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Published by MIRACLE bookstore, 2020-09-16 20:58:40

Burmese-Healing

Burmese-Healing

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A.L. and Joyce Gill

1

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A.L. and Joyce Gill

Gill Ministries
www.gillministries.com

2

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A.L Gill ESifh Joyce Gill ZeD;armifESHwdkYonf EIwfuywfawmaf [majymolrsm;? a&;om;olrsm;?
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A.L Gill ESifh Joyce Gill ESpfOD;pvHk;wdkYonf Master of Theological degrees rsm;&&SdcJhMuNyD; A.L
Gill onf Vision Christian University rS csD;jr§ifhaom Doctor of philosophy in Theology degree
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4

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5

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wref 10 ; 38

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rm 16;20

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onf/

ewfqdk;wdkYtm;ESifxkwfjci;f ? rusef;rmaoma0'emonfwdkYtm; use;f rmapjcif;onf xdkolwdkY\ rsufpdudk
vif;ap&ef? 0rf;ajrmufbG,f or¨mw&m;udkjrif&ef taxmuftuljzpfapygonf/

8

-ocifa,&Itcsnf;ESD;a0'em cHcJhygovm;/

tu,fíuREkfyfwdkYonf zsm;emaomolwYdtk m;usef;rmapjcif;t&mudk raqmif&GufvQif? rdrd\udk,fay:odkY
ocifa,&I,lwif0wfaqmifcJhaom 'gPf&m'gPfcsufrsm;onf tcsnf;ESD;a0'emcHapjci;f yif jzpfapawmhonf/

a[&Sm 53;5

xdkolonfigwdkYvGefusL;jcif;tjypfrsm;aMumifh? emusifpGmxdk;jcif;? ESdyfpufjcif;udkcH& av\/
igwdkY\ jidrfoufjcif; csrf;omudkjzpfapaom qHk;rjcif;onfoltay:odkYa&mufí? olcH&aom
'Pfcsuftm;jzifh igwdkY onf temaysmufvsuf&SdMu\/

tema&m*gjidrf;jcif;ESifhpyfqdkifonfh bk&m;ocif\EkwfuywfawmfajymorQudkjiif;y,fjcif;onf uREkfyf
wdkYu bk&m;ocif\ aus;Z;l awmfudkjiif;y,fjcif;yifjzpfonf/

uREkfyfwdkY usef;rmap&eftwGufocifa,&I\ rdrd\ udk,fay:wGif,lwif0wfaqmifaom ol\a0'em
'gPfcsufawmfrsm;udk tcsnf;ESD;jzpfatmif uREkfyfwdkYu vkyfaqmifjcif;yifjzpfonf/

*vmwd 2;21

bk&m;ocif\ aus;Zl;awmfudkigry,f/ ynwfw&m;udk trSDjyKíajzmifhrwf&modkY a&mufEdkifvQif
c&pfawmfonf tcsnf;ESD;taocHawmfrljyD/

- toufrsm;udk u,fwifjcif;

tema&m*gjidrf;jcif;onf oif\toufudk4if;? rod m;pk0ifrsm;\ toufudk4i;f ? oifhrdwfaqGrsm;\
toufudk4if;? u,fwifEdkifonf/ ya&mzufa[ma&Su þuJhodkYa&;cJhonf/

a[ma&S 4;6(u)

ighvlwdkYonf ynmenf;aomaMumifh qkH;&IH;Mu\/cE®mudk,fESifhpdwfudkusef;rmapjcif;

onfuREkfyfwdkY twGufpkaqmif;ay;aombk&m;ocif\ taxmuftyHhjzpfonf/

uREfkyfwdkYonf'g0dwfuJhodkYtoufrao umvMum&SnfpGm usef;rmaomb0jzifhocifa,&I\ oufao

awmfcH jzpf&efvdktyfygonf/

qm 118;17

igrao&ao;/ touf&Sifíxm0&bk&m;\ trIawmfwdkYudk Mum;ajym&OD;rnf/

EIwfuywfawmfrSvmaom tema&m*gjidrf;jcif;zGifhjycsufwdkYonf rsm;pGmaom olwdkYtm; i,fi,f&G,f
&G,fESifh uG,fvGefjcif;rSumuG,fay;onf/

,mukyf 5;14-15

emaomol&SdvQif? oif;tkyfwdkYudkac:íolwdkYonf ocifbk&m;\ emrawmfudktrSDjyKvQuf?
vlemudkqDESifh vl;í olUtay:rSmqkawmif;Muap/ xkdodkYjyKvQif? ,HkMunfjcif;\yXmemonf
vlemudku,fq,fí? ocifbk&m;onf olYudkxajrmufap awmfrlrnf/ olonf tjypfjyKrdaomfvnf;
xdktjypfudkvTwfawmfrlrnf/

9

r[mappm;csuf\ tpdwftydkif;

wynfhawmfrsm;tm;rdefYrSmcsuf

ocifa,&I\ wynfawmfrsm;ESifhaemufvdkufrsm;twGuf vufawGUoifwef;ESifhomoemjyK vkyfief;
awmfü temjidrf;jcif;onftvGefta&;Mud;aomtpdwftydkif;wpfckjzpfonf/ ocifa,&Ionf a'opm&D vSnfh
vnf&mü a&m*gonfwdkYudkusef;rmapouJhodkY ol\wynfhawmf(12)yg;udkvnf; xdkenf;wljyK&ef rdefYrSmcJhon/f

róJ 10;1?7?8

wusdyfESpfyg;aomwynfhawmfwdkYudkac:awmfrljyD;rS?npfnl;aomewfwdkYudkESifxkwf jcif;iSg4if; tcGifh
ay;awmfrl\/oGm;pOfwGif? aumif;uifEdkifiHawmfwnfvkeD;jyD;[k odwif;Mum;ajymMuavmh/ emaom
olwdkYtm; csrf;om ay;Muavmh/ aoaomolwdkYudkxajrmufapMuavmh/ElaomolwdkYudkoefU
&Sif;apMuavmh/ ewfqdk;wdkYudk vnf;ESifxkwfMuavmh/ oifwdkYonf tbdk;ray;bJaus;Zl;awmfudk
cH&MujyDjzpfí tbdk;rcHbJay;urf;Muavmh/

ocifa,&Iu udk,fawmfudk,HkMunfaomol &SdorQwdkYonfudk,fawmfjyKaom trIwdkYudkjyKvdrfhrnf[k
rdefYrSmcJhonf/
udk,fawmfjyKaomtrIwdkYudkuREkfyfwdkYtrSefwu,fjyKrnfqdkvQiftema&m*gjidrf;jcif;onfuREkfyfwdkYtwGuft
vGef ta&;MuD;ayonf/

a,m 14;12

igtrSeftuefqdkonfum; ighudk,HkMunfaomolonf igjyKaomtrIwdkYudkjyKvdrfhrnf/
xdktrI wdkYxufomíMuD;aom trIwdkYudkvnf;jyKvdrfhrnf/

uREkfyfwdkYonf temjidr;f jcif;udkvkyfaqmifíedrdwfvu©Pmrsm;udkvnf; udk,fawmfjyKonfh enf;wl
xyfxlxyfrQ jyKvkyfrn[f k rdefYMum;cJhonf/

uREfkyfwdkYtm; rdefYrSmcsuf

zsm;emaomolwdkYtay:vufudkwifítemjidrf;jcif; trIawmfudkvkyaf qmifjcif;onf uREkfyfwdkY
,HkMunfolrsm;tm; tyfESHxm;onfh ocifa,&I\ r[mtrIawmfjrwfMuD;\ tpdwftydkif;wpfckjzpfonf/

a,m 14;15

ighudkcspfvQif ighynwfwdkYudkapmifha&SmufMuavmh/

-aemufqHk;rdeYfrSmcsufudk ocifa,&IuþodkYqdkxm;onf/

rmuk 16;15-18

oifwdkYonf avmuDEdkifiHt&yf&yf&SdorQodkYoGm;í a0ae,sowÅ0gtaygif;wdkYtm; {0Ha*vd
w&m;udk a[mMuavmh/,HkMunfí AwdÅZHudkcHaomolonf u,fwifawmfrljcif;odkYa&mufvwHh/
r,HkMunfaom olrlum; tjypf'PfpD&ifjcif;udk cH&vwHh/ ,HkMunfaomolüjzpftHhaom edrdwfvu©Pm
[lrlum;? ig\emrudk trSDjyKí ewfqdk;wdkYudkESifxkwfMuvwHh/ xl;jcm;aombmompum;rsKd;wdkYudk
ajymMuvwHh/ a>rwdkYudk brf;udkifMu vwHh/ aoapwwfaom tqdyftawmufudk

10

aomufpm;vQifab;Oy'fESifhuif;vGwfMuvwHh/rusef;rrmaom olwdkY tay:rSm vufudkwifí
csrf;omay;MuvwHh[krdefYawmfrl\/

udk,fawmfudk,HkMunfaom olwdkYtm;ocifa,&I\aemufqHk;trSmpum;onf tMuHay;csufr[kwf ynwf
csufwpfck(odkYr[kwf)trdefYay;jcif;jzpfonf/ uREkfyfwdkYemcH vdkufavQmufjyD; tema&m*gjidrf;apjcif; trIonf
tvGefta&;MuD;aomtrI jzpfonf/

-tema&m*g\ Zpfjrpf

tema&m*gwdkYonf bk&m;ocifxHrSvmoavmh(odkYr[kwf)pmwefxHrS vmoavm/
þxkwfa0onfh oifcef;pmrsm;tay:uREkfyfwdkY\ pdwfxJüoHo,&SdaeonfumvywfvHk; uREkfyf wdkYonf

pdwfESpfcG&SdaejyD; tema&m*gjidrf;apjcif;trItm; tenf;i,frQaom,HkMunjfcif;onf &IH;edrfhaom toufwmxJü
&Sifoefaejcif;yifjzpfonf/ a&m*gjyóemrsm;udk rSefuefpGmqHk;jzwfEdkif &eftvdkYiSg 4if;wdkY\ rlvtp? ZpfjrpfESifh
&nf&G,fcsufwkdYudkuREkfyfwdkYu cdkifcdkifrmrm em;vnf;xm;&ef tvGefvdktyfayonf/
-or¨mw&m;u vGwfajrmufjcif;udk,laqmifvmonf/

zsm;emjcif;? a&m*gb, a0'emwdkY\ZpjfrpfESifhpyfvsOf;í or¨mw&m;udkuREkfyfwdkYazmfxkwf od&Sdaom tcg
tema&m*gjidrf;jcif;trIudk &J&ifhpGmvufcHjcif;&J&ifhpGmvkyfaqmifjcif;tm;jzifh vGwfajrmufjci;f udk &,l Ekdifonf/
ocifa,&I\ yk*d¾KvftxJü or¨mw&m;udkawGU&onf/
a,m 14;6

a,&Iu igonfvrf;c&D;jzpf\/ or¨mw&m;vnf;jzpf\/ toufvnf;jzpf\/ ighudkrSDrjyKvQif
tb,f olrQ crnf;awmfxHodkY ra&muf&/

-ocifa,&IjyKawmfrlaom trIawmfESifhEkwfuywfawmfü or¨mw&m;onfxif&Sm;cJhjyD/

a,m 8;32
or¨mw&m;udkvnf;odMuojzifh? xdkw&m;onf oifwdkYudkvTwfvdrfhrnf[k ,HkMunfaom

,k' vlwdkYtm;rdefYawmfrl\/
zsm;aomar;cGef;rsm zsm;emjcif;ESifh pyfvsOf;aom ar;cGef;rsm;

zsm;emjcif;\ rlvZpfjrpfESifh&nf&G,fcsuf trSefudkaz:xkwfod&Sd&ef erlem,lxdkufaom ar;cGef;rsm;tm;
rMumcPar;jcif;jzifhtajzrSefudk pwiaf z:xkwfEkdifonf/

þt&monf bk&m;ocif\ tvdkawmfjzpfovm;/
-tema&m*gjidrf;apjcif;trIonf bk&m;ocif\ tvdkawmfjzpfovm;/
bk&m;ocifonf vlom;wdkif;tm;tema&m*gjidrf;ap&ef tvdkawmf&Sdonfudk aocsmpGm rod&Sdjcif;onf
tMuD;rm;qHk;aom t[efYtwm;wpfckjzpfonf/

11

pmwefonf uREkfyfwdkYtm;qefYusifhbufjyKí uREkfyfwdkY\pdwfxJü oHo,pum;rsm;udk xnfhoGif;ay;
onf/ tu,fí uREkfyfwdkYonf owdrxm;rdygu xdkoHo,wdkYudk MuD;pGmtvkyfvkyfapawmhonf/

a&S;"avhxkH;pHqkawmif;csufrsm;ü oHo,udkazmfjyaom pum;vHk;rsm;udk þodkYMum;bl; Muayvdrfhrnf/
"tdk bk&m;ocif udk,fawmftvdkawmf&Sdygu uREkfyfwdkYtm; wdkYxdvQuftemjidrf;apygrnfhtaMumif;awmif;avQmuf
tyfygonf/"

xdkodkYaom qkawmif;csufrsm;u vlom;wdkfif;tm;bk&m;ocifu temjidrf;apcsifonfhtay: oHo,ESifh
raocsmrIoHo,udkazmfjyaomqak wmif;csufrsKd;jzpfonf/

bk&m;ocif\ tvdkawmfonf temjidr;f apjcif;jzpfaMumif; uREkfyfwdkY\0dnmOfü aocsmrIr&Sdygu rdrd
twGufaomf4if;olwpfyg;twGuaf omf4if; ,HkMunfjcif;ygaom qkawmif;jcif;rsKd;udkqkawmif;Ekdifrnfr[kwfay/

xdkodkYaom oHo,jzpfonfyHkoufaowpfckudk ElempGJaom olwpfa,muf\ "tu,fí udk,fawmf
tvdk&Sdygu"[lí usrf;pmüuREkfyfwdkYawUG bl;vdrfhrn/f (rm 1;39-41)

"tu,fí"[lonfhpum;udk ocifa,&Iu (igtvdk&Sdonf)[laompum;tm;jzifh y,f&Sm;ypfvdkufonf/
ocifa,&IjyKorQaom t&mcyfodrf;onf rdrdvly&dwfowfrsm;tm; tbbk&m;ocif\tvdkawmfudk zGifhvSpf
jyojcif;jzpfonf/

tuREkfyf\ zsm;emjcif;onfbk&m;ocif\ tvdkawmfjzpfygovm;/

aeYpOf uREkfyfwdkYusef;rmjcif;txufü touf&Sifaexdkifjcif;onf bk&m;ocif\tvdkawmfyifjzpfonf/

3a,m 1;2

tcsif;csif;ol oif\pdwfESvHk;onf aumif;pm;ouJhodkY?oifonft&m&müaumif; pmjcif;ESifh
usef;rmjcif; &SdrnftaMumif;igqkawmif;\/

tu,fí ocifa,&Iuemaomoludk csrf;omay;vQifcrnf;awmf\tvdkawmfu tema&m*gudk jidrf;ap
jcif;jzpfonf?tbbk&m;ocif\ tvdkawmfonf emaomoludkusef;rmaponfqdkjcif;onf tbbk&m;ocifu
oifhudkvnf;tema&m*gjidrf;apaom qE´&Sdonf/

uREkfyfwdkYtwGuf aumif;usdK;

uREkfyfwdkYaumif;usKd;twGuf jyKvkyforQaomt&mwdkYwGifzsm;emjcif;onf

wpfcktygt0ifjzpfygovm;/ zsm;emjcif;onf uREkfyfwdkYaumif;usKd;twGuf wnDwnGwfwnf;jyKorQaom

cyfodrf;aomt&mwdkY wGifwpfck tygt0if jzpfonf[k aygvkqdkvdkaMumi;f trsm;aomolwdkYuþuJhodkY

cH,lMuonf/

a&mr 8;28

bk&m;ocifudk cspfaomolwnf;[laom MuHpnfawmfrljcif;twdkif;ac:awmfrlaom olwdkY\
tusKd;udk cyfodrf; aomt&mwdkYonf wnDwnGwfwnf; jyKpkMuonf/

The New International Version(NIV) uomí&Sif;vif;aom t"dyÜg,fudk zGifhqdkonfrSm-

12

]]bk&m;ocifudk cspfaomol? tMuHtpnfawmft&ac:aom olwdkU\aumif;usdK;twGuf

bk&m;ocifu cyfodrf;aom trIt&mrsm;xJü tvkyfvkyfawmfrlaMumif;udk uGsEfkyfwdkUodMu\/}}

av;eufonfh t&muGsEfkyfwdkU\

aumif;usdK;twGufbk&m;ociuf cyfodrf;aomt7mtm;vHk;txJrStvkyfvkyfawmfrljcif;jzpf\/

uGsEfkyfwdkU\aumif;usdK;twGuf cyfodrf;aom t&mwdkUuwnDwnGwfwnf;vkyfaqmifjcif;r[kwfyg/

xdkodkUjzpf&rnfhtpm; ]]cyfodrf;aomtrIwdkUü}} odkUr[kwf]]uGsEfkyfwdkU\a&m*ga0'emü}}

