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Published by hasyimun, 2021-04-06 05:27:03

DCC30103 7

H A S Y I M U N F A Z L I E


































































































































DCC30103









































H I G H W A Y & T R A F F I C E N G I N E E R I N G

INTRODUCTION




























For the rapid economic, industrial and cultural






growth of any country, a good transportation






system is very important. The transportation





system consists of a network of roads, railways,






well -developed waterways and airways. Air and






water transport contribute to some extent to





the domestic transport system, but both are






important modes of transport especially with






foreign countries. Railways and highways also





contribute to some extent transportation with






foreign countries but their main concern is






within the country itself.






























PLEASE CLICK HERE

DEFINE TRAFFIC

















Traffic engineering is a branch of civil engineering that uses




engineering techniques to achieve the safe and efficient




movement of people and goods on roadways. It focuses mainly





on research for safe and efficient traffic flow, such as road





geometry, sidewalks and crosswalks, segregated cycle facilities,




shared lane marking, traffic signs, road surface markings and




traffic lights. Traffic engineering is a branch of civil engineering





that uses engineering techniques to achieve the safe and




efficient movement of people and goods on roadways. It





focuses mainly on research for safe and efficient traffic flow,




such as road geometry, sidewalks and crosswalks, segregated





cycle facilities, shared lane marking, traffic signs, road surface




markings and traffic lights. a little bit of body text

TRAFFIC MEAN

























Movement of vehicle, human, animals and






other things from one place to another place




























TRANSPORTATION MEAN







































A process of transferring @ carrying






human, animal and other things from






one place to another place





dd a little bit of body text

FACTOR SELECTING MOD &









MEDIA


















SAFETY JOURNEY


























DURATION OF JOURNEY




















ECONOMICAL BUDGET

























SERVICE EFFICIENCY


















FACILITIES PROVIDED



CONSTRUCTIONS STRUCTURE USED IN





TRANSPORTATION








1.Bridge





2.Tunnel






3.Airport






4.Port/Harbour

LIST ACT RELATED TO ROADS






























































a. Road Transport Act 1976






b. Environmental Quality Act 1974






c. Urban and Rural Planning Act 1976






d. Local Government Act 1976 and Federal Territory





Act 1973dd a little bit of body text

TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM

history of highway and road







construction






















Traces of early roads have been found since the





ecorded history of the mankind. The first and oldest






mode of travel obviously was foot path. Before





invention of wheel, people used to move on foot,






hus creating foot paths. Men and material must have






been transported either on backs of men or






animals.dd a little bit of body text
















































The historical road development can be divided in to






the following era :





• Early/ Basic roads






• Roman roads






• Modern roads t

List the category of highways in









Malaysia






















1.Highway






2.Federal Road






3.State Road







4.Local Road






5.Village Road

Agency Related To Road And









Highway
























Unit Perancang Ekonomi Jabatan Perdana






Menteri













Jabatan Perancangan Bandar dan Desa














Kementerian Pembangunan Usahawan













Kementerian Kerja Raya













Kementerian SainsTeknologi & Alam Sekitar














JPJ, PDRM, Majlis Keselamatan Negara

ROAD TRANSPORT ACT 1987

ENVIRONMENTAL ACT 1974

THE PURPOSE OF THE







INTRODUCTION OF ACTS





















1.Protection of 3rd parties against risks arising from






motorized vehicles





2.Co-ordination and control of means of and facilities






for transport






3.Control of means of and facilities for road





construction






4.Protection for the environment and public health






5.Justice for victims of transportation abuse





dd a little bit of body text

IMPORTANCE OF ACT









ENFORCEMENT
























1.Protect the public’s safety and health






2.Provide an efficiency in the transportation system





of Malaysia






3.Identify important issues of traffic law enforcement






in the country, examine traditional and innovative





enforcement approaches and tools






4.Access potential to improve compliance for






increased safety on roads






























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