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The Post Amerikan was an underground, alternative newspaper published in Bloomington-Normal, Illinois from 1972 to 2004.

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Published by thekeep, 2019-12-11 11:12:37

Volume 1, Number 15 (February 1973)

The Post Amerikan was an underground, alternative newspaper published in Bloomington-Normal, Illinois from 1972 to 2004.

Keywords: Post Amerikan

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Murder in Guinea 0

Rental Blues POW s Tortured Q.






T-he Post-Amerikan is a newspaper of un-
certain origin and unidentifiable man-
agement, It comes out every third Fri-
day and is put together at the Post-
Amerikan office (naturally) which is at
114~ North St. in Normal, 452-9221,

Office Hourss 12-4s30 Monday, 2-8 Tues- MUNG WANTED--the more the better •.·· For
day, 9-2 Wednesday, and 11-3 Thursday, use in landfJil, dog· and Bloomi_ngton ..
drinking .wate:r::. · · Call or "Frog•.
, Blavatsky at 828-6647. (nighjt) or the
All-Star Crawlies at· 828?026 (night),
Policy of sortss All material in this Bilbo sez high, and the flytrap is
issue is the product of individuals who flourishing •.
argue and d~ffer with each other, so no
one article should be construed as re-
presenting the paper's line (we don't
really have one. ) .
Send all news articles, book and'record RAM--thanks for the use of the· type-
reviews, how-to-do-it articles, informa- writer •
tion, commentary, ANYTHING, to the office,
The Joint, 605~ N. Main This includes letters to the editor; FOOT H$NDERSON--can you contact some-
which we welcome, even though we . don't one at"the Post?. The xerox fucked up,
have·an editor. and page three begin s in. the middle aof
DA' s Li<11J.e>rs, ., Oakland and Main a sentence, but page two ends with

Al's Book World; 111 W, Front ,, Subscriptions cost $2 for ten issues, $4 complete sentence in the .middle of the
.for twenty issues, etc, That's because
Maple Grove Trading Co,, JlOi N, Main it costs us twelve to sixteen cents to page, ·something is missing, which is
mail a copy. why your article hasn't been printed
News Nook, 402! N, Main yet,

Book Hive, 103 w. Front HOT NEWS??? Contact the Post-Amerikan.

. ,...,Bottle Shop, 1201 E. Oakland Classified ads are free and should be COLD NEWS??? Contact the same,
sent to the office, Regular advertising
Gaston's Barber Shop, 202i N, Center costs 36 bucks a page, 18 for a half, C. MERTON• You're breedin' scabs on
etc, Call 828-7026, your nose--John Q, Public

Lobby Shop, ISU Union '------------- For Sale: Truck. 1959 Internationall/2
Apple Tree, 117 E. Beaufort ton pickup. 1966 rebuilt engine and trans-
The Caboose, 101 North St. 'mission. 3/4 ton rearend and springs. Contact
Fritz Pretzels, 115 North St. Jay Waters, lower west apt. Abyss (206 W.
Mother Murphy's, lllt North St. lincoln, Normal.)
Budget, 111 E. Beaufort
Caboose Records, 101 North St. HAWKERS--bright, energetic,
Student Stores, 115 North St. vivacious, pert, or effi-
cient, Sell this very paper
Minstrel Record Parlor, 311 s. Main you're holding in your hands
right nowl Call 828-?026,
Room 249, Stevenson Hall, ISU Call it direct, but call it
Partridge Family, 106 Beaufort ! today!
Ram, 101 Broadway Mall


.' ~}


507 W. Willow HOURS:
Norrn~~l, Illinois Sunday thru Thursday _______ 5:00 p.m. to 1:00 a.m.
452-4488 Friday and Saturday __________ 5:00 p.m.-to 2:00 a.!Tit

Our Superb Cheese Piua Free Delivery
12-inch Regular Pizza------------------------· $1.90

16-inch Super Pizza.---------------------------- $2.75

Adclitional Items

Ham Olives Pepperoni
Ground Beef
Mushrooms Green Peppers Fresh Sausage

Onions Bacon

12-inch Pizza __________________________________each 30c

16-inch Super Pizza -------------------------each SOc

Our DeLuxe Pizza - Pepperoni, Mushrooms, DOMINO'S PIZZA
Ham, Green Pepper, Onion
12-inch Regular Pizza ____________________________$3.10 6-pack RC only 25¢ with
any Super-Size Pizza
. 16-inch Super Pizza---------------------------- $4.75 Coupon valid Feb. 23 to March 10
Soft drinks also available.


The Domino People are Pizza People,Period.


Federal JudgeshiP sought •• a case
At 53, Bloomington's James Culver Ironically, the mayor once named
Wollrab has the distinguished appear- James Wollrab "father of the year."
ance of a federal judge, an appearance
he is working to turn into reality.
Along with another local attorney, Woll- The one-time father of the year and McKnight has dealt with some very
rab is contending for Senator Percy's his wife were sued for slander by their high~placed people while serving on,
nomination to a soon-to-be-vacant federal. babysitter in 1964. The case was never numerous public boards and commissions,·
judgeship in Springfield. Congressional officially settled, but the files are in addition to a term on the State Cham-
Quarterly called the position "the open to the public for personal con- ber of Commerce Board. In ·1966., McKnight
juiciest of patronage plums bestowed by c~usions. Ours is that the babysitter worked on a new tax article with Richard
the party of the President." got a bad break. Kuhfuss, now President of the National
Farm Bureau, Walter Wright, then General
For an insight into the American ***** Telephone President, and Robert Bone,
then ISU President. McKnight has also
political process, it is U$eful to .focus Where is a potential federal judge lo- received several gubernatorial appoint-
c~osely on this man,· not for his personal cated in the social structure? ments to a higher education commission,
i~portance, but as a case study.
Another First National Vice Presi-
What sort of man reaches a position Residing in Bloomington's elite dent, Melvin D. Schultz, is Chairman of
where he may be appointed a federal Country Club Place, Wollrab matches his the County Board of Supervisors.
judge? What does he stand for? What · •high-society social contacts with
principles does he espouse? What is his equally prominent business contacts, Bloomington's Nat'/ Bank
economic position? Where is he situated
in the community? Through a network of stockholdings In 1964, the 2nd and Jrd largest
and interlocking directorates, Wollrab's
If farm ownership makes a farmer, friends and colleagues form a web en-
then Wollrab is a farmer. He is owner tangling the highest-plac.ed economic
or agent for 760 acres of McLean County positions in the town.
land. He presumably owns more, as sev-
eral hundred acres in our old plat book American State_ Bank
are listed in the name of Wollrab's now
deceased father. .stockholders in McKnight's Ffrst Na--

James Wollrab also owns extensive Beginning with Wollrab's law firm, tional Bank of Normal were DthaeviPdeoDpalvei's~
downtown real estate--almost a quarter Costigan and Wollrab, strong and direct listed first as Nominee of
links can be traced to the American Bank, and then as nominee of the Na-
of a million dolla rshiws ofratthh--ewr,hicFhredwaws . State Bank. Costigan is a member of tional Bank of Bloomington. David Davis
passed to him from the bank's Board of Directors. Wollrab is the National Bank of _Bl_~()_mington's
Though Fred W, Wollrab-was a director and Costigan, along with Madelon Cos-
of Bloomington Unlimited, a corporation tigan, together owned 4t% of American
dedicated to building a "better down- State's outstanding stock in 1967. Board Chairman and a former State Sena-
town," the Wollrab properties reflect (Wollrab's stock, valued at $5,900, is tor. The Davis's are a very old local
the very deterioration Bloomington Un- in trust; he is trustee, but will not upper-class family, tracing their lines
limited sought to cure. actually own the stock until his mother's to Judge David Davis, who helped make
death.) Abraham Lincoln President. A Davis in-
SLUIILORDP law, George Holder, is Wollrab's neigh-
Dominating the American State Bank bor and in 1964 was Normal's First Na-
is the Wochner family. Three Wochners tional's 6th largest stockholder.
together own a majority of the stock,
A Wollrab building was the site of with Leonard, the bank's President and Besides the Davis's, another old
a five-floor elevator plunge which killed Wollrab's neighbor on. Country Club Place upper-class family, the Funks, are re-
a man in 1962. Blame was placed on a owning the lion's share. One day after ' presented on the National Bank of Bloom-
worn cable and faulty safety device, but Leonard's son, David Wochner, was ad- ington Board. Delmar D. Walker, Presi-
liability was fixed on James Wollrab and mitted to the bar, it was announced that dent of Funk Seeds International, and
his tenant--$15,000 worth of liability. he would practice as an associate of the Theodore Funk, are both directors.
The elevator company was liable for only firm of Costigan and Wollrab, Dana Rollins, a Funk relative and owner
$7,000, (It was only a.$22,000 death;) of 1000 acres around Funk's Grove, is
a stockholder of bbth Normal's First
That building is 111 E. Monroe, Reaching out from the American State National and Bloomington's Nationa~.
Wollrab owns all of 111 to 115 E. Monroe, Bank, Wollrab's network embraces a large
at the corner of Monroe and Jefferson, portion of the Bloomington business And Bloomington's mayor, presently
interests, running for re-election, is tied into
this business network. Walter Bittner
Four years later, the same building A double interlocking directorate is the National Bank of Bloomington's
burned, causing thousands of dollars in ties the American State Bank with Beich public relations and business officer.
damage, The upper stories were consid- Candy Company, The Bank's President sits
ered a "total loss," according to the on Belch's Board, and Belch's President Three National Bank directors are
Pantagraph. is one of the bank's directors, The Belch Wollrab's neighbors, all residing on
family also owns stock in American State, Country Club Place.
Another James Wollrab property, the as well as other local banks.
Federal Cafe, burned in May, 1972, .

A f~w months later, the Red Shield Bloomington Fed. I Wolll'ab Wolll'ab I Col'n Belt Bank
Store, also James Wollrab's, burned.
Another double interlock binds Wollrab's James Wollrab owns $8,000 of Corn
Other Wollrab properties are bank to Bloomington Federal Savings and Belt Bank stock, 1% of the outstanding
scheduled to be demolished for urban Loan Association, Percy Washburn, Amer- ~hares. Leonard Wochner, President of
renewal. The city recently paid Woll- ican State stockholder and director, is Wollrab's other bank, sits on the Board
rab $75,000 for 605-609 N. ~ain St. Bloomington Fed's Chairman of the Board of State Farm Insurance along with Paul
Another American State director, Louis ' G. Anderson, who is also·a director of
Aside from questions of upkeep, D. Williams is a Bloomington Federal the Corn Belt Bank. One of Corn Belt's
Wollrab's landlord practices are governed Vice President. And Craig Hart, Bloom- directors is Davis Merwin, publisher of
by the highest principles of moral ington Federal's President, ·is another the Daily Pantagraph and President of
rectitude, of Wollrab's neighbors on Country Club Evergreen Communications, which owns
Place. WJBC radio. Two of Corn Belt's direc-
For example, as landlord for Al's tors, including the Board Chairman, live
Book World, Wollrab refused to renew the on Country Club Place with Wollrab.
lease after the store's conviction on
obscenity charges, These details are only a brief out-
line. Also represented on these inter-
Father of the Year Nol'mal's Ist Nat'I locking bank boards are all of the city's
large businesses and a large proportion
But Wollrab set those principles Through Washburn and Williams, Woll- of the medium o~es.
aside in dealing with a client and his rab's interests are connected to William
wife, according to our sources, McKnight, Jr., and then to Normal's First Almost all these men are Republican.
National Bank. So is Wollrab,
According to our sources, Wollrab's
client of six years was opening a store Vice President of Bloomington Fed- If perhaps it is not absolutely
while client's wife dealt with Wollrab eral, William McKnight Jr. is also the necessary that a federal judge grow from
on the legal matters, Legal matters largest stockholder in the First National roots fertilized by such rich connections
apparently were very complex, we were Bank of Normal, where he is also Vice it must surely be considered desireable. '
told, as Wollrab had to spend a lot of President and director. McKnight is also A richer soil, but rarer, is a widespread
time with his client's wife, even after a director of General Telephone Company, public reputation for impeccable honesty.
office hours. The 22-year-old woman President of McKnight Publishing, and McLean County is known for its good dirt1
from Rantoul has since left her husband, involved along with Jake Grossman in the only question is, "What kind?"
and reportedly still spends a lot of developing a super shopping center
time observing the lawyer's touch at north of Normal, - --c. Newlin
handball at the YMCA,

~AMILCAR ··CABRAL situation. But Cabral had also become
ASSASSINATED a highly respected revolutionary theorist
in his own right, his writing publishe.d
in many languages. In the words of one
party aci;ivist, "I'm not saying that
Cabral must be another ~a~x or Lenin,
but that he and our party must create a
socialism specific to our own conditions."
In that task, they have been highly suc-

One of Africa's and the world's up, but to no avail. It is no use bom- Cabral's death came at a timer when anti-
greatest leaders died on January 20, barding us, tlhat you have to do is 'give Portuguese forces in rt:ozambique and An-
when Amilcar Cabral was gunned down in us our land back." gola as well as Guinea (Bissau) have
front of his home in Conakry, the Re- .been making significant advances. In
public of Guinea, As Secretary General But Cabral was no remote leader. An Mozambique, FRELI;II!:OO has opened a new
of the African Party for the Independence ama~ingly large percentage of the people front, pushing closer-to the ports which
of Guinea and the Cape Verde Islands in Guinea (Bissau) have actually met are vital to the colonial economy, and
( FAIGC), Cabral, more than any other him at one time or another. He didn't threatening to cut off once and for all
single person, symbolized, spoke for, Portugal's chances to develop its cher-
and carried forward the struggle against believe in leading from the sid~lines, ished hydroelectric dam at Cabora Bassa.
white supremacy in Africa. Much of his time was spent traYeling
inside the liberated territory· listen- In Angola, plans for an alliance between
Cabral, who was 48, was killed by sol- ing to the villagers and informing them two connecting liberation movements may
diers of the Portuguese"colonial army, of new developments, as accessible as result in the creation of a broad new
which PAIGC has battled successfully he was loved and admired.
since 1963. front along the border between Zaire
(formerly the Congo) and Angola. This
border had formerly been inaccesible to
MPLA, the movement which has carried out

practically all the actual fighting in
recent years. ·

Posing as deserters, to take advantage Jlepultllo of 811:NIIIAL
of Cabral's and the party's policy of
generosity, they had been brought out
of the war zone in Guinea (Bissau) to
Conakry, the capital of the Republic of
Guinea, directly to the south of Guinea
(Bissau). After murdering Cabral, they
seized other leaders of the party, tor-
tured them and attempted to kidnap them.
The Republic of Guinea Navy stopped the
boat in which they were trying to reach
the Portuguese base in Bissau. The
other PAIGC members were released and
Cabral's murderers captured.

Cabral's death didn't get much attention
in this country. Not too many people
had even heard of him. I remember the
first time I saw him at Kennedy Airport
in Hew York. He came through the swing-
ing doors, practically alone, no fuss,
no fanfare--a small man, with eyeglasses
and an expression of alert curiosity,
wearing the black and white knitted cap
he and other PAIGG.militants frequently
wore in photographs I had.seen.

