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Published by Halijah Ismail, 2021-01-21 02:35:04

Form 1 English Textbook

English Tingkatan 1

1ENGLISH

RM 7.50 FORM 1
ISBN: 978-983-00-8245-5

FT021001

1 LUM STANDARD SEKOLAH MENE

KSSM

MENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MA
NGAH
KE
KURIKU
LAYSIA

ENGLISFORHM 1

RUKUN NEGARA

Bahawasanya Negara Kita Malaysia
mendukung cita-cita hendak:

Mencapai perpaduan yang lebih erat dalam kalangan
seluruh masyarakatnya:

Memelihara satu cara hidup demokrasi:

Mencipta satu masyarakat yang adil di mana kemakmuran negara
akan dapat dinikmati bersama secara adil dan saksama:

Menjamin satu cara yang liberal terhadap
tradisi-tradisi kebudayaan yang kaya dan pelbagai corak:

Membina satu masyarakat progresif yang akan menggunakan
sains dan teknologi moden:

MAKA KAMI, rakyat Malaysia,
berikrar akan menumpukan

seluruh tenaga dan usaha kami untuk mencapai cita-cita tersebut
berdasarkan prinsip-prinsip yang berikut:

KEPERCAYAAN KEPADA TUHAN
KESETIAAN KEPADA RAJA DAN NEGARA

KELUHURAN PERLEMBAGAAN
KEDAULATAN UNDANG-UNDANG
KESOPANAN DAN KESUSILAAN

(Sumber: Jabatan Penerangan, Kementerian Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia)

STANDARD-BASED CURRICULUM FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

ENGLISH
FORM 1

PELANGI WRITERS
TEO HWEE BIEN
2016
TAN BEE LIAN
RANI PARASURAMAN
AZRIQ AIMAN BIN AZMAN

EDITORS
NURHAYATI MOHAMAD NOR

NUR AZIEMAH MAT SALLEH
DESIGNER

ATHIRAH BT ABDUL KADIR JILANY
ILLUSTRATOR

ANIZASANI AHMAD

i

Serial Book No. : 0056 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

KPM2016 ISBN 978-983-00-8245-5 The publisher and authors would like
to thank the following organisations and
First Published 2016 individuals for their invaluable
© Ministry of Education Malaysia assistance and cooperation in the
preparation of this book:
All Rights Reserved. No part of this
publication may be produced, stored in any • Officers of the Textbook Division
retrieval system, or transmitted in any form and the Curriculum Development
or by any means, electronic, mechanical, Division, Ministry of Education
photocopying, recording or otherwise, Malaysia
without prior permission of the Director
General of Education, Ministry of Education • The Star Media Group Berhad
Malaysia. Negotiation is subject to the
calculation of royalty or honorarium. • Tourism Malaysia

Published for Ministry of Education • The editorial team for their
Malaysia by: research and editing
Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd. (89120-H)
66, Jalan Pingai, Taman Pelangi, • The production team, especially the
80400 Johor Bahru, illustrators and designers, for their
Johor Darul Takzim. creative input and graphics
Tel: 07-3316288
Fax: 07-3329201 Every effort has been made to trace the
Website: http://www.pelangibooks.com ownership of copyright material. Any
information that will enable the publisher
Design and typesetting by: to rectify any error or omission in
Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd. subsequent reprints will be welcomed.
Font type: ITC Century
Font size: 12 points

Printed by:
The Commercial Press Sdn. Bhd.
Lot 8, Jalan P10/10,
Kawasan Perusahan Bangi,
Bandar Baru Bangi,
43650 Bangi,
Selangor.

ii

CONTENTS

CHAPTERS Introduction xiv
1
1 New Year, New You 13
2 It’s a Small World 25
3 Nature’s Warning! 37
4 Be Wise, Think Twice 50
51
Checkpoint 1 63
75
5 A Bundle of Joy 87
6 Ready, Set, Action! 100
7 Once Bitten, Twice Shy 101
8 The Savvy e-Shopper 113
125
Checkpoint 2 137
150
9 Stand by Me 151
10 Gadgets and Gizmos 163
11 Live Life to the Fullest 175
12 Prudent Lifestyles 187
200
Checkpoint 3
201
13 I am Malaysian 205
14 Heals and Aids 207
15 Keep Green, Keep Clean
16 Smart Plan, Better Future

Checkpoint 4

Listening Text
References
Index

iii

CONTENT MAPPING

CONTENT MAPPING

CHAPTER Listening & Reading Writing
Speaking
1 New Year,
New You 1.2.1 Listen to and respond to directions, 2.1.1 Read and develop vocabulary skills 3.2.2 Write for creative and
Pages 1 – 12 instructions and procedures by understanding: personal expressions:
Theme:
People & Culture 1.3.1 Listen to spoken, audio and visual (i) similes (iii) posters and slogans
texts to: 2.1.2 Understand meanings of words from

(i) retrieve main ideas print media by using:
(ii) retrieve supporting details (i) dictionary
1.4.1 Express feelings and give 2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by:
(i) identifying main ideas in given
simple descriptions of personal
experiences orally texts
2.2.2 Locate and organise information by:
(i) using graphic organisers

2 It’s a Small Let’s Review 12 2.1.2 Understand meanings of words from 3.1.3 Apply pre-writing strategies:
World print media by using: (ii) note-taking
Pages 13 – 24 1.4.1 Express feelings and give (iii) outlining
Theme: simple descriptions of personal (i) dictionary 3.2.1 Write for academic and
Science & Technology experiences orally 2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by:
(i) identifying main ideas in given functional purposes:
1.4.2 Participate in simple (i) email
conversations using speech acts: texts
(iii) invitation 2.3.1 Read various texts and retrieve
(v) request
information by:
(i) skimming and scanning

Let’s Review 24

3 Nature’s 1.2.1 Listen to and respond to directions, 2.1.2 Understand meanings of words from 3.1.3 Apply pre-writing strategies:
Warning! instructions and procedures print media by using: (i) brainstorming (mind

1.3.1 Listen to spoken, audio and visual (i) dictionary maps, bubble maps,

Pages 25 – 36 texts to: 2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by: etc.)
(i) retrieve main ideas (i) identifying main ideas in given (ii) note-taking

Theme: (ii) retrieve supporting details texts
Health & Environment 1.3.2 Listen to and respond to spoken, 2.3.1 Read various texts and retrieve

audio and visual texts to: information by:

(ii) identify cause and effect (i) skimming and scanning

Let’s Review 36

Be Wise, 1.2.2 Listen to text of different genres 2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by: 3.1.2 Organise and write ideas in
and classify the grammar items and (i) identifying main ideas in given a paragraph:
4 Think Twice vocabulary
Pages 37 – 49 texts (ii) captions for illustrations,
1.4.1 Express feelings and give 2.2.2 Locate and organise information by: posters and cartoons
simple descriptions of personal (i) using graphic organisers
experiences orally 3.1.3 Apply pre-writing strategies:
2.3.1 Read various texts and retrieve (i) brainstorming (mind
information by: maps, bubble maps,
Theme: (i) skimming and scanning etc.)
Consumerism 3.2.2 Write for creative and
& Financial Awareness personal expressions:

(iii) posters and slogans

Let’s Review 49

Checkpoint 1 50

iv

Grammar Sounds LiA Cross-Curricular
Elements

4.1.1 Identify and use nouns /a:/, // Poem • Language
appropriately according to • Values
context: 1.1.1 Listen to, 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary • Patriotism and Citizenship
discriminate works • Creativity and Innovation
(i) common nouns and pronounce
(ii) proper nouns accurately: 5.1.3 Share personal responses of issues i-THiNK tools
4.1.4 Identify and use articles related to literary works and develop new • Circle map
(i) long and short ideas or solve problems • Tree map
appropriately according to vowels • Flow map
context: 5.2.4 Share personal responses to literary
(i) indefinite article ‘a’ works through performances

and ‘an’

4.1.7 Identify and use tenses /i/, /i/ Short Story • Science and Technology
appropriately according to • Information and
context: 1.1.1 Listen to, 5.1.1 Listen to and respond orally to various
discriminate literary works Communications
(i) simple present tense and pronounce Technology (ICT)
4.1.11 Identify and use question accurately: 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary
works i-THiNK tools
forms appropriately (i) long and short • Flow map
according to context: vowels 5.2.2 Produce a new genre from the literary • Circle map
(ii) yes/no questions/ text read • Double bubble map
• Tree map
statements 5.2.3 Create and produce linear and/or graphic
presentation in a fun manner

4.1.5 Identify and use verbs /u/, // Graphic Novel • Language
appropriately according to • Values
context: 1.1.1 Listen to, 5.1.1 Listen to and respond orally to various • Environmental sustainability
discriminate literary works • Global sustainability
(i) regular and pronounce
(ii) irregular verbs accurately: 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary i-THiNK tools
4.1.7 Identify and use tenses works • Flow map
(i) long and short • Circle map
appropriately according to vowels 5.2.4 Share personal responses to literary • Multi-flow map
context: works through performances
(ii) simple past tense

