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The Post Amerikan was an underground, alternative newspaper published in Bloomington-Normal, Illinois from 1972 to 2004.

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Published by thekeep, 2019-12-11 11:02:20

Volume 1, Number 11 (November 1972)

The Post Amerikan was an underground, alternative newspaper published in Bloomington-Normal, Illinois from 1972 to 2004.

Keywords: Post Amerikan

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The Post-Amerikan comes out every Normal
third Friday, and is put together at 114t
North St, in Normal Apple Tree, 117 E. Beaufort
Fritz Pretzels, 115 North St.
Policy of sorts1 All material in Caboose Records, 101 North St.
this issue is the product of individuals Mr. Goodbar, lllt North St,
who argue and differ with each other, so Student Stores, 115 North St.
no one article should be construed as Minstrel Record Parlor, 311 S. Main
representing the paper's line (we don't
really have one,) This includes the re- Bloomington
gular columns, which aren't that regular
anymore, as several won't be found in Gibson's Barber Shop, 110 E. Front
this issue, Bottle Shop, 1201 E. Oakland

Send all news articles, book and re- Book Hive, 103 w. Front
cord reviews, how-to-do-it articles, in-
formation, commentary, cartoons--ANYTHING-- News Nook, 402t N, Main
to the office, If you think something
should be in the next paper, send it to Maple Grove Trading Co,, 31ot N. Main
us. This includes letters to the editor, Book Bazaar, 205 N. Main
which we welcome, even though we don't DA's Liquors, Oakland and Main
have an editor. Gaston's Barber Shop, 202t N, Center
McLean County Pant Co., 601 N, Main
Classified ads are free and should The Joint, 605~ N, Main
be sent to the office, Regular advertis- Al's Book World, 111 W. Front
ing costs 30 bucks a page, 15 for a half,
etc, Call 828-7026,

You can make some bread hawking the
Post--up to 5¢ for each copy sold, Call
828-7026, 829-3701, or 828-7944, Call to-
day! Hawk this issue!

where have all the freaks gone? Food For All The People ...

Where have all the freaks gone? Surely they the "latest" hashpipes and bongs. What was for- Together
have been lert behind in our memories from the mally an outburst of the freaks past, has now
late 60 1s. But the word "freak" seems to have become big-business, stopped no\i only by trivial, Food at prices everyone can afford is a basic
lost its synonomous meaning with "hippie" and at best, laws. (It's a bust) human right, but the only way people have ever
"counter-culture" and become an everyday word been able to secure their rights is by joining
of the 70 1s. The word "dope and freak" have This all goes back to the fact that any "Joe together--by organizing,
come to mean the same as the words "jock and citizen" can.put on a faded pair of jeans and
booze" formally meant-(or what• s cool socially). grow his hair long. So we are not different after Some people call them co-ops. Some call them
all or are we? buying clubs • What'ever the name, they are
Back when the "counter-culture" came to- people who organize themselves so they can eat
gether in the mid-sixties, freaks were something I always snicker to see some highschool foot- well, at minimum cost,
mystical, drug-oriented, and all-loving to human- ball star come back from college with all the
ity and nature. One person just beginning to trappings of a "far-out freak." People's Food buying cooperative does just
see the ambiguities remarked that the "be-ins" that. We've been dealing real fresh produce,
in San Francisco's Golden Gate Park must have So as time passes we grow mellow and into fruits, Gridley cheese, and lots of other good
been beautiful. -- However what about today? ourselves and can only be hassled from the inside. tasting items at prices people can afford to
While looking at the people next to us, we see pay, By doing all the work cooperatively, costs
The "counter-culture" has us under its thwnb. the vestiges of a group, a conformity, a lack of are cut to a minimum. And since we're a non-
Yes, business men in suits with Lincoln-Contin- individuality and a realization that "freak" is profit organization, people that eat our food
entals are getting richer off Zig-Zag papers and a dead word. are not getting ripped off.

PARANOIA FED Maybe if the citizen band operators Each week a current price sheet of available
get patriotic enough, they will patrol food items is printed up. You can pick one up
Local paranoia, already strong e- the town on a regular basis. at the People's Food office, 114 1/2 North St.
nough with all the narcs, pigs, and or at the two distribution points--Newman Center,
stool pigeons running around, was given And we citizens who engage regularly 501 S. Main, Normal and Western Ave. Community
an added boost over Halloween, in criminal activity (like pot-smoking) Center, 1300 W. Locust, Bloomington. Just phone
will have to get on our collective toes, your order in (452-9221 or 452-9111) on Tuesday
Public-spirited citizen band radio night between 5 and 8, Wednesday morning between
operators decided to help the pigs pa- So watch out for those funny an- 9 and 11 or drop the order form by the office
trol for Halloween vandalism, The citi- tennaes. before 11 a.m. Wednesday.
zen band cars radioed in anything look-
ing "suspicious," --John Q, Public and On Thursday night the buyers leave for Chicago
Thelma Citizenry to the produce Market and arrive back at the
Newman Center by 1:30 p.m. Friday, where the
food is distributed and bagged by 4 p,m. if
everything's gone smoothly.

People's Food can only go smoothly if every-
one takes it upon themselves to help out in any
way they can. There's plenty to do, from taking
orders on Tues. and Wed. and helping bag food
on Friday to just spreading the word to your
friends that you've found a far out way to buy
good food cheaply.




LE TU f!


(This letter was sent to the Post- At which point he launched into a cer." He prescribed the pills for six
Amerikan office in response to several lecture on the many awful side-effects of months, and told me I would have to re-
articles about Dr. Rudnicki. The au- the pills my hair might fall out, I may turn to him after three months for him
thor wishes to remain anonymous.) develop cancer, blood clots, brain tumors-- to examine my "ulcer."
all sorts of groovy things.
Although I do not hold the doctor I never did return to him. I hated
responsible for my own stupidity, I do Then he examined me. Let me explain the man. I had all these weird fears
want to share my opinion of him. that this was my very first pelvic exami- of dying from a cervical ulcer, but I
nation, and I felt very strange with my still did not return to him. After six
I first went to Dr. Rudnicki in the feet strapped down, my knees spread apart, months I stopped taking the pill, and
Spring of 1971, for the purpose of get- and a cynical, ill-humored man standing four months later I got pregnant.
ting birth control pills. When he asked between my legs forcing cold instruments
me (after a 2i-hour wait) who had re- inside my vagina. I was terrigied. He During the many pelvic exams pre-
ferred me to him, I told him that a ordered me to relax, and started shouting ceding and following my abortion, not
friend had gone to him when she was preg- at me. (A very strange method of encour- one of the many doctors mentioned a cer-
nant, and that she had later had an abor- aging relaxation.) His shouting caused me vical ulcer. Doctors at Planned Parent-
tion a~d went to him for her post-abor- to stiffen even more, which angered him hood in Bloomington, and at Dobbs Ferry
tion examination. further. Medical Pavilion in New York, were ex-
tremely gentle. They explained every-
"Well, I didn't give her an abortion." "Look," he said, "If you're old e- thing they were going to do before do-
"I realize that." nough to play adult games, then you're ing it. The doctor at Planned Parent-
"Are you pregnant too?" old enough to relax those muscles." hood taught me to relax my abdominal mus
"No, I came for the pill." cles by breathing through my mouth.
He began slapping the inside of my
thighs and shoving my knees apart. I still have not returned to Dr
Rudnicki, and I would not recommend him
During the course of the examination, to anyone. Doctors at Planned Parent-
the doctor told me I had a "cervical ul- hood examine more women, yet have more


Today, abortion is a widely dis- tor observes the passage of fetal and pla- "Talk to my lawyer... "
cussed issue and the general consensus cental tissue into the collection bottle
is that it isn't bad for the health. and feels a slight tugging when the uterus from Ann Arbor Swi:
Yet, when a woman makes the decision to is emptied. The actual suction only lasts
have an abortion rather than continue the for 20 to 40 seconds. He repeated the When an FBI agent knocks on you door to
pregnancy a lot of fears and anxieties a- vacuum curettage to make sure he got all ask a few "simple" questions, DON'T ANSWER.
bout the actual operation rise to the con- the placental tissue out. He then inser•
scious level of her mind. Old wives tales ted a-tampon, gave a few brief post-abor- THERE IS NO LAW REQUIRING A CITIZEN TO
and spine-chilling tales of the illegal tive restrictions, some literature on TALK TO AN FBI AGENT.
abortionist with the rusty coathanger••• birth control, and asked me if I wanted
some birth control pills, No FBI agent asks idle questions. A long
Planned Parenthood is a professional,
inexpensive place to have pregnancy tests Woozy answer, a short answer, a truthful answer or a
done. They will also help make transpor-
tation arrangements and an appointment at It is possible to get up immediately false answer--ANY answer at all--can supply
an appropriate clinic, At this point, I from the operation, but you may rest as
would like to make a personal endorsement long as you feel necessary, Some women your friendly agent with some kind of usefUl
of a clinic in New York City, if· that's feel a bit woozy when they first get up.
where you happen to be going. I rested for about 5 minutes, then felt information. ·
like getting up,
Manhatten.Women's Center But the FBI is tricky,
Nine Eighty~Five Fifth Avenue That was it--except for picking up
New York, N.Y. 10021 a prescription for darvons (pain pills) Maybe the agent will say: "We have some
(212) 288-1825 and pills that would make the uterus go information which tends to implicate you in a
back into its normal shape, I felt real- bombing (or other anti-government act). If
My personal experience took place ly elated afterwards--! was relieved to you could answer a few questions, I'm sure we
there. You can call direct to make an have everything taken care of. can straighten it out."
This particular doctor had quite a Suddenly, you blow your cool and you're
After the usual hassels of getting few post-abortive restrictions, but the
to a specific point in New York City, I number varies from doctor to doctor, only too glad to tell where you were seen
arrived at the swank Fifth Avenue address General consensus is, however, that one Thursday night and who you were with.
(see above,) I filled out the usual thing a woman must !lQ.1 do immediately
forms and release papers and paid my $150. after an abortion is to give herself a MAYBE that's all the FBI wanted to know--
A couple of minutes later I was ushered douche. That is because the cervix is
into a room in the back, where I disrobed still slightly dilated and a douche can where you were and if X was with you.
and put on a gown. I emptied my bladder force fluid into the uterine cavity. Ac-
and lay down on the table. The nurse was cording to the doctor's instructions, I Above all don't say anything. Or let
very helpful and reassuring at all times. didn't take a bath for a week (showers him in. When he flashes his badge, just say,
the doctor, a very cultured, friendly and sponge baths are O.K., though. It "That's nice. If you have any questions, I' 11
sort of guy, came in and chatted, explained is advised to refrain from sexual rela-
the procedure in full detail, and gave me tions until after your first regular listen to them in my lawyer's presence. So
an internal.examination to check the size period (about 4 weeks). It is difficult long."
of my uterus. (After 12 weeks of preg- to determine when you are fertile again
nancy, it is dangerous to use the vacuum so be ~ and use a contraceptive the
curettage method.) A local anaesthetic, first and all other times you ball after
painless, was injected into my vagina. your abortion.
A downer was also offered to me. The
doctor and nurse left for 10 minutes, dur- You will have a menstrual-like flow
ing which time the drugs took effect and and cramps that will last from one to
I began to feel rather secure and happy. two weeks. Fever and pain in the pelvic
area are symptoms of infection, Any com-
The doctor and nurse re-ent·ered and plication calls for a visit to a doctor
determined that I was ready to get on or hospital emergency clinic immediately.
with it. At all times they made sure A post-abortive check-up is advisable, to
that all my questions were answered. The make sure everything is back in its pro-
rest of the procedure went very quickly. per place.

The next step was the only painful However, side effects are not common
on~--the dilation of the cervix, The after this method of abortion. I realize
pain was so short in duration, however that my experience is only one in a mil-
just a fraction of a second, that it's' lion, but I hope that I may give·some o~
hardly ~orth mentioning, The cervix had ther woman a little comfort by writing
to be widened to allow insertion of the this article. One last bit of informa-
!acurette, a hollow tube, The vacurette tion--the important thing to do after
is connected bu transparant plastic tub- having an abortion is to get on some kind
ing to a collection bottle, of fairly infallible program of birth con-
trol so that you don't have to have a
The vacurette was inserted and the repeat performance of this tragi-comedy
doctor told me I would feel a weird sen- for a long, long time,
sation in my uterus, I did, indeed feel
a sort of tugging in my abdomen. The doc- --Florinda Wallflower



Some women have been questioning the safety ~'] TYPE5 OF I Nf=ECTlONS
and sterility of giving themselves pelvic exami-
nations, The speculums we use, at our weekly It is also relevant at this point to define .. ·.:.......; ·....
self-help clinics, are plastic. You cannot
boil them, They are disposable, but they can the various types of vaginitis, vaginal infec- .·......·~··/.;'
and are reused after washing them in soap and tion, and their signs. Vaginitis is an \
warm water, just as a woman is instructed to extremely common infection in women. Normally Bft~TE fl-\f\
wash off a suppository applicator and reuse it. there is a clear secretion from the cervical
Naturally after you use an applicator of this glands, This joins with discarded cells from TR.l 0 mo t-l f\5
sort, you are the only one on whom it is used. the walls of the vagina which forms a whitish
The same is true of a plastic speculum. It is discharge, This type of discharge is found in
for the individual's personal use only. As far varied degrees in all women and has no foul
as safety goes the woman using the speculum on odor or irritation, With an abnormal discharge
herself is going to be far more gentle in using there is: (1) itching (2) swelling (3) irri-
it because she know how it feels as she uses it tation (4) unpleasant odor (5) excessive to
and can manipulate it in a way that is most
comfortable for her, I have felt "uncomfortable" point of annoyance,
as a doctor .was twisting a speculum around in There are three main types of vaginal infec-
my vagina trying to get a better look at my cer-
vix: more than uncomfortable, tion: (1) Trichomonas Vaginalis--caused by a
parasite (2) Monilia Albicans--caused by yeast-
Another myth is that of diagnosing, What like fungus (3) Haemophilus Vaginalis--caused
,does one define as diagnosing? Isn't a person
diagnosing when they determine their child has by various bacteria,
a cold or ·chickenpox? A woman who examines her- For the most part all of them cause the
self regularly can detect changes in the color
of the cervix, amount color and odor of dis- symptoms mentioned abov~, however each has its
.charges, sore-looking spots, etc, Whether a own typical appearance: (1) Trichomonas--a
woman is diagnosing or not she will know exactly greenish-yellow, foamy discharge (2) Yeast--a
what that change is due to familiarity with her thick white, curdlike discharge that clings to
own cervix. She may notice signs that resemble the walls of the vagina and to the cervix, pro-
vaginitis, cervicitis, etc, Without a test even ducing an odor like yeast, fresh bread, or beer
a doctor cannot be sure what type of vaginal (3) Bacterial--usually a watery and pussy dis-
infection she has or even if that is all that
she has. For example, I went to two doctors, charge.
on separate occasions, to have my vaginal infec- A woman can have more than one type of infec-
tion taken care of, They told me it "looked"
like I had a yeast infection with maybe some tion at a time, You could even have, as was in
trichomonas, Neither one gave me a test, One my case, V,D, as well, There are any number of
gave me suppositories and the other a prescrip- ways a woman can get vaginitis. Even a virgin
tion for cream. My infection did not clear up, can have it, Some causes of vaginal irritation
A third doctor finally did give me a test and
found that what I had was not yeast or tricho- can be: (1) diabetes (2) birth control pills
monas, but a bacterial infection and gonorrhea! (3) antibiotics (4) nervousness (5) venereal
When a woman notices a change she knows when to
go to a doctor and demand a test so she can get disease
complete and proper medication.
A smear from the discharge can be looked at
I will be happy to answer any questions I under a microscope to determine exactly what .