Three or four of us from Liberation At one of the first villages I passed And in Cuinea .(Bi~sau) itself, PAIGC _re-
News Service were the only people there through durine; my visit, an old man, cently held its first national assembly
to greet him•. Just about all the other , ..~e&- to be the oldea.~ on the entire of representatives elected from all the
people on his fltght~' vacationers re·- southern front, gave a long account of liberated territory--an important step
turning from Af,r-ica, got mo!'e of a wel- the harships he and others had endured on the road to a declaration of indepen-
come. None of. them seemed aware that under the Portuguese. After he had dence. In addition, for the first time,
this man who had flown with them was finished, he took one of the party mili- members of the UN Committee on Decoloni-
anybOdy special. tants who was traveling with me aside zation actually visited some of the ter-
and explained that his greatest remain- ritory which PAIGC had decolonized by
But throughout Africa, and much of the ing wish in life was to travel to Con- armed struggle, and returned to verify
rest of the world, Amilcar Cabral was akry, "To meet Cabral and see how well in their official report the fact that
recognized as an important political the party works there since I already PAIGC already is a functioning govern-
figure. know how well it works here." When we ment of an extensive territory.
returned through the village several
Under his leadership, the PAJ:GC. guerilla weeks later, on our way back to the Somehow, it seems particularly sad·tha~
army has driY~n Portuguese troops from border and eventually Conakry, the old Amilcar Cabral should have been killed
more than of the terri- man joined our column. at a time when his cause is nearing vic-
tory of its small West African colony.
And within this liberated territory, Cabral's attitude toward this constant tory. Certainly it is particularly
even while fighting to drive·the Por- interaction with the people of the pointless, even from the Portuguese
tuguese from their_remaining strongholds, country was expressed in.~nother of the point of view. For the time ha(il long
and defending against bombing attacks, princip-les he urged on party activistsl since past when the death of any one
PAIGC has e.stablished itself as the "Learn from life~ ·learn from our people, man could check the .struggle for inde-
functioning government of more than learn from books, learn from the exper- pendence in Guinea and Cape Verde •
.half ·the p~ople of the country., ience of others. Never stop learning."
Amilcar Cabral will long be remembered
Desp~te ;material shortages and the dif- He . himself had already learned more than and mourned. Among other things he will
ficulties of transpo-rting all supplies most people could hope to learn in a be remembered as a man who was far too
over long distances'on peoples' heads full lifetime. Trained as an agronomist wise to desire for himself any more po-
and backs, PAIGC has provided people at a Portuguese university, he was one wer or esteem than he deserved as part
with medical care, education, a legal of the whole, far greater than himself.
system, and a, system of democratic gov- of only 14 people from Guinea (Bissau) The people-of his country held great
ernment:--things w]:lich the-Portuguese had to receive a university education· during love and respect for him, but hardly a
never even attempted during over 400 the more than 4oo years of Portuguese blind adoration and dependence. Some-
years of colonial rule. rule. During the fifties, he turned his thing that I heard an old peasant say
attention increasingly to the struggle in one of the villages I visited comes
To the people throughout-all this terri- for independence. Early attempts to to mind. He had just listened to sev-
tory, peasant villagers for the most eral other people from his village ex-
part, soldiers and party militants, Amil-· organize an independence movement in claim their amazement at having me, an
car Cabral was the adknowledged .leaaer-- the cities suffered a crushing blow when, American, there among them, especially
and far more than that. For he was the on August J, 1959, Portuguese troops when they knew that the US government
first leader of a country that had never fired into a ~roup of striking dock- supplied the Portuguese with napalm and
existed before, only now emerging out workers, kill~ng 50 of them.. . other weapons.
of the struggle for independence and out
of the common history of colonial oppres- It was only following this massacre that "We shouldn't be so surprised that this
sion. Cabral and other leaders of PAIGC started American is prepared to make sacrifices
to try mobilizing the peasantry, who have to help our struggle," the old man re-
Traveling in Guinea (Bissau), as I did since become the backbone of'the guerilla minded them. "People can change, After
a little ovPr two years ago, you hear movement. Cut off, as PAIGC was, from all, Cabral.was a bourgeois intellectual
a l9t of singing, which is in keeping information about other revolutionary before the beginning of the struggle and
with one of Cabral's principlesa "No- movements and theories, PAIGC had to feel he gave up his job as an agronomist to
thing in this (dedication to the strug- its own way through this dramatic shift make the revolution."
gle)," he wrote, "is incompatible with in strategy. As Cabral remarked some
the joy of living or with love for life years later, he never saw any of the. In the end, Amilcar Cabral gave up more
and its amusements." than his job as an agronomist to make
works of Mao Tse-Tung, which elaborate the revolution. But he gave, and won,
In these songs, Cabral's name comes up on the revolutionary potential of the far more than he gave up.
again and again• Some of them even re- peasantry, until 1960.
fer to previous efforts of .the Portu- --Andy Marx, LNS
guese to kill hima "Cabral came to the Since that time, of course, PAIGC has
country and the Portuguese got all stirred forged close ties with other revolution-
ary movements, exchanging experiences,
and adapting them to their own particular

who we had called because we exper-
ienced still another foul odor in our
basement kitchen. This time we knew
it wasn't sewage or a dead mouse, because
we already know what that smells like
Our kitchen heater was leaking gas •
along with carbon monoxide. It's one
thing to be without water and to be over
run with mice and sewage but another
when your life is threatened,

By the way, the hea.ter is still
not f~xed--which brings us to Eddie, r
our l1ttle handyman who fixes everything
for us so quickly and well.

This issue's "Rental Blues" story fo- Cunningham returned exactly $48,40 of Let me introduce Eddie, he is the
cuses on one of the most widely-used Sandy's $100 deposit. house owner's son who works for Tobin
levers of landlord powera the security Pizza and never seems to be able to
deposit, :Tom Sawyer transaction pull himself away to fix anything.
Cunningham charged for four days rent in
When a landlord refuses to return a se- February, justifying himself on the But I must admit he can pull himself
curity deposit, a tenant's only recourse grounds that the keys were not returned away from his job for a moment, He
is to file in Small Claims Court. If he until the fourth. Even though Sandy
wins, the tenant gets his money, and the had no car and could not reach Cunning- held a little meeting for all of us
landlord must pay court costs. ham even by telephone until the evening women two weeks ago because of an
of the 2nd, she was somehow supposed article that was printed in the Vidette.
Small Claims Court is a hassle, though, to get the keys to him. Cunningham also Meeting Two should be comina up shortly.
and most tenants I've spoken with are denied receiving Sandy's JO-day notice. Eddie held this meeting to let us know
too disgusted and frustrated to file a that the article in the Vidette had no
claim. Cu~ningham also charged Sandy for his effect on him at all and if we thought
ag1ng and faulty electrical wiring. An that it was a threat to him we were very
And this is part of the landlord's power. electrical outlet in the living room had much mistaken, because no one threatens
A landlord with 40 apartments can refuse ceased functioning, and Cunningham said Eddie, let alone the Vidette. Anyway,
to return forty security deposits. Only it was Sandy's responsibility. Eddie decided that since we were all
a few of those forty tenants will get it together he might as well find out our
together to go to court. Each success- Three light switches no longer worked, complaints, So we told Eddie• no water,
fully stolen deposit will pay for sev- and that, too, was Sandy's responsibil- no heat, mice, drafty dirty shower,
, eral court cost assessments, ity, according to Cunningham. Sandy
said one o! the switches malfunctioned two broken vacuum cleaners, lethal gas,
The landlord wins simply by playine the after she had lived only one day. no toilet paper or light bulbs, and
percentages, which are stacked more un- Eddie responded by telling us that if
evenly than a Las Vegas casino's. Perhaps it is good that Bloomington you are going to put in a swimming
voters rejected a man with such an pool you are going to have to raise the
*** unusual concept of responsibility. rent to pay for it. Eddie was trying
to get across that if you make an im-
wanted man? Cunningham also mentioned liuht bulbs provement in something you should pass
missing from the apartment, 0 Sandy did the cost on to the consumer to pay for
Featured this week in "Rental Blues" is not know how much she was charged for
Gene Cunningham, whose pictures have in· them, as she was too angry to listen it. But we reminded Eddie that we
recent weeks adorned the city's tele- . anymore. weren't asking for a swimming pool but
phone poles, TheS€ are not wanted pos- general maintenance. At the end of
ters, Cunningham was just defeated in Sandy's $10 rent discount for painting the meeting one woman asked Eddie what
his primary bid for a seat on Blooming- was accomplished and Eddie just laughed
ton's city council. amounted to $50 over her five-month and said~ "Nothing." -.

Sandy Cotton and her husband rented 514 stay in the apartment, Since Cunning- The Women of 606 N, School Street
W. Mulberry from Cunningham in September. ham kept $51.60 of the deposit, a bus-
· The two-bedroom apartment rented for $1J5, iness transaction unheard of since the I'll Fix Y-Our Car I
but they got it for $125 by agreeing to da~s of Tom Sawyer took placea Sandy
pai~t it. Sandy paid a $100 damage de- pa1d $1.60 for the privilege of paint- Amerikan clunker or. • •
pos~t, and agreed to give Cunningham )0 ing Cunningham's apartment. Foreign load
da<fS· ri.otice "Qefore· moving out, . . .

When she paid the January rent, Sandy Following is a l ist oCf unBnlionogmhian~~aton
enclosed a note saying she would move houses owned by Gene
out by.February first. Cunningham-never
compla1ned about not receiving the rent 906 E. Oakland 811 E, Oakland G
so Sandy assumed that Cunningham had ' 610 E. Olive
received her JO days notice~ · )02 s. Mercer 409 E. Olive
1008 :11, Olive
Sandy spent a day and a half cleaning 411 E. Olive
the apartment, and then tried to phone 928 W. Olive 1212 'II, Oakland
February 1 at his shoestore. Sandy 126 S; Magoon
was told Cunningham no longer owned 50J W. 1\lcArthur 401 s. Lee
the store, so she phoned his home. She 1102 S, Lee
kept calling his home, but could not 1006 S, East
reach him until the evening of February 917 s. Main 817 "#, tlashington
2. . 612-614 W. Monroe
407 :1, Wood 610 W. lV!arket
808 N. Oak
616 w. Monroe 1701 8, Morris
514 w. Mulberry

407 N. Oak

skating on thin ice

Cunningham said he's been as his THE INFAMOUS 606 N. SCHOOL
new skating rink all the time, but Sandy
had never known of his new enterprise. university sanctioned slum
She agreed to meet him on the third,

Cunningham said he couldn't examine the The Women of 606 N, School St. Rap
apartment until Sandy met him--he said
he didn't have a key. Sandy didn't have . 'Na appreciate the opportunity the
a car and was living in Normal, She had Post Amerikan gives to oppressed renters
to hassl~ around tr~ing to get rides to to make known the evils of notorious
~ee.Cunn1ngham at h1s skating rink, which landlords.
1s 1n the very south of Bloomington.
Upon returning from semester break
we were sitting in the basement kitchen,
Sandy met Cunningham on the third and commonly referred to as "the hole" when
turned in her key. On the fourth she
had to see him again to find out if he'd we experienced a foul odor. Upon inves-
tigation we discovered a rotten myoouu'sre~
seen the apartment. At that time she This isn't very appetizing when
turned in her husband's key, '
eating dinner •

. Then our sink started talking to
us w1th the voice of flushing toilets
from above with a more foul odor than
the mouse--sewage. Thank God we only
had to clean this up once. The house
parents played "Raindrops Keep Falling
on Jll:y Head" for two days. A water
pipe broke in the middle of their dinina
room. They had finally gotten a heated c
s~ower which has been promised to us
s1nce the beginning of fall semester.
You see, we do have a shower, but it's
built in the corner of the basement be-
tween a draft, not to mention the dirt
and the mice.

We had invited a visitor to our .
house last Sunday. It was the gasma~,



DETROI'r (:.NS) - 2,000 angry black At the hearing, ocrs. DorothY Clore,

citizens jammed Ford Auditorium to hear mother of one of the accused men, John
28 black Detroiters tell the Common Percy Boyd described a raid oolni c eh e~r nhtoemr­e
Council of the abuse they have received The p
on the day1 of Dec. 4.
ed held rifles on her and her fam1lY
at the hands of the Detroit police. The as1 they went through the house, and fi-
pigs were engaged in an all out manhunt nally dragged away her other son, who
for 3 men accused of shooting four STRESS was held at police headquarters for
cops on Dec. 4, 1972 and killing a fifth several hours. When he left, a black'
one on Dec. 27. cop on duty said, "Be cool, man, these

The community presented the Council, dudes want to kill you."
and the Police Commissioner Nichols,

with 30,000 signatures. These people
demanded the abolition of STRESS (Stop
Street Robberies, Enjoy Safe Streets),
the city's elite, undercover squad which Another witness, the Rev~ Leroy WET DREAMS
operated almost exclusively in the black Cannon, testified that his house Was ABOUT DETROIT
community. broken into at 4 o'clock in the morning.
Cops broke down the door, pinned him Surprisingly enough, the ISU pigs
against the wall. and one said, "Nigger, were very pleased with the Post articles
on Normals' Anti-inaugural March. Sales
In the two months since the manhunt if you breathe too loud, I'll blow your volume to the pigs last issue was five
started, more than 100 complaints of brains out." It later turned out that times that of any previous issue.
police brutality have been turned into the police had gone to the wrong address. Interest centered around the photograph
the NAAC:P 1 the ACUi, and the Police Cit- pictured above. Russ Piper, an ISU cop,
izens Complaint Eureau. In that time, Patricia Ragland and her financee, asked Gene Wheat, the pig pictured above,
two black people -- a teenage boy and why he carried the billy club in.his
60 year old man-- have been killed by Carl Ingram, testified that on Dec. 7, hand like that. The pig replied that
cops, numerous homes have been raided, he intended to use it. Piper was dis-
people have been arrested right off the police entered the apartment, searched gusted at this degree of officiousness
streets and women have been strip-search- it, and finally forced Ms. Ragland to and lack of savoir faire on the part of
strip. Other reports of forced strip his collegues. I was moved by this hu~
ed in their homes. searches of black women were made as manity on the part of a cop. But appar-
The families of the three accused ently, once a pig, they're always a pig.
well. Piper went on to explain that it was not.
men have been harassed and threatene~ to Of course, the police argue that, as the billy club itself that he objected
the extent that they have sent their to, but the fact that ~t was in_ pl~in
small children out of Detroit for their Police Commissioner Nichols said to the sight. He pointed ou~ the P?Cket 1n
press, they are dealing with "mad dog his uniform, on the r1ght th1gh, where
safety. killers." However, the community has the billy club was to be kept, ready for
begun to challenge the STRESS rationale use. Just b.ecause we can •t see it, Mr.
'Piper, are we to believe it isn't there?
for the whole manhunt which began Dec. 4.
Martha Washing~on
-------------------R-i~ce-m-ix-e-d--wi-th-p-ad-d-y -mu-d -an-d pebbles
cell of . Putrid vegetables, rotten fish "Peace is hell ... "
Buffalo's sinew soaked in_coarse salt.
The black hair of youth turns white

The intestines wither, the complexian

hatred Shut away with weeks without washing.
Lice and fleas swarm, filth mingles with

What words can tell of all that?
This suffering-- only those who have

BY LEDUC THO known it can comprehend.
Why must I endure this torture?
Rage grips me against those barbaric im-

In my cell--so alone-~ So many. years ~eir b.~elltl,}; cr;t,~s~. , ,
To whom can I. pu,t :my i'ierce hatred?--'- •· - our country, _ .r + · ' _
My gaze is barred by a bolted door A thousand, thousand oppressions, a_
High walls shut out the sun's rays thousand thousand tests.
Wretched existence! Resolutely we must abolish this reg1me

My bowl and my straw pallet stink And break these chains
the only shirt, the only pair of trous~ To build a life without misery
A society free at last.
ers, are in rags
My feet freeze in their rings of steel At night I turn and turn again
I hear the bugle's call
Half a J!lat to sleep on.
Mosquitoes and fleas make me pass sounding every hour.
And the gong that at the top of the
sleepless nights
Body aching, I lie down, buildings,

rise again-- Keeps watch
And brings near the end of the night.
Wrath seizes me, faced with that
Melancholy-- alone with my shadow--
devil fate
That hounds me unceasingly to cast me ! hear a bird sing in the branches.
The call of the morning.
baqk into cells!

