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Archbishop Molloy High School’s course catalog for the 2019-2020 school year. This represents the most complete and most accurate information available to date.

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Archbishop Molloy High School Course Catalog 2019-2020

Archbishop Molloy High School’s course catalog for the 2019-2020 school year. This represents the most complete and most accurate information available to date.

Keywords: High School

Archbishop Molloy
High School

Course Catalog

83-53 Manton Street

Briarwood, New York 11435

January 2019

Dear Parents:

I am pleased to present to you Archbishop Molloy High School’s course catalog for the 2019-
2020 school year. While changes may be made to the catalog throughout the year, this
represents the most complete and most accurate information available to date.

The scheduling process for next year begins with presentations on January 29 for present juniors
and January 30 for present sophomores in preparation for course requests on March 8. Students
have over a month to research courses by reading the descriptions in this catalog, and discussing
them with teachers, department chairs, peers, guidance counselors and administrators before
making final selections which cannot be altered once they are scheduled. Juniors going into
senior year have the greatest range of courses from which to choose their five required credits.
Sophomores going into junior year may take an additional credit in elective courses. They may
apply for honors and some Advanced Placement courses as well, but admission is highly
competitive and dependent on their average to date in the subject. Freshmen going into
sophomore year will be able to request honors classes after third quarter grades are submitted
in April. Honors and Advanced Placement applicants are reviewed by Department Chairs in
consultation with the Administration, and their decision is final. The catalog contains more
information, so please read it carefully.

Information about the scheduling process is available on the school’s web site. Go to
“Academics – Courses.” An updated guide to course selection for each grade level will be posted
well in advance of selection dates as well as a very informative “Frequently Asked Questions”
document for each grade level. It is important that parents and students familiarize themselves
with these documents before course requests are due. Incoming freshmen are scheduled for
most of their classes by the school but have some options in mathematics, science, foreign
language and music that are explained on the web site under “Academics – Courses – Freshman
Courses: Frequently Asked Questions.”

Thank you for all you do to facilitate your sons’ and daughters’ success in school.


Dennis J Vellucci
Assistant Principal for Academics

Mission Statement

Archbishop Molloy High School is a Marist Catholic school which fosters an exemplary education in
mind, body and spirit for a diverse college bound population. Molloy offers a unique, challenging and
comprehensive program of instruction, guidance and activities. Thus individuals recognize their own
self-worth and develop a lifetime of Christian values, critical thinking, leadership skills and service to


Read this booklet carefully, particularly the sections that concern the classes that you will select. Discuss
your selection with your parents, teachers and counselors, keeping in mind your interests and ability, your
college plans and your career plans. Consult students presently enrolled in courses you may be interested
in. While guidelines and prerequisites have been included in this booklet, the full responsibility for
choosing appropriate courses lies with you.

The school’s schedule is built around students’ requests. Therefore, the Course Request Form is binding,
so students cannot easily change course requests once their schedule has been constructed. It is very
important that students and parents understand this. Once the schedule is set, it can be altered only under
extraordinary circumstances. The courses that you choose when you complete the Course Request Form
are the courses you will be expected to take during the next school year, providing that you meet the
requirements and have no scheduling conflicts. Requests for particular teachers cannot be honored, only
requests for courses.

Most Honors and Advanced Placement courses carry prerequisites. Students who do not meet these
minimum requirements may not apply for these courses, but meeting the prerequisites is not a guarantee
that students will be admitted. These courses are highly competitive, and enrollment is limited so
placement is competitive. Ordinarily, only students with the highest grades and strongest teacher
recommendations are accepted. Specific cut-off grades vary depending on the subject averages of
students who request the course. Once an Honors or A.P. section is filled with the most academically
qualified students, no other students may be added, and no student who has committed to an honors
or A.P. class may be transferred out of it. Questions about why a student was not accepted into an
advanced course he or she applied for should be addressed to the department chairperson. The
Administration reserves the right to make the final decision on such matters.

Advanced Placement

Most Advanced Placement courses are senior year courses. A.P. American History and A.P. English
Literature are offered to juniors, and A.P. Computer Science Principles, A.P. US Government and Politics,
and A.P. European History are offered to both juniors and seniors. A.P. World History is offered to
sophomores. Advanced Placement courses are much more intensive and require significantly more time
and effort than regular academic offerings. Taking the course is no guarantee of college credit, which is
awarded on the basis of A.P. exams which are given in May and administered by the College Board. All
students enrolled in an A.P. course must take the A.P. exam in that subject. The fee for each A.P. exam
is about $95, but it is the College Board that sets A.P. fees. Students and parents should take A.P. fees into
consideration when selecting these courses.

College Credit Courses

Some junior and senior level courses may be taken for college credit from St. John’s University, Seton Hall
University, SUNY Albany or LIU/ CW Post. Upon successful completion of these courses, qualified students
will receive a letter grade on the college’s transcript. Credits may be applied to their total degree
requirements if they attend that university or may be transferred to many other universities and colleges.
Colleges charge fees ranging from $285 to $400 per course each semester for these credits (subject to
change), may impose eligibility criteria for students seeking credit, and may limit the number of credit-
bearing courses a student may take. Do not choose a course solely for college credit since you cannot
change your schedule if you do not meet the university’s requirements, if you are scheduled for more credit
bearing courses than the university allows in any given semester, or if the university cancels credit for a
course for any reason. Keep in mind that not all colleges will accept credits from another university; it is
best to contact the Admissions offices of colleges you may be applying to so that you can learn their
policies regarding these “dual enrollment courses” or “extension courses” before you make your course
selection. Always choose all your classes on the basis of your college plans, career interests, academic
ability, and academic interest. The possibility of college credit, while an important factor, should never be
the sole reason for selecting a course.

In 2019-2020, it is projected that the following courses will offer college credits: A.P. English Language and
Composition; Pre-Calculus; Calculus 1; Calculus 2; Psychology; Criminal Justice; College Chemistry 1
Honors; College Chemistry 2 Honors; all fourth level World Language courses; Physics Honors; Science
Research; Robotics; Statistics; Anatomy and Physiology (college credit for seniors only). Public Speaking is
also under consideration for accreditation.

Which is right for you? Students seeking to earn college credits while at Molloy often ask if they should
take A.P. courses or these “dual enrollment” courses. For admission to A.P. courses, students have to
meet certain academic criteria. They are generally more challenging. They are less expensive than college
credit courses (about $95 versus over $300). It is harder to get credit, but A.P. credit is more widely
accepted by other institutions. College extension courses have fewer admission requirements. It is easier
to get college credit for them, but the credit may be accepted by fewer institutions than accept A.P. credit.

Graduation Requirements

Religion 2 units

English 4 units

Mathematics 3 units

Social Studies 4 units

Foreign Language 3 units

Science 3 units

Computer Applications 0.5 unit

Health Education 0.5 unit

Fine Arts 1 unit

Electives 2 units

Physical Education 2 units

To be eligible for an Archbishop Molloy High School diploma, a student must accumulate 25 academic

units not including driver education or junior-senior chorus.

The New York State Education Department (NYSED) sets diploma requirements. Please consult the
Student-Parent Handbook on the school’s web site at the beginning of the school year for minimal
graduation requirements for your particular year of graduation. In all cases, the regulations of NYSED
apply. Students will be required to fulfill any revised requirements of the State of New York. For
information from the State Education Department, visit the website at

Weighted Averages

Averages are weighted to reflect both the duration of a course and its level of difficulty so that students’
averages reflect accurately the work that each course entails. An average cannot be determined merely
by adding up the marks and dividing by the number of subjects. Honors subjects receive a weight of
1.05 when calculated in the overall GPA, and Advanced Placement courses receive a weight of 1.07.

