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Published by Shova Waglay, 2020-02-18 22:57:22

16th Issue Newsletter

16th Issue Newsletter


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

A Publication of the Ministry of Education
INSIGHT: Bhutan Scouts Association Bhutan

September 2019 - February 2020


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Foreword INSIDE

The Ministry of Education’s • International Youth
purpose is to shape an Day 2019
education system for our
country that delivers equitable • His Majesty The King
and excellent outcomes for awarded prestigious
all of our children and young Royal Civil Service
people. A strong focus on Award
student learning and well-
being underpins all our policy • Ministry of Education
and services. The Ministry’s formally welcomed
overall aim is to continue Teachers, Counselors
improving the quality of and Officers
education holistically right
from Early Childhood Care • World Robot Games
Development to Higher and Championship 2019
Adult Education.
• Career Counselling
The Ministry’s Bi-Annual Education Newsletter, “The Sherig” provides a Training to the ECPFs’
comprehensive overview of the activities and achievements of the Ministry, Career Counsellors
shares information on recent events or changes; policy, awards, national or
subnational, school level events and mandate. The publication aims to benefit • National School
the education sector and the children in our education system. This report covers Football and
a period of six months from September 2019 to February 2020. Traditional Archery
Tournament for HSS,
In addition to the information on recent events or changes, for the theme based 2019
content, the February Issue 2020, is focussed on the scouting program. The
newsletter features compiled reports on scouting programs across the country, • Bhutan Professional
emphasizing on the core mandates, significant contribution to the community Standards for Teachers
and various other activities organized by the Scouts and Culture Education
Division. Scouting program supports wholesome development of youth, catering • The DEOs’ Conference
to the needs of young people through numerous youth activities that focus on 2019
helping them develop personal values and positive attitude towards life.
• Mitsubishi Asian
On behalf of the Ministry of Education, I would like to express my deepest Children’s Enikki Festa
appreciation to the concerned Departments and Divisions for working tirelessly 2019-2020
and successfully completing all the scheduled activities and programs. I would
also like to thank the Honourable Prime Minister for his unwavering support. • Bhutan Scouts
Above all, the blessings and wisdom from the Golden Throne is always an Association
inspiration to keep us moving.
• School Reform
With best wishes Initiatives
Jai Bir Rai
• Newly appointed Chief
of Divisions


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

International Youth Day 2019

The Youth Center Division of the Department of Employment, Ministry of Labour and Human Resources
Youth and Sports, Ministry of Education joined and the Director of Royal Education Council were on the
the global community to observe the International panel which was moderated by BBS. The primary focus
Youth Day 2019 in Thimphu, on 12th August 2019. The of the panel discussion was on the current education
main objective of observing the day was to recognize the system and how to transform it to make it more relevant
potential of young people as agents of change and to give for the 21st-century world. The discussion highlighted
them a platform to come together and celebrate their challenges currently faced by young people related to
achievements with their friends. Based on the theme school curriculum, classroom teaching methods and
“Transforming Education”, the event highlighted the skills development.
importance of making education more relevant, inclusive
and accessible for all so that the youth of Bhutan would Another interesting part of the program was a thematic
be able to acquire appropriate knowledge and skills that skit staged by young people who are the YPEER members
can help them cope with the emerging challenges of from the Faculty of Nursing and Public Health, Khesar
the 21st century. The event was graced by Hon’ble Prime Gyalpo University of Medical Sciences of Bhutan. The
Minister, Lyonchhen Dr. Lotay Tshering. key message conveyed through the skit was that while
academic excellence is important, those skills that
One of the most important features of the event was a are not acquired from the textbooks such as personal
panel discussion on the theme of the day. The Hon’ble hobbies and special talents should also be given equal
Secretaries of Ministry of Education and Ministry of importance.
Health, the Director General of the Department of


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

As part of the celebration, the two youth-led groups: as the future leaders of Bhutan and how they should
Bhutan Sharing and Loving Youth and Generation Youth try to invest their time on positive development so that
were also formally registered with Young Bhutan Network they can grow up to become productive and responsible
which has been set up under Youth Center Division to adults.
streamline and strengthen youth-led groups in Bhutan.
The Hon’ble Prime Minister awarded the Certificate of In the afternoon, hundreds of young people participated
Registration to the groups. Other youth groups will also in various educational and recreational activities
be registered as and when they meet the criteria. As of organized by youth-led groups. The finals of basketball
now, there are 14 youth-led groups under YBN. tournament was held as part of the event and the
cultural competition amongst different youth groups
The Hon’ble Prime Minister in his keynote address were also held in the evening. Live music shows by
reiterated the importance of investing wisely on young artistes, games by youth-led groups, food stalls by
education. He particularly called on the relevant agencies young entrepreneurs and many other fun activities were
to make the TVET program more relevant and sustainable part of the celebration in the afternoon. It was a very
for young people so that the courses that are offered engaging and insightful event. The entire program was
prepare young people well for employment. At the same coordinated with youth-led groups based in Thimphu
time, he also advised young people to be responsible and was supported by UNICEF.
and positive. He reminded them of their responsibilities

His Majesty The King awarded prestigious Royal Civil Service Award to 32 employees of Ministry of Education,
Bhutan Council for School Examinations and Assessment and Royal Education Council. On the command of His
Majesty The King, the Royal Civil Service Commission launched the Royal Civil Service Award on 17th December,

Sherig Lyonpo JB Rai awarded the medals and certificates to the officials and thanked them for the dedicated
service to the Tsa-Wa-Sum. Bronze medals were awarded to officials who served for 10 years and above, silver for
20 years and above and gold for 30 years and above. Also, lifetime service awardees received gold medals. Lyonpo
congratulated them for the recognition from the Golden Throne.


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Ministry of Education formally welcomed
Teachers, Counselors and Officers

Following the oath taking ceremony with the Royal Bhutan Foundation
Civil Service Commission on 31st December 2019,
the Ministry of Education formally welcomed 545 A team from Bhutan Foundation handed
teachers, 33 counselors and 6 officers to the education over 11 Perkins Brailler equipment to
fraternity on 4th January, 2020. Director General, Department of School
Education, Ministry of Education on 2nd
The Ministry of Education received the highest number September, 2019. The Perkins Brailler is a
of teachers on regular service. The multipurpose hall at six key equipment that a visually impaired
Changangkha Middle Secondary School was filled with person writes with. Each Classic Perkins
enthusiastic, thrilled and all RCSC selected officials. Brailler would cost around $775 excluding
the shipping charges.
Hon’ble Sherig Lyonpo awarded khadhar to every one
of them. Hon’ble Education Secretary, Director General, The Braillers will be sent to Muenselling
Director, Chief of Divisions and relevant officials from Institute, Khaling in Trashigang to
the Ministry were present for the event. visually impaired students and teachers.
The Education Fraternity would like to
Hon’ble Lyonpo and Hon’ble Secretary’s advice thank the Bhutan Foundation for their
highlighted on the need to prepare “nationally rooted continued support.
and globally competent graduates and a good human
being”. These can be realized through forming high
order thinking skills such as creativity, innovation and
enterprising skills. It was also emphasized that there
must be a unity of purpose in which the whole school
approach was felt strongly, which would help in realizing
His Majesty’s vision.


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

World Robot Games Championship 2019

Honorable Secretary for Education Dasho Karma The WRG2019 theme “ ROBOTICS AT HOME” focused
Yeshey, congratulated a team of four students who on promoting and encouraging the use of robotics and
participated for the first time in the World Robot Artificial Intelligence at home. The World Robot Games
Games Championship 2019 in Thailand. 27 teams from 2019 was held in ZEER RANGSIT, Grand Diamond Hall,
10 different countries took part in the event and Bhutan 29th to 31st August, 2019, Bangkok, Thailand. The World
brought home bronze medals. Mr. Ugyen Dendup and Mr. Robot Games is an international robotics competition
Kuenga Jamtsho from Pelkhil Higher Secondary School, held annually for all ages of participants to promote
Miss Kinley Dolkar and Miss Jetsen Patruel Gyelpo from science, technology and innovation.
Druk School took part in the championship.

Memorandum of Understanding

A Memorandum of Understanding was signed between Ministry of Education, Korean National Commission
for UNESCO and Gross National Happiness Commission to enhance adult literacy and skills enhancement
in Bhutan. The project is under the banner, UNESCO National Commissions Partnership for Sustainable
Development Goal 4 (SDG4), to implement non-formal education projects.

The MoU was signed during the 2019 Bridge Program Partners Training Workshop organised from 4th to 8th
November, 2019 in Seoul for the project countries. The workshop was organised to conduct preparatory work
relating to each Bridge Country Project (Bhutan, Laos, and Timor-Leste) and to share achievements and
lessons learned of Bridge Asia Program (Bhutan, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka) since 2015.

The Korean NatCom has been supporting Bhutan since 2015 to enhance adult literacy and skills development
and we are grateful for the support rendered for another five years.