can on self-help. kind of infection you have. Cures can be creams,
pills or suppositories taken vaginally, or pills
Sue Gage 438-3392 usually in combination with one or more of the

Anyone interested in attending a self-help
session should call 829-3576,

SELF-HELP CONFERENCE DEC. 9-10 If Interested Call Barb 452-4178

Poetry/anything is naught writ with a spur lllr. l\eJJp :S
in steed of pen but ought to be a call to wax
Romantic and ruin the upholstery. Woman dream ffiue ~i j 7a
antics only mold a candle symbol to freudian/
radicals/and other sophist heads. Too many too 20lf NORT~ STRctT
conscious books rot they know what I am having
neve~met me. Some of you too. Those sitting in fucross f om Normal Theatre)
the dark lapse of atr-..erotic wick flicker knead
some belief to their ends. Some horse dreams ·~ =FAJT!JELIVEf?Y:=
have held me too long sucked in the mare but
none of you were there and it wouldn't have been 7OP N EVENINGSA'v/£EK ~0=>1
the same if you were. Hope becomes inhuman like 4:JOpm to 1=00 am
succubus/incubus on its phantasm and so many
modes to wax Romantic aren't feasible any more. o 0 '152-5112

I would (if possible) like to refuse to be -'-152--19-9-5 - - ---
the person you make.
""liq ~ COUPON,.._. :~x
-- Bill
FREE;:rt.. ~
309 WMARKET, BLMTN r-' ~-'"0"'.
OFFICES 8:30-5:00 r--s ~m

' TUES. EVENING ~ (o .. PAK or RC
CALL FOR APPOINTMENT /(p 11 Fanuly cfize Piz.zc;

INFORMATION- Counseling for Family Planning
CLINIC SERVICES - Doctor on Staff for prescrip~

tion of birth control methods
V.D. TESTS and Treatments (Females)

No age' limit-confidential handling - Fee set

according to income

didn't dsat with t'lze position of B'tacks, women, condsscending when coming fl'01Tl citiaens of the
country which is waging an and gen-
working-c'tass peopte or tesbians in this societiJ. ocidat 1.r1ar on Viet Nam. We printed the azoticte
because we feet the issue of anti-imperial.ism
[Headnote to "Vietnam: a feminist analysis" when They were women against the 1.r1ar who 1.r1e:re often; integl'O.t to a ferrri.niet anatysis,

originally published'in Ain't I a Wom:zn?--Iowa we were fe'ffli.nist who oonsidered anti-imperial.ism As mother country l'O.dicats we have a :re-
City. J A year and a hatf ago t'lzere was a stz>u.g- sponsibi tity to make sure we don 't become too
gte lJef),]een parts of the women's movement and a integl'O.t to OU'l' anatysis. short sighted in OU'l' anatysis. What we betieve
newty emezoging anti-impel'i.atist women's movement. to be CO'l'Z'Bct stzoategy for women in
AIAW.was stl"Ongty opposed to the emel'gence of We :received fzrom the Women's UlJel'O.tion Cot- this country has often run counter to t'lze inter-
separate women's fll'OUPS organised to end the war. ests of the thiztd wortd. Ot'lzer 'ffli.noritiJ gzroups of, Mass. this speech against a:re teas p'l'OnB to this than women a:re, They
SU'l'facely, it was cooptive. The have a si'ffli.tar status within this country as
women's movement was Ol'ganiaing women to work the war given by a woman at a Boston anti.-111ar their b'l'Othe'l'B and sisters in t1ze third wortd;
for t'lze anti"""ar movement within st:ructu'l'es set
up by men, for goats defined by the mate teft l'O.ity. After fighting to be abte to speak she they a:re cotoniaed and g'lzettoised insids the US.
and under radicat ideo'togy ti'ffli.ted by t'lze fact was aitowed to. We think her anatysis is im- Women's status is much "Less dsfinite. We don't
that it was deve'toped by white mates. have a distinct race or class connection with the
portant in uncovering the roots of thiztd wortd. We are more prone to be reactionary
On a more pe'l'8onat gut teve t, we f eit in :re"Lation to the thiztd. WO'l'"Ld and therefore
behavior both at home and ab'l'Oad of white mates have to be even more ca:refut in e:r.amining OU'l'
cheated. The anti.-impel' women's movement
had a l.imi.ted anatysis and therefore a timi.ted in this country. potiti.cs.
vision of what a }1111t societiJ shoutd 1Je: they We heard f'l'Om the Ubrary Cottective that

anot'lzer radicat feminist paper, The thFeuyrie~s r'et -
fused to print this speech 1Jecause

want to enCOU'l'C.lfle women to do anti.-111a'l' work. "

We can see w'lzere women who have come to see the

ti'ffli.tations of the women's

movement coutd take such a stand. H0111Bver,

the content of such a statement is l'O.cist and

RAPE m1tll1 What is routine conduct at home is routine
conduct abroad, Acts of male domination and
I am speaking today about the politics of Now let's once and for all smash the white violence are the cornerstones of society in the
rape. There is a national phenomenon in this male propaganda that says most crimes of rape are United States, Here in the states we are torn
country that promotes myths about sex and vio- committed by black men on white women. Histor- with conflicts of race, class and sex, When
lence that are recreated in imperialist wars ically and statistically this is a lie, 90% of we, transport these conflicts overseas they show
against Third World countries. Rape is an act all incidences of rape do not cross racial lines up in the army, in the highest echelons of the
of aggression in which the victim is denied her --these crimes of sexual violence are usually com- Thieu government, and in the destruction of cul-
self determination. It is an act of violence mitted by men against women of their own race. ture in Saigon, AND UNDERPINNING IT ALL IS THE
which always carries with it the threat of death. ASSUMPTION OF AMERICA'S ABSOLUTE RIGHT TO RULE
And finally, rape is a form of mass terrorism, Another myth: the rapist is a lonely creep
for the victims of rape are chosen indiscrim- who sees a woman without male protection and is The passion with which we perpetuate this war:
inately, but our male dominated culture tells suddenly overpowered by his innate craving for war crimes no longer war crimes but genocide; vi-
us that it is women who cause rape by being im- sex. , BULLSHIT. olence proim>ted to' contain a war we have no hope
moral or in the wrong place at the wrong time-- of winning,
in essence, by behaving as though we were free, 83% of rapes by men in two's are premeditated,
How else to explain this but by understanding
For years the male theorists of the anti- 90% of all group rapes are premeditated. the phenomena of male, sexual violence in Western
war movement have spoken about the reasons Amer- culture, Germany in 1944 and 1945 was without
ica is involved in Vietnam: the imperialist 58% of single rapes·are premeditated, Rape hope of winning the war but none the less went
search for profits in the war in Vietnam, and is not a crime of passion; it is an act of ag- on building bigger ovens and crueler technologies
the American corporate need for a war to.main- gression, An undeclared war against women. to destroy with,
tain a stable domestic economy.
Another myth: that men who rape women are It cannot be stated too strongly that: THE
This analysis of the war, while correct, has pathological, as distinct from your basic aver- CRIMES OF VIOLENCE WE HAVE BEEN SHOCKED BY IN
never gone far enough, It has been unable to ex- age run of the mill male. Amir's study ~alled
plain the unprecedented sadism which is the over- ''Patterns in Forcible Rape" says men who rape VIETNAM CAN ONLY HAVE BEEN CREATED AT HOME IN
riding characteristic of this war, What is the are not abnormal. Amir writes "studies indi-
rationale for the obsessi<>n we find in the uni- cate that SEX OFFENDERS DO NOT CONSTITUTE A THE U.S. in a country which trains young men from
versities, corporations, and military institu- UNIQUE OR PSYCHOPATHOLOGICAL TYPE: nor are they birth to connect violence with sex. Ann Froines
tions of Amerika with increasingly hideous and as.a group invariable more disturbed than the has written that the popular culture-magazines,
perverse methods of torture and death as applied control groups to which they are compared. 11 Al- movies, books--in South Vietnam now promotes a
to the people of another race and land, len Taylor--a parole officer who has worked with model soldier stripped of all human values or po-
rapists in prison facilities stated the question litical understanding, He never talks about
Through the years, scientists and professors in plainer language: "Those men were the most Vietnam in patriotic terms, He kills to survive,
have been inventing things like flechette•pel- normal men there, They had a lot of hangups, but then seeks pleasure afterwards through sex. An
lets--tiny steel arrows with larger fins at one integral part of this culture is the glorifica-
end--which enter the body enlarging the wound and they were the same hangups that men walking out tion of American ''Natural instincts": sex, vio-
lodge in the blood vessels--they're designed to on the street have." lence, and the desire for money,
shred the internal organs; white phosphorus, a
more sophisticated version of napalm, that usual- Let's just examine two more aspects of rape-- In a revolutionary society violence and domi-
ly has to b'urn its way down to the bone l>efore keeping in mind that all these things about rape nation are not what holds life together, In Chi-
going out, The area denial program where they are symptoms of a male dominated culture which na or North Vietnam the whole society is being
flood whole areas with hundreds and thousands of feeds on .the combination of sex and violence, geared to create human values based on love and
mines designed to look like leaves or animal The myth that some men protect you and some men sharing--not based on greed and violence,
droppings and to make the area totally uninhab- rape you is false, First of all, the rapist is
itable for humans. Thousands of square miles of an average man, But secondly every man in this On May 8th Nixon announced he had mined 7
territory in Indochina are now flooded with lit- society gets male benefits from the existence of harbors in North Vietnam risking confrontations
tle mines which are manufactured for the sole rape. These apnchair rapists have their potency with the Soviet Union and China to preserve
purpose of blowing off a foot, They can't blow and masculinity vicariously confirmed thru rape-- "American honor,"
up a truck or anything else; tbey are only de- witness the number of pages given over to violent
signed to make living impossible, While white sex men's adventure magazines, I,F, Stone said last week [early May, 1972]
white...collar boys sit in their labs inventing there is a possibility Nixon would finally use
these atrocities, the army recruits from its male Another way all men have their power enhanced nuclear weapons to blow Vietnam to bits rather
youth the manpower to prove the potency of its by rape, is the need they put into women for pro- than be caught with his pants down at the Moscow
weaponry on the battlefield, tection--the ancient chivalry rackets, men pro- summit conference: Genocide of a whole' people in
tecting women from other men, It's not unlike order to save male face, THIS IS THE HEIGHT OF
The result is Total War, primarily against the protection relationship which the mafia es- WAR INSANITY.
the civilian population, The civilians are usu.. t~lishes with small businesses.
ally the ones that are in and around the villages; We are faced with an imperative, Without a
they can't keep on the move all the time because And finally, it is a fact that the most ex- feminist analysis we will never confront some of
they have families and belongings and homes. cessive degrees of violence occur in group rape, the deepest motivations behind the waging of ag-
They are the ones who signal the weapons, the Far from discouraging or curbing violence upon gressive wars.
ones who are the main casualties, women, the presence of other men may in fact en-
courage sadism, and even cause the behavior. Men The same men and power structure who victi~
A 23 month old baby is senselessly electro- egg each other on mize women are engaged in the act of raping Viet-
shocked into unconsciousness. nam, raping Black people, and the very earth we
W\lat does all this have to do with Vietnam? live upon, Rape is a classic act of domination
Where does this come from in the American where the emotions of hatred, contempt, and the
psyche? These perversions are the products of What starts as the socialization of male desire to break or violate personality takes
the mentality of rape, The mentality that pro- sexual violence in this culture is used by cor- place. This breaking of the personality char-
duces the ind of war they continue to fight starts porate and military interests to train a vicious, acterizes modern life itself. No simple reforms
at home, Let's run down a few unknown facts a- killing army--in the labs and on the battlefields. can eliminate rape,
bout rape--about male sexual violence, Examples of the inseparability of sex and vio•
lence in the male are endless, In basic train- As the symbolic expression of the white male
Susan Griffin in an article called "The Poli- ing the following chant is used to teach the dis- hierarchy, RAPE IS THE ULTIMATE ACT OF OUR CIVI~
tics of Rape" found that official crime statis- tinction between a rifle, which is a weapon, and LIZATION, one which, Valerie Solanis warns "is
tics tell women: forcible rape is the most fre- a gun, which is a cock. "This is my rifle, this in danger of humping itself to death, 11 '
quently committed violent crime in AmeriKa, is my gun. One is for killing, one is for fun."
With such training it is not surprising that a 'J!his speech was written by Les-
major in Vietnam is quoted as saying "Don 1t let bian Fflltlinists Hottibaugn, von
the news media fool you. These kids are maybe 18 B:retBSt, Crichton, Undb'toom
or 19--but they are beautiful killers--just beau-


Briefs from


*** NEWS

The International Commission of Inquiry *** 0
into U.S. Crimes in Indochina is in its N
third session this fall, The first ses- A Nixon campaign image, "the cleaner of L
~eion, October 1970, established that the the air and sky, the washer of the wind,"
scope of chemical and biological weapons was marred somewhat when the President y
used in Vietnam constituted genocide, recently vetoed the Water Pollution Con-
The second session, June 1971, added eco- trol Act. According to the Republican I
cide to the list of charges against the Campaign Factbook, Nixon has "spearheaded
U,S, The present session is hearing evi- a frontal attack on the problems facing u
dence that the U.S. is carrying out these the environment," This must refer to
policies knowingly and purposefully, N~xon's taking credit for the 1970 Clean y
Air act, which he fought actively, Or
*** maybe it refers to Nixon's opposition to
a deadline for automobile emission control
Three organizations have filed charges devices,
against the New York Times for publish-
ing discriminatory ads for employment in ***
South Africa, William Booth said the
T!mes was informed of South Africa's ra-
cist employment policies in May 1972, but
the paper has continued printing the ads,