Some examples:
Religion 9 meets every other day, and so a mark of 90 in this subject would add 45 points to the sum and
0.5 to the divisor in calculating an average. English 10 Honors meets every day, but is an honors course.
Here a mark of 90 adds 94.5 to the sum (90 x 1.05) and 1.00 to the divisor in calculating an average.

A one semester course that meets every day, like Economics, Art or Music, computes a mark of 90% by
adding 90 points to the sum and 1.0 to the divisor for the average within a given marking period, since it
met just as often as a full year course within that marking period. But in the last column of the report
card, this 90% adds 45 points to the total and 0.5 to the divisor, since the course only met half as often
as full year courses over the entire year. This helps to insure that students who enroll in honors and A.P.
courses receive appropriate recognition when applying to college.

Freshman Year

Freshmen must choose a World Language that they will commit to for three years – Spanish, French,
Italian– or they may request a year of Mandarin or Latin, which are being introduced in September of
2019 but which will run only if there is enough student interest. These students will begin their study of
Spanish, French or Italian as sophomores. While most take Music Appreciation, those with musical
background may choose Music Theory, and those interested in vocal performance may request Chorus.
All freshmen in Band must take Music Theory. While we do not recommend that incoming freshmen
take Regents exams before coming to Molloy, those who do may be placed in Geometry Honors only if
they take the Molloy Math Placement Test given in May, scoring in the top percentiles and score well on
the Algebra 1 Regents in June. Those who score in the high 80s or 90s on the Living Environment
Regents will take Advanced Life Science Honors instead of Biology or Biology Honors. The U.S. History
Regents has no bearing on freshman placement in Social Studies since U.S. History is a junior course.
Parents must report Regents scores to Molloy by June 28 for proper student placement.

Incoming freshmen are invited into honors in English, Social Studies and Biology on the basis of their
entrance exam scores at the time of acceptance and may take a placement test if they seek Algebra
Honors, Geometry Honors, or the second level of a Foreign Language. Students beginning a language at
the second level must take a three-year sequence and take the fourth level in junior year.

Freshman to Sophomore Year

Freshmen selecting their sophomore courses may apply for honors classes in English, Social Studies,
Chemistry, Geometry, or Spanish, and may apply for Chorus in place of Art. Exceptions would be
freshmen who were placed in Geometry, who move to an Honors Algebra course as sophomores.

Sophomore to Junior Year

Sophomores choosing courses for junior year may apply for A.P. courses in Literature and in U.S. History
and honors courses in English, U.S. History, Mathematics, and Physics. Juniors can also take extra
courses during unscheduled periods at the beginning or end of the day. Their options include Art,
Chorus, A.P. Computer Science Principles, A.P. United States Government and Politics, A.P. European
History, Government, Constitutional Law, Economics, Introduction to Business, Video Production and
Broadcasting, and Science Research Honors. Because enrollment in these popular electives is limited,
admission to courses that are over-subscribed is based on a student’s grades at the time of application.

Junior to Senior Year

Juniors choosing senior year courses will choose 0.5 unit of Religion; 1.0 unit in English; Participation in
Government, Constitutional Law, or A.P. US Government and Politics; Economics, Personal Finance, or
Introduction to Business or Virtual Enterprise; and enough elective credits in English, Social Studies,
Math, World Language, Science, Fine Arts, Computer Science or other fields to meet the 5.0 credit
requirement. Some senior requirements will be waived if they have been fulfilled in junior year, but all
seniors must take a minimum total of 5.0 credits.

Senior Scholars Courses

While there are several A.P. courses in senior year, there are no “Honors” courses (except for College
Chemistry) comparable to those in other grades. As a result, certain courses have been designated
“Scholars” courses. Grades for these courses carry the honors weight of 1.05 when computed into a
student’s average, but admission may be less restrictive than in typical honors classes, and most are
open to all. In 2019-2020, the Scholars courses are: Introduction to Film; Shakespeare; Literature of the
Immigrant Experience; Virtual Enterprise; Calculus 2; Robotics; all fourth year World Language courses.

Student Athletes: NCAA

Students who anticipate seeking athletic scholarships or student-athletes who may want to compete in
college at a Division I or II level should take only courses approved by the NCAA (National Collegiate
Athletic Association) to fulfill NCAA requirements: four years of English; three years of mathematics; two
years of natural/ physical science; two years of social studies; four years of additional courses from any
of the aforementioned subject areas, foreign language, or religion. Typically, Molloy students fulfill
these requirements within a regular schedule, but student athletes need to be especially careful of their
selections in senior year since, despite our efforts, certain courses such as Personal Finance
Management, Introduction to Film, Theater Arts, Total Fitness and Wellness, and all Computer courses
are not NCAA approved. Student athletes may take them only as electives.

Students who plan to compete in college athletics should consult with the Athletic Director, with the
Assistant Principal Mr. Ed Cameron, who acts as the NCAA liaison, or with their guidance counselor
before finalizing their course selection.

Course Descriptions

The following pages include short descriptions of the courses offered by each department. A course will
be cancelled if not enough students apply. Curriculum is always evolving; the presence of a course in
the booklet does not guarantee it will run in any given year. Courses new in 2019-20 are boxed.


Religion 9 This course a general introduction to Catholicism. It deals with faith, scripture, tradition,
sacraments and morality. Its purpose is to acquaint beginners with the central truths and practices of
the Catholic religion. Students are taught to be familiar with the prayers and liturgical life of the Church.
The course is not intended to produce experts, nor is it intended to convert or proselytize. It simply
familiarizes students with the central tenets of the Catholic religion in the time after the Vatican Council
II. (0.5 unit)

Religion 10 Two marking periods are devoted to understanding the Hebrew Scriptures with emphasis
on Genesis, Exodus and Prophets. A third marking period combines principles of personal development
with elements of our faith story. It deals with self-identity, self-esteem, feelings and peer pressure,
promoting faith as a gift of God that grows with maturity. One marking period is allotted to peer group
counseling. The sophomore curriculum thus weaves together the book of Scripture and the book of life.
(0.5 unit)

Religion 11 Juniors study two major areas: New Testament faith and morality. The person of Jesus in
the New Testament, and the question of sin and morality are explored. The first half deals with
reasonable approaches to God, revelation (especially New Testament), tradition, original sin, Jesus and
evil. The second half deals with the foundations of Christian morality and specific moral issues such as
abortion, euthanasia, warfare, capital punishment and human sexuality. (0.5 unit)

Birth, Death and Afterlife: A World Religions Perspective Drawing upon the religious traditions of the
East (Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism) and the West (Christianity, Judaism, Islam), this
course addresses creation/birth stories and death/afterlife stories. It observes both the common and
the unique themes that underlie all these stories. Classroom discussion flows from the ethical,
psychological and spiritual implications of these stories. Topics of discussion include: the nature of the
individual; the heroic death; hope vs. faith in an afterlife. (0.5 unit)

Ethics and Law This course presents a basic outline of the fundamental principles of Judeo-Christian
morality in a specifically Catholic context. It examines the points where those principles intersect with
law, and explores how complex ethical questions are played out in our practical legal system. It includes
“high profile” contemporary issues such as abortion, euthanasia, stem cell research and same sex
marriage, as well as other issues such as capital punishment. Discussions play a major role in the course,
but the students are expected to read outside of class, and writing projects are an important part of the
student’s learning process. (0.5 unit)

Christianity in Film This course is an examination of the treatment accorded to the Christian tradition
by the film industry. Starting with the Gospels, the course identifies common themes and biases when
representing Jesus in film, as well as the unique perspective on the Gospel that only film can bring.
Finally, the course examines some major Christian themes from the perspective of the modern media.
(0.5 unit)

Christian Personal Growth This course examines ways that people can nourish their spiritual lives. It
looks at the thread of spiritual growth woven through Scripture and introduces various forms of praying,
including several methods of meditation. Journal writing and dream work will be considered as means
of spiritual growth. Every person is on a spiritual journey; having a road map may make it easier to find
our way. (0.5 unit)

