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Published by Constguide, 2019-12-12 06:03:06

issue 3 power magazine online

issue 3 power magazine online

Power Magazine AUG 2019 issue 03

AUG 2019 issue 03 w w w . p o w e r m a g - e g y. c o m

www.powermag-egy.com SPECIAL FILE

SECURITY TIPS :

INTERNET OF
THINGS BRINGS
CONVENIENCE, RISK

LED MIDDLE EAST EXPO ( THE EVENT )



Editorial THE EVENT
Edition
The launch of the third issue of the Power Magazine coincides with the launch of
the third edition of the International LED Technology and modern LED lighting
systems and electronic components Exhibition, LED Middle East Expo, which will
be held at the Cairo International Conference Center from August 2nd to 4th.
The event is very important as the exhibition is the only activity in this sector
specialized in modern lighting systems, and the use of LED technology in all fields.
The importance of the exhibition is reflected in the interest of the Egyptian state
in the event, at the investment level, as well as the special aspirations of the sector,
which the state plans to make a major change in the interest of saving energy.
In this regard, policies have been developed and initiatives are being launched to
replace the current lighting and lighting system with new energy-saving systems,
thereby reducing harmful emissions to the environment, as well as reducing the
import of energy derivatives needed to operate power plants, in order to save
billions of dollars of hard currency and pump them into other routes in support
of the national economy.
The exhibition comes in line with the State’s economic development plan,
as energy consumption has developed significantly over the past five years.
Increasing efficiency and rationalizing energy consumption is imperative to face
the growing demand for it and its positive impact on improving the environmental
effect of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Reducing oil consumption for
thermal generating plants is required for that.
The Egyptian state has launched a national plan to improve energy efficiency in
Egypt in order to achieve an expected saving of 5% of the average consumption
during the past five years in some sectors such as, domestic lighting, drinking
water, and sanitation and other sectors.
For all the above reasons, major national companies working in the field of
LED technology and modern lighting systems are sponsoring the event, which
involves many foreign companies manufacturing the latest technology serving
Egyptian factories.
The exhibition has achieved a great success in its second session with the
participation of 50 national companies working in the fields of manufacturing
LED systems, energy saving lamps, solar lighting systems, electronic components,
and other indoor and outdoor lighting systems, screens and modern means
of advertising. The number of visitors reached 10,000 visitors over 3 days from
Egypt, and Arab, African and foreign countries
It is worth mentioning that LED Middle East Expo is witnessing a qualitative
development in addition to what it has achieved during its previous two sessions.
It includes all the LED systems, applications and components of modern interior
and exterior lighting, lighting of sites and projects, and lighting of all kinds
and electronic displays Solar lighting systems and electronic components. The
exhibition was marketed in Arab and foreign countries and African countries, in
addition to the Egyptian market.

General Editor

issue www.powermag-egy.com

3 MAG COVER

AUG
2019

4

Chairman NIGERIA SIGNS DEAL
TO IMPROVE POWER
Mostafa Abd-El Azeem TRANSMISSION

CEO 06

Ebrahim Hossny THE SAVING
PERCENTAGE OF “LED”
Editor LAMPS COMPARING
WITH ITS TRADITIONAL
Mohie Abdel Ghani ALTERNATIVES REACHES
92%
Editorial Team
Said - Kareem 18
Khaled - Bassel
Photographer MOHAMED BN SALMAN
Nour - Hossam
“ENERGY FOR THE
Distribution Manager POOR” IN FRONT OF
Yasser Mohammed “G20” GROUP.
Office Manager
Amina Muhammed 42
Sales Team
Areej muhammed
Asmaa
Kholoud Khaled
Kareem Nihad
Financial Director
Essam Saber
Kareem Hassan
Public Relation
Ola Gamal
Legal Affairs
Emad Khaled

PROJECTS,
PRODUCTION, AND THE
LETS MAKE THIS GLOBAL SOLAR ENERGY
SUMMER GREEN 50 MARKET

www.powermag-egy.com

600 MILLION issue
AFRICANS
STRUGGLE WITH 3
UNSUSTAINABLE
POWER SUPPLY AUG
2019
26
5

What is the 32
Connection
between Smart
Lighting and IoT ?

Will clean energy
solutions stop
carbon
emissions?
38

ENG. ATEF ABDEL MONEIM

INDUSTRY FACES MANY
OBSTACLES AMID FIERCE

GLOBAL COMPETITION 54

GEMASOLAR
A UNIQUE SOLAR
POWER PLANT IN
SPAIN

52

www.powermag-egy.com

issue

3 News

AUG

2019

6

EXXONMOBIL IS PLANNING TO BUILD A
LOGISTICS SUPPORT STATION FOR GAS
AND OIL SERVICES IN DAMIETTA PORT

■ Ahmed Mahmoud the port’s location and its modes of transportation,
advantages in terms of its which represent an important
A delegation from ExxonMobil proximity to the new oil competitive advantage.
International Company visited discoveries and gas fields in the
Damietta port last July and was Mediterranean Sea, in addition For his part, the head of
received by the port authority to the availability of multiple Damietta Port said the port
under the chairmanship of administration is ready to
Captain Tariq Shaheen to discuss provide all possible and
ExxonMobil’s study of the necessary facilities for the
port’s location to ascertain the implementation of such types
possibility of its implementation of projects, especially with
of the logistics support station the presence of international
for gas and oil fields. companies working in the port
in projects serving the newly
During the meeting, the discovered gas fields in the
port administration reviewed Mediterranean Sea.

9 COUNTRIES ELECTRICITY
PRODUCE 26% SPOKESMAN:
OF THE
WORLD’S CLEAN GOVERNMENT
ELECTRICITY SPENT 47
BILLION
■ Agencies POUNDS TO
DEVELOP GRIDS
A global energy report revealed
that renewable energy produced ■ Ali Mahmoud
around the world representing
26% of the world’s electricity The spokesman for the ministry of
production, and those 9 coun- electricity, Ayman Hamza, has said
tries around the world produce that the projects of improving the
20% of the world’s electricity efficiency of electricity grids and
produced from the sun and wind. transformers will be completed by
The report published by Sustain- the end of 2019 or the beginning of
able Energy Organization in Paris, 2020.
which addressed “Global Renew-
able Energy Status of 2019”, said He urged the citizens to rationalize
that stronger policies are needed consumption to control the value of
in all sectors to change into sus- electricity bills.
tainable energy systems.
It should be noted that the Hamza noted that 47 billion pounds
issuance of the report mentioned had been spent to develop the grids
above happens to be 15 years and install 9,000 new transformers
since the Bonn 2004 Conference, for uninterrupted electricity over the
the historic international confer- past four years. He said the ministry
ence for renewable energy. had declared a state of emergency
under the title “No to reducing the
load.”

Ayman Hamza

www.powermag-egy.com

issue

3

AUG
2019

7

NIGERIA SIGNS DEAL
TO IMPROVE POWER

TRANSMISSION

The Federal government deal, respectively. By 2025 when necessary for economic growth,
of Nigeria has signed an the contract will lapse, a total of industrialization and poverty
implementation agreement 25,000MW is expected to have alleviation,” said President Buhari.
for the Nigeria Electrification been met.
Roadmap (NER), a partnership He further pointed out that
between governments of Nigeria Buhari said the government is there is an imbalance between
and Germany and Siemens AG, committed to the development the amount of power generated
to upgrade Nigeria’s power of Mambilla Hydroelectric and the amount available for
transmission and distribution and the various solar projects consumers. According to him,
infrastructure. under development across the despite over 13,000MW of power
country, as well as the long-term generation capacity, only an
Improving power transmission power generation capacity in average of 4,000MW reliably
The agreement which was the country to ensure adequate reaches consumers.
signed between Nigeria’s energy mix.
President Muhammadu Buhari On his part, Kaeser said that the
and Siemens’s Global Chief “We all know how critical signed deal will will significantly
Executive Officer, Mr Joe Kaeser, electricity is to the development enhance the country’s power
states that Siemens, Transmission of any community or indeed any supply and gets the country
Company of Nigeria and the nation. And in Nigeria, while we to the next industrial phase.
regulator will work hand in are blessed to have significant “Transmission and distribution
hand to achieve 7,000MW and natural gas, hydro and solar systems had remained major
11,000MW of reliable power resources for power generation, constraints in Nigeria. However
supply by 2021 and 2023 in the we are still on the journey to now, we have an excellent
first and second phases of the achieving reliable, affordable opportunity to address the
and quality electricity supply electricity problem.”