*** TELIJCO PLAINS, TENN.--The Tennessee Val- ·It * *
ley Authority is planning to drive out the

A new smokeless engine, supposedly non- last band of Cherokees from their originar '~OSTON--The New England Free Press has
pollutant, is being plugged in a nation- homeland in Tennessee, co~pleted a catalog listing material a-

wide" airline public relations campaign, *** vhea~illatbh le of women, gays, labor histo ry .
The ads omit mentioning the invisible care, U.S. political economy, etc
Write room 401, 791 Tremont St., Boston,
poisonous gases emitted by airplane en- SAIGON--the red and yellow flag of the Mass,, 02118.
gines, nor do they point out that the new Thieu regime is flying everywhere, but
smokeless engines emit more of these in- it's not really a sign of support,
visib gases than the old ones, Thieu has ordered every family to possess

But the new engines will reduce fuel costs, at least two flags and all children over
15 must carry a small flag in their pocket
by burning more efficiently. 95% of air- or be arrested, Possession of an NLF flag
is punishable by death,
plane emissions are concentrated around
airports, where pollution levels are ap-
proaching those of major urban centers,
Now, poisonous gas levels at airports ***
will be even higher,

Phon'y Labels

I ~

/ NEW YORK--In an effort to undermine the
United Farmworkers' lettuce boycott, some
large supermarkets are selling iceberg
lettuce displaying a Teamsters Union

sticker with a large Aztec Eagi.,--the
Farmworker's label--underneath, This is
not lettuce harvested by the United Farm-

,, Chemical •urder

•' Nixon has doubled expenditures for re-
search on lethal chemical weapons des-
*** pite his public disavowal of those wea-
pons three years ago. Figures for 1973
A conference of behaviorist psychologists show $8 million earmarked for such re-
suffered disruption from 2 separate search compared to $4 m~llion in 1970,
groups early in October, Gay activists
disrupted a "conversation hour" and helped * **
raise the consciousness of several behav-
iorists who "help" homosexuals, Nixon's re-election campaign had FBI as-
sistance, One of Nixon's top aides--
Another group, understanding that the be- John D, Ehrlichman--asked the FBI to list
haviorists wanted brains to play with, the major issues in particular areas.
pr.esented 5 pounds of cow brains, many of FBI director Gray refused to comment on
which landed in the psychologists' laps. what the FBI did in response to the re-
*** ***
When recently vetoing a bill providing TAIWAN--Ford.-Philco, an electronics sub- ***
federal fund• for day care centers, Nix- division of Ford Motor Co, and a major
on said that the govt, should not intrude supplier of electronic war material, "The U.S. Military Apparatus," the fruit
into citizens' private lives, nor should pushed exploitation too far here, Ten of three ~ears of research, is now avail-
the govt, further the "demise" of the fam- deaths, 200 resignations and 150 absen- able for $1,25 from the North American
ily, But, LNS points out, during WWII tees forced the Taiwan govt, to close Congress on Latin America, P.O. Box 226.
the federal govt, spent millions to pro- down the Philco plant, which employs Berkeley, California,
vide day care centers--at that time, the 2400 women, At least a dozen more women
govt, needed millions of working women, are seriously ill with what is termed ***
an "unidentified skin ailment,"
*** Nine prisoners in two California peniten-
tiaries have initiated a total of 4 law-
The recent destruction of Hanoi's French suits against the State Department of Cor-
Embassy, which caused the deaths of one rections. They ask for a total of almost
French diplomat and five Vietnamese, was 2 million in damages, for conspiracy to
~ caused by Vietnamese anti-aircraft violate. inmates' civil rights through -beat-
1ire, A Canadian TV correspondent wit- ings and tear gasings,
nessed J American jets repeatedly swoop-
ing over Hanoi--one jet dived very low ***
while dropping two bombs,


from the 6uardian

Another shipment of minerals from Rhodes- Portuguese colonialists in Guinea (Bissau)
ia arrived in the u.s. last month, but w~re condemned at the UN Oct 23 for having

SERVICE the International Longshoreman's Associa- staged an attack into Senegal.

*** tien declared it wouldn't unload the· cargo, ***
saying "The mere slave labor conditions
The special police forces of Phillipines in u.s.-owned Rhodesian mines are an af-
President Marcos arrested several member• front to all trade unionists."
of the radical National Lawyers Guild A large church group will sell its 3000
Oct, 14, The lawyers, who had been ad- shares of Honeywell stock unless the
vising and defending American GI's, are *** corporation stops manufacturing anti-per-
being held without charges, sonnel bombs,

*** Thousandd of workers, children, army men ***
and women and others staged a march·
Henry Loomis, Nixon's latest appointment 'through the streets of Tanzania's Dar es 38 antiwar demonstrators who were arres-
to the Corporation for Public Broadcasting Salaam in solidarity with the revolutions ted for picketing at· a Nixon speech in
Board, completes a Nixon majority on the .being fought by the people of Mozambique. Phila. Oct 26 have brought suit against
15-member board, The board oversees pub- The Tanzanian govt. reaffirmed its total Mayor Frank Rizzo for their arrest. In
lic television, which will now be guided .committment to the liberation of Mozam- spite of a court order protecting their
ever more closely by Nixon men, Last .'bique from Portuguese domination. right to demonstrate, the 38 were jailed
winter, the bca~d vetoed a program be- for 8 hours without charges.
cause it was too oritioal of the presi-
dent. An American Dream Machine program *** ***
produced :tJy a radical journalist was also
squelched, Loomis has experience in the
public·propaganda field--he formerly head-
ed the u.s. Information Agency.

Women on the More

Demanding an Emergency Executive Order
lowering all food prices 25%, Women U-
nited for Ac·tion demonstrated in Wash-
ington Oct. 14. Women United is a na-
tion-wide group issuing the following

1), i111J11ediate roll-back on all food
2) chain stores charge the same ,
prices in all ~eighborhoods ***
3) stores hire enough checkers +I
and packers f.rom the community I Unemployment is three times higher than
official government figures show, ac-
and pay a union wage, • cording to the Senate Subcommittee on Em-
ployment, Manpower and Poverty. 15 mil-
4) fresh high-quality food lion workers, more than 16~ of the labor
5) honestly-packaged food without force, cannot earn a living by working.
harmful chemicals Official govt. figures leave out 3 impor-
6) no roaches or rats in foo·d store1 tant unemployed groups• 1) workers who
can't find a job.and then give up looking
7) stores cease marking up pric•s 2) Part time workers who need full time
on days when welfare recipients 3) full-time workers whose income is
get their cheeks still below federal poverty levels.

8) stores cease selling non-union ***
3000 anti-war demonstrators marched thru
*** the streets of San Francisco Oct. 14.
20 cities had demonstrations Oct. 14, the
Also on Oct. 14, Women United for Action date commemorating Nguyen Van Troi and
succeeded in getting a 25% price roll- his almost successful assasination of
back in a Houston supermarket. Pasting Defense Secretary McNamara during the
up signs and stickers, and stamping "25% early years of u.s. involvement in Vietnam.
off" on food containers, the women pulled
off a successful aotion--the checkers ***
honored.the discounts.

Freewheelin' Franklin reports he sold
ten pounds of grass through a Post-~­

ikan classified ad. Once again;-the Post
liii""shown that any embarassing white space

can b~ filled with bullshit.

After a sUllllller of controversy, Pennsyl- Who RiotedP
~ania has finally approved Joseph Acan-
;fora •s teaching credentials. .lcanfora COBLESKILL, N.Y.--White fraternity stu-
jhad been a gay activist at Penn State, dents smashed dormitory windows, tossed
and had even sued the university for dis- a Molotov cocktail and left a burning
1criminating against hoaoaexuals. The cross on the lawn of a black dorm at a
•state finally decided it could not deny college here. 36 ~lacks were charged
:a ·teacher'• certificate, but Acanfora with inciting to riot, while 5 whites
must now try to get a job, were charged with a far lesser charge--
harassment. All received suspended sen-
tences on the original charges, but 22
blacks were hit with contempt of o~urt
for refusing to testify against their



Auto Mechanics CouRsE i see soul pain eyes
hidden in blue sb.adow
Being used to nodding in acknowledgement to fur deny tb.e real
auto mechanics about what they were doing to my
car, through the Women's Auto Mechanics Course, b.airI acceptable above the brow
I'm finally realizing what in the hell I've been " not below tb.e knee
acknowledging, (So that's what points are!)
Auto mechanics is just one area that women have i see your eyes, sister
been raised not to understand; developed in i see your soul ·
large part through channeling in the public you call your breasts wrinkled lemons
school ("girls take this, boys need that") • hide them under 1/2 inch foam, learn
It's been a long struggle for me to realize that to like your thighs only to hear ·
I too need (and can) learn auto repairs; it's you have ugly feet.
been an even harder struggle to make others how long will welisten to men
(mechanics, male friends) realize my seriousness. who tell us they love us?
wb.o call us frigid or maniac & turn away?
This summer a group of women decided it was how long will we stand as dolls on a shelf
time to learn. We wanted a woman mechanic to buyme buyme
help us; we could all remember previous bad one house & i'm yours.
experiences concerning the condescending manner
of the males we had asked to teach us, We also i'm mine, sister.
felt that a woman would be more understanding of how about you?
the fact that some of us knew nothing about cars,
(A few of us couldn't change a tire.) alta
Letters to Women
Fortunately, it was easy to find a willing
woman mechanic. (That's sisterhood!) So far, women's center
I think it's been a more than positive experience
for all of us involved, We are finally doing Every other Sunday at 8 p.m. women meet at the General Rap Cathy 829-3870
what for year has been kept a mystery from us. Women's Center (304 North St,). The facility is
And in the process of doing, we are gaining more there for people to use at other times; it in- Political Jan 829-3701
confidence in our abilities, (I, for one, am cludes a women's library.
ridding myself of the fear of screwing things in Free University Barb 829-8064
too tight or not tight enough,) At general meetings group decisions are made
and there is discussion of the various rap Writing Group Mary 828-7944
What this all means is that (hopefully) we'll groups. When it became necessary to break into
continue to work on our .cars and our friends' specific interest groups from the small general Publicity to be decided
cars, freeing ourselves in yet another way from rap groups that were meeting, several interest
"experts," For women, for too long that's meant groups were formed. Education to be decided
boyfriends, male mechanics or any male friend
you could get to help you, We cannot depend on If anyone is interested in any of the groups Auto Mechanics Class Linda 829-3576
them to really help us; they are oppressed and on the following list contact the people listed
oppressing by the ''male=mechanic" trip that's for details of meeting place and time, or come (meets every Thurs, at 6:30)
put on them. Our needs must be met by ourselves. to a general meeting, The next general meeting
To join us in the class, call Linda or Jeanette will be on Sunday, Nov. 19 at 8 p ,m. In Sisterhood,
at 829-3576. Linda



''' ~. RrnoreAf "OA'9Al

OPtff ~t'I!" OA'! A WC~~

~oX~~-11: 10-877/onfo-8

Articles 01 Revolution 9

by Oarla Marx opponent is constantly trying to perceive Future Boals
just where the point of the whole thing
Part Ia On the Proper Method of is going to be revealed, or wondering whe- Of course, the ideal goal of every
Revolutionary Argument ther it has already been revealed and he revolutionary in the field of argumenta-
has been too exceedingly dull to notice it. tion is to be able to write a right-on
I believe that anyone will agree It is very important that you inflict each stinging vituperation of an article which
that the revolutionary forces of Bloom- story in your repertoire on your opponent he has never read, and of whose author he
ington-Normal have become increasingly at least seven times in detail, over the has no knowledge. But this goal lies in
sophisticated and correct in their me- course of your acquaintance, so that his the future, and now we must untiringly
thods of argument. They have demonstra- heart is automatically inspired with ter- struggle with the material conditions of
ted their forward movement toward re- today.
nouncing the bourgeois values of sense ror and fear every time he hears the first
and substance at every turn. It is now few words. Soon you will no longer be ir- SMASH RACISM!
time, as I see it, to solidify these ritated with his interruptions and extran- SMASH SEXISM!
great advances in a coda which will pro- eous arguments and you will be in complete SMASH ELITISM!
vide the bases for evaluation for future control of the discussion. If the story
revolutionary arguments1 and as a secon- is long enough, your opponent will even If you don't agree with these arti-
dary value, this statement will serve to cles of revolution, you have no valid
further limit the numbers of those whom forget his weak, bourgeois defenses of him- place in the struggle.
we may call true revolutionaries, and al- self.
low us to extend our struggles against
even our former friends and allies.

Ideological Exchange !Gt Star1tflt4fhtr

The first principle of revolutionary ~Io-omin,fon --ll"ltl'"ttHtl ?s- ©lb-est au~ Jinu-1
argument concerns the mode of exchange of
ideas. It is an unfortunate fact for leather .§hltp
true revolutionaries that there must usu-
ally be two or more parties involved in lllalter ll~tr nl.oeeo.~lna .~,,.#'.., ~oof!r
such a discourse. This situation is
bound to endow the argument with a certain Q.s fe~h.t)"c~ 01. t~e lll~o{11 <Ea"t"f &<l:afa.(o,g o.f( stus-, 'tt\J)'\ OJ'\~ \IJOl't'lll)'\
bourgeois facade of reasonableness, but
we must struggle against this facade at l)al\~lttaC>• ~Q9-s 'll)\t,'U.~ <Com6ittqliol1.s of '.l,zqf111r.
all costs. Remember1 In a revolutionary 4~~uQ.Sl't.Ut~oQ~..\L.1SBit.lQ'1°.#Ch-~.n,..n.UQf.•tJe:·2J?•.t,t 10f( t1s:qp~..wtiQ.s1~'t.rC~..,t10L.1)'J\t.~O. .~lut..CtJS\JeL-z.u,iaiit.s
argument, you.!!!:!:! inevitably right ~ he wit{\ !llat.ber 01" .ho.'t\~5si'Uln .frre h·ieo.d
is abysmally wrongl Do not at any mo-
ment fall prey to the counter-revolution- 1Cfqtft•r c:Jae.&.1ta 4¢oq~$ at $6S.OO
ary rationality of his presentation!
J!3 ~ 11.\ f ~{.
While your opponent is presenting
his side of the argument, you are free to tidRLD
sleep, search for matches, refill your jVa'W F.'RO NT
coffee cup, or examine the ceiling. How- ,,
ever, do not ignore your duty during this (( AROUN!) TH£ WORLD IN BED
time to decide what you are going to say
next. After all, the entire purpose of PAIR ljp AN[) P££L0FF
having your opponent talk in a revolution-
ary argument is to provide you with time IRISQIJ£rl ADULT£1?Y--8VMPS Gl(/NOS
to prepare your own dazzling discourse. STRIP· ?Ac· To£_, AND OFF1c£ PAnrr
When you are ready (regardless of whether
he's finished his babbling), you must - - - - - - - .......
vigorously attack him upon a point of OF'F'E/?
ideology. Really, there is no hard line ALs 0 EXPIRES
on which point of ideology you attack.
With practice, you will easily discover MT,4 ANY J7.~0 PV!fCl-IASE NOV.:J.l/
which one is best for you. Some revolu-
tionaries believe that it is best to at- VERY OWNfEf(SONAL l/!BRATOI?
tack on the same front on which they have
previously attacked the same opponentT- ~~
they find that repetition produces valid-
ity. Other revolutionaries prefer to at-
tack a different ideological point each
time, for variety's sake. For instance,
if you attacked your opponent for sexism
last time, get him on elitism this time.
Or you may find a checklist helpful, try-
ing to cover every odious point during
the course of the argument.

