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Published by nuan garcia, 2020-07-27 15:45:36

PLANTAIR PROJECT

PLANTAIR PROJECT

PRODUCTION TOILETS TEMPERATURE CONTROL
ROOM
AND
CULTIVATION CONTROL CENTER,
LIGHTING AUTOMATION
EL LABORATORY OF ANALYSIS OF
M ADULT PLANTS AND SEEDLING
MONITORING
N, GROWING AREA
ION AIR RELATIVE HUMIDITY
AND CARBON DIOXIDE
CONTROL ROOM

ENGINEERING

NUTRIENT SOLUTION WASTE MANAGEMENT AND CARBON
STORAGE TANK DIOXIDE PRODUCTION

BIOMASS STORAGE TANK

ACID STORAGE TANK

METHANE GAS CARBON DIOXIDE
STORAGE TANK STORAGE TANK

FILTER STATION AND NON-ABSORBED SOLUTION PRODUCTION OF ENERGY
SOLUTION TREATMENT ACCUMULATION TANK

OF ​GREEN LEAVES STOCK AREA FOR PREPARING PANELS
Y FOR SALE WITH ADULT PLANTS

HIPPING AND GREEN LEAVES PREPARATION AND

ACK BAR AND RESTAURANT LOADING AND
UNLOADING
STORAGE VEGAN
CAFETERIA RUBBISH ROOM

KITCHEN RESTAURANT CASHIER

PARKING FOR VISITORS

Source: Authorial

100



8.6. ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN

The study of environmental comfort in this project reveals the following factors. To
transmit well-being to the user, employee comfort and energy efficiency while preserving
the environment.

Throughout this design process, several hypotheses were raised using the case studies
carried out as support, making it possible to define the current implementation.

The materials used are extremely relevant in this process, increasing the efficiency of
the project, such as the use of special low-emissivity glass, a natural compound for thermo-
acoustic protection and strategic openings to optimize ventilation.

The choice of these materials was made through the analysis of the studies set out
below, where, through the study of solar incidence, we realized that the greatest incidence
occurs mainly in the east and west faces according to the implantation.

Photovoltaic plates were used in the project to generate enough energy to meet the
needs of the building. In this case, the solar incidence is a necessary part of the project,
being favourable in all periods of the year so that the slabs have greater use and efficiency.

Artificial lighting in indoor environments is essential for plantation control. In this case,
LED lamps suitable for growing vegetables were used. The other areas are composed of
mixed artificial and natural lighting, as well as openings for natural ventilation when possible.

In relation to the permeability rate, in addition to the natural soil preserved in external
environments, on the pavement and paving the drainage floor is adopted, considered by the
city council to be 50% permeable, which allows better water drainage on rainy days.

This project meets the main needs of environmental comfort, provides for user comfort,
energy efficiency with the use of intelligent technologies and automation, soil preservation,
temperature control and lighting contributing to the performance of employees, making it a
satisfactory project in the urban context.

102

08:00
June 22

06:49

17:28

12:00

WINTER SOLSTICE June 22
06:49

17:28

17:00 June 22
17:28 06:49

FIGURE: 64

08:00

18:52 05:18 December 22

12:00

SUMMER SOLSTICE 18:52 05:18 December 22

17:00 05:18 December 22
18:52

Source: Authorial

104

1.50 m 1.00 m

Solar panels

FIGURE: 65 Source: Authorial

8.6.1. TECHNICAL INFORMATION

Air-conditioning system:
• Cultivation area: Chiller and Fun coil, uses the cold water supply to reduce the

consumption of evaporators in the need to cool the environments. All controlled
by an automation process, keeping the temperature stabilized at 27ºC in a closed
cycle.
• Administrative area and other sectors: VRF (variable refrigerant gas flow) that works
with a condenser through a single refrigeration cycle, reducing gas consumption.

Ventilation:

Natural ventilation system by the chimney in the administrative sector, with a large
opening on the ground floor with landscaping that includes a water mirror, making the
environment cooler by reducing the use of air conditioning.

