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Published by it, 2017-10-04 03:05:27

Hacienda Times Digest October 4

October 4th 2017

Wed Oct 4 Thurs Oct 5 Fri Oct 6 Sat Oct 7 Sun Oct 8

Partly Cloudy AM Showers Partly Cloudy Partly Cloudy Mostly Sunny

94° High 96° High 95° High 93° High 92° High

80°Low 79°Low 78°Low 76°Low 74°Low

Humidity: Humidity: Humidity: Humidity: Humidity:

52% 54% 57% 55% 62%



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FROM THE PAGES OF midnight in New York

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 4, 2017 FROM THE PAGES OF © 2017 The New York Times
Gerrymandering Put on Unclear Path METICULOUS PLAN

WASHINGTON — Justice An- tice was unconstitutional. states will follow Wisconsin’s TO RAIN CARNAGE
thony M. Kennedy has long been “Gerrymandering is distaste- lead. The round of redistricting
troubled by extreme partisan ful,” said Justice Samuel A. Alito that will follow the 2020 census, ON CONCERTGOERS
gerrymandering, but he has nev- Jr., “but if we are going to impose he said, “will produce a festival
er found a satisfactory way to de- a standard on the courts, it has to of copycat gerrymandering the
termine when voting maps are so be something that’s manageable.” likes of which this country has
warped by politics that they cross Some of the court’s more lib- never seen.” LAS VEGAS — Before he mowed
a constitutional line. eral members said the problem The Supreme Court has nev- down concertgoers from a perch
After Supreme Court argu- represented a crisis and that the er struck down an election map high in a hotel tower, a gunman cre-
ments on Tuesday, there was Supreme Court should step in. on the ground that it was drawn ated a ring of surveillance around
reason to think Kennedy may “What’s really behind all of to make sure one political party him, with video cameras in his suite
be ready to join the more liberal this?” Justice Ruth Bader Gins- wins an outsize number of seats. and in the hallway, law enforcement
members in a decision that could burg asked. She answered her The court has, however, left open officials said on Tuesday. But inves-
reshape American democracy by own question: “The precious the possibility that some kinds of tigators were still at a loss to offer a
letting courts determine when right to vote.” political gamesmanship in redis- motive for the massacre.
lawmakers have gone too far. In extended remarks, Chief tricting may be too extreme. The cameras, along with the 23
Kennedy asked skeptical ques- Justice John G. Roberts Jr. ex- Justice Stephen G. Breyer, in guns, hundreds of rounds of ammu-
tions of lawyers defending a Wis- pressed worry that the court’s remarks that may have been nition and other equipment found in
consin legislative map that gave authority and legitimacy would aimed at Kennedy, sketched out the shooter’s hotel suite, suggest-
Republicans many more seats be hurt were it to start striking a series of criteria that he said ed a plan to have plenty of time to
in the State Assembly than their down voting districts in favor of amounted to a workable stan- wreak carnage while holding the
statewide vote tallies would have one political party or another. dard. He said courts should act police at bay.
predicted. Paul M. Smith, a lawyer for the only when there is one-party con- Local and federal investigators al-
There was something like con- Democratic voters, urged the trol of the state government and a so said they were eager to interview
sensus among the justices that court to act. “You are the only in- map that creates a persistent and the gunman’s girlfriend, Marilou
voting maps drawn by politicians stitution in the United States that unjustified partisan advantage Danley, who had been in the Phil-
to give advantage to their parties can solve this problem just as de- that is “an extreme outlier” when ippines, and a federal law enforce-
are an unattractive feature of mocracy is about to get worse be- compared to other maps. ment official said she was expect-
American democracy. But the jus- cause of the way gerrymandering “I suspect that that’s manage- ed to return to the United States.
tices appeared split about wheth- is getting so much worse,” he said. able,” Breyer said. Sheriff Joseph Lombardo of the
er the court could find a standard Without the Supreme Court’s ADAM LIPTAK and Las Vegas Metropolitan Police De-
for determining when the prac- intervention, Smith said, other MICHAEL D. SHEAR partment said that at a minimum,
she might shed some light on what
In Puerto Rico, Aid Moves Slowly and Tenuously was going through the mind of the
gunman, Stephen C. Paddock, who
killed himself as the police prepared
LAS MARÍAS, P.R. — Inside a Maria, basic aid is arriving in San The relief operation has come to enter his room.
dark school building sheltering Juan and reaching remote towns under fire for ground-level fail- “I will assure you investigation
families left homeless by land- and barrios aching for assistance. ures to provide relief and for its with her is ongoing, and we antici-
slides and hurricane winds, bot- But some families still receive overall approach to the effort. In pate some information here from
tled water was getting so scarce just meager portions, and local a number of interviews, Lt. Gen. her shortly,” Lombardo said.
on Monday that relief workers mayors have been left to figure Russel L. Honoré, who is widely Twelve of the rifles the gunman
parceled out one small plastic cup out how to haul supplies from credited with turning around the had in his suite at the Mandalay Bay
to go with each person’s dinner. regional drop-off points to their Bush administration’s sluggish Resort and Casino were outfitted
“This is the ration,” said Thom- storm-ravaged towns. response to Hurricane Katrina with a “bump stock,” a device that
as Bosque, 60, whose roof was The death toll from the hurri- has said the Trump adminis- enables a gun to fire hundreds of
torn off in the storm. cane rose to 34, Gov. Ricardo Ros- tration has underutilized the rounds per minute, which may ex-
At a local command center, Ed- selló said on Tuesday. military, exacerbating the slow plain how he was able to rain such
win Soto Santiago, the mayor of Rosselló said a major issue was delivery of aid and the removal devastation on the crowd below, law
this devastated municipality of getting transportation to distrib- of debris. Honoré said that by enforcement officials said. Such de-
9,500 people, was also waiting ute aid to people who need it. He this point, he would have moved vices are often legal, and the possi-
for food and water, even though said the government was offering 50,000 troops to Puerto Rico. bility that he may have used one set
nine pallets sent by the federal more trucks to the mayors and to But some disaster experts say off a fresh round of calls by Demo-
government sat at a regional dis- the centers where hot food could that while the military can be cratic lawmakers in Washington to
tribution center an hour away. be prepared and delivered. useful, it is not a cure-all in relief pass more gun regulations.
The only way for the mayor to get “We have delivered food and efforts, and that too many troops At 10:08 p.m. on Sunday, Pad-
them was to send a truck down water, and it hasn’t gotten to could overwhelm available re- dock opened fire on the thousands
muddy, tree-strewn roads. A day some people,” he said. “They sources in Puerto Rico. Others of people attending a country mu-
earlier, Las Marías had missed didn’t listen, couldn’t hear, the in- note the demands of addressing sic festival. He killed 59 people and
its chance to pick up a fresh ship- formation didn’t get to them.” He three major hurricanes in a row. wounded hundreds of others. In all,
ment, the mayor said, because no added: “I recognize there are still Several thousand additional more than 500 people were injured,
one told them it had arrived. people that might not have gotten troops will soon be sent to the is- most by gunfire, and some in the
Two weeks after Hurricane those resources.” land. (NYT) panicked rush to escape. (NYT)


Catalans Who U.S. Expels 15 Cuban Diplomats From Embassy

Did Not Vote WASHINGTON — President The State Department said the unite with their families on Amer-