The important thing to remember is
that your tirade must be as tenuously
connected as possible with anything your
opponent has said. The true test of the
agility of a revolutionary's mind is his
ability to confront and attack racism,
sexism, and elitism everywhere, whether
it is there or not. I have listened with
admiring awe as a grand master of revolu-
tionary argumentation ruthlessly exposed
the fascism, sexism, counterrevolutionary
state of mind, elitist attitude, bour-
geois tendencies, and complete offensive-
ness hidden in his opponent's use of the
word "cup." We should all untiringly
strive for such possession of revolution-
ary consciousness.

Supporting •aterial

Your next step is to reinforce your
attack with vivid examples from you vast
knowledge of world-wide revolutionary
struggles. The best examples require at
least fifteen minutes of preliminary ex-
planation of the situation leading to the
story, w~ich will impress your opponent
with his distressing ignorance of history.
The story itself, preferably taken from
the annals of the struggles of China,
should be told in suoh a manner that your



Richard Ogllvle's Coordinator of Health Ser• tee. There was some discussion of these points, Federal Suide/ines
but the board declined to make any changes in
vices, Dr. Albert w. Snoke, has received the fol- the executive cOllllllttee. VIII.

lowing PETITI~ AND C<J.fl>LAINT against the Hid- Feb. 24, 1972. A board of directors meeting at The HEW Program Gulde for Areawide Comprehensive
111 inois Areawide Health Planning Corporation which Concerned Citizens for Responsible Health Health Planning (Dec., 1971), under section 314
dated October ~5, 1972. Planning had requested permission to address the
board on the question of concumer representa• (6), Public Health Services Act as amended states,
Petition and Complaint tion on the board, President Killough adjourn•
ed the meeting without allowing the CCHRP "Areawide comprehensive health planning focuses
Concerned Citizens for Responsible Health spokesman to speak. on the people of an area and the circumstances
Planning (CCRHP) and actions that contribute to or interfere with
Mrs. Mary Davis ar<d Mr. Francis Irvin, March 23, 1972. A board of directors meeting their physical and mental health and the health•
Community for Social Attion (CSA) fulness of their environment. The planning lt•
Mrs. Mary Cade at which the board voted to allow no new m- self ls a continuous process of arriving at
bers ln MIAHPCo. Previously the board had not agreement of both providers and consumers of
Mr. Daniel v. Taylor and screened or acted upon membership applications; health services, ••" (I., p. 1)
all applicants had been automatically a~cepted
Residents of McLean and Livingston Counties as members and recorded as such by the secre- This guide also states, "Participation in plan-
as described tary of the organization. ning decisions by persons who represent a broad
range of health and co11111unlty interests ls per•
Petitioners: May 25, 1972. A board of directors meeting at haps the most innovative aspect of comprehensive
which the by-laws co11111lttee proposed a new set health planning, 11 (Part III, B., p, 17)
Mid-Illinois Areawide Health Planning of by-laws. This co11111lttee was made up of three
Corporation (MIAHPCo) providers, one of whom works outside the area of State Requirements
MIAHPCo's jurlsdlctlon (McLean and Livingston
Respondent. Counties), and one consumer, Mrs. Mary Davis, IX.
who objected to many provisions of the proposal.
I. A new membership application form was approved, In order to implement the above statutory pro-
vision, an Applicants' G.tide: Requirements for
Petitioner, CCRHP, ls a group of people in Cen- June 12, 1972. A board ot directors meeting at Recognition of Regional Comprehensive Health
tral Illinois concerned with the deficlencies of Planning Organizations was prepared containing
comnunity health services and the lack of con- which new by-laws were adopted after two amend• policy statements, guidelines and requirements
sumer participation In local health planning, ments proposed by consumer representatives were and was dated Nov. 10, 1971. This document, here-
considered. The board refused even to consider after referred to as Applicants' G.tide, contains
II, other amendments proposed in writing by a con- Federal Public Health Service (Health Services
sumer representative, Mr. Francis Irvin. Some- and Mental Health Administration, Community
Petitioners, Mrs. Mary Davis and Mr. Francis time after the board adopted new by-laws on Health Service, Division of Comprehensive Health
Irvin, are board members of MIAHPCo who have ex• June 12, 1972, an application for recognition Planning) information issued under Section 314(b)
pressed their concern over the amount of consum• and funding was sent to the Comprehensive State Public Health Service Act, as amended with add-
er participation in the decision-making process Health Planning Agency. This application was ' itions and modif lcations based on Illinois 1.,.
allowed by MIAHPCo. neither reviewed by the board nor authorized by and policy derived from Public Act 77--463
any board action since the 1971 annual meeting. (Comprehensive Health Planning Act) and recormnen-
III. datlons of the Advisory Council to the Comprehen-
Sept. 21, 1972. A special board of directors sive State Health Planning Agency.
Petitioner, Co11111unity for Social Action, ls a meeting announced to board members by letter
group of Bloomington-Normal citizens interested dated Sept. 18, 1972. The new by-laws require This Applicants' Q.iide also notes, "Sub-regional
in vital social issues such as health and wel- seven daYs notice of special meetings to board comprehensive health planning organizations, ••
fare. members. Mr. Irvin, a board member, objected to wil 1 be required to meet comparable requlrenents
this inadequate notice and asked that the meet- as those applicable to regional organizations...
IV. ing be cancelled and another one set for a later (Pt. I, 5 (e), p. 6)
date with proper notice, President Killough
Petitioner, Mrs, Mary Cade, ls a black, low- asked the board members present to say whether MIAHPCo. Ignores Rules
lncome woman f,rom Bloomington who was to be nom- the meeting was legal. Without any discussion
inated for election to the MIAHPCo board at the of the discrepancy between the provision in the x.
annual meeting on Oct. 28, 1971, Nominations by-laws for at least seven days notice and the
were illegally closed and she was denied the three days notice actually given for this meet- MIAHPCo has ignored both the intent and the spir-
opportunity to be elected to the board and there- ing, the board members present declared by it of health planning legislation and guidelln-es
by to provide more adequate representation for majc>rity vote that the meeting was legal. as mentioned above by restricting participation
blacks, low- income persons, and women. on its board. The significant decision making
roles have been restricted to and controlled by
v. influential providers. Under existing circum-
stances, meaningful community health planning ls
Petitioner, Mr, Daniel v. Taylor, submitted his not possible because the necessary consumer and
bro~d board representation ls not present. Com-
application for membership in MIAHPCo, but was plainants set forth the following facts and cem
denied consideration of his application on the parison between the requirements stated in the
basis of an arbitrary freeze on membership Applicants' <Alide for consumer and cO!llllunity ln·
imposed by the Board on March 23, 1972. volvenent and MIAHPCo's performance to date.


Incllvldual petitioners are residents of McLean "I challenge the speaker's charge that we have one health care Coug>osltion of Board of Directors.
and Livingston Counties who were denied general system for the rich and another for the poor. To us, there are Requirements:
membership in MIAHPCo and who were denied board
membership and representation in MIAHPCo, no poor!" "An organization approved for comprehensive
health planning must have made formal provision
MIAHPt:o's Sordid History The membership committee had received and pro- for participation in planning decisions by rep-
cessed a number of applications for membership. resentatives of providers ••• as well as by con-
vu. None were from Livingston County, Dr. Killough sumers broadly representing the geographic and
arbitrarily decided that the applications from socioeconomic distribution of the population. An
Re11pondent, MIAHPCo, has applied for and recelv· organization whose sole purpose ls comprehensive
ed recognition by the State of Illinois as a sub- McLean County could not be acted upon because health planning must provide for such partlcipa-
regional comprehensive health planning organiza• t lon in the composition of lts governing body,
tlon, under applicable federal and state law and there were already about six McLean County mem- that ls, Board of Directors, and a majority of
regulations. Some of the important events in bers to every one from Livingston County. Some that body must be consumer representatives."
MIAHPCo's history are: board members, inclUdlng Mr. Donovan Gardner of (Applicants• Gulde, ril.V., B,, 1., pp. 14-15).
Livingston County, felt it was not fair to the This concept ls so important that it ls repeat-
July 22, 1969, MIAHPCo was incorporated "to pr'o- appll~ts, some of whom had applications pend-
vide for the consumers and providers of health ing since March, to postpone lndef lnitely con- ed ln v., B., 2., 4., 6., pp. 26-27. Explicit
services a means by which they can be coopera- sideration of their applications. There were a
tively involved in the planning, implementation, few exceptions to the freeze. The nominating reference ls made to subgroups of the, governing
and provision of health services, programs, and committee chairman, Dr. Robert Chapman, wanted a board or council and the requirement of both
facilities in the community." (From the Articles few people, lnclUding McLean County residents, to consumer and provider llalbers on their groups.
of Incorporation.) be approved for membership so that his committee
could nominate them to the board at the next Applicants' Gulde, v., B., 5,, p. 27, states:
Oct. 28, 1971. The 1971 annual meeting, at which annual meeting. They were approved as members ..
questions were raised by consumers about the ade- Mrs. Davis, another board m•ber, had suggested "Both consumer and provider manbershlps should
q\Jaey of consimaer representation on the board several other persons as potential members, but reflect a variety of interests and not be weight•
and the designation as conaumers of certain board their applications were not dealt with, ed toward any one, such as hospital admlnlstrat•
members apparently involved by occupation in pro- ors, public health officials, or private prac-
viding health services. The questions were dis• Mr. Craig Hart, a "consumer" member of the titioners of labor, C011111erce, or agriculture,"
missed without discussion. Two consumers were board, whose designation had been challenged for
nominated from the floor for election to the almost a year, resigned from the board stating MIAHPCo at present:
Board but other planned nominations were pre- that he had a financial interest in Heritage Past and present by-laws call for a majority
vented by a motion to close the nominations. The Manor Nursing Home. His resignation was accept-
chairman of the meeting, Mr. Paul Mitzner, de- ed. of consumers on the board. The board has ignor-
clared the motion carried though it received ed this requirenent and has functioned with 14
less than 2/3 support. providers and 13 "consimaera". This provider
majority has approved by-laws limiting consumer
Dec. 2. 1971, A board of directors meeting membership on the board to 51.5%, All members
which the new MIAHPCo president, Dr. Robert of the board except two were nominated by a
Killough, tried unsuccessfully to keep closed Nominating Committee with no appar.nt effort to
to the public. Consumers on the l;>oard question• achieve a balance of geographic and socioeconom-
ed the lack of consumer representation and ic representation.
female representation on the executive comlt•
Of the 27 board mEl!lbers of MIAHPto, only five
are women, wi,th no low- income persons and no



youths serving on the board, Only five board MIAHPCo at present: XVII.
members are from areas or organizations outside The general membership applicat lon for MIAHPCo
Bloomington-Normal. The board membership in- Advocate of the Public Interest,
cludes four hospital 1'providers11 and two nursing includes an item called "Financial Pledge", Al· RequirElllmts:
home administrators. None of the "providers'' though lt notes that stated dues are not imposed, ·
represents the lower-paid positions ln the health it does ask the individual to indicate the amount 11 In all of its actfvitles, the CHP agmcy ls
field. of money pledged to MIAHPCo for the year and the an advocate of the public interest ln health, It
amount enclosed. Furthermore, under the MIAHPCo 'provides the setting and means for consumer-
XII, by-laws the application must then be approved by provider-government participation in rational
a 2/3 vote of the board of directors. decision-making, which takes place ln the full
Consumer Representatives. light of the opinion of all who are interested,
Requ lrements: The requirement of board apprbval for member• hoth ,1rofessional and non-professional. Its
ship ln MIAHPCo, based on the completion of the setting is no ivory tower, but the open arena of
"The representatives of consumer interests on same form on which one indicated a financial colllllunity action, and its role is an activist
the board or council must be persons whose major pledge, has the effect of causing people to be- role, 11 (HEW Program Q.iide, I.• p. 7)
occupation is neither the provision, administra- lieve that their decision in respect to a flnan•
tion, nor financing of any type of health ser- cial pledge will be a major factor ln determining MIAHPCo at present:
vice nor teaching or research in health. They their membership in MIAHPCo. This body has not adequately outgrown lts
must not have a major financial interest ln any
health activity, present or past,., •• Consumer For over half a year the ge.neral membership origins as a hospital planning council. Its
members must reflect the various socio-economic has been closed and people who signed applications performance makes a mockery of the words of the
groups in the area's population and live ln varl· to be MIAHPCo manbers during that period of time above requirements. Decision-making occurs, for
ous parts of the area ••• some members must be have not been accepted as members and have not the most part, under the domination of a small
representatives from poor people and minority been sent new membership applications, There ls band of providers and pseudo-consumers, The
groups. 11 {HEW Program Q.iide, III., B,, 1., p, 16) a barrier to participation or even attendance at whole board generally acts as the uninformed
board meetings as no public notice ls given and ratifier of this small group's proposals. Char-
MIAHPCo at presmt: meeting notices are not sent to the generaf mElll- acteristic was the action of the June, 1972, board
The "consumers" include an executive of an bershlp. At the April board meeting, a sign was meeting prohibiting a consumer member of the board
prominently displayed stating that lt was not an from even offering amendments to the proposed by-
insurance company offering health insurance; an "open meeting". The first action of the board at laws or hearing his objections to the proposals,
insurance agency head; a university administrator the June meeting was to forbid a consumer obser- In Dec., 1971, a major public position was taken
who oversees the Illinois State University Allied ver from tape recording any of the meeting, on a referendum ln McLean County, though the
Health Professions program; the McLean County board members had no opportunity to study the
State's Attorney, who ls the legal counsel for The new procedure for nominating board members committee reconmendation and rationale in advance
the County health departmmt; and, until very re- ls. a serious barrier to participation. Names of of the meeting at which they had to vote, Dis-
cently, a savings and loan presldmt with a prospective nominees must be given to the nomin- sent from the in-group's views is neither wel-
financial stake in a private, for-profit nursing ating committee at least thirty days before the comed nor seriously discussed, The ruling clique
home, annual meeting. But the membership has never been has repeatedly been invited into "the open arena
informed that this is required. Previously any of community action" but becomes so defmsive lt
Out of the 13 consumers, only one ls not from member could be nominated to the board from the cannot function there, There has been no basic
Bloomington-Normal and only two are women. There floor and nothing has been done to tell the mem- change in this behavior 4ur~n~ ;he past year.
·are no low-income representatives, no students bership that this ls no longer possible.
from the two local unlversltles, and no young XVIII.
people, xv.
Repeated requests wltlh MIAHPCo leadership for
An attempt to nominate low- income people at Endorsements. meetings to secure redress of the stated com-
the last MIAHPCo annual meet lng ln October was Requirements: plaints have failed,
cut off by an illegal vote {closing nominations
by less than a 2/3 majority vote) and thus low- "A list of all the organizations and individu- What State Should Do.
income and youth representatives were denied board als contacted regarding their endorsement of the
membership. applicant as the comprehensive health planning XIX.
agency for their region should be noted showing
XIII, the result of such contact--positlve, negative, Wherefore, complainants pray:
or the lack of a reply•• ,,The list should re-
Conmitteea. flect the make-up of the community leaving no 1. That MIAHPCo be required to amend its pro-
Requirements: obvious gaps in representation in an attempt to gram as follows:
involve the whole of the cOlllllunity•••• "{~ a. to establish a new by-laws committee,
11 If a council has an executive CO!lllllttee or any truly representative of consumers and
other smaller group empowered to act for lt or cants' Q.iide, v., E,, 3., pp, 32-33) providers, to write by-laws without
make decisions ln lts name, this group must have barriers to partlcipaticn,
a majority of consumers." {HEW Program Q.ilde, MIAHPCo at present:
III, B,, 1., p, 15), This concept ls important MIAHPCo requested endorsElllents from a small, b. to allow open general membership with•
enough to be repeated ln Applicants' Q.iide out board veto,
V,, B,, 4,, pp. 26-27. carefully selected number of individuals and org-
anizations and made no attempt to contact many
MIAHPCo at present: community groups or inform the public of its de-
The Executive Committee consists of the three sire for endorsanents or criticisms,