www.powermag-egy.com

issue

3 News

AUG

2019

8 GERMAN RENEWABLES
DELIVER MORE ELECTRICITY
THAN OIL AND COAL

s■oPuOrWceEsR MAGAZINE, tank Agora Energiewende told compared to the first half of 2018.
Deutsche Welle that the first half Meanwhile, energy produced
The British newspaper The of 2019 was particularly windy from renewable sources in
Independent has quoted official and wind power production rose Britain accounts for only 29%
reports from Berlin as saying by around 20% compared to the of the country’s total electricity
that new and renewable energy first half of 2018. production. Germany’s renewable
sources in Germany so far Electricity production from solar energy production has been
produced more electricity than panels rose by 6%, natural gas by steadily rising for nearly two
coal and nuclear power combined. 10%, while the share of nuclear decades thanks to the Renewable
Figures revealed that 47.3% of power in German electricity Energy Act, which was redrafted
the electricity consumption in consumption has remained last year to reduce costs to
Germany came from renewable virtually unchanged. consumers. Germany plans to
sources, such as sun, wind, water Electricity production from completely abandon nuclear
and biomass, while 43.4% came coal-fired power plants fell 30% power production by 2022.
from coal-fired and nuclear power
plants during the first half of 2019.
Thus, Germany managed to cut
carbon dioxide emissions by about
15% compared to the same period
last year, according to figures
published by the Fraunhofer
Institute for Solar Energy Systems
in July.
However, some scientists attribute
the superiority of renewable
energy over conventional energy
to weather patterns and market
driven events.
Fabian Hein from the think

www.powermag-egy.com

JAPAN’S HONDA IS POISED TO LAUNCH ITS OWN issue
MASTERPIECE TO RIVAL THE FAMOUS TESLA
3

AUG
2019

9

s■oPuOrWceEsR MAGAZINE, with a length of 3.9 meters, and passengers a sense of comfort,
its perimeter and roof are made while at the same time enjoying
The Japanese company Honda of transparent glass to give the surrounding landscape
unveiled its advanced electric outside the car.
car last July, which is poised
to launch soon, betting on The interior of the car has a
becoming the first competitor capacity for four passengers,
to the famous Tesla. with the possibility of folding
the back row of seats to expand
The engine’s electric torque of the size of the trunk.
the car is 150 HP and it’s supplied
with advanced batteries that can The car also has its doors
last more than 200 kilometers open to the back, without
per shipment, and can charge traditional grips, compensated
80% of its capacity within just by fingerprint sensors that open
40 minutes. and close easily and safely,
and those doors are stripped
The new Honda electric car of side mirrors to be replaced
has a very elegant structure, by cameras that show the car’s
surroundings more clearly.

SAGEMCOM SUBMITS FEASIBILITY STUDY TO BRING
ELECTRICITY TO 142 VILLAGES IN MADAGASCAR

■ Agencies

SAGEMCOM, a leader in turnkey/ between September 2018 and been instrumental to the results
EPC (Engineering Procurement May 2019. of this study.
and Construction) projects for
rural electrification, has submitted Support from the HACSE design SAGEMCOM’s longstanding
a study which examined the office, the socio-economic expertise in the rural
feasibility of bringing electricity study of the Energies for the electrification value chain and its
to 142 villages in Madagascar. World Foundation (Fondem) proven footprint in Madagascar
and Guinard Energies for for over 20 years have also been
Carried out for the benefit hydrokinetic river studies has valuable assets in this project.
of the Agency for the Rural
Electrification Development,
(ADER), the study also analyzed
the hydroline potential of 15
Malagasy villages.

The project was facilitated
thanks to a generous contribution
of Private Sector Study and
Assistance Funding (FASEP) by
the French Directorate General
for the Treasury.

Villages were selected
following a study conducted
in collaboration with ADER,

www.powermag-egy.com

issue

3 News

AUG

2019

10

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC AND GENERAL ELECTRIC
WIN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF 3 POWER
CONTROL CENTERS IN CAIRO ALEXANDRIA.

■ Ahmed Samir The minister confirmed that the future vision of the
electricity sector is based on the transformation of
In the fourth week of July it was announced the current network from a typical network to a smart
that Schneider Electric won the tender for the network using modern technology and information
implementation of three power control centers in systems, and there is an interaction between the
Cairo, as well as the victory of its counterpart, General operator and the consumer to manage energy
Electric, for the implementation of a control center in demand and take full advantage of all available
Alexandria. possibilities.

The Financial Bid Study Committee had completed The Ministry’s plan comes within the framework
the opening of the envelopes for the competing of developing and improving the level of service
companies and announced the victory of the two provided to the citizen, and providing a distinctive
companies, which are implementing the main service to the consumer, with the highest
control system and developing the networks international standards, without interruptions
of prevention and communication to raise the caused by technical failures or low voltage.
operational performance and improve the quality of
Electrical feeding. The importance of the control centers is due to the
ability to control the components of the electrical
The Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy, network, allowing quick handling of the problems
Dr. Mohammed Shaker, announced earlier that of emergency, and the ease of providing feed
the electricity and energy sector in Egypt seeks to alternatives to places where the breakdowns, as well
implement a plan to develop and modernize the as reduce the time of breakdowns, and reduce the
transport and distribution networks and control work time to maneuver to change the loads and
centers needed to accommodate the added reduce loss in the network, in addition to planning
capabilities of new projects and to raise the level of future loads.
service provided to the public with high efficiency.

www.powermag-egy.com

RCREEE AND EWA issue
EXPLORE
“ELECTRICAL 3
VEHICLES” PROJECT
IN BAHRAIN AUG
2019
■ POWER MAGAZINE, sources
11
In support of the Kingdom of Bahrain’s renewable
energy program, the Chief Executive Officer of the
Electricity and Water Authority (EWA) and member of
the Regional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy
Efficiency’s (RCREEE) board of trustees Sheikh Nawaf
Bin Ibrahim Al-Khalifa received RCREEE delegation
headed by the Executive Director Dr. Ahmed Badr
accompanied with Siemens delegation.

The meeting, held in late June, tackled the kingdom’s
proposal for the establishment and setting Electrical
Vehicles (EV) sector in the Bahraini market.

RCREEE Planning Director Ashraf Kraidy andTechnical
Director Maged Karam Eddin Mahmoud joined the
delegation along with Ms. Laura Wiehler, RCREEE’s
business development specialist. Also, Siemens
Project Manager Mr. Tugcan Sahin joined the meeting.

The project, designed in cooperation with Siemens,
aims mainly to reduce the kingdom’s carbon dioxide
emissions and also reduce Bahrain’s national energy
bills in accordance with the international trends.

The attendees also discussed the role that energy
service companies can play in supporting Bahrain’s
national energy sector under the supervision of EWA.

They further explored the role that EWA can play
in the development and empowerment of energy
service companies to push forward energy efficiency
projects and programs on a national scale. This will
further develop the quality of available services in the
kingdom’s market.

Over the past years, Bahrain has taken many steps
to introduce EV in its market benefiting from EV’s
advantages which classify EVs as the most promising
option in the future of the automobile industry given
the vast technological development.

In this regard, RCREEE proposed the EV project in
cooperation with EWA. The project depends mainly on
the creation of enabling conditions that allow EV vast
spread and the increase of its competitiveness against
traditional means of transportation.

The project proposal includes developing a detailed
technical and economic study, which calls for the
cooperation of all national stakeholders.

It is noteworthy that Bahrain is one of the founding
member states of RCREEE back in 2008. Sheikh Nawaf
Bin Ibrahim Al-Khalifa was named RCREEE’s board of
trustees chairman in 2013.

www.powermag-egy.com

issue

3 News

AUG

2019

12 TWO PALESTINIANS DEVELOP A LAW OBLIGES
COMPOUND FOR ENERGY ELECTRIC CARS
PRODUCTION AND HEATING TO GIVE UP
THEIR SILENCE
■MPAOGWAEZRINE, sources in the combustion technology for AND MAKE
which the currently used diesel NOISE
It is always true that “necessity engines have been designed,” he
is the mother of invention”. The said. “Research findings revealed ■ Ahmed Mahmoud
permanent power crisis in the that adding 30% seawater vapor to
Gaza Strip has prompted two coal powder gave higher thermal The European Union has
Palestinian researchers to develop efficiency and less economical passed a resolution committing
a low-cost fuel for use in various cost,” he said. electric car manufacturers to
power plants and heating. The new provide cars with a device that
compound helps reduce the use of The researcher explained that make slight noise gives people
conventional fuel. the new compound had been around the electric car, running
tested in power plants outside the at 19 kilometers per hour, a
The compound was developed country and proved high efficiency, sound close to a car engine in
by Dr. Alaa Maslim, a researcher stressing his readiness to produce order to warn them indirectly.
in mechanical engineering at the the compound at home in the event The new legislation came
Gaza-based Israa University, and Dr. that the bodies concerned provide because of fears that new cars
Abdel Fattah Qaraman, a researcher the required support and potential. would represent a threat to
in inorganic and analytical “The research took a full year and pedestrians as they would not
chemistry. was conducted on two phases. The be aware when the cars get
first took place outside the country closer to them as they are quiet.
Maslim said in press statements because of the lack of resources The reasons for the decision
that the idea of ​t​he invention had in the Strip, and the second was were that the cars would be
been theoretically developed and supported by the Israa University in close to the pedestrians as they
published as an exhaustive study in Gaza,” he said. are turning backward or moving
the third edition of the International at low speed, although drivers
Journal of Energy and Environment He said the importance of the would be able to disable the
issued in the United Kingdom in research lies in the possibility of devices that make noise if they
August 2016. taking advantage of the world’s considered that it’s necessary.
large and cheap stocks of coal Some electric car
He said the essential idea of the to produce this fuel, which is
research had been based on mixing composed of seawater vapor, diesel
seawater, coal powder (CWF) and and coal powder.
other chemical additives to help full
combustion of the fuel in order to This research is a continuation
extract the compound. of the Israa University’s interest
in research that addresses the
He stressed that this fuel can be urgent needs and serves the
used in various power plants to environment as well as the
produce energy and heating. Palestinian people who struggle
with a tight economic blockade.
“ The fuel does not require a change

manufacturers have already
begun to put the device into
the newly manufactured cars,
especially as the new regulations
will prevent any electric car that
doesn’t contain that device from
moving on the street by 2021.
The previous period includes
the electric cars currently on
the roads for the installation
of “AVAS” device for noise
protection in order to protect
pedestrians on the street.