4.1.1 Identify and use nouns /e/, /æ/, /3/ Graphic Novel • Values
appropriately according to 1.1.1 Listen to, 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary • Environmental Sustainability
context: • Financial Education
discriminate works • Global Sustainability
(iii) countable nouns and pronounce 5.1.3 Share personal responses of issues i-THiNK tools
(iv) uncountable nouns accurately: • Tree map
(i) long and short related to literary works and develop new
ideas or solve problems
vowels 5.2.4 Share personal reponses to literary
works through performances

v

CONTENT MAPPING

CONTENT MAPPING

CHAPTER Listening & Reading Writing
Speaking
5 A Bundle 2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by: 3.1.3 Apply pre-writing strategies:
of Joy 1.3.1 Listen to spoken, audio and visual (i) identifying main ideas in given (iii) outlining
Pages 51 – 62 texts to: 3.2.2 Write for creative and personal
Theme: texts
People & Culture (i) retrieve main ideas 2.2.2 Locate and organise information by: expressions:
1.4.1 Express feelings and give (i) using graphic organisers (ii) journals
6 Ready, Set, 2.3.1 Read various texts and retrieve
Action! simple descriptions of personal 3.1.1 Write simple sentences
Pages 63 – 74 experiences orally information by:
Theme: 1.4.2 Participate in simple conversations (i) skimming and scanning correctly
Science & Technology using speech acts:
(iii) invitation 2.1.1 Read and develop vocabulary skills 3.1.3 Apply pre-writing strategies:
7 Once Bitten, (vii) refusal by understanding:
Twice Shy (i) brainstorming (mind
Pages 75 – 86 Let’s Review 62 (i) similes
Theme: 2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by: maps, bubble maps, etc.)
Health & Environment 1.3.1 Listen to spoken, audio and visual (i) identifying main ideas in given
texts to: 3.1.5 Use a variety of sentence
texts
(i) retrieve main ideas 2.2.3 Analyse and infer information by: structures to elaborate,
(ii) retrieve supporting details (i) using textual clues to predict
1.3.2 Listen to and respond to spoken, extend ideas in paragraphs /
outcomes or conclusions
audio and visual texts to: 2.3.1 Read various texts and retrieve organisational structures
(i) compare and contrast
1.4.1 Express feelings and give information by: (i) topic sentences
(i) skimming and scanning
simple descriptions of personal (ii) thesis statement
experiences orally 2.1.2 Understand meanings of words from
print media by using: 3.1.3 Apply pre-writing strategies:
Let’s Review 74 (i) brainstorming (mind
(i) dictionary
1.3.1 Listen to spoken, audio and visual 2.3.1 Read various texts and retrieve maps, bubble maps, etc.)
texts to: 3.2.1 Write for academic and
information by:
(i) retrieve main ideas (i) skimming and scanning functional purposes:
(ii) retrieve supporting details (iii) letters
1.4.1 Express feelings and give

simple descriptions of personal
experiences orally

8 The Savvy Let’s Review 86 2.1.2 Understand meanings of words from 3.1.4 Select relevant information
e-Shopper print media by using: and elaborate/extend/explain
Pages 87 – 99 1.3.1 Listen to spoken, audio and visual ideas using appropriate
Theme: texts to: (i) dictionary cohesive devices
Consumerism 2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by:
& Financial Awareness (ii) retrieve supporting details (i) identifing main ideas in given 3.1.5 Use a variety of sentence
1.3.2 Listen to and respond to spoken, structures to elaborate,
texts extend ideas in paragraphs/
audio and visual texts to: 2.2.3 Analyse and infer information by: organisational structures:
(iii) paraphrase and summarise (i) using textual clues to predict
1.4.2 Participate in simple conversations (ii) thesis statement
outcomes or conclusions 3.2.2 Write for creative and
using speech acts: 2.4.1 Read a variety of texts from various
(vi) complaint personal expressions:
media to obtain information to solve (i) e-diary
simple problems

Let’s Review 99
Checkpoint 2 100

vi

Grammar Sounds LiA Cross-Curricular
Elements

4.1.1 Identify and use nouns //, // Short Story • Language
appropriately according • Values
to context: 1.1.1 Listen to, 5.1.1 Listen to and respond orally to various
discriminate literary works i-THiNK tools
(v) singular nouns and pronounce • Bridge map
(vi) plural nouns accurately: 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary • Circle map
(vii) Subject Verb works • Flow map
(i) long and short
Agreement (SVA) vowels 5.1.3 Share personal responses of issues
related to literary works and develop new
ideas or solve problems

4.1.2 Identify and use /ju/ Poem • Science and Technology
pronouns appropriately • Creativity and Innovation
according to context: 1.1.1 Listen to, 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary • Values
discriminate works
(i) possessive and pronounce i-THiNK tools
(ii) demonstrative accurately: 5.2.4 Share personal responses to literary • Double bubble map
(iii) interrogative works through performances
(i) long vowel

4.1.5 Identify and use verbs /e/, /a/ Poem • Language
appropriately according • Environmental Sustainability
to context: 1.1.1 Listen to, 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary • Values
discriminate works
(iii) auxiliary verbs and pronounce i-THiNK tools
4.1.10 Identify and use accurately: 5.2.4 Share personal responses to literary • Tree map
works through performances
conjunctions (ii) diphthongs
appropriately according
to context:
(i) and
(ii) but
(iv) or

4.1.6 Identify and use //, // Poem • Information and
adverbs appropriately Communications
according to context: 1.1.1 Listen to, 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary
discriminate works Technology (ICT)
(i) manner and pronounce • Creativity and Innovation
(ii) time accurately: 5.1.3 Share personal responses of issues • Financial Education
(iii) place related to literary works and develop new
(ii) diphthongs ideas or solve problems i-THiNK tools
• Tree map
5.2.3 Create and produce linear and/or graphic
presentation in a fun manner

vii

CONTENT MAPPING

CONTENT MAPPING

CHAPTER Listening & Reading Writing
Speaking

9 Stand by Me 1.3.1 Listen to spoken, audio and visual 2.1.2 Understand meanings of words from 3.1.3 Apply pre-writing strategies:
Pages 101 – 112 texts to: print media by using: (i) brainstorming
Theme: (mind maps,
People & Culture (i) retrieve main ideas (i) dictionary bubble maps, etc.)
(ii) retrieve supporting details 2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by: (iii) outlining
10 Gadgets 1.3.2 Listen to and respond to spoken, (i) identifying main ideas in given 3.2.2 Write for creative and
and Gizmos
Pages 113 – 124 audio and visual texts to: texts personal expressions:
Theme: (iv) identify and organise 2.3.1 Read various texts and retrieve (ii) journals
Science & Technology 1.4.1 Express feelings and give
information by: 3.1.3 Apply pre-writing strategies:
simple descriptions of personal (i) skimming and scanning (iii) outlining
experiences orally 3.1.4 Select relevant information
2.1.2 Understand meanings of words from
Let’s Review 112 print media by using: and elaborate / extend /
explain ideas using
1.3.1 Listen to and respond to spoken, (i) dictionary
audio and visual texts to: 2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by: appropriate cohesive
(i) identifying main ideas in given devices
(ii) retrieve supporting details 3.2.2 Write for creative and
1.3.2 Listen to and respond to spoken, texts personal expressions:
2.2.2 Locate and organise information by: (i) e-diary
audio and visual texts to: (i) using graphic organisers
(iv) identify and organise 2.3.1 Read various texts and retrieve
1.4.1 Express feelings and give
information by:
simple descriptions of personal (i) skimming and scanning
experiences orally

Live Life to Let’s Review 124 2.1.2 Understand meanings of words from 3.1.4 Select relevant information
print media by using: and elaborate / extend /
11 the Fullest 1.3.2 Listen to and respond to spoken, explain ideas using
Pages 125 – 136 audio and visual texts to: (i) dictionary appropriate cohesive
Theme: 2.3.2 Read various texts and select devices
Health & Environment (iv) identify and organise
1.4.1 Express feelings and give information for specific purposes 3.2.1 Write for academic and
12 Prudent functional purposes:
Lifestyles simple descriptions of personal 2.1.2 Understand meanings of words from
Pages 137 – 149 experiences orally print media by using: (i) email
Theme:
Consumerism Let’s Review 136 (i) dictionary 3.1.3 Apply pre-writing strategies:
& Financial Awareness 2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by: (iii) outlining
1.3.2 Listen to and respond to spoken, (i) identifying main ideas in given 3.2.2 Write for creative and
audio and visual texts to:
texts personal expressions:
(i) compare and contrast 2.2.2 Locate and organise information by: (iii) posters and slogans
(iv) identify and organise (ii) creating their own graphic
(v) solve problems
1.4.1 Express feelings and give organisers
2.4.1 Read a variety of texts from various
simple descriptions of personal
experiences orally media to obtain information to solve
simple problems

Let’s Review 149
Checkpoint 3 150

viii

Grammar Sounds LiA Cross-Curricular
Elements
4.1.8 Identify and use /a/, // Short Story
prepositions • Language
appropriately according 1.1.1 Listen to, 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary • Values
to context: discriminate works • Patriotism and Citizenship
and pronounce
(iii) directions accurately: 5.2.4 Share personal responses to literary i-THiNK
(iv) positions works through performances • Flow map
(v) phrasal verbs (ii) diphthongs • Tree map

4.1.3 Identify and use /e/, // Drama • Science and Technology
adjectives appropriately • Creativity and Innovation
according to context: 1.1.1 Listen to, 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary • Information and
discriminate works
(i) adjective of quality and pronounce Communications
4.2.1 Construct simple accurately: 5.2.4 Share personal responses to literary Technology (ICT)
works through performances
sentences correctly and (ii) diphthongs i-THiNK tools
meaningfully • Circle map
• Double bubble map
• Tree map
• Flow map
• Brace map

4.1.8 Identify and use //, //, //, //, Poem • Values
prepositions • Environmental Sustainability
appropriately according 1.1.1 Listen to, 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary
to context: discriminate works i-THiNK tools
and pronounce • Circle map
(i) place accurately: 5.1.3 Share personal responses of issues • Tree map
(ii) time related to literary works and develop new
(ii) long and short ideas or solve problems
vowels

4.1.10 Identify and use //, /u/ Poem • Language
conjunctions • Values
appropriately according 1.1.1 Listen to, 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary • Financial Education
to context: discriminate works
and pronounce i-THiNK tools
(iii) so accurately: 5.1.3 Share personal responses of issues • Multi-flow map
(iv) or related to literary works and develop new • Circle map
(v) because (i) long and short ideas or solve problems
4.1.11 Identify and use vowels

