DATO’ SIR ONN BIN
PA R T I C I PA N T
AUDREYLIA SHIRLEY AK ANDRIA
SK KEM ISKANDAR
86800 MERSING, JOHOR
Dato’ Onn bin Jaafar is Malayan remarkable political figure who
played a leading role in the Merdeka (independence) movement and
the establishment of the Federation of Malaya.
He is also the founder and was the 1st President of United Malays
National Organisation (UMNO) from its formation in 1946 to his
resignation in 1951.
He was responsible for the social and economic welfare of the Malays
by setting up the Rural Industrial Development Authority (RIDA).
Dato' Sir Onn bin Dato' Jaafar was a Malayan politician who served as
the 7th Menteri Besar of Johor from 1947 to 1950, then Malaya.
Born: February 12, 1895, Bukit Gambir
Died: January 19, 1962, Johor Bahru
Spouse: Halimah Hussein (m. 1919–1962)
Education: Malay College Kuala Kangsar (1910–1911)
Children: Tun Hussein Onn
Dato 'Onn Jaafar received Malay Education before continuing his
studies in England.
He learnt English with an English women who took care of him when
he was adopted by Sultan Ibrahim.
In 1903, he furthered his studies at Alderbury Lodge School in
Dato 'Onn continue his studies after returning home on (1910-1911) at
the Malay College, Kuala Kangsar.
Malay College, Kuala Kangsar.
After World War II he became extremely active in Malayan politics.
Convening a meeting of more than 40 Malay organizations in March
1946 to oppose the union, Onn founded the United Malays National
Organization (UMNO), a political party representing purely Malay
The sultan of Johore appointed him as Johor Chief Minister (Menteri
Besar) of his state, and in February 1948 he became Member for
Home Affairs for the Federation of Malaya.
Onn in 1951 resigned from UMNO because it rejected his proposal
that membership be open to persons of all races.
Onn formed two political parties on his own, the Independence of
Malaya Party and the Party Negara (National Party) in 1953–55; but,
when neither party gained popular support against Rahman’s new
Alliance Party, he was eclipsed from Malayan political life.
Local newspaper writer - Through Akhbar Warta and Warta Negara,
he has been educating the public by writing a lot of weaknesses of the
Malays as well as ways to overcome them.
Leading the Malays against the Malayan Union. - He is very sensitive
to the weakness of his race. The Malays, the Malay states were
considered to be state property and heritage of ancestors. He wanted to
end the British exploitation of Malaya.
The establishment of "Sultan Ibrahim Scholarship" - It is the first
scholarship established in Johor and the Malay Peninsula for securing
and helping the Malays and woman.
The establishment of RIDA (Rural Industrial Development Authority)
- He opened up opportunities to the Malays.
Responsible – He is a Malayan political figure who played a leading
role in the Merdeka (independence) movement and the establishment
of the Federation of Malaya, forerunner of the present country of
Brave - Convening a meeting of more than 40 Malay organizations in
March 1946 to oppose the union, Onn founded the United Malays
National Organization (UMNO), a political party representing purely
Dato' Onn died at the age of 67, on 19th January 1962 at the Officers'
Ward, General Hospital, Johor
However, his legacy is continued by his son, Hussein Onn, the 3rd and
former Prime Minister of Malaysia and his grandson is the
current Minister of Foreign Affairs, Hishammuddin Hussein.
Dato' Sir Onn bin Dato' Jaafar is a inspiring leader, who was
responsible for the social and economic welfare of Malaysian and is a
person that the younger generation of Malaysians should be proud of.
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