officers and four additional board members, This XVI. c. to follow the.definition of consumers
collllllttee has four provider members and three as stated in the HEW Program Gulde,
''consumer" members--consumer members who were Relationships.
noted as having •provider interests" ln section Requlremmts: d, to place all se.ats on the board of dir-
.XII of this petition. ectors up for election, so that a new
"The CHP agency should have a formal pol icy of board may be elected more representative
Because of the reluctance of the board to per• continuous mutual exchange of information and of geographic, socio-economic, and the
mlt any serious discussion or amendment of com- opinion with citizens' groups, consumer organiza- spectrum of consumer and provider inter-
mittee recommendations, other comnittees ln effect tions, and organizations of poor people. Some of ests of both counties, This should be
these will also be represented on comprehensive accomplished at the October, 1972 annual
also act for the board, Representation on then healtr. planning boards, councils, comm! ttees, and meeting or,in November, if more time ls
ls also distorted. task forces but opportunities to speak to the required,
groups about comprehensive health planning should
The By-Laws Conmlttee consisted of three pro- be accepted, and chances to listen to them should e, to establish an advisory council with a
viders and one consumer. One of the providers be sought, 11 (Program Guide, p, 22) "The success major! ty of consumers.
does not even work within MIAHPCo's geographical of comprehensive health planning depends largely
area and belongs to an.other subregional planning on the relationships it establishes with the many 2. That the Comprehensive State Health Planning
organization. other consumers asked to be in- interests that are concerned with health, 11 {~ Agency, the Department of Health, Education
cluded ln the by-laws conmlttee meetings but cants• Q.iide, p. 16) 11 Its {CHP' s) success will he and Welfare, the McLean County Regional
were denied permission even to attend such meet- dependent in proportion to the significant rela• Planning Commission and all other concerned
ings. This By-Laws Committee wrote the new tionships it develops and the understanding of the bodies, refuse to approve any plans submitted
MIAHPCo by-laws which were then hastily passed dynamics of its chosen area. 1' (,A9, pp. 17-18) "As by MIAHPCo for recognition and/or funding as
by the MIAHPCo board without even considering a minimum, ir is expected that the applicant will a subregional health planning agency and sus-
several amendments proposed in writing, have plans for establishing communications (or pend any recognition and/or funding already
will have already made contact) wlth,,,e, all org- granted until MIAHPCo is found to be in com-
The Nominating Committee for the Board of anizations representing consumers groups {neigh· pliance with the Applicants' Q.ilde and the
Directors has seven members; three designated as borhood groups, other government-sponsored and HEW Program Q.iide.
providers; three designated as consumers, whose
occupations lnvolve them significantly in pro- consumer oriented progrm) ••• h, All volW'ltary 3. That MIAHPCo and the Comprehensive State
viding health care; and one bona fide consumer, health agencies.'' (AG, p. 29) "A major effort Health Planning Agency meet with the com-
For some incestuous reason. the chairman of the should be made to eXamine present participation plainants to effectuate the changes requested
By-Laws Conmittee was appointed chairman of this in the organization, compare it with the ideal and allow the complainants the opportunity to
Nominating Committee. and seek out the missing partners." {AG, p. 30) submit further documentation as needed in
support of their complaint,
The Nominating Conl!littee for Corporation Offi- MIAHPCo at present:
cers has three members, two designated as pro- The MIAHPCo board denied a group of citizens 4. That a hearing on this complaint be held ln
viders and one pseudo-consumer. Bloomington, Illinois prior to any recog-
concerned with health planning the opportunity nition of MIAHPCo, and
The Needs, Goals and Priorities C0111111-ttee has to speak at its February meeting. MIAHPCo data
five providers and four ••consumers". Only one of will not be released to other groups without 5. That complainants be given sufficient notice
hospital approval. General menbers of MIAHPCo of such meeting or hearings.
the nine ls a woman. asked for semi-annual general membership meetings
but this was denied,
MIAHPCo does not reach out to consumer groups
No Barriers to Participation. or voluntary health agencies generally, even
Requirements: when it becomes public knowledge that these
groups want in on the health planning progress.
"The Agency may not raise any barriers to par- Instead ttoutside'1 groups tend to be met with
t lclpation in areawide comprehensive health plan- hostility.
ning, such as the charging of dues or manbership
fees." (HEW Program Gulde, III, B,, 1. • p. 17)

12 l l W.A.VEP ~ OUR INF.A.NT !U.m.

t/he Red Flag r nl~l WIT~NESS~ED MAS.NEY~~;QJ2m.mA..NAD§.VOJWim, .;

--James Connell, 1889

This issue of the Post reprints an important Soviet Union and China to preserve 'American while leaving the ugliness and dirt to others.
analysis of the Vietnam war, but an analysis sub- honor."' But Nixon (or the Ruling Class he These concepts are being replaced with the pow-
ject to one crucial qualification. The standard serves) clearly does not give shit about "Amer- er of politics and criticism, , • ,"
'male' analysis of the war, the authors of ''Viet- ican honor" (male or otherwise)--he merely de-
nam: A Feminist Analysis" argue, "has never gone sires us, the masses of Americans, to be con- Nelson Rockefeller, the Buti:her of Attica,
far enough" to explain the "unprecedented sadism cerned about that 'honor' and thus to support would disdain to share his dinner table with the
which is the overriding characteristic of the the policies of imperialism. He USES the cult lackeys who carl'i.ed out thatoutchezry--HE is too
war." And they go on to explain that that chaJ!.. of honor, the ''mentality of rape," which the 'clean,' too 'beautiful,' too 'elegant' for such
acteristic in terms of what they call the ''men- authors analyze so superbly, for purposes which grossness. To explain his motives we must resort
. tality of rape": ''What starts as the socializa- are quite independent of that cult. not to the ''mentality of rape" but to the objec-
tion of male sexual violence in this culture is tive need of Chase Manhattan Bank, of the entire
USED [emphasis added] by corporate and military The "feminist analysis" helps explain ~by a monopoly capital-imperialist system, for a 'free'
interests to train a vicious killing army--in whole people (Germany in the 1930's; America in and 'orderly' world: a world in which enterprise
the labs and on the battlefields." And it fol- the 1960's) can be mobilized in support of sav- is free and people are ordered. And so the world
lows from this proposition that a chief task of agery; but since the "causes" of the war are in- will remain so long as--and no longer than--the
the anti-war movement (and by extension the rev- dependent of tµe wishes, one way or the other, masses of people are trapped in the culture of
olutionary movement as a whole) is to confront of the great mass of Americans, the analysis does male and white dominance, a culture which turns
and challenge the cultural hegemony of this ''men- not touch those causes, them against each other instead of against their
tality of rape, 11 without which the Rulers of shared enemy,
America could not either mobilize the popular The culture the paper analyzes is the culture
support or maintain the army and technical work reserved for us, the masses, a culture imposed on The task of revolutionaries in this country
force to ·carry out the savage strategies of im- us by the ruling class--which, itself, operates is to build, in ever widening sectors of· the
perial domination. in part from a different culture and in part from working class, a culture based on the "power of
a different form of the same culture. And a fail- politics and criticism" rather than on the "men-
But the authors do not consistently adhere to ure to grasp this distinction can lead first to tality of rape,"
their perception that this mentality is USED, and despair and then to hatred and contempt for the
near the end of their paper they assert: "With- only force that can control and then break the For a mass of people to be led to think coher-
out a feminist analysis we will never confront murderous savagery of the ruling class, the force ently and in the same coherent fashion about the
some of the deepest motivations behind the wag- of the masses of the American people themselves, present worold, is a 'philosophical 1 event far
ing of aggressive wars." A vital distinction has Maria Macciocchi, in her book Daily Life in Revo- more important and 'ol"iginal' than the discoveroy
been blurred--and the blurring of that distinc- lutionary China, shows us the importance of the by some philosophical 'genius' of a trouth that ·
tion leads the· authors, for example, to take distinction in China: ''The concepts of beauty remains the property of a srmti group of intel-
Nixon at his own word: "On May 8th," they note, and ugliness, of cleanliness and filth, of ete- lectuals.
"Nixon announced he had mined 7 harbors in ·gance and groasness--all class concepts--are also
North Vietnam risking confrontations with the undergoing a revolutionary change; these were Antonio Gramsci, Pl'i.son Notebookf
concepts belonging to an upper class which ap-
propria~ed beauty and cleanliness to itself,


Women once ruled the earth. The Great Goddess The second half of the book deals with the by Elizabeth Gould Davis
was worshipped for her everlasting maternal love, Western woman under Christianity. Here the (Penguin Books, 1971, $1.45)
There were no illegitimate children. Abortion cruelty, degredation, and oppression of women is
and birth control were freely practised. Spouses chronicled. The chastity belt is an interesting Reviewed by Barbara Wilson
had equal rights. Women controlled the distri- device of oppression that tears women's labia,
bution of wealth, Women could obtain divorce -In Arab countries even today, women's clitorises or on earth, asserts Ms, Davis, The logical
easily. Women either governed or controlled the are removed and in some areas the labia are sewn conclusion from her book is that there is need
selection of those who did, Equal educational together requiring an operation to make sexual for a new religion that frees women and men from
opportunity was available. Private property in intercourse possible, patriarchal attitudes,
the modern sense was unknown,
In the Middle ages, female heretics were From the standpoint of an historian,
A dream? No, Just some of the characteris- burned alive, male heretics were strangled, then
tics of pre-Christian civilization in the Wes- burned, so their pain was not so great, Women .'!!:!!:. First Sex should be a major text in Western
tern world, Elizabeth Gould Davis in were burned for talking back, lesbianism, mastur-
The First Sex describes these ancient civili-. bating, adultery, bearing a child out of wedlock, civilization classes, Elizabeth Gould Davis'
zations, their transition and the aftermath of or even for miscarriage, even though the miscar- research is spectacular, Since the book is a
the Patriarchal Revolution. It is a history of riage was caused by a blow from the husband. synthesis of many works and a large part of the
the Western woman. Husbands, priests, or nobles could beat women, first chapters is conjecture, surely some parts
Thus matriarchal civilizations were destroyed by will be found to be inaccurate in the future as
From a feminist point of view, Ms. Davis pre- force and cruelty. more research is done, The book will be valu-
sents the awesome notion that women founded and able even if it just stimulates more research in
developed civilization, a conclusion reached and Another weapon used to overcome matriarch- the area,
accepted by many includiag Plato, Robert Graves, alism was psychological. First Christianity
Robert Briffault and an increasing number of told women she had no soul, was evil, dirty, A blurb on the cover of the book says: ''The
.social scientists who accept the evidence and and wicked. Protestantism finished what book that proves that woman's contribution to
reject their patriarchal biases. The implication Catholicism had started by deposing the female civilization has been greater than man's." Per-
of The First Sex is that women must uncover figure (Mary) in religion and setting up a more haps Ms, Davis' book does prove that assertion,
their true-history and restore their faith in rigid morality, while imposing the doctrine of However, that is a moot point compared to the
themselves and begin rebuilding ·a civilization predestination which said that destiny was fixed. realization of what women have contributed in
that can rebuke what can only be called the bar- Since women were evil, wicked and sinful, they matriarchal society and have not been able to
barity of patriarchal civilization. no longer could find hope in freedom in heaven .c.ontribute in patriarchal society. The First Sex
·certainly makes a case that women muS't""rebuild~­
socie ty. The popular song that says, "If I have
to, I can do anything" becomes real. If women
don't reb.uild society, who will? And the time
is now.

se11-ue11 conference

The concept of personal health care for wo- In order to free the women attending the con-
men is gaining momentum across the country. ference from the hassles of preparing meals and
This· December 9th and 10th, even Normal, Illinois watching their children, we are asking for the
men in the community to volunteer some time in
will be exposed to the ideas and techniques of the kitchen duties and child care. We need
self help. On those days, our sisters from Illi- several men to prepare, serve, and cleanup din-
nois, and perhaps Wisconsin and·Indiana, will be ners and lunches; also we are planning to have
meeting he~e for the First Regional Conference a child care service and need men to staff it.
If you want to help, call Ann at 452-8281 for
on Gynecological Self-Help Clinics. kitchen duties and/or Jeanette at 829-3576.for
The Conference will be a meeting of women to child care duty.

learn/share the techniques of self-examination For the women at the conference from out of
and to gain a personal knowledge of our bodies. town, we will need spare beds, couches, floor
We will learn to give breast cancer examinations space, etc. in your apartment, house, dorm room,
and pelvic examinations; we will learn about etc., to put them up for a weekend. If yo~ have
vaginal discharges and the use of a speculum to space for a sister, call any of the numbers men-
view our cervixes , We will discuss birth co~­ tioned in this article.
trol methods and abortion techniques. We will
inform ourselves on the diagnosing of·pregnancy Because of the expenses involved in doing
and venereal diseases, The conference will put this conference, we are asking for a registration
strong emphasis on the need for women to share _fee of $1 (if you've got it) or $5 for a group.
their experiences with other women about their Contact Barb at 452-4378 to register.
sexual selves, that modesty is nothing more than WOMEN--WE MUST HELP OURSELVES TO KNOWLEDGE OF
a fromt for the ignorance we have of our bodies.