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Career Counselling Training to the ECPFs’
Career Counsellors

Background the training program including an official from Quality
Assurance and Accreditation Division, Department of
The Guidelines for Education Consultancy and Adult and Higher Education, Ministry of Education.
Placement Firm (ECPF), 2017 mandates all
the ECPFs to have trained and certified career Training Content and Methods
counsellor to assist students aspiring to pursue higher
education abroad to choose an appropriate program During the 10-day training session, the participants were
and University/College through proper counselling and trained in two main aspects i.e. counselling as general
guidance. However, the ECPFs expressed concerns that and career counselling. In the counselling component,
it was difficult to get trained career counsellor from the participants were introduced to overview of
the labour market and getting their staff trained was a counselling, characteristics of effective helpers, listening
challenge because such training was not popularly offered and attending skills for becoming effective counsellors,
in the country. In view of the above, the Department of effective communication in counselling, and phases/
Adult and Higher Education requested Samtse College stages of counselling. After the end of 3-day sessions on
of Education to offer career counselling training basic counseling, the participants were equipped with all
program. Samtse College of Education conducted the necessary skills and knowledge required for discharging
10-day intensive training on Career Counselling from professional counselling service. It was learned that
2nd - 11th December, 2019 at the Royal University of counselling is not about making suggestions, giving
Bhutan, Thimphu. A total of 22 participants took part in decision or recommendations but counselling means


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

helping client’s to make the necessary change, elevate to On the career counselling component, the trainees
a higher level, make independent decisions and help the were introduced to various topics such as history of
clients to help themselves. Counselling doesn’t promise career counselling- the need of career counselling and
happiness but there is HOPE in counselling. Counselling career counselling development in Bhutan, theories
can be either be defined as a relationship between two of career development, decision making attitude,
persons, in which one of them attempts to assist the career decision making skills and models, career
other in organizing himself to attain a particular form of determinants, job search skills -resume writing and
happiness, adjustment to a life-situation, or in short self- interview skills. The participants were trained on these
actualization. topics through lecturing session, group discussion and
presentation, and role play on the career guidance and
To understand and learn better on the subject, the interviews. Having trained in the professional counselling
participants were divided into groups and made to and career counselling, participants were able to create
role play on how to provide professional counselling a clear distinction between professional counselling and
to clients. During the role play, each participant got an career counselling. It was realized that there is a vast
opportunity to act either as counsellor or clients. The difference between these two types of counselling. In
facilitator and the other trainee colleagues provided career, usually the counsellor will have more to speak
feedback after the role play. This somehow provided but in professional counselling, counsellor will be
avenues for the participants to learn and understand the talking less. The participants have acknowledged that
subject deeper through first hand-experience. going by the nature of their job as career counsellors in
the ECPFs, career counselling component will be useful
Construction of Motithang Higher and will come handy for them. The facilitators adopted
Secondary School lecturing, group discussion, reflection writing and role
play as a training methods to create a high degree of
The construction of Motithang Higher Second- learning space for the participants.
ary School was initiated under 11th Five Year
Plan, GoI (Government of India) Funding. The The participants were also introduced to mindfulness
contract was awarded to M/s T.Tobgyel Con- sitting. Two days, 5th and 6th December, 2019, was
struction Pvt. Limited at a contract amount of dedicated to mindfulness retreat. During the retreat,
Nu. 74.03 Million for a contract duration of 18 the participants were introduced to the Mindfulness
months. The contract started on 15th January, practice. The facilitator took through different types
2016 and successfully completed on 13th June, of Mindfulness practice such as Guided Mindfulness
2019. Practice, Basic Goodness, Precision, Gentleness and
Letting go Practice, Loving Kindness, Sitting Practice
Formal handing taking was executed on 14th and Walking Meditation. The participants were also
October, 2019 and formally handed over to introduced to four foundation of mindfulness which is
Thimphu Thromde and the School Manage- very important for practicing mindfulness sitting. The
ment. Motithang Higher Secondary School is mindfulness sitting is included in the career counselling
one of the first kind designed by School Plan- training mainly because the contemplative counselling
ning and Building Division, Directorate of Ser- believes counselling about being self-aware. If one can
vices, Ministry of Education. understand oneself well, one can always provide good
service to others.

On 3rd December 2019, the Director General, Department
of Adult and Higher Education made a brief visit to training
venue and had a brief interaction with the participants.
During the DG’s interaction with the participants, she
highlighted the importance of career counselling training
program. She reminded that the Career Counsellors in


A Publication of the Ministry of Education 1. Since the mindfulness sitting has enormous
benefits in carrying out day to daily life and
the ECPFs not only help their employers to make profit discharging official duty, the participants
but has more important responsibility of assisting our recommended the trainers to increase the retreat
Bhutanese students to choose the program/courses of from two days to a minimum of 5 days.
their interest and enroll them in the recognized higher
education institutions which will lead our students to 2. Need to include some information on the choice
be globally competent graduates after their studies. She of programs and universities/colleges outside the
also requested the Counsellors to be extra cautious while country.
dealing with the students and pleaded to treat all the
Bhutanese students visiting their firm for the guidance 3. Need to increase the training duration from 10-
like their own children. days to a minimum of 15 days.

The 10-day training concluded on 11th December 2019 Signing of APA 2019-2020
with the award of certificates to the participants. The
Vice-Chancellor, Hon’ble Dasho Nidup Dorji graced The Annual Performance Agreement (APA)
the closing ceremony. The Hon’ble Vice-Chancellor for the financial year 2019-2020 of the
during his remark thanked all the participants and the Ministry of Education was signed between
Department of Adult and Higher Education for placing Hon’ble Lyonchhen, Sherig Lyonpo and Sherig
trust and respects to Samtse College of Education, Dungchen on 19th August, 2019.
and allowing the College to conduct the training on
Career Counselling. He shared that some of our youth The APAs of the Departments were also signed
fallen victim of some of the unrecognized universities between Sherig Dungchen and Director
and colleges outside. Therefore, he highlighted the Generals of Department of Adult and Higher
importance of such training for ECPFs’ Counsellors since Education, Department of School Education,
the ECPFs are dealing with our youths aspiring to pursue Department of Youth and Sports and Director,
their higher education abroad. Directorate of Services. The Divisions under
the Secretariat; Policy and Planning Division,
Key Findings and Recommendations Bhutan National Commission for UNESCO
and Internal Audit Division also signed APA for
The overall training session was found enriching and the year 2019 – 2020 with Sherig Dungchen.
extensive, and it is certain that the lessons learned from
the training will benefit the participants at one point In the financial year 2019-2020, the Ministry’s
of time. However, since the participants were from the overall aim is to continue improving the quality
ECPFs whose job is to deal with the students looking of education holistically right from Early
to pursue their higher studies outside the country, Childhood Care Development to higher and
the general counselling component was found less adult education.
important compared to the career counselling. Above all,
the mindfulness sitting instigated a lot of excitement and
interest among the participants. The participants, during
the daily reflection sharing and experience sharing in the
closing ceremony, expressed that mindfulness sitting
component was one of the most beneficial components
in the training package.

Based on the experience and reflection sharing amongst
the participants, the following points came as strong


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

National School Football and Traditional Archery
Tournament for Higher Secondary Schools, 2019

As an annual activity of the School Sports Program, and afternoon. The Dratshang Lam of the Sarpang
the Games and Sports Division, Department of Zangdopelri Lhakhang graced the Closing as the Chief
Youth and Sports organized the National School Guest. The program concluded with an address by the
Football and Traditional Archery Tournament for HSS at Hon’ble Chief Guest followed by awarding of the medals,
Sarpang Central School from 1st to 5th January, 2020. certificates and cash prizes.

The event was attended by 327 students, 212 boys and 16th National School Games
115 girls, 20 youth helpers, 15 boys and 5 girls, 21 escort
teachers, 18 male and 3 female and 16 drivers from 18 Hon’ble Minister for Education JB Rai graced
secondary schools across the country. The athletes, the Closing of 16th National School Games in
both boys and girls competed in Football, and the boys Punakha. Tshencho Wangdi, Dy.Speaker, Na-
competed in the Traditional Archery tournament during tional Assembly of Bhutan, Dzongda, Punakha
the 5 days program. Beside sports competitions, other Dzongkhag and other dignitaries made their
recreational and educational programs like cultural, presence.
movies and social night were organized in the evenings
to engage students meaningfully. The 5-day event, 21st to 25th December, saw
a total of 380 participants from 46 schools
The opening was graced by Hon’ble Dasho Dzongdag, across the country. 29 escort teachers accom-
Sarpang Dzongkhag as the Chief Guest. Other panied the students. The event was organized
distinguished guests from Sarpang Dzongkhag by Games and Sports Division, Department of
attended the opening ceremony. The actual competition Youth and Sports, Ministry of Education.
began from the morning of 1st January, 2020 with
the opening match for boys between Ugyen Academy
and Yangchenphug HSS. The competitions were held
simultaneously managed by different technical groups.
The competitions were conducted both in the morning


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Implementation of Bhutan Professional
Standards for Teachers