Social Justice This is a service-learning course which combines class lecture and discussion with service
in the local community. In class, students review the history of Catholic social teaching and examine the
major Church documents on social justice. Contemporary social issues such as poverty, war and
environmental protection, along with methods of addressing these injustices, are discussed. Outside
class, students choose from a number of service projects that will allow them to take the principles
studied in class and put them into practice. (0.5 unit)

Religion and Science Can religion and science coexist? This course examines the relationship between
religion and science from the historic Galileo affair to current neuroscientific research attempts to find a
“God spot” in the human brain. It examines controversial topics about the origins of the universe,
evolution, and the role of bias in both religion and scientific discovery. By the end of the course,
students should be able to distinguish between scientific method and philosophical positions on the role
of science, as well as form their own arguments regarding these issues. (0.5 unit)

Christian Marriage This course deals with relationships, love, family and how each is an integral part of
Christian faith. It explores dating, sexual morality, preparing for marriage, child rearing, and
interpersonal communication. (0.5 unit)


English 9 This course begins a four-year program designed to encourage students to become
competent, clear writers and critical readers. There are four areas of concentration: composition,
vocabulary, reading, and literature. Grammar is presented as an integral unit in the writing process, not
just as a separate area of study. Reading is stressed, and class time is set aside for it. Literature is
examined for its written style as well as for characterization, plot, conflict and setting. Students should
be reasonably proficient in writing the simple expository essay at the end of this course. (1.0 unit)

English 9 Honors The honors track follows the same curriculum as English 9 but challenges students
through more intensive discussions and assignments. The pace of the course is quicker, and the number
and quality of literary works covered reflect the student’s higher capabilities, as do writing assignments.
(1.0 unit)

English 10 The course continues the four areas of concentration begun in English 9. Increased
emphasis is placed on expository writing, especially in response to the 6-8 full length works studied.
Grammar continues to be presented as a writing tool, not just as a separate area of study. Students are
taught and encouraged to recognize thematic connections among works assigned, and should begin to
develop an understanding of how point of view and narrative voice affect a work of literature. (1.0 unit)

English 10 Honors The honors track follows the same curriculum as English 10 but challenges students
through more intensive discussions and assignments. Students are presumed to be good writers. More
emphasis is placed critical reading of texts, students are introduced to the critical essay, and exams and
discussions are geared to the student’s higher capabilities. (1.0 unit)

English 11 With its emphasis on literature, this course takes a “genre” approach, dividing works into
tragedy, comedy and romance. Titles come from a variety of periods and nationalities. Expository essays
form the basis of the student’s writing; class periods are set aside for writing and/or reading. Vocabulary
is drawn from literature, and grammar is self-generated from students’ papers. Students are introduced
to the verbal components of standardized college entrance exams and prepare for the Comprehensive
Regents Examination in English. (1.0 unit)

English 11 Honors The honors track follows the same curriculum as English 11 but challenges students
through more intensive discussions and assignments. More -- and more challenging – literary works are
studied. Writing assignments are more extensive, and discussions are geared to the student’s wider
knowledge and maturity. (1.0 unit)

Advanced Placement Literature Using the basic model of the English 11 Honors course, A.P. Literature
brings greater depth to the analysis of a wide range of literature, including novels, stories, plays and
poetry. More than English 11 Honors, A.P. Literature examines key features of authors’ styles and
strategies to interest, excite and stimulate the reader. Students have varied writing opportunities,
including practice for the A.P. exam in Literature and Composition, which all students in the course must
take in May. This course is offered to juniors but is limited to 30 students, so admission is highly
competitive and based on grades, teacher appraisal of student writing, participation and overall ability.
(1.0 unit)

Advanced Placement Composition This senior course approaches the study of published writing
through an analysis of the author’s style. It also seeks to make students aware of their own styles as
writers. This course covers novels, short stories and non-fiction. Students have varied writing
opportunities, including practice for the A.P. exam, which all students in the course must take in May.
Prerequisites: A 90% average in A.P. Literature or a 92% average in English 11 Honors or a 95% average
in English 11. Three St. John’s University credits may be available. (1.0 unit)

Shakespeare Shakespeare is the most influential writer of all time, as well as the most popular – plays
written 400 years ago are still regularly produced and enjoyed, and hardly a year goes by without some
new version of one of Shakespeare’s plays on film or on local stages. This course examines the genius of
Shakespeare through a variety of his plays – tragedies, comedies, histories, romances – and through the
various periods of his life and career. This Senior Scholars class carries a 1.05 weighted grade. (0.5 unit)

Literature of the Immigrant Experience Considering works by writers of various cultures who have
come to America, this course looks at the immigrant’s experience in assimilating to a new homeland
while attempting to retain tradition, values and identity. What personal struggle is involved in becoming
an American, and how is it depicted in fiction, memoir, poetry, essays and drama? What is gained and
what is left behind? What does the immigrant discover about him or herself and about society on the
journey towards building a relationship with America? This Senior Scholars class carries a 1.05 weighted
grade. (0.5 unit)

Theater Arts This course examines theater history and classic and modern plays in terms of both
literature and performance. In addition to reading plays, students explore aspects of behind-the-scenes
stagecraft including set design, lighting, sound and music. Through both classroom and studio work, they
engage in improvisational exercises alone and in groups; examine dialogue and character interaction;
write, direct and perform scenes; read and write drama criticism and analysis; develop performance and
public speaking skills. They should be prepared to attend a Broadway or off-Broadway production at
their own expense at least once during the semester. (0.5 unit)

Journalism This course is for students who enjoy reading a newspaper and watching TV news, and want
to explore the issues facing journalists today. Students take weekly current events quizzes, learn how to
write news stories, headlines, personality profiles and TV news spots, and produce a journalism project.
Students must read a daily newspaper to do well in this class. (0.5 unit)

Introduction to Film This course involves the serious study of film as an art form and is intended for
students who are interested in learning some of the technical aspects of film making, in studying the
history of film, in considering some of the social issues raised by film, and in understanding film criticism.
Several full-length films will be screened in class, discussed, and analyzed. Grades come primarily from
objective exams which are based on readings in the text and class discussion, on films seen in class, and
a term paper. Students will have the option of making their own film, but this is not a course
requirement. This Senior Scholars class carries a 1.05 weighted grade. Does not fulfill NCAA English
requirement for student athletes, but they may still choose it as an elective. (0.5 unit)

Literature Into Film In this course, students read and discuss novels, stories and plays, then watch the
film versions to see the changes made in translating literature into film and the different ways books
and movies reach an audience. Discussion considers such literary elements as style, plot structure and
characterization. Readings may include two novels, a play, a short story, a magazine article and poetry,
and a short term paper (two to three pages) may be required each quarter. (0.5 unit)

Literature and Psychology Though psychology as a science came into being during the nineteenth
century, writers have always demonstrated in their poems, plays, stories and novels amazing insight into
the human psyche and personality, beginning with the earliest myths, legends and fairy tales. This
course studies the psychological dimension of a wide range of literature and media with particular
emphasis on gender identity, focusing on the ways social norms and stereotypes begin and thrive and
affect how we see ourselves and others. Readings explore characters and stories that represent a
remarkable understanding of just how the mind works. (0.5 unit)

Popular Literature In this course, students will study popular literature – prize winning plays, best-
selling novels (which may include mystery, science fiction, and memoir), both current and throughout
the twentieth century. The course will explore why certain works captivate a wide audience at the time
they are written. Poetry, short stories, and film are also included. (0.5 unit)

Science Fiction In a time of exploding technology and changing values, we are rapidly approaching an
era when the Science Fiction of the past is becoming the reality of the present. Many of the changes
that have come about owe no small debt to Science Fiction literature and film. This course explores the
history and evolution of Science Fiction as a literary genre as well as its social and philosophical
implications. The fictional worlds illustrated in the works students read will be examined and discussed
with an emphasis on values that will guide students to make inferences and draw conclusions about
their own ever changing world. The course will include novels, short stories and films, and will provide
opportunities for both expository compositions and creative writing assignments. (0.5 unit)