GJ!Jfr G~9U111/fl 1 and s








1. It should be smashed 40. Communist Party Agent DOWN
6. A disease that's a bummer 41. (abbv.)
Detergent for those too 1. What every revolutionary "I tripped on the snow~on
to keep but fun to pass on stoned to hassle with should have my way to school."
laundramat temperature 'These are all examples of
10. 1950's styles Be-__ controls. 2. __-bags good for carry-
First two letters of a ing bombs on airplanes (two
13. George Washington of Viet- certain slimy pig's last
nam (2 out of 3 words) name. words)
First letter of Superman's
14. What they should do with 42. girl friend's name 3. What you get from acid that 31. An aristocratic pig from
the grass laws __-bong1 gets the job feudal times
44. done better than a joint has strychnine in it.
16. First vowel you can think 45. Former British colony is-
of. 47. land India 4. =---,.--.....- Apperception 32. Nation where a fascist
49. When you're as high as party was first successful
17. Famous paper from N.Y.'s you've ever been, that's Test--what they give you
East Village 51. the time to drop another when deciding whether or
52. t_. not you are crazy. 34. "L'etat __ moi"--Louis
18, Media stereotype of a 53. Desmond Morris is a naked XIV
McGovern supporter one. 5.
Mr. Auto Capitalist's 1st Bernadette Devlin has her , 36. "Virgil quick come see;
20. a lemon-lime drink to car was a Model _e up. Here comes the Robert
quench a stoned thirst Scandanavian hippie's
first name 6. Nixon is one, and so was _Lee."
21. Where a cockney hippie He's comin' on the 13th
goes after work and the Confession.· Eichmann 4o. Acid could come in a tab
mystic chant he repeats Lackey Running Dog organ-
when he gets there. ization which split with 7. A hard-rock derrigible or a __•
SDS (abbv.)
22. shit, junk Far-out movie starring 8. Imitates the singing of 41. "-...,,-_..,,. speaks louder than
23. middle initial of author Malcolm MeDowall, who al- "Alice's Restaurant" (two words."
so starred in Clockwork words)
of ~ of ]h! Rings Orange 43. This puzzle is ---•
type of column not found 9. reach the best part of the 46. Media hoax home of the
24. First initial of recent in the Post-Amerikan trip
Communist Party candidate What mindless hippies in- hippies--1967
for president hale to destroy their 10. When all the marijuana 48. crotches
brain cells ca ro_p_s _get dis$ased, it is
Popular type of hallucin- 50. aid for staying up all
55. ogen (two words) 11. Heroine of classic Victor-
What parties with 200-watt ian cock book night
25. site of major prison riot 57. steros are
Imports giving GM head- 12. Wife of bacon man 54. symbol of revolutionary
28. major marijuana plantations ach solidarity
Mexican Hippie's Horticul- 15. What Texan hippies were
tural Institute (abbv.) 59. taught to remember 56. First letter of superman's
enemy's name
JO, What Marx wanted the work- 19. First initial of Mark
ers to do Rudd's organization 58. "Virgil quick come seer
Here comes the Robert
33. What grass was classified 61. 21. Smoke some todays p_.
as before the Cannabis 63. E. --•"
Control Aot 26. The Industrial Revolution •
is a by-product of 60. Black hair style
35. When tripping in public,
one often feels ___ 27. Jewish mystical tradition 62. Alliance of Unorthodox
which influenced Yeats, Orthodontists (abbv.)
37. 3.14 ' 65. Allen Ginsberg, and Bob
Zimmerman. 64, Nixon is a __r.
JB. 18th-century music freak
66. Bo D_1 puppet "Emperor"
of Vietnam

still popular today 68. 29. "We don't mind having 67. "Just Stories"--written
roaches at our house." by white supremacist fas-
39. Major opium-exporting na- "What's lying stoned in cist pig who promoted the
tion invaded by U.S. pup- the road? Ahead?" "theory" of "White Man's
"Time is out of oi· t " Burden" ·
pet soldiers·in 1971


CALL 452-9221 OR 452-9111



~Y David Lincoln King Director Ralph Lane and his cast included RED LIGHTS OYER MAO
superbly executed technical extras like th! .
"The world is too much with us, late and soon; selective sound effects. But the most exfiting (directed by Jean-Lue Godard)
Getting and spending, we lay waste our powers" moment of the production was Emily's funer~l.
A lone voice of singular powe! and perfection All Maoist films are subversive.
Wordsworth sang "Blessed Be the Tie That Binds." We had That's a given, (anc if you don't ac-
heard the hynm. several times before, but with a cept it then fuck you, I'll proceed wiih
Through his own medium, Wilder wishes us the full chorus~ The solitary voice, in contrast, this review anyway.) Somw people find
same awareness and perception as Wordsworth does. was far more compassionate. themselves perturbed at this sort of di-
Wilder, however, had other goals as well. He dactism, and it's true certainly that
wanted to whisk away the dried up old mask of The other scenes of passion and conflict left me many times message sabotages art. (Whe-
realistic sets and costumes and to return the feeling that the actual conflict had never been ther this maxim works for Godard, though,
theatre to the exciting world of the audience's realized nor its accompanying passion reached. ·is a question of criticism.)
imagination. Our Town has no box set and few
props; but Wilder arci-not wish to remov~ the As an example, Judith Ivey's portrayal of Godard's latest has much in common
technical aspects of the theatre. :i:n his play. Emily's breakdown and resignation on her post- with his previous films (I've seen them
the sound of a neigh represents a horse, and a humous return to earth began so well with, "I all,) and if the work as a whole strikes
table and chairs represents a kitchen. Most can't go on," but its power dissipated in the
importantly, Wilder removes the illusion of the slow spreading and closing o~ her arms •. The one as more than a little less dull, then
fourth wall • He gives to us a stage manager scene was partially ineffective because it . :well that's one of the conflicts of
as narrator who also plays roles within the action. surrendered to the low energy level and stolid Marxist art. Marx, after all, never
He is a direct connection between the onstage pace of the rest of the show. It succeeded · acoruulrdr .make a go_od film in his lifetime,
action and the audience. because the horror of her realization did reach don't see why his disciples keep
us albeit without the full power of the script. trying.
Wilder begins the play with the ageing New Ceal De Laurier's exclamations as Mrs. Soames at
England stage manager precisely placing the town the wedding were so well received not only
of Grover's Corners, New Hampshire. The because of the superb script but because of the
stage manager then guides us through the turn of sudden surge of life and vitality on stage.
the century first act, introducing us to the
characters as they appear in vignettes from Rich Snyder's Stage Manager was a consistent por- A much better failure for my money •
George Gibbs' and Emily Webbs' youth. In Act Two is the beautiful WRETCHES ON EARTH (1948,
the stage manager plunges into George and Emily's trayal of a solid if somewhat stereotypic dealing with a strike of Salmon canners
wedding with a sermon and then flashes back to in Venezuela) but that film succeeded
their high school declaration of love in a New Englander. His pauses, especially in the because of stunning editing. (Godard's
soda shop. We jump back the one year from the film has stunning editing, also, but
soda shop scene to "actual" second act time and second a cwt~swaerevetroyoenf rdeeqaureinngt l, y ehsoi lllyowlo. vedNoannedthe-
happily marry them, aware of their doubts about less, he somehow !h!! isn't important.)
related-to man, an exceedingly difficult
Wielding his philosophical pipe, the stage manager
brings us up to date on the third act Grover's essential for the role. His accent was censistent
Corners. He transports us to the cemetery, now
populated by characters from the first two acts. if vocally inhibiting. The other actors failed Certainly the director's earlier
The funeral we see arriving is for Emily, who to capture the New England accent. ; efforts (such as ASPHIXIATION( (1958))
died in the birth of her second child, She elects
to return to earth to relive and witness a day Dr. Gibbs, Bob Romeo, was the standout of the :which, remember, spurred the infancy of
of her life and screams in the agony of the real- the New Wave directors) are generally
ization that she lost her life in the blissful four parents. The others played consistently and 'either worse or better than this. It's
ignorance of living it. As George collapses in :almost inevitable. Things change, you
grief at her grave Emily resigns herself to well, but Dr. Gibbs remains in my mind. He had know, and the law of entropy ( as far as
death with the thought that the living do not simplicity of conununication and honesty. He and ,: I can tell) is still operating and valid.
understand. Mrs. Gibbs shared a scene of simple tenderness iit's enough to frighten anybody. Certain-
[ly me.
The.Illinois State production began half an.hour on George's wedding morning as they recalled
before the first Wilder line. The actors their married life. The genuineness of the
warmed up before us in a truly fascinating per-
formance. They gradually gained an exciting en- scene was truly touching.
ergy, ~ ensemble, and their respective characters.
George's most outstanding quality was his seeming Actually, I prefer to see a good
The ensemble was retained throughout the per- naturalness. However, when emotion was required horror film. They are, I believe, the
formance. The vitality and energy departed with of Mr. Guinan, ·especially at Emily's grave, he most potentially pictoral of motion pic-
the opening lines as the show assumed the rhythms appeared false. Th:is was most noticeable, because tures, and in the hands of a Hitchcock or
and pace of the stage manager. Perhaps we were his joy on his wedding morning -seemed so honest a Corman certainly do (or almost do) be-
to feel how little of their lives these characters come that idealization. Can anybody for-
really saw, or that we witnessed these events and straightforward. get the brilliant camera technique in
through the stage manager's manipulation.
However, .the lack of vitality and varia,tion hin- Emily's performance was mentioned before. To Hitchcock's staircase murder? Only, I
dered rather than aided our understanding of the add to that, much of Emily's humanity turned to suspect, in the best horror films can
play. Had there been more vitality we would caricature and forcing of emotion in the second one come to visual grips with the manic
ha\re felt a greater sorrow at Emily's having .nature of existence. Certainly many can
'missed helf"life. The total ensemble, however, act soda shop scene. be taken allegorically, even if most
was an exciting element in the show. The
offstage but intentionally visible actors seemed As a whole, the production works well. It is a people don't. That's not important.
committed to the show, at least as offstage
spectators. superbly written play and the ISU players Film has much to say for and to so-

flash moments of brilliance upon it. The faults of
the performance were as quickly forgotten in the ciety, and Godard has for years been most
conscious of this. With our chaotic pro-
viewing as they passed. I became involved. I
would recommend it to all as worthy a journey to gress, we need more genius pointing out
Champaign in February. It should be selected as pitfalls, even if the whole ma~ not be as
one of the plays at the American College Theatre agreeable as parts (at least in this
film.) RED LIGHTS OVER MAO carries on
Festival in Champaign. Perhaps you'll go out this tradition.
humming, as I did, "Get It While You Can."


A Separate Peace

subscribe A SEPARATE PEACE (directed by Larry Peerce) Several scenes seem to suffer from a lack of
clear intention. Where most ~dolescent films
A SEPARATE PEACE is not as good a film as it veer back and forth between sincere emotions and
could be. I wish it had stayed longer for more embarassment, this moves from emotion to an un-
fortunate detachment. The trial sequence in the
people to see it. And so I could maybe see it film, held by the boys of.the school over Gene,
the hero, is the most emotionally alienating ex-
............... twice. Few films consciously examine the workings perience in the film. (The plot: Gene in pique
/ ............... of male rituals, and even fewer do it·sympatheti- of jealously over the "masculine" power of Finny,
"::;.--------------~~~~~~~~~, causes his friend's injury, destroying his athle-
f;: '- - - - - - - - - - -r oi- C(JT our cclaolslye. toAdSeEpPiAcRtAinTgE ProEAleCEm'sanbiepsutlamtioomne.nitts bcoemcoemseos tic prowess, by jarring Finny out of a tree.)
c1.J1 ovr CUT 0 1.17 cur our cvr our painful, particularly in the film's first half. Up to the accident in the tree, the film is superb.
1 Peerce details the peer group pressure, the anti-
@)&. ~ 114'1.NoRTlfS~ NoRMAL,iu.1N01~ bf76f intellectual nature of school life, and some
f" """ I fine group sequences of an afternoon at the
beach (reminiscent of the wedding party se-
I 'ft:s, I vNoERsTAtvD ~'Re- c~AR~IN<:r J. BUck-S fbR. IO I The film is an incredibly fragile tale of quence in his GOODBYE COLUMBUS.) Only after
lS~\JES (mm DIFFERENT;) llND I STIL~ WANT To two boys at a private school during WW II(based the crippling incident does the film's direction
I on John Knowles' novel.) Using the same frame become puzzling, and Peerce's technique unclari-
fied. Why, for instance, does he show two parallel
' SOSSCRIBE BY 1"1AlL/ as Pinter and Losey's rnE GO-BETWEEN (i.e. older iongshots of Ge~e and the emotional cripple
Leper-two _figures standing in a pure white snow
I I "broken" man recalls past incidents that made background?
him the way he is.) Peerce's film wo7ks with
'"Mlf I American male adolescents in thrall with the war Despite some confUsion of intentio~, the
I ..TA,ffT and the image of potency it offers. At least I film is successful in depicting the social
forces that mold males. I suspect, however, that
I ,,.,,... ST"TC £1p think. One of the film's problems is the incom-
plete linkings it makes between boyhood tests the virtues arise from the source.

$ roo/I ~ LINf of manhood and the war. More than one scene be- &Sherman

l IN FACT; I Ml<'.-HT OOtttlltTlt , comes puzzling, because of this. (An example:
the boys from the school are clearing off snow

I on the tracks of a train shipping other boys off

1L-------------------------------.1 to the war. There is a brief moment when the
two groups look at each other silently, as the
(t1T OU7 -rur oor c.ur O(Jr cur ovr cur -ou7 cur ol,,r train slowly passes by. It's obscure as to what

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 s o r t of feeling we're supposed to pt from this.)


