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Published by Pu3Nelly, 2021-04-19 00:04:50

DSKP KSSM Tingkatan 1 Bahasa Inggeris

KURIKULUM STANDARD SEKOLAH MENENGAH

Bahasa Inggeris

Dokumen Standard Kurikulum dan Pentaksiran

TINGKATAN 1



KURIKULUM STANDARD SEKOLAH MENENGAH

Bahasa Inggeris

Dokumen Standard Kurikulum dan Pentaksiran

Tingkatan 1

Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum

Terbitan 2017

© Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia

Hak Cipta Terpelihara. Tidak dibenarkan mengeluar ulang mana-mana bahagian artikel, ilustrasi dan isi kandungan buku ini dalam apa juga
bentuk dan dengan cara apa jua sama ada secara elektronik, fotokopi, mekanik, rakaman atau cara lain sebelum mendapat kebenaran bertulis
daripada Pengarah, Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum, Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, Aras 4-8, Blok E9, Parcel E, Kompleks Pentadbiran
Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62604 Putrajaya.

CONTENT v
vii
Rukun Negara……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...………… ix
Falsafah Pendidikan Kebangsaan…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. xi
Definisi Kurikulum Kebangsaan………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………. 1
Kata Penghantar …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3
Introduction …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... 3
Aims………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….... 4
Objectives…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6
The Curriculum Framework………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10
Focus………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 12
21st Century Skills……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 13
Higher Order Thinking Skills……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...… 15
Teaching and Learning Strategies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 18
Cross-Curricular Elements………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 20
School Assessment………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 21
Content Organisation………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...……… 25
31
Listening…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 37
Speaking………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 41
Reading………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 45
Writing…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Literature in Action………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Syllabus…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Panel of Writers………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. 59
Acknowledgement……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 60

RUKUN NEGARA

BAHAWASANYA Negara kita Malaysia mendukung cita-cita hendak:
Mencapai perpaduan yang lebih erat dalam kalangan seluruh masyarakatnya;

Memelihara satu cara hidup demokratik;
Mencipta satu masyarakat yang adil di mana kemakmuran negara

akan dapat dinikmati bersama secara adil dan saksama;
Menjamin satu cara yang liberal terhadap tradisi-tradisi

kebudayaannya yang kaya dan berbagai corak;
Membina satu masyarakat progresif yang akan menggunakan sains dan teknologi moden;

MAKA KAMI, rakyat Malaysia, berikrar akan menumpukan seluruh tenaga dan usaha
kami untuk mencapai cita-cita tersebut berdasarkan prinsip-prinsip yang berikut:

KEPERCAYAAN KEPADA TUHAN
KESETIAAN KEPADA RAJA DAN NEGARA

KELUHURAN PERLEMBAGAAN
KEDAULATAN UNDANG-UNDANG
KESOPANAN DAN KESUSILAAN

v

NATIONAL PRINCIPLES

Indeed, our country Malaysia aspires to achieving a greater unity for all her peoples:
Maintaining a democratic way of life;

Creating a just society in which the wealth of the nation shall be equitably shared;
Ensuring a liberal approach to her rich and diverse cultural traditions; and Building a

progressive society which shall be oriented to modern science and technology;

We, the people of Malaysia, pledge our united efforts to attain these ends, guided by these principles:
BELIEF IN GOD

LOYALTY TO KING AND COUNTRY
SUPREMACY OF THE CONSTITUTION

RULE OF LAW
GOOD BEHAVIOUR AND MORALITY

vi

FALSAFAH PENDIDIKAN KEBANGSAAN

“Pendidikan di Malaysia adalah suatu usaha berterusan ke arah
memperkembangkan lagi potensi individu secara menyeluruh dan bersepadu untuk
mewujudkan insan yang seimbang dan harmonis dari segi intelek, rohani, emosi dan
jasmani berdasarkan kepercayaan dan kepatuhan kepada Tuhan. Usaha ini adalah
bertujuan untuk melahirkan warganegara Malaysia yang berilmu pengetahuan,
berketerampilan, berakhlak mulia, bertanggungjawab dan berkeupayaan mencapai
kesejahteraan diri serta memberi sumbangan terhadap keharmonian dan
kemakmuran keluarga, masyarakat dan negara.”

Sumber: Akta Pendidikan 1996 (Akta 550)

vii

NATIONAL EDUCATION PHILOSOPHY

“Education in Malaysia is an ongoing effort towards further developing the
potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated manner, so as to produce
individuals, who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and physically balanced
and harmonious, based on a firm belief in and devotion to God. Such an effort is
designed to produce Malaysian citizens who are knowledgeable and competent,
who possess high moral standards, and who are responsible and capable of
achieving a high level of personal well-being as well as being able to contribute to
the betterment of the family, the society and the nation at large”

Source: Education Act 1996 (Act 550)

viii

DEFINISI KURIKULUM KEBANGSAAN

3. Kurikulum Kebangsaan

(1) Kurikulum Kebangsaan ialah suatu program pendidikan yang termasuk kurikulum
dan kegiatan kokurikulum yang merangkumi semua pengetahuan, kemahiran, norma, nilai,
unsur kebudayaan dan kepercayaan untuk membantu perkembangan seseorang murid
dengan sepenuhnya dari segi jasmani, rohani, mental dan emosi serta untuk menanam dan
mempertingkatkan nilai moral yang diingini dan untuk menyampaikan pengetahuan.

Sumber: Peraturan-Peraturan Pendidikan (Kurikulum Kebangsaan) 1997
[PU(A)531/97.]

ix

NATIONAL CURRICULUM DEFINITION

3. National Curriculum
(1) An educational programme that includes curriculum and co-curricular
activities which encompasses all the knowledge, skills, norms, values, cultural
elements and beliefs to help develop a pupil fully with respect to the physical,
spiritual, mental and emotional aspects as well as to inculcate and develop
desirable moral values and to transmit knowledge.

