Mu's alumnae associations and chapters supply the funds necessary to operate the truck and are now working toward an endowment fund of $50,000 to insure permanency for their nation- al philanthropy.

EVENTEEN years ago there was a corner of Eastern Tennessee shut away from the rest of the world by creeks and "hollers", muddy roads and mountain ridges where life was regulated to the monotonous drone of '"gee" and "haw" as the mountaineers tilled their hilly corn fields and eked out a scanty existence. Few
of them had ever been away from their one-room cabins and the nearby vicinity although a broad, fertile valley with modern farms lay only seven miles away.
That part of the United States was marked in heavy black on the map of the U . S. Commissioner of Education at W ashington, showing it to be more in need of educational facilities than any other part of the entire country.
At that time Emma Harper Turner, a former Grand President °f Pi Beta Phi, conceived the idea that the fraternity should undertake an altruistic work big enough to hold the interest of all members by establishing a school in that isolated part of Ten-
nessee. Miss Turner presented her plan to the 1910 Convention °f Pi Beta Phi and as a result there was established at Gatlinburg, Term., a Settlement School as a memorial to the Founders of the fraternity. This school has been established and maintained

through the voluntary contributions of members of Pi Beta Phi
and last year had a current budget of almost $30,000.
To win the confidence of the people who were at first very skeptical and doubting, was the first big problem of our workers and from the modest little school of one teacher and thirteen pupils the Settlement School has grown to a staff of seventeen teachers and one hundred fifty-two pupils.
The plan of the school has not been to educate the children to make them dissatisfied with their surroundings but to show them how to make the most of their advantages and how to adjust themselves to their environments.
The school now has eleven grades with classes in cooking, sew- ing, weaving, shop work and vocational agriculture in addition to the regular school subjects.
The fraternity now owns a large tract of land; an electric light system; a well-equipped school building; a ten-roomed modern residence for teachers which serves as a model home for the community; two dormitories, one for boys and one for girls;
a small but well-equipped hospital for clinics, dispensary service, and minor operations; an old school building which is used for vocational agriculture; a tenant house; and a very large, modern barn and chicken houses. A new school building with a large
auditorium for community use is being constructed this fall.
Basket making and weaving as home industries have been en- couraged and greatly stimulated. By giving the people instruction and demanding a high grade of excellence in their work, the school has enabled the men and women as well as children to produce salable articles. Through the active chapters and alumnae clubs of I1B$ a steady market for these wares has been created and is the means of livelihood for hundreds of persons who never before had handled money but had done their buying through barter.
With the only registered nurse in the entire county the Health Unit of the School has become a most important factor. Up over mountain trails at night, fording raging torrents or feeling her way across a treacherous footlog to answer a sick call our nurse has won her way into the hearts of the people as no one else could
have done. Through her, clinics have been established and dentists and doctors now make regular use of our small hospital.
antegrthsionintainroI bliccTluw a

Last year a branch school was established at the Sugarlands, isolated district lying farther back up in the mountains. A acher's cottage is being constructed there by Pi Beta Phi and a eat deal of community work is being done by our teachers.
One of our workers tells of how a thirty-three year old woman, e mother of seven children, who lives in the Sugarlands, put up xty gallons of kraut to feed her family through the winter; how e day she met an old woman hobbling down the road in the pour- g rain taking the last look of the Sugarlands, the mortgage had ken her farm and she had to leave; and how she visited a cabin which the parents and nine children were living in one filthy om.

Phyllis Higgenbotham, Nurse, and Assistant in Foreground
Soon after she went up to do the extension work she wrote:
Yesterday one of the most affecting situations occurred that have ever known. From the last house up the river, the parents rought down their little six months' old baby to be buried in the ttle graveyard on a hill not far beyond the school house. The rowd had gathered and I could see them waiting. Presently a ommittee of two boys came for me to conduct the funeral services. here was no one else. Our week-end preachers were in the mber camp during the week. What could I do? Helpless as I as, I had to go. When I reached the spot they were standing bout in a circle. Within, beside the deep hole, stood this girl,

scarcely seventeen, alone with a little wooden box covered with white muslin, over the top of which she had laid a piece of em- broidery work evidently taken from the fire board of her cabin. No one within ten feet of her to comfort her or to support her in this first great sorrow of her life. I asked where the father was and a rough looking creature with a cigarette was pointed out, a fellow arrested the day before for making liquor. The revenue officers had entered his house just as the baby was dying the day before and had given him permission to stay until after the funeral. She surely had more than her baby's death to cause tears. When
our little service was over the man who stepped forward to lower the little white muslin covered box into the ground was another of the same liquor crowd, but because he could pay his fine was free to do his community and friend this service. With a cigarette in his mouth he did the last service for the little mountain baby.
After all was over the mother went home across the hill, her hus- band down the river to work out his fine. Life seems so much uglier sometimes when contrasted with our gorgeous hillsides this time of year.
Practical instruction in the pruning and care of orchards, the culling of poultry flocks, the building of modern farm buildings, etc., is carried on by the Smith-Hughes member of the staff who in addition to his class work is general "supervisor" of the moult]
taiRoof labEctrichsomiarthmbrat mis mheofscmTdyyew"emtov ic