~ay IIIII. truckin'

Call 828-7026 or 828-7944

J anlJr. DR. RUD~ICKI, M. D.1
uear Phoebe and Holden, Dear Readers of ?ost-Amerikan:

It almost seems redundant now to Only by word of mouth r.ave I learned I was in need of a gynecologist,
add to the Rudnicki horror stories, but as I had developed some kind of vaginal
maybe this will impress on our sisters of the allegations and insinuations di- infection, I called a few and there were
that those experiences you've printed rected at Dr. Richard ?. Rudnicki of only a couple in town that would take
aren't isolated or freak off-days of nloomington, Ill. It is my understand- new pat~ents and the soonest I could get
that man--I imagine they could be added ing that certain people believe Dr. Rud- an appo~ntment was with. a Dr. Rudnicki
nicki to be something less than a qual- located on Main St. A few days later
to all year, ified obstetrician and gynecologist. I was sitting in his waiting room and
after a short wait I was led into the
Since I have never read this publication doctor's office for a short interview
on my medical background and I described
I saw Rudnicki three months after or any of the letters sent to the paper my present problem. It was a pretty big
my baby was born--Rudnicki because he regarding Dr. Rudnicki, I can not room with his desk in the middle, shelves
was in walking distance from our house. address this letter to any specific of papers and books on one side and a
I was spotting and cramping from a new accusation. I can, however, as a former small dressing room and examining table
IUD. As soon as I was admitted into patient, relate my opinion of Dr. Rud- on the other side which is pretty wierd.
nicki. Let me first of all state that
his office the phone rang and he was I am a former patient because I no I thought--wow, this doctor must really
outrageously rude to the caller, ob- want a lot of patients in on one day. ·
longer live in Illinois, and for no
viously a patient of his. So anyway, other reason. After our little talk I went to the lit-
I figured everyone has bad days, and tle dressing room, took off my clothes ,
and was given a gown. I got up· on the
I told him the problem. He put me on I first met Dr. Rudnicki at ISU examining table and after about 2 minute~
Health Center. My condition, unnamed of examining me, Dr. Rudnicki came out
the table for a pelvic exam and rammed for personal reasons, was too "hot" with "You're going to the hospital, what
his hand (felt like his arm) into me. for the University doctors to handle, hospital would you like me to put you
I had never had a doctor be so rough. and they asked a city doctor to take in? I can get you in one tonight or to-
·.'/hen -I protested he snapped, "Well, over my case. I fully expected to be morrow."
handed over to someone who would
relax--you're making it hurt." Now ask more embarassing questions and send I sat up and told him that I just couln't
I had just had a baby with DQ anaes- me off briskly to sin no more. I was afford paying for a hospital room and
thetics and very little pain by using pleasantly surprised to meet a "real" couldn't he treat it here and what the
doctor who treated me with respect and 'hell was the matter with me? He didn't
breathing techniques for relaxation understanding. I continued with answer but just told me to get dressed.
and I was not tensed against him. He Dr. Rudnicki as my gynecologist for So I put my clothes back on and sat
finally told me the IUD wasn't there!! across his desk from him. He then
that it must have perforated the uterus 18 months, and retained him as my brought out two humongous medical text-
obstetrician after that. I had books and started showing me peoples'
and gone into my "gut" or just fallen every confidence in Dr. Rudnicki or I faces and vaginas (colored) witr ad-
out. The next day (after some X-rays never would have.tvusted him to vanced cases of syphylis and cancer and
at St. Jo's) I was downtown and started deliver my baby. At the risk of asked me if I had ever indulged in oral
gushing blood. I got to a phone and intercourse because this sort of thing
called him and he said, quote, "Well, so~nding melodramatic, I have to say spreads. (The dude was really weird.)
what are you bothering me for? You're that I owe my baby's life to Dr.
having your period." Click. I was At that time me having cancer or syphylis
seemed a little too hard to believe and
totally freaked at this point. I said again that I really couldn't af-
ford going to the hospital. He was in
A friend drove me to Brokaw's Rudnicki. I suppose that any qualified such a hurry and seemed pretty put out.
emergency room where Dr. Brown ex-
amined me--gently--found the IUD (I doctor could have twice prevented me He told me to take my clothes off again
asked him if it were in place and he from miscarrying and stood by me though forget the gown this time, and get back'
said yes) and removed it. I kind of some very long hours of labor, but then, on the table. Which I did as fast as I
sketched what had happened with that is the question involved here. c ollla.-
Rudnicki but of course he was noncommit- I find it difficult to believe that
anyone could doubt Jr. Rudnicki's He took a few samples of the infection
al-noncomrrental, whatever. qualifications, unless personality for some tests and gave me some free
sample of cream to apply to the infec-
clashes strongly interfere. I person- tion and told me to "abstain" from
"sexual intercourse" for a week and
I don't know what we can do about .ally find Dr. Rudnicki a warm human come back in 7 days.
being who maintains his professional
this sick man but I do believe he's '!._ign~ty, with occasional and necessary Well, in a week's time the cream and a
prescription for another kind of cream
dangerous. How awful for the woman breaks for light humor. I have never and "abstaining" from "sexual inter-
who went to him for her first pelvic. course" had greatly improved the in-
found him intolerant, cruel, or suggest- fection. The next week I went to see
I'm sure other doctors are aware of his ive, unless dedication and openness can him I was led to a regular examining
practices, but they're safe and into be negative qualities. It is rriy percep- room and he told me that the $20.00
protecting themselves--the women here tion that Dr. Rudnicki is highly ethical lab tests came out negative and pre-
are the ones who suffer and lots of them and extremely concerned with the welfare scribed more cream for me. After a
are still going to him and accepting his of his patients. Had I not strongly be- few more days it was healed.
.word that they are uptight, have tumors, lieved this I would not have driven from
A doctor is dealing with your body and
are hysterical and stupid--because he's Peoria to Bloomington for nine months sometimes your life. A doctor should
a Doctor and he knows. just so Dr. Rudnicki could deliver my be a person who really cares. This
dude _isn't any doctor,
in love and sisterhood, baby. Had he not truly been the man
Anne and doctor I perceived him to be he --Judy Jones

~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::=:=::::::::::::::~ would not have told me to call him
collect if I needed him, nor would he

COMMUNITY have sat and talked with my badly
frighte~ed husband during a difficult
part of my labor, nor would he have

given us time unlirr.ited to pay his
fee when the insurance would not pay.

The highest tribute I can pay Dr.

FOR SOCIAL Rudnicki is to simply say that I
trusted him unquestioningly with my
health and the breath of my baby, and

I would do it again.

ACTION Sincerely, has begun in several Illinois cities, in-
Rosie Yount cluding Chicago, the Quad Cities, and
"HEALTH" PLANNERS OCOVE ON STUDENT 'Joliet. Walter Smith, the A & P manager
this field work, though Bertholf just at Eastland, has been getting letters
l'.:id-Illinois Areawide Health Planning offered another IWU student a job working from customers saying they won't shop at
Corporation's nalf-time administrator, for MIAHPCo as field work for academic A & P until that company makes a national
Lloyd Bertholf, has been pushing the credit. commitment to buy only United Farm Workers
head of Illinois Wesleyan's Sociology Union head lettuce. People individually
Department to stop Steve Knapp, IWU stu- Sick. and in groups are going into the store to
dent, from dealing with MIAHPCo as part tell the management why they are honoring
of his field work. Bertholf is the PACIFICATION FAILS the boycott. Picketing may begin at any
President Emeritus of IWU. time,
Harold Ziebell, Comprehensive State Health
MIAHPCo bosses have gotten sick of The Planning Agency bureaucrat, had a second In California the UFW has filed a $128
Observer, the newsletter of the !£cLean meeting with fUAHPCo "leaders" and some million lawsuit against 169 lettuce grow-
County Economic Opportunity Corporation, who petitioned the state to do some cor- ers and the Teamsters Union charging them
which Steve edits. It has carried edi- rective surgery on r£IAHPCo. It has be-
torials and cartoons critical of fHAHPCo, come clear that these talks were simply with conspiring to violate the civil
We have heard that certain local physi- a pacification program leading to no
cians even tried to get Gummerman Print- substantive changes in !V:IAHPCo prodecures rights of Black, Chicano, and Filipino
ing to stop printing The Observer. or attitudes, Some understandings seem to
have been reached on how to nominate peo- farm workers by denying their rights to
Steve has also attended ruAHPCo meetings ple to the board. But there was no move-
and insisted that the board should re- ment toward eliminating board screening the union of their choice. The Union
move all barriers to KIAHPCo membership, of citizens who want to be I.UAHPCo rr.em-
include low-income people from rv:cLean bers or getting consumer representatives seeks $28 million damages and $100 mil-
County on the board, and make a reality on the committee to find a full-time
of consumer representation. executive for MIAHPCo. lion punitive damages for wages workers

Apparently f.:IAHPCo authority figures feel We don't plan to continue these meetings. have lost so far by being forced to work
threatened by a student calling for com- rr:ore drastic treatment seems to be re- under Teamster contracts as compared t~
pliance with state and federal guidelines. quired. what they would have earned under UFW
They don't want IWU giving him credit for contracts. -·

Picketing and leafleting of A & P stores

~','/-. ..,
'~ .r' . t ~ ..
Briefs tro10 --_---_ -...
-~ . . ~

.•. . ' ...
~ . .~~.
.#..,., \ ' ...... -

Madison, Wis. - The people, through LIBERATION
demonstrations and publicity, have sue
ceeded in getting charges reduced again
against the Camp McCoy 3, thre.e Gis
charged with a 1970 bombing of a power
station, water works and telephone ex-

Washington, D,C,(LNS)--FBI agents N.Y.-- The u.s. Immigration Department Washington, D.C. (LNS)--The CIA is vio-
simultaneously arrested Anita Collins lating the National Security Act of 1947
at 1747 Lanier Place and Hank Ad~s and has been rounding ~p persons who look by training police in fourteen cities
Les Whitten at Adams' apartment for un-American on the off chance that they for special "Red Squad" type activities.
possesion o~ documents stolen from are illegally present in the U.S. The
the BIA office, How can they be in reason? Labor unions have been upset FCC exposed
two places at once, etc,? The arrests about the possibility that aliens are
were called "an act o.f vindictiveness ta~ing away jobs, Washington- The Federal Communications
by the government against Indian people Commission, the watchdog that is suppos-
and against reporters who try to cover ed to prevent the rest of the govern-
stories that the government does not ment from using illegal wiretapping, is
want covered," ? a House subcommittee with us-
~ng a w~retap against an FCC employee.
Heidelberg, Germany- The U.S. military
~s stripping all privileges fro~ and N.Y.- Tricontinental Film Center,
virtually isolating persons "identifi fo~merly Third World Cinema Group, dis-
as an associate of known or suspected tr~butes film from Africa, Asia and La-
drug abuser(s),"
tin America for showings in the u.s.
Washington,D.C. (LNS)--General Motors Washington- In a hearing before a Senate
was forced to recall almost seven mil- subcommittee, the following testimony The films can be ordered from 244 West
lion defective- Chevrolet cars and trucks was given: "The teenage male American 27th St,, N.Y., N.Y. 10001
produced between 1965-1969. These Indian has had the highest suicide rate
Chevies contain V-8 engines which are of any human species ( 100 per 100,000 Seattle, Washington(LNS)--Babak Zahrail,
likely to separate from the engine per year). There was a zero suicide a 22 year old, Iranian grad student here
mounts, rate among Indians prior to the invasion
GM Recently had to admit that 30-40% of of white men from Europe," and married to a u.s. citizen, is facing
~he defective cars have never been re-
turned for repair, Of course, GM tried ~ deportation. He is formally char~ed
as hard as they could to keep the recall with being "subversive" due to posters
notices quiet, in spite of the hazards DEADLY of Lenin and Che Guevara and a copy of
to the owners. Lenin in his home.
A consumer group called the_ Center for
Auto Saftey has requested that,GM pur"!'· RED
chase advertising on TV, radio, and
national publications to warn Chevy New York (LNS)-- Red #2 is the artific-
owners and dealers of the dangers they ial coloring used by food and cosmetic
face, So far, GM has not agreed to industries to achieve a uniform red or
the plan, orange coloring in things like hot dogs,
soft drinks, ice cream, chewing gum,
, lipstick, powder and rouge. It is
also, even according to FDA data, sus-
MUI'lS pected to be a health hazard, Also,
the FDA reasons that because the dye
woao/ only causes the death of fetuses and
reduces fertility, it is not as
serious as if it caused birth defects.

Washington- 7,000 youths danced at Nix-
Toinc'ksetI n~ awu ge nutr al Youth B~aolsltliny Washington
for $15, to Young •
Republ~cans and offspr~ng of Republican

state leaders. The LNS reporter noted
a small handful of Blacks there and one
tripping longhair ( whose friend had got
the tickets,)

Washington, D.C. (LNS)--Washington's
Community Bookshop, which serves as a
meeting place for community groups, Washington (LNS)--Nixon's new Secretary
of Labor, construction union leader
foiled a bombing attempt on Feb. 7.
Peter .Brennan, was .asked .at a Senate Paris (LNS)--An attempt to drive Cam-
The shop has sponsored an anti~~mperial­ Labor.-' Committee hearing· about "job bodian students who protest the Pnom-
ist film series, a gay pride week, and Penh regime out of the Maison du
th~ Sign the Treaty Now Coalition. alienation" and "·worker boredom." Cambodge led to the murder of Sak Kim
His reply • · · ·

"May~e we· give them. ·a br"eak:..-some Huat in his dormitory, Six other ~tu­
go-go giz-ls to dance,. 1! it is men ....If dents are now in prison awaiting trial

it is. women, we· bring .·men in to dance-- for involvement in the struggle. The
director of the dorm and the French .
we've find a way.• government are directly implicated in

. By bringing in the male go-go the murder.

PCPJ said that "the anti-war movement jan9ers, Brennan was attempting to
would not turn its attention from Indo- the women's groups who cam,
china until peace and national recon• to the hearing to protest his sexist
hiring record in the construction N.Y.- Susan Reverby,·who works with a·
struction there are completely assured, trades. Health industry research group in New
all US tsr.oEo.pAs shiaav, eanbdeeAn mweirtihcdarnaswwn hfororme- York, said of the Jan, 22 Supreme Court
all of But besides the sexism, many work- abortion decision. "The law is only the
fused to participate in this war are
freed from prison and welcomed home ers will find Brennan's comment a sign beginning of the struggle, We got a de-
that he doesn't take the "job alien- segregation law in 1954, and look where
Lf-ro-m -ex-il-e,-" --------------a-ti-on-" -is-su~e v~e~ry ~se-ri-ou~--------_. we are now."



Sacramento, Calif. (LNS)--Ronald Reagan
revealed that his government may invite
a private corporation to install fact~
ories inside California prisons. The
earnings of the inmates(which would be
minimal)would be paid to the victims
of their crimes.

___ j San Fr ancisco (uL.NsS. )w--"ilIlt is still pos-
sib le that the go back on its
l word and resume its military activity
in Vietnam if the situation develops··
San Francisco (PNS/LNS)--Aproposal by rapidly in favor of the liberation
two scientists advocates the use of forces,"explained one organizer of San
electronics on ·parolees,· high risk ex- Francisco's cease-fire rally. "But at
convicts, and beople on baii "to main~ the very worst, the agreement is keeping
tain 24-hour surveillance and to inter- the U.S. out of direct action long
vene electronically or physically to enough to allow the vietnamese to catch Buffalo, N, Y. (LNS)--Martin Sostre, a
influence and control selected behav- their breath. At itYs, the agree- black Puerto Rican who is serving
ior." Marijuana smokers are the high- •ment will keep the the out for a 42-year sentence on trumped-up
est parole risk. good," charges, was transferred from Auburn
to Clinton prison ~n upstate New York,
on December 19. Sostre and his lawyers
fear his ~ransfer is a plan to get .
Martin into the Diagnostic Center where
us~·of techniques like electroshock and
drugs is planned. Sostre ran an Afro-
American bookstore in Buffalo which
served as a meeting place and center
for the black liberation struggle.

San Diego (LNS)--San Diego anti-war fat cats do it
activist Pete Bohmer was sentenced to
90 days of psychiatric testing at Calif. New York (LNS)--It ·seemed to be a tri-
Chino State Prison. At the end of umph when AT&T agreed to-pay $15 million
in back pay to women and minority male
90 days, his sentence (possibly 5 yrs.) against whom it has been discriminating
for years. However, in return, the
will be determined, Bohmer and three Equal Employment Opportunities Commis-
others were tried for a May 12 demon- sion_ agreed to stop trying to block
stration at the Del Mar railroad tracks proposed AT&T rate hikes, In other
in which people tried to stop trains words, the consumer will be paying
carrying war.munitions. AT&T's debts to women and minorities.