Ask: What Now? Trump on Tuesday expelled 15 expulsion of the diplomats was ican soil.
A State Department official said
Cuban diplomats, escalating his
intended to force Cuba to place its
response to a mysterious afflic- embassy in Washington, where the action did not signal a change
BARCELONA — A tide of emo- tion that has stricken American the diplomats were stationed, on in policy or an official determina-
tion has washed over Catalonia in Embassy personnel in Havana. the same emergency status that tion that Cuba was responsible
the past few days, over those who The order to the diplomats to the United States is operating for the illnesses, which have con-
demand separation from Spain leave the United States constitut- under in Havana after it decided founded American investigators.
and those who oppose it. Graffiti ed the latest in a series of actions last week to pare its staff there to But the official, who insisted on
has appeared overnight, pro- by Trump to unwind the détente a skeletal group of just 27 people. anonymity to discuss sensitive
claiming, “We are not Spanish.” between the United States and Taken together with a policy diplomatic issues, said the Cuban
Crowds have passed gawking Cuba undertaken by President directive that Trump issued in government had not done enough
tourists, singing, “I am, I am, I am Barack Obama. He sought to end June and a State Department to protect Americans on its soil.
Spanish.” the hostility and mistrust that had warning last week admonishing American diplomats and their
One thing that unites them is characterized the relationship be- Americans not to travel to Cuba, spouses began reporting symp-
that they have very little idea tween the two countries for more the embassy drawdowns have the toms that included hearing loss,
what an independent Catalonia than a half-century. potential to freeze the normaliza- dizziness, balance and visual
would look like. The Cuban government con- tion process in its tracks. problems, headaches and cogni-
In the turbulence over Sunday’s demned what it called a “hasty, They make it more difficult for tive issues last December.
referendum, there had been little inappropriate and unthinking” de- citizens of both countries to en- By late January, the State De-
public debate about the practical cision motivated by politics, and gage with each other, imperiling partment realized that the illness-
effect of declaring independence. warned the diplomatic dispute narrow channels of trade and es were related and might have
Spain’s heavy-handed response would sour relations already im- commerce that opened after the resulted from some sort of attack,
made the referendum into a battle periled by Trump’s move to crack 2014 rapprochement, and all but perhaps by a sonic device, toxin or
over the right to vote. down on travel and commerce shutting down the immigration virus. GARDINER HARRIS and
With the referendum behind with the island nation. pipeline that allows Cubans to re- JULIE HIRSCHFELD DAVIS
them, Catalans have begun to ask:
What just happened? And what Mattis Says Keeping Iran Deal Is Key to Security
happens now?
In interviews across Barcelo-
na, many expressed confidence WASHINGTON — Days before The comments were the latest agreement was preventing the
that the fuzzy details of statehood President Trump has to make a example of how Trump’s instincts country from possessing or mak-
could be worked out. But an equal critical decision on whether to on national security are running ing enough bomb-grade material
number were apprehensive at the hold up the Iran nuclear deal, De- headlong into opposition from his for a weapon.
plunge toward independence the fense Secretary Jim Mattis split own National Security Council. Asked on Capitol Hill on Tues-
referendum set in motion. with him on abandoning the agree- Trump’s key advisers are mak- day whether he had changed his
Catalan leaders declared that 90 ment, the second senior member ing no secret of their disagree- view, Mattis said he supports “the
percent of voters supported sepa- of Trump’s national security team ments with their boss. rigorous review that he has got
ration, a result that made it clear to recently contradict him. Mattis came to office with going on right now.”
that almost the only people moti- Mattis told senators on Tuesday well-established, hawkish views When that answer did not sat-
vated to vote were the ones who that it was in America’s interest to of Iran, whose support of Syria’s isfy the committee, Sen. Angus
wanted independence. stick with the deal, which Trump government and of Hezbollah, King, I-Me., asked whether Mattis
Yet more than half of Catalo- has dismissed as a “disaster.” he believed, had cost American thought holding onto the nuclear
nia’s eligible voters did not vote “Absent indications to the con- lives. But he has always taken the pact is in the interest of the nation-
or brave the police who used trary, it is something that the position that if he had to confront al security of the United States.
truncheons and rubber bullets to president should consider staying Iran, he would rather confront Mattis paused before replying:
enforce the central government’s with,” Mattis said. a non-nuclear Iran, and that the “Yes, senator, I do.” (NYT)
order to stop the referendum.
The result has left not only In Brief
Spain, but Catalonia itself divided.
Economists generally agree
Catalonia would be economically Counterterrorism Law Approved of bribery. The authorities ordered Vice President
viable as an independent coun- The French government on Tuesday moved a Jorge Glas, 48, held in pretrial detention on Mon-
try, but they differ on the impact day night and froze his assets. The case relates to
on jobs, barriers to trade and the significant step closer to making permanent some Odebrecht, an international construction company,
spending needs of the new state. of the emergency measures put in place after the which admitted last year to playing a role in one of
terrorist attacks of 2015, expanding the powers of the
The separatist government the world’s largest bribery rings. (NYT)
would have to negotiate thorny security forces to combat terrorism in ways that crit-
ics say may also curtail civil liberties. The legislation,
issues with Spain, such as how Egypt Expands Crackdown
to apportion Spain’s debt, now approved by a wide margin in the lower house of the
equivalent to just over 100 percent French Parliament, codifies measures like search At least 34 people have been arrested in Egypt
and seizure and house arrest without judicial review
of its gross domestic product. as part of an expanding crackdown on the gay and
Xavier Sala-i-Martín, an econ- and effectively institutionalizes a trade-off between transgender community following a rock concert last
omist and professor at Columbia security and personal liberty. (NYT) month when audience members waved a rainbow
University who has spearheaded flag. The crackdown has been fueled by social media,
the separatist drive, contends that Ecuador’s Vice President Is Jailed where images of the flag-waving were shared, and by
a unilateral departure of Catalonia A scandal involving a Brazilian construction giant dating apps and other websites, which the Egyptian
could leave Spain solely responsi- has widened with the jailing of Ecuador’s vice pres- police have used to entrap suspected gay and trans-
ble for its debt. ELLEN BARRY ident as part of an investigation into accusations gender people, activists and officials say. (NYT)


Love of Music Drew Victims to a Fatal Trap In Brief

The weekend was perfect for an about 500 others injured, the mass Jennifer Parks, a 35-year-old Republicans Reconsider
escape. It was Las Vegas, and a shooting on Sunday was one of the kindergarten teacher and mother
dazzling lineup of entertainment deadliest in American history. The of two from Lancaster, Calif., was Full Repeal of Tax Break
beckoned, a three-day country notion that many had waited with at the festival with her husband, Republican leaders are backing
music festival known as Route 91. such anticipation for the weekend Bobby. As children growing up in away from a proposal to fully re-
For the devoted, there was no made those memories all the more California, they were always to- peal an expensive tax break used
other place to be last weekend, painful for grieving relatives now. gether, so close that their names by more than 40 million tax filers
and they came from all over. Susan Smith, 53, got permis- seemed to run together into one: to deduct state and local taxes
In the final hours of the festival sion to take Monday off from her Jenny-and-Bobby. amid pushback from fellow law-
Sunday night, the thousands who job as an office manager at an el- In the hours after the shooting, makers whose residents rely on
had journeyed to Las Vegas sud- ementary school in Simi Valley, several of those who survived the provision. The state and local
denly found themselves under Calif., so that she could stay late credited the quick actions of their tax deduction is estimated to cost
fire. At least 58 people on the fes- at the concert Sunday night with loved ones. In the chaos of the $1.3 trillion over the next decade
tival grounds were killed. her friends. By Tuesday, students sudden, unending shots, people and its repeal is central to paying
For one couple, the Route 91 fes- there were wearing red, white and had rushed to try to help spouses, for a tax rewrite unveiled last
tival was a way of making amends. blue to school in Smith’s memory. friends, even strangers. week by Republican lawmakers
Chris Muniz of Gallup, N.M., for- Cameron Robinson, 28, had tak- Before he was killed, Jack Bea- and administration officials. But
got his wedding anniversary last en Monday off from his job as a ton, of Bakersfield, Calif., shield- elimination of the provision has
year and decided to make it up management analyst for the City ed his wife, Laurie, from gunfire, emerged as a flash point in the
to his wife, Lisa Romero-Muniz of Las Vegas to attend the festival his family said. His father-in-law, debate. The White House and Re-
with a road trip to Las Vegas. She with his boyfriend, Bobby Eard- Jerry Cook, told BakersfieldNow. publican lawmakers are consider-
was overjoyed, taking Friday and ley. com that Beaton had covered his ing options to a repeal, including
Monday off for the long weekend, The police in Las Vegas have wife’s body with his own, and was allowing taxpayers to choose be-
said Rosie Fernandez, her friend not yet said publicly whether shot himself. “He told her he loved tween deducting their mortgage
and supervisor at the high school there was a pattern to where the her,” Cook said. “Laurie could tell interest or state and local taxes, a
where they worked. people who were fatally shot had he was slipping. She told him she limit on the deduction or a special
The authorities have not yet been standing on the fairgrounds loved him and she would see him tax break for middle-class fam-
identified all of the people who when the gunfire broke out. No- in heaven.” JULIE BOSMAN ilies that live in areas with high
perished, but with 59 dead and where seemed safe or certain. and AMY HARMON property taxes. (NYT)
Trump Lobs Paper Towels, and Praise, in Puerto Rico Nobel Prize in Physics