]]uGsEfkyfwkdU\ zsm;emjcif;ü}} bk&m;ocifvkyfaqmifaom temjiDrf;jcif;wefcdk;onf

uGsEfkyfwdkU\aumif;usdK;7v'fudkjzpfay:apjcif; jzpfonf/

udk,fawmftwGuf a0'emcHjcif;? qif;&J'ku©cHjcif;

udk,fawmftwGuf qif;&J'ku©a0'emcHjcif;trIrsm;xJrS zsm;emjcif;onf udk,fawmftwGuf
a0'emcHjcif; [kwfygovm;

zd 1;29

taMumif;rlum;? oifwdkYonftxufujrifonftwdkif;? ,ckvnf;Mum;onf twdkif; igcH&aom
wdkufvSefjcif;udk cH&onfenf;wloifwkdYonfcH&Muonfjzpfíc&pfawmfudk ,HkMunfjcif;tcGifhrSwyg;?
c&pfawmf twGufaMumifhqif;&JcH&jcif;tcGifhudkaus;Zl;awmftm;jzifh&Mu\/

usrf;pmteufzGifhjcif;trSm;rsm;udk a&Smif&Sm;&efpum;tquftpyf? taMumif;t&mrsm;rsm; 0gustxm;
todkrsm;udkxnfhpOf;pm;&eftvGefvdktyfonf (xdkuJhodkUaomtajctaeü {0Ha*vdw&m;aMumifh axmifxJwGif
rdrdonfoMHudK;ESifhcsnfaEmS ifjcif;'ku©udk cHpm;aeaMumif; wrefawmfaygvku a&;om;xm;onf/

zd 1;12-14

nDtpfudkwdkY igüa&mufaom trIt&mwdkYonf{0Ha*vdw&m;udkrjrpfwm;onfomru

jyKpk&mjzpfonf[k oifwdkYodapjcif;iSgigtvdk&Sd\/xdkodkYaomtm;jzifh c&pfawmfaMumifh

igcH&aomcsnfaESmifjcif;trIt&monf? eef;awmfü tESHUtjym; xif&Sm;onf omru

cyfodrf;aomt&yfüxif&Sm;\/ocifbk&m;ü nDtpfudktrsm;wdkYonf

igcH&aomcsnfaESmifjcif;aMumifh,HkrSm;aompdwfESifhuif;vGwfíaMumuf&GHUjcif;r&SdbJ?Ekwfuywfw&m;awmf

udkomí a[majym0HhMu\/

þpmykd'ftaMumif;t&myg pum;tquftpyft& aygvkajymqdkaom qif;&Jjcif;'ku©onf zsm;emjcif;
a&m*gb,wdkYudk &nfnTef;udk;um;ajymqdkjcif;r[kwfaMumif;ay:vGifxif&Sm;onfomru4if;tpm; zdpD;ESdyfpufrIESifh
0rf;ajrmufzG,f owif;pum;aMumifhzdpD;EdSyfpufcH&jcif; tusOf;cscHjcif;qif;&J'ku©udk az:jyjcif;yifjzpfonf/

pnf;urf;Muyfrwfjcif;

bk&m;u vlwdkYudkoGefoif&ef? Muyfrwf&ef? qHk;r&efESifhonf;cHjcif;udk oGefoif&efbk&m;ocifu vlwdkY
tay: zsm;emjcif;a0'emudk jzpfapygovm;/

bk&m;ocifr[kwfyg/ pmwefuomvQif vlwdkYtay:odkYzsm;emjcif;ESifh a&m*gb,udkjzpfapoljzpfonf/

a,mb 2;7

13

pmwefonf xm0&bk&m;xHawmfrS xGufoGm;ía,mb\ajcb0g;rSOD;xdyfwdkifatmif qdk;aom
tempdrf; rsm; wdk;aygufap\/

om;orD;rsm;udkcspfcifjrwfEdk;aomtm;jzifh pnf;urf;Muyfrwf&ef tb,frnfaomvlom;zcifwpf OD;OD;u
om;orD;rsm;tm;uifqma&m*gjzpfaponfudkuREkfyfwdkYjrifawGUz;l ygoenf;odkYqdkvQif uREkfyfwdkY\ aumif;uifbHk&Sif
tbbk&m;ocifonf rdrd\om;orD;rsm;tay:zsm;emjcif;ESifa&m*ga0'emrsm;udk jzpfaponfqdkonfh t&mrSm
rnfuJhodkYjzpfEkdifygrnfenf;/

a,m 10;10

olcdk;onf cdk;jcif;? owfjcif;? zsufqD;jcif;iSg omvmwwf\/ igrlum;odk;wkdYonf toufvGuf
&kHrQru txl;ojzifhtoufESifhjynfpHkapjcif;iSgvmownf;/

ewfqdk;omvQif uREfkyfwdkYtm;owf&efuGsEfkyfwdkU\usef;rmjcif;udkcdk;,l&ef zsm;emjcif;ESifha&m*gb, tm; jzifh
uREkfyfwdkYtm;zsufqD;&efvmonf[k ocifa,&Iajymygonf/odkYaomfvnfocifa,&Ionf uREkfyfwkdYtm;
<u,f0aom toufwmwnf;[laom zsm;emjcif;a&m*ga0'emuif;pifaponftouf wmudkay;&efvmcJhygonf/
[email protected] wlatmif tm'HESifh {0wdkUudkzefqif;cJhpOfuvlom;rsm;tm;tyfESHcJUonfh rlvtcGifhtmPm
tm;vHk;udk jyefvnfwnf&dSap&efudk,fawmfonf uGsEfkyftwGufþavmuodkU <uvmjcif;jzpfonf/

wrefawmfaygvk\ ql;onfrnfuJhodkYaomt&menf;/
aygvk\ ql;onfzsm;emjcif;jzpfaMumif; usrf;pmuqdkxm;ygovm;/

wrefawmfaygvk\ tom;xJü&Sdaom q;l onf tvGefqdk;&Gm;aomrsufpda0'em jzpfaMumif;usrf;pmudk
em;vnfrIvTJrSm;pGmoGefoifMuonf/rnfodkYyifqdkaprdrdudk,fay:oufa&mufaomql;onfpmwef\wrefjzpof nfh0d
nmOfqdk;wdkY\ jyif;xefpGm wdkufcdkufrIESifh Murf;wrf;pGmzdtm;ay;jcif; jzpfaMumif; wrefawmfaygvku
a&;om;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/

2aum 12;7

igcH&aom Asm'dwfawmf tvGefxl;jrwfíigonfaxmifvTm;aom pdwfr&Sdapjcif;iSg ighudk
'Pfcwfaom pmwef\ wrefwnf;[laom ighudk,füpl;aomql;udkay;awmfrl\/

wrefawmfaygvk\ tom;xJü&Sdaomql;onf ½kyfydkif;qkdif&m zsm;emjcif;jzpfaMumif; or¨musrf;pm\
rnfonf ae&murQ roGefoifcJUbl;yg/

zsm;emjcif;onfaojcif;twGufvdktyfaomt&mjzpfygovm;/

uREkfyfwkdYtm; tdrfawmfodkYydkYaqmif&efbk&m;ocifutqifoifhjzpfaomtcg uREkfyfwdkYcE¨m

ao&eftwGufzsm;emp&m vdktyfygovm;/

tu,fí uREkfyfwkdY\aeYpOftouf&Sifjcif;xJü usef;rmjcif;onf bk&m;ocif\tvdkawmf jzpfvQif
uREkfyfwkdYonf zsm;emjcif;jzifhaoqHk;&ef vdktyfcsufudkuREkfyfwkdYtwGufudk,fawmfutb,faMumifh vkyfaqmifay;
&oenf;/

14

arma&Sonf tHhMop&maumif;aom yHkoufaoyijfzpfonf/ bk&m;ocifonf olUtm;tdrfawmfodkY
jyefvnfaqmif,laomtcg olUtouf(120)ESpf&Sdonfol\ usef;rma&;rSmtvGefaumif;jyD; bk&m;ocifESifh
qHkawGU&ef awmifay: odkY wufEkdifao;onf/ rsufpdtjrifcGeftm;ESifh obm0cGeftm; wpfckrQravsmhcJhay/

w&m; 34;7

arma&S tedpöa&mufaomtcg toufw&mESpfq,f&Sd\/ol\ rsufpdrrIefao;? cGeftm;vnf;
ravsmh ao;/

toufMuD;olwkYd zsm;emvQif bk&m;ocif\tvdkawmfuolwdkYudk tema&m*gjidrf;ap&efjzpfonf/ bk&m;
ocif\ tcsdefusa&mufvQifolwkYd\0dnmOfonf cE¨mudk,fudkpGefYcGgí ESvHk;ckefjcif;vnf; &yfqdkif;oGm;vdrfhrnf/

xdkodkYjzpfvm&ef bk&m;ocifucGifhjyKygovm;/

bk&m;ocifuzsm;emjcif;udk]]cGifhjyKí}}ol\ vlrsm;ty:odkYt&G,frwdkifrDaojcif;udkjzpfapygovm;/

zsm;emjcif;ESifhaojcif;jzpfay:vmaomtcg rsm;pGmaomolwkdYu bk&m;ocifudktjypfzdkYí-bk&m;ocifu
bmaMumifh 'Dvdk cGifhjyK&wmvJ-[lí ajymqdkwwfMuonf/

bk&m;ocif\ [email protected] zefqif;cH&aomtm'H ESifh{0wdkYonf urÇmajrMuD;ESifh ajray:rSm
jzpforQaom t&mtm;vHk;udk pdk;rkd;&ef tcGifhtPmtyfESif;jcif;cH&onf/

urÇm 1;26

wzefbk&m;ocifu [email protected] [email protected]; vludkzefqif;MupdkY/ olonf
yifv,fig; wdkYudk4if;? ajrwjyifvHk;ESifhwuG ajray:rSmwGm;wwfaom wdpmäeftaygif;wdkYudk4if;
tkyfpdk;ap[k trdefYawmf&Sd\/

tm'HESifh{0wdkY tjypfxJodkYusqif;jci;f aMumifh qHk;&IH;cJh&onfh tcGifhtmPmESifh pdk;ydkifcGifhwkdYonf ocif
a,½Itm;jzifh rlvt&yfodkY jyefvnfwnfapcJhonf/

róJ 16;19

aumif;uifEkdifiHawmf\ aomhwdkYudkvnf; oifhtm;igay;rnf/oifonfajrMuD;ay:rSm

csnfaESmiforQonf aumif;uifbHkü csnfaESmifvsuf&Sdvdrfhrnf/ajrMuD;ay:rSm jznfvGwforQonf

aumif;uifbHkü jznfvGwfvsuf &Sdvdrfhrnf[k rdefYawmfrl jyD;vQif-

zsm;emjcif;onf pmwefrm&fewf\ tmPmpufaMumifhjzpfaomfvnf; a,&Iu,aeY,HkMunfolrsm;ü &Sdaom
wefcdk;(tcGifhtmPm)onf &efolü&Sdaom wefcdk;xufomí MuD;onf[k ocifa,&IqdkcJhon/f

vkum 10;19

oifwdkYonf a>r?uif;jrD;aumuf wdkYudkEkdif&aomtcGifhESifh&efolrsm;udk Ekdif&aomtcGifhwefcdk;udk
igay;\/ oifwkdYudk tb,fab;rS rnif;qJ&/

bk&m;ay;aom ajray:ü pdk;rdk;EdkifaomtcGifhtPmudk]]toHk;rjyK}}jcif;onfrdrdudk,fESifhrdrdcspfaom olwdkY
tay:odkY zsm;emjcif; a&m*gb,ESifh aojcif;ponfh ewfqdk;\ tmPmpufudk ,laqmifoufa&muf apjcif;om
jzpfonf/

15

zsm;emjcif;\ t&if;tjrpf (t&pftjrpf)

zsm;emjcif;ESifh a&m*gb,tm;vHk;wdkYonf ewfqdk;pmwefrm&fewfxHrvS m\/bk&m;ocifxHrS vmonf
r[kwf/ tm;tifcsdeJYapaom pdwfemusnf;jcif;0dnmOfqdk; udkae&may;jcif;wnf; [laom tjypftm;jzifhaomf4if;?
usef;rmjcif;ESifh tm[m&jynfh0jcif;wdkYudk jzpfaponfh tajccHrlrsm;udk jiif;yg,fjcif;tm;
jzifhaomf4if;?emrcHjcif;tm;jzifh vlrsm;wdkYonf zsm;emMuonf/

{zuf 4;27

trsufrajybJ aer0ifapESifh/ rm&fewfudktcGifhray;MuESifh/

jyefvnf&,ljyD;aom rlvtcGifhtmPm udk toHk;jyKjcif;jzifh &efolewfqdk;ESifh rusef;rmjcif;
a0'emudkjzpfaponfh0dnmOfqdk; (odkYr[kw)f uREkfyfwdkYxH0ifvmonfh zsm;emjci;f rsm;udk &ifqdkif wGef;vSefEkdifjyD;
olwdkYonf uREkfyfwdkYxHrS xGufajy;oGm;&vdrfhrn/f

a,m 4;7

bk&m;ocif\ tvdkawmfodkY vdkufMuavmh/rm&fewfudkqD;wm;Muavmh/ odkYjyKvQifolonf
oifonf oifwdkYxHuajy;oGm;vdrfhrnf/

,HkMunfolwdkYonf rusef;rmjcif;udkjzpfapaom 0dnmOfqdk;udk ESifxkwfEkdifaom tcGifhtmPm&SdjyD; zsm;em
jcif; trsdK;rsKd;ESifha&m*gb,trsKd;rsKd;rSvnf; usef;rmjcif;udkay;Ekdifaom tcGifhwefcdk;tmPm&Sdonf/

róJ 10;1

wusdyf ESpfyg;aomwynfhawmfwdkYudkac:awmfrljyD;rS npfñl;aom ewfwdkYudk ESifxkwfjcif;iSg4if;?
tem a&m*g trsKd;rsKd;wdkYudkjidrf;apjcif;iSg4if; tcGifhay;awmfrl\/

,aeYraumif;qdk;0g; ewfqdk;vkyfEdkifaom wckwnf;aomt&mrSm uREkfyfwkdYuom4if;wdkYtm; tvkyfvkyf
cGifhay;onfh tay:üom rlwnfonf/

=]]bk&m;ocifu bmaMumifh'Dvdk tjzpfysufrsKd;udk ciG fhjyK&wmvJ}}= [laomar;cGef;rsKd; rar;oifhbJ
4if;tpm;-

=]]bmaMumifh uREkfyfwkdYu 'DvdkrsKd;cGifhjyK&wmvJ}}- [líar;oifhygonf/

rSwfcsuf/ / þar;cGef;udk tukeftpifem;vnf&ef A.L.Gill \pmtkyfrsm;jzpfonfh Authority of Believer

(SGM rlydkifxkwfa0jyD;) ESifh "Destined for Dominion." pmtkyfwkdYudk zwfyg/

uREkfyfwdkYudk atmifEkdif&ef pmwefu zsm;emjcif;udkol\ vufeuftjzpf toHk;jyKonf/

-pmwef\usqif;jcif;
aumif;uifbHkü awmfvSefykefuefrIjzpfjyD;aemuf pmwefESifh ol\aumif;uifwrefqdk;rsm;wdkYonf ajray:

odkY csypfjci;f cH&onfh tjzpftysufudk þodkYzw&f vdrfhrnf/
Asm'dwf 12;7-10

16

aumif;uifü ppfjzpf\/ rdau©vESifhol\ aumif;uifwrefwdkYonf e*g;udk ppfwdkufMu\/
e*g;ESifhol\wrefwdkYonf ppfwdkufírEkdifMu? aumif;uifüvnf;olwdkYaep&mr&Sd/ xdktcg
avmuwEkdifiHvHk;udk vSnfhjzm;í rm&fewfpmwef trnf&Sdaom a&S;a>r a[mif;wnf;[laom
e*g;MuD;udk4if;? olESifhtwlol\ wrefwdkYudk4if;?ajrMuD;odkYcsvdkufMu\/

aumif;uifbHkü MuD;aomtoHum;? ,ckrSm u,fwifjcif;jzpf\/ wefcdk;awmfvnf;jzpf\/
igwdkYbk&m; ocif\ EkdifiHawmfESifhol\ c&pfawmf tmPmawmfpufvnf;jzpf\/ taMumif;rlum; igwdkY
nDtpfudkrsm;udk igwdkYbk&m;ocifha&SUawmfü aeYnOfhrjywf tjypfwifaom&efoludkatmufodkY csavjyD;/
bk&m;ocif\ [email protected];

us&IH;jyD;aom pmweftm; ypfcsxm;&m xdkj*dK[furmÇay:rSmyif bk&m;ocifonf vlom;udk rdrd\ [email protected]
awmfESifhwlnDpGm zefqif;xm;cJhonf/ xkdtcsdefxdwdkifatmifpmwef tkyfcsKyfcJhaom urÇmMuD;tm; pdk;rdk;tkyfcsKyf&ef
vlom;wkdYudk bk&m;ocifu zefqif;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/

urÇm 1;26-28

wzef bk&m;ocifu [email protected]@mefwnf; vludkzefqif;MupdkY/olonf
yifv,fig; wdkYudk 4if;? rdkCf;aumif;uifiSufwdkYudk4if;? om;,OfwdkYudk4if;? ajrwjyifvHk;ESifhwuG ajray:rSm
wGm;wwfaom wd&pämef taygif;wdkYudk4if;?tkyfpdk;ap[k trdefYawmf&Sd\/

tcsif;wdkY rsm;jym;pGmarG;bGm;Muavmh/ ajrMuD;udkjynhfapí EkdifMuavmh/ yifv,fig;wdkYudk4if;?
rdkCf; aumif;uif iSufwdkYudk4if;? touf&Sifí ajray:rSm vIyf&Sm;wwfaom wd&pämeftaygif;wdkYudk4if;?
tkyfpdk; Muavmh [k rdefYawmfrlí olwdkYudk aumif;MuD;ay;awmfrl\/

vlom;wdkYonf þodkY zefqif;jcif;cHcJhonf/
bk&m;ocifESifh wl&ef
bk&m;ocifuJhodkY avQmufvSrf;&ef
bk&m;ocifuJhodkY pum;ajym&ef
xdkaemuf þurÇm ajrjyifay:ü tcsKyftjcmpdk;rdk;&efjzpfonf/

pmwefonf oifhudkrkef;onf

pmwef\ ae&mü oifcHpm;Munfhyg/ aumif;uifbHk\tjrifhqHk;aom &mxl;rS z,f&Sm;cH&í urÇm
j*dK[fay:odkYypfcscHcJh&onf/ tjrifhqHk;aom bk&m;uJhodkYjzpf&efqE´ &Sdaomþolonf bk&m;ocifu [email protected] wl
atmif vludkzefqif;jcif;udk jyif;xefonfh a'gotrkef;jzifh bk&m;ociftm; xdwfvefYaMumuf&GHUpGm Munfhae
cJhonf/ xdkaemufrdrdtyk fcsKyfaeorQaom cyfodr;f aomt&mwdkYtay:odkY b&k m;ocifu vlom;wdkYtm; pdk;rdk;
tkyfcsKyfcGifhay;vdkufonf/

a,mufsm; (odkY) rde;f rudkjrifwdkif; ol\Mu;D rm;aoma'gotrsufudk EId;aqmfonfht&mjzpfonfh
bk&m;ocifudk trSwf&aponf/ vlonf bk&m;ocifESifhwlí vkyfaqmifrIvnf;wlonfudkjrifaomtcg ol\

