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Published by Ghalhamazani, 2018-12-15 12:15:55

Ghada Alhamazani 1

Ghada Alhamazani 1

JOURNAL FF&E
INTERIOR DESIGN

DONE BY :Ghada Alhamazani
ID: S15201761
Course name: Furniture, Fixture, and Equipment (FF&E)
Code: INTD321
Instructor: Sara Alnabhani

INTERIOR DESIGN STYLES………………………………………….………………………… 1 CONTENT
Favourite Interior Designers ………………………………………….…………………… 4
Favourite Interior designs Brands……………………………………...................... 6
Residential Spaces Analysis…………………………………………………………....... 11
Green Building Research………………………………………………....................... 13
Building Codes and Standards…………………………………………………………….. 14
Materials……………………………………………………………………………………………… 15
Wall Finishes………………………………………………………………………………….........22
Floor Covering……………………………………………………………………................... 26
Ceiling Finishes……………………………………………………………………………………. 27
Ikea …………………………………………………………………………............................ 29

• Modern INTERIOR
DESIGN STYLES
• Industrial
1
• Classic
• Seandinavian

• Electic
• Minimalgt
• Contemporamy
• Urban Modern
• Shappy chic
• Vintage

Modern architecture emerged at the end of the 19th century from revolutions in MODERN STYLE
technology, engineering and building materials, and from a desire to break away from 2
historical architectural styles and to invent something that was purely functional and
new.

Characteristics of a Modern Space :
• Low, horizontal furnishings with clean lines
• Celebration of natural light
• Natural materials such as unpainted wood, metals, leather, and natural fibers
• A neutral or “natural” color palette
• Reflective surfaces such as steel, chrome or glass

Classicism is a style manifested itself in all the arts of Europe in 17-19 centuries CLASSIC DESIGN
Classic style in the interior of the apartment – it`s a noble decoration, materials of STYLE
exceptional quality, clear geometric shapes .
3
• Discreet cornices, columns, doors and windows with clear outlines, marble
fireplaces all furnishings tend to rectangular form.

• The color scheme of the interior is maintained in light pastel colors.

• Niches of spacious rooms are decorated with statues, to hair’s breadth as in ancient
times.

• Classical ornaments depict oak or laurel leaves, Greek meander

• Classicism in interior design implies the presence of arches, stucco, half-columns
and columns

Eileen Gray (1878- 1976) Favourite Interior
She was born in Ireland but had a long career in France, her Designers
work spanning several periods and styles.
She became expert in Lacquer work.
He furniture was highly original, ingenious, and cubist in
character.
The Bibendum armchair of 1925, the Transat chair of 1924,
and a variety of cabinets, couches, tables, lamps, and rugs
with colorful geometric patterns appear in interiors designed
for her own use and for various client.

The Bibendum armchair The Transat chair Glass Salon

4

Textile designer Favourite Interior
Textile and carpet manifacturers produced patterns that Designers
suit the demand od Art Deco designs.
Cubistic thems, zigzags, stripes, and plaids in Deco 5
Colors by anonymous designers became widely
available.
A particularlywell-known figure in textile design was the
artist Sonia Delaunay ( 1885- 1979), who began to
design textiles for a manifacturer in Lyon in 1922.

Eichholtz Favourite Interior
designs Brands
Dutch brand Offering an unrivalled collection of designer furniture, lighting and home
accessories, the Eichholtz collection redefines traditional designs, turning them into
contemporary classics to bring timeless style to modern interior spaces.The designs are
characterised by luxurious materials and a simple colour palette of white and neutrals, Skilled
craftsmanship, the finest materials and the utmost attention to detail are also prominent in every
Eichholtz design

6

NORR11

Beginning in 2011, the NORR11 brand was founded in Berlin, however the collection’s design roots are
embedded in the Danish design tradition placing an emphasis on clean lines, exquisite craftsmanship
and an organic approach to materials and designs.
Authenticity, simplicity, purity and practicality are all important concepts to NORR11

Favourite Interior
designs Brands

7

Moooi

is an imaginative Dutch brand that has become known for its distinctive selection of
designer furniture and lighting. the brand has expertly fused antique quality with
fresh, modern designs.

Favourite Interior
designs Brands

8

RV Astley Favourite Interior
designs Brands
RV Astley provides an extensive range of designer furniture and lighting that is driven by
excellence in design. Primarily specialising in reproductions of antique pieces, RV Astley is
influenced largely by period European design, offering innovatively artful furniture at the
highest possible quality.

The brand frequently utilises glass and metal when creating their fabulous range, giving the
pieces a bold, statement look

9

Lee Broom Refined Lighting

Lee Broom designer lighting combines contemporary charisma with heritage style.

Favourite Interior
designs Brands

10

ANALYSIS
11

ANALYSIS
12

Green Building
Research

13

Building Code is a set of rules that specify the standards for constructed objects Building Codes
such as buildings and nonbuilding structures. and Standards

The main purpose of building codes:
is to protect public health, safety and general welfare as they relate to the
construction and occupancy of buildings and structures.