Source: Education Regulations (National Curriculum) 1997
[PU(A)531/97.]

x

KATA PENGANTAR

Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Menengah (KSSM) ini digubal bagi membolehkan guru membuat tindakan susulan bagi mempertingkat
memenuhi keperluan Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia pencapaian murid dalam mata pelajaran Bahasa Inggeris.
(PPPM) 2013-2025 agar kualiti kurikulum Bahasa Inggeris yang
dilaksanakan di sekolah menengah setanding dengan standard DSKP Bahasa Inggeris yang dihasilkan juga telah menyepadukan
antarabangsa. enam tunjang Kerangka KSSM, mengintegrasikan pengetahuan,
kemahiran dan nilai, serta menggabungjalinkan Kemahiran Abad Ke-
Sehubungan dengan itu, KSSM bagi mata pelajaran Bahasa Inggeris 21 dan Kemahiran Berfikir Aras Tinggi (KBAT) secara eksplisit.
yang dijajarkan dengan Common European Framework of Penyepaduan tersebut dilakukan untuk melahirkan insan seimbang
References (CEFR) telah digubal melalui Usaha Sama Kementerian dan harmonis dari segi intelek, rohani, emosi dan jasmani seperti
Pendidikan Malaysia (KPM) dan Cambridge English (CE) ,United yang dihasratkan dalam Falsafah Pendidikan Kebangsaan.
Kingdom.
Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia merakamkan setinggi-tinggi
Melalui usaha sama ini, satu kurikulum berasaskan standard telah penghargaan dan ucapan terima kasih kepada semua pihak yang
dijelmakan menerusi pembinaan Standard Kandungan dan Standard terlibat dalam penggubalan kurikulum ini secara langsung mahupun
Pembelajaran yang dijajarkan dengan CEFR. Silibus dan tidak langsung. Semoga pelaksanaan KSSM Bahasa Inggeris yang
Rancangan Pengajaran Tahunan (Schemes of Work) juga dibina dijajarkan dengan CEFR ini akan mencapai hasrat dan matlamat
bagi membantu guru bahasa Inggeris melaksanakan proses pendidikan kebangsaan.
pengajaran dan pembelajaran yang berkesan.
Shazali Bin Ahmad
Dokumen Standard Kurikulum dan Pentaksiran (DSKP) Bahasa Pengarah
Inggeris yang disediakan juga mengandungi Standard Pentaksiran Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum
untuk membantu guru mengenal pasti tahap penguasaan murid dan Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia

xi



INTRODUCTION KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

In this era of global competitiveness, the mastery of English is fostered to enable the development of the Standards-Based English
essential for pupils to gain access to information and knowledge. As Language Curriculum (SBELC). The SBELC document incorporates
English Language is also dominantly used in Information and a mapping of the English Language Content and Learning Standards
Communications Technology (ICT), pupils need to master it to as well as pedagogical approaches which are aligned with the CEFR.
enable them to have easy access to information that is available via
the electronic media such as the Internet. Besides, it is paramount In addition, the CEFR levels and descriptors form the basis in the
that pupils equip themselves with the necessary skills in order to development of the curriculum standards for preschool as well as for
keep pace in a rapidly emergent global economy as indicated in The primary and secondary schools. The SBELC document includes the
Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013 – 2025. syllabus containing key components of a lesson namely; Themes,
Topics, Content and Learning Standards, Cross-Curricular
The Blueprint also stipulates the importance of the development and Elements, Differentiation Strategies and Assessment Standards.
the application of 21st Century curriculum and assessment. This is in
line with the government’s policy to enhance the mastery of English The framework is also used as a reference to develop the SBELC’s
Language amongst teachers and pupils as well as internationally target proficiency levels (A1 and A2 or Basic User; B1 and B2 or
benchmark the English Language curriculum. The Blueprint also Independent User; and C1 and C2 or Proficient User). These
specifies that every pupil should be independently proficient in the curriculum target levels describe what the pupils are expected to
English language as defined by the Common European Framework achieve at each stage of learning from preschool to form five. These
of References (CEFR) for languages. The latter has been adopted target levels will enable pupils to measure their own progress, and
by many countries as an international framework for language facilitate teachers in gauging the pupils’ proficiency level.
teaching, learning and assessment.
Table 1 indicates the curriculum target levels for primary and
Thus, collaboration between the Ministry of Education, Malaysia secondary based on the CEFR. The curriculum standards for Form
(MOE) and Cambridge English, United Kingdom (CE) has been 1 are aligned to the CEFR proficiency level A2 Mid Revised.

1

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

Table 1: Curriculum Target Levels Based on CEFR

Primary Secondary

1 234561 2 34 5

Working
Towards A1
A1 Low
A1 Mid
A1 High
A2 Low
A2 Mid
Revise A2
A2 High
B1 Low
B1 Mid
B1 High

In conclusion, the CEFR aligned Standards-Based English
Language Curriculum (SBELC) is built on the foundations of
communicative competence and fully caters for cognitive
progression in its learning standards through increasing expectations
of pupils’ ability to grasp concepts as they move through the
preschool to secondary levels. Therefore, this curriculum of an
international standard will further maximise pupils’ learning
outcomes.

2

AIMS KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

The SBELC aims to enable pupils to communicate confidently, OBJECTIVES
proficiently and competently; be knowledgeable, respectful of other
cultures and well-versed in emergent literacies; make calculated By the end of secondary education, pupils are able to:
decisions through critical and analytical thinking, and collaborate with
others to solve problems creatively and innovatively in the real world. 1. understand meaning in a variety of familiar contexts.
2. use appropriate listening strategies in a variety of contexts.
The aim of learning English in Form 1 is to continue providing pupils 3. recognise features of spoken genres on familiar topics.
with positive and successful experiences with English, along with an 4. communicate information, ideas, opinions and feelings
integrated focus on grammar and varied and continued practice of
the four skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing) and Literature intelligibly on familiar topics.
in Action. 5. use register appropriately.
6. use appropriate communication strategies.
7. communicate appropriately to a small or large group on familiar

topics.
8. understand a variety of texts by using a range of appropriate

reading strategies to construct meaning.
9. explore and expand ideas for personal development by reading

independently and widely.
10. communicate intelligibly through print and digital media on

familiar topics.
11. communicate with appropriate language, form and style.
12. engage with, respond to and interpret a variety of literary text

types.
13. analyse and evaluate a variety of literary text types.
14. express an imaginative response to literary texts.