San Francisco- The trial of Patrick New York (LNS)·--Andy Berman, David .
Chenoweth, ·the sailo.r charged with Gersch, and John Parks, Au.mse. riAcarmnyGI's
otaging the USS Ranger last summer, took previously stationed at
a turn for the worse recently when mili-
tary judge Capt:•• Jam.e_s Keys moved the bases in Germany, have been unexpected-
trial to tne Philippines and dectared ly transferred back to the states because
·the war in Vietnam legal enough to of their political activities. Another
chfarge ~henoweth with "sabotage,.in· :time GI, Terry Botts, has obtained a tempor-
o war. ary injunction prohibiting his transfer.
The four men were working on GI news-
papers near their bases---"FTA with
Pride" and "FighT bAck."
ew York r(LeNveSa)-l.:i.nYgouuc;san. ordera 33~page
='"·~:~--·:r";'-'~'.'li>;', :..-'·"~··,·::·'·;t·..:ii, pamphlet e~onomic in..;.
volvement in Namibia by writing to the·
Detroit- A federal grand jury has indic-
ted Chrysler Corp. for shipping military American Committee.on:Africa,164 Madison
Ave., NY,NY 10016. It's called,ap.
engines·to Portugal deSpite lack of au. propriately; Naniibia1 g.~. Corporate
s •. government clearance and the current .'·
United Nat'ions •ban on the sale of mil1'.:. Involvement.

tary .equipment to Portugai~ · · ·

Washinton- A House Armed .Service. sub- light bulbs ·~ -
committee claims that "permissiveness"- ·.: that kii/P
not discrimination--led to the serious
racial incidents on the aircraft car•- "To the extent that General Electric can
riers Kitty Hawk and Constellation late be useful in defense, we will continue
last year. Charges were brought against to devote those efforts, talents, and
.25 crewmen, all black, of Kitty Hawk. funds that our Government asks of us,"
A committeeman charged that the cause·of.
the-disturbances was "a failure in the G.~. Coporate Executive
middle management area to utilize com- spokesman, in their 1972
mand authority," stockholders report, ••


street oruo Analysis smashes MYths

by Teddy Franklin Cocaine is often diluted with ben- In addition, they tested samples
socaine, procaine, and other local anes-
BERKELEY (LNS) Walk five blocks thetics which can wreak havoc if injec- from all over the u.s. Some of the sam-
through Berkeley's hip business district ted into the bloodstream, ples dated back four years; one set was
during the summer, and tucked between the carefully frozen at intervals durinu the
panhandlers and sandalmakers, you'll find The animal tranquilizer PCP pops up last three years.
a dozen drug dealers eager to hawk their as everything but PCP, o
latest portfolio of pharmaceuticals.
LSD very rarely contains speed or But nowhere ~ould they find any evi-
STP, psilocybin, THC, mescaline, up- strychnine, the drug testers found, dence that substantial quantities of real
·pers, downers, quaaludes, acid, smack-- mescaline or psiloc~bin had been sold
anything you want has a price on Tele- "We are in constant controversy with since the mid-1960's, ·At.that time,· any
. graph Avenue, local dealers," Pawlik says, "but we doctor could purchase mescaline for "ex-
inevitably win because of a combination
Sometimes it's poison. Often it's ·of long-establisned community trust and perimental purposes," while the lngred:
mislabled. Most long-term Berkeley resi- anal:r.sis data to back up our clai~s." iants for LSD could be found in any col-
dents shun the stuff sold on the Avenue, lege laboratory. But with the sudden ex-
They leave the poorly-identified pickings plosion of interest in psychedelics, au-
to the host of young refugees who flood thorities quickly passed laws banning
the town each summer, Consequently, their use, sale, and manufacture,
transients become the chief victims of
the street drug rip-off which claims an SURPRISE The analysts also found that "speedy"
unknown number of lives across the coun- reactions to LSD are most often caused by
try each year, impurities in synthesis. Psychedelics ex-
The program •.s findings may come as a amined seldom contained amphetamines, Im-
But what about the cautious consumers big surprise to many experienced drug us- pure psychedelics can cause many reactions,
who have lived in a town a while, and ers. In the last few years, hundreds of including those often attributed to speed.
·buy only from reliable and trusted sour- thousands of capsules of THC, mescaline,
·ces--do their friendly neighborhood deal- Workers in free clinics and crisis
ers really sell them what they want? and psilocybin have changed hands, at
least according to dealers' claims. The centers have often observed symptoms of
Often not, says Vic Pawlak of the Do research data reveal otherwise, strychnine poisoning in freak-out victims.
It Now Foundation, a Los Angeles street These symptoms can occur from excessive
drug analysis program that determines the doses of pure LSD, according to a drug
actual content of any drug submitted anon- THC is almost invariably PCP, an
,ymously by the curious consumer. animal tranquilizer responsible for many analyst report from the University of the
bad freak-outs. THC· first caught on in Pacific,
GRASS 1967 after the media reported that scien-
tists ahd synthesized tetrahydracannabi- ****
Grass is usually grass, but you nol, the active ingrediant in marijuana.
can't count on much more, Programs analyzing street drugs are
Real THC has a heavy grass effect, turning up interesting results, producing
There is a chain of misinformation, but is still so expensive to produce that accurate information about the drugs we
Pawlak says, that "eventually goes up to it couldn't possibly sell for current consume, and occasionally discrediting
the chemists and syndicate people respon- street prices, Most real THC never leaves dangerous shipments bef.ore they're sold
sible for the drug's manufacture, people the government-sponsored laboratories c;>Ut,
who have learned to keep their mouths
shut," where it's manufactured for research pur- The programs are a helpful endeavor
Through the L.A. Free Press and four that would be encouraged in any community
area radio stations, Do It Now's test re-
sults reach over a million people a week, Virtually all "mescaline" and "psil- caring about its young.
sometimes ruining the reputation of a ocybin" is LSD or a combination of LSD
bad batch of street psychedelics the day and PCP, which are much cheaper to manu- But few communities have such pro-
after they hit the market, facture, Both became popular in part ·grams.
Do It Now's results are also threat- because users think they are milder
ening to shatter many widely believed· .than acid and because they are known as In some communities, analysis ser~
drug myths, "organic," a term meaning nothing about vices are prevented from conveying their
safety for human consumption,. findings to the public~ ._
The drug testers have discovered
that there is almost no THC, mescaline !rl'i-~ t ·";{-,''~' .. :,~:~
or psilocybin being sold today,
In other towns, local officials re-
Feb. 2J--8pm--Hayden; Black Fine Arts,
Environmental Drama Workshop Astounded by the difficulty of ob- fuse to permit independent groups to
gather drug samples from anonymous users.
--8pm--Union Annexr NFOTM, Sugar taining genuine mescaline and psilocybin, And anonymity is the key--no one is going
Creek All Stars Dixieland Band e_i ther synthetic or .orgal'}ic, the L.A. to risk getting busted sending his drug
samples in,
23&24--midnight--Normal Theatrer
Monterey Pop drug analysts checked with ParmChem Lab- Except fo~ analysis programs, there
oratories in Palo Alto; the University of
24--8am-5--McCormick; Women'§ the Pacific School of Pharmacy in Stock- have been no remedies for the thousands
Fencing Meet ton~ Calf! and with similar drug analysis of young casualties wrought by poisoned
proJects 1n Toronto, Amsterdam, and on and impure drugs.
24,25,26--8a15--Capenr M.E.N.C. Club, the West Coast.

H !!1!!!!!.H 3- Nixon's plan for dealing with drugs
has consisted of arresting several hun-
24,25,28,1,2,J,--8pm--Westhoffr Univ. --midnight--Normal Theatre, Con- dred thousand pot users; spraying Midwest
Theatre, The Birthday Party cert for Bangladesh grass with a defoliant linked to birth
defects; spraying Mexiean grass with a
25--8a15--CE121; Fac. Recitalr 4--8pm--Hayden; Film Society, nausea agent; and waging an offensive
Kim & Han Week-End against Turkish poppy fields while con-
cealing today's major source of heroina
27--8a15--CE121; Lyric Chamber --8a15--CE121; Fac. Rec. ~ Southeast Asia,
Players of Lower Beaufort St. Schuetz
In April 1972, Nixon established a
~ar. 1-~8a15--CE121; Chamber Orch. 5--8pm--Capenr Univ. Forum, Max nationwide "heroin hotline," with offices
Concert Rafferty, pig educator. in 27 cities and tons of publicity. A
few months later, with no loot captured,
2--7,10a30--Capenr Ki~-Kong & 6--Spm--Capen; Univ. Forum, John the hotline was quietly dismantled,
Horsefeathers, mov1es
!:!2.!!, author-"How Children Fail" Nixon's latest scheme is to cut off
2&J--8pm~-Stroud Univ. Dance Thea- aid to countries whic·h do not help de-
tre 7--8a15--CE121; Percussion En- stroy poppy fields, But Nixon has shown
semble no interest in halting aid to his puppet
governments in Thailand, Laos, and South
9--7•30--Union JlOr Wesley Found. .Vietnam, who, with CIA help (see Post-
Film Festival Amerikan #6 and #13 or Harper's, July '72)
now supply much of the U.S. heroin mar-
--8pm--Union Annexr NFO'l'M, ket,
Roberts & Barrand
The record is cleara there have been
9&10--5aJ0,8,10aJO--Capenr Klute
more bad trips ,undWerithNiaxonthothuasanndevTeVr be-
10--lOam-1--Union JOB; Ticket Re- fore in history drug
lease for Stills, Godspell,
Gospel Groups ~ommer~ials bombarding the average Amer-

--midnight--Normal Theatre, 1Can k1d, drugs are as American as cherry
Alice's Restaurant pie, The President himself is careful

12--8a15--CE121; Fac. Rec,, Charez not to establish_any programs that would
seriously threaten their abuse, Conse-
14--8a15--Capen; Symphony Orch.
Concert quently, the black market for all kinds
of drugs has become larger and less reli-·
16--8pm--Union Annex; NFOTM, Owen
McBride & Norman Kennedy ---- able than ever.

If the long-suffering community of
drug users is ready to fight back, drug
analysis services with their quick, iden-
tification of bad drugs could be a major

~[E~!A\lf~ ~ 11

{A\[p)[p)~{A\(UJ[Q)~ With cold weather coming in, our hawkers . An affil'matire statement
'are ·coming out on the streets less and
less of~en. And we hav~ so few hawkers HELL
.anyway that lots of people seldom see
None of the ~ people were there, one.·
but reports from a recent ISU Aca-
demic Senate meeting (Feb, 14) are that And if you can't find a hawker, you've YES
a responsive audience existed for the got to buy the Post in a store. And only
David Berlo interview. When Vice a few stores, usually grouped in certain
President Gene Budig spoke on the merg- locations, will sell the paper.

ing of education departments (mentioned If_ you don •t get to Bloomington •s Main St. Does your shit get a little ragged
in the interview), one member of the or Normal's North St., you probably won •. t from time to time? Do you sometimes feel
Senate asked where the department's find toe Post. More and more fat cat re- like just saying fuck it and going off
leadership would be coming from. tail establishments are refusing to carry

Budig stated it would probably -the Post, . The one store at Eastland sel- to Council Bluffs to teach school? Do
come from within the departments "ling the paper has now stopped. you suffer from Culture Shock at your
merged, The Senator said that Budig's High School reunions? Are long discuss-
statement was running counter to press Subscribe todayl ions of Unwavering Proportional Social-
·reports that the president was looking ism starting to bore you? Does the
for wholly new leadership, Budig, ,The Post-Amerikan· is the lOJ~gest-surviving prospect of four more years of Nixiism
asking if the reports had been in the under~ow.nd newspaper·in·the history of give you a bad case of them old Kosmic
Pantagraph, was told no. B~o?m1ngton-Normal. But to continue sur- Blues? Well, it's not surprising when
V1V1ng the paper you hear long haired bleary-eyed

The vice president then asked if needs your support! geeks a-gawking about burgeoning reg-
the senator could, then, produce a ulatory fanaticism and .those who nod out
copy of the president's press release ·we're having to charge $2 for a 10-issue in agreement cowering in wild-eyed
speaking on the matter. The Academic . S\l}JSCription, as it will~ Cost US 12 to 16¢ hysteric paranoia. It really makes you
senator, in reply, presented the veep ~ost~ge on each copy. But, being a Post- wonder if it's all worth it. I know,
with a copy of the ~ interview. ~mer~kan reader, you know the paper is cuz I wonder about it all the time, And
At which point, Academic Senate as a ~orth that much and morel it seems as though this is an ever
whole broke out in applause. increasing problem for everybody, · And
is it all worth it? Well, hell yes it's
worth it cuz it's all there really is
· Budig's reply is not known. Send your $2 and any donation you can af- left~ Sit back, light- up a number or
ford with the coupon ~elow. two, relax and think it over--look at

·--~!2!U~~!L£!:!:!:_2!:!:!:_2U_:!:!:!!~_!!2:!::!:~!LHU~:.L____ I your. alternatives and youill know what
I to do, You and me, usr We know what
I they're up to and we're not gonna take
~. 114t North St., Normal, Illinois, I itl Right? Right onl So remember--
. 61761 I when you're out smashin' the state--

MJJdmanP By God, I understand you're chargin' keep a smile in your heart, a song on
2 buck for 10 issues (each unique) and I'm your lips, and a lid in your pocket!

full willin' to subscribe by mail! The Yippie Alliance For Compulsory

"I am intelligent!" name Cannibis Consumption and Cultural

--David K. Berlo, at street
a meeting of the ex-
ecutive committee of city state zip "You sure don't play square, do you?"
the Academic Senate, --David K. Berlo, to a Po~­
January 17, 1973. Amerikan hawker, Febru~y ;, 1973

--------·1 I'd even like to donate $ • :

....I . - -

12 I


Plans for the "liquidation of political They had to crawl down, because they The cages are .too low for the prisoners
prisoners" in South Vietnam are being couldn't walk anymore; their knees had to stand up in. Also they put three to
charged by Jean Pierre Debris and Andre been broken, They dragged themselves five prisoners in each one, so there's
Menras, Recently released from Chi Hoa along the ground with little wooden not enough room for them to sleep1 they
Prison, where the two Frenchmen were benches of t~eir own making. They had have to take turns lying down whlle the
jailed for protesting the corrupt Saigon to close theLr eyes completely in the other crouch, The cages are kept in
regime, Debris and Menras warn of full .sun because they'd been blinded from so completely dark rooms without ventila-
scale assassination by Thieu of his many years of darkness. Their faces were tion; most of those who manage to live
opponents. They were released, the two haggard and lined, their bodies gaunt through the experience are completely
believe, "to get rid of a couple of po- and emaciated, They were wearing tattered blind afterwards,
tentially embarass~ng witnesses." prison uniforms, the standard black
pajamas, Rations decrease
Following is the transcript of Debris'
speech to 5000 people in Paris January No one made a sound when they arrived, Friends of ours who've lived in the
20, 1973. Maria Jolas recorded the Even the trusties who guarded them were cages have told us how they were forced
statements, and in her introduction, astonisqed, A regular prisoner threw in desperation to wash themselves with
she says• them a box of candy, The trusties did their own urine, even to drink their
no~ move, They let him do it, Other own urine. The food rations decrease
"Their testimony is, to date, the regulars threw delicacies they had been each year~ In August, 1972, it was
most authentic non-Vietnamese statement brought--oranges, fruit, even a few still a pound and a quarter of cooked
that has been received concerning the ducks, We watched all the prisoners rice a day; now it's less than a pound,
fate of the more than 200,000 political throw everything they had to these peo- and the rice is soaked in sea water and
prisoners in Thieu's jails, and whose ple who had come back from the death mixed with sand to make it go further.
very lives are in the balance during the camps. The· only thin~ they get with the rice is
weeks that lie just ahead. a pinch of salt--not enough--no vege- .
We even saw an American, a GI who was tables, no meat, no fish, They used to
"The word has gone out in the US in the isolation ward, He had nothing get a bit of pickling brine, but now they
media, among whom yellow-skinned testi- to give, no money, he received no visits, don't get even that.
mony is considered ipso facto unreliable, All he had was his clothing. He started
that the subject cannot be.acceptably to undress .and piece by piece, he threw If anyone so much as asks for an extra
handled since there is 'no proof' of a all his clothes to these prisoners from bowl of rice, there is ferocious re-
threat to these prisoners' lives, 'no Poulo Condor, pression. Beside each tiger cage is a
proof' that any of them have been killed, container of lime which the guards
"Re-education" throw onto the prisoners, and which
Comrades in arms burns their skin, They also use grenades
This policy of "re-~ducation," as the of nausea gas and tear gas, Then, when
Following are the statements of Saigon government calls it, is aimed they've used all this, they beat and
Jean-Pierre Debris in Paris• solely at breaking patriotic Vietnamese; handcuff the prisoners, with their
sapping their strength; breaking them wrists behind their backs, We know
First of all, I want to tell you not only physically, but especially people who've been kept handcuffed like
about our arrest, During the first week emotionally, There are many ways to this for years because they refused to
we spent in jail, we were surrounded by: kill a man, At Fu Quoc, an island pri- salute the Saigon flag.
ordinary prisoners, who are used by the son, for seven years, until 1971, pris-
1Saigon administration to guard and beat oners were shot at with machine guns. So the 15th of November, at Chi Hoa,
up the political prisoners. When the prisoners demanded better food, the. colonel came back, He brought into
jeeps with machine guns mounted on them the prison a hundred members of the tac
Still, even in that first week, while we were driven into the prison and they squad of the Saigon Police, armed with
were lying in our cell, I was thrown a would fire on the prisoners,forcing them bamboo shields, helmets, bullet-proof
little bottle of oil which the Vietnamese further and further down, And each time vests, pistols, clubs, even grenade
use for relieving pain after you've been there were dozens of dead and wounded, launchers, They entered every cell con-
beaten up. Around ~his little bottle was At our prison of Chi Hoa, and elsewhere, taining political prisoners. Each cell
a note written in very good French, It there are other ways of killina people• had from 60 to 100 people piled on top
said, "Thank you, on behalf of the Viet- by giving them notning to eat, 0 by ra- of one another, They divided each cell
namese people," and was signed, "your. tioning their water, by beating them, into tiny groups, separating people who
comrades in arms," by torturing them, by leaving them in had known each other for years. During
tiger cages, ,this separation and change of cells, a
We learned a long while afterwards that lot of prisoners disappeared completely,
this came from a cell where the so-called In our l~st months at Chi Hoa •. we saw
"rebels" were kept, those who refused to something which was still more tragic.- They even mixed the Catholic students
salute the Saigon regime's flag, They On the 15th of November (1972) Colonel with members of the National Liberation
were beaten and tortured for it, Nguyen Van Ve came back, He had been Front, so they could be classified as
exposed in '69 and '70 as the "father of communists and all the political prison-
We met them eight months later, during the tiger cages" at Poulo Condor. After ers were mixed with ordinary ones, Then
the first Tet celebration we spent in the scandal of the tiger cages, he dis- they took away the files of these pris-
prison, in February, 1971, After months appeared, only to re-appear in the oners, so that no one will be able to
of complete isolation we were able to "Phoenix" campaign, which was aimed at prove that they were political prison-
go down into the yard where the latrines destroying the ranks of the National ers, and not ordinary criminals. This
were, It wasn't a favor on the part of Liberation Front, by assassination. was done for a very good reason, If
the prison guards; it was just careless- .there is a cease-fire, the criminal pris- ·
ness, They .were too busy celebrating Despite the exposure of the tiger cages, oners won't be released. If the polit-
Tet, they're still there, and what's more, ical prisoners are indistinguishable
they've been rebuilt. We saw prisoners from. the ordinary ones, they won't be
So we went into the yard and there we in RG sector, in particular. in cell released either.
met the brothers who had sent us the OGJ, at,Chi Hoa, who ha~ come back from
lotion. They lived in awful conditions the tiger cages to be "nursed," There Light sentence
.and now, for Tet, their families had is an infirmary at Chi Hoa prison. When
been able to visit them and had brought they arrived at this infirmary, they were The Colonel also stopped family visits
them all kinds of good things to eat, told that there was no medicine, The with the result that families lost
They insisted on sharing everything, and American supplies weren't being sent track of their relatives, Sometimes,
we celebrated together. We sang the anymore, There were not dollars for they would tell people whose time was
song of Unity and Solidarity. medicine for political prisoners but up that they were going to be released,
there were $400,000 to build new tiger So these prisoners would say goodbye to
Isolation ward cages in camps numbers 7 and 8 at Poulo us and follow the guards, Later pris-
Condor. There 'is an American company in oners would arrive at Chi Hoa who had
Then the brothers from the isolation Saigon (Brown and Root) which is building been transferred from other prisons, and
ward also came down, Those were polit- tiger cages at the present time--new im- they would tell us, "so-and-so is in the
ical prisoners who had been brought back proved models, prison we just left" while we thought
from the tiger cages in Poulo Condor he had been released,
(Con Son), Normally, they were never
allowed to go out into the sunlight, but An example I want to talk about is Nguyen
were kept in solitary confinement, in Dong Ha, the younger brother of Madame
cells without windows or light, But Nguyen Thi Binh, His only crime is to
that day, the first day of Tet, they be her brother. Because they couldn't
could come down into the prison yard, find anything against him, they gave
So we saw, the whole jail saw, for the him a light sentence of only three years,
first time, these hundred prisoners from
the tiger cages. And in what conditionl When he had served his time, they told
him he was released, and took him to
the police station,