17

rkef;wD;rIrsm;ydkí jyif;xefvmonf/ xdkrkef;wD;rIrsm;tay:wkefYjyefaomvkyf&yfum; ckd;jcif;? owfjcif;? zsufqD;jcif;
omjzpfvmonf/

wrefawmf a,m[efu þodkYa&;cJhon/f

a,m 10;10

olcdk;onf cdk;jcif;? owfjcif;? zsufqD;jcif;iSgomvmwwf\/ igrlum; odk;wdkYonft oufvGwf&kH
rQru txl;ojzifh toufESifhjynfpHkapjcif;iSgvmownf;/

uREkfyfwdkYonf ajrMuD;ay:&Sd bk&m;ocif\ udk,fpm;vS,fawmfrsm;jzpfonfudk pmwefodonf/

uREkfyfwdkYonf c&pfawmf\ udk,fcE¨mawmfjzpfí pmwef\ tMuD;rm;qHk;qE´onf uREkfyfwkdYudkacsrIef; zsufqD;&ef
jzpfonf/

pmwef\ om;aumifvlom;

qkH;&IH;jcif;? xdcdkufepfemjcif;? aojcif;? ysufpD;jcif;rsm; tm;vHk;onf pmwef\vkyf&yfrsm;om jzpfonf/
tm'HESifh{0 wdkYtjypfxJusqif;onfhtcsdefrSpí ESpfaygif;av;axmif(4000)txdvlom;wdkYonf pmwef rm&fewf
\ zrf;qD;csKyfaESmifcH&jcif;? uReof abmuf t`yKcH&jcif;? zdESdyfcsKyfcs,fjcif;trsKd;rsKd;udk cHcJh&onf/

tcsKyftjcmtmPmjzifh pdk;rdk;&ef zefqif;xm;jcif;cH&aomvlom;wdkYonf rsufpduef;í roefrpGrf;
jzpfvsufvrf;ab;wGif awmif;&rf;pm;aomufvsufae&onf/

rm;rm;rwfrwfavQmuvf Srf;&ef zefqif;xm;jcif;cH&onfh vrl def;rwdkYonvf nf;a0'emESifh arQmfvifhjcif;
uif;rJhrI atmufrSm acgif;ikHYcHMu&onf/

bk&m;ocif\ &[email protected] wlnDatmifzefqif;xm;jcif;cH&onf vla,mufsm;rsm; vlrdef;rrsm;wdkY\
rsufESmtoGifjyifESifh udk,fcE¨mrsm;wdkYonf ElemESifh 0JpJGjcif; cHxm;&onf/

zrf;qD;jcif;csKyfaESmifcH&jcif;?uRefjyKcH&jcif;?zsm;emjcif;?a&m*ga0'emESifh emusifjcif;wnf;[laom
zdESdyf csKyfcs,frItrsKd;rsKd;rS vlom;wdkYtm;vGwfajrmufap&ef a,&Ionf þavmuodkY<uvmonf/

pmwefrm&fewf\ zdEdSyfcsKyfcs,frItrsKd;rsKd;rS uREkfyfwdkYvGwfajrmuf&ef bk&m;ociftvdk&Sdon/f tjypf\
uRefb0rS vGwfajrmuf&ef udk,fawmftvdk&Sdonf/ uREkfyfwdkYvHk;0usef;rm&efbk&m;ociftvdk&Sdonf/

..zsm;emjcif;ESifha&m*gb,rsm;\ rlvZpfjrpfonf pmwefxHrSjzpfonf/
bk&m;ocifxHrSr[kwfyg/

18

jyefvSefavhusifh&ef ar;cGef;rsm;

1/ oifudk,fwdkif tema&m*g jidrf;í olwyg;tm; temjidrf;apjcif;trIjyK&efbk&m;ocift wGuf
bmaMumifh ta&;MuD;ygoenf;/
2/ oifhudkcspfaom zcifwpfOD;uJhodkYaom bk&m;ocifurdrd\ om;&if;? orD;rsm;tay: tema&m*gudk
jzpfap ygovm;/usrf;csuf rsm;ESifhwuGajzqdkyg/
3/ tu,fí oifudk,fwkdif pmwefrm&fewfjzpfí oif\ trsufa'goudk bk&m;ociftm;jyvdkaomf
vlom;wdkY tm;wdkufcdkuf&ef oifjyKrnfht&m (3)ckudk az:jyyg/
4/ ocifa,&Iu uREkfyfwdkYudk vGwfajrmufap&ef þavmuodkYvmcJhonf/ tb,faMumifha&m*gb, udk
uREkfyfwdkY\ udk,fcE¨mü qufvuf&SifoefcGifhjyKonfudkoifpOfpm;rdaomtaMumif;jycsufudk &Sif;jyyg/

19

oifcef;pm ( 2 )

uREkfyfwdkYtm;a&G;Ekwf&mü tema&m*grsm;udkjidrf;apjcif;

uREfkyfwdkYtm; a&G;Ekwf&müpmwefzHk;uG,fxm;onfh ocifa,&I\ 'ku©p&d,? toufudkpaw;jcif;?
&Sifjyefxajrmufjcif;onf c&pf,mef,HkMunfolrsm;twGuftemjidrf;jcif;wnf;[laombk&m; jyifqifay;onfh
or¨mw&m;rSwyg;tjcm;b,ft&mrQr&Sday/

uREfkyfwdkY\ u,fwifjcif;udk udk,fawmfuomjyifqifay;EdkifaMumif; uREfkyfwdkYem;vnfvufcHMuonf/
odkYaomfvnf; tema&m*gjidrf;rlum;oD;jcm;yk*d¾Kvfrsm; twGufombk&m;ocif\tcsKyftcsm tmPmwpfck
jzpfonf[k rsm;aomolwdkYu,HkMunfMuonf/ odkYwnf;r[kwf xdktema&m*gjidrfjcif;onf "r¨a[mif;acwf
umvESifhwrefawmfrsm;twGufomjzpfonf[kvJGrSm;pGmvufcHxm;Muonf/

]]igwdkYtjypfrsm;aMumifh emMuifpGmxdk;jcif;? ESdyfpufjcif;udk cH&av\/}}qdkonfhor¨mw&m;udk uREfkyfwdkY
vufcHMuaomfvnf;]]olcH&aom'gPfcsuftm;jzifhigwdYkonftemaysmufvsuf&dSMu\/}}[laomusrf;pmwykd'fxJ
wGifa&SUqifhaemufqifhtwlwlyg0ifonfhor¨mw&m;awmfudkawmhuREfkyfwdkY jiif;y,fqefYusifMuonf/
a[&Sm 53 ; 5

xdkolonf igwdkYvGefusL;jcif;tjypfrsm;aMumifhemMuifpGmxdk;jcif;ESdyfpufjcif;udkcH&
av\/ igwdkY\jidrfoufjcif;csrf;omudk jzpfapaom qHk;rjcif;onfolYtay:odkha&mufíolcH&aom
'gPfcsuftm;jzifh igwdkYonf temaysmufvsuf&dSMu\/

bk&m;ocifonfuREfkyfwdkYtwGuf y#dnmOfw&m;udkxm;ay;í xdky#dnmOfw&m;üa&m*gjidrf; jcif;trI
onf tygt0ifjzpfonf/

bk&m;ocifESifhy#dnmOfzJG hjcif;

EIwfuywfawmfüyg&dSaompum;rsm;\qifwl&dk;rSm; (oHwlaMumif;uGJ) (odkY) oauFw\ t"dyÜg,frsm;
udkavhvmaomfbk&m;ocif\ tMuHtpnfawmfudkomí euf&Idif;pGmxdk;xGif;em;vnf Edkifonfh <u,f0aom
tjrifudkjzpfay:aponf/

"r¨a[mif;usrf;rSqifwl,dk;rSm;pHerlrsm;onf"r¨opfusrf;üjynfhpHkaponf/ ocifc&pfawmf\ yk*¾dKvfjzpf
jcif; ESifhvkyf&yfudkaz:jyonf/yifv,feDudk ausmfjzwfjcif;ESifh £oa&vom;orD;rsm;udk tD*spfEdkifiHrS
a&G;EIwfjcif;yHkpHonf tjypf\ aus;uRef oabmobm0rSa&G;EIwfjcif;erlemyHkpHjzpfonf/
sy#dnmOf y#dnmOfw&m;qdkonfrSmvlESpfOD;(odkY) vltkypf Ek Spfpktm; 0efcHcsuf? oabmwlnDcsufwdkYjzifh
csnfaESmijfyD;av;eufaomuwdu0wfudktjyeftvSefjyKjcif;jzpfonfwenf;tm;jzifhbk&m;ocif ESihfol\
vlrsm; ("r¨y&dowfrsm;) tjyeftvSefjyKMuaomuwdu0wfav;eufonfh y#dnmOfzJGUjcif;jzpfonf/

20

xGuf 15 ; 26

oifwdkYonfoifwdkY\ bk&m;ocifxm0&bk&m;\ pum;udkaphaphem;axmifíESpfawmfrlaom
tusifhudk usifhvQif 4if;? ynwfw&m;awmftvdkodkY vdkufípD&ifawmfrlcsufwdYkudk
apmifha&SmufvQif4if; tJ*kwÅKvlwdkYü pJGapaom a&m*gwpHkwckrQoifwdkYürpJGapigonfoifwdkY\
a&m*gudkjidrf;apaom xm0&bk&m;jzpfonf[k rdefUawmfrl\/

a[NAJbmompum;jzifh Jehovah - Rapha -a,a[m0g&mz qdkonfht"dyÜg,frSm ]igonfoif\ocif
orm;awmfjzpfonf/ (odkYr[kwf)igonfoif\ tema&m*gudkjidrf;aponfhocif? usef;rmjcif;t&Sifocifjzpfonf/

bk&m;ocif\ y#dnmOfemrrsm;

a,a[m0gonfuwdawmfESifh tnDjzpfaom bk&m;ocif\ emrnfjzpfít"dyÜg,frSmrdrdwnf&dSjcif;udk rdrd
udk,fwdkif xif&Sm;az:jyol[líjzpfonf/

Jehovah - Shamah bk&m;ocifonfxdkae&müwnf&dSonf/ a,a[m0g&Sr¨

a,Z 48 ; 35

wnfaomae hrSpí xdkjrdK hudka,a[m0g&Sr¨trnfjzifh

ac:wGif&vdrfhownf;/

Jehovah - Shalom bk&m;ocifonf Nidrfoufjcif;jzpfonf/ a,[m0g&vS Hk

olMuD; 6;23-24(u)

xm0&bk&m;ucsrf;omygap/ rpdk;&drfESifh/ oifonfaoab;ESifh

vGwfvsuf &dSonf[k rdefYawmf rl\/ xdkt&yfü*da'gifonf

xm0& bk&m;tzdkY ,Zfyv¾’ifudkwnfí a,a[m0g&SvHk

trnfjzifhrSnfh av\/

Jehovah - Raah bk&m;ocifonfighudkxdef;ausmif;aomt&Sif

a,a[m0g &mz qmvH 23;1

xm0&bk&m;onfig\odk;xdef;jzpfawmfrl\/ igonfqif;&JrcH&/

Jehovah - Jireh bk&m;ocifjyifqifay;vdrfhrnf/ a,a[m0g,da& urÇm

22;13-14

xdktcgtmjAH[Honf ajrmfMunfhírdrdaemufrSmcsHKzkwfü csdKndSvsuf&dSaom odk;
udkjrifav\/ xdkodk;udk oGm;í,ljy;D vQif? rdrdom;udk,fpm;rD;&IdU&m,Zf
jyKíyal Zmaf v\/ xdkt&yfudk a,[m0g,ad &[k tmjAH[Horkwf av\/ xdkodk h
ESifhtnDawmifay:rSm xm0&jyifqifawmfrnf[k ,aeY wdkifatmifqdkavh
&dSownf;/

21

Jehovah - Nissi bk&m;ocifonfig\atmifwHcGef?atmifjrifolESifhAdkvfcsKyf
a,a[m0gedpD;
xGuf 17;12 ?13 ? 15
Jehovah -Tsidkenu
odkY&mwGifarma&Svufonfanmif;aomaMumifholwdk onfausmufudk
a,a[m0gaZ'uEk ,lí arma&Sudk xdkifapjy;D vQif tm&kefESifh[k& wdkYonf wa,muf
wbufaeíol\vufudkrMu\/odkYjzpfíae0ifonfwdkifatmifol\
vufwdkY onftjrJaeav\/ a,m&Ionftmrvufvlrsm;wdk hudkxm;
vufeufjzifh vkyfMuHav\/ arma&Sonf,Zfyv¾’ifudkwnf ía,
a[m0gedpD;[korkwfav\/

bk&m;ocifonfig\ajzmifhrwfjcif;

a,&rd 23;6

xdkrif;vufxufü ,k'jynfonf u,fwifjci;f odkYa&mufí £oa&v
jynfvnf; jidrf0yfpGm ae&vdrfhrn/f xdkrif;onf a,a[m0gaZ'uEk[laom
bJGUemr&dSvdrfhownf;/

Jehovah - Rapha igonfocif oif\orm;awmf (odYk) igonf oif\ocifoif

a,a[m0gaZ'uEk \tema&m*gjidrf;apo l(usef;rmjcif;t&Sif)

xGuf 15;26(c)

igonfoifwdkY tema&m*gudkjidrf;apaom xm0&bk&m;jzpfonf
[krdefYawmfrl\/

temjidrf;jcif;uwdawmfy#dnmOf a,a[m0g&mz[lonfhzGifhjycsufonfol\

vly&dowfudktema&m*gjidrf;ap&ef bk&m;ocifu jyifqifonfh

uwdawmfy#dnmOfjzpfonf/'g0wd fusrf;pmt&bk&m;ociftm; a,a[m0g&mzjzpfonf[lí

zGifhjycsufonf£oa&v vlrsdK;rsm; twGuf ,HkMunfí vufcHEdkifcJhMuonfhtwdkif;vly&dowfwdkYonfusef;rmjcif;ü

&Tifvef;0rf;ajrmufMuonf/

qmvH 105;37(c)

olwdk htpkpkütm;enf;aomolwa,mufrQr&dS/

£oa&vrsm;jypfrSm;í usef;rma&;udkxdcdkufaponfh tjypfoifhaomtcgolwdkYonf aemifwjzifh av0d
rsm;\ tjypfajz&m,ZfudkylaZmfaomfbk&m;ocifuolwkdYtm;vHk;\ temudkjidrf;apaoma, a[m0g&mztjzpf
qufvufwnfaecJhonf/

uREkfyfwdkYonfvnf; ,aeYocifc&pfawmf\ a&G;Ekwjfcif;ESifhudk,fpm;ay;qyfjcif;wnf;[laomu,fwif
jcif; owif; aumif;udka0rQaomtcgwGifvnf;xdkodkYaomtema&m*gjidrf;apjci;f uwdawmfudk&&dSjyD;om;jzpfonf/

22

tema&m*gudkjidrf;aponfha&G;Ekwfol - a[&Sm,\tpD&ifcHpm

r,HkMunfaom a[jAJ usrf;wwfynm&Sifrsm;u a[&Sm,(53)onf&[l'D-rl&if;usrf;pm(*sL;"r¨opf
usrf;)rStpdwftydkif;wpfck r[kwfaMumif;&mpkESpfaygif;rsm;pGmuwnf;u MudK;pm;íoufaojycJhMuonf/
rnfodkYqdkap umrl 1947 ckESpf (ul&rf=) xdk&rft&yfü yifv,faor&l if; usrf;pmudk &SmazGawGU &dSMuaomtcg
a[&Sm,usrf;wpfapmifwnf;omrlvtprStqHk;xdtaumif; yuwdawGU&dS&onf/ 4if;üocif a,½I\
jynfhpHkaomya&mzufjyKcsuf tvHk;pHkaoma[&Sm,(53)üyg0ifonfudkawGU&dScJhMu\/
rnfolu,HkMunfvdrfhrnfenf;/
a[&Sm,u þodk ha&;cJhonf/
a[&Sm 53;1(u)

igwdk hajymaomowif;pum;udktb,fol,Hkoenf;/
]]igwdkYajymaomowif;pum;udkftb,fol,Hkoenf;/}}þtpD&ifcHpmudk uREfkyfwdkYavhvm aomtcg uREfkyf
wdkYüa&G;cs,fp&m&dSygonf/ þpmudkuREfkyfwkdY,HkMunfjci;f jzifh tusdK;aus;Zl;jynfh0pGm &&dSouJhodkYþpmudk uREkfyfwdkY
oHo, &dSjcif;jzifhtusdK;aus;Zl;vHk;0r&Edkifjcif;wdkYudka&G;cs,fEdkifonf/
bk&m;ocifonfrnfrQavmufwefcdk;MuD;oenf;/?
a[&Sm 53;1(c)
xm0&bk&m;\vufawmfonftb,foltm;xif&Sm;awmfrloenf;/
owif;pum;udk,HkaomolxHodkYxm0&bk&m;urdrd\ vufawmfudk xif&Sm;apaomoljzpfol bk&m;ocif
\ vufawmfonfudk,fawmf\ MuD;jrwfaomwefcdk;awmfudkudk,fpm;jyKonf/ uREfkyfwdkYrdrdudk,fukd ar;oifhaom
ar;cGef;u]]igwdkY\bk&m;ocifontb,rf Qavmufwefcdk;MuD;ygoenf;/
uREfkyfwdkYtwGufa[&Sm,u bk&m;ocif\ wefcdk;awmfudkþodkYaz:jyonf/
a[&Sm, 45;12
ajrMuD;udkigvkyfavjyD/ ajrMuD;ay:rSmvludkvnf;zefqif;avjyD rdk;aumif;uifudk ukd,fvufESifh
igusuf avjyD/ rdk;aumif;uifwefqmtaygif;wdkYudkigcefhxm;avjyD/
xdkYaemufrSa[&Sm,onfbk&m; ocif\vufawmfEiS fhem;awmftaMumif;udk þodkYaz:jycJhonf/
a[&Sm, 59;1
Munfh&Iavmh/ xm0&bk&m;onfru,fwifEdkifatmif vufawmfwdkonfr[kwf/ rMum;
Edkifatmifem;awmf xdkif;onfr[kwf/
bk&m;ocifonf wefcdk;teEÅESifjynfhpHkonf? ol\vuf0g;awmfESifh vufarmif;awmftm;jzifh aumif;uif
udkjzefYusufawmfrl\/bk&m;ocifonfrdrdudk,fudk a,&Ibk&m;tjzpf taoG;tom;ZmwdudkcH,lawmfrlí zsm;em
aom olrsm;tay:vufudkqefYíusef;rmaponf/

23

ol\vufawmf(vufarmif;) udkaz:jyjyD;onfhaemuf ,aeYvufawmf(vuf0g;) jzifh u,fwif
jcif;ESifhusef;rmjcif;udkray;bJvufawmfonfwdkawmfrlonfr[kwfay/

xif&Sm;apaomzGifhjycsuf

,HkMunfaomolwdkYonf þowif;pum;\ jynhfpHkaomzGifhjycsufudk &&Sdvdrfhrnf/ocifa,&Ionf olwdkY
bufrS u,fwifjcif;udk t&efoifhodkrSD;xm;ouJhodkY tema&m*gjidrf;jcif;onf b&k m;ocift&ef oifhjyifqif
xm;aom a&G;Ekwfjcif; tvkyfwpfckjzpfaMumif; olwdkYem;vnf oabmaygufMuvdrfhrnf/

