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Published by Ali Osman, 2020-12-07 14:10:43

yachts

yachts

Keywords: design, flexibility in interior smart technology and marine

College of Architecture and Design

Department of Interior Design

IDS 1413 - Interior Design Graduation Project I
(Design Programming)

Smart yacht interiors

Name: Ali Osman
ID: 201710162

Instructor: Dr. Wael Rashdan

Fall 2020

Research Index

Index

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................................ I

FIGURES INDEX: ................................................................................................................................................... IV

TABLES INDEX.........................................................................................................................................................V

RESEARCH TITLE....................................................................................................................................................1

ABSTRACT .................................................................................................................................................................1

RESEARCH GOALS......................................................................................................................................................1

INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................................2

1 CHAPTER1: OVERVIEW ................................................................................................................................2

1.1 YACHT DESIGN OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................................2

What is the Difference between Yacht and Boats .............................................................................................................. 2

1.1.1 History of Yachts......................................................................................................................................2

1.1.1.1 Second-Generation Boat Builders................................................................................................................... 3

1.1.1.2 Latest Generation Boat Builders ..................................................................................................................... 3

1.2 MARINE INTERIOR MATERIALS......................................................................................................................4

1.2.1 Honeycombs and Honeycomb Materials .................................................................................................4

1.2.1.1 Aluminum Honeycombs ................................................................................................................................. 5
1.2.1.2 Nomex Honeycombs....................................................................................................................................... 5

1.2.2 Finest Materials to Furnish .....................................................................................................................6

1.2.2.1 AISI 316 stainless steel ................................................................................................................................... 6
1.2.2.2 Marine plywood .............................................................................................................................................. 7

1.3 SUSTAINABLE SOLUTION AND NEWEST TECHNOLOGY FOR INTERIOR YACHT ..............................................8

1.3.1 Boat Ventilation .......................................................................................................................................8

1.3.2 LED Interior and Exterior Lighting.........................................................................................................8

1.3.3 Newest Technology for interior Yacht .....................................................................................................8

1.3.4 Yacht Interior Flexibility .........................................................................................................................9

1.4 MODERN DESIGN THEME ..............................................................................................................................9

1.5 YACHTS MODERN DESIGN ............................................................................................................................9

2 CHAPTER2: CASE STUDIES ........................................................................................................................12

INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................................12

GOALS .....................................................................................................................................................................12

2.1 CASE STUDY-I OVERVIEW ..........................................................................................................................13

2.1.1 Architecture Layout ...............................................................................................................................14

2.1.2 Interior and Exterior Illustration...........................................................................................................15

2.1.3 Space Planning ......................................................................................................................................17

2.1.3.1 Organization Activities ................................................................................................................................. 17

2.1.3.2 Space Dimensions Analysis .......................................................................................................................... 17

i|Page

Index

2.1.3.3 Space Planning Matrix .................................................................................................................................. 18
2.1.3.4 Bubble Diagram ............................................................................................................................................ 18
Zoning diagram ................................................................................................................................................................ 19
2.1.4 Material Analysis...................................................................................................................................20
2.1.5 Lighting Systems and Fixtures Analysis.................................................................................................20
2.1.6 Furniture, Furnishing & Equipment Analysis .......................................................................................21
2.1.7 Case Study-I Conclusion........................................................................................................................21
2.2 CASE STUDY-II OVERVIEW.........................................................................................................................22
2.2.1 Organization Chart................................................................................................................................22
2.2.2 Architecture Layout ...............................................................................................................................23
2.2.3 Interior and Exterior Illustration...........................................................................................................24
2.2.4 Space Planning ......................................................................................................................................29
2.2.4.1 Organization Activities ................................................................................................................................. 29
2.2.4.2 Space Dimensions Analysis .......................................................................................................................... 29
Table 7 : Showing the case study2 material analysis based on space planning ................................................................ 30
2.2.4.3 Bubble Diagram ............................................................................................................................................ 31
Zoning diagram ................................................................................................................................................................ 32
2.2.5 Material Analysis...................................................................................................................................33
2.2.6 Lighting Systems and Fixtures Analysis.................................................................................................34
2.2.7 Furniture, Furnishing & Equipment Analysis .......................................................................................35
2.2.8 Case Study-II Conclusion ......................................................................................................................35
2.3 CASE STUDY-III OVERVIEW .......................................................................................................................36
2.3.1 Organization Chart................................................................................................................................36
2.3.2 Architecture Layout ...............................................................................................................................37
2.3.3 Interior and Exterior Illustration...........................................................................................................38
2.3.4 Space Planning ......................................................................................................................................41
2.3.4.1 Organization Activities ................................................................................................................................. 41
2.3.4.2 Space Dimensions Analysis .......................................................................................................................... 41
Table 12 : Showing the case study3 space analysis based on space planning .................................................................. 41
Table 13 : Showing the case study material analysis based on space planning ................................................................ 42
2.3.4.3 Space Planning Matrix .................................................................................................................................. 42
2.3.4.4 Bubble Diagram ............................................................................................................................................ 44
2.3.5 Material Analysis...................................................................................................................................45
2.3.6 Lighting Systems and Fixtures Analysis.................................................................................................45
2.3.7 Furniture, Furnishing & Equipment Analysis .......................................................................................46
2.3.8 Case Study-III Conclusion .....................................................................................................................46
2.4 CASE STUDIES CONCLUSION.......................................................................................................................47
2.4.1 Space Planning ......................................................................................................................................47

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Index

2.4.2 Material Analysis...................................................................................................................................47
2.4.3 Light Systems and Fixtures Analysis......................................................................................................48
2.4.4 Furniture, Furnishing & Equipment Analysis .......................................................................................48
3 CHAPTER 3: DESIGN PROGRAMMING ...................................................................................................51
3.1 PROJECT OVERVIEW ...................................................................................................................................51
3.1.1 Organization Chart................................................................................................................................51
3.1.2 Project Activities....................................................................................................................................52
3.2 ARCHITECTURE DRAWINGS ........................................................................................................................52
3.3 SPACE PLANNING........................................................................................................................................53

