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4.1 INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND NON-INFECTIOUS DISEASES

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Published by daniaamani1104, 2021-03-15 12:50:11

CHAPTER 4 : HUMAN HEALTH

4.1 INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND NON-INFECTIOUS DISEASES

NAME : DANIA AMANI BINTI SAIFULBHARI
CLASS : 2 AL-RAZI
COLLAGE NUMBER : PT201093

 BIRD FLU
 DENGUE
 MALARIA FEVER
 INFLUENZA A
 COVID 19

TYPES OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES :

 Tubercolosis
 Flu
 Ringworm
 Tinea
 Leptospirosis
 Dengue fever
 Malaria fever
 Zika fever

CAUSES :

Caused by infection of pathogens directly through mediums and vectors

WAYS TO DEAL WITH THEM :

AIRBORNE DISEASES :
 Cover the mouth and nose when sneezing, coughing or yawning
 Do not spit everywhere
 Avoid being in crowded place
 Ensure the living place gets enough light as ultraviolet rays or kill certain

microorganisms in the air

WATERBORNE DISEASES :
 Add chlorine into swimming pools and water supply systems
 Build toilets with good sanitation
 Boil drinking water properly
 Wash hands with soap after using the toilet

Tubercolosis

covid - 19

Malaria fever

Dengue fever

Leptospirosis

Zika fever

PRIMARY STAGE :

 IMPROVING HEALTH
Improving personal and family hygiene, cleanliness of living places and
sanitation systems
 STRENGTHENING THE BODY’S DEFENCE SYSTEM
Getting vaccines and immunisation for babies, children, pregnant woman, food
premies operators, hajj pilgrims and travellers
 FREQUET HEALTH CHECK-UPS
 MANTAINING A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE
Inhailing clean air
Eating a balanced diet

SECONDARY STAGE

 DETERMINING TRANSMISSION OF INFECTIONS

THROUGH ACTIVE AND PASSIVE CASE DETECTION
Giving early treatment to patients
Separating patients from others

TERTIARY STAGE

 CONTROLLING VECTOR POPULATION
Destroying vector breeding and hiding places
Fogging to kill vectors
Enforcing laws by issuing compounds to owner of dirty food premieses
 PROTECTING HOSTS
Using mosquito nets or mosquito coils
Wearing thick clothes


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