Landscaping:

Externally the landscaping is composed of leafy trees native to the Atlantic forest
that can withstand the weather without requiring artificial irrigation and providing a good
shade on the sidewalks on sunny days and in winter, its foliage diminishes and allows solar
radiation to permeate.

Calculation of solar panels:

• 322 structures with 16 plates each
• Measures per plate 1.00 m x 1.50 m
• Total solar panels: 5152 * 49 kWh / monthly
• Energy obtained: 252,448 kWh / monthly
• Required: 217,303 kWh / monthly

The calculations made above are estimates obtained based on equipment that can be
used in vertical farms, performed with overestimated margins.

106

FIGURE: 66 Source: Authorial

• The aerodynamic shape of the building allows the fluidity of the winds, causing no
damage to the surroundings of the building.

• The incidence of winds from the south and southeast has free passage through
the building, which does not provide any type of barrier due to its warhead shaped
design, remaining constant during the passage through the terrain.

03_SECOND FLOOR
02_FIRST FLOOR
01_GROUND FLOOR

FIGURE: 67

• The photovoltaic plates are positioned on the roof of the building with a limit of
distance between them and the aluminium sheets composed of the roof itself to
avoid excessive heat transmission, providing efficient and efficient use, because
despite the photons being activated by light converting them into electrical energy,
the sun’s rays also transmit a lot of heat.

• The metal plates received a special white paint coating that provides the reflection
of solar radiation in order to reduce the transmission of heat into the environment,
forming on a thermally reflective surface, where about 99% of the sun’s rays will be
reflected, reducing the internal temperature by up to 35%.

• Under the covering metal sheets, a thermal insulator based on natural fibres
was used, which allows greater efficiency in the temperature control in indoor
environments, providing greater energy efficiency for temperature control in all
building environments.

Source: Authorial

108

site limit

JURUBATUBA RIVER

8.7. SITE PLAN

5m retreat

110

site limit

JURUBATUBA RIVER

02 8.8. SECTOR PLAN

SECTORS DESCRIPTION

DOCKS
GERMINATION AND SOWING
PRODUCTION AND CULTIVATION
FOOD PROCESSING
NUTRIENT STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION
NON-ABSORBED SOLUTION RECYCLING CENTRE
WASTE MANAGEMENT AND CO2 PRODUCTION
ADMINISTRATIVE AND REFECTORY
COMMERCIAL SECTOR

5m retreat

112

8.9. GERMINATION AND SOWING PLAN

114

TEMPERATURE W.C. W.C. W.C.
CONTROL ROOM
CONTROL CENTER,
LIGHTING AUTOMATION

AND SEEDLING
MONITORING

8.10. PRODUCTION AND CULTIVATION PLAN

scale 1:500

site limit

5m retreat

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

LABORATORY OF AIR RELATIVE HUMIDITY
ANALYSIS OF ADULT AND CARBON DIOXIDE

PLANTS CONTROL ROOM

CULTIVATION TOWER

116

STOCK AREA OF G​​ REEN LEAVES READY FOR SALE GREEN LEAVES PREPARATION AND PACKAGING ROOM
DECONTAMINATION AREA
OFFICE W.C.
W.C.
W.C.

8.11. FOOD PROCESSING PLAN

scale 1:300

site limit

5m retreat

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

STOCK AREA FOR PREPARING PANELS WITH ADULT PLANTS

118

WALKING BRIDGE PROJECTION

LOADING AND U
AREA

8.12. DOCKS AND REFECTORY PLAN

scale 1:200

site limit

5m retreat

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

DOCKS PRODUCTION OUTPUT FOR LOGISTICS KITCHEN
REFECTORY
UNLOADING
A COVERAGE PROJECTION

120

METHA
STORAG

250

ACID STORAGE NUT
TANK S
250m³

WATER STORAGE TAN
950m³

8.13. SUPPLY AND STORAGE TANKS PLAN

scale 1:250

site limit

5m retreat

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

BIOMASS CARBON
STORAGE TANK DIOXIDE
STORAGE
350m³
TANK
ANE GAS 250m³ FILTER STATION
GE TANK AND SOLUTION
0m³ RECYCLED
SOLUTION TREATMENT
PASTEURIZATION 250m³
STATION