www.powermag-egy.com

issue

3

AUG
2019

JORDAN AND IRAQ AGREE ON A TIMETABLE 13

FOR THE COMPLETION OF THE PROJECT OF

ELECTRICAL CONNECTION IN 2021
■ Agencies
implementation of a high-voltage the transition to the synchronization
During the last week of July, transmission line connecting the of Arab networks in The Eight Link
Jordan and Iraq reached a special eastern region of Jordan, Al-Risha, Countries. This phase is expected to
agreement to establish a timetable with the western region of Iraq, be completed in 2025.
for the implementation of the Al-Qaim, with a length of 300
Jordanian-Iraqi link to feed the kilometers and an estimated cost of Zwati stressed the importance of
Iraqi side with electricity from the 140 million dollars, noting that the these projects in promoting the
Jordanian network by the end of two sides defined the responsibility Arab electric connection in the
2021, according to the Jordanian of each party to establish, The framework of aspiring to a common
news agency, Petra. project part within its boundaries Arab market that contributes to the
and bear the cost of the parts of the achievement of Arab integration
The Jordanian Minister of Energy project located in its territory. and serving the Arab peoples.
and Mineral Resources Eng. Hala
Zwati met with Iraqi Minister According to Zawati, the two sides It is worth mentioning that the
of Electricity Luay Al-Khatib in agreed on completing the technical Jordanian and Iraqi sides signed a
Baghdad. During the meeting, they and economic studies required Memorandum of Understanding
discussed bilateral cooperation and for the implementation of the (MoU) in December 2018 to frame
means of strengthening them to second phase in order to connect the agreement between the two
serve the interests of both countries the two countries and increase the countries on the implementation
and the two brotherly peoples, reciprocal capacity between them, of the direct link between the
according to a statement by the which requires the completion of two sides in terms of technical,
Ministry of Energy and Mineral internal networks inside Jordan economic, legal and commercial.
Resources. and Iraq and strengthening them The implementation mechanism,
and determining the exchange which stipulates completion of the
The statement showed that the capabilities which contributes to project by the end of 2021, was
first phase of the project includes the subsequently signed.

16 BILLION DOLLARS TO STRENGTHEN
IRELAND’S INVESTMENTS IN THE EGYPTIAN
ENERGY SECTOR

■ Agencies

United Oil, the largest oil company in Ireland,
has signed a deal to acquire Rockhopper Egypt
for $ 16 billion, according to the Irish website “Irish
Examiner”

The website added that the deal will be completed
by the end of 2019, saying that the Irish company
will also get 22% of Abu Sinan Company.

The website said that the company is sending
the first immediate production of oil to the United
States at the rate of 1100 barrels per day and 2.64
million barrels of net reserves.

It is worth noting that the Egyptian government
is making efforts to attract international companies
to invest in energy in Egypt in order to revive the
economy and return to the top in the field of energy
in the Middle East

www.powermag-egy.com

issue

3 News

AUG

2019

14 “EGYPTIAN COMPANIES STARTED TO SET UP
CHARGING POINTS FOR ELECTRIC CARS” SAID
THE OFFICIAL SPEAKER OF ELECTRICITY.

■ Ahmed Mahmoud bodies and the Council of Ministers the new administrative capital
to figure out how to manufacture has been designed so that the
In the context of the global trend those batteries by international buses there will be operated using
to promote the use of clean and standards. electrical power system.
non-polluting energy, and the
Egyptian state tends to reduce The official spokesman of the
dependence on traditional energy, Ministry of Electricity said that
especially petrol, by encouraging
the replacement of electric cars
in Egypt in replace of cars that
runs using petroleum fuels. The
spokesman of the Ministry of
Electricity, Dr. Ayman Hamza,
stated that some companies had
started to set up charging points
for electric cars in Egypt.

Hamza added that there are
imports for this kind of cars and
that there are also factories being
built to produce the necessary
batteries for them and that
the ministry is working hard to
implement this plan efficiently,
noting that the Ministry of
Electricity is working in agreement
with many official government

A LAW OBLIGES ELECTRIC CARS TO GIVE UP
THEIR SILENCE AND MAKE NOISE

■ Ahmed Mahmoud would be close to the pedestrians as they are turning
backward or moving at low speed, although drivers
The European Union has passed a resolution would be able to disable the devices that make noise
committing electric car manufacturers to provide if they considered that it’s necessary.
cars with a device that make slight noise gives people
around the electric car, running at 19 kilometers per Some electric car manufacturers have already begun
hour, a sound close to a car engine in order to warn to put the device into the newly manufactured cars,
them indirectly. especially as the new regulations will prevent any
electric car that doesn’t contain that device from
The new legislation came because of fears that new moving on the street by 2021.
cars would represent a threat to pedestrians as they
would not be aware when the cars get closer to them The previous period includes the electric cars
as they are quiet. currently on the roads for the installation of “AVAS”
device for noise protection in order to protect
The reasons for the decision were that the cars pedestrians on the street.

www.powermag-egy.com

TOTAL INSTALLED RENEWABLE ENERGY issue
CAPACITIES IN ARAB COUNTRIES HIT
11.9GW BY END OF 2018 3

AUG
2019

15

s■oPuOrWceEsR MAGAINZE, projects the opportunity to supporting business developers,
make the project more visible to strengthening public-private
The Regional Center for financing partners and a higher partnerships, and addressing
Renewable Energy and Energy possibility to receive a partial challenges related to sustainable
Efficiency’s (RCREEE) Technical grant component as part of the energy business.
Director Maged Karam Eddin endeavors to reach AREI target”. “Renewable energy targets in
Mahmoud has revealed that the the African Arab countries are
total installed renewable energy Speaking at the forum on the estimated at a total of around
capacities in the Arab countries key role of regulation in boosting 100GW by 2035, which would
reached around 11.9 gigawatts for investments in sustainable energy, promise a project pipeline to
the first time by the end of 2018, Mahmoud shed the light on the achieve more than 25% of the
representing 65% of the total significant progress achieved in the AREI’s target in 2030”, Mahmoud
renewable energy capacities in African Arab countries, including said.
RCREEE member states. Algeria, Egypt, Djibouti, Libya, During the forum, RCREEE was
Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia and officially recognized among the
Mahmoud’s remarks were based Tunisia. He also highlighted the AREI regional partner institutions.
on the upcoming release of the efforts already exerted towards
Arab Future Energy Index. improving regulatory frameworks,

This came during the Africa
High Level Forum on Renewable
Energy, held in Guinea from 11 to
14 June 2019 under the patronage
of the President of the Republic of
Guinea Alpha Conde.

The main objective of the forum
was to provide an opportunity for
high-level decision makers and
key stakeholders to exchange
expertise on how to scale up
investments in the renewable
energy sector in Africa through a
wide variety of actions.

The forum resulted in
recommendations on various
issues affecting the renewable
energy development in Africa with
a focus on the Africa Renewable
Energy Initiative (AREI) goals.

Among those of vital importance
is allowing the possibility that the
Independent Delivery Unit (IDU)
of AREI to receive proposals from
regional institutions for labeling
renewable energy projects across
the region.