question forms
appropriately according
to context:
(iii) choice question

ix

CONTENT MAPPING

CONTENT MAPPING

CHAPTER Listening & Reading Writing
Speaking
I am
1.2.1 Listen to and respond to directions, 2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by: 3.1.3 Apply pre-writing strategies:
13 Malaysian instructions and procedures (i) identifying main ideas (i) brainstorming (mind
Pages 151 – 162 2.3.1 Read various texts and retrieve
Theme: 1.3.1 Listen to spoken, audio and visual maps, bubble maps,
People & Culture texts to: information by: etc.)
(i) skimming and scanning (ii) note-taking
14 Heals and (i) retrieve main ideas 3.1.4 Select relevant information
Aids (ii) retrieve supporting details 2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by: and elaborate / extend /
Pages 163 – 174 1.4.1 Express feelings and give (i) identifying main ideas explain ideas using
Theme: 2.2.3 Analyse and infer information by: appropriate cohesive devices
Science & Technology simple descriptions of personal (i) using textual clues to predict 3.2.1 Write for academic and
experiences orally functional purposes:
15 Keep Green, 1.4.2 Participate in simple conversations outcomes or conclusions (ii) process and procedures
Keep Clean using speech acts: 2.3.2 Read various texts and select
Pages 175 – 186 (i) greeting (iii) invitation 3.1.2 Organise and write ideas in a
Theme: information for specific purposes paragraph:
Health & Environment Let’s Review 162
2.1.2 Understand meaning of words from (ii) captions for illustrations,
16 Smart Plan, 1.3.1 Listen to spoken, audio and visual print media by using: posters and cartoons
Better texts to:
Future (i) dictionary 3.1.3 Apply pre-writing strategies:
Pages 187 – 199 (i) retrieve main ideas 2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by: (i) brainstorming (mind
Theme: (ii) retrieve supporting details (i) identifing main ideas
Consumerism 1.4.1 Express feelings and give 2.2.3 Analyse and infer information by: maps, bubble maps,
& Financial Awareness (i) using textual clues to predict etc.)
simple descriptions of personal 3.2.2 Write for creative and
experiences orally outcomes or conclusions personal expressions:
1.4.2 Participate in simple conversations (ii) finding meaning of unfamiliar (ii) journals
using speech acts:
(iv) compliment words 3.1.3 Apply pre-writing strategies:
2.3.1 Read various texts and retrieve (iii) outlining
Let’s Review 174 3.1.4 Select relevant information
information by:
1.3.2 Listen to and respond to audio and (i) skimming and scanning and elaborate / extend /
visual texts to: explain ideas using
2.2.1 Demonstrate understanding by:
(ii) identify cause and effect (i) identifying main ideas appropriate cohesive devices
(v) solve problems 2.2.3 Analyse and infer information by: 3.2.1 Write for academic and
1.4.1 Express feelings and give (i) using textual clues to predict
functional purposes:
simple descriptions of personal outcomes or conclusions (iii) letters
experiences orally 2.3.1 Read various texts and select
3.1.3 Apply pre-writing strategies:
Let’s Review 186 information by: (iii) outlining
(i) skimming and scanning 3.1.4 Select relevant information
1.3.1 Listen to spoken, audio and visual 2.4.1 Read a variety of texts from various
texts to: and elaborate / extend /
media to obtain information to solve explain ideas using
(i) retrieve main ideas simple problems
(ii) retrieve supporting details appropriate cohesive devices
1.3.2 Listen to and respond to spoken, 3.2.1 Write for academic and

audio and visual texts to: functional purposes:
(ii) identify cause and effect (iii) letters
1.4.1 Express feelings and give

simple descriptions of personal
experiences orally

LeLte’st’sRReevvieieww 49199
Checkpoint 4 200

x

Grammar Sounds LiA Cross-Curricular
Elements

4.1.3 Identify and use adjectives Stress on notes Short Story • Language
appropriately according to • Values
context: 1.1.2 Speak with correct 5.1.1 Listen to and respond orally to various • Patriotism and Citizenship
intonation, stress and literary works
(ii) possessive sentence rhythm i-THiNK tools
(iii) comparison of 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary • Circle map
works • Flow map
adjectives
5.1.3 Share personal responses of issues
related to literary works and develop new
ideas or solve problems

5.2.1 Identify meaning of words based on
context

4.1.7 Identify and use tenses Stress on statements Poem • Language
appropriately according to • Science and Technology
context: 1.1.2 Speak with correct 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary • Creativity and Innovation
intonation, stress and works
(iii) future tense sentence rhythm i-THiNK tools
4.1.12 Identify and use 5.2.2 Produce a new genre from the literary text • Flow map
read
punctuation appropriately
according to context:

(i) capital letters
(ii) comma/full stop
(iii) question mark
(iv) exclamation mark

4.1.9 Identify and use modals Stress on sentences/words Short Story • Language
appropriately according to • Values
context: 1.1.2 Speak with correct 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary • Environmental Sustainability
intonation, stress and works
(i) can sentence rhythm i-THiNK tools
(ii) may 5.1.3 Share personal responses of issues • Circle map
(iii) might related to literary works and develop new • Multi-flow map
4.1.11 Identify and use question ideas or solve problems

forms appropriately 5.2.3 Create and produce linear and/or graphic
according to context: presentation in a fun manner

(iii) choice question

4.1.11 Identify and use question Short and Long Vowels Drama • Creativity and Innovation
forms appropriately and Diphthongs • Entrepreneurship
according to context: 5.1.2 Read and understand various literary • Financial Education
1.1.1 Listen to, discriminate works
(i) positive and negative and pronounce i-THiNK tools
questions/statements accurately: 5.2.2 Produce a new genre from the literary text • Circle map
read • Tree map
4.3.1 Identify and use: (i) long and short
(i) similes in context vowels 5.2.3 Create and produce linear and/or graphic
presentation in a fun manner
appropriately (ii) diphthongs
5.2.4 Share personal responses to literary works
through performances

xi

CONTENT MAPPING

The circle map is used to de ne things CIRCLE MAP
or ideas. It is useful to brainstorm about
a topic. Keywords about the topic being DEFINING IN CONTEXT
discussed are written in the inner circle.
The outer circle is lled with
information that one knows about the
topic. The frame of the outer circle is
used to state the source of reference or
point of view from many sources.

BUBBLE MAP The bubble map is used to describe things
using adjectives. The topic or thing being
DESCRIBING USING ADJECTIVES described is written in the centre.
Qualities that describe the topic are lled
in the outer circles.

The double bubble map is used to DOUBLE BUBBLE MAP
compare and contrast things. The two
things being compared are written in COMPARING AND CONTRASTING
the centre circles. Similarities are
placed between the centre circles.
Di erences are placed outside, next
to each of the things compared.

FLOW MAP The ow map is used to organise events
in sequence or order. The main stages of
SEQUENCING AND ORDERING the event are written in the big
rectangles. The substages and details
xii are listed in the small rectangles.

MULTI-FLOW MAP The multi- ow map is used to explain
the causes and e ects of an event. The
CAUSES AND EFFECTS causes are written in the rectangles on
the left. The middle rectangle shows
the event that occurred. The e ects are

lled in the rectangles on the right.

The tree map is used to classify and group TREE MAP
things. The main idea or category name is
written at the topmost line followed by CLASSIFYING AND GROUPING
supporting ideas and subcategories. The
details of the subcategories are written below
that. The examples or explanations are listed
for each category.

BRACE MAP The brace map is used to analyse and
break down whole objects into parts.
ANALYSING WHOLE OBJECTS AND PARTS The object is written on the left. The
middle section is lled with the major
parts of the object. The components of
each major part are written on the
right.

The bridge map is used to see analogies and BRIDGE MAP
show the relationship between pairs of things.
The relating factor is written on the left side. Relating as as
The pairs of things that have this relationship factors
are written on the top and bottom of the SEEING ANALOGIES
bridge’s lines. The word ‘as’ which means as
similar as is written on the bridge map.

xiii

INTRODUCTION

The English Form 1 Textbook is written, based on the latest Standard-Based
English Language Curriculum for Secondary Schools (SBELC), which is a
continuation of the Standard-Based English Language Curriculum for Primary
Schools. The contents are developed to integrate language teaching and learning
to meet the challenges of the 21st century.

Download the free QR Code Reader application
from Apps Store or Play Store. Scan the QR code to:

~ View a video ~ Listen to
audio recordings

It is a brief introduction in the Tasks that require students to
form of pictures and questions to cooperate and work in pairs
stimulate thought and discussion or groups
on the chapter.

My Vocabulary Journal
Students build up vocabulary
by writing down the meaning
of new words learned

Dictionary Skills Good To Know
Students learn to use a Interesting facts to enhance
dictionary to nd out the knowledge on related topics
meaning of unfamiliar words.

Enjoy learning with these
Fun Features!

Higher Order inking Skills (HOTS)
Questions incorporated for students
to develop their critical
and creative thinking skills.

xiv

My Choice Board
Students can choose
and perform a task that
interests them based on
multiple intelligences.

Useful Tips
Improve students’
language skills

21st

Century
Skills

Students acquire
skills for global
competency

ICT Links Integration of i-THiNK maps
Sources for more for better learning
information
Mix-Pair-Share Think-Pair-Share
Illustrations
Visuals to Gallery Walk Numbered Heads Together
complement all
learning materials All Write Round Robin Jot Thoughts
My Re ective Journal
Students can re ect on Cooperative Learning is an
what they have learnt and extremely successful teaching
keep track of what they strategy in which small teams of
have achieved. students work together towards
achieving a learning goal.
Action Oriented Task
A task which Exercises given at the end of each
integrates all skills chapter to strengthen skills learned
learnt.

Exercises given at the end of every
four chapters to consolidate
knowledge

Grammar Info
Highlights various
grammar rules

xv

New Year, New You 1CHAPTER

1CHAPTER New Year,
New You

The first day of January is celebrated Link I n t his ch a pte r,
to mark the beginning of a new year. you will
However, in Malaysia, Malays, Some cultures celebrate their
Chinese, Indians and other ethnic New Year on a different day. listen
groups celebrate their New Year Check out this link to find out
according to their respective beliefs, more: to a talk
customs and traditions. http://www.sbs.com.au/news/ programme on
article/2015/12/31/11-cultures- New Year
• What does New Year mean to you? dont-celebrate- resolutions
• Do you celebrate any other day new-years-day-
jan-1-0 speak
besides New Year according to your
beliefs, customs and traditions? about your New
Year resolutions

read

a brochure on New
Year celebrations

create

a poster on
an event

learn

about common
nouns, proper
nouns and articles

practise

// and //

appreciate

a poem

1

Listening to a Morning Talk TASK 2 Read the following
Programme resolutions. Practise
TASK 1 Listen to Deena's Chat Time saying them aloud.

with Teen Students. Complete  I’m going to improve my
the tree map below with the speaking skills.
correct New Year resolutions
made by each of the callers.  I’m thinking about starting
on a new diet plan.
New Year Resolutions
 I have decided to join the
Amira Aiken Wei Hoong school football team.

IIIIT’’’hmmmiapvptsgheloatidinnonekngmciinnitdaoggek…atdeobtor…oeu…st o…lutions

TASK 3 Ask and answer the questions with your partner.
• What are your New Year resolutions?
• Write your resolutions in the tree map below.

My New Year Resolutions

Personal Goals Goals Related to School Goals for Family and
Life Friends

2

New Year, New You 1CHAPTER

Listening and Responding to Simple Instructions

TASK 1 Read the dialogue between Wei Hoong and his football coach,
Mr Vinash.