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 137 n farms for many miles up and down Little Pigeon, Baskins,
aring Fork and the many streams that flow towards Gatlinburg.
Home sanitation, the care and feeding of children, the canning vegetables and fruits, the making of clothing and the use of or-saving devices are a few of the things which the Home onomics teacher carries into the homes on her long horseback ps or tramps up the foot-trails.
Families that fifteen years ago or even five years ago subsisted iefly on apple sauce and corn bread are now living on a whole- me, nourishing diet as the result of their contact with the School.
Through the school these mountaineers, a solemn, serious- nded people have learned how to play. Baseball and basketball e now their favorites and they all enter whole-heartedly into e annual Fair which is held on the school grounds. A weekly otion picture show held in the loft of the large school barn ings many of them four and five miles down narrow foot trails night with only a dim lantern to light the way.
Money is now circulating in the community, homes are being odernized, children are growing up healthy and happy and there a general atmosphere of prosperity.
One young woman, a graduate of the school, has built a fine odern bungalow of six rooms with the money she has made from r weaving and last summer she supervised a Y . W . C. A . camp one hundred boys. Other graduates are teaching outlying hools or taking their places as substantial citizens in the com- unity.
The citizens have asked for good roads and are getting them. hey no longer stare at the newcomer but greet him with a "How- " and an interest in the outside world which for a hundred ars had been lying dormant.
The Pi Beta Phi Settlement School is on the new highway hich is being built from Knoxville, Tennessee, to the proposed w Smoky Mountain National Park. It is just about twelve iles east of Ashville, North Carolina. A welcome is extended all Greeks to stop and visit the school if ever you are in the inity.

By Rev. O. J. Guptil. Maine Sea Coast Missionary
SOMEONE has said that if one could unravel the coast line of: Maine placing one end at the Woolworth Building in NewJ York City the other end would reach almost to the Times Building
in Los Angeles. As men sail, however, Quoddy Point, Maine's farthest eastern point, is little more than two hundred and fifty miles from Kittery Point, her farthest point west. The many indentations and irregularities in her shore line make the differ- ence. The character of the coast is further indicated by the fact that nine cOast-guard and seventy-three lighthouse stations are needed to safeguard the shipping that plies the waters of the
Madsuaguninanto rofoinSoA°f loa a m thJ-s e nt h SEACOAST PARISH, MAINE SEACOAST MISSION Bar Harbor, Maine
Atlantic along these shores. It is a brave people that inhabit the islands that lie in these waters and the little neighborhoods that cling to the capes and bays far from the centers of population. They are of the best New England blood—a sturdy independent race as a whole, fighting a most unequal battle for a living and a life. For the most part they are out of the track of influences and organizations which would help to equalize things for them and assure them of the advantages of a proper standard of living". Sometimes stark want has been known and often the margin ofl which life depends is small.

To them for more than twenty years the Maine Sea Coast ission has carried a ministry as varied as their needs. How this mirable institution began with a single layman adventuring in mmer time among the islands in a tiny sloop, with what cour- eous sacrifices and noble achievements it has gone on until now der the presidency of Dr. Henry Van Dyke and with the back- g of the ablest philanthropists of the country it has an equipment d staff to put over a year round program that commends itself the best social engineers of the country is a story of thrilling and mantic interest.
In cooperation with the Maine Sea Coast Mission in a service r the women and children of the coast of Maine—unique and
dispensable—is the National Philanthropy of Sigma Kappa rority.
In the pioneer days of the Mission, Myrtice D. Cheney of lpha chapter house became interested and gave a summer to one the less fortunate islands, never to escape from a great concern r the young people with whom she came in contact. (Hardly summer passes that she does not give a large part of it to service ° n g the people she first came to know in that experience.) Also e first woman worker employed by the Mission was Rev. Hannah Powell a member, too, of Alpha chapter. As these women sed the need of their "sisters" of the Coast, it was natural that e y should turn in thought to the privileged girls of their sorority.
e s t °ry had but to be told to awaken concern. In the fulfil-

ment of their ideals the hour was ripening for the consecration of Sigma Kappa to some form of united service. In 1917 at a meeting of the Grand Council the first vote was taken to make the Educational work of the Maine Sea Coast Mission the National Philanthropy of Sigma Kappa in honor of the founders who were all Maine women. In 1920 it was voted to pay the salary of an all the year around worker in the field. Year by year the interest and extent of service has increased. At present two workers are supported by the sorority on the field—one trained in Home Eco- nomics, the other in nursing. Both skilled in many other ways carry to every little neighborhood they reach a variety of service amazing in its content and influence—from teaching the public schools and conducting religious services to the practice of first
aid and the organization of sewing and cooking clubs—as visitors in the homes, radiating good will and hopefulness. These workers also have in charge the annual distribution of Christmas cheer to which the sorority contributes the larger part of the gifts. Last year gifts were sent to nearly one thousand boys and girls in over sixty island and isolated onshore communities and to over two hundred aged or shut-in folks.
mI •-
Miss Myrtice D . Cheney, the Chairman of Sigma Kappa's Na- tional Philanthropy, has for her special care the Department of Education of the Mission through which last year one boy was aided to complete college, three girls were assisted to attend normal

