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Published by sitimaizatul231, 2022-07-09 00:50:19





Prepared by:

(SR243 3B)

Prepared for:

Date Submission:
10th July 2022



ID: 2022997175

Title: Impact of Social Media and Technology on Mental Health

General purpose: To give some awareness about Impact of Social Media and Technology on
Mental Health

Central idea: Impact of Social Media and Technology on Mental Health


I. According to the statistics, social media users in Malaysia are youth aged 13-34.
Malaysia’s total population was 32.98 million in January 2022. Data show that
Malaysia’s population increased by 408 thousand (+1.3 percent) between 2021
and 2022. 48.6 percent of Malaysia’s population is female, while 51.4 percent of
the population is male. At the start of 2022, 78.2 percent of Malaysia’s population
lived in urban centers, while 21.8 percent lived in rural areas.

II. They use the medium frequently and for an extended period to serve different
essential functions communication, socialization, building and maintaining a
relationship, overcoming loneliness, sharing of information, learning and
entertainment. There is no doubt about the usefulness of social media, while the
medium also presents risks to youth.

III. But the question is, what is the level of Malaysian youth’s competencies in social
media? Do they use social media to help the authority in preventing mental

IV. What Is Mental Health? Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and
social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act. It also helps determine
how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is vital
at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood. In your
life, if you experience mental health problems, you’re thinking, mood, and
behavior could be affected. Many factors contribute to mental health problems,
including: Biological factors, such as genes or brain chemistry, Life experiences,
such as trauma or abuse and Family history of mental health problems


I. Express my opinion about ‘Social Media and Its Impact on Mental Health’ ‘Social
media and networking sites
• Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, Twitter, and various.

II. There were 30.25 million social media users in Malaysia in January 2022.
• The number of social media users in Malaysia at the start of 2022 was
equivalent to 91.7 percent of the total population, but it’s important to note
that social media users may not represent unique individuals. They are
thoughtlessly and uselessly wasting their precious time on these sites.

III. The other major disadvantage of the increasing use of such networking sites
• Spread of obscenity
• Radiation caused by microwaves
• Difficulty concentration, fatigue, headaches, and sleep disturbance that
can further trigger health complications
• Feelings of Missing Out
• Almost Addictive
• Focusing on Interactions


I. Mental health issues have gone up steadily following the trendlines from
smartphone and social network releases

II. Reducing social media use to just 30 minutes per day can significantly
help improve our mental health.


Children and social media

The ASEAN Post Team
3 February 2019

In this file photo, girls show their Facebook "wall" on their mobile devices in Jakarta. (Bay Ismoyo / AFP Photo)

With social media penetration rates among the highest in the world, it should
come as no surprise that parents in Southeast Asia are increasingly
concerned about their children’s Internet usage.
One in three children are Internet users according to the United Nations
International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF), and a fifth of children
aged between three and four have their own tablet PCs according to the
World Economic Forum (WEF). With this in mind, the need to protect the
online safety of children is paramount.
Harmful content, sexual exploitation and abuse, gaming addiction, cyber-
bullying, misuse of private information – the risks facing children in the digital
world is a real concern for parents.
A survey on social media conducted by TotallyAwesome – a kids-safe and
compliant digital advertising and content platform – in Indonesia, Malaysia,
Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam in October 2018 found that 90 percent of
children between the ages of four and 12 use social media platforms such
as Facebook, Instagram and YouTube.
The survey also found that 68 percent of parents were afraid that their
children might come across inappropriate content, 56 percent were worried

about its potential negative influence and 47 percent were fearful of cyber-
bullying. 34 percent were concerned about their children’s general well-being
while using social media.

These concerns are not unfounded, as 68 percent of parents said their
children had already experienced negative issues on social media. 33 percent
said they had already been exposed to inappropriate content while 24 percent
had already fallen victim to bad influences.

“We had expected to see concerns amongst parents regarding their kids´
digital safety – this is a global trend,” said Quan Nguyen, TotallyAwesome’s

“However, the results were much higher than we initially anticipated.”

High social media penetration

With social media penetration in ASEAN member states among the world’s
highest, parents have every reason to be concerned.

The Global Digital Yearbook 2019 produced by We Are Social and Hootsuite
last month found that Singapore has the fourth highest rate of social media
penetration in the world at 79 percent. Malaysia comes in at sixth (78 percent)
and Thailand is eighth (74 percent).

Meanwhile, a 2017 study by CyberSecurity Malaysia (CSM) found that almost
half of the pupils aged between seven and nine in the survey consisting of
over 8,000 primary and secondary students nationwide had social media
accounts, with the percentage increasing to 67 percent for children aged
between 10 and 12. In the 13-17 age-group, 92 percent of those surveyed had
social media accounts.

Impact on mental, physical health

Although social media can help children with their homework, connect them
with peers and friends, boost their creativity and helps them share content; the
physical and mental ill-effects of its excessive use has been well documented.

Increasingly seen as a means to placate children or to keep them occupied,
defiance and anger are commonplace issues when children are asked to stop
using their smartphones.

Apart from external dangers such as cyber-bullying, social media may create
concerns over self-esteem and self-worth tied to the number of likes,
comments and followers a child receives – an issue commonly seen in adults
as well.

According to child researchers in the United Kingdom (UK), short-sightedness
has doubled since the 1960s and obesity is increasing – partly due to
increasing smartphone use. Exercise and outdoor play have taken a backseat
to smartphone use, and only half of seven and eight-year-olds get the
recommended daily hour of exercise, according to the WEF.

It is obvious something has to be done before it’s too late.

Parents, educators, Internet service providers (ISP), technology companies,
and the government need to sit down at the same table to iron out policies
and work out solutions.

While parents should control the amount of time their children spend on
smartphones and monitor their activities while they are using them, children
should also be educated about responsible smartphone and social media use.

However, before anything else, it is the parents who need to put down their
smartphones first and set a good example for their children.

Surprisingly, one of social media’s most vocal critics has been former
Facebook president Sean Parker, who said in a 2017 interview that “it literally
changes your relationship with society, with each other.”

“It probably interferes with productivity in weird ways. God only knows what it's
doing to our children's brains.”

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