Wei Hoong: Good morning, Mr Vinash.
Coach: Good morning, Wei Hoong. I see that you're ready for your football training.
Wei Hoong: Yes, sir. I want to accomplish my New Year resolution and become a school football player.
Coach: You are punctual, Wei Hoong. That is the first step to be a disciplined football player. Now,

listen to my instructions on what you must do today. First, you must run five rounds
around the field to warm up. Second, practise dribbling the ball with two friends for half
an hour. You'll learn to pass the ball with speed and precision. Next, practise kicking the
ball into the goal. Kick low and aim at the corners of the goal. You'll learn to score goals.
Do this for half an hour.
Wei Hoong: Is that all, sir?
Coach: I have one more instruction. After school, watch the recorded football matches between Red
Lion and Yellow Tiger. You'll learn how to pass the ball accurately.
Wei Hoong: I’ll do that, sir. Thank you very much.
Coach: I hope you'll remember my instructions.

Write the instructions listed by the coach and state the benefit of each instruction.

Run five rounds
around the field.

Warm up

TASK 2 Practise giving instructions to your friend.
• Choose an important New Year resolution that you have made.
• Role-play a similar dialogue to give step-by-step instructions on how to
accomplish your goals.

GaME

Each student writes a New Year A member from each team takes
resolution on a slip of coloured turns to pick a resolution from the
paper. glass jar and draws on the board.

Place the resolutions in a glass jar. The teammates have to guess what
Divide the students into two teams. the resolution is.

The team with the most number of
correct guesses wins.

3

Read

Read the brochure on how people of different cultures celebrate their New Year
in Malaysia.

Let’s

I’m Adam. I’m Vanessa.
I’m celebrating Awal My family celebrates New
Muharram today. Awal means Year on the first of January. We
‘beginning’ and Muharram is the place importance on family gatherings on
name of the first month in the Muslim New Year’s Eve. Every year, my parents invite
Lunar calendar. The date coincides with my uncle and aunt to do the countdown with
the migration of Prophet Muhammad from us. We have a barbeque and play games. At the
Mecca to Medina in 622 AD. stroke of midnight, we wish “Happy New Year.”
As Muslims, we start the New Year with Then, we hold a special prayer for good
reflections about the past year and we make health and good fortune for the coming year.
better resolutions and plans for the coming This ends with making some resolutions to
year. We recite verses from our Holy
Quran. Awal Muharram is a quiet and have a successful year.
spiritual celebration for Muslims.

I’m Santhiya.
We celebrate our Indian New Year on
the first day of the first month according to the Hindu Lunar
calendar. We spring-clean our house two weeks before the festival.
My sister and I decorate the entrance of our house with colourful intricate

designs called kolam.
On that day, we wear new clothes and conduct family prayers. We touch

our parents’ and elders’ feet to get their blessings. The New Year is an
opportunity for us to foster closer ties with families and friends.

Vocabulary Journal Word Meaning
reunion meeting people after a
Start a Vocabulary Journal to enrich your long time
vocabulary. Use the example to guide you. My sentence My father attended a reunion
dinner last month. He met his
former classmates.

4

New Year, New You 1CHAPTER

How to Find a Dictionary Entry
One important aspect of learning
how to use the dictionary is to look
for the headword.

Read the dictionary entry for the
headword, reunion, as used in the
text. How many meanings does the
word, reunion, have?

BrE means British English
and NAmE means North
Headword American English

reunion noun
BrE / ri:’ju: nin/ ; NAmE /,ri:’ju:nin/
Hi, I’m Leong Wei Khang. 1. [countable] a social occasion or party attended by a
We celebrate Chinese New Year group of people who have not seen each other for a
which falls on the first day of the long time
Chinese Lunar calendar. We clean • a family reunion • the school’s annual reunion
the house and buy new clothes. These • a reunion of the class of ’85
activities signify a new beginning for us.
It is taboo to sweep the house on the first 2. [countable, uncountable] reunion (with somebody)
day of New Year because it is believed that | reunion (between A and B) the act of people
we will sweep away our good luck. coming together after they have been apart for
On the eve of New Year, all our family some time
members gather for a grand reunion. • an emotional reunion between mother and son
I receive money in red packets from my • Christmas is a time of reunion.

parents and married relatives. 3. [uncountable] the action of becoming a single
We put up red-coloured decorations such as group or organisation again
lanterns and couplets. To us, red symbolises • The reunion of the Church of England with the Church
of Rome.
good fortune. We watch the famous lion
dance which is a symbol of strength and 1. Words in the dictionary are arranged
in alphabetical order. Look at the
prosperity. For the next few days, we following word list.
have open house to celebrate the New
Year with our relatives and friends of sweet ukulele
sweeten ulcer
different races. sweetie ultra
swell umbrella
Adapted from http://www.123newyear.
com/newyear-traditions/ 2. Rearrange the following words in
the correct alphabetical order. Look
Glossary up the meaning in the dictionary.

opportunity chance to do a particular family clothes
activity friends cultures
famous celebrate
intricate complicated parts and festival calendar
small details that fit
together

countdown action of counting seconds
backwards to zero

couplets two lines of poetry of
equal length

prosperity state of being successful

5

3. Answer the following questions.
a. What is the meaning of Awal Muharram?

b. Why does Vanessa’s family invite her uncle and aunt for the New Year
countdown?

c. There are similarities and differences between Chinese New Year and
Indian New Year celebrations. Complete the double bubble map below.

Chinese Indian
New Year New Year

4. Give an appropriate word from the brochure to match the meaning.

Meaning Word

a. movement of people from one place to another
b . to clean a room or house thoroughly
c. a custom that does not allow people to do a particular thing

Moving Beyond the Text Jot Thoughts 21st

Do you think that traditional practices for these celebrations will still exist in Century
50 years’ time? Discuss. Skills

WORD STUDY (Similes)
Create similes from these words. Illustrate your similes in the circles creatively.

As g
As g

As re
As cl

As q
As n
r ew as a new yea ean as ood as

uiet as d as rand as
6

New Year, New You 1CHAPTER

Creating a Poster Pepaofudfsebvtceelitrrcitvaiaesdbevwoepaurryttoiestdoivuneicgnntfsitoss. raomnr the
A poster should be simple and eye-catching. to
Study the poster and the notes below.

Layout of the poster
is important. Place
the most important
information on the top.

Add pictures or graphic A tRimeme etmo bReer ect, Rejoice.
materials to make the and DATE:
poster interesting. Do
not clutter. 15 January
TIME: 8:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.
Title of the event VENUE: SMK Damai School Field
should be prominent
and can be read easily. Please come in your traditional costumes! See how the
people of Malaysia celebrate their di erent New Year.
State date, time, and
venue of the event. Participate in these exciting events:
• Grand procession in traditional attire
Add other necessary • Traditional delicacies cooking competition
and useful information • Traditional music and dance performance
like the name of • Traditional food carnival
the organiser.
Organised by
Choose suitable fonts Cultural Club, SMK Damai
and colours to make A showcase of different cultures and traditions symbolising
the poster attractive. unity, hope and aspiration of the Malaysian people.
Use a light-coloured
background and dark Come and wish everyone a long life,
letters or vice versa. good health and prosperity

7

TASK 1 Look at the examples of posters below. Match the headings to the posters.

TCShoienmmgepi:nNegetwitiYoeanr

TDVieamnteeu::e28::JS0aM0naKu.amTria.y–ra1H:0a0llp.m.

NIGNHETWINYGEAALRES BAKE TOGETHER, COUNTDOWN AT
STAY TOGETHER LARA HOME

Can you think of other suitable headings?

TASK 2 Create posters for the different New Year celebrations. Use the
tips given on how to make a poster.

TASK 3 The Interact Club in your school is organising a New Year 21st
Gallery Walk celebration. Your class has been given the task to set up a
Century
gallery walk to show how different races celebrate New Year. Skills

• In groups, do one of the tasks from the Choice Board for your
gallery walk.

Performance Technology
Learn to play some traditional musical Surf the Internet for simple traditional New
instruments and create some New Year Year dishes or get recipes from your parents or
songs, jazz or rap. Be ready to present to grandparents. Write out the recipes and put up
the students. photographs of the dishes.