rhere he was faced wi~h American inter- matic and leprous, and most of them in- I should also teil. you that, in the last
rogators who asked him to sign letters fected with tuberculosis. nine months of our imprisonment·, we saw
defaming his sister's character and ~o a new type of political prisoner arriving
go on Saigon television to speak aga~nst We knew that this was a deat~ sent~nce at Chi Hoa. Up till then we had seen
her. When he refused, he was brought for these prisoners we had l~ved_w~th mostly members of the National Liberation
back to Chi Hoa and that was how we met for nearly a year. We know we w~ll Front, patriotic Vietnamese, usually .
and learned his story. Then he was peasants.
taken away to the camps at Poulo Condor, . never see them again. The president of
and no one has heard of him since. But from about March 1972, we began to
the Association of Vietnamese Students see lawyers, intellectuals, professors,
His wife was pregnant when she was students, Catholic students, Buddhist
brought into the prison, and she gave. told us upon our departure, "We have to monks--in fact, an entire catagory of
birth there. She too, was asked to s~gn prisoners that, until then, we had not
letters about Madame Binh, and the po- bring back all those who've been deport7 been accustomed to see. At fir·st, w-e
lice threatened to take away her baby. ~ed.knoOwthtehrwatiswe ew'ree'lgl oninegv er see them aga~n. ·were extremely surprised, then we un-
A few days later, they actually did take to be taken derstood& these people belonged to the
the child away and no one knows what be- neutral "Third Force" which Thieu is so
came of it. away too." afraid of now.

Why all these plans for liquidation?
Why had these liquidations begun before
we left?

Thieu kills for surriral

So in the last few months of our impris- The 28th of December, three days after
onment we realized that the Bcyolominxeil~wg as
preparlng for a cease-fire. If the Thieu regime is going to ha~e a the convoy left with the Catholic stu-
chance of survival after a cease-f~re, dents and the 53 prisoners, the French
the prisoners, putting th~m out of s7g~t, they've got to get rid of everyone who consul came to see us,·to tell us that
he was going to do away w~th the pol~t~­ has lived in these prisons and who could we were released and would be deported
cal prisoners, who should be released tell what they've experienced! what they to France.
have seen in the camps, espe~~ally the
upon a cease fire. There are a. lot of catholic students, the Bu~d~~st monks, Bear witness
who refused military serv~ce.
examples of this. I'f,-was_really unbelievably ~thinkable,
Obviously they can't be called co~u~ists; that after what we 1d seen of thecondi~
Torture "specialist" they're from well-known Saigon fam~l~es, tiorts of imprisonment of our brothers,
well-known to the upper class~s there. we should be released now. When we were
We knew a student, Nguyen Ngoc Phuong, 'It could snowball if. they beg~n to tell to go, we refused to leave, we didn't
what they've lived through, and what .want to leav·e our comrades in arms, who
who was at Camp No. 7 at Poulo Condor. they've seen, the tor~·ures ~h~y've under- had helped us so much. They ran the
He was tortured to death by officials gone. Because of ~he~r rel~g~o~ and _ risk of being taken to the security
at Poulo Condor called "specialists." ·their social stand~ng, people w~ll be room to be tortured; this was a room
We know of at least 26 other prisoners lieve them. Thus it is a matter of.sur- which, when American delegations came,
who were being tortured to death when vival for the Thieu regime to get r~d of they transformed into a movie theatre.
we left. these people.
Then some political prisoners came to
On December 10, 16 Catholic students be- We also saw 53 political prisoners from see us and told us that we had to go, to
gan a hunger strike to protesta they Cell EG 3, Sector PG, who had already bear witness of what we had seen, to tell
weren't allowed to go into the yard to been brought back from the tiger cages of the tortures, the.beatings, the assas-
get sunlight, or to have visits from at Poulo Condor, returned there. They inations, the policy of slow death. All
their families. On the 26th of December, were among those who had been brought to this has been going on for dozens of
less than three weeks.afte~ they began Chi Hoa to be treated, but, as I said, years, and no one speaks of it in the
their hunger strike, they were taken
away on stretchers to the tiger cages
at Poulo Condor.

They wcoenntdibtiaocnk ttoheythehadtigleerftcathgeemsa inTht eh~~r sthtuedreenwtsaswneontmtehdeircein, et.heSo53wphernisothneesres papers. And that's why we're here today.
Same ~ccom~anied them. --from liberation news service
yz~ ~ &©~ ~ ~ @~ ~ ~ [}{].legs broken, their jom s para
· t 1 ed asth-

political consequences.
"To gr>oiJJ up.decent,- ouzo Black English is the the grammatical struc- as "He is sick all· the since he is countering
childr>en need neiJJ cloth- most homogeneous dia- ture of Black English. time" and "He is sfck a body of educational
ing to pr>esent themself lect of American Eng- For while Black vocabu- right now" are to the dogma and policy that
in school in pr>oper> · lish, according to a lary and slang have al- black first-grader who views black people as
neatf! The sun have to new book called Black ways received some mod- has been communicating •verbally deprived. 0
shine for> our> childr>ens English, by J. L. Dil- icum of recognition (at the same thou"ght in This approach takes
too. Amen." lard, a professor of least some awareness rather more complex verb an extreme form 1n the
linguistics as the ~ni­ that "crib," "vines," forms since he learned statement by British
Thus read a handlettered versity of Puerto R1co. or "box," were names to talk.
sign held by a poor That is to say, Black for real things), black
black woman in a NeiJJ English is a variant syntax has usually been For this black first- sociologist Basil Bern-
Yor>k Times photograph form of the English viewed as an "incorrect" grader has been making stein, that "much of
in August, 1969. "These language, and is spoken or "incomplete" or even the distinction, una- lower-class language
people want welfare and in accordance with a "incoherent" version of vailable in the verb consists of a kind of
they can't even learn consistent set of rules, white syntax. In fact, forms of Standard Eng- . incidental 'emotional
to speak the language by 80 per c~nt of the an earlier term for lish, between constant accompaniment' to action
correctly," the reac- black people in the Un- Black English was'Non- and intermittent activ- here and now."
tionary, tightassed, ited States. It is not Standard. English, ~hich
honky might respond. a make~do language of ity in the present. To refuse to recognize
people who, for one rea- "a--s conceived·. (lS .a po- "He sick" implies a ~he conceptual content
Then there's our own "en- son or another, have not chronic condition, where- of a person's speech fs
'lightened," radical-hip lite way of saying Eng- as "He be sick" implies clearly to refuse to re-
lish with every possible a temporary condition •. cognize a crucial as- ·
grammatical error. The speaker of Standard pect of his or her hu-
English must qualify manity--the result is
view: marvel at the caught on to the princi- The truth of the matter "He is sick" with the an Arthur Jensen, the
sign's eloquence, espe- ples of "our" language, is that speaking Stand- adverb "right now" or educational psychologist
cially when "theSe peo- but it is a variant ard English with lots "all the time" in order who has "proved 0 that
ple" have been so dis- form that has developed of grammatical errors to make the same distinc- black people are geneti-
advantaged as to be ex- through history, shaped (and throwing in a few tion. cally less conceptually
cluded from learning and molded by influen- "likes," "babys," and
the proper lingu~sti~ ces as remote as Pidgin elegant slang words) Grammatical respectabfl• •ble than whites. Since
tools for commun1cat1ng Portuguese, spoken by will not produce any- tty has been symbolic of Head Start programs
in this society. 17th ·century traders on thing like Black Eng- class position. since don't raise the achieve-
We're closer in view- the· west coast of Afri- lish. For as with Per- long before Henry Hig- ment level of black stu-
point to that tight- ca. sian French or Middle gins created a "lady"· dents, Jensen has con-
asses reactionary than out of Cockney Lfza cluded that black peo-
we realize, for though To white observers, es- High German, the struc- Doolittle. But what ple's intelligence •ust
our aesthetic, emotion- pecially those of us ture of Black English modern linguists are dis- be "associative" rather
al, and political judge- with hip aspirations, has got to be studied, covering is that the than "conceptual.•
ments differ, we would the most immediately to be mastered by non-
apparent feature of native speakers.

agree, ultimately, t~at Black Eng11sh is its vo- At Columbia University, "respectable." or ruling It fs frighteningly easy
the sign employs an lm- cabulary. Black Jar>gon linguist William A. class dialect of a na- to misjudge a language
poverished form of gram- in White Amer>ica 1S a . Stewart has taught some tf on fs no more cons fs- one does not understand.
mar--that it is incor- aspects of the dialect tant, eloquent. or com- and to conclude that it
rect English. And we'd rec~n~ly~published;· sym~ to white public school municative than the fs not a language at
all be wrong. For, ac- teachers. These teach- "less respectable" all. The error beco•es
co~ding to a fascinat- pathetic introduction ers learned that "He forms. For conceptual less benign the •ore ev-
ing series of linguis- to this vocabulary, writ- be sick all the time" -expression fs like see- idence ts discovered of
tic studies, the sign ten by David Claerbaut, is correct while "He ing or hearing, in that the historicity. co•-
was not written in un- a white high school sick all the time" is a~one with normal phys- plexity,and homogeneity
grammatical "Standard teacher who realized incorrect. On the other ical equipment can and of Black English. For
English," but in utter- that he had no idea what hand, "He sick right does do ft, though he exploitative political
ly grammatical "Black his black students were or she might not be re- ideologies derive their
English," which was talking about. cognized as doing ft. life-blood from impu-
clearly the language of
the writer. Studies like Dillard's, now" is correct and "He And whether or not the tations of certain
however, are more con- be sick right now" is linguist is groups • 1esser humanity.
cern~d with syntax, with incorrect. Confu~ing?
Just about as confusing



u THEATRE REVIEW his crotch with hard rubbing, and throws
him to the sofa interrupted by her own
,N ~ Brutal, Yes, brutal, but neither son's entrance and her near lover's
;~:~:· ::E: :::o::~::r:t::oRr blood thirsty nor blood letting, just dismissal.
news media have been, vocal in blood curdling. The event begins with
the femal actress, accoutered with A phone conversation with Dottie's
, their opposition to. Nixon admin- helmet and whistle, place-kicking a best friend--denouncing women who forsake
istration attempts to pressure freaked out looking doll to the rear their slavery to childbearing in an irony
them into silence. But their per- curtain. Brutal, yes but it is kind, made brutal by the conversation's
warning us that the game tonite is end, with talk of a collapsing sex l~fe
T, formance has not necessarily lived wide open. and marriage. The bottle of alcohol,
up to their brave words. A the search for significance in social
_ _ _,_ -colfeaarreexpaomrtpleaboocuctutrhreedWinatetrhgeatcease The next moment, a marriage rite prestige.
incident on CBS evening news. is performed with robed monk over toi~
let seat shackling the cooing couple A game sequence, "Let's Make a
E The report was planned as a together. This flows straight into Dwarf," where excited Dottie "wins"
two-part series. The first part a scene of sex, sex, and cuddly;..kissy- the perfect husband and son (the ones
poo homemaking. she has), The hard hitting irony crushes
R was 22 minutes long, and the sec- the laughter in vour throat.
ond was planned for 15 minutes. Next a 6' son appears in diapers
However, as (MORE] the New York and the exact order of scenes fades in The night mare, recounted earlier,
journalism review reports, after my mind, The father reveals himself as comes down for ~~ A terrifying scene
the first segment was broadcast, slave owner to Dottie, She pleads with of rising intensity where nothing opens
, him for communication in a scene of at her pull until it ends with a scream/
"the White House was quick to immense power. He sits totally silent yell that stuns your ears and opens the
couched in his paper as Dottie cries out top of your mind.
respond--with a phone call to for response. She recounts her night-
mare of being trapped in the house with And finally, the almost murder.
CBS executives from Charles nothing qpening--stove, refrigerator, the drunken husband drops to bedJthe
front door. Crushed by no response ·brutalized wife--raising high the
Colson, special counsel to Pres- she leaves the room •. The husband, knife--aborted by the son. And as the
frighteningly silent and impassive, son is hustled off to the john vomiting,
ident, Nixon. -~ettabJ,y_, _fBS leaves for work taking the box of Trix the knife, poised high, glides toward
.acceded to the pressure and and cereal bowl with him, her own stomach. "Just Dottie and me,

forced the Cronkite staff to water The moments blur more as the show and baby makes three,/ We're happy in
grasps me and pulls me along. A post-
-down the second part of the report." man near love affair. A cruel to the my Blue Heaven." Lights out.
child scene. A brutal seduction of a
The order to cut down the report 16 year old boy with the mumps. Dottie The play had no chronology, and
stri~s the boy of his shirt, brutalizes needed none, It had a build in events
came directly from CBS board which destroy the wife/mother as a
human until she turns to the knife.
chairman William Paley. As a

result of this governmental

pressure, the second report was

cut from 15 minutes to 7.