Practical Philosophy through Literature This course explores what literature and philosophy can
teach us about stress management, expectations, and finding individual purpose. It explores real life
issues that seniors face and will continue to confront in their lives. Gender, age, financial status,
relationships, all color our perception of the world. Both the fiction and the philosophy studied in this
course will offer students the opportunity to compare characters’ struggles to their own, gain
perspective on their challenges and explore coping skills and strategies. (0.5 unit)

Creative Writing Students in this course will consider themselves writers and approach both reading
and written assignments through the “writer’s eye.” Students will become familiar with grammar and
usage, will improve communication skills, will increase their reading comprehension and knowledge of
vocabulary. They will develop a greater appreciation for the stories and novels they read and will
master several tools for analyzing, revising and improving their own work. Students will have the
opportunity to read and write short fiction, personal essays, expository essays and poetry. (0.5 unit)


All Math courses require a Ti 84 Plus Ce Graphing Calculator

Algebra This course follows the Common Core Standards for Algebra 1. It introduces topics in algebra,
data analysis, and probability. At the conclusion of the year, students will take the Algebra 1 Common
Core exam. (1.0 unit)

Algebra Honors While following the same syllabus as Algebra, this course includes more challenging
problems and covers a number of topics in greater depth. At the conclusion of the year, students will
take the Algebra 1 Common Core exam. Admission to the course is based exclusively on a placement
test which will be given at Molloy on Saturday, May 11, 2019. (1.0 unit)

Geometry This course follows the New York State Regents syllabus. The topics include Euclidean
geometry, triangles and proofs, coordinate geometry, transformations, measurement formulas and
three-dimensional figures. Topics from Algebra will be integrated into the course. At the conclusion of
the year, students will take the Geometry Regents exam. (1.0 unit)

Geometry Honors While following the same syllabus as Geometry, this course includes more
challenging problems as well as additional topics. At the conclusion of the year, students will take the
Geometry Regents exam. Admission to the course is based on the student’s freshman math average.
Though this is typically a sophomore course, incoming freshmen may be placed in it only if they take a
Math Placement Test at Molloy on May 11, 2019 and score in the top percentiles and score well on the
Algebra 1 Regents in June 2019. All students in the course take the Geometry Regents exam in June.
(1.0 unit)

Algebra 2 Honors This enriched Algebra 2 course is available to sophomores who have completed
Geometry in freshman year. Students will take the New York State Regents exam at the end of the
course. (1.0 unit)

Algebra 2 This course follows the New York State Regents syllabus. It includes functions, variation and
graphs, logarithms, trigonometry, quadratic relations, and probability statistics. At the conclusion of the
year, students will take the New York State Regents exam. (1.0 unit)

Pre-Calculus Honors This course is for juniors who completed Algebra 2 as sophomores. It includes
analytical geometry and pre-calculus topics and prepares students for Calculus or AP Calculus as a senior
elective. (1.0 unit.)

Algebra 2/Pre-Calculus Honors This rigorous accelerated course allows students to complete the
Algebra 2 syllabus as well as Pre-Calculus topics all in one year. The acceleration enables students to
complete high school math in three years so they can elect Calculus or AP Calculus in senior year.
Students will take a comprehensive Pre-Calculus exam as well as the Algebra 2 Regents exam in the
spring. This course has a weight of 1.07 and meets eight times in each six-day cycle in the fall term.
Juniors who take this course will be limited to spring semester elective options only. (1.5 units)

College Algebra This one semester course covers linear and non-linear functions, theory of equations,
vectors, matrices, polar coordinates, and trigonometry. The most basic of senior math courses, it
provides important background for college math courses. The course is not open to students in Algebra
2/Pre-Calculus Honors or Pre-Calculus Honors; it is open only to students who take Algebra 2 as juniors.
It cannot be taken with Pre-Calculus. (0.5 unit)

Accounting Accounting is the language and mathematics of business. This course introduces students
to that language. Students will learn about the accounting cycle through data collection and analysis and
will also learn to prepare financial statements. Recommended for students who are considering a major
or a career in business, the course requires a basic understanding of arithmetic, including percents.
(0.5 units)

Discrete Mathematics This one-semester course, both logic-based and algebra-based, presents
students with different ways of approaching problems from analytical perspectives. The course aims to
be both theoretical and practical, and is especially well-suited for students interested in Computers,
Engineering or further study in Higher Mathematics who may not have met the qualifications for
Calculus or Pre-Calculus. Potential topics include the Pigeonhole Principle, coding and decoding
messages, logic, trees, graph theory and practical mathematics applications. (0.5 unit)

Applied Statistics This is a projects-based course involving the basic concepts of probability and
statistics: common distributions, statistical methods, and data analysis. Students will learn how to
collect, organize, analyze and interpret numerical information data. Three Saint John’s credits are
available to qualified students. (0.5 unit)

Pre-Calculus This one semester senior course covers functions, theory of equations and inequalities,
conics, vectors, matrices, exponential and logarithmic functions, and trigonometry. It provides
important background for college math courses. This course is not open to students in Algebra 2/Pre-
Calculus Honors or Pre-Calculus Honors; it is open only to juniors presently in Algebra 2 who have at
least an 80% average. Three Saint John’s credits are available to qualified students. (0.5 unit)

Calculus 1 This college level course in calculus is designed, in the fall, for students now studying Algebra
2/Pre-Calculus Honors or Pre-Calculus Honors, and in the spring, for students now studying Algebra 2
who take Pre-Calculus in the fall of senior year. Prerequisite: for students in Algebra 2/Pre-Calculus
Honors or Pre-Calculus Honors an 85% unweighted average in the first two marking periods of their
current math class. Four Saint John’s credits are available to qualified students. (0.5 unit)

Calculus 2 This course continues differential calculus and introduces students to integral calculus and
its applications. Prerequisite: Calculus 1. Four Saint John’s credits are available to qualified students.
This Senior Scholars class carries a 1.05 weighted grade. (0.5 unit)

Advanced Placement Calculus AB This demanding college-level course is designed for the very highly
motivated math student. It covers analytic geometry, limits, continuity, derivatives, integrals, and
applications of calculus. This course may lead to two or three semesters of college credit. This course
has a weight of 1.07 and meets seven times in each six-day cycle. Forty-five minutes of written
homework are required each night. Prerequisite: A 90% unweighted average in the first two quarters of
Algebra 2/Pre-Calculus Honors or Pre-Calculus Honors and at least 85% on the Algebra 2 Regents, plus a
strong recommendation from your current math teacher. A list of eligible students will be posted
before registration. (1.0 unit)

Advanced Placement Calculus BC Students who wish to be considered for this highly demanding college
level course should sign up for A.P. Calculus AB. The determination of which students qualify for BC will
be made at the discretion of the department chair. (1.0 unit)

Social Studies

Pre-Advanced Placement World History This pre-college level course is the first part of a two-year
program encouraging the examination of World History through major themes. This two-year course
begins with the study of ancient civilizations and concludes with world events occurring during the
1600s. (1.0 unit)

Global History and Geography I Honors This course is the first part of a two-year program designed to
develop economic, geographic, political, historical, and sociological themes outside of North America.
The course covers events from ancient civilizations to the Age of Absolutism through an in-depth
approach requiring book reports, map studies and research papers. (1.0 unit)

Global History and Geography 1 While covering the same content material as the honors course,
greater emphasis is placed on the development of the skills required to do well on the Regents Exam at
the end of sophomore year. (1.0 unit)