As highlighted by the IDU
Director, Safiatou Nouhou, “AREI
labeling would give the adopted

www.powermag-egy.com

issue

3 News

AUG

2019

16 DUBAI ENERGY INSTITUTIONS, US DEPARTMENT

OF ENERGY LAUNCH LARGEST UNIVERSITY

COMPETITION FOR GREEN BUILDINGS

■soPuOrWceEsR MAGAZINE,

As part of the UAE’s efforts to 75% of Dubai’s total power customers in producing clean
spread the culture of sustainability output from clean energy by energy, DEWA launched the
and green buildings, Dubai 2050. The initiatives also aim to Shams Dubai initiative in 2015
Electricity and Water Authority establishes a sustainable energy to encourage building owners to
(DEWA), in collaboration with the model that supports economic install photovoltaic panels and
Emirates Green Building Council, growth, without damaging the connect them to its grid.
has launched the global university environment and its resources.
competition for green buildings. The initiative achieved
DEWA supports this direction remarkable success with over
The competition is organized by by developing leading clean 1,130 buildings connected to
DEWA through a partnership with and renewable energy projects, the electricity grid in Dubai with
the Dubai Supreme Council of the most prominent of which is a total capacity of 49MW. DEWA
Energy and the US Department of the Mohammed bin Rashid Al has other requests with a capacity
Energy. Maktoum Solar Park, which is the of 300MW. Dubai aims to install
largest single-site solar park in the photovoltaic panels on all the
Dubai will host the first two world. It will produce 5,000MW Emirate’s buildings by 2030.
rounds of this competition; the by 2030. When completed, it will
first in November 2019 with the reduce over 6.5 million tons of DEWA provides all that is needed
participation of 18 university carbon emissions annually. for the success of the Solar
teams from 13 countries, and the Decathlon Middle East in the UAE,
second in 2020 to coincide with DEWA has launched many which has become a platform
Expo 2020 Dubai. initiatives to contribute to making for innovation, a destination for
Dubai the smartest, happiest and innovators, and an incubator for
It is the world’s largest, most most sustainable city in the world. creative minds from all over the
competitive and challenging world.
global university competition. It As part of its efforts to engage
willhaveavenueattheMohammed
bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park
from 14 to 29 November to review
the innovative designs of smart
homes and to meet the university
teams from around the world.

This year’s competition is
particularly important, not only
because it is being held for the
first time in the Middle East and
Africa, but also because it is
being organized during the Year
of Zayed, which marks 100 years
since the birth of the late Sheikh
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, who
consolidated the principles of
sustainable development in the
UAE.

DEWA launches initiatives
to consolidate all aspects of
sustainability in line with the
Dubai Clean Energy Strategy
2050, which aims to provide

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SAUDI ARABIA:

RENEWABLE ENERGY TO CONTRIBUTE 9.5GW
TO “ENERGY MIX” PLAN BY 2023

■APgOenWcEieRs MAGAZINE, security through the introduction line with the kingdom’s 2030 vision.
of alternative energy sources within Among the goals of this vision is
Within the framework of its 2030 the national energy mix, he said.
vision and 2020 National Transition the development of the renewable
Program, Saudi Arabia is working Meanwhile, the target for energy sector through phases with
to build a sustainable renewable renewable energy has been set at clear-cut features to enable the
energy sector, which includes 9.5 gigawatts (GW) as a first stage by kingdom to achieve competitiveness
industries, services, technologies 2023, Sultan said. It will include solar resulting from investment in the
localization and human resources energy, wind energy, geothermal renewable energy sector and
training, Saudi Press Agency (SPA) energy and conversion of waste to increase this sector’s contribution to
reported. energy, he added. diversification of energy sources.

This was highlighted by Dr. Khaled He noted that the kingdom had Sultan stressed that the kingdom
bin Saleh al-Sultan, the president of presented a number of initiatives as had already started encouraging
King Abdullah City for Atomic and part of its 2020 National Transition the private sector and investors
Renewable Energy (KACARE), at the Program. These initiatives aim to interested in this field to invest in the
ninth session of the International activate and enhance the role of kingdom’s renewable energy sector
Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) alternative energy in the energy to achieve its ambitious 2030 vision,
general assembly held in Abu Dhabi and economic systems alike by which is backed by King Salman
in January. increasing the local content in and Crown Prince Mohammed bin
the industrial and services value Salman.
He said the kingdom is seeking to chains, localizing technologies and
achieve its goals in the energy sector investing them commercially, and The kingdom has been committed
by specifying the main outlines for training human capital. to a competitive local market
building that sector along with the of renewable energy. It has laid
necessity of creating a balanced In this context, the National down a clear system that ensures
mix of fossil energy and alternative Renewable Energy Program has competitiveness of renewable
energy in the kingdom. been launched. It will contribute to energy, providing the necessary
achieving economic development financing via partnerships between
This will achieve growth and in the kingdom, encouraging the the public and private sectors and
prosperity and enhance energy participation of the private sector, localization of a large part of the
and attracting foreign investment in renewable energy value chain.

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3 COVER STORY

AUG
2019

18

ON THE CARE OF PROGRAM “EFFICIENCY”:

THE SAVING PERCENTAGE OF
“LED” LAMPS COMPARING
WITH ITS TRADITIONAL

ALTERNATIVES REACHES 92%

Using “LED” on the long term
reduces electricity power
consumption, and protects
electric devices, an lengthens its
default life span, that is what was
confirmed by the Saudi program
“EFFICIENCY”
PROGRAM “EFFICIENCY” also told
its users to realize the advantages
of these lamps and to figure out
the difference between them and
the regular lamps according to all
levels

■ Ali Ahmed

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Beside, dividing the lighting on conducted in this field has shown Stressing the importance
many keys helps with using the that the percentage of savings of of” observing the information
right lighting and reduces power using LED lamps can reach 92%, contained in the energy efficiency
consumption compared to the consumption of card on the new lamps before
the inefficient traditional lamps, buying them
He added that the tests conducted and stressed the importance of
on the “LED” lamps proved that “relying on natural light as long as “LEDs” are known as a light
they provide strong lighting, as possible of the day, before turning source made of semiconductor
well as it does not produce high on Light bulbs in the evening materials that emit light when an
temperatures, as in the traditional electric current passes through it.
lamps, which helps keeping the The advantages of LED lamps For example, if a normal bulb with
place cooled in summer, and are not only limited to power “tungsten” strand operates 25-
thus relieves pressure on the air consumption, but also include watt, the “LED” lamp compensates
conditioners that Consumes large other benefits, including a life it by only 4 to 5 watts, although
amounts of electricity and extends expectancy up to 20,000 hours, each produces light intensity
its life span, which means that the while the traditional lamp life does 190 lumens (luminous is a flow
electricity bill can be significantly not exceed 1500 hours. Saves thee measurement unit) and “LED”
reduced over the long term. consumer from updating lamps lamps produced with capacities
from time to another between 4 watts to 100 watts
The program said that a study was

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Reports2019

20

MOHAMED BN SALMAN ….. ON THE SAUDI …

“ENERGY FOR THE POOR” IN FRONT
OF “G20” GROUP.

Written by Ali Mahmoud also warned of the consequences Abdullah during the Jeddah
During the fourth session of the of the existence of more than one Energy Meeting in June 2008,
Group of Twenty (G20) summit billion people without a permanent attended by 36 oil producing and
held in Japan at the end of June, energy resource, pointing to the consuming countries and seven
the meeting were discussing African continent in particular lack international organizations. The
climate change, energy and of access to energy resources and main purpose of the initiative is to
the environment issues, Prince the need to cooperate and support help developing countries to face
Mohammed bin Salman, Crown the least developed countries, rising energy costs through rapid
Prince of Saudi Arabia, confirmed pointing to the Saudi initiative, In financial assistance to help dealing
that his country is developing a 2008 for the “Energy for the Poor” with price fluctuations, and also
comprehensive and integrated program. through financing energy projects
system to provide Energy through supported by co-financing and
energy efficiency programs, and What is that initiative? And what parallel investment.
adopts a number of initiatives are its objectives?
that take into consideration the King Abdullah proposed to the
inclusiveness of traditional and Saudi media responded to the World Bank to organize a meeting
renewable sources of energy in previous questions by saying for donor countries and financial,
which they seek leadership. that the “Energy for the Poor” regional and international
The Crown Prince said that the initiative was launched by King institutions to discuss and activate
kingdom has recently launched the initiative. He called on the
several projects aiming to increase OPEC Ministerial Council for
the amount of renewable energy International Development to
in an effort to reach a capacity of meet and consider adopting a
200 Giga-watts. parallel program to the initiative.
He added that given the Financing of the two programs
increasing of the connection within the agreed framework. He
between the two axes of energy also announced the allocation
and water, we stressed the of 500 million dollars for soft
importance of working in order loans through the Saudi Fund for
to find sustainable solutions for Development to finance projects
providing energy and water. that help developing countries in
The Crown Prince of the Kingdom obtaining energy and financing
development projects they need.

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Gasoline compression ignition (GCI) is an experimental engine technology that could consume issue
25% less energy than a conventional automobile engine, suggests a well-to-wheel lifecycle
analysis. 3
GCI uses a gasoline-type fuel, but rather than ignited with a spark, it is compression-ignited like
diesel. GCI could therefore be a best-of-both-worlds engine technology: combining the fuel AUG
efficiency of diesel engines with the low NOx and soot-particle emissions of gasoline. 2019

21

MIXING DIFFERENT FUELS TO
MATCH THE CHARACTERISTICS
OF LOW-OCTANE GASOLINE

To optimally design a GCI engine, “To optimize the performance of component surrogate proved
engineers need detailed knowledge GCI engines, we used high-fidelity to be a good representative of
of the low-octane gasoline fuel they predictive computer simulations,” real low-octane fuel, its behavior
would run on. explained Farouq. only diverging at low ignition
“A big part of such simulations is temperatures.
Amer Farouq at King Abdullah the description of fuel chemistry.
University of Science and But a real gasoline fuel is a very “For higher accuracy at low
Technology’s (KAUST) Clean complicated chemical mixture temperatures, we proposed a multi-
Combustion Research Center and that can not be simulated. Instead, component surrogate,” Farouq said.
his collaborators have analyzed we try to formulate a simpler
the combustion chemistry of two representation of the real fuel, Although it will take a significant
low-octane gasolines ignited under known as a surrogate,” Farouq update in refinery infrastructure to
engine-relevant conditions. added. bring low-octane fuels to market,
The team compared each low- in the short-term, low-octane
“Our focus was to probe the octane gasoline with a potential fuels could be made by combining
chemical kinetics of auto-ignition two-component surrogate, conventional fuels, Farouq said.
of two low-octane gasolines with measuring how closely its ignition
widely different compositions but behavior mimicked the real fuel. “Studies to test the feasibility of
similar octane ratings,” said Tamour In most conditions, the two- mixing diesel and gasoline fuels to
Javed, who worked on the project as match the characteristics of a low-
part of his PhD research. octane gasoline are underway in
our laboratory at KAUST,” he added.