Context Professional Standards for Teachers

Bhutan has accorded the highest priority to education Quality teaching arises from sound knowledge of
since the inception of modern education. Recognising subject and classroom practices, founded on teacher’s
education as a principal social equalizer and as a means deep love for children, enduring passion for learning,
of preparing Bhutanese citizens to thrive in the ever- and firm conviction that education can transform lives.
changing global scenario, Bhutan continues to prioritize The BPST is built on the unique Bhutanese values of
investment in education. In recent years, the need to tha dam- tsig ley gju-drey and philosophies of child
improve quality of education has become a priority centeredness, inclusivity and lifelong learning. The
for the Ministry of Education against the backdrop of BPST articulates teacher quality within the framework
widespread public concern over a perceived decline in of seven standards, which are further divided into 37
quality of education. Among many factors that influence focus areas, comprehensively encompassing teacher’s
the quality of education, teacher quality has been professional and personal practices. It ensures quality
revealed by many researches as the most critical. teacher preparation in pre-service teacher training to
being exemplary in-service classroom practitioners.
His Majesty at the 3rd convocation of Royal University of Each focus area is elaborated into well-defined indicators
Bhutan on 17th February 2009 said: across four career stages, viz. Beginning, Proficient,
Accomplished, and Distinguished. The indicators across
Today I speak on behalf of our teachers and students – the career stages are designed to stand as a continuum
our teachers will always be committed and dedicated with gradual progression in professional learning,
teachers – our students will always be diligent and classroom practices and professional engagement.
loyal students – but it is the duty of parents, policy
makers and the government to put the right tools in Purpose of Professional Standards
their hands – the right books, the right curriculum, the
right direction. The BPST explicitly brings out teacher’s knowledge,
skills and values required to achieve high levels of
In an endeavor to meet the Royal aspirations, it is professional competence. The standards support setting
imperative that the Ministry of Education takes the expected attainment of teacher’s performance and
responsibility of instituting policies and mechanisms assessment based on their roles and levels of experience.
that support initiatives for quality education. The standards support teachers to promote reflective
practices through self-assessment as they aspire for
The Bhutan Education Blueprint 2014-2024 recommends sustained professional growth. The BPST is developed
the need to make teaching a profession of choice through with the following aim and objectives:
institutionalizing proper systems and support structures.
One of the reforms undertaken by the Ministry of Aim:
Education is the development of the Bhutan Professional
Standards for Teachers (BPST) initiated in 2017. The BPST Build a community of teachers who are knowledgeable,
had undergone two rounds of national validation that caring and reflective life-long learners who nurture
involved wide consultations, review and analysis of the competent, confident, creative and informed GNH
standards. The Royal Civil Service Commission (RCSC) graduates.
and the 41st Teacher Education Development Board
(TEDB) endorsed the Bhutan Professional Standards for


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Objectives: The BPST is envisaged to be a foundation of a system
that nurtures and retains teachers who are highly
1. Define the work of teachers and make explicit the motivated to deliver quality education. The standards
elements of high quality and effective teaching. will eventually establish a basis for registration and
certification to promote and enhance quality education
2. Provide a well-defined framework of the in the country.
professional knowledge, skills, values and
engagement required across teachers’ careers. Bhutan Professional Standards for Teachers

3. Present a framework by which teachers can judge The Bhutan Professional Standards for Teachers comprise
the success of their learning and assist self- seven standards, which defines the knowledge, skills
reflection and self-assessment. and values expected of teachers. The seven standards
are divided into 37 focus areas, which refer to specific
4. Establish a benchmark for recruitment, dimensions of teacher practices. These are further
professional learning, career development, illustrated as indicators at four career stages: Beginning,
retention, promotion, incentives and rewards. Proficient, Accomplished , and Distinguished.

bpsT bpsT
Bhutan Professional Standards for Teachers Bhutan Professional Standards for Teachers

Standards Focus Areas Standards Focus Areas
1.1 Language, cultural, religious, and socio-economic backgrounds 4.1 Learning outcomes aligned with learning competencies

1. Diversity of 1.2 Physical, social, emotional and intellectual development 4. Planning and 4.2 Teaching learning plans and processes
Learners 1.3 Learner’s gender, needs, interests and abilities Teaching 4.3 Teaching learning resources including ICT
4.4 Linking assessment to learning
1.4 Learners with disabilities, giftedness and talents

2.1 Safe and protective learning environment 4.5 Community contexts and learning

2.2 Fair and respectful learning environment 5.1 Design and utilization of classroom assessment strategies
5.2 Monitoring and evaluation of learner progress and
2. Learning 2.3 Management of classroom settings and activities
Environment 2.4 Support for learner participation achievement
5.3 Feedback to improve teaching and learning
2.5 Promotion of independent learning 5. Assessment and
Reporting 5.4 Design and utilization of a variety of testing strategies

2.6 Management of learner behavior 5.5 Use of assessment data to enhance teaching practice

3.1 Content and pedagogical knowledge 5.6 Communication of learner needs, progress and
3.2 Research-informed practices
6.1 Philosophy of teaching

3. Content and 3.3 Positive use of ICT 6. Personal Growth 6.2 Dignity of teaching profession
Pedagogical 3.4 Literacy and numeracy strategies and Professional 6.3 Professional reflection and learning
Knowledge 3.5 Higher-order thinking skills Development 6.4 Professional development goals

3.6 Communication strategies 6.5 Professional networks with colleagues

3.7 Medium of instruction 7.1 Engagement of parents and community

7. Professional 7.2 Professional ethics and conduct

Engagement and
Bhutanese Values 7.3 School policies and procedures

7.4 Bhutanese culture and values

34 35


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Continuum of Teachers’ Career professional practices.

The four career stages in the BPST determine the basis to Accomplished Teachers
distinguish professional growth of teachers throughout
their careers. The indicators across the four career stages Accomplished teachers consistently display a high level
describe progressive levels of knowledge, practice and of performance in their professional practices. They
professional engagement for teachers. collaborate with colleagues, and support and mentor
them to enhance their professional practices. They
Beginning Teachers seek to advance their professional knowledge and skills
through reflective practices.
Beginning teachers have attained a minimum
professional qualification from teacher education Distinguished Teachers
institutions for entry into the teaching profession. They
seek guidance and support from experienced colleagues Distinguished teachers are role models who exhibit
and school leaders to consolidate their practices. the highest standard of professional practice. They are
recognised for their creativity, versatility, innovation,
Proficient Teachers and leadership in education. They create impeccable
impact in the lives of colleagues, students and others.
Proficient teachers independently apply effective
teaching strategies, classroom management skills, bpsT
and use of learner assessment data. They engage in
collaborative learning with colleagues to enhance their Bhutan Professional Standards for Teachers

Career Stages






A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Implementation Plan 4. If a teacher is not satisfied with the assessment, he/
she can appeal to the Appellate Authority. (Dzongkhag/
With the launch of BPST on 2nd May, 2019 the Ministry of Thromde and MOE)
Education worked on the implementation of BPST and
the following plan is drawn: 5. Those placed in the PT career stage will be incentivized
with 10% proficiency allowances in 2022.
1. In the 1st Year of Implementation (2020),implement
25 focus areas. 6. Depending on the assessment data on teacher
performance Indicators, the MOE/ Dzongkhag/
2. 25 Focus Areas are selected based on the following: Thromde/Schools need to develop and provide tailor
made PD programs .
• Based on results of the validation exercises:
Appropriateness and difficulty ranking 7. Principals and VPs will also be assessed based on the
Indicators of PT: 14/25 Identified FA to assess
• Ensured all standards are included
• Based on Focus Areas critical to the function of 8. All (10) Competency Areas of Competency Based
Framework for Principals to be included in IWP for
a teacher Principals
• The non selected FA/Indicators require additional
9. In 2022, teachers fulfilling the following criteria will
capacity building, infrastructure, facilities, be assessed for AT career stage:
support materials, soft skills and trainings,
qualification upgradation of the teachers, etc. 10. Secured a minimum of Very Good in PT career stage
• Implementing all the FA/Indicators could assessment in 2021.
overwhelm teachers
• About 68% of the total FA/Indicators covered 11. Should have been appointed in 2016 or earlier in the
3. By end of 2021, about 7000 teachers are expected to
be placed in Proficient Teacher career stage based on the

Honorable Director Ms. Barbara Wickham, British Council Division, British High
Commission based in India and the British Honorary Consul to Bhutan, Michael
Rutland, called on to His Excellency Jai Bir Rai, Minister for Education.

The Minister expressed his concern on the need to build a strong and dynamic team within the Education
Fraternity by instilling a sense of responsibility amongst school leaders. The discussion also highlighted
the need for exchange programs to learn and share best practices. STEM education which is now refined as
STEAM with the inclusion of Arts (Human Psychology), in Bhutan needs to be strengthened and relevant
platforms must be created to provide opportunity to the students. It would also enhance our students’
ability to think, be creative and cope with modern science development.


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Alignment of Career Stages to Position Levels

Role transition for career stages

With the implementation of BPST, teachers role in each career stage will be well defined.The following table presents
the gist of the roles of teachers in each career stage:

•  Role model - exhibit the highest standard of professional practice.
Accomplished •  Recognized for their creativity, versatility, innovation, & leadership in education. 
•  Create impeccable impact in the lives of colleagues, students and others. 