(The following poem was written in fulfillment of an !SU And I have known the grades already, known them all
English course assignmenti to write a paper on The Love Grades that are forthright and plain and fair
Song of J. Alfred Prufrock using one of the "recognized" ~ut always make one wonder, "Do I dare?"]
critical approaches to literature. Usually a person's Is it fear of a Fail
feelings about a work are not too relevant in critical That makes us grow so pale?
discourse, and this can bring about a conflict. This Failure sits upon the table, and mocks us as we wrlte.
poem deals with that conflict, and in doing so, I feel
it makes a statement not only about academia in general, And should I then presume?
but also about the creeping rationo-scientific mentality, And ·how should I begin?
the "objective consciousness" Roszak wrote of.) Shall I say, I have carried this poem through narrow streets
And it has touched and understood the hearts
--Mary Crawford Of lonely prophets, preaching on the squares?
Let ·US go then, you and I, I should have been a Dryden or a Pope
When the evening is spread out against the sky To brave these fields with any hope.
And all the papers· spread upon the table1 And the intellectual thesis flows so easilyl
Let ua try a certain half-dese~ted street, Smoothed by long practice
A muttering retreat Structured••• straight•••quite defensible ,
From res.tless thoughts of doubtful image clusters Not the emotional beast before me.
And wild eyed Freudian filibusters, Should I, being able to archetype it,
Thoughts that lead to.tedious arguments Have the strength to boldly say, " it"?
Of insidious intent But though I have wept and written, wept ahd read,
To bring you to an idiotic question••• Though I have seen the Theme [grown slightly bald] served up
Oh, do.not ask, "But is it Art?"
Let us try a braver start. upon a platter,
I am no prophet--and qere's no great matter1
In the room the critics come and go I have seen the moment of my greatness flicker,
Talking of Ransom, John Crowe. And I have seen the paternal Teacher read my tests--and snicker,
And in short, I am afraid.
And yet the poem that rubs its back upon the inner brain
The striking poem that rubs its muzzle on the inner brain And will it have been worth it, after all,
Licks. its tongue into the corners of the mind After the hair, the impotence, the fog,
Lingers in the memories of pain After some talk of dramatic monologue,
Lets roll off its back the •ords of Explicators Will it have been worth while,
Slips by the biographers, makes a sudden leap, To have interpreted the· matter with a smile,
And seeing that it fits into the heart To have squeezed my consciousness into a ball
Curls into the so'":, and will not sleep. To roll around the scholarly convention,
To saya "I am Melody, come from the real,
And indeed there will be time Come back to tell you how'J. Alfred makes me feel"--
For reading notes along the page's edge If one, frowning at his syllabus,
For speaking of the unity of plan1
There will be time, there will be time· Should saya "That is not what I meant at all.
To prepare a mask to meet the poets that you meet1 That is not it, at all."
There will be time to think and explicate And will it have been worth it, after all,
And time for all the works and days of hands Will it· have been worth while
That lift and drop a topic· on your pate After the classes, the seminars, the arguments,
And time yet for a hundred indecisions, After the metrics, after the rhyme schemes, after the notes that
Which cannot destroy the vieions
Before the picking up of pen and ink. trail along the page--
And this, and so much more?
In the room th'e critics come and go It is impossible to say just what I meant
But as if a magic lantern threw the ?\erves in patterns on a
Talking of Ransom, John Crowe.
And indeed there will be time screen a
Will it have been worth while
To wonder, "Do I dare?" and, "Do I dare?" If one, closing his grade book and laying down his pen,
Time to turn back and descend the stair And frowning at his syllabus, should say,
Fall back on "The Significance of Hair"--
fThey will say, "How her writing's growing oddl") "That is not it at all,
My clear thesis, my support mounting firmly to the point That is not what I meant, at all."
My assertions safe and modest, but defended to the death-- Nol I am not a formalist, nor was meant to be1
(They will saya "But how her last paper was oddl"] Am an attentive student, one that will do
Do I dare To fill a silence, make a joke or two,
Disturb the universe? Amuse the prof1 no doubt, an easy tool,
In a minute there is time Deferential, glad to be of use,
To abandon the appreciative approach, and earn a nod. Talkative, although not meticulous,
Full of high sentence, but a bit absurd1
For I have known them all already, At times, indeed, somewhat ridiculous,
Known them alla-- Almost, at times, the Fool.
Have sat in class on evenings, afternoons I grow old•••will I start
We have me.asured out this poem in coffee spoons. To become a critic without a heart?
I"know what the "vo~ces dying" all are for, Will I do my footnotes right? Will I dare to use an "I"?
From 'l'welfth Night One, scene one, line four. I shall write of punctuation, and stifle every sigh.
I have heard the critics shrieking each to each.
So how should I presume? I do not doubt that they will shriek at me.
And I have known the Freudians, known them all
Their eyes that focus madly on a fixated phase, --Melody Schwartz
And when the poem is formulated, sprawling on a pin,
When it's impaled and wriggling on a phallus,
Then how should I begin
To say, "This poem affects my days and ways"?
And how should I presume?

200 MOTELS ••• is a Frank Zappa song in audio and video. The Cast:
Like most of his tunes, it's the expression of one Zappa hilll!!elf appears only in glimpses, which
theme in a long, complex work. The many apparent at first seems modesty, but is actually due
divergences, actually reinforcements of the theme to his intettse involvement in the writing, dir-
through altemate expressions, weave together~in­ ecting, producing, composing, and everything-ing
tricately to create an overwhelming massive SONG, the movie. (He's another D.W. Griffith, at Least.)
In his place is a Zappa doll, which is laying
Then there's the band, who are great on The theme is that being an outasite rock'n' around, flying off and being pieces,
film, each one being, possibly, Zappa himself in roll superstar on the road in the U.S. cna drive . and Larry the Dwarf (Ringo), who is dressed like
Zappa and who spies on the other members of the
disguise. you craaaazy, Hence the plastic Centerville with Mothers for material for his songs.

Like the late Beatle's tunes, 200 MOTELS only the fronts of buildings, the Red Neck Eats, Theodore Bikel maybe remembered as the
the groupies, the concentration camp for the re- Jewish folksinger who wrote "Go for a Ride in
shows the straights what·freeks can---cJOWliiiiilthey habilitation of unproductive musicians, the Devil the Car Car'' (Peter, Paul and Mary. remembe1'?)
the intra-band rivalry, the insanity of the whole Anyway, he does fantastically well as a sort o~
get the money (power). It restores my faith in image, narrator and devil ("I am called many names ••• ' )
being a freek. Too bad the country is set up so who tries to get Ringo to sign in blood.
you lave to be into money to do things like this,
I don't remember the blond groupies, but
since the freeks long ago could have made Amerika 200 MOTELS is done on videotape, which allows who was that brunette in ~e red briefs? She
a better place to live at. Jeez, if I could have was an incredibly good actress, but I was ab-
the London Philharmonic backing me up, and could greater image alteration and generation than $orbed with her face and tits. God, would I like
conventional photographic film,. Zappa (the • to fuck her! (Nachl)
play with good color videotape equipment ••• whole movie positively reeks of Zappa) explores

Fogo these effects as music, using them to illustrate
and elaborate his music, sometimes even to

make separate visual expressions. S\lCh as the

P.S. It doesn't matter if you see 200 Motels sequence of one band member freaking out. Even
fucked 0 up or straight, as the flicki s at least
acid. if not soma itself. straight dialogue is free poetry, audially and
visually, almost to the point of being Neo-


16 their position was the same as before. So now
women demand that the struggle for the liberation
of women become a top priority inside the move-

In the last issue of the Post-Amerikan Ilyin movement. WOMEN define the women's movement and Starik says that women who give priority to
while women are still engaged in that process,
Starik, author of the "Alternate Flag," called a men had better just keep their definitions and women's liberation are divisive and destructive
sister ''hysterical" because of her attack on his categories to themselves. within the movement. We say that we have divided
statements about the women's movement in a pre- and destroyed and we will divide and destroy a
vious column. Starik will see some real hysteria Starilc says: "It is as if she could conclu.'- lot of movement groups so long as sexism exists
if he continues to respond to women's statements sively determine that I am a most deliberate within them. In the process, organizations will
as if they were emotional tirades, rather than sexist by the fact that I now answer her (indivi- die, but the MOVEMENT will grow. Male-supremacy
attacks on sexist positions. Starik claimed dual) comments with pity." We say: DAMN RIGHT! has a long history of movement-breaking. It is
that this sister's response was "fortunately not one of the major tools for keeping oppressed and
typical" of the women's movement. We say: WHO Starik says: ''Wemen are oppressed by all exploited peoples divided. We will smash it.
IN THE FUCK DOES HE THINK HE IS to talk about people who behave in the manner that the dominant
what's "typical" of the women's movement. capitalist Western culture proscribes • • • " We The time is ripe now.
say; Yeah, and it's a male-dominated culture,
Has he talked to all of the women involved in you fool. Barb Wilson Barbara Shirir Sue Gage
Marty Bondeman Cathy Hutson Barb Willer
women's liberation locally? Most of us don't Starik says that men are just as oppressed as Mikki Pike Jeanette Gorecki Ann Lewis
even know who he is, except that he makes some women. We say: Slaveowners used to complain Mary Willer Cathy Cox Jan Cox
really sexist statements in his columns and then about all of the trouble it caused them to take Linda Duggan Anne Thompson
has the gall to say that we must "smash sexism care of their poor slaves. Mari Skinner
in every form that it appears." Starik sure has
a different idea of what sexism is than many Starik says: "There can be no women's liber-
women around here do. Even if Starik had talked ation without human liberation." We say that he
has it backward. THERE CAN BE NO HUMAN LIBER-
to each and every one of us and was thoroughly ATION WITHOUT THE LIBERATION OF WOMEN. There is
familiar with the local women's movement, it a bitter mistory behind that. Women have joined
would still be sexist for a man to run around and worked for innumerable struggles for the
blabbing about what is typical of the women's betterment of all. to find out in the end that

This article is a reprint from Liberation The popular image of a successful man com- NOMORESHIT
Autunm 1970 bines dominance both over women, in social re-
lations, and over other men, in the occupational The acceptance of sex role stereotypes not
by Jack Sawyer world. But being a master has its burdens. It only limits the individual but has bad effects on
is not really possible for two persons to have a society generally. The apparent attractions of a
Male liberation calls for men to free them- free relation when one holds the balance of power male sex role are strong, and many males are
selves of the sex TOle stereotypes that limit over the other. "f'he more powerful person can necessarily caught up with this image. Education
their ability to be human. Sex role stereotypes never be sure of full candor from the other, from early years calls upon boys to be brave,
say that lll9ft should be dominant; achieving and though he may receive ~he kind of respect that not to cry, and to fight for what is theirs. The
enacting a dqminant role in relations with others . comes from dependence. Moreover, people who day when these were virtues, if it ever existed,
is often taken as an indicator of success. have been dependent are coming to recognize more is long past. The main effect now is to help
usuccess,' for a man, often involves influence clearly the potentialities of freedom, and it is sustain a system in which private 'virtues' be-
over the lives of other persons. But success becoming harder for those who have enjoyed dom- come public vices. Competitiveness helps pro-
in achieving positions of dominance and influence inance to maintain this position. Persons bent mote exploitation of people all over .the world,
is necessarily not open to every man, as domin- on maintaining dominance are inhibited from de- as men strive to achieve 'success.' If success
ance is relative and hence scarce by definition. veloping themselves. Part of the price most men requires competitive achievement, then an un-
Most men in fact fail to achieve the positions pay for being dominant in one situation is sub- limited drive to acquire money, possessions,
of dominance that sex role stereotypes ideally scribing to a system in which they themselves are power, and prestige, is only seeking to be suc-
call for. Stereotypes tend to identify such subordinated in another situation. The alternative cessful.
men as greater or lesser failures, and in extreme is a system where men share, among themselves,
cases, men who fail to be dominant are the object and with women, rather than strive for a dominant The affairs of the world have always been
of jokes, scorn, and sympathy from wives, peers, role, run nearly exclusively by men, at all levels.
and society generally. It is not accidental that the ways that elements
In addition to the dehumanization of being of society have related to each other has been
One avenue of dominance is potentially open (or trying to be) a master, there is another disastrously competitive, to the point of op-
to any man, however-dominance over a woman. As severe, if less noticed restriction from conven- pressing large segments of the world's popula-
society generally teaches men they should dominate, tional male sex roles in the area of affect, play tion. Most societies operate on authoritarian
it teaches women they should be submissive, and and show affect. This restriction is often not bases-in government, indistry, education, religion,
so men have the opportunity to dominate women. even recognized as a limitation, because affect- the family, and other institutions. It has been
More and more, women, however, are reacting ive behavior is so far outside the usual range generally assumed that these are the only bases
against the ill effects of being dominated. But of male activity. on which to operate, because those who have run
the battle of women to be free need not be a the world have been reared to know no other. But
battle against men as oppressors. The choice Men are breadwinners and are defined first women, being deprived of power, have also been
and formost by their performance in this area. more free of the role of minator and oppressor;
about whether men are the enemy is up to men (Many women are even though by role defini~ions women have been denied the opportunity to be-
are not considered as such. Because of their come as competitive and ruthless as men.
t,hemsleves. sex and the possibility of becoming pregnant,
women have systematically been considered as a Danger &Promise
Smash . Sex~ Roles" part time labor force. Males are generally
in administrative positions and thus set wages in the increasing recognition of the right
Male liberation seekS to aid in destroying and determine hiring and firing policies.) This
the sex role stereotypes that regard''being a is a serious business and results in an end of women to participate equally in the affairs
man' and 'being a .woman' as statuses that must product-bringing home the bacon. The process of the world, then, there is both a danger and
be achieved .through proper behavior. People area of life-activities that are enjoyed for a promise. The danger is that women could try
need not take on restrictive roles to establish the immediate satisfaction they bring--are not simply to get their share of the action in the
their sexual identity. part of the central definition of men's role. competitive, dehumanizing, exploitative system
Yet.the failure of men to be aware of this po- that men have created. The promise is that
A major male sex role restriction'occurs tential part of their lives leads them to be women and men might work together to create a
through the acceptance of a stereotypic view of alienated from themselves and from others. Be- sys~em that provides equality to all and dominates
·men's sexual relation to women. Whether or not cause men are not permitted to play freely, or no one. The women's liberation movement has
men consciously a4mire the Playboy image, they show affect, they are prevented from really stressed that women are looking for a better
are still influenced by the implicit sex role coming in touch with their own emotions. model for human behavior than has so far been
demands to be thoroughly competent and self- created. Women are trying to become human,
assured-in short, to be 'manly.' But since self- If men cannot play freely, neither can they and men can do the same. This implies that sex
assurance is part of the stereotype, men who be- freely cry. be gentle, nor show weakness-becaus·e should not be limited by role stereotypes that
lieve they fall short don't admit it, and each these are 'feminine,' not 'masculine.' But a define 'appropriate' behavior. The present
can think he is the only one. Stereotypes limit fuller concept of humanity recognizes that all models of neither men nor women furnish ade-
men's perception of women as well as of themselves. men and women are potentially both.strong and quate opportunities for human development.
Men learn to be highly aware of a woman's body, weak, both active and passive, and that these That one half of the human race should be
face, clothes-and this interferes with their and other human characteristics are not the pro- dominant and the other half submissive is in-
ability to relate to her as a whole person. Ad- vince of one sex. compatible with a notion of freedom. Freedom
vertising and consUlll8r orientations are lll,llong the requires that there not be dominance and sub ..
societal forces that both reflect and encourage mission, but that all individuals be free
these sex ste~otypes. . Women spend to ·make them- to determine their own lives as equals.
selves more 'feminine,' and men are exhorted to.
buy cigarettes, clothes, and cars to show their

We are unfair, and unfair. The fair are The day will not save them
We magicians, black art fair, and death and we own
s we make in black labs of the heart. ly white, the night.