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Reports2019

22 IT TURNS SEA WATER INTO FRESH WATER AND TREATS WASTEWATER:

THE INVENTION OF A THREE
DIMENSIONAL SOLAR STEAM
GENERATOR

A team at King Abdullah University absorbed by the photovoltaic material infrared imaging to measure the
of Science and Technology (KAUST), becomes vapor that can be collected temperature of the cup, the team
led by Professor Peng Wang, has as pure water. showed that even though the bottom
reached a way to produce fresh, clean of the cup becomes hot under the
water using solar energy. Wang and his team have so far sunlight, the rapid water discharge
produced solar steam generators from the cup wall carries the heat
The photovoltaic material, which using flat photovoltaic panels. “Our away, leaving the cup wall cooler
absorbs the entire spectrum of energy previous work has driven the effective than its surroundings. The wall draws
in sunlight, was the subject of Wang’s use of energy in photovoltaic materials heat from the surrounding air which
interest in his latest research. The dark- to the theoretical limit,” he explains. represents an additional energy
colored materials called mixed metal And making it three-dimensional source as well as solar energy. Wang
oxides were found to be strong and is the next logical step, according pointed out that this led to a high
efficient thermal-optical materials. to him. Wang’s two-dimensional standard of water evaporation.
materials lost energy through two
Through this technique, the three- main mechanisms, reflected sunlight, “The first solar steam generator
dimensional solar steam generator, and thermal radiation from hot matter produced by the team is said to
which uses energy effectively almost to the surrounding. However, Wang convert solar energy to 56% water
ideal, can be used to convert sea overcame that loss by making three- vapor, while the one being produced
water into drinking water, as well as dimensional light thermocouples in is nearly 100% effective”, Wang said.
cleaning wastewater, in a manner that the form of a cup. The wall of the cup
is environmentally friendly. re-capture all the energy lose through The next step for the team will be
these two mechanisms. to test the device with real water
The key to the solar steam generator samples, and measure its ability to
is a “photovoltaic” material that In fact, instead of losing energy deal with salt and bio-pollution,
absorbs sunlight and converts the to the surrounding, the cup could before expanding the production of
received energy into heat. When gain additional energy from it. Using this type of generators.
placed on a wet surface, the water











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AUG ADDRESSING POVERTY IN AFRICA BY PROVIDING ENERGY SERVICES
2019

26 600 MILLION AFRICANS
STRUGGLE WITH
UNSUSTAINABLE POWER SUPPLY

Represented by the Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy, Egypt participated in the first
ministerial forum held jointly by the African Union Commission and the International Energy
Agency (IEA) on 11 and 12 June in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, under the title: “Powering
Africa’s Energy Future”.
During the forum, Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy Mohamed Shaker revealed, with
figures, a great deal about the situation of the energy and power electricity sector in Africa. He is
the sitting chairman of the AU’s Specialized Technical Committee on Transport, Transcontinental
and Interregional Infrastructure, Energy and Tourism.

■ Basil Atef

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At the beginning of his speech, the African continent is facing all ministerial meeting of the AU’s issue
which he delivered on behalf of these challenges although it clearly Specialized Technical Committee
Egypt, Shaker thanked the AU and possesses rich energy resources, on Transport, Transcontinental and 3
the IEA for organising this important whether renewable energy or fossil Interregional Infrastructure, Energy
event and giving him an opportunity fuel, both of which are capable of AUG
to join significant discussions providing modern mechanisms for 2019
around the future of energy in Africa all Africans to access energy. This is
– one of the key priorities in the because Africa is considered to be 27
forum’s agenda. He also thanked the world’s largest treasure of clean
the AU for all the work that has been energy resources. and Tourism which was held in
done in the area of boosting energy Cairo last April and was attended
security and efficiency, renewable He highlighted Africa’s important by representatives of 38 African
energies, and sustainable economic strategic position in global clean countries.
development in Africa. He stressed development. Africa accounts for The declaration underlined
that it is a key pillar of economic and around 40% of the world’s total the commitment of the African
human development. solar power (i.e, around 665,000 ministers to developing
TWh/year), 32% of the world’s total infrastructure and implementing the
Shaker pointed out that achieving wind power (67,000 TWh/year), recommendations adopted at the
sustainability and providing modern and 12% of the global hydropower meeting. These recommendations
energy services are closely linked (330 GW). These existing huge highlighted several important
to alleviation of poverty. This is resources of energy in the continent measures that had been taken in
because electricity, in particular, is provide great opportunities for the order to boost Africa’s energy sector.
connected to all aspects of everyday development of the African energy The participants declared their
life; it is used in houses, cars, and system domestically and at the commitment to implementing the
modern factories which have national and regional levels through following:
more digitalised. Providing greater the use of a mix of small and large - Forging close coordination
access to electricity in developing energy technologies. with all relevant continental and
countries helps open up horizons regional institutions to operate
for economic prosperity and well- Cairo Declaration Africa’s energy market and develop
being, the minister said. Shaker referred to the Cairo the master plan for continental
declaration issued by the second transmission and the mini grid
Shaker added that the forum was development plan.
an opportunity to exchange views EGYPTIAN - Mobilising necessary
and expertise, bolster strategies, ROADMAP TO THE financial and technical resources
and underline the commitment of FUTURE OF to implement the renewable
all parties to addressing the pressing ENERGY IN AFRICA energy development programmes
challenges in Africa’s energy sector. and execute the “African energy
He stressed the importance of this EGYPT information system” project.
forum for Africa in particular, given PARTICIPATES IN Regional integration
that it is the world’s least developed FIRST MINISTERIAL In his speech, Shaker highlighted
continent in terms of energy systems FORUM that regional integration is one
and access to modern energy. CO-ORGANISED BY of the key pillars of sustainable
THE AFRICAN development in the long run.
600 million Africans struggle UNION Regional integration in Africa creates
Shakerpointedoutthatthestatistics COMMISSION AND great opportunities for removing
of the World Energy Outlook 2018 THE the barriers and challenges that
revealed that, currently, close to 600 INTERNATIONAL have obstructed the growth of
million Africans suffer from a lack of ENERGY AGENCY the energy markets in Africa: low
access to sustainable power supply. technical capabilities and poor
Access to energy in rural areas is financing, which lead to a failure in
now much worse, and women and implementing institutional policies
children bear the consequences of and arrangements.
inefficient and unsustainable fuel In this regard, the AU’s Agenda 2063
to meet their energy needs, he said. seeks to boost regional cooperation,
The minister noted that the lack of accelerate the development of
access to modern energy services regional infrastructure, and achieve
for production applications poses integration and sustainability of
another considerable challenge that Africa’s energy resources.
threatens industrial development in The Agenda also aims to harness
the continent. all African energy resources to
The largest treasure ensure access to modern, highly
The minister underlined that efficient, sustainable, renewable and
environment-friendly energy for all
African families.