Advanced Placement World History The second part of the AP World History course continues to cover
major global themes through the examination of the time period 1700 through the present. Students
must take both the AP Exam in World History for college credit and the Global History & Geography
Regents Exam upon the completion of this two-year course. In order to be considered, applicants should
have an 88% average in Pre-AP World History, or a 92% average in Honors Global History, or a 98%
average in Global History I at the time of application, though these grades do not guarantee admission
and are subject to change. (1.0 unit)

Global History and Geography II Honors The second part of the New York State program covers the
major themes from the Age of Enlightenment through the contemporary post-Cold War era. Students
will be challenged with intensive class discussions, projects, reports and research papers. Sophomores
take the Global History & Geography Regents Examination at the end of the two-year course. (1.0 unit)

Global History and Geography II The regular course follows the same syllabus as the honors course.
Skills pertinent to the Regents curriculum are reinforced and reviewed. Sophomores take the Global
History and Geography Regents examination at the end of the two-year course. (1.0 unit)

Advanced Placement United States History This rigorous and demanding college level course covers
U.S. History from the Age of Discovery through the present. Juniors must take the A.P. U.S. History
Examination for college credit and the Regents examination in US History and Government. In order to
be considered, applicants should have at least an 88% average in AP World History, or a 90% average in
Global History Honors, or a 96% average in Global History 2 at the time of application, though these
grades do not guarantee admission and are subject to change. (1.0 unit)

United States History & Government Honors This honors course covers American History from
discovery to the present, emphasizing the development and the functioning of the United States
government. Students will be challenged with reports and research papers based on the course content
and will take the Regents examination in U.S. History and Government. (1.0 unit)

United States History & Government This course follows the same syllabus as the honors course.
Greater emphasis is placed on developing skills needed to do well on the Regents exam. (1.0 unit)

Economics This course offers an introduction to our free market economy focusing on both
microeconomic and macroeconomic topics. Microeconomics involves an examination of how consumer
and business decisions are shaped by economic concepts and forces. Macroeconomics provides a
framework for understanding how the economy functions at the national level. Theoretical concepts are
taught through videos, articles, Internet applications, problem solving, and document assessment.
Economics is required of college majors in accounting, business, history and political science. (0.5 unit)

Introduction to Business This course considers all aspects of business including economics, finance,
management, leadership, budgeting, accounting, marketing, advertising, contracts, business law, and
supply-and-demand. The intended to help prospective business majors determine if business is the
career for them. (0.5 unit)

Virtual Enterprise Students in Virtual Enterprise envision and create a simulated business to prepare
themselves for work in a real business environment. They build their own business from the ground up,
determining the nature of the business, the needs it will fulfill, its products and services, and its
management and structure, and they conduct their company’s daily operations. They learn how
economics, marketing, product development and finance impact business operations in a private
enterprise system. Students work in teams and utilize current business software packages as well as the
internet for business transactions. This Senior Scholars class carries a 1.05 weighted grade. (1.0)

Personal Finance Management This course specifically focuses on the examination of personal finances
within the field of economics. Major topics include: establishing a career, paying taxes, setting up bank
account, budgeting, investing, and understanding credit. Through a series of projects students will come
to understand the financial costs of: college, renting/ purchasing an apartment/ home, and leasing/
buying a car. Does not fulfill NCAA Economics requirement for student athletes, but they may still choose
it as an elective. (0.5 unit)

Participation in Government The society, government and politics of America are examined in this
course. The interaction of citizen and government at all levels (federal, state, and local) will be
considered. The goal of the course is to encourage students to participate in the democratic process.
(0.5 unit)

Constitutional Law in a Changing Society This course assesses critically how constitutional principles
dating back to 1789 can or cannot be applied to contemporary issues. Emphasis will be placed on the
analysis of Supreme Court cases dealing with criminal justice, civil liberties, personal autonomy, free
speech, and religion in the public arena. (0.5 unit)

Psychology This college level general psychology course is divided into three sections: an introduction
to the brain and behavior, the history of psychology and theory development, and lastly, abnormal
behavior. Topics of interest such as sleep, dreaming, child development and mental health are also
included, and major theories and theorists are covered. Three Saint John’s University credits are available.
(0.5 unit)

Criminal Justice This course provides an overview of the criminal justice system and its processes. It
will cover the framework of the system, including police, courts and corrections. Students study
concepts of crime and its impact on society, including specific topics such as terrorism, identity theft,
and eyewitness identification. Three St. John’s University credits are available. (0.5 unit)

Advanced Placement European History This course covers major topics in European history from the
High Renaissance through the present. Students analyze and evaluate events through discussions,
debates, short research papers and oral presentations. Students must take the A.P. examination for
which they may receive college credit. Prerequisite: a 90% average in junior Social Studies. (1.0 unit)

Advanced Placement U.S. Government and Politics For students who wish to exceed the one-semester
Government or Constitutional Law requirement, this full year, college level course provides an analytical
perspective on government and politics in the United States. Topics include Constitutional
underpinnings of the U.S. government, political parties and interest groups, public policy, civil rights and
civil liberties. Students must take the A.P. examination for which they may receive college credit.
Prerequisite: a 90% average in junior Social Studies. (1.0 unit)

Advanced Placement Psychology This full year college level course introduces students to the
systematic and scientific study of behavior and mental processes of human beings and animals.
Students will be exposed to psychological principles, phenomena and the biological components of each
of the major sub-fields of psychology. They will also learn about the methods psychologists use in their
practice. Students must take the A.P. examination for which they may receive college credit.
Prerequisite for juniors going into senior year: a 90% average in A.P. United States History, or a 92%
average in Honors United States History, or a 95% average in United States History (1.0 unit)

World Languages

French 1 This introductory course uses the communicative approach. The focus is on listening
comprehension, simple expressions, pronunciation, and the basics of grammar. Also students will have a
general introduction to the culture and civilization of French speaking regions. (1.0 unit)

French 2 French 2 provides an expansion of vocabulary and conversational skills along with an
understanding of more complex grammatical structures. There is progressive exposure to the
civilization of the French speaking world. Students have some practice in composition writing. (1.0 unit)

French 3 French 3 expands communicative skills in listening comprehension, speaking and reading. As
well as being exposed to more French culture, students master more complex grammatical structures
which they apply in longer dialogues. (1.0 unit)

French 4A This half-year elective course is conducted entirely in French. By the end of this course
students will be able to use their verbal skills in French acquired over the previous three years for
communication on various topics, while expanding their vocabulary and reviewing the grammar needed
for fluent conversation. Two French films will be studied. Various group projects include cooking a
French dish and creating a video in French. Individual projects include keeping a French journal and
making two presentations to the class, one involving the research of a French proverb and the other, a
short speech in French on a topic of the student’s choice. Prerequisite: A grade of 85% for each of the
2½ years of French. Three Saint John’s credits available. This Senior Scholars class carries a 1.05
weighted grade. (0.5 unit)

French 4B This course further develops conversational skills acquired in French 1, 2, 3 and 4A. The course
is conducted entirely in French, with some review of grammar. Oral expression will be developed through
the use of games and a short speech in French on a subject of one’s choice. Students will deepen their
knowledge of French civilization through the viewing and study of French films in class. Prerequisite:
French 4A. Three Saint John’s credits available. This Senior Scholars class carries a 1.05 weighted grade.
(0.5 unit)

Italian 1 This is an introductory course in Italian vocabulary, grammar and culture. There is emphasis on
speaking, listening, reading and writing through oral drills and practice in class with use of the iPad. There
is also some discussion of contemporary Italian culture. (1.0 unit)

Italian 2 Italian 2 includes continuing conversational practice with concentration on more complex
grammatical structures, reading, listening comprehension and writing. (1.0 unit)

Italian 3 The focus of this course is on fluency in written and spoken Italian, including an intense review
of grammar through conversation, listening comprehension and composition, using short literary texts.
(1.0 unit)