•  Consistently display a high level of performance in their professional practices.
•  Support, collaborate & provide mentorship to enhance their professional practices. 
•  Seek to advance their professional knowledge & skills through reflective practices.

Proficient • Independently apply effective teaching strategies, classroom management skills,
Beginning and use of learner assessment data. 

• Engage in collaborative learning with colleagues to enhance their
professional practices

• Attained a minimum professional qualification from teacher education
institutions for entry into teaching profession. 

• Seek guidance & support from experienced colleagues & school leaders
to consolidate their practices. 

Mapping existing teachers with Position level and career stages
The career progression based on BPST will be aligned to the existing position levels as given below:


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Active service years per career stage

Youth Leadership Training Program

The Career Education and Counselling Division,
Department of Youth and Sports coordinated a 15
Days Youth Leadership Training for students from
four Central Schools of Zhemgang Dzongkhag viz, Buli
Central School, Sonamthang CS, Yebilaptsa CS and
Zhemgang CS. The program was designed to provide
the required environment (human and physical) to every
participant to nurture and nourish the goodness within
and to find the purpose of their life. Mind training,
meditation, self-reflection, relationship building, career
awareness, positive disciplining and self-disciplines
were some of the concepts and practices used in the
training of the youth leaders.

The theme of the program was Awakening the Goodness The sixth Youth Leadership Training Program was
within; connecting body, speech and mind. In keeping conducted from 1st - 15th January, 2020 . The program
with the theme, the training aimed at working on the three was well received by the participants and the school
domains of the youth Development and the participating counselors who were also involved in practicum. It has
adults: the working of the body, understanding self and provided the school counselors to delve deeper into the
exhibiting positive behavior and living a right livelihood. issues while using the assessment tools and in case
This year a total of 50 students, 21 girls and 29 boys were conceptualization.
trained by eleven School Guidance Counselors and one
School Sports Instructor.


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

First National Level Community Learning Centre
Exhibition and Fair

for themselves making it possible to earn and live a
productive and meaningful life. Currently, there are 22
CLCs across the country catering the art of tailoring
and wood craft to 272 CLC learners, 230 female and
42 male. It has been more than a decade since the
inception of CLC. Therefore, it has become imperative to
create an avenue which would support channelling and
distribute their products in the market and help build
their entrepreneurship skills. The profit earned will be
used as the seed budget for sustainability of the centre.

The First National Level Community Learning The objectives of the Exhibition and Fair are to;
Centre Exhibition and Fair was organized to
celebrate International Literacy Day from 8th- 9th • M● otivate both the CLC learners and the managers
September, 2019. The event was funded by Korean to become skilled at and earn to sustain their own
National Commission for UNESCO under 2019 Bridge additional livelihood and the CLCs;
Bhutan Project with technical support of Bhutan
national Commision for UNESCO. The theme of the event • ●Provide a platform to learn marketing skills
was “Literacy and Skills Development”.
• ●Facilitate exchange of ideas and knowledge among
Background the CLCs;

Community Learning Centre was initiated in 2000 with • P● romote entrepreneurship and develop networks
the objective of skilling the Non Formal Education of entrepreneurs as a key mechanism of economic
graduates who completed Post Literacy Course. The revitalization in the community;
program also provides opportunity to out of school youth,
nuns, monks and anyone who aspires to learn vocational • G● enerate awareness and recognize the work of CLC
skills. It intends to develop livelihood skills through learners; and
tailoring, embroidery, carpentry and other relevant
skills focused on financial empowerment to improve the • S● upport in achieving the commitment to SDG 4 -
socioeconomic conditions in the community which is one “ensure inclusive and equitable quality education
of the most important initiatives of NFE. It not only aspires and lifelong learning opportunities for all” - the
to promote vocational skills development and livelihood Education 2030 Agenda.
skills but also promotes local wisdom, culture and values
for community vitality by bringing people together and Invitees for the Exhibition and Fair
giving access to lifelong learning opportunities. It also
emphasizes on creativity and sharing of rich knowledge The event was graced by His Excellency the Education
and experiences of learning. The program has benefitted Minister as the Chief Guest who was accompanied by
many learners, mostly women. They have established Hon’ble Secretary, along with officials from the Ministry,
their own tailoring shops, work in companies, or run relevant agencies and international collaborating
businesses from home. The program has helped improve partners. The Korean delegation was led by Secretary
their livelihood skills which created self-employment General, Mr. Kwangho Kim, Director, Mr Jun Ho Ju and
Program Specialist, Ms. Siyeon Rim, were the special
guest for the event.


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Felicitation Program

The Department of Adult and Higher Education, 3. Mr. Dhendrup Tshering: Mr. Dhendrup Tshering
Ministry of Education organized a felicitation was sent to pursue Bachelor of Arts in Psychology,
program on 2nd October, 2019 to honour and English and Journalism, at the Acharya Institute
recognize the excellence achieved by six undergraduate of Graduate Studies, Bangalore University, India
scholarship students who returned with gold medals in 2015. Dhendrup Tshering was awarded the
and certificates of excellence. His Excellency Sherig Valediction of the Institute and Best International
Lyonpo felicitated the students with Tashi Khadar and Student in Academics Excellence and Proficiency.
congratulated the scholars for their stellar performances He graduated in July 2019.
and achievements. The program was also graced by
Hon’ble Secretary, Ministry of Education and officials 4. Ms. Ugyen Wangmo: MS. Ugyen Wangmo was sent
from the Department of Adult and Higher Education. to pursue Horticulture at the Sam
Higginbottom University of Agricultural Technology
1. Mr Jamyang Chophel: Mr. Jamyang Chophel was and Science, India in 2014. Ugyen Wangmo
sent to pursue a Bachelor in Journalism and Mass was awarded the Gold Medal in B.Sc.(Hons) in
Communication at IMS UNISON University, India horticulture. She graduated in June 2018.
in June 2014. He was awarded the University Gold
Medal for having scored the highest grades in the 5. Ms. Pem Zam: MS. Pem Zam was sent to pursue
Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication. (Hons) Forestry at the Sam Higginbottom University
He graduated in 2017. of Agriculture Technology and Science, India in
2014. Pem Zam was awarded the Gold Medal in B.Sc.
2. Mr. Dawa Wangchuk Gyalpo: Mr. Dawa Wangchuk (Hons) in Forestry. She graduated in June 2018.
Gyalpo was sent to pursue B.Sc. Mathematics at the
University of Texas at El Paso, USA in 2015. He was 6. Mr. Ashish Katwal: Mr. Ashish Katwal was sent
awarded the Academic and Research Excellence to pursue B. Tech Environmental Engineering at
in Mathematics at the undergraduate level by the the Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture
University in recognition of his academic excellence. Technology and Science, India in 2014. Ashish
Dawa graduated in July 2019. Katwal was awarded the Gold Medal in B.Tech
Environmental Engineering. He graduated in June


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

First Action Research Seminar for Teachers

The Ministry of Education considers research- 3) Build a network of AR enthusiasts across schools in
driven classroom practices as a key means to make Bhutan.
curriculum and pedagogical practices current
and relevant. In pursuance of building research culture The seminar is expected to create a platform where
and practices in schools, the Ministry instituted the teachers share ideas and experiences on reflective and
Sherig Endowment Fund (SEF) for action research (AR), evidence based classroom practices and enhance the
which was earlier referred to as the Bhutan Education number and quality of action research in schools. The
Endowment Fund with a seed capital of Nu.10 million Ministry will publish seminar proceedings for archival
on 2nd December, 2013. The Fund was officially launched and dissemination of ideas.
on 23rd August, 2016. SEF was launched to enhance the
quality of teaching and learning through the promotion National Earthquake Mock
of Action Research (AR) based teaching-learning culture Drill Day
in schools.

In the first ever Action Research Seminar for teachers Schools, Non-Formal Education (NFE) and
organized on 30th September, 2019, nine teachers Early Childhood Care and Development
presented their papers. The program was graced by (ECCD) Centers carried out full scale mock
Hon’ble Sherig Lyonpo, Hon’ble Secretary, Director drill from 20th to 23rd September, 2019 to
General, Department of School Education and officials observe 21st September as National Earthquake
from the Ministry. More than 100 teachers from Thimphu Mock Drill Day, after the M6.1 earthquake of
and Paro attended the seminar. 2009 struck Eastern Bhutan.

The seminar was organized with the following The drill is an imperative exercise for the
objectives: Schools, ECCD and NFE Centers to prepare
for earthquakes as Bhutan is located in one of
1) Share findings of action research through live the most seismically active zones in the world
presentation and publication of proceedings. with the high risk of earthquakes. For this
reason, the Ministry of Education directed to
2) Promote active engagement in AR by teachers and carry out mass DROP, COVER and HOLD in
schools to strengthen reflective and evidence based Schools, ECCD and NFE Centers across the
practices. nation.