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issue MINISTER OF
ELECTRICITY AND
3 RENEWABLE
ENERGY
AUG MOHAMED
2019 SHAKER REVEALS A
LOT ABOUT
28 SITUATION OF
ENERGY AND
ELECTRICITY
SECTOR IN AFRICA,
CITING FIGURES

The development of regional change, particularly after the COP21 second ministerial meeting and
infrastructure, including the energy Paris agreement. the extraordinary meeting of AREI’s
infrastructure, is considered to be Board in which were attended by a
one of the key factors in achieving Egypt initiative senior delegation from the Egyptian
the AU’s vision for an integrated The minister pointed out that Ministry of Electricity and Renewable
and prosperous Africa that is led in Africa now there are ambitious Energy.
by its citizens and that represents a initiatives, such as the renewable
dynamic force in the international energy initiative AREI, which is He stressed the need for the
arena. aimed at generating 10 GW from integration of all current initiatives
renewable energy projects by 2020 and strategies, including the
Financing and increasing this capacity to 300 Programme for Infrastructure
The Minister of Electricity and GW by 2030. He added that Egypt Development in Africa (PIDA), which
Renewable Energy pointed out that has been, and will continue to be, aims to boost access to modern and
the financing of energy projects supportive of this initiative, which sustainable energy in the continent,
is one of the main challenges still was launched in 2015 in Paris, in in line with the AU’s Agenda 2063.
facing Africa’s energy sector. For this order to help achieve the ambitious
reason, the minister underlined the goals of the African continent. Shaker also highlighted the issue
need to find innovative development He said Egypt is fully prepared to of manufacturing, stressing the need
mechanisms to give the sustainable, work with all parties to push this for Africa to take the opportunity of
untapped Africa an opportunity. initiative forward. research and innovation support,
This is because renewable energy We are also ready to share our which is taking place across the
projects will contribute considerably experience in the various fields of world, under the African Union
to creating job opportunities, electricity and energy, particularly Commission’s leadership in
increasing productivity, attracting renewable energy, with all brothers collaboration with the other African
foreign investments and opening up in the African countries, especially institutions and the private sector.
opportunities for exporting surplus in the area of capacity building
energy after meeting the domestic and human resources, the minister Egypt’s experiment
consumption needs. added. In his speech, Shaker highlighted
He added that there are several Shaker noted that Egypt is also Egypt’s experiment and its success
initiatives worldwide aimed at a member of the AREI’s Interim in overcoming challenges that
cementing cooperation at various Technical Committee and actively faced the energy sector. He also
levels and in all its aspects in order participates in all meetings and recalled the achievements made
to encourage renewable energy events. He referred to the hosting by the sector to create a suitable
projects and address climate by the Republic of Guinea of AREI’s environment to encourage the

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private sector to participate in its issue
projects through partnership.
3
After a deficit of around 15% to 20%
in demand for energy, the Egyptian AUG
electricity sector succeeded in 2019
gaining a production capacity of
close to 25.5 GW within the past four 29
years, which saw the deficit turning
into reserve. AFRICA’S is because some countries have
STRATEGIC surplus energy supplies, while other
He added that the sector is currently LOCATION IS OF countries suffer from a shortage in
working to improve and develop GREAT supply. This requires highlighting
the transmission and distribution IMPORTANCE TO the urgent need to transmit energy
grids, including the high-voltage GLOBAL CLEAN and therefore provide effective
transformer stations, control DEVELOPMENT supplies, in terms of cost, and
centres, and intelligent networks, strengthen energy security.
with investments of approximately and renewable energy sector
4 billion US dollars. He noted that won the trust of a large number Therefore, efforts must be made to
the sector’s strategy relies on of investors, as energy purchase open up electricity trade markets in
shifting to intelligent networks agreements had been signed with the region and focus on transmitting
which will considerably contribute 32 companies, at a total capacity electricity at the local and regional
to improving energy efficiency and of 1465 MW to set up Benban levels.
cutting carbon emissions as well as solar power plant as part of the FIT
reducing investments needed for programme. This reflects Egypt’s In this regard, Egypt is working
power grid infrastructure. interest in clean and renewable with East African Power Pool and is
energy and contributes to providing actively participating in all regional
In cooperation with an energy. electricity linkage projects.
international expert firm, a strategy
was set to create the best mix - The minister said that the Memo of understanding
technically and economically - for sector is fully prepared to share A memo of understanding was
energy in Egypt (oil – electricity) Egypt’s experiment with all signed to examine linking electricity
until 2035. This was to complement African countries, adding that the between Egypt and Cyprus and
Egypt’s relevant efforts, diversify integration of Africa’s transmission Greece, in which case Egypt will be
the sources of electric power, grid is one of the most important part of an energy bridge between
and harness the country’s natural issues and regional electricity Africa and Europe. The first stage of
resources, particularly the new and linkage plays an important role linking with Sudan will be completed
renewable energy sources. in boosting energy security. This very soon.
Additionally, a memo of
This strategy includes increasing understanding was signed with
the contribution of renewable
energy in the energy mix to over 42%
by 2035 (wind energy – photovoltaic
solar energy – concentrated solar
power– hydro power).

He pointed out that a wide-range
programme had been adopted to
encourage the private sector to
participate in the energy sector’s
projects through a number of
mechanisms that would help
investors engage in this activity,
including EPC+Finance, BOO, IPP,
PPP, FIT, and Auctions.

Energy prices
Shaker added that the sector
had successfully reported
unprecedented energy prices: 2.75
cents/kWh for solar energy and
about 3.12 cents/kWh for wind
energy.
As a result of this, Egypt’s electricity

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the Global Energy Interconnection Shaker stressed that Egypt is fully energy sector - over the past ten
Development and Cooperation prepared to continue to cooperate years - prepared and implemented
Organization and the Organization and exchange expertise in the more than 107 training programmes
for Economic Cooperation and areas of electricity and renewable for 8,047 African trainees. He pointed
Development to cooperate in the energy with the African brothers. out that the Egyptian electricity
development of energy strategy These include the provision of sector has more than 20 training
and the promotion of cross- electricity in the countryside and centres, two of which received an
border electricity linkage with the the local manufacturing of electrical APUA accreditation.
neighbouring countries. equipment, in addition to promoting
renewable energy projects, Additionally, a memo of
Once these projects have been efficiency of energy consumption, understanding was signed with
completed, Egypt will be a pivotal and others. COMESA last October in the area of
point for energy between Europe training and capacity building.
and Asia and African countries. Shaker said he was thankful for
the special and fruitful cooperation The minister wrapped up his speech
Cooperation and exchange of between Egypt and a number of with a number of suggestions,
expertise African countries in capacity building including:
as Egypt’s electricity and renewable
- The need to intensify efforts
and boost cooperation between

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member states and regional countries stressing the need to move towards issue
organisations and institutions in - The need to find creative green development in order to
order to achieve mutual interest reduce carbon emissions and 3
solutions and mechanisms in order achieve sustainable development.
- Boosting cooperation to build to mobilise resources and financing He also highlighted the pressing AUG
capacity to transfer technology required for projects to create job need to continue efforts to 2019
and knowledge and exchange opportunities and achieve economic effectively execute the infrastructure
expertise, highlighting Egypt’s full development for Africa development programmes that had 31
preparedness to share its expertise been devised and adopted.
in the energy sector with all African Shaker concluded his speech by

AFRICA ACCOUNTS
FOR 40% OF THE
WORLD’S TOTAL
SOLAR POWER (I.E,
AROUND 665,000
TWH/YEAR)
AND 32% OF THE
WORLD’S TOTAL
WIND POWER
(67,000 TWH/YEAR)
AND 12% OF THE
GLOBAL
HYDROPOWER
(330 GW)

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AUG * The term ‘Internet of Things’ is a growing topic of conversation. What exactly is the Internet of
2019 Things (IoT) and what does smart lighting have to do with it?
* How is the IoT Different from the Traditional Internet?
32 The internet is a worldwide system of computer networks that until now, has been about giving

people access to information upon request. We do a search in Google or another search engine to
find information, or send a request to a specific site to consume content of interest. The content
posted to the web is created by humans, for humans. We have a question. We get an answer.
When we want to connect with someone or share something with them, we go to LinkedIn or
Facebook or another social media platform. The traditional internet has become so ubiquitous
and so transformative that it is a digital fabric woven into our everyday lives.

WHAT IS THE CONNECTION
BETWEEN SMART

LIGHTING AND IOT ?

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With the IoT, content is in the form of data that is healthy and gives us insight into our health. The Nest
generated by a device or a machine (i.e., a ‘thing’). helps us stay comfortable while also reducing our energy
The transfer of data is primarily between ‘things’ with usage and related bills.
embedded sensors and a central system that collects
and organizes the data from those sensors. Content is Commercial Real Estate Applications
typically pushed out as a notification that something of In commercial real estate (CRE), Passive InfraRed (PIR)
interest has happened, and this then triggers an action sensors detect motion that identifies whether space is
on the part of another ‘thing’, group of ‘things’ or a occupied or unoccupied. Sensor data is transferred to a
process tied to ‘things’ connected on the network. central system that collects and organizes data from the
space, and then notifications can be sent to the lighting
What is the value of the IoT? Timely communication of system to turn the lights in the area ‘on’ (if someone
data when it is detected. Timely actions based on that has walked into the space) or ‘off’ (when the space is
data. Enhanced efficiencies of systems and processes unoccupied). Data notifications can also be sent to the
that benefit humans, the spaces we live and work in, the HVAC system to take the action of reducing or increasing
environment, and more. the heating or cooling of that space.
Although saving energy and related costs have been
Emerging applications, some of which haven’t been the driver behind most smart building applications such
dreamed of yet, will make the IoT ubiquitous and so as connected lighting, IoT is enabling applications with
transformative that it will become a newer version of the more benefits. According to Deloitte, “…the Internet
digital fabric that is woven into our everyday lives. of Things (IoT) is already having a significant impact
on the Commercial Real Estate (CRE) industry, helping
IoT is Already Here companies move beyond a focus on cost reduction. IoT
From a consumer perspective, many of us already have applications aim to grow margins and enable features
a wearable such as a smartwatch that tracks our activity such as dramatically more efficient building operations,
level and enables smartphone applications like text enhanced tenant relationships, and new revenue
messages and phone calls. Many of us have installed a generation opportunities.” The data collected from
smart home device such as the Nest Thermostat that learns ‘things’ with embedded sensors gives insight into tenant
the temperatures we like and adjusts it automatically to behavior as well as building usage.
our family’s schedule while also enabling us to control it Currently, we are at the infancy stage of what the IoT
from our smartphone from anywhere if necessary. will enable—today we are seeing just a sliver’s worth of
Both use embedded sensors to detect a change in the applications from a very big pie of potential applications.
wearer or environment (respectively) and both take According to analyst firm Gartner, more than 20 billion
action based on the data received (they notify us to slow devices are expected to be connected to the internet by
down our heart rate or notify the system to increase the 2020.
temperature). Both are data-driven, internet-connected In fact, the IoT has been coined ‘the next industrial
devices with embedded sensors, and both have a user- revolution’ with emerging applications anticipated and
friendly interface. There’s a value-add for each too. The
smartwatch indirectly encourages us to stay active and

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many individuals and organizations looking to stay ahead
of the curve. Industry leaders are adopting technologies
and infrastructures they believe will support future
applications.