Interview your friends on how they feel You are in charge of organising a photography
about different New Year celebrations competition on Traditional New Year costumes.
in Malaysia. Present their feelings in a Display photographs of the different traditional
graphic organiser. attire worn during New Year celebrations in
Malaysia and abroad.
NEWNESWS
DDDDDOOOOOLLLLLOOOOORRRRRSSSSSIIITITITTTALAAAAMOLMMMOMLREOLEERETEOLTRTEMTTOREMLLRLEMILOPOOEMOISPRMRRIRUPSEEIEEPSUMMMIMMPSUMSUDMIIIUPIPMOPPDSMSSDSLOUUUDOUOLMDMMORMOLOOLSRDDODLDIRTOOSOROOASIRLLTLLSIOMOTOOSIATRREIRRATMTAMSSSSEAMIIITIETTTMTETALAETAAOLMTMMMOLROELEEREOTTRTEMTREMEMIPMIPSIPSUIPSUMSUMULMLLDLLOLOMLOLOLDOLOOLOLOLROLDROLROLOROLRORLOERDOERLOEROLOERLOERLERMEROMEROOMEROMOERMLERMERMEMEMREOMLREMRERMMIMIOMEIMESPIMREPIPIPIMIPPSIMIRSPMISPITSPISIPIPSSISIPUPISIUPSTUPSUPPSTSIUSUSAIUSTIUMSUMSPSUMSIPUMAUMUTMMUMUMUSUMSMAMMMMMUDMUEDAMMDMDDDDETMDOMMDODODODDETDOODDODOLOLOETLOLOOOODLOLOODLOOTLOLLOOLOLLOOLRLOOLROLROROOORORORORLRLRSRSRRSORRSORRSISSISISTISTRTSIRSSITSISISTITSTITITIIITILATIATTTIASTASTTOALAAMAIMAIMAAOMALTAATAMRAMMAMMOEMMEMRMEEMMEMAMEATEETREEMTETEEEETMEETTMEEMTETTTLTTTLTTLLMTLTEOLLEOLOOLOLLOOILTLOLTORPORLORRLOOIRLLOLRRPESROEROLEOEROLLERORREERSUMEOMEOOMMLREMRERREMEMUREMMOMLMERMREREMMEMEMOLIMIREMEMIEIIPMIPMOPLIPPPIDRMIEMPMISPIISOPILSPSSISPDPREMPISOPUIISOUILSUPUIUSPUPRSSEMPSOUPISIUOLILUMSUPMRSPUESMUMMMPSUMISUOOLMLMPURSUEMMUSMUSMMIUOOLMMRPSRUEMUDDMMUDMIODLMDDMRPRUEMSDMDIOMDOOLDMDOSRDPOEMSUDOODMIOOLDDOSDIROPLEMOLSDUOLDOTMLIOOLLLDOOIRPODELMOSUOODLOOTMLILOOOOLODLROPLEMOSUOALROOMORILOLOROLRDORLPRERMOSUOLAOMRMOLIRORRSDOLREMOPSULROOSRMMILSRSRODIRSPOMSUERSORSTOMIIRSSILSRIDSTPISEISTTUORSTIMIRSTOISITLISRADTPISSUTTTISOTISITMOISILTAIDTLRPAISTMUTASOITASMIOTASILTAAODTLARSMUTAOIMAMIMAOILMAETOASMARTDMMUATOMRAMMAOMLATEMASDIREMMEMRTEEMOMOEMALEEMAASDITERMTMEOTETEMTEOTEETTSLDIMERTMMEATOETMTETLEOETTSIDRTATOTTMOTELETTIESIARLOPTMOLTTISITREOALPTSMOLIREOTSALTMSUROSREOTAILMURETMSILREOTATMREMMOSILETTMRAEMOSILETADRTEMMOILIETADRETMPOMOLITAREMMEPOSOLLIEAREMMPTSUOOLLIETREMLMPLLSULIOOMLETLRPOREMLOOLSUOLIOLLMOETAROPRAEMSOAUORIOROLMRTRSPDERMSUMRMRIOMELRMEERSIRPEDRMSUEOETMIOELMMEEMIREPDMEESUEMEOTMMIOMLMTRPDMEMSUTAMTOMIOLDRLPEMSUIAIIOMMIPOPILPDOIPEMSURIOPIMMLIIPPOSSLPDSPPMUERSORSOMIILSOSUUDSSPPUSERSTUOUMEIOLUURDSIUPSURMTUMOMTIMOMLMDSIREPMSUUMOMTMOMLDSIRMSUAOTMMOLDDSDIRIDUAODMTMPOLDDSDDIRODOAOTIMMOOLSOSDIPREOOAOOTMOLOLUDLSDILRSETLAOOTMOLLLOLSDIOLRUOEMTOAOTMOOOOLROSIRETRAORTMMROLLSIRRRERTARTMOODLSSIRASETASTMSOIDSSISRRAOSEITASMTITMITTSIIRAITEITAOMITTMLTTTSIELETAMATOMAALSASIOETLETAATMAAMOAIMRIOEMTLETMATRTMMMMOMTLRETAEREMEESEOLLETALERTEMMEETETAISOOTLETORTTEMMTTTIOLEMTLRRLTEMRLLLOLEOTLAORLEEMOOLIEOEIOLPOATORPEMMMORMRITORRRSRPMEMSRERIEREEEUERPEMSUEMIEMIIEEMMTMPEMSLPPUMMMIMMTPOMSUSSMIIPISUUUIIPMIRILPPIDPPPISULIDPOMISMMPESPDSPSOSSUOMSUMOSUDSRUUSUUOMRULUDDUMEDLMOMMMMOELDMOMMOOMOMOLMDIROPRDODLLDLDRDDODSOOIDLODOSDROIPOOOOPOULOSIRROSRSOOLTLOLSLSILLMRIOULTOLTOOLLSUOOSIRSAOTOOOMRISIRRRMAITRRTMRTRSIRARADTMSSASISEDASSMTMDASOISISISIEMTTAIITTMOTITMITOIEILETTATTMTELOLTAETAALAMEAAOTOLAETAAOMAMRMTMOMLMETRMRMMLLMROEELTEREEOOELELEOETSTERTSEMETSOTORRTLTTITEIMRTITOTLEERTRMEIOLMMERPEMIOMRPEMSIRPEMSUIIPIPEMSUIPMIPSPMUSSMIUSPSUUMIDUPSUMMIMDPSUMOMDSUOMLDDUOMODLDDOOMOLDROOOLOLDROOLOLLSDROOOOLRSIROTOLRSIRRTOSLSIRATOSIISRTATMSISIRTATMISIETATMSIETATMIETATMETAMETAMETMETETT Report Visual
LOREM IPSUM
LOREM IPSUM
LOREM IPSUM
LOREM IPSUM
LOREM IPSUM

8

New Year, New You 1CHAPTER

A Common Nouns and Proper Nouns

Study the examples of common TASK 1 Study the list of words below and
nouns and proper nouns. classify them as common nouns or
proper nouns.
CAapoatwhmrtoiinmcrdguoltbanhuraNtptoierserunsfnoeosnrts,ttpholeaacnneaomobrejtehociftnaogr
Examples: duck, house, singer 1. festival Common Nouns
2. ceremony ...
3. Awal Muharram ...
4. money ...
5. friends

Proper Nouns Jalan Enggang 6. gifts Proper Nouns
pNearmsoeno, fpalapcearotirctuhlainrg 7. games ...
8. Chinese New Year ...
Examples: Robin Hood, 9. fireworks ...
Jalan Enggang 10. lion dance

B Articles ‘a’, ‘an’ and ‘the’ Use ‘an’ for words with
initial vowel sound:
Indefinite articles Definite article • an honest girl
• an heir
a festival an eagle the book I borrowed Use ‘a’ for words with initial
a lion an orchard the Taj Mahal consonant sound:
a ceremony an architect • a unicorn
‘the’ is used to • a European
‘a’ comes before ‘an’ comes before refer to specific or • a handsome heir
words that begin with words that begin particular nouns • a girl
a consonant sound with a vowel sound

TASK 2 Complete the dialogue below with ‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’.

Rina: Hi, Asmie and Zen Yee. Tomorrow is New Year. What are your plans? I'll pay ...
visit to ... orphanage and give some clothes as donation.

Asmie: I’m going to take up … unusual hobby. I want to play Chinese drums.
I want to be ... professional drummer when I leave school.

Zen Yee: I’m going with ... friend to ... Indian restaurant to enjoy ... vegetarian meal.
... name of ... restaurant is Spice of Life.

Rina: Hey, what ... coincidence. I’m going there too after my visit to ...
orphanage. My uncle is ... chef there. Let's go together, Zen Yee. Asmie, you
can come along too.

Asmie: That's ... great idea. We'll have ... most wonderful New Year celebration.

9

Short and Long Vowel Sounds // Long vowel sound
A Say these words aloud.

/  / Short vowel sound

A cut bun a cart barn
carp smart
cup mud car heart graph

up hut gruff

B Put a tick (✓) at the C Refer to the dictionary.
sentences you hear. Identify the words that have
the phonetic symbols // or //

1. I’ve got a little cut. Examples:
I’ve got a little cart.
2. I bought a bun. castle noun culture noun
I bought a barn.
3. He bought a cup. BrE /'/ BrE /()/
He bought a carp.
4. Look at that red hut. Reflective
Look at that red heart. Journal
Start a Reflective Journal to help you
D Write a dialogue with the // and keep track of what you have learnt in this
// sounds that you have learnt. chapter. You can jot down your thoughts,
Make sure you use the short and achievements, doubts and feelings about
long vowel sounds correctly. your learning process.

Example: 1. What new information have I learnt about
Arman : Could I have a cup of coffee and New Year celebration?

a bun from that cookie cart? New
Arif: I’m sorry. The bun on that cookie Year

cart is for that smart man with a
gruff voice.

2. Should Malaysians have one common
New Year celebration? Give your reasons.

10

New Year, New You 1CHAPTER

TASK 1 Read the excerpt of the poem below.

Ring Out, Wild Bells What was the weather condition like?
A. calm weather
Ring out, wild bells, to the wild sky, B. stormy weather
The flying cloud, the frosty light:
The year is dying in the night— What time of the day was this?
Ring out, wild bells, and let him die.
What was the season described in
Ring out the old, ring in the new— the poem? How do you know?
Ring, happy bells, across the snow:
The year is going, let him go;
Ring out the false, ring in the true.

Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809 – 1892)

TASK 2 Dramatise the above poem.
1. Choose a word and act it out.

2. Allocate one line to each student.
3. Find suitable background music or create music of your own.
4. Find appropriate costumes.
5. Prepare the stage to perform the poem in a creative way.

Action Oriented
Task

It is English Language week. Your class has been assigned to produce a short
sketch based on the various New Year celebrations in Malaysia.

Researchers/Scriptwriters Directors/Stage Managers
Gather information from the Train narrator and actors.

library or the Internet. Prepare the stage with suitable props.

Promoters New Year Costume Designers
Design posters to Celebrations Source from students or
promote your sketch or design your own costumes
create a promo video clip. to reflect the different races.

Musicians
Create songs and choose appropriate music.

11

A Read Ashraf’s diary entry and answer the following questions.

Monday, January 1
Now that the month of January has arrived, I have made a list of resolutions that
I want to accomplish this year. First of all, I plan to learn a new skill. Yesterday, I met
my new neighbour, Gavin. He is a graphic designer and he rides a scooter to work.
He asked about my hobby. Knowing that I like to draw, Gavin encouraged me to learn
how to use an illustration software. He said I can express my creativity through the
software. The National Institute of Art offers classes on weekends and I will go there
on Thursday to register.
I also want to have a healthier lifestyle. I am eating more fruits and vegetables
and cutting down on junk food. I exercise at the Fitness Gym twice a week and I have
successfully qualified to be in my school table tennis team. Being able to represent my
school fills me with a sense of pride.

State whether the following statements are True or False.
1. Ashraf has a new neighbour.
2. Gavin walks to work.
3. Ashraf wants to learn how to use illustration software.
4. Classes on illustration software take place on Saturdays and Sundays.
5. Ashraf is eating more junk food.
6. Ashraf is now a member of the school table tennis team.

B Complete the table below with common nouns and proper nouns from the

text above.

Common Nouns Proper Nouns

C Fill in the blanks with the correct articles a, an or the.

1. Malaysia is ... multiracial country that is rich in cultures and traditions.
2. On New Year’s Eve, many of … restaurants will remain open.
3. It is good to write your New Year resolutions in … diary.
4. Pick … interesting hobby to spend your free time beneficially.
5. During Chinese New Year, Collin gave … Mandarin orange each to all his classmates.
6. Do … act of kindness during New Year and make … unfortunate person happy.
7. … celebrations of traditional festivals in Malaysia attract many tourists.
8. Lanterns are made of opaque material so that … light inside can be seen.
9. Eating at home is … economical way to celebrate New Year.
10. Sometimes, there is … increase in prices during festive seasons.