3

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

THE CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK

The curriculum is based on the six strands which are;
communication, spirituality, attitude and values, humanities, personal
competence, physical development and aesthetics, and science and
technology (Figure 1). In the SBELC, knowledge, skills and good
values are elements integrated into each strand.

These elements are woven into every lesson to inculcate awareness,
understanding and respect for the diversity amongst individuals and
various communities leading to unity and harmony in our multicultural
society. In preparing pupils to meet the challenges of the 21st century,
due emphasis is given to developing perseverance, critical, creative
and innovative thinking, and current Information and Communication
Technology (ICT) skills. As future leaders, pupils need to improve
their proficiency in English, as well as leadership qualities and ethical
decision-making skills in order to be globally competitive.

4

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

Figure 1: The Standards-Based Curriculum Framework for Secondary Schools

5

FOCUS KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

The SBELC has four focus areas that are imperative in enabling and “hands-on” in nature for classroom activities and project
pupils to meet the challenges and demands of a diverse, globalised work. Hence, pupils are able to apply knowledge and skills to real
and dynamic era. These areas are curriculum principles, curriculum world settings which would lead to greater success in their future
organisation, curriculum approach and lesson organisation. work place.

Curriculum Principles 2. Sustaining Language Use
The SBELC is based on the following five guiding principles that meet The SBELC emphasises the importance of sustaining the use
the challenges and demands of the 21st century: of English Language within and beyond the classroom. The
curriculum adopts an inter-disciplinary approach and this is
 Preparing for the Real World depicted in the four broad themes:
 Sustaining Language Use
 Acquiring Global Competencies  People and Culture
 Acknowledging Pupils’ Differences  Health and Environment
 Developing Confident and Competent Communicators  Science and Technology
 Consumerism and Financial Awareness
1. Preparing for the Real World
The challenges of the 21st century demand an education system These themes are incorporated into the teaching and learning
that prepares pupils to be competent, knowledgeable and process, allowing pupils to engage in classroom activities that
confident. The SBELC takes into account skills and knowledge relate to real life situations. Pupils are able to develop a
that are necessary for pupils to function in the real world. This is deeper understanding and awareness of their surroundings,
achieved by making use of real-life issues which are meaningful and work towards sustaining an English Language
environment.

6

3. Acquiring Global Competencies KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1
The world today is highly interconnected and is important in
preparing pupils to become competent global citizens. The pupils of different learning styles so that their full potential can be
concept of global competence incorporates the knowledge and realised.
skills pupils need in the 21st century. Globally-competent pupils
are equipped with the knowledge and skills to: 5. Developing Confident and Competent Communicators
Effective communication is pivotal in today’s fast-paced world.
 investigate the world; being aware, curious, and interested We need to be able to communicate our thoughts and ideas in a
in learning about the world and how it works; coherent and cohesive manner through various modes, verbally
and non-verbally. Therefore, our pupils need to acquire the
 communicate ideas to diverse audience on various topics language skills and engage in activities that further develop their
through different mediums and rapidly emerging confidence and competence in communication to face the real
technologies; and world.

 become global players by taking responsibility for their Curriculum Organisation
actions and weighing the consequences.
 The English Language curriculum for primary and secondary
schools in Malaysia are organised into four key stages (Table 2).
4. Acknowledging Pupils’ Differences
In implementing the teaching approaches, lessons and Table 2: Key Stages in SBELC
curriculum materials, teachers must take into account the varying
needs and abilities of pupils. In addition, sufficient opportunities Stage One Year 1, Year 2 and Year 3 (Lower Primary)
to practise the desired language skills should be provided to Stage Two Year 4, Year 5 and Year 6 (Upper Primary)
ensure that Learning Standards are achieved. Therefore, it is Stage Three Form 1, Form 2 and Form 3 (Lower Secondary)
important that appropriate activities and materials be used for Stage Four Form 4 and Form 5 (Upper Secondary)

7

The curriculum is organised in these stages with the intention of KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1
building a strong foundation in the teaching and learning of the
English Language. Lesson Organisation
The SBELC focuses on the four language skills, starting with
Curriculum Approach Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing. In addition to the four
The SBELC emphasises the modular approach. This approach language skills, Grammar and Literature in Action are also given due
ensures that all the four language skills; Listening, Speaking, focus during the teaching and learning process.
Reading and Writing, and the aspects of Grammar and Literature in
Action are given due focus and attention during the teaching and A teacher may begin a topic by focusing on Listening skills while
learning process. other skills such as Speaking, Reading and Writing are incidental.
This may take up one or more lessons until the objectives are met.
During teaching and learning, the four language skills and the Then, the teacher progresses to Speaking skills during which
aspects of Grammar and Literature in Action are connected through Listening, Reading and Writing skills are incidental. When the
topics that are related to the following themes: Reading skill or Writing skill is in focus, all other language skills are
 People and Culture incidental. The SBELC does not specify any specific order of
 Health and Environment teaching the language skills.
 Science and Technology
 Consumerism and Financial Awareness All the four language skills are linked through a topic of a selected
theme. Aspects of Grammar are evidently present during each focus.
These themes are developed based on the aims and objectives of Grammar is infused during the teaching of these language skills. It
SBELC. These themes are essential in enhancing the development is advisable that before embarking on a new topic, the teacher
of the four language skills through the selection of a variety of topics. decides on the Grammar item that he/she wants to infuse in all the
Thus, language strategies and activities can be planned and carried language skills.
out successfully.
To optimise learning, proper planning is required prior to teaching
and learning. In SBELC, teachers can plan lessons using the
Syllabus document and the Scheme of Work which ties the various

8

key components of a lesson namely; themes, topics, Content and KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1
Learning Standards, Cross-Curricular Elements, Differentiation
Strategies and assessment together. Collaborative planning is and express themselves without much reservation. The SBELC
encouraged through professional learning communities (PLC). PLC lesson organisation is represented in Figure 2
enables teachers to meet regularly, share expertise, and work
collaboratively to improve teaching skills and the academic Figure 2: Lesson Organisation
performance of their pupils. Figure 2 shows how the themes, the four language skills and LiA are
organised to realise the aims and objectives of SBELC. The
When planning lessons, teachers should take into account that organisation does not reflect any specific order on how the language
pupils learn through connecting new knowledge to prior knowledge. skills and LiA are to be carried out during the teaching and learning
This new knowledge becomes meaningful when pupils are able to process.
relate it to their experiences in the real world.