Smart Lighting and IoT
Smart lighting is playing a pivotal role, unlocking the
power of the IoT and smart building application
What is driving adoption of smart lighting systems?
1- Energy and operational savings - According to IBM,
the day-to-day operation of a building represents over
70% of the total cost of that building over its lifespan. The
immediate impact of IoT in commercial buildings is to
lower operations costs, particularly in the form of energy
savings.
2- Building Efficiencies – By creating a digital version of
a building and its internal operations including systems
(lighting, HVAC, security, etc.) and occupant activities, you
can visualize what is actually happening in the building,
and use those insights to make better decisions. The
granularity of data within a lighting system from different
sensors can be analyzed to create a detailed picture of a
space. These new insights enable facility executives to
centrally manage systems in the building or group of
buildings while improving efficiencies.
3- Occupant Health and Well-Being – According to
Navigant Research, “In recent years, there has been
a growing shift toward occupant health and well-
being as a driver in commercial buildings. Lighting
has been a leader of building technologies within this
overarching goal, allowing for increased controllability.
Within commercial offices for example, the increased
controllability through an IoT lighting system, can help
occupants improve productivity, and stay awake and
more focused on tasks.”

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SECURITY TIPS : 3

INTERNET OF AUG
THINGS BRINGS 2019
CONVENIENCE, RISK
35

The “Internet of Things,” which involves technology that allows us to remotely connect to home
appliances, lights, security systems and more, has created convenience at your fingertips.
With the push of a button, you can check in on our homes, but there is risk because as with any
internet connection, these devices are vulnerable to hacking.
Internet of Things (IoT) allows you to connect through computer networks and exchange data
without human interaction. You can set ovens to preheat, turn on or off lights, arm home security
systems and more from a smart phone with these smart appliances and devices.

Consumers should be aware of the risks, however,
and take measures to protect their devices, homes
and personal information.

Still not sure if you have an IoT device? Here are
some more examples of how many consumers
utilize this technology every day:

  Automated devices, which remotely or
automatically adjust lighting or HVAC;

  Security systems, such as security alerts or Wi-Fi
cameras, including video monitors used in nursery
and daycare settings;

 Medical devices, such as wireless heart monitors or
insulin dispensers;

 Thermostats;
 Wearables, such as fitness devices;
  Lighting modules which activate or deactivate
lights;
 Smart appliances, such as smart refrigerators and
TVs;
 Office equipment, such as printers;
  Entertainment devices to control music or
television from a mobile device; and
 Fuel-monitoring systems.
Unsecured or under-secured devices give cyber
criminals an opportunity to intrude into private
networks.
From there, they can compromise devices
and overload devices, causing them to become
inoperable and can interfere with transactions.
The Better Business Bureau of Greater Houston
and South Texas is urging consumers to be mindful
of these vulnerabilities and take necessary steps to
keep your homes protected:
    Treat your smart devices like computers.
Essentially, these devices are like computers, so

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use the same common sense you would use for a router with an enabled firewall.
keeping your laptop safe. Create a secure, password-   Secure your network. Be sure your home’s wireless
protected network to connect to the internet.
network is secure by having proper passwords and
Also, change the preset password given to you up-to-date software.
when you received your router.
    Watch any cameras. Assume your devices’
  Keep your smart devices up to date. Manufacturers cameras and microphones are turned on. If you are
will do their best to patch security holes. System concerned, cover the camera with a piece of tape.
updates must be performed regularly, but they are
vital for protecting all your devices.   Consider hiring outside help, if necessary. Research
possible IT or cyber security companies with the
    Use firewalls. Any device that connects to the BBB at BBBHouston.org if you need assistance in
Internet should be guarded by a firewall. evaluating your present IT security situation and to
determine whether further protection is needed.
Be sure to turn on your device’s built-in firewall
settings, making sure they are enabled, and also use



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AUG Around a month ago, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced the release of the “UAE
2019 File of Climate Threats and their Impact on Public Health”.
This came during the First Climate and Health Ministers’ Meeting hosted by Abu Dhabi in
38 partnership with the WHO. So, what did the file contain?

The file tackled three of the most important climate-related threats:
The continued rise in global temperature and its impact on people in general, and the elderly,
low-income households and individuals with pre-existing health conditions in particular.

■ Ibrahim Noshi

BEFORE THE DISASTER:
WILL CLEAN ENERGY SOLUTIONS
STOP CARBON EMISSIONS?

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The respiratory diseases caused by She pointed out that the Abu Dhabi internationally to ensure an effective issue
air pollution. Climate Meeting had provided the reduction in carbon emissions.
first opportunity to highlight the 3
The damage to health extent of the correlation between UN Summit
infrastructure and disruption of climate change and public health of In a related context, the UN Climate AUG
healthcare services due to the the planet in general. Action Summit, set to take place in 2019
consequences of climate change New York in September, is expected
and extreme climatic events. The UAE’s efforts to have three important issues on its 39
The UAE is making great efforts agenda.
The aforementioned threats are to integrate climate action into The first issue is air
the main issues where people’s its health strategy and to link the pollution. As two-
health and climate change are trends of facing the impacts of thirds of air
correlated. climate change and coping with
them to reduce their consequences
“Climate change is putting on human health. Therefore, the
great pressure on health systems UAE has been assessing the impacts
in countries around the world, of climate change on public health
especially low- and middle- and working to implement a
income countries, which makes it strategy to cope with and curb the
imperative for us to demonstrate a repercussions of that change. The
clear commitment to supporting UAE adopted a set of strategies
the global efforts to reduce and initiatives aiming to curb the
climate change in order to increase in heat exhaustion and
alleviate the suffering of millions diseases caused by climate change,
of people around the world,” the raise air quality and reduce carbon
WHO Director-General, Dr Tedros rates.
Adhanom Ghebreyesus, said. The UAE’s approach included
all sectors. In parallel with the
The implications of climate change health sector, it spread the use of
“Health is at the forefront when it renewable
comes to climate change,” said UN energy
Deputy Secretary-General Amina solutions
Mohammed. “We must discuss the locally
progress made by participating and
countries in tackling the
consequences of climate change,
encourage the development of
policy orientations and decisions,
and motivate global decision-
makers to sign agreements and to
meet their commitments towards
the climate by 2030. This is a realistic
goal that will strengthen the path
set by the UN in this regard and will
achieve positive results,” she added.
Major challenge
“Climate change is a major
challenge for communities around
the world because it has a direct
impact on the health of millions of
people,”said Dr Maria Neira, Director
of the WHO Department of Public
Health, Environmental and Social
Determinants of Health.
“Each year, air pollution causes 7
million deaths around the world. So,
we should put this part on top of our
priorities for climate action and we
should focus on the solutions and
steps to be taken in the future to
put them on the agenda of the UN
Climate Summit next September,”
she said.

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pollution is caused by the sanitation and malnutrition being
combustion of fossil fuels, according the consequences of extreme
to studies, the issue will be raised weather. So, humans must mitigate
during the summit to determine the risks and adapt to climate change
future actions and commitments in order to prevent every shock and
that politicians and decision makers hazard from becoming a disaster.
must undertake to address it by, for
example, pledging to accelerate the The third issue to be considered
shit towards low-carbon economy is finance and investment. It was
policies, such as clean energy and noticed that only 0.5 per cent of
green transport. climate finance specifically targets
health, something which require
The second issue is the climate- a wider application, such as early
induced stress and disasters. warning systems, healthcare
There is not one single climate- facilities powered by green energy,
induced disaster where health is and investment in crops to mitigate
not a component, with diseases, the impact of carbon dioxide on
pandemics, endemics, poor nutrition levels.



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AUG “Switching to renewables is the only alternative to fulfilling energy needs,” a report published by
2019 the US-based website Interesting Engineering said.
The report addressed opportunities for the production of this type of new and renewable energy
42 around the world.

It said “the future of solar energy looks promising, thanks to recent developments as well as
government subsidies that are in place to promote the use of solar panels today”.