þrnfaom twGif;oabmxJrS em;vnfoabmaygufjcif;onfobm0xufxl;uJaomziG jhfyjci;f rvS m
onf/ bk&m;ocif\ trSefjzpfjcif;or¨mw&m;udk uREkfyfwdkY\0dnmOfxJrS&kwfw&ufem;vnf; oabmaygufjcif;
jzpf\/zGifhjyjcif;rnfonf uREkfyfwdkY\ todOmPfrS&aomqifjcifwHkpGrf;tm;rSvmonfh t&mwpfckr[kwfyg
]]zGifhjycsuf}}qdkonfh pum;vHk;udk owdxm;Munfhyg/

a[&Sm 53;1(c)

xm0&bk&m;\ vufawmfonf tb,foltm; xif&Sm;awmfrloenf;/

"Logos" avma*ghpf qdkonfh *&dbmompum;onfa&;om;jcif;cH&aom bk&m;ocif\pum;
jzpfonf/ xdkwduspGm a&;om;xm;onfh bk&m;ocif\pum;udkbk&m;ocifu uREkfyfwdkYtm;
zGifhjyaomtcg "Rhema" &D;rm; jzpfvmonf/ "Rhema"qdkonfh*&dbmompum;onfbk&m;ocif\
oD;jcm;pum;(odkY) zGifhjycsufjzpfí oefY&Sif; aom 0dnmOfawmftm;jzifh uREkfyfwdkYf\ twGif;0dnmOfudk
ajymqdkaomzGifhjycsufjzpfonf/

rMumcP qdkovdk EIwfuywfawmfudkzufjcif;? qifjcif;atmufarhjcif;udkjyKaomf trSefw&m;wpfcku
tvif;wef; ozG,f uREkfyfwdkY\ em;vnfrItoGif;odkY 0ifvmonf/ uREkfyfwdkYu atmf[pfcsifavmufatmif]]tdk;-
bk&m;ocifu igh&JUusrf;pmtkyfxJrS usrf;ykd'fudktckav;wifxnfhay;vdkufw,fxifyg&JU}} ]]'Dtajzudk &Smaeaom
MumjyD;}}uREfkyf ]]'Dvdkjzpfr,fvdkYtpuxuJ igrxifrdygbl;}}ponfhjzifh bk&m;ocifu ,ckyifor¨m w&m;udk igwdkY\
0dnmOfü azmfjycJhjyD; Logos [lonfEkwf uywfawmfu uREkfyftwGufoD;oefY Rhema zGifhjycsuf jzpfvmonf/
xdkcPcsif;ü ,HkMunfjcif;onf

uREfkyfwdkY\ 0dnmOftwGif;odkY ckef0ifvmjyD; ocifa,&IjyifqifjyD;om;jzpfaom usef;rmjcif;udkvufcH,l&ef
vufvSrf;cGifh jyKvdkufonf/

a&mr 10;17

odkYjzpfí ,HkMunfjcif;onf Mum;emjcif;tm;jzifhjzpf\/Mum;emjcif;onfvnf; bk&m;ocif\
pum;awmf tm;jzifhjzpf\/

a[&Sm,\ owif;pum;udk jyeMfunfhMuygpdkY/

-a[&Sm 53;3- 7

rxDrJhjrif jyKjcif;udkcHí vlwdkYwGift,kwfqHk;aomoljzpf\

Nidjiifaomol?emMuOf;jcif;a0'emESifh uRrf;0ifaomoljzpf\ olwyg;rsufESm vTJjcif;udkcH&aomoluJhodkY

jzpf\/ rxDrJhjrifjyKjcif;udkcHvsuf &Sdí? igwdkYonf r½kdaoMu/ odkYaomfvnf; xdkolonf igwdkYtema&m*g

24

a0'emrsm;udk,lwif aqmif&Gufav\ 'Pfcwf awmfrljcif;udk 4if;? bk&m;ocif qHk;rí
EdSrfhcsawmfrljcif;udk4if;?bk&m;ocifqHk;rí EdSrfhcsawmfrljcif;udk 4if;cH&aom oljzpfonf[k
igwdkYonfxifrSwfMujyD/ xdkolonf igwdkYvGefusL;jcif; tjypfrsm;aMumifh emusifpGmxdk;jcif;? EdSyfpufjcif;udk
cH&av\/ igwdkY\ jidrfoufjcif;csrf;omudkjzpfapaom qHk;rjcif;onf olUtay:a&mufí olcH&
aom'Pfcsuftm;jzifh igwdkYonf temaysmufvsuf&SdMu\/

xdkolütrSefjzpfcJh

ti,f-4if;u ]]trSefwu,f}} [ol nfhpum;jzifh pwifcJhonf/

xdkolonf trSefwu,f igwdkY\ tema&m*ga0'em rsm;udk ,lwif aqmif&Gufav\/}}t"dyÜg,f&\/

]]trSefwu,f}}qdkonfha0g[m& pum;vHk;u bmudkqdkvdkoenf;/

Webster's Dictionary u

pdwfcsrItwGuf tmrcHcsuf

aESmifhaES;usefYMumrI r&Sdonhfoabm

oHo, uif;rJhpGm

ar;cGef;xkwfp&mrvdk (ar;jref; pHkprf;p&mrvdk)

aocsmayguf

wpdkufrwfrwf av;av;eufeuf ,HkMunfouf0ifrI wpfckuJhodkYtoHk;jyKcJh

ocifa,&I\ 'ku©p&d,^'Pf&m'Pfcsuf

(Amplified Version) u þtydk'fudk omípHkvifaomem;vnfrI jzpfaponf/

a[&Sm, 53;4-5 (Ampified)

]]olonf igwdkY\ tema&m*g? tm;enf;jcif;? 'uk ©qif;&J? aomu0rf;enf;jcif;?

pHkprf;jcif;ESifh emusif jcif;rsm;udk trSefyifo,faqmif oGm;cJhonf/}} [k a[&Sm,a&;om;cJhonf/

þtenf;i,faomusrf;csufrsm; u uREkfyfwdkYtm; pfdwfcsrItmrcHudk ay;cJhonf/ ocifa,&Ionf uREkfyfwdkY\

tjypfrsm;udk ,lwif0wfaqmif oGm;ojzifh uREkfyfwdkYtaeESifhxdk'ku©qif;&Jjcif;rsm;udk xrf;p&mrvdkawmhay/

udk,fawmfonf uREkfyfwdkY\ zsm;emjcif;? a&m*ga0'emrsm;ESifh emusifrIwdkYudk

,lwifaqmif&GufjyD;jzpfaomaMumifhuREkfyfwdkYtaeEiS fh aemuf xyf xrf;p&m bmwpfckrQrvdkawmhay/

-a[&Sm,\ owif;pum; um;tb,fenf;/

-ocifa,&Iu bmtwGuf 'ku©cHcJhoenf;/

uREkfyfwdkY\ emusnf;rI? zsm;emjcif;? tm;enf;jcif;? aom

0rf;enf;ylaqG;jcif;? a0'em

uREkfyfwdkY\ jypfrSm;jcif;?

uREkfywdkY\ tjypfrsm;ESifh 'kp&kduf

uREkfyfwdkY\ jidrfoufjcif;ESifh usef;rmjcif;

temjidrf;jcif;ESifh oefY&Sif;jcif;

25

+ uREkfyfwdkY &J&ifhpGmajymEkdifaomt&mum; ]]trSefwu,fyifudk,fawmf\ udk,fcE¨may:ü
,lwifaom 'gPfcsuf&mrsm;aMumifh uREkfyfwdkYtemjidrf;jyD}}/[líjzpfonf/

udk,fawmfonf uREkfyfwdkYtjypfrsm;udk ,lwifaqmif&GufjyD;jyD[k uREkfyfwdkY trSefwu,fod&Sdonf/
xdktjypfwdkYudk uREkfyfwdkYxrf;&Guf&ef rvdkawmhay/ uREkfyfwdkYodEdkifonfh t&mum; udk,fawmf uREkfyfwdkY\ zsm;em
jcif; a&m*gb,ESifh a0'emwdkYudk ta0;odkY,laqmifjyD;oGm;NyDjzpfonf/

a,&I uREkfyfwdkY\ udk,fpm;cHol

uREkfyfwdkYbufrS a&G;Ekwfjcif;trIudk aqmif&Gufaomolocifa,&Ionf uREkfyfwdkYudk,fpm; Mum;cHoljzpf
vmonf/ udk,fawmfu uREkfyfwdkY\ae&mudk0if,ol nf/ uREkfyfwdkYudk,fpm;cHaom olae&mrS udk,fawmfonf
uREfkyfwdkYtjypfudk omrutjypf\ tzdk;tcudkvnf; udk,fawmfuay;qyfí,lwif0wfaqmifcJhonf/

1ay 2;24

igwdkYonf tjypfESifhqdkifaomt&mü taojzpfíajzmifhrwfjcif;t&mü touf&Sifaprnf
taMumif; igwdkYtjypf rsm;udk udk,fawmfwdkif opfwdkifrSmcHawmfrljyD 'Pfcsufawmfrsm;tm;jzifh
oifwdkYonf temaysmuf vsuf&SdMu\/

opfwdkifay:r½kdufrD udk,fawmftm; MumyGwfjzifhjyif;xefpGm½kdufcJhMuonf/

r 27;26 (c)

a,&Iudkum; &kdufjyD;vQif vuf0g;uyfwdkifrSmowfjcif;iSg tyfvdkufav\/

ausmjyifrmS tom;rsm;pkwfjywfoGm;atmif udk,fawmfonf MumyGwfjzifh t½kdufcH&ojzifh jyif;jy pGmaom
a0'emudk uREkfyfwdkY udk,fpm;cHcJh&í uREkfyfwdkY twGuf"g;pmcHjzpfcJh&onf/ rdrdudk,fay:odkU zsm;emjcif;ESifh a&m*g
b,udk,lwifcJhonf/ jyif;jypGmaoma0'emudk udk,fawmfonf rdrdudk,fay:,lwif0wfaqmifcJhjcif;jzifh a&m*g
b,rsm;udk aysmufaponf/ uREkfyfwdkY twGufa&;G Ekwfu,fwifjcif; trIudpöudkûjyKvkyf&mü tjypf\ tcwpfck
wnf;udkom ay;qyfonfr[kwf/ xdktjyp\f ½kyfydkif; qdkif&maemufqufwGJ tzdk;tctm;vHk;udk ,lwif
0wfaqmifjcif;jzifh uREkfyfwdktm; udk,fawmfonf vGwjfcif;tcGifhudkay;cJhonf/

temjidrf;jcif;= a&G;Ekwfjcif;\ tpdwftydkif;

a&G;Ekwfjcif;qdkif&mjynfhpHkaom zGifjyjcif;onf atmufygaMumif;t&mESpfckudkyHhydk;axmufyHhjcif;

jzpfaponf/

ocifa,&Iudkrdrd\u,fwifydkif&Siftjzpf ,HkMunfjcif;tm;jzifh xm0&
u,fwifjcif; & &dSonf/

ocifa,&Itm; rdrdudktemNidrf;apaomt&Sif ociftjzpf,HkMunfjcif; tm;jzifh uGsEfkyf
wdkU\ udk,fcE¨m rsm;udk temNird f;apjcif;/

tema&m*gNidrf;jcif;onf us&IH;cJhonfh vlom;rsm;twGufbk&m;ocif\ a&G;Ekwfjcif;tydkif;wpfck jzpf
aMumif; udk c&pf,mef,HkMunfolwdkif; em;vnfoabmayguf&ef tvGefta&;MuD;onf/ a,&Ionf þavmuodkY
<uvmíuREkfyfwdkY\ tjypfrsm;twGuf tzdk;tcay;aomtcg wpfMudrfwnf;rSmyifuREkfyfwdkY\ usef;rma&;

26

twGufvnf; tzdk;tcudkay;cJhonf/ vlom;wdkoY nf pHkvifaom usef;rmjcif;? pdwfydkif;? ½kyfydkif;ESifh pdwf\ cHpm;rI
rsm;tay:0rf;ajrmufpGm cHpm;pHpm;&efbk&m;ocif&nf&G,fcsuf&Sdonf/

þodkY jyifqifodkrSDxm;onfh t&mrsm;udk jynfh0pHkvifpGm tusKd;cHpm;&eftvdkYiSg uREkfyfwdkY owdMuD;pGm
xm;&rnfht&mrSm bk&m;ocif\ EIwfuywfawmfudk,HkMunfjcif;tm;jzifhom 4if;onfwdkYudk &&SdcHpm;cHpm; pHpm;
Ekdifon/f

,HkMunfjcif;onf cHpm;csufESifh qefusifbuf

cHpm;csuf\ pdk;rdk;jcif;
tema&m*gudk aESmifhaES;MuefYMumaponfh t"duyifrt&mwpfckonf pdwfcpH m;csuf\ pdk;rdk;cs,fvS,f

cH&jcif;jzpfonf/ wpfpHkwpfa,mufaomoltm; temjidrf;jcif;udkjrif&&ef,kHMunfjcif;udk apvGwf&efvdkaomfvnf;
temNidrf;jcif;twGuf vdktyfaom tajccH,HkMunfjcif;um; bk&m;oci\f EIwfuywfawmfrSom jzpf&rnf/
EIwfuywfawmf\ qdkvdk&if;udkuGsEfkyfwdkUod&rnf/
a[&Sm 53;1(u)

igwdkYa[majymaom owif;pum;udktb,fol,Hkoenf;/
þar;cGef;udk uREfkyfwdkYtm;vHk;ajzqdk&ef vdktyfonf/
tuREkfyfonf bk&m;ocif\Ekwfuywfawmfudk ,HkMunfygovm;/

a&G;cs,fruI dk uREkfyfwdkYûyg&rnf/
q&m0ef\ tpD&ifcHpmudk uREfkyf,HkMunfygovm;/
bk&m;ocif\ tpD&ifcHpmudk uREkfyf,HkMunfygovm;/
rdrd\ &kd;&mtpGJtvef;?"avhudk tuREkfyf,HkMunfygovm;/
tuREkfyf\ 0dnmOfü xif&Sm;aombk&m;ocifajym pum;udk uREkfyf,HkMunfygrnfvm;/
EIwfuywfawmf Rhema (&D;rm;)udk bk&m;ocifxHrSuREkfyfwdkY &&Sdaomtcg,HkMunfjcif;onf uREkfyfwdkY\
0dnmOftwGif;odkY ckef0ifvmonf/ q&m0ef\ tpD&ifcHpm? rd½kd;zvmxHk;wrf;pOfvm pdwfcpH m;rI(odkY) twdwfrS
tawGUtMuHKrsm;wdkYudk *½krpdkufbJ bk&m;ocif\tpD&ifcHpmudkom uREkfyfwdkY ,HkMunfvQif xkd,HkMunfjcif;onf
uREkfyfwdkY xH {ueftrSefrkcs a&mufvmvdrfhrnf/
atmufazmfjyyg EIdif;,SOfcsufZ,m;& pdwfcHpm;csuftay:,HkMunfjcif;ESifh EIwfuywfawmftay:
,kHMunfjcif;wdkYudk uGJjym;pGm odMu&vdrfhrnf/

27

a&S;"avhxHk;pH\ wkHYjyefrI ,HkMunfjcif;\
wHkYjyefrI

ar;/ / oifonfu,fwifjcif;pdwfcsygovm;/ ar;/ / oifonf u,fwifjcif;&jyD;vm;/
ajz/ / pdwfcsygjyD;/ ajz/ / &ygjyD/
ar;/ / b,fvdkodygovJ/ ar;/ / b,fvdkodygovJ/
ajz/ / usrf;pmu ajymxm;onf/
ajz/ / usrf;pmu ajymygonf/

ar;/ / oifonf temjidrf;ygjyDvm;/ ar;/ /oifonf temNidrf;ygjyDvm;/

ajz/ / rjidrf;ygbl;/ ajz/ / Nidrf;ygjyD/

ar;/ / b,fvdkaMumifhvJ/ ar;/ / b,fvdkaMumifhvJ/

ajz/ / uREkfyfzsm;aewkef;ygyJ/ ajz/ / usrf;pmu ajymygonf/

,HkMunfjcif;jzifh temjidrf;jcif;

,HkMunfjcif;jzifh temNidrf;jcif;jzpfonf/ uREkfyfwdkYavhvm cH,lxm;ouJhodkY ,HkMunfpdwfcsí bk&m;ocif \
EIwfuywfw&m;tay: vufawGUavQmufvSrf;jcif;jzifh uREkfyfwdkYtemNidrf;&jcif;jzpfonf/

wrefawmf aygvku þodkYa&;xm;onf/

a&mr 3;3-4

olwdkYwGif tcsKdUr,Hkaomfvnf; tb,fqdkbG,f&Sdoenf;/ olwdkYr,HkbJaejcif;t&monf
bk&m;ocif\ opömawmfudk zsufEkdifoavm/ rzsufEkdif&m/

odkYjzpfí rdefYawmfrlcsufonf ajzmifhyg\/w&m;pD&ifaomtcgatmifjrifawmfrl\[k

usrf;pmüvmonfESifh tnD? vlcyfodrf;wdkYonf opömysufaomfvnf; bk&m;ocif\

opömawmfonfwnfapownf;/

bk&m;ocifonf opömESifh jynfhpHkawmfrl\/temjidrf;jcif;uwdawmfudk jznfhqnf;&ef udk,fawmfonf
tjrJtqifoifh&Sdonf/ uREkfyfwdkYtm;vHk; temjidrf;jcif;vufcH&,l&ef vkyfaqmif&rnfht&mrSm ,HkMunfpdwfcsrI
yifjzpfonf/

udk,fawmf\ 'Pfcsufawmftm;jzifhuREkfyftemjidrf;cJhjyD/

udk,fawmf\ 'Pfcsufawmftm;jzifhuREkfyfusef;rmjyD/

uREkfyfonf u,fwifjcif;pdwfcsjyD? bk&m;ocif\ uwdawmf&SdaomaMumifh

28

]]wcgw&H u,fwifjcif;pdwfcsrIudk uREfkyfrcHpm;&ay/odkYaomf uREkfyfu,fwifjcif;&jyD[kodygonf
taMumif;rSm bk&m;ocif\ owif;pum;udk uREkfyf,HkMunfaomaMumifhjzpfonf/

1a,m 5;13 (u)

bk&m;ocif\ om;awmfudk ,HkMunfaomoifwdkYonfxm0&toufudk udk,fwdkif&onf .. . . .