Rainer Weiss, a professor at
WASHINGTON — President encounter with the victims. with CNN about the briefing the Massachusetts Institute of
Trump ventured on Tuesday to It also had its peculiar moment: she attended with the president. Technology, and Kip Thorne and
Puerto Rico, where residents He also gently tossed rolls of pa- While she said the White House Barry Barish, both of the Califor-
have felt neglected by their gov- per towels into a crowd that gath- staff was helpful and receptive, nia Institute of Technology, were
ernment, telling local officials that ered at Calvary Chapel, outside Trump’s communications style awarded the Nobel Prize in Phys-
they should be proud that, so far, the island’s capital, San Juan. sometimes “gets in the way.” ics on Tuesday for the discovery
only 16 people are known to have This time, however, Trump flew “I would hope that the presi- of ripples in space-time known as
died in Hurricane Maria. into a different kind of turbulence. dent of the United States stops gravitational waves, which were
“Sixteen versus in the thou- Over the weekend, Trump lashed spouting out comments that real- predicted by Albert Einstein a
sands,” Trump said, comparing out at the mayor of San Juan, Car- ly hurt the people of Puerto Rico,” century ago but had never been
the storm’s certified death toll to men Yulín Cruz, after she com- she said, “because, rather than directly seen. The Royal Swedish
the 1,833 killed in 2005 by Hurri- plained that the federal response commander in chief, he sort of be- Academy called it “a discovery
cane Katrina. in Puerto Rico had fallen short of comes miscommunicator in chief.” that shook the world.” In Febru-
It was a well-worn routine for a the responses in Texas and Flor- Trump greeted the mayor but ary 2016, an international collab-
president on his fourth visit to a di- ida. She was not mollified after did not invite her to speak, recog- oration of physicists and astron-
saster zone in two months: a pep meeting him. nizing instead Puerto Rico’s gov- omers announced that they had
rally-like briefing with officials in “The first part of the meeting ernor, whom the president said recorded gravitational waves
an aircraft hangar, a quick drive was a public-relations situa- “did not play politics.” emanating from the collision of a
past twisted houses and a brief tion,” Cruz said in an interview MARK LANDLER pair of massive black holes a bil-
lion light years away. (NYT)
Guns Come Up, but Republicans Change the Subject
Renovation Scrapped
WASHINGTON — Sen. Joe “the wrong time” to revive his bill. change Washington’s gun control One of the biggest cultural build-
Manchin III, D-W.Va., was at a “But until that happens, until oth- dynamic. ing projects in the country was
loss on Tuesday. After the mas- er people feel the same, we’re at a As they have done in the past, sent back to the drawing board on
sacre of children at Sandy Hook stalemate and that’s a shame.” Republicans tried to steer the Tuesday, when the new leaders of
Elementary School in 2012, he For years, amid a string of mass conversation in another direction, Lincoln Center and the New York
challenged the pro-gun bent of his shootings, Democrats have tried this time spotlighting the work Philharmonic announced they
state and co-authored legislation to enact what they call “com- of emergency medical workers. were scuttling a half-billion-dollar
to expand background checks of mon-sense” gun restrictions. President Trump praised the plan for a gut renovation of David
gun purchasers, only to see the They have failed. swiftness of the Las Vegas law en- Geffen Hall and seeking simpler
measure fail. This week’s massacre in Las forcement response, calling it “in ways to improve the theater. The
“I just think that common sense Vegas, which killed at least 59 many ways, a miracle.” project has consumed the center
has to prevail,” Manchin said, ex- people and injured more than SHERYL GAY STOLBERG and the Philharmonic for nearly
plaining why he thinks that now is 500, appears to have done little to and YAMICHE ALCINDOR 20 years. (NYT)


Some Health Care Rates May Rise Over 50% THE MARKETS

Health insurers are aggres- according to state regulators. er prices next year, depending DJIA NASDAQ S & P 500
sively increasing prices next year And in New York premiums were on which plan they buy. In some 84.07 15.00 5.46
for individual policies sold under expected to increase by an aver- places, the least expensive plans ↗ 0.37% ↗ 0.23% ↗ 0.22%
the federal health care law, with age of about 14 percent. Experts could become free after custom- 22,641.67 6,531.71 2,534.58
some raising premiums by more said the rise in costs for consum- ers apply their subsidies.
than 50 percent. ers could run from 10 percent to People who earn too much to EUROPE
By approving such steep in- nearly 60 percent. qualify for financial assistance
creases for 2018 in recent weeks, There are exceptions. Minne- will feel the brunt of any increas- BRITAIN GERMANY FRANCE
regulators in many states ap- sota, which sought a federal waiv- es. Because many insurers raised FTSE 100 DAX CAC 40
peared to be coaxing companies er, said this week that prices for prices most sharply on plans that 29.27 Market 16.97
to hang in there, despite turmoil plans sold on the state exchange are attractive to people who re- ↗ 0.39% Holiday ↗ 0.32%
in the market and continuing un- there would remain stable or ceive the most generous subsi- 7,468.11 5,367.41
certainty in Congress about the drop significantly in 2018. dies, those unable to get subsi-
future of the Affordable Care Act. Those who qualify for federal dies may have to shop for plans ASIA/PACIFIC
In Georgia, the state insurance subsidies, a group that accounts that are not affected.
commissioner, Ralph T. Hudgens, for about 85 percent of the rough- The final prices and policies JAPAN HONG KONG CHINA
an outspoken critic, said the rates ly 10 million people who buy in- available for all plans may not be NIKKEI 225 HANG SENG SHANGHAI
he approved would be up to 57.5 surance through the marketplac- public until Nov. 1, leaving many 213.29 618.91 Market
percent higher next year. es created under the health law, consumers confused about cov- ↗ 1.05% ↗ 2.25% Holiday
“Obamacare has become even will largely be shielded. erage costs as a shortened period 20,614.07 28,173.21
more unaffordable for Georgia’s Regulators in Florida and of open enrollment for health care
middle class,” Hudgens said. New York said residents of those insurance under the Affordable AMERICAS
In Florida, the average rate in- states who qualified for the most Care Act begins.
crease will be about 45 percent, generous subsidies could see low- REED ABELSON CANADA BRAZIL MEXICO
Gun Stocks Make Gains Only Tepidly After Attack ↗ 23.51 ↗ 66.32 ↗ 114.13
15,728.51 74,359.83 50,615.29
Stock prices for firearms com- sensing a sales upswing, piled in- stocks, analysts said. He was en-
panies rose this week after a to gun manufacturer and retailer dorsed during his candidacy by COMMODITIES/BONDS
gunman killed dozens of people stocks. the National Rifle Association.
in Las Vegas, an apparent contin- On Monday, shares in Sturm, Analysts from Wedbush said GOLD 10-YR. TREAS. CRUDE OIL
uation of a morbid trend linked to Ruger & Company rose 5.7 per- in a report last week that they
mass shootings. cent overall. expect consumers to buy more ↘ 1.20 ↘ 0.01 ↘ 0.16
But investors were more mut- Stock movements at American guns this year than they did in $1,271.50 2.33% $50.42
ed than they had been in recent Outdoor Brands, the Springfield, 2016, but added that “a Republi-
years, and although the 2016 elec- Mass., company that owns Smith can-dominated government that
tion eased concerns among gun & Wesson, were similar. The poses no threat of enacting new FOREIGN EXCHANGE
advocates about tighter rules, price was up 3.2 percent on Mon- gun regulation has taken much of
gun makers have struggled. day and 2.4 percent on Tuesday, the urgency out of gun purchases Fgn. currency Dollars in
in Dollars fgn.currency
The shooting on Sunday was compared with increases of 6.8 in recent months.”
the deadliest in modern Ameri- percent after the Pulse nightclub Gun stocks sank as much as 26 Australia (Dollar) .7834 1.2765
can history, with at least 59 peo- shooting in Orlando in 2016 and percent in the days after Trump’s Bahrain (Dinar) 2.6542 3.1425
Brazil (Real)
ple dead and more than 500 were 11.5 percent after two attackers victory. In eight of the 10 months Britain (Pound) 1.3234 .7556
injured. The tragedy drew calls killed 14 people in San Bernardi- since then, the F.B.I. has conduct- Canada (Dollar) .8009 1.2486
for gun control. no, Calif., on Dec. 2, 2015. ed fewer background checks for China (Yuan) .1503 6.6533
The prospect of tighter gun President Trump’s perceived firearms — a rough proxy for Denmark (Krone) .1578 6.3374
rules often leads consumers to ambivalence toward gun control gun sales — compared to same Dom. Rep. (Peso) .0212 47.2000
Egypt (Pound)
stockpile firearms. Wall Street, could be tamping down firearms months a year earlier. (NYT) Europe (Euro) 1.1749 .8511
Hong Kong (Dollar) .1280 7.8110
All 3 Billion Yahoo Accounts Were Affected by 2013 Attack Japan (Yen) .0089 18.2150
Mexico (Peso)
Norway (Krone) .1253 7.9802
Singapore (Dollar) .7343 1.3619
It was the largest known bers and passwords of users that million was cut from Verizon’s So. Africa (Rand) .0733 13.6484
breach of a company’s computer were encrypted with security original offer. Yahoo was com- So. Korea (Won) .0009 1142.2
network. Now, it is even bigger. that was easy to crack. bined with AOL, which Verizon Sweden (Krona) .1229 8.1361
Verizon Communications, The intruders also obtained the bought in 2015, into a new divi- Switzerland (Franc) 1.0271 .9736
which acquired Yahoo this year, security questions and backup sion of the telecommunications Source: Thomson Reuters
said on Tuesday that an attack in email addresses used to reset lost company called Oath.
2013 affected all three billion of passwords — valuable informa- That investigators did not dis-
Yahoo’s user accounts. tion for someone trying to break cover the full extent of the 2013 ONLINE: MORE PRICES
Last year, Yahoo said the attack into other accounts owned by the incident before Verizon closed AND ANALYSIS
had affected one billion accounts. same user, and particularly use- the deal to acquire Yahoo was sur- Information on all United
Three months before that, Yahoo ful to a hacker seeking to break prising to outside cybersecurity Æ
also disclosed a separate attack into government computers. analysts. “Frankly, I don’t know States stocks, plus bonds, mu-
that had occurred in 2014, that af- Yahoo sold itself to Verizon for how Yahoo got away with this,” tual funds, commodities and foreign
fecting 500 million accounts. $4.48 billion in June. But the deal said Jay Kaplan, the chief execu- stocks along with analysis of indus-
Digital thieves made off with was nearly derailed by the dis- tive of the cybersecurity compa- try sectors and stock indexes:
names, birth dates, phone num- closure of the breaches, and $350 ny Synack. (NYT)