3.3.1.1 Bubble Diagram ............................................................................................................................................ 53
3.3.1.2 Space Planning Matrix .................................................................................................................................. 54
3.3.1.3 Zoning diagram............................................................................................................................................. 55
3.4 PROJECT DESIGN MOOD .............................................................................................................................57
3.5 PROJECT DESIGN CONCEPT.........................................................................................................................57
3.6 PROJECT DESIGN THEME ............................................................................................................................57
3.7 PROJECT DESIGN COLOR SCHEME ..............................................................................................................58
3.8 PROJECT – INTERIOR DESIGN CONSTRUCTION ............................................................................................58
3.8.1 Material Analysis...................................................................................................................................58
3.8.2 Lighting Systems and Fixtures Analysis.................................................................................................59
3.8.3 Furniture, Furnishing & Equipment Analysis .......................................................................................60
4 CONCLUSION .................................................................................................................................................62
5 REFERENCES..................................................................................................................................................63
6 APPENDIXES...................................................................................................................................................65
6.1 ZONING DIAGRAM.......................................................................................................................................65
6.2 MATERIAL DESCRIPTIONS...........................................................................................................................66
6.3 LIGHTING SYSTEMS AND FIXTURES DESCRIPTIONS ....................................................................................67
6.4 FURNITURE, FURNISHING & EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTIONS ............................................................................68
6.5 LOCAL AND INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CODE / STANDARD ............................................................................70
6.5.1 Local design codes / standards ................................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
6.5.2 Layouts and standard dimensions..........................................................................................................70

iii | P a g e

Index

Figures Index:

Figure 1: Yachts in 1904............................................................................................................................... 2
Figure 2: 1.1.1.1 Second Generation Boat . .................................................................................................. 3
Figure 3: The Future of Yachting. ................................................................................................................ 3
Figure 4: Honeycomb Materials ................................................................................................................... 4
Figure 5: 1.2.1.1 Aluminum Honeycombs.................................................................................................... 5
Figure 6: 1.2.1.2 Nomex Honeycombs. ........................................................................................................ 5
Figure 7: 1.2.2 Finest Materials ................................................................................................................... 6
Figure 8: 1.2.2.1 AISI 316 stainless steel. .................................................................................................... 7
Figure 9: plywood. ........................................................................................................................................ 7
Figure 10: Case study organization chart.................................................................................................... 13
Figure 9: Elands near-vertical bow. ............................................................................................................ 14
Figure 9: Elands near-vertical bow. ............................................................................................................ 15
Figure 9: Elands near-vertical bow. ............................................................................................................ 16
Figure 11: Case study1 organization chart.................................................................................................. 22
Figure 9: Irimari.......................................................................................................................................... 23
Figure 9: Irimari.......................................................................................................................................... 24
Figure 9: Irimari.......................................................................................................................................... 25
Figure 9: Irimari.......................................................................................................................................... 26
Figure 9: Irimari.......................................................................................................................................... 27
Figure 9: Irimari.......................................................................................................................................... 28
Figure 12: Case study organization char..................................................................................................... 36
Figure 13: Case study organization chart.................................................................................................... 51

iv | P a g e

Index

Tables Index

Table 1 : Showing the case study major and sub activities......................................................................... 17
Table 2 : Showing the case study material analysis based on space planning ............................................ 17
Table 3 : Showing the case study material analysis based on space planning ............................................ 20
Table 4 : Showing the case study lighting systems and fixtures analysis based on space planning ........... 20
Table 5 : Showing the project FF&E analysis based on space planning..................................................... 21
Table 6 : Showing the case study major and sub activities......................................................................... 29
Table 7 : Showing the case study material analysis based on space planning ............................................ 30
Table 8 : Showing the case study material analysis based on space planning ............................................ 34
Table 9 : Showing the case study lighting systems and fixtures analysis based on space planning ........... 35
Table 10 : Showing the project FF&E analysis based on space planning................................................... 35
Table 11 : Showing the case study major and sub activities....................................................................... 41
Table 12 : Showing the case study material analysis based on space planning .......................................... 42
Table 13 : Showing the case study material analysis based on space planning .......................................... 45
Table 14 : Showing the case study lighting systems and fixtures analysis based on space planning ......... 46
Table 15 : Showing the project FF&E analysis based on space planning................................................... 46
Table 16 : Case studies activity space planning analysis ............................................................................ 47
Table 17 : Case studies materials analysis .................................................................................................. 47
Table 18 : Case studies Light systems and fixtures analysis ...................................................................... 48
Table 19 : Case studies Light systems and fixtures analysis ...................................................................... 48
Table 20 : Showing the case study major and sub activities....................................................................... 52
Table 21 : Showing the Project material analysis based on space planning ............................................... 59
Table 22 : Showing the project lighting systems and fixtures analysis based on space planning............... 59
Table 23 : Showing the project FF&E analysis based on space planning................................................... 60
Table 24 : Materials description.................................................................................................................. 66
Table 25 : Case study lighting systems and fixtures description ................................................................ 67
Table 26 : Case study FFNEnologies description ....................................................................................... 69

v|Page

Research Overview

1|Page

Abstract

Research Title

Abstract
Shaikh Mohammad Bin Rashid Al Maktoum that Dubai has approved an ambitious tourism
strategy to attract 21 to 23 million tourists by 2022 and 25 million visitors by 2025. Yacht
tourism is a flexible and enjoyable tourism aspect that involves various tourist activities.
In UAE, especially in Dubai has grown widely over the past decades. The future of yacht
from an interior design perspective involves multifunctional design with fully-functioned,
sustainable, and smart interior space. Researches involving the above, considering yacht
load, proper materials, and furniture is important. Therefore, this paper focuses on
developing sustainable yacht interior design solutions with appropriate materials and
Technology’s. The research also includes the contemporary and luxury design themes
execution in the yacht’s interior and is carried out using a qualitative method. The study of
this research shows the importance and the function to use materials and sustainability in
yachts that will make taking you out to a different level in designing.