500m³

TRIENT SOLUTION
STORAGE TANK

500m³

NK NON-ABSORBED SOLUTION
ACCUMULATION TANK
950m³

ACCESS TO
PIPE GALLERY

EMPLOYEE
ELEVATOR

122

W.C. W.C. VRF AIR
CHAGING CHAGING CONDITIONING

ROOM ROOM ROOM
DISABLED W.C.
D.C. I.T.
INTERNAL
STAFF LOCKER LANDSCAPING
ROOM

INTERNAL RECEPTION WATER MIRROR
LANDSCAPING

S

WATER MIRROR S
UP

UP
UP

ACCESS S VISITORS
ELEVATOR

S

UP

PARKING

8.14. ADMINISTRATIVE BUILDING PLAN

scale 1:250

site limit

5m retreat

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

BIKE
RACK

WALKING BRIDGE PROJECTION

124

MARKETING

FINANCIAL

MANAGEMENT

W.C.

W.C.

LEVEL ABOVE PROJECTION

8.15. ADMINISTRATIVE 1º FLOOR PLAN

scale 1:200

site limit

5m retreat

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

WALKING BRIDGE PROJECTION

126

W.C.

W.C.

BOARDROOM

8.16. ADMINISTRATIVE 2º FLOOR PLAN

scale 1:200

site limit

5m retreat

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

WALKING BRIDGE

128

WALKING BRIDGE PROJECTION STORAGE
KITCHEN
W.C.
W.C. GREEN
W.C. LEAVES SHOP

UPS

11 8.17. COMERCIAL FLOOR PLAN

scale 1:250

site limit

5m retreat

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

LOADING AND
UNLOADING AREA

RUBISH BIN
RECEIPT AND
EXIT OF GOODS

RUBISH EXIT

VEGAN CAFETERIA EXIT
AND ENTRANCE

RESTAURANT

CASHIER

BIKE
RACK

130

JURUBATUBA RIVER

12 8.18. SITE AND BUILDING PLAN

scale 1:1000

132

SITE LIMIT

03_SECOND FLOOR
02_FIRST FLOOR
01_GROUND FLOOR

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

8.19. SECTION A-A 1º SECTOR

scale 1:250

134

SOLAR PANELS

TECHNICAL AREA:
• NUTRIENT, WATER AND AC
• NUTRIENT CIRCULATION P
• CARBON DIOXIDE INSUFFL
• AUTOMATION AND LIGHTI

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

8.20. SECTION A-A 2º SECTOR

scale 1:250

SITE LIMIT

WHITE COLOR ALUMINIUM COMPOSITE
MATERIAL(ACM) PANELS WITH INTERNAL
THERMAL INSULATION OF NATURAL FIBERS

AIR CONDITIONING AND
HUMIDITY CONTROL SYSTEM

CID FEEDING PUMPS
PUMPS FOR RECYCLING
LATION MACHINES
ING EQUIPMENT

136

SITE LIMIT

03_SECOND FLOOR
02_FIRST FLOOR
01_GROUND FLOOR

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

8.21. SECTION B-B 1º SECTOR

scale 1:250

ELEVATOR SHAFT

138

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

8.22. SECTION B-B 2º SECTOR

scale 1:250

140

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

8.23. SECTION B-B 3º SECTOR

scale 1:250

SITE LIMIT

ACCESS TO THE
PIPE GALLERY

142

SITE LIMIT

03_SECOND FLOOR
02_FIRST FLOOR
01_GROUND FLOOR

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

8.24. SECTION C-C 1º SECTOR

scale 1:250

ELEVATOR SHAFT

144

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

8.25. SECTION C-C 2º SECTOR

scale 1:250

146

SECTORIZATION PLAN
NON-SCALE

8.26. SECTION C-C 3º SECTOR

scale 1:250

ELEVATOR SHAFT

148

LOW-E(LOW EMISSIVITY) GLASS
THERMAL EFFICIENT

DRILLED ACM PLATES FOR HOT AIR OUTLET

03_SECOND FLOOR
02_FIRST FLOOR

01_GROUND FLOOR

8.27. SECTION D-D

scale 1:250


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