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

The Light of Education-Leaving No One Behind

Avideo documentary “The Light of Education-
Leaving No One Behind!” in celebration of the 64th
Birth Anniversary of His Majesty The Fourth King
was launched on 11th November, 2019. The documentary
highlights best practices, impacts, success stories
and challenges of Non-Formal Education in Bhutan.
The video is produced by Non-Formal and Continuing
Education Division (NFCED), Department of Adult and
Higher Education, Ministry of Education with financial
support from Korean National Commission for UNESCO

Since the inception of the Non-Formal Education (NFE) and Community Learning Centres. It has tremendously
program in 1990, it has made a tremendous impact in the transformed the lives of illiterate people and has helped
lives of people who had missed the opportunity to enroll in accelerating adult literacy rate to 66.6 % (BLSS, 2017)
in formal schooling due to their social and economic benefitting about 203471 learners.
circumstances. However, owing to the scattered and
rugged terrain, mass publicity and access remains a The Bhutan Education Blueprint 2014-2024 and the draft
challenge in reaching the people in both urban and National Education Policy reaffirms the national goal of
rural areas. Therefore, the media is seen as a vital tool providing quality education and skills development to all
and alternative means to raise public awareness on the Bhutanese underlying its key importance to achieving the
importance of the NFE program. full potentials of the individual and to build knowledge
based society. The Blueprint recognizes the enduring
Broadcasting of NFE video documentary in National benefits of NFE, and aspires to provide access to NFE
Television (BBS) is intended to promote higher visibility programs to achieve a minimum of 80% adult literacy
and publicity besides celebrating success stories of rate by 2024 and 75% literacy rate by the end of 12th Five
NFE. Following are the objectives of producing the video Year Plan.
International Day of Persons with
• To pay tribute to His Majesty the Fourth King, the Disabilities
pioneer of NFE in Bhutan,
To commemorate International Day of Persons
• To advocate and inform the public about the NFE with Disabilities, 3rd December, 2019, the Lions
program through the media, and Clubs International Members from Belgium
donated 17 Laptops, 7 Projectors, and 7 Projec-
• To celebrate the achievements of NFE. tor Screens to Wangsel Institute for the Deafs,
Drukgyel, Paro to ease the teaching methods
NFE was initiated in 1990 by the National Women for teachers of the Institute.
Association of Bhutan under the Royal Command of
His Majesty the Fourth King to empower Bhutanese The donation is expected to help the teachers
women. It was taken over by Dzongkha Development by making use of photos and videos, instead of
Commission from 1992-1993 and in 1993 it was handed having to make shapes on the board and show
over to the Ministry of Education. Since then it has signs with hand. This will also help the students
been instrumental in enhancing the literacy and life understand better and learn faster. The Gifts
skills of those who have missed the formal education. from Belgian Lions were handed over by Lions
The program has contributed in transforming the lives Clubs International Director from Europe, Mr.
of marginalized people by reaching the unreached Elien Van Dille.
through Basic Literacy Course, Post Literacy Course


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Y-PEER Coordination Meeting

The colleges under the Royal University of Bhutan discussed various aspects of Y-PEER, its benefits to youth
have their academic courses running successfully. and the support the Networks are receiving from the
Similarly, the Technical Training Institutes have Management. The participants were introduced to the
numerous trades to provide the requisite skills to core mandates and functions of Y-PEER so that they can
its trainees. Therefore, in the successful pursuit of have a clear understanding of the importance of such an
knowledge and skills, it is felt imperative that the health initiative in their Colleges/Institutes and how it ensures
and wellbeing of the young people in the Colleges and the overall psychological and physical wellbeing of
Training Institutes are taken care. Y-PEER Bhutan was their students/trainees. The Chairperson in his opening
set up in 2012 as part of the global network to promote remarks also reiterated the importance of investing
Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) amongst on Y-PEER as it creates a platform for young people to
young people through peer-to-peer approach and create share their concerns and seek support from their peers.
public advocacy on emerging youth concerns through He highlighted how it significantly contributes to the
various peer-led initiatives thereby promoting the overall development of young people as it helps them
psycho-social health and wellbeing of the youth. Today, grow up with values and make them more responsible
there are 15 YPEER Networks under YPEER Bhutan and healthy.
based in different colleges and TTIs.
The participants also shared updates on various
In order to streamline and strengthen the functions initiatives taken by their Y-PEER Networks and the
of Y-PEER Networks based in Tertiary Colleges and benefits their students/trainees have got from those
Technical Training Institutes, a 2-day coordination services and activities. They acknowledged that Y-PEER
meeting with the representatives of Colleges and TTIs has been making a difference in the lives of their peers
was convened at the RAA Professional Development within the Colleges/Institutes and that they should be
Center in Damphu, Tsirang from 27th - 28th September. given adequate support.

The primary objective of the meeting was to interact with The participants also looked into various challenges
the Management of Colleges/TTIs where the Y-PEER faced by Y-PEER Networks in the Colleges/Institutes
Networks are based and strengthen collaboration with and discussed ways to address them. A way-forward was
them to enable Y-PEER Networks to function effectively also developed for future follow-up. This activity was
and systematically. It was designed to facilitate the organized by the Youth Center Division, Department of
exchange of ideas and experiences amongst different Youth and Sports, Ministry of Education and supported
Colleges/Institutes and discuss challenges for further by UNFPA.
improvement of the Networks.

The President/Dean of Student Affairs and two Student
Service Officers each from 10 RUB Colleges (Royal
Thimphu College, Paro College of Education, Norbuling
Rigter College, College of Natural Resources, College
of Language and Cultural Studies, Sherubtse College,
Jigme Namgyel Engineering College, College of Science
and Technology, Gedu College of Business Studies and
Samtse College of Education), 4 TTIs (Khuruthang TTI,
Chumey TTI, Rangjung TTI and College of Zorig Chusum,
Trashi Yangtse) and Faculty of Nursing and Public
Health, KGUMSB represented their Y-PEER Networks in
the meeting.

Chaired by the Director General of Department of
Youth and Sports, Ministry of Education, the meeting


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

The DEOs’ Conference 2019

The three day conference, 30th December 2019 and School Reform Initiatives including key issues and
to 1st January 2020, with the theme ‘Leveraging challenges faced by Dzongkhag/Thromde Education
ICT for Quality Education’ was held at Gelephu sectors among others.
Lower Secondary School, Gelephu Thromde. A total
of 55 participants from the Ministry of Education, One of the highlights of the conference was a session
Royal Education Council, Bhutan Council for School dedicated to sensitize the participants about the National
Examination and Assessment, Dzongkhag and Thromde Service (Gyalsung) facilitated by Dasho Karma Tshiteem
Education Officers attended the conference. and Dasho Dr.Sonam Kinga. Presentations were also
made on National Education Assessment Framework
The theme ‘Leveraging ICT for Quality Education’ was (NEAF), Recent Initiatives in Curriculum Development
based on His Majesty the King’s 112 National Day and Curriculum Orientation Plans, Expansion of ECCD
Address to the nation in Thimphu where His Majesty program and SEN access and quality in Dzongkhag/
reminded the nation about building a better future for Thromdes, School Reform Initiatives and Implementation
our children as Bhutan’s future will be mirrored by the of GoI PTA projects.
strength and capabilities of our youth. His Majesty also
cautioned that the world is changing rapidly and we The DEOs’ Conference is one of the most important
cannot afford to avoid what we do not yet understand, biennial events of the Ministry of Education. It provides
and hope for the best. a platform for the education fraternity and relevant
stakeholders to come together to discuss issues, plans
In line with the theme, the conference deliberated and policies of the education sector. It also serves
on some of the major initiatives in Education such as as a forum to disseminate information on the major
Education Flagship Program (ICT), Bhutan Professional developments and initiatives, share ideas and feedback
Standards for Teachers, Continuous Formative to strengthen the education system.
Assessment, Protocol for Student Safety and Well-Being,


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Mitsubishi Asian Children’s Enikki Festa

Mitsubishi Asian Children’s Enikki Festa is a Bhutan has participated in the Mitsubishi Asian
biennial program that is organized by the Children’s Enikki Festa since its 3rd Enikki Festa in 1993-
National Federation of UNESCO Associations 1994. There have been 100 Bhutanese students winning
in Japan (NFUAJ). The Mitsubishi companies have in the international screening since then, with 11 Grand
supported this Enikki Festa since 1990 in order to Prix Winners.
encourage children of Asia to understand and respect
each other’s culture and to strive for a better future For the 2019-2020 Enikki Festa, a total of 4074 students
together. In Bhutan, Bhutan National Commission for submitted their entries to schools, who then submitted
UNESCO has been the local partner in organizing, along their best five entries to center coordinators by August.
with the Education Offices in the Dzongkhags. The Dzongkhag Level screening was conducted at two
centres of Paro and Trashiyangtse in the first week
Enikki is a Japanese term for an illustrated diary that of December. A total of 92 students won from the
portray daily events and thoughts in the form of a picture Dzongkhags. The National Level Screening took place
and short essay. Themed ‘Here is my life’, children aged at Gelephu Lower Secondary School on December 30th
6-12 are invited to draw on an A4 sized paper and 2019, along the sidelines of the DEO’s Conference.
illustrate what they do, see, experience or have in mind Hon’ble Sherig Lyonpo and Sherig Drungchen graced
in their daily life that they want their Asian friends to the National Level Screening. In attendance were the
know and understand, such as nature and climate, Directors and Chiefs of Ministry of Education, along with
favorite games, family and friends, school life, and local the DEOs.
festivals and traditional performing arts.
The international Screening will happen in April and the
There is a school level selection and a Dzongkhag results will be declared by May 2020.
level screening before the best five entries from each
Dzongkhag are forwarded for the National Level Meeting the last batch of 2019
Screening. The winner of the Dzongkhag Level Screening cohort of medical students
gets a cash award of Nu. 2000 and a Certificate of Merit,
while the runners-up get Certificates of Appreciation. His Excellency Sherig Lyonpo met the
At the National Level Screening the best eight entries last batch of 16 medical students of the
are awarded cash prizes of Nu. 3000 and Certificates of 2019 cohort on 4th January, 2020 who will
Merit each. be leaving for Bangladesh soon to pursue
their studies in MBBS and BDS in various
After the National Level Screening the best eight are medical colleges in Bangladesh. Out of
submitted to NFUAJ for international level screening, 16 students, 8 are on full scholarships, 1
who then declares a Grand Prix winner from amongst under APEMS and 7 under self financing
them. The Grand Prix winner is invited to the Award including one for BDS.
Ceremony and a cultural exchange program in Japan.
The other prizes include Mitsubishi Public Affairs
Committee Award, Asian Pacific Federation of UNESCO
Clubs and Associations Award, National Federation of
UNESCO Associations in Japan Award, and Excellence