Teachers are encouraged to plan an action-oriented task at the end
of each topic. This task depicts meaningful real life situations for
pupils to explore their language usage. In their daily lives, pupils can
relate to these tasks to face various situations that may require them
to use English.

The Literature in Action (LiA) aspect mainly focuses on the Literature
Component of the SBELC. This component involves the use of
literary texts of different genres namely; poetry, dramas, short
stories, graphics novels, and novels to inculcate reading habits and
enhance thinking skills. LiA provides pupils opportunities to explore
their creativity and potential thus allowing them to participate actively

9

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

21ST CENTURY SKILLS Table 3: Pupils’ Profile

One of the Standards-Based Secondary Curriculum (KSSM) PUPILS’ DESCRIPTION
aspirations is to develop pupils with the 21st Century Skills which give PROFILE
emphasis on thinking skills as well as life skills and one’s career Pupils are steadfast in facing and overcoming
based on pure value practices. The 21st Century Skills aim at Resilient hardship and challenges with wisdom,
producing pupils with characteristics defined in the pupil’s profile in confidence, tolerance and empathy.
order to be able to compete globally as stated in Table 1. The Thinker Pupils are able to think critically, creatively and
mastery of Content and Learning Standards in the English Language innovatively; solve complex problems and
curriculum contributes to the pupils’ acquisition of the 21st Century Communicator make ethical judgments. They are able to think
Skills. about learning and about being pupils
Team Player themselves. They generate questions about
Learning skills refer to the ability to think critically and creatively, to learning and are opened towards other
collaborate and communicate effectively. Literacy skills refer to people’s perspectives, values, individual
information literacy, media literacy and technology literacy. Life skills traditions and society. They are confident and
refer to the ability to navigate the complex life and work creative in handling new learning areas.
environments, by being flexible and adaptable, having initiative and Pupils are able to voice out and express their
self-direction, having social and cross-cultural skills, being productive thoughts, ideas and information with
and accountable and displaying leadership and responsibility. confidence and creatively, orally and in written
form using various types of media and
By cultivating 21st Century Skills, pupils are able to develop the technologies.
aspired characteristics as mentioned in the pupils’ profile (Table 3). Pupils are able to co-operate effectively and
harmoniously with one another. They share
responsibility, respect and appreciate the
contributions by each member in the team.
They gain interpersonal skills through
collaboration, which in turn makes them better
leaders and team members.

10

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

PUPILS’ DESCRIPTION
PROFILE
Pupils are able to develop natural
Inquisitive inquisitiveness to explore new strategies and
ideas. They learn skills that are necessary for
Principled inquiry-learning and research, as well as
display independent traits in learning. The
Informed pupils are able to enjoy continuous life-long
learning experiences.
Caring Pupils have a sense of integrity, sincerity,
Patriotic equality, fairness, high moral standards and
respect for individuals, groups and the
community. They are responsible for their
actions, reactions and decisions.
Pupils are able to obtain knowledge and
develop a broad and balanced understanding
across the various disciplines of knowledge.
They can explore knowledge. effectively in
terms of local and global contexts. They
understand issues related to ethics or laws
regarding information that they have acquired.
Pupils are able to show empathy, pity and
respect towards the needs and feelings of
others. They are committed to serve the
society and ensure the sustainability of the
environment.
Pupils are able to show their love, support and
respect for the country.

11

HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) is the ability to apply In teaching and learning, HOTS is incorporated through activities that
knowledge, skills and values in reasoning, reflecting, problem- promote critical thinking and creativity, and utilise thinking strategies
solving, decision-making, innovating and creating. In the Standards- and reasoning skills. Critical thinking skills refer to the ability to
Based Curriculum for secondary schools (KSSM), due emphasis has evaluate an idea logically and rationally in order to make good
been given to HOTS in all aspects of teaching, learning and judgment using logical reasons and evidences.
assessment. In SBELC, emphasis on HOTS refer to the four Creative thinking skills refer to the ability to produce or create
cognitive levels namely, application, analysis, evaluation and something new using imagination and thinking out of the box.
creation (Table 4). Reasoning skills refer to an individual’s ability to make judgments
through logical and rational evaluation. Thinking strategies refer to
Table 4: Higher Order Thinking Skills structured and focused thinking that require the analysis and
synthesis of data or facts to solve problems.
Cognitive Levels Explanation
Application Using knowledge, skills and values in
Analysis different situations to complete a piece of
Evaluation work.
Creation Ability to break down information into
smaller parts in order to understand and
make connections between these parts.
Ability to consider, make decisions using
knowledge, experience, skills, and values
and justify decisions made.
Produce an idea or product using creative
and innovative methods.

12

TEACHING AND LEARNING STRATEGIES KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1
Teaching and learning in the 21st century is pupil-centred and the
teacher acts as a facilitator. Teaching and learning is more effective those suggested to deliver the content. Some of the strategies
when strategies are applied appropriately in supportive recommended in the SBELC are:
environments. These teaching and learning strategies involve:
Inquiry-Based Learning
 Cognitive processes in learning and understanding information,
such as paraphrasing sentences and summarising texts. The purpose of inquiry in the teaching and learning of language is to
plan strategic pupil-centred learning activities based on explorative
 Metacognitive processes, which is thinking about thinking, learning. Pupils will be actively involved and engaged during the
encompasses planning, regulating, monitoring and modifying the duration of the teaching and learning process, subsequently,
cognitive learning processes so as to acquire and understand improving their language proficiency. This language teaching
information. For example, while reading pupils may decide to approach is dynamic and effective in raising curiosity, shaping
change their reading strategy in order to achieve a specific proactive attitudes, instiling critical and creative ability and sustaining
purpose. pupils’ interest. Pupils are trained to pose questions, give opinions
and suggestions, gather, organise, and analyse information, to
 Resource management, in controlling resources required in the explore, make judgments, solve problems, apply learning to new
teaching and learning activities such as time, effort, affect and situations and make reflections.
support.
In addition, teachers can pose questions that require pupils to think
The following teaching and learning strategies accommodate creatively, innovatively, logically, critically, and respond appropriately
differences in learning styles. Teachers are encouraged to use their as well as being able to evaluate their own learning. Besides
professional judgment to review the suggested strategies and then questioning, inquiry in language learning can also be realised
decide on the most appropriate for meeting the needs of their pupils. through methods and techniques such as project-based learning,
As teachers know their pupils’ learning styles and needs, they may
need to select alternative teaching and learning strategies or adapt