hool and sixteen others were helped in their efforts to get a aining in secondary schools.
During the past year the friends of the Mission have assured a w and more adequate boat. This with the enlargement of the aff assures a more efficient organization of the work and the rther realization of the hopes of the proponents of Sigma Kap- 's National Philanthropy of a "wonderful and far-reaching min- try of the women of the Coast of Maine."

A blessing on our "Sunbeam" craft, Larboard and starboard, fore and aft; May God protect and guide her way
Through rocky reach and isle-strewn bay!
Her freight is golden gospel love;
Her power comes from Heaven above;
Her chart is right, her compass true;
Her captain Christ, His friends her crew.
To lonely folk she brings good cheer; Relief to those in pain and fear;
To children, something warm and bright; To those who sit in darkness, light.
Then let the wind blow high or low, Serene and brave our boat shall go; For Jesus sails the sea again,
Along the granite coast of Maine.

AIgifcwvssscthesngnu°bglgsu*0 e

N THE LAST To DRAGMA there was an excellent account, illus- trated with photographs, of the Atlantic District Convention. Those of you who read it probably have a clear idea of the ood and profitabletime we had there in work and play, especially you were fortunate enough to have attended your own district onventions; for, I understand, they were highly successful every- here.
And that is a good thing and an important one, for these con- entions by district were in the nature of an experiment and their uccess means that we shall have them now regularly.
Your editor has asked me to make notes for you of my impres- ions of this first convention in the Atlantic District and I am truggling with the need of being brief; for impressions come rowding and each one suggests another phase of the usefulnessof is most fortunate innovation.
As to our convention!
Cornell is always beautiful, and never more so than in the arly summer, when the hills are misty and the trees and grasses oft as verdant down and the lakes and gorges and cascades flash- ig in the new sunshine.
Epsilon chapter has, as everyone knows, always been a banner roup and it was never more alive with blithe and efficient loyalty, ever had a personnel more varied, accomplished and devoted to s and to all good service than now.
Risley Hall, where we were housed, often considered the model f women's dormitories, is a thing of beauty and comfort almost eyond belief when compared with the bare barracks in so many ood schools.
Our own Alpha Omicron Pi house, on the top of a hill, over- ooking the sunsets and the world, with its terraces and trees and enerous porches and hearth, made us all glad that Epsilon has eh an outward and visible sign of its qualities.
As you have been told, the conference was well attended all he way from Maine to Maryland. It seemed, in just a day, like , l e big chapter. I am sure everybody felt so; and it was inter- sting to see group lines breaking and merging so easily and quick-

ly, and the Alpha Omicron Pi family solidarity taking closer, per- manent form before one's eyes.
Indeed, it would have required nothing more than that to have assured the fraternity of the importance of these new con- ventions.
The very smallness of number, compared with the great and glorious conventions that come biennially, and the ease of inter- course, due to sectional similarity—rendering the collegiate dissimi- larities the more easily understood—made a sound nucleus for in- telligent cooperation at the convention in Seattle. Each district will learn to know the other districts more readily as it already knows its own chapters.
In the same way, the very indefiniteness of action—I mean the sense that nothing we did was final, that we were not actually voting on anything—made for freedom of discussion, led us to change our minds under new evidence or argument, with more elasticity than we show as "instructed and voting" delegates. On this account, our instructions will be the wiser, as based on fuller information, next summer.
We talked things over and exchanged ideas and opinions naturally and thoroughly. It was salutary for everyone; and, when I say "salutary", I am thinking of the sweetness with which chapters took criticism and correction.
The girls get close to the Grand Officers, too, in a small con- vention. It was "Johnny" and "Molly" very soon. W e all know, who know Joanna Huntington and Amalia Shoemaker, that that meant a lot to the active girls, personally and collectively.
The fact that they did get so close to these officers gave me the thought that it will be a good thing in future years to have all the Grand Officers in a district invited to the district convention. They'll learn a good deal and the active members a good deal more by that contact. There's nothing like direct questions and answers—with more time for them here than in the big meetings.
And I thought, too, that some member of the Extension Com- mittee ought to be at every one of the district conferences. We were subdued and some of us seemed to "feel it in our consciences" when a letter from Margaret Branscomb was read to us; and some of the things the girls said might have given suggestions to you, too, Extension Committee. They do appreciate you and your