As (MORE] pointed out, "One

reason for the network's timidity -

is said to be threats from the

FCC to force the networks to cur-

tail re-runs. CBS would be the

hardest hit if such a policy were


MIOII6HT CO-OPT first song, of course was ! !m !Qman other words, NBC deliberately chose
and doubtless a lot of freek women a politically and culturally conserv-
I am less outraged at being co-opted across the country watched a few ative hostess, or at least one that
again than I am amazed at ·NBC's chut- commercials just to see it. Later on, would look like that, and considered
pah and lack of subtleness in putting however, Tina Turner and three other these criteria of higher priority
on a program aimed directly at our sex objects blasted the male conscious- than IhoAsmti ng ability. (Notea the
counter-culture, with the object ness into submission in case any Ynlib- song !Qman, which definitely
of economic exploitation of our straight/ erated ~shoppers_were w~tching. incites women to get their shit to-
doped joie du musigue (we got rhythm), {The show was late enough for Tina to gether, was economically used and then
and then using the same program to be obviously not wearing a bra.)
push (hard) against the very princi- negated, especially by Ed McMahon, who
plee and very life styles that they Helen Reddy's musical abilities, dropped in for a jock •Hiyol• right af-
are tr~ing to exploit. That's l~ke as was effectively demonstrated, out- ter the song. Joan Baez, doubtles$
feeding a chicken while you cut 1t's striP her skill and ease in dealing
head off. with-people. Her singing·voice is NBC's idea of radical woman, was
incredibly good, well-controlled, not hosting, nor was Jane Fonda or
The Midnight Special (the title communicating, and all that, but anyone else who might say something
is stolen from a black man, of course) her face, posture and speech in her embarassing to NBC~s conservative
-is NBC's attempt to get a piece of hostess role were those of a dead fish-- morals. On the other hand, a woman
-the concert action which ABC discovered cold, stiff, and very uncommunicating.
with their amazingly well done In Now this isn't a down-rap on Helen was consid•red less dangerous than a
Concert. In Concert features burned Reddy; she obviously was hosting for blaqk or a freek, which lets you know
out hippies-doin' their ,usical thing the first time, was not at ease, and a little bit more about NBC.)
to monthly Madison Square Garden had not worked on that part of the
crowds, and by ~ood sound equipment . entertaining business anywhere as ni1htclub rock
and outright stoned videotaped work 1~ much as she had on singing, which is
is broadcast over·rM radio and color true of most artists. The question is, ITEM, The set for the Mi4Dight
TV to the freeks of the world. It why did NBC place her in a position Special was not Madison Square Garden,
is definitely a commercial venture, where she would fail so miserably? or any reasonable facsimile, but some
and must be a financial success, or As a guest she would have been at least nightclub-like place, and an upper- .
NBC wouldn't join in the mar~et, but as good as anyone else, and much bet- class one. Seating capacity was in the
the commercials are just plain old ter than Rare Earth and the Byrds, hundreds, rather than in the Garden's
commercials {though mostly aimed at who s,tunk. Either or both George whatever-thousands. NBC wasn't put-
freeks, you know, record and clothing Carlin and/or Ortis Mayfield would ting on a people's concert. They were
stores, the Joint pushing waterbeds, have made superb hosts --both were those Amerikans who want
etc.) and no overall message is pushed astonishingly mellow in their acts, to be •better", which in this country
by the show, save possibly,- "BOOGIE I" and equally mellow with the other per- of competition means better than the
-NBC's version of hip entertainment, formers when they had the chance. background of other people, especial-
though, was to me less than refresh- NBC is not stupid, they would not ly the poor people. If you watch the
ing breeze of political and social pass over two winners to pick a Midnight Special you're cool, that's
conservatism, deliberately designed loser, host-wises they've been man- the message. Flattery. A sales pitch
to cool_ the counter-culture. aging entertainment too long and too based soundly in capitalism, with a
successfully for me to believe that. capital "Ism". And the crowd looked
two faced It can only remain that Helen Reddy like they were hired. Young Republican
was relied on to do something that conventioneers, that type. Amerikan
ITEM. {I'm gonna catch flak for th1s Carlin and/or Mayfield could not be Bandstand. "AWRight, Billy and Susie
one, so I'm giving it first.) The· relied on for, and something big did the cutest dance, they get a copy
hostess for the first show was Helen enough t_o lllf1ke up for the discrep- of the Twerp's hit release, 'Love Me
Reddy. I feel that this was a delib- ancy in hosting ability. She was, Tonite or I'll Cut Off Your Tit."
erate attempt to grab the liberated and she did, or rather, did not. Got those ugly zits again? Try Stri-
shopper, which surely exists in more Helen Reddy refrained in thought, dex medicated pimple pads ••• " The
than one NBC executive's mind. The word, deed and insinuation from ad- whole setup reeked Qf prostituted art.
vocating the us~ of illegal drugs,
and from advising the blacks or any ITEM. Rare Earth and The Byrds
other minority culture counter to stunk, as I said. They looked like
NBC's to get their shit together and ISU•s Entertainment Committee had
do something to change things. I~. treluctantly allowed them on the bill


The style of the production is awe- Tim.Barwald, as son and priest, hit HIS MASTER'S VOICE
inspiring. It is one of energy, move- the brutal style and more than filled
ment, and brutality of emotions •. ~he his character's space. (CPS) The medal was awarded
production moved from start to f~n~sh
with a precision and energy that The original script, conceived by by his superiors for "disting-
sharpened every image and shot every Lee Armstrong and composed by him, Terry
statement straight to us, The sh~w's. Paul Kruger, Rob Maxey, Tim Barwald and uished public service." The
effect is devastatingly real desp~te ~ts Rhondi Reed, exploited a style of lang-
surreal qualities. uage that 'fit' and aided the action as citation read, ''He has provided
all good scripts do.
Rhondi Reed, the mother/wife (Dottie with faultless professionalism
Grafton), filled every moment. She All praise to those who produced,
reached moments we did not expect. In conceived, wrote, directed, and per- clear, concise, accurate and
the nightmare scene she was so power- formed the play. It is truly one of the
ful that she stretched our capacities most exciting and debilitating theater timely information concerning
to follow her. Despite the far-flung pieces I have ever seen, If it happ7ns
differences in the juxtaposed scenes, again you owe it to yoursel~ to s7e 1t the worldwide activities of the
Rhondi moved from one to another with for its power and for the percept~ons
a totality of concentration and con- about the need for the women's liberation Department of Defense." ·
sistency of character that grabbed struggle,
'our attention and did not let go. You guessed it. The man
Line King
Rob Maxey portrayed all the male being commended is Jerry Friedheim,
roles (except that of son) with a pre- Reflections
cision and involvement matching voice of the Pentagon. Friedheim
Rhondi's. once a feeling is shared
and then lost to time is the guy who has been running
with Art Linkletter. (Talk about It is so easy to forget
prostitued art!) Neither did anything and carry on, as if it doesn't exist the news briefings on the bomb-
new or successfully did anything old. for all of eternity, in a place of its own
The 1 Impressions, weren't bad, but ings in North Vietnam and bland-
they sounded like they didn't get to "but things change" you say
do the song they really wanted to do "and nothing stays the same" _ly denying that B-52 raids were
about the junkie. In general the . but I think "things" stay the same
"entertainmept" looked very much l1ke and we must move on -- beyond the reach hitting any civi,lian targets
it was carefully chosen by someone of any given moment and
who had no idea what he was doing, isn't there a way we can retain (including Bach Mai hospital)
most likely a committee, and with no some part of this vibration
reference to art, ju~t to what "youth- seeing it now while Western European and Amer-
oriented" groups were av~ilable fo~ through these tinted shades
contract, and then mater1al was ev~­ of time ican observers were sending back
dently screened for "good taste".
daily eyewitness accounts of
We got in our zinger though. The
committee, or whatever, was ignorant civilian devastation.
enough to sign on George Carlin, the
Lenny Bruce of the Seventies, and did Clear, concise, accurate?
not have complete control over.his.
stream of consciousness. Carl1n d1d Maybe the Pentagon just speaks
a carefully careless monologue about
everything in general, very funny but a different language from the
obviously restrained. Late in the
act he casually eased into the subject rest of us. As Friedheim is
of gang fights in Brooklyn, where.
he grew up, and underplayed his b~g fond of saying, "Well, at this
linea "Then in the Fifties grass blew
in and fights went ~· man!" Taken time I don't have any further
in context, this may be added to ~he
list of victories for our side wh1ch information to give you about
already include (1) In Concfrt pre-
miering with Alice Cooper,2) Wood- that."
stock, and (3) Gracie getting out a
"motherfucker" on the Cavett show. (information from the New York Times) '

unco/a pans New York skyline, zooms in on addenda
apartment window revealing a large,
ITEM. Midnight Special was spon- obviously well-tended specimen of MIDNIGHT COOPT ~PART TWO)
sored primarily by the Uncola, ?-Up, Cannibis sativa••• ) and also contained Report on the menace&
who, as you may have noticed, have • an anti-dope song, Coming ~. writ-
some pretty stoned animated commerc1als. ten and delivered by a hippie who's Sharing the righteous amazement
Sure enough·, there they were, almost seen the light and been saved. of the party of the first part, I'm
all of them, even stoneder than before, reporting more briefly on "Midnight
and across this mighty nation four (almost an ITEM.) There is no Snecial's" second tinsel-glittered
million stoned freeks with the munchies way I can substantiate or explain this'· night.
and the shlurps (the munchies for but the program had the subtle aroma
liquids) flashed out to the fridge of Nixon. I've been watching the I was watching the aforementioned
and experienced the fresh, clean taste conventions, elections, inauguration incident in the midst of a party,
of ?-Up. Herbal Essence Shampoo put . and the "peace" announcements pretty
closely, and I've come to appreciate where a small caucus of party-goers
on their stonedest, too, in fact all the style of Nixon Events. Whoever 0 'semi-silently ogled the 21 inch screen.
does such public relations managing (Who's that? 0
the commercials were aimed at users of •
illegal drug~_an~contr~~led substances. /c'±:..._ l{_i~on proc1uces work of a co~stant,
Strange. Especially strange as the pro- ("Who's that?" "Is that Johnny Rivers?"
gram they sponsored contained an anti- indefinable aroma of condescens~on, "Naw••• couldn't be, •• It doesn't sound
·dope public service message (camera slyness, and vague but unmistakeable like Johnny Rivers." "Johnny Rivers
threat. (I AM the President! I giveth never does,") Despite the scorn of
and I taketh away. And I smite my other party goers, the power of the
enemies hip and thigh,) And the tube held sway. No matter what the
~id~ight Special had ~hi~ ethere~l quality of the material, said caucus
quality. Maybe NBC d1d 1t, know1n~ remained before the se~.
that their ass is already on the l~ne
(the line from C to shining C and Johnny (A-GO-GO) 'Rivers hosted
then back to the F), and that venture this evening's entertainment and kicked
into the pockets of hippies is feder- off the show with a rousing cliche of
ally dangerous, Then again maybe the that good ol' rock and roll (singing
stench rubbed off from closer contact. either "Johnny B Goode" or "Blue Suede.
I don't know and I shudder to think
about it~ Watch Marcos, and pray that Shoes" -I don't have the energy to re-
he doesn't (or hasn't already) give(eri) member which.) Steely Dan followed with
Nixon any creative ideas. their big hit sound. Then came a com-
edy group with a bunch of "comedy
stay tuned sketches" about having to get into the
john and piss and stuff. Another group
SO HERE I got four items and one
almost item that say that the show came on, and the film clip from
had (1) a deliberat~ly conservative "Deliverance" was next shown. Then, I
hostess, (2) an eloquently and seduc- left the party.
tively bourgie set, (3) a cast of
professional entertainers select~d "Midnight Special" might be called
with more care for manipulating the the "Hollywood Palace" of the coun-
public than for their art, (4) adver- ter vtilture set. I prefer "Hullabaloo"
tising aimed at the drug culture and --they used to have the Kinks. Each
simultaneous anti-dope p~opaganda, and song had commercials around it& not
(4i) the indefinable aroma of NiXQn. just for the Uncola, but for other hip
Now I'm not exactly sure what this products like feminine hygiene deodor-
adds up to, BUT IT DON'T SOUND GOOD. ant, and psychedelic jeans. I don't
I'm gonna watch the Midnight Special know if such commercial planning sells
next week (or whenever) to see and very much. Most of the audience I
hear some more tunes (I'm not blaming knew was too trashed to pay attention
the performers), but also to check up to anything other than tiny TV bass
on something that at first sight ap- riffs.
peared rather menacing. I could dig
other people doing the same. BS73


111111 REJIEW 16 The male writer who exposes him- the letters instead, futd been full_ ·of
s~lf before a readershitLdO~f.! so in faith name-calling·• "faggot, • or "sexist" (for
ON BEIN&· DIFFERENT W1th the reader. He expects some-degree not adequately covering the.concerns of
of sensitivity and encouragement from lesbians and for pr,imarily writing about
by MERLE .ILLER that reader•-even if the reader hasn't male ho'!losexu!:l,l proble!lls), ·or "bourgeois"
wholly shared the same concerns. This {for wr1ting about'himself as a middle
(P~pular Libr~) goes on all the time in rap groups. class individual.) . · ,
Half o:f Merle Miller's book devotes it.;;~ . Basically, unstructured material
self to letters the original Times ar- 1~ laid waste to by structured narrow
ticle had· received it hidb'een m1nds. The person who realizes how in-
printed •. Miller is honestly amazed over -~omplet7 they are in terms of understand-
the number of encouraging and positive the1r sexual role may be ·less in-
responses he receives. The experience, clined to make assertions about the way
I suspec.t was a liberating one both to sexual oppression works. Their writing
him and his readers. Encouragement has to be questioning. This is intol-
erable to certain people.
would have been nil if Miller's faith
Essentially, the difference arises
had been betrayed and the majority of between those who see writing as a
veh~cle for propaganda or for stimulation
Male sexuality isn't discussed very 1• ,The author in these writings defin- of 1deas. The author groping with his
honestly very often. 1tely lowers defenses. With a certain sexual role uses. writing as a means of
degree.of ingenuousness, she/he depicts groping with that·role in the hopes that
· · Where personalistic and· honest pieces the' pa1ns of a person attempting to . readers will lend a hand to both him and
on female sexuality are becoming more grow in opposition to expected social each other. Such writing illl a communal
bountiful, books that explore the male roles. In the act, the writer expects act, ultimately, particularly to the per-
role in a similar manner remain largely that the experiences detailed are para- son who feels he can communicate his con-
unwritten. When the majority of those llel, in part, to those of the reader. cerns first best through writing.
male works that actually do get completed Consequently, such literature is both
are typified by the role playing one finds individualistic and representative of Those who don't see writing as an
in Norman Mailer, the situation looks even the thoughts and experiences of one arena where one presents growth, but
bleaker. segment of humanity. · rather as a forum for "finished" struc-
tured.ideas,_get impa~ient with person-
Today it takes a curious blend of Within men's awakening, a small ~list1~ ~it1ng. It 1s as if the author,
courage and egotism and faith to pre- amount of material has been written so 1n.add1t1on to violating the masculine
sent oneself naked and representative. far, most of it by gay males. One c?de in.bei~ honest about his limita-
On the whole, male writers have shown good example is Merle Miller's On t1ons,,1s s1multaneously violating the
themselves to be lacking in sufficient Being Different. On Being Different writer s code. This is rather difficult
quantities of all three attributes. I'd shares the advantages and flaws of its to take.
like to reflect on why. technique. Perhaps the second half of
the book'could have been trimmed1 Miller · No.structured~ideology, yet, has
Structured personal documents are seems s? surprised about some of .the ~roven.1tself sensitive to all the ram-
primarily written for English_instructors conclus1ons he's reached that he repeats 1fica~1ons of s7xual oppression. Miller
an~/or students to play around with them down to the phrasing. It's a ~escr1bes.h~s d1senchantment with Marx-
Most of the best non-fiction writing of minor flaw, if it is a flaw. 1sm, by c1t1ng oppressionof gays in
the past decade hasn't been written to avowedly Marxist countries. In Cuba
satisfy this academic audience. The The book originally appeared in he. says, gays }lave been jailed1 in '
audience is meant to be larger. Writers t~e New York Times Magazine, where Ch1na, ;hey'!e been placed in what are
of autobiographical truth have taken M1ller was responding to a particularly called hospJ.tals for ideological re-
· to a sort of intellectual stream-of- ~mall-minded piece by Joseph Epstein form." (A curious example of struc-
consciousness when writing about their 1n Harper's on homosexuality. Epstein tured ~hetoric being ~sed oppressivelya
selves and that self's relation to a stated• "If I had the power to do fsoa~e there 1s little pract1cal difference
· greater whole. I would wish homosexuality off the between this and Joseph Epstein's line.)

The technique has several advan~ of this Earth." Miller, a homosexual
tages for the writer. It enables him/ wrote "What It Means to Be a Homosexuh"
her t~present the past and conclusions
drawn from. the past alm.ost simultaneous- in response. On ~ Different is
ly. lt ~fords't~e author opportunity that article with a lengthy afterword
to approx1mate the emotional ebbs and
· flows of ideas and existence in constant added.
As much as possible, the author re-
fuses to place any restrictive order on c:f) 103 CJ. Front~ 8/oomin9 toh
these thoughts and lets the reader pick Newspapers f
out what each considers significant.
By its structure, such literature be- · Ma3azines
comes less polemical and more ques-
tioning •. ' C0111 C5,,·

. Pitfalls to a lack of structure are I
obv1ous. Sometimes the author gets lost
Occasionally, thoughts may wander toward; /lault 11./ove/ties-.~
dea~ e~ds or become repetitious and re-
str1ct1ve. The expansive intention of ~dult PaperbacKs
the literature then is defeated. Some-
. times, watching dead-end thinking can be SAM- ~PM MON- SAT·
revealing, however. $AM·J~:30PM SUN.