The selection criteria for every level of screening focuses
on originality, creativity, uniqueness, sensitivity, and


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Mitsubishi Asian Children’s Enikki Festa 2019-2020


8 winners for National Level Screening

Rank Name School Name Age Dzongkhag Picture

1 Alina H Moktan Samtse Lower Secondary 6/3/2007 Samtse

2 Euphelma Menza Gelephu Middle Secondary 12/2/2008 Gelephu

3 Lhazin Yoezer Trashiyangtse Lower 21/06/2009 Trashiyangtse
Yangchen Secodary School

4 Kinley Yangden Bidha Trashiyangtse Lower 9/4/2009 Trashiyangtse
Secodary School

5 Ngawang Choden Shali Primary School 1/5/2007 Trashiyangtse

6 Yeshi Pelzom Chali Lower Secondary 30/06/2009 Mongar

7 Cheki Wangmo Shali Primary School 30/09/2009 Trashiyangtse

8 Chimi Seldon Dorji Chali Lower Secondary 24/07/2007 Mongar


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Bhutan Scouts Association

Mission of Scouting

The mission of scouting is to contribute to the education
of young people, through a value system based on the
Scout Promise and Law to help build a better world
where people are self-fulfilled as individuals and play a
constructive role in society.

Vision of Bhutan Scouts Association

Bhutan Scouts Association, by 2030, will be a premier
and inclusive youth organization, providing quality
program through competent leaders, producing
responsible citizens, contributing towards Gross
National Happiness.


Scouting is the world’s largest educational youth • Involving them throughout their formative years
movement providing value based programs. Currently, it in non-formal, outdoor, experiential learning and
has more than 50 Million members and is established in educational activities to help achieve their full
about 216 countries and territories. potential as responsible citizens.

Scouting in Bhutan formally started in 1996, in response • Assisting them to acquire leadership qualities and
to His Majesty The Fourth King’s concern on several build strong values of tha dam-tsig ley gju-drey.
issues on education and emphasis on the need to adopt
a systematic and comprehensive program to address At present, Bhutan Scouts Association functions under
emerging youth related issues. Subsequently, it was the Scouts and Culture Education Division, Department
launched as a school - based program supported by Asia of Youth and Sports, Ministry of Education. The
Pacific Region, World Scout Bureau as a channel for scouting program in Bhutan is operational in schools
holistic development and value education for Bhutanese and communities covering all the 20 Dzongkhags and
youths. Within a very short span, the program achieved 4 Thromdes. In April 2013, under the Royal Command,
considerable progress both in terms of membership as the scouting program got revitalized to inject with the
well as the type of programs conducted and Bhutan right DNA of tha- dam-tsig ley gju-drey to create a
Scouts Association (BSA) became the full-fledged unique identity, which can unite and bond the younger
member of the World Organization of the Scout generation. Such a revitalized scout program should not
Movement (WOSM) on 26th July, 1999 during the 35th only be able to attract youth and channel their energy
World Scout Conference in Durban, South Africa. for positive development but also keep them away from
unhealthy activities.
Scouting program supports wholesome development
of youth through activities that focus on helping
them develop personal values to pursue excellence
and positive attitude towards life as enshrined in the
scout promise and law. Scouting therefore supports
wholesome development of Bhutanese youths by:


A Publication of the Ministry of Education Rover is the fourth section. It is initiated
in the Colleges and Institutions for
Sections in Scouting children aged between eighteen and
twenty four. The program is designed
to offer greater opportunities in
decision making, skill development, leadership and
management gearing towards preparing for the world
of work and service.


In order to address the specific needs of young people Community Based Scouting is the
of different age groups, the scouting program is fifth section. It is put in place to
categorized into five sections: provide opportunities to interested
individuals including out of school
Chey Chey Scout is the first section in youth and Scouts who wish to take up
scouting. The program is for children scouting as a lifelong education.
aged between five to seven years

Motto: “SHARING” The Objectives are:

Nachung Scout (Cub) is the second • To provide opportunity to pursue scouting as a
section. The program is geared towards lifelong education
educating children on knowing
themselves and their environment. • To engage youth and
It is designed for Primary School
children aged between eight to eleven (class lV-Vl). * provide leadership skills to be responsible
and productive citizens
* equip them with necessary life skills to
tackle every day challenges

* inculcate a strong sense of social
responsibility and volunteerism

Nazhoen Scout is the third section. The
program aims to promote character
building, citizenship education and
personal development. Children in
Secondary Schools, aged between
twelve to seventeen can take part in the program
(class Vll - Xll)



A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Strategic Priority for Bhutan
Scouts Association

B) Dzongkhag/Thromde and Regional Level Programs

At the Dzongkhag/Thromde and regional level, various
camps are organized to bring together Scouts for fun,
educational and adventure activities. Scouts are also
made to participate in the observations of global and
national days of significance. Dzongkhags/Thromdes
also organize advocacy campaigns and social service
programs involving Scouts.

C) National Level programs

1. Youth Program At the national level, the Bhutan Scouts Association
organizes Jamborees, Camporees and Rover Adventure
BSA offers an attractive, challenging, and value-based Camp for Nachung, Nazhoen, Rovers and Community
youth program geared towards the holistic development Based Scouts respectively. Scouts are also made to
of young people to become responsible citizens. Young participate in the observation of global and national
people are involved in the decision making process at all events and in carrying out social and community service.
levels. The Association also makes arrangements to enable
Scouts to participate in international events outside
BSA initiates and coordinates various Youth Program at of the country. The association has also been able to
School , Dzongkhag/Thromde, National and International organize international youth and scout events within the
level for different sections of scouting. country involving international participants.

A) School Level Programs »» Spiritual Retreat Program

Nachung and Nazhoen Scouts have weekly meetings Spiritual Empowerment and Retreat Program for Scouts
and other events, such as weekend camps and fun days. has been introduced by Bhutan Scouts Association
Meetings are supposed to be filled with games, skills, under the Royal Command in 2013. The vast impact of
crafts, and other activities. Scout Leaders operate the the retreat program for young people and also an urge
program with the help of volunteers. from the Dzongkhag and Thromde for wants of similar
program, BSA has decentralized the Spiritual Retreat
Nachung and Nazhoen Scouts can also take on program to Dzongkhags and Thromdes with partial
environmental related projects and social service for the funding. Spiritual programs are considered to be one
benefit of schools or communities. They also conduct of the core components of any scouting program at all
advocacy and awareness campaigns on environment and levels.
adolescent related issues.
»» Leadership Training

The Leadership Training Program for the Scouts was
started for the first time in the winter of 2013 under the
Royal Command with focus on the following areas:

1. Physical development: Consists of physical exercise
like Aerobics, Runs, Games, drills.


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

2. Spiritual component: Consists of activities like The Scouts from Classes X and XII in two batches are
understanding Basic Spiritual practices/rituals, recruited for the Leadership Training through open
obtaining “Lung” for simple daily prayers, taking one selection interview held at School and Dzongkhag/
day vows, mindful living and reflections on how to Thromde level using the criteria set by the Department.
begin and end the day. The best five Scouts from class XII batches are offered
Scholarship to study abroad as soelra by His Majesty the
3. Personal development: Consists of components on King.
life skills, culture and age old traditions and values.
The Training is organized at the Military Training Centre,
4. Adventure component: Consists of program on Tencholing, Wangduephodrang in collaboration with
disaster risk reduction and preparedness, fire the Office of the Gyalpoi Zimpon and Department of
fighting techniques, first aid, rock climbing, rafting Youth and Sports, Ministry of Education for a duration of
and rappelling and river rescue techniques. three weeks. A total of 1591 Scouts received Leadership
Training opportunities till date.
5. Intellectual development: Consists of organization
of extempore speeches, quiz, debates and guests Feedbacks on the Leadership Training for Scouts from
lectures on selected topics. the field

6. Social service, volunteerism and civic responsibility: 1. Feedbacks during the Scout Conference
Promoted through organization of community
service and other voluntary social service programs Based on the 5th Scout Conference held in 2018 at
to adjoining areas or institutions. Rangjung, Trashigang, the Dzongkhag/ Thromde
Education Officers and Scout Secretaries gathered
7. Leisure Component: Consist of programs such as from 20 Dzongkhags and Thromdes raised the following
campfires and cultural activities. issues regarding Leadership Training offered to Scouts
by Scout Division;


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

2. Outcomes of the Monitoring and Evaluation of
scouting program in schools and Colleges

During the two rounds of monitoring and evaluation visits
to schools and colleges, the following feedbacks and
suggestions has been collected pertinent to leadership

• Most of the Principals and teachers preferred
Leadership Scouts to assist and initiate various
activities in school

• Both teachers and student colleagues have high
regards to Leadership Scouts in the school due high
sense of integrity and conduct

• There is a sharp decline in the number of children
with disciplinary issues and comparatively Scouts
tend to be less problematic than non-Scouts in

• Many Principals proposed Leadership Training to be
offered to class IX and XI students to maximize the
benefits of the leadership Scouts to parent schools.