Blaming One Worker for Breach at Equifax

data breach, which exposed the F. Smith, % Volume
sensitive personal information Equifax’s Stock (Ticker) Close Chg chg (100)
of nearly 146 million Americans,
happened because of a mistake former chief 10 MOST ACTIVE
by a single employee, the cred- executive, AMD (AMD) 13.42 +0.71 +5.6 849083
Celsio (CLSN)
+4.55 +301.3
it reporting company’s former apologized FordMo (F) 12.34 +0.25 +2.1 655798
chief executive told members of during Endocy (ECYT) 25.86 +2.25 +62.0 610929
Bankof (BAC)
Congress on Tuesday. testimony Brocad (BRCD) 12.16 +0.13 +1.1 419313
Richard F. Smith repeatedly Tuesday Intel (INTC) 39.38 +0.34 +0.9 339460
apologized for the security lapse. before a House GM (GM) 43.45 +1.30 +3.1 308425
Micron (MU)
But he also sought to play down
the severity of the problems that committee. % Volume
led to the breach, defended the Stock (Ticker) Close Chg chg (100)
company’s response to the crisis
and deflected questions about PHOTOGRAPHS BY PETE MAROVICH FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES 10 TOP GAINERS 6.06 +4.55 +301.3 731371
Celsio (CLSN)
how far Equifax will go to com- Endocy (ECYT) 5.88 +2.25 +62.0 610929
pensate consumers. was testifying about the compa- obtain personal details on nearly Bioptx (BIOP) 28.49 +1.65 +25.5 2771
+5.67 +24.8
Smith referred to an “individ- ny’s responses to a series of scan- half of America’s population. SGBloc (SGBX) 5.28 +0.98 +22.8 2684
ual” in Equifax’s technology de- dals that have rocked Wells Fargo In early March, the Depart- Endolo (ELGX) 17.00 +1.00 +20.6 28898
Shotsp (SSTI)
+2.63 +18.3
partment who had failed to heed over the past year. ment of Homeland Security sent Zynerb (ZYNE) 9.78 +1.09 +12.5 18625
security warnings and did not “At best you are incompetent, Equifax and other companies an Iteris (ITI) 30.52 +0.82 +12.4 14464
Intell (NTLA)
+3.19 +11.7
ensure the implementation of at worst you were complicit,” said alert about a critical vulnerability
software fixes that would have Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass. “Ei- in software that Equifax used in % Volume
prevented the breach. ther way you should be fired.” an online portal for recording cus- Stock (Ticker) Close Chg chg (100)
“How does this happen when Equifax already got rid of tomer disputes. 10 TOP LOSERS
so much is at stake?” asked Rep. Smith, who announced his retire- The company sent out an in- TileSh (TTS) 8.45 ◊4.75 ◊36.0 156850
Greg Walden, R-Ore. “I don’t ment last week. Even though he ternal email requesting that its IZEA (IZEA) 5.87 ◊0.94 ◊13.8 19909
think we can pass a law that, ex- no longer works at Equifax, he technical staff fix the software, Roku (ROKU) 20.81 ◊2.75 ◊11.7 136060
◊2.27 ◊10.9
cuse me for saying this, fixes stu- was the only representative of the but “an individual did not ensure Benefi (BNFT) 30.35 ◊3.40 ◊10.1 3272
pid. I can’t fix stupid.” company to testify at the hearing. communication got to the right Cameco (CCJ) 8.82 ◊0.89 ◊9.2 134583
Sucamp (SCMP) 11.00
The congressional hearing pre- The company previously said person to manually patch the ap- Opiant (OPNT) 31.80 ◊2.99 ◊8.6 762
sented lawmakers with an oppor- that an unpatched software flaw plication,” Smith told the subcom- Aegion (AEGN) 21.55 ◊2.00 ◊8.5 47336
MiMedx (MDXG) 11.76
tunity to showcase their ire, albeit had been to blame for the massive mittee. That was compounded by Source: Thomson Reuters
aimed at the former executive of a security breach, but on Tuesday, a technical error: The scanning
previously obscure company. Smith went a step further, de- software that Equifax used to de-
Senators, meanwhile, were scribing the “human error and tect vulnerabilities failed to find Stocks on the Move
ripping into the current chief technology failures” that turned the unpatched hole, he said. Stocks that moved substantially or traded
executive of Wells Fargo. The a single oversight into a data TARA SIEGEL BERNARD heavily Tuesday:
bank’s chief, Timothy J. Sloan, breach that allowed attackers to and STACY COWLEY
General Motors Co., up $1.30 to $43.45.
Uber’s Board Approves a Power Shift Amid Strife The auto maker reported strong sales for
the month of September.
Lennar Corp., up $2.53 to $55.35. The
SAN FRANCISCO — Uber’s SoftBank. SoftBank has held much control of Uber he retains. homebuilder’s profit and revenue were
board of directors voted on Tues- discussions to buy a significant Kalanick had outsize voting better than analysts expected.
day for governance changes that chunk of Uber’s stock, but the rights at the company under a Delta Airlines Inc., up $3.18 to $51.25.
reshape the balance of power at deal was contingent on changing certain class of Uber stock that he The Atlanta-based carrier updated its fore-
the company and that pave the the company’s governance struc- owns, and he controls three board cast for third-quarter results.
way for a stock sale to the Japa- ture so some of its early investors seats. Paychex Inc., up $2.18 to $61.99. The
nese conglomerate SoftBank. would have an incentive to sell. On Tuesday, Uber’s board payroll processor and human-resources
The board approved some of The board’s decisions mean agreed to remove the special services company had a solid first quarter
the terms from a proposal put that Uber may have defused an- voting power carried by two cat- and its forecasts pleased investors.
forward last week by Dara Khos- other fractious situation. Board egories of Uber stock, the class B Tile Shop Holdings Inc., down $4.75
rowshahi, Uber’s new chief exec- members have been deeply split common shares and the preferred to $8.45. The tile maker forecast weak
utive, and Goldman Sachs. for months on many issues, with shares. Kalanick holds about a third-quarter results and said it’s spending
Under the terms agreed to Uber grappling with numerous third of Uber’s class B common more on ads, which hurts its profits.
on Tuesday, the clout of certain scandals over its workplace cul- stock, which originally came with Cal-Maine Foods Inc., up $1.85 to
Uber shareholders — including ture and management. 10-to-one voting power. The pre- $43.50. The egg producer continued to
its former chief executive, Travis The board’s recent divisions ferred stock, which also had spe- rally after it said sales improved in the first
Kalanick — will be reduced. Other have been rooted in a fractured cial voting rights, is held by early quarter.
measures that had been in consid- relationship between Kalanick venture investors in Uber includ- AZZ Inc., down $2.15 to $48.05. The
eration, including one that would and Benchmark, a venture-capi- ing Benchmark. electrical equipment maker had a weak
have posed hurdles to Kalanick’s tal firm that was an early investor All of Uber’s shareholders will second-quarter profit and said the bank-
returning as chief executive, in Uber and holds a board seat. eventually have one vote per ruptcy of Westinghouse is still hurting its
were dropped from the proposal. Benchmark helped force out Ka- share, regardless of the class of energy business.
Still, the board approved lanick as chief executive in June. company stock that they own. Exelon Corp., down 30 cents to $37.84.
enough changes for Uber to move Since then, Benchmark and KATIE BENNER Utility companies continued to trade lower
forward on an investment from Kalanick have warred over how and MIKE ISAAC on Tuesday. (AP)