Keywords: design, flexibility in interior smart echnology and marine
Research Goals

A. Identifying yacht design requirements
A.1. Discover the interior requirements identity
A.2. Identify the yacht standards and codes

B. Study Technology and sustainable for yacht design
B.1. Explorer the multifunction design solutions
B.2. Determine the suitable sustainable and smart technology for Yacht Interiors

C. Conduct design programming.
C.1. studying in-depth about the interior materials of a yacht, including sustainable materials
C.2. creating a color scheme.
C.3. Discover identity
C.4. creating a concept

1|Page

Introduction

Introduction

His Highness Shaikh Mohammad Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice-President and Prime Minister of
the UAE and Ruler of Dubai. The strategy focuses on ensuring that Dubai is not impacted by
fundamental changes in the future, and to be a leader when it comes to changes in the tourism
sector. It also will seek to boost growth in major tourist exporting markets and diversifying sources
from markets with high potential. 1.
French designer (Thierry Gaugain) believes that the contradictory desire to show off and yet
remain invisible will lead to a rise of transforming yachts that can perform many different
functions. The merging of social life and business competition and astonishing new expressions
of luxury made possible by Technology,” he explains. By designing smart Technology l interior
Technology in the yards and having a look what the industry has to give us by looking at the
materials they are all similar for a yard and another by having smart material Technology we can
use materials that never been used in the yards Like heavy Materials that will have more luxury2.
in the yachts. IN 2011, Ron founded Pro Terra (SMART YACHT ™) Solutions which is a Yacht
Project Management and Sustainability Consultancy that has utilized his collective experience to
develop a LEED inspired Green and Sustainable Assessment and Certification Program for the
Yachting industry. 3
By designing smart Technology and sustainable and multifunction design that will boost the
requirements of renting boats for buying boats in the UAE so that will help the future of Tourism
in the UAE by following Designer’s words for the future and smart Technology of yachts.

1 Gulf news Published October 03, 2018
WAM https://gulfnews.com/business/tourism/dubai-tourism-strategy-targets-25m-visitors-by-2025-1.2286023

Accessed on 10 sep 2020
2 BOAT INTERNATIONAL US EDITION 42 (NOVEMBER 2020) Boat International Media Ltd 2008 – 2020

Accessed on 11 sep 2020
3 Ronald Beilman LEED https://www.usgbc.org/people/ronald-beilman/0010644873 Accessed on 12 sep 2020

2|Page

Chapter 1 -Smart yacht interiors

1|Page

Chapter 1

1 Chapter1: Overview

The contact of the book Is History yacht and looking for the materials For designing yachts for the marine
industry and having a look at the luxury of the interior for yachts in pictures.

1.1 yacht design overview

A yacht is an upscale boat often a sailboat that is used for cruising or racing. If you're on a cargo ship, you're
probably at work; you're on a yacht, it's probably your day off.4
What is the Difference between Yacht and Boats
Many boating enthusiasts use the words boat and yacht interchangeably when in reality, they are very
different terms. A yacht is a larger, recreational boat or ship. The word “Yacht” comes from dutch origin
and was originally defined as a light, and fast sailing vessel used by the Dutch navy to find and capture
pirates. A boat, on the other hand, is smaller in size and can be anything from a fisherman’s boat to a
sailboat. 5
1.1.1 History of Yachts
The History of Cruisers Yachts dates back to 1904 when Peter and Chris Thompson co-founded the
Thompson bros boat Manufacturer Company in Peshtigo, WI. This was the start of a family boat-building
business that led to the second generation of Thompson’s starting Cruisers, Inc. in 1953. The second-
generation boat builders at Cruisers Inc. focused on building wood lapstrake outboard cabin cruisers. 6

Figure 1: Yachts in 1904.7

4Cambridge University https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/yacht Accessed on 15 sep 2020
5 https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/yacht Accessed on 15 sep 2020
6 By Bryan Burkhart and David Hunt -May /2000-Chronicle Books, San Francisco-104
7By Melissa Archer/2014/09/30 Preservation Officer https://mdhistoricaltrust.wordpress.com /2014/09/30/sailing-

on-the-historic-yacht-elf Accessed on 16 sep 2020

2|Page

Chapter 1
1.1.1.1 Second-Generation Boat Builders
Always thinking big in terms of the craft and durability they brought to the boat industry, the second
generation of Thompson's started building wood lapstrake outboard cabin cruisers in Oconto, Wisconsin in
the early 1950s.8

Figure 2: 1.1.1.1 Second Generation Boat .9

1.1.1.2 Latest Generation Boat Builders
The first known Cruisers, Inc. catalog debuted in 1956. Before that, the company was building 14' and 16'
boats under the Thompson Bros. label
In 1965 wood boats were replaced with fiberglass as the new Technology was wreaking havoc with the
wood boat business. In 1971 Cruisers, Inc. was sold to Miro Aluminum Company of Manitowoc,
Wisconsin. It wasn't until 1979, when Roy Thompson retired, that someone other than a Thompson ran
the company. In 1980 the fiberglass product line of Miro Marine Division (Cruisers) was sold to T.J.
Board (the former President of Miro Marine Division) and T.A. Lisle (formerly of Eaton Corporation). In
the early 1990s K.C. Stock, who was born and raised in the Oconto area, saw the potential for
opportunity. In 1993, Stock's KC International Inc. purchased the company and changed the name to
Cruisers Yachts. The cantius series was born with the launch of the 48 cantius. In 2015, Cruisers Yachts
unveiled its largest yacht by introducing the 60 cantius. That following year, they introduced the 60 Fly.

Figure 3: The Future of Yachting.10

8 BY: VANESSA TORRES | DATE: MAY 4, 2020 https://www.galatiyachts.com/yachting-news/history-of-
cruisers-yachts-american-made-luxury-yachts/ Accessed on 20 sep 2020

9 HISTORY OF THE MOTOR YACHT GRACE MAY 14, 2013 • TODD SMITH P 104
10BEN BRANCH MAY-2010 https://silodrome.com/azimut-magellano-50/ Accessed on 21 sep 2020

3|Page

Chapter 1

1.2 Marine interior materials

The marine industry is a universe that affects multiple disciplines: from the systems engineering study of
complicated structures to the most sophisticated design capable of enhancing the value of the entire vessel,
from all perspectives. Choosing the material in the naval industry is undoubtedly one of the first actions
which the engineer or architect carries out before even beginning the project design. while choosing
materials we have to consider the material life and how is full stay in shape with all Harsh environments
that will be used in the Marine interior.