13

surveys, brainstorming, demonstration, simulation, role-play, group KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1
work, drama, forum, and dialogue for pupils’ continued engagement
in the teaching and learning process. Pupil-Centredness

Project-Based Learning In pupil-centred classrooms, the learning tasks or activities are
geared towards discovery learning. Pupils engage in tasks that
Project-based learning (PBL) emulates the real world experiences. require inquiry learning and collaborating with one another.
Pupils learn to plan and document the progress of their projects. In
implementing the plan, pupils might need to make necessary Pupils are encouraged to get information through communicating
improvements and adjustments as they proceed to complete the with others, reading or sourcing information through various media
project within the stipulated time frame. Therefore, time such as the Internet, in order to complete the tasks. In reality, an
management, critical and analytical thinking as well as creativity and increasing proportion of learning occurs online outside formal school
collaborative work determine the effective completion of the project. hours. As such, pupils have to keep abreast with rapid changes in
technology.
In the SBELC, PBL is mainly implemented during LiA. Pupils are
given small inter-connected projects leading to and culminating in the In addition, the pupils’ awareness and knowledge of filtering relevant
production of a performance. The teacher guides the pupils to ensure information from various sources are important; to differentiate the
that the implementation of the project progresses smoothly and is facts from the fiction; the good from the bad; the ethical from the
completed as planned. In total, PBL promotes hands-on, minds-on, unethical; and the truth from the lies.
and hearts-on activities that lead to the holistic development of pupils
and to be ready to face the challenges of the 21st century. As facilitators, teachers guide the pupils throughout the learning
process while completing their tasks. Pupils have to be taught to think
methodically and coherently, and this can be done through the use
of various thinking tools. During the learning process, making
mistakes is inevitable; however, it should be seen in a positive light
as pupils learn through making mistakes.

14

Cooperative Learning KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

Group work is recommended for activities or tasks to familiarise CROSS-CURRICULAR ELEMENTS
pupils with the idea of working in teams. To ensure that every group
member is productive and responsible, it is recommended that the The cross-curricular elements are embedded into the teaching and
size of groups is kept small. Every pupil should take turns to play the learning process and are concurrent with the Content and Learning
role of a group leader as leadership qualities are pivotal in the 21st Standards in SBELC. This benefits the pupils because today’s
century. complex and multi-dimensional world requires them to have the
ability to make connections between various sources of knowledge.
Through group work, pupils learn to manage time, practise soft skills, A selection of key elements across the curriculum is provided for
learn to compromise and collaborate in completing their task. teachers to achieve the goals of developing pupils’ ability to
Simultaneously, they learn to be responsible for their part, to deal communicate accurately, confidently and effectively in the English
with differences amongst themselves, to come up with creative and Language, and to face the challenges of the 21st Century. These
innovative alternatives in solving problems and to make informed cross-curricular elements are as follow:
judgment and calculated decisions through consensus.
1. Language
 The correct usage of the medium of instruction in all
subjects should be emphasised.
 Emphasis on correct language use, as well as focus on
pronunciation, sentence structure, grammar, terminology
and language registers must be stressed during teaching
and learning in order to help pupils develop ideas and
communicate effectively.

2. Environmental Sustainability
 This refers to anything that furthers the goal of making life
sustainable for the planet, and must be instilled and

15

nurtured in pupils through teaching and learning. KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1
 Knowledge about the importance of environmental
5. Patriotism and Citizenship
conservation will cultivate appreciation of the environment  The importance of instiling good values, knowledge, and
and subsequently affect positive behaviour. the understanding of the duties, obligations and
responsibilities of each and every citizen of this country is
3. Values crucial for the well being of the country.
 Values are given due emphasis in SBELC so that pupils  Similarly, patriotism is instiled through pupils’ participation
understand and practise them in their daily lives. These in curricular and co-curricular activities. This enables
values encompass aspects of spirituality, humanity and pupils to work together and collaborate towards nation-
citizenship. building.

4. Science and Technology 6. Creativity and Innovation
 . Inculcating pupils’ interest in science and technology will  Creativity is the ability to use the imagination to gather,
accelerate their literacy in science and technology. comprehend and generate ideas to create something new
 The use of technology in teaching and learning will capture and original.
pupils’ interest thus making teaching and learning effective  Innovation on the other hand, is the application of creativity
and fun. through modification, revision and development of an idea.
 The development of scientific and technological attitudes,  Creativity and innovation are closely related and are vital
approaches and skills is necessary to cope with the rapidly components for the development of individuals to face the
changing environment for problem-solving and decision challenges of the 21st century. Through creative and
making in our daily lives. The use of scientific and innovative teaching approaches, pupils will display interest,
technological approaches enhances teaching and learning curiosity, excitement and greater growth in learning.
to meet personal, local and global requirements. Creativity and innovation in pupils should be exploited and
nurtured to ensure that their full potential is realised.