Front Burner
Unlocking the Secrets of Bread

American Prosciutto
Increasingly, American pro-
ducers are selling prosciutto.
Niman Ranch is the latest. The
hams are cured in the traditional
fashion — rubbed only with sea
salt and lard — and hung to air-
dry in stages for at least a year
by a processor in Rhode Island.
The fragrant, deep rose result,
sold as whole hams with and
without bone, or sliced in three-
ounce consumer packages, is
good prosciutto’s typical shad-
ow of sweetness. The label says BELLEVUE, Wash. — Sourdough chapter begins), breaking
“uncured” because, according to Two years ago in Paris, from the frequently for meticulous,
Agriculture Department rules, Nathan Myhrvold wan- “Modernist textbook-style tangents on
products made without sodium dered the Louvre on a flour and fermentation. Its
nitrite or sodium nitrate must be mission, camera in hand, Bread” authors, recipes require a commit-
labeled that way: Niman Ranch documenting every image Francisco ment to close reading, but
Prosciutto, $7.99 for three ounces, of bread that he could find. Migoya, left, each has useful variations
$199.95 for boneless ham, $250 for “Sadly, art historians and Nathan for both professional and
bone-in ham, don’t catalog paintings Myhrvold. home kitchens. Above all,
by whether or not there’s the book is a call for cooks
Flavors of Summer bread in them,” he said. So Myhrvold, the former to rethink one of the world’s oldest foods — to un-
As the local tomato season chief technology officer of Microsoft and a founder derstand how bread is made, using more than their
instinct and intuition, so they can push the craft for-
of the investment firm Intellectual Ventures, built
winds down, those among us who his own catalog. That day, he shot about 100 buns ward. “You do things one way, until you learn there’s
did not diligently can batches and rolls that peeped from underneath oil-rendered a completely different way that’s even better,” Mi-
of them for winter dinners have French linens and gleamed in dark Dutch still-lifes. goya said. “And there’s always a better way.”
a new resource. Bright jars of Each one became a data point in his obsessive The Cooking Lab’s kitchen has become a base
preserved, organic tomatoes sold study of bread and how it’s changed through the for low-tech investigations, like the authors’ re-en-
by Jorge Moret, a partner in City ages: “Modernist Bread,” a five-part cookbook to actment of a first-century fresco that shows a man
Saucery. The jarred tomatoes be released on Nov. 7 by the Cooking Lab, Myhr- handing out bread in Pompeii. To reproduce the squat
include yellow ones and a sauce vold’s own publishing house. Written with the chef loaves, they procured a bronze Roman bread stamp
made from bruised “ugly” to- Francisco Migoya, the book is a single-subject fol- from an antiquities dealer. The wedge loaves of Pom-
matoes. The company also sells low-up to “Modernist Cuisine,” the encyclopedic 2011 peii, according to Migoya and Myhrvold, weren’t ex-
Calabrian-style sauces and con- boxed-set cookbook that used hard science to demy- actly delicious.
diments online and in stores: City stify culinary techniques, and dazzled cooks with its But one mystery eluded Migoya as he worked on
Saucery summer tomatoes, Union cross-sectional photographs. the book: understanding the specific, glorious smell
Square, Fort Greene and McCar- The new book — stretching over 2,000 pages, with of just-baked bread. “Sure, there are a lot of com-
ren Park Greenmarkets; sauces step-by-step images and a hefty list price of $625 pounds transforming during the baking process,”
and condiments, $14.98 and up, — chronicles the history and science of bread-mak- he said, “but there isn’t a complete answer as to why ing in depth (“Baking is applied microbiology,” one bread smells so darn good.” TEJAL RAO

Internet-Famous Cookie Worthy of Baking in Real Life

Last fall, an aberrant chocolate er/photographers like Ruth Tam of the stove, or on the oven rack.
chip cookie turned up in my Insta- kept posting it, crowing about the Just as a half-done cake falls in the
gram feed. As wide as a salad plate crispiness of the ridges and the center when bumped, the middle
and flat as a flounder, it appeared softness of the centers. of the cookie collapses, pushing
thin, but it was somehow layered I grew curious. It seems impos- barely-baked dough out to the
with slabs of chocolate. Oddest of sible that there’s anything new edges. She returns the pan to the
all, it was ringed, like a tree trunk to say about basic chocolate chip oven and, at intervals, repeats the PETER DASILVA FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
— as if a chunk of chocolate had cookies. But a recipe that spreads process, building up the crinkled Cookies with a rippled effect.
been dropped in the center and across Instagram (and isn’t uni- rim that makes it possible to have
somehow made waves out to the corn- or ombré-decorated) can- both soft and crunchy textures in
edges. I assumed it was a mutant, not be lightly dismissed. I tracked a single cookie. It is, I can attest, a using chopped chocolate instead
posted by a troubled baker as a down the recipe, and then its au- leap forward in cookie technology. of chips.
cry for help, and I kept scrolling. thor, Sarah Kieffer, who described It’s not clear even to Kieffer how “I can’t imagine a better choco-
But soon, the rippled cookie ap- the sacred rite of the ripples. “It’s the pan-bang came to her. But as late chip cookie,” said Kieffer, who
peared again: as a one-off from all in the pan-bang,” she said. a trained baker, she had the skills makes and posts the cookies of-
a bread blog, then in 42burners, Here’s how it works: After the to develop a recipe around it that ten, usually generating over 2,000
the Instagram account of Mar- cookies have risen a bit in the maximizes the ripple effect: mak- “likes” for each image. “But you
tha Stewart’s vast test kitchen. hot oven, she pulls out the cook- ing the cookies very large, chilling never know what someone else
It showed up, insistently, as bak- ie sheet and bangs it hard on top the dough balls before baking and will think of.” JULIA MOSKIN