1.2.1 Honeycombs and Honeycomb Materials

Honeycombs and honeycomb materials are used to fabricate sandwich panels with a honeycomb core
possessing tremendous compression strength. Utilizing materials such as paper, thermoplastics, or cloth for
core material allows for the production of lightweight honeycomb structures with substantial structural
strength regardless of building component strength. The results show that regular hexagonal weave patterns
have higher noise reduction coefficient (NRC) values at high-frequency sound waves. Acoustic fabrics have
sandwiched and porous layers for absorbing different sound waves that convert sound energy into thermal
energy, thus allowing a minimal number of waves to penetrate. Honeycomb fabrics with regular triangular,
hexagonal, and kagome lattice woven patterns are introduced into acoustic fabrics. The sound absorption
of the prepared samples is tested twice by using the microphone transfer function method according to the
international standard ISO 10534-2. At low frequencies, the Kigoma lattice weave pattern in fiberglass has
high NRC values. 11

Figure 4: Honeycomb Materials12

11 Yasin, Sohail; Ahmed, Zamir; Chenyang, Zhu; Juming, Yao Aug 2014 United Kingdom, Hong Kong
12Engineering360https://www.globalspec.com/learnmore/materials_chemicals_adhesives/composites_textiles_reinf

orcements/honeycombs_honeycomb_materials Accessed on 29 sep 2020

4|Page

Chapter 1

1.2.1.1 Aluminum Honeycombs

honeycombs possess the highest strength/weight ratio, unmatched by any other structural materials. They
have a mixture of geometric cell shapes and properties controlled by foil thickness and cell size. The
resulting honeycomb comes in an unexpanded block form and is stretched to form a sheet. 13

Figure 5: 1.2.1.1 Aluminum Honeycombs.14

1.2.1.2 Nomex Honeycombs

Nomex honeycombs are manufactured from Nomex paper—a type of paper-based on Kevlar fibers. These
honeycomb cores combine high strength with fire-resistant properties and are used in aircraft interior panels
as well as in other high-performance components. They are preferred due to their low density, solid stability,
and mechanical strength though they are more expensive than other materials. 15

Figure 6: 1.2.1.2 Nomex Honeycombs.16

13 Continental Steel & Tube Company February 15, 2017 - https://continentalsteel.com/blog/aluminum-
honeycomb/#respond Accessed on 25 oct 2020

14Engineering360 2020
https://www.globalspec.com/learnmore/materials_chemicals_adhesives/composites_textiles_reinforcements/honey
combs_honeycomb_materials Accessed on 29 sep 2020

15Advance Web Marketing | 17 Bay Street | Jamestown, Rhode Island 02835 USA |
https://www.corecomposites.com/products/honeycomb/nomex-
honeycomb.html#:~:text=Nomex%20honeycomb%20is%20the%20standard,high%20strength%20to%20weight%
20ratio. Accessed on 26 oct 2020

16Engineering360https://www.globalspec.com/learnmore/materials_chemicals_adhesives/composites_textiles_reinf
orcements/honeycombs_honeycomb_materials Accessed on 26 oct 2020

5|Page

Chapter 1

1.2.2 Finest Materials to Furnish

There are multiple factors to assess contains an overview of the most popular materials used inside and
outside the boat. You’ll also find out some curious facts about home automation, a sector that is particularly
dear to shipowners today. All nautical materials have to guarantee outstanding performance and comply
with safety parameters, be resistant to the environment, and be certified by Ri.na, the Italian naval registry.
For this reason, the vessel undergoes period inspections for Phonemical checks concerning mainly:
Materials used Phonemical aspects (plumbing and electrical) as far as materials are concerned, the most
popular in the nautical sector for external use we can mention two different types that complement one
another. Indeed, the coolness of steel is combined with the warm shades of wood, giving rise to a
sophisticated game of clear contrasts. Specifically, we mean: AISI 316 stainless steel, Marine plywood17

Figure 7: 1.2.2 Finest Materials 18

1.2.2.1 AISI 316 stainless steel

AISI 316 stainless steel is an austenitic steel alloy comprising a percentage of chromium (between 16% and
18%), nickel (between 11% and 14%), and molybdenum (between 2% and 3%). This particular
characteristic makes AISI 316 stainless steel perfectly suited to exposure in aggressive environments such
as marine areas, cities with high pollution levels, and spaces rich in chlorine. On the exterior of vessels,
polished 316 stainless steel is mainly used for the construction of parapets, handrails, Phonemical
accessories such as bitts, low, sturdy bollards in which the mooring cables are wound. Polished AISI 316
stainless steel can also be used for the entire external living area (tables and chairs) as well as for the sofa
structure. Besides, stainless steel in the architecture sector has several advantages, such as Superior
structural characteristics, Corrosion resistance, Little maintenance required overtime, Excellent
compatibility with other elements (welding, bonding, mechanical joining) Possibility of obtaining multiple
surface finishes 19

17 Rapheeck MOideen 29/06/2020 abimis https://abimis.com/en/naval-industry-materials-most-popular/ on 29 sep
2020Accessed

18 IBID
19 IBID

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Chapter 1

Figure 8: 1.2.2.1 AISI 316 stainless steel.20

1.2.2.2 Marine plywood

Marine plywood is a special type of hard, light-weight plywood with extraordinary durability. This
particular wood is extremely resistant to humidity and the presence of salts and chlorine. Certainly, marine
plywood is one of the finest materials, and its characteristics make it suitable for outfitting furniture and
components for the nautical industry. To be considered “marine”, a plywood needs to have specific
characteristics. Natural durability and superior resistance to fungal rot are for instance indispensable
properties to classify plywood as marine. The most popular types for the production of marine plywood are
Okumu, Teak.21

Figure 9: plywood.22

20 Rapheeck MOideen 29/06/2020 abimis https://abimis.com/en/naval-industry-materials-most-popular/ Accessed
on 29 sep 2020