16

7. Entrepreneurship KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1
 The infusion of entrepreneurship in the curriculum
introduces entrepreneurial knowledge, skills and practice interacting with electronic software and course.
to pupils.
 Entrepreneurial mind-set amongst pupils can be fostered 9. Global Sustainability
through relevant and meaningful activities which inculcate  This element aims at developing pupils’ awareness,
attitudes or qualities such as diligence, honesty and knowledge and values relating to global environmental
responsibility as well as developing a creative and change as well as human well-being and development.
innovative mind to develop products and propel ideas. These knowledge and values can be applied in these
areas; consumerism and sustainable products, global
8. Information and Communications Technology citizenship and unity.
 Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is  The acquisition of global sustainability knowledge is
intended to ensure pupils apply and enhance their imperative in preparing pupils to face the 21st century
knowledge and ICT skills. Application of ICT will not only challenges at the local, national and global level.
drive pupils to be creative but also makes teaching and
learning more interesting and fun, and subsequently 10. Financial Education
improves the quality of learning.  The integration of financial education is crucial to develop
 In line with globalisation, ICT-related skills are pupils who are capable of making calculated, sound
incorporated into the Learning Standards in the SBELC. financial decisions, practising ethical financial
These skills involve using resources such as multimedia management and managing finances with skill and
and the Internet in teaching and learning. Some examples accountability.
of activities that can be carried out include e-mailing,  In SBELC, financial education is given due importance
chatting, blogging and tweeting as well as networking and with the introduction of the Consumerism and Financial
Awareness theme.

17

SCHOOL ASSESSMENT KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

School assessment involves the process of collecting information formative assessment effectively, the Performance Standards are
about pupils’ progress in the classroom. The school assessment is incorporated into this document together with the Content and
planned, implemented and reported by respective teachers. This Learning Standards.
process is continuous and can be formal or informal in tracking
pupil’s actual level of proficiency and mastery. The summative assessment is an assessment of learning, carried
out to evaluate pupils’ learning, skills acquisition and academic
Two types of school assessments are carried out in schools; the achievement at the end of an instructional period; as a conclusion of
formative assessment and summative assessment. a topic, as mid-term tests and year-end examinations, and as
standardised national examinations. The aim of the summative
The formative assessment is an important aspect of teaching and assessment is to determine the extent of pupils’ learning as
learning in the classroom. Formative assessment is an ongoing and stipulated in the curriculum. The summative assessment can also be
continuous process. It is carried out during teaching and learning and utilised as part of school improvement efforts to help teachers
provides immediate feedback. Various methods of assessment such monitor pupils’ academic progress or whether they are meeting the
as checklists, observations, oral presentations, quizzes, question expected Learning Standards. The results of the summative
and answer, task sheets or written assignments can be used to assessment are used to inform modifications to instructional
document students’ progress in learning. strategies, learning materials and lesson designs.

The main purpose of formative assessment is to improve pupils’
learning and teachers can modify their approach to instructional
strategies, amend and modify the learning materials and lesson
design based on their post-lesson reflections, external observation
and other methods of assessment mentioned above. This is to allow
teachers to actively plan the lesson materials and approach to suit
pupils’ actual levels and needs. To help teachers carry out the

18

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

Performance Standards In addition, the assessment for Grammar and Literature in Action is
based on the Performance Standards Guide of the four language
Performance Standards refer to the six levels of pupils’ progress in skills.
the acquisition of the four language skills; Listening, Speaking,
Reading and Writing. Teachers can diagnose the learning strengths Table 5: General Performance Standards Guide for A2
and weaknesses, measure pupils’ progress against the teaching and (Basic User)
learning objectives, then review, restrategise and modify their
teaching to enhance pupils’ learning. Performance Notes
Level
The performance levels are arranged in an ascending manner to Pupil hardly achieves the curriculum target even
differentiate the levels of pupils’ achievement. In Table 5, a general 1 with a lot of support.
Performance Standards Guide is provided to assist teachers in
assessing their pupils’ overall progress. Similarly, specific 2 Pupil is on track to achieve the curriculum
Performance Standards Guides for the four language skills; target.
Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing are also provided.
3 Pupil achieves expectations for the curriculum
These specific Performance Standards Guides provide teachers with target.
reference to gauge pupils’ progress in the four language skills.
Teachers may use the specific descriptors provided to determine the 4 Pupil works towards exceeding expectations of
performance level of their pupils in the respective language skill. the curriculum target.
Once the performance level of each language skill has been
identified, teachers can then determine their pupils’ overall 5 Pupil is on track to exceed expectations of the
performance level using the guide in Table 5. curriculum target.

6 Pupil exceeds expectations of the curriculum
target.

19

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

CONTENT ORGANISATION
The Curriculum Standards are developed jointly by the Ministry of Education, Malaysia and Cambridge English. The Curriculum Standards that
encompass the Content Standards, Learning Standards and Performance Standards are explained in Table 6

Table 6: The Curriculum Standards

CONTENT STANDARDS LEARNING STANDARDS PERFORMANCE STANDARDS

Specific statements on what pupils should The Learning Standards are concise Express the degree or quality of proficiency
know, understand and be able to do within a educational objectives that pupils are that pupils are expected to display in relation
schooling period, encompassing aspects of expected to know and be able to do at a to the Content and Learning Standards.
knowledge, skills and values, work habits particular stage of their secondary
and personal character traits that are education. These Standards allow pupils to reflect, think
cultivated in stages throughout the pupils’ and act upon their learning strategies for self-
secondary education. It is a set of criteria or indicator for learning improvement.
quality and achievements that can be
The Content Standards are over-arching measured for each Content Standards.
educational goals that should be achieved
by the end of Form Five. These standards should be mastered by all
pupils at the end of each Form.
The focus section provides an idea or the
expected achievement by the end of Form 5.

SBELC adopts the behavioural curriculum design, whereby pupils’ learning outcomes are measured based on the Performance Standards. For
the receptive skills such as listening and reading, the action verb ‘understand’ is used in the Learning Standards to describe the thinking process
which are measurable through the learning outcomes. In addition, the Content and Learning Standards in the SBELC document cover all aspects
of thinking skills which are consistent with the CEFR principles.

