A Look at the
Aztec and Inca
of the WBy: estern
Learning About Time
Watch the “Commonly Asked Questions about Dates” video on
Schoology to learn about the abbreviations/key words listed
below. As you watch, pause the video and write in your own
words what each of these means.
What does B.C. stand This time marker is used on the
for when looking at Gregorian or Christian calendar. BC
stands for “Before Christ” and is used
dates? to mark the period of time before
What does A.D. stand Jesus’ birth.
for when looking at
Also used on the Gregorian calendar,
dates? AD stands for Anno Domini which is
Latin for “In the year of the Lord.”
What does B.C.E. stand Before Common Era...This is used to
for when looking at mark the same dates as BC.
What does C.E. stand Common Era...This is used to mark
for when looking at the same dates as AD.
What do c. and ca. These stand for the word “circa”
stand for when looking which means around or about. It is
used when we don’t know the exact
date of something.
Multiple-tier timelines use two or more rows of events.
While each row represents a different subject, the time
period is the same.
Multiple-tier timelines can be used to help us look at
cause and effect relationships or patterns and themes
among events in a specific period of time.
We will be using a multi-tier timeline to show the rise
and fall of four early civilizations in the Americas: The
Mississippian, Inca, Maya, and Aztec and look for
RELATIONSHIPS between the dates.
In this unit we learned about the
mississippians culture and what they
did every day. One of the things that
they did was make pottery and use
wood for prints on clay. Another
thing that they did was worship the
chief and sun and snake gods. They
worshiped the chief so much that
they committed ritual suicide to be
with the king in afterlife. The
mississippians were called the
mound builders because they made
large mounds such as serpent
mound. Everyone has a job like
farmer or craftsman.
Where in the World…
Were the Mississippian Located?
What is the approximate latitude
and longitude of the location you
What might the weather be like in
this location based on the latitude
What is the relative and approximate absolute location of the center of the South Appalachian
Mississippian culture? 32.2 N,83 W. north of florida, west of the atlantic, south of tennessee.
What might the climate be like in this location based on the latitude and longitude? Humid
subtropical, long hot summer, mild winter.
How would this affect the way people live in this area? Mississippians would have needed
shelter from the sun, less hunting, more architecture.
Led the tribe as the leader and
Had there own mound to live in
were thought to have
Believed to be descendants from gods. They did not jobs
but instead they had larger houses and fancier clothing.
They were lowest in rank and were the labors and hunters. They
grew food and made crafts.
They settle on the mississippi and ohio rivers their settlement
was built around a plaza and had two mounds and houses in
orderly rows. They grew crops and small gardens because they
were close to rivers.
Read the Khan Academy article posted in your
Schoology course: Fort Ancient Culture: Great
Serpent Mound. After you read, complete the
page below with your team.
Describe the physical attributes What do archeologists believe
of the Serpent Mound in your might be the reason the mounds
own words: are shaped like a serpent?
A cured up tail, three To mark the seasons
curves, and a snake with its shape.
head eating a egg.
The people belived that Maybe they built the Danielle Knight GO Interactive, 2015
made the moud were moud to represent a
the adena people. snake god that
Who is believed to have created What relationship generalization
it? can you make between the
mounds and the people who
Research the Relationships
Explore the Mississippian links in the Symbaloo posted in your Schoology
course as well as in the books and other resources available in class to
complete this organizer.
What was the government like? Led by chiefs called suns who were
Did powerful relationships exist tied to the religion. The people
between the people and their believed the leaders had connections
leaders? to the gods.
How was their society set up? There were 4 different social social classes: the suns, the
What were the types of jobs nobles, the honored men and women, and the lower class.
people had? Were the jobs people There society was divided up by chiefdoms. The chiefdoms
did purposeful for the civilization? were split between the elites and the commoners. People
were farmers and craftsmen.
Describe their religion. Did the The mississippians worshiped the sun
relationship the people had with and there religion centered around a
their gods and religious leaders temple. Human sacrifice and ritual
suicide was practiced as result of a
follow rules? chiefs so they may accompany him in
What did the people invent, create, afterlife.
or trade that allowed them to
exchange ideas or values with They crafted beautiful art for their
others they had relationships ceremonies. Wood panels were used
with? to print designed on clay. And they
made trade with people i the gulf of
What was the agriculture like?
What food did they eat? How mexico
did they grow it? What They grew much of their food i small gardens using simple
relationships did the people tools. They made things such as corn, beans, squash, and
have with their environment? other plants and animals were collected to eat. They took
care of the environment because they needed it to live.
Ancient mississippians Concept
Where in the World…
Were the Aztec Located?
Map from ducksters.com What is the relative and approximate
absolute location of the center of the
23.6345° N, 102.5528° W
What might the climate be like in this
location based on the latitude and
Hot summers and mild winters.
How would this affect the way people
live in this area?
In the summer they would have less
of a harvest.
The Aztec Family and City-States: altiput and
Calpulli: the aztec family tenochtitlan.
was the basic unit of the
aztec. A calpulli is a Emperor
large group full of
Is the rank below the
king of tenochtitlan.
Pipiltin: the pipiltin also Social Classes
known as the aztec nobles. The
pipilitin was the social class the
the kings were chosen from.
Pochteca: the Pochteca were the
merchants of the aztecs to receive fancy
clothing for the Pipiltin.
Macehualtin:the Macehualtin were the farmers,
warriors, and craftsman.
Slaves: the slaves are the lowest class in the aztec.
Art and Religion
of the Aztec
The aztecs religion wanted to balance the universe. They believed that
they needed to repay the gods. They also believed that the the gods
killed themselves to make the earth.
Insert your picture here
The picture i drew shows the sun god because the hummingbird
represents the sun god in the aztec culture. And the little plant
represents life in the aztec culture.
Aztec Writing and Technology
The aztecs spoke Aztec Inca One of the aztecs
Nahuatl which Language calendars tracked days
is still spoken Aztec in a year. They had 365
in mexico. The and Calendar and 18 months with 5
aztecs used Writing days leftover that were
pictures to considered unlucky.
Picture of calendar
This picture shows
The aztecs grew Aztec people
maize beans and built aqueducts
squash. They made to bath.
man made island to
grow crops. Aztec Aztec
Determine the Relationships
Explore the Aztec links in the Symbaloo posted in your Schoology course as
well as in the books and other resources available in class to complete this
What was the government like? The government was rich because they
Did powerful relationships exist made people pay tribute with money.
The relationships between the people
between the people and their
leaders? and their leaders were very scarce
How was their society set up? Their society was set up by their family.
What were the types of jobs The jobs the Aztec had were Craftsmen,
people had? Were the jobs people
did purposeful for the civilization? farmers, and warriors. The jobs were
purposeful for their way of living.
Describe their religion. Did the The aztecs were very warful and
relationship the people had with sacrificial. They believed in gods and
their gods and religious leaders they thanked them for the earth that
they think was there's so they killed
people in return.
What did the people invent, create, They traded goods such as pottery and
or trade that allowed them to art and crops to show their lifestyle.
exchange ideas or values with
others they had relationships
What was the agriculture like? the Aztec grew maize, beans, and
What food did they eat? How squash. They built man-made
did they grow it? What artificial islands called chinampas
relationships did the people that were used to grow crops.
have with their environment?