21 IBID
22 IBID

7|Page

Chapter 1

1.3 Sustainable Solution and Newest Technology for interior Yacht

From solar panels to hybrid or hydrogen power, much has been made of the developments in
environmentally friendly superyacht design concerning propulsion, reducing carbon footprints, and creating
more energy-efficient vessels. It’s a positive step forward, but what of the structure itself? In an industry
renowned for offering the very finest materials and finishes (often with hundreds of applications), and with
an emphasis on one-of-a-kind design, are superyacht interiors sustainable enough?23

1.3.1 Boat Ventilation

Because hatches are usually flush with the boat’s deck, using them for ventilation also creates the potential
for rain, insect, and rodent intrusion; cowl vents can also allow water to get into interior spaces. Effective
closed-cabin ventilation can be achieved from cowl vent or hatches used in pairs, one facing forward, the
other facing aft. oat ventilation is provided by strategically placed ports, hatches, cowls, or clamshell vents,
or a combination of the types. On a vessel of any type, cowl and clamshell vents, ports, and hatches are
each designed to perform a specific job, and each has its benefits and disadvantages. The type of ventilation
depends on boat type, deck layout, and cabin size/configuration. On most outboards, the ventilation system
is very basic and consists mostly of a pair of clamshell vents affixed to the gunwales. This equipment is
used to exhaust stale air out of boat cabins, engine compartments, and enclosed spaces, and to force fresh
air through the vessel. These vents, one facing forward, the other facing aft, allow air to enter and exhaust
the bilge and tank compartments. Clamshell vents are generally fixed, cannot be adjusted, and are used for
most passive ventilation needs. As with opening two opposite windows in a house to achieve cross-
ventilation, two ventilators on a boat work well to move wet air out and dry air in, letting the cabin breathe
when moored. On the other hand, on boats of any size with cabins, ventilation is considerably more
complex, and often accomplished by using fans and blowers. For example, when underway, an open,
forward-facing hatch invites water and, even in calm seas, chances are that a wave will spray the cabin top
and the water will wend its way below, usually into a berth or onto a table. 24

1.3.2 LED Interior and Exterior Lighting

Hella marine LED lighting products are sophisticated optoelectronics devices designed for durable, energy-
efficient, maintenance-free operation. Recent quantum leaps in the luminous intensity of LEDs per watt
have allowed marine lighting systems to develop significantly to effectively illuminate a vessel’s interior.
To take advantage of the ever-increasing efficacy of the most advanced LEDs, efficient optic design is
essential to capture and spread the available luminous flux emitted by the LED and to evenly illuminate
areas. With significant advances in LED brightness, eye safety considerations are increasingly important.
High power LEDs need to be coupled with optic designs that protect the eye’s retina from possible damage
when viewed directly. The entire lens area of a lamp should be evenly illuminated via an efficient optic
rather than using a multiple of LEDs without any optic. Easily visible LEDs inside a luminaire without any
optic or lens protection can cause a degree or even significant eye discomfort if viewed directly. 25

1.3.3 Newest Technology for interior Yacht

newest Technology l features the market has. Technology will be included in subtle ways, such as Bluetooth
localization or a 4K laser projector integrated into the bespoke furniture. This trend will get along with the
most advanced yacht software and Technology on board, designed to maximize the best. experience of the
yacht life. Along with the most advanced yacht software and Technology on board, designed to maximize

23 Agnese, Braulio Aug 2007 Hanley-Wood, Incorporated
24 GetMyBoat Published: Dec 06 2018 https://www.getmyboat.com/journal/how-to/boat-ventilation/ on Nov 4

2020Accessed
25 Boat International Media Ltd 2008 – 2020 https://www.boatinternational.com/yachts/editorial-

features/superyacht-technology-trends-of-the-future--31771 Nov 1 2020Accessed

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Chapter 1

the best experience of the yacht life. newest Technology features the market has. Technology will be
included in subtle ways, such as Bluetooth localization or a 4K laser projector integrated into the bespoke
furniture. This trend will get along with the most advanced yacht software and Technology on board,
designed to maximize the best experience of the yacht life. 26

1.3.4 Yacht Interior Flexibility

From a design perspective, Sunseeker’s decision to venture into metal yachts is also interesting, as the quest
to provide a more flexible platform than GRP offers new design opportunities in what is an entirely new
size range for sunseeker. 27 The study examined certain research objectives and try to discover whether
flexibility is a proper solution to the limited mobile spaces in the case of being noncontextually; kinds of
flexible solutions in interior yacht spaces; effects, significance, and roles of flexibility as a result of the
integration into interior yacht spaces; functional solutions that were achieved by the flexible systems;
besides the differences and similarities of flexible solutions between various yachts. The study revealed
that there are 23 types of flexible solutions within 27 types in interior yacht spaces. Hence, this survey set
out to investigate the flexible design solutions in the interior design of mobile spaces which are yacht spaces.
The survey was finalized that, interior yacht spaces have numerous flexible solutions. 28

1.4 Modern Design theme

The concept of Design Your Home is simple and easy to implement for everybody. Rooms, where people
spend time, should convey a good feeling - which is part of the modern interior design. The combination
of aesthetics with functionality, of design production with practicality to give rooms a harmonious note is
what DYH.com users have in their hands. Because it is possible to already see in advance how new furniture
will fit into a space and affect it, it allows customers to know directly whether the size is right or if the
space is too much furnished. For someone setting up a new room or rearrange it, it is easy to try different
alternatives and find the perfect combination. 29

1.5 Yachts Modern Design

Sail power The company's largest design, the 48-meter-long, three-masted Parica’s 158, should be capable
of running all of its refrigeration, air-conditioning, lights, and other electronics for a week or more without
having to start one of its two backup diesel generators or plug into a dockside power source. Ray, for one,
believes this sort of Technology could reduce the fuel consumption and exhaust emissions of quotidian
boats, as well as luxury ones, and has set up a company called Hydro-Kinetic Designs to develop the
Parica’s generating system for working vessels. Low-emission luxury yachts are now possible with the
latest Technology in the world of mega-yachts, with their multiple sun decks, staterooms, Jacuzzis, saunas,
cinemas, and helicopter-landing pads, there might seem little room left for one-upmanship beyond fitting
yet more gold-plated taps and a mini-submarine berth. Richard Sauter, of Sauter Carbon Offset Design,
based in Bali, has worked out a way to do it from the waves the wind whips up using devices similar to the
tuned mass dampers (in essence, giant pendulums) mounted inside some tall buildings to stop them
swaying. The difference between the new, green mega-yachts and the sailing vessels of old is that modern
batteries mean a proportion of the power can be squirreled away for future use, and that can reduce running