20

1.0 LISTENING

LISTENING KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1
Effective communication is to articulate thoughts and ideas in various
forms and purposes, contexts and for various purposes using both Objectives for Listening in Form 1
verbal and nonverbal communication skills. By the end of Form 1, pupils are able to:

The two Content Standards focus on pupils’ ability to understand 1. understand with little or no support the main ideas in simple
meaning, to use appropriate listening strategies, and to recognise longer texts on a range of familiar topics.
typical features of spoken texts.
2. understand with little or no support specific information and
The order in which the Content and Learning Standards appear does details in simple longer texts on a range of familiar topics.
not reflect a chronological sequence of classroom learning which
starts with 1.1.1 and finishes with 1.2.1. Pupils need to develop these 3. understand longer sequences of supported classroom
skills simultaneously over the school year, and so will learn from instructions.
opportunities to practise different listening skills in varied sequences
in their English lessons. 4. understand more complex supported questions.
5. understand with support longer simple narratives on a wide

range of familiar topics.
6. guess the meaning of unfamiliar words from clues provided by

other known words and by context on familiar topics.

22

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

1.0 Listening Skills

CONTENT STANDARDS FOCUS LEARNING STANDARDS
1.1 Understand the main idea when
Understand meaning in a variety of listening to texts on familiar topics 1.1.1
familiar contexts Understand with little or no support the main ideas in simple
Understand specific details when longer texts on a range of familiar topics
1.2 listening to texts on familiar topics 1.1.2
Use appropriate listening strategies Understand with little or no support specific information and
in a variety of contexts Understand attitude or opinion when details in simple longer texts on a range of familiar topics
1.3 listening to texts on familiar topics 1.1.3
Recognise features of spoken Understand classroom instructions No learning standard (will be taught in subsequent years)
genres on familiar topics about familiar topics 1.1.4
Understand longer sequences of supported classroom
Understand questions on familiar instructions
topics 1.1.5
Understand narratives on familiar Understand more complex supported questions
topics 1.1.6
Understand with support longer simple narratives on a wide
Use strategies to understand range of familiar topics
meaning on familiar topics 1.2.1
Guess the meaning of unfamiliar words from clues provided
Recognise typical features of spoken by other known words and by context on a range of familiar
texts topics
1.3.1
No learning standard (will be taught in subsequent years)

23

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

Performance Standards Guide for Listening Skills

PERFORMANCE  DESCRIPTORS FOR LISTENING SKILLS NOTES
LEVEL 
Hardly understands the main ideas and specific details in a text. Requires support to achieve
1 Hardly shows any understanding of classroom instructions, complex curriculum target (Revise A2)
questions and the meaning of unfamiliar words even with a lot of support.
 Acquires limited understanding of the listening skills in identifying the main On track to achieve curriculum
2 ideas and specific details in a text with a lot of support. target (Revise A2)
Shows limited understanding of classroom instructions, complex questions
 and the meaning of unfamiliar words. Achieves expectations to achieve
3 Acquires adequate understanding of the listening skills in identifying the curriculum target (Revise A2)
main ideas and specific details in a text
 Shows satisfactory understanding of classroom instructions, complex On track to exceed expectations to
4 questions and the meaning of unfamiliar words. achieve curriculum target ( A2
Acquires good understanding of the listening skills in identifying the main High)
 ideas and specific details in a text.
5 Shows good understanding of classroom instructions, complex questions Working towards exceeding
and the meaning of unfamiliar words. expectations to achieve curriculum
 Acquires very good understanding of the listening skills in identifying the target (A2 High)
main ideas and specific details in a text.
6 Shows very good understanding of classroom instructions, complex Exceeds expectations to achieve
questions and the meaning of unfamiliar words. curriculum target (A2 High)
Acquires and uses the listening skills in identifying the main ideas and
 specific details independently.
Shows excellent understanding of longer sequences of classroom
instructions, more complex questions and the meaning of unfamiliar words.
Displays exemplary model of language use to others.

24

2.0 SPEAKING

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

SPEAKING Objectives for Speaking in Form 1

The four Content Standards focus on pupils’ ability to communicate By the end of Form 1, pupils are able to:
meaning, to use register appropriately, to use appropriate
communication strategies, and to communicate appropriately when 1. ask about and give detailed information about themselves and
speaking alone to a small or large group. There are two sections; others.
Spoken Interaction mainly for interacting with others, and Spoken
Production, when speaking alone to a group. 2. ask about and express rules and obligations.
3. ask about and describe future plans or events.
The order in which the Content and Learning Standards appear 4. explain and give reasons for simple advice.
does not reflect a chronological sequence of classroom learning 5. ask about and describe personality.
which starts with 2.1.1 and finishes with 2.4.1. Pupils need to 6. keep interaction going in short exchanges by checking
develop these skills simultaneously over the school year, and so will
learn from opportunities to practise different speaking skills in varied understanding of what a speaker is saying.
sequences in their English lessons. 7. agree on a set of basic steps needed to complete extended

classroom tasks.
8. narrate short stories, events and experiences.

26

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

2.0 Speaking Skills FOCUS LEARNING STANDARDS
CONTENT STANDARDS
Communicate information clearly 2.1.1
SPOKEN INTERACTION Ask about and give detailed information about
2.1 Find out about and communicate themselves and others
Communicate information, ideas, information clearly
opinions and feelings intelligibly on 2.1.2
familiar topics Ask about and express rules and obligations

2.2 Communicate plans and ambitions 2.1.3
Use register appropriately clearly Ask about and describe future plans or events
2.3
Use appropriate communication Communicate a point of view clearly 2.1.4
strategies Explain and give reasons for simple advice

Communicate feelings clearly 2.1.5
Use register appropriately in familiar Ask about and describe personality
contexts 2.2.1
Manage interaction appropriately No learning standard (will be taught in subsequent
years)
Negotiate classroom tasks appropriately 2.3.1
Keep interaction going in short exchanges by checking
understanding of what a speaker is saying

2.3.2
Agree on a set of basic steps needed to complete
extended classroom tasks

27

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

CONTENT STANDARDS FOCUS LEARNING STANDARDS

SPOKEN PRODUCTION Communicate information, events, 2.4.1

2.4 stories, feelings and ideas to an audience Narrate short stories, events and experiences
Communicate appropriately to a small or
large group on familiar topics