bk&m;ocif\ uwdawmfaMumifh uREkfyftemjidrf;jyD

]]wcgw&H temjidrf;jcif;udk uREkfyfrcHpm;&yg/ odkYaomf uREkfyftemNidrf;jyD [kodygonf/ taMumif;rSm
bk&m;ocif\ owif;pum;udk uREkfyf,HkMunfaomaMumifh jzpfonf/

a[&Sm 53;5

xdkolonf igwdkYvGefusL;jcif;tjypfrsm;aMumifh emusifpGmxdk;jcif;? ESdyfpufjcif;udkcH&av\/

igwdkY\ jidrfoufjcif;csrf;omudk jzpfapaomqHk;rjcif;onf olUtay:odkYa&mufí

olUcH&aom'Pfcsuftm;jzifh igwdkYonf temaysmufvsuf&SdMu\/

uREfkyfwdkY\ cHpm;csufESifh tjrifudk vspfvsL&Ií (*&krpdkufbJ) uREkfyfwdkY\ &ydkifcGifhudk ,HkMunfjcif;jzifh
t&,l&rnf/tjcm;olrsm;\ r,HkMunfrIu uREkfyfwdkY\ temjidrf;jcif;tm; cdk;,loGm;jcif;trIudk uREkfyfwdkYucGifh
rjyKoifh ay/ tcsKdUuþodkYar;Muonf/

tu,fí vltm;vHk;wdkY temNidrf;jcif;tm; bk&m;ociftvdkawmf&Sdygu tb,faMumifhtjcm;aom
vltm;vHk;tem rNidrf;Muoenf;/ þuJhodkY uREkfyfwdkY ar;wwfMuonf/

tu,fí vltm;vHk;u,fwifjcif;&&Sd&ef bk&m;ociftvdkawmf&Sdygu tb,faMumifhvlom; tm;vHk;
u,fwifjcif;r&Muygoenf;/

xdkar;cGef; ESpfckvHk;\ tajzrSm-

olwdkY ,HkMunf&rnf/

bk&m;ocif\ EIwfuywfawmfü ,kMHunfjcif;jzifh u,fwifjcif;udk uREkfyfwdkY&&Sdonf/ bk&m;ocif\
EIwfuywfawmfü ,HkMunfjcif;jzifh temjidrf;jcif;tcGifhudk uREkfyfwdkY &&Sdonf/

temjird ;f jci;f onf a&;G Ewk jfcif;\ tpwd tf yikd ;f wpcf jkzpaf Mumi;f wrefawmrf sm;u ,MkHuncf ohJ n/f

a&m*gonfrsm;tm; temjidrf;apjyD;pdwfvIyf&Sm;Ekd;Mum;x<uaponfh tpD&ifcHpmrsm;udka&;om;cJhjcif; tm;
jzifh wrefawmfrsm;u temNidrf;jcif;onf olwdkYtwGuf a&G;Ekwfjcif;\ tpdwftydkif;wpfckjzpfonfudk ,HkMunf
aMumif; olwdkY\ vkyfaqmifrIuodomxif&Sm;onf/
róJ ,HkMunfonf/

a[&Sm,\ ya&mzufjyKcsufonf bk&m;ocifxHrSvmaomtpD&ifcHpmjzpfaMumif; róJ,HkMunfonf/
róJ 8;16-17

29

nOD;,Hü ewfqdk;pGJaomoltrsm;wdkYudk txHawmfodkaqmifcJhí EIwf>rwfumrQESifh

xdkewfwdkYudk ESifxkwfawmfrl\/ emaomol &SdorQwdkYudk oufomapawmf rl\/ xdktaMumif;t&m

rlum;? ol onf tuREkfyfwdkY tema&m*ga0'emrsm;udk ,lwifaqmif &Gufav onf [k

ya&mzufa[&Sm,a[mbl;aom pum;jynfhpHkrnftaMumif;jzpfownf;/

ocifa,&I\ vkyfaqmifrIu olwdkYtm;vHk;udk temNidrf;apaMumif;(a[&Sm 53;4)uomí jynfhpHkapcJh
onf/ ]]tm;vHk;}}[kqdk&m0,f ,aeYuRefawmfwdkY wpfa,mufpDwdkif;vnf;yg0ifonf/

ayw½k ,HkMunfonf/

-a[&Sm,\ ya&mzufjyKcsufonf bk&m;ocixf HrSvmaompmjzpfaMumif; ayw½k,HkMunfonf/

1ay 2;24

igwdkYonf tjypfESUifqdkifaom t&mü taojzpfí?ajzmifhrwfjcif;t&mütouf&Sif
aprnf taMumif;? igwdkYtjypfrsm;udk udk,fawmfwdkif opfwdkifrSmcHawmfrljyD? 'Pfcsufawmf rsm;tm;jzifh
oifwdkYonf temaysmufvsuf&SdMu\/

ocifa,&I &SifjyefxajrmufjyD; aemufajcvufaoonfh vlemtm;vrf;avQmufapjcif;jzifh yxrOD;qHk;
erdwfvu©PmtwGufbk&m;ocif\tpD&ifcHpmudk &Sifayw&k,HkMunfonf/

wref 3;6

ayw&kuvnf;?igüa&TaiGr&Sd/&Sdonft&mudkoifhtm;igay;rnf/emZ&ufûNrdUom;a,&Ic&pf\emrawmftm;j
zpfxívSrf;oGm;avmh[kqdkvsuf?

xdka0'emonfuJhodkY uREkfyfwdkYonvf nf; bk&m;ocif\ *wdawmfrSefuefaMumif;,HkMunf&rnf/

bk&m;ocif\ Ekwfuywfawmf

omí aocsmonf/

bk&m;ocif\ owif;pum;udk ,HkMunf&kHrQomr[kwfEkwfuywfawmfonf rdrdawGUMuHKorQESifh cHpm;cJh
&orQ cyfodrf;aomt&mtm;vHk;xufomí pdwfcs&aMumif;udk ayw&kodonf/

2ay 1;19 (u)

xdkrSwyg;? omíjrJjrHaom tem*wd pum;awmfonf igwdkYü&Sdao;\/

Ekwfuywfawmfay:tpOfwnfyg

bk&m;ocif\ Ekwfuywfawmof nf touf&Sdíxm0&wm&SnfaMumif; ayw½kodonf/
xdkEIwfuywfawmf onf touf&Sifí ,ckyif uREkfyfwdkY toufwmrsm;xJwGif tusKH;0ifvsuf&Sd\/

1ay 1;22-23u

oifwdkYonf azmufjyefysufpD;wwfaom rsKd;aphtm;jzifhjzpfbGm;onfr[kwf? razmufjyef
rysufpD;wwf aom rsKd;aphwnf; [laom touf&Sifí tpOftjrJwnfawmfrlaom bk&m;ocif\
Ekwfuywfawmftm;jzifh jzpfbGm;aomaMumifh

30

uREkfyf ,HkMunfonf

Ekwfuywfawmfudk Munfhjcif;jzifh&Sif;vif;pGm odjrifEkdifonf/

(1ay 2;24) t& tu,fí uREkfyfwdkY temjidrf;ygu

(a[&Sm 53;5) t& tu,fí uREkfyfwdkU temjidrf;jcif;cHpm;&ygu

xdkYaMumifh uREkfyf temNidrf;jyD?

(tm;vHk;udk csKyfvdkufaomf) (tvHk;pHkudk tcsKyfqdkaomf)

tm;vHk;udk csKyfvdkufaomf uREkfyfwdkYvdktyfqHk;aomt&mrSm bk&m;ocif\ owif;pum;udk ,HkMunfjcif;
yifjzpfonf/ uREkfyfwdkY\ tpOftvmrsm; bmoma&;acgif;aqmifrsm;? uREkfyfwdkYjrifwwfonfhtjrifrsm;(odkYr[kw)f
uREkfyfwdkY\ cHpm;csufrsm;u jcm;em;pGm oGefoifaomfvnf;

,HkMunfjcif;tm;jzifh temNidrf;jcif;wefcdk;udk uREfkyfvufcH&rnf/

uREkfyfwdkY ,kHMunfjci;f udk vufawGUvkyfaqmif&ef Ekwfjzifhpwif >rufqdk&rnf/

uREkfyfwdkY\ ,HkMunfjcif;udk pwifwnfaqmufvkyfpOfxdk,HkMunfjcif;udkwuf<upGmxkwfjyefí

,HkMunfjcif;twdkif; &J&ifhpGmvkyfaqmifjcif;jzifh temjidrf;jcif;udkvufcH&,lrnf/

ajcvufaoaomoluJhodkY a&m*gvu©Pmrsm;uG,faysmufíwjznf;jznf;(odkYr[kwf)csufjcif;udk

qdkovdk uREkfyfvnf;bJoGm;vsuf?cek vf suf bk&m;ocifukd cs;D rGr;f rnf/

oif,HkMunfygrnfvm;/

a[&Sm,\ jyefMum;csuuf dk oif,HkMunfygrnfvm;/

,cktcgonf bk&m;ocifxHrS vufcH&,l&rnfhtcsdefjzpfonf/ ,ckyifoifonfvufawGUxif&Sm;aom
oif\temjidrf;jcif;wefcdk;udkvufcH&,lEdkifjyD/

bk&m;ocif\ emrrsm;pGmxJrS wpfckjzpof nfh a,a[m0g&mz[lonfh uREkfyfwdkYudk,fpm; 'ku©a0'emcHpm;
&onfh a,&Iudkya&mzufa[&Sm,\ ya&mzufjyKcsufrS awGU&ovdktema&m*gjidrf;jcif;onf uREkfyfwdkY\ touf
wmü ta&;MuD;aom bk&m;ocif\ tMuHtpnfwpfckjzpfonfudk wynhfawmfrsm;\ oufaocHrsm;üvnf;
awGU&onf/

uREfkyfwdkY\ udk,fcE¨mü cHpm;csufwdkYudk*&krpdkufbJ

bk&m;&Sif\Ekwfuywfawmft&a<u;aMumf&rnfrSm ]]'gPfcsufawmfrsm;tm;jzifh igwdkYonf

temaysmufvsuf&SdMu\}}/

þzGifhjycsufonf csufjcif;qdkovdk oif\0dnmOftwGif;odkY ckef0ifvmjyD; oifhtwGuf temNidrf;jcif;
vu©Pmtm; &&Sd&efvdktyfaom,HkMunfjcif;udk oifhxHodkY qdkufa&mufaprnf/ ]]'gPfcsufawmftm;jzifh igwdkYonf
temNidrf;vsuf&Sd\}}[k&J&ifhpGma<u;aMumfyg/

,cifu oifrvkyfEkdifonfh tvkyfudkpwifvkyfaqmifyg/

31

,HkMunfjcif;\ &J&ifhaomvIyf&mS ;rItwGif; ESifh0ifa&mufí oif\tema&m*gjidrf;jcif;vu©PmtwGuf
bk&m;&Siftm; pwifícsD;rGrf;yg/
rSwfcsuf

þoifcef;pmü ]]or¨mw&m;}} qdkonfh pum;vHk;udk rMumcP &nfnTef;&mü ]]temjidrf;jcif;udk ay:vGif xif&Sm;aponfh
vu©Pm}} [laom pum;vHk;udk rMumcP oHk;pJGxm;onf/

xif&Sm;aomvu©Pm\ t" þoifcef;pmü oGefoifxm;aom ziG fhjycsufonf uREfkyfwdkY\ cE¨mtwGif;&Sd
a&m*gvu©Pmudk vspfvsL&I jcif;jzpfjyD; bk&m;ocif\ Ekwfuywfawmft& uREkfyfwdkYonfvGefcJhaomESpf2000 uwnf;u
temjidrf;cJhjcif; jzpfonf/ ,ckypöKyefüodkYuwnf;r[kwf aemifumvwcsdefcsdeüf uREkfyfwdkYonf temjidrf;vdrfhrnf[k ,lq&rnfh
tpm; or¨mw&m;u temjidrf;jcif;onf ,ckyifvQifuREkfyfwdkY\ cE¨mudk,fxJü jzpfay:xif&Sm;jyD[k ,HkMunf&rnf/

t"dyÜg,f&Sif;vif;csufum;]]rsufarSmufü &Sif;vif;pGm awGUjrifjcif;EiS fhoabm aygufjcif;xif&Sm;jcif;}} jzpfonf/

jyefvnfoHk;oyf&efar;cGef;rsm;

1/ temjidrf;jcif;ESifh pyfvsOf;í b&k m;ocifESifh ol\vly&dowfrsm; ("r¨y&dowf) pyfMum;ü &Sdonfh y#dnmOf
w&m; udk azmfjyyg/xdky#dnmOfw&m;onf tb,faMumifh ta&;MuD;&ygoenf;/

2/ a[&Sm, 53 üyg&Sdaom temjidrf;jcif;qdkif&mzGifhjycsufudk rdrd\ pum;ajyjzifh&Sif;jyyg/

3/ bk&m;ocif\ EIwfuywfawmfü yg&Sdaom or¨mw&m;\ zGifhjycsufESifh oif\cE¨mtwGif;ü &Sdaom
a&m*gvu©PmpkwdkYu qefYusifbufjzpfaevQif(oabmwlnDrIr&SdvQif)rnfonfh vrf;aMumif;jzifhvkyfaqmi&f ef
bk&m;ocifu oifhtm; a&G;cs,f,lapcsifaom t&mudk oif,HkMunfygoenf;/

32

oifcef;pm (3)

uREfkyfwdkY\ pHerlem-a,&I

-vlom;uJhodkY <uvmjcif;

ocifa,&Ionf urÇmajrodkY <uvmaomtcg rdrd\ bk&m;[laom tcGifht&mudkacwå cPab;z,f
xm;í qif;oufvmaMumif; em;vnfoabmayguf&ef tvGefta&;MuD;onf/ aemufqHk;aom tm'H vl\om;
uJhodkY<uvmonf/ ajrMuD;ay:ü zefqif;jcif;cH&aom yxrtm'H\vkyfaqmifrItwdkif; ajray:ü a,&Ivkyfaqmif
cJhonf/ oefY&Sif;aom 0dnmOfawmf\ qkaus;Zl;jzifh,aeY,HkMunfolrsm; vkyfaqmifrItwdkif; ocifa,&I
vkyfaqmif cJhonf/ wrefawmfaygvku ocifa,&I\vlom;wpfOD;uJhodkY vyk faqmifrIudk þodkYazmfjycJhonf/
zdvdydÜ 2;7

rdrdtoa&udk pGefYítapcHuRef\[email protected] ,laqmifvsuf? vluJhodkYaom tjzpfü bGm;jrifjcif;
udk cHawmfrl\/

a,&I\ yxrOD;qHk; edrdwfvu©Pm ESpfck

a&udk pyspf&nf jzpfapjcif;
olapcdkif;orQtwdkif; jzpaf vmh/

yxrOD;qHk; ocifa,&IjyKawmfrlaomedrdwfvu©Pmonf r*FvmaqmifyJGwpfckü a&udkpyspf&nf jzpfap
jcif; edrdwvf u©Pm jzpof nf/ xdkolü pyspf&nfukefjyDjzpfaMumif;r,fawmfu a,&Itm;Mum;ajymjyD; tapuRefwdkY
tm; tvGefta&;MuD;aom pum;udk þodkYajymMum;cJhonf/
a,m 2;5

olapcdkif;orQtwdkif;ûyavmh/
uREkfyfwdkY toufwmü a,&I\ edrdwfvu©PmukdawGUcHpm;&&Sd&ef bk&m;ocif\pum;awmfudk

emcH&ef vdktyfonf/ rdkufrJí rjzpfEdkif[k xif&onfht&mudk *&krpdkufbJ bk&m;\ pum;awmfudkvsifjrefpGm
emcH&ef ta&;MuD;onf/ ]]olapcdkif;orQwdkYudk jyKMuavmh}} þt&mum; oefY&Sif;aom 0dnmOfawmfu
uREkfyfwdkYtm;jzifh tvkyfvkyf &efcGifhjyKvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/

tapcHuRefwdkYu a,&Iudk emcMHuonf/ausmuftdk;ponfwdkYü a&jznfhMu\/ qufvufíxdka&wdkYudk
csufjci;f cyfí yGJtkyfxHodkY ydkYMu&ef a,&Iapcdkif;onfhtwdkif; vkyaf qmifMu\/ yGJtkyfu 4if;udkjrnf;prf;jyD;aomf
]]oifrlum; aumif;aompyspf&nfudk ,ckwdkifatmifokdxm;jyD;[k r*FvmaqmifowdkYom;tm; csD;rGrf;av\/

rdrdwdkYcyfoGm;onfh t&monf a&oufoufjzpfaMumif;txl;oHo,&Sdp&mrvdkay/ tapcHuRefrsm;onf
emcHjcif;jzifh pwif&kHrQom r[kwfbJ usyfwnf;cufcJaom tajctaeü udk,fawmftm; qufvuf emcHMuonf/
toufwmü edrdwfvu©PmawGUMuHKcHpm;&&ef uREkfyfwdkYonfvnf; ]]olapcdkif;orQtwdkif; ûjyKMu&rnf}} jzpfonf/

33

-trwfwpfOD;\ om;tm; tema&m*gjidrf;apjcif;
temjidrf;jcif;onf ocifa,&I\ 'kwd,jyawmfrlaomedrdwfvu©Pmjzpfonf/
ocifa,&I\ umeNrKdUr*FvmaqmifyJGü jyawmfrlaomtHhbG,f edrdwfvu©Pmowif;udkMum;&jcif;jzifh

trwfMuD;ü ,HkMunfjcif;wdk;vmonf/ xdk,HkMunfjcif;\&v'fum;aoaom om;i,fjyefí touf&Sifvmonf/
a,m 4;46-51

a&udkpyspf&nfjzpfapaomt&yf?*gvdvJjynf umeNrKdUodkY wzef<uawmfrl\/uay&aemifNrKdUü
trwf wpfa,muf\ om;onftema&m*g pGJvsuf&Sd\/a,&Ionf,k'jynfrS*gvdvJjynfodkY
a&mufawmfrlonfudk xdktrwfonfMum;vsif? txHawmfodkYoGm;í aocgeD;jzpfaom rdrdom;qDodkY<uí
tema&m*gudkjidrf;apawmfrlrnf taMumif; awmif;yefav\/ a,&Iuvnf;oifwdkYonf
edrdwfvu©PmESifh tHbG,faom trIwdkYudkrjrif&vQif,Hkjcif;r&SdMu[k rdefYawmfrlaomf?