26Boat International Media Ltd 2008 – 2020 https://www.boatinternational.com/yachts/editorial-
features/superyacht-technology-trends-of-the-future--31771 Nov 1 2020Accessed

27 Farjami, Ghazal Open House International; Art, Design & Architecture Collection Transnational Press London
Gateshead Dec 2015

28 Farjami, Ghazal Open House International; Art, Design & Architecture Collection Transnational Press London
Gateshead Dec 2015

29 Anonymous Economist Newspaper London. Apr 30, 2011

9|Page

Chapter 1
costs in a very welcome way. Depending on the cruising speed required, one or more of four low-emission
Daimler Blue Tec diesel engines can be started to generate additional electrical power. Even at 28 knots
(52kph), Mr. Sauter says Ark Angel's fuel consumption and greenhouse-gas emissions would be cut by
about half--as they should be, for building such a craft is likely to cost more than $100m.30

30 Anonymous Economist Newspaper London. Apr 30, 2011

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Chapter 1

Chapter 2 – Case Studies

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Chapter 2

2 Chapter2: Case Studies

Introduction

To make an analysis for yachts that will help me to Find out the needs and the requirements of yachts
Case Study-I (Elands near-vertical bow) by (Abe king & Rasmussen) size (74.5-meter)
Case Study-II(Irimari) by (accomplishing) size (64m)
Case Study-III(Sunseeker 95 Yacht)by(sunseeker)size (28.2m)

Goals

Set the goal/s of conducting this case study research
1. Finding out the requirements
2. Finding about the space planning
3. Analyzing the materials

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Chapter 2

2.1 Case Study-I Overview

Project Name Elands near-vertical bow

Information CREW: 23 in 11 cabins BUILDER: Abeking & Rasmussen YEAR: 2018

Project Information Such as: Space + Designing company + Mike Jones+ 244-foot (74.5-meter)

Organization Chart 31

captain

Executive chef pursr Chief Chief Officer
stewardess

Second chef Stewardess Galley Hand Head Lead Service Stewardess First Officer Deckhand
Housekeeper Stewardess

Figure 10: Case study organization chart

31 Elands near yachts international https://www.yachtsinternational.com/yachts/the-art-of-elandess

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Chapter 2

2.1.1 Architecture Layout

Figure 11: Elands near-vertical bow.32
32 Elands near yachts international https://www.yachtsinternational.com/yachts/the-art-of-elandess

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Chapter 2

2.1.2 Interior and Exterior Illustration

Figure 12: Elands near-vertical bow.33

33 Elands near yachts international https://www.yachtsinternational.com/yachts/the-art-of-elandess

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Chapter 2

Figure 13: Elands near-vertical bow.34
34 Elands near yachts international https://www.yachtsinternational.com/yachts/the-art-of-elandess

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Chapter 2

2.1.3 Space Planning

2.1.3.1 Organization Activities

Residential Area Services Cabin Crew Areas
Bed Room 1 Bar Crew Office
Seating Area Swimming Pool Store2
EX Seating Area Kitchen
Crew Bed Room Dining Area
Bed Room 2 Store1

Table 1 : Showing the case study major and sub activities

2.1.3.2 Space Dimensions Analysis

Space Activities Width Length Height Area

Residential Area 3.2M 8.4M 2.5M 26.88 M2
Bed Room 1 5.3M 8.8 2.5M 47.18 M2
Bed Room 2 9M 8M NON 72.17 M2
EX Seating Area 0.9M 0.8M NON 0.72 M2
seating area 9.9M 10.5 2.5 144.77 M2
Crew Bed Room
Services 9.8M 20.5M 2.5M 200.9 M2
Bar 2M 0.75M NON 1.4 M2
swimming pool 5.3 9.7M 2.5 51.41 M2
Store 1 5.7M 20M 2.5 114 M2
Kitchen 9.8M 23M 2.5 225.4 M2
Dining Area
Cabin Crew Areas 8M 17M 2.5 13.72 M2
Crew Office 7.4M1 7.4M 2.5 54.76 M2
Store 2

Table 2 : Showing the case study1 space planning

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Chapter 2

2.1.3.3 Space Planning Matrix
2.1.3.4 Bubble Diagram

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Chapter 2

Zoning diagram
Level3
Level 2
Level 1

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Chapter 2

2.1.4 Material Analysis

Space Activities Floor Treatment Wall Treatment Ceiling Treatment

Residential Area Mat001, Mat003 Mat001, Mat003 Mat001 Mat008
Bed Room 1 Mat001, Mat003 Mat001, Mat003 Mat001 Mat008
Bed Room 2 Mat001 Mat001 NON
EX Seating Area Mat001, Mat003 Mat001, Mat003 Mat001 Mat008
seating area Mat001, Mat003 Mat001, Mat003 Mat001 Mat008
Crew Bed Room
Services Mat001, Mat002, Mat003 Mat001, Mat003 Mat001, Mat008
Bar Mat001 NON NON
swimming pool Mat001 Mat001 Mat001 Mat008
Store 1 Mat002 Mat002 Mat002 Mat008
Kitchen Mat001, Mat003 Mat001, Mat003 Mat001 Mat008
Dining Area
Cabin Crew Areas Mat001, Mat003 Mat001, Mat003 Mat001 Mat008
Crew Office Mat001, Mat003 Mat001, Mat003 Mat001 Mat008
Store 2