■ Translated by Mohamed Ali

PROJECTS, PRODUCTION,
AND THE GLOBAL SOLAR
ENERGY MARKET

One of the biggest challenges Asian Renewable Energy Hub The aggregated capacity would be
that people have confronted while (AREH) 6000 megawatts, which will easily
using renewable energy is that of supply electricity to more than 7
collecting this energy. However, Asian Renewable Energy Hub or million households.
with the development of solar AREH is an international consortium
panels, this problem has been taken of several companies that work with According to the report, Tidal
care of easily, the report added. renewable energy. Here, they have Lagoon Power or TLP is another
come together to develop hybrid interesting and innovative project
Apart from the domestic use of power plants to harness the wind that uses renewable sources of
renewable energy in the US, there as well as solar energy from a wide energy and is located between
are several other big energy projects area ranging from South-East Asia Newport and Cardiff in the UK.
that are being tested and run around via Singapore and Indonesia to The project is expected to bring
the world, the report said. Australia. electricity to more than 3 million
people simply by using powerful
It noted that people all over the This hybrid plant will stretch across tides.
world are increasingly realizing 14,000 sq. km. in the north-west
the importance of clean energy, coast of Australia. According to the The estimated budget for this
and therefore, they are making plan, it will have approximately 10 project is 8 billion pounds, and it will
efforts to become the champions of million solar panels and 1,200 wind require 108 tidal lagoon turbines.
renewable resources. turbines.
China

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The Gansu Wind Farm Project in current cost is quite high. carry out this conversion is through
China is another ambitious project, Solar energy market photosynthesis. In addition to that,
through which China aims to According to the current trends, when biomass is used as a fuel, it
become a leader in the renewable actually has a capability to generate
energy sector. the solar energy market globally is artificial photosynthesis machines.
likely to reach $366 billion by 2023.
Currently, it has installed wind Therefore, it can be seen that solar Energy storage
turbines with a capacity of more energy is a very elegant solution to Another exciting project in the
than 6,000 megawatts. The the energy needs of humans. pipeline is being carried out by a
implementation of this project is group of Finnish researchers. The
happening in phases, and they aim Although there are a lot of team is trying to store solar energy
to grow this to 10,000 megawatts in challenges that are expected to pop in the leaves of a tree.
the near future. up from time to time, its possibilities These energy harvesting trees,
far outweigh the hurdles in its if successful, could be used to
Global investment and challenges inception. power mobile phones and small
A lot of countries are investing appliances.
huge sums of money on clean The Interesting Engineering report These projects suggest that the
and renewable energy today. noted that research was being future of renewable energy looks
Considering that the sun is the carried out for better conversion of promising, as we will not only be
biggest energy source, it has a lot sunlight to electricity. able to use solar energy, but will also
of potentials to replace other forms be able to store it successfully.
of energy systems if harnessed In this regard, it said that
properly completely. researchers from Germany and Israel
It can be used for cooking had deduced that the best way to
purposes, heating water, heating
homes, and much more.
One of the challenges that
traditional solar energy panels
faced were related to their storage.
However, this has been tackled with
modern solar panels, although there
is still a lot of scope for improvement.
The clean and renewable energy
sector still faces another hurdle that
comes in the form of solar energy
storage, which is essential for future
success. Right now, if surplus energy
is generated through solar panels,
there is no way of storing it for
future usage.
For this, solar battery storage
systems can be useful, but their

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RightLIGHTIT
LATEST INNOVATIONS
AND TRENDS

.we can simply make or
break a room – several
trends that have emerged
in lighting seem to continue
trending in 2019. LED is the
absolute and undisputed
standard nowadays. Trends
like industrial minimalism
are getting very popular—
Where combining of raw
industrial shapes and
finishes with the warm hues
of Edison light bulbs looks
amazing. Also, vintage bulbs
have taken the centrestage
and more variations of the
famous Edison-style bulbs is
attracting the clients.
Latest launches The latest
trends in decorative lighting
with many design award
winners can

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1

AMBIANCE ALSHAYA ENTERPRISES

About the brand Ambiance division from Alshaya – several trends that have emerged in lighting seem
Enterprises is specialised in professional lighting solutions to continue trending in 2019. LED is the absolute and
that bring spaces to life and make them more charming, undisputed standard nowadays. Trends like industrial
productive and safe. Ambiance offers a wide range of minimalism are getting very popular— Where combining
high-quality products and reliable brands enable them to of raw industrial shapes and finishes with the warm hues
work on all kinds of environments: interior and exterior, of Edison light bulbs looks amazing. Also, vintage bulbs
technical and decorative. From developing the lighting have taken the centrestage and more variations of the
concept up to the supply and installation, Ambiance famous Edison-style bulbs is attracting the clients.
offers the best support everywhere at any time in order to
satisfy all the aesthetic, functional, and budgetary goals Latest launches The latest trends in decorative lighting
of any project. The organisation sees huge potential in with many design award winners can be seen in the
lighting and is, therefore, investing heavily in expansion Alshaya Enterprises stand during the Downtown Design
plans in the entire region especially the Kingdom of Saudi Exhibition in at Dubai Design District November 12-15,
Arabia with their promising 2030 Vision. 2019.

Trends Lighting can simply make or break a room Contact detailsWolfgangWaltl; [email protected]
com; www.alshayaenterprises.com

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ARTEMIDE
Curiosity is the portable lamp by Artemide
About the brand Artemide, a historical leader in
lighting, has always been a synonym for innovation and
Made in Italy and its products are seen as contemporary
design icons internationally. Founded in 1960 by Ernesto
Gismondi, Artemide is based in Pregnana Milanese
and operates through 24 subsidiaries. Its distribution
network includes approximately 50 branded showrooms
in the main cities around the world.
Trends Artemide opens up important research issues
connected with photonics and new technologies to
outline a future vision, a new way to interpret and
experience light. The company is moving towards the
new frontiers of design where the core is no longer
just the product as such but new intelligence Artemide
of management: smart and digital management
systems, Artemide App, Geo Li-Fi, Li-Fi, sensors, and IoT
interaction.
Latest Launches Artemide works with Italian and
international architects to develop innovative products
able to interpret several cultural perspectives. Latest
products are developed with architects like BIG (Gople,
Alphabet of Light, La Linea, Ripple), Elemental by
Alejandro Aravena (“O”, Huara), Neri&Hu (NH, Yanzi),
Atelier Oi (Vitruvio), Pallavi Dean (Interveawe), Gensler
(Series Y), Fratelli Campana (Irupè), Neil Poulton (Calipso
System) , Davide Oppizzi (Curiosity), and
Carlotta de Bevilacqua (A.24, Turn Around,
Vector).
Contact details +971 4 425 0213; info.
[email protected] com; Dubai Design District
Building 6 A307

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3

LEDS C4

Grok presents a series of luminaires that emphasise the Latest launches VOILE is the new creation of GROK
connection between design and minimalism, as well as decorative brand, this line was created in collaboration
the relationship between materials and lighting with the creative French artist Céline Wright. A unique
artisan handmade sculpture made of Japanese Washi
About the brand LEDS C4 is a Spanish lighting solution paper, Voiles Lighting redefines the aesthetics of
provider, known for its wider range of architectural contemporary style and retouches on it with elegance
(indoor and outdoor), contemporary, decorative, and and beauty. With integrated high-end LED modules,
bespoke lighting solutions. The company has a strong this lighting fixture offers a modules, this lighting fixture
presence glob wider cover over 140 countries. offers a modern solution for decorative lighting. On the
one hand, its asymmetric shape provides a different
Trends The 2019 catalogues of LEDS C4/GROK Lighting vision depending on your position. On the other hand,
offers a strong range of LED lighting both architectural the Japanese Washi paper gives the piece a lightness that
and decorative. With fast moving technology LEDS allows constant movement. Together they create a poetic
C4 focusses on efficiency, performance, design, and living piece that makes any space more
simplified asthmatics. Technology is essential and the
brand provides advanced ELD lighting solutions for Contact details +971 527 695 321; www.leds-c4.com
indoor and outdoor applications.

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4
VIBIA

Designer Ichiro Iwasaki creates Tube for Vibia, an something spectacular and extraordinary. To be part
innovative system of hanging lamps of the creation of such narratives, Vibia uses materials,
light sources, smart dimming control, and connectivity
About the brand Vibia is based in Barcelona, a city systems.
that loves design and culture, past, and present. From
there the brand has been able to channel the industrial Latest Launches Vibia participated in Euroluce 2019
and service abilities to construct a team of people that and showcased 10 new collections from renowned
create extraordinary products and experiences like never international designers. Among them were Arik Levy,
before. Vibia has used local knowledge to build a global Martín Azúa, and Stefan Diez, with whom Vibia has
business. They are present in 80 countries and have a collaborated in the past. The brand also introduced first-
subsidiary in the US. The Vibia community is constantly time collections from award-winning designers Sebastian
growing. Today, over 100,000 professionals work on their Herkner and Maarten De Ceulaer.
lighting projects on vibia.com
Contact details +971552523000; [email protected]
Trends Design at Vibia is at the centre of what they com; www.vibia.com
do. The brand collaborates with designers to produce


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