• Exhibit strong sense of belongingness towards
community, Good Comradeship and family bonding.

• Leadership Scouts actively contribute to various
school and Dzongkhag level scout and non scout
programs voluntarily even after their school.

• Since Leadership Training is one of the most • Very few Scouts were found problematic in schools
prestigious youth programs for Scouts, the Division and so far no single Scouts has committed suicide
must increase intake for Leadership Training so that or has record for criminal cases with Royal Bhutan
many Scouts can participate and benefit the larger Police.
youth population.

• Start internship for Leadership Scouts after class XII
and assist BSA/DSA/TSA in various scout functions
for better hands on experiences.

• Formation of Scout Youth Council to be supported
by BSA to encourage participation of young people
in the decision making process for various youth


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

2. Adults in Scouting William de Bois Maclaren who donated Gilwell Park in
1919. The neckerchief with the braided leather woggle
Bhutan Scouts Association will strive to improve (neckerchief slide) denotes the membership of the first
the quality, competency and commitment of Gilwell Scout Group or Gilwell Troop One. The recipients
all Scout leaders by effectively implementing of the Wood Badge are known as Wood Badgers Gilwell
National Adults in Scouting Policy aligned with or Gilwellians.
the WOSM.
The Wood Badge course are structured structurally
A) Basic Unit Leaders Training based on three broad competencies of Leadership, Scout
Method and Scout Craft. It encompasses the necessary
The Basic Unit Leaders Training is the first level of scouting knowledge and skills which a Unit Leader
training for Scout leaders. This basic training will provide should possess in order to deliver the program to youths.
the leaders first-hand experience and insight about They are by no means exhaustive and the Unit Leader
scouting. It would also offer an in-depth knowledge and should be able to enhance his knowledge and upgrade
skills on principles and method of scouting. This training his skills through self directed learning.
will enable Scout leaders to assume responsibility to
run a Scout unit. C) Assistant Leader Trainers (3 – Beaders)

B) Wood Badge Training The aim of training of Assistant Leader Trainer is to
introduce principles and methods of training; identify the
The Wood Badge Training is the highest for Unit Leaders. purpose of adult training; and demonstrate the methods,
It is for those who have undergone Basic Unit Leaders techniques used, their application in the interpretation
Training and actively running Scout units. The Wood of policies and procedures of Bhutan Scouts Association.
Badge is the internationally recognised Scouting
Leadership Program. Upon completion of the course, D) Leader Trainers (4 – Beaders)
participants are awarded two Wood Badge beads; one
on each end of leather thong (string) which is worn with The aim of training of Leader Trainer is to provide
Scout uniform. They also receive taupe, neckerchief an opportunity for sharing of experiences in the
bearing a tartan patch of the Maclaren clans, honouring consideration of advanced training methods;


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

demonstrate and develop new training methods; and to B) Infrastructure Development
examine, review and evaluate existing training methods
and techniques with the objective of recommending • National Scout Center at Paro
improvements, demonstrate and develop new training
methods. The construction of the National Scout Center in Paro
was initiated with funding support from the Boy Scouts
3. Resource Management of America in 2010. The National Scout Center covering
around 27 acres can host both national and international
BSA shall endeavor to adopt a comprehensive Resource events.
Management Policy that will enable the organization to
judiciously utilize and manage its resources to ensure • Regional Scout Center at Trashigang
With the growing popularity of scouting programs and
A) Manuals & Publications increase in the number of Scouts, it was decided to have
a Regional Scout Center in the East. Having such a center
To standardize the scouting program, manuals on all the immensely helps organize camps and host regional and
sections of scouting has been developed. Systematic Dzongkhag/Thromde level programs and activities, thus
advancement schemes have also been developed to be leading to strengthening of scouting programs in the
implemented in schools. Following is a list of resource country.
materials that have been developed:
C) Good Governance
• Handbook for Nachung Scout Leaders
BSA shall move towards a participatory, consensus
• Handbook for Nazhoen Scout Leaders oriented, accountable, transparent, responsive,
effective and efficient, equitable and inclusive, and an
• A Guide to Rovering organization that enables Bhutanese youth to aspire
and become responsible citizens. It focuses on efficient
• Institutional Identity management of financial and human resources and
• Constitution and By- laws of the Bhutan Scouts

• Guideline for Scouts Program Administrators

• Advancement schemes for Nazhoen Scouts and
Nachung Scouts in schools

In celebration of His Majesty’s Birth
Anniversary and marking the Fifth National
Scouts Day, the Bhutan Scouts Association
(BSA) awarded Three Service Award to
Scout Leaders on 21st February, 2019. Three
teachers serving as scout leaders received
the award in recognition of their service in
promoting scouting.

Gold: Mrs. Bandana Gurung, Sarpang MSS

Silver: Mr. Kinzang Wangchuk
Laptsakha PS, Punakha

Bronze: Mr. Tenzin Wangchuk
Samtenling PS, Sarpang


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Organizational Structure



Vice President
Chief Commissioner
International Commissioner

Youth Program Adults in Scouting Good Governance Resource Communication
Management and PR

Dzongkhag/Thromde Scouts Commissioner

School Based Scouting Community Based Scouting

Patron: President: Vice President: Chief Commissioner:

His Majesty, the Druk This is an ex-officio post An ex-officio post, the An ex-officio post,
Gyalpo Jigme Khesar and the Minister for Secretary, Ministry the Director General,
Namgyel Wangchuck is the Ministry of Education of Education is the Department of Youth and
Patron of Bhutan Scouts is the President of the Vice President of the Sports becomes the Chief
Association. Association. Association. Commissioner of the

International Dzongkhag/Thromde School Scout
Commissioner: Scout Commissioner: Commissioner:

The Chief of the Scouts and An ex-officio post, the An ex-officio post, the
Culture Education Division Dzongkhag/Thromde Principal/Vice Principal
under the Department Chief Education Officer/ of the school becomes
of Youth and Sports Dy.Chief Education the School Scout
becomes the International Officer becomes the Commissioner.
Commissioner. It is also an Dzongkhag/Thromde
ex-officio post. Scout Commissioner.


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Recruitment & Membership ceremony, members recite the Scout Promise and are
also awarded the Scout Scarf and the membership badge.
Recruitment of new Scout members is done annually by BSA currently has about 59,673 Scout members, 1809
the Scout Unit leaders in their respective schools and trained Scout Unit Leaders in Schools and communities.
communities. The program is voluntary and students and All Dzongkhag/Thromde Education Officers and School
adult members are enrolled based on their interest. The Principals are oriented on scouting and issued Warrant
new recruits are formally inducted through a commitment as a Scout Commissioner at Dzongkhag/Thromde and
ceremony which is normally conducted at the school/ School level.
community or cluster level. During the commitment

Summary of Scout Membership Statistics, 2019

Sl.No Sections Male Female Total
1 13426
2 Chey chey 6716 6710 23310
3 20387
Nachuung 10662 12648

Nazhoen 8413 11974

4 Rovers 387 434 821
5 CBS 938 791 1729
27116 32557 59673

Scout Conference

BSA organizes Scout Conference once every
two years to discuss Scout related issues
and concerns with relevant stakeholders.
The conference also deliberate and passes
resolutions and plans. The participants consist
of Dzongkhags/Thromdes Commissioners,
Scout Secretaries and youth representatives.

National Membership Growth Strategy

BSA conducts potential growth analysis and
develops a strategy for membership growth
aligned to the Asia Pacific Region (APR)
Support Center Growth Strategy. The strategy
is then communicated with the Dzongkhag/
Thromde Commissioners for implementation.