Italian 4A This course is intended to further the development of the student’s language skills,
emphasizing oral and reading comprehension. It will cover a wide variety of interesting cultural topics
from a range of literary and non-literary sources. Prerequisite: A grade of 85% for each of the 2½ years of
Italian. Three Saint John’s credits available. This Senior Scholars class carries a 1.05 weighted grade. (0.5

Italian 4B This course presents a further opportunity for students to increase their language ability and
understanding of culture through reading representative works in modern Italian prose and poetry.
Lessons are supplemented by newspaper and magazine articles, advertisements, films and current events.
Prerequisite: Italian 4A. Three Saint John’s credits available. This Senior Scholars class carries a 1.05
weighted grade. (0.5 unit)

Spanish 1 This introductory course is taught with a communicative methodology. The emphasis is on
speaking, listening comprehension, the basics of grammar, correct pronunciation and writing, with some
discussion of Spanish culture. (1.0 unit)

Spanish 2 Spanish 2 puts a strong emphasis on conversation with the teacher and other students.
Vocabulary is expanded for the development of speaking, listening comprehension, writing, and reading
comprehension. Verb tenses and grammar structures are included. (1.0 unit)

Spanish 2 Honors This course develops the same skills as Spanish 2 – conversation, listening
comprehension, writing, and reading – but at an advanced, accelerated pace and is recommended for
students who believe they have an affinity for the study of Spanish. (1.0 unit)

Spanish 3 Spanish 3 continues the practice of oral skills and improvement of reading skills using excerpts
from magazines and short stories. The development of writing skills continues through an intense review
of grammar, conversation and composition. (1.0 unit)

Spanish 3 Advanced Curriculum Honors This honors course continues the practice of oral skills and the
improvement of reading skills with challenging vocabulary enhancement. The development of writing
skills continues through an intense review of grammar, situational conversation and thought provoking
composition. The course is intended as a transition for students proceeding to A.P. Spanish in senior year.
(1.0 unit)

Spanish 4A The course develops speaking ability through conversation based on everyday topics and
readings. Expanded use of video tapes enriches the students’ knowledge of Spanish American culture.
Prerequisite: An 85% for each of the 2½ years of Spanish. Three Saint John’s credits available but only if
you are scheduled for the course first semester, which cannot be guaranteed. This Senior Scholars class
carries a 1.05 weighted grade. (0.5 unit)

Spanish 4B The course further develops conversational skills. It also includes a series of short stories by
authors from several Spanish speaking countries. Spanish theater and music are studied in video and
audio form. Prerequisite: Spanish 4A. Three Saint John’s credits available. This Senior Scholars class
carries a 1.05 weighted grade. (0.5 unit)

Latin 1 This introductory course exposes students to a classical language that is the basis of much English
vocabulary and romance language vocabulary. Using the TPRS (Teaching Proficiency through Reading and
Storytelling) model, it avails itself of modern methods of Latin instruction. Freshmen will take Latin for a
year, and then move to their first year of a romance language (French, Italian or Spanish) as sophomores.
The course is also open to seniors as a one-semester elective. Note: The course will run only if there is
sufficient student interest at registration. (1.0 unit)

Mandarin In an effort to expand its World Language offerings, Archbishop Molloy High School offers this
introduction to Mandarin in 2019-20. A challenging language for Westerners that requires learning a new
alphabet, Mandarin is thought to be a language of the future for international business and diplomacy.
Students will take Mandarin for a year, and then move on to their first year of a romance language (French,
Italian or Spanish) as sophomores. Note: The course will run only if there is sufficient interest at
registration. (1.0 unit)


Biology This Regents course in general biology includes the unity and diversity of all living creatures,
maintenance processes in living organisms, human physiology, plant and animal reproduction and
development, evolution, genetics, and ecology. Lab work develops basic skills to observe and record data
and handle equipment. (1.0 unit)

Biology Honors This course includes more of the extended areas of the Regents syllabus, as well as
biochemistry, the immune system and molecular genetics. (1.0 unit)

Advanced Life Science Honors This advanced Biology course focuses on four core areas: ecological
systems, evolution, cellular systems and genetics. It develops the important skills of technical writing and
mathematical analysis so that students can make connections among the interactions that exist across
biological systems. Students partake in lab work that leads to authentic data generation and analysis, and
by the end of the course, they will be prepared, if they choose, to take the SAT Subject Test in Biology
E/M. Open only to students who score at the “Mastery” level or higher on the Living Environment Regents
Exam while they are in middle school. (1.0 unit)

Chemistry This Regents course includes matter and energy, atomic structure, bonding, periodicity,
mathematics of chemistry, kinetics and equilibrium, acids and bases, electrochemistry, nuclear chemistry
and organic chemistry. Lab skills include handling chemical apparatus, compounds and solutions. (1.0 unit)

Chemistry Honors This course includes all of the Regents topics above, as well as scientific notation,
calorimetry, gas laws, kinetics, titration and redox equations. (1.0 unit)

Health Education This required sophomore year course includes physical fitness, nutrition, tobacco,
alcohol and drug abuse, sexuality and family life, communicable diseases, including AIDS and sexually
transmitted diseases, and mental health. (0.5 unit)

Earth Science This Regents course investigates the earth’s position in the solar system, the earth’s energy
budget illustrated in natural cycles, geology, landscape development, and environmental change. This
course is open to all juniors and is recommended especially for those who do not qualify for Physics
Honors but want a Regents Science in junior year. Selected sophomores may take the course by invitation.
(1.0 unit)

Physics This non-Regents course includes mechanics energy, electricity and magnetism, wave
phenomena and modern physics. Students who register for this course will not be eligible for A.P. Physics
as seniors and will not earn Regents credit for Physics but will take a final examination in class. The class
runs one semester and must be taken in conjunction with Environmental Science or Anatomy and
Physiology. (0.5 unit)

Physics Honors This Regents course includes all the Physics topics above as well as additional topics at
the teacher’s discretion to prepare for the Physics Regents. Students with 85% in Chemistry at midyear
or 80% in Chemistry Honors and 80% in a sophomore Math course at midyear or 75% in a sophomore
honors Math course are automatically placed in Physics Honors. All other juniors should choose
between Physics and Earth Science. Three Seton Hall University credits available. (1.0 unit)

Science Research Honors This course offers select students the ability to complete a research project
suitable for submission to science competitions. High achieving students will apply during their freshman
year for this three year program. In sophomore year students do library and online research to find out
what has already been done and to devise an original project. In junior year students carry out their
project, usually done outside Molloy at a college, hospital or research facility under the guidance of a
mentor. In senior year students present their project at a minimum of one prestigious science competition
(such as Siemens, Westinghouse, Intel, etc.). Students will be reevaluated each year of the program to
determine if their work is of sufficient quality for them to continue. In sophomore year, the program
meets after school at least twice a week, and carries an additional non- refundable fee of $300. In junior
and senior years, the programs runs during the school day four times per cycle and carries no additional
fee. Prerequisite: A 95% average in the first three marking periods of biology is necessary for consideration
for admission. All candidates will then go through an interview process to determine admission, as space
is very limited. Cannot be taken by juniors with other junior elective courses or by seniors also taking Art
or Honors Chorus. Three SUNY Albany credits available. (0.5 unit per year)

Advanced Placement Biology This course covers molecular and cellular biology; the study of living
organisms; the study of living populations through genetics, evolution, ecology and behavior. This course
is the equivalent of most college general biology courses. It serves both those who plan to major in science
fields like medicine or pharmacy and those who wish to complete their college science requirements.
Students will take the A.P. Biology test in May. Prerequisites: 90% in Biology Honors or 93% in standard
Biology (or 90% on the Living Environment Regents for those who took Earth Science as freshmen) and
85% in either Chemistry Honors or standard Chemistry. (1.0 unit)