12

It’s a Small World 2CHAPTER

2CHAPTER

It’s a Small I n t his ch a pte r,
World you will

listen

to a conversation
and identify
invitations and
requests

speak

politely to invite or
make requests

compose

an email

read

an article about
social networking
security

learn

about the simple
present tense and
yes/no questions
and statements

practise

/I/ and /i:/

appreciate

a short story

• Look at the pictures. What do you see in the pictures?
• Do you prefer social networking or face-to-face communication?
• Compare and contrast both forms of communication. You can

use a double bubble map to illustrate your ideas.

13

Listening to a Telephone Conversation
Mirza’s father is concerned about Mirza’s addiction to online games.
Listen to the telephone conversation between Mirza and his father.

TASK 1 Identify the invitations and requests made in the telephone

conversation. Fill in the boxes below.

Making invitations Making an invitation
a. ...
I would like to invite you to ...
b. ... I wonder if you would like to ...
Do you want to ...?
c. ... Would you like to ...?
How about going ...?
a. M aking..r.equests
b. Making a request
c. ...
... WCWooouuullddldyyyooouuu.m.m.?ininddgifo.i.n.?g ...?

Discuss:
• the benefits of accepting Mirza’s father’s invitations and requests
• the effects of teenagers spending too much time in front of the computer
• other beneficial activities teenagers can do during their leisure time

14

It’s a Small World 2CHAPTER

TASK 2 Role-play the video call between Ruben and Sai Wei. Pay attention to

how requests and invitations are made.

Sai Wei, I wonder if you'd like to go to the PC Fair this
afternoon? My dad and I are going to shop for a few gadgets.

I'd love to come, Ruben. Unfortunately, I don't have any transport.
Would your dad mind picking me up from my house?

Not at all, Sai Wei. Could you be ready by two o’clock? I want to
get that new Speedlink before it goes out of stock.

Speedlink? Would you mind telling me what it is?

It's a new gadget in the market – a thumb-sized media streaming
device. Speedlink can connect your television, smartphone, tablet
or computer to the Internet. It allows you to stream movies, videos,
games and music from online services.

Does that mean you can download your favourite games and
play on your big TV screen? Wow! That will be great.

It'll be wonderful, Sai Wei. If I buy it today, I'll install it immediately.
Do you want to play Battle of Titans with me?

End I'd love to, Ruben. However, could you send me End
switch to voice call
switch to voice call switch camera back home by seven o’clock? I need to complete my switch camera
maths homework.

Okay, Sai Wei. I have to complete my essay, too. Two hours
should be enough fun for us.

TASK 3 Act out dialogues to invite your TASK 4 Complete the posts on a social
friend to the following places: media by making appropriate
invitations.
Think-Pair-Share

• Digital Warehouse Sale 21st a. Nisha is inviting Fitri to a Social
• Computer Fair Networking Workshop.
Century
Skills Nisha: Hi Fitri ...

• Games Fair

• Blogs and Bloggers Workshop b. Swet Yen wants Sarah to accompany
her to buy a new mobile phone.

Swet Yen: ...

✓ When making invitations, state: c. Rinajit is inviting Suhaili to an IT
• the purpose exhibition.
• place
• time/day/date Rinajit: ...

✓ When making requests, ask in d. Syamie wants Arif to accompany
the form of polite questions. him to a Gadget Warehouse Sale.
• ‘Could’ and ‘would’ are more
polite than ‘can’ and ‘will.’ Syamie: ...

15

Read

Look at the following quote. List the Dos and Don'ts as a Netizen.
“Take responsibility for the decisions you make and the actions you take”
-Billy Cox-

Read the following article from a social media webzine.

Webzine

FOOTPRINTS ON THE NETWORK Home News Articles About Us Subscribe

Social networking has taken the world by storm. Social media applications like Whatsapp, Facebook,
Twitter, Instagram and Snapchat have sprouted like mushrooms on the Internet. Other social media
applications may appear in the blink of an eye.

Online Friends Online Security

You must make sure your social While communicating online, take care
networking is restricted to your friends of your online security. You can use your
and people you know. Do not simply privacy settings to control who sees what
befriend everyone on the Internet as he you post. Do not share your passwords and
or she may take advantage of you. Do personal information with anyone. Do not
not meet an online friend in person share a photo of your house, your parents
unless you trust him or her. If anybody or the car they drive. Criminals can take
online threatens you or says something advantage of your innocent sharing of
that scares you, inform your parents or pictures.
an adult immediately.
Think before You Click
Online Reputation
Remember that everything you post
Next, remember that you have to can be permanent. You upload and share
take care of your online reputation. a lot of information online like photos,
People will judge you by looking at videos, emails or messages but do you
the things you post on the Internet. know that these will go into some obscure
Hence, you must be careful about the places in the Internet and can be
things you post on the Internet. Do circulated or retrieved some time in the
not upload suggestive pictures or use future? Someone may print or copy your
inappropriate language. Be thoughtful information and send it around to other
and courteous. What you write online people. There is nothing you can do to
will be there forever, to be read and stop this spreading of information. The
interpreted by everyone. So, do think of information you have deleted could resurface
your digital identity. years later, sometimes with embarrassing
consequences. Thus, you have to think
Glossary before you click the‘send’or 'post' button.
Whatever communication platform you choose, think
netizen a user of the Internet, especially about the footprints you are leaving on the network.
a habitual or avid one
Share e
Webzine a magazine published on the
Internet Adapted from: www.internetsociety.org/your-digital-footprint-matters

in the blink
of an eye extremely quickly

16

It’s a Small World 2CHAPTER

Vocabulary Journal Illustration

Word
Permanent

Definition
Lasting or remain
unchanged indefinitely

1. Match the words in Column A to their meanings in Column B.

Column A Column B
a. reputation passed from one person to another

b. obscure the opinion that people have about what someone or
c. circulated something is like
unknown

2. Answer the following questions.

a. How can people judge you on the Internet?

b. What should you do to take care of your online reputation?

c. Name three things you can do to take care of your online security.

d. What are the types of information you can upload and share online?

e. Why does the blogger say that information you have uploaded on the
Internet cannot be removed?

f. Why must you be selective in the information you share online?

g. The blogger says that social media applications have sprouted like
mushrooms.What does the phrase mean?

h. How can criminals take advantage of your innocent sharing of pictures
and information?

17

WORD STUDY (Word Association) Online
security
Words like online security and
password are related to social Social
networking. Networking

Pick out words and phrases from Password
the article that are related to social
networking.

All Write Round Robin

Moving Beyond the Text
Make a list of the messaging applications that you and your friends are using.

Think-Pair-Share Messaging Applications Used by
My Friends and I
21st

Century
Skills

My My Friends'
Messaging Messaging
Applications Applications

• Compare the answers.
• Which are the favourite messaging applications?
• Research when these messaging applications were first introduced. Provide your

source of information.
• Are there any new messaging applications?

18

It’s a Small World 2CHAPTER

Writing an email The @ sign in email
addresses means ‘at’. It
Nowadays, Internet slang is heavily used in text separates the username
messages and emails. Read the following email sent to from its host, as in
Lingau by her former classmate, Azmie. m_aiman (username)@
mail.org (host). The
From: [email protected] host name signifies the
To: [email protected] domain at which the
CC: [email protected] user can be found.
Subject: Invitation 4 a class reunion

Hi Lingau! TASK 1

How r u doing in Sarawak? i hope u r well. • Identify the
FYI, i really miss our school days. Guess what, we’ve abbreviations
decided to have a reunion! Come over 2 SMK Intan to join and short forms
the Form 1A - class of 2015 reunion. used in the email.
BTW, the GR8 news is i have contacted all our

classmates and a few teachers. i found them on social • Rewrite the

media. email without the
Please make it for the event. i’d like you 2 b there. short forms and
abbreviations.
Melisa, our former class treasurer, will collect the money.
Please confirm your attendance ASAP.

G2G. CU soon! Link
Your friend,
Browse the Internet for
more abbreviations.
Az Type 'Internet slang' in
the search engine.

Common abbreviations TASK 2
in email:
Write a reply to an email
LOL – Laugh Out Loud/ Imagine you are Lingau. You are interested in attending
Lots Of Love the class reunion. However, a lot of information is
For Your missing in Azmie’s email. Write a reply to him asking
FYI – Information for more information about the event.
As Soon As
ASAP – Possible email Etiquette
• Use proper spelling and grammar.
G2G – Got to Go • Use a meaningful subject line.
• Answer/reply immediately.
• Do not reply to ‘All’.
• Read the email before you send it.
• Do not use capitals – THIS IS SHOUTING.
• Do not attach unnecessary files.

19

Pre-writing

Use the tree map to help you SMK Intan Form 1A- Class of 2015 Reunion

organise your information.
Write a reply to Azmie’s email
to gather more information
about the reunion. When Information you Information you
writing your email: already know want to know

• look at the sample email Form 1A - class of 2015 reunion Date
that has been given

• use the tips to write the email A few teachers have been contacted ...

• be courteous when Melisa is collecting money ...
requesting for information

Other information Accommodation

Examples: Could you please tell me when the reunion
will be held?

May I know what time the event will start?

A The Simple Present Tense

Study the table on how the Simple Present Tense is used.

The Simple Present Examples
Tense is used for

daily routines • Johan starts work at 6 o’clock every morning.
• They start work at 6 o’clock every morning.
timetables, programmes • The counselling session begins at 9 a.m. daily.
universal truths
• The Earth revolves around the sun.

TASK 1 Complete the sentences below with the • When the subject is singular,
the verb takes an ‘s’.
Simple Present Tense.
1. Dr Amiruddin Wahab ... (work) at Cybercrime • When the subject is plural,
the verb does not take an ‘s’.
Security Malaysia.
2. Jane ... (attend) counselling sessions concerning • I and you are the exceptions
to the rule.
her online addiction every day.
3. As many as 30 Malaysians ... (fall) victim to

cybercrime daily.
4. Light ... (travel) faster than sound.

20

It’s a Small World 2CHAPTER

TASK 2 Study the flow chart of Dr Amiruddin Wahab’s daily schedule. Use Simple

Present Tense to write a paragraph of his routine.

Begin your paragraph with: Dr Amiruddin wakes up at 5 a.m. daily. He ...

wakes up – clocks in at office – checks email – meetings –
5:00 a.m. 7:45 a.m. 8:00 a.m. 9:00 a.m.

meets cybercrime victims discusses with his team – how leaves for home
– 11:00 a.m. to solve problems – 3:00 p.m. – 7:00 p.m.