-ocif?tuREkfyfom;raorSD<uawmfrlyg[ktrwfavQmufjyef\/
-a,&luvnf;? oGm;avmh/ oif\om;onf toufcsrf;om&NyD[k? xdktrwfonf a,&IrdefYawmf
rlaompum;udk,HkíoGm;av\/
-vrf;üoGm;pOfwGifrdrdi,fom;wdkYonfc&D;OD;MudKvmí?udk,fawmf\ om;onft oufcsrf;om&
ygjyD[kMum;avQmufav\/

rdrd\om;temjidrf;apjcif;iSg rdrd\tvdkqE´twdkif;ocifa,&Itm;aoG;aqmif&mü txr
ajrmufcJhay/ rdrd\om;xHodkY vdkufygvsufrdrd\om;tm; tema&m*gjidrf;ap&ef trwfonf udk,fawmftm;
awmif;yefav\/ ocifa,&Iajymaompum;awmfudk ,HkMunfaomtcgtrwfrif;onf temjidrf;jcif;
edrdwfvu©Pmudk vufawGUcHpm;&avonf/ rsm;pGmaomolwdkYonf rdrd\tpDtpOftwdkif;ûyvkyfay;&ef
ocifa,&Itm; MudK;pm; aoG;aqmifjcif;jzifh tHhbG,fedrwfvu©Pmrsm;udk rcHpm;&bJqHk;&IH;cJhMuonf/

bk&m;ocifESifh Ekwfuywfawmftay: rdrdwdkY,HkMunfjcif;udktyfESH &rnfhtpm;xl;jcm;aom yk*d¾KvfwpfOD;OD;
utu,fí olwdkYtwGufxl;jcm;pGmqkawmif;ay;cJhvQif rdrdwdkY\ tema&m*gNidrf;vdrfhrnf[k ,HkMunfMuonf/

tu,fpifppf uREkfyfwdkYonfvn;f ocifa,&I\toHawmfudkem;axmifí udk,fawmfajymorQaom
EkIwfuywf awmfudk ,kHMunfvsufapcdkif;orQtwdkif; vkyfaqmifvQif trwfMuD;ESifh ol\ tapuRefrsm;uJhodkY
tHhbG,f edrwd fvu©Pmrsm;udk uREkfyfwdkvnf;cHpm;Ekdifonf/

ocifa,&IMuGvm&jcif;

-vGwfajrmufapjcif;
zrf;oGm;csKyfxm;jcif;cH&aom olwdkYtm; a&G;Ekwjfcif;taMumif;ESifh zdESdyfñSif;qJcH&aomolwdkYtm;

vGwfajrmufapaom owif;aumif;udka[mMum;&ef ocifa,&Ionf oefY&Sif;aom 0dnmOfawmf\ bdodwf
oGef;avmif;jcif; cHcJh&onf/oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmf\ bdodwfoGef;avmif; jcif;jzifhtemjidrf;ESifh vGwfjcif;

34

tcGifhay;jyD;uwnf;u zsm;emjcif;ESifh tmenf;csKdUwJhjcif;tygt0if rnfonfh csnfaESmifrIrqdkxdkt&mwdkYonf
bk&m;ocif\tvkdawmf r[kwfay/
vkum 4;18

xm&bk&m;\0dnmOfawmfonf ightay:üwnfawmfrl\/

-xrf;ydk;tm;vHk;udkcsKd;ypfjcif;

ocifa,&I\ omoemü udk,fawmfonf zdESdyfcsKyfcs,fcH&aom olwdkYtm; vGwfjcif;tcGifhay;rnf[k
ya&mzuf a[&Sm,BudKwif ya&mzufjyKcJhonf/

a[&Sm 58;6

igESpfoufaomtpma&Smifjcif;[lrlum;? rw&m;aom tcsnftaESmifudkcRufjcif;? av;aom
0efudkcsjcif;? ñSif;qJcH&aomolwdkYudkvTwfjcif;? xrf;bdk;&SdorQudk csKd;jcif;r[kwfavmh/

-pmwef\ vkyf&yfrsm;udk zsufqD;jcif;
&Sifa,m[ef Mo0g'pmt& ocifa,&I<uvm&jcif;\ taMumif;&if;rSm-

1a,m 3;8 (c)
rm&fewfonfa&S;OD;pGmrSpí 'kp&kdufudkûyaomoljzpfaomaMumifh? tMuifolonf 'kp&kdufudk jyK\/

xdkol onf rm&fewfESifhqdkif\/ rm&fewftrlwdkYudk y,fzsufjcif;iSg? bk&m;ocif\ om;awmfonf
xif&Sm;ay:xGef; awmfrl\/
-jynfhpHkaom toufwmudkay;jcif;

ewfqdk;\ vkyf&yfrsm;udkzsufqD;jcif;jzifh ocifa,&Iurdrd\vlrsm;udk<u,f0aomtoufudk &aponf/
a,m 10;10 (c)

igrlum;?odk;wdkYonf toufvGwf&kHrQru txl;ojzifh toufESifhjynfhpHkapjcif;iSgvmownf;/

-xdkoltm;vHk;wdkUudktemjiDrf;apjcif;

usrf;pmüaz:jyaom ocifa,&I\temNidrf;jcif;tm;jzifh omoemjyK&m txl;av;euf xif&Sm;aponfU
t&mrSm rdrdxHodkU vmorSsaom oltm;vHk;wdkUtm; ocifa,&IutemNidrf;apjcif; jzpfonf/ u,fwifjcif;ESifh
temNidrf;jcif;udkaz:jy&mü aojcmonfh toHk;tEIef;udk or¨musrf;pmüoHk;xm;onf/

u,fwifjcif;twGuf temNidrf;jcif;twGuf

+ tm;v;kH + tm;vk;H

+ rnfolrqdk + rnfolrqdk

35

temNiDrf;jcif;onf tm;vHk;twGufjzpfaMumif;udk usrf;csufrsm;üþodkUaz:jyxm;onf/
xdkusrf; csuf wdkUudk zwf&mü toD;oD;ESifhtm;vHk; [lonfU txl;ac:a0:oHk;EIef;
xm;onfUt&mudkavUvmyg/
toD;oD; - r 9;35 a,&Ionfw&m;p&yfwdkYüqHk;rMo0g'ay;vsuf?EdkifiHawmfESifh,SOfaom{0H*vdw&m;udk
a[mvsuf?vlrsm;cH&aomtema&m*gtrsKd;rsKd;wdkYudkjidr;f apvsuf?ûNrdU&Gm&SdorQwukdY dka'o&DvSnfhvnfawmfrl
\? vltpkta0;wdkYudk jrifawmfrlvQifoem;jcif;pdwf&Sdawmfrl\/
vmorSs - r 14;36 -t0wfawmf\yef;yGg;udkrQomwdkY&ygrnf taMumif;tcGifh awmif;Mu\/
wdkYorQaom

olwdkYonfvnf;csrf;om&Mu\/
tm;vHk; - r 12;15 -a,&IonfodawmfrlvQif? tjcm;odkYajymif;<uí rsm;pGmaomvltaygif;wdkYonf

aemufawmfodkYvdkufMuojzifh? olwdkY\tema&m*g&SdorQwdkYudk jidrf;apawmfrl\/
tm;vHk; - r 8;16- nOD;,Hüewfqdk;pGJaomoltrsm;wdkYudktxHawmfodkYaqmifcJhíEIwaf wmf>rufumrQESifhxdk

ewfwdkYudkESifxkwfawmfrl\emaomol&SdorQwdkYudkoufomapawmfrl\/
tm;vHk; - vk 6;19 -udk,fawmftxJu wefcdk;xGufívltaygif;wdkYudk oufomapawmfrlonfjzpfí

y&dowftaygif;wdkYonf udk,fawmfudkwdkYjcif;iSg&SmMuHMu\/
tm;vHk;-
w10;38xdktaMumif;t&m[lrlum;bk&m;ocifonfoefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmfESifh4if;?wefcdk;awmfESifh

4if;emZ&ufûrdUom;a,&Iudkbdodufay;awmfrlojzifhxdkolonfbk&m;ocif\tcGifhawmfESifhausZl;ûyvsuf
rm&fewfñSif;qJaomoltaygif;wdkYtm;csrf;omudkay;vsufvSnfhvnfawmfrl\/

- udk,fawmfonfrajymif;vJ
a[jAJusrf;pmudk a7;om;aomolu a,&Ionfrajymif;vJyg/ udk,fawmfonfraeUuESifh,aeU

twlwljzpf\/
a[jAJ 13;8 -a,&Ic&pfonfraeY?,aeY?aemifumvtpOftjrJrajymif;rvJaeawmfrl\/
a,&Ic7pfonf raeU?,aeU?aemifumvtpOftjrJrajymif;vJaeawmfrl\/

ajray:wGiftouf7dSxif&Sm;pOf vlwdkif;tm;tema7m*gjidrf;apcJhvSsif ,aeUtwlwlyifjzpfonf/ ,HkMunf
jcif; jzifhudk,fawmfxHodkUvmorSsaomolwdkUonf tema7m*gjidrf;jcif;udk rdrdwdkUudk,fwdkif&&dSvdrfhrnf/

36

a,&Iay;awmfrlaomr[mtrIawmfjrwfMuD;

-aemufqHk;rdefUrSmcsuf

aumif;uifbHkodkUrwuf<urD aemufqHk;tcsdefü udk,fawmfonf uGsEfkyfwdkUtm;aemufqHk;qifhqdk rdefUrSm
xm;cJhonf/ þonfudk]]r[mtrIawmfjrwfMuD; (odkU) r[mappm;csuf}}[líuGsEkfyfwdkUac:a0:Muonf/ rdrdudk
,HkMunfaomolwdkUtm; ajymMum;aomoifa,&I\ tvGetf a&;MuD;onfh aemufqHk;pum;udk wrefawmfrmuku
þodkUrSwfwrf;wifxm;onf/

rmuk 16;15-19-

þt&monf MuD;jrwfaomtMuHay;csufr[kwf/

MuD;jrwfaomtrdefUjzpfonf/

-uGsEfkyfwdkUpHerlema,&I

olonftemNidrf;jcif;ESifh erdwfvu©Pmjzifh omoemjyKonfUtcsdefodkUa&mufonfh trIudkjyKonfhwdkif
a,&Ionf uGsEfkyfwdkUtwGuf yHkoufaojyjcif;jzpfaMumif; vlrsm;wdkUonf ,HkMunf&efcufcJaeMuonf/

ocifa,&Ionf bk&m;om;awmfjzpfaomaMumifh þuJhodkYaom omrefxufxljcm;vGefuJonfhobm0vGefjzpf
&yfwdkUudk vkyfaqmifEdkifjcif;jzpfaMumif; olwdkYuqifajcay;MuonfþodkUqifjcifay;jcif;onfrrSefyg/

a,&Ionf uGsEfkyfwdkUtwGuf jydKifbufuif;ít&nftcsif;jynfUrDaomerl,lp&myk*¾dKvfjzpfonf/taMumif;
rSm bk&m;om;\ tcGifht&mtm;vHk;wdkUudk udk,fawmfonf cPab;z,fxm;jyD; urÇmajray:ü aemufqHk;aom
tm'Hwnf;[laom vlom;wpfOD;taeESifh omoemjyKaexdkifcJhon/f udk,fawmfonf ppfreS fonfh bk&m;ocifjzpf
onfh wdkifajrMuD;ay:ü omoemtrIudkjyKpOfwGifvlom;wpfOD;uJhodkYomvkyfaqmifonf/

a,m'efjrpüf AwÅdZHcH,ljyD;oefU&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmfrdrd tay:odkUqif;oufvmcsdefrwdkifrDStxd udk,fawmf
\ toufwmü erdwfvu©PmwpHkw7mjyKjcif;[lírSwfwrf;r&SdcJhay/ wef;cdk;awmftm;jzifh4if;? oefU&Sif;aom
0dnmOfawmf\ obm0vGefqkaus;Zl;rsm;tm;jzifh4if; ol\omoemvkyfief;udkjyD;ajrmufap ouUJodkUusGEfkyfwdkU
onfvnf; oefU&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmfAwÅdZHcH,ljlyD;aom,HkMunfolrsm;tjzpof cifa,&I enf;wlobm0vGef wefcdk;
touf&Sif aexdkifomoem jyK&efEkdifonf/

oefY&Sif;aom 0dnmOfawmftm;jzifh bdodwfcH&jcif;

ocifa,&Iuxm0&bk&m;\0dnmOfawmfonf rdrdtm;bdodwfay;jyD[k ajymcJhonf/

vkum 4;18-19

xm0&bk&m;\ 0dnmOfawmfonfightay:üwnfawmfrl\/ taMumif;rlum;? qif;&Jom;wdkYtm;

0rf;ajrmufp&m owif;udk Mum;ajymapjcif;iSgighudk bdodwfay;awmfrljyD/ aMurGaom olwdkY\temudk

aysmufap jcif; iSg4if;? brf;oGm;csKyfxm;vsuf&Sdaom olwdkYtm;vTwfjcif;taMumif;ESifh

rsufpduef;aomolwdkYtm;rsufpd jrifjyefjcif;taMumif;udkjyapjcif;iSg4if;? ñSif;qJcH&aomolwdkYudk

u,frapjcif;iSg4if;? xm0&m;\ r*FvmESpf umvudk Mum;ajymapjcif;iSg4if;?

igudkapvTwfawmfrljyD[kvmownf;/

37

t"du e,fy,f(3)&yf

ocifa,&I\ omoemûy&mwGif yg0ifonf enf;pepfrsm;rSm-

oifMum;jcif;

a[mMum;jcif;

temjidrf;jcif;ESifha&G;Ekwfu,fwifjcif; (vGwfajrmufapjcif;)wdkYjzpfonf/

róJ 9;35

a,&Ionfw&m;p&yfwdkYü qHk;rMo0g'ay;vsuf?EkdifiHawmfESifh,SOfaom{0H*vdw&m;

udka[mvsuf? vlrsm;cH&aom tema&m*gtrsKd;rsKd;wdkYudk jidrf;apvsuf? NrdKU&Gm&SdorQwdkYudk

a'opm&DvSnfhvnfawmfrl\? vltpk ta0;wdkYudk jrifawmfrlvQif oem;jcif;pdwf&Sdawmfrl\

uefYowfcsuf

ocifa,&I\ omoemawmfonf wMurd fü &Gmwpf&Gm?(odkY) ûNrKdUwNrKdU ponfjzifh tuefYtowf&Sd
onf/ûNrdKUwdkif;ü&Sdaom vly&dowfrsm;\ vdktyfruI dkrdrdwa,mufwnf; jznfhqnf;&ef vHk;0rjzpfEkdifay/ tjcm;
aom olrsm;tm; aumuf&dwfaom vkyfom;rsm;ozG,f tapcH&efudk,fawmfonf wynfhawmfrsm;tm; qkawmif;
Mu&ef ñTefMum;cJhonf/

róJ 9;36-38

taMumif;rlum;?xdkolwdkYonf yifyef;onfjzpfí xdef;olr&SdbJypfxm;aom odk;uJhodkYjzpfMu\/

xdktcg udk,fawmfu? pyg;&dwfp&mrsm;pGm&Sd\/&dwfaomolwdkYonf enf;Mu\/ xdkaMumifhvkyfaqmifaom

olwdkYudk pyg;&dwfapjcif;iSg apvTwfawmfrlrnftaMumif;pyg;&Sifudk

qkawmif;Muavmh[kwynfhawmfwdkYtm; rdefYawmfrl\/

tjcm;aomolwdkYtm; ocifa,&Iapcdkif;cJhonf/

wynfhawmfrsm;

þobm0vGef omoemjyKvkyfief;awmfMuD; twGufwynfhawmf (12)yg;udk apvTwfcJhonfhaemuf
omoemawmfomí qyGg;wdk;wufvmcJhonf/ udk,fawmfo&kyfjycJhonfh ykHpHtwdkif; olwdkYonf waoGrwdrf;
omoemjyKcJhMuonf/

r 10;1?7?8

wusdyfESpfyg;aomwynfhawmf wdkYudkac:awmfrljyD;rS? npfnL;aom ewfwdkYudkESifxkwfjcif;iSg4if;?

tem a&m*g trsKd;rsKd;wdkYudkjidrf;apjcif;iSg4if; tcGifhay;awmfrl\/oGm;pOfwGif?

aumif;uifEdkifiHawmfwnfvkeD;jyD;[k odwif;Mum;ajymMuavmh/ emaomolwdkYtm;

csrf;omay;Muavmh/aoaomolwdkYtm;csrf;omay;Muavmh Elaomol wdkYudkoefY&Sif; apMuavmh/

ewfqdk;wdkYudkvnf; ESifxkwfMuavmh/ oifwdkYonf tbdk;ray;bJaus;Zl;cH&MujyD;jzpfí tbdk;rcHbJ

ay;urf;Muavmh/

38

-OD;pGmappm;jcif; cH&onfh wynfhawmfrsm;onf/

a'oem a[mMum;jcif;

zsm;emolrsm;udk temjidrf;jcif;

Elema&m*gonfrsm;udk oefY&Sif;pifMu,fapjcif;

aoaomolrsm;udk xajrmuf

ewfqdk;rsm;udk ESifxkwfjcif;

ponfh trIrsm;udk ocifa,&IjycJhaom arwåmESifh*½kPmawmftwdkif; vGwfvyfpGm aqmif&GufcGifh&onf/
olwdkYjyKonf omoemtroI nf ocifa,&IjyKaom omoemtrIESifhwlnDonf/

-aemufxyf vl(70)

vl(12) OD;udk appm;jyD;aemuf 4if;wdkYonf tawGUMuHKrsm;&ifhusufvmaomf aemufxyfwynfh(70) OD;udk
apvGwfjyefonf/

vk 10;1?9

xdkaemufrS ocifbk&m;onf tjcm;aom wynfhawmfckepfusdyfwdkYudk cefYxm;awmfrlí?
udk,fwdkif<uav tHhaom NrKdU&Gmt&yf&yfwdkYodkYa&SUawmfü ESpfa,mufpDESpfa,mufpD apvGwfawmfrl\/

vlemrsm;udkcsrf;omay;Muavmh/bk&m;ocif\ EkdifiHawmfonfoifwdkYüwnfaxmifaom
tcsdefeD;jyD[k olwdkYtm; a[majymMuavmh/

þappm;csufwdkYonf ,ckwdkifrajymif;vJay/ xdkvl(70)wdkYonf

emaomolwdkYtm; temjidrf;ap&ef

bk&m;ocif\ EkdifiHawmfESifh ,SOfaom{0aH *vdw&m;udka[m&ef appm;jcif;cH&onf/

omoemawmfonf us,fjyefYvsuf&Sdonf/ yxrOD;pGm a,&Ionf rdrdudk,fudk wynfhawmf(12)yg;\
toufwm twGif;odkYyHkwl(rdwåL) ul;xnfhvdkufjyD;aemuf tjcm;aomwynfhawmf ckESpfusdyf (70)twGif;odkY rdrd\
[efESifh [email protected] ul;oGif;apcJhonf/ tu,fpifppf olwdkYüoif,lp&m rsm;pGm&Sdao;aomfjim;vnf; olwkdY
onf MuD;yGm;wdk;wuf vmMuonf/ ta&;MuD;qHk;aomt&mrSm ocifa,&Iudk emcHMujcif;jzpfí MuD;rm;aom
edrdwfvu©Pmrsm;? 0rf;ajrmufjcif;ESifh atmifjrifjcif;\ tusKd;aus;Zl;rsm;udkvufawGUcHpm;&onf/

vk 10;17 (c)

udk,fawmf\ emrtm;jzifhtuREkfyfwdkYonfewfqdk;udkyifEkdifygonf[kavQmufMu\/

-,HkMunfolwdkif;

r[mtrIawmfjrwf\ ñTefMum;csuft&ocifa,&Ionf,HkMunfolwdkif;udktjyifodkYapvGwfcJhonf/ 'kw,d
arG;jcif;cHjyD;olwdkif;onf ocifa,&I\ emrüxdkr[mappm;csufudk aqmif,loGm;&rnf/

rmuk 16;15?17?18

39

oifwdkYonf avmuDEkdifiHt&yf&yf &SdorQokdYoGm;í?a0ae,sowÅ0gtaygif;wdkYtm;