Tom Petty, Rocker Who Wrote Defiant Hits, Dies at 66

Tom Petty, a songwriter who melded Cal- Fallin’” and “Into the Great Wide Open,” Petty
ifornia rock with a deep, stubborn Southern sold millions of albums and headlined arenas
heritage, died on Monday after suffering and festivals well into 2017. He played the Su-
cardiac arrest. He was 66 and had lived in Los per Bowl halftime show in 2008 and entered
Angeles. the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 2002. But his
Tony Dimitriades, Petty’s longtime manag- songs stayed down-to-earth, with sturdy gui-
er, confirmed the death. tar riffs carrying lyrics that spoke for under-
Recording with the Heartbreakers, the dogs and ornery outcasts.
band he formed in the mid-1970s, and on his In his 1989 hit, “I Won’t Back Down,” he
own, Petty wrote pithy, hardheaded songs sang, “You can stand me up at the gates of
that gave a contemporary clarity to 1960s hell/But I won’t back down.”
roots. His voice was grainy and unpretty, with Petty’s songwriting was shaped by the mu- MATT ARCHER/GETTY IMAGES
a Florida drawl that he proudly displayed. sic he heard growing up: the ringing folk-rock Tom Petty in Austin, Tex., in 2006.
Petty’s songs were staples of FM rock radio guitars of the Byrds, the crunch of the Rolling
through decades, and with hits like “Refugee,” Stones, the caustic insights of Bob Dylan, the
“Don’t Come Around Here No More,” “Free melodic turns of the Beatles, the steadfast backbeat of Southern soul and the twang of
country-rock. Onstage, the Heartbreakers
CROSSWORD Edited by Will Shortz sometimes expanded songs toward psyche-
delia-tinged jams.
PUZZLE BY EVAN MAHNKEN But across styles, Petty kept his songwrit-
ACROSS 39 Edward ___, 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
1 “Exodus” hero longtime ing tight-lipped, succinct and evocative: “She
4 John Glenn archbishop of 14 15 16 was an American girl, raised on promises,”
famously had New York he sang on Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers’
three of them 40 Sit 17 18 19 1976 debut album. “She couldn’t help thinkin’/
10 It’s found by the 43 Water-repellent That there was a little more to life somewhere
radius material 20 21 22
14 Bathroom sign 45 Help for an actor else.”
15 Brought home 46 Moo goo ___ pan 23 24 25 26 27 There was scrappy defiance in both his
16 Poverty 49 Like a good 28 29 30 lyrics and his career choices. “I turned anger
17 Where “house surgeon’s hands into ambition,” he told one interviewer. “Any
party” is in the 50 Where “isolated” 31 32 33 sort of injustice would outrage me. I couldn’t
dictionary? is in the
19 Op-Ed writer dictionary? 34 35 36 37 38 contain myself.”
Maureen 52 Things In the late 1980s, Petty teamed up with
20 German faultfinders pick 39 40 41 42 some of his elders and influences to form the
industrial region 53 Arafat’s grp.
21 Bring home the 54 “Render ___ 43 44 45 46 47 48 Traveling Wilburys, writing and recording
gold Caesar …” with Dylan, George Harrison, Jeff Lynne and
22 Itches 55 Chicken wire, 49 50 51 Roy Orbison.
23 Where “new” is in e.g. With his death, only Dylan and Lynne sur-
the dictionary? 56 Where “midday” 52 53 54 vive from that group. Orbison died in 1988 and
26 Actor Depardieu and “one” are in 55 56 57 58
28 ___-rock the dictionary? Harrison in 2001.
29 Dwarf brother in 59 Procedure at a 59 60 61 Dylan responded immediately to reports of
“The Hobbit” doctor’s office Petty’s death with a statement: “It’s shocking,
30 Manumit 60 Malcolm X facial 62 63 64 crushing news. I thought the world of Tom.
31 Along with pain, feature He was a great performer, full of the light, a
one of “the 61 A small amount 10/4/17
two enemies in science or a friend, and I’ll never forget him.”
of human large amount in 2 Put more gas in 13 Recipe 40 Science writer JON PARELES
happiness,” per business the tank instruction Willy
Schopenhauer 3 Because 18 Blunder 41 You could get
33 What a cartoon 62 Eye sore 4 Anthem 22 Nevertheless one if you’re over
light bulb 63 Book before Job contraction 24 Herd noise .08%
represents 64 Big name in ice 5 When doubled, 25 Like some sale 42 Rent out
34 Something to do cream enthusiastic items: Abbr. 44 Scores for
with one’s time 26 Glam rock? Seahawks and 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, NY 10018
37 The day of DOWN 6 Betty Crocker 27 One may be Eagles, for short •
M.L.K. Day: Abbr. 1 Cuneiform made with a 46 It wasn’t mapped Tom Brady, Editor
38 Bundle of coins discovery site 7 Certain Alaskan handshake until 2003 email: [email protected]
8 Bird found on 30 Band featured in 47 Alternative to a
all continents, the documentary •
ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE including “1991: The Year Tic Tac TimesDigest Sales Office
Antarctica Punk Broke” 48 “I wish!” phone: (212) 556-1200
VO LG A S WI FT TO E 9 Activist campus 31 Where “menial” is 50 Swell fax: (646) 461-2364
IVI ED LA DL E H UT org. in the dictionary? 51 What Helios email: [email protected]
BA LT IM OR EA N I TE 10 Where “flanked” 32 John or Jane, at personified •
EL YS EE HA M U NI X is in the court 53 Arguments for For advertising information
BU SH EL BA SK ET dictionary? 34 Pleads 55 Parisian
DA LY MI R E MU S 11 One of the 35 “After this, it’s my possessive and to request a media kit
UN I P ES O I AM SO Teenage Mutant turn” 56 Word after contact InMotion Media:
CE NT ER IS LA ND Ninja Turtles 36 Lead-in to a golden or old phone: (212) 213-5856
TW EE T M TN S L EE 12 Old-time controversial 57 Once called email: [email protected]
BE RG YA H S LE D premovie fare comment 58 German article •
S TAT IO NA GE NT Home delivery subscribers who have
AR CH HO N L AR OS A Online subscriptions: Today’s puzzle and more than 9,000 past puzzles, not received TimesDigest should call
YU K F OR MA LT AL KS ($39.95 a year). (800) 698-4637 or email
AC E A MM AN AT EI T Read about and comment on each puzzle: [email protected]
HE R T EA RY LA SS O Crosswords for young solvers:



Nevada Thwarts Voters on Gun Safety Disavowing the N.R.A.

I have been a gun-control activist for 20
Residents of Nevada voted in November to censed gun dealers to screen potential buyers years. Every time I speak out on the need for
require background checks for most private through the F.B.I.’s National Instant Criminal stricter gun laws, I get new threats.
gun sales, closing a loophole in federal law. But Background Check System. The state’s attor- Last year, I performed at the Concert Across
nearly a year after the ballot measure passed, ney general, Adam Paul Laxalt, issued an opin- America to End Gun Violence with Jack-
these checks aren’t being made because state ion in December declaring the requirement son Browne, Eddie Vedder, Marc Cohn and
officials have claimed, with little evidence, that was unenforceable. He based his decision on the Harlem Gospel Choir, and we got death
there’s no way to carry out the policy. a letter sent by the F.B.I. saying that it would threats. People wanted to kill us because we
Such background checks might not have not process the background checks for private wanted to end gun violence.
prevented the massacre in Las Vegas on Sun- gun sales in Nevada because the state has an That’s where we are: America, 2017.
day night; the gunman, Stephen Paddock, is agreement with the federal government to do For the past few decades, the National Ri-
not known to have a significant criminal record its own checks through its Department of Pub- fle Association has increasingly nurtured an
and appears to have bought at least some of his lic Safety. (Nevada is one of 12 states with such alliance with country music artists and their
guns from dealers required to vet buyers. an arrangement with the F.B.I.) fans. You can see it in the “N.R.A. Country”
But it has been shown that requiring checks This rationale for thwarting the will of Neva- campaign. The website features a pernicious
on private sales of guns, makes it harder for da voters comes from a man who not only cam- tag line: “Celebrate the Lifestyle.”
felons and other prohibited people to buy fire- paigned against the proposal but later praised That public relations veneer masks some-
arms. It is a common-sense gun-safety policy the N.R.A. at the organization’s annual con- thing deeply sinister and profoundly destruc-
that most Americans and most gun owners vention in April for fighting sensible gun-safe- tive. The N.R.A. funds domestic terrorism.
have long supported. Even as Congress, cowed ty laws. The rationale is also specious. There A shadow government exists in the world of
by the National Rifle Association’s opposition, are nine other states, whose example Nevada gun sales, and the people who write gun regu-
has refused to act to limit the danger of un- could follow, in which background checks are lations are the very people who profit from gun
examined sales, 19 states, including Nevada, divided between a state agency and the F.B.I. sales. The N.R.A. would like to keep it that way.
have tightened background checks on hand- Sandoval should direct state officials to ne- The laws we have in place to prevent the pro-
gun sales and 13 states, including Nevada, gotiate a new agreement with the F.B.I. that curement of military-style weapons by mental-
have tightened them for handgun and long allows private gun sales to be vetted through ly ill citizens are laughable by the standards of
gun sales. the federal agency while continuing to use the any civilized society.
After Gov. Brian Sandoval vetoed legisla- state system for sales by licensed dealers. Just this week, the House of Representatives
tion to tighten background checks in Nevada It has become a maddening ritual to watch was scheduled to vote on a measure that would
in 2013, public interest groups like Everytown members of Congress offer thoughts and loosen restrictions on gun silencers and ar-
for Gun Safety took the matter directly to the prayers after mass shootings without doing mor-piercing bullets (the vote was indefinite-
state’s voters in November through a ballot ini- anything to prevent gun violence. When voters ly postponed after the Las Vegas massacre on
tiative known as Question 1. The N.R.A. spent become so frustrated by federal and state law- Sunday). It’s not hard to learn about how mil-
millions of dollars to defeat the proposal. Yet, a makers’ inaction that they take matters into lions of N.R.A. dollars have spread throughout
narrow majority of people voted for Question 1. their own hands, officials beholden to the gun Congress to influence that vote.
Under the plan, private sellers must use li- lobby cannot be allowed to block them. If the proposed law had passed before the
mass shooting in Las Vegas and the rifles in
Chaos in Catalonia the assailant’s hotel room had been fitted with
silencers, one could safely assume that the
death toll would be much, much higher. Those
The brutality of the Spanish police on Sun- and when the Catalan regional government re- who ran from the concert and survived did so
day in their mission to shut down the Catalan fused to cancel it, Rajoy’s conservative govern- because they heard the gunfire.
secession referendum succeeded mostly in ment ordered extraordinary measures to pre- I encourage more artists in country and
deepening a political crisis. Prime Minister vent it. The Catalan independence movement American roots music to end your silence. It is
Mariano Rajoy had the law largely on his side. found little support from the European Union. no longer enough to separate yourself quietly.
But, even with King Felipe VI saying on Tues- The fact, however, is that a chaotic round The stakes are too high to not disavow collu-
day that Catalan leaders had showed “an un- of voting and police clashes did take place on sion with the N.R.A. Pull apart the threads of
acceptable disloyalty toward the powers of the Sunday in Barcelona and across Catalonia. patriotism and lax gun laws that it has so ma-
state,” Barcelona has the television images and And even though the tallies cannot be inde- liciously intertwined. They are not the same.
the solidarity and sympathy they generate. pendently verified, the Catalan leader, Carles This is a moment in American history that
The problem was complicated enough Puigdemont, says regional officials could de- can’t be met with silence. According to Politi-
before Sunday’s violence and by a regional clare independence in a matter of days. Madrid Fact, from 2005 to 2015, some 300,000 people
strike on Tuesday. The Catalan regional gov- has threatened to use emergency powers to were killed by gun violence. That’s roughly
ernment’s unilateral call for a secession refer- prevent that. the population of Pittsburgh. The grief that ex-
endum highlighted a knotty contradiction in All this amounts to a crisis that could get far tends through the affected families is endless.
global governance, that between the principle worse if the contending leaders do not back Those of us who make our living in “the tow-
of self-determination and political unity. down. Strong-arm tactics by the Spanish gov- er of song,” as Leonard Cohen so eloquently
No rules govern the exact balance between ernment will only draw more support for the put it, must let our voices ring out. The N.R.A.
people’s right to determine their political fu- Catalan secessionists, while barreling ahead will stick to its post-shooting playbook. It will
ture and the maintenance of existing states with an ill-considered declaration of indepen- say that we shouldn’t “politicize” the Las Vegas
and borders, but something of a consensus has dence whose true support was not possible to carnage by talking about gun control at this
developed against breaking up a state that is gauge from the chaotic voting will only plunge time, and that this isn’t about guns, it’s about
law abiding and respectful of human rights. Catalonia further into chaos and conflict. people, and that even more of us should be
However, the 1978 Spanish Constitution en- There are potential solutions, probably involv- armed to protect ourselves. Enough.
shrined “the indissoluble unity of the Spanish ing greater autonomy for Catalonia, but so long ROSANNE CASH is a singer and songwriter
nations.” According to the courts, that made an as Rajoy and Puigdemont remain intransigent, whose most recent album is “The River and the
independence referendum unconstitutional, these will remain out of reach. Thread.”