B Yes/No Statements and Questions

Yes/No statements and questions require answers in the form of Yes or No.
The tense of the answer must follow the tense used in the statement or question.

Statements Questions Positive /
Negative
Responses

It is good to meet online friends. Is it good to meet online friends? Yes, it is.
No, it isn’t.

We can upload videos on our blogs. Can we upload videos on our blogs? Yes, we can.
No, we can’t.

Hairil creates online games. Does Hairil create online games? Yes, he does.
No, he doesn’t.

They work as cybercrime fighters. Do they work as cybercrime fighters? Yes, they do.
No, they don’t.

TASK 3 Convert these statements to Reflective
questions. Then, give the correct Journal
positive and negative responses. 1. dmBIsoeeIsnwdidtiieatehr,snwmcehotyanatfndroiedetcinhctdeitnirsog?ancvgtiaiovsiotodiecsoiarclabnadI ?
2.
1. It is good to have family chat groups.
2. Aril wants to be a movie animator. Cycling in
3. There are many social networking sites. the park
4. Veron and his friends give online
Fun
counselling. activities
5. Lily receives many online orders with my
for her cupcakes. friends
6. It is important to create new
passwords regularly.

21

Short and Long Vowel Sounds

A Say these words aloud. B Listen and circle the word

that has a different sound
from the other words.

I 1. sick tin win lean
2. sip sin seam lip
fish 3. teak dean scene pin
4. wick week weak tease
// short
vowel sound C Search for words that have the phonetic
bin mill symbols // or /i:/ in the dictionary. Learn
din sit how to pronounce the words correctly.
hit wick

I Examples:

tree pixie noun

/i:/long BrE // ; NAmE / 
vowel sound
pizza noun
bean ease
free meal BrE // ; NAmE / 
seal weak
D Read these sentences as fast as you can.
• The dean made a din in the bin.
• Six big beaks seek big beans.

Action Oriented
Task

Your class has created a few online quizzes. You have set up stations at the

Computer Laboratory to test whether the quizzes are workable.

• Invite friends to try the quizzes. Carousel Feedback 21st

Century
Skills

22

It’s a Small World 2CHAPTER

Link

Read the modernised version of The Shepherd Boy. To view the original version
of The Shepherd Boy, you can log
A teenager was hired to guard or keep watch on to:
over a telecommunications shop in a shopping mall. http://www.first-

Customers would come to the shop to purchase the school.ws/theme/
fables/shepherd-
latest smartphone models, phone accessories and boy-wolf.htm
prepaid cards. In case of a robbery, the shop owner had

told the boy to shout “Robber!” and the neighbouring

shopkeepers would come to his aid.

One afternoon, the boy felt bored. He had been keeping watch over the

shop the whole day, and there had not been any customers for the past five

hours. So he decided to play a trick on his neighbours.

“Help me, a robber is here!” he shouted. Immediately, the shopkeepers

rushed over. When they found that there was no robber, the boy burst out

laughing. The shopkeepers returned to their shops, feeling annoyed.

A few days passed and the boy felt bored again. This time, he ran out of

the shop with a look of panic on his face. “A robber is in my shop!” yelled the

boy. When the shopkeepers arrived, the boy laughed and made fun of them.

They were furious and scolded the boy.

The very next day, two robbers came to the shop and threatened the boy

with a parang. The boy ran out of the shop, screaming at the top of his voice,

“Please help me, I’ve been robbed!” However, no one came to his aid. By the

time the security guards of the mall came, it was too late. The robbers had

already escaped with the most expensive smartphone models and a large box of

prepaid cards.

TASK 1

Have you read The Shepherd Boy by Aesop? What is your opinion about the
story? Compare the original version with the modern version. Elaborate.

TASK 2

Find phrases or words in the story that reflect the following feelings:

fear humour anger

TASK 3
Convert the story into a short play. Write the script and act it out.

23

A Fill in the blanks with the correct B Change the following sentences into
Simple Present tense. Yes/No questions.

1. She ... (hike) up the mountains 1. Jeevan stops playing his computer
every weekend. games at 5 p.m.

2. Aliana ... (cook) dinner at 6 p.m. 2. Wendy practises politeness in all
every day. her emails.
3. A cyber bully is caught by
3. Najla ... (answer) all her emails the authorities.
every day. 4. Many websites are corrupted
by viruses.
4. Kevin ... (buy) a new laptop for all 5. Linda’s parents book their air
his staff. tickets online.

5. The children ... (make) video calls
to their brother in Canada.

C Write polite forms of request.

1. Can you let me ...?

2. Could you possibly ...?

3. Would you ...?

4. Would you mind ...?

5. Could I ...?

D Underline all the words with the E Write polite forms of invitation.
/i:/ sound.
1. I would like to invite you . . .
1. bin, win, tin, lean 2. Do you want to . . .
2. seek, sick, big, seat 3. Would you like to . . .
3. week, weak, win, will 4. I wonder if you would like to . . .
4. bean, bin, hit, heat 5. We would be delighted to . . .
5. ill, mill, meal, seal

Social Media refers to computer-mediated tools that allow people to
create, share and exchange information.
Social Networking refers to the engagement process through a
platform of websites and applications to communicate and connect
with others.

24

3Nature's Warning! CHAPTER

3CHAPTER
Nature's Warning!

Floods are common occurrences and have caused a lot of problems I n t his ch a pte r,
to the people involved. It has also affected the environment. you will
• Have you experienced floods? Share your experiences.
• Why do you think floods happen? listen

to a report of a
survey on causes
of floods and a
talk on flash flood
evacuation

speak

about simple
procedures

read

a leaflet about haze

write

a letter of
complaint

learn

about regular and
irregular verbs and
simple past tense

practise

// and /u/

appreciate

a graphic novel

bc0oaAai.gfn6nhfdtamwurswumatec-astmaksrh.nehoaecovwdaifnnafagaywbswaeta-acymktanbeoroyrv.acijLnknuedegssdtesw1vdta5ehotnawecnmran

25

Listening to a Report and Identifying Cause and Effect

TASK 1 A survey was carried out in a school for the students to
identify the causes of floods. Listen to a student relaying
the results of the survey. Complete the bar graph with the
correct causes of floods.

Percentage of Students 50
40
30 ……… Others
25 Causes of Floods
20
15
10

5
0



TASK 2 Which factor is cited as the major cause of floods? Do 21st
you agree with the findings? What do you think the word,
others, represent? Jot Thoughts Century
Skills

TASK 3 Listen to the results of the survey again and fill in the multi-flow
map below.

Causes E ects
Drainage system
Floods
Weather
Dam break
Pollution

26

3Nature's Warning! CHAPTER

Listening to a Talk and Responding to Simple Procedures
TASK 4 Listen to a talk on the procedures for a flash flood evacuation.

Complete the flow map with the correct steps during a flash
flood evacuation.

Follow orders Wear protective Take Disaster
and leave … … and sturdy … … Kit

Secure … Use …

Tips to describe process and procedures:
1. Use imperative verbs like follow,

wear, take.
2. Use linking words like First, Second,

The next step, After that, Finally.

TASK 5 Look at the picture.

If you have to evacuate
your home during a
flood, what should you
and your family do
before you leave?

TASK 6 Suggest ways to help flood victims. Raindrops can be the
size of a housefly and fall
donate at more than 30 km/h.
food

How to
help flood

victims

27

Read

Forest fires and emission of smoke from vehicles and factories contribute to global
warming. They worsen air pollution and many nations suffer from the ill effects of haze.
Read the following leaflet on haze.

What particles are found in haze? Public views:

sulphur soot nitric Mariam, Housewife
dioxide oxide For days, the haze remained.
Innocent victims su ered from
nitrogen HAZE carbon throat itchiness, coughing,
dioxide monoxide eye irritation and watery eyes,
dirt smoke runny nose and itchy skin.
Children and the elderly were
Air Pollution Index (API) the most a ected.
days, monitor the Air Pollution Index (API) before Dr Vicky, JB Health Clinic
On hazy out outdoor activities. When the air quality is hazardous, When the API reaches an
carrying unhealthy level, stay indoors,
stop outdoor activities. wear masks and drink plenty
of water. See a doctor if the
Numerical Levels Meaning symptoms persist.
Value of Health
0 to 50 Concern Air quality is considered satisfactory, and air Wong Jia En, Student
pollution poses little or no risk. Action must be taken against
51 to 100 Good Air quality is acceptable. There may be a those who cause climate
moderate health concern for a very small change. When irresponsible
Moderate number of people who are unusually sensitive people pollute our air, they
to air pollution. must be punished.

101 to 150 Unhealthy Members of sensitive groups may experience Link
for health problems. The general public is not
151 to 200 likely to be affected. You can get
201-300 Sensitive information about
Groups Everyone may begin to experience health the air quality index.
problems. Members of sensitive groups may To get the current
Unhealthy experience more serious health problems. quality of the air
Health alert: everyone may experience more around the globe, go to:
Very serious health problems. http://waqi.info
Unhealthy
Glossary
300+ Hazardous Health warnings of emergency conditions. The
entire population is more likely to be affected. moderate average in intensity
irritation inflammation or discomfort
(Adapted from https://airnow.gov/index.cfm?action=aqibasics.aqi)

28

Vocabulary Journal 3Nature's Warning! CHAPTER

Word: appear Sentence:
What it means: Picture:


Synonym:

1. Fill in the table with an appropriate word from the text.

Meaning Word

a. continued to exist

b. minute or tiny portion/piece of matter

c. dangerous

d. experienced something unpleasant


2. State whether the following statements are True or False.
a. Dust, soot, smoke and dirt are the only substances contained in haze.
b. The lower the API, the better the quality of the air.
c. Old people find it easier to cope with haze.
d. Healthy people can be outdoors when the API is at a hazardous level.

3. Match the main idea of each of the speakers.

a. Mariam Stay indoors when the quality of the air is unhealthy.

b. Dr Vicky People who cause air pollution must be punished.

c. Wong Jia En Air pollution causes many skin and respiratory problems.

4. Answer the following questions.
a. Why do you think Mariam described the victims as ‘innocent’?
b. Mariam said that children and old people are the most affected by the

haze. State a reason.