{0Ha*vdw&m;udk a[mMuavmY/,HkMunfaomolwdkYü

jzpftHhaomedrdwfvu©Pm[lrlum;?ig\emrudktrSDûyíewfqdk; wdkYudkESifxkwf MuvwHh/

xl;jcm;aombmompum;rsKd; wdkYudkajymMuvwhH/ a>rwdkYudkbrf;udkif MuvwHh/ aoapwwfaom

tqdwftawmufudkaomufpm;vQif ab;O'fESifh uif;vGwf MuvwHh/

rusef;rrmaomolwdkYtay:rSmvufudkwifí csrf;omay;MuvwHh[k rdefYawmfrl\/

wrefawmfrsm;aoqHk;jyD;aomf
xdktemjidrf;jcif;vnf;&yfwefYoGm;ygovm;/r&yfyg/r[mappm;csufonf/ ]],HkMunfolwdkif;}} twGufjzpfjyD;
ueOD;rSwrefawmfrsm; twGufrQomr[kwf/ urÇmw0Srf;vHk; tema&m*gjidrf; ap&ef
twGuf,HkMunfolwdkif;wdkYonf xdktemNidrf;jcif;wefcdk;udk qufvufo,faqmifoGm;&rnf/

ocifa,&Ic&pfawmfonf u,fwifaom t&SifESifhtemjidrf;apaomt&SifocifjzpfaMumif;udk ,aeY
,HkMunfolrsm;onf oifMum;a[mMum;jyD;xdkor¨mw&m;udk oifMum;jcif;jzifh ,HkMunfjcif;udkvufcH&&SdMuaomtcg
temNidrf;jcif;t&mudk apvGwfawmfrl\/

,HkMunfolrsm;onf-

oGm;í a[mMum;jcif;

ewfqdk;rsm;udk ESifxkwfjcif;

xl;jcm;aom bmompum;udk ajymjcif;

tema&m*g &SdolwdkYtay: vufwifjcif; ponfhtrIrsm;ufdkjyK&ef apvTwfjcif;cH&onf/

,HkMunfoltm;vHk;onf(wynfhawmfrsm;? ya&mzufrsm;? {0Ha*vdq&mrsm;? oiftkyfrsm;? usrf;pmoif
q&mrsm;rQ omr[kwfyg/)emaomolrsm;tay:vufwifjci;f tm;jzifholwdkYonf temrSxajrmuMfuvdrfhrnf/

aeYpOfESifhtrQocifa,&IûjyKawmfrlaom trIt&mrsm;udk ,HkMunfolrsm;uvkyfaqmif&rnf/

a,m 14;12

igtrSeftuefqdkonfum;? igudk ,HkMunfaomolonf igjyKaomtrIwdkYudkjyKvdrfhrnf/ xdktrIwdkY
xufom íMuD;aomtrIwdkYudkvnf;jyvdrfhrnf/ taMumif;rlum; igonfcrnf;awmfxHodkhoGm;í-

,HkMunfoltm;vHk;wdkYonf 0rf;ajrmufbG,fu,fwifjcif;owif;udk a0rQ&rnfjzpfjyD; udk,fawmfonf
rdrdESifh twlvkyfaqmifawmfrlaMumif;udk arQmfvifhí jzpfay:vmaom edrdwfvu©Pmrsm;tm;jzifhEIwfuygwfawmf
rSefuefaMumif;udkoufaoxl&rnf/

rmuk 16;20

wynfhawmfwdkYonfvnf; xGufoGm;í? ocifbk&m;onf rpawmfrlonfESifh4if;? olwdkYüjzpfaom
edrdwf vu©Pm tm;jzifh EIwfuywfw&m;awmfudk wnfapawmfrlonfESifh4if;? cyfodrf;aomt&yfwdkYü
w&m;a[mMu\/

40

oefY&Sif;aom 0dnmOfawmfjzifhcGeftm;jznfhqnf;cH&aom ,HkMunfolwdkif;onf oufaocHrsm;jzpfvmonf/
rdrdwdkY\ûNrdKUawmfrsm;rS pwifíjyifyurÇma&mufonfhwdkifatmif udk,fawmf\oufaocHrsm;jzpfvmMuonf/

wref 1;8

xdkodkYr&Sdaomfvnf;? oifwdkYtay:odkYoefY&Sif;aom 0dnmOfawmf qif;oufaomtcg?
oifwdkYonf wefcdk;udkcH&í a,&k&SifvifNrdKUrSpaom ,k'jynf?&Srm&djynf?ajrMuD;pGef;wdkifatmif
ig\oufaojzpfMu vdrfhrnf[k rdefYawmfrl\ /

róJ 24;14

vlrsKd;taygif;wdkYtm; oufaojzpfrnftaMumif;? EkdifiHawmfESifh ,SOfaom{0Ha*vd
w&m;udkavmuDEkdifiH t&yf&yf &SdorQwdkYü a[m&vdrfhrnf/odkYjyD;rS tqHk;onfjzpfvwhH/

bk&m;ocif\ om;awmf a,&Ic&pfawmf ajray:odkY qif;oufvmjcif;onf vlom;tm;vHk;wdkYtm;a&G;
Ekwfu,fwif&efjzpfonf/ þa&G;Ekwfu,fwifjcif;ü tema&m*gjidrf;jcif;vnf;yg0ifonf/

rdrdESifhompyfqdkifaom yk*¾vomoemudka,&Ionf tema&m*gjidrf;jcif;jzifhpwifcJhonf/ 4if;aemuf
wynfhawmfrsm;tm;oifwef;ay;í apvGwfjcif;tm;jzifh qyGg;jcif;enf;pepfudk pwifcJhonf/ xdkenf;pepfudk
,aeYwdkifatmif usifhoHk;aponf/ aysmufqHk;í aovkarsmyg; jzpfaeonfh urÇmodkY u,fwifjcif;owif;aumif;
o,faqmifoGm;&ef ,HkMunfolrsm;jzpfonfESifhtnD uREkfyfwdkYtm;wm 0efvTJtyfxm;onf/ ,HkMunfoltm;vHk;
wdkYonf ocifa,&IjycJhonfh trIrsm;uJhodkYaom{0Ha*vdvkyfief;awmfudkqufvufvkyfaqmi&f rnf/

ueOD;toif;awmfacgif;aqmifwdkYonf temjidrf;jcif;udk qufvufvkyfaqmifMuonf

ocifa,&Iaumif;uifbHkodkYww<fuomG ;jyD;aemuf temjidr;f jcif;vkyf&yfrsm; &yfwefYoGm;ygovm;/
&yfwefYroGm;yg/ wrefawmfrsm;u u,fwifjcif;w&m;awmfrsm;udk qufvufa[mMum;jyD;emaom olwdkYtm;
qufvufí temjidrf;apcJhMuonf/ þae&mü ayw½k? zdvdyÜKESifhaygvkwdkY jycJhonfhyHkoufaowdkYudk uREkfyfwdkY
qifjcif MunfhvQif

ayw&k

0rf;wGif;ygajcrpGrf;aomoltm; ocifa,&I\emrawmftm;jzifhayw&kuxívrf;avQmufapcJhonf/

wref 3;1-8

xdktcg yXmemjyK&aom oHk;csufwD; tcsdefü ayw&kESifha,m[efwdkYonf AdrmefawmfodkY
wufMuonf &Sdaomf?-trd0rf;wGif;uyif ajcrpGrf;aomolwa,mufudkolwyg;wdkYonf xrf;vsufvm
Mu\? AdrmefawmfodkY 0ifaomolwdkYrSm pGefYMuJjcif;udkcHapjcif;iSg? wifhw,ftrnf&Sdaom
wHcg;em;rSmxdkoludkxm;avh&Sd\/ ayw&k ESifha,m[efwdkYonf 0ifrnf vmMuonfudkxdkolonfjrifvQif
pGefYusJyg[k awmif;av\/- xdktcg ayw&kESifh a,m[efwdkYonf xdkoludkaphaphMunf½Ií
igwdkYtm;arQmfMunfhavmh[kqdkvQif?- xdkol onf wpHkwckudk &rnf [kpdwfxifESifh
wrefawmfwdkYudkarQmfMunfhvsufae\/ ayw&kuvnf;?igü a&TaiGr&Sd? &Sdonft&m udkoifhtm;igay;rnf/

41

emZ&ufNrdKUom;a,½Ic&pf\ emrawmf tm;jzifh xívSrf;oGm;avmh[k qdkvsuf?-
ol\vufsmvufudkudkifqGJ csD<uavaom cPjcif;wGif? ajcESpfbuf rsufpdwdkYonfpGrf;tm;udk&ojzifh?-

½kwfw&ufxí rwfwwf&yfjyD;vQif vSrf;oGm;av\/ oGm;vsuf? ckefvsuf? bk&m;ocifudk
csD;rGrf;vsuf? wrefawmfwdkYESifhtwlAdrmefawmfodkY 0ifav\/-

-zdvdyÜK

toif;axmufwpfOD;jzpfíaemifaomtcg {0Ha*vdtrIawmfaqmifwpfOD;jzpfvmolzdvdyÜKonf &Srm&d
jrdKUom;rsm;xHodkU ocifa,&I\ u,fwifjcif;w&m;awmfudk a[mMum;pOf tema&m*gNidrf;jcif;ESifh tYHbG,fedrdwf
vu©Pmrsm; jzpfay:vmonf/

wref8;5-8

zdvdyÜKonfvnf;?&Srm7djrdKUodkUoGm;í c&pfawmf\taMumif;udka[mav\/ vltpkta0;wdkU
onfMum;í zdvdyÜKjyKaomf edrdwfvu©Pmudkjrifaomtcg? ol\pum;udkwnDwnGwfwnf;
em;axmifMu\/ taMumif;rlum;? ewfqdk;pGJaom olrsm;\txJrS ewfqdk;wdkUonf jyif;pGmaomtoHESifh
atmf[pfvsufxGufoGm;Mu\/ udk,f rvIyf Edkifaomol? ajcrpGrf;aomoltrsm;wdkU
onfvnf;yuwdtjzpfodkUa&mufMu\/ xdkjrdKUoljrdKUom;wdkUonf tvGef 0rf;ajrmufjcif; &dSMu\/

-aygvk

0rf;wGif;ygajcrpGrf;aom olwOD;tm;aygvku ociaf ,&I\ u,fwifjcif;w&m;awmfudka[m Mum;jyD;
xdkol\ tema&m*gudkNidrf;apí vrf;xavSsmufap\/

wref14;8-10

trd0rf;wGif; uyifajcrpGrf;ojzifh? wcgrSsroGm;bl;aomvlwpfa,mufonfvkwÅ& jrdKUüxdkifvsuf?
aygvka[majymonfudk aphaphMunfh½Ií a&m*guif;rnftaMumif; olü,HkMunfjcif;&dSonfudkodjrifvsif?
xí rwfwwf&yfavmU[kMuD;aom toHESifhqdkojzifh? xdkolonf ½kwfw&ufxí vSrf;oGm;av\/
aoG;0rf;oGm;í zsm;emaeol\tema&m*gudkNidrf;apcJhonf/

wref28;8-9

ykAvdrif;\tbonfzsm;emESifh0rf;usaoG;oGefempGJíwHk;vHk;aeonfudkaygvk0ifíqkawmif;jyD;rS?

oltay:üvuf wifítemudk jiDrf;ap\ þodkUjyKaomaMumifh? xdkuGsef;ütem a&m*gpGJaom

tjcm; ol&SdorSs wdkUonfvmícsrf;omjcif;udkMu\/

usrf;pmüygaomtxufygtaMumif;t7mrsm;udkaxmuf&IíueOD;toif;awmfacgif;aqmif rsm;wdkUonf
temjidrf;jcif;omoemawmfudk aqmif&GufaMumif;tjyD;owfqHk;jzpfEdkifonf/

42

-temjiDrf;apjcif;jzifh{0Ha*vdw&m;awmftwGufwHcg;zGifhaponf/

u,fwifjcif;r&ao;olwdkUtm; u,fwifjcif;w&m;awmfa0iS&ef twGuftemjidrf;jcif;u tcGifhta&;
&aponf/wpfpHkwpfOD;onf u,fwifjcif;owif;awmfudk wHkUjyefEdkifjcif;rjyKrDyxrOD;pGm uGsEfkyfwdkUu ol\
tm&Hkpl;pdkufrIudk&atmifjyK&rnf/ emusnf;íaMuuGJaeaomþurÇmMuD;ü tem jidrf;jcif;updwfcsvHkjcKHrI udk
jzpfaponfomrubk&m;ocif\Ekwfuywfw&m;awmfudkwpfpHkwpaf ,mufaomol\tm&Hküxif[yf&efw&m;0if
twnfjzpfatmifvkyfaqmifay;onf/

wpfpHkwpfOD;onf u,fwifjcif;owif;awmfudk wHkUjyefEdkifjcif;rjyKrD yxrOD;pGm uGsEfkyfwdkUu ol\tm&Hk pl;pdkufrIudk
&atmifjyK&rnf/ emusnf;íaMuuGJaeaom þurÇmMuD;ü temNidrf;jcif;u pdwfcsvHkjcHKrIudkjzpfaponf omru
bk&m;ocif\ Ekwfuywfw&m;awmfudk wpfpHkwpfa,muf aomol\tm&Hküxif[yf&ef w&m;0if
twnfjzpfatmif vkyfaqmifay;onf/

&SifjyefxajrmufjyD;aemufydkif;rS jzpfysufonfh edrdwfvu©Pmrsm;

&SifjyefxajrmufjyD;aemufydkif;rjSyKaom yxrOD;qHk;{0Ha*vdw&m;yGJonf temNidrf;jcif;ESifh
tpjyKcJhonf/ wifhw,ftrnf&Sdaom Ard mefawmfwHcg;teD;ü awmif;pm;oltrd0rf;twGif;rS ajcrpGrf;oltm;
temrSxajrmufap jcif;trIonf vly&dowf(5000)tm; u,fwifjcif;&&efvrf;aMumif;udk yGifhapcJhonf/

wref 3;1-8

xdktcgyXmemjyK&aom oHk;csufwD; tcsdefü ayw&kESifha,m[efwdkYonf AdrmefawmfodkY

wufMuonf &Sdaomf?-trd0rf;wGif;uyif ajcrpGrf;aomolwa,mufudk olwyg;wdkYonf

xrf;vsufvmMu\? AdrmefawmfodkY 0ifaomolwdkYrSm pGefYMuJjcif;udkcHapjcif;iSg? wifhw,ftrnf&Sdaom

wHcg;em;rSm xdkoludkxm;avh&Sd\/ ayw&kESifh a,m[efwdkYonf 0ifrnfvmMuonfudk xdkolonfjrifvQif

pGefYBuJyg[k awmif;av\/- xdktcg ayw&kESifh a,m[efwdkYonf xdkoludkaphaphMunf&Ií igwdkYtm;

arQmfMunfavmh[kqdkvQif?-xdkolonfwpHkwckudk &rnf[k pdwfxifESifh

wrefawmfwdkYudkarQmfMunfhvsufae\/ ayw&kuvnf;? igüa&TaiGr&Sd? &Sdonft&mudk oifhtm;

igay;rnf/ emZ&ufNrKdUom; a,&Ic&pf\ emrawmftm;jzifhxívSrf;oGm;avmh[kqdkvsuf? -

wref 4;4

w&m;emaomoltrsm;wdkYonf ,HkMunfjcif;odkYa&mufí ta&twGuftm;jzifhvl
ig;axmifrQavmuf &SdMu\/

ayw&kESifha,m[efwdkY\ vkyfaqmifrIudkMunfhMuygpdkY/
H olwdkYonf yHkrSefvIyf&Sm;rIomûyMuonf/ edrdwfvu©Pmonf toif;awmf tjyifbufü jzpfcJhonf/

43

olwdkYonf xdkajcroefpGrf;oltm; ta&;w,lpum;ajymcJhonf/ temNidrf;jcif;tcGifhudkjyK&ef olwdkYonf
pwifvrf;p&SmMuHcJhonf/ xdkol\ueO;D u vdktyfaomaiGaMu; awmif;cHjcif;bufodkY ayw&kESifha,m[ef
wdkYu a&vdkufvTJ roGm;cJhay/
olwdkYü &SdorQt&mudk ay;cJhonf/ bk&m;ocif\EkwfuywfawmfESifh a,&Iemrawmf\ wef;cdk;udk ay;cJhonf/
tcGifhtmPmjzifh rdefYMum;cJhMuonf/
- enf;pepfajymif;vJroGm;ay
urÇmavmuodkY owif;aumif;ydkYaqmif&ef enf;pepfrSm rajymif;vJay/

ocifa,&Ionf þodkY omoemûycJhonf/
oifMum;jcif;
a[mMum;jcif;
tema&m*gjidrf;jcif;
wynfhawmf (12) yg;wdkYtm;apvGwfvsuf

a[mMum;jcif;
temNidrf;jcif;
oefY&Sif;apjcif;
aoaomolwdkYtm;xajrmufapjcif;
ewfqdk;wdkYtm; ESifxkwfjcif;
wynfhawmf (70)wdkYtm; apvGwfvsuf
temNidrf;apjcif;
]]bk&m;ocif\ EkdifiHawmfwnfvkeD;jyD;[k}}olwdkYtm;Mum;ajymjcif;

uREkfyfwdkYonf wm0efvTJtyfí apvGwfjcif;cH&onf/

oGm;a&mufí w&m;a[mMum;&ef

ewfqdk;wdkYudk ESifxkwf&ef

xljcm;aom bmompum;trsKd;rsKd;ajymMum;&ef

h emaomolwdkY tay:odkY vufwif&ef

temjidrf;jcif;onf ,HkMunfolrsm;üom tcGifhta&;&Ekdifaomt&mr[kwfyJ

u,fwifjcif;r&ao;aom olwdkYtm;vnf; uREkfyfwdkYu temjidrf;jcif;omoemjyK&ef

44

ocifa,&Itvkdawmf&Sdonf/ odkYrSom olwdkYonf Ekwfuywfawmf

rSefuefaMumif;udkod&Sdvmí u,fwifjcif;&rnfjzpfon/f

jyefvnfavhusif&efar;cGef;rsm;

1/ ocifa,&Iûyawmfrlaom yxrqHk; edrdwfvu©Pm 2cktm;jzifh rnfonfhta&;MuD;aom oifcef;pmrsm;
udk uREkfyfwdkYonf oif,l&&Sdygoenf;/

2/ rmukc&pf0ifusrf;ü uREfkyfwdkYtm;ay;xm;onfh ]]r[mappm;csuf}} um;rnfuJhodkYenf;/
(tvGwfusufrSwf&ef)

3/ urÇmavmuwpfckvHk;tm; wdkYxd&ef ocifa,&I\ enf;pepfrsm;um; rnfhonfht&menf;/ uREfkyfwdkY
twGuf rnfonfhenf;pepfudk oHk;&efvdkoenf;/ tb,faMumifhenf;/