14

• A material is a chemical substance or mixture of substances that constitute an
object. Materials can be pure or impure, a singular composite or a complex mix,
living or non-living matter, whether natural or man-made, either concrete or
abstract.

Type Of Materials

concrate Wood Glass Leather Plastic Materials
15

Concrete Materials
is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement
(cement paste)

There are numerous positive aspects of concrete:

- It is a relatively cheap material and has a relatively long life with few maintenance requirements.
- It is strong in compression.
- Before it hardens it is a very pliable substance that can easily be shaped.
- It is non-combustible.

Uses :

building structure Walls Flooring

16

There re 3 main types of timber: Materials
HardWood 17
This type of timber is produced from broad leaf trees that lose their leaves in winter – a
deciduous tree. (shedding its leaves annually) The photograph opposite is of an oak tree
which grows in this country ex: Oak , Mahogany

SoftWood
Softwood trees grow much quicker than the hardwood ones, they are therefore cheaper
to buy and far more available. Softwood is used for construction of houses and furniture,
and outdoor uses such as fencing

Manufactured Board
These are manmade boards, which are made by gluing wood layers or wood fibers
together.ex: Plywood , MDF
Uses :

furniture building construction Flooring Walls

Glass Materials
is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread
practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window ,Doors

There are numerous positive aspects of Glass :
- glass transmits up to 80% of available natural day light.
- Glass has a smooth glossy surface so it is dust proof and can be easily cleaned.
-It is an excellent insulator against electricity.

Uses :

building structure furniture Walls 18

.Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides Materials

There are numerous positive aspects of Leather :

Modern leather furniture does not crack or peel. It stretches and retains its shape without
sagging.
It is fire resistant and emits no toxic fumes
It “breathes”, assumes body temperature rapidly and is instantaneously comfortable.
Uses :

Residential furniture Offices furniture 19

Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic
organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.

Uses :

Materials

furniture

20

Textile Finishing is any operation (other than preparation and colouring) that improves the Materials
appearance and/or usefulness of fabric after it leaves the loom or knitting machine.

Finishing is the final series of operations that produces finished textile fabric from grey
goods. Textile finishing usually includes treatments such as scouring, bleaching, dyeing
and/or printing, the final mechanical or chemical finishing operations

21

Paint is any pigmented liquid, liquefiable, or mastic composition that, after application to a
substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film

Example some type of paint : Semi-Gloss Paint Wall Finishes

Flat Paint Semi-gloss is tougher than eggshell, so it will
show less wear. It reflects even more light
Flat finish is also known as matte finish and when dry, though, so if there are any
has the least amount of shine. Because it imperfections on your walls before you paint,
doesn't reflect light, it's the best choice to they'll stand out. Semi-gloss stands up the
hide any imperfections like bumps or small best to water and cleaning so it's a good
cracks on walls choice for a kids' bedroom or bathroom. This
finish is also often used for trim, doors, and
Keep in mind, flat paint a little harder to furniture.
keep clean, so it's not recommended for
high traffic areas like the kitchen or
bathroom.

22

Wallpaper is a material used Wall Finishes
in interior decoration to
decorate the interior walls of
domestic and public
buildings.

23

A wall panel is single piece of Wall Finishes
material, usually flat and cut
into a rectangular shape, that
serves as the visible and
exposed covering for a wall.

• Wall panels are functional
as well as decorative,
providing insulation and
soundproofing, combined
with uniformity of
appearance, along with
some measure of durability
or ease of replaceability.

24

gesso is a white paint mixture consisting Wall Finishes
of a binder mixed with chalk, gypsum,
pigment, or any combination of these.It is
used in artwork as a preparation for any
number of substrates such as wood
panels, canvas and sculpture as a base for
paint

25

Flooring is any a permanent covering of a floor, or the work of installing such a floor covering. Floor
covering is a term to generically describe any finish material applied over a floor structure to
provide a walking surface.

Example some type of Floor Covering :

Floor Covering

Carpeting Wood flooring tiling

26

The ceiling affects the look and feel of a room as well as the comfort and safety, as many ceilings
are designed to control sound or to be fire resistant. There are many variations on the different
types of materials that are appropriate for a ceiling.

The factor to be considered in the selection of ceiling system:

-Type of floor structure

-Appearance

-Fire resistance

Ceiling

plaster

Wood 27

Metal

Metal is often used as both a structural and decorative component in a ceiling.

A drop or suspended ceiling is a ceiling that hangs below a pre-existing ceiling and often hides
unattractive features, such as pipes in a basement, or to control sound in a noisy location, such as
an office.

Tiles Ceiling
Ceiling tiles are different from floor or wall tiles in that weight is an issue when decorating a
ceiling. Ceiling tiles are lightweight and made from a wide variety of materials, such as plastic,
metal, fiberglass, mineral fiber, wood fiber.

ceiling tiles are often designed to control noise levels in a room.

28

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