ine work, and it would be easier going for you if you could talk hings over with the districts.
It is going to be good for us, too, to develop a real rivalry in ttendance at these district meetings. Think of the big delegations rom Maryland and New York University!
I am sure no active chapter there represented will ever want o miss a full showing at a district convention and I'm sure there'll e enthusiasm greater even than in the past—if that is possible— or the big conventions of the whole.
I hope, in the future, that alumnae chapters will send repre- entatives, too, to the district meetings. New York was repre- ented here. Epsilon's alumnae stood by nobly, of course; and
t was mighty good for an oldster like me who knew them from the eginning, to. have them around in the midst of their worthy escendants, and to find them functioning in their old sound way f splendid service. By this I know that the girls attending this onference as active members will be mighty glad in future years o renew as alumnae the joys of its association.
For the rest, we had the same kind of fun we always have hen AOIls get together—the same originality in "stunts" and he same pleasure in loafing and inviting our souls.
Of course, there was at this meeting the fine idealism that ught to be there, in its business, its ritual and its play; and of ourse, that was the deepest impression made upon me,—too deep or any words but the silent ones of thanksgiving atid prayer.
I know it was so at all the conventions in every section.
Extending these communions from the single chapter to the istrict was the finer part; and extending them further to the whole raternity at Seattle will be the best of all.
Let us meet there, better equipped and better acquainted each ith the needs of all, because of the district conventions.

tTctdCwbt0ST. MARY CHALETS, Glacier National Park
ST. MARY LAKE, Glacier National Park

THE FIRST Great Lakes District Convention was held in Chi- cago, September 10 to 12, with Rho as hostess chapter. I n as much as Rho's long awaited chapter house is still unfinished, we wondered a first where and how we were to hold a district convention in Chicago. Melita Skillen, our district superintendent, however, came to the rescue by offering us her charming little apartment for all the meetings. Melita declared her apartment was elastic and could accommodate any number or anything—even a district convention—and after convention was over no one doubt- ed her veracity, for no matter how many extra people appeared at he meetings there seemed always to be room enough.
We felt particularly blessed at being able to borrow Joanna Donlon Huntington from the Atlantic district for the occasion. o use a slang phrase we all "fell for" Joanna and wished we ould keep her here permanently. Also among our celebrities w as Melita Skillen ex-grand secretary a n d n o w o u r district superin- endent. The official delegates from the various chapters in the istrict were:
Tau—Cecile Yelland, Eta—Margaret Keenan, Omicron Pi—Elizabeth Cossitt, Rho—Mary Stephenson.
ecile Yelland was the only representative from Tau at Minne- sota, but other members from both Eta at Madison and Omicron Pi at Michigan were present. Practically every member o f R h o as present at at least one of the meetings.
The curtain officially went up for the convention Friday night, September 10th, when an informal get-together was held at the ome of one of Rho's alumnae. The entire evening was spent in he getting acquainted process. W e all talked and sang and related summer experiences until chapter names began to fade out and We w e r e n o l o n g e r m e m b e r s o f j u s t T a u o r E t a o r O m i c r o n P i
r Rn o chapters, butallmembers ofonebiggroup.
The next morning at nine o'clock the first meeting was called 0 order. Melita Skillen presided and Louise Lowry acted at con- a t i o n secretary. The discussions were all more o r less informal, r anyone was welcome to voice her opinion. One of the first Plcs tobetaken upwas that ofchapter finances. Tojudge from

the interest shown, this is one of the most difficult and pressing problems with which chapters have to contend. The importance of prompt payment of bills and the use of a budget system were stressed.
As for rushing, no general policy could be adopted as the Pan- hellenic rules vary in different universities. It was interesting to learn, however, just how rushing and pledging were carried on by the different chapters and novel ideas for parties are always wel- come.
Then came the discussion of expansion and the expansion policy. This proved exceedingly interesting and helpful. Most of the members present seemed to feel that Alpha Omicron Pi could afford to expand a little more rapidly, perhaps, than before when the fraternity was establishing itself nationally. It was sug- gested that the college and group be considered together and that articles on various colleges as prospective fields for chapters be published in To DRAGMA.
The subject of philanthropic work, of course, also came up. All the chapters were urged to undertake some sort of local philan- thropic work as a part of their regular program and the two branches of national philanthropic work were discussed.
The question of how to improve and enlarge To DRAGMA took up considerable time. I t was agreed by everyone that while T o DRAGMA has improved a great deal in the past year or so, it still is not quite up to what we want our magazine to be. The suggestion was made that each chapter be made responsible for a certain num- ber of articles of general fraternity interest or editorials a year. Members of the active chapters were urged to contribute items about their members or alumnae.
Then, Saturday night, came initiation. Initiation for four girls was held at the Edgewater Beach Hotel, with Melita officiat- ing. At least one hundred AOIIs were present and it was art initiation that those who witnessed it will not forget very soon. A formal banquet followed the ceremony. Joanna Huntington was. speaker of the evening, with Melita as toastmistress. The active chapter presidents were each called on for a toast, as well as the new initiates. After the banquet the roll of the various chapters was called, and it was found that there were representatives pres- ent from all of the districts.
dipgecoit spnatefrtioTissiidoftesuthinihoaDprcomQ f cie