45

oifcef;pm (4)

oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmfESifh ol\wefcdk;

wrefawmfaygvku þodkYa&;cJhonf/
1aum 2;4

oifwdkY\,HkMunfjcif;onf vlynmtm;jzifhrwnf?
trSefpifppf bk&m;ocifü&Sdaom xdkwefcdk;udk uREfkyfwdkYtu,fpifppf vdktyfonfrSef\/ odkYqdkvQif

xdkwefcdk;um; rnfodkYenf;/

ocifa,&I\ toufwmü &Sdaom temjidrf;jcif;wefcdk;

a,mf'efjrpfü AwdÅZHcH,laomtcg oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmf olUtay:odkY qif;oufvmjyD;aemuf
csufjcif;yif ocifa,&Ionf oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmf\ wefcdk;udkvufawGU o&kyfjyjcif;jzifh rdrd\omoemawmf
udktpjyKcJhonf/ temNidrf;jcif;cHpm;vdkol wpHkwpOf D;u udk,fawmftm; wdkYxdonfjzpfap? udk,fawmfu xdkol
wdkYtm;wdkYxdonfjzpfap ocifa,&I\ twGif;ü&Sfdaomwefcdk;u xdkolwkdY\ udk,fcE¨mtwiG f;odkY jzefYípD;0ifoGm;
onf/ 12ESpfwdkifwdkif aoG;oGefempGJaom rdef;rwpfOD;\ yHkOyrmu xdkwefcdk;pD;qif;jcif;udk yHkoufaojyK
jcif;jzpfonf/

-ight0wfudk tb,folwdkYoenf;/

rmuk 5;25-34

xdktcg wq,fESpfESpfywfvHk; aoG;oGeftempGJaomaMumifh?-

rsm;pGmaom aq;orm;wdkYvufü tvGefcH&í? Opöm&SdorQukefaomfvnf; oufomr
&onfomru?temwdk;aom rdef;rwa,mufonf?-a,&Iodwif;awmfudkMum;onf&Sdaomf?-

igonf t0wfawmfudkomwdkYvQif csrf;om&rnf[kqdkonfESifh? vltpkta0;xJü

aemufawmfodkYvmí t0wfawmfudkwdkYav\/-xdkcPjcif;wGif taoG;pka0;&m

cef;ajcmufonfjzpfí? xdka&m*gESdyfpufjcif;ESifh uif;vGwfjyD;[k rdrdudk,fü odav\/-

a,&Ionfrdrdudk,frS wefcdk;xGufonfudk csufjcif;odawmfrlvQif? vltpkta0;ü aemufodkYvSnfhí?

ight0wfudk tb,fol wdkYoenf;[k ar;awmfrl\/wynfhawmfwdkYu? vltpkta0;onf

udk,fawmftm;xdcdkufMuonfudk jrifvsufyif? ighudktb,fol wdkYoenf;[k

ar;awmfrlygonfwum;[k avQmufMuaomfvnf;?-udk,fawmfonf xdkodkYûyaomoludkjrifjcif;iSg

ywfvnfodkY Munf&Iawmfrl\/-xdkrdef;ronf udk,fütb,fodkYjzpfonfudk odaomaMumifh

aMumuf&GHUwkefvIyf vsuftxHawmfodkY vmjyD;vQif? jyyf0yfíxdktaMumif;&SdorQudk t[kwftrSef

Mum;avQmufav\/-udk,fawmfuvnf;? ighorD;? oif\,HkMunfjcif;onf oifhtemudk jidrf;apNyD/

Nidrf;0yfpGmoGm;avmh/ a&m*gESdyfpufjcif;ESifh uifvGwfap[k rdefYawmfrl\/

46

trSefyifrdrdudk,fcE¨mtwGif;rS wefcdk;wckckpD;xGufonfudk a,&uI dk,fwdkif pdwfcHpm;od&SdaomaMumifh
udk,fawmfu &yfwefYí ]]ig\0wfvHkudk tb,fol wdkYoenf;/}}[kar;&jcif;jzpfonf/

-'dkif;erdkufwefcdk;

rmuk 5;30 üazmfjyaompum;vHk; ]]Power }}]]wefcdk;}} pGrf;tm;udk Greek *&dbmompum;jzifh
]]dunamis}} bk&m;ocif\wef;cdk;awmf [lít"dyÜg,f&Sdonf/ xdk*&dbmompum;tm;jzifh toHk;jyKxm;onfh
wefcdk;pGr;f tm;[lonfht&monf aygufuGJpGrf;tm;MuD;aom t&mwdkYütoHk;jyKavh&Sdaom *&fda0g[m&jzpfonf/
trSefrSmuREfkyfwdkYonf xdkpum;vHk;ESifh ,Ofyg;jyD;om;jzpfí t*Fvdyfa0g[m&ü ('dkif;erpf Dynamis, 'dkiferdk-
Dynamo 'dkif;erdkuf-Dynamite)[lonfh pum;vHk;rsm;onftxufyg *&dpum;vHk; Dunamis rSqif;ouf
vmonfhpum;vHk;jzpfonf/ rdrdtxJrS xdk]]'dkif;erdkuf}}wefcdk; (Dynamite. power) pD;xGufoGm;onfudk a,&I
odonf/ þ*&dbmompum;jzpfonfh Dynamis udktMudrfrsm;pGmtoHk;jyKcJhonf/

vk 4;14

a,&Ionf0dnmOfawmfwefcdk;ESifh *gvdvJjynfodkYjyefí? odwif;awmfonf ywf0ef;usif t&yfwdkYü
tESYHtjym;ausmfapmav\/ w&m;p&yfwdkYü qHk;rMo0g'ay;awmfrlí?

rdrdudk,fwGif;rS xdkpGrf;tm;wefcdk; xuG foGm;onfudk a,&Iodonf/ wdkYxd&kHjzifh rdrdudk,fxJrS pGrf;tm;
MuD;rm;aom tm;tifwck pD;xGufoGm;onfudk rdrdpdwfrS tvdkvdkod&SdcHpm;&onf/ wdkYxdjcif;onfwefcdk;pD;xGuf&m
qufEG,frI aomhcsufjzpfonf/

vk 6;19

udk,fawmftxJu wefcdk;xGufívltaygif;wdkYudk oufomapawmfrlonfjzpfí? y&dowf
taygif;wdkYonf udk,fawmfudkwdkYjcif;iSg&SmMuHMu\/

AwdÅZHcHonfh tcsdefü xdktema&m*gjidrf;jcif;pGrf;tm;onf a,&Itay:odkY oufa&mufvmonf/
a,m[efu xdkpGrf;tm;taMumif;udk þodkY oufaocHcJhonf/

a,m 1;32

xdkrSwyg;? 0dnmOfawmfonf aumif;uifrScsKd;iSufuJhodkY qif;oufí xdkoltay:ü
em;awmfrlonfudk igjrif&jyD/

-jcm;em;aom bdwfodwfrsm;

0dnmOfwefcdk;jzifh a,&Ionf omoemjyKpOf jcm;em;aombdodwfudk,fawmftoHk;jyKcJhonf/
Oyrm- a'oemawmfa[mMum;jcif;ESifh usrf;pmoifMum;&mü toHk;jyKaom bdwfodwfonf ewfqdk;udkESifxkwfjcif;
a&m*g onfrsm;tm; temjidrf;pOftoHk;jyKaom bdodwEf Sifhrwlwrlxljcm;onf/ &Sifvkum c&pf0ifusrf;ü
ocifa,&I onf Ekwfuywfawmfudk oifMum;aepOf bdwfodwfoGef;avmif;jcif;cH&í emaomolwdkYudk
temNidrf;aponfudk awGU&onf/

47

vkum 5;17
waeYwü udk,fawmfonf qHk;rMo0g' ay;awmfrlpOf? a,&k&SifvifNrdKUrSpaom ,k'jynf? *gvdvJ

jynfNrdKU&Gmrsm;wdkYu a&mufvmaom zm&d&SJwdkYESifh edó&nf;q&mwdkYonf xdkifvsuf&SdMuí? tema&m*gudk
jidrf;apjcif;iSg? bk&m;ocif\wefcdk;awmfonfxif&Sm;\/

uREfkyfwdkYonfvnf; bdwfodwfoGef;avmi;f csdfef cPwmtwGif;vufawGUvkyfaqmifwwf&ef vdktyof nf/
ocifa,&IuJhodkY uREkfyfwdkYonf bk&m;ocif\0dnmOaf wmfOD;aqmifraI emufvdkufwwf&efvdkonf/
a,m 5;19

a,&Iuvnf;? oifwdkYtm; igtrSeftuefqdkonfum;? crnf;awmfjyKawmfrlaom
trIudkom;awmfonf jrifíomjyK\/ rdrdtvdkavsmuftb,foltrIudkrQ rjyKEdkifcrnf;awmfjyKawmfrlorQ
twdkif; om;awmfvnf;jyK\/

temjidrf;jcif;wefcdk;ESifh wrefawmfaygvk

-'kdif;erdkuf wefcdk;
0dnmOfawmf\ xif&Sm;[email protected]\omoemü yg&Sdaomwefcdk;awmfESifhywfowfí wrefawmf

aygvkua&;om;wifjyaomtcgxdkwefcdk; udk aygufuGJpGrf;tm;MuD;rm;aom [lonfh *&d
bmompum;jzifhaz:jytoHk;jyKxm;onf/
1aum 2;4-5

oifwdkY\ ,HkMunfkjcif;onf vlynmtm;jzifhrwnf? bk&m;ocif\ wefcdk;awmftm;jzifh
wnfapjcif;iSg? igpum;? igha'oemonf vlynmESifh,SOfaom jzm;a,mif;aom pum;ESifhwuG
&Sdonfr[kwf/ 0dnmOfawmf\ edrdwfvu©Pmwefcdk;awmfESifh wuG&Sd\/

wrefawmfaygvkonfvnf; omoemjyK&mü ocifa,&I\ 'l;emrpf uJhodkYaom wefcdk;?
oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmf\ wefcdk;udktoHk;jyKonf/

wrefawmfaygvk\ omoemjyKjcif;ü emaomolwdkYtay:vufwifjcif; wefcdk;udk y0gydkif;jzifh
aomfvnf;aumif;? cg;pnf;wpfckckjzifh vlrrmxHodkY vufqifhurf;ydkYay;jci;f ponfjzifh temjidrf;jcif;wefcdk; r
udkxif&mS ;pGm jyocJhonfh oufaoom"ursm;pGmudkwrefawmf0w¬KüawGU&onf/
wref 19;11-12

bk&m;ocifonf aygvkvufjzifh tvGefw&mxlqef;aomwefcdk;rsm;udkjyawmfrlonfjzifhí?
aygvkoHk;aom yk0g? cg;yef;wckckudk tema&m*g&SdaomolwdkYqDodkY? ay;vdkufí? olwdkYonf tema&m*gESifh
uif;vGwfMu\/ ewfqdk;wdkYvnf; xGufoGm;Mu\/
uREkfyfwdkYtwGuftwk,lp&mykHoufao

þykHOyrmrsm;xHrS oif,lp&mrsm;pmG udk uREkfyfwdkYcH,lEkdifonf/

48

bk&m;ocif\ temjidrf;jcif;wefcdk;onf trSefwu,fjzpfjyD;wdkYxd prf;oyfEkdifaom t&mwpfckjzpfonf/
cE¨mudk,frSwqifhrSpí tjcm;odkY pD;qif;ul;ajymif;Ekdifonfht&mjzpfonf/

vlrrmrsm;onf aygvkxHodkY ra&mufvmEkdifaomtcg (odkY) aygvkonfvnf; vlrrmrsm;xHodkY roGm;Ekdif
aomtcg vufudkfifyk0g (odkY) cg;yef;wpfckckudkemaomolxHodkYydkYjcif;jzifh temjird f;jcif; omoemaygvkuJhodkY
udkjyKEdkifonf/

ydwf-yk0gpwpfckckonf wdkYxdqufEG,rf I\ aomhcsujfzifhjyD; xdkrSwqifh ,HkMunfjcif;odkYapvGwcf dkifonf/

aygvk udk,fwdkifa&mufvmí vlrrmrsm;tay: vufwifjcif;trIudkjyKouJhodkY xyfwlaomouf a&mufrI
udkjzpfaponf/

rdrd\ omoemvkyfief;ü wrefawmfaygvkonf bk&m;ocif\ temjidrf;jcif; 'dkfif;erdkufwefckd; jzifh
omoemjyKonf/

ocifa,&IuhJodkY rdrd\ toufwmü oefY&Sif;0dnmOfawmf\vkyfaqmifrItm;jzifh temjidrf;jcif; wefcdk;udk
wrefawmfaygvk &&SdcJhí vlxky&dowfwdkYonfvnf; ,HkMunfjcif;tm;jzifh tema&m*gjidrf;jcif;udk cHpm;&&Sdonf/

0dnmOfawmf AwdÅZHcHjyD;aom ,HkMunfolrsm;ü &Sdaom temjidrf;jcif;wefcdk;

- uREkfyfwdkYü&Sdaomwefcdk;

rsm;pGmaomolwdkYu ]]ocifa,&I\ vufawmfü xdk'dkif;erdkfufwefcdk;&Sdonfudk uREfkyfod onf/ MuD;jrwf
aomwrefawmfaygvk\ vufawmfü xdk'dkif;erdkufwefcdk;&Sdonfudk uREfkyfon/f }} odkYaomfvnf;]],aeY xdkt&mwdkY
onf uREkfyfESifhtb,fodkYqdkifoenf;/ ]]uREfkyfonf omref,HkMunfolwpfOD;rQom jzpfonf/ uREfkyf\ toufwm
ESihf omoemüxdkuJhodkYaom wefcdk;awmfonf oufaoxif&Sm;&ef uREfkyfrnfuJhodkY arQmfvifhEkdifygrnfenf;}}
[krsm;pGmaom olwdkYuqdkMuonf/

þuJhodkYaom qifwl,dk;rSm; ar;cGef;rsm;udkajz&Si;f &efwrefawmf 0w¬KürSwfwrf;wifxm; onfh aemufqHk;
cGJcGgcgeD;ajymMum;cJhaom ocifa,&I\qHk;rpum;awmfudk jyefvnfMunfhMuygpdkY/

wref 1;8

xdkodkYr&Sdaomfvnf;? oifwdkYtay:odkY oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmf qif;oufaomtcg? oifwdkYonf
wefcdk;udk cH&ía,&k&SvifNrdKfUrSpaom,k'jynf?&Srm&djynf?ajrMuD;pGef;wdkifatmif ig\oufaojzpfMu
vdrfhrnf[k rdefYawmfrl\/

xdkwefcdk;[lí azmfjyxm;onfh onfocifa,&IESifhaygvkwdkY tema&m*g jidrf;pOf
azmfjyaomwefcdk;qdkonfh a0g[m&ESifhtwlwlyifjzpfonf/ olwdkYü&Sdonfh wefcdk; xyfrQwlnD onfh wefcdk;rsKd;
0dnmOfawmfü AwÅdZHcHjyD;aom uREfkyfwdkYüvnf;&Sdonf/

uREfkyfwdkYonf oufaocH a0iSpOf temjidrf;jcif;wefcdk;udkolwyg;xHodkY pD;qif;cGifhjyK&rnf taMumif;rSm
wefcdk;onfapvGwf&efjzpfonf/ emaomoltm;temjidrf;atmifuREfkyfwdkYû jyKpkjcif;jzifh bk&m;ocif onf
uREkfyfwdkYtm;jzifhol\ EIwfuywfawmfudk twnfjyKouJYodkY uREfkyfwdkYonf u,fwifjcif;owif;awmfudk

49

uREkfyfwdkY\ a,&k&Svif? ,k'jynf? &Srm&djynfrSpí urÇmajrMuD;tpGef;wdkifatmif,laqmifaom tusKd;xdatmif
vkyfaqmifonfh oufaocHaumif;rsm; jzpfvmonf/

MuD;jrwfaomwefcdk;

MuD;jrwfaom wefcdk;awmfudk &&Sdjcif;jzifh uREfkyfwdkYonfvnf;ol\ oufaocrH sm;jzpfvmrnf[k
wrefawmf0wKŸ azmfjyxm;onf/

wref 4;33

ocifa,&Ixajrmufawmfrljcif;taMumif;udk wrefawmfwdkYonf MuD;aomwefcdk; ESifhoufaocHí?
xdkol taygif;wdkYonfMuD;aomaus;Zl;awmfESifhjynfhpHkMu\/

wref 6;8

oawzefonf aus;Zl;awmfESifh4if;? wefcdk;awmfESifh4if;? jynfhpHkojzifh? MuD;pGmaomedrdwfvu©Pm?
tHbG,f aom trIwdkYudk vlrsm;a&SUrSmjyKav\/

uREkfyfwdkYtwGif;ü usdef;0yfawmfrlaom oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmfwecf dk;tm;jzifhom uREkfyfwdkYtwGufaomf
4if; ? uREfkyfwdkYtm;jzifhaomf4if;? bk&m;ocifonfMuD;rm;aom tvkyfudkvkyfrnfjzpfonf/

wdkif;wmí r&aomMuD;jrwfonfhwefcdk;

ajrmufrsm;pGmaom0dnmOfawmfAwÅZHcHjy;D onfh ,HkMunfolrsm;onfomírsm;aom wefcdk;rsm;udkoGef;
avmif;yg&ef bk&m;ociftm; txyfcgxyfcg r&ruawmif;qdkMuonf/ xdkodkYaomawmif;qdkrsKd;udkbk&m;ocif
emanmif;í uREfkyfwdkYvufcH&,ljyD;aom wefcdk;awmfxufomírsm;aom wefcdk;awmfrsm;udk oGef;avmif;ygvQif
uREfkyfwdkYonf aygufuGJxGufoGm;rnfrSmaojcmonf/

uREkfyfwdkYtwGif;ü pGrf;aqmifEkdifaom 'dkif;erdkufwefcdk; &&SdjyD;om;jzpfonf/ uREkfyfwdkY
ta,mufpDwkdif;onf ]]vrf;avQmufaeaom'dkif;erdkuftawmihfrsm;}} uJhodkYjzpfMuonf/

{zuf 3;20

igwdkYüjyKjyifaom wefcdk;awmftwdkif;? igwdkYawmif;yefMuHpnforQxuf tvGefxl;jcm;pGmjyKjcif;iSg
wwfEkdif awmfrlaombk&m;ocifonf?-

uREkfyfwdkYtwGif;ü&SdESifhjyD;aom temjidrf;jcif;wefcdk;udk oefY&Sif;0dnmOwf efcdk;jzifh apvGwfítemjidrf;jcif;
trIudkjyKvkyf&rnfhtpm; txufrSwefcdk;awmfoGef;avmif;&ef bk&m;&Siftm; xyfcgxyfcg awmif;qdkjcif;tm;jzifh
udk,fawmfvdkvm;aomtemjidrf;jcif;tawGUtMuHKudk uREfkyfwdkYu rMumcPysufuGufcJhMuonf/

pD;qif;apyg/

a,m 7;38

ighudk,HkMunfaomolonf usrf;pmvmonftwdkif; toufa&xGuf&mprf;a&wGif; jzpfvdrfhrnf[k
rdefYawmfrl\/

50


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