28

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

Performance Standards Guide for Speaking Skills

PERFORMANCE DESCRIPTORS FOR SPEAKING SKILLS NOTES
LEVEL
 Hardly finds out about and communicates information clearly. Requires support to
1  Hardly manages interaction by communicating a point of view appropriately even achieve curriculum target
with a lot of support. (Revise A2)
 Hardly narrates short stories and events to an audience even with a lot of support.
 On track to achieve
2 Displays limited ability to find out about and communicate information clearly. curriculum target
Shows limited response in managing interaction by communicating a point of view (Revise A2)
 appropriately.
 Provides limited response in narrating short stories and events to an audience. Achieves expectations to
3 achieve curriculum target
Displays adequate ability to find out about and communicate information clearly. (Revise A2)
 Shows satisfactory response in managing interaction by communicating a point of
 view appropriately. On track to exceed
Provides satisfactory response in narrating short stories and events to an audience. expectations to achieve
4 Displays good response in finding out about and communicating information curriculum target ( A2 High)
clearly.
 Shows good response in managing interaction by communicating a point of view Working towards
 appropriately. exceeding expectations to
Provides good response in narrating short stories and events to an audience. achieve curriculum target
5 (A2 High)
Displays very good response in finding out about and communicating information
 clearly. Exceeds expectations to
 Shows very good response in managing interaction by communicating a point of achieve curriculum target
view appropriately. (A2 High)
 Provides very good response in narrating short stories and events to an audience.
6
Displays excellent response in finding out about and communicating information
 clearly.
Shows excellent response in managing interaction by communicating a point of
view appropriately.
Provides excellent response in communicating opinions about a story and events to
an audience.
Displays exemplary model of language use to others.

29



3.0 READING

READING KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

The two Content Standards for Reading focus on pupils’ ability to Objectives for Reading in Form 1
understand meaning and to extend thinking through independent
reading. The Learning Standards have five main strands. These are: By the end of Form 1, pupils are able to:
understanding main ideas, understanding details, using reading 1. understand the main points in simple longer texts.
strategies, using reference resources, and reading to develop 2. understand specific details and information in simple longer
thinking.
texts.
The order in which the Content and Learning Standards appear does 3. guess the meaning of unfamiliar words from clues provided by
not reflect a chronological sequence of classroom learning which
starts with 3.1.1 and finishes with 3.2.1. Pupils need to develop these other known words and by context
skills simultaneously over the school year, and so will learn from 4. use with some support familiar print and digital resources to
opportunities to practise different reading skills in varied sequences
in their English lessons. check meaning.
5. read and enjoy fiction / non-fiction and other suitable print and

digital texts of interest.

32

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

3.0 Reading Skills

CONTENT STANDARDS FOCUS LEARNING STANDARDS

3.1 Understand the main idea in a variety 3.1.1
Understand a variety of texts by of text types on familiar topics Understand the main points in simple longer texts
using a range of appropriate reading Understand specific details in a 3.1.2
strategies to construct variety of text types on familiar topics Understand specific details and information in simple longer
meaning texts
Guess the meaning of unfamiliar 3.1.3
words in a variety of text types on Guess the meaning of unfamiliar words from clues provided
familiar topics by other known words and by context
Use dictionary skills appropriately to 3.1.4
check and extend understanding Use with some support familiar print and digital resources to
check meaning
Recognise the attitude or opinion of 3.1.5
the writer in a variety of text types on No learning standard (will be taught in subsequent years)
familiar topics
Recognise typical features of texts on 3.1.6
familiar topics No learning standard (will be taught in subsequent years)

3.2 Read and understand a variety of 3.2.1
Explore and expand ideas for fiction and non-fiction texts with Read and enjoy fiction / non-fiction and other suitable print
personal development by reading confidence and enjoyment and digital texts of interest
independently and widely

33

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

Performance Standards Guide for Reading Skills

PERFORMANCE DESCRIPTORS FOR READING SKILLS NOTES
LEVEL
 Hardly understands in identifying the main ideas and specific details in a text. Requires support to achieve
1  Hardly shows any ability to use dictionary skills to check meaning and guess curriculum target (Revise A2)
the meaning of unfamiliar words even with a lot of guidance.
 Hardly shows any ability to read and understand a variety of fiction or non- On track to achieve curriculum
fiction texts. target (Revise A2)

Displays limited understanding in identifying the main ideas and specific details Achieves expectations to
2 in a text with a lot of guidance. achieve curriculum target
 Shows limited ability to use dictionary skills to check meaning and guess the (Revise A2)
meaning of unfamiliar words.
 Displays limited ability to read and understand a variety of fiction or non-fiction On track to exceed
texts. expectations to achieve
3 curriculum target (A2 High)
 Displays adequate understanding in identifying the main ideas and specific
details in a text Working towards exceeding
 Shows satisfactory ability to use dictionary skills to check meaning and guess expectations to achieve
the meaning of unfamiliar words. curriculum target (A2 High)
4 Displays satisfactory ability to read and understand a variety of fiction or non-
 fiction texts.

 Displays good understanding in identifying the main ideas and specific details in
a text.
 Shows positive attitude in using dictionary skills to check meaning and guess
5 the meaning of unfamiliar words correctly.
Shows interest to read and understand clearly a variety of fiction or non-fiction
 texts.

Displays very good understanding in identifying the main ideas and specific
details in a text.
Uses dictionary skills to check meaning and guess the meaning of unfamiliar
words skilfully and precisely.
Shows a lot of interest to read and give opinion to a variety of fiction or non-
fiction texts with some guidance.

34

KSSM BAHASA INGGERIS TINGKATAN 1

PERFORMANCE DESCRIPTORS FOR READING SKILLS NOTES
LEVEL
Acquires and uses the reading skills in identifying the main ideas and specific Exceeds expectations to
 details excellently. achieve curriculum target (A2
Uses dictionary skills to check meaning and guess the meaning of unfamiliar High)
 words independently.
6 Reads and gives opinion on a variety of fiction or non-fiction texts
independently.
 Displays exemplary model of language use to others.



35


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