Moving Beyond the Text fiapgTtutohrtrmeotseheswomiensbarhpolrewodhleusetacosrrtuemehtlreaagsanrasptdushstherertfseuhaEamcecattenrauitnwkrrheeet.h-hsoeiceifmthit

Discuss how you and your friends can

contribute towards reducing haze. Present

your ideas to the class. 21st

Think-Pair-Share Century
Skills

29

WORD STUDY (WordAssociation) Writing a Letter of Complaint
1. Find words in the leaflet that are If you are dissatisfied about
something and want some
associated with weather. actions to be taken, you can
write a letter of complaint to the
haze authorities.

Weather Pre-writing
Study the following letter of
air pollution complaint and the guidelines to
write a formal letter.

2. Find words in the leaflet that are
associated with health.

doctor

Health

Link

Check out more facts about haze that
you might want to know.
Eight Scientific Facts about Haze
http://www.asianscientist.
com/2015/10/features/scientific-facts-
haze/

30

3Nature's Warning! CHAPTER

Syafiqa Rizal, Sender’s name and address
45, Jalan Permai 9,
Taman Permai, Insert a line
47190 Puchong, Recipient’s designation
Selangor. and address
________________________________________________________ Date
Formal salutation
The Director, 25 APRIL 20XX Subject reference
Maju Municipal Council,
56, Jalan Maju, State your complaints.
47190 Shah Alam, – Rubbish has not
been collected
Selangor. – Blocked drains

Dear Sir, Give suggestions
Complaints about Clogged Drains Conclude the letter
Thank you note
I am writing on behalf of the residents of Taman Permai, Puchong. We Complimentary close
wish to complain about the poor drainage system in our residential area Signature
Name in capital letters
due to inefficient rubbish disposal.

2. For the past three months, rubbish has not been collected
regularly. The waste disposal truck comes only once a week. The

uncollected garbage has attracted not only flies and mosquitoes but also
stray dogs. These stray animals also scatter the rubbish and make the
roads dirty and smelly. Furthermore, plastic bags of rubbish eventually

end up in drains and block the water from flowing rapidly.

3. These blocked drains have caused flash floods in our housing
area. When there is heavy rain, water overflows from the clogged drains
onto roads and enters houses. The residents are very frustrated and
unhappy with the situation as their daily routines have been affected.

4. We would appreciate it if the Municipal Council collects rubbish
according to schedule. This will definitely stop flash floods from occurring
in our housing area.

Thank you.

Yours faithfully,
Syafiqa
(SYAFIQA RIZAL)

31

TASK 1 You are a member of the Environment Club in your school. The Club
has conducted a survey on some anti-eco-friendly activities which are
contributing to global warming. These are the results of the survey:

1. Students waste paper – write on one side only – no recycling project
2. Gardeners – burn rubbish – air pollution
3. Canteen vendors – use Styrofoam cups and plates – bad for the environment
4. Trees in school – cut down – contribute to global warming
Use the guidelines to write a letter of complaint to the Principal of your school.

TASK 2 Earth Day falls on 22 April Useful expressions:
To complain
every year. Your school I would like to make a complaint about … .
has decided to celebrate I want to complain about … .
it. Your class has been We would like to bring your attention to the problem of … .
given the task to carry out We would like to highlight the problem of … .
some activities to spread To conclude
awareness on global I hope the relevant authorities would … .
warming. Choose one of The Municipal Council ought to take immediate action to … .
the tasks below. We would appreciate if the Municipal Council would … .

Publish Hands-On
Do research on how the use of electricity Contact the nearest nursery or MARDI
can increase global warming. Write (Malaysian Agricultural and Development
an article and pin it up on your school Institute). Ask them to donate some plants and
gallery walk or share it in your blog. tree samplings. Green your school compound.

Do a survey in your school to check on Write a skit on the effects of global warming
wastage of electricity and water. Speak to create awareness among the students.
in the school assembly on how these can Dramatise it.
contribute to global warming.
NEWNESWS Report Performance
DDDDDOOOOOLLLLLOOOOORRRRRSSSSSIIITITITTTALAAAAMOLMMMOMLREOLEERETEOLTRTEMTTOREMLLRLEMILOPOOEMOISPRMRRIRUPSEEIEEPSUMMMIMMPSUMSUDMIIIUPIPMOPPDSMSSDSLOUUUDOUOLMDMMORMOLOOLSRDDODLDIRTOOSOROOASIRLLTLLSIOMOTOOSIATRREIRRATMTAMSSSSEAMIIITIETTTMTETALAETAAOLMTMMMOLROELEEREOTTRTEMTREMEMIPMIPSIPSUIPSUMSUMULMLLDLLOLOMLOLOLDOLOOLOLOLROLDROLROLOROLRORLOERDOERLOEROLOERLOERLERMEROMEROOMEROMOERMLERMERMEMEMREOMLREMRERMMIMIOMEIMESPIMREPIPIPIMIPPSIMIRSPMISPITSPISIPIPSSISIPUPISIUPSTUPSUPPSTSIUSUSAIUSTIUMSUMSPSUMSIPUMAUMUTMMUMUMUSUMSMAMMMMMUDMUEDAMMDMDDDDETMDOMMDODODODDETDOODDODOLOLOETLOLOOOODLOLOODLOOTLOLLOOLOLLOOLRLOOLROLROROOORORORORLRLRSRSRRSORRSORRSISSISISTISTRTSIRSSITSISISTITSTITITIIITILATIATTTIASTASTTOALAAMAIMAIMAAOMALTAATAMRAMMAMMOEMMEMRMEEMMEMAMEATEETREEMTETEEEETMEETTMEEMTETTTLTTTLTTLLMTLTEOLLEOLOOLOLLOOILTLOLTORPORLORRLOOIRLLOLRRPESROEROLEOEROLLERORREERSUMEOMEOOMMLREMRERREMEMUREMMOMLMERMREREMMEMEMOLIMIREMEMIEIIPMIPMOPLIPPPIDRMIEMPMISPIISOPILSPSSISPDPREMPISOPUIISOULISUPUIUSPUPRSSEMPSOUPISIUOLILUMSUPMRSPUESMUMMMPSUMISUOOLMLMPURSUEMMUSMUSMMIUOOLMMRPSRUEMUDDMMUDMIODLMDDMRPRUEMSDMDIOMDOLODMDOSRDPOEMSUDOODMIOOLDDOSDIROPLEMOSLDUOLDOTMLIOOLLLDOOIRPODELMOSUOODLOOTMLILOOOOLODLROPLEMOSUOALROOMORILOLOROLRDORLPRERMOSUOLAOMRMOLIRORRSDOLREMOPSULROOSRMMILSRSRODIRSPOMSUERSORTSOMIIRSSILSRIDSTPISEISTTUORSTIMIRSTOISITLISRADTPISSUTTTISOTISITMOISILTAIDTLRPAISTMUTASOITASMIOTASILTAAODTLARSMUTAOIMAMIMAOILMAETOASMARTDMMUATOMRAMMAOMLATEMASDIREMMEMRTEEMOMOEMALEEMAASDITERMTMEOTETEMTEOTEETSTLDIMERTMMEATOETMTETLEOETTSIDRTATOTTMOTELETTIESIARLOPTMOLTTISITREOALPTSMOLIREOTSALTMSUROSREOTAILMURETMSILREOTATMREMMOSILETTMRAEMOSILETADRTEMMOILIETADRETMPOMOLITAREMMEPOSOLLIEAREMMPTSUOOLLIETREMLMPLLSULIOOMLETLRPOREMLOOLSUOLIOLLMOETAROPRAEMSOAUORIOROLMRTRSPDERMSUMRMRIOMELRMEERSIRPEDRMSUEOETMIOELMMEEMIREPDMEESUEMEOTMMIOMLMTRPDMEMSUTAMTOMIOLDRLPEMSUIAIIOMMIPOPILPDOIPEMSURIOPIMMLIIPPOSSLPDSPPMURESORSOMIILSOSUUDSSPPUSERSTUOUMEIOLUURDSIPUSURMTUMOMTIMOMLMDSIREPMSUUMOMTMOMLDSIRMSUAOTMMOLDDSDIRIDUAODMTMPOLDDSDDIRODOAOTIMMOOLSOSDIPREOOAOOTMOLOLUDLSDILRSETLAOOTMOLLLOLSDIOLRUOEMTOAOTMOOOOLROSIRETRAORTMMROLLSIRRRERTARTMOODLSSIRASETASTMSOIDSSISRRAOSEITASMTIMTITTSIIRAITEITAOMITTMLTTTSIELETAMATOMAALSASIOETLETAATMAAMOAIMRIOEMTLETMATRTMMMMOMTLRETAEREMEESEOLLETALERTEMMEETETAISOOTLETORTTEMMTTTIOLEMTLRRLTEMRLLLOLEOTLAORLEEMOOLIEOEIOLPOATORPEMMMORMRITORRRSRPMEMSRERIEREEEUERPEMSUEMIEMIIEEMMTMPEMSLPPUMMMIMMTPOMSUSSMIIPISUUUIIPMIRILPPIDPPPISULIDPOMISMMPESPDSPSOSSUOMSUMOSUDSRUUSUUOMRULUDDUMEDLMOMMMMOELDMOMMOOMOMOLMDIROPRDODLLDLDRDDODSOOIDLODOSDROIPOOOOPOULOSIRROSRSOOLTLOLSLSILLMRIOULTOLTOOLLSUOOSIRSAOTOOOMRISIRRRMAITRRTMRTRSIRARADTMSSASISEDASSMTMDASOISISISIEMTTAIITTMOTITMITOIEILETTATTMTELOLTAETAALAMEAAOTOLAETAAOMAMRMTMOMLMETRMRMMLLMROEELTEREEOOELELEOETSTERTSEMETSOTORRTLTTITEIMRTITOTLEERTRMEIOLMMERPEMIOMRPEMSIRPEMSUIIPIPEMSUIPMIPSPMUSSMIUSPSUUMIDUPSUMMIMDPSUMOMDSUOMLDDUOMODLDDOOMOLDROOOLOLDROOLOLLSDROOOOLRSIROTOLRSIRRTOSLSIRATOSIISRTATMSISIRTATMISIETATMSIETATMIETATMETAMETAMETMETETT
LOREM IPSUM
LOREM IPSUM
LOREM IPSUM
LOREM IPSUM
LOREM IPSUM

Simple Past Tense - Regular and Irregular Verbs

Simple Past Tense

• To indicate an action that is completed in • She spoke about her online games at a

the past at a specific time mentioned conference yesterday.

• To indicate an action that is completed in • The pictures about the recent earthquake

the past with the time implied posted on the social media stunned the viewers.

• To indicate past habits • His parents always checked his blog to make
sure he did not post anything sensitive.

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