Table 3 : Showing the case study1 analysis based on space planning

2.1.5 Lighting Systems and Fixtures Analysis

Space Activities Floor Treatment Wall Treatment Ceiling Treatment

Residential Area Light001 Light001 , Light002
Bed Room 1 Light001 Light001, Light003
Bed Room 2 Light001 , Light003
EX Seating Area Light001 , Light003
seating area Light001
Crew Bed Room
Services Light001 , Light002
Bar
swimming pool Light001
Store 1 Light001 , Light002
Kitchen Light001 , Light002
Dining Area
Cabin Crew Areas Light001
Crew Office Light001
Store 2

Table 4 : Showing the case study1 lighting systems and fixtures analysis based on space planning

20 | P a g e

2.1.6 Furniture, Furnishing & Equipment Analysis Chapter 2

Space Activities Floor Treatment Wall Treatment Ceiling Treatment

Residential Area FFNE001 FFNE004
Bed Room 1 FFNE001 FFNE004
Bed Room 2 FFNE002& FFNE003 NON
EX Seating Area FFNE004
seating area FFNE004
Crew Bed Room
Services FFNE006 FFNE007
Bar
swimming pool FFNE003 FFNE004
Store 1
Kitchen FFNE001
Dining Area FFNE001
Cabin Crew Areas
Crew Office
Store 2

Table 5 : Showing the project FF&E analysis based on space planning

2.1.7 Case Study-I Conclusion
study one shows the importance of levels and multifunction in the rooms and the cabin crew needs

21 | P a g e

Chapter 2

2.2 Case Study-II Overview

Project Name Irimari

Information LOA: 206' 9" (63.00m) Beam: 39' 5" (12.00m)
Project Information Min Draft: Min 7' 11" (2.40m) Max Draft: Max 11' 2" (3.40m) Speed: Cruising
12 knots Max 16 knots

Such as: Space + Designing company + Designer/s + accomplishing date + ….

2.2.1 Organization Chart

captain

Executive chef pursr Chief Chief Officer
stewardess

Second chef Stewardess Galley Hand Head Lead Service Stewardess First Officer Deckhand
Housekeeper Stewardess

Figure 14: Case study1 organization chart

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Chapter 2

2.2.2 Architecture Layout

Figure 15: Irimari 35

35Builder: Sunrise worthavenueyachts https://www.worthavenueyachts.com/yachts-for-sale/irimari-2/

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Chapter 2

2.2.3 Interior and Exterior Illustration

Figure 16: Irimari 36

36Builder: Sunrise worthavenueyachts https://www.worthavenueyachts.com/yachts-for-sale/irimari-2/

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Chapter 2

Figure 17: Irimari 37
37Builder: Sunrise worthavenueyachts https://www.worthavenueyachts.com/yachts-for-sale/irimari-2/

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Chapter 2

Figure 18: Irimari 38
38Builder: Sunrise worthavenueyachts https://www.worthavenueyachts.com/yachts-for-sale/irimari-2/

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Chapter 2

Figure 19: Irimari 39
39Builder: Sunrise worthavenueyachts https://www.worthavenueyachts.com/yachts-for-sale/irimari-2/

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Chapter 2

Figure 20: Irimari 40
40Builder: Sunrise worthavenueyachts https://www.worthavenueyachts.com/yachts-for-sale/irimari-2/

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Chapter 2

2.3 Space Planning

2.3.1.1 Organization Activities

Residential Area Services Cabin Crew Areas Loungigs
Master Bedroom Spa yacht cockpit Observation deck
Guest Double Bed rooms Swimming Pool kitchen Dining Areas
Upper Deck Lounge BUR engine rooms seating areas
Main Deck VIP Cabin 1 Toilets Exterior seating area s
Crew Bed Rooms kitchen Cabin Crew seating Areas

Table 6 : Showing the case study2 major and sub activities

2.3.1.2 Space Dimensions Analysis

Space Activities Width Length Height Area

Residential Area 11.17 M 10.28M 2.5M 114.8276 M2
Master Bedroom 3.70M 7.55M 2.5M 27.935 M2
Guest Double Bed room 1 6.15M 5.20M 2.5M 31.98 M2
Guest Double Bed room 2 10.27M 9M 2.5M 92.43M2
Upper Deck Lounge 11M 20M 2.5M 220M2
Crew Bed Room
5.20M 2.5M 10.20M2
Services 8.6M 2.5M 88.6M2
6M 2.5M 30M2
Spa 2M 5.20M 2.5M 15.20M2
Swimming Pool 11M 6M 2.5M 31.2M2
Bur 5M 4M 2.5M 2M2
Toilet 1 3M
5M 2.5M 55M2
Toilet 2 5.2M 5M 2.5M 15M2
Toilet 3 3M 27.4M 2.5M 301.4M2
27.4M 2.5M 301.4M2
Cabin Crew Areas
15.72M NON 162.2304 M2
yacht cockpit 11M 5M 2.5M 50.27M2
kitchen 3M 5M 2.5M 25M2
engine room 1 11M 7M 2.5M 77M2
engine room 2 11M 10M 2.5M 110M2
Loungigs 5.4M 2.5M 25.4M2
Observation deck 10.32M 6M 2.5M 30M2
Dining Area 1 10.27M 11M 2.5M 121M2
Dining Area 2 5M 15M 2.5M 165M2
6M NON 66M2
Dining Area 3 11M 10M NON 110M2
Dining Area 4 11M 8M 2.5M 88M2
seating area 1 5M 10 2.5M 110M2
seating area 2 5M
seating area 3 11M
seating area 4 11M
EX seating area 1 11M
EX seating area 2 11M
Cabin Crew seating Areas 1 11M
Cabin Crew seating Areas 2 11M