The jook's present title is more ac-
curate than the article's. Miller
doesn't pretend to represent the whole
spectrum of homosexual experience, but
~hooses to discuss his personal exper-
1ences as a male homosexual of one
specific generation. It is a moving set
of revelations.

Miller in describing his mode of male
.sexuality is describing those forces
influencing all males, however. He speaks
to a larger audience. Those males most
blatantly victimi~ed by these forces are
h?mos~xual, bisexual, or heteros~xuaf .
· w1th "effeminate characteristics." That
..·is a larger group than most people have .

•: bothered to realize, and these are only
~the observably oppressed.

Th~ shortage of books .dealing hon-
, ~- estly w1th :~ales 'is explaine4if,.; in part,
:··l>Y these v:t~timiztpg.'f6rcee. Even if
rthe would-b.e autfi<>i-·. ~o;n~ta:titly:;:travelled
~-through a ~-~ber111:~~..:radical en;vironment,
·-w~ere the 11laf!;_atrt pig.,.,h'eaded bigot-
r1es need nev~r. be; c;:_tmfrel'.flted · Omd few
<of us do) 1 !;t)l~se 'ViC,:t;;,i.mi~tng forces
would be bl;ocking )iiin. They're:: too
.many and su,btle • . :. ·.: · ··
' ·' ' • ~- . ' - ~ ,-.t.

The writer o:f such a wo*tc is attemp-
·. ting to lay himself ~bare. •· Tbat in it-
self is a violation of-the ba$ic mascu-
line role he's gr()wn up -with. This
may partial];y expl~n w~ those, few
. othE!r hones't .tria)..e-::jqrk.S, have b9'en pre-
dom1nantly by gays or bisexuals. They've
already violated the basic role. For
other males, this stigma is harder to
get past. It is easy for nobody. ·


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BOOK REVIEW cof <t,o..t:P the female/male liberation movement
is, of course, Marxist. Marxism, as.
(Continuedfrom preceding page.) Miller indicates. has some reason to be

Presumably, other countries have Those forces working against male
other male role struggles that are writers shouldn't be as gigantic as
unique to their culture. It is lud- they are--yet they have been. Even-
tually, though, they will be overcome
icrous to expect the same analytic . for all types-of men. As more i~
structure to work on all details of written; a statement is made concretely
every person's struggle. In prac- that each person is not alone. The more
tice~the structure becomes predom- a community of honesty is reached within
inant over individual group problems. a given culture, the more people (as
(In practice,, then, structured ideo- opposed to bureaucratic and ideological
log~es become.sexist, working a:'l they structures) get to decide about their
do insensitively towards certa~n types freedom. There is much to accomplish.
of human oppression.) At this point
in time the primary ideology that has BSherman
chosen to attempt to link itself with

18 --8573_

HE's Goav TUf\l

IPfNT•rv c«rsrs

.,,t0\!.GU!a!. 10\1 : '1.. Is Til•~ eo• AUTo6106-(lil PHrL¥? IF



life?- that in this we both may grow.
grow and change, if at each
crisis you provide even more The day was long, I am tired, the night

fertile soil for my new roots bids me to quiet sleep
where my soul can reach into
then I will fight for you as a
countryman spills blood on his tt hhoe u~anhstws erl osn gmy hbi dedi ne ng and find
land, implores.

If after our mergers, the conflicts of I think of the companions' I have met
my life seem less a part of me, and of the ways we can work to-
pause I will come to you like I go to .gether to lighten each others'
burden and strengthen each others'
Just a minute to say "hey" to myself a water hole from which I drink joy.
Seldom do I just stop and wait patiently while on a long journey to a
Always the Progression is upon me place I seldom visit. A simple thought worth telling myself,

So that my mind is occupied as my hands-- The day is long and tiring, the night It's been awhile since r•ve been sombre
too busy to form those things of is quiet and bidding and cared enough about that sombre
beauty I can scarcely comprehend. person to try to make him feel
But as I wait, and the waiting brings my soul reaches out for I know good,
comfort, I do so with the full not what
I'd better watch myself
understanding that my wait is a I decide to follow it, I might lose the best friend I've ever

part of my race, and through my I hear my daughter turn over in sleep had.
and my mind shoots out ahead
waiting I discover Where does strength come from?
a flash of searching for the un- Sometimes from others making you feel
I've moved and grown and I have a new known danger
self to live with. strong and capable, . . · .
My progression is as endless as is :. finding none it returns to joyous But not for long by itself,
rest, Sometimes from an idea to which you
the ocean to the fish who fin4s commit yourself, but only if
Thinking of the woman I might get to that idea is correct or you are
himself near the shore, not be- · know too weak to see it clearly,
cause he swam across the sea, Sometimes from the inner strength when
but because he was born near here my mind brings from dreadful stor- we are working together within
age all of the evil aames--evil myself,
and because swimming is as natural
...._____for him as my progression is for me, in their destructive0 pettiness--
As I rest I think of those vehicles on my adolescence was forced to learn.
which I can ride not only while And I hope that through it all, I
I am resting·but while I am shar-e and learn to share,
working as well, learn to share love and learn to
love sharing,

People!)s Operators Peac 19
Say: Phone for Free

The "people's operators" are re- The last digit of the credit card right wing
portedly at it again this year. Word is a letter which matches the seventh
(last) number of the phone number. undergroundP
has it they've leaked the alleged 834-1656 087 K is an example of a
telephone credit card formula for 1973. 1973 credit card formula.
they say that the following numbers and
letters correspond with each other• The operators handle r~al credit
card calls all day, and can often spot
1--u 4--E 7--H a phony, Try not to be nervous. Don't Madison (LNS)
2--R 5--L 8--A hesitate, read your number like it's
3--W 6--K memorized, and have all the information
0--N 9--z handy. Say it fast--834 1656 087 K--
with no dashes,
These code numbers are now matched Early in January, right-wing
with the SEVENTH (last) digit of the In the daytime the operators are college students met here to kick off
telephone number, NOT with the fourth too busy to check up on you. At night, a drive to set up what they call "alt-
diait as was reportedly true in 1972. they may have time. YOU ARE NOT REQUIRED ernative student newspapers" to com-
Other than that, the procedure is the TO SAY WHO THE CALL IS BEING BILLED TO
OR TnE NUMBER YOU ARE CALLING FROM. bat the "media monopoly of the New
same as last year. Left" on campuses across the country.
A credit card consists of eleven GROUHD CO~"VERSATION IN THE PHONE The conference, which resulted in
digits and looks like this• XXX-XXXX BOOTH. In any case, keep your phone
yyy A, calls brief, use a public phone, and the founding of the Independent Alter-
don't use the same booth twice,
native Student Newspapers Association,
The first seven digits are a tele- was sponsored by the Badger Herald
phone number. The first three digits
of the telephone number are called the Corporation. It was funded by the Jef-

prefix. Il'' YOU ARE USING A NUIV:BER . ferson Education Foundation. The
president aolfsoBaadngneoruHnceerdaltdh, aNt itchheoluas.s.
THERE. (The operator may check it
Chamber of Commerce would aid the
while you're calling.)
association by providing business con-

tacts for national advertising and fund

raising programs.

The next three digits are called Loniello said the "New Left student
media monopoly regularly attacks Amer-
the RAO, Any number from 001-599 can ican business and the free. enterprise
be used, These RAO's stand for cities system," Perceptive, isn't he?
and it is important to make sure that
At the conference the participants
the telephone prefix you use is a real heard Eugene Methavin, an associate ed-
one in the particular city you choose
itor of Reader's Digest, and Jenkins
for your RAO. Lloyd Jones, a syndicated columnist who
publicly advocates the. theory of genetic
(Some RAO's are1 072, 074, 021-- white racial superiority.
New York, 182--Los Angeles, 096,083--
Detroit, 035--Atlanta, 001--Boston,
151--Houston, 044--Miami.)

If the operator starts asking ques- The conference also heard from
tions like "What city is that number Vice President Spiro Agnew,who sent
registered in?" don't take any chances. a congratulatory letter and called
Hang up and try again from another
on the students to "call for a free,
phone. fair, and responsible student press."


Of th~ Students
Students FOr lhe Studc,»fs
11.r ;; non·profit stvdent

CooeertJtive, we Ct1npermanenf/q 4.98 2.97
offer /ILL albums, cassett~sJ ( 1.57 or J for $1
6.98 4.05
8-trtJclrs at the lotJeJ"t;;p~ibl~ 4.69
7.98 5.95
;rices 4.11"thout .s'¢ftri'1 a los.s.' 'l14
o/4Je haY~ a tJicte VJriet-y 111t1f~Ziiles~
vcllooiJ"ff_lies, IJ!.ret~e/s.
CRSSE, 1'1~5
I IS Nortil fftreet


·-.. ~20


to have far reaching effects on 46 states That'II Tell 'Em

NEW YCRK (INS) -- Recently, the Supreme abortion was legally justified, Special prize for insensitivity in
Court, by a vote of 7-2, ruled that all The Court struck down several re• the face of reasoned criticism goes to
state laws that nrohibit or restrict a the Daily Pantagraph. In the Feb, 16
woman's right to.obtain an abortion dur- quirements that a woman who wanted an Letters column, a letter headlined
ing the first three months of pregnancy abortion would have to meet in Geor- "Women Offended by 'Beauty' Story"
are unconstitutional. The Court's de- g~a. Among them weTe a flat prohi~ition ·appeared, The letter was written by
cision will have a far-reaching effect, on abortions for out-of-state res~dentSJ two local women who made the following
forcing just about every state legis• requirements that hospitals be accredit- comments1
lature to pass new laws that will com- ed by a private agency; that applicants
be screened by a hospital committee; "Not only can we carry on conver-
ply with the ruling. and that two independent doctors certi- sations concerning our 'hair and hair
The following is a rough breakdown fy the potential danger to the woman's dresser' and our 'costumes and designer'
but we can also make change and recog-
of the degree to which each state will health. nize oppressive remarks when we read
be affected by the ruling1 The states with these type of laws them in the Pantagraph, which we do both
frequently and consistently."
*·-~ New York is the only state that are1 Alabama, Arkansas, California, Col-
orado, Deleware, Florida, Georgia, Kan- The beauty story in question con-
complies fully with the ruling. sas, Maryland, Mississippi, New ~exico, sistently referred to women as "girls"
** Washington, Hawaii, and Alaska • No, Carolina, Oregon, So. Carolina, with the emphasis on their "beauty
conform in all details excep't one-- they Virginia.
have residency requirements that were The editor of the Pantagraph res-
struck down by the decision. ** Jl states with abortion laws that ponded to the letter in appropriate
often date back to the last half of the male chauvinist character.
** 15 states have relatively modern 19th century, have been entirely inval-.
abortion laws that will require consid- "Women," the editor said, "will be
erable rewriting to conform with the de- idated by the Court. Texas, also a women,"
c~s~on, An example of this type of test case before the Supreme Court, is
state law is Georgia, which was one of typical of these criminal statutes The editor of the Pantagraph,
the test cases before _the Supreme Court. which prohibit all abortions except
those to save. a mother •s life. The Harold Liston, lives at 34 University
The Georgia law permitted abortions states in this category are1 Arizona,
when a doctor found in "his best clini- Conn., Idaho, Ill.,Indiana, Iowa, Ken., Court in Normal.
cal judgement" that continued pregnancy Louisiana, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn.,
would threaten the woman's life or
health, that the fetus would be likely Miss., Mont., Neb., Nev., N. Hamp., New
to be born defective of that the preg- sJe. rsDeayk,., No. Dak., Ohio, Oka., Penn.,R.I.,
nancy was the result of rape. Doctors Tenn., Texas, Utah, Ver., W. Va.,
in states like Georgia have tended to
take a narrow view of what· constituted Wis., Wyo.
a woman's health in deciding whether an

In issue # 12 of the ~-American, MS. lems that men have in this kind of situ-
ation---problems unlike those of women.
there was an article by Jeanette and for
Linda which suggested that men form male I think that -if men ·are intere-sted· in
liberation rap groups. When the article MR. human liberation, they will be interest-
came out, four male friends of mine ' ed in getting hold of this article. If
started talking about it in our living roo they are into forming a rap group,
room. The discussion began in an indig- Warren gives a sampling of questions
nant tone about being told by women what that his group has talked about which
they should do to raise their conscious- might be good for starters.
ness. This indignation was parallel to
women's rebellion against being told by *************
men how to run our movement. However,
these men proceeded to talk for hours In writing this review, I think
about sexism, the male role and its ·that I have confronted a problem that
pressures and the extent of their con- men are feeling a lot now. Many times
formity to it, and human liberation in I have spoken with men who say that
general• It was evident to ·me that they're afl;"l!l.i<i to t.alk w:,i,.t~ l'eople who
their rejection of Jeanette and Linda's are into women •s liberation.. They Sl!I.Y
article was not a result of reluctance they're afraid they'll "say the wrong
to seriously rap about male liberation. thing" and be misinterpreted or jumped
Perhaps they rejected the artificiality on. Now I'm afraid I'll get jumped on
of an organized rap group. I'm not for· telling men what article to read or
This Tuesday Barb gave me her Feb. What a stupid and destructive situa-
tion! The ultimate end of such fear of
Ms. magazine and said that there was each other is a complete and polite lack
an article in it which related to Jean~ of communication. It seems to me that
ette and Linda's suggestion, This arti- there's an element of capitalist con-
cle is by a man, Warren Farrell, and it sciousness in thinking that everyone who
is about male liberation groups. It's wants to help you out-is being con~
called "Guidelines for Consciousness descending to you. This kind of mis-
Raising" and gives practical ideas about trust only leads to separation and
"Why?", "Who?", "When?", and "Where?". powerlessness.
Warren a talks about the special prob-
Melody Schwartz


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PRO 21

students get shafted
4.98 ~ 5.98
The Housing Department of Illinois
State University, in an effort to make I
maintenance of the dormitories less of
a losing proposition, has initiated a NOU 2.99
new program involving pro-rated damage
payment. Pro-rated damage payment is with purchase of pants
an unjust way for the administrators to
make students pay for bureaucratic mis- I01 fv.OA1'H ·.ST. NORrJA~
l0--8=30 9=30-5=30 SRI.
Basically, under the pro-rated
damage plan, residents are forced to pon$,_i'l:i:t-e for the condition of the hall, of paying for his mistakes? Another
assume responsibility for any damage in when.·an.y~ody can come into that hall as point of interest is that the bills for
the public areas of their dorm. The fre~ly a·s· they cheose anytime from seven damages will not be arriving until sum-
reason for this measure is not as simple a,m: to twelve-thirty a.m. mer when most students are aif·home, and
as-it may appear; it is not merely be- will have no chance to see if they are
cause of the amoumt of damage done in COLLECTIVE SHAFT being charged a fair amount or contest
the dorms. The true reason for the plan the charges in any manner whatsoever,
is closely linked with the entire Finally; we must consider the fair-
dilemma now facing the Housing Depart- ness of this rule to the residents. It In the final analysis, it becomes
ment. There is enough University-run only takes one person to do a great clear that once more the students are
housing to accomodate over seventy- amount of damage in a dorm. Does that having the bill for bureaucratic mis-
five hundred students, and yet because make it the responsibility of all the takes in planning,
of housing regulations and dorm prices. other residents to see that this one
the Housing Department is having person is caught, o~ face the penalty ijoratio Hornblower
difficulty keeping the residence halls
full, The residence halls, however,
must be kept full, or at least almost
full, in order to pay off the massive
bonds which were taken out to build
them in the first place, It is because
of their revenue worries that the Hous-
ing Department is trying to make
students pay for the damages that would
otherwise, for the most part, come from
the regular residence hall room and
board charges.