Advanced Placement Physics 1 This rigorous course is a comprehensive study of some of the topics
traditionally included in a first year college physics class. It includes an in depth analysis of the concepts
of Newtonian Physics (including rotational dynamics and angular momentum); work, energy and power;
mechanical waves and sound. It will also include electric circuits and other topics at the teacher’s
discretion. Students will take the A.P. Physics test in May. The laboratory component will investigate these
topics through the scientific method. The course requires completion of assigned work in the summer

before classes begin. This is the highest level physics course that we offer and, as such, admission is
limited. This course is most appropriate for future science or engineering majors. Prerequisite: 90%
average in the first two quarters of Physics Honors and 90% average in the first two quarters of junior
Math. Students who are not taking Physics Honors may apply for this course only with the permission of
the Science department; however, such permission is rare. (1.0 unit)

Advanced Placement Chemistry This course is a comprehensive survey of all the topics traditionally
included in a first-year college chemistry course. It includes in depth study of the concepts of
stoichiometry, bonding, trends on the Periodic Table, acids and bases, redox reactions, nuclear
chemistry, thermochemistry, electrochemistry, chemical kinetics and equilibrium, and some organic
chemistry. The laboratory component will offer excellent training in investigating the properties of
matter, as well as the use of the scientific method of inquiry. This is the highest-level chemistry course
offered, and as such, admission is limited. Students will take the A.P. Chemistry exam in May. This
course is appropriate for future science majors as well as those who would like to study pharmacy,
medicine or engineering in college. This course is open to students who earned a 93% average in
Chemistry and who have a 90% to date in Pre-Calculus Honors or in Algebra 2/ Pre-Calculus Honors, or a
95% in Algebra 2. (1.0 unit)

College Chemistry 1 Honors Building on the skills acquired in Regents-level Chemistry, this course
explores in greater depth the fundamental principles and concepts of contemporary chemistry. Students
will examine quantum theory, stoichiometry, thermochemistry, chemical bond theory and the Periodic
Table. In the laboratory component of the course, students will sharpen their qualitative and quantitative
analytical skills. This course provides future college science majors with a solid foundation for advanced
chemistry courses and may help fulfill the college science requirement for non-science majors. Five Saint
John’s credits available. This course is not open to students in A.P. Chemistry. Prerequisites: An 85%
average in Chemistry and an 85% in sophomore and junior math. Rising juniors who choose College
Chemistry 1 Honors must also select College Chemistry 2 Honors in the spring semester; rising seniors
may choose both or may choose College Chemistry 1 Honors only. (0.5 unit)

College Chemistry 2 Honors This course continues to explore the principles of contemporary chemistry
with emphasis in the areas of solution chemistry, kinetics, equilibrium, thermodynamics and
electrochemistry. The laboratory component will further sharpen students’ skills and provide techniques
needed for more advanced work. Five Saint John’s credits available. Prerequisite: College Chemistry 1.
(0.5 unit)

Marine Biology The Earth’s seas are among the most mysterious environments on our planet.
Approximately 60% of ocean species remain unknown to science, and humans have explored only 5% of
the ocean floor. Marine Biology is at the forefront of uncovering this unfamiliar world. Its main objective
is to look at marine organisms and their interactions with their environment. Study includes marine life
and biology, oceanography, and the human impact on marine ecosystems. Other topics may include the
destruction of coral reefs, life in the deep sea, beach and intertidal communities, and marine fish and
mammals. During the semester, students will conduct research on class field trips. (0.5 unit)

Human Anatomy and Physiology includes a detailed study of the human body, its structure and its
functions. It studies the skin, skeletal, muscular, nervous, hormonal, digestive, respiratory, excretory and
reproductive systems. This senior course can also be taken as a junior year elective or in conjunction with
junior year Physics. Three St. John’s University credits are available for seniors only. (0.5 unit)

Scientific Inquiry This course will investigate some of the mysteries of science. Such biology mysteries
include: animals thought to be extinct that may still be alive; mythical creatures such as the Giant Squid
and Megamouth Shark; what really killed the dinosaurs; what happened to the Woolly Mammoth and the
Giant Moa. In Chemistry we will examine the plasma state of matter and its connection to ball lightning,
as well as the invention of the battery. In Earth Science we will study the moving stones of Death Valley
and the great Siberian Explosion of 1908. In physics and astronomy we will look at the possibility of time
travel, black holes, the Big Bang and the origin of the universe. We will analyze the possibility of UFO
sightings, the paranormal, and alien life on other planets. Students learn to apply the scientific method
and skeptical thinking to resolve the truth or falsity of phenomena. (0.5 unit)

Environmental Science What will our environment be like in ten, twenty or fifty years? Are global
warming and pollution clear and present dangers? How will we manage population growth and waste
disposal? What sources of energy will best feed increasing demands? What political measures can be
taken to ensure a safe and healthy environment and what economic effect might these policies have?
What impact will environmental change have on our society, culture and daily lives? This course which
combines includes elements of politics, economics and sociology explores all these questions as it
considers the interconnectedness of the physical and chemical world. It includes at least one field trip.
This senior course can also be taken as a junior year elective or in conjunction with junior year Physics.
(0.5 unit)

Forensic Science The goal of this course is to apply the scientific method and techniques to the
investigation of criminal evidence. Students will learn how scientists search for and analyze physical or
chemical evidence to either establish or exclude an association among suspects, crime scenes and
victims. Special emphasis will be placed upon the analysis of DNA, fingerprints, blood and body fluids,
hair and fiber, ballistics, toxicology, as well as work in microscopy and spectroscopy. (0.5 unit)

Total Health and Wellness Intended as an introductory college course, this course focuses on assisting
students with effecting positive changes in their lifestyle. The course is research-based in order to dispel
myths associated with exercise, nutrition, weight loss and wellness. Topics include Cardiorespiratory
Endurance; Body Composition; Stress Management; Improving Muscular Strength, Endurance and
Flexibility; Exercise and Injury Prevention; Addiction and Substance Abuse. The course is open to all
seniors, but enrollment is limited; if it is oversubscribed, Science grades will be considered to identify
the most qualified applicants. (0.5 unit)

Computer Science

A.P. Computer Science Principles This course is based on the College Board’s curriculum framework for
introductory computer science. The curriculum includes the Internet, Big Data, Privacy, Programming,
and Algorithms. In addition to developing socially useful mobile apps for Android devices using MIT’s
App Inventor programming language, students create digital artifacts such as videos and mobile apps
that have practical, real world uses. The course is project-based and emphasizes writing,
communication, collaboration and creativity. In May, students will take the A.P. Computer Science
Principles exam. The course is open to seniors and to a limited number of juniors as an elective; students
automatically enter the Amazon Future Engineer Program. (1.0 unit)

A.P. Computer Science A This course teaches students to design and implement computer
programs that solve problems relevant to today’s society, including programs in art,
media and engineering. Students learn JAVA programming language to solve complex problems
through hands-on experience and examples. Students learn the development and analysis of
algorithms and fundamental data structures and the use of logic and formal methods. The
course emphasizes both object-oriented and imperative problem-solving and design. Students
will take the A.P. Computer Science exam and automatically enter the Amazon Future Engineer
Program. Pre-Requisites: 90% unweighted average in A.P. Computer Science Principles and 88%
unweighted average in Algebra 2, Algebra 2/ Pre-Calculus or Pre-Calculus Honors; or, for those
who have not taken A.P. Computer Science Principles, 90% on a diagnostic computer science
test administered by the computer science teacher. Interested students should listen to
announcements for the test date. (1.0 unit)

Advanced Computer Graphics This course emphasizes contemporary approaches in illustration and
photography. The techniques, skills and procedures are taught with a view toward professional
development of computer graphics. Using Adobe Photoshop, students learn how to combine
typography and photographic imagery to create original promotional materials and computational
artifacts. The course covers the topics of the Adobe Certified Associate exam for Photoshop. Students
will participate in competitive contests and will organize a “Gallery Event” at the end of the semester.
(0.5 unit)