Premier League Weighs End to Revenue Parity In Brief

LONDON — The Premier Chelsea, have long pursued bet- contract with Sky and BT. That N.B.A. Changes Format
League’s 20 teams will meet ter terms for themselves, arguing figure was a staggering 70 per-
Wednesday in London to discuss that fans in far-flung markets are cent increase over the previous For the All-Star Game
ending a 25-year-old consensus tuning in to watch them and not arrangement, and league insiders The N.B.A. is scrapping the
on revenue sharing that has made the league’s lesser lights. Under expect any growth to be far more Eastern Conference vs. Western
the soccer league not only the the new formula, 35 percent of the modest in the next rights round. Conference format for its All-Star
world’s richest but also one of the foreign-sourced television income Instead, it is in the overseas Game and will have captains pick
sport’s most equitable. would be based on where a team market where growth is expect- teams this season. The league said
At the heart of the debate is in- finishes in the league table. ed. Last year, the league agreed Tuesday that the leading vote-get-
come from overseas television The proposal to be voted on a three-year contract in China ter from each conference would
rights sales. That segment of the Wednesday would allow 13 teams for about $700 million, more than choose teams from the pool of
Premier League’s revenue has get a larger payout than under the 10 times its previous agreement players who were voted as start-
boomed in recent years, to about current setup; 14 votes are need- there. ers and reserves. The change will
$1.3 billion. Each team gets an ed for approval. Team shares of domestic televi- begin with this season’s game in
equal share, but pressure from a Executive chairman Richard sion rights are already based on Los Angeles on Feb. 18. As before,
group of the country’s biggest and Scudamore’s formula might be merit, though the overall income the 10 starters will be chosen by
richest clubs — a group known rejected if several teams are un- split in England’s top division is a combination of fan, player and
collectively as the Big Six — has willing to risk a lower payout than far more equitable than in any of news media balloting, with the
compelled to the league to pro- they currently receive. Europe’s other big soccer leagues. coaches from each conference
pose a new formula in which the The vote comes at a critical time Chelsea, last season’s champion, selecting the 14 reserves. Then,
top performing teams get a bigger for the Premier League, which is got $199.7, 1.6 times more than the captains will draft their teams,
slice of the foreign millions. preparing to issue the latest ten- Sunderland, which finished last. making certain that those chosen
The Big Six, which includes der for its domestic broadcast That ratio compares to 3.2 to 1 in starters are split up so they re-
powerhouses like Manchester rights, which are currently valued Germany, 3.7 to 1 in Spain and 4.7 main starters. (AP)
United, Manchester City and at $6.75 billion under a three-year to 1 in Italy. TARIQ PANJA

Injuries Lead Mets to ‘Reorganize and Restructure’ An $80 Million Deal
The Buffalo Sabres have
reached an agreement to sign
The Mets’ reckoning with their front office and the baseball staff the Mets. They finished with a 5.01 their franchise player, Jack
disappointing season continued have current and meaningful in- earned run average. Eichel, to an eight-year, $80 mil-
Tuesday, when they announced formation, and players are getting Warthen was a mainstay of lion contract. Eichel, 20, is enter-
the dismissal of their pitching the best possible care.” the organization, having served ing the final year of his three-year
coach and their head athletic What was supposed to be a as the pitching coach since mid- entry level contract. The new
trainer. promising 2017 season devolved way through 2008. After a rough contract will begin next season.
The pitching coach, Dan Warth- into a nightmare of struggles and season, the Mets opted for a new Eichel was the second player se-
en, and the head trainer, Ray infirmities, and the Mets instead voice in the position. lected in the 2015 draft, one spot
Ramirez, were both longtime finished fourth in the National Former manager Terry Collins behind Edmonton’s Connor Mc-
employees. Sandy Alderson, the League East with a 70-92 record. will remain with the Mets as a David, who signed an eight-year,
team’s general manager, said the Pitching was the backbone of special assistant to Alderson with $100 million contract extension
Mets would “reorganize and re- the team during its run to the 2015 a focus on young players. in July. Eichel had a team-leading
structure” the medical and train- World Series and to a 2016 wild- “I was disappointed with the 57 points despite missing the first
ing staffs for next season. card playoff appearance. But inju- performance of some of those two months of the season with a
In addition to finding a replace- ries to pitchers like Noah Synder- players and their preparations for sprained left ankle. (AP)
ment for Ramirez, Alderson said, gaard, Matt Harvey and Jeurys playing at the major league lev-
the Mets would bolster the depart- Familia, and the regression of el,” Alderson said. “I think this is A.L. SCORE
ment and alter the responsibilities pitchers such as Robert Gsellman an area where Terry can be very TUESDAY
and reporting structure so “the and Harvey, deeply undermined helpful.” JAMES WAGNER Yankees 8, Minnesota 4

WEATHER Houston 82/ 77 2.10 89/ 69 PC 87/ 67 S Cape Town 66/ 55 0 61/ 44 PC 64/ 49 PC
Kansas City 83/ 69 0.01 69/ 62 T 74/ 65 R Dublin 55/ 45 0.01 57/ 45 R 58/ 41 PC
High/low temperatures for the 21 hours ended at 4 p.m. Los Angeles 75/ 64 0 80/ 61 PC 84/ 61 S Geneva 66/ 59 0.15 68/ 46 PC 71/ 48 PC
yesterday, Eastern time, and precipitation (in inches) for Miami 89/ 80 0.28 84/ 77 T 84/ 79 T Hong Kong 94/ 82 0.04 91/ 80 T 90/ 81 Sh
the 18 hours ended at 1 p.m. yesterday. Expected condi- Mpls.-St. Paul 70/ 63 0.02 62/ 48 S 60/ 50 C Kingston 88/ 79 0.02 88/ 80 T 87/ 80 T
tions for today and tomorrow. New York City 71/ 57 0 77/ 62 S 80/ 64 PC Lima 66/ 60 0 71/ 62 S 70/ 61 S
Weather conditions: C-clouds, F-fog, H-haze, I-ice, Orlando 82/ 74 0.03 84/ 72 PC 82/ 73 T London 60/ 48 0 60/ 51 PC 61/ 47 PC
PC-partly cloudy, R-rain, S-sun, Sh-showers, Sn-snow, SS- Philadelphia 74/ 53 0 77/ 62 S 84/ 65 PC Madrid 87/ 57 0 87/ 58 S 87/ 58 S
snow showers, T-thunderstorms, Tr-trace, W-windy. Phoenix 96/ 70 0 98/ 72 S 99/ 70 S Mexico City 71/ 55 0.11 71/ 55 T 71/ 54 T
Salt Lake City 63/ 36 0 67/ 43 PC 63/ 42 S Montreal 72/ 43 0 75/ 52 T 67/ 50 C
San Francisco 70/ 53 0 73/ 54 S 75/ 55 S Moscow 41/ 38 0 47/ 44 R 49/ 44 R
Yesterday Today Tomorrow Seattle 70/ 47 0 68/ 48 S 69/ 48 S Nassau 84/ 79 0.16 86/ 76 T 89/ 79 T
Albuquerque 80/ 52 0 77/ 60 T 78/ 60 T St. Louis 80/ 71 0.10 77/ 65 C 82/ 65 C Paris 64/ 50 0 63/ 47 PC 64/ 46 R
Atlanta 79/ 61 0 80/ 60 S 83/ 62 S Washington 75/ 56 0 79/ 61 S 85/ 64 S Prague 55/ 54 0.36 56/ 47 C 58/ 44 R
Boise 62/ 37 0 60/ 41 PC 65/ 41 PC FOREIGN CITIES Rio de Janeiro 77/ 72 0.26 77/ 66 C 83/ 70 S
Boston 64/ 53 0 76/ 62 PC 77/ 58 PC Rome 76/ 55 0 76/ 56 PC 75/ 61 PC
Buffalo 76/ 51 0 74/ 54 T 70/ 54 PC Yesterday Today Tomorrow Santiago 79/ 45 0 65/ 43 C 63/ 41 PC
Charlotte 78/ 57 0 80/ 52 S 84/ 56 S Acapulco 91/ 75 0.20 85/ 79 T 87/ 78 T Stockholm 56/ 52 0.22 55/ 41 PC 53/ 43 Sh
Chicago 78/ 67 Tr 74/ 54 R 69/ 59 R Athens 73/ 57 0 77/ 61 S 78/ 63 S Sydney 76/ 61 0 73/ 62 PC 79/ 63 PC
Cleveland 85/ 52 0 81/ 59 T 78/ 60 C Beijing 71/ 45 0 72/ 45 PC 70/ 51 S Tokyo 79/ 70 0.01 67/ 58 PC 67/ 60 PC
Dallas-Ft. Worth 87/ 75 0.03 87/ 69 PC 88/ 69 PC Berlin 61/ 54 0.05 56/ 48 C 54/ 45 R Toronto 75/ 48 0 75/ 51 T 71/ 53 PC
Denver 60/ 34 0 68/ 48 PC 68/ 47 C Buenos Aires 68/ 54 0 79/ 63 PC 73/ 48 PC Vancouver 64/ 43 0 63/ 43 S 63/ 43 S
Detroit 84/ 54 0 76/ 52 T 75/ 57 PC Cairo 86/ 73 0 87/ 69 S 86/ 68 S Warsaw 54/ 50 0.30 58/ 47 C 53/ 46 R