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Chapter 2

Table 7 : Showing the case study2 material analysis based on space planning

direct indirect

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Chapter 2

2.3.1.3 Bubble Diagram

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Chapter 2

Zoning diagram

32 | P a g e

Chapter 2

2.3.2 Material Analysis

Space Activities Floor Treatment Wall Treatment Ceiling Treatment
Residential Area
Mat001, Mat003, Mat006 Mat001, Mat003 Mat001 Mat008
Master Bedroom Mat008
Mat001, Mat003, Mat006 Mat001, Mat003 Mat001 Mat008
Guest Double Bed room 1 Mat008 Mat001 Mat001 Mat008
Mat001, Mat006, Mat008 Mat001, Mat003 Mat001 Mat008
Guest Double Bed room 2 Mat001, Mat003, Mat006 Mat001, Mat003 Mat001 Mat008
Upper Deck Lounge Mat001, Mat003, Mat006
Crew Bed Room Mat001 Mat008
Services Mat001,Mat003,Mat006 Mat001, Mat006
Mat008 Mat001 Mat008
Spa Mat001,Mat006 Mat008 Mat001
Mat001, Mat006, Mat008 Mat001
Swimming Pool Mat001, Mat006 Mat001
Bur Mat001, Mat006
Toilet 1 Mat001, Mat006 Mat001 Mat008
Toilet 2 Mat001
Toilet 3 Mat001 Mat001
Cabin Crew Areas Mat002 Mat002
yacht cockpit
kitchen

33 | P a g e

Chapter 2

engine room 1 Mat002 Mat002 Mat001 Mat008
engine room 2 Mat002 Mat002 Mat001 Mat008
Loungigs
Observation deck Mat001, Mat003, Mat006 Mat001 Mat008
Mat008
Dining Area 1 Mat001, Mat003, Mat006 Mat001 Mat008
Mat008
Dining Area 2 Mat001, Mat006, Mat008 Mat001 Mat008
Dining Area 3 Mat001, Mat003, Mat006 Mat001 Mat008
Dining Area 4 Mat001, Mat003, Mat006 Mat001 Mat008
Mat001, Mat003, Mat006
seating area 1 Mat008 Mat001 Mat008
Mat001, Mat003, Mat006
seating area 2 Mat008 Mat001 Mat008
Mat001, Mat006, Mat008
seating area 3 Mat001, Mat003, Mat006 Mat001 Mat008
seating area 4 Mat001, Mat006 Mat001 Mat008
EX seating area 1 Mat001, Mat006 Mat008 Mat001
EX seating area 2 Mat001,Mat006 Mat001
Cabin Crew seating Areas 1 Mat001, Mat006 Mat001 Mat008
Cabin Crew seating Areas 2 Mat001 Mat008

Table 8 : Showing the case study material analysis based on space planning

2.3.3 Lighting Systems and Fixtures Analysis

Space Activities Floor Treatment Wall Treatment Ceiling Treatment

Residential Area Light003 Light001 , Light002
Master Bedroom Light003 Light001, Light003
Guest Double Bed room 1 Light003 Light001 , Light003
Guest Double Bed room 2 Light001 , Light003
Upper Deck Lounge Light003 Services
Crew Bed Room
Services Light003 Light001 Light002
Spa Light003
Swimming Pool Light003 Light001 Light002 Light003
Bur Light003 Light001
Toilet 1 Light003 Light001
Toilet 2 Light003 Light001
Toilet 3 Light003
Cabin Crew Areas Light001
yacht cockpit Light001
kitchen Light001
engine room 1 Light001
engine room 2
Loungigs Light001
Observation deck Light001 Light002
Dining Area 1 Light001 Light002
Dining Area 2 Light001 Light002
Dining Area 3 Light001 Light002
Dining Area 4 Light001 Light002
seating area 1 Light001 Light002
seating area 2 Light001 Light002
seating area 3

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seating area 4 Light003 Chapter 2
EX seating area 1
EX seating area 2 Light001 Light002
Cabin Crew seating Areas 1 Light001
Cabin Crew seating Areas 2 Light001
Light001
Light001

Table 9 : Showing the case study lighting systems and fixtures analysis based on space planning

2.3.4 Furniture, Furnishing & Equipment Analysis

Space Activities Floor Treatment Wall Treatment Ceiling Treatment

Residential Area FFNE001 FFNE004
Master Bedroom FFNE001 FFNE004
Guest Double Bed room 1 FFNE001 FFNE004
Guest Double Bed room 2 FFNE001 FFNE004
Upper Deck Lounge FFNE001 FFNE004
Crew Bed Room
Services FFNE006 FFNE007 FFNE004
Spa FFNE0010 FFNE0011 NON
Swimming Pool FFNE0010 FFNE0011 FFNE004
Bur FFNE0010 FFNE0011 FFNE004
Toilet 1 FFNE004
Toilet 2 FFNE003 FFNE004
Toilet 3 FFNE003
Cabin Crew Areas FFNE003 FFNE004
yacht cockpit FFNE003 FFNE004
kitchen FFNE004
engine room 1 FFNE004
engine room 2
Loungigs FFNE004
Observation deck FFNE004
Dining Area 1 FFNE004
Dining Area 2 FFNE004
Dining Area 3 NON
Dining Area 4 FFNE004
seating area 1 FFNE004
seating area 2 FFNE004
seating area 3 FFNE004
seating area 4 NON
EX seating area 1 NON
EX seating area 2 FFNE004
Cabin Crew seating Areas 1 FFNE004
Cabin Crew seating Areas 2

Table 10 : Showing the project FF&E analysis based on space planning

2.3.5 Case Study-II Conclusion

1. Clear how does this case study contribute to achieve your goals?
2. Through your observation and interview with stockholders address the following:

Design problems.
Design advantage and disadvantage.

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Chapter 2

2.4 Case Study-III Overview

Project Name Sunseeker 95 Yacht
Location 28.06m
Project Information Sunseeker

2.4.1 Organization Chart

captain

Executive pursr Chief
chef stewardess

Figure 21: Case study organization char

Figure 22: Irimari 41

41Builder: Sunseeker https://www.sunseeker.com/en-GB/yacht/95-yacht/

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Chapter 2

2.4.2 Architecture Layout

Figure 23: Irimari 42

42Builder: Sunseeker https://www.sunseeker.com/en-GB/yacht/95-yacht/

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Chapter 2

2.4.3 Interior and Exterior Illustration

Figure 24: Irimari 43

43Builder: Sunseeker https://www.sunseeker.com/en-GB/yacht/95-yacht/

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Chapter 2

Figure 25: Irimari 44
44Builder: Sunseeker https://www.sunseeker.com/en-GB/yacht/95-yacht/

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Chapter 2

Figure 26: Irimari 45
45Builder: Sunseeker https://www.sunseeker.com/en-GB/yacht/95-yacht/

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