--LeRoi Jones

(reprinted from Merton of the Movement, #1) 17

.6(5()E.~. IT'S ll'ISOUIJllGLI/


!'OR A lllll1re: A~Tl'OI lo ..

OR"lll suci.i A. mREoWi'E

for what it's worth I \>Roce:CDGD ro Ol!ALll A PiC.TvRE

What makes a record so representative of what GI' llo60'-? SEAL.£ foLww1iuc. 1"f:
the Women's Movement has been saying? And yet
sell about 25,000 records per day, Helen Reddy IR~£·ei GOOD coml'1on11s\ sr11111-
has put into words the feelings of many women, ~RVS AUo\0iN6 All~ RAclsT
The opportunity for this song "I am Woman" to
become a best seller and be heard by so many 5lt:RE:oT<!Pf;5...
women and men is a boost to the movement,
Although the song started out as a personal
statement it has meaning for many women, Per-
haps it can clarify for men some of the feelings
women around them are having and are trying to

I am Woman Black women in Revo11
Hear Me Roar
In number too big to ignore T_his artiale, written by a group of blaak WOm;?n No one seemed able to move forward in this
And I know too much to go back and pretend -i-s part of a longer manusaript entitled "Les.~on; internal struggle while directly under the siege
'Cause I've heard it all before from th~ Damned, " written by a group of young of the family's oppression. We had to have a
And I've been down there on the floor b laaks -i-n a northeastern suburban aormruni ty.' chance to be away from our parents. Everyone
And no one's ever going to keep me down again, needed the upper-class luxury enjoyed at the ex-
Since the Second World War, in the cities of pense of the working class--a little time and
Yes, I'm wise some quiet to think, For the women, we had to
but it's wisdom for the pain the United States all strata of every ethnic be away from other oppressive agents of the mas-
Yes, I've paid the price ter, our men, and the bosses on the job. Welfare
but look how much.I've gained group have been forced into housing projects by provided this material opportunity. For the men,
If I have to I can face anything at all, many times it was prison. As oppressive as wel-
those of the ruling class who need their labor fare and jail are, they give black people time
I am strong to think.
I am invincible at a time of increased production and market de-
I am Woman In every case "the chosen one" had always
mands. The Unit ed S tates was a tnheewr~ rich im- stubbornly maintained acu~e perception--the c~­
You can bend but never break me perialist power. In the 1960s were'lots pacity to see through to the core, despite the
'Cause it only serves to make me onslaught of illusions. It is the way of the
more · achieve my final goal of crumbs for blacks, considered the dregs of very small child. At the same time, they were
And I come back even stronger still open enough to hear when they we~e thrown
Not a novice any longer the labor pool, We were able to move from one into contact with others like them. The others
'Cause you've deepened the conviction in my soul were invariably niggers, oppressed people, but
project complex to another on our way to the they had through practice and experience formed
Yes, I'm wise
but it's wisdom for the pain Promised Land, through middle-income housing and and learned a structure that began to explain
Yes, I've paid the price their oppression. They were not lonely and
but look how much I've gained co-ops, trying to get as far away as possible powerless individuals any more. This reflection
If I have to I can face anything at all was what we needed to confirm the primitive
from the lower-class project described below (primary) knowledge that it is right and just to
I am stron9 resist, to defend yourself, and finally to over-
I am invincible (upward-mobility, according to bourgeois social throw those who have oppressed you, from parents
I am Woman scientists). full of illusions to a capitalist system built
on them and the illusions. For the first time
I am Woman The majority of lower-class project-dwellers "the chosen ones" could experience a sense·of
fatch me grow power recaptured. We really began to feel we
as I'm standing toe to toe are in the predicament of having absorbed the could win.
And I spread my loving arms across the land
But I'm still an embryo ideas and customs of the ruling class without But now we know even more. Into this fertile
with a long long way to go. soil must come a clear and precise pattern of
Until I make my brother understand having access to the capital that supports such reality. For us it has been those scientific
principles of the dialectical movement of mate-
ruling-class power. One of the main ideas of rial forces laid out for us by Marx, Lenin, and
Mao Tse-tung. They allowed us to see the whole
the ruling class is to get to the top by fair world historically and objectively--inside and
out. This awareness has gone down very de.ep,
means or foul, do anything to stay there, and be like indestructible roots. Out of this depth
have come action and experience, some of which
sure everybody knows you're on top. The facts is exemplified below.

are that the only blacks who get anywhere near There has been constant struggle within our-
selves and now outside ourselves, disciplined
the top are chosen by the master because they and undisciplined, learning from experience,
slipping back but never all the way, applying
have totally absorbed his ideas. They act not Marxism-Lenini"sm and finding our experience pro-
ven in that theory itself. Finally, and despite
in their own working-class interest but in the the poverty of bourgeois education for poor
blacks, we have been able to describe it in order
master's. Of these, however, only a very few to teach others.

are chosen to be members of the white capitalist Present objective conditions do not allow the
decisive acts to overthrow a capitalist system
imperial court. They are blind to the fact that still strong with illusions. People make up a
system, and U.S. citizens still have too many
ruling bourgeois capitalists are aping the kings illusions, We are only a few--and in this in-
stance poor black females--who have been able to
Yes, I'm wise they overthrew in the 1700s. The capitalists see some of the vast dialectical forces which
but it's wisdom for the pain caused the killing internal pain of millions
Yes, I've paid the price strain to maintain the illusion that, even if like us. This agony will increase the energy
but look how much I've gained needed to break this murderous system,
If I have to I can face anything at all they do not rule by Divine Right, God is in their must have form and discipline eventually. It
has to become knowledge that oppressed people
corner. These descendants of petty traders have have to take responsibility for their own op-
pression if socialism is to become a reality.
had a very short rule and already they are
We have tried to speak in the name of count-
threatened by a revolution of the world-wide less others who are not permitted the privileP,e.
Please let our individual names pass away and be
I am strong working class and peasantry. So many of the forgotten with all the nameless like us--and
I am invincible "black bourgeoisie" will b~ similarly threatened. those too who went before and yet in reality
I am Woman made it possible for us to speak today.
--Linda Duggan But they are a very small group.

There seemed no way out of this illusion dur-
ing the sixties. By 1970 some of us had grown

SOLUTION up enough to see that the United States was de-
IO PUZZLE clining in economic and political power interna-
tionally. Nationally, the master was forced to
turn inward to suck the blood of its domestic
labor force, white and black, For some, it was·
inflation but for us it was just a sea of unem-
ployment. Nobody needed young black people.

By 1971 we could no longer struggle with all
those external contradictions, They were just
too heavy. Turning inward, we found even worse
and more painful contradictions inside, To be
honest, we were going mad,

We know now that the internal contradictions
reflected the external contradictions. Out of
this internal struggle that still continues we
have found similar realities that seem necessary
to the positive outcome of such an internal
struggle. We saw that all of us were "the cho-
sen child"--chosen to be the nigger of the
family--the scapegoat and the oppressed one,
necessary to the continual pursuit of illusions
by the rest of the family. Culturally, black

girls are less valued in this society, so we
easily become the nigger of the family. In the
case of black boys, it is the se~sitive percep-
tive one--culturally the personification of
feminine and the frightening opposite of ''male-



TEST~fY fl[jfl~r.iST Y[]UREELf []R [j[] l[] Jl1~L

SAN FRANCISCO (LNS) -- The FBI has failed to None of the witnesses have talked, but three tics for as long as three years--but they speak
find the Weatherpeople, but the Nixon crew is have already been sentenced to jail until March defiantly about resisting the federal government's
using a new--and more dangerous--weapon now in an of 1974. efforts to tum grand juries into a major tool of
effort to find out something about the undergro\Dld political repression.
and the people connected to it. Witnesses say they have nothing personally
to hide--some have apparently been out of poli- Similar grand juries have been called in
That weapoin is the Internal Security Divi- more than a dozen U.S. cities.
sion of the Justice Department, a unit of re-
pression given vast power by the Nixon-backed YOU WANT
Organized Crime Control Act of 1970. ANSWERED?

That act impowers grand juries to interrogate .you CAN'T'
anyone in secret hearings and the person being HANDLE?
interrogated must answer all questions--even
about matters for which they may later be pro-
secuted--or be imprisoned for up to 18 months, the
life of the grand jury.

Traditionally, if the court wanted you to
testify, it would have to offer you iDDDunity from

prosecution, but the Organized Crime Control Act

changed all that with a new kind of "ummunity"
called "use iDDDunity."

Use iDDDunity, which was upheld in the Nixon )_ Do YO\)

Supreme Court last May, i"sn't really immunity at HAVE
all. It merely guarantees that any statement
you make before a grand jury cannot be used as
evidence against you in a criminal trial.

It doesn't guarantee that you can't be
prosecuted for the crimes you admit. All the
government has to do is go out and find someone
else who will say you did the things you-·admitted.
And there's really nothing to stop the grand
jury from asking you to name the people who saw

you do it. In other words, a prosecutor can
demand that you build up an entire case against
yourself and have you jailed if you refuse to do

In October the Internal Security Division
used its new weapon to summon 16 witnesses to
San Francisco from as far away as Puerto Rico t-o
hunt for leads to the whereabouts of Weatherpeople.

It immediately became apparent tpat the
Justice Department also intends to use the same

grand jury to uncover U.S. supporters of the Irish
Republican Amy.

So far special prosecutor Robert Dierker has
asked questions regarding federal fugitives, under-
ground mail drops, fake ID's, welfare fraud,
explosives, the 1970 bombing of Frisco's Park
District polic station and tnlderground activists
Mark Rudd, Kathy Boudin and Naomi Jaffe.






Dear Post-Amerikan: tl.ISSJFID 19
There is absolutely no manifest of the human
experience which we cannot understand with each
other through selfless love. Blues rock guitarist seeking good Blues Band
willing to relocate of move.
Wayne (815) 672-9424
All power to the. peoples press. I've been
Needed ~ desperately: bathtub whirlpool.
digging on the Post-Amerikan. Keep on struggling CaII"8""28-0425 or 452-9111

This letter is the result of my disapointment

with Ilyin Starik 1s article in P.A. 110, "Starik

Replies." The arrogance with which he attacked

Jan Cox is unacceptable. I don't agree with his

arguments regarding the responsibilities of men

for the opP.ression of women. Although the causes

of sexism at every level are social and ulti-

mately economic, a• I, a male, assume a sexist

identity; that there identity is my responsi~ L.A. BUST

bility, and there ain't no one that can deal

with it except myself. If I find a woman (wo1J1E!n)

who will help me deal with it, far out, but The last issue of the Post-Amerikan printed
an article on the arrest of two Los Angeles wo-
otherwise, I've got to clean the rats out of my men at the Feminist Women's Health Center there
on Sept • 20. Carol Downer and Colleen Wilson
own pockets- myself. · were charged with "practising medicine without

I don•t think I know Ilyin, at least I don't a license •" Police confiscated all medical
equipment, patient records, speculums, yogurt,
know the name, but the arrogance that I sense in and bloodied tampons as evidence of their ille-
gal activities. Siace then Colleen has pleaded
the article gives me a feeling of danger. I • guilty and received a suspended sentence of 2

hope it gets dealt with and I hope I'm.mistaken. :::::::;::;::;::.::::::::::::::::::::· ::::::::=:::::::::::::::::::::::::~:::::::::::::·:·:;;::.:·:·: ·:·:·:·:·:·:·:·:-:-:;;;;;;;;:;:;;::.:-:::-::;:;:·:;:;:,::: years and a $250 fine. Carol has pleaded not
guilty and goes on trial Nov. 16 • The specific
Love, 11'5 COfli Glo'1sl. accu8ations nlade against her by a police under-
Ed Dick cover agent' were for helping a woinan insert a
plastic speculum, observing monilia ( a yeast
Food and Clothing Drire SMIL~ infection), and that the woman asked Carol to
help her put in yogurt (it supposedly relieves
The Illinois State Students for Social the irritation of monilia).
Services are sponsoring a year-long food and
clothing drive. Carol wants to make this a test case defending
the self-help clinic movement and all women's
The collection point is at 205 1/2 School St., right to control their own bodies and provide
Normal, and will be open 2:00-4:00 and 6:00-8:00
on Wednesdays. Collection boxes will also be good health care for each ether. It is essential
placed in the dormit9ries for your disposal. that Carol Downer be supported with money for
her defense and with positive publicity •. Also
The items are distributed to the needy in the important is any woman's signed notarized affa-
local area, and to such state welfare organi- davit stating that you have us.ed a speculum,
zations as Sunnyside, City Mission, The Illinois will continue to use it, and that you will teach
Migrant Council, Operation Push, Welfare Rights, other women to use them.
Friendship House, and Chicago Individual Self
Help Organization. Send money, affadavits to the Feminist Women's
Health Center, 746 Crenshaw Blvd, L:A., Califor-
nia, 90019.



BER\.O •••
"Ask For Jim" UNL~'') J.fE

~"'e Tf'f'"'
452o-6r412 Y' OUR

~T TtiE l"ERD Of' Fl


u s6000N MBER CSA 828-9148 Planned Parenthood 829-3028
ACLU 452-3634 Food Stamps Office 829-7057 St. Joseph's Hospital 662-3311
Bloomington-Normal Emergency Mandrill 452-9111
PATH 452-4422 (except for drug cases)
911 Student Stores 452-7623
Women's Center 438-5223
Commissi·on on the Univ·ersity People's Food 452_9221

3foOD£Gf(£[S OF 811...L!J PAUL

contains n/1e f /1rs. Jones I/

Greetin9 Cards.

72 OFF

Posters on sale as ·marAed

in the Cam,,ous Court /v/ote/

311 S.11ain St. Normal L/5:2-7181

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