The following morning the last meeting was held. It was evoted chiefly to a discussion of the ritual and many doubtful
oints were cleared up.
At noon the meeting broke up and it was with a feeling of
nuine regret that we watched the delegates leaving. The whole nvention had been so completely successful that we all wished might be prolonged indefinitely. The district convention has a ecial place in the fraternity and is almost as necessary as the tional convention. At the district convention local chapter mat- rs can be discussed more in detail than is possible when delegates om the entire fraternity are present. Like the national conven- n it gives members of the fraternity the national viewpoint. hey realize that the fraternity is more than just a collection of olated groups located in different parts of the country, that is a ngle body whose members are bound by common interests and eals. In this I think it can truly be said lies the greatest value any fraternity convention, whether it be of the whole fra- rnity or just a part.
The first Great Lakes district convention was voted a huge ccess by all present. Our only consolation on parting was that ere were more to come.
For Those
W h o
Like Statistics
f T'!f American college fraternity is nearly 175 years old and has
members, of whom almost 600,000 are living. It societies with 4,650 chapters in nearly 675 colleges, chapters represent the fifty or more honorary so- s which do little in the way of maintaining rooms and houses. Of
meema-lning -3'500 c h a Pt c r s o f 1 5 0 fraternities,about2,600occupychapter nrr>S'- l n c ' U ( U n g about 1,200 houses owned bv their occupants, costing oximately $21,000,000. About 1,500 are leased and have been furnished
• "e a r I y 7 5 0 '0 0 0
P n s e s 200 separate ti l e S e { .a , ) o l , t
d n aggregate cost of $3,000,000.
Magazine of Sigma Chi.

deknUpSigalutheDagumydisSebe mothooutow°f theexpwhIt wchaPara nest1 PitP'rC a v FROM THE TIME when the call to convention, with its announce- ment of program, was issued to Pacific coast active and alumnae chapters and officers of Alpha Omicron Pi to the closing song of the banquet, one had the feeling that the district conven- tion was not the experiment of a first year, but an established and necessary occasion in our fraternity calendar.
The meeting was held at the chapter house at Stanford Uni- versity, with Lambda chapter as hostess and Daisy Shaw, at that time district superintendent, presiding. Thursday, June 17, was fixed as the time of arrival, with dinner and stunts that night, and formal opening of convention next morning. Between forty and fifty girls gathered at dinner, sang Alpha O and college songs, and learned some original words that Lilian Force had set to adapted music. One to "Maryland, My Maryland", I hope will appear in our song book, for the words fitted the haunting melody most happily, and the two combined into a fraternity song of real value.
Perhaps the best way to give you in brief an idea of the two days that followed is to present the program:
FRIDAY, JUNE 1 8 9:00—Convention business.
Round Table Discussion of Chapter Problems 10:00—(a) House meetings.
11:00—(b) Scholarship. 2:00—(c) Activities.
3:00—(d) Pledge organization. 4:15—fe) Rushing.
5:00—(f) Budget.
6:00—Basket Supper and Track Meet.
SATURDAY, JUNE 19 9:00—(g) Freshman discipline.
10:00—(h) Social functions. 11:00—National problems.
(a) Expansion. 2:00—(h) Rituals.
3:00—(c) Miscellaneous.
5 :00—Trip around Stanford campus.

TO DRAGMA OF ALPHA OMICRON PI 151 7 :00—Formal initiation.
8:00—Banquet, Hotel Cardinal.
SUNDAY, JUNE 20 Farewell to Lambda chapter.
Visit to Sigma and California campus.
So you see the active presidents-elect, who were the official legates, had a very busy week-end. You'll be interested to ow that besides these girls there was another active visitor from silon and Alpha Sigma, three from Kappa Theta, two from ma, and almost the whole of Lambda chapter. Various mnae dropping in from time to time were welcomed, among m Muriel McKinney, Lambda, now of Los Angeles alumnae. isy Shaw, as 1 have said, presided, and Rose Marx was the est of the convention for its two-day session.
There are three features of the discussions that stand out in mind as perhaps the most constructive. First, in regard to cipline and enforcement of house rules in general and of nior Council, in particular. It was recommended that there a Senior Council, of which the chapter president and pledge ther be ex-officio members. The remaining members, it was ught, should not .be automatically the seniors in the house, t should be chosen from those upper classmen whose attitude ard their fraternity and university and whose own observance these house rules entitled them to the privilege of a place in council.
Next, as to expansion. The national attitude in regard to ansion was discussed and a better understanding gained as to at constitutes desirability in a college and petitioning group. as pointed out that former standards no longer hold in view of nging conditions in the universities.
Lastly, an interchange of ideas in regard to rushing and rush ties. There was discussion of the Panhellenic situation in the o u s Pacific Coast colleges regarding rushing, and it was inter- ing to compare the various rulings limiting expenditure. And the rushees of this semester profited by the suggestions as to ies, they have been highly entertained freshmen. Doesn't a ate dinner sound exciting with the house transformed into a e ' ehests of tools about, ship's lanterns for lights, and the girls