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

The Youth Exchange Program (YEP) THE KINDS OF YEPS:

The Youth Exchange Program (YEP) is an initiative 1. Homestay Program
formally organized between the Ministry of Education,
Department of Youth and Sports, Scouts and Culture Youth spend about 7 to 14 days with a family in another
Education Division, and a partner, Government or Non place/country. The participants get to experience the
Governmental Organization. It involves young people culture, values and lifestyle of the host family and the
having an exciting experience travelling to another community they have visited.
country and staying with a host family, at a Youth Camp
or in a youth hostel. 2. Event Related Program

The objectives of the YEP is to: These are YEPs that are related to Scout events such as
Jamboree (Scout), Camporee (Cub), Rover Moot (Rovers),
• Provide opportunity to take part in a variety of CBS Adventure Camp, Youth Forum, Gatherings, or
challenging and value based youth program; Camps. Young people will have an opportunity to interact,
exchange ideas and widen networks of friendship.
• Give opportunity to make friends, exchange ideas
and broaden the understanding of the world at large;

• Provide an economical way to learn the customs,
traditions and culture of people in other countries
and also exhibit our rich culture and tradition to


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

D) Communication and Partnerships

3. Goodwill Educational Program Bhutan Scouts Association ensures to establish an
effective and efficient communication system among and
within local and global partners through the application
of ICT enhancing image and visibility of Bhutan Scouts.

a. Make the media and communication section under
BSA fully functional.

b. Ensure visibility of scouting program in general

c. Promote scouting images in the communities.

The program gives opportunities to young people to
visit education and historical sights for recreational
and educational purposes. Such programs help develop
friendship, gain exposure,exchange ideas and enhance
better understanding. Such programs are initiated with
SAARC countries.

Scouts and Culture Education Division
Department of Youth and Sports, Ministry of Education

Mr. Karma Tenzin Mr. Nawang Gyaltshen
Chief Program Officer Dy. Chief
Program Officer

[email protected] [email protected]

Mr. Dorji Wangchuk Mr. Sonam Wangdi
Dy. Chief Sr. Program Officer
Program Officer

[email protected] [email protected]

Ms. Kuenzang Choden Mr. Tashi Wangchuk
Sr. Program Officer Sr. Program Officer

[email protected] [email protected]


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Know Your Education System

School Reform Initiatives

1. Six Lower Secondary Schools has been upgraded to Middle Secondary Schools for 2020 Academic Year

2. Seven Middle Secondary Schools has been upgraded to Higher Secondary Schools for 2020 Academic Year

3. Twenty Higher Secondary Schools has been expanded in 2020 Academic Year

4. Twenty Four Central Schools with two campuses were segregated in 2019 Academic Year

5. Eleven Autonomous Schools were approved for 2019 Academic Year : 3 Primary Schools, 2 Lower
Secondary Schools, 4 Middle Secondary Schools and 2 Higher Secondary Schools

6. Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET)

SL. No School Dzongkhag/ Thromde Trade Offered
01. Bayling CS Trashiyangtse Tailoring and Painting
Trashigang Electrical, Carpentry and Computer Hardware
02. Ranjung CS Bumthang Masonry and Plumbing
Punakha Electrical and Mechanical
03. Chumey CS Punakha Electrical and Mechanical
Wangdue Automobile
04. Khuruthang MSS Thimphu Thromde Automobile and Computer Software

05. Punakha CS

06. Bajo HSS

07. Babesa HSS

TVET in schools to commence from 2020 Academic year

Mode of Admission

• Maximum of 20 students will be admitted in each trade
• Admission will be done by the respective schools
• Any interested candidates can directly apply to the respective schools
• All class VIII pass candidates are eligible to apply for the TVET course
• Bajo HSS and Babesa HSS will not have residential facilities in the initial stage
• Khuruthang MSS will continue as a Day School


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

7. Rigzhung in class IX and X at Taktse CS – Premier School

Establishment of Class IX and X Rigzhung at Taktse CS, Trongsa Dzongkhag

i. To preserve and promote the National Language and Cultural Heritage that has inherent values of
Tha-Dam-Tshig Ley Gyu-Drey.
ii. To promote the interest of students in both spoken and written Dzongkha.
iii. To strengthen Bhutanese Culture and Dzongkha language as recommended by the 2nd Curriculum and
Technical Advisory Board (CTAB) Meeting held on 5th July, 2018.
iv. Resolved during the 19th National Education Conference 2018 to upgrade Taktse CS to Rigzung Premier
v. Ministry’s plan to establish a Premier School for Arts and Culture in the 12 FYP.

Taktse Rigzhung HSS will have Rigzhung class IX from 2020 and IX to XII from 2021 academic year.

All class VIII passed with an aggregate of 60% in Dzongkha and 50% in English are eligible to apply for the course.

8. Dzongkha Lopens recruited from Zhung Dratshang

Lopens were recruited based on the Command of His Majesty through the office of OGZ and recruitment letter from
HH Tsula Lopen Rimpochhe

01. Number of Lopens recruited
I. 24 in year 2018
II. 26 in year 2019

III. 23 to join in 2020

02. They are to be considered as regular Dzongkha Lopens as per the instruction received from the office of OGZ.
They are to be fully delegated to teach Dzongkha lessons.

03. If time favours, they may conduct the Chhoe-shed program in the school where they are placed.

9. Eighteen new Autonomous Schools Approved for 2020 Academic Year

New Autonomous Schools – A way forward

Budget proposal for 2020-2021 FY

01. Following budget head must be incorporated with all schools (HSS, MSS and PS)
a. Text books
b. Library
c. Stationery  
d. Boarding schools should plan budget for bedding set, uniform, shoes, socks and slippers
for needy students

02. Opening of CD Account

03. Submission of Final Strategic Plan - 31st March 2020

04. Signing of DPA (March - June 2020)


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

10. Central School Benefits from 2020 academic year

Reference: Cabinet Letter no. C-3/27/186 dated 21st June 2019

Sl. Item Provisions Fund Provision (in Remarks
No. Nu. Per student)

01. Bedding set: Mattress, 4000.00 For all students in government boarding schools (PS, MSS
Pillow and Bed Cover & HSS) once in FIVE years.

02. Stationery Items 2000.00 For all students twice a year except those studying in
03. Uniform 1500.00 Schools in urban areas and FOUR Thromdes.

Only for those identified as needy students.

04. Shoes, Socks and 1000.00 This provision will be included under uniform.

11. Admission Procedures – a reminder • Contribute to improving the educational
30th Education Policy Guidelines and Instructions 2012 • Admission will be open to all students from across
31st Education Policy Guidelines and Instructions 2013 the nation
to 2017
• A joint initiative of the Bhutan Olympic Committee
Letter Ref: DSE/SPCD/Adm(12)/2017/84 dated 25th Jan. and the Ministry of Education
13. Admission in Class PP
“...the Department of School Education is decentralizing
all forms of student admission to the Schools/ Letter Reference No.C-46/2020/403, dated January 8,
Dzongkhags/Thromdes. Though this is not a new move, 2020
the MoE would like to reinforce on making the schools/
Dzongkhags and Thromdes taking the onus of student “The government during its 46th Lhengye Zhungtshog
admission based on the ground realities” has decided to bring down the admission age into Pre-
Primary (PP) schools from six to five years starting
12. Sports Premier School academic session 2020. All children who complete their
5th birthday before the date of admission into school
will be eligible for enrollment into PP.

Damphu HSS under Tsirang Dzongkhag and Bjakar HSS In this regard, the MoE is directed to implement the
under Bumthang Dzongkhag has been identified as the revised admission age in public and as well as the private
two Sports Premier Schools in Bhutan. schools. Further, the ministry is required to accomodate
and adjust all the incoming eligible children and ensure
Objectives: smooth admission processes”.

• Establish structured athlete development

• Enhance the performance of national athletes at
national, regional and international competitions

• Position sports as the leading recreational activity
in the school


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

Newly appointed Chief of Divisions

Ms. Sangye Choden Mr. Dorji Wangchuk
Chief Program Officer Chief Program Officer

[email protected] [email protected]

Quality Assurance and Accreditation Division Private School Division
Department of Adult and Higher Education Department of School Education

Mr. Pem Tshering Ms. Reena Thapa
Chief Program Officer Chief Counsellor

[email protected] [email protected]

Non-Formal and Continuing Education Division Career Education and Counselling Division
Department of Adult and Higher Education Department of Youth and Sports

Mr. Karma Wangchuk Mr. Sangay Chophel D
Chief Program Officer Chief Education Monitoring
[email protected] Officer
[email protected]
School Health and Nutrition Division
Department of School Education Education Monitoring Division
Department of School Education


A Publication of the Ministry of Education

An educated and enlightened society of GNH, built and sustained
on the unique Bhutanese values of tha dam-tsig ley gju-drey.
Develop sound educational policies that enable the creation of a
knowledge-based GNH society.
Provide equitable, inclusive and quality education and lifelong
learning opportunities to all children and harness their full
potential to become productive citizens.
Equip all children with appropriate knowledge, skills and values
to cope with the challenges of the 21st century.

Tsheyang Tshomo
Chief ICT Officer, ICTD
Shova Waglay
Assistant Information and Media Officer, ICTD
Leki Choden
Assistant Information and Media Officer, ICTD

Ministry of Education
Kawajangsa, PO Box: 112
Thimphu : Bhutan

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