There is also a question of whether
the pro-rated damage plan is legal or
not. There was no provision in the
housing contract which would allow for
the use of such a plan, and even if it
had been agt:"eed. upon in the contract,
one -tends'. to' wonder' if such a provision
(in the context of its use here) has any
legal feet to stand on anyhow. Resid-
ents in Walker Hall were told that if
they saw anyone damage residence hall
property they were to call security, ·
and keep the offender in custody until
the security people arrived, Such a
move amounts to citizen's arrest, which
can have severe ramifications, including
the possibility of the arresting citizen
·being sued by the arrested citizen if
guilt cannot be Eroven or if charges are
dismissed. Also, there is the fact that
this makes the residents of a hall res-

1.1 lfO

(j00 cf f}ea; On. xeas




I wish to congratulate you on your
becoming a member of the established
TO THE POST-Ai\'i.ERlJ{AN 1 Post-Americans media. All across this country there
are thousands of hip-capitalist papers,
This ts in response to the Post- · This is a response to your "reply" (described as revolutionary papers)
Amerikan's reply to the Red Flag column to the final Red Flag column in which proclaiming "intellectual freedom" and
in the last issue, We agree with the Jan and Carroll Cox disassociated them- "freedom of the press" and "do your
authors of the· Red .flag that the Past- selves from the paper. And although I own thing" and all other kinds of bull-
Amerfkan is racis-t and sexist and'. will consider myself a Marxist-Leninist and shit. They are giving the people the
explain why. a Communist, there is no Marxist-Len- things that the Pantagraph and the Chi-
inist, Communist organization in Bloom- cago Tribune cannot give; hip-pig news.
Like any institut1on, be it r.s.u., ington-Normal, so I am forced'to reply It may have been difficult but you have
as an individual._ • found a way to actively and with great
State Farm or the Post-1tmerikan, there vigor do nothing to oppose this system;
are 1;wo conditions--::rc:>analyse, One, the The role of any paper or institu- if anything you help perpe1;uate it.
proc(;!ss of that institution, and second, tion which, even vaguely, defines it- Why? Because like all pig papers you
the product, From our experience in self as "progressive" should be to in are a group of racist, eli.tist mother-
working on the Post, the process of pro- some way better the lot society in gen- fuckers. THE POST-A&JERICAN IS A PIG
ducing the paper is overtly sexist and eral, or at least the people, in part- PAPER, THE PEOPLE WHO WORK ON IT ARE
icular, who relate to that paper or in- PIGS. Only a pig paper would prin~ ra-
racil:lt. -The fact that the paper is male- ·stitution, At this point, if the Post cist cartoons (25,898 Pantners in jail),
dominated is really not disputed, The fact is indeed progressive, then the only . only a pig paper would print 1118.le~chau­
that the paper is generated by a white pltople or society that the Post is ben- vinist cartoons (like ,;Joe Vanist), and
middle class group can lead only to a efitting is academicly advanced Eng- think it's funny. Only pigs would place
racist process. This latter point as a lish majors who like to see their work an ad for skag (heroin) in. their paper.
general condition is something anyone in pl"int. Black and poor people have been fighting
within the movement would be well aware of,· skag since before mother-fuckers like
The fact that as a whole, the Post-Amerikan Aside_ from that group,. who is the you were born, and don't tell me not to
could not come to grips' with theSe problems Post benefitting? Is it benefitting call you mother-fuckers, because who is
and solve them procedurally and organiza- the truck driver, the machinist, the not actively opposing this government
tioally is ger.erally recognized, The laborer, who's only security is their is a MOTHER-FUCKER::
failure to struggle against our racist and bosses' profit margin? Is it benefit-
sexist condition is the main point of ing G.I.s who are imprisoned in a ra- One staff member says I'm pickey
criticism, cist~ .sexist, and imperialistic mili- because I refuse to relate to a paper
tary? T~ese men and women are involved that has skag ads in it, I say that
Let's face itl (Member of athseaPno-astl- in some serious, heavy, lite and death anyone who would print skag ads in a
staff)'s conception of the Post struggle while trapped by a structure "revolutionary" paper has to be a card-
ternative medium for the coiiiliiiiil:i.ty is an only one step removed from Joliet, carrying pig.

unexcusably ambiguous policy, Politically, Is it benefitting the black wel- When are you people going to wake
'as(same)'s idea of the Post is as naive and fare mother, the freaks who have to up? You print this shit for free, you
worry about a dozen pigs with shotguns work your pig-asses off all month to
·dated the ERAP program of S,D,S, in kicking their door in because they just produce this rag sheet, you work hard
1965. want to relax and smoke their reefer? all month trying to distribute it,
when are you going to wake up and rea-
Unlike State Farm, the product of the Does it help the regular every- lize that if you are going to be pigs,
day housewife who is constantly on call which you obviously are you may as well
Post is a much greater reflection of the 24 hours a day as nurse, secretary, get paid for it like the pigs who work
proceE!~ that creates it, For a newspaper- psychiatrist, and whore? Fuck, I could for other pi~ papers, (Pantagraph, Chi-
or a university, th~ process and the have a better taste left in my mouth if cago tribune). You may as well get the
product are inseper~ble, So with a I was to eat the Post, instead of read- money and enjoy it, because "freaky-
racist and sexist process, page after ing it! looking white rodents running around
page after page of trivia, blatantly spreading venereal diseases, talking
sexist and embarassingly banal material When the Post starts demonstrat- about we love everybody"*will be dealt
has been printed this year. Why? ing to me that it is aware of the ex- with.
Because the catch-all policy of alter- istance and struggles of someone out-
native medium is in fact the process of side of the ISU English department Puddin'
individual self-initiative, This isn't and the Red Door, then I might con- *The Last Poets
Berkeley or New York where scores of sider looking at the paper again. ·
Progressive groups need a medium to When the Post starts demonstrating A\1!\llll\IAA\IA
·communicate their struggles, Here in that it is making some move against
Bloomington-Normal, alternative printed the racism and male supremacy which is 00000000000
media opportunity for many of us running unchallenged through its pages,
to expre~s ourselves. Outside LNS, the then I will start considering it a
women's group, and few and far between possible or potential ally. Until that
LNS feature ~tories, the Post has time, the Post is racist, sexist, and
served as a vehicle for self- express- part and parcel of the bourgeois cul-
ion. ture.

I feel I am overstating the obvious. Jay Waters

Until the Post-Amerikan overcomes
its pretence to political innocence, the
captions under the paper's numerous
pictures are merely a jokel

Mary and Chuck Willer

To the Post-American: Posts TO THE POST-AMERiCAN:

The lines the Post staff borrowed from Cummings Has the Post-Amerikan finally become IS THE POST-AMERICAN PRO-CAPITALIST OR MERELY
for their reply to Jan and me are, in the origi- just another pig paper in a pig society? MINDLESS?
nal poem, spoken by a conscientious objector be-
ing tortured to death. The flag was the Amerikan I'm referring to the letter frbm "C. Mer- I once posed this question in a flash of anger
flag. Does the Post staff claim that Jan and I ton" in the last issue. I still don't and frustration on a Post-staff memorandum. I
were applying a heated bayonet to their collec- understand why the letter was printed. didn't answer it then. ·I would like to answer
tive rectum? It was the most offensive thing I've it now. First some history.
ever read in the paper, more offensive
It takes remarkable courage in Normal, Illinois than that hard-core ideological bullshit. The an~er and frustration came out of a stru~­
to refuse to kiss the Red fla)!;, Perhaps the lo- .gle in which women confronted the Post staff on
cal Amerikan Legion can strike a special medal Who does this Merton cat think he is that the issues of white and male supremacy in the
for you. he ~an call me an ass? And what does the Post. Women pushed for the Post to adopt an
Post think it is that it can print shit actively anti-racist and anti-sexist editorial
Now, if you could be equally courageous in like that? policy. We lost that battle. l&at we won (??)
challenging racism, in letting your pages inform or what the Post told us we won, was the ri~ht
your readers that Black and Brown people--fight- "Narcs are people too" is the most coun- to be eternal watch-do~s on racism and sexism
ing Black and Brown people--do exist in Amerika terrevolutionary pig bullshit line I've in Post articles, that is, to play the Human
(not just far across the sea) and that white ever heard, Rights Commission to the Post's Citv Council or
Kultur-freaks are not the only "good" people the President's Task Force on Race Relations to
around ••••If •••• c. Merton is askin' to get dealt with, the Post's University Administration. SOME
Is the Post staff really all that sure that it and he will be, And I'm not talking
is anti-racist, or even non-racist? Is it really about a game of cards. Ain't no games To return to my initial question, "Is the
convinced that it is good enough just to avoid here, Post-American pro-capitalist or merely mindless?"
sounding like r~orge Wallace (and you haven't The answer is BOTH. The Post is an "underground"
always even avoided that, as in many of your car- In other words, Merton, your ass is Panta~raph; but where the Pantagraph bureaucracy
toons)? grass. is consciously pro-capitalist, the Post bureau-
cracy is unconsciously procapitalist or mindless.
- Are you.really proud that to defend yourself Course, Merton won't be hard to deal The Post refuses to question its own racist and
against the charge of racism you had no better with. It's obvious he's one of those sexist assumptions or to raise a public chal-
tactic than the oldest, cheapest, and DULLEST chickenshit lilly-livered motherfuckers, lenge to the racist and sexist cultur~ that we
of all pig tricks: simple red-baiting. Aw and that's why he has to hide behind live in. The Post has structured itself as an
Gee Whiz, a pseudonym. elite bureaucracy that decides what people in
Bloomington-Normal groove on and it won't take
Carrol Cox --John Q. Public ~ny challenging of those decisions. It is
definitely not a revolutionary or even a pro-
gressive paper; for if the Post were either,
it would not have treated the women's liberation
group like enemies or outsiders, but would have
welcomed our criticisms.

Jan Cox

ooen . letter trom the PHiliPPINES peac. 23

The following let~~r was .writtery under- The definition of conspiracy is incred- be a hot issue were quietly implemented
ground in the Pb_iliP:piRes , smuggled out by Marcos.
of the country, -and seri.'t to several ible• "wittingly or unwittingly, con-
movement groups, including LNS. sciously or unconsciously." Marcos has The schools have all been re-opened but
suspended the national assembly until he there are blacklists. Discussions of any
I hope you are all safe and taking calls for elections for a new assembly political issue is forbidden in the class-
all precautions. You all are with us in and prime minister. Un~er a new decree - rooms. Implementation of a Ford-financed
our memories and stru~gles. Assuredly we he issued, Ma~~os can wait indefinitely plan converting most of the schools to
shall. see each other ~n the Philippines-- to set a date for new elections. technical training grounds for industries
but a Philippines that is already free.
At the_beginning, Marcos deceived quite is starting. There have been many pro-
OB;r organizational.propaganda work .a few due to the arrest of. some wealthy test ac~s t~at have be~~n, althou~h the
in the rural and urban.areas continues. businessmen. Later, however, most of repress~on ~s severe. !Many are arres-
In Manila we are still forming the Chris- ted for things like possession of "sub-
tiams for National ~iperation (CNL) and them were released. What has emerged is
Christians for Civil Liberties (CCL) as a pattern where he eliminates one wealthy versive" 1-tte.:rature. Moreover, there
national democratic and anti..;fascist al- person and preserves another in any given are many agen:ts. ·'
liances.. Our activities are to conduct
investigations of abuE?eS th~t are occur- place. Many of these wealthy peop~e have The extra-institutional educational
ring, to distribute information about our
work, to identify agents and to gather People clandestinely paste up a New People's Army
all help. for the armed struggle in the poster on a wall in Manila. KALAYAAN/LNS .
countryside and for the urban resistance,
what amounts to private armies. Marcos
For those who have grasped the necessity has deputized them so that they are now
for overthrowing the Marcos regime, the legal. movement (discussion groups. etc.) is
conditions for a rapid advance of the flourishing like never before, though.
struggle have improved rather than dis- How precious books have become. Ima-
appeared. We need only intensive pro- There is an order to surrender all arms gine, mere possession is now a crime.
paganda because Marcos has monopolized. except the smallest caliber so people
the news media. There is only one source
of news--the Department of Public Infor- have no protection against trigger-happy Sometimes, some of us here stop to re-
mation. and abusive Metrocom like the ones who mind ourselves that all these things are
killed.a girl of ten who was making jokes r~ally happening! that the struggle has
As expected, after martial law many ac- at the~r expense in Barangka, Marikina. r~sen to a more ~ntense pitch. But it
tivists went to the hills. Others di- Many gun owners, though, have donated is true. It is really happening. Many
rectly joined the New People's Army (NPA). their arms to the movement rather than of us will lose our lives but it will
News is difficult to get, but the follow- surrender them. be worthwhile.
ing facts are either confirmed or reli-
able. Marcos' promises of land reform have been
just words so far; there has been no ac- The struggle for national liberation and
Northern Luzon is the stronghold today tion yet. In the urban areas also, there democracy is not an abstract concept or
of the NPA. Almost daily we receive news has been no land reform to speak of. The a program on a mimeo sheet. It is liv-
of encounters in the Mountain Province, squatters are being relocated, However, ing and suff~ring and struggling peoplea
Cagayan, Isabela and Nueva Vicaya. The they have only 4,000 lots ready for the peasant guer~llas and urban protagonists
more than 15,000 families they intend to and squatters and workers in secret or-
v. Luna Army Hospital and the veterans · kick out of Manila. ganizing meetings and serving merienda
(a refreshment) to hunted people and
hospital are filled to overflowing by The stand of Marcos on foreign investments fears and vacillations and courage to
wounded government soldiers. reveals his real interests. There is not make one ashamed,

In Isabela, relocation of people from only the reassurance to foreign investors, I:ll never regret living through these
the barrios along the foothills of but even the liberalization·of oil ex-
Sierra Madre has begun in strategic ham- p~oration rules to five foreigners a very t~mes. Long live the Philippines. On-
lets a la Vietnam. As expected, there h~gh percentage of the share. The oil . ward with the national democratic revo-
are many American advisers, but no com- price increases that were threatening to lution.
bat troops yet. Confirmed killed since
1969 are 22 American advisers. Team- HOIIDI!
Guerilla War struck MAKE YER VERY.OWN COUNTER-
They are now also using some weapons Truck
brought from Vietnam like Cobra heli- City All ya gotta have is some
copters and napalm. So far, the US here graph paper, a pencil with
involvement is not extensive, militar- in· an eraser, a magic marker,
ily, but we have no illusions. So far, and a weird head.
also, we are winning. · re-
cent We only have a couple of
In Central Luzon the struggle is spread- weeks, people who've been doing the
ing. From the second district of Tar- puzzle every time, and they're
lac it has spread to Pampanga, Zambales, getting burnt out on it,
Nueva Ecija and parts of Bulacan and Li~e they're always countina
Bataan, In Southern Luzon, Bicol is letters in words when someo~e's
the hottest--one light plane was shot trying to talk to them. So
down by the NPA recently. But many we're going to have a cross-
NPA members have been killed a.nd cap- word puzzle contest, and the
tured, The tortures are worsening. winner gets his puzzle pub-
blished right here in the
In the Manila area, armed city parti- POST-AMERIKANI
sans have gone into action on a limi-
ted scale, Recently, three Matrocom So get to work and drop
(paramilitary police force) were found your puzzles off up here at
dead at Espana Street. In Visayas and the office or give them to
Mindanao, we are still at the stage of your favorite Post hawker.
"widening and deepening the sea," Even if you get stuck and
can't finish it, give us what
As one NPA put ita "If the sea is wide you've got and we'll try to
but shallow, it's easy to catch fish. get it together.
If it is deep but small, it's also easy
to catch fish. What is needed is a wide
sea (involving many people) and a deep
one (their political consciousness is

In Mindanao~ the principal protagonists
are the Muslims, In late October they
captured Marawi City for two days and
routed one company of Philippine Con-
stabulary troops and their reinforce-
ments. So far, no one among our ac-
·quaintances has been killed, but pre-
pare yourself for any eventuality,
Truly we shall experience many great
sacrifices before we win.

Marcos says that martial law is only an
exercise of due constitutional powers,
but the truth is that his exercise of
powers is unlimited. Marcos rules by
decrees and military tribunals exer-
cise the judiciary powers,

Warner Bros.


erA . o~-,c.J..v

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH i=""<Z.b. 2'1 fo Marc.h3J inclu.siv(l.. GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL
·4 Concertos for Harpsichords & Orchestra: !WATER MUSIC
in C minor for 2 harpsichords. BWV 1062; MINSTR(lL .THE HAGUE PHILHARMONIC ORCH.
in D minor for 3 harpsichords. BWV 1063; •PIERRE BOULEZ cond.
in C for 3 harpsichords, BWV 1064; in A ~CCORD PdRLOR 'This buoyant performance of the 3 "Wat.,,
minor for 4 harpsichords, BWV 1065 Music" suites is "altogether a fascinating
NEUMEYER, BERGER. BURR. URBUTEIT. and thoroughly enjoyable illustration of
harpsichords; CHAMBER ORCHESTRA OF how a first-rate modern musician looks
THE SAAR, KARL RISTENPART cond. upon one of the best of the baroque or·
Dazzling works for multiple keyboard chesiraJ suites." (High Fidelity)
forces-concertos for 2, 3, and 4 harpsi· H-71127
chords. Each a tour de force of the Baroque
repertoire, performed by masters of their .......-'** I F t 1! !J.Uill


~lore "' the Campus Coorf Moft-1
311 5. Mair'\ ~ Normal, Ill.

Renaissance, Baroque. Classical,

Romantic, Americt.UICI. Ethnic.

Contemporary. Electronic

-on nonesuch

Records and Tapes

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