in full pirate regalia—black-mustached and armed to the teeth, or such teeth as are not blacked out? Another suggestion was a pullman breakfast, with small tables, meals a la carte, and of
course white-aproned black waiters to take the orders.
All this naturally brings us to the festivities of convention. Every meal was more or less an occasion, especially on Saturday, when we were privileged to have Dean Harriet Yost as our guest. Our first day closed with a basket supper, at what Cali- fornians optimistically call a stream, and a track meet at which Kappa Theta had no difficulty in carrying off first place. On Sat-
urday, after a visit to the university buildings came initiation and banquet, the real finale of convention. W ana Keesling, Lambda, was toast mistress, and originated the pretty custom of each active delegate's toasting the nearest chapter. And I must take this opportunity to mention Eileen Brown, president of Lambda, and Alice Sohlinger, also of Lambda, who, with Wana, were Daisy's committee on arrangements. So successful were they that con- vention closed with a twenty-five dollar surplus, which was sent to our National Work Fund.
It is hard to say yet what value the district convention will be to Alpha Omicron Pi. W e shall perhaps need a year's perspective to estimate it adequately. The immediate advantages that the girls mentioned again and again are these:
First, the presidents-elect had an opportunity to discuss anjf and every detail of the year's work; second, the convention served as a clearing-house for active chapter problems. Our national conventions are of necessity concerned with affairs of the fra- ternity at large, and there is little chance for the chapters to dis^ cuss the intimate matters that concern them vitally. But here was a time when skeletons were tumbled gaily out of closets and problems great and small were discussed with the utmost frank- ness ; and lastly the girls had such a wonderful time together and got so well acquainted that inevitably a closer tie between the chap- ters will result.
WmanheMonwiwaspWstoanhaas°pbe: th°un o thtinwim i r yGrand

SEPTEMBER 18, 1926
HILE teaching in Detroit I had a nervous breakdown and as I seemed to get worse daily my husband decided to take e to Florida, as a last resort. The climate helped me immensely d as my husband obtained a fine position in the high school re, we decided to return for another winter. We had been in iami just one week when the hurricane struck.
That Friday night we went fishing in the Bay of Biscane, about e mile from our cabin arriving there about five o'clock. The nd was blowing some then but caused no worry. Gradually the ves increased in size until we were forced to go home as they lashed up over us as we sat on the levee at the edge of the bay. e did not see a late paper giving a warning of an approaching rm so we went to bed at ten o'clock as usual.
We had a cabin at the edge of a lovely orchard of grapefruit d avacado pears. It was screened in on three sides and one lf contained our day bed and clothing, the other half we used a kitchen and dining room. As my health required living in the en, it was an ideal place in which to convalesce.
By twelve o'clock the wind had increased so much that we came worried and got up and dressed. My husband went out t n e driving rain and nailed down the awnings to keep out e wind and water. Around two o'clock the electric lights went t and we were in darkness save for a kerosene lamp that would
t s t a y lighted, due to strong wind. The force of the storm, by is time, was so great that we had to reinforce the cabin by put- g our suitcases and bed against the wall toward which the nd was blowing. We now felt that the cabin would not stand l C n longer so as a last recourse my husband went outside to and rope the cabin down with stakes. The blinding rain and
bTt 0 ^e t ^e r th ^
e ^ ^°°r t 0
w *t n a ^00m *'e a n n o u r w m t * m a de work impos- "ls'<*e anc*c o u ^ ^ee'thecabinriseandfall.Rushing m ^ husband, I found it would not open, having
°'ne swollen and so stuck fast. The darkness and being sep- 'ted fr
^ »rom my husband frightened me so that I threw myself t "S ',*^e f ^0 0 1 a 8a 'n a "d again until it finally opened. I rushed
decided to leave at once.