Robotics While any course in robotics tends to concentrate on electronics, this course will also focus on
innovation via data science (discovery, analysis and visualization) and factors associated with Machine
Learning. The student learning experience includes a synergistic integration of computer science, control
theory, electronics and data science to manage and control complexity, uncertainty and communication
in technology-driven systems. The culmination of this class will include an independent creative student
project. Three Long Island University Post credits available. (0.5 unit)

Introduction to Computer Science (Python) This required freshman course offers an introduction to
computer science and programming using the Python programming language. The course emphasizes
conceptual thinking and helps to develop the ability to solve problems using principles of software
development, style and testing. Topics in programming include variables, selection, iteration, data
structures and functions. Cybersecurity and digital citizenship will also be covered. The course was
designed to be used in a blended classroom and is part of the Amazon Future Engineer program. (0.5

Fine Arts

Music Appreciation This freshman course is a study in the elements and history of music. Its aim is to
assist the students in becoming people of culture, receptive to God’s gifts of beauty and goodness
through music. Topics include the instruments of the orchestra, melody, harmony, basic notation
recognition, and a study of the history of music from the Middle Ages through the Rock Era. (0.5 unit)

Music Theory This course is intended for students with some previous musical experience, either vocal
or instrumental. Topics include scales, chords, intervals, transposition, ranges of instruments and
voices, chord progressions and inversions. Students will write simple melodies and harmonize them.
The course is required of freshman band members. (0.5 unit)

Freshman-Sophomore Chorus This vocal music course meets every day for one semester. The chorus
performs at the Christmas and Spring Concerts and provides music for other events and liturgies as
needed. Requires a commitment to perform at all designated school events. (0.5 unit)

Junior-Senior Honors Chorus The course includes elements of vocal training, sight-reading and
additional aspects of music. Grades are based on what students learn in these areas and the progress
they make as choral singers. Because the course meets three times per cycle for the entire year, the
course cannot be taken with other junior electives or by seniors with Art or Science Research Honors.
Juniors in Algebra 2/ Pre-Calculus may take the course when labs end in the second semester of junior
year but will complete an additional project designed by the instructor. Grade is weighted by 1.05;
admission requires an audition. (0.5 unit)

Band The Archbishop Molloy Band is open on the basis of audition to students in all four years. The
band meets at 7:15 a.m. before academic classes begin. Students rehearse and perform music of varied
styles in the Concert Band and Jazz Band repertoire. The Band presents a Christmas Concert and Spring
Concert and provides music at other school and community occasions as requested. (0.5 unit)

Honors Wind Ensemble This course is comprised of more advanced wind, percussion, bass and piano
players (NYSSMA Level 4+ or equivalent). Members of the Ensemble are also committed participants of
the school band. Students perform in bi-annual school concerts, at Open House, and in at least one off-
campus public performance. In addition to general band practices, Ensemble members are expected to
attend additional afternoon rehearsals leading to performances or competition. Admission requires the
band director’s permission. Grade is weighted at 1.05. (0.5 credits)

Art The semester is devoted to an introduction to art for sophomores. It includes both art history and
studio experience. Drawing skills, design in two and three dimensions and various media are included.
Students are encouraged to visit art museums in the area. (0.5 unit)

Two Dimensional Design and Drawing This junior level fall semester elective course runs when juniors
are typically free, first or last period. It is a basic study of 2-D design organization of the elements and
principles of art, including basic design and color theory. The class will also cover a survey of drawing
materials, methods and media. Assignments will develop technique, style, and the ability to visualize
ideas. A wide variety of subject matter will be explored and originality encouraged. Cannot be taken
with Algebra 2/ Pre-Calculus, Honors Chorus, or Science Research Honors. Prerequisite: Approval from
Ms. Burke in room 306. (0.5 unit)

Painting and Three Dimensional Design In this junior level spring semester elective, Painting includes
the introduction of acrylic painting as a medium of expression, color theory, perception, composition,
art history and specific techniques in handling acrylic paints. The 3-D Design part of the course gives
students the opportunity to express their individual talents by completing a variety of challenging
projects using 3-D media, model magic, paper mache, found items, wood, and relief painting. Cannot be
taken with Honors Chorus or Science Research Honors. Prerequisite: Approval from Ms. Burke in room
306. (0.5 unit)

Portfolio Art Studio This fall semester senior course offers expanded experience in studio art. Drawing,
painting and print making will be included. The goal of the course is the creation of a portfolio of work
for admission to art school or as a reminder of accomplishment in art. The course will cover mat work,
credit line, taking digital photos of all art works and transferring photos for presentation to colleges.
Cannot be taken with Honors Chorus or Science Research Honors. Prerequisite: Approval from Ms.
Burke in room 306. (0.5 unit)

Advanced Portfolio Art Studio This spring semester senior course advances and develops the curriculum
studied in the fall semester Portfolio Art Studio. Students continue to develop a portfolio for further art
education, for eventual professional experiences in art or for the purpose of refining their own skill and
talent. Prerequisite: Portfolio Art Studio (fall semester) and approval from Ms. Burke in room 306.
Students who have not taken the fall art class may request special permission from Ms. Burke. (0.5 unit)

Other Areas

Video Production and Broadcast This course, open to juniors and seniors, examines all aspects of a live
broadcast using the school’s new studio and the daily homeroom stream. Students will be trained for
the off-air jobs – executive producer, sound mixer, camera operator, etc. – and rotate through all of
them as the semester progresses. They will also learn to use editing software and create and produce
documentaries, short movies and commercials promoting Molloy events to the greater Molloy
community. They will have the opportunity to anchor the morning broadcast, if they wish. (0.5 unit)

Peer Group Counseling Seniors are selected for this course on the basis of their sophomore year
experience in peer group. They must demonstrate leadership, concern for and acceptance of others,
and the ability to speak truthfully about themselves. The course runs for the full school year. Students
wishing to be considered should speak to their sophomore peer group faculty member. (0.5 unit)

Public Speaking You need to feel confident as a public speaker because you will make presentations
throughout your life – in college classes, on jobs, in volunteer settings. In this course you will make three
speeches per quarter and write critiques of your own speeches (personal, historical, interpretive,
informational, political) and those of your peers. Techniques include the strategic use of repetition,
rhetorical questions, word selection, and the importance of body language, eye contact, voice
modulation and effective graphics. (0.5 unit)

Mindfulness and Meditation This spring semester course gives students valuable tools for managing
stress and increasing productivity throughout their school years and beyond. Students will learn the
practice of sitting meditation, as well as how to apply mindfulness to all aspects of their lives. Reading,
research assignments, and presentations will give them a wide perspective on various contemplative
practices throughout the world, and a journal will enable them to record their own progress in
practicing mindfulness and meditation techniques. (0.5 credit)

Junior College Guidance Junior year begins an exploration of the entire process of college admissions
and financial aid. Juniors meet with college guidance counselors in a large group through one of their
classes, in small groups, and individually beginning in January. These sessions focus on the many facets
of each process and provide opportunities to meet with college advisors to discuss further academic
plans. (0.0 unit)

Senior College Guidance Within the first month of school, all seniors meet with a college guidance
counselor for a class exploration of college admissions, ACT and SAT tests, subject test scores,
scholarships, and financial aid. The class will be supplemented by small group and individual sessions as
students make their way through the college application process. (0.0 unit)

Physical Education Physical education includes the development of skills and knowledge of individual
and team sports as well as fitness activities. This course is required as scheduled. (0.5 unit per semester)

Driver Education This elective prepares the driver for the road test with experience in traffic and
expressway conditions. The in-class component includes driving principles and attitudes, insurance,
mechanics, laws on drinking and driving. Registration takes place outside the scheduling process. (0.5
unit, not applicable towards the graduation total)

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