Welcome to the Postseason, for Now In Brief

There is nothing quite like an The Giants
elimination game. That is part of swarming Jeter Mum on Plans
what makes the N.C.A.A. basket- Madison Derek Jeter declined to discuss
ball tournament and the N.F.L. his plans for the Miami Marlins,
playoffs so gripping. Bumgarner and whether they include Gi-
after he shut out
The Yankees played
On host to the Minnesota the Pittsburgh ancarlo Stanton and Don Mat-
BaseBall Twins in the Bronx Pirates in a tingly. Jeter and the new princi-
pal owner, Bruce Sherman, held
Tyler on Tuesday, with the 2014 wild-card a 30-minute news conference to
Kepner Colorado Rockies set game. They discuss their investment group’s
to visit the Arizona Di- went on to $1.2 billion purchase of the Mar-
amondbacks on Wednesday. One lins. Jeter shed no light on an
advances, the other expires. win the World anticipated roster shake-up fol-
“I think what it does, for one Series. lowing the team’s eighth consec-
night, is just add a clinching-type DON WRIGHT/ASSOCIATED PRESS utive losing season. On Monday,
game — a Game 5 or a Game 7 the wild-card spot and resting Chicago Cubs’ Jake Arrieta. The Jeter and Sherman closed on the
right away,” said Sonny Gray, the up for a first-round series they Pirates had gone 98-64 in 2015, purchase of the team from Jef-
Yankees’ right-hander. would win. Major League Base- matching their record from 1979, frey Loria. Jeter said he had not
In 2012, baseball engineered ball took notice and took action. the last time they won the World met with any players and would
this kind of instant drama for its Win the division, and you’ll Series. Yet one opposing pitcher not address the future of Stan-
postseason, creating a winner- have a playoff series. Wild-card ruined everything. ton, the major league home run
take-all matchup between the teams should simply be happy Before he knew his team’s fate, and R.B.I. champion. Stanton’s
two non-division winners with with the invitation. Yankees Manager Joe Girardi salary will nearly double next
the best records. It was one of the Even with extra playoff spot, said he believed the wild-card year to $25 million, which could
league’s most inspired decisions. baseball admits only 33 percent teams should play a best-of-three make him unaffordable for the
Before the wild-card game, of its teams to the postseason, a series, rather than a one-game franchise. “I don’t like the word
baseball had staged 17 consecu- lower percentage than the N.F.L. playoff. Girardi reiterated the teardown,” Jeter said. “Moving
tive postseasons that began with (37.5 percent), the N.H.L. (50) or point when asked about it before forward, there are going to at
four best-of-five division series. the N.B.A. (53.3). And two teams batting practice on Tuesday. times be unpopular decisions we
Yet those series reached a Game exit the stage almost as soon as “I’m not crazy about it,” he said make.” (AP)
5 just 25 percent of the time. they arrive. about the current system, and INDIANS’ STARTER SURPRISE The
Even worse, the wild-card The Pirates could make the then explained how he would Indians will not open the playoffs
winner advanced to the division best case for the unfairness of schedule the series he envi- with their ace. Instead of starting
series with no penalty other than the playoff system. They lost the sioned. “The penalty for being Corey Kluber in Game 1 of the
getting to host just two of the National League wild-card game the wild card is there is no day American League division series,
five potential games. In 2010, the at home in 2014 and 2015, the first off, so you play Monday, Tuesday, the defending league champions
Yankees essentially conceded the on a shutout by the San Francisco Wednesday, and then you play will pitch Trevor Bauer in the
American League East crown to Giants’ Madison Bumgarner, Thursday and Friday” to start a opener Thursday. Kluber will
the Tampa Bay Rays, grabbing the second on a shutout by the division series. start Game 2. Manager Terry
Francona said one reason to go
For Skater in a Hijab, Last on the Ice Is Progress with Bauer was so that he could
use Kluber on normal rest in a
possible Game 5. (AP)
OBERSTDORF, Germany — her score because some judges Turkey became the first Muslim
Zahra Lari of the United Arab considered her head covering a woman to compete in figure skat- Titans Add Weeden
Emirates did not qualify for the costume prop. ing at the Games.
2018 Winter Olympics in figure She later met with officials of At the 2004 Summer Olympics The Tennessee Titans are
skating in her final opportunity the International Skating Union. in Athens, the sprinter Ruqaya al adding Brandon Weeden to the
on Saturday. Such deductions are no longer be- Ghasara of Bahrain was said to roster as a third quarterback with
She finished ing made, she said. have become the first woman to Marcus Mariota recovering from
last among 33 While there is no explicit prohi- wear a hijab in the Games. a strained hamstring. Coach Mike
skaters at the bition against hijabs, Lari would At the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Mularkey said Mariota was day-
N ebel horn like the skating union’s rule book Janeiro, the fencer Ibtihaj Mu- to-day after hurting his hamstring
Trophy com- to clarify that they are allowed. hammad of New York became the in a 57-14 loss to the Texans. Matt
petition here. Perhaps the skating federation first Olympian from the United Cassel is Mariota’s backup, and
But, for Muslim has learned a lesson from FIFA, States to compete while wearing now the Titans (2-2) have some-
women, Lari which had banned head coverings a hijab. She won a bronze medal in one in Weeden who has started
Zahra Lari considered this until 2014 because they suppos- the team saber competition. 25 N.F.L. games. The Titans visit
a step forward. edly made players susceptible to Roquiya Cochran, Lari’s moth- Miami (1-2) on Sunday. (AP)
She is a woman from a nation in injury. FIFA began to reconsider er and manager and a native of JETS WAIVE EX-GIANT TYE The
the Middle East helping to break when Iran’s women’s team with- North Carolina, said, “Everyone Jets have waived tight end Will
ground and cultural barriers in a drew from a match during the has a place in the world, and they Tye and released running back
winter sport. And she was judged 2012 Olympic qualifying tourna- should have the ability and right Marcus Murphy from the prac-
by the way she skated. ment, protesting the restriction. to find their place.” tice squad. Tye was claimed off
Lari, 22, is the only athlete who Basketball’s international “I feel proud,” Lari said, but waivers last month from the
wears a hijab on the internation- federation lifted its ban on head when she is on the ice, “it doesn’t Giants, where he played the last
al skating circuit. Five years ago, scarves in May. cross my mind what a big thing two seasons. He had four catch-
at her first major competition in At the 2006 Winter Olympics in I’m doing. I’m just doing some- es for 38 yards in three games for
Italy, points were deducted from Turin, Italy, Tugba Karademir of thing I love.” JERÉ LONGMAN the Jets. (AP)

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