Through the flashes of lightning we could see the once beauti- ful trees, uprooted and stripped of branches and leaves. Then we realized the serious danger we were in and together fought our way to the nearest cabin which was not deserted, risking our
lives because of the flying boards and branches.
At M r . Nails' we found several families huddled together and we were soon joined by several more. We remained there until daybreak, expecting every minute that the cabin would blow over! as others kept crashing against it.
Around seven o'clock a lull came and gave us an opportunity to get out and look about us. Such a sight as met our eyes. Ruin everywhere. T w o family houses with roofs completely oft, homfl entirely demolished, the trees in the orchard all down, not a tele- phone pole standing.
As we were debating what to do, a policeman rode by with a warning that the worst storm was coming at nine o'clock. The. news spread like wild fire and we rushed, in our soaked clothing, to the Methodist church near by.
The storm struck in great fury before my husband could get our suitcases which he had rescued from our overturned cabin during the lull. About eighty of us took refuge in the church and became alarmed indeed as the houses went by and still the stornl increased. Trees fell against the church and crashed windows and the roof, keeping the men busy barracading, as they knew if the wind were allowed to get inside, the building would not last. The rain, mixed with salt water from the ocean seven miles away, fell in torrents and soaked thru the torn roof and sides, so that waded barefoot in water to our ankles. This lasted until late after- noon when the wind gradually calmed and the rain stopped tall' ing, allowing the men to get a few small stoves on which to cook a little supper, our first meal in twenty four hours. There wall not enough heat though, to dry our clothing so we slept as best j
we could in wet clothes, one holding the other alternately.
The next morning, Sunday, the sun came out dimly Florida and found nearly all the houses down, some surrounded b)fj a foot of water. W e waded to our cabin, or where is used to bfe but now completely destroyed. M y husband carried water and tt'e filled tubs and rinsed and dryed such clothing as we could tin^-j
TwanpafabeLecofothpefirhuEva agneafwahaSt

he last storm had given our cabin another flop and our clothes ere scattered all over one end of the orchard.
To make matters worse, if possible, I stepped on a rusty nail d my foot became infected and only fine care on my husband's rt saved me from going to the hospital.
All day Sunday everyone worked like a demon and by night- ll had things pretty well dried out. We slept that night on nches in the church with blankets under us. Monday, Mrs. wis, the minister's wife, got her mattress dried out so that she uld offer us rooms here at the parsonage which we have taken r the winter.
Monday the Red Cross and American Legion began feeding e people practically everywhere and we women cooked for 300 ople, three meals a day f o r a week. W e used large tubs over open es. The church was made an official Red Cross center, and my sband attended to the First Aid.
That was a thrilling week indeed, especially the first few days. ery other car was in the Red Cross service and rushed along at terrific speed with sirens screaming, carrying people with band- ed heads and bodies to the main hospitals. If we had anyone eding medical aid we rushed out with the Red Cross flag and ter a mighty grinding of brakes the car stopped and he or she s loaded in.
Miamians started to rebuild at once and today a visitor can rdly believe that the worst storm in the history of the United ates had been here.

Now THAT you have been made acquainted with our national officers through T o DRAGMAS pages we feel that the district and alumnae superintendents should come next in the line. M ay we
say that Alpha Omicron Pi should claim the most modest set of officers in existence! They won't tell about themselves, and as for pictures! In our requests for information we threatened to make up the dark details of their careers if they weren't willingly supplied, but now we find our mind strongly unfertile and un- productive.
Amalia Shoemaker guides the destinies of the active chapters in the Atlantic district. She graduated from Cornell University in 1923 and is a member of Epsilon chapter. When she was in the active chapter, her housewifely nature asserted itself and she proved a very capable house manager. "Mollie" was presi- dent of Washington alumnae chapter for two years, and since the fall of 1925 she has been district superintendent of the Atlantic district.
Lillian Chapman Marshall is one of the modest ones. She, refused to divulge any of her claims to fame so we will have to tell what we knew already. Lillian is a Pi girl. She has been an extremely efficient district superintendent for the Southern district for several years, we are not sure just how many. She's a very good swimmer, we remember this from T au convention, and lives in the same town as our grand president. She has one little boy—or is it two or three? We know there's one anyway.
The Ohio Valley active chapters are supervised by Geraldine Kindig. Geraldine is a Rho girl of the vintage of 1914. Her forte is mathematics. She's been teaching in various high schools in Indiana and Illinois since graduation, with intervals off fori
graduate study at the Universities of Chicago and Columbia. Inci- dentally, Geraldine has attended three national conventions, at! Evanston, Greencastle, and Berkeley, California. She has been a member of Chicago alumnae chapter, and is at present, on the roster of Indianapolis alumnae.
Melita Skillen looks after the chapters in the Great I^akes district. She is a member of Epsilon chapter and has been active in national and local fraternity affairs for some time. A past

grand secretary and examining officer, she is thoroughly trained in the national phase of fraternity life and a close connection with Rho chapter gives her an insight into active chapter problems. So her qualifications are excellent for her present office. In spare moments she teaches school, runs little theatres, and gets into automobile accidents. She's another who likes to hide her light under a bushel.
About Mary Rose Barrons you have all read in the last To DRAGMA. She's a Phi girl and a graduate of the University of Kansas. At present she lives in St. Paul, where she's studying music tinder Louis Shawen
Louise Benton Oliver. Upsilon. 1919, is the new superintendent of the Pacific district. She graduated from the music school as a violin major with a cum landc degree. She was president of Upsilon chapter in 1918-19. During that year she was also presi- dent of Mu Phi Epsilon, a national honorary music sorority. Later she was Province president of this organization, and alumnae advisor of Upsilon. Just now her biggest job is chair- man of the 1927 Alpha Omicron Pi convention. She's also a member of the faculty at the University of Washington.
Edith Huntington Anderson, Beta Phi, and alumnae superin- tendent of the Atlantic district, discusses the subject of her career in the following nonchalant manner:
As for my career, I don't or didn't have one. Graduated from Bloomington high school in 1916 and entered Indiana University that fall. In the summer of 1918 I went to Washington. D. C, to be secretary to M r . Pettijohn who was then director of the Speak- ing Division of the Committee on Public Information (George Creel's outfit). 1 intended to stay there only for the summer when I went, but things were so thrilling in Washington in those stirring war days I could not tear myself away, so remained there for a year. After the armistice our division was discontinued, and we were transferred to the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education, to salvage war materials of an educational value. Our new division was called the Division of Educational Extension and was created by President Wilson himself and financed from his special fund. W e had hoped that Congress would give us money
to continue after that year for there was a lot of material in W ashington that the colleges and universities of the country should have had, but they didn't do it. So we all went home after June 30, except that I with one or two others did stay on until August.
In the fall of 1919 I re-entered I. U . for my junior year. While I was in college I also did secretarial work. One year I was sec-

retary to the Editor of University Publications, and the remainder of the time secretary to Mr. J. J. Pet- tijohn, Director of the Extension Division. I received my A.B. de- gree, major economics, minors po- litical science and philosophy, in 1921, and immediately left for Min- neapolis where Mr. Pettijohn had gone the preceding January. There he was assistant to the president of the University of Minnesota, and i his secretary again. I remained in this position until September. 1923. I spent three months that fall at home and on December 27, 1923, was married to Dr. Arthur K.An- derson, Associate Professor of Bio-
logical Chemistry at the Pennsyl- vania State College. Since that time I have lived in State College, and now have two fine daughters, Bar- bara Jane who will be two in No- vember, and Mary Eldrid, three
months. They are my career and my most noteworthy achieve- ment.
For fraternity offices she has these to her credit: President, Beta Phi, 1920-21; charter member and treasurer, Washington alumnae chapter, 1918-19; secretary Minneapolis alumnae; and alumnae advisor, Tau chapter.
Nell Fain, Nu Omicron, graduated from Vanderbilt Univer- sity in 1923. After teaching a year, she returned to Vanderbilt for her M.A. Last fall Nell collaborated in the writing of a series of Latin text books with Dr. Clyde Pharr, Professor of Latin and Greek at Vanderbilt. Then she was for a year a reporter on the staff of the Nashville Tennessean. Now she is instructor of Eng- lish at Florida State College. T w o years as alumnae advisor of Nu Omicron, have preceded her office of alumnae superintendent.
Mary Neal Mcllveen, another Beta Phi girl, is superintendent °f the Ohio Valley district. Mary Neal was a charter member of Beta Phi. At the end of her junior year she left school to teach music, art, and home economics. As she says. "What a respon- sibility, supposing I had gotten the do's mixed."

She served as alumnae advisor for Beta Phi three years and as a member of the National Examining committee for four years. Last year she received her A.B. degree in music. Mary Neal is very active in community life, an officer in the Friday Musicale Club, a member of Kappa Kappa Kappa, an Indiana organization, and a member of the republican committee of the county. Then she edits a column of musical news for the local paper? These activities, and the care of a small daughter, Mary Elizabeth, who has just started to school, keep her more than busy.
Margaret Boothroyd Rasmussen, Tau, '20, looks after the alumnae chapters in the Great Lakes district.
Mtricuat191mayeacontwoFrabotco twoLovissupretiohoupMargaret graduated as a Bachelor of Pharmacy and until her marriage this spring concocted potions and brews in the practise of her profession in one"of our down town pharmacies. Now she is practising domestic science. Her fraternity offices were: cor- responding secretary from 1916-18; president of Tau, 1919-20, Panhellenic delegate, 1922; and president Minneapolis alumnae chapter, 1924-25. She was transportation chairman of the Min- neapolis convention.
The Midwestern district alumnae chapters are supervised by Catherine Rasbury. She graduated from Southern Methodist University in the class of 1922, and is a member of N u Kappa chapter. While an undergraduate she held the offices of Panhel- lenic delegate, president, and corresponding secretary. She held several class offices and was assistant editor of the semi-weekly college publication. Since graduation she has been a member of Dallas alumnae chapter, and its treasurer for two years. After November 10, she will be Catherine Rasbury Flythe, as her wed- ding to Dr. Allen Flythe takes place on that date.

uriel McKinney, Pacific dis- t alumnae superintendent, grad- ed from Stanford University in 6 and was a Phi Beta Kappa, joring in mathematics. After a r of teaching she was married, tinuing her teaching career for years while her husband was in nce. She has been president of h Los Angeles and San Francis- alumnae chapters. For the last years she has been treasurer of s Angeles alumnae chapter, ad-
or to Kappa Theta, and alumnae perintendent. Besides this she is sident of Kappa Theta's corpora- n, organized to construct the use. Three-year-old Bobby takes
the rest of her time.

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